SIR JOHN NORREYS to CAPTAIN BAMBURGH, marshal of Brill.
I am credibly informed that M. de Faims or some other has
been sent to the Brill, to survey your strength there and how
you keep watch and ward, "whereby it is presumed that there is
no good meaning towards her Majesty for the said town."
I advise you to be very careful of your trust, and, if not of
strength to defend the same against a sudden attempt, "I would
wish you to draw in 200 men more for a time, the which men be
shipped here and sent to Rotterdam, to be placed in garrison
by the States in Holland. You shall not need to be at any charge
with them, but only to provide them victuals, and I will undertake
to procure that her Majesty shall pay for the same." I pray
you consider well of this, in respect of the importance of the place.
If you find you are strong enough to defend it you need not call
the said men, but only look well to your watch and ward, as if
in a town besieged, and have care that you be not deceived with
fair words. Do all in such sort that they may not think you
suspect any thing.—Utrecht, 11 February, 1586.
Copy. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 20.]
COMMISSIONERS FROM THE STATES to BURGHLEY.
Pray him to "direct" that the ship still detained by Colston at
Bristol may be discharged with her lading and that Colston be
commanded to stand to their former order.—London, 11 February,
1586. Signed by Nyevelt, Menin, Valcke and Kamminga.
Add. Endd. English. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 21.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WILKES.
The States of Holland and of this town "deal in such order as
I cannot tell what to do. For they of Holland write that if I
send any men thither, they will not accommodate them, and they
of this town causeth the country to put themselves in arms
against us, and will not suffer us to remain any longer in these
parts, their garrisons being already furnished. So as I am forced
to send them into Holland ; praying you that if they storm at it
and will not give them some place to rest in," you will procure their
discharge, and give them passport to return into England, for
I have, as you know, no means to relieve them.
This bearer, my lord of Essex' cornet, has been a suitor to Count
Neuwenaar for some oats for their horses, to be rebated out of their
entertainment, but it is refused. I pray you help him what you
may.—Utrecht, 12 February, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 22.]
CAPT. JULIAN CLARHAGEN to WILKES.
Reluctant to trouble him but knows not how he can any longer
maintain his charge. Count Hohenloo having turned his men
out of Worcum, when his Excellency was still here, is now trying
also to get them dismissed from Gorcum and the fort of Werchendam,
having twice already sent him threatening orders. Persuaded
this is done with the consent of those of Holland and that
they will not stop until they have turned him out ; if his company
there is not paid it must be ruined, and so one of the best companies
in the country will be lost. It takes all his means to maintain
it, wherefore prays for advice. Has laboured to prevent the
Count from achieving his purpose and is still working night and
day to that end, but believes, if his Excellency do not shortly
return, there will be very dangerous and difficult work.—Utrecht,
23 February, 1587.
Add. Endd. by Wilkes : "13 February, 1586." Fr. 1½ pp.
[Holland XIII. 23.]
CAPTAIN T. BAMBURGH to SIR JOHN NORREYS.
Acknowledges letter of the 11th, about M. le Faimes. True
he was here, and the writer went about the walls with him to
view the defects, understanding from the burgomasters that he
was sent by the States and Council of Holland, as munition-master
general, appointed for the supplying of the said defects
whereof had lately written to Mr. Wilkes, by whose means he
was probably sent. Knows not how to arrange for the victualling
of more men he procures from the States that they may be
laid in this island of Voorn. Might then use them both for the
town and forts as occasion should serve. "And for the rest of
the letter, will, fully accomplish it...having begun to strengthen
both watch and ward."—Brill, 14 February, 1586.
Copy, enclosed in the same covering sheet as Norreys' letter, Feb.
11, above. Endd. by Burghley's clerk. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 24.]
