Henry VIII
July 1535, 26-31

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1885

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'Henry VIII: July 1535, 26-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8: January-July 1535 (1885), pp. 434-455. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75544 Date accessed: 30 July 2014.


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July 1535, 26-31

26 July.
R. O.
1107. Archbishop Lee to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his favor as reported by the writer's chaplain Mr. Braynesbye, and his registrar Tristram Teshe, especially for complying with his request to be relieved of the collecte in the archdeaconry of Richmond, and that all abbots, priors, and officials may be charged by Act of Parliament to help the ordinaries to collect the King's money. Will send some one, as Cromwell suggests, to put him in mind at next Parliament. Hopes, as the King by word licensed him to be absent from the Parliament, he will not be sent for, as he is still greatly in debt, and has no stuff or house there. His brother dean wishes to resign and have some promotions instead of the pension, perhaps thinking the third part too little for him. Thorpe, 26 July 1535. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 July.
R. O.
1108. T. Lord Monteagle to Henry VIII.
I and other justices of the peace of the county of Lancashire held a session at Preston, 21 July, to make inquiry of the riots committed in the same county, at which 10 of my servants were indicted for assembling at Melling in Lonesdale, Lane, to take a distress out of the fold distrained by Sir Marmaduke Tunstal for the fine of a rescue claimed by him. To oppose them Sir Marmaduke selected 500 persons, but 16 only whose names could be known were indicted. Also, at the same sessions, Adam Hulton, of Hylton, was indicted for riotously assembling to prevent me keeping a court at Westhawghton, where I am steward to the monastery of Cokkersand; insomuch that I required Barth. Hesketh, a justice of the peace, to grant a warrant for their good behaviour. On which Hulton collected a rabble and defied me. I summoned him and others to appear at Walton Hall in the said county, but all refused; on which I sent officers to take them at their dwelling-houses, but all had fled, with the exception of Hulton and Ric. Hogekynson. As I was informed that Hulton was at his house, I sent 12 of my servants to take him; and on his wife and servant swearing that he was not within, and refusing to allow my servants to make search, they broke open the door, and found him locked in a great chest, and brought him to me; whom, with Hogekynson, I have sent to the gaol of Lancaster. Horneby Castle, 26 July. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
26 July.
R. O.
1109. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
I have received your packet this St. Anne's Day, with two letters for Dr. Adams, one from the King, and one from you; one to Dr. Bonner, another to Richard Candish, which I have delivered; one to Dr. Barons, which I cannot deliver, as he left London on Saturday night, in company with Rob. Fermour, of London, who left him five miles beyond Gravesend, and saw him under sail on Sunday morning. Since your letter I have spoken with Fermour, who told me that Barons would arrive this day at Antwerp. His letter I will deliver to Adams and Derick jointly, as they will meet him at Hamburgh. I will not fail to call upon Johnson for rigging the ship. I have delivered Candish the 400l. as you desired. I have received the King's letter for the duke of Holste, and sealed it with the signet, and have delivered it to Bonner and Candish. I spoke with Chr. Mount on the day I last wrote to you; who has promised me that whenever the King's pleasure is known he will be ready. I will send up the signet by some substantial messenger. St. Anne's Day. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
26 July.
Nero, B. iii. 93.
B. M.
1110. Bonner and Richard Cavendish to Cromwell.
Though Gonston told Cromwell that the ship would be ready in six days, such decays have been found in her that she cannot be ready before Saturday. Are therefore compelled to tarry longer than they intended. This St. Anne's Day, at 11 o'clock, Dr. Adams (fn. 1) told us that a servant of Marcus Mayre had brought letters for the King and Cromwell. He said also that Marcus Mayre is content that the King shall have not only the castle he now has, but also Elbowe, Launsecrown, Coppemmenhaven, and Elsynour, to be delivered to whom he will appoint. This liberal offer makes us muse, especially as George Wolwever and other the King's friends do not make like offer. Considering the overthrow they have had of late, and their great feebleness in the maintenance of their war in time to come, and in keeping those holds which they are now in possession of, it is much easier to make such an offer than bring it to pass. Do not write to the King about it, not knowing how he will take our abode here. Ask Cromwell to make their excuse to him. Gostwik will not deliver money to Candishe for the ship, till be knows Cromwell's pleasure. London, the feast of St. Anne, between 11 and 12. Signed.
In Bonner's hand, p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
26 July.
R. O.
1111. Edmund Boner and Ric. Caundyssh to Cromwell.
After sealing our letters, intending to despatch the bearer, we received yours enclosed in Gostwick's packet, dated Winchecombe, the 23rd inst. We will endeavour to answer it and the King's commands. We leave this city for Harwich tomorrow. Gostwick has promised not to cease calling upon Gonstone till our ship be ready. I, Richard Caundysshe, have received from Gostwick 400l. of the King's provision. London, St. Anne's Day.
We have received the King's letters to the duke of Holst sealed from Mr. Gostwick.
Hol., p. 1.Add.: Secretary.
26 July.
Lamb. MS. 603, f. 128.
St. P. ii. 257.
1112. Conan O'Neill.
Indenture between Sir Wm. Skevington, deputy of Ireland, and Conan O'Neill, made at Drogheda, 26 July 1535, 27 Hen. VIII.
O'Neill promises to be faithful to the King in return for support from the Deputy, and an annual stipend.
Lat., pp. 3. Signed by Skeffington, Barnewall, Rawson, Wm. Brabason, and P. Fynglas.
Endd.
Lamb. MS.
611, f. 2.
2. Copy of the same. (fn. 2)
26 July.
R. O.
1113. R. Wauchop to Lady Lisle.
I have often desired to hear from you. I wish to be commended to your prayers, as we often remember you and your husband in ours. The day after my arrival at Paris I presented your letters to Mons. Poyet, and I have told the answer to Mr. Jehan Bekynsaw to report to you. I am told you may have spoken to Poyet since. I wish your son were here that he might be in his youth instructed in good manners. I came from Court two days ago, and ought to return within eight days; and if I have an opportunity I should like to go pardela to our good and faithful friends. I pray you recommend me by one of your servants to Madame la Garnish, assuring her that I have not forgotten her or her husband. On Friday after I left I celebrated at Amiens at the altar of St. John according to your intention. I would desire to be commended to the Secretary. Paris, 25 July. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
26 July.
Paris, Bibl. Nat. MSS. Fr. 19,577.
1114. Montmorency to Cardinal du Bellay.
Morette returned from England two days ago. He has brought nothing more back than what you understood before you left, except that after beheading the cardinal of Rochester they have done the like to M. Morus, the two being such personages as you know.
Copy, Fr. From a copy by Mr. Friedmann.
[July.]
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 334.
B. M.
1115. Charles V. and England.
"Memorial sobre las cosas de Anglaterra."
When the King's divorce was being tried, your Majesty was informed that the kingdom of England was a fee of the Church of Rome, and that the King deserved deprivation for having issued certain proclamations against the Church, but that such a proceeding might prejudice the Princess, or cause disagreement between the King and Queen. After deliberation it was determined to do nothing about this, and to proceed to obtain the executorials.
On the arrival of the news of the execution of the bishop of Rochester, the Pope and Cardinals have deliberated about depriving the King for heresy and treason. As to this, various courses may be suggested. The deprivation might be postponed, and proceedings taken on the executorials of the Queen. To this it may be objected that it will be impossible to prevent proceedings on the King's crimes, and that if he is deprived by way of the executorials, he may be provoked to act towards the Queen as he has towards the cardinal of Rochester. A request might be made to the Pope to put off the privation, but it is doubtful whether it would be granted, as the Pope and Consistory are determined to make a demonstration against the King's enormities. Efforts might, however, be used, that if they mean to deprive the King, they should not declare the kingdom to have devolved to the Apostolic See, which it is thought they will not wish to do; yet omitting the devolution, and simply depriving the King, may injure the Princess, the deprivation being founded on heresy or treason. It might be arranged that the Pope should declare the kingdom to belong to the Princess; but it is doubtful whether he would do so, and it might endanger the Princess's person. It might also be procured that the Pope and Consistory should secretly declare that all that is done is in the Princess's favour, or without prejudice to her. If this is done in the Consistory it would be much more dangerous for the Princess if the King had notice of it, which it is believed he would have, as there are so many Cardinals of different factions and nations.
