Henry VIII
May 1535, 26-31

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1885

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'Henry VIII: May 1535, 26-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8: January-July 1535 (1885), pp. 287-305. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75536 Date accessed: 24 November 2014.


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May 1535, 26-31

[26 May.]
Poli Epp. i. 424.
762. Pole to Aloysius Priolus.
Has been fatigued with writing letters all day to friends in England, but as Priolus's agent is about to leave, must acknowledge his delightful letters received last night. Does not well know, however, what to write. If he praised his correspondent's kindness, he would say he had done nothing for Pole, but only for Christ. Thanks him, therefore, in Christ's name, though he declines the goods offered. Approves of his advice to submit himself entirely to the will of Christ in taking opportunities to advance His glory. Must, however, be watchful. If Aloysius has written this "propter Germanicam occasionem," mentioned by Pole when they were together, considering the time, the place, and the person with whom he had intended to journey, does not see how a man shut out of his own country could have a greater opportunity. Thinks this all the more, as it will deprive him of those studies in which he takes so much pleasure. Hopes, however, to discuss this with him personally. Flaminius has written, asking me to Verona to spend a few days with that good bishop. Means to comply, as he has often promised, and hopes Priolus will join him, as he is so anxious to meet Camillus, whom Pole may perhaps pick up on the way. "Ex villa tua Trevilliana, pridie Corporis Christi."
Compliments to the good bishop and to Lazarus.
Lat.
26 May.
R. O.
763. John Borobryg, Priest, to Cromwell.
The bishop of Worcester is made a cardinal with eight more, amongst whom is the bishop of Rochester. As soon as the bishop of Worcester heard that his "intrate" was taken from him, he sent for the "penetenser" for England and myself, saying he was content, as it was the King's pleasure, and promised to do anything in his power for us or the Hospital.
There came "a nontrue Englychman" to the Hospital, who said words touching on treason to the King. Sent him to prison, and then went with the bishop of Worcester, and showed the matter to the governator, "and they tweyn sent the falce Englychman to the gayly, and ther shalbe duryng his lyfe."
Many Englishmen come here without passports, bringing much money in nobles and royals; they lose in changing this money, and the King loses "the vantage of the sele for there pasportes."
Lately a scrivener, James Holywell, said openly that when every man was sworne to the King, he was not, nor would be. Put him out of the Hospital, and he left Rome, "for yf I cowd have fownd hym in the mornynge he had gone to the galy."
Please make one of your clerks write to me, if I am to write you any news henceforth. "And thus God of hys gret mercy preserve our gracyus kyng Henry the ayte, hys qwyne, with your Mastership and his wel wyllars." Rome. Dated at the beginning: 1535, 26 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: "Regis Anglie Secretario." Endd.
26 May.
R. O.
764. Christopher Lord Conyers to Cromwell.
I perceive by Sir Geo. Lawson that the King's College in Oxford shall discharge me of the subsidy for the benefice of Rudby, for which I thank you. The prior of Newburghe, late collector, has set two suspensions of that church for non-payment. I beg you will write to him, and remember my old debt against Mr. Holgill. I send up 40l. for the half-year's farm of Rudby, and 50 marks of arrears. Horneby, 26 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
26 May.
R. O.
765. Leonard Smyth to [Lady Lisle].
Her late servant Fischer tells him that she has heard from Mr. Aylmere that Mr. Hyde has 20s. yearly by the common fine of Balking, with all waifs and strays there, contrary to Smyth's promise. The matter was debated among all her counsel and trusty friends. Did nothing without the consent of her and her husband. Mr. Aylmere thought the bargain not ill for lord Lisle, who had need of money, and the assurance of the land before made to him, at "my master" and Mr. Norres' request, for nothing. Gives particulars. Has beaten divers bushes, and others have taken the birds. Has long perceived suspicion in her, which has caused him t meddle in her causes only as commanded. Explains that Hyde had bought the reversion of the land from Sir John Dudley, and how the auditor's books were examined for the value of the casualties. Never concluded anything without knowing their pleasure, as appears by writing. Would never have agreed thereto if Aylmer had considered the bargain prejudicial. It is only worth 30s. a year to Hyde, except for his commodity, unless he despoils the tenants, which he is bound not to do. Would be loth to give 50l. for four times as much profit hanging upon such an uncertainty as lord Lisle's life. Asks her to give orders to Mr. Aylmer that Hyde may have 23 trees in Kyngeston Lisle park, which Smith sold him, by lord Lisle's commission, for 20 nobles, and sent the money. Has had this year an unquiet office, which has caused him not to write as often as was his duty.
Has not received any money on the warrants which lord Lisle directed to Mr. Wyndesore and to the Exchequer in payment for money spent and costs in journeying between London and Calais. Unless she will procure him a letter from lord Lisle to Mr. Wyndesore, will be unpaid, as the warrants are so old. London, 26 May.
Hol., pp. 4.
27 May.
R. O.
St. P. i. 428.
766. Nic. Shaxton, Bishop of Salisbury, to Cromwell.
Asks him to command Mr. Pople, his servant, to finish the "Custodias temporalium," that it may be signed by the King, and the Bishop be discharged in the Exchequer for the revenues of the bishopric from Michaelmas till Lady Day last. Also that he will write to the canons to exact no oath for his bishopric, which he confesses to take only of the King's hands, nor yet for the prebend of Poterne annexed thereto. When he has them, will go to his diocese. The oath includes fidelitatem Ecclesiœ Sarum, et quod defenderem, pro viribus, jura et libertates ejusdem ecclesiœ, pariter cum consuetudinibus antiquis et approbatis. Does not see how this can stand with his oath to the King. Murtelack, 27 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O.767. Nic. Shaxton, Bishop of Salisbury.
"The names of them to whom I have read my book after that I received it again from Mr. Butts on Wednesday in Whitsun week."
1. Matthew Wotton. prebendary of Sarum, by whose advice I put out a line. 2. My chaplain, Mr. Mac Alpyne. (fn. 1) 3. Mr. Cake, my chaplain, who disliked the sentence "that the defenders being overcome should be content to suffer [dea]th therefore." 4. Dr. Crome, who disliked the same, and who declined to enter the disputation because, he said, his learning was little. 5. Edmund Davy, one of my chamber. 6. Wm. Grey, who wrote it. 7. Mr. Thixstyll. 8. Sir Edw. Baynton, on Friday about 6 o'clock, who said it was no foolish book. 8. Mr. Latymer, who seemed to mislike it more than any of the others, but only spoke against the penalty of death. This was done only to have their judgment upon the book; neither did I speak with them, except apart, before Saturday, when I opened my book before the Lords. Mr. Haynes came to me when I had not fully made an end, to whom I read it. He misliked it not, but thought it good I should send it to the King.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.: The bishop of Sarum.
27 May.
R. O. Letters, 306.
768. Cranmer to Cromwell.
Desires his favor for Mr. Roode, of Gray's Inn, who has a suit in Chancery. Otford, 27 May.
Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
27 May.
R. O.
769. William Ardern to Cromwell.
In behalf of Mr. Franklyn, who was cited by my lord of Lincoln before his Chancellor on Trinity Sunday last. Sends copy of the citation, and trusts the articles will be found untrue "for the parsonage es well and sufficiently reparelld and in the same hospitality kept and a priest to serve the cure." Hawmes, 27 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To his right worshipful Master, Mr. Cromwell.
