Paper entirely in Burghley's hand, and endorsed by him "11
March, 1586. A copy of a writing devised to be notified in the
Low Countries at the arrival of the Lord Buckhurst."
"A report made by certain persons being of good credit and
naturally devoted to the public weal of the Provinces United,
lately come out of England, concerning the princely, good disposition
of the Queen's Majesty of that realm towards the state
of the said provinces, for more defence of them in their ancient
liberties against the violence of the Spaniards.
"Before their departure, the States had sent commissioners
to her Majesty, to declare the state of the countries, and the
need of the continuance of her Majesty's favour and of the return
of the Earl of Leicester ; whereunto she was well inclined, but
that she was informed of some contrary courses intended by the
States and other persons having rule over divers countries and
towns, and command of the men of war ; wherefore she delayed
to make any resolution to the content of the commissioners until
she should see whether the said contrary cause should be put in
execution. And afterwards she perceived that the meaning of
the States was to alter the government, without her advice or
the knowledge of the Earl of Leicester (although they had agreed
at his coming over that he should continue as governor, the
Council of State and Count Maurice being deputed to act in his
absence), to which end, those whom the Earl had left governors of
countries or places were changed, new commissions made,
garrisons in towns changed and newly sworn to others, the English
nation, especially in Holland thrust out of towns where they were
garrisoned, not suffered to have any food, a great number having
served the States all the summer past, whereof many of their
companies had lost their lives . . . many remained maimed and
hurt, many sick and languishing, and no pay made to them of
that was due, nor any provision made how they might continue
"The frontier towns of Flanders and Brabant, where were both
English in the Queen's pay and other bands at the pay of the
States, were neglected, and even on declaration of the peril
in which they stood, the States utterly refused to make any pay
for their part, though her Majesty satisfied hers.
"Besides this, when the Earl of Leicester had for relief of
divers necessities answerable by the States caused the Queen's
treasurer to pay . . . sundry great sums of money, whereby
there lacked money to pay her Majesty's soldiers, and in the
absence of the Earl, the States being required to reimburse the
same, no good answer is made thereto ; so as upon these and many
other strange courses, her Majesty had great cause of doubt how
to proceed further in this action ; and yet her princely care was
such . . . of the faithful and loving people of that country (whereof
she understood the greatest part, and in some provinces almost
all without exception, did mislike of these alterations) that she
determined to continue her forces in those countries and sent
money to pay them . . . and continued also in mind that the Earl
of Leicester should return to that government, if she might first
understand how the States would answer to these their proceedings
and reform the abuses committed, and yield to a re-establishment
of the former government, and especially would provide how
to pay such forces as were necessarily to be continued and kept
in their pay, both for the preservation of their towns and for
defence of their countries.
"For which cause she was sending a nobleman of her Privy
Council, the Lord Buckhurst, to confer with the States, nobles
and governors of countries and towns, to learn what were the
intentions of these late alterations, and how they mean to reform
the same ; which if he find them ready to do, and also they will
show him how they mean to order their contributions, so that
these may not be spent 'for private mens' lucre or pleasure'
and the common cause left unprovided ; then he has authority
to promise them the continuance of all her former favours ; so
that it is to be hoped that the States will give her satisfaction.
'And then surely it will appear how sincerely she doth mean to
proceed herein, and how falsely and maliciously there hath been
reports, bruits and rumours ; yea how cunningly and craftily
persuasions have been used . . . especially in some parts of
Holland, to move the good, kind and loving people . . . to think
doubtfully of her Majesty's favour, and to mislike both of the
Earl of Leicester's government and of the good hearts of the
English people towards the common service of the country.'
"It is said this was partly brought in doubt by the late accident
at 'Daventry,' by a person generally trusted by the English
nation, who, 'by colour that he nor his garrison, being at the
States' pay, could get any victual or wages, but was almost
famished,' yielded to the enemy as a traitor, and so is reputed
by her Majesty, and to receive the reward of a traitor whensoever
he may be apprehended. And though this evil accident, hated
by the English nation has been made a ground by some evilcontented
to mislike all the loyal, valiant English captains and
their companies, yet the wiser sort can judge how perverse this
argument is, seeing daily how faithfully the rest of the English
nation continue in the service of that country. 'And in England
it is said . . . how many other good and strong towns have been in
years past and also lately, even this last year, by the patriots
of the country yielded to the enemy by treason and corruption,
without any urgent necessity by lack of victuals or men, and
yet there is no reason therefor to condemn the rest of the nation
that are faithful.'
