Jan. 26./Feb. 5.
SIR WILLIAM STANLEY to CAPT. LEPPINE (fn. 1) .
My sincere regard moves me to write that I have spoken to
M. Taxis about your affair. He spoke of his Highness's good will
towards you and his desire to make use of you. The opportunity
is favourable to perform good offices for the King of Spain, who
will reward you well with absolute pardon for the past (as he has
with many others) if you will place yourself with your company at
his service, or as you may see best, and hand over the place where
you are, for you cannot hold your ground there. I therefore pray
and counsel you as a brother, for you will never find such grace
and courtesy as with the Prince of Parma, and you will find your
friends ready to welcome you.—Deventer, the 5th February,
1587, stilo novo.
Copy. 1 p. Fr. [Flanders II. f. 13.]
BURGHLEY and CROFTS to ANDREAS de LOO.
The duke of Parma's proceeding with the siege of Sluys seems
strange and gives an argument to such as say that he only used
the overture as a means to stay H.M. from sending over the earl
of Leicester, and as the chief reason for staying him was her hope
in the treaty, it allows the enemies of the peace to make profit
thereof. As acts of hostility may work some alteration, those
who favour peace would wish the duke to withdraw from Sluys,
and that there might be a cessation until it be seen what the
issue of the treaty will be. As objection may be taken to the
employment of Sir F. Drake upon the coast of Spain it may be
answered that owing to the reports of preparations against this
realm and Ireland, H.M. could do no less but use all means to
impeach the same, but on learning that the preparations were
stayed and of the duke's disposition to treat she sent to order
Drake not to commit any act of hostility but only to explore the
truth of the preparations and to impeach the same ; but the
parties sent returned without meeting him. H.M. is also greatly
offended at some attempts of Drake by land, showing her good
disposition, and there was never better hope of speedy proceeding
in the treaty. The king of Denmark still purposes to mediate,
and his commissioners are to be at Embden on 26 August to meet
those of H.M. and the duke. As H.M. cannot fully resolve
therein until she knows how the duke stands affected we send to
pray you to find out how he so stands, for if he continues his
former Christian purpose, H.M. will be found ready and forward
to proceed therein, and has promised to inform the king of
Denmark. Touching the place, Embden being in some respects
unsuitable, she thinks some other place not so remote should be
chosen, and that some place near Berghen ap Zome would be
Endd. Copy of a letter to Andreas de Loo, signed by the
L. Treasurer and the Comptroller. 7¼ pp. [Flanders I
Notes in a 17th Century hand of the first part of the above
letter. Endd. The negotiations of Mr. Andreas de Loo in the
year 1587. 2¼ pp. [Ibid. f. 263.]
Summary of the etat de guerre drawn up with the ambassador
of H.M. of England in the presence of H.E. of Nassau, Count
Hohenlo and General Norits, with Councillors Clerck and Wilkes
in the Assembly of the States General for the entire year 1587
as well for the ordinary garrisons of towns and frontier places as
for the maintenance of a camp of 5000 horse, 12,000 foot and
1000 pioneers, with other things requisite and necessary. (fn. 2)
Endd. French. 7 pp. [Holland XIX. f. 261.]
Another copy of Leicester's proclamation of this date (See p
222 above). 2 pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC. p. 269.]
Another copy of the letter of the States to Leicester of this date
(See p. 224 above). 1½ pp. French. [Ibid. XC. p. 271.]
The STATES GENERAL to the QUEEN. (fn. 3)
From her letters of the 20th and 22nd June and the representations
of Messrs. Killigrew and Beale they learn that she is much
offended at what has happened since the departure of the ear
of Leicester, and particularly with their letter of the 4th February
to the earl, which they much regret. Lord Buckhurst declared
himself satisfied upon this point, and they hope she will excuse
them in view of their trouble and perturbation. The declaration
mentioned in her letters was sent at the instance of the ambassador
to have a written declaration of her will. Assure her of their loyalty
and that they expect support from no one else. Protest their
confidence in the governor and assure him of their obedience and
correspondence. Beg her to efface all other impressions and to
continue her favour. Middelburg, 15 August. 1587.
By order : C. Aerssens.
Copy. 2 pp. French. [Ibid. XC. p. 273.]
