THE QUEEN to KILLIGREW and BEALE.
It is manifest to all how much our honour is touched by the
loss of the town of l'Escluse, and we cannot reflect on it without
regret and displeasure, seeing that the disaster has happened by
fault of the Estates, who not only neglected to make the necessary
provisions for defence of the town, but have acted in a manner
so strange, that we cannot but suspect (as all the world may
judge at a glance) that they rather desired its loss than its defence.
We cannot but feel very strongly that the said States, by their
negligence, and also in respect of some personal dissatisfaction
with our governor (who is so willingly venturing his life and
fortune for their defence) should have thus left our honour
as a prey to the enemy ; to the great danger of their own
We desire you to say to them openly on our behalf that we are
determined to show the country that they and we have just cause
to accuse them of an act so treacherous and disloyal as to have
been cause of the loss of the town and the means of betraying
the liberty of the country and injuring our honour and reputation,
dearer to us than life itself ; assuring them that if they do not
find means both to repair our honour (which we fear will be very
difficult) and to furnish all that our governor shall demand for
their own defence and preservation, we are resolved to abandon
utterly and forsake them, which will inevitably bring about their
ruin, for which we shall be extremely sorry from our affection to
the generality mostly good patriots, whose defence and preservation
has been no less esteemed by us than that of our own
subjects. In order more effectually to convict them of the loss
of Escluse it will be well for you to collect that which may aid
us to prove their negligence or rather disloyalty. And as the
Admiral and Vice-Admiral have likewise been very negligent in
hastening to succour of the said town, we wish you to admonish
them of their fault on our behalf very sharply in presence of the
States General or the Council of State, as our cousin of Leicester
shall advise, that they may openly bear the blame.
Copy. French. 2½ pp. [Holland XVII. f. 1.]
LEICESTER to the PRIVY COUNCIL.
Since coming hither, I have been so busied about the relief of
Sluise, that I have had no time to deal with other things whereof
you may look for an answer, but have partly remitted them to Mr.
Killigrew and Mr. Beale, and partly deferred them until we know
what would become of the said town. Now that it is lost,
"through the default of their officers of the Admiralty," I send
Sir Roger Williams to make relation to her Majesty and your
lordships of what passed there, to which I will only add that
"both he and the rest of the captains and soldiers which were
with them behaved themselves most valiantly, and that (as I am
credibly informed) it is so reported of them by the very enemies,
who, after the composition, seeing the estate of the town, the
breaches and the little means which were left of resistance, were
sorry to have granted so good conditions." I beseech you to
return him as soon as may be, for there will be need of such men of
service and valour.
I purpose speedily to deal with the Estates touching the redressing
of disorders here, and re-establishment of a good government.
I know not what hope to give you until I know their
resolution, which I look for within two days.
I have given the Lord Admiral certain letters intercepted from
the Jesuits, whereby you may see "what hope they have of the
Scottish King : or if he will not serve their turn, how their intention
is to ground some practice upon the Duke of Parma's son,
born of a mother of Portugal, and so descended out of the house
of Lancaster, whereof I beseech your lordships to have some regard
that her Majesty may be moved . . . to assure that King,
considering what inconveniences may happen to the cause of
religion and her Majestys' safety," if her enemies shall prevail
The Duke of Parma has had agents at Hamburg, to disturb
the re-establishment of the Merchants Adventurers there, who
afterwards went to the King of Denmark, and from him to
Dantzick. As the enemy spares no means to deal to her Majesty's
prejudice, it were meet for her to have some here to hinder their
practices, before it is too late, whereof I doubt not but your
lordships will have such consideration as is requisite.—Middelburg,
1 August, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1½ pp. [Holland XVII. f. 3.]
LEICESTER to certain of THE LORDS.
Thanking them for sending copies of the articles exhibited to Lord
Buckhurst, Sir Jo. Norrise and Mr. Wilkes, with their particular
answers. Has not yet had time to make an answer to them, but
will send it shortly ; when he doubts not but their lordships will
perceive how they have been abused. Will set down nothing
but truth, "howsoever it have pleased them to deal otherwise."—
Middlebourgh, 1 August, 1587.
Add. to the Lord Chancellor, L. Treasurer, L. Admiral, L.