27 May.
R. O.
770. Praying for the Pope.
Depositions of Will. Bettes, of Harleston, and others, against Sir John Tomlingsone, parson of Harristone, taken before Sir Thos. lord Wentworthe, 27 May 27 Hen. VIII.
Bettes deposes that on Good Friday last Tomlingsone prayed for the Pope in these words: Oremus et pro beatissimo Papa nostro. And on remonstrating with the parson for breaking the command to the contrary, he replied that he would pray for him till he had further command to the contrary. John Baxter deposes to the same. Edmund Wage, of Schellonde, says that he met with the parson on Easter even last on Shellonde Green, driving home of his cattle, and asked him if he came to fetch home his parishioners; and he said no, he came to fetch his cattle. Edmund said he did not well to pray for the Pope. The parson replied he should pray for him till he had commandment to the contrary. Ric. Thurmode deposed that on Bettes condemning the parson for praying for the Pope, and he saying he would, the said Richard asked him whether he would pray for Dr. Pupsie; at which the parson was very angry; and seeing the parson was so grieved he prayed him that if he had not said well he would go and tell the Pope.
Pp. 2. Endd.
[27 May.]
R. O.
771. Antony Waite to Lady Lisle.
Desires to be recommended to Lord Lisle. Received by the bearer, Master Shephard, her letters, dated Whitsun eve, in answer to his sent by Thos. Shelley. Commends Shephard's diligence and trustiness. Thanks her for her favour to Bottler. Will not write about his master's matter, but trust to her promise, and doubts not that his master will have no cause to be miscontented. Went with the bearer to Lincoln's Inn to see Mr. Bassett, but he had gone to the country with Mr. Danester. He does not need Waytte's counsel, being disposed to virtue by the goodness of his nature. His cousin Wayte and his wife are merry. It is rumoured that a person should be committed to the Tower for saying that this month will be rainy and full of wet, next month, death, and the third month, wars. He will be kept there till experience shows the truth of his prophecy. There are 23 persons of Flanders, three being women, some of whom have come over, and others dwell here, who hold these no less strange than damnable opinions:—that Christ hath not the nature of God and man; that Christ born of the Virgin Mary took no part of the substance of her body; that the bread consecrated by the priest is not the incarnate body of Christ; that baptism given in the state of innocence to children does not profit; that if a man sins deadly after being baptised, he shall never be forgiven. The bishop of London and Dr. Barons are in commission to examine them, and have sat two days past at Powles. They are so stiff there is small hope of their conversion. Tomorrow they will be examined again, and take their judgment if they are obstinate. It is doubtful, however, if the King will suffer execution of them here, or send them to their country to suffer according to their laws and deserts. The Inner Temple, Corpus Christi day.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: At Calais.
R. O.772. Augustine Skerne to Lady Lisle.
Thanks her and lord Lisle for assigning him to the company of her son Master Bassett, though he was unknown to them. Praises Master Bassett's gentleness, virtue, and wisdom, and declares that he will do his best to accomplish the trust in which he is placed.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 May.
R. O.
773. Leonard Smyth to Lord Lisle.
Excuse me that I have been so slack in writing this year, the office I have occupied has so disquieted me. At my last being in Calais you directed warrants both to Mr. Wyndesore and to those of the Exchequer for money due on my last reckoning with you and my lady. I showed the warrants to Mr. Wyndesore, and told him I would ask no money till next half year after that Michaelmas, which was Easter last; but now he will pay no money till you write to him. I have not received one penny, either in the Exchequer or of Mr. Wyndesore, since I left you, and I know not how long it will be before I receive any of your creation money. London, 27 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
28 May.
R. O.
774. Edward Archbishop of York to Cromwell.
Has lately advertised Cromwell of the demeanour of Sir Raufe Ellerker, the elder, who, with some others, has brought the town of Beverley out of all good order, and "so steared the wicked headie people that the good people dare not resiste them, but suffre great injuries of them." His steward and other the commissioners who should hold the King's sessions of the peace there hesitate to go for fear of Sir Ralph. Thinks Cromwell knows or has heard of Sir Ralph, "a man more meete to bee a capiteigne of evell ruled persons than to bee a governor of a towne." Requests Cromwell to address letters to Sir Ralph and his company in such form as he has sent. Bishops Thorpe, 28 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Secretarie." Endd.
28 May.
R. O.
775. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to Cromwell.
I sent to the prior of Tutbury to repair to [...]u. I shall be sorry if you thought I coveted the benefice of Hereford. Hereford, 28 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
28 May.
R. O.
776. The Mayor and Jurats of Rye to Cromwell.
Certain variances have fallen out between Sir Will. Inold (or Juold?), curate of Rye, and John Youg, on which the latter said that as good men and as true as the same Inold were hanged in this month. On Inold's complaint we have examined Yong, who has affirmed that as good men and better than Inold were hanged, as they would not be sworn to the King; whereas Inold was sworn, and has done to the contrary. We have informed the Council, and sent letters to my lord of Rochford, the warden of the Cinque Ports, but he is one of the King's ambassadors beyond sea. In his absence my lord of Wiltshire has opened the letters, and shown them to Mr. Chr. Hales, the King's Attorney, who advises us to send the parties to you. Rye, 28 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
29 May.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 604.
777. Sir Gregory da Casale to Cromwell.
Wrote on May 22 about the consecration of cardinals, and among them the bishop of Rochester. On recovering sufficiently to go out, went to all the friendly cardinals, and remonstrated with them for offending the King and kingdom in this way; for the bishop of Rochester was sticking to his opinion against the King, from vainglory, for which cause he was in prison and condemned to death, and was also in extreme old age, and unequal to the purpose for which they thought him apt. Expressed the greatest indignation, so that the whole city talked of it, and the Pope sent for him. Spoke even more strongly to His Holiness, telling him that he had never made a graver mistake. He tried to show that he had acted with a good intent. The French king had written that he was very desirous that the king of England should be satisfied in his marriage case; and he thought he would be doing what was pleasant to the King, and providing a fit instrument for treating of these matters.
Another reason was that a certain constitution orders cardinals of all nations to be present at a council, and so he thought it necessary to make some Englishman a cardinal. He had not the bishop of Rochester more in his mind than any one else, but when he heard in what estimation his books were held in Germany and Italy, and how Campeggio and others praised him, it seemed a good thing to make him a cardinal, and he thought the King would be pleased. Replied to each of these, and advised him not to send the red hat without hearing from England. The Pope begged him to use all means to excuse the act to the King. Rome, 29 May 1535. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Sealed.
R. O.2. English abstract of the above.
Pp. 2.
29 May.
R. O.
778. John Whalley to Cromwell.
Cromwell sent order, through Mr. Rastall, to take from the monks such books as the Statutes of Bruno and "suche lyke doctors." Accordingly, Rastall and Jasper Phylow have perused the books in every cell. Thinks if Jasper were to "lye here in the Charterhouse," where there is plenty of room, he might do some good. Of the monks, three or four will forsake their opinions; the rest trust much in the prior of Hynton, Dr. Howrde, for whom Cromwell must send. "Somme of thiese olde preachers might preache unto them every weke, & I thinke they wille sone be at appoynt." "From the Charterhousse, this Satterday, 29th of May."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "Right wurshopfull and singuler goode maister." Endd.