Another copy of the Articles exhibited by the States of Holland
(See p. 257 above) 4½ pp. French. [Ibid. XC. p. 275.]
Aug. 25/Sept. 4.
Another copy of Valcke's report. (See p. 272 above.)
22/3 pp. French. [Ibid. XC. p. 280.]
The banished men of Deventer to the Queen.
Gratitude for her intervention and for sending Lord Rober
Dudley under whose auspices things were achieved in church and
state in a few months which had not been possible previously in
years, and the foundations were surely laid but for the late
surrender of Deventer. This sudden and unexpected disaster
may be easily repaired by the continuance of her assistance and
the return of the said Lord Robert. They her humble servants
who are nearest the danger and suffered the greatest hurt by the
loss of Deventer ask her for this help, especially in Overyssel,
which is most exposed to the enemy, and commend themselves
to her, having been snatched from the lions jaws, some twelve in
number, escaping naked with nothing but a good conscience and
Copy. Latin. 2 pp. [Holland XIX. f. 325.]
"The decree of the Estates General under what name the
despatches shall be hereafter made."
Despatches which shall be made to the said Council being of
such importance that before the troubles they were made in the
name of the King of Spain, then Prince of these countries, shall
be made in the name and under the seal and signet of the States
General of the United Provinces, by advice of the Council of
State with this inscription :—"Par ordonnance de Messieurs les
Estats Generaulx en le Conseil d' Estat d' icelles."
Despatches of less importance, which before the troubles were
made, not in the name of the Prince, but of the Governors or
Lieutenants-General, shall be made in the name of the Council
of State, but always under the seal or signet of the States General.
Endd. Feb. 1587. French. ½ p. [Ibid. XXI. f. 274.]
Heads of Instructions for the Treasurer.
That he shall transport such treasure as is committed to his
charge to Myddleborrowe in Zeeland, there to be disbursed as the
necessity of the service shall require.
That the payments shall be made in florins and the accounts
kept accordingly, and that such treasure as shall be sent over in
specie shall be issued out according to such values as are there
That he shall receive the sum of 5000l. delivered unto Mr.
General Norryce for the levying of 2000 voluntary men at such
days and times as is contained in the contract between the said
General and the deputies of the States.
That for transportation and portage of such sums as he
shall receive here, he shall be allowed after [blank] in the hundred.
That there shall be allowance made in every band of so many
dead pays as are allowed by the States.
That there shall be defalcations made of such checks as shall
be certified unto the said treasurer from the muster-master of the
English troops, and the commissaries of musters for the same."
Rough draft by Walsingham. 1¾ pp. [Ibid. XIX. f. 327.]
Warrant by the Queen endorsed "for 2169l. to be paid to Sir
Thos. Shirley for provisions delivered by George Leicester
merchant to the horse-bands in the Low Countries." [But in the
warrant, the sums are not filled in.]
"Ex per Lake."
Parchment, 14 lines. [Holland XIX. f. 329.]
Remonstrance of the Council of State to Buckhurst.
When H.E. went to England he left the government in their
hands. They are unequal to the burden but undertook it in the
hope that he would soon return. They have continued to act
under great pressure from the States General, amid great difficulties.
They have received no reply to their representations to
H.E. Confusion is increasing and prompt measures are required.
They draw attention to the following points : the constitution of
the Council is defective, as regards the representation of Utrecht,
Friesland and Flanders. They are unable to treat with the
States about contributions for the war without the express
consent of H.E.
The assembling of the forces ordered by H.E. cannot be effected,
and her Majesty's forces cannot be filled up from the English in
the pay of the States, as the treasurer cannot pay them without
express order from H.E. Several commanders and soldiers and
even towns and quarters will accept no orders but from H.E.
Many other difficulties arise daily through the absence of H.E.
Ask him to advise the best way to remedy this. Signed :
Leoninus. Countersigned : Chr. Huygens.
Copy. 2 pp. [S.P. For. Arch. XC. p. 227.]
Notes by Walsingham of allowances to the Treasurers,
'Harleston' and Sir Thos. Shirley.
Endd. 1¼ pp. [Holland XIX. f. 255.]
Sums of money disbursed out of her Majesty's treasure, in the
charge of Mr. Huddleston.
