LEICESTER to WALSINGHAM.
I have by Page the post a letter from you with a safe conduct
for the king of Denmark's commissioners but no word more. I
am utterly ignorant of anything intended to the king of Denmark.
I trust it is not meant to use me as any commissioner for there is
no man more unfit, as is well known to both our councillors here
that they have me in the greatest jealousy in the world ever
since they have bruited these false reports of her Majesty for
the peace, as also that I had instructions from her long since to
have broken it with these men but stay only to get my authority
to bridle them. Beside I have here worn out my health among
these people and there is no service for the field nor yet for the
country for me to do. I trust H.M. will call me home, which she
may do with much more honour to her now than to stay any
longer if she intend a peace. And as I think verily these peoples'
evil dealing doth hasten and enforce H.M. to it, so do I not find
otherwise that they be able to go through with their contributions,
although it appears so by their lack and ill payments to all men.
And yet are they most loth to hear of peace, but think themselves
able to defend all the world. And touching the proposition
for peace which I was commanded to deal with the States, they
could give me yet no answer for they are all but deputies and
cannot resolve in any such case without their superiors, to whom
they did send the propositions, and in 2 or 3 days I look for their
full answer. But I think they will make earnest protestations
against peace, not that they would not be glad of it, but they
think it impossible to have a good one well observed . . . I have
written of this already . . . and H.M. and the Council know
as much as we can inform from here as well of their wants as of
their dispositions and how hardly they perform their payments
to our soldiers . . . though they seem to be able to maintain still
the war. I must leave the resolution to her gracious consideration . . .
but I would not for 20,000l. that she had sent any
embas over as was here not only given out but generally believed
he hath exceedingly confirmed many honest men's love toward
her, howsoever she shall see cause hereafter to proceed in the
peace that she hath not yet betrayed them nor gone about any
peace without first imparting the same to them, and to show them
that the fault shall be in them that she is drawn to it, and also
if they do not join with her as they hitherto have done, the fault
is theirs and they give her just cause to look to her own estate
hereafter. I pray God direct her heart to do what is most to his
glory and her service. Peace is the gift of God, and so is war too
when it is for a just cause. But war is not to be taken in hand
but when it may be thoroughly maintained, for otherwise it
passeth all the miseries that can be imagined, and so may the
soldiers of this country say, for I think no men have suffered more
misery . . . and therefore except H.M. for her part and these
people for theirs be fully resolved to spend freely for the maintenance
of these wars, any peace will be far better for them. For
my own part I am heartily weary of my generalship, for there is
no comfort in taking charge when the poor soldier is no more
certainly provided for. Besides there is no likelihood of any
worthy wars to be made under these men. They love nor care
for any man that serves them. I pray you let me find your
friendship in helping me home. My lord Treasurer and my lord
Chancellor will doubtless further it also. If my abode might do
any good I would not grudge at any pains to do service, or if I
might have been enabled all this while to have been in the field,
somewhat had been done, for such a time I look not for gain
considering the numbers the P. sent into France to the duke of
Guise and the many wants I know he hath had besides. These
defensive garrison wars I like not nor it shall never see them
prove well for these countries.
I wrote in my last how Count Maurice went to Lillo where
Count Hollock is with him. This day I have a very good letter
from him, which I send you to see, so that if matters were to go
well forward they would come in fast enough. I have bargained
for M. de Turre's nephew, to help to discharge him for young
Tyllanye, for the Spaniard Castilio will not do it. If these wars
had continued it had been a happy thing to have changed Hollock
for La Noue. It would have given great comfort to good men
and much life to all soldiers. He and his son would be two
sufficient persons. God will nev[er] prosper the other vicious
fellow here. Thus with many thanks for this honest bearer,
your son, whom I have no means now to employ, and pity to
hold him from you.—The Hague, 16 September.
3 pp. Holograph. Sig. Add. Endd. [Holland XVIII. f. 80.]
The SAME to the SAME.