"These kind of reports having been constantly made by certain
persons bearing great good will to the public cause it is thought
necessary to notify the truth to all the good, faithful people of
the country ; that they may be sufficiently instructed and
fortified against such dangerous and false persuasions."
Rough draft, much corrected. 5½ pp. [Holland XIII. 88.]
CAPTAIN NICHOLAS ERINGTON to WILKES.
I will not fail to deliver your letter to Sir Thomas Sherley,
whom we expect daily, hearing that he was to take shipping
two days since with my lord of Buckhurst. His servant goes
to-morrow into Holland with money for the soldiers, and hath
relieved Bergen and Ostend with some imprest.
Count Solms has taken possession of the government of these
isles without her Majesty's privity or consent ; "how it will
proceed I know not. Sir, I thank you for all your good and
comfortable letters before our governor's arrival here, who now
hath taken the burden off me, to my great contentment."—
Flushing, 11 March, 1586.
Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of arms. [Ibid. XIII. 89.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
The arrival of the 5,000l. has much relieved her Majesty's
poor subjects, "howbeit the horsemen, being driven to a hard
exigent, . . . as neither to be suffered to have garrisons in towns,
nor quarter to live upon elsewhere, and threatened by the Counts
Maurice and Hohenlo to be cut in pieces in case they stayed within
the limits of Holland, so as in all appearance they were to abide
either famine, the violence of the threateners or to disband and
depart towards England, I saw no remedy for them but to engage
myself for some means to feed them until other order might be
taken" ; whereupon, with the help of friends I borrowed 800l.,
which I divided amongst the eight companies (including your
lordship's new cornet) by poll, "which extended to 30s. sterling
a man, wherewith they have lived ever sithence in good sort."
Your company was then received into Utrecht, where they
remain. I procured a patent for the companies of the Lord
Marshal and Sir William Russell to go to Bergues-op-Zome ; Mr.
Dormer's company, being small, Count Maurice was contented
to bestow at Tergau [Tergoes]. Those of the Earl of Essex, Lord
North, Sir Robert Sidney and Mr. Sherley are yet upon the
villages about Iselstein, and cannot be placed in any garrison.
The 3,000l. for the horse and foot in her Majesty's pay shall be
bestowed as directed. I am to-day going towards Utrecht to
take order therein with Sir John Norreys, who cannot depart
thence without danger to the place, "such have been the practices
of the Count Moeurs in dividing the town into faction ; who had
drawn away from her Majesty and your lordship six of the
captains, meaning to have forced the rest by violence, and so to
have subjected the town to those of Holland," had not the timely
arrival of her Majesty's and your lordship's letters not only stayed
those who inclined to the Count, but drawn two away from him,
"so as now the division is equal, but strongest on our side, by
reason of the garrison being all English." I am informed that
on publication of the letters the Count said that her Majesty's
promises were commonly without effect, and [he] had rather
be possessed of one English rose noble than trust to the accomplishing
of English promises ; persuading those of his side that if
they trusted them, they would be deceived. If your lordship
would write to the magistrate and captains of the town, it would
confirm our friends and amaze the rest. Among others not
forgetting in particular M. Deventer, who has shown himself
very constant and devoted to her Majesty, your lordship and our
nation, "and for the same is extremely envied by the States
General and Council."
There has been little alteration since Sir Roger Williams'
departure save the publication of the placcard made by the
States of Holland, whereof you have been advertised by Mr.
Hotman, your agent. (fn. 1) Dordrecht and Gorcum have refused to
accept it, as "repugning" your lordship's authority. The
lieut.-Governor of the Brill took the placcard from the magistrates
who were publishing it, and "would have laid them by the heels"
for doing so. Gorcum has also refused to accept Count Philip
as their governor, acknowledging no authority but your lordship.
Nevertheless, Monsieur Clerhagen is put from his superintendency
by the usurped authority and his company drawn from thence,
and had been cassed if our friends at Utrecht had not received
them into the Waert. They have also removed Bax from the
castle of Muyden.
I have not been negligent, by solicitation to the ministers and
letters to those constant in affection to your lordship, to have
the people informed of the ungrateful and dangerous proceeding
of the States, and with so good effect that they are now wonderfully
animated, and have delivered each where in speeches that
if by the overthwart dealings of the States, her Majesty shall be
drawn to stay her succours and goodness towards them, and that
thereby your lordship be also discouraged to return, they will
cut their throats ; and you would wonder to see the people (who
so lately by the practice of the said States and the accident of
Deventer and the fort were notably alienated) so returned to
their former devotion . . .
