Answer of the deputies of the States General to the articles
proposed by her Majesty's Council on Jan. 29, 1587, stilo d'Angleterre.
Troops required for garrisons and the field. The cost and
other expenses. Raising the money. Impossible to increase
taxes which already excessive.
Endd. by Burghley, and with marginal notes by him. Fr. 9¼ pp.
[Ibid. XIII. 1.]
State of the garrisons in the towns and castles of the United
Endd. by Burghley "November, 1586.... Delivered by the
Commissioners 1 February, 1586." Underneath, in his hand,
"Robert Shelley of the Household was quartered at Sir Tho.
Sherley's house in the Black Friars ; deputies to Sir Tho. Sherley."
Fr. 3 pp. [Ibid. XIII. 2.]
Copy of Sir William Russell's patent as governor of Flushing.
—Westminster, 1 February, anno 29.
1 Sheet. Endd. [Ibid. XIII. 3.]
COUNT HOHENLOE to WILKES.
In reply to Wilkes' letters of some days past, assures him that
nothing that has passed has moved him from his hearty good will
for the service of her Majesty. But one thing has grieved him
to the heart, that having served these countries for nearly thirty
years ; spending much money of his own, having much owed to
him by the States, and having chosen for his lord him for whose
advancement he has hazarded his life ; this lord should have left
the country without giving him audience or having any communication
with him, who has been his faithful servitor, not from
any obligation, but only true zeal to his person. Notwithstanding
this, nothing shall divert him in the least from his
affection to her Majesty and to these provinces. Delft, 13
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 4.]
COLONEL MELCHIOR DE SCHENNA to [WALSINGHAM].
Wishes to offer her Majesty his very humble service during the
short time which remains to him. Has been in England two
months at great charges. Having heard that a great convoy is
making ready for Holland, would willingly cross over with it.
Asks for a recommendation to the Earl of Leicester or some other
lord, who might bring him to her Majesty ; or at the least to
have a passport and a few lines to Count Hollac, to enable him to
be avenged for the great wrong done to him. Served the Emperor
for ten years and the King of Spain for twenty.
Signed. Endd. by Walsingham's clerk, and in another hand
(perhaps that of the writer of the letter) "Memorial for M. le Chevalier
Melaort de Schenna." Fr. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 5.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WILKES.
For answer to a letter received from you touching speeches
uttered in Council against my lord, I have no copy of that I
sent you, but as I remember they were to this effect :—"That
his lordship, by appointing magistrates at his own will...had
ventured the separation of this province from the rest ; that
by an unlawful appointment of a receiver in Friesland, the country
was divided and the 'countoirs' shut up ; that by appointing
of a receiver likewise in Brabant the contributions were hindered.
Somewhat was also said of Zeeland, but what I do not perfectly
remember." For my coming to the Hague, I will follow your
opinion as soon as I can ; but as there are divers companies
yet out of garrison, of which my own is one, till I have seen them
provided for I may not leave this quarter. Nor are those of
this town willing I should depart till they know "what will
become of their governor's practice."
"As for those of Holland, it is here openly spoken that they
will make a governor-general if they can induce Friesland to
join with them ; and that they will not offer her Majesty sovereignty
but with such conditions as they know she will not accept
it. If her Majesty's mind were known unto us, it would be no
hard matter to turn all their devices upside down ; but not being
acquainted with her purpose, it may be we should run a wrong
course in striving with the Hollanders. I would therefore
persuade you only to hear them for awhile, and to hold good
correspondence with the ministers, as I will do on this side, till
we hear from England. M. de Buy ...reports that her Majesty
will assuredly treat for a peace ; whereof our best friends in these
parts are also jealous. I have had some conference with the burgh
master about the meeting at Viana ; but he is advertised that
there is an alteration of that purpose, and that the Count Hollac
is or should go to Campen there to confer about their devices...
"Notwithstanding the threatening letters that the Hollanders
procure to be written against the companies that come into their
quarters ; if the Council do not appoint garrisons for those that
are unprovided... I shall be fain to send them all into Holland ;
for I will not venture a handful of poor men in the fields at the
devotion of the enemy for their pleasures.
For the complaint of the killing of a woman, I cannot learn
that any English company was at that village, but have sent to
enquire the truth, and will let you know what was done.—Utrecht,
4 February, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. with a note or two of contents,
the first being "The speeches used by Barnevelt against his
Excellency." 2½ pp. [Holland XIII. 6.]
LEICESTER to WILKES.
By your last letter I perceive you have received mine. "For
the matters wherein I think you have [not] dealt well with me, if
at our meeting you can answer the things I have to charge you
with, it shall satisfy. For the service there, I doubt not but you
will remember and consider well of the place and cause you serve,"
and perform what her Majesty expects of you. As for any
unkindness conceived by any there of me, at my return (which
is like to be slower than I wish) I doubt not but to give good
satisfaction.—The Court, 5 February, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Ibid. XIII. 7.]