If the Pope is resolved to deprive the King, and declare the kingdom devolved to the Apostolic See, without making any declaration in favor of the Princess, appearance can be put in on behalf of her and the Queen.
All courses are dangerous, and it is hoped that your Majesty will order what is to be done.
Sp., pp. 4, modern copy.
26 July.
Bucholz's Ferdinand I., ix. 15.
1116. Paul III. to Ferdinand of Hungary. (fn. 3)
Declaring his intention to deprive Henry VIII. of his kingdom, who has put to death the cardinal bishop of Rochester, and despised the authority of the Holy See in marrying Anne Boleyn, and repudiating his true wife Katharine, Ferdinand's aunt. Requests Ferdinand to take counsel with the Emperor and other princes about putting the sentence into execution. Rome, 26 July 1535.
Lat.
26 July.
Camusat, 27.
1117. Paul III. to Francis I.
Expecting to hear from day to day of the liberation of John (Fisher) cardinal of Rochester, having recommended him most earnestly to Francis, has been astounded by the announcement of his execution by king Henry. Doubts not but that Francis is sorely grieved, seeing that his intercession would appear to have hastened the Cardinal's death. Deplores his loss to the Church, and especially the degrading mode of death inflicted on him. Regrets still more the cause of his death,—defending, not the rights of a particular church, as St. Thomas of Canterbury, but the truth of the universal Church. Henry has thus even exceeded his ancestors in wickedness. Not content with disregarding the censures of Clement VII., "biennalique in illis insordescentia,"—with the notorious adultery, which gives rise to scandal in the Church, —with the sacrilegious slaughter of so many clerks and religious men,—with heresy and schism, and the withdrawal of his kingdom from the universal Church, and from obedience to the Roman Church, to which it is tributary,—he commanded publicly to be executed a man who was elevated to the cardinalate because of his learning and holiness, after endeavouring to get him to recant and to deny the truth, which he would not do; and hastened his death on hearing of his creation as cardinal, thus committing the crime of lese-majesty, and incurring the usual penalties, especially that of privation. Is not ignorant of Henry's intrigues with Francis at the last meeting at Calais, tending to the universal destruction, nor of their repulse by Francis. Out of respect for Francis, and in hope of Henry's repenting, has for more than three years patiently borne many and great injuries, but has gained nothing. Is compelled, therefore, at the unanimous solicitation of the cardinals, to declare Henry deprived of his kingdom and his royal dignity; and the Roman Church has recourse to Francis, her most dear son, —having always been accustomed to have recourse to his predecessors in her oppressions,—and earnestly implores him to bear this calmly, and to be ready to execute justice on Henry when required, remembering the great armies with which his forefathers revenged her injuries. Refers him to the bishop of Faenza, papal nuncio, for further particulars, Rome, at St. Marks, 26 July 1535, pont. 1. Signed: Blosius.
Lat. Add.
R. O.1118. Fisher's Execution.
A speech or pamphlet, in answer to the preceding brief, vindicating the King's conduct with regard to the death of bishop Fisher, and complaining of that of the see of Rome in trying to get Francis to intercede for him, and in calling him a cardinal after his death to excite the hatred of all cardinals. Repudiates also the insinuation that the intercession of Francis had precipitated his fate. The same See which used to enjoy a cruel triumph in which innocent men, women, and children were massacred, now deplores the death inflicted by law upon a traitor. The Holy See laments the death of bad men, and rejoices at that of good. It has in former times regarded the slaughter of bishops and cardinals, not merely without grief, but even with joy. It has seen all Italy, and especially Florence of late, suffering severely with no little satisfaction.
Fisher's death was the least cruel that could be devised, for he was not poisoned, as some do, nor boiled in lead, nor hanged as a traitor should be, nor burned, nor tortured, but killed with a sudden stroke of the sword,—a most merciful death for such a crime. Yet this petty orator (rhetorculus hic) absurdly complains of the kind of death to induce sympathy in many members. For this brief contains many things which are the work of Blosius, not of Paul. Taunts the Holy See with being more offended with the death of a traitor than that a man should live in notorious adultery; though, as regards adultery, Paul III. took the King's side before he was Pope, and he might as well have abstained from appealing on that subject to the French king, who, with all his councillors and the universities in his kingdom, pronounced the marriage with Katharine null. Repudiates the imputation of schism, declaims against the pretensions of the Pope to afford protection to his cardinals in doing wrong, and ridicules the notion that things were treated of between England and France at Calais to the universal injury of Christendom.
Draft, Lat., pp. 61.
R. O.2. An earlier draft of the preceding.
Imperfect, pp. 28. In Wriothesley's hand.
R. O.3. English translation of the same.
Pp. 31.
26 July.
R. O.
1119. Dame Elizabeth Lucy.
Receipt, dated 26 July 27 Hen. VIII., by Richard Kelom and Peter Rogers, on behalf of Dame Eliz. Lucy, their mistress, for 6l. 14s. 4¼d. from Richard Catesby, esquire, in part payment of the arrearages of the lordship of Lapworth. Signed: Petur Rogers—Richard Kelom.
P. 1, small paper.
26 July.
R. O.
1120. The Turk and the Sophi.
Curious account of the defeat of the Sophi by the Sultan.
The Sultan and Bassa came out from Babylon, and defeated the Sophy, who was besieging Solaman.
26 April, the writer found the Turks finishing a bridge over the Tigris, by which they intended to cross and destroy the Sophy at Tauris. The Sophy had then no other refuge, except the Christian country of Gorgiavie, for his country of Couranzan beyond the Sandy Sea was harassed by Bigilbas, Great Can of Tartary.
27 May, the writer's servant, who left Babylon on the 17th, reported that the Sultan was on the point of setting out, and expected to reach Tauris in 18 days. The Sultan would be at Constantinople in "this month of September."
The Sophy's officers, Almabegi, Memetan, and Sedican, joined the Sultan.
ii. Substance of the letter of the viceroy of Sicily written in Palermo the 26th of July.
News has just been brought, by two ships which left Tunis on the 22nd, of the taking of that city, and the defeat of Barbarossa, and his flight to Bonne. The Christian slaves opened the gates, crying "Empire! Empire!" The Emperor's troops sacked the town. Barbarossa fled to Bonne, and found it in the hands of Ant. Doria; so that he is caught in the trap.
Fr., pp. 2. Endd.: "Certayne newes of themperor."
27 July.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 618.
1121. Sir Gregory da Casale to Cromwell.
While at Florence, on his way to the baths at Lucca, received letters from Lyons with news that the cardinal of Paris had left that town on the 15th, and was going to Ferrara in post, and thence to Pesaro by water. Went immediately to Ferrara, where the Cardinal had been for four days. Believes he had matters to treat of with the Duke, but that nothing has been settled, for the Duke has no council except what his father had, and uses the same style. Thinks he is waiting for the result of the Emperor's enterprise [against Barbarossa], (fn. 4) and to see whether Francis will be strong in Italy. Said to the Cardinal that he came to know whether he had commission to treat of anything concerning the King or the common interests of both Kings, and that if he could assist him, he would accompany him to Rome and leave the baths. The Cardinal replied that the affairs of the king of England were in such a state that there was need to speak of them for several days; that he could not speak of them without commission; that Casale might go on with his baths, and he would let him know if he was wanted. Then he condoled with Casale about the promotion of the bishop of Rochester, and said the King had promised the French king not to put him to death, but the contrary was decided and done in one morning. Told him that this folly of the Pope was caused by a trick of the cardinal of Capua, who tried the same thing six years ago with Clement. The Pope and all the court now see their folly. As to the execution of the bishop of Rochester, was sure that the French king would have acted similarly, and the king of England would never have interceded. The King was not cruel, and such a thing would never have been done unless necessary. To what the Cardinal said about the union between the two Kings, replied that he must declare this clearly to the Pope and the court if he thought it an advantage for the Pope to know it, because both the Imperialists and the Venetians had given out the contrary. Gave him also some idea about the mind of the Pope and the other powers of Italy, who all are waiting for the result of the Emperor's enterprise. If this succeeds ill, thinks all the world will wish to be on the side of the two Kings. If the French king were to move while the Emperor is in Africa, it would be considered impious; but to make preparations so that at the Emperor's return something could be done, would be much to the purpose and considered prudent. If the Emperor were to lose his life, or a great part of his army, or if he retreated, his forces would be thought little of, and Francis could then lawfully come into Italy to defend it, and he would indeed be called for, from the fear that there is of Barbarossa, who, directly the Emperor retreats, will be with his fleet in Italy to infest Genoa, Tuscany, Rome, Naples, and Sicily, which will be unprotected; for the Spaniards will want their galleys for the defence of Spain, and all the galleys in the world will not be sufficient to defend the coast. In confirmation of this, repeated what he had heard in Florence from card. Cibo, who is much esteemed by the Duke. He showed Casale a letter from Andrea Doria, stating that they would take Goletta, but progress would be slow, as the Emperor wished to save his army; that they could not stay longer than the end of September, because in that month the coast of Barbary is too dangerous for a fleet to remain there, nor could victuals be procured. News has come from Leghorn, by two frigates from Sardinia, that the Emperor is before Goletta. Does not think anything can have been done up to the 19th; for if he had taken it, news would have come to Leghorn and Florence in four days, as horses and brigantines are ready posted for the purpose. Whatever Doria writes, does not believe that Goletta will be taken.
