SIR JOHN NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
By yours of March 14, I understand that her Majesty defers
her answer to the States' demand for a supply of succour because
she has been informed by me that the contributions by these
people, if well collected and husbanded, together with the support
she gives, would maintain a sufficient force to defend the country.
As my letters to her Majesty have been divers and long, I cannot
remember every point of them, but my opinion for the defence
of the country concurs with your own :—that a proportion must
be made according to the strength of the assailer ; wherefore it
will be good to consider what army our enemy can pay and
victual, and thereafter to frame our defence. "Hereupon it
hath been thought good to project a competent force, both for the
garrisons and for the field" and to set down the charge of it and
other provisions appertaining to the war. This my lord of
Buckhurst is sending to her Majesty. The proportion is 20,000
footmen for the garrisons, 7000 for the field ; 2000 horse ordinarily
entertained and 2000 reiters for this summer ; 2000 pioneers ;
5000 footmen of her Majesty and 1000 horse. Last year's charge
was, of the States 432,473l. sterling and her Majesty's passing
150,000l. sterling, and as appears by the accounts, the charge of
this projected force will not exceed that of last year. But as the
States then had to anticipate some months of their ordinary contribution,
they will not be able to do so much this year, therefore
her Majesty's charge must be somewhat increased. "And as
for the timely and orderly employment of this charge, the first
will hardly be provided for this year, the enemy being now ready
to march in our quarter, having received supplies of men and
money, and we in no forwardness of anything, either to assail or
defend. The other must depend upon the care of an expert and
provident general, who ought to see the captains that he employeth
men of honesty, valour and experience, such as shall
content themselves with the lawful profit of their bands and not
seek to become suddenly rich, to the hindrance of the service and
ruin of the soldier ; and such as may be always resident with
their companies, for the better disciplining of them ; that the
numbers of the soldiers...may be found in deed and not in
paper ; that all superfluous expenses be avoided, with many
other things that depend upon the sufficiency of the general, too
long for me to trouble your Honour withal." I beseech you
solicit her Majesty's speedy resolution, that some reasonable
proportion of men and money may be sent: for though matters
now seem compounded, yet if nothing follows but words, and in
the meantime the enemy takes any place from us, our reputation
will soon decay again, "and the latter sore more uncurable than
the first." Sir John Conway writes of the want of victuals and
munition in Ostend, and that the enemy prepares to besiege it.
"The Council of State, notwithstanding our continual pursuit
hath no care to supply them, so that if the remedy come not
from England, the place will be lost."—The Hague, 11 April,
Holograph. Add. Endd. 3 pp. [Holland XIV. f. 59.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to WALSINGHAM.
In favour of Capt. Green, whose company was cast by the States
before his Excellency's departure, but whom he has kept with
him in hopes of giving him the like place in her Majesty's pay.
Knowing him to be a very able and sufficient man, who has served
nine or ten years in these countries, he begs that he may have a
company (if there be any increase of her Majesty's forces) for
his valour and service have deserved it.—The Hague, 11 April,
Signed. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 61.]
THE SAME to THE SAME.
Recommending Mr. Cosby and Mr. Hovington, lately captains
in Sir William Stanley's regiment, but who, within an hour of
discovering his treason, left him and all they had. Has ever
since entertained them, but finding that he cannot do for them
what he desires, prays his honour's favour, to the same effect as
in the preceding letter.—The Hague, 11 April, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 63.]
DR. BARTHOLOMEW CLERKE to BURGHLEY.
Although I doubt not that my lord of Buckhurst writes the
particularities of our negotiations here, I think myself bound to
send you briefly the sum thereof ; viz :—that whereas we found
these countries full of misconceits and doubts, both towards us
and among themselves, by God's favour and good treating "we
have reunited the generality to her Majesty and our nation ; we
have cleared all doubts and misconceit between the particular
persons and I trust in God have knitted them altogether against
the enemy, who, at the very time of our arrival, made public
processions and bonfires in joy of their differences, hoping to
swallow up all while there was few that knew what was best to
"We confirmed the particular towns as we passed through them
by good speeches and entertainments and the rest by letters
signifying the effect of our coming was to help those inconveniences
that were grown among them ... and that her Majesty's
gracious care was ever greatest to them when they were in greatest
distress ; which was so pleasing to them as the magistrates themselves
brought us letters of thanks out of most places, desiring
us to do our best to satisfy their citizens in their misconceit of
many rumours and libels thrown among them before our coming.
