|354. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and Thos.
Englefield, to Cromwell.|
|John ap David Griffith, on the eve of Holyrood Day, whilst serving
the Council's letters upon John ap Morice Lloyd, now in sanctuary at
Westminster, was wilfully murdered by him, and he has therefore taken
sanctuary. His friends intend to move the King for pardon, which we think
should not be granted. Ludlow, 26 Feb. Signed.|
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
|355. Ri. Gwent to Cromwell.|
|The bishop of St. David's died this day se'nnight. If you wish
letters or word conveyed thither I shall convey them with speed, and I can
inform you of one who will survey everything to the King's profit during
the vacation, and can exercise the jurisdiction at the same time and find good
sureties. London, Saturday. (fn. 1) |
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|356. Peter Bekwithius, of Calais, to Guillermus Groulius,
M. A., of St. Omer (Adomarensis).|
|In their conversation the night before Bekwith left Calais for
England, he promised to write of all that might befall him there. Has been
so busy that he has not found time to write before. Sends some verses of
his own, in praise of Thomas Cromwell, secretary of the king of England, a
man of great virtue and erudition. In these he has shown up the falsehood
of the Pope, and has put in some marginal notes to explain the text. Asks
Groulius to send some little piece of prose or verse. Quotes Ovid. Expects
that Cromwell, who is considered another Mæcenas of scholars, will, when he
sees the verses, bestow on the writer some small benefice, or admit him into
friendship. London, "Quinto kalendas Martias," 1535.|
Hol., Lat., p. 1.
|ii. Heroic and other verses in honor of Thomas Cromwell, and in dispraise
of the bishop of Rome, with marginal notes by the author.|
Hol., Lat. Large paper, pp. 13. Endd: "A book of certain verses in
the praise of My Lord Master."
Cleop. E. iv. 127.** B. M.
|357. Friar Cosyn.|
|Indictment of Jas. Cosyn, prior of the Friars Preachers at Winchester,
for saying in a sermon at the parish church of St. Peter, Chusel, on
26 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII., "If thou put an whole stoup of holy water upon
thy head, and another stoup of other water upon thy head, the one shall do
thee as much good as the other in avoiding of any sin. As much other
bread of thine own blessing. shall do thee as much good as so much holy
bread. And as for confession, I will not counsel thee to go to any priest to
be confessed, for thou mayest as well confess thyself to a layman, thy
Christian brother, as to a priest, for no bishop ne priest have any power to
assoil any man of any sin. And I myself have shriven a woman this day
here in this church, but I did not assoile her, ne I will never assoile
|R. O.||2. Declaration by Sir James Cosyn of what he said in a sermon on
John xvi. 23, especially touching penance and satisfaction for sins, in
answer to the vicar of Stowe, who insisted on the necessity of confession,
for which sayings the vicar commanded that none of his parish should
believe him, and called him soul murderer in open audience.|
Pp. 3. Endd.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 205. B. M.
|358. Charles V. and Henry VIII.|
|Remarks of the Empress and Council of State upon articles sent by
|* * * 11. Touching assistance to be given by the French
king to the Queen and Princess of England, and to reduce the kingdom to
obedience to the Church, now that the Queen is dead. This article might
be altered. In order to reduce the King to union with the Church the
Pope should make a request to the Emperor and the French king. In this
way there will be a better opportunity for speaking of the marriage and
other things. * * * Madrid, 26 Feb. 1536.|
Sp., pp. 19, modern copy.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 212 b. B. M.
|359. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.|
|* * * Has spoken to some of these lords of English affairs,
as if on his own account, according to the Pope's orders, but finds that they
have had no news for some days, and they do not trust much to each other.
Keeps his eyes open, and will send information. The English stand aloof
(stanno su l'alto), and say they cannot trust the French king much, being
such a friend of the Pope.|
Ital., pp. 8, modern copy. Headed: Al Signor Protonotario Ambrogio,
Da Monte Plaisante, 27 Feb. 1536.
|28 Feb.||360. Priory of Bilsington, Kent.|
|Surrender. See Vol. IX., No. 816 ii. (5.)|
|28 Feb.||361. Abbey of Tiltey.|
|Surrender. See Vol. IX., No. 816 ii. (6.)|
|362. Henry Earl of Essex to Cromwell. (fn. 2) |
|Has sent Thomas Edmondes to wait on him for the chantry of
Halstede. The vicar of Branketre (fn. 3) is so well known in the county there is
not owing him more than 90s. tithe, which he offered to resign. The
chantry of Halstede is in your gift by reason that there is no prior known
of the Charterhouse. Stanstede, 28 Feb. Signed.|
P. 1. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.: "For the chauntre of Hallsted, and
concernyng the vicar of Branketre."
|363. William Blithmanne to Cromwell.|
|After the conclusion of the visitation for the King in the province of
York has made a clean book of the compertes, which he sends by Cromwell's
commissaries, Dr. Layton and Dr. Lee. Will bring a duplicate shortly himself. Parted from the commissaries at Ludlow, and returned to York for
receipt of the first payment and sureties for the first-fruits of the monastery
of Funtance, and other money due to the King, with which he will repair to
London in the second week of Lent. Hopes to bring some acceptable
commodity for his mastership. Ludlow, 28 Feb.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Thomas [Cr]umwell, secretary [pri]ncipal to
the King's highness. Endd.: John Blitheman.
|R. O.||364. Visitation of Monasteries.|
|Compendium compertorum per Doctorem Layton et Doctorem Legh,
in visitatione regia in provincia Eboracensi ac episcopatu Coven. et
Lichfield Cathedral.—Here a pilgrimage is held to St. Chad. Annual
rent, 400l. Founder, the King.
Monastery of Repyngdon alias Repton.—Thomas Rede, sub-prior, and
three others, named as sodomites per voluntarias pollutiones. Superstition:
a pilgrimage is made to St. Guthlac and his bell, which they put upon
people's heads to alleviate headache. Nicholas Page seeks to be released
from religion. The house owes 100 mks. Founder, the King.
Grenesley.—Founder, Sir George Grenesley. Annual rent, 40l.
Garadon.—5 names noted as sodomites, one with 10 boys. 3 of the
monks seek release from religion. Foundress, the countess of Oxford, during
her life, by grant of the King. Annual rent, 260 marks. House owes
Langley Monialium.—Foundress, the wife of Sir Francis Bigot and her
sisters. Rents, 36l.; debt, 20 mks.
Bredon.—A cell of St. Oswald's. Founder, the King. Rents, 24l.
Grace Dieu Monialium.—2 nuns charged with incontinence, with the
note "pepererunt." Superstition: they hold in reverence the girdle and
part of the tunic of St. Francis, which are supposed to help lying-in women.
Founder, lord Ferys. Rents, 109 mks.; debt, 20l.
Brisol Parke.—A prior without a convent. Founder, John Dirik. Rents,
Cell of St. James Darby.—Thomas Gaynsborough, prior, guilty of incontinence with one single woman and one married woman. Founder, the
King. Rents, 10l.
Nuns of St. Mary Darby.—Superstition: they have part of the shirt
of St. Thomas, which is reverenced among pregnant women. Founder, the
King. Rents, 10l.; debt, 20 mks.
Dale.—Incontinence, John Staunton, abbot, with one single and one
married woman; Wm. Bramston, with 5 married women. They reverence
part of the girdle and the milk of St. Mary, and the wheel of St. Katharine
in silver. Founder, Gervays Kyngeston. Rents, 140l.
Shelford.—3 sodomites, 3 guilty of incontinence, 3 desire release from
religion. They venerate the girdle and milk of St. Mary, and part of a
candle which it is believed she carried at the time of her purification; they
have also the oil of the Holy Cross and the oil of St. Katharine. Founder,
Henry Norres. Rents, 100l.; debts, 30l.
Thurgarton.—10 sodomites, some with boys. Incontinence, Thos. Dethyk,
prior, with several women, and 6 others with married and single women;
8 seek to be released from religion. A pilgrimage is held to St. Ethelburg
(ad Sanctum Ethelburgum, masculine, MS.). Founder, the King. Rents,
Rufford.—6 sod. Incontinence, Thos. Doncaster, abbot, with 2 married
women, and 4 others; 6 seek release. Superstition: Virgin's milk.
Founder, Mr. Henry Norres. Rents, 100l.; debt, 20l.
Wellbek.—3 sod., 1 incon., 3 seek release. Founder, bishop of Ely.
Rents, 280l.; debt, 40l.
Wursopp.—4 sod., 1 seeks release. Founder, George earl of Shrewsbury.
Rents, 240l.; debt, 200 marks.
Rupa alias Roche.—5 sod. John Robinson, suspected of treason, and
imprisoned at York. Pilgrimage to an image of Christ crucified, found, as
supposed, in Rupa (qu. in rupe?). Founder, earl of Cumberland. Rents,
170l.; debt, 20l.
Blida (Blyth).—4 sod., 1 incon. Founder, the King. Rents, 180l.
Wallingwells Monialium.—Superstition: they keep the comb of
St. Edmund, and an image of St. Mary, found, as supposed, at the foundation of this monastery. Founder, lord Dakers of the South. Rents, 60l.
Felley.—Founder, Sir John Chowgh. Rents, 40l.; debt, 40l.
St. Oswald's.—Sod. 4 "per voluntariam pollucionem" and 4 with boys;
incon., 4; apostacy, 1. Pilgrimage to St. Oswald. Founder, the King.
Rents, 1,100 mks.
Burton alias Monk Bretton.—1 sod., 1 guilty of incest with his own
sister and adultery with a married woman. Founder, lord Thomas Montegle.
Arthington Monialium.—Founder, Henry Arthington. Rents, 20 mks.
Superstition: girdle of St. Mary.
Hampall Monialium.—Founder, Gervays Cliffton, jun. Rents, 40l.
Pilgrimage to St. Richard, a saint not canonized.
Esshot Monialium.—3 incon., 2 of whom have borne children. Founder
uncertain, because there are many heirs of Chr. Warde, the founder.
Kirkelees Monialium.—1 nun "peperit." Rents, 20l.
Brenkborne.—Will. Hogeson, prior, incon. Founder, lord Burrowe.
Rents, 100 mks. Superstition: girdle of St. Peter.
Gisburne.—James Cokrell, prior, and 5 others, sod.; the prior also incon.
with divers women; 2 seek release from religion. Founders, lord Conyers,
James Strangwiche, earl of Rutland, and Wm. Gascoign. Rents, 700l.
Basedale Monialium.—Joan Flecher, "peperit." Superstition: Virgin's
milk. Founder, Sir Ralph Evers. Rents, 18l.
Handall Monialium.—Alice Brampton, peperit. Founder, earl of Northumberland. Rents, 10l.
Middelsburgh.—Founder, lord Conyers. Rents, 10l.
Whitby.—3 sod., 2 incon. Here St. Hilda is worshipped. Founder, the
King. Rents, 700 mks.