Does not wish to be in Rome without directions how to behave, and what to answer about all these matters. Has blamed as it deserved this folly of the Pope's, and both he and all the court confess that it was folly, and Capua's deceit is known. As to the death of the bishop of Rochester, which was spoken of as certain in Rome a month ago, has always said that both he and More were condemned to death long before by Parliament, whose statutes the King never opposed; but he had mercifully allowed delay, so that they might acknowledge their folly. As they would not recant, he could not prevent justice taking its course. To those who have spoken of it since the news came, has denied that the King executed him because he was created a cardinal, as he cared little what the Pope did in England in the way of making bishops or cardinals or anything else, for he could not move a straw there without the King's licence, but that Rochester was executed in accordance with an Act of Parliament.
Asks for instructions.
Has left directions for all news from Africa, and elsewhere, coming to Rome, Florence, and Venice, to be sent to him, and he will forward them to Cromwell.
Hears from Vienna that the king of the Romans has tortured Andrea Corsini, who was with the Prothonotary, and had letters of credence from the French king, and has made him confess that he went to Hungary to disturb the peace. The Nuncio writes that he has tried to prevent the Prothonotary being punished, but all Ferdinand's councillors are ill affected towards him. If the King does not wish it to be spoken of, does not care to speak of his brother more than if he were no longer in the world. Ferrara, 27 July 1535.
Hol., Ital., pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Endd.
R. O.2. Latin translation.
Pp. 4.
R. O.1122. [Cromwell] to the [Abbot or Prior of ——].
I have received your letters, and, in consideration of your toward mind, have obtained from the King licence for you to resort to your farms and manors near your monastery, so that no common bruit may be raised thereby.
P. 1. Endd.: "Littere Gregorii Cassalii die 27 mo., Ferrarie."
27 July.
R. O.
1123. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
I send you by your servant Will. Johnson the King's signet which you left with me for sealing the duke of Holste's letter. This day I delivered a fat buck to the Emperor's ambassador out of the forest of Waltham, because he will by no means hunt there till you come. The buck was killed by your servant Will. Dod and his long bow. I beseech you to be means to the King that I may have one to sue the process of such obligations as are committed to my charge; for the attorney's clerk is departed, and I know nothing of what has been done in this matter. I beg your favor to a friend of mine, named Owen Hawkyns, of London, whose sister is married to a kinsman of mine, Will. Hilles; she was late wife to John Coplande. Hawkins is cruelly treated for a licence he obtained for shipping goods into Flanders, and is threatened with imprisonment in the common goal of Antwerp by Walter Marshe, governor of the Merchant Adventurers. Send your letters to Marshe, desiring them to forbear troubling Hawkins. London, 27 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
27 July.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 260.
1124. Gerald Aylmer and John Alen to Cromwell.
Enclose letters from Brabazon, received at Chester. The remissness of the captains and the shameful misorder of the soldiers is the occasion of the loss of the King's land. If the Treasurer had not been in the Naas, it would have been burnt, and all the country to Dublin. Hear from some Dublin merchants who landed at Holyhead on St. James's day that the Treasurer, on the Wednesday before, discomfited the rebels, who attacked some carts going to Rathangan castle. Ask that the Treasurer may have his own hundred horsemen. Wish to know the King's pleasure about the kerne, for in the winter Englishmen cannot take pain like kerne. Money for the army is necessary. Bewmares, 27 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Seal, a winged stag. Endd.
28 July.
Cleop. E. vi. 168.
B. M.
Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 44.
Lewis' Life of Fisher, ii. 352.
1125. Bedyll to [Cromwell].
I have delivered all Dr. Fisher's books, late bishop of Rochester, written in defence of the King's first unlawful marriage, and against his second, to my lord of Canterbury, to be seen and weighed by him and others for the answer to Cocleus' book. Hopes they will successfully vindicate the King for all time coming. Has been at Sion since Cromwell's departure with my lord of London. Found the lady abbess and sisters conformable in everything. The father confessor and father Cursone showed themselves like honest men. I think the former will, in his sermon on Sunday next, mention the King's title of Supreme Head, as he is commanded. Will report the conduct of some other brethren on Cromwell's return to London, hoping meanwhile the confessor and father Cursone will bring the rest to conformity. If not, two of the brethren must be weeded out. Had the confessor alone in very secret communication about certain letters of the said Mr. Fisher, mentioned by father Rainold in his examination, which Fisher promised the King that he never showed, or would show to any other man. The confessor has confessed that Fisher sent to him, to Rainold, and to another brother, deceased, copies of his letter to the King and the King's answer, but swears they kept them only for a night, and no others saw them. He acknowledges Fisher sent them copies of a book of his in defence of the King's first marriage, which he has willingly delivered to me, and Abel's book and another, made, I suppose, by the Imperial ambassador. My lord of London declared admirably the reasons for the King's title of Supreme Head, and against the bishop of Rome's jurisdiction. "And Master M[ores] (fn. 5) hath used himself like a faithful and true man to his Prince, and I woll ye would write him some commendations or thanks to recomfort him." Mr. Almoner and I await your pleasure touching the book we drew "out of my lord of York, his both devices, whereof we withdrew many things and likewise added." Will not venture to put it in print till Cromwell approve it. I have kept London all this year, and have had little passetyme abroad. Please help me to a warrant or two [to hunt] (fn. 6) in Kent, at Leeds, or elsewhere, or near London. London, 28 July.
2. Cochlæus' Book, entitled:—
"De Matrimonio Serenissimi Regis Angliæ Henrici Octavi, Congratulatio Disputatoria Johannis Cochlei Germani ad Paulum Tertium Pont. Max. 1535."
It consists of the following chapters:—
Prologus and Paulum III. Pont. Max. de resarta concordia.
Narratio facti, de contracto regis et reginæ matrimonio.
De jure divino, quo præceptum fuit tale matrimonium.
De jure naturali, quod tali matrimonio multis rationibus favet.
Quod in Levitico non sit tale matrimonium prohibitum.
Qui gradus consanguinitatis et affinitatis sint jure naturali prohibiti.
De jure humano, quo tale matrimonium prohibitum est.
De potestate dispensandi et de abusu dispensationum.
Exempla antiqua in quibus super tali matrimonio dispensatum legitur.
Sententia diffinitiva pro isto matrimonio per Clementem Papam VII.
Ex Beato Bernardo rationes ix. pro isto matrimonio.
Ex S. Thoma Aquinate, probationes xxiiii.
Ex decretis Sanctorum Patrum rationes xxvi.
Ex abbate Panormitano probationes xv.
Lat. Printed by Michael Blum at Leipsic, Feb. 1535.
Vit. B. xiv. 43.
B. M.
Pocock's Records, ii. 506.
1126. [Cranmer] to Henry VIII.
Has diligently perused the book of Cochæus touching the King's divorce, and considers that there is nothing new in it, and that he is of so little estimation in Germany that it would not be worth while to answer any of his reasons. Sends the King his chaplain, who can report the communication that took place between Cochlæus and the writer, when the latter was at Ratisbon.
Hol., mutilated. Add. at f. 47 b. Endd.: The bishop of Canterbury to the King's highness.
[28 July.]
