Henry VIII
January 1536, 11-15


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner (editor)

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'Henry VIII: January 1536, 11-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 10: January-June 1536 (1887), pp. 26-38. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75410 Date accessed: 16 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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January 1536, 11-15

11 Jan.
Harl. MS., 540, f. 51 b. B. M.
73. Henry VIII. to—.
Orders him to attend at Kimbolton on 26 Jan., to accompany the corpse of the lady Catharine, widow of prince Arthur, to the place of burial at Peterborough. If he sends to London, Sir Wm. Pawlet will deliver to his servant mourning apparel. Greenwich, 11 Jan.
Copy by Stow. P. 1.
Harl. 6064,
f. 7 b.
2. Another copy (not contemporary), misdated 11 Feb.
P. 1.
[11 Jan.]
R. O.
74. Chapuys to Henry VIII.
Is prevented by indisposition from expressing in person his thanks for his good treatment at Quimolton. Desires credence for the bearer and a favorable answer. London, Tuesday.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Au Roy. Endd.: A l're in French to the Kynges hignes from —
R. O.
75. Cromwell's Remembrances.
Item.—A commission for surveying all the King's ordnance, and books to be made thereof.
Item.—Who shall preach at the Dowager's interment. Item.—Specially for the palls to be seven in number, to be offered at the said interment.
In Cromwell's hand.
*** On the other side is a list of bishops, as follows, in a clerk's hand, the names in italics being added opposite to them by another hand:—
The archbishop of Canterbury,—the bishop of Rochester. The archbishop of York, the bishops of Durham, Carlisle, and Lincoln,—Adams, the messager. The bishop of Bath,—Thos. Clerk. The bishops of Salisbury and Worcester,—my lord of Rochester. The bishop of Hereford,—the parson Spassheforde. The bishop of Rochester,—to my lord of Rochester. The bishop of Exon,—Peter Courtney. The bishop of Bangor,—Peter Lark. The bishop of Norwich. The bishop of St. Asaph,—to the bishop. The bishop of St. David's. The bishop of Chester,—to Lewes Johns. The bishop of Llandaff. The bishop of Chichester. The bishop of London,— to my lord of Rochester. The bishop of Ely. The bishop of Wynton,— to Peter Lark.
[11 Jan.]
R. O.
76. Ralph Sadleyer to Cromwell.
This morning I declared to the King all things contained in my memorial. He answered that for any hearse to be had at Paul's it should be more charge than was either requisite or needful. When I said that his sister (fn. 1) had one, he replied that she was a Queen, and as the princess Dowager is to be buried at Peterborough with so great solemnization, and the Emperor's ambassador was to be there present, there was no need of a hearse at Paul's. He said it will not be requisite to give any mourning vesture to the French ambassador; but with the rest of the arrangement he is satisfied. Touching the instructions for my lord William and the bishop elect of St. Asaph, the King appointed me to come to him at mass time to read him the same; but when I came he said he would take a more leisure time, and commanded me to wait till the evening. I fear I shall have to tarry here very late. Therefore send all the letters that be stamped by the bearer. It will be hard to get any bill signed, as I could not get it done at mass time. You know he is always loth to sign, and I think he deferred reading the instructions because he was not willing to sign. I delivered him your lock and opened him all the gins. He likes it marvellously well, and heartily thanks you. Greenwich, this Tuesday at noon.
Hol., pp. 2.
11 Jan.
R. O.
77. Earl of Northumberland to Henry VIII.
On information of a riot in the forest of Gawteres, appointed a sessions on Dec. 16 at Topclyf. Incloses the names of the "quest," as they would not find the riot, in spite of the evidence. Thos. Dalerever was the principal one to prevent it. Anthony Heron was indicted of treason at Topclyf, but is a simple person, and now denies his opinions, confessing himself to be a notable offender. He daily asks the Earl to intercede for him. Desires instructions. Topclyf, 11 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
ii. Nomina juratorum.
Thos. Dalarever, Wm. Fulthorp, Esqs.; Wm. Baxbe, Matthew Metcalf, Thos. Pensax, John Scale, Brian Eglesfeld, Geo. Davill, Edw. Huddiswell, gentlemen; Robt. Barnebe, John Freer, Thos. Brandesbe, Ric. Vender, Wm. Dove, yeomen.
11 Jan.
R. O.
78. The Earl of Northumberland to Cromwell.
To the same effect. Desires the King's "pardon of licence from the Parliament," considering his office. Topclyff, 11 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, Secretary to the King's Majesty. Sealed. Endd.
ii. Names of the jury on a slip of paper attached.
