Henry VIII
October 1537, 6-10

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1891

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'Henry VIII: October 1537, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2: June-December 1537 (1891), pp. 295-309. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75716 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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October 1537, 6-10

6 Oct.838. Cromwell to [the Irish Commissioners].
R. O.Hearing of the steadiness of the citizens of Waterford in their allegiance and the relief they have given to the King's army, especially to Wm. Seintloo's retinue, the King commands you in all their suits to extend to them your lawful favour. Mortlake, 6 Oct.
Copy, p. 1.
6 Oct.839. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.Has this day heard that "the death" is extremely sore in London, and the term put off till after Hallowmas or, as some say, Christmas. Also that the death is in Kingston and other places near Hampton Court, so that the King has sent a great part of the Court thence; and that his Majesty went himself last week to Ashire for four days, so that less resort should be to Hampton Court, where the Queen has taken her chamber; and that no young folks may come within the gates. Since he has not heard from any one near London these 15 or 16 days past, and gives no credit to such reports, sends his servant to Cromwell to know whether he should come up to Court with his usual company, about 40 horses, or a smaller number; also whether he shall bring his son of Surrey whom he has appointed to meet at Ware; and also because he would not come to the King "out of any contagious air," which way he had best keep. Asks likewise concerning the term. Owerton, 6 Oct. 11 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
6 Oct.840. Latimer to Cromwell.
R. O.
L.'s Remains,
p. 382.
Asks his favour for that poor priest, Sir Large, wronged by means of one Mr. Clopton, who neither did hear him, nor, if he had, could judge his doctrine, but zealously for lack of right judgment stirred the people against him, as Master Nevell can tell. Commits good Master Lucy to his goodness. 6 Oct. at Pershore, in his visitation.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
841. Latimer's Visitation.
L.'s Remains,
242.
Injunctions given by the bp. of Worcester in his visitation to the clergy of his diocese, A.D. 1537, 29 Hen. VIII.
Reproves the ignorance and negligence of divers curates and, for the suppression of idolatry and superstitions, enjoins that henceforth the King's injunctions be kept, and that since the King has licensed the Scripture to be read in English, each of them provide a whole Bible, or at least a New Testament, both in Latin and English before Christmas next; that each of them read at least one chapter a day, comparing the Latin and English; that each provide for himself a copy of the Institution of a Christian Man, lately set out by the prelates, &c.
842. Priory of Worcester Cathedral.
Burnet, v. 442.
Wilkins,
iii. 832.
Injunctions given by bp. Latimer, in his visitation, to the prior and convent of St. Mary house in Worcester, 1537. Similar to the preceding, but with some differences. The prior to have a whole Bible in English at the charge of the monastery, to be fast chained in some open place, either in the church or cloister, and each religious person to have at least a New Testament in English by Christmas next. When there is any preaching in the monastery all singing and other ceremonies shall be laid aside during the preaching time. A lecture of Scripture in English to be read every day except holidays.
6 Oct.843. G. Lovedaye to Cromwell.
R. O.
[1537–8.]
This day the parson of the two parish churches, Balingham and Campe, is dead. Both livings are within the county of Guisnes, and both in the King's gift. Recommends Mr. Mason, now with Mr. Wyat in Spain, for preferment. Calais, 6 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. (fn. 1)
6 Oct.844. Melanchthon to F. Myconius.
Corpus
Reform.
iii. 415.
* * Here I have read the King of England's explanation why he will not come to the Council. I was surprised at the freedom of the writing; for he inveighs with the utmost bitterness against the Pope. No news of Italy. The Turk has retired, but taken the port of Corfu (Confinii qu. Corfinii?) from the Venetians; which will be the cause of a new war. Sunday after St. Francis day, 1537.
Lat.
[6 Oct.]845. Melanchthon to Vitus Theodorus.
Ib. iii. 416.Has seen the "excusatio" in which the King of England gives his reasons for refusing to come to the Council. "Sunt αμαξαι λοιδοριων contra Pontificem." Offers to get him a copy. Sunday after St. Francis day.
Lat.
[7] Oct.846. [Cranmer] to [Sir Thomas Cheyney?].
R.O.
C.'s Works,
349.
Reminds him how frequently he has exhorted him to alter his judgment and be an example to the King's subjects within Cranmer's diocese in obeying the ordinances set forth by the King and Council for the extirpation of superstition and the bp. of Rome's doctrines. Must now be plain with him or complain to the King, for it will be useless for Cranmer to preach the Word of God or the King's ordinance if he and others, both of the commons and gentlemen, are known to be of a contrary opinion and endeavour to extinguish the knowledge of God. He evidently cannot abide any reformation of abuses in the Church, and encourages people to murmur against the King's ordinances, his Council, and the Abp. Several of his servants have misreported this new book of the clergy's determination which has come forth by the King's commandment (fn. 2) as putting the new learning to silence. If their words be not seditious, knows not what may be cause of sedition in this matter. Those who began the rebellion in Lincolnshire had no better occasion to turn the hearts of the people against their prince than such communication as is used here by your maintenance; and it grieves me that you, who have received no small benefits from the King, and are reputed one of his Council, should thus slenderly regard his godly intent in the reformation of doctrine. It is everywhere said in Kent that the people dare not read God's word for fear of your threats at 'sizes and sessions.