"With the States General, in the presence of the Council of
State and divers of the Burgomasters aforesaid we treated at
large, laying before them the great grace and care of her Majesty
for them ; her great and gracious assistance to them, far exceeding
any precedent of her ancestors, notwithstanding her many
charges for the common cause and her mighty enemies for their
sakes,...that it seemed their eyes were well fixed upon their
own necessities (wherein they had reason) but nothing upon her
Majesty's extreme occasions of expense ; ... that her people
(who spent their blood for them) were rejected out of many their
towns, starved in their highways, and generally the whole nation
taxed for the faults and treachery of two miscreants. That the
credit and authority of her Highness' lieutenant was touched in
his absence ; many innovations made without her privity, and
letters full of approbation written to their governor, as though
they had set down their rest to bid us all farewell. Herein, if
they could not yield good reason and satisfaction to her Majesty,
they must not wonder that their deputies received no better
answer ... : if they could, there was no doubt but that her
Highness who embraced them when other mighty princes forsook
them would still stand fast unto them, and increase her goodness
if her present state would suffer it."
The Council of State, after half an hour made a very honest,
modest, wise answer, which we accepted. The States craved
till next day, and then, having many particular articles read to
them, denied all in effect, "saving their letter to my lord of
Leicester, which they said was written in amaritudine cordis upon
the treasons of Yorke and Stanley, according to their custom and
liberty used to all their princes, whereby they had long preserved
their estates ; imputing all the faults therein mentioned not to
their governor but to certain lewd persons ... who sought to
seduce his lordship and to cause him to hate the States....
Hereunto we did not urge many replies or particularities, for that
we found all things so disjointed as a little bitterness more had
made them 'feetter' to determine dangerously than to resolve
for the best."
This done, we cast up the state of their garrisons and camp as
nearly as possible, finding the very necessary garrisons all the
year to be 20,000 foot and 2000 horse ; the camp (for four months
of their count or six of ours) 13,000 foot, 5000 horse and 1000
pioneers ; and the whole charge yearly besides their 20,000l. a
month and her Majesty's succours, to amount to 150,000l. ; there
being present the States, the chief captains of both nations and
the Advocate of Holland "who knoweth as much and can go as
neatly to work as any man." Of this sum they besought her
Majesty (in respect of their misery) to bear two parts and they
would bear the third, which we utterly refused, and in the end
they prayed the ambassador to sue to her Majesty to bear the
third, and they would treat with their provinces to bear the rest.
We then declared to them that in the former contract there
were divers doubts and inconveniences and desired them to write
for authority to treat touching their reformation. They answered
that the points would be so long debated in the towns that the
summer would be spent before they should be authorized ; but
they thought they could more easily and speedily get authority
to make a new contract, which we liked well of. If it be also
agreeable to her Majesty, it may please her to send or appoint
some commissioners in that behalf. If they had not had better
opinion of me than I deserve, they had refused to negotiate with
me in these affairs, as there was no mention made of me, either
in her Majesty's letters to the States or to the Council.
This negotiation finished, I pray you to think of Dr. Aubrey,
Dr. Carewe, Dr. Lewin, or some other for my place, as I have
sustained many losses and crosses by my absence, and especially
am bound to end the suit between me and Mr. Harris before
mid-summer, which being a matter to me of 2000l. I would be loth
to trust to solicitors.—The Hague, 12 April, 1587.
Add. Endd. By Burghley. 1½ pp. of extremely small writing.
[Holland XIV. f. 65.]
L. CALVART to WALSINGHAM.
You have lately received a letter from me which was written
long before the arrival of the ambassador. It was not written
for you, but for Mr. Killigrew, but I dared not send it him for
fear it might fall into other hands and do me as much harm as
others have done. But patience ; provided that we may soon
see his Excellency here, well accompanied, as the ambassador
gives us to hope ; who has carried himself with singular dexterity.
I have not had the opportunity of going to offer my services to
his lordship, but have not omitted to do what I believe will be of
use. My last will have shown you what course we must take to
maintain affairs in a good state, where otherwise we shall lose
our pains and ruin ourselves.—Delf, 22 April, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. Fr. 1½ pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 67.]
COUNT DE NEUWENAR to THE QUEEN.