11 Jan.
R. O.
79. Ric. Southwell to Cromwell.
On Saturday, the 1st of this new year, I arrived at Hoxon, where I found a house far out of order, and none meet to take the charge of it. Perceiving the ravine among men who were without any order, I called them before me, examined all such as were suspected of taking money, plate, and other things, and commanded them to restore them. I have perused a book made by Pekrell, auditor of the late Bishop, of all such plate as remains here, not given away by Mr. Redmayne in the Bishop's life. The contents are of no great value. Of the plate that he gave there is no account, but I have recovered some of it, and shall obtain the rest as I can discover in whose hands it is. I have received in ready money 400l., after the old rate, in rialles, in the custody of Sir John Cornwallis and Mr. Rowse, treasurer to my lord of Norfolk, whose honest dealings it were too long to declare. But for their circumspection upon the death of the Bishop, as the closet door where all his books and writings were, was left open by Redmayne at his departure for London, his effects would have been dispersed. The whole is now delivered into my hands, except 500 marks in the keeping of Sir John and Rous. Nevertheless, by the negligence of Mr. Redmayne, and the supposed gift during the life of the Bishop made unto him, of which the specialties were stolen or lost, or falsified, much has no doubt been lost.
I have sent a declaration of the money found in the closet with other receipts taken by Redmayne. How negligently he disposed of the goods shall appear by the same.
The stuff of the household redelivered into my custody will appear by the inventory. I have not yet proceeded with the examination of persons touching the supposed gift to Redmayne, but wait the King's pleasure. I have sent you secret advertisement by Mr. Gresham touching this matter. Men are not hasty to come to examination or disclose their knowledge, and I have no commission for that purpose. I had rather have paid 40l. at this present time than have written thus much, being diseased, as Mr. Gresham can inform you.
No small waste has been done in the Bishop's woods, both before and since his death. Let me know whether I shall bring up the plate with me or have it sold here at Norwich. All is old and ill-fashioned, and it will be a great charge to bring it to London. I have deferred the account to be taken of Mr. Godsalf for the spiritualties until I wait upon you. I also wish your pleasure touching the sale of the stuff remaining at Hoxon—the whole of the residue late remaining at Terlyng. Mr. Redmayne fearing prevention disposed of it during the Bishop's life. Coming from London I received a letter from Robt. Hoggen, which I send you.
I send you an account of all accountants for the Bishop's temporal lands. Norwich, Tuesday, 11 Jan. anno xxvii.
Hol., pp. 7. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
ii. The weight of the plate, 181 articles, 1,634¾ oz.
Among the items is a little pot with R.N. on the cover.
Pp. 3.
R. O.iii. Declaration by Ric. Redmayne of the money received by him out of the study of the late bishop of Norwich, from the 12th Nov. 27 Hen. VIII. to 4 Jan. following:—
Total receipt, 2,331l. 16s. 11d., whereof he accounts for 1,576l. 5s. 10d. Among the persons mentioned in the account are Ric. Bellamy, Wm. at Mere, the Bishop's receiver, and Wm. Newton, late receiver; Robt. Frank, farmer of Terlyng; the duke of Norfolk, Mr. Redcliffe, the Bishop's godson; John Beale, who had married a kinswoman; Mrs. Rochester, of Terlyng, a kinswoman; Sir E. Boleyn, Robt. Bate, a kinsman; Master Winter, archdeacon of— (fn. 2) Thos. Sakforde, alms to various poor persons, amounting to 133l. 3s. 7d. &c.
Pp. 3. Endd. by Southwell: To be delivered unto Mr. Secretary.
R. O.iv. Money found at Hoxne, in bags, &c. in the closet, in Southwell's hands.
P. 1. With a prescription for the stone by Rawlyn Hollond, on the back.
11 Jan.80. Archbishopric of Dublin.
See Grants in January, No. 6.
11 Jan.
Luther's Briefe, iv. 662.
81. Luther to John Frederic, Elector of Saxony.
Thinks it would be well to allow Melancthon to discuss the king of England's divorce with the English embassy, in accordance with the promise made by the Elector to Dr. Antonio before his expedition into Austria, that he would consult the divines as soon as the other embassy came, either here or at Torgau. Does not know how he has expressed his opinion already. Tuesday after Epiphany, 1536.
11 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 119. B.M.
82. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
The declaration that the king of England is deprived of his kingdom for his great sins against the Catholic faith and the Apostolic See has been resolved upon by the whole consistory, with a space of three months allowed for his conversion. It only remains now for the bull to be written, sealed, intimated in the usual places, and printed. Hopes there may be no delay. As it was done in the Emperor's absence and not at the instance of the queen of England, but by the Holy See spontaneously, there is no new occasion for the King to be angry with the Queen.
Much time is saved that would have been wasted by keeping terms and intimations, if the executorials had been proceeded with.
The knight Casal is now in England. He says that clerks are allowed to marry, and that the bishop of Excestre (Winchester), who has printed a book against the Apostolic See in favor of the English schism, has gone lately on an embassy to France. Rome, 11 Jan. 1536.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
12 Jan.
R. O.
83. Thomas Lord Lawarr to Cromwell.
I understand by Dr. Cromer that you have been a means with the King for my absence from this Parliament. If I could do the King any service there I would be present; but I could only say yea or nay. At my poor house, 12 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
12 Jan.
R. O.
84. Launcelot Colyns to Cromwell.
The dean of York is so ill that I think he cannot recover. Please write to me to move him in your name for a friend of yours, for he is "a crasytt," and has moved my lord Archbishop for leave to resign, having a reasonable portion out of the deanery. I doubt not I can get it for your nephew. I have instructed Sir Geo. Lowson, the bearer, about many things, too long to write. York, 12 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.; Master Thomas Crumwel, Secretare unto the Keyng. Endd.
