THOMAS DIGGES to BURGHLEY.
In accordance with your desire, I have received George Whetston
as a commissary of musters under me (although all places
were furnished) and hope I have contented him for his entertainment.
My place here purchases me great hatred, both from
the captains, whose abuses I may not tolerate, and from the
States, whom I have plainly told of their ungrateful dealings
with her Majesty. But notwithstanding my pressing them to
perfect accounts with her, I cannot draw them to it, or get from
them any commissaries to act with those on her part to pass the
musters. "Their meaning, I think, is to have as few records
extant of their own as possibly they can, to charge them anyway
for rembursement of her Majesty's charges ; but to detain all
things in such confusion as they may pretend some colour to
wrangle hereafter, when they see their time." By these perverse
proceedings and contempt of military laws there will be many
faults, far beyond my power to redress, "and yet the blame not
unlike to light upon me."—Dort, 16 August, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XVII. f. 85.]
LEICESTER to the PRIVY COUNCIL.
I have received your lordships' letters and am very sorry to
understand that either her Majesty or any other should but so
much as conceive any fault in me touching the loss of the town of
Sluse ; for by land from Ostend it is well known that I did what I
could ; but when I could not have any men from them (as I was
promised) nor money, nor such numbers of carriages and pioneers
as were requisite for such a service ; and the enemy had so entrenched
and fortified himself at Blankberg, and ready to assail
us with his horsemen and 3000 footmen, so as there was no
passage that way without a manifest loss of the whole forces,
which were only the English companies : And whereas by water
we had no boats to land men in any other places, nor guides for
the purpose ; and, besides, those of the Admiralty would not
(contrary to their promise) adventure by the haven, which was
the only way to relieve the town ... What do your lordships
think could be done more than I did? Surely I know not.
And therefore ... I trust her Majesty and your lordships will
think well of my doings, howsoever the same may be untruly
and maliciously reported and construed by others.
"Touching the rest of my proceedings sith my coming hither
... it may please your lordships to consider in what a confusion
I found things at my arrival ; no men, munition or money, nor
Council that had any authority, nor any assistance of their
captains, skilful in martial affairs. I could have alleged how I
have been not only evil seconded but thwarted by the greatest
... ; besides I have been credibly informed that the Estates
were before my arrival, promised and assured by others that there
should have been evil reports made of them to her Majesty, and
that there should be such a relation now made of them as would
satisfy her ; for which they used too long and unnecessary delays
in the sending of their deputies unto me. After my first dealing
with them, mine absence at Ostend and upon the seas, about the
succouring of the Sleuse, was some hindrance that the conference
began with them, was for a whilst deferred, ... and when as I
then saw the wants before mentioned, and that I was not like to
prevail, I sent for some of the Estates and Council unto me ...
to reproach the same unto them before their faces. If there had
been any fault in me ... they would not in any likelihood have
spared me, but have added this to their former untrue recriminations ;
nevertheless I do verily think that none of them of any
account or knowledge how things passed have done it or dare do
it.... It is well known what was the general voice and opinion
of the whole people, of whose violence for the loss of the said town
the Estates and Council were in such perplexity and fear as that
they durst not come to Flushing, nor will go abroad, but were
forced to seek my placcart and protection, which I was contented,
in respect of the benefit of the common cause to yield unto them,
upon their late letters of excuse unto her Majesty and submission
unto myself, which I suppose your lordships will think could not
so easily have been extorted from them if they had but suspected
myself to have been in any fault concerniig the loss of the said
If I proceed not with such speed as desired, I pray you consider
that the Estates have too long had the government in their
own hands to be ruled as I wish. There have been cunning practices
both from the enemy and among themselves to make a
breach between us. But my meaning has ever been that whatever
happened should be without dishonour to her Majesty and our
nation, and so as the fault could only be imputed to themselves ;
for if, on any such pretence, they had treated apart with the enemy,
or any other great inconvenience had happened, I pray you consider
"whether I should not then have incurred greater blame,
who, in a matter so notoriously false as the untrue report of the
Sluse is, am so injured and slandered at this present."