It is not true that ceremonies, pilgrimages, and purgatory are restored by this book as your servants insinuate, but it is true that old good usages are restored, such as those of the primitive Church. Insists that it is his duty to show the people the blindness they have been led into of late years. But for the favour he bears him Cranmer would proceed against some of his servants as heretics. [Ford, 2 Oct.]
ii. [Cheyney?] to [Cranmer].
Received yesterday at Minster, in Thanet, Cranmer's letters written at Ford on the 2nd. Had always supposed Cranmer to have been much more his good lord than he now finds him; for it seems he always took him to be a man that favoured not the Word of God, and notwithstanding his favourable acceptance hitherto of the answer made by the writer to him personally, he perseveres in that opinion. Declares that he loves and fears God as a true Christian ought to do; and if Cranmer will act as a true Christian prelate to God, and also do his duty to the King as he himself has done, neither of them will have cause to repent. Has not been used to dissemble. Has not impugned the preaching of Cranmer and his substitutes or let any people of the diocese from exercising themselves in the knowledge of God's laws. Cranmer has been too ready to listen to the reports of liars. Resents being compared to the traitors in Lincolnshire, and the imputation that he hates God's word and cannot abide reformation of abuses. Wonders Cranmer credits such reports without hearing him. Denies supporting old superstitions by his authority, for he has no authority but of the King. As to the book of the clergy's determinations, will abide by what he said openly at the last sessions at Canterbury, and will let his servants answer for their own words. Has no need to be reminded of the King's benefits to him. As to his threats at assizes and sessions, has spoken openly and is sure that he neither offended God, the King, nor his own conscience. As to his blindness in reading the new book, is in truth so blind that when he read it it seemed perfect in itself and to require no expositor. If Cranmer has cause to convent his servants let him not forbear out of regard to him. Sandwich, Wednesday, 3 Oct. ao 29.
iii. [Cranmer] to [Cheyney?].
Has received his letters dated at Sandwich, 3 Oct., in answer to his own of the 2nd. Finds he cannot bear friendly exhortation, for he answers as if there were no ground of suspicion; which if Cranmer could believe he would gladly abide reproach for writing so unadvisedly and make him large amends. Is sorry that he endures better to be evil spoken of by many behind his back than to abide a friend's simple and loving admonition. Denies that he has dissembled with him. He was reported not to be a favourer of God's word before Cranmer knew him. Never doubted his zeal towards God, but whether it were according to knowledge, especially as he was not so diligent in sessions and elsewhere to set forth things requisite to our salvation, such as justification by Christ's Passion only, the difference between faith and works, &c, as in setting forth mere voluntary things which have no foundation in Scripture, and which though they have obscured the very articles of our Faith are restored at sessions and in leets to their old use, without any mention made of the abuses, or of things necessary for salvation. Does not impute this to malice, but to his not discerning things commanded by God and by His Word from things ordained by man; which manner of discerning has no doubt been disregarded for many years. Advises him to ponder on this subject these late determinations of the clergy, which he thinks so plain as to need no declaration.
Hopes he does not believe what he has written, that Cranmer gives light credence to liars whom he has set as spies upon him. Has never been suspected of such conduct. If he had wished to undermine him, would not have written to him so plainly, but complained to the King's Council. Had no intention of comparing him or any one to the traitors in Lincolnshire:—only pointed out what his servants' words might lead to, and is sorry he ascribes to himself what Cranmer believes he can prove against them. Expected rather that he would have asked the names of his servants, and the time and place, and to whom the words were spoken.
Begs him not to take his admonition for the worst. He has no cause to regard it otherwise than as friendly, seeing it is a private communication. If he cannot thus take it, remits the judgment to the King and Council.
iv. [Cheyney?] to [Cranmer].
Received yesterday his second letter calling the previous one "a friendly exhortation" which Cranmer alleges that he cannot bear. Thinks this was on account of certain comparisons in his answer, but he was not distempered when he made them. Knows the difference between a friendly admonition and a "captious impetition" or dangerous threat. Does not require an apology, but will beware of his lordship hereafter. Believes Cranmer invented the objection that he was accused of not favouring the Word of God before Cranmer knew him; for at their first meeting at Otford the Abp. advised him to apply himself to the study of Scripture, which before he had been afraid to do. The things which he imputes to him as having omitted to set forth in sessions are more pertinent to the office of a preacher than of "a sitting justiciar in a temporal session of peace." Knows nothing of the voluntary things set forth which have obscured the Faith. Never heard the King's courts so defamed as by Cranmer saying the worst things are there declared and nothing said of the best. Desires to know the grounds of Cranmer's imputations. Has no fear of his lordship's complaints, and trusts never to have more dangerous matter to answer. Raynham, the first Sunday of October.