12 Jan.
R. O.
85. Robert Faryngton to Cromwell.
I wish to know by the bearer, my cousin Richemond, whether you have any further commands in the matter I showed you when I came from Louvain. If not, I wish to leave Cambridge and visit Paris and Orleans. I had no acquaintance with you that I durst be so bold to write in the absence of Dr. Layeghton. Cambridge, in Clement hostelle, 12 Jan.
P.S.—I am informed that Philip had two benefices and a prebend when he went over sea.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
12 Jan.
R. O.
86. Archbishopric of York.
Report of archbishop Lee, presented to Cromwell through Drs. Ric. Layton and Thos. Legh, appointed for the visitation of the province of York. 12 Jan., A.D. 1535.
i. Documents relating to the foundation of the archbishopric, donations, bulls, &c. are preserved in the treasury of York Cathedral, and are exhibited by the Dean and Chapter.
ii. Valuation of the lands of the archbishopric, viz.:—In the royalty of Hexham, of which Sir Reynold Carnaby is receiver, clear yearly value, 196l. 19s. 4¾d.; lordship of Ripon, Miles Staveley, receiver, 262l. 15s. 9½d.; barony of Shirborne, Yorks, Ric. Coton, receiver, 329l. 9s. 3½d. ¾q.; lordship of Otley, Yorks, Wm. Strangways, clk., receiver, 20l. 15s. 7d.; lordship of Beverley, Rob. Creke, deputy of Sir Ric. Payge, receiver, 462l. 5s. 10d.; lordship of Scroby, Notts, Wm. Warener, receiver, 167l. 11s. 4¾d.; lordship of Southwell, Notts, Sir John Markham, deputy of Thomas Hennage, receiver, 147l. 19s. 10d.; barony of Churchdown, W. Gilforde, prior of St. Oswalds, Gloucester, receiver, 186l. 18s. 0¼d.; lordship of Battersea and Wandsworth, Surr., Henry Argentyne, bailiff, 14l. 18s. 1d.; chancery of the archbishopric, Tristram Teshe, receiver, 31l. 18s.; exchequer of York, Edward Kellett, clk., receiver, 179l. 5s. 7¾d. Total of the archbishopric, 2,195l. 0s. 4½d. ¾q., or, deducting allowances, 1,762l. 10s. 2¾d. ¼q.; whereof the tenth due to the King amounts to 205l. 2s.
iii. Inventory of the implements remaining in the castle of Cawood, taken by Will. Lelegrave, 24 Oct. 23 Hen. VIII., (fn. 3) viz.:—In the hall, pantry, buttery, ewery, great kitchen, &c., porter's lodge, gatehouse chamber, upper chamber over the gatehouse, and in all the different chambers, including the treasurer's chamber, Dr. Bonar's chamber, Constable's chamber, my lord's sleeping chamber, the great chamber, the chapel, the lodging of bishop Savage, the little gallery towards the water side, the library, Mr. Winter's chamber, the chamber in the tower, and Augustine's chamber; in all 49 chambers or apartments.
iv. Number of mares, stallions, &c. in the Rest park and the Hagges, at Cawood, A.D. 1533, 19.
v. Implements remaining at Southwell, in 13 different apartments.
vi. Implements remaining at Scroby, in 39 chambers or apartments.
vii. The lordship of Beverley, in six apartments, including the gaol.
viii. The lordship of Ripon, in 10 apartments, including the gaol.
ix. The palace of York, in 10 apartments, including the Queen's chamber and the gaol.
x. The manor of Bishop Thorpe and the manor of Battersea. Only a few entries, and the number of chambers not specified.
A long parchment roll of 14 membranes.
12 Jan.
Add MS. 28,588, f. 121. B. M.
87. Jo. Hannaert to the Empress.
* * * The English ambassadors are still here, but nothing is concluded, and the cause of their coming is not known.
The Scotch ambassadors were at Paris waiting for the answer of their King about his marriage with the daughter of Mons. de Vandoma. The affair is kept very quiet. * * * Macon, 12 Jan. 1536.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
13 Jan.
R. O.
88. Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction.
Commission to Wm. Petre, LL.D., to act as deputy for Cromwell as Vicegerent, Vicar-General, and Official Principal in matters concerning wills, &c. 13 Jan. 1535, 27 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 5. Endd.: Commissio jurisdictionis judici curiæ prærogativ. adhibenda.
13 Jan.
Cleop. E. iv. 50. B. M.