After receiving the letter which your Majesty was pleased to
send me by the Sieur de Buy, and heard what he had to say, I
went to my lord Buckhurst to offer all the assistance in my power
for your service, and to confirm all that M. de Buy has said, and
also my faithful goodwill to the common cause. The letters
which you have been pleased to write to the Princes of Germany
have been very pleasing to the Estates who have resolved to send
them by M. de Buy, and hope they will be of much use for my
levy of German reiters and footmen. And as there must be the
like to the Duke of Luneberg and Count of Oldenborg, as I have
told Lord Buckhurst, it may please your Majesty to give order
for their prompt dispatch, and send them to me here quam cito
citissime. As to this country, I will only pray that the return of
the Earl of Leicester, which is very necessary, may be as soon as
possible.—Utrecht, 12 April, 1587, stilo antiquo.
Holograph. Add. Endd. Fr. 1½ pp. [Holland XIV. f. 69.]
WALSINGHAM to WILKES.
"You may not take it in evil part that you have not received
directions from the Earl of Leicester and me touching your proceeding
there, for that we could not draw her Majesty to any
resolution. The late severe dealing used by her Majesty towards
Mr. Sec. Davison and others of her Council maketh us very circumspect
and careful not to proceed in anything but wherein we
receive direction from herself. . . .
I acquainted her with your letters "declaring the present confusion
and dangerous estate of those countries, and how necessary
it was for her Highness to take speedy order therein, and specially
how needful my lord of Leicester's presence is there, if it were
but for two months" but she defers answer and resolution thereupon
until she hears from the Lord Buckhurst of the success of
I hear secretly that the Prince can make no great attempt this
year for want of victuals, so that if her Majesty would yield to
an increase of her charges, it were not to be doubted but she would
recover great part of the countries lost, and be better able to attain
to peace, "which is the thing she chiefly desireth."
For your request to be recalled, I cannot but remind you how
hardly her Majesty is drawn to revoke those employed in public
charges, and therefore advise you not to labour in that suit,
but resolve for your continuance for so long as she employs her
succours there, "for which service there is none found more
sufficient or better experimented than yourself, which ought to
give encouragement to your painful service and travail.—
Greenwich, 13 April, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 71.]
Copy of the above.
Endd. 2¼ pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 73.]
WILKES to LEICESTER.
Refers his Excellency to Mr. Atye for news. Believes that he
will find the States much more tractable than before, from their
experience of the love borne to him and her Majesty by the
people, and "the fear they had received of the fury of the people
. . . upon their late innovations, and happily stayed by the
arrival of Lord Buckhurst." His Excellency's return will be
very grateful to all, they having found that only his presence can
But if he do not return in haste, there will be "a sudden havoc"
made by the enemy of many of the frontier towns, which have
hitherto, from the late confusions and the small obedience yielded
to the States and Council, been but weakly furnished with means
For himself, as he supposes it would be a hard thing to make
his lordship believe that he has in all things acted towards him
"with all good offices of duty and love," he will only say that
he desires no favour, so that he be not absolutely condemned
before he is heard.—The Hague, 13 April.
Copy. 1 p. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 82.]
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
You will have learned of my lord of Buckhurst's proceedings
from his own letters. By his arrival, there is grown a general
contentment amongst the people from their hope of the continuance
of her Majesty's aid, and increase of her goodness
towards them ; whereby they are pacified towards the States,
while the States are possessed with a fear of a popular commotion.
My lord's course in only laying open their errors and violences
without urging the same, was most expedient as also his seeming
satisfied with their weak and slender answers, and there is followed
a full reconciliation and promise of duty to her Majesty and
obedience to their governor. But they must be assured by some
effects before they give overmuch credit to these general promises,
and will not cease their underhand courses, for assuring the state
and impugning my lord's authority.