Graunde Monte.—1 seeks release. Founders, Sir Francis Bigot and
George Salvain. Rents, 13l.
Yeddingham Monialium.—Agnes Butterfeld, peperit. Founder, lord
Latimer. Rents, 40l.
Rosdale Monialium.—Founder, the King. Rents, 44l.
Wykeham Monialium.—Founder, the King. Rents, 13l. Here St. Sytha
Nonnekeling Monialium.—Founder, the King. Rents, 36l. Here they
have a part of the Holy Cross.
Bridlington.—2 sod., 1 incon. Here St. John of Bridlington is worshipped, and 3 "lamina" (laminœ ?) of the wood of Holy Cross. Founder
uncertain. Rents, 682l.
Beverley College.—Founder, the King. Rents, 68l.
Melsa alias Mewse.—Founder, the King. Rents, 298l. Here the girdle
of St. Bernard is sometimes lent to pregnant women.
Nonneburneham Monialium.—2 incon. Founder, lord Dakers. Rents,
7l. Here they have part of Holy Cross.
North Feribye.—4 sod., 3 incon., including John Bawdewyn, the prior.
Founder, the earl of Cumberland. Rents, 60l.; debt, 80l. Here St. Gatianus
Haltemprise.—4 sod., 2 incon., one of them before entering religion.
Founder, the duke of Richmond. Rents, 104l. Superstition: pilgrimage
to Thomas Wake for fever, and they reverence the arm of St. George, a part
of Holy Cross, and the girdle of St. Mary, which is thought to be helpful in
Warter.—4 sod.; the prior, Will. Holme, incon.; John Jakson, guilty of
incest with a nun. Founder, earl of Rutland. Rents, 120l.
Swynhey Monialium.—Eliz. Copley, "peperit ex sacerdote." Founder,
Sir John Melton. Rents, 80l.
Newburgh.—3 [sod.] "per voluntariam pollucionem." Superstition:
girdle of St. Saviour (Sancti Salvatoris), which they say helps lying-in
women; also an arm of St. Jerome. Founder, Thomas duke of Norfolk.
Ryvall alias Ryvers.—1 sod., who desires to be released; 2 incon. Girdle
of St. Alred, helpful to lying-in women. Founder, earl of Rutland. Rents,
300l.; debt, 200 mks.
Kaldham Monialium.—Here they have part of Holy Cross and a finger
of St. Stephen, which is lent to lying-in women. Founder, earl of Westmoreland. Rents, 30l.; debt, 20 mks.
Arden Monialium.—Incest, Margery Lepton, "peperit ex canonico
regulari." Women offered to the image of St. Bride for cows lost or sick.
Founder, duke of Norfolk. Rents, 20 mks.
Mowseby Monialium.—Founder, the King. Rents, 30l.
Mons Gratiæ (Mountgrace).— 2 seek release. Founder, the King.
Rents, 500 mks.
Bylond.—Henry Thornton sod. "per voluntariam pollucionem;" 1 seeks
release. Founder, duke of Norfolk. Rents, 400 mks.
Neseham Monialium.—Margareta Trowlope, "peperit ex soluto." Founder,
lord Dakers. Rents, 17l.
Shapp.—3 seek to put off the habit. Founder, earl of Cumberland.
Carlisle Monastery.—7 sod. "per voluntariam pollucionem"; 3 incon. including Chr. Slye, the prior. Here they have a portion of the Cross, the
sword with which St. Thomas of Canterbury was martyred, and the girdle of
St. Bride. Founder, the King. Rents, 482l.
Armathwayte Monialium.—Founder, the King. Rent, 14l.
Lampley Monialium.—Incon.: Mariana Wryte "ter peperit," Johanna
Snaden "sexies peperit," Johanna Muscroff "peperit ex soluto." Founder,
the King. Rent, 5l. 15s. 8d.
College of Kirkesoswald.—Founder, lord Dakers. Rent, 71l.
Wetherall.—Sod. 2, "per voluntariam pollucionem." Founder, the
King. Rent, 130l. Here they think they have part of Holy Cross and of
the milk of St. Mary.
Lenarcoste.—Sod. 2, "per voluntar. polluc." Here they have the girdle
of St. Mary Magdalene. Founder, lord Dakers. Rent, 100 mks.
Holme Coltrom.—Sod. 5, "per voluntar. polluc." Incon.; Will. Watson
with 2 single and one married woman; Thomas Carter, the abbot, with
3 women; and 6 others. Superstition: a necklace, called an Agnus Dei,
which helps lying-in women. Founder, the King. Rent, 700 mks.; debts,
St. Bege alias St. Bee.—Sod. 2, "per voluntar. polluc."—Founder, the
King. Rent, 143l.
Seton Monialium.—Incon., Johanna Copland, prioress, with a priest;
Susanna Rybton, "peperit." Founder, Henry Kirkeby. Rent, 20 mks.;
debt, 6l. and more.
Calder.—Sod., Rob. Maneste, Wm. Car, John Gisburne, Matt. Ponsonby,
Ric. Preston, "per voluntar. polluc." Incon., Will. Thorneton, cum soluta;
Ric. Preston, cum una conjugata et pluribus solutis. Gisburne and Preston
seek release. Superstition: a girdle of St. Mary, good for lying-in women.
Founders, the lords of Copland. Rent, 64l.; debt, 20l.
Furness.—Incon., Roger Pele, the abbot, and 3 others, with "solutæ" and
"feminæ." Sod. 1, "per voluntar. polluc." Founder, the King. Rent,
900l.; debt, 140l.
Cartemell.—Incon. 2; one has 6 children. Founder, Edw. Gray, heir of
the earl of Kent. Rent, 100l.; debt, 40l. Here they have part of Holy
Conyshed.—Incon. 5; one with 6 and another with 10 women; 2 seek
release. Founder, Wm. Penyngton. Rent, 113l. Superstition: girdle of
St. Mary, good for pregnant women.
Cokersand.—Sod. 2, "per volunt. poll." Founder, uncertain. Rent,
200l.; debt, 100l.
Whalley.—Sod., Ric. Wood, "per voluntar. polluc." Founder, the King.
Psalley.—Founder, earl of Northumberland. Rent, 220l.
Lytham.—Founder, the King. Rent, 55l.; debt, 40l.
Horneby.—Incon., Will. Haliday, prior, with 3 single women. Founder,
lord Montegle. Rent, 26l.
Penworthan.—Incon., Ric. Hawkesbury, prior, with 2 women. Founder,
the King. Rent, 28l.
Briscowgh (Burscough).—Incon. 1. Founder, earl of Derby. Rent, 90l.
Holland.—Incon., Peter Prestcoyte, prior, with 7 women; John Codling,
"cum soluta"; sod. 1, "per volunt. poll." Founder, earl of Derby.
Norton.—Sod. 2, "per volunt. poll.;" incon. 2, one with 5 women.
Founder, the King. Rent, 260l.; debt, 200l.
Cell of Kersall.—Founder, the King. Rent, 9l.; debt, 20 mks.
St. Werburga's, Chester.—Sod. 6, "per voluntar. polluc."; incon. 2;
3 seek release. Founder, the King. Rent, 800l.; debt, 100l. Here is buried
the body of St. Werburga, and they have the girdle of that saint, in great
request by lying-in women.
Birkenhed.—Incon., 1. Founder, earl of Derby. Rent, 108l.; debt,
Stanlowe.—Founder, the King. Rent, 10l.
Nuns of St. Mary's, Chester.—Incon., Marg. Shakelady, "peperit ex
presbytero." Founder, the King. Rent, 100 mks.; debt, 40l. Here they
have the girdle of St. Thomas of Canterbury.
Madersey.—Incon. 1, who also seeks release from religion. Founder, Edw.
Thirland. Rent, 60l.
Pontefract.—Sod. 4, "per voluntar. polluc." Incon. 7, including James
Thwayts, the prior, with 2 married women; 5 seek to put off the habit.
Conspiracy: 3 have conspired the death of the prior. Here they have in
veneration Thomas duke of Lancaster and his belt, which is thought good for
lying-in women, also his hat (feltrum) for the headache. Founder, the King.
Rent, 330l.; debt, 20l.
Selby.—Sod. 18, "per voluntar. polluc." incon. 5, one with 5 or 6 married
women; 4 seek release. Here also they have the belt, as is pretended, of
St. Mary. Founder, the King. Rent, 800 mks.; debt, 300l.
Sanyngthwayte Monialium.—Incon. 2. Here they have the arm of
St. Margaret aud tunic of St. Bernard, believed good for lying-in women.
Founder, earl of Northumberland. Rent, 10l.
Noneapulton Monialium.—Incon. 2. Founder, earl of Northumberland.
Helagh.—Incon. 2. Sod. 1, "per voluntar. polluc." Founder, earl of
Northumberland. Rent, 80l.
Draxe.—Sod. "per voluntar. polluc," Thos. Shutt and John Hunsley, the
latter also with a boy; incon., Thos. Shutt and another; theft, Thos. Shutt
has secretly sold a pix belonging to the monastery. Founder, Marmaduke
Constable the elder. Rent, 100l.
St Leonard's, York.—Sod. 1, "per voluntar. polluc. et cum soluta:"
2 seek release. Superstition: the arm and finger and an image of St.
Leonard. Founder, the King. Rent, 700 mks.
York Cathedral.—Founder, the King. Here a pilgrimage is made to St.
William archbishop of York.
St. Mary's, York.—Sod. 7, "per voluntar. polluc," the last also with a
boy. Founder, the King. Rent, 2,500l.; debt, 1,000l.
Kirkeham.—Founder, earl of Rutland. Here also they have (as is pretended)
the belt of the Blessed Mary, good for lying-in women. Rent, 204l.
Nonemonketon Monialium.—Incon. Eliz. Davison, peperit. Founder, Sir
Will. Gascoigne. Rent, 80l.; debt, 20l.
Wilberforce Monialium.—Founder, the King. Rent, 28l.
Martyn.—Sod. 3, "per voluntar. polluc."; incon., 1. Founder, the
King. Rent, 130l.
Clementhorp Monialium.—2 seek release. Superstition: milk of St.
Mary, and a pilgrimage to St. Sytha (St. Osith's). Founder, archbishop of
York. Rent, 50l.
Thykenhed.—1 nun seeks release. Founder, John Aske. Rents, 23l.
Holy Trinity, York.—7 sod., 1 with 6 boys, and incon.; 2 seek release.
Girdle of a former prior, supposed to help those lying-in. Foundress, Barbara,
wife of Sir Marmaduke Constable, senior. Rents, 160l.
Fountains.—4 sod.; 6 incon.; 6 seek release. Girdle of St. Mary.
Founder, archbishop of York. Rents, 1,250l.; debt, 1,000l.
Ripon College.—Superstition: a labyrinth, called St. Wilfred's needle, is
Kirkstall.—3 sod. Girdle of St. Bernard for those lying-in. Founder,
the King. Rents, 329l.
