Letters and Papers
December 1539, 21-25

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1895

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'Letters and Papers: December 1539, 21-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 2: August-December 1539 (1895), pp. 262-274. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75906 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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December 1539

21 Dec.713. GERTRUDE MARCHIONESS OF EXETER.
See GRANTS in DECEMBER, No. 32.
21 Dec.
R. O.
714. PRIORY of ST. NEOT'S.
Names and pensions of the late prior and convent of St. Neot's, Hunts, which surrendered 21 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
John Rawns, prior, 40l.; Ric. Starton alias Andrewe, 8l.; Ric. Carnaby, Wm. Tybye and Wm. London, 6l. 13s. 4d. each; Robt. Hatley, 6l.; John Wysman and Robt. Nychelles, 5l. 6s. 8d. each. Signed: Phylyp Parys: Jo. Tregonwell: Jo. Hughes.
P. 1.
21 Dec.
R. O.
715. NUNS of HOLY STONE.
Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Holystone priory, 21 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Eliz. Turner, subprioress, 100s.; Eliz. Rede alias Morpeth, Felicia Ruuderforth, Eliz. Rede alias Reddesdale, Agnes Rede, Cecily Yoese, and Marg. Dichaunt, 40s. each. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns, commissioners.
P. 1.
21 Dec.
R. O.
716. JOHN HUTTOFT to THOMAS WRIOTHESLEY.
On Monday last I received, by one of your servants, my lord's letters to my father for 2 butts of M. and 1 of Muscadell of the Marget Hert's lading. The said ship arrived from Bordeaux with her freight, which is all woad. We look daily for ships out of Spain and for one out of Levant, and when they arrive my lord shall he stored with the best. I send you as a remembrance a dozen glasses and have a popinjay for my mistress your wife. In Mr. Soolemonte's letters, I desired your advice as to my attendance on my lord; as I have heard nothing, I am inclined to keep my wife company these holydays, and beg you, if need be, to make my excuse. Southampton, this St. Thomas' day.
I write this because my father is at Beaulieu. Signed: Tue humanitati deditiss., J. Huttoft.
P.S.—Your glasses are in a ship that is departed to London.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at the Rolls.
21 Dec.
Add. MS.
28,591,
f. 267.
B. M.
717. CHARLES V. to the CARD. OF TOLEDO.
Wrote, on the 3rd, of his journey so far. Arrived on the 12th at Loiches, where the French king and Court awaited him. Describes the reception. The next day, Saturday, they left that place and slept at a castle (fn. 1) , near which there is good hunting. Sunday and Monday they passed at Ambuesa. Left there on Tuesday and have continued and will continue in company with the Court, so that journeys must be short. However, they will arrive at Fuentenableo, a house of pleasure 15 leagues on this side of Paris, on Christmas eve. Will stop there two days for the hunting, and pass on to Paris, where he will take leave of the King, and with as little delay as possible proceed to Flanders.
Describes the misadventure at Amboise. Conversations with the French king. Prince Doria's opinion touching the Armada. Orleans, 21 Dec. 1539.
P.S.—Expenses of the Armada.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 4.
See Spanish Calendar VI. I., No. 95.
22 Dec.
R. O.
718. ANNE BASSET to LADY LISLE.
I have received your letter of Hosse, and have declared to the King all you wish, who has taken the same in good part, as much as if your ladyship had waited on "her Grace" hither. He is well aware of the great charge you and my lord sustain. "I humbly thank your ladyship of the news you write me, of her Grace that she is so good and gentle to serve and please. It shall be no little rejoicement to us, her Grace's servants here, that shall attend daily upon her, and most comfort to the King's majesty, whose highness is not a little desirous to have her Grace here." Thanks her for her advice concerning her "continuance in the King's favour." He likes so much the conserves you sent him that he commands me to write to you for more of the codynack of the clearest making, and of the damsons. York Place, Monday before Christmas day. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