Copies, pp. 12. Endd.: The copy of a letter of exhortation with also an answer to the same.
[7 Oct.]847. Herry Polsted to Cromwell.
R. O.As the bill signed for Michelham concerns Cromwell, thinks it good to let the patent be made without any privy seal that the warrant signed by the King may remain here, in the Chancery, of record.
Reminds him that if the King pleases to adjourn the term, it may not be adjourned before the quarto die post, which is the first day in full term, viz., 9 Oct., so that Cromwell's recovery may go through that day against lords Huntingdon and Hastings. The Rolls, Sunday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lord my master.
7 Oct.848. Robt. [Aldrich], Bishop of Carlisle, to Cromwell.
R. O.Received his letters on the 8th (fn. 3) inst. by Mr. Udall, late schoolmaster, whose room is now occupied by Mr. Tyndall, (fn. 4) Cromwell's true scholar and beadman. Will see Cromwell's injunctions performed as directed, and apply himself to the reformation of all such negligence as he can espy, either in himself or in those who are at his direction. Has sent those latter injunctions to the diocese of Carlisle, charging the commissary to be diligent until he can come himself, which will be when "the depe of this wyntour" is passed. As to Cromwell's other letter reminding him of his promise to Cromwell's servant Mr. Whalley, made no promise but that he would be good to him for Cromwell's sake. At Cromwell's installation, (fn. 5) Whalley spoke to the bishop, who said he would be ordered by Cromwell. Spoke afterwards to Cromwell about him at Nette, when Cromwell was minded to have lain at Carlisle house in London, and will submit the whole to him. Much is offered him for the lease, and his predecessor has left nothing unlet for more years than he or his successor will probably see. Has told his whole mind to Danyell, Cromwell's servant, and will do what he wishes about making a farther lease. Eton, 7 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Oct.849. Thomas Powell to Cromwell.
R. O.According to his former letter, concerning the advowson of Hampton, the bearer can show how Powell got it at great cost of Mr. Bedle more than a year before his death. Never spoke with his (Bedle's?) woman. Hopes Cromwell will let him enjoy it if he live so long, especially as he has been pleased to put him to the King, "which have no manner of benefice in this world." Wishes Cromwell, rather than take displeasure, to take the advowson, not doubting but he will see his charges recompensed. Oxford, 7 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
7 Oct.850. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.Received this day Cromwell's letter of the 1st ordering him to keep under arrest the ships of the Steelyard till it was tried whether the Frenchmen had any right to them. On receipt of Rochepot's letter Norfolk perceived that the Flemish ships were taken by his servant four days after the truce; so that he confesses them to be no good prize. Has therefore delivered to the Flemings the two ships that were at Hull. Rochepot's servant will be at London this day se'nnight ready to answer for what is lacking. The Easterlings' ship remains at Whitby till further orders. Thinks it ought to be delivered. Owerton, 7 Oct.
P.S. in his own hand. Whereas I lately wrote to you to keep Ralph Bulmer and his servant Ralph Watson in ward, whom I suspected of counterfeiting Sir Ralph Evers' letter and hand; I have made inquiry and think, at my coming up, I shall lay so evident matter against the said Sir Ralph that it shall not be for his honesty to have so obstinately denied his hand as he has done. I therefore request you to forbear to handle Ralph Bulmer and Watson as I wrote, but to cause Lokwode, Evers' servant, to be straightly kept till my coming. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Sealed and Endd.
7 Oct.851. Edward Archbishop of York to Cromwell.
R. O.Is glad Cromwell has bestowed the prebend of Massham on one of his kinsmen who is said to be toward. Has come, from preaching in the West, to Ripon, where he will set some order, for only Draggeley had the rule there and custody of the jewels, who has not shown fitting qualities for a ruler, but promises to amend. Wishes another living provided for Joye, a prebendary there who is no priest. He is the King's servant, and kinsman to Dr. Layton. Remonstrates against Cromwell's orders by his registrar and by Master Clifton, the late bp. of Carlisle's chaplain, to release the sequestration of that bp.'s goods. The abp. of Canterbury only granted administration within his own province. Sir John Dauncye, who formerly agreed to take administration of the writer (as decided upon by the bishops of Durham and Bath) now says Cromwell has commanded him not to do so. But for the sequestration the present bishop would have seized the goods for dilapidations. Cawood, 7 Oct. 1537. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 Oct.852. Walter Devereux [Lord Ferrers] to the Lord President and Council in the Marches of Wales.