Bolton.—Founder, earl of Cumberland. Rents, 236l.
Joryvall alias Gerves.—1 incon. Girdle of St. Mary. Founder, Sir
Wm. Parre. Rents, 455l.
St. Agatha.—5 sod., 1 incon., 2 seek release. Founder, lord Scrope.
Elerton Monialium.—Cecilia Swale, peperit ex soluto. Founders,
Wm. Aselby, Wm. Thurresby, Ralph Spense. Rents, 15l.
Coram alias Coveram.—Chr. Rokesby, the abbot, is strongly suspected
of incontinence; 3 sod. Iron girdle of Mary Nevell for lying-in women.
Founder, the King. Rents, 140l.
St. Martin's-by-Richmond.—2 sod., including John Matthew, the prior,
who is also incontinent "cum feminis solutis." Founder, the King.
[Household] of Cuthbert, Bishop of Durham.—"Philippus Dacre in
manifesto incestu cum filia uxoris, Cuthbertus Conyers in manifesta fornicatione cum quadam Layton soluta." These have been frequently admonished
by the Bishop to desist, but persevere. There are several Scottish priests
here holding a cure.
Durham Priory.—Founder, the Bishop. Rents, 2,115l. Here they have
the bodies of St. Cuthbert and St. Bede, and the Cross of St. Margaret, supposed to be good for those lying-in.
Fenkall (Finchale), a cell.—Founder, uncertain. Rents, 146l. Here
they hold in veneration St. Guthric.
Gerro (Jarrow).—I sod. Founder, bishop of Durham. Rents, 40l.
Walkenoll.—Founder, Chr. Thirkyld. Rents, 9l. 1 incon.
Newminster.—Girdle and book of St. Robert, for lying-in women.
Founder, lord Dakers. Rents, 120l.
Alba Landa alias Blanchland.—Girdle of St. Mary. Founder, earl of
Westmoreland. Rents, 40l.
Hexham alias Hexoldsham.—2 incon. Here they have a missal called the
red mass book of Hexham. Founder, archbishop of York. Rents, 100l.
Tynemouth.—8 sod., including Thos. Gardener, the prior. Here they have
the shrine or monument of St. Oswyn the king and martyr, the cup of
St. Cuthbert, the finger of St. Bartholomew, and the girdle of St. Margaret.
Founder, duke of Norfolk. Rents, 509l.
Cell of Bamborough.—1 incon. Rents, 20 mks.
Alnwick.—Here they have a foot of Simon Momford, and the cup of
St. Thomas of Canterbury. Founder, earl of Northumberland. Rents, 100l.
Manchester College.—Founder, Thomas West, lord Delawer. Rents, 200l.
College of St. John Baptist, Chester.—4 incon. Founder, the King.
Bunbury College.—Founder, Sir (dominus) George Calveley. Rents,
Cumbermere.—4 sod. Founder, the King. Rents, 255l.; debt, 160l.
Pp. 33. In the hand of John ap Rice.
|R. O.||2. A similar record for Norwich diocese, headed "Compendium compertorum."|
Shuldham Monialium.—Joanna Plumstede, "peperit ante introitum in
religionem"; Margery Benbrey, "peperit semel ex presbytero."
Shuldham Canonicorum.—Incon., 3, "Fatentur voluntar. polluciones."
Blackborough.—Eliz. Dawny, the prioress, and 2 others, suspected of
Pentney.—Incon., Robert Codde, prior, as appears from the confession
of the abbess of Marham; and 5 others with women, and "per voluntar.
Marham.—Incon., Barbara Mason, "peperit semel et fatetur se cognita
a priore de Pentney"; 3 others, each "peperit semel ex conjugato," and
1 "peperit duas proles ex solutis."
Westacre.—Incon., Ric. Cobbes with various women, and 8 others
"fatentur voluntar. polluc."
Westacre.—Incon., Wm. Wyngfelde, the prior, confesses "voluntar.
polluc.," another "cum conjugata," another "per voluntar. polluc.," and
another "cum duabus feminis et fatetur se passum esse sodomiticum."
Castellacre.—Incon., 2 with single women, and 6 "per voluntar. polluc.,"
one of them also with a married woman; sod., 1 "cum puero et per vol. polluc."
Coxforde.—Wm. Nevell confesses incontinence and "voluntar. polluc."
Walsingham.—Incon., 4, confess "voluntar. polluc.," and 2 with women.
Here was seen much superstition in feigned relics and miracles.
Bynham.—Incon., 2 with women; 1 "passus sodomiticum."
Wendlyng.—1 incon.; "hic magnus dilapidator existit."
Bromeholme.—Will. Lakenham, the prior, and 3 others, incon. A cross
called the Holy Cross of Bromeholme. They say they have the girdle and
milk of St. Mary, and a piece of the Cross of St. Peter and of St. Andrew.
St. Benet's.—4 incon. Here the abbot has renewed and granted many
unusual things under the common seal, in fear of the visitation. There is
suspicion of a confederation "de non delegendo."
Ikelyng.—Incon., 3 with women, and 3 "per voluntar. polluc."
Ingham.—John Sae, prior, and another, incon.
Norwich Cathedral.—5 incon. "per vol. polluc." one of them "cum
Aldeby.—2 incon.; all except 2 desire to be released.
St. Faith's.—2 incon., one of them "per vol. polluc."
Langley.—Almost all seek release.
Bukkenham.—John Milgate, prior, "cum soluta," and 2 others "per vol.
Wymondeham.—Incon.; 4 profess "volunt. polluc."
St. Olaves.—Will. Dale, prior, and 3 others, "per vol. polluc."
Pp. 4. In the same hand as the preceding.
|R. O.||3. Fragment of a similar record, perhaps the continuation of the preceding,
in the same hand.|
|Superstition: among the relics they have "lintheamen quoddam," called
the wymple of St. Ethelrede, through which they draw knotted strings or
silken threads, which women think good for sore throats; they have also the
wymple of St. Audrede, for sore breasts, the comb of the same for headaches,
and the rod of Aaron for children troubled with worms, and a ring of St.
Ethelred, for lying-in women to put on their fingers.|
Fordam alias Byggyn.—Wm. Bayton and Ric. Brome, "se polluerunt
voluntar.; nec sunt plures in domo."
Bury St. Edmund's.—John Melford, the abbot, delights in the company
of women and in sumptuous banquets; he delights in cards and dice, lives
much in his granges, and does not preach. Thomas Ringstede, the prior,
and 8 others, are defamed for incontinence with women; 1 confesses adultery,
and 2 "voluntar. polluc."; 2 apostates. Vain and fictitious relics: the shirt
of St. Edmund, blood of Christ, some parts of Holy Cross, the stone with
which St. Stephen was stoned, the coals with which St. Lawrence was
roasted, also parings of the nails and of the hair of St. Edmund in a pix,
some skulls, among which they have one of St. Petronilla, which simple folk
put on their heads, hoping thereby to be delivered from fever. They have
also the boots of St. Thomas of Canterbury, and the sword of St. Edmund.
It is the custom whenever rain is wanted to carry about in processions the
shrine containing the bones of St. Botulph, in the hope that rain will come
the sooner. Anile superstition: Kentish men are accustomed to carry thence
"triticum panxillum" and wax candles, which they light at the end of the
field while the wheat is sown, and hope from this that neither tares nor other
weeds will grow in the wheat that year. There is suspicion of a confederacy
among the abbot and convent, for though no monks are more notorious for
licentious living, yet there was never less confessed.
Iklesworth.—1 incontinent, confesses voluntary pollutions; there also is
suspicion of confederation, for though 18 in number they have confessed
Thetford.—1 confesses to theft and 1 to voluntary pollutions. Suspicion
of confederation, since they are 17 in number.
St. Sepulchre's, Thetford.—Incon.: John Clerke confesses incontinence,
and desires leave to marry; another confesses incontinence, and 2 others
Rushworth College.—Incon.: 1 confesses incontinence, 2 "vol. poll."
Priory of Nuns, Thetford.—1 confesses incontinence; all except the
prioress seek release [from religion].
Westedereham.—Incon., 3 with women, 1 of whom also confesses sodomy;
6 "vol. polluc." Two of them say that there is not one of the monks or
priests but "utatur femineo congressu aut masculo concubitu aut pollucionibus voluntariis vel aliis id genus nephandis abusibus;" wherefore they
seek leave for all who wish to marry, and hope the King has been for this
divinely sent on earth. The two monks who have the cure of souls of the
country say the crime of sodomy is prevalent among the priests, as well
secular as regular, and the youths who are not yet married; they seek that
the remedy of marriage may be granted to such.
Crabbehouse.—Margery Studefelde, the prioress, has one child, 2 others
have children by single men, and another 2 children, "unam ex presbytero,
alteram ex laico." Here they have alienated to persons named Konysbie
and Gyben certain farms, "quæ dominus sequestravit ex causis."
Notarial attestation. "Concordat cum compertis. J. Rheseus (John ap
|Cleopatra, E. iv. 147. B. M.||Modern copy of § 1, 2.|
Copy, temp. Jac. I., pp. 25.
|Lansdowne, 988, f. 1. B. M.||Another modern copy of the same, pp. 32.|
|365. John Prowez to Miles Coverdale.|
|On the 23rd inst. received two letters from his master, for the mayors
of Winchelsea and Rye, and delivered them. The mayor of Winchelsea
immediately had the parson there to prison, where he will remain till my
master's pleasure be known. He is a very unthrift priest and a great
reveller, as all the county reports. There are others yet that cannot be had,
who are disposed to make business, but since the coming of my master's
letters there has not been half the business there was previously. The
people of Rye were daily likely to make insurrections, and they said it would
never be well till one party had put down the other. Now the parson is
in prison, they are almost at a stay, and dare not speak. As to his master's
fish, the weather has been so bad that the boats could not put to sea. Three
great ships going to Roume (Rouen ?) with 6,000 qrs. of wheat have been
lost, and two others. Rye, 28 Feb.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my worshipful master Melles Coverde. Endd.:
|366. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle.|
|I write in behalf of the wife of the commissary of mortepayes here,
to ask you to allow her to take out of your country 300 sheep. Boulogne,
28 Feb. Signed.|
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Vit. B. xiv. 238. B. M.
|367. Pasquinade against Charles V.|
|"Nos Pasquillus generalis, præfectus populi Romani, consideratis actis
et laudabilibus gestis Caroli Qui[nti regis] Neapolitani, maxime erga rem
publicam Romanam, e[i damus et con]cedimus liberum ac securum salvum
conductum eu[ndi et] transeundi per civitatem nostram, ejusque comitatu . .