By the last letters sent from Middelburg, you will have understood
of the States' resolution touching an army, for the charge
whereof they promised to deal with the particular provinces. I
am come hither for their answer, after giving order for the provision
of Berghen up Sone, whither the enemy were said to bend
their forces. I have sent Mr. Killigrew, the Chancellor of Gueldres
and another counsellor to the Estates of Holland, now assembled
at the Hague, to declare her Majesty's ill-satisfaction of their
former doings, and demand their full and speedy answer, which
I expect within three days. The Elector of Cologne, lately
come from thence, assures me that, having dealt with those
States, he finds them most willing to do anything for her Majesty's
contentment and the advancement of the common cause. Meanwhile,
I forbear "to propound the matter of the peace as a thing
resolved by her Majesty to go forward, but only by way of admonition,
that they would bethink themselves what her Majesty
shall be forced to do unless they give her better contentment."
And I heartily beseech that the commissioners may be stayed
until you are certified further ; leaving it to your wise considerations
"whether this great desire which the Prince of Parma
showeth to have, be not to help the house of Guise, under the
colour of such a feigned peace or treaty. As I have more particularly
written unto her Majesty, these rumours and advertisements
of the peace, sooner known unto the Estates than unto
myself, have done us much harm, and are pretended to be the
principal causes of all their irresolutions and delays. If upon
the receiving of their answer I shall think their offers worthy to
be liked and accepted of her Majesty, I trust the stay of so small
a time will do no harm.... If I shall see other cause, then
upon good advice I may write unto the Duke of Parma touching
a cessation of arms, and proceed to the proposition of the matter
of the peace as I am by her Majesty's letter commanded..."—
Dordrecht in Holland, 17 August, 1587.
Postscript in his own hand. Prays them to hasten over the
money and treasure, as its stay will breed such disorder as they
will be sorry to hear of.
Signed. Add. Endd. 3½ closely written pp. [Holland XVII.
LEICESTER to BURGHLEY.
"I am much bound to you for the care you take not only of
my particular but of the general. For my 'none' part, I find
myself truly overwhelmed with the crosses of things, for as no
man wisheth or doth desire peace more than I do ... so am I
sorry to see her Majesty's good intent like to turn to all contrary
effect. For here hath been news by letters from Brussels and
Antwerp of her Majesty's speedy proceeding with the Prince of
Parma and the copy of his safe-conduct sent hither, which I
verily believe is done of purpose to alienate the people's hearts
from her Majesty ; as most assuredly I have suffered such three
days as I never found the like since I came into this country first ;
and here have been with me of the States, of the Council, of towns,
only to expostulate this treaty of peace without their knowledge.
Not but that I think ... that men are easily to be brought to
like of a peace, or else God help them ; but as the enemies of her
Majesty hath always detracted her in going about to make a
peace alone without these countries, so now take they just hold,
having so many copies abroad of the Prince's, with the certain
names of her Majesty's commissioners set down therein ; by which
they all gather that the matter is far gone between her Majesty
and the Prince ; a policy, beyond all [doubt] of the Prince to
withdraw goodwills from her Majesty. But for my part, I will
deal, God willing, as for my life to discharge her Majesty's honour
herein. And, good my lord, persuade her to stop the proceeding
onward with commissioners on your part till you hear again,
and to send for Ortell, who is a bad fellow, yet to make him know
her Majesty only hath dealt in no piece of treaty with the Prince,
but such only, as he hath sought to offer, both by his letters and
passports, to her Majesty ; and that her Majesty did send over to
me, as soon as she did receive the letters, to impart the matter
to them here, without dealing any thing till she heard from them
again ; and I pray God it may be so, and I will deal to my power
as shall become me ; albeit I think there fell not out a matter
this long while that will endanger me more every way. And this
will be honey to Morryce and Hollock." How the States were
coming on towards her Majesty, you shall hear in my next ; yet
I would not believe them more than I have good cause, for I
have small opinion of them, but "this matter hath bitten them
at heart and if it be well salved, it will do no hurt, for the craftier
sort think her Majesty more tied to them ... than they were
bound anyway for themselves."
I send you the replications to my lord Buckhurst, Norryce
and Wilkes, but have "other matters of my lord's doings worse
for the abuse of his office here" which shall come hereafter.
"And so my good lord I will end, being over tired with writing,
and much troubled to acquit me well with this matter, for the
only hurt is the nomination of her Majesty's commissioners before
these men did look that any peace was any more talked of but
that when my Lord Buckhurst was here, which they were satisfied
of from her Majesty ... and I would [to] God it had then gone
Postscript. "Good my lord, let my replication be duly
perused and weighed ... I hear, if the prince can patch up a
sudden peace with her Majesty, and divide her from these
countries, he doth mean to give Guise all the assistance he can
possibly. The reyters be gone on. Our reyters, I can say
nothing yet of them. Send with speed again, and remember
Holograph. Add. Endd. by Burghley. 2 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 89.]