M. DE VILLIERS to WALSINGHAM.
[A long letter of verbose apologies for not having earlier
written to condole with him on the death of Sir Philip Sidney,
expressions of regret and sympathy, and reflections on the
love of virtues as shown in ancient and in modern times.] Even
in his retired life, he saw well the great loss which the church
and this country had sustained but when he accompanied the Count
of Nassau into Holland, going to the Hague and later to Zealand,
he began to understand that they had lost the soul of their state,
there being none left who had the like means of holding together
the chief parties of the republic, or who, with such familiarity,
roundness, knowledge and faculty for saying the right thing and
persuading the great ones, with no thought of his private affairs,
could make him who is elected chief understand what the principals
among the people desired, and in what they felt aggrieved. And
on the other hand, there is no one who with more authority
amongst the people, more kindness and goodwill can make them
understand their duty towards their superiors, moderate their
inclinations, discern the authors of evil counsels or soothe turbulent
spirits. On the other hand, considering all the spites and animosities
which exist, even he might not have had power to set things
right. From the days of Moses and David and the ancient
republics, the greatest personages have not been able to hinder
the murmurings and jealousies of those bound to them, even
their nearest kinsmen and allies ; and as to the present time, none
have been so much thwarted, hated and envied as those who by
their virtues least deserved it. On this subject, the life of his
late master, the Prince of Orange of incomparable virtue, would
furnish him with material enough to fill many volumes. Solomon
was right in saying that all is vanity were the last words he heard
from that Prince's lips. Has written chiefly to express his
esteem.—24 February, stylo novo, 1587.
Sig. Add. Endd. Feb. 24, 1586. Fr. 3½ pp. [Holland
HENRY NUNNE to SIR JOHN CONWAY, governor of Ostend.
Sends rye and 600 cheeses by the bearer, and hopes to be with
his honour within three days with some store of victuals. The
weather has been so foul and the wind so contrary that he could
not come before this. The Lieut-Governor and sergeant-major
of Flushing know that he has "slacked no time." The lord
governor of Flushing has arrived, and with him Captain Brett,
who will be at Ostend by the first passage.—Flushing, 14 February,
Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 26.]
Translation of letter from Warmond de Stöchelen, a German
gentleman, to a friend in England. (fn. 1)
Evil consequences of the loss of Deventer, and the fort before
Zutphen, and danger of a revolt like to that against the French
after the affair of Antwerp. However, the ill-affectioned have
hitherto been content to revenge themselves with the tongue.
Does not believe that the wisest sort are the authors of such
slanders, but rather the papists, and Hispanophiles.
Most astonished at this terror as if no place of importance had
ever been lost before. All at once, those most inclined to the
English are so dismayed that they have been willing to consider
maintaining themselves without England. But no true reason
for blaming her Majesty. As for Stanley, it is certain that he
formerly did good, and treason, cowardice and revolts are no
new thing in these countries. Instances of places betrayed or
surrendered to the enemy by natives of the country. Services
rendered by the queen to the country and sacrifices made by
Leicester in its behalf.
Impossible to express the misery and poverty suffered by the
poor English soldiers. Yet there are some so ungrateful as to say
that the English are not good soldiers, because they cannot endure
all these discomforts ; as if they had not given good proofs of
their valour, courage and skill in war. Their faults and imperfections,
so far have been so small that very few men have cause to
reproach the English for the violating of their wives and daughters,
or insult to their persons, or stealing of their goods, or of being
quarrelsome, riotous or drunken. Honest people here probably
do not lend an ear to these malicious spirits who sow these
false reports from interested motives. Hopes moreover that the
wisest among them will consider that there is to-day only one
means of preserving themselves, and that is England.
The resolution of this people to maintain their liberty is greatly
to be admired ; but if their means of defence are not better
managed, it is of no use to quarrel with his Excellency for it,
to whom, for all his charges they have only granted 200,000 florins
per month, while they have certainly levied from the people more
than 300,000 ; and moreover he has only been here a year,
while at all times there have been complaints of abuses in the
administration of the people's money.
Has heard it said that those who have the management of
these moneys are mostly merchants, pensioniaries of the towns
mechanical and ignorant fellows, loving gain and without respect
for honour, who convert the said moneys to their own profit ;
men born rather to obey than to command, and who having
once tasted the pleasure of authority, for lack of any sovereign
prince, have come to believe that they themselves are sovereigns
and under this name of Estates, have made themselves, as
it were, masters of the State, abusing the people and controlling
even him to whom by oath they have yielded the absolute
And the people (who of themselves are good, gentle and
tractable) must be made to understand that this abuse of the
Estates will, in the end, be the ruin of this state ; and nevertheless
that it is not all the Estates, but only five or six, who, having
gained credit amongst the others, dispose all things at their
pleasure, and for their private passions do very dangerous offices
to this state and those who are concerned therein ; some for jealousy,
envy and partiality, others from avarice, and all from ambition
and desire to command alone and always. For this poor people
would truly have hitherto laboured in vain, and for long years
suffered the wool to be sheared from their backs, and almost the
skin from their bones, if, by the evil government of five or six
worthless men they should now be precipitated into the danger
of a shameful peace with those who look for nothing but the
reduction of Holland and Zeeland, in order to revenge themselves
for their revolt and rebellion.—Arnhem, 15 February, 1587.