The States are so terrified with these threats of the people, and
their fear of being called to account at your lordship's return
that within these three days they have given us to understand
that whereas they were informed that some of the Council had
privately charged them with violating your lordship's authority
and spreading the like opinion amongst the people, they desired
any having such a conceit to deliver his mind frankly to them, and
they doubted not but to satisfy him. Perceiving by their speech
(uttered by Barnevelt) that I was the person addressed, I answered
that true it was that they had very injuriously trodden the
authority of your lordship and this Council under their feet, and
so proceeded to particulars, wherein I was reasonably seconded
by the Counsellor. The States stood upon the point that they
were sovereigns, and therefore not fit that the Governor who drew
his authority from them should call them to account for their
doings, no more than the governors of Charles V. might tax them
for any action of his done in the government. To be short, I did
what I could to beat them from that humour of their sovereignty,
which I declared and proved to be in the people, showing that
upon that error they had grounded the rest of their wilful absurdities.
But to the end they might see their follies the better, I
delivered unto them yesternight in writing to the number of 15
or 16 articles of their disorders and breach of their oaths in
violating the authority of your lordship and of your Council,
whereunto I suppose they will make some answer in writing,
wherewith, as with the effect of the articles, I will acquaint you
by my next.
"I have caused your lordship's speedy return to be constantly
given out to the people, who are much recomforted therewith,
and those that have opposed themselves against you are as much
grieved and terrified with the news. But to conclude, my good
lord, your presence here will disperse all these clouds and save
these poor countries from ruin, which in all likelihood cannot
be preserved but by her Majesty's goodness and your Lordship's
presence, contrary to the vain opinion of the States, who have
published that they are able to maintain themselves without
the succours of her Majesty or of any other prince."
I have received of your Lordship's entertainment some 1500
florins, which have been employed for your servants' diet and
your horses. I lately solicited payment of the residue but am
answered that you have already had the whole and about 3000
florins over. They say you have received here three score and
odd thousand gilders and of her Majesty's treasurer at wars forty
thousand, which they have allowed as part of your entertainment.
I have been careful to entertain all who professed to love you
and our nation, among whom I have found many time-servers
whom I shall make known to your lordship at your coming. M.
de Brederode has continued a true friend to you and to us all.
I will not omit any endeavour to retain all who are honest and
worthy of your favour.
For my own particular I doubt not but to show you "that
I have well deserved towards you in your absence, contrary to
the opinion conceived of me at home. I will only beseech your
lordship that other men's faults . . . may not be ascribed to me.
I will be neither ungrateful nor unthankful. If I have committed
any error in my proceedings towards your lordship, as I will not
altogether excuse myself, because Humanum est errare, yet the
same hath been far from malice or evil meaning to you, as he
knoweth best that must judge us all."—The Hague, 12 March,
Copy. 4¾ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 69.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSKLL to BURGHLEY.
Stating that the troubles and practices are such that he was
driven to take up victuals etc. to the amount of 100l. which he
has employed for the strengthening and furnishing of the
Ramekins, having credible intelligence that they of Holland
knew of its weakness and intended to surprise it. Earnestly
prays his Lordship to take order for repayment of these merchants.
Signed. Add. Endd. Seal of arms. 1 p. [Holland XIII.
JULIAN CLARHAGE to LEICESTER.
I have been constrained to bend a little to the present storm,
and have so far succeeded that Gorcum is for the present preserved
to her Majesty and your Excellency, not having accepted Count
Philip of Nassau, whom they wished to put in my place. Still
less is the garrison taken in, both of horse and foot, which they
tried by cunning and other means to put here. I hope it will
hold firm till your Excellency's arrival, greatly desired by all
the towns in these parts.—Utrecht, 22 March, 1587.
Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 91.]
STEPHEN LE SIEUR to WALSINGHAM.
Sends these by Francisco Taxis who has had speech with the
Marquis of Renty and this governor about the writer. Their
intention depends on the relaxation of two friars, the one prisoner
in Ostend and the other in Middelbourg. "The Marquis greatly
desires the liberty of the latter, and demands him of me, but
without your assistance, I know not how to obtain him. Capt.
Litleton hath already promised to send the other to me at my
pleasure ; yea, and to send a gelding worth 600 florins also."
The Marquis desires two hackneys from England, and would
not only pay well, but would obtain passport for the bearer to
transport two mares in exchange. He will be in Brussels on
Monday next, and would at once treat with his Altesse about me,
and send hither the order for my release. However it fall out,
I must beseech you for more money, that I may not have to stay
here for want of it. If I had not been forced to pay 230fl. for
Captain Brackenbury ; 112fl. for Thomas Whithead, a gentleman
of my lord of Oxford ; and 50fl. for one Robert Galeys, the
fifty pounds your honour sent me of late would suffice. If those
bound had care of their credit and thought upon God, they would
long since have sent me the moneys with which I assisted them
in their necessity. I hope this will not cause you to withdraw
your aid from me.—Dunkirk prisons, 12 March, 1586, stilo anglie.