LEICESTER to BURGHLEY.
Enclosing a declaration touching certain dealings of Dr.
Doylye, whereby his lordship shall see "the honesty of the
man, and how fit a mate he is for such as he is linked with."
Desires that he may be examined on the points of the letter, and
dealt with "as the matter shall fall out."—Dort, 18 October,
Signed. Add. Endd. by Burghley. ½ p. Seal of Arms.
[Ibid. XVII. f. 91.]
William Waytes to his Excellency against Dr. Doyley.
Informing him of certain things said and done by Dr. Doyley,
using the advice of Mr. Digges and Mr. Christopher Blunt therein.
On White Sunday, Dr. Doyley complained to him of unkind
treatment from Sir John Norreys and the old Treasurer, who gave
his "entertainment" to Dannett, Marr, and Lester ; and said
that if his Excellency would restore it, he could do him very
acceptable service by advertising him of the practices of Norreys,
Wilkes and Dr. Clarke against him ; saying further : "neither
my lord of Leicester nor General Norreys but would serve their
turn upon us, not caring if afterwards we were hanged, and why
should not we then seek to serve our turns upon them."
Advertised Mr. Digges of this, who advised him to say to Dr.
Doyley that so great a personage could not be "articled and
conditioned withal," but if he would deliver some matter, he
[Waytes] might deal with his lordship.
Doyley, however, refused to deliver anything beforehand, lest
he might lose both the General and his Excellency saying that he
would use Rowland York's policy, to have two strings to his
bow, and blaming Waytes for not having put off his cap to the
General the day before, even although he had dealt hardly with
him. He further said that the Earl would marvel to hear how
strong a faction General Norris had in England, and what he,
Wilkes and Clarke had practised and written against his
Excellency. Also that the States had written against him to her
Majesty, declaring how unprofitably her treasure was employed ;
what small service was done and what factions his Excellency
had stirred up between them of Utrecht and the States of Holland ;
divers copies of which letter were sent "lest Mr. Secretary should
keep it in his pocket." Further, that there was a great league
made by the Germanic faction, viz. : Count Maurice, the Grave of
Mœurs, Count Hollock and divers others, protesting that they
would not be commanded by his Excellency ; and that Hollock
had written a private letter to her Majesty, assuring her of his
admiration for her constancy in religion and rare virtues, but
declaring that (for divers injuries put upon him) he would never
be commanded by his Excellency, "being so good a man and as
well born" as himself.
Finally, Doyley said that he could procure General Norreys to
submit to his Excellency, and do him all good offices.
At this time Waytes went to Utrecht and imparted the matter
to Mr. Blunt, who advised him to persuade Dr. Doyley to get
a letter of submission from the General, but the doctor, who then
also came to Utrecht, refused, saying that the General was too
wise and stood upon too lofty terms to write such a letter, and
that it would now take no effect, as the Lord Marshal was coming
over, and Lord Willoughby had already commission to supply
his [Norreys'] place.
At their next meeting, all Doyley's speeches were to persuade
Waytes to leave his Excellency and follow Norryes, saying that
when his lordship once conceived ill, it was a hard matter to
persuade him to conceive well, and that one Mr. Web had incensed
him against Waytes, saying that he meant to return to the enemy.
Marvelling at this alteration Waytes asked what the General
would do for him ; to which the Doctor replied : "More than ever
his Excellency will," but that he must first clear himself of certain
accusations [of joining with Digges in articles against the General].
Since the news came that the General was to be displaced,
Doyley has tried to persuade Waytes to send his wife into England ;
his purpose being that she should take back with her as her maid
a woman whom he had brought from England, lest the knowledge
thereof should come to his wife's ears, and other of his friends.
But he seems to be partly persuaded, by the States letters to her
Majesty, that General Norreys will remain here, "which if he
shall do, then will Dr. Doyley, as he wish, persevere in his first
course touching his discoveries." There is one about Grave
Hollock who reveals all his dealings to the General ; who does
the like "for his Excellency."
Signed. 4½ closely written pp. [Holland XVII. f. 92.]
BUCKHURST to WALSINGHAM.