Signed, Warmond de Stochelen.
Copy. Endd. by Wilkes. Fr. translated from Flemish. 10½
closely written pages. [Holland XIII. 27.]
COUNT NEUWENAR to THE QUEEN.
Is greatly honoured by what her Majesty has been pleased to
send him by M. de Buy and offers her his humble services. He
and M. de Buy have thought it well that the latter should return
to her at once, to whom he refers all things.—Utrecht, 15 February,
1587, stilo veteri [as regards the day of the month].
Holograph. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 28.]
The SAME to WALSINGHAM.
Expressing his pleasure on the reception of her Majesty's
letters by M. de Buy, and assuring his honour of his friendship
and service.—Utrecht, 15 February, 1587, stilo antiquo.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. ¾ p. [Holland XIII. 29.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to WALSINGHAM.
I earnestly recommend this gentleman to you ; whose company
is very well furnished and himself very well known to you. His
debts in the town greatly trouble me, for they came to me for
redress and I know not what to say to them.
I beseech you to be earnest with my lord of Leicester about
his dispatch, that some good order may be taken. The people
are well enough affected to us if they may be well dealt withal,
or thought that her Majesty had any care of them, "but if
presently she take not some good order for these countries, all
will be nought, and either they will fall to the enemy, or Count
Maurice and Hollock will take upon them the war, a thing so
impossible as nothing can be more.—Flushing, 15 February.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of arms. [Ibid. XIII. 30.]
WILKES to the QUEEN.
"I have written at several times to divers of your Majesty's
Privy Council the state of your forces here and to what weakness
and confusion they are reduced for lack of pay and discipline....
The captains of the horsemen all in England, insolencies and
mischiefs committed by the troops ; and consequent hatred of
the people, who have risen against them. "I have urged the
States (though sick to the danger of my life) to take some order to
relieve your people in this distress, until the coming of her Majesty's
treasure. I find them reasonably inclined thereunto yet little
effected, by reason of two impediments ; the one a strange jealousy
of all our nation, the other their own want. I do therefore most
humbly beseech your Majesty to take some speedy order to relieve
your people here, or else their intolerable necessity will force
them to leave these countries and return home.
"The confusions are wonderful that are grown in this Estate
in the absence of my lord of Leicester, which hath also opened
many gaps to disorders (fn. 2) and given liberty to some that are
ambitious here to work innovations in the government," but these
I will leave to the report of the bearer of my last letters, whom I
have thoroughly instructed in all things.
If my lord of Leicester be not speedily returned hither, who
is most fit to settle these disorders, or your Majesty do not send
some other, furnished with as much or more authority, I fear
you will in a very short time see these countries reduced under
the yoke of the Spaniard. I trust your Majesty will pardon my
boldness, hoping that being advertised yourself may find some
timely remedy to be applied thereunto.—The Hague, 16 February,
Copy. 1½ pp. [S.P.F. Archives XCI., p. 56.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to WALSINGHAM.
Recommending the bearer, Mr. Heron, a man of very good
desert, for his service in those parts. Would have written more
largely concerning the state of Flushing, but that he is newly
come, and the gentleman so soon to depart. By his next will
advertise his honour of all things.—Flushing, 16 February.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. Seal of arms. [Holland XIII. 31.]
JEAN VANDEN BEKE, pensionary of Flushing, to WALSINGHAM.
Acknowledging gratefully his obligations to his honour, her
Majesty, his Excellency and the late M. de Sydney, and promising
faithful service to Sir William Russell. Does not need to enter
upon Sir William's praises, but must say one word :—that he has
entered into an easy charge, having, like Sir Philip Sydney brought
with him by the renown of his noble father, and his own valour,
wisdom and humanity (the report of which has spread over
Europe) what another might have long toiled to gain, viz. the
love of the burghers and credit and authority with them ; which
things it will be easy for him to maintain by following his own
heroic and virtuous nature. Doubts not but that he will be
seconded by the magistrates and all honest men of the town.—
Flushing, 26 February, stilo novo.