"And truly, if something be not done upon this legation to
satisfy their expectations, they will relapse and fall into greater
confusions ; and if her Majesty mean in good earnest to yield
them any extraordinary supply it must be done with speed" ;
for the enemy is preparing to attempt upon Ostend, Sluys and
Axel ; Heusden and Gertrudenberg, and with a full army to come
before Arnhem ; and these poor countries are so weak and bare
that they can neither man and victual their towns or put any
competent numbers into the field. And howsoever her Majesty
takes time to resolve at home, she must send off the Earl of
Leicester ; for there is such contempt for the authority of the
States and Council that the enemy will be able to prevail where
I pray you to consider how incompatible my stay here will be
with my lord's opinion of me, if he returns, "whose nature is not
so facile to forget as ready to revenge," and though he will never
be able to prove that I have dealt undutifully, it is not safe for
me to remain in this service, and I entreat you to hasten my
revocation. If her Majesty thinks of staying me here to observe
his lordship's actions, as he believes, though loath to disobey
her, I should be unwilling to be employed in such actions, considering
with what dangers they are accompanied, and how little
they would profit her Majesty or advance this cause.—The Hague,
13 April, 1587.
Copy. 2½ pp. [Ibid. XCI., p. 83.]
THE QUEEN to LORD BUCKHURST.
Finding by a later letter to Mr. Secretary from our ambassador
Wilkes that he has been informed that Count Hohenlo (fn. 1) has had
secret intelligence with the Prince of Parma, "which being true,
considering how the Count Hohenlo is possessed of divers principal
towns in the which the captains and soldiers are altogether at his
devotion," it is to be feared he may deliver these up to the
Prince, whereby the enemy may have the more easy entry into
those countries :—we desire you to confer with Col. Norreys and
Mr. Wilkes what course to take, "which as we perceive may be
best performed by seizing the person of Hohenlo," drawing him
"under colour of conference with you about matters of great
importance...into some town devoted to us and not affected
to Hohenlo, when you may take order for his restraint, being
first furnished with sufficient matter to charge him withal, which
we wish to be done in the presence of such principal persons of
that country as are held for good patriots and have credit with
the people." (fn. 2) But before doing this, you shall, upon conference
with Col. Norreys and Wilkes so proceed that the frontier towns
now guarded and possessed by governors and captains placed
there by the said Hohenlo, may not upon his restraint revolt to
the enemy but may, by some good means to be devised by you,
remain still at the devotion of the States of the United Provinces.
Copy of letter in cypher. Endd. by Wilkes. ¾ p. [Holland
XIV. f. 76.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
"By your letters, I perceive her Majesty would now I should
go over, and will send me the 10,000l. so she be sure to receive it
within a year. [Gives details of his former offers for repayment
of the money.]
"This was more, I am now persuaded, than I shall be able to
do, and keep any countenance fit for the place...but seeing I
find her Majesty's hardness continues still to me as it doth, I
pray you, good Mr. Secretary, let me [have] your earnest and true
furtherance for my abode at home...for my heart is more than
half broken. And I do think her Majesty had rather far continue
Sir John Norrice there, and...he may now very well, in respect
of the reconciliation between him and Count Hollock.
"As for the motion you make to me touching the like with
Mr. Norryce, God forgive him with all my heart his many injuries
offered, but I will never serve with him again as long as I live ;
no not for to have 100,000l. given me, for I have had too much
proof of his disposition and I know the man too well to trust to
his service,...for he cannot obey nor almost like of an equal....
Already he hath taken advantage to curry favour with captains
and soldiers in finding fault with the pay by poll, and bid them
look shortly for a new discipline, and they may easily guess whence
it is, for it was once offered at Bomyll." It is true I there paid
all men by poll and he found fault with it, but I saw how well the
soldier liked it, and how easily the captains might be brought to
it, though I did it only to know the state and number of our
bands. I have paid the Dutch in like sort without any grudge at
all, and indeed it touches her Majesty and you, my lords, more
than me, for I did it by your directions. "To be flat and plain
with you, he shall never bear charge under me ; his disdain and
craft hath no measure. And I know, for all those speeches of
my going, his friends make full account that he shall remain
there as her Majesty's general of her forces (fn. 3) ; which I will not envy
nor grudge at,...for if he do well and I not the worse, there is
no cause to be offended. There is nothing sticks in my stomach
but the good will in the poor afflicted people ; for whom I take
God to record I could be content to lose any limb I have to do
them good.... God doth see my heart, that I dissemble not,
nor stand upon other terms than necessity doth force me unto ;
and therefore, if my ability serve not, nor my prince enable me, I
hope in good conscience I may sue for my discharge."—Bristol,
Postscript. "I am glad to hear that her Majesty will hear of
Mr. Vice-Chamberlain [Hatton] for Keeper of the Seal. Surely
he will be the fittest for it."
Holograph. Add. Endd. 3 pp. [Holland XIV. f. 77.]
SIR WILLIAM RUSSELL to WALSINGHAM.