"I received the good advice of my lord Admiral and you for
my stay here awhile to answer my lord of Lester's accusations
now coming, for the which I yield many thanks unto you, and
as you may perceive by this enclosed, which was written before
my lord Admiral's letter came to me I was of the same mind
myself." I pray you, if the accusations be already come, to
vouchsafe (as heretofore you did in most loving sort) to let me
understand them, that I may the better prepare to answer,
"which, be you assured, I will do to his reproof and my full
justification" hoping to come to some end "by the setting down
of his particularities, for by the course of his generalities" there
can be none. I beseech you to send me my books and writings.—
18 August, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 97.]
SIR RICHARD BYNGHAM to WALSINGHAM.
Your letters of July 30, received to-day by Mr. Connawaye
have greatly comforted me, touching my brother George's
appointment to the government I had. (fn. 1) I also find myself very
well dealt withal by his Excellency. He is removing hence
towards the Dort.
This morning came news that the enemy is making great
preparation at Antwerp, and, as is thought, against this place
or "about Dousboroughe towards Gelderland." Grave Hollock
and his consorts have done great harm to these provinces,
"yea and the States themselves are wilful enough, even to
suffer and secretly procure the loss of their own towns, either
by crossing us, her Majesty's servitors, or by secret practices
with the enemy, so unconstant are they in all their actions."
For particular matters, I refer you to the bearer, Mr. Robert
Carpe, who has witnessed all that has passed here.
As to the matter against Harry Eland, it will be proved "that
all was done of mere malice against him, whatsoever the Deputy
doth write to the contrary." Thanks.—Bargen up Zome, 18
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XVII. f. 99.]
SIR WILLIAM PELHAM to BURGHLEY.
Since my last I have received two letters from Count Hollocke,
both asking me to come to 'Gurtridenberge' ; "writ (as I
suppose) upon my former dealings with a gentleman ... to draw
the Count unto some perfect reconcilement. But because no
touch was made of those especial points ... and considering his
later practice at Camphier and other reasons to breed suspicion,
I thought it not fit to satisfy his desire, nor ... will pass to any
place so much at his devotion." But I have written how ready
I am to meet him in any convenient place near hand, and that if
he would come to his Excellency he should be lovingly entertained,
and see how greatly he had been abused by such as desire nothing
but sedition. If his desire for conference was simply meant, to
make me an instrument for his peace and union his next reply
will discover it, when I will follow your lordship's direction so
near as I may.
I was bold in my last to give my simple opinion how these wars
might be brought to an honourable end. But hearing that of
late the Spanish fleet hath been on our coast, and also that a
parley for a peace is in handling, and most of those of common
judgment cannot but wonder, "being both so opposite the one
unto the other, and may not well be entertained without imminent
danger, if we consider that the strong enemy never offereth peace
but for some farther advantage" ; yet our confidence in your
lordship's fatherly care, gives us the best hope of good success,
leaving it to your wisdom to judge "how surely the enemy might
be paid home, if her Highness might be persuaded to assist, or
with her treasure to join with the German army going towards
France, and withal to enter so absolutely in government here as
we might be able to encounter her enemies in the face, to her
Majesty's never ending fame, and safest for her estate and people.
—Dort, 18 August, 1587.
Postscript. "Mr. Killigrewe was yesterday sent to the Hague
with the States, and is not this day returned, which giveth
some cause to suspect that matters will not succeed as we desired."
Signed. Add. Endd. by Burghley. 1¾ pp. [Ibid. XVII.
EDWARD WINTER to WALSINGHAM.
"Because I despair of any new putting again into the field this
year, I am resolved to repair with all speed to the King of
Navarre, who, as I hear, useth such gentlemen as come unto him
honourably. I desire humbly to know your pleasure herein.
"I am resolved to live in the wars for a time, or else, to travel
for a year or two ; and because I came without leave of her
Majesty, my humble request is that it would please you to procure
me liberty for so long." I refer myself absolutely to your direction.
"At my going from my father, I left him most naturally affected
towards me . . . which would no doubt work very much for me
if it will vouchsafe you to make trial what your persuasions may
do with him.—Bergen, 18 August.
Add. Endd. 1½ pp. [Holland XVII. f. 103.]
DR. AYSMA, RICHAEUS DE LOSTOLLA [POSTELLA] to LEICESTER.