R. O.
1127. Richard Layton to Cromwell.
I have received your letters. As to my removing from the court on Tuesday, I thought you wished me to take my journey from Barkeley when I knew your pleasure touching the visitation of other places, and I was the more willing to do so because my horses were all day in an old barn without meat and litter, and I was not assured of any lodging in all the town. The injunctions, which you think very slender, were not given as injunctions, but as summary monitions and rules to observe till the injunctions should be sent to every place under the King's seal. For that purpose the visitation is continued till the 8th August next; for upon those rules the injunctions must be devised and extended. I think it expedient to draw up a formal book or minute of them, and consult you before proceeding. I think it better not meanwhile to give injunctions forthwith, except vivâ voce, or by a mere note what to do. You write that the King wishes the injunctions to be absolute; but, for many causes alleged to me while reading them, which you shall know tomorrow morning, I could do no otherwise. When you have heard my opinion about the rules, the King's confidence in you will be undiminished, else I would rather be buried quick. Cirencester Abbey, this Wednesday at midnight.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
28 July.
Royal MS. 81 B. vi. 20 b.
B. M.
1128. James V. to the Privy Council of France.
On behalf of Adam Steuart, the bearer, who is going to France to recover certain money on a bond. Stirling, 28 July 1535.
Lat., copy, p. 1. Other copies at ff. 42 b. 194.
[28 July.]
R. O.
1129. Heresy.
Presentation for heresy against Thomas Muryell, of St. Sepulchre's, London, in the ward of Farringdon Without, tyler, who on 28 July 27 Hen. VIII., at "le Mount," in the parish of St. Giles, Cripplegate, said openly that Christ never died for us, but only for them that were in limbo patrum.
P. 1.
R. O.2. Another copy, mutilated.
29 July.
R. O.
1130. Cromwell to Richard Ryche.
The King has ordered Cromwell to reply to his letters, as follows. As to the leases which it is supposed were made by the duke of Suffolk, the King says he does not know that the Duke or his officers have made any lease since the communication between them of this bargain, but he is informed that the Duke or his officers have offered to make leases since that time. He considers this to be ingratitude and unkindness in the Duke, if it can be proved. Touching the decay of Ewelme and Donyngton, the King answered that whatever the Duke has spent upon them, it well appears in what decay they stand. Whoever views them will easily perceive that great sums of money will not sufficiently repair them. The King himself viewed Ewelme when lately there. At Donyngton the house is in decay, and Mr. Fetyplace, the keeper, has destroyed the deer and game, and wasted the woods, so that it is thought he has forfeited his patent, and ill-deserved either fee or thanks. The King has been at Hokenorton, which he likes very well, but neither he nor his surveyors can perceive that 1,500l. has been spent there, as the Duke affirms. It is not unlikely that he has been deceived by his officers. Whatever has been spent there, it will require no small sums of money to repair and build it after the King's mind. As to the red deer there, the King doubts not that the Duke will justify his convenant with the keeper for keeping 80 red deer there. Concerning the reversions of lady Gordon and John Verney, the King thanks the Duke for his conformity, and Ryche for his pains. As the King has bestowed great benefits on the Duke, who has attained this degree only by the King's advancement, his Highness trusts that he will part with the said reversions frankly and freely, without looking for other recompense than the King's liberality, and permit him to have the reversions within his bargain, as he thought he had. The King desires Ryche to be plain with the said Duke, telling him the good opinion the King has conceived of his conformity to his requests, and how he, of all men, is bound thereto, if he considers the benefits he has received from the King. He may, therefore, counsel him not to give occasion to the King to conceive any jealousy or mistrust in him, but rather that he will show his frankness and liberal heart without sticking in so small a matter. And, so doing, let him be assured that as the King, for less cause given on his part, has advanced him to this honor and estate, so he will the rather now be driven to consider the frankness and gentle liberality of the Duke, if he frankly comes forward with the same. Desires him also on Cromwell's behalf, as the Duke's poor friend, to advise him not to stick with the King, and not to doubt that the King will be as good lord to him in recompense of the said reversions as if he covenanted with him beforehand, and he should therefore liberally write to the King in the matter. This will be more beneficial to him than ten times as much land as the reversions amount unto. The Monastery of Tewkesbury, 29 July. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Solicitor to the King.
29 July.
R. O.
St. P. i. 436.
1131. Thos. Goodrich, Bishop of Ely, to Cromwell.
Sends a copy of the old oath which his predecessor gave to those whom he admitted to a benefice, and the draft of a new oath which they may be compelled to take when they compound for their first-fruits, or when the bishops institute them.
Asks Cromwell to give no credence to one Palgrave if he makes any suit for a ferry. He is a man of fair speech and small honesty, and was set in the pillory for words spoken against the King at Huntingdon. Has offered him to refer the matter to Cromwell or to two indifferent men, but he will not. Asks Cromwell, as he promised at the old Chapel at Westminster when we were together, for the first-fruits of benefices at the last Parliament, to give him no comfort till the Bishop's brother informs him of the truth. Somersham, 29 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Sealed.
R. O.2. The old oath of obedience to the bishop of Ely, and against preaching or defending the Lutheran or other heresy.
The new oath, renouncing the Pope with his constitutions and decrees condemned or to be condemned by the Parliament.
Lat.
29 July.
R. O.
1132. Roger Abbot of Furness to Cromwell.
I thank you for your manifold goodness to me and my brethren. We have lands within the English Pale in Ireland, of which we have always received the rents till now that Sir Wm. Skevington, the King's deputy, has commanded the tenants not to pay our officers. I beg for letters to Sir William that we may take them as in times past, and we shall be ready to do as much as other men's tenants for the maintenance of the King's wars. I received your letter in behalf of Mr. Seton. I give him yearly 6l. by patent that he should be gentle to me and our monastery; yet he goes daily about to do us displeasure. He has given an information in the Exchequer for certain wines which one Robt. Dawndye brought in an outland ship to Furness, which would have put me to great cost but for your letters commanding me to deliver to the said Robert all his wines and other goods. Fourneys, 29 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
29 July.
R. O.
1133. Sir Marmaduke Tunstall and Sir James Layburn to Cromwell.
We have been at Cockermouth, in Cumberland, 27 July 27 Hen. VIII., and examined in certain riots committed by Will. Lancaster, of Hawtclyff in Coldbek, Giles Taylor, of Santon, John Tolynson of Cleter, and others, occasioned by the enclosure of a moor near Fressyngton and Cleter, the inheritance, as it is said, of John, father to Dr. Lyght. Desire to know what punishment is to be inflicted. Kendall, 29 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
29 July.
R. O.
1134. Sir Thos. Audeley, Lord Chancellor, to Lord Lisle.
Has received his letters complaining that divers subpœnaes have been served on the King's servants in Calais in the suit of Mountague, and stating that this was unusual. For any cause commenced in the realm of England I am bound to examine the matter, and for any cause in Calais I have sufficient authority for the same. With respect to the latter, I am content that you and the Council there shall have the ordering. The subpœnaes were served without my knowledge; nevertheless, I intend to hear the matters whereupon they proceeded. If the cause commenced in Calais, I shall remand the same to you. Brittens, in Essex, 29 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
29 July.
R. MS. 18 B. vi. 190b.
B. M.
1135. James V.
Commission to John duke of Albany to contract a marriage between James V. and Mary, daughter of Charles duke of Vendôme. Stirling, 29 July 1535, 22 Jac. V.
Lat., copy, pp. 2.
29 July.
R. MS. 18 B. vi. 19.
B. M.
1136. James V. to Francis I.
Desires credence for James earl of Moray, his lieutenant and vicargeneral, William bishop of Aberdeen, treasurer, John lord Ersking, [and Sir Thomas Ersking] of Breching, chief secretary, whom he sends to complete the marriage treaty. Stirling, 29 July 1535.
Lat., p. 1, copy. Another copy at f. 191, which supplies the name omitted in the preceding.
29 July.
R. MS. 18 B. vi. 19.
B. M.
1137. James V. to Charles Duke of Vendome.
Sends ambassadors to treat concerning his marriage with the daughter of the Duke, which the French king has proposed to the Scotch ambassadors, in accordance with the treaty of Rouen concluded by Albany during James's minority. Striveling, 29 July 1535.
Lat., copy, p. 1. Another copy at f. 191 b; and another, of the termination of this letter, at f. 41.