Chamberlain, and L. Cobham. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 5.]
"Remembrances made at Ostend" on this date.
1-3. To take a true note of ordnance, munition, victuals etc. ;
to know what there is and of what kinds.
4, 5. To take a roll of the bands, burghers and other persons
there are in the town, and what brewers and bakers "to serve
6, 7. To learn what buoys and other ships remain there ; and
what storehouses there are for provisions.
8, 9. To see what kine, horses and mares there are ; what
waggons and who has charge of them, and to appoint that all
mills be set awork for the grinding of corn.
10. To learn for how long the soldiers are paid and who is
unpaid ; and to have an estimate what will serve for their pay
11. To have a note from the lieutenant of the Ordnance what
gunners and other artificers he has.
17. To see the companies divided into quarters of the old and
new town, and take the view of each by poll.
13. "To appoint the burghers of the best sort to attend the
quarters within the town, for fear of sudden burning thereof, and
for the defence of the munition.
14. "To view the meetest place for defence of the haven and
to defend the approach, and the same to be set on work with
Endd. ¾ p. [Holland XVII. f. 7.]
SIR JOHN NORREYS to BURGHLEY.
From some speech of your lordship the other day, it seems to
have been advertised hither that the States and Count Hohenlo
utterly refused to give any aid in the late service for relieving
Sluce. Having by chance seen letters from those parts—wherein
is contained that the Count, excusing himself from coming in
person, offered to send so many of his forces with munition and
anything else needed to advance that service ; signifying the
same many days before the rendering of the town, when there
was time to have drawn those forces thither—I thought it my
duty to write so much to your lordship ; but pray you to get
better information from others, that you may understand the
Finding myself greatly troubled and perplexed by my hard
estate, remaining still in her Majesty's disgrace, without any
cause of which my conscience can assure me, "I humbly beseech
your mediation, that her Majesty may be pleased graciously to
consider of me" and to signify how she will dispose of my services.—London,
3 August, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 10.]
Paper endorsed 3 Aug. 1587. An extract of James Digges
3 letters and Miners' certificate. Letters of Digges to his brother
Thomas of 2, 8 and 11 July. Certificate of Miners concerning his
cornet (fn. 1) .
2⅓ pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 12.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
I will begin with what most touches us all here ; the want of
money. I had money to maintain certain companies, but since
the week after my arrival, I have been driven to supply the weekly
payments of all the rest of her Majesty's army here, as well horse
as foot, and the money drawing fast away, you may consider how
dangerous it will be to have so many men unpaid ; the States (as
they say) being able to help little or nothing.
I beseech you to move her Majesty for the speedy sending of
money. If she will continue her assistance for any long time, you
may send the less now, but if she be discouraged to proceed, "you
must advise her, both in honour and conscience, to send her pay
to the last day. . . .
"Matters be wonderfully changed here and the States in their
opinion more secure than ever they were, and I think they were
never nearer to destruction than now. They feed still more
upon the plot they laid at my lord of Buckhurst's being here
than upon any help of her Majesty or any prince." We know
not yet what they can do, or at what time, but I have given them
a day to answer me, one way or another. (fn. 2) They depend much
upon their reyters and Almains coming in, whereof, as I do much
doubt, so do I see a great cause to be glad of them ; for it is only
the practice and humour of Counts Hollock and Mœurs and certain
of the States, with the good allowance and furtherance [of] your
wise ministers here, of whom I will say no more, but . . . I
would not for a thousand pounds but my lords had sent me their
answers and declarations ; if you ever saw more manifest falsehoods
and untruths set down than you shall find in every of them,
but specially in Sir John Norryce, do you believe me the worse."
Here is another matter to be considered. There are certain
companies at Brill, and Mr. Knevett is to be used there, I conceive
as an officer. He should have a band, but there is none but one
of the new levy, and not to continue. If Sir Henry Norryce go
to Ireland with his brother, his band should be given to Mr.
Knevett. Pray consider of it, and also what I wrote of the
two brothers, both young and heady, being where they were.
"I find myself happy for my two colleagues. . . There is
not a more sufficient man in England than Mr. Beale is, nor
quicker nor of better dispatch. He was drowned in England. . . .