Giving a description of Oostergoo, the first of the three parts
of Frizeland ; its boundaries, chief cities, bailiwicks or 'Grietenyen,'
and monasteries or cloisters, of which, and of ecclesiastical
goods, Oostergoo has more than all the rest of Frizeland, and so
has the chief place in the Assembly of the Estates. Describes
the manner of meeting of their Estates from the ancient times,
when the lord Governor of Frizeland, with the Council of the Court,
was wont to summon a parliament ; sending letters on receipt
of which the people, being assembled, appointed one or two
amongst them as their deputies. When they came together, each
part of Frizeland has a chamber apart, where they discuss the
matters separately, and then "by suffrages and voices," it is
concluded. The three parts are Oostergoo, Westergoo and the
Seven Forests. Absence is said to give consent.
Such an assembly was of late called together after the ancient
manner, "by the Council of the Court, but appointed by the
deputies themselves," when those of Oostergoo appeared,
lawfully chosen, though certain give forth falsely that their
deputies were but private men.
Prays that his Excellency will by commissioners hear the
whole matter, when there is no doubt but that all inconveniences
will be easily remedied, otherwise it is to be feared that their
commonwealth, partly by malice, partly by negligence, will go to
wrack.—Dordrecht, 18 August, 1587, old style.
Signed. Endd. "The description of Oostergoo translated
out of the Latin copy into English, sent over by the Earl of
Leicester, the 27th August, 1587, the Court being at Otelands."
1¼ pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 105.]
Thos. Digges' answer to "that part of the Lord Treasurer's
letter [to his Excellency] that ensueth," viz. :
That her Majesty is informed that of the 6000 footmen, "there
ought not to be paid from October until your coming last thither
above 3000 footmen, and of the 1000 horse not above 400" ; therefore
until she knows certainly, by means of the muster-master,
what ought to be defalked by checks, she will not pay a penny.
Answer. This information is so far from truth that he who
gave it ought to come over to prove it, wherein he shall have all
the muster-master's records to help him. It is not possible to
send over a certainty of the checks in six weeks, even if all the
captains had brought in their books, which many refuse to do till
the Treasurer comes. Further, the muster-master could never
get any from the States General to join with him in concluding
the captains' accounts without which they hold themselves
bound to no reimbursement, so that without some authorization
from them he dare not finish the said accounts ; but he will
bring over with him "abreviates of all musters," whereby the
untruth of that information shall appear.
Signed. Endd. with date by Burghley. 1 p. [Holland XVII.
LAURANCE TROOSTE (?) to his brother CAPTAIN L'AMONERIE.
Writes to ask how he does, and to send them such news as those
parts afford. The Contadore Collona (with others being assaulted
between Antwerp and Brussels by freebooters) was shot with a
bullet, but saved himself by swimming. Eight Spaniards and
Italians were slain, and others wounded, both men and women,
and many taken prisoners, amongst whom was the cousin of M.
Champagni and Martin de la Failla. There is hope that the
Contadore will recover. The court came hither ten days since
and all the lords are written for. The Marques van Renti is
looked for daily, and the Marques of Guasta is lodged in Bombarghen's
"Upon Monday after the Holy Sacrament day of Miracles there
was a scaffold made to see a play, which brake, and the parish
priest of St. Tergoel's church was sore hurt and some others
wounded to death. The President Pamell was sore hurt, but
(God be thanked) is well recovered . . . and amongst others, the
cook's wife of his Altezze and the Vraw Recard."
Sends messages to Serjeant Frazes and Katrina Patris. When
he receives the money of the Martyn fair, will give the Holy
Sacrament of Miracles a crown. Doynekin his daughter sends
messages. Peter and Loys are very well. Desires to know
what he will have "offered at hall," and how many masses are
to be said. The lady of Monrusarte and her lord, Signor Cosmo
and his wife and Mistress Carmage his neighbour are all well.
[Mentions also "your cousin Botesse's" marriage ; the Heer
Ranse, and Madame de Frezine.] The Earl of Hoghstrate and
his wife are there, and she is big with child. Hopes the leaguer
will come before Berghes, and there will visit him.—28 August,
Addressed to "Monsieur Captain Michaell dwelling in Antwerp
at the mint, to be sent to Captain L'Amonerie in garrison at the
castle of Wawe. Cito, cito." Endd. as translated out of Dutch.
1 p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 221.] (fn. 2)
LEICESTER to the PRIVY COUNCIL.