You write to me to send your brother Beall home which I mean
to do as soon as conveniently I may. He is my only stay and if he
goes and I tarry I shall be utterly naked. He is a most sufficient
man, and albeit you pity him to have him a commissioner for
the peace I must say you look more to your brother Beall than
to the common service for the church of God ; for if you will
appoint weak friends to deal with strong adversaries you must
look for the success accordingly, and the more I think of the treaty
of peace the more I think it the bounden duty of all about her
Majesty to persuade her to appoint her wisest, "lerndest"
and soundest in religion to be in commission for her. I trust
it be meant to make a peace for the Q. of England as well as for
the K. of Spain, and if ye do so, then appoint such commissioners
as ye may be sure will look next God to our gracious sovereign,
for such as your commissioners be, such must ye look for your
peace to be. I remember at my being there when commissioners
were talked of it was thought good to name such men as were not
too hot but temperate in religion. I pray you take example
by my lord Buckhurst's dealings here ; for he presuming greatly
the peace should proceed, would deal with no Protestant here
whom he thought zealous, but with the most notorious papists
of the whole land he conferred daily . . . and yet he was thought
a man far onward in zeal to religion since he became a councillor.
If such as you know to be very cold . . . shall be chiefly appointed
to be commissioners, then what must be looked for. For my
own part I hear that I should be appointed to deal here with
the prince. I have sufficiently delivered causes to show I am
the unfittest of all others . . . for I know I shall rather do harm
than good if I be named . . . and therefore if ye love the cause
and H.M. make the ablest choice of faithful men that you
can find in England for this peace, for not only her security is
like depend upon it, but her reputation through all Christendom
with such as be of her profession. How forward this matter
is I know not but . . . I have cause not to fear the forwardness
that here is reported. If there be any time of respite thought
convenient for God's sake let it appear that it shall be substantially
and advisedly proceeded in. I do now send my Lord North
and your brother Beal with this despatch, who hath been acquainted
with all our doings here and hath taken great pains to
further H.M.'s service. He hath voluntarily stayed with me
here without any entertainment, and yet had leave to return home
as soon as he had brought me into these countries and seen the
end of Sluse. He can inform H.M. and you thoroughly of all
things. As for your brother Beall, he is in my books apart.
Among your letters I did light upon one concerning safe conducts
to and from the King of Denmark etc. by which it appears
H.M. would have the meeting at Berges . . . which I wonder at
before she doth receive a full resolution from the States. She
blameth me that I have not gotten it all this while . . . but surely
the sending of these safe conducts and letters was not so well
advised as should be. Neither is it possible for them to come to
Emden by the 20th or scant the 30th, yet all haste shall be made
with them. And you must in no case resolve upon Berghes
except the States consent to join with you to treat, for you know
it is under their jurisdiction.
If no money be paid to the new bands but what the States
must yield, it will cost the queen some 3 to 4,000l. or drive 2 or
3000 honest willing subjects to come away, for without they have
money to discharge them they must tarry here and without money
they cannot live, so also H.M. must be at greater charges the longer
they tarry in pay undischarged . . . Hereof I must acquit me,
let the fault light where it shall, for I will be no more reproved—
seeing I find no better assistance. The Marshal have I discharged
and Sir Richard Bingham I have sent for and the rest shall follow
without delay, so my officers being cassed and my companions
being departed, as all are now, I trust I shall not be thought of
so little account as to remain here alone without countenance or
comfort. But the lack of a little countenance you will see will
cost us treble our charges, for the manner of this dealing for the
peace proceeds even as the enemy doth wish it. I know not
what better time you can have then at this general despatch of
officers to have sent for me also, but I see my friends forget me
and therefore I must shift and speak for myself.
I thank you again and again for this honest young man.
He hath lost much time, for since my last coming over I have not
had much to do for my secretaries. In much haste, 16 September.
2½. Holograph. Sign. Add. Endd. [Holland XVIII. f. 82.]
DE LOO to BURGHLEY.
With this will go a copy of my last (of three days ago), therefore
I will only say that going the day before yesterday to President
Richardot to procure another safe-conduct for use in case the
other should miscarry, and talking with him of the peace, he
informed me that the Duke had said to him that he was much
vexed over the two months which he had lost by giving up the
campaign, from his belief in my assurance, and Mr. Controller's,
that the deputies were coming at once upon the arrival of their passport.
[Richardot] assured me that his Highness was exceedingly
angry about this, saying that he had been fed with words, and
that it will be taken by the King in very ill part. He recalled
my urgency to have the safe-conduct, as if it would never arrive
in time, and what I had said in April, that my lord Buckhurst
had order to communicate to the States of Holland her Majesty's
intention, as he wrote to me he had done, hoping that shortly
it would be brought to a good end. And from that time had heard
nothing further, but would now say that the Earl of Leicester has
order to do it ; and so forth, concluding :—Credat mihi D.