29 July.
R. MS. 18 B. vi. f. 19b.
B. M.
1138. James V. to the Great Admiral of France.
Hopes he will show his accustomed favor to the affairs of Scotland in the present negotiations. Desires credence for his ambassadors. Stirling, 29 July 1535.
Lat., copy. Other copies at ff. 19 b, 192.
Ibid. f. 19 b.1139. James V. to the Great Master of France.
To the same effect. Stirling, 29 July 1535.
Lat., copy. Other copies at ff. 19b, 192.
29 July.
R. T. 149.
R. O.
1140. [Albert Duke of Prussia] to Henry VIII.
Has received his letter of 3 Feb. 1534. As the King is so urgent that justice should be done to his subject Thos. Marteyn, wishes Henry to know that judgment had already been delivered in his cause after mature deliberation, though he was not content with the decision. Sends copy of the sentence. "E Regio Monte" (Königsberg), 29 July 1535.
Lat., p. 1. Modern copy from the Archives at Königsberg.
29 July.
Vatican Archives.
1141. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
* * * Francis spoke to him about More's death, and of the King's iniquity, as clearly as possible. It would seem, as the cardinal of Lorraine affirms, that he wishes for an occasion to declare against him. Saw tears in his eyes while he was telling what More said; of which the Grand Master has given him a copy, and he has had it translated into Italian.
From a modern copy. p. 1. Headed: Decifrato del Nuntio in Francia de li 29 et ultimo di Luglio 1535 da Crespy.
2. A modern copy of the whole letter will be found in Add. MS. 8715, f. 101 b, B. M.
30 July.
R. O.
1142. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell.
Your household at the Rolls, the Friars Austins, and at Stepneth, are all in good health. Your works at Hackney and at the Friars Austings go well forward. Mr. Williamson, Ric. Lee, Sir John, and I, paid on Saturday 24 July 36l. 19s. 6½d. at Hackney. Four "parelles" for chimneys at Hackney, containing in all 17 feet, are not yet paid. At Friars Austins we paid 22l. 15s. 9½d. For Ewhurst, Sir Thos. Grene has fashioned everything till Friday 6 Aug. next. Henry Polsted has delivered me 280l. 8s. As Gostwick is not in London, Jynken Lloyde, your servant, has left with me 75l. 16s. 4½d., due by Hugh Vaghan for parcel of the King's rents of the lands late of Rice Griffith. Master Norton, of Kent, has sent you this day 12 "heron shoes," which Mr. Steward has received at the Rolls, as the city of London is sorely infected with the plague. Thos. Pykeryng says he has "inned" you 100 load of good hay, and you shall yet have 60 load or more at Nasyngbury. The Rolls, 30 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
30 July.
R. O.
1143. Sir Thomas Clifford to Henry VIII.
Complains of the injustice and partiality of the earl of Northumberland, who, out of ill-will towards the writer for speaking to the King in favor of Sir Thomas Percy, the Earl's brother, had caused certain gentlemen to be indicted, by a packed jury, at a court of Wardenry held by him at Newcastle-upon-Tyne on the 28th inst., when Clifford repaired into the country. Begs that my Lord be forbidden to meddle with him, and that the matters be submitted to an indifferent judge. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 30 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
R. O.2. The Same to the Duke of Norfolk.
On the same subject. The Earl has forbidden his servants to speak with Clifford. Newcastle, 30 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O.3. The Same to Cromwell.
To the same effect. Newcastle, 30 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O.4. "Remembrances to the honorable Master Thomas Crumwell, chief secretary to our sovereign lord the King, for Sir Thomas Percy, knight."
1. Complaining that my lord his brother had neglected to fulfil the provisions of his father's will till he was on the eve of marriage, when he made him a deed of gift of certain lands to the yearly value of 100 marks in Prowdhowe, Langley, and Corbrigge, Northumb., promising to make him dispend 300 marks a year in fees and offices. 2. With great labor he has defended this from the Scots; but my lord has now granted the lordship of Corbrigge to Sir Reynold Carnabye in fee-farm at a much lower rent than its accustomed value; 3. and because Sir Thomas refused to give up possession, his brother rudely turned him out of his house when he came to speak with him. 4. Desires an injunction to the Earl to suffer him to enjoy his lands, and not to alienate them further. Requests also that Sir Reynold Carnaby and his brethren be removed from the Earl's company, as they have caused division between the Earl and his wife, his brethren, and nearest friends. 5. Wishes to become the King's servant.
Pp. 2. Endd.
30 July.
R. O.
1144. Italian News.
Extract from letters [of Sir G. da Casale] dated Rome, 28 July.
Fears, from the new state of affairs, he will not be able to write as often as formerly. The Admiral is said to have returned to France without having succeeded, at which our ill-willers are much pleased.
Letters from France bring news of the death of Rochester and More, at which the Pope has conceived incredible indignation. A consistory was held upon the subject, and I hear on good authority that they will proceed to the utmost possible extremities against us. The Pope seems a resolute man, and would sooner have seen his two grandsons slain. The Nuncio with the king of the Romans urges conciliation.
The Emperor has captured Guletta and 35 galleys which were in the port. Three thousand Turks and about 600 Christians fell. Andrea Doria did good service. Cardinal Bari is dead.
A Hungarian tells me king John's ambassadors have withdrawn without making peace, and an envoy has come from the Turk to Ferdinand.
The Viceroy of Naples, in a letter to the Emperor's ambassador, says he has letters from the Emperor dated 14 July.
Lat., p. 1.
ii. Extract from letters of Sir Gregory da Casale, dated Bologna, 30 July.
Letters of the 6th inst., dated Tunis, have been received at Rome, and more recent news has come to Naples. Those which have come to Rome say there has been much bloodshed and great loss of Christians by sickness. Reinforcements of foot were being collected in Italy; 160 cannon were placed to bombard Guletta.
The Pope and Court are in the greatest in dignation about the death of Rochester; they say his death will do more for the court of Rome than that of St. Thomas himself. Cardinal Tournon's letter describing it moved everyone to tears; it was read in the Consistory specially convoked.
de Cassaly.
Vesp. C. xiii. 334.
B. M.
1145. Charles V.'s Expedition to Tunis.
List of "The nobles, as well Spaniards as Italians, that went with the Emperor to the conquest of the city of Tunis, in Africa."
P.1.
30 July.
Royal MS. 18 B. vi. 42 b.
B. M.
1146. James V. to Paul III.
Requests him to allow David abbot of Abirbrothok to hold the abbey in commendam, instead of by his present title, as he has conscientious scruples about neglecting the charge of his abbey for public business, in which James often requires his services. Stirling, 30 July 1535.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
30 July.
Royal MS. 18 B. vi. 43.
B. M.
1147. James V. to the Cardinal of Ravenna.
On the same subject as the preceding letter to the Pope. Stirling, 30 July 1535.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
31 July.
R. O.
1148. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
This last of July I received your packet, and delivered your letters to Dr. Haynes and Chr. Mount. I have paid them their month's diet and the 100 cr. besides in prest for their post money. They will take their journey tomorrow, 1 Aug. The same day I shall send to the Emperor's ambassador a fat buck or a stag if the keepers of Waltham forest keep touch. Since your departure I have delivered to the steward of the Princess Dowager's household 500 marks. There is more still owing, to the amount of 500 marks, to merchants of this city as well as to others. Money goes from me very fast. Master Nedam calls for more money, and I reckon I shall be called upon for money for Dover. Whereas you commanded me to reserve 2,270l. 15s. 8d. sent from the abbot of St. Mary's, York, I shall do so. After Haynes' and Mount's despatch there remained in my hand above 700l. So long as that remains no one shall be kept waiting. The city is infected by the plague, but Flete Street is very clear. Bonner and Candisshe left on Thursday last, and their ship will depart tomorrow. It is one of the goodliest ships that ever I viewed; at which time she was viewed by Spert, master of the King's ships. London, Saturday, 31 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
31 July.
R. O.
1149. Thomas Earl of Rutland to Cromwell.
On Thursday last, 29 July, the alderman of Grantham and others came to my house, showing me that one of the friars had impeached other friars of the said house for using certain words. I commanded them to put the friars in prison till the King's pleasure were known, and have sent up to you the alderman with the depositions. Belver, 31 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
31 July.
R. O.
1150. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to Cromwell.