Add. Endd. Fr. 1¾ pp. Seal. [Ibid. XIII. 32.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
Finds by his letter of the 5th that his lordship is not satisfied
with his defence, but thanks him for allowing him further answer.
Hopes Sir Roger Williams will be able in some points to explain
how he is wronged, and for his doings at home, doubts not but
to clear himself. Defends his conduct. Prays his lordship
to second his appeal to her Majesty to send money for the soldiers.
Sir John Norreys is sick at Utrecht, as he himself is at the Hague.
—17 February, 1586. (fn. 3)
Copy. 1½ pp. [S.P.F. Archives XCI., p. 57.]
WILKES to BURGHLEY.
Repudiates ever having used any undutiful term concerning
him. None had more goodwill of high and low than the writer
before the acceptance of this cursed and unfortunate journey ;
"which, as I declared to your lordship at the beginning, will be,
I fear, the cause of my ruin ; and then it pleased your lordship
to give me this advice : that I should serve her Majesty truly
and leave the rest to God." Knows the humour of his great
adversary, and asks not to be condemned unheard. If his
adversary were as mean in quality as himself, he would not doubt
but to make his innocency appear upon him with his hand. (fn. 4)
"What I said to you of him was but a note of some errors
which I had learned to have been committed in this government,
but I am greatly bound to you for concealing it, as I trust you will
I hear little or nothing of what is done at home concerning these
countries. How the treasure has been distributed I do not know
but see that it has been done with great inequality. I had nothing
in charge but to leave it at Middelburg, and to urge my lord to
cause it to be issued ; but there grew an impediment through the
States' delay in appointing their commissaries of musters, wherein,
as in many other things, I must confess that they were very slow
The treasurer has departed, having made up his accounts
with the States for the whole time of her Majesty's succours.
For my part, I am so fully occupied where I am, in the absence of
a Governor and alone, that the pain thereof, "with some cold and
a conceit taken of the injury done me at home hath thrown me
into a dangerous sickness ... though I am now in some hope of
I pray you hasten away the treasure, lest the soldiers, on
a little more misery and want, be forced to disband and return
home.—The Hague, 17 February, 1587.
Copy. 2½ pp. [S.P.F. Archives XCI., p. 59.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
All the letters I have received from you have contained very
unplesant matter, which, added to my service here have made
my case very miserable, and but for my clear conscience and
knowledge that I can honestly answer all the slanders heaped
upon me, it would have been enough to make a man desperate.
Nothing troubles me so much as to hear that Sir William Pelham
is incensed against me, whom I have alwayed loved and honoured,
and have, since my coming here, been very deeply beholden to
him. I protest I have never spoken of him but to his great
advantage ; "I know him to be wise, religious and honest, and
he knoweth how inwardly I did always deal with him before his
departure ... sed hec omnia a Themistocle [E. of Leicester] (fn. 5) .....
I doubt not nevertheless but to give to Mr. Pelham good contentment,
and I beseech your honour to further me therein, because
I make more account of the love of that gentleman than of ten
Themistocles. .." "I will not answer for any follies committed
by Sir J. Norreys. I have not been much privy to any of his
writings or doings ; for myself ..., I never mentioned in any letters
to her Majesty or to any other the errors of Themistocles ; I
have written plainly to no man but to yourself only, because in
truth I durst not trust any other in Court .... I beseech you,
let it not be found strange that I live in friendship with Norreys,
without the which her Majesty's services would be greatly
hindered ; and it is not my disposition to live out of love with men
in whom so many rare things are to be noted as in that man.
Touching the supposed mislike here of Themistocles, none can
resolve you so well as Sir Roger Williams. "The requisition of
the States for his return is not greatly to be builded on ; they
handle themselves as cunningly in that point as they do in
any other," but their true affection towards him must be learnt
here, where they have done all they could devise to shorten his
credit and authority, as he shall find at his return ; and yet,
seeing the present violence of the States and towns, and how much
they fear his return, I believe if her Majesty send any other,
these countries will be lost. His experience of them, and their
fear of him, being but cowards, "would do more good here in a
day than the presence of any other can do in three months. He
knoweth their conditions, and shall rule them as a schoolmaster
doth his boys ; and therefore in any case let him return if you
mean to have any good of these countries," for, if you leave their
infirmities to be healed by a physician ignorant of the state of
their body, you will hazard it.—The Hague, 17 February.