Would God I had been so matched before. . . . Surely there
was never a falser, craftier, seditious wretch than Wylkes is . . .
a villain and devil, without faith or religion. He hath even his
very like here, Mr. Villiers, a condemned man not only among
all honest and godly men, but also with all the churches through
all the provinces, in so much as he doth not deal with any of
them." The other man of whom you and I had good liking and
whom I have used here since my coming, I have cause to fear to
be unsound, and that he deals in secret with Par[ma]. He is
lately married ; all condemn him, and his best friends dissuaded
him from it," but in vain. "And now is she to return again,
. . . being known to be greatly favoured on the other side, and
can enjoy no penny but by that favour." He takes no course to
please the church, and though there is no great credit between
him and Villiers, the young Count is directed by both, "albeit
the one, St. Alla. [Aldegonde] doth make less show than the other.
O God what a world it is, to see how far these hot men heretofore
are become less than lukewarm now, wholly giving themselves to
policy. . . . Here will be the ruin of as many faithful, good and
godly people as be in England, and I think more." I find all
things here desperate, and swear in my conscience none have
done more hurt than the ministers that were here employed from
"I pray you for the friendship between us . . . let Mr. Doyly
the knave physician, be laid by the heels. I think there hath
no man but Mr. Wylkes been such an enemy to me, and yet he
was my servant ; . . . and as for Sir John Norryce, if I do [not]
prove all he hath set down to my lords most false . . . let the
blame light upon me. . . . I trust you have remembered my
earnest request to you . . . to examine both him and his brother
Edward for their report to Hollock that I was privy to his letter
and cartel."—Mydelborow, 4 August.
Postscript. I go within a day to Bergen. I thank you for
Sir Richard Bingham. I have as yet had little business for him,
but find him willing and diligent.
"I dare scarce write of the dangerous plots I find laid here, and
all for the utter overthrow of themselves and country." If her
Majesty will go forward she may do all she will, but I see no
ability in these to go through with the cause.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 4 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 16.]
LEICESTER to BURGHLEY.
Thanks his lordship heartily for sending the answers of Lord
Buckhurst etc. Has now perused them all and will shortly
send his apostiles, whence the lords will plainly see how they have
been abused with untruths. What prejudice their practices have
brought here, all that go hence can tell. Dr. Doyley "greatly
abuseth his tongue" in London and elsewhere and should be
looked unto. Will shortly send proofs that he is unfit to be
abroad, to make the reports he doth.—Middlebourghe, 4 August,
Postscript, in his own hand. The disability "of these countries
appears more and more. There must be great care used in dealing
of the peace. "I think both her Majesty and these countries
must be driven to it, and God grant that they may join together."
By my next, you shall know the state of these parts. But for
her Majesty's forces, all Brabant, Flanders and their frontiers
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 19.]
Proclamation by Leicester (fn. 3) forbidding any one by speech or
writing to put an evil interpretation upon the acts of her Majesty,
himself, the Council of State or any of the officials of the country,
with exemplary punishment for those found guilty ; also forbidding
any meeting or assemblies beyond the legitimate one, with
orders to his governors and estates of Geldres, the county of
Zutphen, Holland and Zeeland, Utrecht, Frise and Overyssel, to
publish the same.—Middlebourg, 14 August, 1587.
Endd. with figures relating apparently to the troops and their
cost. 4 pp. Fr. [Ibid. XVII. f. 21.]
KILLIGREW and BEALE to WALSINGHAM.
Since the Lord Admiral's departure, we have conferred with
the States touching the matters in controversy between them and
his Excellency, and have so answered the points of their letter
of Feb. 4 and their last explanation, that they see the same were
frivolous, and not so justifiable as they pretended. They seem
very desirous that there might be an end and oblivion of all things
past ; will write to her Majesty, and will beseech his Excellency to
forgive and forget all unkindnesses ; giving him as much authority
as was heretofore granted to him, with revocation of all done to
the contrary since his going into England. This is not yet set
down in writing and we think it good to let them bethink themselves
awhile. In the mean time we are conferring with them
touching the erecting of an army for two months of 40,000 foot,
5000 horse and 1000 pioneers. The greatest difficulty is money,
whereof we think his Excellency has not yet received more than
a thousand pounds, but all charges of the English bands have
been answered from her Majesty's treasure, for none of their
money is yet ready, though they have made divers provisions for
Sluce, and afterwards for Ostend, Axell and Bergen. Their camp
cannot be put in the field without better provision of ready money
than we have yet heard of. God send us a good end, for we have
found a very confused beginning.—Middleburge, 4 August, 1587.