Postscript. The friar in Zeeland is Lion Roeloffs, if you will
procure his liberty for mine ; "but it must be the said two friars
to pay their own charges."
Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Flanders I. 114.]
"Articles presented to the States General and of Holland by
Mr. Wilkes, touching their violating of the Earl of Leicester's
authority." Twenty articles.
Endd. Fr. 9½ pp. [Holland XIII. 92 ; also in Treaty papers
Synopsis, in English, of the above.
1. "Their breach of their commission to him, touching his
absolute government, which he accepted at their importunity."
2. Their like breach of their oath of Feb. 4, 1586.
3. That with their consent, before departing he had passed
his authority by commission of Nov. 24, to the Council of State,
reserving only to himself the change of governors.
4. Their encroachment on his authority first appears by an
act of the Council of State, Jan. 31, 1587, when Barnevelt and
the rest of the States of Holland required the said Council "to
forbear to grant any patents for placing any garrisons in that
5. That in the said province, "the drum hath been sounded,
levies made, commissions granted etc., under the name and
authority of the governor and States . . . and in some places only
of the magistrate of the town etc."
6. Contrary to the Council's placcard of Jan. 10, 1587,
commanding that no garrisons, either in towns or forts, should be
changed or placed without their commissions in his Excellency's
name, a placcard is published by the States of Holland, without
mention of him or the Council, "not to receive any companies
without licence of the Governor of that province or his lieutenant
with further authority to cut in pieces the companies in the
'plat pays' if they shall infringe any point of the said authority.
7. "That they have sworn to them certain captains, whereof,
notwithstanding some have protested that they mean not by
that oath to falsify that which before they had taken to his
8. They have removed de Bacx' company from Muyden and
de Clarhagen's from Gorcum, and have 'required' the Sieur
Sonoy to take a new oath and commission.
9. Contrary to the Act of Nov. 24, 1586, they have changed
the garrisons of the frontier towns, Woerden, Gorcum, etc.
10. They have made Count Philip of Nassau governor of
Gorcum and given the regiment of Zeeland to Count Solms ;
which not long before was, by provision, by the Council of State
granted to Count Maurice. Also the Estates General, at the
request of the Count de Moeurs have given new commission to
the Baron of Hochsaxen to command over certain frontier towns
in Overyssel and Gueldres ; whereof he, in regard of his former
oath, refused and excused himself by letters to his Excellency.
11. They have, notwithstanding his Excellency's and the
Council's passport, inhibited the transportation of grain, etc.,
"and namely to an English merchant for provision of a quantity
at Amsterdam and Enchuysen for England," with other like
12. That a placcard having been published by the Council on
13 Jan. last, with consent of the States General, permitting free
traffic into all neutral countries except Calais and Embden ; the
States of Holland have written to the master of the convoys at
Amsterdam to order himself according to their resolution of
Feb. 7, by which they mean the placcard to extend to those
13. "Where Camphere was assigned for the retiring of the
ships and prizes of the King of Navarre by his Excellency, the
Council of State and Zeeland, they have revoked the same,
without permitting him any other port."
14. By an act of Feb. 4 they have omitted in the continuation
of the Council of State the Sieurs de Meetkerke and Brackell,
"with a clause of inhibition that none hereafter may appear in
Council as members of the same. And that those who continue
should take new commission of the States General ; whereby
they exclude the province of Flanders."
15. They have forbidden the Sieurs Aisma and Feitsma (mistranscribed
Aisins and Feilains) lawfully appointed by his
Excellency for Frise, to enter the Council.
16. Their opposition to his Excellency's authority touching
the Admiralty jurisdiction by their act of Jan. 31, 1587, and
their enlarging of Paul Buys, "contrary to the jurisdiction of
Utrecht, and his Excellency's authority."
17. "Also divers disgraces offered to the said Council of State
by revoking their passports, patents etc. ; not permitting them
to deal with money or redress complaints. As also the stay of
publishing the placcard of proscription of Stanley and Yorck."
18. "That the publishing of the said placcard might have
served to have satisfied the people touching the hard conceit
of the English nation, scandalized by their lewd part."