. . . . . . rebus et personis, duraturum per totum mensem Martii [proxime
sequentem], non obstantibus quibuscunque latrociniis, rubariis . . . . . . . . .
mentis, adulteriis, incestis, Luteranismis commissis [in hac] Urbe per se
et ejus ministros; tam erga Christum [et ejus] sanctos, quam generaliter contra
universam civitatem . . . . . . . . . aliis. Datum Romæ, in solita nostra
residentia, d[ie 28] (fn. 4) Februarii 1536.|
Paulus Tertius Canci . . . . . ."
|368. Antonio Bonvisi to [Cromwell ?].|
|Wrote on the 19th and 20th by way of Flanders by Francesco
Ghabrielli. Wrote also on the 21st, hoping to send it by the same courier, but
it was too late, and it will go with this. The answer from Naples and from
Rome came two days ago. Nothing is known of its substance but preparations for war. Nothing is said of the journey of the Admiral, so it would
seem they have little hope of agreement. The artillery of Paris has arrived,
in all 112 pieces, 12 being siege guns (da battarie) and the rest fieldpieces.
There is no news of other lanceknights coming to Burgundy for Francis, but
15,000 or 16,000 are expected from the Terre Franche (Franche Comté ?)
and by way of Gueldres. The Swiss were at Geneva, having left 1,000 foot
behind them to protect the Pays de Vaud, which they have taken as a
pledge forfeited by the Duke. They decline to serve Francis, being only
paid to defend the kingdom, and their doctors tell them it is unlawful
to take money for invasion. These are of Berne, one of the principal
cantons, but it is thought 8,000 or 10,000 will be got from the others; it
is feared, however, that they will be later than was expected, and that it
will be May before they pass the mountains.|
|Francis has taken possession of Brescia, which has been long in the hands
of the duke of Savoy, but which he claims by right of his mother. In a
castle of Brescia, named Molvello, eight Genoese merchants were taken
with 10,000 scudi, and made to give sureties for a much larger sum.|
|Signor Gian Paulo da Cieri, son of the late Signor Renso, came hither two
days ago, and brings news that the Imperialists are raising men everywhere.
From other quarters it is known that they are raising 10,000 foot in Milan,
and that Maximian Stampa, who was castellan there, has delivered the castle
to Autonio di Leva as the Emperor's lieutenant, receiving 14,000 ducats in
reward. He has been made colonel of 3,000 foot, Count Philip Torinello of as
many, and two other captains of 4,000. At Trent 7,000 lances had arrived,
and they were expecting in all 12,000. When Francis hears of the preparations, perhaps he will change his mind about crossing the mountains. The
conclusion of the league between Francis and the Venetians is confirmed
from many quarters. The bishop of Rome has given his word to the
Emperor, but is very ill pleased, and there is little good understanding
between them. The Emperor will leave Naples on the 5th March for Rome,
accompanied by 7,000 foot, 800 lances, 1,500 light horse, and 40 pieces of
artillery, some being siege guns. The bishop of Rome was in great fear, as
cardinal Trivulci writes; nevertheless, they will receive him gloriously, more
for fear than for love. The kingdom of Naples had granted him 1,500,000
ducats, but the money will be raised with difficulty. I send with this divers
articles of news from Lucca, derived from good sources; also a supplication
of the exiles of Florence to the Emperor, with the reply and a memorial
given by the Emperor's council to the said exiles, with a letter of one of
them to a friend. The Emperor has a very difficult task to settle matters there.
He has demanded of the Siennese two of their seaports, Porto Ercole and
Thalamone, and of the bishop of Rome, Civita Vecchia, to secure himself
against Barbarossa, but he has been refused. I send some news from a friend
at Rome that may concern the king of England.|
|Neither in Seville nor in Portugal had it rained, till the 20th January,
enough to allow them to sow. They are afraid the seed is lost for this year.
In Sicily, on the other hand, it had rained two months continuously, and
done great injury to the sowing. The Portuguese ambassador has obtained
licence from Francis to buy corn at Bordeaux and in Brittany. A false
report lately came that the marquis del Guasto had killed the viceroy of
Naples, brother of the duke of Alva.|
|Letters from Naples of the 19th say the Emperor has promised the exiles
that when he reaches Rome he will restore them to liberty, and that the
marriage with his daughter will take place two days after. The duke of
Florence has purchased the dukedom of Sessa.|
|Sends a copy of letters from Seville about the arrival of ships from India
on the 30th January.|
Further news of the preparations for war.
Lyons, 28 Feb. 1536.
Ital., pp. 4. In Bonvisi's hand. Endd.
|ii. Extracts from a letter from Lucca of the 14th Feb. 1536.|
|The agreement about the duchy of Milan, as I hear from well-informed
persons who lately left Naples, is not likely to take effect. The Emperor
is willing to give it to the duke of Angoulême with the marriage of the
Duchess, and security against Francis pushing his claims further. But
the French king has asked it for the duke of Orleans under other conditions.
My friend thinks it will be conferred on the son of the king of the Romans,
who will soon be in Italy to visit the Emperor. Thinks Francis has lost his
opportunity, even if he would accept it for the duke of Angoulême, having
given offence in various ways. No doubt it will have to be taken by force,
there is so much preparation made there, both defensive and offensive. The
Emperor will conclude a league with the Venetians; the Pope cares little
about it. If war break out, my friend thinks the fleet will not go into Spain.
In proportion as they are cool in Italy they make great preparations in
|From Naples, by letters of the 6th, the Emperor is trying to make an
agreement between the Duke and the exiles, but it is not thought very
hopeful. There is no certainty when the Emperor will leave Naples. He
has demanded of the kingdom 3,000,000, of which 1,500,000, payable in five
years, has been conceded; but the money will be levied with difficulty. He
will soon be in Rome with a large force, and preparations have been made
for his reception. The prince Doria left Naples unexpectedly, and arrived
Ital., pp. 2. In Bonvisi's hand. Endd.
|R. O.||2. Another copy of § ii.|
|369. Florence. (fn. 5) |
|Memorial of the Emperor's council given to the exiles (fora usciti)
in answer to a reply made by them beginning "Noi non venimo qui." (fn. 6) |
|If the party of the exiles of Florence desire to come to an agreement, as
they say, let them consent that the duke Alexander de Medicis and his heirs
remain in the state of Florence with the title of duke and head of the
government, and the Emperor will reform the administration in accordance
with the articles agreed to by his Majesty's ministers. The submission of
the Duke, by which the Emperor holds the government, is not so exorbitant
as the exiles maintain, and he will do his duty in such a manner that it
will be seen clearly he has no other object in view than the interests of
Florence itself, &c.|
Spanish, p. 1. In Bonvisi's hand, with an endorsement in Italian in the
E. ii. 195. B. M.
|2. A mutilated paper in Italian, apparently in reply to the preceding,
endorsed "Risposta dei fora usciti al memoriale statoli dato dal consiglio di
In Bonvisi's hand, pp. 2. The endorsement is in the same hand.
|370. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.|
|I have received a letter from my Lord Chancellor and you, to which
I have made the enclosed answer. I beg you to consider me as I am, a poor
man, unable to pay 1,720l. On the other hand, it would be an undoing to
my name to leave the old signory of my lordships. But I remit all to your
goodness. If the letter please you, let Parson Davys deliver it to my Lord
Chancellor; if not, alter it to your own mind, and I will re-write it. But
send me the copy sealed with your signet. Wade, 29 Feb.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Crumwell, secretary to the King's highness.
|371. Doubtful Divinity.|
|"The deposition of Tristram Reuel, late scholar of Christ's College,
Cambridge, touching the translation of the book called the Sum of
Christianity, ultimo Februarii, ao xxviimo."|
|About Easter last he borrowed of Dr. Leonard, a physician dwelling about
the Crossed Friars, a book called Farrago Rerum Theologicarum, from
which he made "the collection of the book aforesaid, translating the same
word for word without addition, saving the epistle, which was of his own
device." He first presented it to my lord of Canterbury's brother, (fn. 7) who
showed it to my Lord himself. The Archbishop committed the examination
to my lord of Worcester and his said brother, the archdeacon of Canterbury;
and the bp. of Worcester gave it to a monk, one of his doctors, to examine.
Meanwhile, deponent carried the book printed to Mr. Latymer, the Queen's
cha[pla]in, "requiring him to present it to her [Grace, who], two days
after, gave him . . . . . . . . . . . . Queen's grace thanked him . . . . . . .
. . . . . . [b]ut she would not trouble herself . . . . . . . . . . oke. And
hereupon it was committed to [the sai]d monk, of whom the said Tristram
had none answer." But my lord of Worcester said there were two or three
extreme points in it that might not be borne; "nevertheless, in case it
should come before them that had authority to put forth books, he would say
his opinion in it."|
|He says he desired Redman to print, as he wished to dedicate it to the
Queen, because his writing was not very legible; also that his father would
have had him a priest, to which he was not inclined, and he had enterprised
this translation in the hope of getting some exhibition from the Queen.|
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.
Nero, B. vi. 130. B. M.
|372. Ric. Moryson to Cromwell.|
|Cannot but believe that Cromwell's liberality is on the way. Complains bitterly of his poverty. He who has freed all England from papal
authority has promised to free Moryson from misery. Wishes to do
something else than be wretched in Italy, or not to be in Italy. Will come
home if Cromwell thinks he can serve his country. Otherwise he wishes to
be able to finish his studies. Venice, prid. Cal. Martias.|
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add.: D. Thomæ Crumwello S. Angliæ regi cum a
secretis tum a consiliis omnibus, &c.
Vienna Archives. Lanz, ii. 212.
|373. Charles V. to Chapuys.|
|His last letters received were of the 18th and 30 Dec., and of the
9th ult., touching the sickness and death of the queen of England. Laments
her decease, and the desolation of the Princess, her daughter. Desires to
hear of the Princess' treatment—whether she continues at the same place as
when her mother was alive—and whether there is any means of getting her
away (de la transpourter ailleurs), or making some change in her estate.
As to the king of England's desire to renew amity with the Emperor, considering the French king's threat to recommence war, who feels confident of
Henry's support, Chapuys might suggest, as if of himself, that perhaps such
a renewal of amity might be more easily effected now, and without any need
of a council, with some suitable provision for the Princess, than during
the Queen's life—not for the sake of coming to an agreement with Henry,
which would not be for the Princess's advantage while he is so obstinate with
his Concubine, but to abate the insolence of Francis, and perhaps to compel
the king of England, in indignation, to treat with Charles for the benefit of
the Princess; and, in any case, to gain time. Hopes then to make such
preparations that Francis must either accept his conditions or he shall repent
it. He may tell the king of England not to let himself be misled by the
boasts of the French, for it will be seen in six weeks if Charles be not the
stronger. He may also tell the King or Cromwell that all the French
king's boasting (braveté) is only for the duchy of Milan, about which
Charles can arrange with him any day on such terms as he pleases. Will
inform Chapuys what comes of the negociations now on foot about it; and
he may write his advice what stipulations he thinks Charles might insist
upon with Francis in behalf of the Princess.|
|Since the above was written, received on the 25th his letters of the 21st
and 29th Jan. Approves of his conduct in consoling and advising the
Princess. Thinks the language of the King and Cromwell shows they want
to set the above [alliance] on foot. Agrees with his advice that the Princess
should feign a wish to enter religion. Delays writing to her lest his letters be
intercepted; but Chapuys may assure her that he hopes to remedy her treatment (son affaire) to her satisfaction, whatever turn matters take, either for
peace or war. Is much grieved at the death of his aunt, and especially that
the manner of it should have been such as Chapuys reports. Naples, last
day of Feb. 1536.|
Fr. From a modern copy, pp. 3.
|Harl. MS. 288, f. 27. B. M.||374. [Gardiner] to Henry VIII.|
|I and Wallop have communed with the Emperor's ambassador, and
learned from him such things as we think your Highness should know at
|The said Ambassador has been with the French king these three days six
leagues from this town, and returned on Sunday. I at once sent him the
letters directed to him from the Imperial ambassador in England, which
came with your Highness's letter, with a message desiring to speak with him.