Headings : Chief Officers in the Field ; officers in garrison ;
footbands ; horsebands ; levy and transportation ; munition and
artillery ; service moneys in Ramekens and Flushing ; rewards in
consideration of service ; extraordinary charges. Showing
25740l. 17s. 10d. to be due by the States to her Majesty.
Endd. with year. 5½ pp. [Ibid. XIX. f. 330.]
Mr. Hurleston's answer to matters collected out of the Estates'
reply to Mr. Wilks, concerning the sum of 20885l. 10s. 2d.
demanded of them.
On sums paid without warrants ; his promise to give the States
copies of warrants ; his neglect to make defalcation of sums due
to the States, which exceed the amount demanded.
Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 334.]
Sum total of receipts [qy. for a year] -
Disbursed by warrants from the Lords of the
Council ; his Excellency, General Norries,
and for transport, coat and conduct
money, &c. - - - -
And so remaineth - - - -
Endd. "A brief of receipts and disbursements." ⅓ p.
[Holland XIX. f. 267.]
1587. (fn. 4) ]
The entertainment of the principal officers of a Regiment, viz :
The Colonel ; Capt. Williams, (fn. 5) lieut. colonel ; Capt. Price,
sergeant-major ; Cresp, provost-marshal ; Capt. Bond, Quartermaster,
harbinger ; Captains Morryce and Powel, corporals of
the field ;
"The entertainment of certain principal officers of an army."
Ric : Harleston, Treasurer ; Nich : Erington, Master of the
Ordnance ; Clyfford, Captain of the Pioneers.
Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 257.]
Rough notes by Burghley of the rate of pay of the muster-master,
and the moneys due to him, &c.
No endorsement. 2 pp. [Ibid. XIX. 271.]
A note of the wants of her Majesty's forces in the Low Countries.
Besides the garrisons of Flushing and Brill there are in the
whole country 3000 footmen of the companies in her Majesty's
Of the horse, besides my l. of Leicester's and Sir Wm. Pelham's
cornets, there are scarce 160 that are serviceable.
The whole companies are near 6 months' pay behind hand and
Sir John Norris's eight months.
Endd. ¼ p. [Ibid. XIV. f. 149.]
To know what number of pioneers : Essex, Kent, Surrey,
To send for principal leaders, Holland : Price, Vere, Baskervil.
Colonels : Sir John Norrice, Sir Robert Constable, Sir Thomas
Morgan, Sir Thomas Layton.
To send to the home counties ; Mr. John Herbart ; Ortell.
⅓ p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 336]
Differences between the States and her Majesty's ministers
upon the accounts.
Pay of Col. Norris ; absence of muster rolls ; companies charged
as if full ; common soldiers not paid proportionately ; 30 horse
too many under Capt. Crispe.
Endd. Meredith. 1 p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 337.]
Answers to exceptions in the accounts ; on unsigned warrants ;
levies of strangers ; defective muster books.
Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIX. f. 338.]
"A project to show how the most part of her Majesty's treasure
may be kept within the realm ; and whereby also the soldier may
be much better used than he is now."
Instead of paying each company of foot 20l. a week in ready
money, to pay 24l., whereof 8l. to be in money and the rest in
To continue the clothing of her soldiers according to the
custom of the King of Spain, twice a year. . .
Whereas the yearly pay of the 1000 horsemen amounts to
30000l., whereof about half is paid in weekly imprests :—"To
assure the parties that such credit as they shall give to the captain
and soldiers. . .shall be duly answered here in England every
month. Then the said parties, upon the receipt of the weekly
lendings. . .will duly pay the value thereof to her Majesty's
treasurer at wars," whereby she will save 30000l. within the realm.
By what he receives in victuals and other provisions the soldier
cannot be defrauded, but by receiving his pay at the captain's
hands, he is often abridged of it.
Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 259.]
Depositions of William Goghe, clerk of Capt. Brereton's band
under Sir William Stanley.
Left Deventer on the day the town was delivered up and came
to England on Sunday. The day before the surrender Sir William
assembled all the officers and required them to swear that they
would do as he would do ; whereunto they assented so that he
would not attempt anything against the Queen's Majesty, and then
he persuaded them that he would only bridle the townsmen
because they did slackly furnish him and his soldiers with money
and victuals which they thought he would do by taking more
forces of Englishmen into the town.
