SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to DANIEL ROGERS.
Thanking him for his letter and news, and praying him to
continue the sending of the same.—Flushing, 1 April, 1587.
Holograph. Add. 1 p. [Holland XIV. f. 1.]
THOMAS BENNETT, Deputy of the Merchant Adventurers at
Middelburg, to WALSINGHAM.
According to his request, they have assisted his servant Edward
Burnham in taking up 300 French crowns, and taken "per
exchange 150li. Flemish at double usance, after the rate of 31s. 5d.
the pound, which is sterling 95l. 9s. 10d.," having sent their first
bill of exchange to their brethren in London for his Honour's
acceptation.—Middleborowe, 1 April, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 3.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to WALSINGHAM.
I have received your letter by M. de Buye, and wish my virtues
were such as it pleases you to write.
Those of Bergen having lately taken a prisoner of some importance, (fn. 1)
I wrote to Col. Morgan to make stay of him for M. de
'Tillyne' who has as yet kept him, although Count Maurice has
written for him. The other day he wrote that the soldiers who
took him desire 4000 florins for him, which he promised to pay,
but I have desired him not to ransom him till I hear from your
honour. "It seemeth that he is of good account and very well
"My lord of Bouchurst hath been well received and honourably
entertained by them of Dorte and Roderdam, so as there
is good hope that things shall be well accommodated."
This morning I have received advertisement from Antwerp
which I send to show the great misery the enemy is in. If we
could but put 4000 foot and 800 horse into Flanders we could
do great service. I am to pray you that some order may be taken
for Captain Thomas Maria Wingfield's and Banister's company,
"as well for their service money as the 20l. a week as the other
companies have," or I fear there will be disorder.—Flushing,
Holograph. Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 5.]
THE PRINCESS OF ORANGE to WALSINGHAM.
The bearer will tell you what he has seen and heard here, and
the great regret I feel for many things which are happening. I
have told him some details which I beg you to believe. An
opportunity has arisen which may serve for the deliverance of
M. de 'Thellygny.' I know how great a friend you are of M. de
la Noue, his father, and that there is no need to commend to you
anything which affects him, but my friendship for them both
leads me to beg you to follow the advice of the governor of this
town which he thinks may be the means of assuring this prisoner
for M. de Thelligny. God has so brought me low that I must
beg you for what I myself might do if my means equalled my will ;
but I shall not fail to send a dispatch to M. de la Noue to give
order that some one here may have power to pay what may be
needed.—Flushing, 12 April.
Holograph. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Holland XIV. f. 7.]
EDWARD BURNHAM to WALSINGHAM.
By Francis Tasse, the post, I sent letters from St. Aldegonde
to the lord of Leicester and your honour. According to your
letter by M. de Buy, I have given him 300 French crowns, taking
his bill for it. Yesterday he left Middelborow with the Count
of Zolme and went to meet Count Hollocq at Gettingberg, but
now we hear that Hollocq is gone towards Holland to meet Lord
Buckhurst. Buy hopes to do some good with him, and the
rather as he has found Zolme very tractable. For the common
welfare, I wish he could bring Count Hollocq to the like pass ;
but "very lately he hath let slip choleric speeches, alleging that
if my lord did come again he would never serve under his commandment."
He presses the States for what is due to him, and
then means to retire into Germany. I heard "he hath tried
those of Gettinberge and Husden, to see if they would follow him
in this his desperate course ; who have made answer that they
would continue constant to her Majesty and her lieutenant-general.
He finding this 'inaspected' answer, hath thought
best to re-advise himself, and as it is likely, is gone to my lord
of Buckhurst, with, as I fear, an intent to use a few of feigned
dissembling words of submission . . . The speedier my lord
cometh, the sooner will these alterations be past. Here, the
community doth greatly desire it."
I have sent your letter to Sir John Conway to Ostend ; those
to Colonel Morgan to Bergen and that to Mr. Vere have delivered,
as he came from thence yesterday. By him I understand "that
Mondragon maketh small account of Don Gian de Castillie, who is
there prisoner, yet have they offered 4000 gilders for his ransom.
But for M. de Telligni . . . there is small hope, for that they refuse
to deliver Steven [le Sieur], Sir Philip Sidney's man for him [Don
Gian]. . . . The enemy doth always esteem little any that is
taken of their side, and find our nation more tractable than they
of themselves are. This Gian de Castillie is old and grown sick.