89. Sir Edward Chamberlain to [Cromwell]. (fn. 4)
The prior of Ixford, Suff., of which house he is founder, is lately dead, and, as appears by his ancestors' grants, the convent should proceed to an election immediately with his consent.
Begs [Cromwell] to grant accordingly, so that it may not be used to the contrary. Kymbalton, 13 Jan. Signed.
P. 1.
13 Jan.
Cleop. E. iv. 203. B. M.
90. Thos. Bedyll to [Cromwell].
Among the muniments of the house of Ramsey, I found a charter of king Edgar subscribed thus:— Signum Ædgari incliti et serenissimi Anglorum Imperatoris, + Whereby it may be noted that before the Conquest the King wrote himself emperor of England. There were six dukes in England at that time, for they subscribe thus:—Ego Alfwold dux. Ego Athelstan dux. Ego Alpe dux. Ego Oslac dux. Ego Brithmoth dux. Ego Ethelweard dux. The King had two sons, who subscribe not as dukes but thus:—Signum Ædwardi ejusdem regis filii, Signum Æthelredi fratris ejus. Has seen a charter of king Edward before the Conquest, beginning:—In onomate summi kyrion, and soon after. Ego Ædwardu[s] Totius Albionis, Dei moderante gubernatione (sic) archiepiscopis episcopis, abbatibus, centenariis cunctisque sanctæ fideli[bus] ecclesiœ, clericis et laicis insuper et omnibus post me futuris regi[bus] salutem perpetuamque pacis felicitatem. You may note that he calls himself of Albion not England. Quotes a passage in which king Edward exempts the monastery of Ramsey from royal and episcopal power. The charter is signed by four dukes, Leonricus, Haroldus, Leofwynus, and Eadwynus. Noted also these words—Ipse abbas soli regi serviens, atque ei soli os ad os respondens commissum sibi gregem spirituali et tempor[ali] pascua habundantius foveat, soli regi et nulli alii subjectus. For which goodness of kings to this house above all others, they are bound to owe their love and obedience to the King above other religious houses, which are not so exempted only to the King immediately. As far as I can perceive the abbot and brethren are well contented to renounce the usurped jurisdiction of the bishop of Rome, and to accept the King for the Supreme Head of the Church. The Abbot exhibited Edgar's charter in the parish church before my coming, declaring that the King is Emperor of the realm as Edgar was, which is a token of a good mind. The abbey of Ramsey, 13 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2.
13 Jan.
Cleop. E. iv. 104. B. M. Burnet, vi. 134. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 95.
91. Thos. Legh to Cromwell.
On the 11th Jan. Dr. Layton and I were with the archbishop of York, whom we enjoined to preach touching the King's prerogative, and see others do the same; also to bring up his first, second, and third foundations, "whereupon he enjoyeth his office and prerogative power," with the grants and privileges to him and his see. When you have examined them, no doubt you will see many things worthy reformation, so that poor ignorant persons may be enlightened and preserved in their fidelity towards their Prince. Has informed Cromwell of what they have done, that he may either augment or diminish the instructions heretofore given. York, 13 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Master Cromwell, Chief Secretary and Master of the Rolls. Endd.
13 Jan.
Cleop. E. iv. 115 (fn. 4) . B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 97.
92. Ric. Layton to [Cromwell].
Here in Yorkshire we find great corruption amongst religious persons, even as we did in the South, and worse, if worse may be in kinds of knavery, " as, retrahere membrum virile in ipso punctu seminis emittendi ne inde fieret prolis generatio, and nunnes to take potations ad prolem conceptum opprimendum." Today we begin with St. Mary's Abbey, where we expect to find much evil disposition both in the abbot and convent. The dean of York never fully concluded with the treasurer here, refusing to resign the deanery unless other possessions were left him; for pension he would have none, " fearing such like debaytment thereof as was of pensions in the last Parliament." He was once willing to have taken the treasurership in lieu of a pension, but the treasurer would not agree unless he could have had his prebend as well as his deanery. The treasurer expected the dean to have been pliant at the time the former last went up to London, as the dean informs me. York, 13 Jan.
Hol., p. 1.
13 Jan. R. O.
St. P. i. 453.
93. Archbishop Lee to Cromwell.
Dr. Laiton, as the visitor deputed by Cromwell, has examined him very rigorously about words alleged to be spoken by him to the general confessor of Syon and to some one sent by him. Never sent any counsel to the confessor, nor received any messenger from him concerning the title of Supreme Head, or any other thing touching the King. If he had sent, would have counselled him as he did the priors of Hull and Mount Grace, whom he turned and satisfied, though they were stiff and determined to abide the last danger rather than yield to the said title. Trusts Cromwell knows the declaration he has made in his own person, and also for others to declare openly. Has magnified the title, and furnished it with grounds in the book delivered to the archdeacons to divulge in every parish. Begs him to prevent the King from conceiving any displeasure against him for the said surmise. Has written to the King. Cawood, 13 Jan, 1535. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add., Master Secretary. Endd.