Thanks for your entertainment and expedition of my causes when I was last at Court with you. For the old friendship of Mr. Robert ap Rice, deceased, I write to you on behalf of his son Richard, a monk, to be preferred to the abbey of Conway, N.W. He is a man of good qualities, and much loved by his brethren. I hope to send you a cast of "marlyons" from Worcester. Beaudeley, 31 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
31 July.
Galba, B. x. 102.
B. M.
Demaus's Tyndale, 431.
1151. Thomas Tebolde to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
I have given your letters to Mr. Thos. Leigh, who, according to your writing, has delivered me 20 cr. of the sun. I will deliver them as you have assigned, within 16 days. I take my journey from Antwerp about the last of July. At my first arrival at Antwerp, I went to see my old acquaintance at Louvain, where I found Dr. Bockenam, late prior of the Black Friars at Cambridge, and another of his brethren. He told me they went from England to Edinburgh, and thence to Louvain, where they stay in the house of the Black Friars, paying for their [meat] and drink. A [II the] succour I perceive them to have is by Harry Phylleppes, who took Tyndale, with whom I had long and familiar communication, pretending that I was minded to study at Louvain. I cannot perceive by what he says, but that Tyndale shall die; which he procures with all diligent endeavour, rejoicing much therein. He said he had a commission also to take Barnes and George Joye. Told him that it was said both in England and Antwerp that Joye was of counsel with him in taking Tyndale, but he said he had never seen Joye to his knowledge. I write this because Joye is greatly blamed and a[bu]sed among merchants and others who were his friends, falsely and wrongfully. Phylleppes showed me that there was no man of his counsel, except Gabriell Donne, a monk of Stretford abbey beside London, then studying at Louvain, and living in the same house with him. Within this five or six weeks he is come to England, and by Mr. Secretary's help has obtained an abbey of 1,000 marks in the West country. Phyllepes is afraid that the English merchants in Antwerp will lay watch to do him some displeasure. He has therefore sold his books, worth some 20 marks, intending to go to Paris, and is waiting only for the return of his servant, whom he sent to England with letters long ago. He is marvellously afraid, because of his delay, that he has been taken, and come into Mr. Secretary's handling. He has either great friends to maintain him here, or else, as he showed me, he is well beneficed in the diocese of Exeter. Both at Louvain and in the queen of Hungary's court he rails shamefully against the King. He called him in my presence, tyrannum expilatorem reipublicæ, rejoicing that he trusted to see the Emperor scourge his Highness with his Council and friends. He saith that Mr. Secretary has privily gone about matters in Flanders and Brabant, which are secretly come to the knowledge of the queen of Hungary, which she reckons one day to declare to his rebuke. What this means I cannot tell. There is constant talk that the queens of France and Hungary will meet at Cambray. Most men at Lovain say that Luther has recanted; but this is spoken because they would have it. As I come into the "Hye Partes" I doubt not but I shall hear the contrary. I request you to thank Mr. Thos. Leigh for making my bank. I shall send all my letters from Norynberg to Antwerp by post to a merchant of Leigh's acquaintance. Antwerp, 31 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
31 July.
R. MS. 18 B. vi. 43.
B. M.
1152. James V. to Paul. III.
Has received James archbishop of St. Andrew's into favor, and hopes that from his age and experience he will serve him faithfully. Desires the Pope to grant him the right of disposing of the benefices of the archbishopric, notwithstanding expectativæ gratiæand grants made at Rome. The habitual obtaining of benefices by persons at Rome is very prejudicial to the kingdom. Stirling, 31 July 1535.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
31 July.
R. MS. 18 B.vi. f. 19 b.
B. M.
1153. [James V. to Henry VIII.]
Sends John lord Erskine to accept the Order of the Garter in his name Desires credence for him. Stirling Castle, 31 July 22 Jac. V.
Copy. Other copies at ff. 41, 192 b.
R. MS. 18 B.vi. f. 20.
B. M.
2. "Credence to be schawin be our cusing Jhone lord Ersking to our derrest uncle the king of Ingland."
That James has agreed to treat with the French king for marriage with a lady of his house, in consequence of his daughter's inability to contract marriage. By desire of the duke of Holcister, he is to request the King to refrain from assisting the Lubiques and others, his enemies. To complain of certain citizens of London, who have slain men, taken prisoners and plunder in the Isles. The English who go to Iceland for fishing take slaves and plunder in the Orkney Isles. He shall try to obtain the place that was promised to James, next the king of France, among kings, and, failing of that, to "take documents to fulfil for our part and leave it so."
ii. "Articles of credence committed to our Ambassador [i.e. in France] that treats our marriage."
To demand as much "tocher" as possible in compensation for the postponement of the marriage, and the expenses of the last war with England, when help was not given by France according to the treaties. If they cannot get more, to be content with the sum promised in the writings and credence sent by Girard Bion and Canyvet, secretary to the duke of Albany, according to the writings of the French king sent by Jas. Akinheid, viz., 100,000 cr., besides what may pertain to the lady "by reason of partage of the house," and 20,000 francs yearly. To get for her farther contentation for her partage as may be had. To give such lands as they think are expedient and will content her friends. They may offer the duchy of Ross, and lordship of Ardmanno, of the yearly value of 2,387l., the earldom of Orkney, 1,000l., the earldom of Fife and Falkland park, 4,040l., the lordship of Galloway, 1,200l. (this is more than ever was given to queen of Scotland), and the lordship of Stratherne, 1,020l. The lands can be given under the great seal, and confirmed by the auditor of the chekker. If any innovation of league is desired, they may offer the old leagues and contracts between their predecessors, but if it is desired to have a new league, they shall make it conformable to the old leagues.
Copy, pp. 2. Other copies of the above credence and articles at ff. 41 b, 42, 192 b.
Add. MS. 23,108, f. 5.
B. M.
1154. James V.
"Thir are the articulis and credence to be schawin to our ambassitors in France be our secretar and abbot of Kinloss." (fn. 7)
1. Doubts not they will advance the "tocher" as high as possible. If they can do no better, will be content with 200,000 francs in hand. 2. To get the pension as large and sure as they can. Rather than the matter fail, to refer it to the king of France, saying that James prefers his friendship more than profit. 3. To get Dunbar with the munitions and artillery if possible. 4. As to the conjunct fee, to content them as soberly as possible. If they can do no better, to follow the first instructions. 5. Sends a special commission for the restitution of the "doit" in case of decease, which, however, they must eschew if possible. 6. Directly they have ended they must haste to the sea and inform him. Will send ships to meet theirs. They must also inform his secretary concerning the ordering of the estates and other things necessary. 7. To give the King's letters and credence to the duke of Albany, either pleasantly or sharply, as they find him disposed. 8. As to his desire of profit for the surrender of Dunbar and the marriage, James will not give double contentation. 9. To give Mons. Obiynuze (Aubigny?) the letter, and pleasantly content him, in the best sort they may, not to come. But if they perceive that if he do not come other great personages will be sent, in that case they shall cause him to make ready, for James had rather he came than any other. 10. To solicit those that shall come to be of "sobir nummyr," and to make all possible haste. 11. To act as they think best for his honor, and to make no delay. 12. To obtain the extension of the privilege granted to Scotch merchants in Dieppe to all other French ports and towns.
Pp. 2. Endd.
Add. MS. 23,108, f. 8.
B. M.
2. "Thir are the articulis and poyntis ze sall schaw to our derrest brother and confederat the kyng of France."
1. After delivering letters, &c., to say that James will send [ha]stelye an ambassador with instructions. 2. To "[v]esie" the gentlewoman who is offered to him, and inquire concerning the "tochir" and yearly profit, "and quhat other necessar commoditees as efferis to be done, and scho war his awin douhtyr." 3. That there should be no delay after the ambassador's coming, but that the lady should be sent as soon as possible. 4. That her train should be honest, and in quiet manner for her hasty coming to Scotland before the "wyn[t]er sessone." If the King is determined to send a personage of honor, would wish lord Obenze to come, and as many gentlewomen as he will to remain with his cousin. 5. The castle of Dunbar with all the munitions to be delivered. The ambassadors are to make haste.
P. 1. Endd.: The secretes send with James Akynhed.
31 July.
Otho, C. ix. 109.
B. M.
1155. Sir Clement West to [Cromwell].
"[R]yght worschypfull Sir, aftyr dyw recomend[ations] ......... yow thys to sertyffy, as be othyr former o[ff] ........... yn syrquyt thes seys, whych ys for the Est par[tys] ........ rezortys, as well from Surre as Turke, a .............. the Soffy has ovyr throwyn the Turke, and ys [not known] whethyr he be slayn or no.