As I am greatly beholden to your lordships for sending me the
answers of the Lord Buckhurst, Sir John Norrise and Wylkes,
"tending to the impairing of my credit . . . so far as in their
malicious wits and slanderous tongues did lie to devise and utter ;
so have I now sent you . . . such most true replies as I upon mine
honour will always be ready to maintain ; most heartily praying
your lordships . . .that I being found clear and they in those high
degrees to have slandered me, I may have that remedy against
them which in justice is due." As for their ill dealings for her
Majesty's service, I leave you to deal with them as you think
fit ; praying you to hold me excused that by reason of my
infinite businesses I sent the writings no sooner.
And as I see that some fault might be imputed to me for the
loss of Sluys I now send a brief relation of things done by my
directions in that cause since my arrival ; as also another by
Colonel Grunevelt, late captain of Sluyse of what passed there,
"together with a plot of his of the passage by the river," (fn. 3) whereby
I hope you will see "that I have not omitted anything that might
be devised to be done by me, and that the fault hath been wholly
in this country people, especially in those of the Admiralty."
I pray you make her Majesty acquainted therewith.—Dort, 19
Signed. Add. Endd. 1¼ pp. [Holland XVII. f. 113.]
Also, copy of the same.
Endd. 1½ pp. [Ibid. XVII. f. 109.]
DANIEL DE BURCHGRAVE to WALSINGHAM.
Since my last writing, I have not found the state of these
countries much amended. Truly, we have seen a writing for
continuing to his Excellency his due authority, but of what will
ensue therefrom we can at present say nothing certainly. I
have delivered to his Excellency the notes of what passed for
the relief of Sluys, which he is sending to her Majesty.—Dordrecht,
19 August, 1587.
Add. Endd. French. ¾ p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 111.]
JAN WYCHGERDE to WALSINGHAM.
The bearer, Robert Bridges, was confined in the prison of
Newport, when they treated him very ill, and were minded to
hang him, because he had no means of paying his ransom. I
went to the governor who delivered him to me with a passport.
I paid him four hundred florins, the said [Bridges] promising to
[re]pay me. That very day the governor hanged an Englishman
who had no means of paying his ransom, and bound another
hand and foot and cast him into the sea, which is great cruelty.
He is a man of no conscience, worse than a Turk.
He has now taken prisoner some 56 English soldiers, captured
at sea coming from Zeeland, but all have been released save eight
or ten gentlemen, now in the prison at Newport. To-day the
men-of-war of this town took two English ships laden with coal,
and there are at present before the harbour fifteen ships laden with
wheat and rye from the Eastlands, Hamburg, Dantzic and other
parts. The wheat, which was worth 40 florins is now worth no
more than 15, and the rye which was sold at 26 and 28 florins
the half bushel is worth at present 6 or 7.
There is no news save that the Prince of Parma is at Brussels
with all the court and council, and it is daily reported that there
is to be a great parliament where all the States will unite, and (as
is said) some from Holland and Zeeland, to make a general accord
and peace. As to the field, most of the troops are either before
or within the Sluys, and round about it are some companies of
Nothing is yet known of the intended movements of the army,
but it is presumed that it will some day suddenly appear before
Ostend. Some say that it will go before Bergen but Ostend is
more likely. All the king's wheat and rye remains at Ypre and
Dunkirk, and some is being collected at Brussels. The artillery
and all the munitions remain at the Sluys. They do all with such
secrecy that it is impossible to know of it until one sees it with his
I have written some letters in Flemish, in order to write, more
at large. I have not written for so long because I have been
very ill, but I am ready to serve for anything you may command.
Postscript. I have previously reported my loss in the flyboat
taken to London. I hoped that, being German by nation, by
your honour's help, I should not lose it all. As I am too infirm,
to pursue my business, I pray you to favour me.
Add. Endd. "Advertisements from Calais," and with date
by Walsingham's clerk. Spanish. 1¾ pp. [Flanders I. f. 319.]
LORD WILLUGHBY to WALSINGHAM.
I have gathered the following particulars from M. de Thorise,
nephew to Champagny, a prisoner here.
They are making at Antwerp 14 flyboats and one galeasse
with 24 oars, 40 pieces of brass and a prow and poop musket
proof, of very rare building, made by Italians, which will take
so much time that the flyboats will be ready long before it. He
affirms that our voyages to the Indies and Don Antonio's enterprise
holds them in greater fear than any other thing ; and that
"amongst them all the world is desirous of peace, so that every
one might have liberty of conscience ; that the ministers of
either part should not reproach one another (as they do) nor
intermeddle against all reason with the affairs of policy ; and that
our forces might be joined together in war against the Turk or
some other enemy to both parties. That if the Queen of Scots
had lived, the Duke of Parma had attacked the realm of England.