29 May.
Bibl. Nat. Paris, MS. Dupuis, 265, f. 178.
779. Bishop of Mâcon to Francis I.
The Pope asked him to write to Francis to use all his influence with Henry in favor of the bp. of Rochester. Replied that he would write in that sense, but feared it would be of little use; for the Imperialists were saying that the creation of Fisher had been at the request of the king of France—hoping by such speeches to make Henry suspicious of Francis. If the latter should now intercede for Fisher, the suspicions would be confirmed, and the request might be refused. The Pope was greatly distressed, and declared himself ready to pass a formal attestation that he had not been requested by any prince to make Fisher a cardinal. If he had done so it was merely on account of his fame for virtue and learning, and rather with the intention of pleasing the King than from any ill-feeling towards him.
Hol., Fr., partly cipher. Abstract by Mr. Friedmann.
29 May.
Vienna Archives.
780. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Has received his letters of 17 and 26 April concerning the communications he has had with Cromwell, both as to what concerns the Queen and Princess, and the occurrences therein mentioned. Thanks him for the pains he takes to advertise the Emperor fully of all that passes. As the Emperor has lately written both about the new practise and touching "nrd huyerez" (?), and as he is on the point of embarkation, forbears to say more. Barcelona, 29 May 1535.
French, from a modern copy, p. 1.
30 May.
R. O.
781. Geo. Audeley to Cromwell.
Begs his help in his necessities against Sir John Mondy, who has the execution upon the lordship of Audeley. His deputies Richard Bedle and Broke came with a posse on the 10th May to Audeley and vexed the tenants. Some lay in wait for Will. Boughie. Is afraid of a riot, but is patient for fear of displeasing the King. Heley Castle, 30 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
30 May.
Granvelle Papiersd' Etat, ii. 358.
782. Charles V. to his Ambassador in France.
The French ambassador has persisted in accompanying the Emperor in this voyage, and a galley has been assigned for him, the English ambassador and the ambassador of the marquis of Saluces. Complains of the behaviour of the French ambassador * * * * Can say nothing further about the English affair but to bid him use means to gain time, in accordance with the information received from the ambassador in England. Barcelona, 30 May 1535.
Fr.
31 May.
Add. MS. 19,865, f. 9 b.
B. M.
783. Henry VIII. to Sir John Desmond.
To the same effect as the King's letter of 26 April (No. 594). Westm., 31 May.
Since writing and signing this letter news is come that, in spite of his letters and Sexten's labour in his behalf, he has made a new confederation with O'Brien to hinder the King's affairs. Cannot believe what is so contrary to all truth and honesty, but thinks the report must have proceeded from the malevolence of his adversaries, who wish him to incur the King's indignation.
Modern copy, pp. 4.
31 May.
Add. MS. 19,865, f. 4.
B. M.
784. Henry VIII. to the City of Limerick.
Has received their letters by their mayor, Edmund Sexten, desiring a confirmation of their charter with certain additions. In consequence of the reports of their loyal hearts, is inclined to grant their petition. Has ordered the Deputy at his next being at Limerick to leave a great piece of ordnance there, to be ready for enterprises attempted by our said servant (Sexten) and John Arthur FitzNicholas, one of the brethren of the city. Westm., 31 May.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
31 May.
R. O.
785. Pate to Starkey.
Hearing of your return to your native country for the recovery of your health, which is now restored, and of your promotion according to your deserts, I cannot but rejoice most sincerely, especially as you are my unfeigned friend, and I know your learning, and count our realm fortunate in having the benefit of your judgment. I received since your departure a letter from Mr. Pole, who was then merry and in good health. I hope you received my long letter from Madrid in Jan. or Feb. "This messenger, your old friend, is the cause I write no news," as he can declare all. Barcelona, 31 May.
Commend me to my long countryman, Owen, servant to lord Montague. Signed: Ric. Pate, priest.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Maister Doctor Starkey, chaplain to the King's grace.
31 May.
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 319.
B. M.
786. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote lately of the Princess's health, and the difficulty of obtaining the executorials on account of the expected interview between the kings of England and France at Calais this May. They say the French king will convert the king of England; of which there is no hope, because the king of England lately tried to cause the French king to separate from the Holy See, and it is thought that he is negotiating a marriage between the daughter of Anne Boleyn (su manceba) and the duke of Angoulême. Chapuis writes on May 8 that on that day were martyred three Carthusians, a monk of Monte Sion (sic) of the Order of St. Bridget, a very learned man, and another priest, who would not acknowledge the King as Supreme Spiritual Head, but only the Pope. They died with great constancy, and with much blame of the judges who condemned them. Without any degradation, they were dragged [to the place of execution] in their habits, to the great grief of the people. They were hanged, cut down before they were dead, opened, and their bowels and hearts burned. Their heads were then cut off, and their bodies quartered. The pieces were hung up in different places, one at the gate of the Carthusian monastery, to terrify the other monks, of whom some have been arrested for the same cause. The cardinal bishop of Rochester and Tomas Mauro, late chancellor, have also been arrested for the same reason and their defence of the Queen. They have been ordered to recant their opinions (que se desdigan de su sentencia) in eight days, but, animated with the same constancy, they have replied that they want no time to deliberate, but are prepared to die for the Catholic faith.
Supposes that they are already martyred, and that the Queen, who suffers a continual martyrdom, has sent them before her to heaven. Feels more envy than compassion for them. Their example is great confusion to all these cardinals here, and to the vain cares (cuidados) which reign among churchmen. Advises the Empress to order continual prayer to be offered for the Queen and Princess.
On May 22 the Pope created seven cardinals, one of whom is the bishop of Rochester. Thinks that, before he is aware of it, our Lord will have given him the true red hat, the crown of martyrdom. Was much rejoiced at this creation, as it is a new confirmation of the Queen's rights and the truth of the Faith, and a new condemnation of the King and of the errors sown in his kingdom. The other cardinals are the archbishop of Capua, the auditor Simonetta, Gaspar Condarino, a Venetian of holy life and learning, the auditor of the Chamber, the bishop of Paris, and another whom the Pope keeps secret. The auditor of the Chamber has hitherto been a chief enemy of the Queen's cause, and it is said that the bishop of Paris is inclined to Lutheranism (a parecido a personas Lutheranas). Cifuentes, therefore, opposed their creation. Hears today that the Pope has created another Milanese cardinal, named Mercurio, a good servant of the Emperor. The cardinal of Ravenna is in prison in the Castle. Rome, 31 May 1535.
Sp., pp. 7, modern copy.
31 May.
Chigi MS. Rome.
787. The New Cardinals.
"Diarium Martinellis."
Note of a Consistory held on Monday, 31 May, at which the Pope gave the rings and titles to those of the new Cardinals who were present, and the titles to those absent.
On Wednesday, 2 June 1535, it was determined by the Pope and Cardinals that hats were not to be sent to any new Cardinals henceforth except those beyond the mountains.
Lat., pp. 2.
May.
Royal MS. 7 F. xiv. f. 123.
B. M.
788. Ireland.
"The receipts by me, William Brabason, as well in England as in Ireland."