19. "That the said Mr. Wilkes could show many more
particularities of their ingratitude, towards her Majesty and
disobedience towards her lieutenant since his departure, and
[towards the] Council of State, but that according to the offer
by them made to the Council of State the 16th of March last, he
hopeth reparation thereof will be had ; or to show reasonable
causes to justify their proceedings ; without alleging their
sovereignty, as they had expressed the same in sundry of their
writings and acts."
In the writing of Burghley's secretary. 3½ pp. [Holland XIII.
"Monthly charge" from Dec. 12, 1585 to March 12, 1586-7.
In the handwriting of Burghley's secretary. ½ p. [Ibid. XIII.
FLORIS [DE PALLANDT], COUNT OF CUYLENBORCH, to LEICESTER.
Implores him to return as soon as possible, lest the country
should fall into irretrievable ruin. For himself, he awaits her
Majesty's and his Excellency's commands ; and puts under her
protection himself, his only son and his subjects, to be disposed
of as she shall think fit.—Cuylenborch, 13 March, 1587, stylo veteri
[as to day of the month].
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 95.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to WALSINGHAM.
I have received yours of the 3rd, and a copy of her Majesty's
to Sir John Norris, concerning the care of the cautionary towns ;
"as truly the late alteration of this shaken state requireth no
less," to prevent the suspected designs against these places and
other frontier towns. I have written secretly to Sir John to
have two more companies sent hither ; this town being full
and strong with disordered people, and greatly incensed against
our nation ; and in the mean time we will stand upon guard
until relief is brought by Sir John. It will be hard to lodge the
two companies without great discontentment of the inhabitants,
"except the ordinary allowance called service money be allowed
for lodging and paid by her Majesty till further order may be had."
Also order must be given to the treasurer or the merchants for a
weekly imprest for them, as the other bands here have, otherwise
it will breed emulation among the soldiers and discontent to
the inhabitants, "who may not be forced to victual them unless
we might command absolutely, which of force must be, in
mine opinion, if they do continue in their present contempt and
alterations against her Majesty. Your honour's good assistance
herein I crave with all convenient speed."—Vlisching, 13 March,
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 96.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to BURGHLEY.
Having occasion to send the bearer, Capt. Astell into England,
refers his lordship to him for the late occurrents in these parts,
praying him to give good consideration thereto, as they threaten
some evident danger to the places held by the English.—Vlishing,
13 March, 1587.
Signed, ¾ p. [Ibid. XIII. 97.]
DR. HOTMAN to WILKES. (fn. 2)
Sending him letters received for him. As that of Colonel
Morgan, coming from Bergen, might have contained something
important to communicate to the Council of State, he gave
consent for Mr. Gilpin to open it.—The Hague, 23 March, 1587.
Underwritten in invisible ink.
I hear that Count M[aurice] is affronted (a un pied de nez)
because Sonoy would not take a fresh oath or receive garrison
into Medemblick ; saying that he had made oath to his
Excellency, from which he must be dispensed before taking
a new one. Junius is returned, but I know not yet what
answer he brings. Capt. Mornau, came to-day from Zeeland,
says that the people are ill-pleased at the coming of the Count de
Solms. Count Hohenlo has to-night been at Leyden, (fn. 3) and
runneth up and down like a madman because his Excellency is
coming or because things do not succeed to his intent. Two or
three have told me to-day that the said Count H. hath received
yesterday a letter from the enemy to this effect, that he should
remember his promise. I do not believe it, (fn. 3) but the bruit gives
him a very ill reputation. (fn. 3) Some schippers of Scheveling
say that H.E. cometh within these few days again, but I do not
believe it. (fn. 3)
They speak very diversely and strangely of Utrecht. I pray
you let us soon hear from you.
Signed only H., but name given in endorsement. Add. to Wilkes
at Utrecht. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 98.]
"Docket" of letters and papers taken by Lord Buckhurst
into the Low Countries ; including letters from her Majesty to
the States General ; Council of State ; Counts Maurice, Hollock
and Moeurs ; and Elector Truchsess. Endd. with date. 11/8 pp.
[Holland XIII. 98a.]
New oath presented by the States of Holland to all the soldiers
in service in their province to be taken to Maurice, Prince of
Orange, Count Hohenlo and the States of Holland, Zeeland and
West Friesland.—24 March, 1587.
Copy. Fr. ¾ p. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 181.]
Letter of the Council of State to the Earl of Leicester.
Difficulties owing to failure of the States General to provide means
to pay the troops. Jealousy and dissension among the chief men
and the towns. Difficulties with Utrecht. All these troubles
might be ended by H.E. and beg him to hasten his return. Enemy
preparations. Danger of Bergen. Money only received from
Holland and Zeeland. Need of prompt assistance from her
Majesty. Complaint of Gruenevelt's procedure. Agreement
to engage reiters.—The Hague, 24 March, 1587. (fn. 4)
Copy. Fr. 3¾ pp. [Ibid. XC., p. 182.]