The soldiers that have taken him fear that 'a' will die in their
hands, and therefore would have money, and to this effect Col.
Morgan hath written here to my lord governor." If you would
have him kept it were good to send some order of credit to the
merchants for 200l. ; to content these soldiers.
"Here groweth great difficulties between the muster-master
and the captains... I fear me that Sir Thomas Sherley shall
have something to do with the muster-master and the auditor,
for they run a violent course ; I think no more than their instructions
do guide them, but it might be done with more moderation.
It is a great authority to the muster-master that the treasure
cannot be disbursed without his warrant. He was pontifical
enough before ; this maketh him more."
I am staying to see Sir Philip Sidney's company of foot paid
and shall then return home, unless you command to the contrary.
For my office here, as there is no profit belonging to it, if it may
not be supplied by a deputy I am willing to resign it.—Flushing,
2 April, 1587.
Add. Endd. 3 pp. [Holland XIV. f. 8.]
The MINISTERS OF THE CHURCHES OF ZEELAND to QUEEN
A verbose epistle, expressing gratitude for her aid in the
struggle against Spain, and especially for the auxiliary forces
brought by the Earl of Leicester ; and craving continuance of her
protection.—Middleburg, 12 April, N.S., 1587. Signed on behalf
of all the churches of Walcheren, by Johan Sere, and Johan
Hizenbach, ministers, Daniel Dedieu, minister of the church of
Flushing, Jacob Kimedoncius, and Michael Pannelius.
Add. Endd. Latin. 5 pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 10.]
Inventory of the artillery and munition for the Ordnance at
Ostend, taken on April 2, 1587, with marginal notes.
Endd. 2 pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 13.]
SIR THOMAS SHERLEY to WALSINGHAM.
I have nothing to advertise you of but what I have written to
my lord. I am yet at Middelberg, "where the occurents be
dainty, for I think we have them here after they have been in
England, having heard nothing from Holland and those parts
since my coming hither."—Myddellburgh, 2 April, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 15.]
Report of Jean Michielsen, coming on behalf of the Sieur de
Sonoy, lieut. governor of North Holland.
After his Excellency's departure, the States of Holland sent for
the said governor to the Hague, where certain of them were
deputed to require him to exhibit his commissions from his
Excellency, both for the said government and for the town and
castle of Medenblycq. This he refused to do, but declared that
he would give them to Count Maurice, as governor of Holland and
Zeeland, upon promise that they should be returned to him.
Count Maurice took them to the States of Holland where
they were seen and read, after which Sonoy was summoned to
the assembly and informed that they should keep the said commissions
as being against their privileges. Sonoy claimed them
for several reasons and especially upon Count Maurice's promise ;
and as just then the news arrived of the surrender of Deventer,
they were given back to him, with orders to return at once to his
government. Being arrived there, they sent him orders to go to
Campen and Zwol to secure and fortify them, as also Gheelmuyen
in Overyssel, near a fort called Zwartesluys ; sending him at the
same time a new commission for his government under the hand
of Count Maurice, together with a new oath.
As he was hastening on his voyage to Overyssel, he kept the
commission, informing Count Maurice that he could not change
his oath to the earl of Leicester so lightly. During his absence
in Overyssel the company of Capt. Duvenverde was sent by
Count Maurice and the States of Holland to Medenblycq with
orders for his company to leave the place, which his lieutenant
refused. On learning this Sonoy at once went there. Then a
commissioner was sent there by the Count and States to renew
the oath of the troops. This also was refused. Thereupon
Counts Maurice and Hohenlo with deputies from the States went
to Medemblycq in person with the intention of seizing Sonoy
and deposing him. He shut the gates against them and so they
were obliged to return. Count Maurice then sent the Burgomaster
d'Hory and others to him with excuses and letters to
which Sonoy replied saying that he could not change his oath
without informing H.E. and receiving his discharge. The States
have since threatened not to pay his regiment, hoping to turn his
troops against him.
At Flushing Jean Michielson saw letters of Hory whereby
Count Maurice was shown to have tried to cause two of his companies
to enter and had been refused after the citizens had been
three days under arms. The same thing happened at Enchuysen.
Extract from letters of M. de Caron of 28 March 1587.