Recommending Captains Cosby and Ovington who bore themselves
faithfully to her Majesty by not yielding to Sir Wm.
Stanley's treachery, and on their departure from Deventer were
retained by Sir John Norris for a service which has fallen out
"otherwise." Prays him to further their preferment.—Vlishing,
26 April, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 79.]
JOHN DIGGES to WALSINGHAM.
Complaining that many of the captains, "inwardly raging
against this course of payment by the poll, which utterly taketh
away all corrupt gains," and believing him to be the author of it,
have been dispersing infamous libels against him, though he has
never given them any offence save where he could not please
them without abusing her Majesty. Prays his consideration of
the matter, as he fears the like slanderous letters may be sent to
England.—The Hague, 16 April.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 81.]
Order by LORD BUCKHURST, DR. B. CLARK, and THOS. WILKES.
On some doubt raised by Mr. Digges whether the warrant given
to the Treasurer might sufficiently authorise the allowing to Sir
John Norreis his entertainment of 4l. per diem and 40s. for his
lieut. colonel—as it appears by a warrant signed by the Earl of
Leicester of 16 November last that the said entertaininments
were ordered to be paid, and to be continued during his Excellency's
absence ; and Lord Buckhurst finds that by his Instructions
he has authority to do or order such things as are for the advancement
of her Majesty's service. Order accordingly, that the
commissioners make a warrant for the said entertainment, for the
space of three months.—The Hague, 16 April, 1587.
With marginal note by Dr. Clark that the Earl's warrant is in
the keeping of Mr. Hudilston in England, and as it provides
for a continuance in his lordship's absence, he doubts not but
they shall be found blameless.
Copy. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIV. f. 83.]
THE PRIVY COUNCIL to SIR JOHN CONWAY.
Concerning the provision of armour for the re-inforcements
sent to Ostend.—Greenwich, 17 April, 1587. (fn. 4)
Nine signatures. Add. (on 19 April). Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid.
XIV. f. 85.]
CAPT. ANTHONY WINGFIELD to WALSINGHAM.
"There came yesterday a copy of a 'proscript' to our hands
from Nimegen, exhorting them of the Catholic religion to stand
firm, assuring them within short time, by the diligence of them
whom they have put in trust in those places, to bring in Bumble
[Bommel] Teell, Week, Wagening and Culingborow"; but no
doubt the foresight of our governors will prevent them. By what
we can learn from spies and prisoners, the siege of this town is
intended, where we must need men and a good governor ; being
still under M. Hebergen, one of Count Moeur's followers, and no
martial man. It is a place to get great honour in, if we are strong
enough to fall out upon the enemy to hinder their beginnings.
"It was decreed by the States of Holland to send in four companies
more of Scots, and Col. Bafford [Balfour] for governor, but
I think my lord President [Norryes] hath prevented it," for he
has offered them as many English companies as they wish,
whereupon they have referred it to Lord Buckhurst and him to
appoint the garrison. If the Scots come in, I think our two
companies shall presently go out. I have sent one to Deventer,
to learn the state of things there, on whose return I will advertise
you what he reports. We hear that they of Wesel try to hinder
the rebuilding of the bridge there.
I told you in my last of our grief at "the taking the prerogative
that we have over our soldiers and putting it to a commissary ;
the first fruits whereof now appeareth," for Mr. Digs has sent a
'vitler' to execute the place, who "continueth his trade amongst
our soldiers ; a very fit man to buy all their reckonings for half
the worth and pay them in nothing but drink. If I made gain
the end of my service ... I would desire no better living than to
pass my musters with this man." The inconveniences that will
result will daily so appear that no man shall need to urge them.—
Arnhem, 18 April.
Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 87.]
LORD BUCKHURST to THE QUEEN. (fn. 5)
Humbly beseeching her to send over with all speed enough
money to make full pay until the 12th of next month, which
will not only redound to her credit (since keeping her money in
her coffers yields her no interest) but will preserve the lives of
many of her faithful servants, who must else perish of want.
Is so moved by sorrow for the past and fears for the future that
for Christ's sake he implores her to have pity on them. Also
to grant the petitions of the States for a loan of 50,000l. and that
speedily, for the dangerous condition of the States and the mighty
preparations of the enemy admit of no delay, "so as even to grant
it slowly is to deny it utterly." The many and good havens,
ships and mariners and impregnable towns, and "the seat of
this shore so near to England ; joined with the malice of the
mighty enemy who seeks to regain them" :—All these things
enforce him to speak, write and weep to her, lest this blessed
means of her defence be lost, nevermore to be recovered.—The
Hague, 19 April, 1587, stilo angliœ.