He arranged a meeting at a church at evensong; and at the hour sent a
message by his servant that he was letted by the Venetian ambassador, but
would come by-and-by. On his arrival I thanked him for the tidings he
sent me of the arrival of the Emperor's letters to him with the generality of
his commission; "by reason whereof," quoth I, "I am very desirous to know
how ye have done at the Court, for here be many bruits that ye have concluded [altered, 'are towards a peace'], as some say, and that ye have
offered Milan to the French king. A peace! quoth he; nay, by my troth,
these men be so froward and handle themself in such wise as I think they
will rather cause the Emperor to recule from such conditions as else percase
he might be brought unto;" and so, quoth he, I told the French king.
"Trow you," quoth I, "to constrain my master to make peace with you, and
is this the way, to levy your force and to arm yourself? The French king
said he did it only for the matters of Savoy, and that he would make no war
upon the Emperor." I asked the Ambassador again if the Emperor offered
the French king Milan. He answered, he knew not; but he said he had
in commission to say that the Emperor, for his desire of universal peace,
would gladly part with somewhat, and signifieth to the French king that he
thinks the offer of Mons. de Angolesme honorable, and will treat with him
if he will send some one with power. While talking, a councillor of the
French king, belonging to the Admiral, sat by. The Ambassador said it did
not matter his seeing us speak together, but he did not wish him to overhear.
I asked him why the French embraced this overture of peace no better, and
whereupon they bore themselves so bold to make this visage of war? He
said he supposed on the King our master. I reminded him that I had
already assured him that we did nothing that was bruited, and that the King
would do nothing against his treaties with the Emperor unless the occasion
begins with the Emperor; and, to be frank with him, that if the King
would have declined from the treaties with the Emperor he might have had
many occasions, and provocations by other men, with great overtures and
desires to begin the war where the King would appoint, which have been
refused because of his amity with the Emperor. If the Emperor thinks the
French king maintains his brags upon us, why does he not remember that
God hath pulled away all matters of unkindnesss that might have chanced
by the death of the Princess dowager? Why should not our old amity be
revived? (fn. 8) Neither Milan nor Genoa is in controversy between us. "If
you knew," quoth the Ambassador, "the Emperor's purpose, which is
to make war upon no Christian prince, but only to follow his enterprises
against the Infidels, you would think it a great pity that any Christian man
should hinder him therein." I said this was true, and I wished him to
assay the Emperor herein and I would do the same with the King, as I
heard from him any likelihood, for some man must adventure to put these
great princes in remembrance what may be commodious for them. He said
he told the Emperor in his last letter that the bruit of the descent of the
English was false, which he was glad to hear, and now he would interlace
with this frowardness of the Frenchmen such good effects as he thought
might follow between him and me, for there was no war yet, and it would be
easy to revive peace. He spoke these words very cheerfully and gladly.
I asked him familiarly whether among their overtures to the French he
made any mention of your Highness? He said, Nay, by his troth. The
Admiral had once or twice asked what he said about the Englishmen, but he
said the Emperor had given him no charge to speak of them, and he knew
not what to say; but let a gap be left open, and then enter who will. The
Ambassador took not their manner of speaking of us most friendly, inasmuch
that the Admiral asked him whether we had any secret practices with him
or not; and he said, Nay. The Ambassador told me also that the French had
told him that the Princess dowager, receiving the sacrament a little before
her death, protested to those that were there, "that a writing written with
her own hand was true, in which writing was written how your Highness
knew in what case your Highness married her concerning the virginity of
|These two articles might somewhat move your Highness, and were it not
that we know your Majesty's wisdom sufficient to make the best of the
worst, we would much have stayed in the writing of them, "but we
trust that your Highness will first, for this respect not be aknown hereof,
bycause in disclosing of this matter thEmperor's ambassador—."|
Pp. 8. Draft in Gardiner's hand. Imperfect.
|Harl. MS., 288, f. 31. B. M.||375. Gardiner and Wallop to Henry VIII.|
|Having despatched Thaddeus with such strange news as came
suddenly to our knowledge after writing our letters and were put in the
postscript, we were desirous to speak with the Imperial ambassador. On
Tuesday the Imperial ambassador returned to this town, and the same night
the French king came hither. We had by chance a garden right over against
the Imperial ambassador's lodgings, divided by the Soone. On Wednesday
morning we saw him pass in a boat, and invited him to sup in the garden.
He went on to the Court, being sent for, to speak with the Great Master, and
found him not; went back at four, and waited till seven, and then did not see
him, and came to supper discontented, his wife being there also. After
supper, talking of this great bruit of the peace, he said he could tell
nothing but upon the Frenchmen's report, for he had had no letters from
the Emperor since he saw us, at which time he had told us he saw no such
likelihood; the Great Master had sent for him the last day, and told him
things were changed; but he saw no such foundation of peace as these men
make out. They may have peace when they will, but not with such
conditions as they list. The Emperor will not make war with any Christian
prince if he can avoid it, but he will not part with his right. The French
are so light and inconstant that one day they will have peace, and another
day war. If he had not himself favored peace between his master and the
French king, he might long ago have set them together. He could not tell
on what they had conceived their hopes of peace, except the ambassador
Velle's letters; and directly he (the Imperial ambassador) came to the Court,
they had determined to send the cardinal of Lorraine, and had despatched a
post to tell of his coming. "It may be," quoth he, "he comes to a peace, but
I have yet no letters from the Emperor." I, Sir John Wallop, told him that
if the French king inclined so to peace, the Emperor might acknowledge a
great goodness of your Highness. "The Ambassador granted, and said he
thought that your Highness might easily have set these men on hede," and
that he would write that the French king's conformity, if there be any in
him, proceeded chiefly because your Highness was not inclined according to
his desire. Wallop repeated with a stomach what he had said before, and
he agreed and told us of the negligent lightness of the French; what cheer
they made him at his last being at the Court, and how he and the Portuguese
ambassador had walked in the church two hours that afternoon to wait for
the Grand Master, and could not see him, and yet there was a post arrived
that day from Rome, though what he brought was not known. We said,
percase the contrary of what was before written. He said, he could not
tell, but one day a thing liked them, and another day not. They see
themselves disappointed, and percase would gladly have what was once
offered. He said the Emperor would not refuse Milan to one of the French
king's children, but with such conditions that the King would have no foot
in Milan, so that he could impeach the quiet of Italy. We supposed that the
Emperor would keep the fortress in his own hands for a while, which he
granted. We pressed him no further, but he said that undoubtedly the
Emperor would be glad to agree with the French king for the wealth of
Christendom, and as to England he would not begin any matter of variance
contrary to his leagues. He had never had any commission to speak with
the French king concerning the king of England. It has been generally
moved on the French side, "what say you to our allies?" and answered
generally that the Emperor trusted the French king's allies were also his;
and when they spoke specially of the English, he replied he had nothing to
say. The Ambassador told us further that he saw no cause that should move
business between your Highness and the Emperor, for he thought you would
not be against the General Council for the wealth of Christendom. The
greatest cause is gone; and as to the third, my lady Mary, the time was not
yet come; "and, using a certain gesture in casting his hand, said God should
provide therein," and concluded that in his opinion your amity would increase,
whatever conclusion was taken with the French king. We would not
reason with him, being both together, but assured him that as the Emperor
has been bound to the King in times past, so he is, if the French king
come to conformity and seek peace, much more bound to your Highness
|The French king tarried in Lyons all that day, and the next (Thursday)
determined to depart. Having heard nothing from the Court either of the
peace or the sending of the cardinal of Lorraine to the Emperor, we
determined to go into the country with the Emperor's ambassador's wife and
servant, lest men should think we were over-careful of the peace. And at
night the Ambassador supped at Wallop's lodging, so that, as they now bruit
peace with the Emperor, we should make demonstration that we are not
in enmity with him.|
|The Emperor's ambassador had heard that day from the Great Master that
at Rome the General Council was agreed to be celebrated at Mantua at
Whitsuntide twelvemonth. I, the bishop of Winchester, said I marvelled the
Emperor would appoint the Council; to which he answered that the Emperor
had not appointed it, but the bishop of Rome, to whom the Emperor referred
it. I said the Germans would complain that he promised to call it in Germany.
"No," said he, "the Emperor promised, if the bishop of Rome would not call a
Council Universal, he would call a Council National, to agree all Germany in
one opinion; but now the bishop of Rome will have a Council General, all
Germany shall resort thither, and you are deceived in thinking that a great
part of Germany will resist." He described Germany to us, having been
secretary to the emperor Maximilian, and vice-chancellor of the Empire.
He reckons the Emperor will command Germany as he lists. They have
reason to demand a Council and desire a reformation, and the Emperor is
content to handle them gently, but if this peace take effect there would be
|We asked him if he knew any nearer likelihood of this peace, and he said
Nay. We made familiar cheer with him, and so departed.|
|Today, Friday, the bailly of Troyes came, saying that the French king,
willing to communicate with your Highness such news as he hath, and glad
to concur with you in doing such pleasure as he can, had given commission
to the Great Master who sent the said bailly to show us how the General
Council is announced at Rome to be held at Mantua at Whitsuntide
twelvemonth, and if the King might stand your Highness in any stead
therein, he would gladly. I, the bishop of Winchester, told the bailly I
understood not what he meant by announcing. Is it not yet agreed unto by
the French king, or is this the first knowledge of a Council intended? He
said he was bidden to use those terms, and cannot answer to other circumstances; and that he was bidden also to say that the French king had sent
the cardinal of Lorraine to Rome to justify himself, that, if any war follow, it
shall not be in his default, and also to purge himself that he does not labour
the coming of the Turk, but desires quiet and agreement in Christendom.
We said we heard that he went for peace, and it was already agreed upon,
whereof we said we knew well your Highness would be glad. The bailly
shrank his shoulders, and said he knew not thereof; howbeit, if peace
follow, it shall be good for all Christendom, and your Highness would be,
he was sure, comprehended, though he had no commission to say so, and, to
speak more secretly, his master was so bound to do. "We passed over that
lest we should be seen to fear whether comprehension should be made or
not, and told him again what we had heard of the Cardinal's going, and how
we were advertised from the Emperor's court of the great practices there on
the French king's behalf for peace, and of the Emperor's longer tarriance.