He was about to cross and bring a public act from Holland
which would have given satisfaction to H.E., as well as letters
of the Count of Hohenloe on the same subject. The despatches
were delayed by the arrival of the deputies of the Estates of
England. In spite of the changes since H.E.'s departure her
Majesty's state and honour are safeguarded as well as the obedience
due to H.E. as governor.
Of the 12th April new style.
After the arrival of the deputies he was ready to start but for
the arrival of Lord Baccurst, with whom he was to treat the next
day. Many things that had passed were due to strong feeling
caused by a misunderstanding and a suspicion the States had that
her Majesty was treating for peace with Spain and they did not
know if they would be abandoned by all princes and potentates.
Letter of Councillor Valcke of the 10th April, 1587.
Says also that the past things have gone beyond the bounds
of order and moderation, with misunderstanding on one side and
righteous grief on the other both because of Deventer and the
intercepted letters from Denmark indicating some treaty of
peace. H.E. would pardon this in consideration of the generality.
Every one desired and awaited his return. H.E. would not
credit the number of his servants there.
Endd. 3½ pp. Fr. [Holland XIV. f. 19.]
Memorial for M. Sonoy, governor of North Holland.
That her Majesty get Lord Baccurst to write to the States of
Holland not to molest M. Sonoy until his Excellency returns and
to pay his captains and men as well as himself.
For Capt. Zuyderman, a commission from H.M. and some provision
or his company will be ruined. If the churches maintain
more than one company, that he may have charge, or at least
have a company of 300.
For Capt. Borenstroe, that 5000 florins are little to reward his
services, as he had to raise 400 florins, besides what he spent
before while staying on the other side. Reminder of his request
for permission to sell Rhine wine in London, if only for 2 or 3
In the same hand as the preceding paper, no date. Fr. 1 p.
[Holland XIV. f. 21.]
THE QUEEN to the STATES GENERAL. (fn. 2)
Recommending Don Emanuel, sent by his father the king
Don Antonio to make certain requests. Praying them, to assist
him. Lord Buckhurst will tell them more at large.—Manor of
Greenwich,  April, 1587.
Copy, sent to Buckhurst on April 10. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV.
CAPT. WILLIAM SUDERMAN, "dit Suavius" to WALSINGHAM,
Gratitude for courtesy and favour shown him, and especially
in giving him audience on the previous day and telling him the
means he had thought of for his benefit and the pay of his company.
—London, 4 April, 1587.
Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 17.]
GOVERT VAN EYK, Receiver of Brabant, to WILKES.
Complains of calumnies and threats ; the poor support of those
who ought to uphold him. Had made up his mind to resign his
charge but encouraged by his honour's letters to determine to
continue his service in all fidelity and obedience for the public
good, so long as it pleases her Majesty and his Excellency to
approve of them. On this footing he will await in great devotion
the happy return of his Excellency ; but as for the orders of those
of this nation who have been his masters since the loss of Antwerp,
he is so weary of them that no recompense, however great will
induce him to serve them another year, if the sovereign command
remains in their hands. [Dilates further upon his wrongs,
services and loyalty, especially at the time of the treaty of Antwerp,
when both the enemy and his own kinsfolk tried to persuade
him to accept the benefit thereof.] For all which he is rewarded
by calumnies and insults because he is a Brabançon and affected
to his Excellency.
Will take care that M. Fremin shall feel the effect of his honour's
recommendations, and will not fail, as soon as possible to send
his lady another quarter of wild boar.—Bergen-op-Zoom, 14
Add. Endd. Fr. 2 pp. [Holland XIV. f. 22.]
Articles presented by the Council of State to Lord Buckhurst,
"For the great musters and other things necessary for the reforming
of the present disorders of the State, April, 1587.
1¾ pp. Fr. [Ibid. XIV. f. 31.]
Certain injuries supposed to be done to Her Majesty's subjects
and the Earl of Leicester, presented by one of that country. (fn. 3)
Some tried to occupy Brill by surprise and have established a
garrison at Mazelantsluys, an unusual place and quite unnecessary.
It came to her Majesty's ears that there were certain machinations
against Flushing, a suspicion deepened by the fact that a
courier from Flushing, in fear of being taken by English soldiers,
threw some letters into the sea.
That some have attempted to put a Dutch garrison into
Utrecht and to expel the English.