Signed by both. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XVII. f. 24.]
"Remembrances concerning Sir Jo. Norrys, Capt. Pryce and
Capt. Wilson." Added by Burghley, "by Mr. Hunt the Auditor."
1. Schedule of Sir John Norrys' reckonings, with memoranda.
2. Other remembrances touching Sir John Norris.
3. A remembrance touching Captains Price and Wilson.
Endd. 2¼ pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 26.]
[Dated as above, but endorsed Aug. 6.]
"An estimate for the defraying of an army of 5000 horse and
12,000 footmen and 1000 pioneers for two months, besides her
Majesty's ordinary succours" ; stated in the endorsement to be
delivered by the States to the Earl of Leicester.
Sum total, 698,000 gulden, or 69,800l. With deductions and
notes of where the money was to be paid.
Endd. 2¼ pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 28.]
[? Aug. 4.]
LEICESTER to the KING OF FRANCE.
On my return to this country I found several French boats
laden with corn, arrested here because the enemy had laid siege
to Sluys, among them six claimed to belong to your Majesty's
munitioner of Calais and Ardres. It has not been possible to
release these because of the great scarcity in the country, and
because our enemies may receive succour under this colour, the
passports of the munitioner being very vague and doubtful and
of such old date that it is probable that provision has been made
by many other boats at Calais, and by the testimony of honest
men the munitioner often causes a much greater quantity to
pass than is necessary for the said provision, a very dangerous
matter whereby the enemy is newly assisted with munitions, to
the intolerable prejudice of our affairs ; so it would seem reasonable
to stay such passports, especially as the great quantity of
corn laden on these boats seems greatly to exceed the ordinary
provision of Calais and Ardres. Yet out of respect for your
Majesty I have had three of these boats released the others being
detained for the needs of the country, wherewith I hope your
Majesty will be content ; but if you desire a greater quantity and
state by letters that all six boats are destined for the said provision,
the other three will be released.—Middelbourg, — August, 1587.
Copy. French. 2 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 8.]
Copy of the Remonstrance made by the States unto his Excellency. (fn. 4)
The Estates, are accustomed everywhere, and especially in
the Low Countries, to put before their princes and governors
any faults or abuses in government. Thus the States General
last year put before his Excellency what they thought contravened
the rights and customs of the country. Wherein if they
have exceeded the limits of due respect, they hope it will be
attributed to the nature of the countries, and their just grief for
the irrecoverable loss of Deventer and the fort before Zutphen ;
desiring his Excellency to waive what is past and bury all misunderstandings.
They have never wished to do prejudice to his honour or diminish
his authority ; not doubting but that he will preserve their
rights and authority ; and they pray him to direct affairs with
mutual correspondence, not with ten or twelve persons, as some
say, but with the chivalry, nobles and councillors of the towns ;
uniting with the States General in the service of her Majesty and
the State.—Middelburg, 15 August, 1587.
Copy in French. 2 pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 30.]
CAPT. ANTHONY WINGFIELD to WALSINGHAM.
One come to me from Deventer says that Stanley is there with
five of his companies, and York with commission to raise a
cornet of horse. It is thought they have some intention against
the frontier garrisons. "Culenbourg is not without suspect of
revolt, for the Count thereof doth of late apparently affect them
of the contrary religion, and suffereth daily them of Neumegen
to traffic there. The place hath no garrison at all therein, which,
if it were enemy, might greatly annoy these places, especially the
passage of the Rhine. . . . I cannot write of anything, "for that
idleness is my greatest grief," but I willingly await when and
where it shall please his Excellency to send me.—Utrecht, 5
Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of Arms. [Ibid. XVII. f. 32.]
THE STATES GENERAL to THE QUEEN.