Received from England at several times 34,628l. 2s. 8d. st.; the King's revenue in Ireland for five terms, 3,373l. 19s. 7d. st.=5,060l. 19s. 4½d. Irish. Total, 38,000l. 42s. 3d. st.
Paid to the King's army, 38,148l. 8s. 2d. st.
Ordinary fees, 1,200l.= 1,800l. Irish. Repairs of garrisons, 466l. 13s. 4d. =700l. Irish. To the late countess of Kildare, part of her jointure, 133l. 6s. 8d.= 200l. Irish. Total, 39,948l. 8s. 2d. st. (sic.)
There is also due in this present month of May wages for seven and eight months to the army, i.e., the deputy treasurer, captains, petty captains, 250 horsemen and 450 foot, 5,340l. 0s. 8d. st.
P. 1. Endd.: A brief declaration of the receipts and payments made by Brabazon, the King's grace's treasurer in Ireland.
May.
R. O.
789. Sir Walter Stonore to Cromwell.
I have to advertise you of certain ill-disposed persons lately in Oxford, of whom I am informed by Rob. Hall, who was taken at Tame for making money, and sent to Oxford gaol by Sir John Dawnse. He is one of them, as he declared to two of my servants that watched the gaol there since the prisoners broke out of Banbury prison. (fn. 2)
He stated that if I would be his good master he would betray a great nest of thieves. As I could not go myself I wrote to the said Hall to tell me his secrets, and if I found it to be true I would befriend him. I send his letter here inclosed. On receipt of it I sent to Oxford to take "the seyde abbote" and others specified in it, who had fled to London, where Hall was taken. Since then it is said that 140l. have been found with him. The Abbot is abbot of Valecrosse, in Wales, and is a White Monk, named Sallysbere. If it be your pleasure, I will speak with Hall, because my neighbour Hamylden was robbed on Shrove Sunday last, when the said abbot and Wm. Pygott and Jonys mentioned in the letter were present. They have committed many robberies, as Hall says. Stonore, —May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
R. O.2. Robert Hale (Hall), Goldsmith, to [Sir Walter Stonore].
This is the truth of the robbery of Hamlynton. The thieves were, my lord Abbot named Salbere, Wm. Pegot, his servant, Master Jonys, James Whelar, Perys Felde, and Robt. Hale, goldsmith.
The Abbot is at the White Friars of Horforte (Oxford), or else at the Bellys, Kedlenton, "for he is great with him." You shall know more when I speak with you. Jonys and the other met at the White Friars' gate in Horforte, at the next house to the gate toward the town. Whatever they took, the Abbot and Master Jonys had all, and none of us had one penny.
Hol. p. 1.
May.
R. O.
790. [Cromwell] to Dr. London and Mr. Claymond.
The President (fn. 3) of Magdalen College has sundry times told me that he would be contented to resign his room to my friend Thos. Marshall, and would obtain the goodwill of the fellows of the college. He now alleges as an excuse that their goodwill cannot be obtained. I now desire you to entreat the fellows to admit Marshall on the President's resignation, or at least to tell me in whom the matter sticketh. London, — May.
P. 1. Endd.: The copy of a letter sent to Mr. Doctor London and Mr. Claymond.
R. O.791. — to [Lisle.]
A messenger of the Pope crossed to England on Tuesday night with a cardinal's hat for the bishop of Rochester, and a bull to excommunicate the King if he refuses to release Rochester or let him wear the hat.
Whatever the Admiral concludes with you will be broken by the Pope, who will excommunicate the king of France if he does not quit your alliance, and the Pope and King will then destroy you.
Begs to be dismissed and paid, as he has been 15 days there. Not signed.
Fr., p. 1. In the hand of Lisle's spy.
Cal. D. x. 233.
B. M.
792. [Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.]
* * * * * * .......... life wrote letters of ............. [suc]h matters, as I and my colleagues .............. their consents. But, sir, at this time [I write these] to ascertain you of the state of our affairs ...... [at] this time. First I consider the great [labor that the] Admiral maketh to go from hence, and [also that the Grand] Master hath that he shall come unto him ......... by letters sent from him, which Sir John W[allop] delivered yesterday. And I fear we shall have m[uch ado] to detain him here, till we shall have [accom]plished the whole effect of the instructions now sen[t by my] lord of Rochford. And to ascertain [you] what I perceive in [the said] Admiral, the hatred [is] so great b[etween the Emperor] and his master [that] they wold ........... [th]e King our master * * * * * * ............. break no league with themp[eror] .......... [empl]oyed to a good use, and they .............. [the]ir purses. And also they to join ........... general council and to grant to nothing [except] by the King's consent. Methink all things ..... considered, and specially that as yet the King is ...... of the Emperor, a reasonable sum were not evil [bestowed], for giving of money a man may leave off wh[en he] list, and so can he not do when he is ent[ered] into the war. And also in case the Emperor sh[ould] ...... of this, the thing being so given that it should not ......... the league it should make him more gladder to ........ to the King ............... as methink. Th ...... judgment ............... things in this letter ..................... and yours. T ....................... that * * *
In the hand of Fitzwilliam's clerk.
Ib. 234.2. [Continuation of the preceding?] (fn. 4)
* * * * * * .......... [be]twixt Themp[eror] ..................................... for nothing leest th .......................... there is great apparance that they will n[ot] much demoure upon the requiring of the pensio[n] perpetual, the pensiou voyager and salt, n[either upon] entring to the warre ner the mariage, yf [the King's] Highness list, ner upon noon other [thing but] oonly the continuance of the ametie ........ bee gyve[n] ....... ayne to empeche th ........... E ...... * * * * ............... our master ......................... t whereof and in all ........................ I refer to the King's high wisdom ................. his Highness will take it as a vise of him [that meaneth] well, and if the King have any appetite to have [the] marriage concluded, it would in mine opinion [be] better done by a wise man sent into France [than by a French]man sent into Engl[and] ........ by the personage ................. the ............ the Ad[miral].
R. O.
St. P. vii. 608.
793. The Match with the Duke of Angoulême.
Articles and instructions for the duke of Norfolk and his colleagues, the King's ambassadors and commissioners at Calais.
By the report of lord Rochford, and the letters of the duke of Norfolk and his colleagues, the King perceives that the French admiral and his colleagues stick at the two first points in the former instructions given to Norfolk and his [colleagues] at their dep[arture, for the conveyance hither] of the duke of Angoulême for his education in England. He has debated the matter with his council, and these articles contain his final determination. Rochford was present at the discussion, and can instruct the ambassadors by mouth, as required.
1. Norfolk and his colleagues shall again try to induce the French to consent to the book in Latiu delivered to them by the English. If they are not successful, they shall further press them to have the same bond and promise of the French king and his three sons, omitting the rest. To this point they shall stick fast, without relenting in any manner of wise, if the French can be induced thereto. If they cannot, Norfolk and his colleagues shall say that the King, in order that there may be no breach on his part, is contented to agree upon the effect of a minute now sent by lord Rochford, in accordance with their own minute sent hither in French, which also the King sends back by Rochford. If they will agree to this, and conclude that the French king shall be bound by treaty, and his three sons by another instrument, the Duke shall have the effect of the minute reduced into Latin in form of a treaty, and conclude accordingly.