The Dutch shut out seven cornets of English horse from all
their towns when they were turned out of other garrisons by the
Count of Nassau, (fn. 4) telling them to live by despoiling the poor
country people, so that the English name might become odious,
although money was not lacking for the troops, and decency
and policy required that some place should be found for them.
A rumour was spread in Leyden, Utrecht, Gorcum and other
towns that her Majesty refused to accept the sovereignty unless
it was offered without reserve of privileges and liberties, so that
she might become odious to the people.
When her Majesty asked for corn to supply the want of London
it was openly stated that she had required so much that famine
would waste the Provinces.
Her Majesty is injuriously accused of going to make peace
with the Spaniard contrary to the treaty whereas she has had no
negotiations whatever with him, but has only listened to the
proposals of the King of Denmark, from which it would have been
unchristian to turn aside.
Some have said openly it was probable her Majesty was not
unaware of Stanley's treason, as he stood high in her esteem and
had such rich possessions in England.
When it seemed necessary to declare her innocence against
this wicked imputation by public edict, and the Council of State
took it in hand, the States General stopped publication unless it
was done in their name. Although the English councillor pressed
for its publication, it was never done and her Majesty is thus left
exposed to idle rumours.
While the deputies of the States were negotiating with her
Majesty concerning a subsidy, they undoubtedly received letters
from the States forbidding them to treat further with her, and so
they decided to transact nothing further with her.
Calumnies against the whole English nation.
Some have called them cowards, useless for war, and that the
States want English money, not men.
Some members of the States have declared that the English
government was more intolerable than the French, and they had
never been so circumvented by the French as they were by the
Some said publicly that with the English rule the Provinces
passed from tyranny to tyranny, and as they had not endured
that of Spain or France, there was no reason why they should
Letters to his Excellency declared injuriously that there was
the same suspicion of treason at Bergen op Zoom, Ostend and
other places, as at Deventer.
Acts prejudicial to His Excellency's authority.
The grant of a new commission to the Count of Nassau (fn. 5) by the
States of Holland, Zeeland and Friesland, unknown to the Earl
and Council of State.
By the act of 31 Jan., 1586, the control of the Admiralty was
granted to the Admiral.
The appointments of Count Solms, the baron of Hohensaxen,
The enlistment of new companies in Holland, and the new oath
to Counts Maurice and Hohenlo.
The care that there shall be no English garrisons except in
the cautionary towns, without the consent of the States.
The States of Holland forbad the Council of State to dispose
or change garrisons, so that they might consult with the new
governor how to defend the frontiers by themselves.
The States forbad the export of any grain even if licenced by
H.E. or the Council.
Notwithstanding the act of 24 Nov., 1586, the States General
issued an edict forbidding troops to pass through the Provinces
without licence of Count Maurice or his lieutenant.
Acts contrary to His Excellency's honour.
Some of the States say he wants to meddle in the government
of the Provinces, and they will be glad when his year expires.
Some of the Council said it would be all over with the United
Provinces if he returned for another half year.
Some of the States said he caused disunion in the Provinces,
because he appointed two burgomasters in Friesland and Brabant
who were unfit for the office.
He disposed of the funds so badly that in 9 months of his rule
none of the garrisons was paid.
He carried off a great sum of money from the Provinces to
That Stanley and Yorck were appointed to their places in
order to betray them.
The States wrote him an injurious letter and sent a copy to
her Majesty before receiving his reply.
Immediately after they made known directions given to the
magistrates of certain towns, during his governance, alleged to be
prejudicial to the common cause.
The letters state that he was not content with a moderate
That he preferred ambitious, greedy and pernicious men to
those who were better and more loyal.
The machinations of these men had great weight with him
despite the advice, petitions and complaints of the States.
Then followed the case of the rose noble, of which an explanation
The influence of these ill effected men induced the Earl to issue
the placard, so injurious to trade, against the wishes of the States.
That through this edict they lost enough to pay 3000 horse and
3000 foot, attributing to H.E. also the lack of the horse, whereas
this was not due to the edict because the horse were not there,
but to the States themselves, who did not have the money ready.
That none of the horse or foot are in good case, but the fault
is rather that of the commissioners than of H.E.
That your troops were worse paid under that rule than at any
other time ; but the fault recoils on you as you did not prepare
adequate means for paying them.