R. O.Reminds them that he and the earl of Worcester appeared before them at Wigmore in Whitsun week last in their dispute about the stewardship of Arustley and Kevileok in Powys; and there, in presence of his Lordship, Mr. Packington, justice of North Wales, Thomas Holte, the attorney, and others of the Council, he gave up his patent of the office during the Earl's life for one during pleasure, on the Earl's promise not to put him out of the office. His son, Richard Deveroux (his deputy there) has written that the Earl has sent letters by his servants David ap Llewys and Lin. ap Morrys ap Atha of Aroistley (who are "light" persons, as you know), one to discharge him of the stewardship, the other to the country to give him no courts nor payments, so that those countries begin to be "far out of frame." Upon that, wrote to Mr. Geoffrey Chambre, general surveyor and receiver of purchased lands and late commissioner there, whose commission was but for the King's entry and arrears, not for tallage or other payments, as appears by the copy of the commission. Showed this to Chambre, who was with him at Charteley in September last, when he demanded arrears from him, and he wrote to the said David and Lin. and the King's tenants of Arustley and Keviliok to pay their money to him as before. The said David and Lln. have broken Powys gaol and let out the prisoners, amongst others the fellow committed for seditious words against the lord Privy Seal, in presence of his Lordship's servant Jaynckyn Lloid ap Thomas, of Kidwellys land, at Llangerike fair, who was brought before the Council in the Marches by Devereux and committed to gaol till the will of the King's Council should be known. This is a perilous example, unless David and Lin. are punished, who are under sureties to appear before the lord President and Council at six day's warning, as his said son Richard sent word. Begs he may enjoy his office, and that the King's subjects may be kept in quietness. Begs to know their pleasure in the premises. Charteley manor, 7 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Right Reverend father in God, my lord President, &c.
7 Oct.853. Isidorus Monachus to Card. Pole.
Poli Epp.
ii. 91.
Congratulates him upon his return from his embassy in safety, with the bp. of Verona and all their company, especially Alovisius. Expresses grief that they did not come through Modena and that he could not meet them. Modena (Mutina), St. Peter's Monastery, Non. Oct. 1537.
Latin.
7 Oct.854. Charles V. to Bernardo Ariete.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 1.
B. M.
Affairs of Florence and proposed marriage of the Duchess with Cosmo de Medicis. The exiles, Philip Strozzi, Alex. Vitello, card. Cibo, &c.
Spanish, pp. 8. Headed: Monçon, 7 Oct. 1537. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas.
8 Oct.855. Richard Wharton to Cromwell.
R. O.Sends, as a remembrance, 12 pheasant cocks and 8 pheasant hens. From my poor house, 8 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. wrongly "Sir Thomas Wharton."
8 Oct.856. Sir Geo. Carew to Cromwell.
R. O.On Tuesday last, for the great death at Exeter, the quarter sessions were held at Kyngsbryge. Was not there himself for fear of the death. His under-sheriff writes that Wm. and John Holland and Peter Balyne are indicted as principals for robbing Hyllarsdon, and John Holland, father of William and John, as accessary. If he had been there himself there should have been more bills of accessaries laid in. It shall be remembered at the gaol delivery. No such matters shall be hidden or borne out while he dwells here and has knowledge of them. Asks Cromwell to be good lord to his kinswoman Mary Courtenay, and to write to Mr. Copleston to cause the marriage to be made between her and his son, and to cause sufficient sureties to be made for the payment of 100 mks. a year. He has received 100 mks. of his duty, and thinks not to marry them till he has the whole, putting it off from day to day. Monysawtry, 8 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
8 Oct.857. Walter Devereux [Lord Ferrers] to the Earl of Worcester.
R. O.I received this 8th Oct., by John Body, the bearer, your letter dated Tyntern, 9 Aug. last, for me to keep no courts in Arustly and Keviliock, contrary to the order of the Council at our late being at Wigmore. The King's commission to you and my friend Geoffrey Chambre, surveyor of purchased lands, was only for the entry for the King there, and arrears, not mentioning any tallage, &c. as appears by the copy remaining with me. Chambre, who was here at Charteley in September last demanded the arrears "and I brought him that same" whereupon he wrote to David ap Llewys, Lln. ap Morrys ap Atha, and other the King's tenants of Arustley and Kevileok to pay to me as accustomed. I beg you therefore that I may occupy the office according to the order of the Council upon your promise. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Marked: "Copia."
8 Oct.858. Sir Richard Bulkeley to Cromwell.
R. O.My father, grandfather, and myself, have been farmers in the stewardship of Cleveok and Llanllibeo, in Anglesea, this hundred years and more, and have ever let the land to the inhabitants as tenants at will of the King. They never found a grievance till now that they are procured by gentlemen of the country, John Owen and Roland Owen, his brother, whose lands adjoin the King's lands. If this simple fellow Hugh ap Ll. ap Mad. and other complainants against me, who pretend to be heirs of the King's land, were heard, they would in time suffer the said John and Roland to encroach on the King's lands as has often been done in the country before. Mr. Parker and Mr. Hakins, auditors of North Wales, can show you what trouble I have had since I was chamberlain of North Wales to guard the King's inheritance from the encroachments of certain gentlemen of the country. The bearer, the King's servant, can show you more. I beg you to remit the examination of this matter to the King's surveyors. Bewmares, 8 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 Oct.859. The Irish Commission.