13 Jan.
R. O.
94. Henry Earl of Essex to Cromwell.
Asks him to make his "exskuse" to the King. Thanks him for his goodness to the abbot of Beyle (Bileigh). The abbot of Coggeshall is accused of misdemeanour by a "simple person," supported by one who was formerly abbot there, as Dr. Lye, the "visitor," will certify. He himself and the earl of Oxford have examined the abbot, and find him a true subject. Asks favor for his steward, William Clopton. Stansted, 13 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
13 Jan.
R. O.
95. Sir Robert Dormer to Cromwell.
I have delivered your letter to the abbot of Notley, who will let you have the farm of his pastures called Brill Closes from the Annunciation of Our Lady, for 40 years, at the usual rents. If I had not received your credence it would have been hard for me to have obtained it. The abbot will deliver the lease next term. He wished to deliver it himself. I recommend Nich. Betham to have the keepership of the same. Etheropp, 13 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. Secretary. Endd.
13 Jan.
R. O.
96. Barnard Townley to the Bishop of Carlisle.
Those are the names of the principal parishioners of St. Theobald's who refuse to pay their tithes of the vacation unto you, and say they have paid them to Sir Will. Musgrave, their master. The bailiffs, Edw. Maltbie and Alex. Musgrave, have taken them in their master's name. The men whose names are enclosed will not suffer possession to be taken according to your collation given to Sir John Knolles, chaplain to Mr. Secretary, who I suppose will order some process against them. When they come up I think you will be wise to take one action against them. Rose, 13 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
R. O.97. Richard Nix, Bishop of Norwich.
Bonds given by Richard, bp. of Norwich, for loans, with the days at which they are payable:—
To Wm. Crane, of the Chapel Royal, 13l. 6s. 8d. Prior of Bliburgh, 10l. Abbot of Leiston, 20l. Ric. Bishop and others, 46l. 13s. 4d. Gilbert Grice, and others, of Yarmouth, 20l. Bp. of Winchester, 100l. Prior of the church of the Holy Trinity, Norwich, 124l. Wm. Watts and others, of Norwich, 10l. Thos. Barbor, of Gipwich (Ipswich), 60l. Ant. Grice, of Brodisshe, 10l. Alice Call, widow, Robt. Hemmyng;, and Ric. Catlyn, aldermen, of Norwich, 26l. 7s. 4½d. Sir Thos. le Strange and Augustin Stewart, aldermen, 50l. Wm. Rochester, of Terlyng, Essex, 13l. 6s. 8d. Wm. Newton, archdeacon of Norfolk, 280l. Prior of the Holy Trinity, Ipswich, 30l. Sir Thos. Bedingfield, 40l. Abbot of Langley, Ric. Hudson, prior of Beston, and others, 50l. Geo. Whelpley, of London, 80l. Sir John Jerningham, of Halsted, 75l. John Dowsing, of Gratfelde, 10l. Sir Wm. Paston, 50l. Hen. Wynter, of Townebernyngham, 15l. Ph. Bedyngfield, of Dechyngham, 10l. Sir John Cornewales, 50l. Sir Thos. Russhe, 100l. Sir Ant. Wyngfelde, 100l. Reginald Rowse, of Baddyngham, 26l. 13s. 4d. John Garnon, of Orford, 10l. Reginald Lytilprowe, John Parys, and Thos. Conney, of Norwich, 80l. Wm. Raynbald, of Ipswich, 80l. Robt. Garrard, of Norwich, worsted weaver, 13l. Ric. Southwell, 50l. Abbot of Sibton, and Sir John Hevingham, 30l. Robt. Wymere, of Tevittishale, 20l. Ric. Catlyn and Robt. Hemmyng, aldermen, 80l. John Woodhouse, of Brecles, Roger Woodhouse, of Kimberley, and Ric. Baynard, of Wymondham, 80l. Archbp. of York and Nic. Wilford, London, 50l. Ric. Lacy, 33l. 6s. 8d. Robt. Reynbalde, Stephen Reynbalde, and Thos. Conney, 20l. Wm. Bakon, of Thornegge, 20l. Jas. Spencer, of Hemlyngton, 10l. Thos. Pykarell, Thos. Necton, and Wm. Rogers, of Norwich, aldermen, 100l. Leonard Spencer, of Bloffeld, 100l. Thos. Wodehouse, of Waxtonesham, 100l. Edw. Knevet. and Sir John Shelton, 200l. Abbot of St. Benedicts, Hulme, 40l. John Maynard and other mercers of London, 400l. John, bp. elect of Bangor, and others, 50l. Total, 2,886l. 14s. 0½d.
Lat., pp. 8. Endd.: The contents of specialities owing to the bp. of Norwich.
14 Jan.
R. O.
98. John Whalley to Cromwell.
Is the number of workmen to be reduced? More than 460 men are at present receiving wages. Four tons of iron and 40 dozen spades, shovels, and scoops have come from Dover, and one month's wages is due tomorrow, Saturday. A couple of "olde hales" are wanted for the men to work in in foul weather, and for them to dine in, instead of going to the town, "whiche hathe bene a lett and dysproffite heretofore unto the Kinges Hignes in his warkes." Friday, 14 Jan.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: "Chief Secretary." Endd.