"Contenuyng the armad of the Emperor the x ....... last past he londyd at Gollet yn Barbary the st ....... entry off Tonys, wyth owght dyssplezsure off on ........ afftyr, a Irlle off Naples made a bastyon nygh .......... Turkes aseylyd hym, wher they wer forssyd to [flee] ..... and wer folowyd so ny that they retournyd, sly[w those in] the bastyon, strake off the Irlle ys hed and han ....... bannerys wyth that the Spaynyardes set up .............. recoveryd the bastyon and iij. bannerys, put them ............. slyw many.
"The xiiij. of thys prezsent themperor cawzsyd pro[vision to be] made as dyckes, bastylles, batrys schargyd wyth ........ off artylery, wher off wer lxx. canownys, all ......... Also be watyr the gret schyppe off the Relygy[on] ........ galyon to surge as nygh as myght be for ......... so mych artylery as hath byn syn. Also ord ........ wher off iiij. be off the Relygyon and w .. yn ......... wyth the banner and the first that entryd ............ Also xxvj. galys lay with owght the p ...... [to] wach that Barbarowce fled not.
"......... schot a gonne, blyw trompettes, and all at onys ...... downe slyw on both sydes, the Turkes fled to T[unis, man]y drownd and ded be the wey, thoys wer viij. m1. Bar[barow]ce in Tonys had ij. ml. horsmen promyzsyd to Gy ...... orys, but did not.
"[T]hat saut duryd iiij. owrys, and lost les then a c. men [t]her was wonne iij. c. pesys of artylery.
"[W]yth yn that havyn, a c. iij. seylles galys, foystes and breg[andynes], iiij. off them armyd, and every won ij. canownys yn all galy[s] ......... j. capeteyns off the Gollet, Judeo and Catsadyable.
"..... ke xxx. myle thens, be xj. galys, and xxvj. sent to tak[e] ......
"[T]he vij. da afftyr themperor wyth hys ost went to To[nys] .... be the wey Barbarouce wyth xiiij. m1. Morys and to ...... zsentyd as would have fowghtyn but dyd not, [and so re] torn yd yn to Tonys, and themperor afftyr hym, and so fle[d wi]th v. camelles lodyn and vij. ml. men, wheroff wer ij .... [hors]men. provyzsyon mad aftyr be se and lond yn hast.
"[He g]aff sacke of Tonys to hys ost not bornyng nor slawg[htering. Th]e kyng off Tonys cam to themperor wyth a c. horsmen ..... vyr had mo nowthyr provyzsyon off vytuelles.
"[The E]mperor wyll to Affryke and so determyn whethyr he wy[ll] ... s nombryd 1. ml. fytyng men, wher off be iiij. ml. hor[seme]n for his person.
"[Hi]s army be watyr ys iij. c. 1. seyll, galys and schyppys be ...... es fustes and bregantyns.
"Tonys was delyveryd xxij. m. off Crysten-pepyll. slavys ......... so yt ys passyd, and as folowyth gladly sertyffy be[sechi]ng yow to contenew my good mastyr, and everyr ....... vys wyth preyr for yowr prosperus lyff. Wretyn ..... 1535, July the last, be all yowers,
as God wyll,
Clement West."
Hol., mutilated.
Cleop. E. vi. 356.
B. M.
1156. [Starkey to Pole.]
You have done well in somewhat more opening your will to serve the King in your letters of June 3. I did not doubt of your will, but your long silence made me fear that the cause little liked you. Now that you have received Mr. Secretary's letters, which have been longer on the way than the Venetian ambassador promised, I shall not cease to look for your answer. You say that you will weigh Scripture therein, laying aside all authority of man; and I doubt not that you will put aside prejudice also, which has caused divers here "stubbornly to repugn to the common policy." I feel sure that diligent examination of history and Scripture will show you that Christ's law determines no one kind of policy, so that the superiority and unity of head is not to be required of necessity, but hangs only upon mere policy. Refers to John xviii. 36, and Luke xii. 14, and recommends Pole to read Marsilius. I am glad to hear of Miser Gaspero's (fn. 8) promotion to the cardinalate, but he will rather add honor to the order than receive any adornment therefrom. If I had not sure confidence in his divine, and, as you say, angelical nature, I should fear his acquiring the nature of a cardinal. I have often heard it said, that with the hat there remains neither honor nor honesty. He may, perhaps, restore some dignity to the order, but I have no expectation at all of his restoring the old unity of Christ's Church, if he were made pope, as I conjecture truly he shortly shall be. That unity is now so open and plain that I think men in our day will never desire it to be restored again. Not only is the nature angelical of Master Gasparo insufficient to do this, but I think the angels of heaven would be scarcely heard if they came to preach that superiority, which wise men consider so contrary to good order and common policy. I doubt not that in weighing this matter you will see this to be truer than I can express.
I think you are over slack in not answering Mr. Secretary's letters until you write to the King, but I cannot perceive his gentleness to be much offended. He "forsyth not much" of your answer to him, so that your answer to the King is to the honor of God and setting forth of the truth, whereby you will profit your country, and bring much comfort to yourself and your friends. You are much bounden to Mr. Secretary for his kindness to you and your friends.
Draft, pp. 2.
R. O.1157. [Isabell Stayninges to Lady Lisle.]
Thanks her for her goodness and for her kind letter. Has always desired her Ladyship's favor, and found little comfort in her own kin, except her cousin Granfylde's good words. Her cousin Arrondell said, before Mr. Gostwyke, that he had lever than 1,000l. he had known none of the Granfylds, for he was 1,000l. the worse for that kin. He does all he may to put my husband to trouble. As yet they be at no thorough end, but both attend on Mr. Secretary every day. When my husband came forth from prison, I wrote you part of my life, but I understand you had not my letter. I fear I shall not go into the country for a long while, but Mr. Staynyngs will send for his children as soon as the sickness is ceased. He intends to wait in the court.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated.
July.

Grants.
1158. Grants in July 1535.
1. Denizations.
John Savhere, smith, a native of Normandy, in the dominions of the king of the French. Westm., 2 July.
James de Vynes, a native of Artois, in the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 2 July.
Gerard Harrison, cooper, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 2 July.
Roger Saltpeter, skinner, a native of the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 2 July.
Nic. Ghardowys, ropemaker, a born subject of the king of the French. Westm., 2 July.
John Symonson, glazier, a born subject of the Emperor. Westm., 2 July.
Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
2. Geo. Lucy. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir Edm. Lucy; with licence of entry to Sir Walter Luke, one of the justices of the King's Bench, Sir Michael Fyssher, John Castell, Rob. Benbowe, and Hen. Warner as trustees. Windsor Castle, 30 June 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
3. Will. Crane, master of the children of the King's chapel. To be water-bailiff of the port of Lynne, Norf., vice Geo. Lovekyn, deceased. Windsor Castle, 28 June 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33. (In English.)
Vacated on personal surrender, 20 June 29 Hen. VIII.
4. Duchy of Cornwall: Commission to Hen. marquis of Exeter, steward of the duchy, John bishop of Exeter, Sir John Arundell, Sir Pierce Eggecombe, Sir Thos. Arundell, receivers general of the duchy, Sir John Chamound, Sir Will. Godolghame, John Turnor, and Guthlac Overton, auditors of the same, and John Tregian, Wimond Carewe, John Thomas, sergeant-at-arms, John Godolghame. and Thos. Cokk, for the valuation and letting of lands in cos. Devon and Cornwall. Signed by Sir John Daunce and John Hales. Del. Westm., 5 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.b.
5. Anth. Vyvald, "straunger," and Mary his wife. Licence to go beyond sea, with 5 servants, 4 horses, and baggage. Windsor Castle, 5 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., same date. P.S.—Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
(2.) S.B. for the above. Same date.
6. Sir Charles de Morette, ambassador of the French king. Licence to go beyond sea with his servants and 24 horses, or "moylettes." T. Westm., 6 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
7. Nic. Shaxton, bishop of Salisbury. Restoration of the liberties of the bishopric, forfeited by card. Campeggio. Del.—, 8 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Mutilated.)
8. Ric. Flower. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Roger Flower, deceased. Endd.: Windsor, 1 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1. m. 35.