"In praising the gracious disposition of her Majesty he
confesseth that she hath good cause to hold a frontier war on this
side, forasmuch as it is the only means to defend her own, which
otherwise, before this time had been assailed ; and if the King
had had so great advantage against her Majesty as her Majesty
hath of him, he would ere this time, have declared his bad affection.
"I find by him his Uncle much inclining to advance a peace.
In the mean time, I wish we had an honourable war. We here
look to be assailed, and therefore arm ourselves to defend.—
Berghen op Zoom, 20 August, 1587.
Postscript in his own hand. "It is certainly bruited by the
enemy, a peace should be treated between Waw and this place
by great personages sent from England, and they joy much at it.
If we had the Indian treasure, I would their hope were frustrate."
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland, XVII. f. 115.]
FRANCIS NEDHAM to WALSINGHAM.
On my return to Dort, I hoped to have found the whole States
with his Excellency, but as yet they are not come, which gives
cause to fear some underhand course, "and joining the present
discontentments between Themistocles [Leicester] and Hollock, (fn. 4)
with the still retaining of these strangers, who cannot be here . . .
before the 25 of this next month, when the use of their service
will be past, giveth just cause to suspect some bad measure, so
that unless they two be reconciled before that time, it will be
found that they shall be wrought to strengthen Hollock's (fn. 4) faction,
and easily drawn thereunto, being a people by nature mutinous.
Therefore if anything is to be done in this cause let it be hastened.
The Elector of Cologne, Truchses is here, "a very fit instrument
to work by . . . if he be not thought too much devoted to
Themistocles."—Dorte, 20 August, 1587.
Add. Endd. Seal of arms. ¾ p. [Ibid. XVII. f. 117.]
RICHARD LLOYD to WALSINGHAM.
His Excellency having taken the best order he could for Bergen
up Zoom, and leaving Lord Willoughby governor and Mr. Thomas
Wilford serjeant-major of the infantry, came to Dordrecht on
the 13th, to meet the States General for a full conclusion of all
matters, either of former faction or present furtherance of the
service. Where he has waited till this day, during which time
many things have been bruited here, some true, some foisted
in to continue their factions, as "that there is likelihood of peace
to be concluded between her Majesty and the King of Spain,
whereby these poor afflicted people and the country shall be left
a spoil to the enemy. Others give out that her Majesty layeth
all the fault of the loss of the Scluse to his Excellency, and that
Sir John Norreis shall come presently over with great store of
men and authority ; with many other forged reports, to amaze
the people and to hinder the service." And on the other side,
the Count of Hohenlo does all he can to keep the States from
conformity and the people from obedience. From whom he has
encouragement and means, your honour may guess.
Count Maurice was here with my lord, and from hence went
to the Hague, where the States General first meet "with great
show to be very desirous to work all things to good effect. And
yet I fear his will would do much if the plurality would hearken
unto him. On Wednesday the 16th, the Count Moeurs departed
hence to encounter and conduct the Reisters, with Mr. Allen,
Monsieur Parasis and other commissioners, but albeit he promised
his Excellency to use all diligence, he is as yet at Utrecht, and has
drawn certain cornets of horse into the town. My lord, hearing
of this from the magistrates has written to desire Count Moeurs
to march forward with his troops, and to require the town to be
very circumspect for the safety of the place, promising to be
there very shortly and meanwhile, to send aid if required.
"How the Count Maurice, Admiral, and Justinus de Nassau
his base brother, Vice-Admiral, in translating the Admiralty from
Vlussinghe to Camphere, have behaved themselves," I am sure
Sir William Russell has told you. There has been a practice at
Utrecht between one Creke, an Englishman in Deventer, and an
old abbot in Utrecht, to betray the town, which was discovered
by letters intercepted. Here is great talk of the King of Spain's
preparations for sea, "and that he hath not left a captain or old
soldier in any of his garrisons, the which is esteemed to be for
England, whether they go towards Ireland or Scotland."—
Dordrecht, 20 August, 1587.
Add. Endd. "From Flodd." 3 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 119.]
THOMAS DIGGES to BURGHLEY.
Finding the States still resolved to keep things in such uncertain
confusion that her Majesty's officers cannot tie them to any
certainty of reimbursement, I have pressed them most importunately,
and find myself greatly disliked for it. I send you the
enclosed articles "wishing some speedy course might be taken to
clear all further mistakings and to bring differences to some accord,
that they by all means labour to entangle with more confusion."