* * *|
Pp. 16. Draft in Gardiner's hand.
|Harl. MS., 283, f. 18. B. M.||376. [Cromwell] to Stephen Vaughan.|
|Your letters to me came to the King's hands; who opened them in
my absence, and on my return to Court desired me to answer as follows.
The King commends your zeal, but thinks you have no cause to ask for
reimbursement of the charges you have sustained in his service, or of the
money you are bound to pay him for the subsidy granted by Parliament,
considering the annual fee of 20l. and the office which he lately gave you of
the faculties. The charges you have sustained in your voyage to Germany
and otherwise shall be requited, but his Highness thinks you need not distrust
his liberality if you only continue as you have done hitherto. Am surprised
at the distrust you show of my old friendship, as I have given you no cause
to doubt it. Am as ready to do you service now as ever, and advise you
not to press me too much. As to your voyage, the King wishes you to
convey the 5,000l. you have received of Antony Denny, packed as Body
will show you, into Denmark by sea in the ship Sweepstake, which is
appointed for you and Christopher Morris; to keep the money as close as you
can, letting no one know of it; and when you arrive, to go to the castle of
Werberge, where you will find Dr. Bonner and Ric. Cavendish, and then do
as they advise you, either to pay the money or part of it on covenants to be
delivered by you, or to keep it with you and bring it home again, or put it
in sure custody to be repaid into the King's coffers. If they agree to pay
part, you shall bring home the remainder. As you desire to be furnished
with money, although you now go by sea, and need be at no great charge,
the King will allow you 13s. 4d. a day while you are abroad, and let you
have in prest— (fn. 9) months' diets, which you will receive of Sir Brian
Tuke on presenting my enclosed letter to him or to Allan Hawt. My servant
Williamson will pay you the money for your last voyage into Flanders,
amounting to 42l. 15s. 8d.|
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7.
|Nero, B. III.|
109. B. M.
|2. Later copy of the preceding.|
|R. O.||377. [Cromwell to Stephen Vaughan.]|
|Finds by his letter that he has received the King's letters and
Cromwell's for his preparation towards Denmark. His letter was received
during Cromwell's absence from Court, by the King, who read every word
thereof, and gives him condign thanks for his readiness. He is to have
13s. 4d. a day for his diets, and will receive from Sir Brian Tuke three
months' diets in advance. The Sweepstake is prepared for his passage
across the sea, and he is to convey the money in the secretest manner
possible, and not deliver any but by consent of Dr. Bonner and Chr. Mount.|
Draft, p. 1.
|R. O.||378. Richard Androys to Cromwell.|
|"Beseeching your mastership to remember the bishopric of St. Davyes,
and my promise shall be performed, viz., 500 marks. Your servant Androys."|
Add.: To the Hon. Mr. Secretary. Endd.
Corpus Reform. iii. 38.
|379. Melancthon to Augustine Schurffius.|
|Congratulates him on his return from Austria. Has come to Wittenberg, summoned by Luther's letters, on account of the English, though he
would rather be with that part of the university which is in Thuringia.
Asks his advice about the return of the scholars. Supposes if there are no
signs of plague this month, there is no need to stay there longer, though he
fears the summer.|
|R. O.||380. Garrison of Berwick's Lands.|
|Certain lands which were assigned by Act of Parliament towards
the payment of the garrison of Berwick; now given by the King as
|To the duke of Richmond, the lordship of Raskall, Yorks., 44l. or 45l.
to the countess of Sarum, a fourth part of Cottingham, called Salisbury's
lands, 33l. 6s. 8d., the manors of Aldeburgh, Cateryk, and Hangwest
Frendles, in Richmondshire, 62l., and the lordship of Chesterfield, 30l.; to
Sir William Fitzwilliam, the lordship of Hutton Panell, 26l. 13s. 4d.; total
297l. a year.|
|The assignments for the payment of Berwick out of the customs of Hull
and Newcastle, which should amount to 515l., have fallen far short of that
sum for many years, and in the account for Michaelmas 27 Hen. VIII.
amounted only to 163l. 12s. 5¾d.|
|Suggestions that the priory of Marton be annexed to the lordship of Sheriff
Hutton, and the abbeys of Corham and Gerves to that of Middleham, to make
good the difference.|
P. 1. Endd.: "Lands to be assigned to Berwick."
|R. O.||381. [The Earl of Westmoreland to Cromwell].|
|"Sir, I beseech you have me in remembrance touching thabbay of
Blaunchelond and the priory of the nuns of Keldham and my old suit, and I
will do therefor as much as any other will."|
In the hand of the Earl's clerk. Endd.: Blaunchlond and Kelham.
|R. O.||382. Sir Anthony Hungerford to Cromwell.|
|I understand that all religious houses under a certain value shall
return to the King. I beg, therefore, you will prefer me to a poor priory in
Wiltshire, named Polton, for a son of mine, which is worth 23l. a year, and
is close to a poor house I have there. I have 10 sons, and would fain prefer
them to some honest livings. I will pay a convenient rent and 100 marks
for your pains.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
|R. O.||383. Joyce late Prioress of Catesby to Cromwell.|
|Dr. Gwent informed you last night that the Queen had moved the
King for me, and offered him 2,000 marks for the house of Catisby, but has
not yet a perfect answer. I beg you, in my great sorrow, get the King to
grant that the house may stand, "and get me years of payment for the
2,000 marks. You shall have 100 marks of me to buy you a gelding, and
my prayers during my life, and all my sisters during their lives." I hope
you have not forgotten the report the Commissioners sent of me and my
sisters. Mr. Onley says he has a grant of the house, but I trust you will
second the Queen's efforts.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|Cleop. E. iv.|
270*. B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 116. Ellis, 1 Ser. II. 74.
|384. Jane Messyndyne, Prioress, and the Convent of Legborne, to Cromwell.|
|Master and founder, as God has endued you with the just title of
founder of the priory of Legborne, we submit to your most righteous commandment. Whereas we hear that a great number of abbeys shall be
suppressed for misliving, and all under the value of 200l. put down; we
trust you will hear no complaints against us, and be a suitor for your own
poor priory that it may be preserved, and you shall be a higher founder to
us than he who first founded our house.|
Hol. Add.: Master Thos. Cromwell, high secretary to our sovereign
lord the King. Endd.
|R. O.||385. A. Lady Oxford to Cromwell.|
|Understanding that abbeys under 200l. a year are "at the King's
gracious pleasure to oppress," requests to have the farm of a place of
nuns in Norfolk, called Blakborow, not worth 100l. a year, as she supposes,
of which she is foundress, or else the house of Schuldam, which is not far
from her lands. Lambeth, this present day. Signed.|
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
|R. O.||386. John Pakyngton to Cromwell.|
|By my brother, Rob. Pakyngton, I sued to the King to have the
priory of Westwood, Worc., in farm. It is close to my house, where I have
no pasture for my horses, though I am now in the King's service in North
Wales, to my great charge. I will give your mastership a pleasure.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "Chief Secretary." Endd.
|Cleop. E. iv.|
269. B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 72.
|387. Nicolas Abbot of Rewley (fn. 10) to [Cromwell].|
|Thanks him that he has so soon come to his speech with so little
expense in lying at London, and for his kind offer. Hopes to acquit it
tenfold. Has had a letter sent him that their monastery is to be given to
Mr. Archard, Cromwell's servant, and that it was in the commission. Will
be bound in 100l., to be paid to Cromwell, if the house may be saved,
although it be converted into the use of a college to have both learning and
learned men go forward therein. Was loth to attempt Cromwell any
further, unless the great rumour of the town and university had compelled
him, because of the gift to Mr. Archard. Begs for his kind letter against
the surveyors coming to discharge them.|
Hol., p. 1.
|R. O.||388. John Tregonwell to [Cromwell].|
|Asks his mastership for the farm of one of the underwritten monasteries. Promises that Cromwell shall be considered and rewarded for his
|ii. Byndon, Wilts; Dorchester and Brewerne, Oxon; Bryggwater and
Clyve, Somers.; Canonbye and Polslowe, Devon; Mayden Bradley, Wilts;
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
|R. O.||389. [Robert Abbot of Walden to Cromwell.]|
|I have made efforts to speak with your mastership, but could not, by
reason of your business. I have made you secret to my infirmities, and you
were very good to me, commanding me to use my remedy wisely, without
slander of the world; which I have done. But though it may be hid for a
time, it will be very hard to keep it long. Wherefore I beseech you to
continue me in my abbey, with this my remedy, if it be possible; or provide
me with some honest living, which may be done without reproach of my
name or hindrance of my preaching.|
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: Robert abbot of Walden.
|Cleop. E. iv.|
259* B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 51.
|390. Richard Zouche to Cromwell.|
|Asks him to obtain for him a priory called Staverdell, founded by
his ancestors, and the inheritance of the lord his father and himself.
A lewd prior, who had been canon of Taunton, brought it to be a cell to
Taunton. It is now destroyed, and there are but two canons there, who
are of no good bearing. It is great pity the poor house is so ill
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
|R. O.||391. Sir Thomas Dingley.|
|i. Henry VIII. to the Grand Master of the Order of St. John [Perin
|Thanks him for his good acceptance of previous letters in favour of
Thomas Dingley, brother of the Order of Jerusalem, for the next presentation to the preceptory of Grace in England. (fn. 11) Begs him to give Dingley
the next preceptory which shall fall vacant.|
|ii. Same to the Grand Master [Didier de Ste. Jaille?].|
|Had recommended Thomas Dingley for the next vacancy of the preceptory
of Grace in England to the Grand Master's predecessor, who is now dead.
Begs that Dingley may still have that promotion.|
Lat., pp. 2. Each headed: Exemplum litterarum Regiarum ad Magnum
Hierosolymitani Ordinis Magistrum. Endd.
|392. Grants in February 1536.|
|1. Rob. Stone, a native of the dominions
of the king of the French. Denization.
Westm., 1 Feb.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1,
|2. Walter Broune. Lease of the mill of
Cheriell, in the lordship of Cheriell, Wilts,
parcel of the lands of the late earl of Warwick; for 21 years; at the annual rent of
60s., and 3s. of increase; on surrender of
patent 18 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII. granting him
a similar lease in a different form. Del.
Westm., 1 Feb. — Hen. VIII.—S.B.b. Pat.
27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.|
|3. Thos. Wilson of London, mercer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Arthur
Plantagenet viscount Lyslie, deputy general
of Calais.—T.R. Westm., 1 Feb. 27 Hen.
VIII.—P.S. writ. Signed by Lisle.|
|4. John Chaundler, or Chaundeler. To
be a gunner in the Tower of London, with
fees of 6d. a day. Greenwich, 24 Jan.