Andreas, quod ipsi nectunt moras ; we are being mocked, but will
take better care in the future. So he ended ; very ill-pleased
with me. Yet I think I can go on negotiating in friendly fashion,
although I must take heed how I speak of the suspension of arms
and such matters. So I am forced to deal very cautiously letting
them vent their anger when they speak with me, and answering
little ; and—not without much ado—I have managed that they
will wait till towards the end of this month, to begin to treat before
Michaelmas which failing, omnes in me cudetur faba, nimis turpiter
me dabo ; but I hope and believe to be out of all this and wait
like the apostles for the coming of the Holy Spirit.
The President also said, touching the safe conduct, that it all came
from ill-wishers to the peace, instigated by the enemy of mankind.
I hope the safe-conduct will now be satisfactory. I shall be glad
to know that it has arrived.
I spoke to M. de Champagney touching the commission of these
deputies and he replied that it was drawn up in like manner as
those in time past, and prayed the Lord Treasurer not to take
objection to it, for it would be strange if the Duke undertook such
a business unless he were sufficiently authorized by the King.
The President has said the same to me, so I hope your lordship
will now be without anxiety on this point. I submit that after
the first interview they should go to the Duke, being sure that he
would go to them if he could do so with propriety. Simple as I am
I know the great difference between the head and the tail. Yet
as his Highness himself said to me at the camp, her Majesty has
previously sent her deputies to Bruges, on matters of much less
importance, and here at Brussels negotiations can be carried on
much more conveniently for both sides. For the rest the case is
between a King and Queen—brother and sister. Believe me, I
have felt that the Duke wished he could once meet her Majesty,
for he said with a happy look that then he could quickly arrange
everything. I have seen this from his delight in talking with me
sometimes of the time when he was with the Duchess, his mother
in England, which he still regards with affection, from the
pleasantness of that country and the hunting and various sports
and pastimes which he remembers to have been made for him.
[Again urges the coming of the deputies, etc.]—Bruges, 16 Sept.
Add. Endd. Italian. 3½ pp. [Flanders I. f. 341.]
SIR WILLIAM PELHAM to BURGHLEY.
I see that mine of Aug. 31 was not come to your hands when
you last wrote, which will show you what end my working with
Count Hollock has had. Your grave reasons touching the state
of this country prove that your lordship hath not left the very
bowels unsearched. And yet . . . I could have produced many
arguments probable enough to have confirmed what I wrote,
had not the concluding of your letters fully assured that a general
resolution seemed ready to embrace peace. . .
How joyful I was to embrace my discharge, in respect of the
great charges of my place, all may judge that have sustained the
like ; yet I cannot be free from disgrace at the suddenness thereof ;
being discharged before I heard one word from any there, and
upon very short warning compelled to break up my house. But
you have proved how ready I ever was to thrust my shoulders
under any burden laid upon me, and so humbly thank God for
whatever he may send me.
Yet considering the hardness of my estate at home, I beseech
you (as the last favour I expect to receive) to persuade her
Majesty "to grant me licence for one, two or three years, to retire
myself into some place in Germany, where living a private and
sparing life, I may somewhat ease my poor, unfortunate children
and may yield some means towards the satisfying of my debts. . ."
—The Hague, 17 September, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1¼ pp. [Holland XVIII. f. 84.]
STEPHEN LE SIEUR to WALSINGHAM.
Has discoursed fully with Mr. Neidam of his last being in Antwerp
and Brussels, but charges him with these few lines to beg
his honour's favour towards his Excellency, that he may be
employed in some place wherein he may do grateful service. Has
as yet no cause to complain of his Excellency, nay, rather "to
acknowledge a perpetual obligation to him and his" for restoring
him to liberty, but considering his poor estate and that years
come upon him, desires to have some means hereafter to maintain
himself.—The Hague, 17 September, 1587.
Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Holland XVIII. f. 86.]
Note, by Robert Ardern, gentleman, on this date, of all such
sums of money as he has delivered in victuals, to have been put
into the town of Sluise in Flanders, to the captains of the footbands
in her Majesty's pay, and to be defalked as they shall grow
due upon their entertainment by Sir Thos. Sherley knt., her
Majesty's Treasurer at Wars for the Low Countries. Total, paid
to 27 captains, 585l. 8s. 8¼d.