That her Majesty's troops were badly paid ; but the chief cause
was the States themselves, as the Earl was compelled to draw
various sums from her Majesty's treasury to provide for the extreme
necessity of the troops.
That many hypocrites and Hispanophiles obtained the chief
dignities, contrary to the public authority which was taken from
those to whom it pertained, unworthy persons being put in their
That the act for preserving the Provinces during the absence
of H.E. was to the prejudice of the republic leading to rivalry
among the governors before his departure, e.g. Marchant was set
set over Wouwe castle and Fremin removed.
That at the very moment when your deputies were urging H.E.
to return, you wrote to him a letter full of insults, sending a copy
to her Majesty.
Endd. as above. Latin. 7 pp. [Holland XIV. f. 27.]
Another copy of the same.
Latin. 4½ pp. Endd. "Proposition delivered to the States
General by Lord Buckhurst," with date. [Holland XIV. f. 24.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
Here is one Dethick come to me with letters out of the Low
Countries one from Mr. Deventer, chief burgomaster of Utrecht,
"a very grave wise gentleman," another from M. Treloe, a principal
officer in Utrecht ; the third from M. Clarhage, governor of
Gorcom, a most honest, sufficient man and a good soldier.
These be three very able men and of good understanding. As for
their desire, you know there is no fault in me ; my body and my
good will is most ready to serve her Majesty, yea and to give my
life for it and the cause.
The fourth letter is from Sir John Norrys, but I know not
what to make of it. It is like he will open more of his mind to
my lords of the Council when he writes. In good faith I never
received clear advertisement from him since I came thence.
You have been acquainted with all his letters, which have not
been many ; only I think he saith true for the wants before the
treasurer came. For the charge of Ostend out of England is
and must be as her Majesty will handle and have the rest of those
countries, for if she leave her hold of them, then both Ostend,
Flushing, Brill and all must trust upon England.... I was
angry the messenger came hither without speaking with you, but
I send you all he brought me. . . .
"For the Bath, it hath done well already to my brother, but
me yet no good at all."—At Bath, 5 April.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f, 33.]
Requests made on behalf of Ostend. Articles giving the needs
of the town and garrison.
Add. Endd. with date. Fr. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 35.]
G. DE PROUNINCQ to BARON NORREYS.
I thank you heartily for your news, better truly than I dared
to hope. Our deputies inform us that care is being taken as
regards the camp and the garrisons. I pray you to consider
whether it would not be better that her Majesty's lieut.-general
should alone have the management of the war, after due stipulation
as to what the country could furnish towards it. As from
Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Frise, 200,000 pounds per month,
with certain extraordinaries ; and the contributions of Brabant,
Gueldres, Zutphen, Flanders, Overyssel and Ommelands put
into the said lieut. general's hands, her Majesty bearing the
surplus of the charge.
In this way the lieut.-general would have much greater authority ;
the dispositions and orders would proceed from one chief ;
and the war would be a royal one, and being carried on with less
expense and much more reputation (the enemy being brought
very low for want of provisions) her Majesty would soon arrive
at a good end. Acting otherwise, both authority and reputation
will be his, confusions will increase, the war will never be a royal
one, will be much longer and its issue uncertain ; the people
growing tired and losing heart and courage, especially when they
see themselves obliged to furnish their enemies with their own
food, in order thereby to gain money for their defence.
[Margin. Without adding that the succour ought to be of a
sovereign power, for a reason which must not be committed to
Those who believe the country could do more deceive themselves.
It is certain that they would have had to furnish much
more if his Excellency had received in a year from forty to
fifty thousand pounds sterling : but I assure you that in this
province they have paid only the ordinary contributions, and at
the most 500,000 of extraordinaries. We may suppose the same
of Zeeland and Frise. If then those of Holland have been able
to raise their quota to 150,000 per month (which would be necessary
to make true the said receipt) they are disloyally abusing their
confederation, and the ordinary repartition, but I can assure
you they have not done so. For they have always been too
jealous of doing anything extraordinary as regards their neighbours
and the general cause. As regards this province, I assure
you that in order to furnish the pay of 2000 reiters they will have
to sell life rents, and as to ordinaries the country being spoiled,
eaten up and its credit ruined, I see no chance of paying more
than half what has hitherto been given. I pray you to impart
this to Messieurs Buckhurst and Wilkes.—Utrecht, 8 April,
1587, stylo veteri.
Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Holland XIV. f. 37.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
Since his arrival, Lord Buckhurst has not only satisfied the
minds of this people, but has given contentment to all with whom
he has had to treat. The States deny having ever had any purpose
to offend or show ingratitude to her Majesty ; alleging that
all alterations during my lord of Leicester's absence were but
provisional for defence of the country after the accident of
Deventer, purposing always to restore him to his authority on
So, the first thing to be done is to hasten him away to give
order for present defence of his charge, the enemy making great
preparations to assail us in Gueldres, Brabant and Flanders all
at once ; and if we speed not forces into the field, the countries
may lose many places of importance, in respect of the slender
regard had to the authority either of States or Council. Lord
Buckhurst has compounded the quarrels between Count Hohenlo
and Sir John Norreys and his brother ; the report whereof I
leave to himself ; assuring you that in all the realms, her Majesty
could not have made choice of a man of so good judgment and
discretion, besides his zeal for the cause and his extreme diligence.
A minister of this place has given me the advertisement enclosed.
The party therein mentioned "to be laid for at the ports"
is said to be of these countries, of mean stature, a red beard,
aged about forty years, and known to the mender of tapestry
at the court.—The Hague, 8 April, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. Seal of arms. 1½ pp. [Holland XIV.
Copy of the above letter in Wilkes' letter book. [S.P. For.
Archives XCI., p. 81.]
This day, April 14, I have heard that a week ago there passed
from Dort to Geertruydenberg and thence to Antwerp a certain
Geerardt Siven, surnamed, if I remember rightly, Vanderlinden ;
who was for some years in England where he gained his living
by repairing the tapestry at court and in private mansions. (fn. 6)
By this means he came into the service of a Frenchman in whose
house he was working. Now he has come into Zeeland and
Holland and has gone direct to Antwerp. It should be known
that the said Geerardt committed two murders at Antwerp some
years ago for which he was condemned to death, but when on the
scaffold miraculously escaped by a sudden cry from all the spectators
that he had his pardon, was forcibly taken out of the hands
of justice and hidden by some townspeople. The same day,
by sound of trumpet, a reward was offered to whoever should
take him and a heavy penalty put on all who should hide him.
But he found means to withdraw into England where he has
lived as aforesaid, and seeing that he has gone to Antwerp, where
he has deserved death, and they cannot but have a very bad
opinion of him and probably having promised to do some ill deed,
as to kill her Majesty, he desired by this means to seek a reconciliation.
Also he is a froward man and of ill life, and known for
such to many in England.
Unsigned and undated. Fr. ¾ p. [Holland XIV. f. 75.]
A. MELVILLE and BOURGOING (fn. 7) to SIR AMYAS PAULET.
They have heard by Mr. Darrel of his honour's good remembrance
of their suits, but fearing that matters may be delayed by
his sickness, pray to know how to present their requests to her
Majesty ; which they persuade themselves she will take in good
part, as they have not given her, nor are any way minded to give
her, any occasion of offence.—Fotheringay, 9 April, 1587.
In Melville's hand. Signed by both. Add. Endd. ¾ p.
[Ibid. XIV. f. 41.]
Letter of the States General to his Excellency concerning the
mission of Lord Buckhurst. Ask him to recommend the affairs
of the country to her Majesty and to hasten his return, promising
him faithful assistance and support according to the act of the
government.—The Hague, 20 April, 1587.
Fr. 1 p. [S.P. For. Archives XC., p. 200.]
Letter from the States General to her Majesty. Ask for
continuance of support in spite of mischief done by false reports.
She may rest assured that they are far from wishing to do anything
prejudicial to her honour or to the reputation of the English
nation. The measures taken after the loss of Deventer were not
intended to prejudice the authority of Leicester. Protest devotion
of which the Ambassador will assure her. Contributions
supplied by them. Confidence that she will provide 100,000l.
sterling extraordinary for the year. Ask for speedy assurance
of this.—The Hague, 20 April, 1587. (fn. 8)
Fr. 2½ pp. [Ibid. XC., p. 209.]
[R. BEALE] to LEICESTER.
The lords of the Council having received sundry letters from
such as have charge in her Majesty's service in the Low Countries
desiring their resolution on divers points ; and not thinking it
meet, so long as the government is in his lordship's hands to take
any such resolution without his privity, have directed him to
collect the said points and send them to his lordship, to be answered
by way of apostile or otherwise as he shall think meet.