The answer of the Commissioners of the States to her Majesty,
justifying themselves in relation to her objections. (fn. 1)
Endd. by Burghley. Fr. 7 pp. [Ibid. XIII. 8.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
As I have been extremely discomforted, not only by your
lordship's own letters, but by others from my good friends,
signifying your heavy displeasure against me, so I am somewhat
comforted by a message from you, delivered by Sir Roger Williams,
without which I should not have presumed to write, beseeching
you to believe that if I have anyway failed of my duty towards
you, it has grown through lack of judgment, not of evil meaning
to your lordship, to whom I have born as true affection as to any
man living ; assuring you that when heard in my justification
I shall yield you all good satisfaction, whereof if I fail, let me still
bear your displeasure. All that I have written to you of persons
and matters shall be proved true, and only written to show your
lordship how you stand among this people, and how inconstant
and 'ingrateful' they are to you and to such of our nation as
serve here, which you will understand more at large by Sir Roger
Williams.—The Hague, 6 February, 1568.
Copy. 1 p. [S.P.F. Archives XCI., p. 54.]
COLONEL FREMIN to WALSINGHAM.
Assuring him that if her Majesty do not take these provinces
into her protection, they cannot long maintain themselves,
notwithstanding the opposite opinion contrived by the partialities
and practices of ambitious persons. The safety of the country
depends on the rule of one only chief, to establish order and
speedily to set up a strong army, to be early put into the field
to oppose the enemy. Refers other matters to the relation of
Captain Williams.—The Hague, 16 February, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. ¾ p. [Holland XIII. 9.]
FREMIN to DAVISON.
Need to persevere in defence of Netherlands seeing that matters
are so disorderly and factious, especially since the loss of Deventer
and the fort, of which cunning persons know how to avail themselves
in order to put the English nation into evil odour with the
people who do not look beyond the end of their nose. And as the
factions are great and ill knit, if her Majesty do not actually
take the protection and sovereignty of these countries, they
will not long remain in liberty, although some persuade themselves
otherwise. Moreover the Duke of Parma "fait une guerre d'art,
et nous de partialité et confusion."—The Hague, 16 February, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 10.]
Note of papers delivered to Mr. Davison on this date.
The Remonstrance made to her Majesty on the 5th inst.
Articles by Ambassador Wilkes, and replies.
Account and estimate of the general means.
Account of receipts and expenses for six months.
Account of ordinary expences for eight months.
List of ships of war.
His honour has the account of the receipts and charges, both
ordinary and extraordinary for the whole year 1586.
Touching the war by land.
Collection by M. Wilkes shown to her Majesty with the
marginal apostiles by the commissioner of Friesland.
Endd. "Memoires des pieces." Fr. ½ p. [Ibid. XIII. 11.]
WILKES to the QUEEN.
"The arrival here of Sir Roger Williams from your Majesty
hath been to necessary purpose, in my simple opinion, who by
reason of his long experience among this people, the goodness of
his wit and judgment, hath in short time discovered the humors
of persons, as well honourable as of mean estate, towards your
Majesty and your nation," to whose declaration I refer all things
worthy of your knowledge, having only assisted him with some
small memorials to help his memory. And albeit you shall find
some things to displease you, yet the error and folly of those
fallen away in affection from your Majesty and your nation may
with discretion be reformed by such as you shall commit the
government here unto. "The adversaries, though they be of
the greatest, are not many ; the towns and people for the most
part remain devoted to your Majesty and have no hope of their
safety but from your hands, and if it shall please you...to stay
the disease that doth but only begin by the speedy sending
over of some principal man to command here amongst them I
hope the sickness will not prove lethal. Repeals petition that
she will not be prejudiced by reports against him.—The Hague,
8 Feb., 1586.
Copy. 7/8 p. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 55.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
Refers him to Sir Roger Williams to declare the state of things
at this time. A fitter man could not have been sent to discern
the humours of those who have no devotion to his Lordship's
return, or the continuance of their nation there. As there are
some matters which might "discomfort her Majesty to continue
her succours," he has asked Sir Roger first to communicate them
to his lordship, and then deliver such of them to her, as shall be
thought fit.—The Hague, 8 February, 1586.
Copy. ½ p. [Ibid. XCI., p. 55.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
Asking his favour and help for Captain Smith, who coming
over with a company of voluntary men, has served for five or six
months, but is now cassed "without receiving either pay for his
company or money for his transportation, to the gentleman's
utter undoing ; besides the loss of a good quantity of furniture,
money and apparel in the town of Deventer at the betraying
thereof." He earnestly desires that if her Majesty should send
over any more forces, he may have a company.—The Hague,
8 February, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holland XIII. 12.]
COUNT HOHENLOE to WALSINGHAM.