And also of the same victuals delivered unto sundry not contained
in the lists received by the Treasurer out of England.
Total, to 4 officers, 54l. 9s. 2½d.
And also for victualling the pinnace called the Sun, serving in
the Low Countries under his Excellency, with 35 men under
Edward Fenton gent. captain of the said ship. Total, 15l. 9s. 4d.
Sum Total, 655l. 7s. 2¾d.
Endd by Burghley "2 October, 1587," probably date of receipt.
3½ pp. [Ibid. XVIII. f. 88.]
[ANTONIO DI FONTI to ALESSANDRO DE LA TORRE.]
"I have received your letter of the 10 of this present, (fn. 1) which I
presently imparted to his H[onour] so far forth as through all the
study I could use I might understand your meaning therein ;
for both your cipher is marvellously mistaken and false written
according to your untrue English style, and also the matter itself
is delivered in such obscure terms as it is not possible thereby to
gather your meaning aright. Howbeit, his H[onour] liketh well
of your diligence, and you are now at liberty to write as heretofore ;
praying you to omit no opportunity to write continually
hither by so good means as you have. And for the matters you
have now written of ; first, we cannot possibly imagine what you
mean by saying that you cannot procure your coming over hither,
that your friends at R. wish to procure it another way ; as that
his honour by the way of —, which as you write it is, by the
cipher Roinnemer (fn. 2) should impetrat it, etc. ; we cannot tell what
your meaning is by these words. And where you say that Allen
was preferred against the will of your friends at R., we are surely
advertised that Cardinal Farnese was a great doer therein. But
his H[onour] willed me to tell you that he would be glad to hear
from you in answer of that he commanded me to write to you
about so long sithence ; which was about an overture or motion
which he wished you to make to the P[rince] there, to this effect :
—That her Majesty here could wish him to provide for himself in
taking the possession [of] those countries, considering the hard
measure that both his father and himself had always received at
the K. of Sp[ain's] hands. And her Majesty could far better
endure him as Duke of Burgundy and her neighbour there than
a King of Spain ; in which kind of treaty he should find her
Majesty so well disposed as he could wish touching any reasonable
conditions he might propound. And so, for this time praying
you in [his] Honour's name to make your particular answer to
this point, and that you will explain your meaning signified in
your last, remembering hereafter to write more truly, your
cipher, either in that or else in some other language. . . London. (fn. 3)
Draft. Endd "18 Sept., 1587. M[inute] to B." 1¾ pp.
[Flanders I. f. 343.]
SIR RICHARD BINGHAM to WALSINGHAM.
Those companies of the last supply which your honour writ
of, are even now upon the point to be cassed . . . This place
hath been a long time doubted to have been attempted by the
enemy, and that was one special cause why my lord sent me
hither . . . but now the spring tides and floods growing high, it
is the less to be feared, and with a reasonable garrison, may be
well maintained against any attempts that the enemy shall give
for this year."
I set out to-day towards my lord into Holland, and will there
deal for my own discharge, which will be the easier obtained as
order is come to dismiss all the chief officers. I pray you to write
earnestly to my lord that I may be returned hence and so into
Ireland. If I saw any way that my service would be required
here, I would with contentment endure it, but as the action has
fallen out, I can neither pleasure myself or further the service ;
and the charges of these countries are so extreme that I cannot
endure it.—Bergen up Zone, 18 September, 1587.
Postscript. A few days since there happened an ill mischance
between Captain Uvedall and a gentleman called Whetstones,
who "falling out into some speeches overnight, met by chance
the next day, and so unknown to any went themselves without
the town, where it was the said Whetstones' chance to be slain,"
but the other (it not being done of malice) stands acquitted by
martial law and is no danger for it.
Signed. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holland XVIII. f. 90.]
RICHARD LLOYD to WALSINGHAM.
My lord North and Francis Nedham will bring you all the news,
but your favour makes me bold to write, only in discharge of my
His Excellency has for eighteen days awaited a full answer from
the General Estates, but notwithstanding daily promises "when
they came to present the same . . . it did prove to be a shipman's
hose, open at both ends ; in respect whereof, together with a report
that was thrust abroad here among the people (which is
avouched by the Dutch to come out of England) the General did
publish his protestation to the magistrates and people the contents
whereof I assure myself your honour hath seen. . . .