On the morning of the day Sir Wm. went forth of the town
taking Capt. Cosby with him and about fifty soldiers, and appointed
Capt. Brereton to ward at the gate. When they were come to a
bridge about 2 miles out Sir Wm. left them secretly and went to
the place where he had appointed to meet Taxis, so that his
company thought they had lost him. He then came with the
Spaniards and said to his soldiers, "now masters you are all the
King of Spain's men, and bade them march towards the town.
So they did and Taxis followed with 300 horse and 300 foot.
They were let into the town by Owen Eaton, the sergeant-major,
who kept the keys, and let in 1000 or more of the enemy. Capts.
Cosby, Brereton and some others refused to stay although Sir
Wm. offered them large sums of money, 300l. to Cosby. Winter,
the clerk of his band kneeled down four times to have licence
to depart, but could not obtain it.
Capts. Groin, Eaton, Owen Eaton, Salsbury (who was messenger
between Sir Wm. and Mr. Yorke) and some other new captains
did stay with Sir Wm. and most of the kernes, but altogether
against their will. The speech was that Sir Wm. had two tons
of gold for delivering the town and some said that he had but
50000l and a chain of gold that Taxis gave him.
Endd. 1 p. [Holland XIX. f. 340.]
Instructions given to John Heingius, consul and John Gorobulus
minister of the word of God, sent into England.
1. From the churches of Overyssel.
1. To thank the Queen and the Earl of Leicester for the great
benefit conferred upon their congregations the last year.
2. To pray them to persevere in their good work unto the full
deliverance of the Low Countries, happily begun last year but of
late hindered by the loss of Deventer.
3. To deliver to the Earl of Leicester the writings concerning
Ecclesiastical goods in the Province and treat for their ratification ;
also to declare to him the state of the monasteries—seated without
the towns in Overyssel and of the governments of Deventer
4. To make known the decree made at Campen and afterwards
confirmed at [blank] giving the absolute government of their
province to the Queen, and the Earl as her deputy.
2. From the banished burgomaster and ministers
1. To treat in their names concerning the matters contained in
the two former articles.
2. To entreat for the defence and deliverence of Overyssel at
the renewing of the wars (which they hope for), the province
lying most open to the enemy "by reason of Deventry, now lost,"
and the renewing of the war there being a way greatly to encourage
the rest of the provinces.
3. To exhibit petitions to the Queen and the Earl, setting down
the above heads of their instructions and "to do most humble
commendations to her Majesty. . .for bounty, in the names of those
public persons who were banished Deventer, and now make their
abode together," who though mercifully delivered out of the
hands of their enemies have nothing left them but their lives and
a good conscience. With condition annexed that if restored to
their first estate by his Excellency's government, they will render
it back, with the greatest thanks out of their spiritual goods and
4. To petition his Excellency that the banished burgomaster of
Deventer may resume his place among the States of Overyssel.
Finally to declare to him "what [was] ordained at Deventer
before the [loss] thereof concerning the administration and
disposing of the church goods," delivering him the instrument
confirmed by the Burgomaster and the sworn burghers or jurats
and humbly request his ratification thereof.
Copy. Translation. Endd. Instructions etc., sent hither from
the banished burghers of Deventer. 4 pp. [Ibid. XIV. f. 146.]
Another copy of the same. 2⅓ pp. [Holland XIX. f. 284.]
List, in Sir J. Norrey's hand, of "the places where we have
appointed such foot companies as were in these parts."
Captain Tanner to Doesburg ; Capt. Barnish, Lochem ; Capt.
Inge, house of Dort.
Capt. Digbie, Schonhaven ; Capt. Rayns, Asperen (where they
"These companies to be shipped and sent to Rotterdam, to be
placed by Messieurs of Holland" :—Captain Harcourt ; Captains
Carye and Ward who came from Deventer. Captains Swanne
and Farmer ; came from the fort before Zutphen.
The horse companies unprovided of garrison :—His Excellency's
cornet ; my Lord North ; Sir Wm. Russell ; Capt. Dormer ;
1 p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 341.]