—Dort, 20 August, 1587.
His complaints against the proceedings of the States. Their
unwillingness to appoint commissaries to join with him to pass
a general muster, in order to have no record on their part that
any new bands have been sent to their aid ; at any rate until
they are reduced by sickness and service.
To delay which, they find fault with all past payments, as being
made according to the English rates, though shown that they
were ratified here by his Excellency and the Council at Wars,
and allowed by the Council of State. To which they answer
that her Majesty and his Excellency have acted against the
contract, and that the Council of State cannot dispense with it.
Have urged them many times to bring in all their demands
against her Majesty's soldiers or captains, but they still keep
them back, "to double charge her Majesty and wrangle upon the
"They will take great hold of Sir John Norries' averment that
there wanted 2,000 soldiers in her footbands all last winter,"
therefore he must prove it, which he cannot, for there was never
near 1000 wanting ; or else must acknowledge his error, so that
the States cannot make it a colour.
Divers captains, now departed, have taken up so much upon
credit that if this is paid, it is thought there will be nothing left
for the soldiers, yet if not paid, the States will demand it of her
Majesty. [Margin "To be answered by Sir John Norriss."]
Of all Sir John Norries' horseband, the lord Willoughby cannot
get twenty horse, and those say either their horses be their own
or else that Sir John Norries hath sold them unto them as part
of their reckoning, whereas he ought to have left the band as
strong as he looks, upon last muster, to be paid for it." His
clerk, Gibson, and others, privy of his reckoning should be present
at the inquiry. [Margin, "To acquaint Sir John Norryce."]
By the States' assertion, there is 20,000l. that the treasurer
should have defalked before paying either soldiers or merchants
and which is now demanded of her Majesty. This should be
ordered before a final conclusion of Mr. Huddilston's accounts,
and either he or his deputies here, to explain difficulties. [Margin,
"To acquaint Mr. Hudleston herewith."]
Some of these things do not pertain directly to his own office
but he has been bold to solicit the States and also to advertise
his lordship thus much, "that like good order may be taken
with such as are in England as his Excellency meaneth to take
with such as are here, for a final clearing of all inconveniences
upon this next full pay."
To-day hears from Mr. Killigrew and Mr. Beale that they are
so wearied by dealing with the States for order in these matters
that they will meddle no more therein ; and he himself by the
contract has no access to their Council, therefore prays that
other order may be taken or himself discharged ; her Majesty's
loss being like to be so great and no means in him to help it.—
Dort, 19 August, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. with marginal notes by Burghley "18
August" [sic]. 3 pp. [Holland XVII. f. 121.]
Articles exhibited by the deputies of the States of Holland
to his Excellency in presence of the Marshal, Baron North,
Sieur de Brederode and other Councillors of State, 30 August,
Thanking the queen for her aid. They always meant to
maintain his Excellency in authority.
In the margin : H.E. declares that he never claimed a greater
authority than was granted by the States or wished to derogate
from the authority of the States but he wishes his own authority
to remain entire, according to the treaties.
2. They assure her that they have always meant to maintain
his Excellency in his authority.
3. But since the removal of the King of Spain, all acts of sovereignty
have been legitimately exercised by the said Estates, who
conferred upon his Excellency the authority of Governor General.
4. The States declare that they are not represented by private
persons, but by the knights, nobles and towns of the countries,
and that if any fail of their duty in any way whatever, they
shall be punished.
[Dissertation as to the rights and authority of the Estates
under the governors of the Emperor Charles V. etc.]
They understand that his Excellency's powers extend to entire
command over all the men of war, both on sea and land, but not
to levy more troops than they could pay. They also pray him
to carry on the war at sea by the Admiral, and to let the changes
and transport of garrisons be made by the governors of the
They ask him to give satisfaction for what was done by ill-disposed
persons in his name during the last year, and to carry
into effect what the Estates have desired by their preceeding
remonstrances, in conformity with the treaty made with her
Majesty and the Act of the delation of government ; not
giving credence in the affairs of the country to such as seek
to stir up discord between him and the States, and consequently
to throw the countries into confusion, and imperil his Excellency's
reputation. (fn. 5)
In the margin : Acceptance of the articles by H.E.
French. 7½ pp. [Holland XVII. f. 125.]