When his Excellency returned, we put before him certain
griefs by reason of certain letters written to him ; and considering
his singular virtues, and the great good received by his happy
return, we have been very sorry for the said griefs, and have done
all possible to redress them. His Excellency is satisfied, with
firm assurance that these matters shall be altogether assigned to
oblivion, and that henceforward there shall be good correspondence
between himself and the Estates and members of these
provinces. We pray your Majesty to accept this reconciliation
and to continue your favour, forgetting all bitterness having
regard to the wars and troubles of these countries, and the difficulties
consequent on his Highness' absence and the loss of
Deventer, with other accidents. So that you will be pleased to
take this as excuse for the heat of the said letters ; we being very
sorry that they have given you and his Excellency cause of such
great discontent, and hoping that in future all things will tend
to the maintenance of true religion, the repulse of the enemy and
the maintenance of the common cause.
Endd. "Copy of the draft of a letter to be written to her
Majesty from the Estates. Made by Dr. Leoninus." (fn. 5) Fr.
2 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 33.]
RICHARD SALTONSTALL AND DR. G. FLETCHER to the MERCHANTS
On the 4th instant, we were met by the burgomaster and
senate of Stoade, and propounded to them 3 points :—1. "Whether
they would entertain the residence of the Company with the
same privileges and conditions which they enjoyed at Hamburg.
2. Whether they would contract without consent of the rest of
the Hanses, especially Bremen. 3. Whether they would free
the Company of the toll claimed by the Hamburgers "for beacon
and buoy guilt" [gelt], as they call it on such vessels as go into
the Elbe. To the 1st they answered that the Senate had already
determined to give the company all former privileges. 2. That
they would settle this contract without asking advice or consent
of any other Hanses. 3. That all merchants who came to them
should have free passage in and out of the river, but they could not
answer for Hamburg. We urged this point upon them but without
effect and so departed for that time. We think it would be
convenient to send some more cloth for this river, as we hope in
the mean time to make full dispatch with the Hamburgers. If
we grow to a friendly conclusion, the cloth to be vented there ;
if otherwise, at Stoade, which would thereby be the rather induced
to friendly dealing with us. The Hamburgers are variable
and subtle, and the more shifting because much perplexed by
the King of Denmark, yet now give us great hopes of a settlement.
But they have deceived so often that "we deal with them
as men use to do with them they trust not."—5 August, 1587.
Postscript. We fear the tolls will not be driven down lower
than they are now, viz : seven stivers a cloth "except Mr. Rawley's
imposition be released, which they urge very much, . . . wherein
also we require your plain resolution."
Copy. Endd. with note of subject. 2 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 35.]
Paper in Burghley's hand, and endorsed by him : "A collection
of the number of horsemen and footmen in the Low Countries,"
with notes concerning their payment.
1 p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 37.]
Paper headed "Petitions on behalf of Richard Huddilston,
esquire, late treasurer at wars." In parallel columns, "Mr.
Also, "reply of the Auditor."
Endd. "The Auditor's answer to matters collected out of the
Earl's reply to Mr. Wilkes." 4 pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 39.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
I have written so often to her Majesty, my lords and yourself
that I think it needless to do so further, unless there were special
cause or I had heard from you there, which I long to do. Upon
apparent doubts conceived here that the enemy might attempt
something against this town or Heusden—he having gathered
some forces near, and both places being weak—I thought it necessary
to draw to a head as many companies as I could make, and
am now come myself hither, that if anything be meant against
either, I might be the better able to relieve them. And if we can
find any advantage against the enemy, you may be sure we will
On my coming away from Middelburg, the States General had
written a letter to her Majesty, of which they sent me a copy, (fn. 6)
but I had to leave it with Mr. Killigrew and Mr. Beale. They
humbly confess that their relief must come from her Majesty, if
they are to be saved from the tyranny of Spain ; and will dutifully
embrace the courses she will direct them. These compliments
seem to me but a weak assurance of their good-meaning, in respect
of the small satisfaction hitherto given "for the dishonourable
parts done by Count Maurice," and their slight furtherance in
the relief of Sluce. So I have let them understand that I can
repose no great confidence in their bare words, but must measure
them by their deeds.