Memoires touching the government of Holland. Nature of
functions of the States General, Council of State, Chamber of
Finances, Admiralty, etc.
Fr. 4½ p. [S.P. For. Archives XC. p. 191.]
Declaration of the convocation of the Estates, general and
particular, of the United Provinces. Manner of convoking,
assembling, debating, dissolving, etc.
Fr. 4 pp. [Ibid. XC. p. 196.]
Abstract of matters delivered to Lord Buckhurst by the States
General. Points wherein the contract between the States and her
Majesty had been violated by the Earl of Leicester.
1. Caused company of horsemen to begin Nov. 12, 1585
although not mustered till three months later.
2. Musters of her Majesty's forces not taken with assistance of
the commissaries of the States for a year after his arrival.
3. Her forces not paid with the privity of the commissaries.
4. Kept captains at Flushing and Brill at the States' pay.
5. Garrisons of the cautionary towns not paid monthly.
6. That her Majesty has treated with the Duke of Parma without
knowledge and consent of the States.
7. Her Majesty's forces have never been completed.
8. He levied 60 companies in England and Scotland without
consent of the States.
9. Has not paid the garrisons with the contributions levied.
10. Re banishing of burghers of Utrecht.
11. His proceedings against Paul Buys.
12. Assembling a Synod.
13. Appointments made by self alone. As Lord North, Sonoy,
Sir John Conway, Clerhagen, Bax, Sir R. Williams.
14. His commission to Sonoy divided the government of N.
15. Excessive impressment of waggons.
16. Commission to Sir John Conway for a Court of Admiralty
Endd. 2 pp. [Holland XIX. f. 299.]
Extract from Leicester's reply to Wilkes touching Lord
On the supplies claimed by the States to set off the 20855l. 10s. 2d.
demanded of them ; the procuring of the regiment of Zeeland for
Sir Wm. Russell ; his dealings about peace with suspected persons ;
his neglect of the man recommended to him ; order to muster
master to allow warrants signed by Wilkes.
Endd. ½ p. [Holland XIX. f. 342.]
Abstract of Leicester's charges against Buckhurst.
Got no satisfaction for wrong done to earl. Ill dealing over
alleged reconciliation with Counts Maurice and Hollock ; secret
efforts to delay earl's return ; neglect to make charge against
the States ; no satisfaction demanded for Count Maurice's slander
of H.M. ; accepted very slender answers for regiment of Zeeland
etc. 20 articles.
Endd. 3 pp. [Ibid. XIX. f. 344.]
"The effect and process of the suit of Ferdinando Poyntz
against the States General," for payment of money due upon a
bond held by him, which bond was given by them to one Peter
Engelhoven in May 1579, and transferred to Poyntz in the following
December. Narrates proceedings up to June 1583, when
sentence was given in his favour by Dr. Lewis [Dr. David Lewes],
then judge of the Admiralty. From this sentence the defendants,
Woulters and Hauseman appealed to her Majesty in her Court of
Chancery. And there the matter has remained "these four years
Endd. 2 pp. [Ibid. XIX. f. 281.]
Petition of Jacques Reingout, formerly Sieur de Cauwenbourg
and clerk of the demesne and finances of the Low Countries for
letters of naturalisation, without fee, in consideration of his
having been deprived of all his property because of his adherence
to the true faith, by reason of which he has had to return unto this
kingdom, to end his days.
Unsigned and undated. Fr. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 346.]
"Hugh Owens' Instructions to B."
1. To know the reasons why the King of Scots was not in the
last Parliament (fn. 6) declared heir apparent, according to promise
made to him, and considering they have broken with him, what
assurance have they of the said King if he would take part
against them. Withal to learn how he taketh the matter, etc.
2. Having defrauded him of his pretence for the succession,
why do they permit his alliance with Denmark, considering his
proximity to the crown, and that he of Denmark doth also
pretend an old broken title, in which respect they should rather
have sought to match him meanly in his own country of Scotland.
3. Who of the Council and what faction is so contrary to the
King of Scots, for although it standeth with the policy of France
that both realms be not joined together, yet it seemeth to be most
convenient for England, in which respect his marriage with
Arbella had been to good purpose.