Copy, initialled by Buckhurst. Endd. 1½ pp. [Holland XIV.
LORD BUCKHURST to BURGHLEY.
Doubting lest contrary winds may have kept Mr. Atie on this
side, I have written shortly to Mr. Secretary of our proceedings
here, which are now upon very good terms, "All things being reduced
to a quiet calm, ready to receive my lord of Leicester and
his authority whensoever he cometh, and with as great devotion
to her Majesty as can be desired." To-morrow I go to Utrecht
to accommodate their differences with Holland, which, if I can
effect it, will greatly further this cause. The enemy's forces are
already marching in divers places, to the number of 8000 as we
hear and it is suspected he means some attempt upon Ostend,
for he has had twenty cannons at Antwerp "put upon ready
carriages" ; at Wesel is making a bridge and has some 2000 men
there and 4000 more within two miles, at Berges [i.e. Rheinberg].
For the rest I refer you to Mr. Secretary's letters. (fn. 6) —The Hague,
19 April, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of arms. [Ibid. XIV.
WILKES to VICE CHAMBERLAIN HATTON.
I shall not need to say much of the state of these unfortunate
countries and people, as you know them all. The storms are
somewhat smothered by the promise of her Majesty's further
succours, and "a general reformation of the disorders introduced
by us, whereat nevertheless, they bite not so eagerly as some do
think, and yet, if it may be performed, there is no doubt of the
good inclination and obedience in this people. [Dilates further
on the matter, and urges his desire to return, as in previous letters.]
I am secretly told "by a dear friend of mine, and inward with my
great and heavy enemy," that he hath sworn to take his revenge
of me. How or in what sort I know not, but believe it will be
by means of "a gap opened by mine own letters to him . . .
wherein I have touched some persons of quality here for their
indirect proceeding against her Majesty and our nation . . . I
desire to be at home before he come hither, because I may answer
for myself in an evener ground than this will be." (fn. 7) —The Hague,
19 April, 1587.
Copy. 1¾ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 86.
WILKES to WALSINGHAM.
Since my last, all continues in the same terms, differences being
smoothed over if not removed. It appears that my Lord Leicester
means to be here shortly, having already sent good part of his
provisions. "His coming will either consolidate all our wounds
or open them again ; for many things concerning himself are
dissembled, which his wisdom may make clear and sound . . .
howbeit I hope your honour will foresee that his return shall be
accompanied with good counsels, instructions and advice.
"I have been within these few days advertised by a dear friend
of mine, and very inward with Themistocles, that even at my lord
Buckhurst's departure from the Court, I was with very bitter
words and terms deadly threatened with revenge at his coming
hither (continues to the same effect as to Hatton, above). I had not
troubled him with my letters at all but by your honour's direction,
to whom only I look for safety. God is my witness that since his
departure I have deserved as well of him as ever did any, which I
shall make appear at his coming ; but if it be possible I pray that
I may return before he comes.—The Hague, 19 April, 1587.
Copy. 1⅓ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XCI., p. 88.]
H[OTMAN] to LEICESTER.
Since Mr. Atye's departure, no great matter has happened, save
that Paul Buys, as curator of the University of Leyden, has procured
the States of Holland to depose Mr. Donellus from his
place of Professor of Civil Law ; who had been placed there many
years ago by the Prince of Orange, and had done very good service,
being accounted one of the best civilians in Europe, and is a very
godly and honest man. The cause was that Buys was told that
your Excellency once sent Dr. James to Donellus for his advice
about Paul Buys' imprisonment and the charges against him ;
and that Donellus answered that, if his charges were true, he
deserved perpetual imprisonment. I know not whether this be
true or not. The other cause of their hatred is that he is very
earnest in Religion and has many times spoken boldly of the
magistracy of Leyden and other professors, who are partly papists
and partly anabaptists.
But these not being enough, Paul Buys brought word to the
States that Donellus was a seditious man, and too partial for
your Excellency and the English nation ; had spoken and written
in your defence and had said that Count Hollock "was but a
light-headed man, and that [he] would one day be the cause of
the overthrow of this country." And this is all of which they
accuse that honest and godly man.