Copy. 2 pp. [S.P.F. Archives XCI., p. 61.]
STE. ALDEGONDE to WALSINGHAM.
The coming of M. de Roussel as governor of Flushing greatly
delighted me, and I am still more pleased now that I have had
intercourse with him on the affairs of the country ; which is
infinitely obliged to her Majesty for having sent us so worthy a
man, and one so zealous for the true religion and the welfare of
this land. I doubt not but that his presence here will do much
good, and trust that God will so bless her Majesty's enterprises,
that she will receive the reward which her virtue and magnanimity
deserve. According to my small powers I will help it all I may ;
but having retired into a private life, which may perhaps oblige
me to seek a dwelling elsewhere, where I may be better able to
pass the rest of my days with my family, if God should not call
me to some other vocation, I can for the present offer nothing
but my wishes and earnest prayers to God that he will bless and
prosper to the end her Majesty's designs for the good of his church
and the honour of his name. Yet I shall not omit on all occasions
which are offered to show myself prompt and ready to do all
service and to assist those whom it pleases her to send here. And
knowing the Sieur de Russell to be out of those most noted for
virtue, piety and kindness, I console myself even in the incomparable
loss of the Sieur de Sydney in that we have received this
gentleman in his place, who can command me in nothing that I
will not obey, and with whom I will not fail to keep up all correspondence
I thank you greatly for your offers in regard to my son, and am
much honoured that you continue your goodwill towards me and
mine. Having no other means of repaying you, I beg you to
accept my very humble service, to which I am vowed for all the
days of my life.—Soubourg in Walcheren, 27 February, stilo novo,
Holograph. Add. Endd. Fr. 2 pp. [Holland XIII. 33.]
Bond by THOMAS WILKES.
Certifying that he owes to Everard van Lodensteyn, or the
bearer of this, the sum of 8000 pounds of 40 great moneys of
Flanders the pound, for a like sum lent him by the said Lodensteyn
in ready money ; the which he promises to pay as soon as it shall
be possible to him, and at the latest, in six weeks or within two
months from now. Promising not to leave the country before
satisfying the debt, and binding his own person and goods for the
repayment.—27 February, 1587.
Copy, signed and endorsed by Wilkes. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid.
THOMAS CARTWRIGHT to SIR JOHN CONWAY.
I wrote to you to-day by your servant Fran[cis], since which
time I have no answer from Blocke or Grype, but look for it
to-morrow morning, when I will either bring or send it.
This day a friend of mine has arrived from Holland, who reports
"that Count Morris and the States have sounded their drums in
Amsterdam and other towns," to call together all who are minded
to serve them ; to whom they promise large entertainment. With
them is the Grave of Hollock. God grant that her Majesty may
prevent the raging of the devil, who never ceases all wicked practices
to bring his purpose to effect.—Flushing, 17 February.
Add. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 35.]
THOMAS CARTWRIGHT to SIR JOHN CONWAY.
In answer to your letter received yesterday, I have sent to
"Myddlebarrowe" and Camphire to seek both Blocke and Grype,
from whom I hope to have answer to-day.
This night Sir Roger Williams and the treasurer departed for
England. By the sinister practices of the States against the
government of her Majesty, it appears that their treacherous
reports against the governors of the towns commanded by
Englishmen are spread to withdraw the hearts of the commonalty
from her, "who before were so weary of their government as
they seemed no more willing to endure the same. It is now here
reported that they with the aid of Grave Morris and the Grave of
Hollock, seek as well by policy as [by] (fn. 6) force to retire wholly the
government from [her]." (fn. 6)
My lord g[overnor] (fn. 6) has now sent Captain Vere to Bergen op
Zoom, into which garrison he has already taken a company of
(fn. 7) men.—17 February.
Add. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 36.]
WILLIAM BORLAS, sergeant-major, to SIR JOHN CONWAY.