4. Upon whom the Queen and Council do cast their eye to
make heir apparent. Whether in that point they are much
divided ; I mean the Council, who and how.
5. Whether they would willingly and unfeignedly yield to
marry Arbella out of England. Where and to whom do they most
incline to bestow her, either within and without the realm. (fn. 7)
6. What Catholics in Rome, France and in the Low Countries,
especially in the last doth hold correspondence and give them
avises, and their names ; being most assured that some do it.
7. What Catholics and their names, (I mean of those that are
banished), treated the last year with the Council for some liberty
or toleration in matters of religion upon their reconcilement ; (fn. 8)
and why it broke off, and whether they would unfeignedly give
ear to the like motion.
8. What are the reasons why the Queen and Council have not
sought to reconcile and assure unto them the Catholic subjects at
home and abroad by permitting some liberty in religion, considering
it standeth not with no good policy to procure so many puissant
enemies her neighbours, having so small alliance of steadfast
friends, and her own subjects not united nor assured of their
9. Who of the Council were likest for a good pension to be won
for a friend to the King of Spain and to have correspondence with
him. B. must do his best to make a way for that purpose.
10. What service was committed to be done unto Captain
Barney when they set him at liberty, I being most assured that
he had never been permitted to return but upon some promise
made to serve their turns. And why Capt. Pecott is not set at
11. Whether Capt. Eaton and Wiseman, that made themselves
fugitives from hence, have any credit or are employed. If they
be, where and how.
12. To procure familiar acquaintance with some governor,
captain or officer that hath charge under the Queen or Estates in
the Low Countries, to see if any such for money may be won to
yield some town or strong hold ; in which matter you must deal
warily, for that divers of them are double and not to be trusted.
13. How the people do take and bear so many subsidies,
loans and other oppressions for levying of soldiers laid upon them ;
which subjects and in what part of the realm do most repine at that.
14. The causes and grounds of the late division between the
puritans and the protestants. Who are the heads of each party
and their adherents. How the Council is divided in that point and
whether of the two parties were best and fittest for the cathol[ics]
to deal or join with.
15. Whether they could be contented to give ear to a peace ;
the same containing some liberty for the Cathol[ics], and with
what conditions it were likest that a peace would take effect.
16. Whether they would doubt that the King of Spain will
attempt any invasion. Where according to their judgments
they fear most, if he should go about it, and which part of the
realm they account weakest and worst able to resist such attempts ;
with other circumstances to that purpose.
17. What numbers of men they have ready within the realm
to defend any invasion ; how appointed ; in what order each part
shall give correspondence and succour to the other ; what leaders
in every part. Who is general of all in Leicester's place. (fn. 9)
18. Whether of late they have made any new fortifications
on the sea coast, where and in what order. How the new and
the old is defended.
19. To procure familiar acquaintance with some officer in the
Queen's ships or belonging to the Admiralty ; to see if any there
might be brought to serve a turn. [Cancelled.]
20. To learn the cause the Lord Admiral is not employed.
Whether he be 'disconted' and poor.
21. What ships of the Queen or others are at sea or in readiness
at the present ; in what order, how appointed and under whose
charge. What number of ships they could set to sea of all sorts ;
how prepared, also how many out of every town and seaport.
22. To learn what nobleman is "disconted" and poor and
Endd. 3 pp. [Holland XIX. f. 286.]
end of ?]
Memoir of certain points touching the treaty between the
Queen of England and the King of Spain.
Renewal of the ancient treaties of friendship, privileges and
liberties, agreed upon between King Henry VIII. and the Emperor
Charles, as Duke of Burgundy.
English subjects to have free trade with all the King's dominions,
without molestation of their persons or goods by the Ecclesiastical
Inquisition, unless they give apparent cause of scandal.
Renewal of the ancient treaties between England and Portugal.
All prizes and depredations on either side, whether by land or
sea to be forgotten, and all prisoners on each side to be liberated.
The moneys lent by the Queen to the States (then assembled
at Brussels) in 1577, at the urgent request of their ambassadors,
to be repaid by the said King.
As for the towns held by the said Queen in the Low Countries,
if they shall demand restitution thereof into the hands of the
King, it will be but a vain request.
Endd. French. ¾ p. [Newsletters I. f. 146.]