I shall spend Thursday with the States at Dort, and mean so
to sift them that I shall be able in my next to say what may be
expected at their hands.—Bergues-upon-Zome, 8 August 1587.
Postscript in his own hand. I pray you, peruse and consider
the writing touching Dr. Doyley, and my replication to the lord
Buckhurst, Norryce and Wylkes, and let her Majesty be acquainted
Signed. Add. Endd. 1½ pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 43.]
THE LORDS OF THE COUNCIL to LEICESTER. (fn. 7)
We have received yours of the 1st and are right sorry to hear
of the loss of Sluce, "as well by the evil behaviour and froward
dealing of the Estates . . . as by the cowardice of the officers of
the Admiralty there, or rather some treachery in divers of them,"
who, if they had carried themselves with the obedience and
diligence they ought, we are persuaded that the place might have
been relieved by your good care and travail.
We have also received the report of Mr. Killigrew and Mr.
Beale touching their proceedings with the Estates, and imparted
it to her Majesty ; but the resolution of the Estates being delayed,
"we did require her Majesty to forbear from any certain resolution"
until we hear more certainly. Concerning your wise
advice "that the King of Scots might be wrought to be assured of
her Majesty" we concur in your opinion and from time to time
have delivered our opinions to her ; "perceiving very well, as
your lordship noteth, the practices used abroad to withdraw that
king from her Majesty's amity."
We also received another letter whereby you desire ordnance
for the better defence of Brill, but spare to deal with her
Majesty therein until her dislike for the loss of Sluce is somewhat
qualified. For the sending of more treasure, we have proceeded
so far as to given some offence by our importunity, but cannot
prevail as we desire, for that her Majesty desires first to see the
Muster-master's books of the checks. [Details of her Majesty's
objections and their explanations.] We will not omit to move her
to send it over speedily, "importing her Majesty's service so
greatly as it doth."
This loss [of Sluce] has induced her to hearken again to the offer
of peace, as you will understand by her own letter, "which we
have cause for sundry reasons to desire."
When we hear from you of the States resolutions, we will deal
with her Majesty accordingly.
Draft, corrected by Burghley. Endd. "8 August. A minute
of a letter to the Earl of Leicester," etc. 3 pp. [Holland
XVII. f. 45.]
THE QUEEN to LEICESTER.
Finding that the Duke of Parma continues his disposition
to proceed in the treaty of peace, and hath sent a safe-conduct
for our commissioners, "we have thought good, considering the
broken state of things there . . . to yield to the said treaty, and
for that by the contract between us and the States of those countries
it is agreed that we shall not treat of anything with the King
of Spain that may concern them without their privity, we think
very meet you should acquaint the States General with this our
disposition and the urgent reasons leading us thereto, letting them
understand . . . that although the Duke of Parma hath above
six months past made an overture unto us of peace . . . yet did
we not think it meet to enter over suddenly into a matter of so
great weight. . . But now, entering, on the one side, into consideration
of the hard successes that these wars are accompanied
withal . . . and considering, on the other side, the great forces
that Spain is now preparing both in Spain, Italy and Germany,
the great provision he hath also made of treasure for the prosecuting
of the wars in those countries, as also the great preparation
he hath made by sea, being a thing likely that having so convenient
a port as the town of Sluce is he will draw his navy down
thither, with intent to assail them both by land and sea : we
cannot but advise them to concur with us in taking profit of this
overture . . . for that otherwise we do not see how they shall
be able to hold out, but shall by the neglecting of the same
obstinately persevere in a course that will work their own ruin,
whereof, though through their unthankfulness and sundry indignities
offered unto us . . . we have no great reason to be so
careful as we have been and yet are ; yet considering the ancient
intelligences that hath been between our countries and those
there, and the great good-will we understand the people generally
do bear towards us, we would be loth to leave anything undone
that might tend to their good and conservation even as though
they were our own. And whereas we are given to understand
that certain ill-disposed persons of those countries, hearing of
the overtures of peace that had been made to us by the said
Duke, have borne the people in hand that we had a meaning to
make our peace apart, and to have delivered such towns of theirs
as were in our possession into the King of Spain's hands, you shall
let them know that besides the regard of our own honour, . . .