Whereupon the towns and 'Common' being greatly satisfied, and
now perceiving that this was one of the accustomed shafts of the
Estates, show themselves more ready than ever to be at her
Majesty's commandment," yet nothing has yet been performed.
The reason of this (besides their desire to keep all in their own
hands) is guessed to be bruits that come out of England of a
peace with the Spaniard, "and perhaps if it were so, they do
rather wish to make peace for themselves than to stand in the
hand of another."
My lord came hither by Rotterdam and Delfte, and as it was
given out that her Majesty was least honoured and her lieutenant
least welcome in those towns, I noted how the people behaved
themselves, and dare assure you that the 'Common' have never
shown his Excellency more satisfaction and affection than
On the 12th, Count Meurs returned from Bream, where the
reiters, landsknechts and pioneers were to have been ready,
but came back without either horse or foot, who refuse to come
upon the fickle promises of the States unless her Majesty give her
word for their pay. On the way, he surprised a little town called
Mappell [Meppen] in Munster, belonging to the new Bishop of
Cologne, which, it is said, (being kept) will keep the enemy from
all provision that way.
The Count Maurice went, five or six days ago, into Zeeland and
thence with Count Hohenlo to the fleet before Lillo, where there
was great triumph and shooting off, with much expenditure of
powder. It is said that the burgers and soldiers of Antwerp
"ordinarily frequent thither without passport and licence" ;
also it is whispered here that Count Hohenlo practises with the
The Duke of Parma is reported to be at Brussels, but his preparations
both for ships of war and flat bottom vessels go forward
at Antwerp. How they may be employed is unknown, but
Lillo, Tertole and Axell are spoken of. Either the Escluse has
weakened him greatly or the forces sent into France stay him
from any enterprise ; "otherwise he might have done his will
for any means there was to resist him."
Mr. Nedham will tell you "what want there is of money here,
how the captains do cry out upon Sir John Norreys, what hold
the States take of his words touching the garrisons of this last
winter and how earnestly I desire my lord at home."
On the 8th instant, "M. Piron, governor of Axell, sent hither
one Courtoys, a Spaniard, who had lived long in England, but
now, as he confessed himself, came over to the enemy to offer
his service, but could not be accepted, wherefore he was first
committed and afterwards banished ; but the sequel is, he was
here arraigned by ordinary course of law and executed."
To-day my lord goes to Leyden and so to Utrecht, Amsterdam
and North Holland.—The Hague, 18 September, 1587.
Signed. Add. Endd. 3 pp. [Holland XVIII. f. 92.]
ARTHUR CHAMPERNOWNE to WALSINGHAM.
As leisure served, I have designed the order of our march, the
state of the ground and the manner of our encamping before
Blankenburg, only for myself, but Mr. Nedham, seeing it, would
have it to show your honour. "If the raggedness of the work
and writing cause you rather trouble than otherwise, 'tis his
fault" ; but I would be glad at any time to send you "the designment
of the happy success of some good exploit of ours."
As for other matters, I wish wars might be so followed "that at
some time we may dare look the Spaniard in the face in the
'champion' [i.e. field], lest our minds by habit and our honours
by such continuance both change and decay."—The Hague,
18 September, 1587.
Holograph. Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of arms. [Ibid. XVIII.
EDWARD BURNHAM to WALSINGHAM.
My fellow, Nedham, will tell you how all passes here.
I have dealt with his Excellency, according to your honour's
commands, to have his warrant for Sir Philip Sidney's diet from
the day he died till the day Sir William Russell came, who
answered that he had signed it and delivered it to Mr. Lindley.
I replied that he might have signed some other, but not that.
Mandemaker and 'Bearnvelt' are not here. I will take them
your letters, "but as matters stand now, it will be hard to obtain
the same, for things are far out of frame here."
The bearer will tell you "what is fallen out to two of my
fellows, Captain Udall and Captain Edward Russell . . . which
by all men's report are a couple as brave men as be on this side."
Lord North and Mr. Beale depart for England within four or
five days.—The Hague, 18 September, 1587.
Postscript.—Colonel Morgan tells me he has given Sir William
Pelham an obligation of Mr. Henry Bromley, son of the Lord
Chancellor for 280l., to pay out of it 200l. to your honour for the
said Colonel's debt to you. Sir William has written to you about
it by Mr. Bromley, his son-in-law.