27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S.|
|5. Hen. Sevacre. To be a gunner in the
Tower of London, with fees of 6d. a day.
Greenwich, 24 Jan. 27 Hen. VIII.—P.S.|
|6. Francis Mallard and Lowys le Regretyer, gentlemen of the bp. of Tarbes,
ambassador to the French king. Licence
to depart out of the realm, town, and
marches of Calais, with their servants, four
horses, money to the value of 200 cr. of the
sun, baggage, &c. Greenwich, 10 Jan.
27 Hen. VIII. T., 4 Feb.—S.B.|
|7. John Lane, s. and h. of Ric. Lane,
deceased, and Sir Francis lord Talbott, s.
and h. apparent of Geo. earl of Shrewsbury,
Hen. Flemmyng, vicar of Brewoode, Ric.
Harrecourt, and Walter Wrottesley, who are
seized, inter alia, of two thirds of the manor
of Bentley, Staff., and of the bailiwick of
keeping the haye (de balliva custodiend'
hayeam) of Bentley, with the reversion of
the third part of the said manor by the
gift and enfeoffment of the said Ric.
Lane. Livery of lands, on all possessions
in England whereof the said Ric. Lane
and Jocosa, late wife of Ralph Lane, deceased, father of the said Richard, or any of
his ancestors, were seized. Greenwich,
3 May 26 Hen. VIII, Del. Westm., 4 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 38.|
|8. John Parker, "valectus manticæ."
Reversion of certain lands and tenements of
the annual value of 10 marks, in Suttonupon-Darwent, York, formerly belonging to
one Cathwayte, who forfeited the same, and
which were afterwards granted to Will.
Lelegrave. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 27 Hen.
|9. Will. Legh, one of the gentlemen
ushers of the Chamber. Custody of "Bella
Parke," Notts, during the minority of
Katherine, Anne, Mary, and Frances Dun
ham, daughters and heirs of Sir John Dunham, deceased, with the herbage and pannage
of the said park. Del. Westm., 4 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.|
|10. Brian Haselrigge of Halloughton,
Leic. Pardon for the murder of Walter
Haselrigge, elk., brother of the said Brian.
Westm., 17 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. 5 Feb.
"anno subscripto" (sic).—P.S. Pat. p. 2,
|11. John Norres, one of the gentlemen
ushers of the Chamber. Grant, in reversion,
of the office of comptroller of the works of
Wyndesor castle, which was granted by
Pat. 27 April 18 Hen. VIII. to Thos. Warde,
the King's harbinger. Greenwich, 31 Jan.
27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Feb.—P.S.
Pat. p. 1, m. 30.|
|Francis Van Skyn, tailor, a native of the
Emperor's dominions. Westm., 6 Feb.|
|Peter Cramys, tailor, a native as above.
Westm., 6 Feb.|
|Arthur Andwarp, a native as above.
Westm., 6 Feb.|
Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
|13. Sir Will. Poulet, the King's councillor.
To be keeper and governor of Pamber forest,
Hants, on surrender of Pat. 17 Oct.
25 Hen. VIII., granting the office to Rob.
Lytle, groom of the Wardrobe of Beds, and
in consideration that Sir Hugh Seynt John,
lord Seynt John, whose heir the said Sir Will.
Poulet is, was seized of the said office as of
fee and inheritance. Greenwich, 26 Jan.
27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.—P.S.
Pat. p. 2, m. 14.|
|14. Thos. Welden, one of the clerks of
the Kitchen. Licence to shoot with the
crossbow at all marks and game in the
manor of Creswell and the parish of Bray,
Berks, "our forests, chases and parks,
hernes and malardes, without our especial
warrant only except." 20 Dec. 27 Hen.
VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.—P.S. Pat.
p. 1, m. 31.|
|15. Thos. Danyell of Kylbreste in the
parish of Tretire, Heref., labourer. Pardon
for having, on the 13 April 4 Hen. VIII.,
assaulted and killed Rob. Moris at Kilbreste.
Westm., 7 Feb.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2,
|16. Thos. Stradlyng. Annuity of 4l. 16s. 8d.
out of the issues of the manor of Castelton,
Glamorgan, lately belonging to Hugh
Adams, deceased, during the minority of
Anne Adams, daughter and heir of the said
Hugh; with the wardship and marriage of
the said Anne. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.|
|17. Sir Chr. Morys. To be master of
the Ordnance; with fees of 2s. a day for
himself, 6d. a day for a clerk, and 6d. a day
for a yeoman under him. Del. Westm.,
8 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1,
|18. Peter Mutton, yeoman usher of the
Chamber. Lease of the herbage of the
little park of Dynbygh alias "Castell
parke," parcel of the earldom of March,
N. Wales; for 21 years from Mich. 1539.
on the expiration of a similar lease to Rob.
Fraunces by pat 12 May 10 Hen. VIII.;
at the annual rent of 6l. 3s. 4d., and 40d of
increase. Del. Westm., 8 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.
—S.B.b. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.|
|19. Ric. Agmondesham, page of the
Wardrobe of Robes. Reversion of the
office of one of the walking foresters in
Galtresse forest, Yorks., which was granted
by pat. 24 Feb. 11 Hen. VIII. to John
Wighell, one of the pages of the Chamber,
on the death of Ric. Buckley, who late held
the office, with fees of 4d. a day. Del.
Westm., 8 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.— S.B. Pat.
p. 2, m. 8.|
|20. Baldwin Rooper or Roper, of London,
mercer. Fiat for his protection; going in
the retinue of Sir Arthur Plantagenet, K.G.,
viscount Lisle, deputy-general of Calais.
Westm., 4 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 Feb.
|21. Sir John Wallop. Next presentation to the parish church of Olderkyrke,
Marches of Calais, Canterbury dioc., and
the rectory thereof. Del. Westm., 10 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.|
|22. Thos. Thurresby. Licence to alienate a fourth part of the manor of Caxston
alias Caxton, Camb., to Ambrose Jermyn
and Anne his wife, one of the daughters
and heirs of Geo. Hevenyngham and Margaret his wife, one of the daughters and
heirs of John Burgoyn and one of the kinswomen and heirs of Ric. Burgoyn, deceased. Westm., 10 Feb.— Pat. 27 Hen.
VIII. p. 1, m. 26.|
|23. John Christoferson of Brantham,
Suff. Pardon for having on the 22nd Oct.
last killed John le Sterlyng in self-defence,
as appears by the record of Edm. Gosnolde,
one of the coroners of Suffolk; the said
John having surrendered to the Marshalsea prison as certified by Sir John Fitzjames, C. J. of King's Bench. Westm.,
10 Feb.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.|
|24. Thos. Williams, yeoman of the
Guard, and Owen ap Williams. Lease of
several parcels of land; viz., 40 a. of land of
the right of Gen. (?) Gough (de jure Gen.
G.), in the vill of Moghdre, in the commote of
Ughdulas, in the lordship of Denbigh, parcel
of the earldom of March, N. Wales; 24 a.
of land and 1 rood late of Denoved ap Jevan
Goz there; 3 r. of land late of Ken' ap Jevan
Goz, in the same vill; I water-mill in the
vill of Talloyne, in the same commote, now
in the tenure of the said Thos. Williams;
and 24 a. of land late of Pridith Ybulche,
in the vill of Bodricwynne in the commote
of Istules, in the said lordship; 8 a. of the
same land there; and 8 a. of the same land
in the said vill, now in the tenure of the
said Owen Williams; with reservations;
for 21 years; at certain stated rents. Del.
Westm., 10 Dec. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. b.
Pat. p. 1, m. 26.|
|25. Tudor ap Robert Vaugham. Lease
of 21 acres of land, ½ a. of land, 31 a. of
land, and 31 a. of land, all late in the tenure
of Thos. Billyng, in the vill of Beryng, in
the commote of Issalett, in the lordship of
Denbygh, parcels of the earldom of March,
N. Wales; with reservations; for 21 years;
at the annual rent of 13s. 8d., and 3s. of new
increase. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. 27 Hen.
VIII.—S.B. b. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.|
|26. Thos. Dokenton or Dockyngton, of
London, salter. Protection; going in the
retinue of Sir Arthur Plantagenet viscount
Lisle, deputy general of Calais. T. 11 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.— P.S. writ. (Signed by
|27. John Grenehill. Lease of a watermill in Ridmerley Dabitott, late in the
tenure of Rob. Wadley, parcel of the lands
of the earl of Warwick, Worc.; for 21 years;
at the annual rent of 30s., and 12d. of increase. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.
—S.B.b. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.|
|28. John Rogers. Livery of lands in
England, Wales and Calais, as s. and h. of
Sir John Rogers; and to Sir John FitzJames, C. J. of the King's Bench, Sir
Francis Weston, Sir Will. Pawlett, Sir
Will. Essex, Sir Will. Carewe, Sir Giles
Strangwayes, Sir John Walshe, Sir Will.
Uvedale, Mark Dyngley, Ric. Zowche, and
Chr. More; and any other person seized
to the use of the said John Rogers or
Katherine his wife; or to the use of Margaret, now wife of Thos. Essex and late
wife of Will. Rogers, elder brother of the
said John; or to the use of the said Sir
John Rogers, &c. Westm., 1 Feb. 27 Hen.
VIII. Del. 12 Feb. — P.S. Pat. p. 1,
|29. Lincolnshire.—Rob. Sutton, Vincent
Grauntham, and Anth. Ireby. Commission
to make inquisition on the lands and heir
of Arthur Spanby. Westm., 12 Feb.—
Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18d.|
|James Hawkyns, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 13 Feb.|
|Anthony Telleton, tailor. Westm., 13 Feb.
—Pat. 27. Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.|
|31. Thos. Layer, of Ovington, Essex,
yeoman. Protection; going in the retinue
of Sir Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lisle,
deputy-general of Calais. T. 14 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.—P.S. writ. (Signed by
|32. Ric. Riche, the King's solicitor, and
John Cooke. Grant, in survivorship, of the
office of clerk of the recognizances taken
before the chief justices of the Common
Pleas and King's Bench, or, in their absence
out of term, before the mayor of the Staple
of Westminster, and the recorder of London,
according to statute 23 Hen. VIII.; the
said Richard and John to have 3s. 4d. for
the writing and inrolment of every such
recognizance, and 20d. for the certification
of the same; on surrender of patent 26 March
23 Hen. VIII., granting the same to the
said Richard alone.|
|Vacated on personal surrender by the
said Richard and John, 7 Dec. 2 Edw. VI.
Del. Westm., 14 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Pat. p. 1, m. 14.|
|33. Rob. Chawlner and John Lathom.
Lease of the parcels of land following;
3½ a. 1 r. of land lying "in Acr' de Llewenny" in the commote of Issalett in the
lordship of Denbigh, late in the tenure of
Thos. Marsshe, 1½ a. 1 r. of land, and
3½ a. 6 p. 1 r. of land there in the tenure
of the said Thomas, 12 a. 3 r. of land late
in the tenure of Godfrey Fraunces there,
10 a. 1 r. of land in the tenure of Hen.