we are not ignorant that any peace made with disadvantageable
conditions, to their peril and danger, cannot be with our
safety. And therefore you shall conclude, in case they shall not
be content to take profit of our advice in this behalf, but shall
show themselves enemies or adverse to all treaties of peace, we
cannot but impute it to proceed of the ambition of some few of
those that now have rule, that seek still to continue the government
in their own hands without care of the conservation of the
generality . . . which ought to lead us—seeing how greatly our
honour both hath and shall be interessed (besides the consumption
of our treasure and the lives of our subjects) by taking part
with persons obstinately bent to overthrow themselves and those
countries—to take some such way of counsel as shall be for our
honour and safety. And for that it is to be doubted that
Counts Maurice and Hollock for their particulars will seek by all
means and practices they can, to impeach and hinder the said
treaty, we think it very meet that you should, by some such
instruments as you shall think fit, cause them to let understand
that notwithstanding their strange manner of usage towards us,
yet a special care shall be had in the said treaty to provide both
for their benefit and safety, as we shall understand from them to
be expedient and reasonable. It shall be also meet for you that
you do make choice of some fit persons to dispose the minds
both of the States General and of the Council of State to embrace
the said treaty when the overture shall be made ; and in case you
find them inclinable to concur with us in the said overture, then
shall you require them with all speed to make choice of certain
deputies or commissioners of theirs to concur with ours" ; letting
them also understand that the said Duke has offered to yield to a
cessation of arms (as we have signified by our other letters to
you), and has given us hope that the forces preparing in Italy and
elsewhere may be stayed. And for the treating of the cessation of
arms, you shall send our servant, H. Killegrew or some other
whom you think meet, with some one whom the States shall
appoint in that behalf.
Draft, corrected by both Burghley and Walsingham. Endd.
"August." 6½ pp. [Holland XVII. f. 49.]
THE PRIVY COUNCIL to LEICESTER.
"Her Majesty, afore the closing up of her letter, commanded
us to signify unto your lordship that upon better consideration
of that point . . . that concerneth the sending of Mr. Killigrew
or some other that you should think fit to the Duke of Parma, she
conceiveth that she should do him too great honour to send one
of that quality . . . expressly unto him, and therefore doth hold
it a better course that your lordship should only by your letters
notify unto the said Duke that her Majesty having knowledge
from him that if there were any authorized from her to treat with
him for a cessation of arms he would assent to treat thereof," hath
given you authority so to do ; and if it shall please him to send some
fit person to a fort near Bergen up Zoom, you will send one of like
quality and sufficient authority to treat with him, at such time
and place as shall be agreed on.
Draft by Walsingham, corrected by Burghley. Endd. with date.
1 p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 47.]
LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
I think it long since I heard from England, especially touching
money. I trust you remember "that ever since the second week
of my arrival, all our men here are upon the pay of the money I
brought, save those of the States."
Our freebooters have this day brought in a great booty. They
took it eight days ago, but could not forsake the caves where
they were till we sent some out yesterday to scour the country,
by which means our men returned safe. They were only twentyeight,
and brought seventeen prisoners, "whereof Martin de la
Falia is one, with a nephew of Champanyes ; a great rich man ;
a secretary of the Prince's with others of good sort also. They
killed and drowned eight more in the fight, whereof the Prince's
chief master d'hôtel (dottell) was one, a Count and one or two
principal men besides. . . I have seen them all and talked with
some of them. I perceive the Prince hath a great increase of men
come to him into Luxembourg, but I fear more our wants here
than his supplies. Hollocke and those confederate States deals
still lewdly and will hazard all." I go to-morrow to Dordrecht,
to meet the States. Her Majesty shall hear presently what is like
to be our resolution. "Young Count Moryce is very stark,
lewdly, and most unthankfully naught. You shall hear all when
I send to her Majesty next. All the States have made a reconciliation
with me, . . . but till I have been at Dort, I can make no
building of it.
Postscript. "The Prince had laid the countries with 2000 men,
foot and horse to rescue those prisoners, but we made the country
quiet, though it was not known wherefore we marched, but rather
to Holstrate, where the enemy doth lie with horse and foot."
Holograph. Add. Endd. with date. 1 p. Seal with bear and
ragged staff in garter. [Holland XVII. f. 53.]