A private memorial for Lord Buckhurst.
To confer with Col. Norris how far he can defend the country
with her Majesty's present support, he having offered to do so
if her charges be duly answered.
To understand whether he means all the United Provinces or
only Holland and Zeeland.
As Counts Maurice and Hohenlohe seem to think the country
able to maintain and defend itself without her Majesty's aid :—
to inform himself of the likelihood of this.
Whether the people's hatred to the States be so great as is
How they stand affected to a reconciliation with Spain ; whether
there be secret instruments among them to draw them that way,
and which provinces seem most inclined to it.
What hope they have of aid from any other prince, if her
Majesty should abandon them.
Whether the people stand soundly affected to the said G., as
is said ; and who principally oppose him.
To inquire "underhand" if the English bands in her Majesty's
pay be as decayed as is said.
And what number of them serve under the States' pay, and how
strong they are.
Endd. with date. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 99.]
Mar. [14 ?]
Heads of Lord Buckhurst's Instructions.
Establishment of a better government, by removing the
present confusion for lack of a governor.
Amendment of the contract.
To consider change of her Majesty's succours of men into
The reconcilement of such captains etc. of the United Provinces
as were drawn by the Earl of Leicester to her Majesty's service.
Resolutions upon certain points reserved to his going over ; viz. :
satisfaction for consumption of the magazines ; liquidation of
accounts ; satisfaction for money taken out of the comptoire,
by the Brill garrison ; some certain establishment of trade ; an
act of disavowal of mutinies "covered with pretence of service
to her Majesty ; the case of victualling Flushing garrison.
To deal with the States for assistance by sea as promised.
To acquaint them with Medekirk's offer touching Ostend,
and if found profitable, to require approbation by act of Council.
Not dated or endorsed. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 100.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
Acknowledges three letters concerning the furnishing of the
cautionary towns ; my Lord of Leicester's discontent with his
letter to her Majesty ; and an offer to try to procure a reconciliation.
For the first, refers to letter to the queen ; for the second,
returns thanks. For the last, has understood by others that my
lord seeks by all means to disgrace him ; but knowing "that he
has done nothing but what her Majesty's service and his own
reputation required will patiently attend the issue. One point
in the letter grieves him more than all my lord's malice, the
suspicion that he was set on by some in England to oppose the
Earl ; protests that neither by her Majesty or any other has
he been encouraged to cross him. Events will show the need of
giving her Majesty some notice of the distaste the country had
of my Lord's government.
Asks to be sent to some place where he may have no intermeddling
with my lord's actions," or else to procure that the
earl desist from doing him wrong. "As for terms of reconciliation,
his Lordship is too great a personage for him to enter
with ; and he will not acknowledge that he has given any occasion
of offence. Ready at all times...to justify all his doings."
"For the conclusion ... the time passeth and our preparations
for the war are very 'lateward' ; the enemy is ready to take the
field, and will undertake the besieging of some town that shall
cause the loss of four or five others. The Hollanders are in such a
proud humour that they care for no quarter but their own, which
is a most pernicious counsel, for certainly if the rest were lost,
Holland will not hold long after."—Utrecht, 14 March, 1586.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 3 pp. [Ibid. XIII. 101.]
CARLO TRELLO to LEICESTER.
Though advice not asked, begs leave to say that in order to
confound this count of "Hoogenloo" and all his followers it
would be well to make a new levy of three or four thousand foot,
of the men of these countries, and to give sufficient pay to all the
horse captains of this nation for them to put their companies into
good order and a competent number ; and to send letters secretly
to all the said colonels and captains, who are still in service
that if they wish, with their men, to be employed in her Majesty's
service under H.E., they shall have a month's pay and will be
entertained and paid, and at the end of the war recompensed
like the English or those of any other nation, who have served
her Majesty well and faithfully.
By so doing, H.E. will gain all the hearts of the men of war of
the said nation and easily make himself master of all the towns
and fortresses where they are in garrison. Because the greater
and better part of the burghers and inhabitants of the country
are well affected to her Majesty and to H.E. Has spoken of this
matter to divers captains and officers, old soldiers and friends,
whom he has found very resolute to do the queen and H.E. good
service, and very ill-affected to Count "Hoaghenloo" and his
faction. Offers his good offices.—Utrecht, 24 March, 1587
Add. Endd. Italian. 2 pp. [Holland XIII. 102.]
"The State of her Majesty's forces presently in these countries,
partly upon the musters...and the rest by report" on this date.