R. O.Verdict of the gentlemen of the county of Kilkenny at the sessions held at Kilkenny, 8 Oct. 29 Henry VIII.
Jury:—John Grace, Jas. Sweteman, Jas. Comerforthe, Gilb. Dobyn, Peter Forstall, Ed. Forstall, Jas. Purcell, John Smyth, Edw. Watoun, Walt. Cowik, Ed. Datowne, Wm. Howell, Oliv. Shortall, Ed. Shortall, Patrick Forstall, John Croke, and Ed. Blanfeld.
Coyne and livery and many other exactions charged by the earl of Ossory, (12 items). Harpers, rhymers, and messengers, take meat and drink by custom. Edm. Butler, bastard son to one James Butler, wanders about the country taking "foyes, cuddyes, coshers, money, and oats" of all the inhabitants. Exaction of swine by the Irish judges called Brennes. Fees taken by curates.
Pp. 3.
R. O.2. Verdict of the commoners of the county of Kilkenny.
Wm. Troddye of Callam and 16 other jurymen.
Extortions by the earl of Ostrey (9 items), Edm. Fitzjames of Ormond, and the Irish judges. Last Midsummer James Kennedy, son of the prior of Knocktover, burned the house of Donough Makdonell, and the Irish judge fined the prior 10 mks, to the party trespassed and 40s. to himself, and let the prisoner go Robt. Rothe, now sovereign of Kilkenny, and many others (named) have "grey merchants" who forestall the market. Murder committed by Jas. Isam, servant to Mr. Seintlowe. An action depending between Edm. Arsepreche, plt., and Thos. Sertall, deft. The said Edmund forcibly took, as a pledge, a horse from the said Thomas without taking any officer with him. Wrory Amougher irreverently cast the King's writ of subpoena into the mire.
Pp. 4.
R. O.3. Presentment of the town of Irishtown. Jury:—Thos. Wall and 10 others (named).
Coyne and livery taken by the constable of Garon, the lord of Ostrey, lord Sertall, lord Grace, lord Sleggar, lord Swetman, the baron of Burnchurche, lord Pursell, lord Blanchefeld and all the freeholders of the county. Makmurrothe claims black rent in Garon and enforces it by distraint. Garralt Makart robbed Nic. Staunton of 10l. 2s. 8d. Irish and "a stone called a precious stone." Lists of churchmen who exact excessive fees, criminals, Irish judges, and forestalled.
Md.—That both gentlemen and commoners of the county and town of Kilkenny are anxious to obey the King's laws, but the exactions, oppressions, and enormities before presented are maintained by the earl of Ostrey, his wife, lord James Butler, Ric. Butler, and his other children. Wherefore let these be reduced and the country will be prosperous.
Pp. 4.
8 Oct.860. The General Council.
Baronius,
xxxii. 462.
Bull of Paul III. expressing thankfulness for the liberation of Christendom from the yoke which the Turk had threatened to lay upon it. Had a few months past prorogued the Council which was to have assembled at Mantua to the 1 Nov., with a view to the arrangement of some other place for it. Meanwhile the Turk invaded Italy; but notwithstanding his immense preparations was compelled, not so much to depart, as to fly without any pursuers. The Pope, nevertheless, made unremitting efforts for agreement among Christian princes, but has got no satisfactory answer about the place. The Venetians, however, though much troubled about their own affairs, when the Turk was besieging Corcyra, have offered Vincenza, where he now summons the Council to meet, 1 May 1538. Rome, viii. id. Oct. 1537, pont. 3.
Latin.
9 Oct.861. P. Meawtys to Lord Lisle.
R. O.I desire you to be good lord to John Astley, mercer, of London, a brother of my wife's, who through foolish kindness in being surety is indebted to the sum of 60l., and will be undone unless you give him a warrant for a victualler of Calais, to help him out of prison. London, 9 Oct.
P.S. I beg you to have my wife and me commended to my lady, "with my cousin, Mr. Secretary." The King not two days ago talked of you and your children, and I informed him of your daughter that last came out of France. Howbeit his Grace thought Mrs. Anne Basset the fairest, but I told him your youngest, (fn. 6) was far fairer. I hope I have not offended in so saying, but if so, I submit to your lady's correction.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
9 Oct.862. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
356.
Sends news by Mr. Hethe, the bearer, which he has received from Germany from Osiander, and desires credence for him. Asks him again to write in favour of Wm. Grouno's being restored to his room at Calais, though his three letters have prevailed nothing; otherwise the man will be undone, and his extreme handling will be a great hindrance to the advancement of God's word. Begs him to procure that there may be one of the council of Calais who earnestly favours the furtherance thereof. Forde, 9 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Oct.863. Woollen Cloths.
Harl. 442,
f. 148.
B. M.
Mandate to the bailiffs of Colchester to publish a proclamation suspending for one year more, from Mich. 1537, the execution of the Act appointing the lengths and breadths for woollen cloths, so as to give time for inquiry into the alleged difficulties in the way of its operation. Westminster, 9 Oct., 29 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 2..