Endd. with date. ½ p. [Holland XIV. f. 42.]
THE QUEEN to LORD BUCKHURST.
To use his best persuasions to move the States to put their
helping hand to the relief of Don Antonio ; or devise some other
good course which may seem best to him.
Copy. Endd. with date. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 43.]
THE QUEEN to LORD BUCKHURST.
Herewith you will receive copies of two letters from us to the
States, one about the disposing of the regiment of Zeeland to the
Count of Solms, an Almain, rather than to one of our subjects,
among which we think none more fit than our governor of Flushing,
Sir William Russell ; and the other in behalf of Colonel
Sonoy, governor of North Holland, on learning the hard usage
had of him only for refusing to take any new oath until he had
been discharged of that given to our cousin of Leicester as governor
of the United Provinces. Our pleasure is that you shall deal
effectually with the States, using all the arguments and persuasions
you can to move them to yield us satisfaction by well
using of the gentleman and duly paying the bands under his
charge ; letting them understand "how just cause we have to
take in very ill part their strange manner of proceeding towards
us, and the slender care they have to show themselves thankful
for so many and so great benefits as they have received and do
daily receive from us," which, if they do not regard better hereafter
we shall be constrained to withdraw from them our assistance
Copy. Endd. with date. ¾ p. [Holland XIV. f. 45.]
Rough draft for the above.
Endd. with date. 1¼ pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 47.]
Note of money disbursed by the Merchants Adventurers for
the queen's service in Zeeland, between 12 Nov., 1586, and 2 April,
1587, to the garrisons of the cautionary towns ; total yet unpaid,
2420l. 17s. 6d.
Notes on the cover : (1) Message Drake (2) Order Merchants
(3) Whether ships ports (4) Inhibit ballads Scot. Q.
(1) Conditions reasonable (2) What written by the L. Treas.
(3) Whether communicate States by the L. of Buckhurst (4) What
those speeches were that passed from the L. of Buckhurst.
1 p. Endd. with date. [Ibid. XIV. f. 51.]
CAPT. JACQUES de HENNEBERT to WALSINGHAM.
Asks for fresh letters from the Council to the Mayor of Norwich
and Bailiff of Colchester, who have promised, on receipt thereof,
to furnish all required therein for suppliant's satisfaction ; viz.
35l. from the church at Colchester ; 50l. from the Flemish church
at Norwich and 25l. from the Walloon one there, to meet charges
incurred by him under a patent from the Earl of Leicester.
Endd. with date. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 53.]
NOEL DE CARON to WALSINGHAM.
Apologising for not having taken leave of his honour, having
been sent off suddenly by his Excellency.
Finds affairs now settling themselves very well. Knows not
what unhappiness led to such disorders, and to suspicion of a
Princess to whom, after God, they owe their salvation and of
his Excellency, who came in their extreme need to assist them
with his own person and kinsmen, of whom alas, he has left there
his most dear nephew, the late M. de Sidney, his honour's son-in-law
as a pledge.
At his return, was marvellously sad to see people so changed,
but, thank God, this cloud has now vanished and all are ready
to render due honour to her Majesty and respect to his Excellency.
They all excuse themselves upon the sorry turn of Stanley and
Yorck and H.E.'s withdrawal. Prays his honour to lend a helping
hand to H.E.'s speedy return ; for it is impossible to say how
necessary it is for them.—The Hague, 20 April, 1587, stilo novo.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 55.]
VALCKE to WALSINGHAM.
Praises God for inspiring her Majesty to send Lord Buckhurst
and Mr. Clerck to learn the true state of their affairs. Finds no
one concerned therein who does not know that their conservation
depends upon her Majesty although false rumours have given
an impression to the contrary. The truth being now known to his
lordship, hopes that her Majesty and her Council will reject
the reports prejudicial to their sincerity, and give ear to their
just remonstrances. Is confident that his honour will not have
lessened his interest in their affairs, for their cause is just, although
men have committed errors, which will be pardonable when it
appears that they did not proceed from evil intentions. Also
assures himself that their governor will continue his good-will
to them and hasten his return, on which so much depends.—The
Hague, 21 April 1587, new style.
Signed. Add. Endd. Fr. 1½ pp. [Holland XIV. f 57.]