2. As to the education of the duke of Angoulême in this country, Norfolk and his colleagues shall press the French thereto, reminding them of the voluntary promise made by Francis at his last interview with Henry, when there was no cause except amity, as there now is, adding thereto the reasons contained in the King's last letters.
They must firmly stand to this, but if the French cannot be induced thereto, they shall press them to conclude that the duke of Angoulême shall be brought hither, when the espousals are solemnized between him and the princess Elizabeth, which shall be when she is seven years old, and be brought up at the King's court until the marriage. If the French say that perhaps the King may then have an heir male, so that it should not be requisite for them to treat that Angoulême should come to England, Norfolk shall answer, that, if so, he shall not be brought hither, unless by the death of such heir male the Princess becomes heir apparent, as she now is. If the French demand that if there is an heir male when the Princess comes to the age of seven, that in that case she may be sent to France and brought up there, the English shall reply that if they will now conclude to deliver the Duke at the said time, then Henry will agree, if he has two heirs male alive, to deliver the Princess to be educated in France till the marriage; provided that if the Duke dies before the marriage, the Princess shall be at liberty to return with her dote and dowry and moveable goods. If they will not agree to any of these overtures, the King will be contented if the duke of Angoulême be sent hither one year or at least six months before the marriage. If they will agree to this, Norfolk and his colleagues shall proceed to the conclusion of the treaty. If the French will not agree, they must certify the King with speed. If, before the espousals or consummation of the marriage, either of the Kings die, their executors, &c. shall be bound to accomplish the
3. In the former instructions the King had given in charge that it should be provided that in case the duke of Angoulême should succeed to the Crown of England, his dukedom and lands in France should be discharged of all exactions and homages which might hereafter produce unkindness between the kings of England and France. They must stick to this point, and, if the French will not agree, must finally put off the conclusion till the marriage.
4. They must conclude with the French that neither the King nor the French king shall practise any marriage or league with the Emperor without mutual consent.
5. That the French king shall not agree to the indiction of a General Council but at such time and place as Henry shall agree to.
6. If the French speak of contributions towards the war against the Emperor, Norfolk shall say that the marriage once concluded, so that the King may see the integrity of their proceedings, he will answer with like correspondence of kindness.
7. In other things they must act according to the former instructions, and not lightly condescend to any conclusions. They must not be hasty in making one overture after another, but do all they can to make the French conclude in those points which tend most to his honor, &c. In cases of doubt they must immediately advertise the King thereof.
Draft, with corrections by Cromwell.
Mutilated, pp. 43. Endorsement pasted on.
R. O.794. [Lord Lisle] to the [Calais] Commissioners.
Articles addressed at the beginning to Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, K.G., Treasurer of the Household, and the other Commissioners:—
1. Sir Edward Ringeley, High Marshal of Calais, has delivered a book on the wealth of the town; if anything in it touches the prerogative of my office, I, the King's deputy here, desire leave to answer it.
2. It is to be noted that the brewers of Marke have grown rich, while those here are in great poverty, and "like to lay the key under the threshold."
3. That no soldiers of the King's retinue here shall be allowed to use any handicraft whereby a commoner should decay.
4. That no house here should be covered with "thacke," but with tile or slate.
5. The making of "sworn men" increases strangers, who are not to be trusted. [Lisle] has made five in his time. Thinks this and the marriage of the King's subjects with straugers ought to be reserved.
6. That purchasers may have licence to sell grain bought from strangers out of Picardy or the county of St. Powle.
7. The man sent to get bacon, cheese, and eggs at Tourney suffered the soldiers to take the money, and his Grace took it up on their pay day.
ii. Additions to the above in Lisle's hand, numbered as below:—
2. "Where I have not put into the garrison men not meet to furnish the room, but have regarded my lucre more than regarding the personages, yet that I have taken amounteth not to 24l. sterling, to abide by."
3. I have admitted Gyllam Browder, a Norman, but have the King's letters for my discharge, and have suffered George Haynsford for two of his men, a saddler and tailor.
4. I desire that the men-at-arms and archers may keep ward at the market at 8 and 9 o'clock.
Pp. 3, and a slip pasted in, partly in Lisle's hand. Endd.: "To the Commissioners."
R. O.2. A fragment, apparently of another draft of the same paper:—
* * * "every ix. night and woll not be kept for xvi. which is as well to the unsurety of this town as to the decay of housing and impoverishment of your burgeis; for by reason the watch returneth so oft he is the more charged. And because of the reparation he cannot lessen his rent, so that his house standeth void; where, if the watch which his house beareth did not return as it did in old time every 14th night, he might take the less rent and his house occupied." * * * *
As I perceive the making of sworn men increases strangers, who are not to be trusted in emergencies, "I confess myself to be admitted 5, which hath been used before my time." I think this should be reserved to the King; and also whether a stranger should be allowed to marry an Englishwoman, or a strange woman an Englishman. Although it has been used before my time, and the profit went to the "conduyt," please urge the King to grant the bill money of strangers thereto, and that no strangers marry here after the decease of him that now hath it.
Pp. 3, mutilated, the greater part of the first leaf having been cut out. Endd. by Lord Lisle: "My bill put to the King's Commissioners."
R. O.795. Lord Lisle.
"The names of them that hath had preferment by me, the Kynge's debyte;" viz. men of arms, gunners, surgeons, &c.; 24 names in all, at 6d. and 8d. a day.
"Romys (offices) bought one of another,"—4 exchanges.
In Lisle's hand, p. 1.
R. O.796. A Soldier of Calais.
Petition of Will. Coton, soldier of Calais, to Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the Household, stating that he had obtained a grant from the King, 16 years before, that his wages should be augmented from 6d. to 8d. a day. He had letters to this effect, signed by the King, and directed to the deputy for the time being, but "because of often change of the room of the King's deputies," they never took effect. He, therefore, 12 years ago, gave one of the archers on horseback a sum of money to have his place with 8d. a day, and so continued 10 years and more, till the 5th March was 12 months, when he desired my lord Lisle as deputy to give him the 8d. a day without charge of horse, according to the King's grant. Lisle said he had promised John Worth the first promotion to an archer's place, and that if Coton would give up his place to Worth, taking Worth's 6d. a day meanwhile, he should have the first 8d. a day that fell void. To this he agreed, but he has been since disappointed twice of a "room" of 8d. which fell vacant. Begs Fitzwilliam to intercede for him with my Lord Deputy.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O.797. Lord Edmund Howard to Lady Lisle.
Tonight, after midnight, I have taken your medicine, which has done me much good. It has caused the stone to break, and now I void much gravel. "But, for all that, your said medicine hath done me little honesty, for it made me piss my bed this night, for the which my wife bath sore beaten me, and saying it is children's parts to bepiss their bed. Ye have made me such a disser that I dare not this day go abroad; wherefore I beseech you to make mine excuse to my lord and master Treasurer for that I shall not be with you this day at dinner. Madame, it is showed me that a wing or a leg of a stork, if I eat thereof, will make me that I shall never piss more in bed, and though my body be simple, yet my tongue shall be ever good, and specially when it speaketh of women; and sitheus such a medicine will do such a great cure, God send me a piece thereof."
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O.798. Lord Edmund Howard to Lady Lisle.