Add. Endd. 1 p. Seal of arms. [Ibid. XVIII. f. 96.]
"Placcart concerning the musters and other commandments
over the men of war, as it is corrected and resolved by his Excellency"
on this date. Printed at Leyden by Thomas Basson,
Translated and collated with the original in French by G.
6 pp. [Ibid. XVIII. f. 98.]
The same in French, as given at the Hague on this date.
5¼ pp. [Ibid. f. 133.]
"Instruction of the Officers of the Musters of the men of war
in her Majesty's pay ; practised in the British army ever since
the 1st of February, Anno Serenis : Regina Elizabethæ, 27."
Printed at Leyden by Thomas Basson, 1587.
Together with "precedents of billets for receiving and discharging
of soldiers, to be delivered by the commissioners of
musters resident unto the captains. Also the oath to be ministered
to all officers, captains, and soldiers on entry into pay and
4½ pp. [Holland XVIII. f. 102.]
Copy in French of the above, translated by Gilpin from that
in English exhibited by Mr. Digges.
Printed at Delf, by Albert Henry, printer in ordinary to his
5½ pp. [Ibid. f. 123.]
"General Instructions of the Musters for the men of war in
service of the United Provinces of the Low Countries. As the
same is corrected and augmented the 28 of September, 1587.
Printed at Leyden by Thomas Basson, 1587.
Translated or collated from the French original by G. Gilpin.
7 pp. [Ibid. f. 106.]
Also appended thereto of the same date
1. The form of the oath taken by Colonels, Captains and
soldiers at his Excellency's first entrance into the government,
and "again resumed and by his Excellency resolved" on the
2. "Resolutions taken by his Excellency upon the redress
of the musters." 5 pp.
3. "List of the arms and entertainments" of companies in
pay of these provinces from henceforth.
2 pp. [Ibid. f. 110.]
The Original of the said Instructions in French. 10 pp
Appended, of same date.
1. The form of the oath, as above, but only for colonels and
2. The like for the soldiers and common officers. Each ½ p.
Printed at Delf by Albert Henry, printer in ordinary to his
[Ibid. f. 115.]
French copy of the "Resolutions taken by his Excellency"
5 pp. and the "list of arms and entertainments," 2½ pp. Printed
at Delf [ut supra].
[Ibid. f. 127.]
Another copy of the Placcart, Instructions, form of oath,
resolutions and list of arms, etc.
26 pp. [Ibid. f. 137.]
THOMAS DIGGES to the LORDS OF THE COUNCIL.
If it had pleased Sir John Norreis to show the five muster and
warrant books that he had signed by me, your lordships would
have been satisfied "that of all men he hath least cause to complain
of me, having not only respited a great number of faults ...
but also for every particular that I have checked the cause is
set down. The like I mean to do with the rest of his books....
Some matters of great importance had need be censured by your
lordships, because I perceive the Treasurer hath received directions
contrary to the course by his Excellency here established."
I send you enclosed the causes why I could not finish the checks
of the other bands. If you saw how I have been impeded by the
States' and captains' willfulness, I should rather be pitied for
my toils than condemned for negligence.—The Hague, 18 September,
Signed. Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Holland XVIII. f. 155.]
"The causes why the Muster Master hath not finished the
Captains' Accounts and determined the checks" ; viz : the
ill-conduct of the captains ; the delays of the States in sending
commissaries to join in the work ; and the faults which he
imputes to Sir John Norreys.
3 pp. [Ibid. f. 156]
Notes by Burghley ; endorsed by him "A memorial" and
Point 1. "to be considered for answer to My Lord of Leicester's
last letters of the 10th or 11th of September [being an abstract
of the said letters].
2. "For answer to these things" :—
"His lordship is to be thanked for his labour in repelling the
false reports, both of her Majesty and of himself, and it is to be
well liked that his authority is so largely confirmed, with the
power to dispose of their contributions with privity of the
And as they have agreed to give 80000l. besides their ordinary
of 20000l. by month, it would be well if he could obtain payment
of the new bands, their continuance and placing in garrisons,
etc., that her Majesty may better bear her ordinary charges.
He would also do well to have a perfect account made betwixt
his treasures and the States, showing what is due from each side,
and so some means found how her Majesty might be answered for
sums laid out for them.
3 pp. [Ibid. XVIII. f. 159.]