Endorsed by Laurence Tompson "This note is imperfect." 3 pp.
[Ibid. XIII. 103.]
STEPHEN LE SIEUR to BURGHLEY.
Writing because of Thomas Trent, recently captured at sea
by the ships of war of this town, though his ship was rescued by
the Flushingers, and brought hither with divers others, English
and Hollanders, prisoners. What shall become of him is not as
Despairs of own liberty, for almost all the assistance he was
to expect in this vain world was buried with his master Sir Philip
Sidney, yet nothing shall cause him to forget either God or his long
"These men, perceiving that he will not be exchanged for "Pedro
Cibiur, demand of him two friars, the one kept in Ostend and the
other in Middelbourgh." On no other conditions will they grant
him liberty ; wherefore determined patiently to endure the
afflictions God shall lay upon him.—Dunkirk, 14 March, 1586,
stilo Anglo. Add. Endd. Fr. 1¼ pp. [Flanders I. 115.]
FREMIN to WALSINGHAM.
Acknowledges letter of February 10. It is very needful that
his Excellency should return speedily both for her Majesty's
service and the welfare of the country. To send another would
not remedy the present evil, as he would not know the state of
the country, or distinguish between malicious spirits and those
truly affectionate and zealous for her Majesty's service. Also
it is very requisite that he should be of a great house, of authority,
wealth and reputation ; or at any rate so great a captain, of virtue
and reputation that he shall be obeyed and respected. Undoubtedly
the Earl of Leicester is—without deprecating any one—the
most worthy and capable person to represent a monarch, and well
beloved by honest men here, who pray daily for his speedy
The Duke of Parma is still at Brussels, meaning shortly to
assemble his camp and get the start of us, seeing that all things
go on very slowly here. They seem to be preparing in Flanders
to besiege Ostend and the Sluys. The Marquis de Renty,
admiral, is at Bruges and La Motte at Gravelines, making preparations
against Ostend. It is very important that it should be
preserved. The new forces from Spain are still stationary in
Luxembourg. Mondragon's regiment, of 25 companies is in the
Pays de Liege. Don Geronimo de Loisbassan [Loysa Bazan],
maître de camp, and four Spanish captains with some forty men,
all of Mondragon's regiment, going from Brussels to Liege were
met by an ambuscade of foot from this garrison near to Louvain
and put to flight on the 18th, the colonel killed, nephew of the
Marquis of Ste. Crois ; a captain left for dead, two escaped and
some fifteen soldiers, and a captain taken prisoner. He is named
Jan de Castille [Juan de Castilla], an old captain of more than
sixty years of age. The Duke goes on wisely and with skill when
he can and is meaning to come to Antwerp. Five days ago, three
hundred carts of corn were brought to the castle. If his Excellency
were here, we could do a great deal, but in his absence, all
The Duke of Guise has demanded some force of foot from the
Duke of Parma, who has replied that if the King of France required
it of him, he would aid him.
As your Excellency is well informed of the state of affairs here,
I will discourse no further thereof. I do not complain of ingratitude,
but would pray you to let me be taken into her
Majesty's pay, not having received a patart these ten months for
my men, who deserve better entertainment ; nevertheless
I have endured so far in order to see what resolution will be taken
in England. Who serves at the altar (Vostel) ought to live by the
altar.—Bergen, 25 March, 1587.
Postscript. Colonel Morgan acquits himself very well in the
command of this place.
Add. Endd. "15 March, 1586." Fr. 1½ pp. [Holland
NORREYS AND WILKES to the town of GORCUM.
Changes and misrepresentations made since his Excellency's
departure for England, to induce the belief her Majesty had
abandoned them and that his Excellency would return no more.
Such allegations are entirely false. As proof of her Majesty's
constant resolution, there is coming the Baron de Buckhurst,
her near kinsman, and one of her Privy Council, by whom they
will shortly learn her latest will. Meanwhile, they will do very
well to oppose all changes and innovations in their town, remembering
the fidelity sworn to his Excellency, who will shortly be
here himself to thank them, and to remedy the evil caused by the
malice of those who are enemies to himself and to this State, in
several provinces. By doing so they will greatly increase her
Majesty's good-will towards these poor afflicted countries, and
the courage of her subjects in fighting valiantly for their preservation,
for which there would be but small hope without such aid.
—Utrecht, 15 March, 1587. Signed, by both.
Copy. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Holland XIII. 105.]
COL. MORGAN to WALSINGHAM.