I have got my son Andylby as good a living in Guisnes as he has in this town, and he is content to resign into my Lord's hands his room here in favor of one of my servants. He and I will be with my Lord after dinner about it, but meanwhile I beg you to move my Lord for the grant. Lake will not have it, and I will give it to Bucke if my Lord will give it to me. I would have come to you myself, but it is my dedication day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O.799. The Royal Supremacy.
Depositions of John Emerson as to treasonable words alleged to have been spoken by Sir Robert Croft, priest, in New College, Oxford, 19 and 20 May, in opposition to the King's measures against the usurped power of the bishop of Rome.
Croft joined Emerson and a chaplain, who were walking together, "and asked if there were no such serious counsel between us but that an honest man's word might be heard. I answered, None. Then he, coming to us, moved this question: Is the Church above the Scripture or no?" Emerson held it was not. Croft advised him to leave these new opinions, and, calling him aside, said, "There shall be 40l. given to the college, and I assure you none that be of these new opinions shall get a fardyng;" and further reminded him of his poverty and need of exhibition. Next day Emerson went to Croft to borrow a "wymbyl to make a hole in the door," and some nails, and asked him further about their previous conversation. Then Croft, "seeing at that [tyme] Mr. Belsan garding," said he would go to his chamber. There they were joined by Sir Goodryche, and Croft produced a book of Eckyus, entitled Enchyridyon adversus Lutheranos. Hearing Croft say that Christ wrote no book, and that what the bishop of Rome with his lordly cardinals did determine was as effective as the decision of the united congregation of all Christians, Emerson said that on such a feeble foundation he would make but a "schrowde" house. Emerson said the King was head of our congregation, and under him the bp. of Canterbury: to which Croft, "making a mad gesture," answered nothing. Signed by John Emerson.
ii. Mem. That Sir Goodryke was present at both the above-mentioned conversations. Written and signed by Sir Matthew Goodryke.
Pp. 3, mutilated, and injured by damp.
R. O.2. Robert Croft's answer to the charges brought against him by John Emerson. He met Emerson and Sir Goodryche walking one evening, and Goodriche left as soon as Croft joined them. Next day he saw Emerson, and reminded him that Augustine says he would not believe the Scriptures if they were not approved by the Church, and the Gospels of Bartholomew and Nicodemus are rejected on the authority of the Church. Emerson bears Croft malice, because Croft testified against him for denying transubstantiation to Master Warden. Emerson also said that Fryth was wrongfully put to death. Signed.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated.
Howard's Lett., 271.800. Lady Alice More to Cromwell.
Acknowledges herself much bounden to him for his manifold goodness, which is her husband's and her greatest comfort. Has been compelled of very necessity to sell her apparel to provide 15s. weekly for the board wages of her poor husband and his servant. Wishes to know whether she may attend on the King's highness, as the young ploughman that died [in her house] five weeks ago was diseased of an ague three years before, and no other disease has since appeared there. Begs of him, for the love of God, to consider the premises, "and thereupon of your most abundant goodness to show your most favorable help to the comforting of my poor husband and me in this our great heaviness, extreme age, and necessity."
Add.: Master Secretary.
Cleopatra, E, vi. 358. B. M.801. [Starkey to Pole.]
I am glad that by your letters of April 12 to John Walker we heard of the receipt of the letters written to you concerning the King's pleasure. I marvelled at not hearing of their delivery, but understand now that it was because they went by Florence. I am glad to see by the few words that you wrote that you will apply yourself to satisfy the King's request, which was, in few words, clearly and plainly, without colour or cloak of dissimulation, to show your sentence in his lately defined cause. This, I am sure, you will do gladly, for you will not dissemble with a king, from which dissimulation I have never seen a mind more abhorring. I have assured both the King and Mr. Secretary that, whatever your sentence shall be, it shall be unfeigned and pure. The King is desirous of a sincere judgement, because peradventure he has been deceived in others. You may signify the inclination of your mind in some part to Mr. Secretary, though you reserve the full declaration by your next letter in answer to his, which I am sure you have received by the ambassador of Venice. Touching the Pope's authority, we hear your friends put no doubt but that to the King's full satisfaction you will see the judged truth. Considering your judgment and learning, I never can think that you can be of this sentence, that such a head or superiority can be of the law of God, and to the salvation of man of high necessity.
St. Jerome plainly affirms it to be constitute in remedium schismatis, and not to be of such necessity. The superiority, of long time given to the Pope only by the patience of princes and tacit consent of the people, has grown as a thing convenient for the conservation of unity, but not of such necessity that without it Christian minds may not attain to their salvation nor keep the spiritual unity. If you weigh the matter well, I think you will find this superiority, as it has been of many years used, not at all convenient to the conservation of politic unity. You, to whom "storys" are better known than I, know that this has been the greatest "brake" to Christian civility. For what Christian princes have not drawn their swords against each other for the maintenance of this authority? I know that we see not the same in our days. It were better, with some danger, to cut up such a root of sedition than let it remain to the continual destruction of our posterity. I am sure you see these things with a higher and deeper consideration than I can attain unto, whereby you will, I trust, satisfy the King. His Highness would be sorry to see you not reach unto so manifest a truth, as I have perceived when he has talked of you, to the declaration of the noble effect which he beareth toward you.
Touching the first marriage, if you lay together without any affection the weight of such marriage between brother and sister, and the slenderness of the Pope's power to dispense, you will see the inconveniences of that marriage; so that in both parts I have great hope to see you satisfy the King, and then shortly return to your native country to finish your life in quietness and tranquillity.
Explains, as follows, the death of the Carthusians, that Pole may stop any misreport.
At the last Parliament an Act was made that all the King's subjects should, under pain of treason, renounce the Pope's superiority; to which the rest of the nation agreed, and so did these monks, three priors, and Reynoldys of Syon, though they afterwards returned to their old obedience, affirming the same, by their blind superstitious knowledge, to be to the salvation of man of necessity, and that this superiority of the Pope was a sure truth and manifest of the law of God, and instituted by Christ as necessary to the conservation of the spiritual unity of this mystical body of Christ. In this blindness their superstitious minds were stabled, lacking judgement to discern between the unity spiritual and the unity political, which they thought would run to ruin for lack of this head, whom they made immediate under Christ, and on whose judgement, as of the vicar of Christ, all Christian men ought of necessity to hang. (fn. 5) Reynolds, whom I have often heard praised by you, would admit no reason to the contrary, though divers were sent to them in prison by the King's commandment to instruct them. They were so blinded and sturdy that they could neither see the truth in the cause, nor "give convenient obedience due to such persons as of themself cannot see the truth." Therefore they have suffered death, according to the course of the law, as rebels to the same, and disobedient to the princely authority, and as persons who, as much as in them lay, have rooted sedition in the community. This is the truth; for by Mr. Secretary's licence I was admitted to hear Reynolds' reason, and confer with him. Found in him neither strong reason to maintain his purpose, nor great learning to defend it. I conferred with him gladly, for I was sorry to see a man of such virtue and learning die in such a blind and superstitious opinion. But nothing would avail. They themselves were the cause. It seemed that they sought their own deaths, of which no one can be justly accused. You may repeat this as you think expedient, to those whom you perceive to be misinformed.