Thanking him for his goodwill, and favourable report to her
Majesty, and assuring him of his friendship and desire to do him
service.—The Hague, 18 February, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. ½ p. [Ibid. XIII. 13.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WILKES.
"After all our travail for the placing of the companies in
garrison, we have profited almost nothing, for the towns will
receive none of them, being either at her Majesty's pay or at the
States', but very much against their wills. The country is here
in arms, so that I doubt the horsemen shall have no other refuge
but to draw themselves to the frontiers of Holland, whereat I
assure myself they will make great exclamation." If the States
of Holland will not give them garrisons, they will be all spoiled,
being already in very miserable case, and I fear her Majesty
will hardly be at the charge to raise them up again. I pray you
plead very earnestly with them, that no disgrace happen to our
countrymen. Within three days I hope to have leisure to come
to you.—Utrecht, 9 February, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 14.]
A note of privy seals for payments to Sir Thos. Sherley,
treasurer in the Low Countries ; Richard Browne (for victualling
Bergen, Ostend and Flushing) ; Sir William Russell, governor of
Flushing ; John Hawkins, treasurer [of the victuals] and Edward
Bashe, surveyor of the victuals, "for furnishing and victualling
certain ships to the seas" ; Sir William Pelham, "for provision
and emption [i.e. purchase], to be sent by Jacques Wingfield
into Ireland," and to Wingfield for emption of corslets, morions,
etc. ; issued on dates 28 Jan.-9 Feb. inclusive.
Endd. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. XIII. 15.]
WALSINGHAM to WILKES.
"I have received sundry letters from you which I deferred to
answer until some resolution were taken for those countries.
"After long deliberation had of the requests propounded by the
Commissioners of the States ; the one for borrowing a sum of
money, the other to increase the support, they have received
a denial in them both. The said commissioners were very much
grieved and wounded, not only with the denial but also in respect
of hard speeches delivered to them by her Majesty against the
States, as charging them with breach of promise, with baseness of
mind, and other things.
"The Commissioners have earnestly solicited the return of the
Earl, as a thing desired both by the States and people, and therefore
the advertisement sent, as you know, that he would not be
welcome unto the States appeareth not to be true, The Earl
doth refuse to go, unless the Commissioners may be returned with
"It is thought that her Majesty would have assented to have
yielded a greater support but for some secret advertisement
from thence that the contribution already yielded will suffice ;
which advice cannot but proceed rather of practice than of love
to her service ; and therefore if through these underhand counsellors
there fall out a revolt of those countries, the burden
thereof must lie upon their shoulders.
"The eighth of this month the Scottish Queen was executed ;
wherein she behaved herself in good and temperate sort, as praying
for her Majesty and the King her son ; but died in the opinion of
the Catholic faith."—London, 10 February, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. Seal of arms. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 16.]
CAPTAIN FRANCIS LITTLETON to WALSINGHAM.
Instead of reward for my good service in this town, they complain
against me, with false reports, I intended to surrender this
place, and that they feared the town was pieca perdue. On the
governor's arrival, I asked for congé, in order to answer the
charge, which he did not give me, but wrote to them of my loyalty
and good behaviour, after questioning the captains and officers of
the garrison ; the 'magistrate' also having solemnly declared
upon oath that they had no suspicion of my fidelity. Besides
this, I sent persons to learn more particularly concerning the
fault they imputed to me, but it seems that nothing of the sort
has been either moved or spoken. I believe there is nothing they
desire more than the loss of this town ; for it appears that
there is provision for no more than two days. Sir John Conway
will declare all this at large. I had thought to present my
humble service to you, but there being no other English captain
in this town, I cannot do so ; I am so much indebted, and have
so engaged my credit for the honour of this place and the
discharge of my duty, that I cannot go on for long unless you
can take some order for my payment.—Ostend, 10 February,
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1¾ pp. [Holland XIII. 17.]
Notes by Burghley concerning the entertainment of M. Arnold
Grunevelt, governor of Sluys and his companies. Notes in his
hand, on the dorse : fñdi nostri calamitas. The nurse of all
treasons. The root of the tree of treasons is cut off.
Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 18.]
THOMAS CARTWRIGHT to SIR JOHN CONWAY, governor of
The post arriving on Wednesday night, I willed him to leave
here the letters for Ostend, whereupon he delivered me the enclosed
for you. (fn. 2) From England I hear that on Saturday last all captains
and officers having charge in these Low Countries were commanded
by proclamation, on pain of death, the same night to depart to
their charges. The governor of this town is expected every hour.
I understand from a friend, that a hoy is leaving Middelborough
for Ostend with corn and victual for that garrison.—Flushing, 10
February, 1586. Postscript. Since writing the above, Roger
Phs(?), your man has been with me, and desired me to tell you
that he is still waiting for a prosperous wind.
Add. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 19.]