Pardon me for not answering your letter, as I was at 'Meddellborro,'
to send victuals to Bergen, who are in as much need as
you over there. I have sent you what cost a hundred pounds and
trust it will serve you until Master Browne comes out of England,
which I look for daily. I will do my best to procure you more if
need be. "Good sir, comfort Captain Lettelltone, whom I hear
is very melancholy, and tell him I was somewhat touched myself,
for I was commanded by the burgomasters that I should not open
the gates ... without calling the burgers in my company ; ....
but nevertheless I do as I was wont to do. My lord governor
saith that my lord of 'Bockhorste' will be here presently with
money both for this town and also for yours ... I marvel that
you suffer that Ranse to stay there ; send him away."—Flushing,
17 February, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 37.]
RINGOULT to WILKES.
Is very sorry to hear of his indisposition, but hopes that he
will soon be convalescent. Assures him of his desire to serve
him, etc.—Utrecht, last of February, 1587.
Underwritten, in invisible ink :—
Hoping that my previous advertisements have been acceptable,
I now tell you what I have heard since ; being assured that you
will treat it as quite confidential, the matter being very important.
Yesterday there came to me a certain personage, a captain,
and humble servitor of his Excellency, who informed me that a few
days ago he was in the chamber of the Countess of Mœurs when she
declared to a certain gentlemen of quality, and known to your
honour, that there was a league between the Counts Maurice, her
husband, Hollock and the States of Holland, whereby all aid was
promised to her said husband if he would not let himself be subject
to the English. And that they would have Count Maurice take
the title the Prince of Orange, which—as is seen—he has already
done. As to the Count Hollock, he had declared himself a
mortal enemy to his Excellency, whether he returned hither or no.
The same author has also told me that those of la Gouwe [qy.
Goes] have published by sound of drum that it was lawful to
transport to the enemy all sorts of merchandise and victuals,
save only munitions of war ; a thing which will be the ruin of our
cause, seeing that the enemy will thereby have the means to
maintain a siege before our town and to hold the country with an
army, over and above the extreme scarcity which will be caused
here, beyond that brought about by the licences given in August
last ; so that a tun of beer, then worth only 36 florins has now
risen to sixty.
The same personage was summoned by Count Hollock to receive
a charge ; but excused himself by reason of a gun-shot wound
received before Zutphen last summer, which obliged him to keep
Now, Monsieur, seeing that these things tend to the inevitable
ruin of the country, and to an embroilment such as many expect,
I can have but little hope of the recovery of my papers, which
are at the Hague, in the power of the procurator-general, notwithstanding
that his Excellency was pleased to grant me, in your
presence, the restitution thereof ; and that I desire at least
to have those which are here in a trunk, seized by the subescoutette
of this town, much against the will of his Excellency
as the Sieur Otteman can testify. I humbly pray you to oblige
me with the certificate hereto annexed, and with a line to the
burgomaster Deventer [i.e. Prouninck] to the like effect, in order
that, should I be disappointed of those at the Hague, I may at
least have those which are here.
If you should think it fitting, I should like to present to the
Council the request hereto annexed, in order to see what they will
ordain ; letting it be put by the bearer in the hands of Chancellor
Leoninus, unless you yourself would be pleased to be the bearer.—
Utrecht, last of February, 1587.
Add. Endd. by Wilkes. 3 pp. [Holland XIII. 38.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to DAVISON.
No leisure either to muster the companies or to answer at large
her Majesty's instructions. Prays him to peruse the short answer
enclosed, and to recommend to my lords of the Council the case of
Captains Wingfeld and Randolph, whose debts to this town for
victualling their companies before October last are the only occasion
of difference between the townspeople and us ; but if not remedied
may breed much inconvenience, and will never be paid by the
States unless procured by her Majesty and their lordships. If
these two companies were paid, and the town supplied with more
munition and soldiers, we might live in good agreement and
defend the town as its importance requires.—Flushing, 18 February,
Signed. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 39.]
GILPIN to [? DAVISON].
Refers him to Sir Roger Williams, for the state of the country
and suggested the following remedies.
First, the Earl of Leicester should hasten his coming ; to answer
all their allegations, stay their extraordinary courses, hazarding
the country by their factions. And if his Excellency cannot come
so speedily as occasions require, then some other in his stead ; for
howbeit Sir John Norreys be very fit and able, yet there are
jealousies against him.