EDWARD BURNHAM to WALSINGHAM.
Has delivered his honour's letter to Maundemacker, who will
give it the best furtherance he can, but matters are so far out of
order that there is small hope of doing any speedy good. Will
need to have an account for the money for Apsell [Axel] grows
due ; also what is due to Sir Philip as Colonel of the regiment
of Zeeland, and a note of his entertainment for the same. Without
this he can do no good, and my lord of Leicester thinks it will
hardly be drawn from them, seeing what delays they make of all
things, but Adrian Mullenar, once Sir Philip Sidney's secretary
and now my lord of Leicester's has promised "to follow the suit
Barnevelt does not come to his lordship ; but will present him
his honour's letter and see what furtherance he will give it.
Means to return to Flushing until he hears further from his
honour.—The Hague, 19 September, 1587.
Add. Endd. 1¼ pp. [Holland XVIII. f. 161.]
G. G[ILPIN] to WILKES.
By mine of the 1st of this month, written at Dordrecht you
have learnt the then state of our affairs. Since then we have
continued in "parlementations" ; sending deputies from one
side to the other, until the high and provincial Councils of this
province and the Chamber of Accounts sent some of their college
to congratulate the coming of his Excellency, offering their
service in composing the differences between him and the States
General, and desiring to be informed concerning the peace of
which there was such great bruits. His Excellency thanked them
and assured them that as to the peace, the Prince of Parma had
made some offer to her Majesty, but that she would not in any
way treat thereof without the knowledge and advice of the States ;
that it was doing very ill offices to spread such rumours, and for
this cause, and to defend both her Majesty's honour and his own,
he had made a Declaration of his acts and carriage in the place
he had served in, presenting it to the States General and afterwards
sending copies to the towns of the different provinces,
with letters written in strong terms, as you will see by the copies
annexed in Flemish, not having yet had time to put them into
I hear that all those of the Council did not approve of this
Declaration being published, lest it might show the enemy too
much of the actions here, but his Excellency thought it necessary.
The Remonstrance of the aforesaid deputies so well pleased
him that the next day he went to the Hague, where after nine
days of patience with nothing done, the States have at length
taken their resolution on the points proposed, and having presented
them to his Excellency, he has accepted them. You will
see the tenor thereof by the annexed copy. The provinces have
consented to the 200000 florins ordinary by month, besides the
extraordinary, but reserve the general means to themselves ;
quid hoc sibi velit, you will easily judge. Those of Utrecht, who
should pay a tenth of what those of Holland do, will only contribute
a twentieth. Moreover, all the provinces having nominated
those from whom his Excellency shall choose the Council of
State, Utrecht remits their nomination to his Excellency's good
pleasure ; which two things have been protested against by the
other provinces in a verbal remonstrance to his lordship. This
is suspected to be a practice to draw some away from the Council
who are not agreeable to the States, which will be the cause of
Now we shall see what will be done to put into good order
matters too long passed over (forcourruz).
Count Maurice has gone towards Lillo with ships of war to
strengthen the fleet, as the enemy has some enterprise in hand ;
making ready many ships at Antwerp. Count Hohenlo is at
St. Martin's dyke with some men, but no one knows his intent as
yet. The Count de Mœurs has been near Bremen to meet the
Reiters, who have not appeared at the appointed place, so that,
after taking the town of Meppe and leaving there 1200 foot and
a cornet of horse he has returned with the rest. The place is
important as being a passage, but not tenable, being too far from
the places which we hold.
We know nothing certainly of what the enemy will do, but in
a few days many things will be discovered.—The Hague, 19
September, 1587. Signed "Celuy que cognoissez."
Postscript. My comrade greets you and begs you to excuse him
if he delays writing to you for some time. I also pray the same,
for the world is full of bad men, and everywhere there are spies
Add. Endd. as from "G.G." Fr. 2¾ pp. [Holland XVIII.
THE QUEEN to the STATES GENERAL.
Does not know why the Earl of Leicester has not delivered
unto them what he was charged to do at his last departure from
England, or if he has done so why he has not received some direct
answer from them. Recital of events from the sending of their
commissioners here to England to show that they were unable
to continue their contributions this present year, so that without
greater help from her their estate seemed almost desperate.