After writing so far, having perceived somewhat your mind from your letters to John Walker, received on Whitsun Even, (fn. 6) I received your letters of April 22, the tenor of which I showed to the King. He gratefully took your mind, but somewhat marvelled that you should take so much pleasure in your quiet and scholastical studies, desiring you, according to your duty to him and your country, to set apart such scholastical respects to the declaration of your learned judgement; which I affirmed you would do. By all these two months your sentence shall be looked for. You shall not need to write any great or long volume; but temper your style. I have great hope that you will see the truth when I consider the saying of Scripture, that by purity of mind the light of truth is soonest perceived; and your mind to this day I have not known spotted with any notable affection. Master Secretary wills you to ponder this well; that is, the uncertain fruit of secret and quiet study, which hangs for the most part upon the blind judgment of the reader and posterity; and, on the other side, the wise and prudent handling of controversies of weight in this present age, to the order whereof we are brought forth, as posterity to matters of their time; the clear and manifest definition whereof has annexed thereto a certain fruit,—the established quietness of the common weal. By pondering this, he judges that you may be moved to lay aside for a time your scholastical studies, to which you may have recourse again as occasion shall serve. Mr. Baynton also, the Queen's Vice-Chamberlain, to whom the King's pleasure is not unknown, willed me to write that you should well consider how the King graciously searcheth, and ever hath done, a convenient mean to set you in such case that he might treat you according to the fame of your virtues and merits, and also to consider how much the King giveth to your learning and judgment, in wishing to have your consent to his great cause, although it be defined already, so that your judgment can little advance it, except perhaps to the confirmation.
These things I was willed to write. Though it greatly needed not, because you yourself are sufficiently stirred to fulfil the King's pleasure, I judged it my duty to do so.
Draft, hol., pp. 6.
May.

Grants.
802. Grants in May 1535.
1. Receipt [to be given] to Francis I. for 5,000 cr. of gold of the sun paid at Calais for the pensions of salt, according to the treaty of Hampton Court. Del. Westm., 1 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
(2.) Receipt [to be given] to Francis I. for 47,368 cr. of gold of the sun, 16 sous, paid at Calais according to certain bonds, &c. Del. Westm., 1 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
2. Sir Hen. Wyatt. Grant in fee simple of 1 messuage, 1 garden, and 1 toft in Watsham, Suff., called Loosehall, and 3 tofts 240 a. of land, 20 a. of meadow, 20 a. of pasture, and 8 a. of wood in Hutheham and Watsham, Suff., on surrender of patent 13 Sept. 8 Hen. VII., granting him the same in tail male. Westm., 1 May.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
3. Sir Arthur Darcy. Annuity of 12l. issuing from the manor of Hampton Meysy, Glouc., and from the manor of Castell Eton, 16 messuages, 3 tofts, 1 water-mill, 300 a. of land, 120 a. of meadow, 260 a. of pasture, and 20s. in rent in Castell Eton, Wilts, and from the manor of Barnegroves, with appurtenances in Staines, Middx., which lately belonged to Will. Souche, deceased; during the minority of Frances Souche, daughter and heir of the said William; with the wardship and marriage of the said Frances. Del. Westm., 1 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
4. Sir Arthur Darcy. Annuity of 40l. (to be assigned by the master of the King's wards) out of the issues of the possessions of Sir John Dunham, deceased, during the minority of Katharine, Anne, Mary, and Frances Dunham, daughters and heirs of the said Sir John; with the wardships and marriages of the said heirs. Del. Westm., 1 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
5. Rob. Feron, alias Ferne, of Todyngton, Middx., clk. Pardon of all treasons, &c. whereof the said Robert along with John Hale, clk., was attainted before Sir Thos. Audeley, the chancellor, and other justices, by virtue of a commission dated 23 April 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
6. Rob. Eive, alias Yoe, alias Yewe, alias Yeo, alias Yew, late of London, alias of Hampton Sechefeld, or Heyaunton Sechefeld, in the parish of Patryxstavy, Devon, alias of Fyle, Devon. Pardon for all offences to the present date. Greenwich, 26 Apr. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 May.—P.S.
7. Denizations.
Mathew Isard, alias Broun, chaplain, born a subject of the king of the French. Westm., 1 May.
Mark de Brayis, alias Mark Brayis, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 1 May.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
8. Yorkshire. Commissions post mortem.
Sir Hen. Everyngham, Rob. Chaloner, Wilfred Holme, and Arthur Preston, to make inquisition on the lands [and heir?] of Thos. Gower. Westm., 2 May.
Ralph Evers, of Fowbridge, John Barton, of Quenby, Thos. Wentworth of Gaunton, and Will. Twaytes, of Lunde, on the lands and heir of Thos. Suttell. Westm., 2 May.
The same on the lands and heir of Peter Manne. Westm., 2 May.
The same on the lands and heir of Thos. Colvyld. Westm., 2 May.
The same on the lands and heir of Edm. Halder. Westm., 2 May.
The same on the lands and heir of Roger Halder. Westm., 2 May.
The same on the lands and heir of Chr. Conyers. Westm., 2 May.
The same on the lands and heir of Gilbert Topclyf. Westm., 2 May.
Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18d.
9. John Yarmouth, fisherman, a born subject of the king of Denmark. Denization. Westm., 3 May.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
10. Hen. marquis of Exeter. Licence to alienate the manors of Newham and Cherybear, Devon, and 60 messuages, 2,000 a. of land, 300 a. of meadow, 400 a. of pasture, 100 a. of wood, and 500 a. of furze and heath in the said manors; to Cuthbert bp. of Durham, Will., earl of Arundel, Thos. earl of Rutland, Sir Hen. Pole lord Mont ague, Sir Hen. Parker lord Morley, Charles Blount lord Mountjoye, Sir Philip Champarnon, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Philip Butler, John Tirrell, John Baker, Jasper Horsey, Rob. Chudley, Nich. Willoughby, Walter Seymour, Will. Wylkyns, Anth. Harvye, Ric. Gyfford, and Will. Dawbeney, to the use of the said Marquis and Gertrude his wife, and the survivor of them, and after their decease to the use of the right heirs of the said Marquis for ever. Westm., 3 May.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
11. Hen. marquis of Exeter and Thos. earl of Rutland, Jasper Horsey, and Rob. Chudley. Licence to alienate the manors of Westhorsley, Ockeham, and Effyngham, and 100 messuages, 40 tofts, 50 gardens, 3,000 a. of land, 300 a. of meadow, 3,000 a. of pasture, 1,000 a. of wood, 3,000 a. of furze and heath, and 26l. 13s. 4d. rent in Westhorseley, Esthorseley, Chydyngfold, Byfleyte, Effyngham, Ockeham, and Shyre, Surrey; to Cuthbert bp. of Durham, Will. earl of Arundel, Sir Hen. Pole lord Montague, Sir Hen. Parker lord Morley, Charles Blount lord Mountjoye, Sir Philip Champarnou, Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Philip Butler, John Tyrrell, John Baker, Nic. Willoughby, Walter Seymour, Will. Wylkyns, Anth. Harvy, Ric. Gyfford, and Will. Dawbeney; to hold to the use of the said Marquis and Gertrude his wife and the survivor of them. Westm., 3 May.—Pat. 27 Hen.VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
12. Monastery of St. Mary, Sherborne. Congé d'élire to the Prior on the resignation of John Mere, abbot. Del. Westm., 3 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
13. Hen. Salesbury. Lease of the site of a water-mill called Llavassok, in the commote of Keymergh, parcel of the lordship of Denbigh, for 28 years; at the annual rent of 17s., and 8d. of increase. Del. Westm., 4 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.b.