9 Oct.864. Devotion to Rome.
R. O."The accusacion of Nycolas Came by Robert Browne of Norwyche, jailor of the castle there, before Sir John Shelton, knight, and Robert Holdich," 9 Oct., 29 Hen. VIII.; viz., that the said Came, being at St. Feythes fair, on Sunday the 7th Oct., being asked "when the melten. of leede shuld come thyder to melte the leede of the abby church there," answered, "Noo, the churche shall stonde. Rome shall uppe ageyne, and purgatorie is found." For these words he was taken before the John Corbetts, father and son, and by them remitted to "Mr. Hare" or some other justice. He says that he heard John Marshall, parish clerk of Lakenham, say these things to the parish priest there, a Grey friar, who wagged his head and said he would meddle in no such matters. That Marshall also said a great many of the bishops had sealed to it already, and that more would be heard before Hallowmass. The friar partly confirms and partly denies hearing this language. Marshall denies having said any of these words. The names of the justices are subscribed in the same hand as the text.
Pp. 2. Endd.
9 Oct.865. Sir Thomas Wharton to Cromwell.
R. O.Conformably to my last letters I have kept at Kerlesle a warden court, where, for march treason, William and Thomas Rowtlage of Bewcastle dale, sent from my lord of Norfolk by lord Dacre, were arraigned, and Thomas Rowtlage found guilty, and on the morrow, market day, suffered, and his head stands on the tower gate called Recarde gate at Kerlesle. My servant the bearer has the copy of the indictment and the names of both the impanels. I had before me at the court the constables and two honest men of every township along the borders to put order for watch. On the morrow we justices of the peace kept a sessions at Kerlesle, where divers are indicted of felony. Thinks Cromwell should send a commission of gaol delivery into Cumberland, as the justices of assize come but once a year. Is attending the King's particular courts, whereof he is steward. "Kerlesle the viiij. of October." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Oct. viijo. (sic).
9 Oct.866. Joachim [de Vaux] to Cromwell.
R. O.Rejoices at what the King has done in establishing a port at Dover in accordance with the writer's representations to him when he was in England. Can hardly believe the report that those of Dover intend to pull down the little chapel in the cliff (scolio) restored by himself in honour of Our Lady and of that holy peace of which their Majesties made him the instrument. They pretend it is necessary on account of the harbour. Does not believe this, and begs Cromwell will protect it from needless destruction. Padua, 9 Oct. 1537. Signed.
Ital., pp. 2. Add.
10 Oct.867. Henry. VIII. to Francis I.
MS. 2962,
f.102.
Bibl. Nat.,
Paris
Desires credence for the bp. of Winchester on matters concerning the interests of Francis, which the King regards as his own. Trusts the matter will succeed to Francis' satisfaction. Hampton Court, 10 Oct. 1537.
Fr., p. 1. From a modern copy.
10 Oct.868. Henry VIII. to Gardiner.
Add. MS.
25,114, f. 275
B. M.
If there is any likelihood of peace being made between the Emperor and the French King, of which Henry has great doubts, he would be glad to help that conclusion, especially not to leave the adjustment of it to the bishop of Rome. Gardiner is therefore to remind Francis that on his first entering into these wars, Henry had written both to him and the Emperor offering to mediate between them, which offer, although then refused by both parties, he now renews, seeing that both are "now well travailed in the serving of their appetites," and that the time of year is favourable to peace, considering the state of the French king's affairs and the advantages gained by his enemy in Piedmont. If Francis will make Henry arbiter, he will endeavour to bring about a settlement to the honour of both princes. If Francis reply that he has already committed the matter to other hands, or that he will not enter into negotiation for peace, he shall, in the first case, say that none will be more glad than Henry to hear of the conclusion of an honourable peace. In the second case, Gardiner shall enlarge on the evils and uncertainties of war in order to discover his inclination towards Henry's overture. Here he shall again remind him of his promise not to agree to the bp. of Rome's Council, that he may see how he stands disposed towards that bishop's authority. He shall also tell him that to show his love for France Henry had, at the request of the French ambassador, released certain French ships which had done much injury to the English, although they had no commission from the French king, "one of them being (qu. bearing?) the red cross of England, and having Englishmen his pilots and chief mariners, the rather to train men into their danger." Hampton Court, 10 October, 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add.: Bishop of Winchester, our ambassador resident in the court of France. Endd.
10 Oct.869. Henry VIII. to Sir Thos. Wyat.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 34.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
461.
Heretofore, when he wrote to the Emperor and French king advising them to accept mediation, neither of them seemed inclined to it, both, perhaps, expecting their affairs to succeed better than they have done. Now that the time of year compels both parties to fall to an abstinence for a season, is resolved to do the part of a good friend. Wiat is therefore to tell the Emperor that Henry will be glad to undertake the office of mediator and ask whether he is agreeable, supposing the French king will do the like, to whom (Wiat shall say) no doubt Henry has made the same motion. If the Emperor answer that he has already committed the matter to another person or that he will not leave the advantage which percace he shall allege he has, Wiat shall answer, to the first, that he marvels that after Henry's former friendly offer he (the Emperor) should prefer another. Wiat may say, as of himself, that he could not have chosen an arbiter of such honour as the King, nor one to whom he has more cause to show gratitude, and that he (Wiat) is sorry to see the King's affection so little requited; adding that when he (Wiat) was first appointed thither, though he knew that the Emperor, through affection to his parentage, had not in the King's matter of marriage shown that correspondence of love which was merited, yet now, the cause of that affection being removed, he trusted to have found the former amity revived, and to have had a pleasant office. He shall advise the Emperor to weigh whether the King or the bp. of Rome can best serve him. If the Emperor say he will not leave the advantages he holds, Wiat shall declare the evil of war and the uncertainty of victory and persuade him to accept mediation.