[JACQUES] ROSSELL to "Monseigneur" [qy. BURGHLEY].
Asks interest with "His Highness" to obtain a clerk's place in
the Finances ; seeing that he knows already the way to improve
the value of his domain by a million and more, for his private
use ; and moreover her Majesty will have a servitor in a Council
from whence she may learn more than from any other for her
service and that of her whole realm. Has friends in the Council
of State who urge him to go on with this, if her Majesty approves ;
she might write to his Highness and the Earl of Leicester to
give their aid therein, feigning to do it in favour of an old
servant of the States, well known and in good repute for fidelity.
Copy. No signature, date or address. Endd. "Mr. Rossel's
request. French. 1 p. [Holland XIX. f. 277.]
Matters to be "remembered to the Lords."
Sir Francis Vere's petitions for more men, apparel, victuals,
etc., and increase of his entertainment.
To sign the warrants of pay for Sir William Russell's horse
company, etc. To signify their pleasure whether it shall be
allowed to the 5 of March, "when the same [company] was
delivered over to the hands of Sir Robert Sidney, or but to the 12
of October last, when he was entered into the list.
½ p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 347.]
STEPHEN COOCKE to SIR JOHN CONWAY.
Asks permission to leave the service, having had the falling
sickness this long while.
Undated. ¾ p. [Ibid. XIX. f. 283.]
List of munitions of war and other things needed in Ostend.
With note, that direction was given to Sir William Russell in
February last to send two cannons and two lasts of powder from
the store at Flushing ; but he advertises that Lord Willoughby
has disposed of most part of the ordnance and munition there,
and none can be spared.
Endd. ¾ p. [Flanders I. f. 238.]
"Considerations very meet to be well disgested and presently
resolved touching Ostend."
The writer thinking that her Majesty's aid to the Low
Countries "should be rather carefully increased than negligently
relinquished" urges the holding of Ostend as a landing place for
her troops, either against the Spaniards or the French.
Its situation is strong, its soil the best in Flanders and from it
everything may pass by water to Bridges, Brussels, Ghent etc.
And the haven may be made very good with small charges.
If the enemy had it, it would be fortified, and the haven become
more offensive to her Majesty than Dunkirk or any other town,
and such an assistance to his shipping as would put her Majesty
"to far greater changes by sea than now riseth by her garrison."
By holding it, she can annoy the enemy whenever she thinks
good, and also force him to be at great charges for defence of
these parts ; and the spoil made by his own forces causes the
desolation of most part of Flanders, and lack of contribution
of maintenance of his war.
It "will be always an eye upon the enemy" ; so that they can
do no exploit without being discovered in time.
"If it might be thought good to find a time to take in a sconce
which the enemy holdeth called the Newen Damme, it would take
away the river," so that nothing should pass from Dunkirk, Newport
etc. to Bruges, Sluce, Damme and those parts save by land
carriage, which the garrison of Ostend and the sconce would greatly
annoy. It would also force all places round about to give contribution
so that her Majesty's charges would not be so great, and the
soldiers live in far better order ; and in short time would so annoy
Bruges and other towns that they must either compound with
her Majesty or abandon the places. And furthermore enable
timber trees to be easily had and withal the labour of the people
to assist in repair of the town, haven etc.
It would also much "advance this town" to establish an
Admiralty there, which, being in Flanders, would be no way
injurious to the Chief Admiral of Holland and Zeeland. By
means whereof, owing to the increase of trade and concourse of
people, the place would soon be enriched, and money enough
raised there to quit her Majesty of many charges.
The decay of the haven, sluices and sea-banks is so great,
"through the drowsy humours of the townsmen" that speedy
order must be taken, or the town will be drowned. The present
state of the waterworks requires her Majesty's resolution either
to bestow some charge to defend the place against the sea or to
consider "by what degrees of honour her Highness may best
Unsigned and undated. Endd. 1½ pp. [Holland XIX. f. 47.]
Abstract of the suit for revision brought by William Colston,
merchant of Bristol against Capt. Everhard Henrici and Dom.
Ad. Nicolas, fiscal advocate of the Admiralty in Zeeland.
9½ pp. [S.P. For. Archives XC. p. 423.]