Hetton and Thos. Mybott there, and 10 a.
of land and 8½ a. 1 r. of land in the tenure
of Rob. Mybott in Llewenney park in the
said commote, and 2½ a. of land there in the
tenure of Roger Matthew, 8 places of
meadow late in the tenure of John Fletcher
in the town of Denbigh, parcels of the
earldom of March, N. Wales; with reservations; for 21 years; at certain stated rents.
Del. Westm., 14 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—
S.B.b. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.|
|34. Edm. Tame. Livery of lands as son
and heir of Sir Edm. Tame, deceased.
Greenwich, 3 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. Del.
Westm., 15 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.|
|35. Inspeximus and confirmation to the
sisters of the hospital of Kynwalgraves,
near Bisshopesburton, of patent 20 June
1 Edw. III., inspecting and confirming a
number of private grants not recited verbatim, and other patents of Edward III., &c.
— Westm., 16 Feb. — Pat. 27 Hen. VIII.
p. 1, m. 17.|
|36. Rob. Delman, gunner. To be a
gunner in the Tower of London, vice
Laurence Cleyton, deceased; with fees of
6d. a day. Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 27 Hen.
|37. John Pakyngton. Grant of one
messuage in the city of Worcester, and two
messuages, 100 a. of land, 10 a. of meadow,
and 40 a. of pasture in Over Mytton, Kedermynster, and Oldyngton, Worc., which lately
belonged to John Hale, of Istelworth,
Middx., clk., attainted of high treason.
Windsor Castle, 15 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 16 Feb.—P.S.—Pat. p. 2,
|38. Ric. Cecyll, a groom of the Wardrobe.
Reversion of the office of bailiff of Wittelesmere and keeper of the swans therein, and
in all meres, creeks, &c. in cos. Huntingdon,
Cambridge, Lincoln, and Northampton;
which office was granted by pat. 23 June
3 Hen. VIII. to David Cecyll, serjeant-atarms, for 30 years. Greenwich, 15 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Feb.—P.S.|
|39. Thos. Williams, yeoman of the Guard.
Lease of escheated lands, called Guys Rees,
in Trovarth, in the commote of Istulas, late
in the tenure of Marion daughter of Griffith
ap David ap Hoell ap Griffith ap Rees
ap David ap Grono, in the lordship of
Denbigh, parcel of the earldom of March,
N. Wales; with reservations; for 21 years;
at the annual rent of 13½d., and 3s. 6½d.
anew approved. Del. Westm., 18 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.b. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.|
|40. Sir John Horsey. Anth. Harvy, and
Rob. Chudlegh. Licence to enfeoff Hen.
marquis of Exeter of 1 messuage, 1 mill,
400 a. of land, 10 a. of meadow, 400 a. of
pasture, 120 a. of wood, and 400 a. of furze
and heath in Norton Dawney, Puddesworthy,
and Townstall, and free fishery in the water
of Puddesworthy, Devon, to hold to the said
Marquis and his heirs; and to the said Marquis, on receiving possession thereof, to
alienate the same to Jasper Horsey and the
heirs male of his body. Westm., 19 Feb.
—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.|
|41. St. Paul's cathedral, London. Grant,
in frank almoigne, to the dean and chapter
(in recompense of an annual pension of
10 marks, formerly paid to them by the
monastery of Lesnes, Rochester dioc., in
consideration of the appropriation to them
by Stephen, formerly bp. of London, of the
parish church of Alvetheley, London dioc.,
which church on the dissolution of the said
monastery was appropriated to Cardinal's
College, Oxford, and came into the King's
hands by the attainder of card. Wolsey) to
have the said church of Alvetheley, with the
rectory, tithes, &c. thereof. Greenwich,
8 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.
—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 29.|
|42. Sir Francis Brian, one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Licence to
import 100 tuns of Gascon wine. Greenwich, 10 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
|43. Francis Hibberd, a born subject of
the king of the French. Denization.
Westm., 20 Feb.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1,
|44. Francis Metekalf. Lease of a tenement in Woodhall, late in the tenure of
Geo. Metekalf, in the lordship of Middelham, York, parcel of the lands assigned by
Parliament for the pay of the garrison of
Berwick; with reservations; for 21 years;
at the annual rent of 4l. 14s., and 3s. of increase. Del. Westm., 21 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.
—S.B. b. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.|
|45. Bishopric of St. Asaph. Assent to
the election of Will. Barlowe, prior of the
Augustinian priory of Bisham, Salisbury
dioc., as bishop of St. Asaph's, vice Hen.
Standisshe, deceased. Greenwich, 21 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Feb.—P.S.
Pat. p. 2, m. 20. Rym. xiv. 559.|
|46. Ric. Reyner, of Long Stanton,
Camb., smith. Pardon for having, along
with Edm. Hawkyns, Ric. Heron, John
Scoley alias Colynson, and Thos. Wilson,
on the 15 Oct. 25 Hen. VIII. broken into
the house of Alice Conyers, widow, at
Stanton aforesaid, and beaten and bound
the said Alice, and robbed her of some
money and a piece of black velvet. Del.
Westm., 23 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.
p. 1, m. 11.|
|47. Will. Fyneux. Livery of lands as
son and heir of Sir John Fyneux, deceased,
C. J. of the King's Bench; with a reservation as to 30 acres of land, 8 acres of
meadow, and 200 acres of pasture in
Kyngeston and Wynterborne, Dorset,
whereof the said Sir John died seized.
Westm., 17 Jan. 27 Hen. VIII. Del.
23 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.|
|48. Cos. of Glamorgan and Morgannok,
earldom of Bedford.—Commission of Peace
and of Oyer and Terminer to Hen. earl of
Worcester, Llyson abbot of Nethe, Lewis
abbot of Morgo, Sir Thos. Gamage, Sir Rees
(Resius) Mauncell, Walter Herbert, Geo.
Herbert, Geo. Mathewe, Thos. Stradlinge,
Arnall Butler, Miles Mathewe, Edw. Lewes,
Hoell Crane, Edm. Turnor, Rob. ap Will.
Mathewe, John Broune, Thos. Atkins,
Lewis Bethen, and John Bassett. T.
Westm., 24 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.b.
Pat. p. 2, m. 26 d.|
|49. John Aston, clk. Presentation to the
church of Normanton, London dioc., vice
Miles Hudelston, clk., resigned. Addressed
to R. bp. of Coventry and Lichfield. Westm.,
24 Feb.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.|
|50. John Brereton, clk. Presentation to
the parish church of Astbury, co. Chester,
Cov. and Lich. dioc., void by death, and at
the King's disposal hac vice by reason of a
grant thereof made by Will. Brereton. Del.
Westm., 24 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.
p. 2, m. 11.|
|51. Edm. Harman, the King's barber and
one of the Privy Chamber. To be bailiff of
Hovington, and to have the keeping of the
manor-place and the farm thereto belonging,
with fees of 5l. a year; during the minority
of [blank] Berkley, lord Berkley, son and
heir of the late lord Berkley, deceased; with
all profits belonging to the said bailiwick,
as enjoyed by Ric. Herwood, late bailiff.
Westm., 24 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII. T. 26 Feb.
—P.S. Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14.|
|52. John Lyster of London, yeoman.
Pardon for having robbed John Grove of
2s. 6d. in Westminster Hall. Del. Westm.,
27 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1,
|53. Rob. Chawlner and John Lathom.
Lease of 30 acres 1 rood and 10 perches of
land in Acre of Llewenny, in the commote
of Issalett, in the lordship of Denbith, late
of Will. Llannergh, in the tenure of Henry
ap. John Morice, parcel of the earldom of
March, N. Wales; with reservations; for
21 years; at the annual rent of 11s. 2d., and
3s. 10d. of increase. Del. Westm., 27 Feb.
27 Hen. VIII—S.B.b. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.|
|393. John Vaughan to Cromwell.|
|There is a house of Black Friars, called the priory of Monmouth, in
Wales, and not in my commission. There is no pot, nor pan, nor bed, nor
monk in the said house, except one who boards in the town. The prior is in
sanctuary in Garwey. It is of the King's foundation, and the country marvels there is no reformation, as it can spend 60l. a year, all charges borne.
I intend to suppress the said house, for it is the voice of the country that
whilst you have monks there, you shall have neither good rule nor good order.
I hear by the common people that the houses of monks in Wales, also Tintern
and the priory of Breknoc, are greatly abused, and have transgressed the
King's injunctions. I beg your favour to the bearer, who is an ancient
gentleman, and gave me "grett schere." Breknoc, Ash Wednesday.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|394. Cuthbert Marshall to Cromwell.|
|I thank you for your letters delivered to me by Witham, assuring me
of your favour in my just cause. My archdeaconry of Nottingham was
assessed in York, and at Nottingham. The commissioners of the latter
ordered my official to bring in the valuation of the same. Thus I am twice
assessed, and will have to pay unless through your help. Whitbarn, 1 March.|
I send you a poor remembrance. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
|395. Lord Edmund Howard and Thomas Fouler to Cromwell.|
|On Friday, 24th Feb., (fn. 12) the Chamberwarde wall in Guysnes castle
fell into the moat: to-day a scaffolding is erected, and the "vawmewre,"
which is unsafe, is to be taken down. Some of the wall of Calais, between
the Watergate and Lanterne gate, has fallen, and the old walls both of
Calais and Guysnes are in great danger by reason of the last frost. The
King has new bricks, and earth seasoned for making bricks, both at Calais
and Guysnes. Calais, 1 March. Signed.|
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
|396. Ordnance at Calais.|
|Account of ordnance received and delivered by Rob. and John Owyn.
Receipts from Master Bentall, out of the charge of Sir Wm. Skevyngton, by
command of Master Hary Johnson, three curtalls weighing in all 21,598 lb.
From John Colverhowse, constable of Ryse Banke, a "a dobyll" colverin and
a "basterd" colverin, 11,696 lb. From Randall, constable of the castle of
the East Calais, a sacar 1,710 lbs. From lord Gray, captain of Hams castle,
a colverin and a sacar, 7,944 lbs. Total weight, 42,924 lb.|
|ii. Delivered to Hary Johnson, master gunner, 21 pieces of ordynance,
37,809 lb. Metal remaining, waste allowed for, 534 lb., as shown by a bill
indented of Master Hary's hand, dated 1 March 27 Hen. VIII.|
|Due to the said Rob. and John: for breaking 42,000 lb. of metal, at 14s.
per 1000 lb., 30l. 8s. sterling; for breaking 3,400 lb. of metal, being part of
a bombard received from the Tower of London, at 14s. per 1000 lb., 47s. 6d.|
|Sum for breaking of old guns, 32l. 8s. 2d.|
Pp. 3. Endd.: "The gonners, 2."