"Thereupon Lord Buckhurst was sent, who found that they were
unable to levy and pay any army this summer of themselves,
without making unreasonable demands upon her. Upon this
she commanded him to tell them plainly, that she would
bear some portion of the charge if they would answer for
the rest ; but if not, then he should induce them to consider
how to come to some good accord with the King of Spain, in
which she had opportunity to do them good, many overtures
having been made from the King of Spain by the Duke of Parma
for peace and that not without good provision for their surety.
And after this, understanding of their decaying state, and
at their earnest request, she sent the Earl of Leicester as well as
supplies for Ostend and Sluse, although both towns should have been
maintained only by them, although it proved afterwards they had
no care at all of their own, to their great reproach and her grief.
Recounts efforts for relief of Sluys ; but all her intentions were
made frustrate for lack of any aid from them, and so the town was
lost, though not without the honour and reputation of her
soldiers that defended it.
"Hereupon, seeing, on the one side, your declination or rather
backwardness, and your disability to maintain your defence,
and on the other part, the enemy's new great preparations to
exceed his former forces ; and therewith having the former
overtures renewed to us to treat of peace, both for ourselves and
you, we gave order to our said lieutenant to deal plainly with
you how necessary it was for you to incline to procure your
safeties by treaty of peace where it was offered ; and yet not so
to yield to any treaty of peace, but to continue both your forces
and our own in the mean time, that if peace could not be had
with reasonable conditions, neither we for ourselves nor you for
your selves should accept the same, but with God's goodness to
hope in the justice of your cause for our further defence.
"This was the matter that our said Lieutenant was commanded
inwardly to open to you at his first arrival, after the loss of Sluse,
and to this we looked for answer, and for lack of answer we are
not contented with our said Lieutenant, although on his behalf
it is said that he could not have convenient time to deal with
you herein, for that he was so interrupted with your overthwart
dealings against him, with sundry false reports of us and himself ;
as that we had agreed on a peace with the King of Spain without
regard to you ; that our commissioners were to go over to confirm
it ; that the Earl of Leicester was by us willed to surprise divers
your towns, to yield them to the King of Spain if you would not
assent to peace, with many 'mo' such sort slanderous bruits
spread, yea believed and maintained for true by some of your
own number ; all which was, we affirm in the word of a prince
most false, and maliciously devised with devilish minds, abhorring
as it seemeth, from all liking of godly peace and quietness. Now
it resteth that by our own letter you plainly see what we meant
should have been declared to you ; and so now, we finding no
cause to change this our opinion of an universal peace, if it may
be had with reasonable conditions, and which, without treaty
and proof by a colloquy cannot be known how it may be obtained :—
"Therefore to conclude, we require you not to neglect nor misinterpret
this our motion ; assuring you in the word of a prince
we mean therein sincerely towards you and the universal state
of your country, and mind to proceed in the same as carefully for
you as we shall for our own part and our people. And to the
furtherance hereof, without any unnecessary delay, we require
you to determine upon meet persons that may serve with ample
commission to come to such place as shall be indifferent for that
purpose ; to propound your demands, where our commissioners
shall assist yours with all their powers and credit, for furtherance
of the same. And the names of your deputies we require to be
delivered with some speed to our cousin of Leicester to be certified
to us. And if your peace cannot be had with reasonable conditions,
we will not leave you destitute of defence, by the help of
God's grace, and in all reasonable sort we may with preservation
of our own estate.
Draft, with many corrections, additions and passages underlined
for deletion, entirely in Burghley's hand. Endd. "20 Sept. 1587.
M[inute] of her Majesty's letter to the States General." 6 pp.
Holland XVIII. f. 165.]
Draft of the same, translated into French (in Beale's hand) and
endorsed by Laurence Tomson : "A report of the charge given
to the Earl of Leicester, to be delivered to them. Motion to
hearken to the treaty of peace, their necessity considered."
9 pp. [Ibid. XVIII. f. 169.]
SIR WILLIAM DRURY to WALSINGHAM.
Has received his letter of the 2nd inst. in answer to his own
concerning a bruit that his honour was going into France. Means
to take his journey into those parts himself, so soon as he can hit
upon a safe passage thither, "to see the wars there." Craves
his favourable letters of commendation.—Berghes op Zom, 20
Postscript. Sends by this bearer some maps of divers countries
and provinces, as a token of his dutiful good will.
Add. Endd. ¾ p. [Ibid. XVIII. f. 175.]