Requires him to use all wisdom and dexterity, and to note, from the answers of the Emperor and his counsellors, the Emperor's inclination to the King, whether it be as pretended or in words only. If the Emperor marvel that there is no furtherance in the marriage of Lady Mary, Wiat shall reply as of himself that Mons. de Mendoza brought no commission for it, that the King marvels Mendoza came so slenderly despatched and that the default is not since supplied, and thinks the matter scarcely in earnest. If the Emperor is inclinable Wiat shall advise that, upon a full conclusion, both parties should send to the King a statement of their rights and titles. Sends a letter of credence for Wiat to deliver. Hampton Court, 10 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
Pp. 4. Add.: Ambassador resident with the Emperor. Endd.: By Bartholomew at Barbastra for the peace."
10 Oct.870. Cromwell to Sir Thos. Wyat.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 208.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
318.
The bearer, Rougecroix, carries the King's letters for an overture of mediation between the Emperor and the French king. It shall be Wyat's part like a good orator to set it forth with dexterity, and observe the Emperor's answers so as to "fish out the bottom of his stomach." He shall also investigate the bruit that peace shall be mediated for by others, and what the Emperor will do touching the bp. of Rome's council, which the Germans, upon good grounds, have refused, and the King, upon the same grounds and other weighty considerations, has likewise refused. He must in all these things speak with the Emperor so frankly as to be able to "feel the deepness of his heart." Surprised that Wiatt has not yet delivered the Lady Mary's letters as he was commissioned to do. Has so excused the matter that Wyat may do so now and write the answer, as done before, although not at his first access for lack of opportunity. The King approves his conversations both with Granvelle and the Emperor. Will see that he has his diets and post money, and be his friend so that his enemies, if he have any, shall gain little by his absence.
Your brother Ant. Lee has been in the porter's lodge for consenting to the stealing of certain the King's hawks, and your sister has been with me at Mortlake suing for his deliverance. Both be merry and the King is his good lord again. Urges him rather to travail to find out the Emperor's real inclination than press him to agree to the mediation; for the other party say the Emperor is towards the King in words only, and really does all to his dishonour, and that they have refused good offers because they were "knit with vile and filthy conditions towards his Majesty." He is to investigate these as signified to him by some of the King's agents in France.
Your gentle sister sends commendations. I enclose a letter from Mr. Pate to an Englishman in the Emperor's court. Take a copy of it and then seal and deliver it and solicit an answer; for the King much desires to try out that matter of Dignely. Mortlake, 10 Oct. Signed.
Fail not to get the matter of Dignely sent with the next post if possible.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 4. Add. Endd. as received by Bartholomew at Barbastra.
10 Oct.871. Wriothesley to Sir Thos. Wyat.
Harl. MS.
282 f. 281.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
422.
For all your gentle letters I thank you. I shall not need to write long letters, being my lord's letters of mine own writing and full of the arguments I would else have written. The lack of deliverance of my lady Mary's letters has been so handled that the King is not discontented. Do it now and write of it as though you had no advertisement of it from hence.
His first letters to the King pleased marvellously well, but the signature was omitted, and Wriothesley had to counterfeit it. Will be angry with Wyat's young secretary if this omission occur again. Thanks both him and Mr. Mason for the said secretary, and trusts Wyat will make a good servant of him. Wishes Wyat would not write in cipher without great occasion, for the exercising of his hand therein made the writer "beshrompe" him twice. Sends not the book of the bishops, for it shall be reformed, as it had need in many points. All the realm is quiet save for the plague, which however is not so bad as reported. Look daily for a prince. Wishes Wyat to buy him a young jennet for his own saddle, and sends instructions. Mortlake, 10 Oct.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
[10 Oct.]872. Sir Richard Ryche to Cromwell.
R. O.Received Cromwell's letter dated 8 October, by the way as he came towards London, and immediately wrote to Myldmay, auditor, who as yet has the particulars of Bely (Beaulieu), to send him the same with the true value thereof. As for the value of Forwood and Forwey, Devon, sent his servant from London to Barnys' wife, the auditor, who is in Ireland, to send him her husband's clerk, who has the books of his circuit. Austyn Fryers in London, this present Wednesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, Endd.
[10 Oct.?]873. Chr. Hales to Cromwell.