14 Jan.
Cleap. E. vi., 234.* B. M. Ellis, 3 S., ii. 372.
99. Archbishop Lee to Henry VIII.
When Drs. Layton and Leghe were with me as your visitors on Jan. 13, they very straitly examined me concerning words that I was supposed to have spoken to the general confessor of Syon or to one sent by him, viz., that 1 would stand against your title of Supreme Head even to the death, if I thought that 1 might prevail. Never spake with the said confessor, nor sent any counsel to him, nor received any messenger from him or any one at Syon in matters concerning your Highness. Have had nothing to do with any from Syon since coming to my diocese. Four charterhouses, Richmond, Coventry, Hull, and Mount Grace, have come to me for counsel. I have always said to them "What counsel shall I give you but to do as I have done myself, and as many other have done, both great learned men, and taken for good men, and that they might not think that such men would do but that they might avow." The priors of Hull and Mount Grace were sore bent rather to die than to yield to this your royal style, but I have persuaded both, to change their opinions. If Syon had sent to me for counsel, they should have had the same advice. I do not set so little by my poor honesty, nor am I so simple as to utter words that would imply that I had acted against my conscience.
All to whom I have given counsel, know that I have always advised them to do as I and other bishops have done, and in no wise to stick.
No man can report that I have done otherwise. I have declared to some that they might with safe conscience consent, which is inconsistent with what is alleged, that I said I would die for the contrary part if I might prevail.
It is more likely that to some who said they would rather die than yield, I might have said that as it is allowable to die for the truth, when the cause is good and the ground sure, so it is folly to die, the cause being evil and the ground unsure. I have often said that these be no causes to die for, as my chaplains and your chaplain, Mr. Magnus, can witness. My chaplains have heard me say that I marvelled that the late bp. of Rochester was so stifl to die in these causes without good ground; whereas in other high matters of the faith and errors against it, he has dissembled and has not been content with such as have written against them, for the favor which he bare to the party in whose books they were found; in which cause he should not only not have dissembled nor favoured the party, but rather have died than suffered such errors to grow, of which sort there were divers and sundry in one man's books, against whom many clerks and some universities have written. I have spoken thus in the presence of sundry persons, which is very different from the accusations of the confessor of Syon.
I never spoke with him since I came out of Spain. He never asked my counsel, either personally and by another. It could not have happened while I was in the south, for the matter concerning your title as Supreme Head was not proposed to him or any monastery till the winter after, when the statute was made.
If he sent to me in my diocese, it must have been either by letter or messenger, which he cannot prove. Never meddled with any of Syon in these matters. To others I have given plain counsel to do as I have done. Some I have exhorted and drawn to the same by reasons.
When I have preached about your title or any other of your matters, I have not barely proposed it, but set it forth with Scriptures and other good grounds. I have published some books without your commands from my own good will and assured opinion. Your Highness has sometimes found me not all applying to your pleasure, not of forward will, but as my opinion was then; but I trust you have found me ever plain, and I trust God will give me grace never to be false or double to my Sovereign. I beg you not to surmise any displeasure against me, which should be to me deadly discomfort, nor to open your ears to any such complaints. Cawod, 14 Jan. 1535. Signed.
Pp. 4.
14 Jan.
R. O.
100. Sir Wm. Kyngston to Lord Lisle.
I commend me to you and your lady, and my sick wife does the same. My lord, as youth procures me, I beg you to help me to some good horse for my money, and to make my friend Richard Blunt privy to it. I will make you short payment. "Here is much youth, and I am but in the midst of mine age, and I will be a horseback among them." I think the King intends to make his progress northwards, and many think he will meet with the king of Scots. Sir Wm. Skeffington is dead in Ireland. Greenwich, 14 Jan.
Master Treasurer desires to be remembered to you. Remember me to Mr. Wingfield, my lord Edmond, Sir Thos. Palmer, and lady Garnisshe.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
15 Jan.101. Cromwell and John de Soulemont.
See Grants in January, No. 10.
15 Jan.
R. O.
102. Dover.
Money paid by John Whalley for the King's works at Dover from 18 July 27 Hen. VIII. unto 15 Jan. next.
First pay day, 128 persons, 64l. 10s. 4½d. Second pay day, 273 persons, trees at 12d. and 20d. a piece, &c., 206l. 19s. 6d. Third pay day, 165 persons, 87l. 5s. 9½d. Fourth pay day, 282 persons, 155l. 1s. 3½d. Fifth pay day, 332 persons, 220l. 18s. 8d. Sixth pay day, 308 persons, 155l. 12s. 2¼d. Seventh pay day, 349 persons, 171l. 6s. 6d. Eighth pay day, 481 persons, 245l. 2d. Total, 1,306l. 14s. 6d.
Whereof, owing to certain persons for the arrears of the said days, 106l. 14s. 6d.