On behalf of the bearer, his sergeant-major, as tall a soldier
as any on that side the seas, fitter to command a thousand men
than only a hundred or two, and a very sufficient man to take
charge in garrison or in camp ; "like as when Captain Reade,
who was sergeant-major to his Excellency, being in camp, did
take his directions concerning his watches ... did always find
Morgan's own entertainment is so small that he can neither
help his sergeant or himself, and therefore prays his honour's aid
for both.—Bergen-op-Zoom, 15 March, 1586.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 106.]
M. BUY to WALSINGHAM.
Is thinking of his departure, although his dispatch does not
seem to be ready. Has not yet taken leave of her Majesty,
the Earl of Leicester or the Lord Treasurer, which he could do
after dinner. It would be a great convenience to him to go over
with the Lord Buckhurst, wherefore he must not spend much
time over anything save setting out as soon as he gets his dispatch ;
which should be such as to show that he has not wasted
his time, so that the lords may have no ground for dissatisfaction,
especially the Conte de Moeurs (Mors).
Does not yet know who is to take her Majesty's letters into
Germany, and has not seen Capt. Wilhem [qy. Williams]. Prays
his honour to speak a word to 'Conbes.' Undated.
Add. Endd. with date. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 107.]
Note of the distribution of the 3000l. sterling delivered to
Sir J. Norreys, March 15, 1586, by virtue of a letter from the lords
of the Council dated Feb. 21, and appointed to be distributed
to the companies of horse and foot at her Majesty's pay, in garrison
or at large, in the provinces of Holland, Utrecht and Gueldres and
the county of Zutphen. Signed by Norreys and Wilkes.
Endd with date. 5½ pp. [Ibid. XIII. 108.]
THE BURGOMASTERS, ECHEVINS AND OTHER OFFICERS of
Bergen-op-Zoom to HER MAJESTY.
Whereas it pleased her, about a year and a half ago, to send
thither her garrisons, which have been usually maintained by a
commissary of her own, both as to victuals and accoutrements ;
by which the town and burghers are greatly prejudiced, having
no profit therefrom, put great charges from lodging the troops as
well as they can with their small means (in consequence of the
heavy taxes these last twenty-one years) : And as the town is the
only one remaining in Brabant which holds out against the enemy,
and being the chief frontier for Holland and Brabant, is of very
great importance :—
They humbly pray her Majesty to take order that the garrisons
now there, or hereafter to be sent, may in future be paid in money
from month to month, or at least by weekly prests, which will
be the only way to maintain good order in the town. Also to
take order that a good correspondence may be kept up between
her garrisons and the towns-people, so that nothing may be
attempted to the prejudice of the rights and privileges of the
said town.—Bergen-op-Zoom, 26 March, 1587, stilo novo.
Add. Endd. Fr. 2 pp. [Holland XIII. 109.]
ORTELL to BURGHLEY.
Request to direct Mr. Wauton to restore to Garret Hendrickson,
a poor shipper and master of the Golden George, the sum of 29l. 5s.,
received for fish from Rouland Stokes, fishmonger, and taken from
him by one of Mr. Wauton's men named Simon, searcher of the
port of London. Mr. Wauton being unable to re-deliver it
without his lordship's warrant.—London, 16 March, 1586.
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Ibid. XIII. 110.]
ELECTOR TRUCHSESS to LEICESTER.
Has not written earlier because since his Excellency's departure
he has retired from all affairs into the town of Utrecht, there
patiently awaiting God's will ; but has heard of his welfare from
others. Has conversed freely with the Sieur de Schoonewal, (fn. 5) a
very clever gentleman and extremely zealous for the public good,
to whom he refers his Excellency for all things.
The ill turn at Deventer and the fort of Zutphen was the
work of particular men, and he entirely agrees that if wisely
used, it may by God's blessing turn to advantage ; but the
return of his Excellency is above all necessary.—Utrecht, 17
March, 1587, stilo veteri.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIII. 111.]
HOHENLOHE to LEICESTER.
Understanding by your Excellency's letter that Captain
Williams' report on my behalf has led you to think that we
bear no good affection to you, I cannot fail to assure you that
I in no wise meant to impute to you what has happened in my
regard, by the instigation of certain evil instruments, but only to
give you to understand my great regret for the wrong which has
happened to me. That your Excellency may be better informed
of my intent, I have discoursed very particularly of the whole
matter with the Sieur de Schoonewalle, the bearer of this, who,
I am persuaded, will not fail to put it before you ; begging you to
give him speedy audience and entire credit. To the rest of your
letter, I will reply more at large by the first opportunity, and will
inform you of all that passes in these parts.—Delft, 29 March,
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. Seal of arms. 1 p. [Holland