R. O.Please write to Dr. London to cause an end to be made of the matter between the monastery of St. Albans and me. Also remind the King for the signing of the bill. The prior of St. Albans, lately made by your Lordship, desires that he may receive the money of the house as other priors have done. Be good lord to Mr. Montague that he may have the circuit of assizes now void by the decease of Mr. Inglefeld. Greys Inn, this Wednesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: Master of the Rolls.
874. "Remembrances."
R. O.Ric. Gresham for his obligations. Sir Thos. Tempest for his suit. The Master of the Rolls and Hynde for their suits. Whom the King will have a judge. To remember Brabazon for his long service, and Cusyake for his service, and Cowleye for his long approved fidelity and truth. For the order in the North. For the accomplishing and establishing of the things within the realm. Richard Longe's bill to be assigned. The castle of Alnwyke to be given to whom it shall please the King.
P. 1. Cromwell's hand. Endd.
10 Oct.875. John Goodale to Cromwell.
R. O.I repaired from Salisbury to Amptell only to reveal to your Lordship the manifest enormities of the priests both in the close and in the town, who against the King's late injunctions, haunt alehouses, support relics, &c., of which complaint has been made to me, as the ministering of justice in the city belongs to the office I lately obtained by your Lordship's letters. I was told at Amptell that the King had ordered that none of London should come to the Court, and as it was supposed I dwelt in London I had to return. Please appoint someone to survey and execute the injunctions, and see how they are kept by the chaunter and subdean. I should be glad of the office to take sureties of the clergy in cos. Dorset, Cornwall, Soms., Devon, Wilts, Wore., and Hants. Salisbury, 10 Oct.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, keeper of the Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.876. Sir Gilbert Talbot to Saloway.
R. O.On Tuesday, 9th inst., one John Francis, of King's Norton, tailor, came before me and put in sureties, viz., Wm. Foulfourd and Ric. Baker, of King's Norton, indicted for hunting. The same day Ric. Baker aforesaid put in sureties, the said Foulford and Francis, for his fine. The same day John Teynton put in sureties, the said Foulford and Francis. Prays him to "raicorde" the same. Grafton, 10 Oct. 1537. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my loving friend Saloway.
10 Oct.877. Daggers and Swords,
R. O.Account of "daggers and swords remaining with Maryon," 10 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII., viewed by me John Grate, page of the Robes.
Pp. 6. With an endorsement in the same hand:—Delyvered by Hanes on the viijth day of January xiiij hats (?)."
10 Oct.878. Sir Reynold Carnaby to Cromwell.
R. O.According to his last letters, kept a court at Wark in Tynedale at which most of the inhabitants appeared, though some absented themselves, whether from favour to the outlaws he knows not. Has given them day to Saturday next to lay pledges for their demeanour in time coming. There are eight persons "of head surname men as we call them here"; and one William Charlton of the Lehall in Tynedale is appointed by my lord Lieutenant to enter a house called Heslysyde which belonged to Edward Charlton, the King's rebel. Must enter it by force as his friends will defend it as long as they may, Defers sending his servant till he has put William Charlton in possession and driven the outlaws out of Tyndale. Desires Cromwell's favour to his two brothers, the bearers, that they may enjoy their poor livings. Hexham, 10 Oct. Signed.
P 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Oct.879. Jenne de Senlis to Lady Lisle.
R. O.Thanks her for the good beer she sent her. I have given your recommendations to Mons. de Vrevins and my daughter his wife, to Mons. de Becourt, and all the young ladies. Mons. de Vrevins thanks you for your present. Boulogne, 10 Oct.
Sends wild boar venison. Thanks Lady Lisle for two vessels of Godignac, which she will present to the Seneschal on his return. Commendations to her husband.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Madame la Gouvernante.
10 Oct.880. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
The letter printed with this date in Teulet, and noticed by Kaulek, p. 4, is certainly of the year 1533, being apparently a copy from a different draft of that printed by Camusat, and dated 10th September 1533. See Vol. VI., No. 1113.
881. Elizabeth Ughtred (fn. 7) to Cromwell.
R. O.Thanks him for his pains taken for her and his liberal token sent by Mr. Worsley. Where yon put me in "coysse" of your own houses, I thank you, but am loth to leave this place and, if my lord my brother's (fn. 8) house shall remove, will live at one Ambrose Wellose, a quarter of a mile from your place. This letter from you is more pleasure to me than any earthly good, for my trust is now only in you. Signed: "Your humble daughter in law."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.

Footnotes

1 Lord Ferrers.
2 "The Institution of a Christian Man."
3 Sic.
4 His name does not occur in the list of headmasters printed by Ackermann (Hist, of Eton Coll., 59), in which "—Smyth, 1542," is the first name that occurs after Udall.
5 As knight of the Garter, 26 Aug. 1537.
6 Mary
7 Eliz., widow of Sir Ant. Ughtred, who afterwards married Gregory Cromwell and was at this time betrothed to him.
8 Edw. Seymour, viscount Beauchamp, afterwards earl of Hertford. He received livery of his father's lands 10 Oct., and this letter may have been written soon after.