9. Yorkshire: Commission to Thos. Gryce, John Anne, Ant. Hawmond, and Thos. Waterton, to make inquisition on the lands and heir of John Styllyngton. Westm., 8 July.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18d.
10. Fiant for letters patent appointing Will. Thynne collector of customs in London during pleasure, and granting the reversion of the appointment on his death to Sir Will. Uvedale. Signed by the duke of Norfolk, and add. to the lord Chancellor.
Memoranda below, directing letters patent to be issued to Will. Thynne on the 5th July 27 Hen. VIII., and to Sir Will. Uvedale on the 8th July 27 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
11. John Gunter, yeoman of the Crown. To be recorder and clerk of the court of Bergevenny, and of the town, lordship, and country there, marches of Wales, during the minority of Hen. Nevile, son and heir of Geo. Nevile, late lord Bergevenny, deceased. Windsor, 6 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
12. Nic. Word, alias Worth, of Steynyng, Sussex, yeoman. Pardon. Endd.: "Wynd," 28 June 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 July.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
13. Master Simon Symondes, King's chaplain. Presentation to a canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of SS. Mary and George, Windsor, vice Miles Willen, deprived. Windsor Castle, 7 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July.—P.S.
14. John Worth, one of the equerries of the Stable. To be steward and bailiff of the manor or lordship of Allesley, Warw., and keeper of Allesley park, during the minority of Hen. Nevill, son and heir of Sir Geo. Nevill, late lord Bergavenny; with the herbage and pannage of the said park. Windsor Castle, 7 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 26.
15. Thos. Perpount, draper, London. Lease of a fulling mill called Todderdesmylle, and 3½ acres of meadow (of which, 1½ a. lie near Lotemede, 1 a. opposite the said mill, and a third acre in "le Sundermede," called "le Mille acre,") in the lordships of "le Bankers and Shroffold," Kent; for 16 years; at the annual rent of 21s., and 12d. of increase; on the surrender by the said Thomas of a 21 years' lease of the premises to Thos. Boream (or Borame), one of the yeomen of the Crown, dated 10 June 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.b.—Pat. p. 1, m. 26.
16. Thos. Wyatt. Lease for 80 years of all messuages, lands, woods, &c., in Heptonstall and Sourbye, in the parish of Halliffax, Yorks., which were in the time of Ric. duke of York, 30 Hen. VI., and long before; enclosed with hedges and pales for keeping deer, and now commonly called Aryngden park. Reding, 9 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 July.—P.S.
17. Hen. Knyvett, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. To be steward of the lordship of Bergevenny, marches of Wales, and constable of the castle there; chief forester and master of the serjeanty; with the office called "emprovershipp," and auditor of the said lordship; and steward, master of the serjeanty, with the "emprovysorshipp," constable, and chief forester of Ewyas Harold and Ewyas Lacy; during the minority of Hen. Nevill, s. and h. of Sir Geo. Nevill, deceased. Windsor Castle, 6 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
18. John Lathum. Lease of 1 a. of pasture and 3 a. in the vill of Kilford, in the commote of Keymergh, late of Will. Okeley, now in the tenure of John, son of Janken Fletcher; 1 bovate in the same, late of the said John, 4 a. of pasture in Lleweny park, in the commote of Issalet, late of John Holand, now in the tenure of Hen. Hetton; 5 a. of pasture in Lleweny park, late of Hen. Salisbury, now in the tenure of William, son of Hen. Fletcher; with all appurtenances in the lordship of Dynbigh, parcel of the earldom of March; with reservations; for 21 years; at certain stated rents. Del. Westm., 12 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.b.—Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
19. Morgan Phelyppe, alias Woulf, one of the sewers of the Chamber. To be doorward and keeper of the castle, lordship, or manor of Abergevenny, S. Wales, with custody of orchards and gardens of the said manor called the "Castell orcharde" there, and of the gaol of the said castle; during the minority of Hen. Nevell, son and heir of Sir Geo. Nevell, late lord Abergevenny, who held the said castle and lordship of the King by military service. Endd.: Reding, 9 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 July.—S B.—Also P.S. dated Reding, 9 July (without date of delivery).—Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
20. John White, of St. Katherine's, London, mariner, a native of Bordeaux. Denization. Del. Westm., 12 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
21. John Parker of Tenterden, Kent, clothmaker. Protection; going in the retinue of Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lysle, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 12 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
22. Will. David, gunner. To be a gunner in the Tower of London, with fees of 8d. a day; on surrender of patent 12 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Ric. Ambrose. Del. Westm., 13 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
23. Coventry: The mayor, Roger Wygston, and Baldwin Porter. Commission to make inquisition on the lands and heir of Thos. lord Berkley. Westm., 13 July.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18d.
24. Martin Denys, a born subject of the duke of Cleves. Denization. Westm., 14 July.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
25. Hen. Roos, tailor, a born subject of the duke of Cleves. Denization. Westm., 18 July.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
26. Thos. Wells. Livery of lands, as s. and h. of John Wells, deceased. Monastery of Reding, 10 July .. Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 July 27 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 44.
27. Francis Dawtrey and Blanche his wife. Livery of lands, the said Blanche being one of the sisters and heirs of Anne Willoughby, deceased, and one of the kinswomen and heirs of Sir Rob. Willoughby, late lord Broke, and Elizabeth his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of Sir Ric. Beauchamp, deceased, viz., one of the daughters and heirs of Edw. Willoughby, son and heir apparent of the said Rob. lord Broke and Elizabeth. Westm., 25 Jan. 26 Hen. VIII. Del. 20 July 27 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
28. Charles Wyngfeld. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, K.G., late chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster and councillor of the King. Monastery of Reding, 14 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 41.
29. John Heryng, LL.D. To have the canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. Stephen in Westminster palace, vice Master Edw. Fynche, resigned. Del. Brecon, 23 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
30. Thos. Lye, clk. To have the perpetual chantry of Woodstock, vice Thos. Philipps, deceased; with 10 marks a year and 8 loads of wood, as enjoyed by the said Thos. Philipps or John de Monte Valore. Winchecombe, 25 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del... (fn. 9) 23 die .. (fn. 9) —P.S.
31. Will. Mill, husbandman, a born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 25 July.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
32. Eliz. Hedondon, wife of Thos. Hedondon of Culneham, Oxon, miller. Pardon. Del. Westm., 27 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 8.
33. John Pakyngton and Ric. Riche. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of chirographer of the Common Pleas; on surrender of pat. 12 Oct. 10 Hen. VIII. granting the same office to the said John and Augustine his brother. Del. Westm., 27 July 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
Vacated on personal surrender by the said John and Richard, 3 July 29 Hen. VIII., in order that the office might be granted to the said John and one Ric. Higham. (fn. 10)
34. Gerard Astelyn, capper, a born subject of the king of the French. Denization. Westm., 28 July.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
35. Thos. FitzRichards, groom of the bottles, Will. Wilkynson, groom brewer of the Pantry, and Will. Chik, servitor of the Hall. Grant of 22l. 2s. 6d., being the value of certain packs of wool purchased by John Willet of Hornechurche, in the parish of Havering, Essex, viz., of Rob. Hurt of Orsed, Essex, of John Carter and John Hall of Hornechurche, Rob. Fenwik of Southwikkenden, and Rob. Hanley of Hornechurche; the purchase money being forfeited because the said wool was purchased and shorn between 1 Mar. 25 Hen. VIII. and the feast of the Assumption next following, contrary to the statute.—S.B. Endd.: "Tewkesbury, R. Rs. H. VIII. 27, per Wriothesley." 28 July.

Footnotes

1 Paceus.
2 There is another copy of this treaty in the R. O., which has also (on the same paper) a copy of the treaty between Lord Leonard Grey and O'Neyll, dated at Dundalk, 15 June 28 Hen. VIII.
3 This is the same brief as No. 1095, though differently dated, See footnote at p. 429.
4 Added in the Latin translation.
5 Wright reads "Master More," which is impossible. The name is now lost by the mutilation of the MS., all but the first two letters; and the second is doubtful, but seems
6 These words are erased.
7 Rob. Reid.
8 Gaspar Contarini, created cardinal 20 May 1535.
9 Place, month, and year of delivery illegible.
10 See Pat. 4 July 29 Hen. VIII.


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Appendix