The common people continue [well affected ?] and some letter
from the Majesty might do good, to cross the evil-affected. Also
she should send over money for relief of her soldiers, who perish
from want. The credit they or their officers have is small, the
champagne country is spoiled and waste, and the towns where
they lie will yield them no lendings. And what is worse, no
places will receive them in garrison, seeing their want and misery,
so that they cannot choose but [run] away or beg (as many do) or
perish, to the great dishonour of the English nation.
The garrisons in Flushing and the Brill are not so well in order
as the charge of such places requires. The captains are brave
but poor, and the soldiers bare. It were most necessary to have
their numbers complete and in good order ; provided with armour,
shot and powder, and so in apparel as the outward show, besides
the parts inwardly, might present a man of valour and courage.
Also Ostend and Sluys are to be cared for, and Bergen-op-Zoom
not forgotten, with Utrecht, as the keys (?) and entrances of
these parts by water and land. Having these sure, with Flushing
and the Brill, the country may be by these means commanded ;
as he and Mr. Wilkes, in conference together concerning the loss of
Deventer, did examine and find. Mr. Villiers has divers times
cast out like words. (fn. 8) [On the importance of the island of
Has written these particularities to the Earl of Leicester, so
may now be the shorter ; earnestly and most humbly entreating
his honour to further his cause with her Majesty ; for now that
the General States decide all matters "though they continued
the Council of State, yet would they not give them any grant
to have the distributing of money, no, nor any receipt, so as
none can get their wages, much less I, whom they were rather rid
of than to see me continued. Insomuch as although I would
willingly abide and do all the service I can, I shall be constrained
to give over the charge and withdraw myself some other way.
Do therefore once again and again ... beseech your honour, let
me understand presently whereto I may trust and if my service
may any other way stand in any stead, I will be willing to submit
myself to your pleasure accordingly. I dare not presume to
write to her Majesty, though at my last being in England, her
Highness [obliterated]. I trust my writing to your honour will
suffice."—The Hague, 18 February.
Endd. "18 February, 1586. From Mr. Gilpin. His advice
for staying the trouble grown on the accident of Deventer."
1¾ pp. [Holland XIII. 40.]
EDW. BURNHAM to WALSINGHAM.
This morning M. de Villiers gave me the enclosed letters, one
in answer to your last, the other, he had prepared to send you
before my coming. Here there continue speeches "that the
Counts Maurice and Hollock do cause the drum to sound to levy
men in their names ; and the young Count beginneth to take
upon him the title of prince de Orange." There will grow sudden
alterations if God do not raise the hearts of those in authority
and able to prevent it. If 'Bergen up Soome' and Ostend were
provided with relief we should be more out of doubt. If the
enemy should have Bargen, the land of Tertole and Tregous
would not rest long at their devotion who now have it. By my
last I wrote that the Counts were minded to give the regiment
[i.e. rule] of Zericksee to Count Philip de Nassau, which is very
likely to take place and will be a bridle to us here and greatly
hinder her Majesty's service.
"This morning Villiers the preacher told me that my lord of
Leicester had given absolute authority to Sir William Standley
and Yorck to command the places they had in their custody,
without acknowledging Counts Maurice, Hollock or The States
or Sir Jehan Norris ; the which absoluteness hath in his opinion
wrought this mischief that is fallen out."
"Captain Erington is here, very far indebted by reason of the
post he hath kept here, to the relief of many poor soldiers of our
nation since the death of the late Sir Philip 'Sidne,' the which,
if it be not considered of, will be a greater breaking to the old
gentleman ; towards the relief whereof, may it please your honour
to propound for him the daily entertainment which Sir Philip
Sidne had, from the time of his death till such time as Sir William
Russell was chosen for governor ; for that he hath lived here at
great charges, and kept a table, to the relief of many. When
soever he goeth hence there will be great want of him ; I nor
many more do not look for the like in all respects to succeed his
The garrisons here are much aggrieved with the merchants, who
make the soldiers pay the exchange "after cent. per cent. at the
year's end." They have raised it weekly very near, ever since
they received your orders. "And if it continues, they shall not
need to employ their moneys in wars, finding such sweetness in
the exchange." You may think this pleasures her Majesty,
but it is a great hindrance to the poor soldier.
"How grievously his Excellency is spoken of here ... I am
loth to write, but this it is to do well to an ungrateful people."
—Flushing, 20 February, 1586.
Add. Endd. 2½ pp. [Holland XIII. 41.]