Pp. 2. Endd.
15 Jan.
Cleop. E. iv., 204. B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 98.
103. Thos. Bedyll to Cromwell.
I am now at Ramsey, where the abbot and convent are as true to the King as any religious folks in the realm, though more given to ceremonies than necessary. I pray God I may find other houses in no worse condition. Your cousin, Mr. Richard, was here on Thursday, by whom I sent letters to you, which I think you have not yet received. Much of them related to a charter of king Edgar, found in this house, exempting the abbot and convent from the jurisdiction of all bishops, and making them subject directly to himself; so that the bp. of Rome had never to do with them. Good notes might be gathered out of this. Two brethren in this monastery have given me the enclosed bills, desiring liberty to leave their cloister, or to go to my lord of Canterbury to sue their capacities. I have stayed them as well as I can, but fear, if liberty be not granted them, they will take it. I desire to know what to do with those who make like suit—no small number I expect, as Dr. Lee at Christmas, gave liberty to half the house of Sawtry to depart, which is within five miles of Ramsey. I am supposed to have like authority with Dr. Lee, but will do nothing without your advice. Ramsey, 15 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Thos. Cromwell, the King's Grace's Secretary. Endd.
15 Jan.
R. O.
104. Thomas Barnyngham, proctor and monk, to Cromwell.
Dr. Legh intended to visit their house, but the way was so tedious that he sent a servant, desiring them to compromit the election of the head into Cromwell's hands, which was done. Dr. Legh commanded the writer to carry the document, duly signed and sealed, to Cromwell, hut he fell sick. The vicar, perceiving his disease, desired to have it to show to a brother, and kept it, and is coming up with it, not regarding the hook of profession here enclosed. He and the vicar cannot be absent at the same time. The Charterhouse, Axholme, 15 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. Chief Secretary and M.R. Endd.
15 Jan.
R. O.
105. Sir Thomas Denys to Cromwell.
Has received the King's letter for plucking down weirs, &c. and Cromwell's letter to himself, Hugh Pollard and Hugh Stukele, for diligent execution of the same. Is forced to keep his bed, and will not he able to attend Parliament. 15 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
15 Jan.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 187. B. M.
106. Bp. of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
* * * To-day the English ambassadors have been with the French king. Does not know that they have had anything new to tell, except the death of the true Queen. As she died (la quale essendo maacata) just now when the English have such great fear of the Pope concluding peace between these princes, I know not but that there will be suspicion of foul play, though I myself attach much weight to what I wrote that I heard a few days ago about her illness.
The Imperial ambassador tells him that the Princess is recovered in body, though her mind is afflicted by her mother's death.
Ital. Modern copy, pp. 2. Headed: Al S. Mons. Ambrogio, da Lione, a di 15 Gennaro 1536.
15 Jan.
Vit. B. xiv., 235. B. M.
107. [Antonio Vivaldi?] to —.
"In Roma alli xv. di Genaro, 1536.
"A Monsor. Rmo. di Canturberi non ardisco scrivere, perche . . . . . . . col Rmo. Cardinale Guinuci in assai bona gratia, et participe . . . . . . . . . suo senza pregiuditio suo avisarlo di cosa alcuna di momento . . . . . . . . . . venire da lui, et non da me. Tuttavia ditele se questa mia . . . . . . . . . . salvamento, che non restaro per pericolo o mio o d'altri di ser . . . . . . . . . per cioche cosi vogliono, et mi sforzano gli oblighi tengo con . . . . . . . . . . Et hora gli potrete dire a mio nome che si stampa ma non . . . . . . . . . . un accerbissimo et grave monitorio in forma di bolla. che a . . . . . . . . . . Christianita, nel quale s'intradice, et scomunica non solamente . . . . . . . . . chiunque l'ubedisse, parla, o negotia con sua Maesta, et gli levano . . . . . . . . . . tutti e stranieri, sotto la pena non pure di scomunica, intradetti . . . . . . . . . . regravationi, ma di confiscationi de beni mobili, immobili ct a . . . . . . . . indulgentia grandissima, cioe plenaria di colpa, et di pena a eh . . . . . . . . . . danni della vita, et de beni di sua Maesta, addereuti et conscen . . . . . . . . . vedete a che termino, et in che stato ci troviamo noi altri servi . . . . . . . . . . Maesta et affettionatissimi di tutta la nationc. Scrissi a Mons . . . . . . . . . . quest'ira, et questo veneno era nato dalla morte di Roffense . . . . . . . . . tanto doluta, et gravata a tutti questi Cardinali che fulminavan . . . . . . . . . furiano come spiritati, et moranno disperati se non veghonno