I have advertised my lord of Buckhurst, who promises to see
these things reformed if he can, and will go to Utrecht by way of
Leyden and speak to the curators and magistrates. It will cause
great discontent if men see honest men so ill-used, "and we shall
lose our best friends here, which we have had so much to do to
keep ; besides the mutiny of the scholars of Leyden, and the
dissipation of that University." I pray you write to the States
of Holland earnestly, not to condemn and dispossess him before
he is heard. I can assure you, you have no better friend in the
country than this Donellus.
I am requested by the Dutch colonel who was at Axel, called
Schonoff, lately come from England with M. du Buy, to beseech
your Excellency to believe that "though these Earls and the
States do offer him some places and charges hereafter in the war,
yet having given his word that he will serve none other but her
Majesty and your Excellency, he refuses flatly to remain in their
service." He prays you therefore to remember him to her Majesty
for some place and allowance. "They say here that he is a very
good captain and knoweth the manner of wars in this country.
He doth not love the Dutch Counts here [Hohenlo and Moeurs]
... and one day drinking with them, had almost fallen out with
one of them about this matter.—29 April. stylo novo, 1587. (fn. 8)
Signed H. Add. Endd. 2 pp. [Holland XIV. f. 95.]
VILLIERS to WALSINGHAM.
Having been occupied with the affairs of the widow and orphans
of the late Prince, he has heard little of what has happened, and
has not employed himself in affairs, save to persuade those with
whom he has some authority or favour to maintain their friendship
and give no cause for suspicion. Prays his honour to write
to Col. Morgan on behalf of M. de Thelligni, for if not now redeemed,
the poor gentleman may remain all his life in prison.—
The Hague, 29 April, stylo novo, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 97.]
SIR THOMAS SHIRLEY to BURGHLEY.
Assuring him that if a present supply of money be not sent, the
consequences will be very dangerous, "for there is nothing for the
soldier to eat but ready money," as no one will take upon him to
victual their nation either in garrison or elsewhere." The enemy
is making mighty preparations in divers parts. Has sent his
vice-treasurer with the account of the money issued.—The Hague,
20 April, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIV. f. 99.]
COUNT MAURICE OF NASSAU.
Certificate and passport for Capt. Dumonstier, who has faithfully
served in the Low Countries for fifteen or sixteen years, and
now desires to retire into France.—The Hague, last day of April,
Signed. Countersigned by Milander. Sealed. Fr. ¼ p. [Ibid.
XIV. f. 101.]
HOTMAN to LEICESTER.
[Gives the substance of what he wrote about Donellus in previous
Combes is to go over presently. Count Mœurs and du Buy
have entreated him to assure his Excellency that all reported
to him of Count Mœurs and his proceedings is false ; "that he
never agreed with Count Hollock nor with the States of Holland,"
and that he and his wife have always remained his Excellency's
good friends. But for this matter, refers him to what Mr.
Deventer and all his friends will witness on his return. Nevertheless,
he knows his Excellency will wisely suppress the injuries
to him, not only by the Count but by all the rest ; whereby he
will further the good of the country and increase his own reputation.
What he wrote long since has now proved true :—that his
"greater enemies would sooner" seek his friendship and favour
again. Lord Buckhurst is shortly to repair to Utrecht, and
Count Overstein and M. du Buy are now going into Germany,
for the levy of the reiters and lansquenets.—The Hague, 30 April,
stylo novo, 1587. (fn. 9)
Signed H. Endd. by Walsingham's clerk "To the Earl of
Leicester from Hottoman." 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 103.]
COL. MELCHIOR DE SCHENNA to WALSINGHAM.
Sends these few lines by the Seigneur de Combes to ask his
honour to assure her Majesty of his loyal affection for her service,
to which he has vowed his heart and life. Having quitted a great
potentate, he is without entertainment from any prince in the
world, and prays his honour to procure him from the Queen what
is suitable for a nobleman of his quality.—The Hague, last of
April, 1587, stilo novo.
Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 105.]
Moneys paid out of the Receipt for the Low Country causes to
this 20th April, 1587 ; viz. to Sir John Norreys ; to be conveyed to
the Master of Grey ; to Thomas Wilkes and to Sir Thomas Shirley.
Total 192,154l. 12s. 6d.
Endd. by Burghley. 1 p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 106.]