14. Ric. Pollard. To be remembrancer of the Exchequer, with fees, &c. as enjoyed by Humph. Bowland, Thos. Walssh, or Sir Will. Éssex. Del. Westm., 4 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
15. Denizations.
Simon Goddin, a native of Picardy and born subject of the king of France. Westm., 4 May.
Thos. Daigremont, a native of Normandy and born subject of the king of France. Westm., 4 May.
Peter Cornelius, tailor, a native of Liege and born subject of the Emperor. Westm., 4 May.
Giles Hoseberd, beer-brewer, a native of Arenys and born subject of the Emperor. Westm., 4 May.
Peter Mathewe, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 4 May.
Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
16. Sir Edw. Ferres. Custody of the manor of Clonygonford, one cottage in Hales Owen, Salop, one toft in Pirton, one messuage, one dovecot in Southlitilton, two springs (bulleriœ) of salt water in Droytwyche, Worc., during the minority of John Litilton, son and heir of John Litilton, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 5 May 27 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 1, m. 46.
17. Will. Welles, of Youghull, in Ireland. Licence to import 30 weighs of beans and 30 weights of wheat and malt. Endd.: Greenwich, 3 May 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May.—S.B.
18. Ric. Watkins, prothonotary. Annuity of 10l. issuing from the manors of Maynston and Pikesley ...... of Burghill, and a third part of the moiety of the manor of Dudley, Heref., which belonged to John Hakkeluet, deceased, during the minority of Geo. Hakkeluett, s. and h. of the said John; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 7 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
19. Hen. Rither. Livery of lands as son and heir of Sir Ralph Rither, deceased. Westm., 24 Jan. 26 Hen. VIII. Del. 7 May 27 Hen. VIII.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
20. John Gostwike. To be Treasurer and General Receiver, and Commissioner of First-fruits and Tenths, in accordance with statute 26 Hen. VIII., in every diocese in England, and in Wales, Calais, Hammes, and Guynes. Also Commission to receive the issues of the possessions acquired by the King in England, Wales, Calais, Hammes, and Guysnes; and specially of the possessions of Thomas late cardinal of York and Rece ap Griffith which came to the King's hands by the attainder of the said Thomas and Rece; and of those of the late priory of Holy Trinity, commonly called Christchurch, near Algate, London, and the late priories of Bethekellerd and Caldwich, in the lordship of Wales or elsewhere, which came to the King's hands on the suppression of the said late "abbeys" or priories; also to receive all profits, fines, &c. which belong to the King by the voidance of sees and monasteries and religious houses; also to receive all other foreign fines for licences to export merchandize, fines for the escape of prisoners, clerks attainted or convicts from the prisons of any archbishop or bishop of England, Wales, Calais, Guysnes, and Hammes, and fines for temporalities. The said John also to receive to the King's use from Thos. Crumwell, the King's chief secretary, certains bonds in which divers persons stand indebted to the King in divers sums, and to receive and prosecute for the said sums. Also the said John to be Treasurer, General Receiver, Commissioner, and Surveyor in and for the premises; with an annuity of 100l. Del. [Westm.], (fn. 7) 7 May ....... (fn. 7) —S.B. Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, ms. 8–10.
21. Anth. Skevyngton, clk., King's chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of Seaton, Rutland, Linc. dioc.; the right having been given to the King hac vice by Roger Ratclyff, the nominee of a body of trustees; viz., Sir Will. Skevington, Sir Everard Dygby, Roger Ratclyff and Thos. Skevington, s. and b. of Sir William, and the living being now void by death. Greenwich, 7 May 27 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 10 May.—P.S.
22. Anth. Baily, a native of Luke (Liege). Denization. Greenwich, 8 May 27 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 10 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
23. John Gachet, alias John Frencheman, of York, bookbinder, a born subject of the king of the French. Denization. Westm., 10 May.—Pat. 27 Hen., VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
24. Will. Leygh or Leght. Livery of lands as son and heir Rob. Leygh, deceased, and of Anne Leygh, also deceased, daughter and heir of Anerild Lathbury; and kinsman and heir of John Lathbury, viz., son of the said Anne, daughter of the said Anerild, son of the said John; on all the possessions of his said ancestors in England, Calais, and Wales. Westm., 24 Jan. 26 Hen. VIII.—Del. 10 May 27 Hen. VIII.—P.S. (mutilated).— Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
25. Edw. Foxe, S.T.P., counsellor and almoner of the King. Presentation to a canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of SS. Mary and George, in Windsor Castle, vice Chr. Plummer, deprived. Del. Westm., 11 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. John Godsalve, one of the clerks of the King's signet. Reversion of the offices of constable and keeper of the castle and gaol of Norwich, which were granted by patent 20 Dec. 7 Hen. VIII. to Sir Hen. Wyat, then master of the King's jewels, and Thos. Boleyn, knight of the Royal body, now earl of Wiltshire and Ormond; with the same fees as John Grey, temp. Ric. II., and the said Henry and Thomas, enjoyed. Del. Westm., 14 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
27. Monastery of Sherborne, Salisbury dioc. Assent to the election of John Burstable as abbot vice John Mere resigned. Westm., 15 May.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
28. Will. Blyke, page of the pitcherhouse. To have the corrody in the monastery of Cristhede. Greenwich, 4 May 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 May.—P.S.
29. Thos. Crumwell, the King's Chief Secretary. To be steward and bailiff of the lordships and manors of Edelmeton (Edmonton) and Sayesbery, and other lands, &c. in Edelmeton, Middx.; with an annual rent of 40s. as steward, and 6l. 13s. 4d. as bailiff. Del. Westm., 16 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
30. Thos. Ferne of Hognaston, Derby, jun., laborer. Pardon for having, along with Roland Hill of Perewich, Derby, laborer, on the 12 Sep. 19 Hen. VIII., at Rowcettor, Staff., in a pasture called Brymesholme, assaulted and mortally wounded Geo. Rowseley, who died on the 14th Sept. Westm., 11 May 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
31. Alan Percy, rector of St. Mary-at-Hill, London. Licence to receive and hold other benefices, not exceeding the value of 100l., besides those which he now has, without personal residence, notwithstanding the statute 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
32. Denizations:—
Julian Mares, a born subject of the king of the French. Westm., 30 May.
Paul Flamezen, mariner, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 30 May.
Lambert Johnson, shoemaker, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 30 May.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.

Footnotes

1 John MacAlpine, who was collated to the prebend of Bishopstone in Salisbury after the death of John Wafter in 1538.
2 See Grants in March 1534, No. 10.
3 Thos. Knolles, S.T.P., was appointed President of Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1527, and resigned 3 Feb. 1536. He was succeeded by Oglethorpe, afterwards bp. of Carlisle.
4 This was printed as an independent paper, under what was certainly an erroneous date, in vol. iv. No. 5895.
5 The following words are appended in the bottom margin:—"The example of Trajane in Christianos and Edwarde in fratrem quendam."
6 15 May.
7 Place and year of delivery illegible in S.B.; "Westm." on the roll.