v . . . . . . . . . . Et dite a Monsor. che, come le dissi per altre mie, non si confiden . . . . . . . . . . Franzesi, liquali avenga che gli facciano l'amico, et se gli . . . . . . . . . . affettionati, et congiunti, non sono pero tali nel cuore, et di dentro . . . . . . . . . . mostrano di fuori. Et io viddi una litera d'un cardinale Franzese . . . . . . . . . . della morte di Roffense ad un altro cardinale in tal guisa . . . . . . . . . . ha levato l'intelletto al Re d'Inghilterra, et postole in cuore . . . . . . . . . . contra di Roffense, et del Muoro, acio chel nostro Re Chrmo. sd . . . . . . . . . . s'accordi con l'Imperatore alli danni suoi, come sono certo ch . . . . . . . . . . altre parolle assai: lequali io tutte scrissi a sua Signoria R[everendissima] . . . . . . . . . . che dove ben pensare che non facea, ne fa a proposito de . . . . . . . . . . Re stia d'accordo, et in pace con l'Imperatore ne man . . . . . . . . . . percioche s'el Re havesse mai ottenuto dal papa . . . . . . . . . . bona gratia do l'lmperatore lasciata la prima . . . . . . . . . . haveria hav * * * ne potra mai senza mezzo di Francia, che Dio non glienc dia . . . . . a. Ma non vi fare un vollume. Dico che le mia (sic) littere seritte a Monsignor . . . . . . . tutte di queste, et altre cosi fatte cose reppiene, lequali se non lhavete [dovr]anno stare in gran pensiero. Et sia che puo, non restaro mai di non essere [serv]itore al mio Mons. Rmo. di Canturbery, per il quale non recusero, ne [la mo]rte, ne altro pericoloso accidente che avenire mi possa, et havrei grato [che] lo sapessc, et ne facesse prova, per che torno a pregarvi che facciate [con]sua Rma. S. qualcbe uffitio per me.
[Vo]rrei darvi alcune nuove di qua, ma tutte sono hoggi mai vecchie, come l'essere de l'lmperatore a Napoli, che s'attende qua alla fine di questo, o [al] principio de l'altro, et mal volentieri che questi preti non vorriano uccello cosi grande tra loro, ma pure converra che piglino questo calice. Gia sono tornati Siena et Cesarini cardinali che andarono legati a sua Maesta, et dicessi cotale fra denti, che non sono stati d'accordo, et che sono cosi tosto tornati, per che sua Maesta non gli ha voluto fare buone, ne lasciare usare le loro facultad[i] che saria un mal segno nel principio, oltre che gia dui anni tiene in petto tutti vescovadi che vaccano, et non ne conferisce pur uno; non so se volesse castigare questi preti.
. . . . ori come vi scrissi il Duca di Milano, per il quale si stimava che Italia tutta ne dovessi essere sottosopra volta, et che Franzesi dovessero passare, et mille altri pericoli; ma vi maravigliaresti de la pace che ci regna. Quel stato si tiene a divotione de l'lmperadore, et il Duca di Savoya suo cugnato e tutto alle sue voglie. Il ducato de Monferato e suo, che non ha ancora fatto partito. Il duca di Ferrara gli e ito a rendere obedientia. Il duca di Mantova gli e vasallo antico. Il duca di Firenze e publicata suo genero, et e tuttavia a Napoli con la sposa, come che due cardinali [di S]alviati et Ridolfi et Philippo Strozi, et molti altri se gli oppongano . . . . voglino cacciare, et per questo stiano a Napoli, in darno per quel che . . . . . . . ede. Siena, Lucha et molti altri signori et principi Italiani tutti hanno . . . . . . Maesta dipendentia, oltre che gli e Signore, et Re di Napoli et di . . . . . . . . . maniera che non trova chi ardisca opporsi alla sua potenza, . . . . . . . . . . . . . Roma gli siano in secreto nemici, et lo veghanno di . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Si ragiona che l'Imperadore ha serbata una gran parte de . . . . . . . . . . . . essercito per venire a danni d'Inghilierra, ma non vi vern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . di Francia, che non lo sosteria mai se gia non gli consentisse . . . . . . . . . . . desiato Millano, che non credo. Ma dicono alcuni ch'el R . . . . . . . . . . . se sua Maesta li promettesse cotesto regno per un de suoi figli . . . . . . . . . . . cianzo che hanno qualche colore, ma non sono pero certe. N . . . . . . . . . . . che l'Imperatore ha piu a cuore questa ingiuria, che alcuna altr . . . . . . tutto di questi preti della bolla, ma essi l'hano sin qui differita . . . . . . . . . . alla sua venuta gliene faranno gratia. Voi direte tutte queste . . . . . . . . . . a Monsignor Reverendissimo."
15 Jan.
Corp. Ref. iii. 11.
108. Melanchthon to Justus Jonas.
The landgrave sends salutations to Drs. Martin, Jonas, Pomeranus, and Crueiger. Stays here by the Prince's order on account of the Anabaptists. Wishes him to tell this to the Bishop, the English ambassador, and Dr. Antonius. 15 Jan.


1 Mary, the French queen, who died in 1533.
2 Blank in MS.
3 That is to say, those left by Wolsey and found by his successor when he was nominated to the archbishopric.
4 Printed in Vol. VII., No. 43, as of the year 1534.