22 Dec.
R. O.
719. JOHN HUSEE to LORD LISLE.
Received his letters of the 15th and 20th. On delivering his two letters to my lord Privy Seal, the latter said that Lisle's suit for the Friars should be settled as soon as this business which is now in hand is finished. Advises Lisle not to mind what Mr. Porter does, nor trouble the King until these great matters be past. Has spoken to Mr. Baron Smythe for the 100l. "which must be extended upon the lands in Staffordshire," telling him that you have entered into no bond for the same against Sir John Dudley or others. I am glad to hear you are so well recovered. I have heard you were very sick. Do not give way to fantasies, as the King is your special good lord. Thanks him for his offer to speak to Mr. Brian for the office of Woolbeam there. Would make suit for it if he knew why Loveday is put from it. My lady Mary comes before Christmas to Baynard's Castle. Parliament is prorogued till the 12th April, and it is said the King's household shall be altered. Wishes to know if he received the malvesey and the figs. London, 22 Dec.
This day my lord Privy Seal and duke Philip of Bavyer have ridden to Enfield, where my lord Prince and my lady Mary lie; "therefore, some thinketh, her Grace cometh not to Baynerd Castell now."
Hol., p. 1. Add.
22 Dec.
R. O.
720. MONKS OF WORMESLEY.
Pensions assigned to the late prior and brethren of Wormesley, 22 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Roger Stroty, prior, 20l.; John Hoper, John Wigmore, and Wm. Gilbert, 5l. each. Signed: Robert Sowthwell: Ri. Gwent: John London: John ap Rice: John Scudamore: Rob't Burgoyn: Thomas Acton.
P. 1.
22 Dec.
Close Roll,
p. 4, No. 8.
Rymer xiv.
659.
721. GYSBORNE PRIORY.
Surrender (by Robert bp. of Hull, prior of Gisburn, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. York, Linc., Dham., Cumb., and Nthld., and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 22 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Thos. Leigh, one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O.2. Pensions assigned upon the dissolution of Gisbourne Priory, 22 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Robt. Pursglove, bp. of Hull, prior, 250 mks., John Smythe, subprior, 8l.; Ric. Marton, Hen. Fletcher, Oliver Grason, Ric. Lasyngbye, Robt. Bawnes, Chr. Golton and Wm. Hynde. 6l. 13s. 4d. each; Chr. Thompson, 6l., John Clerkeson, Barth. Lylfforde, Hen. Alanbye, Ric. Sterre, Gilbert Herryson, Edw. Cokerell, Wm. Wisedall, Chr. Malton, Robt. Gregge, John Herryson, John Lighton, Robt. Watson and Geo. Hauxeley, priests, 5l. 6s. 8d. each; Thos. Whitbye, 8l.; Thos. Walker, deacon, 4l. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, Leonard Bekwith, and Hugh Fuller, auditor, commissioners.
P. 1.
22 Dec.
Close Roll,
p. 4, No. 4.
Rymer xiv.
665.
722. ALNWICK ABBEY.
Surrender (by Wm. Hawton, abbot, and the convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in co. Nthld., the city of London and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 22 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, same day, before Ric. Layton, one of the clerks of Chancery.
R. O.2. Pensions assigned on the dissolution of Alnwick monastery, 19 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
Wm. Harrison, abbot, 50l.; Robt. Sheperd, prior, 6l.; Robt. Clerk, Thos. Trollopp, Robt. Forster, Thos. Stele, John Huchenson, Roger Spence, Wm. Hudson, Edw. Hudshonson, Robt. Baker, Ric. Mylner and Jas. Symson, priests, 5l. 6s. 8d. to 5l. each; Ric. Athe, Wm. Saunderson, Ric. Whetley, and Thos. Maunsell, novices, 20s. each. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys and Watkyns, commissioners.
22 Dec.
R. O.
723. SIR WM EURE and SIR GEO. LAWSON to HOLGATE BP. OF LIANDAFF (fn. 2) .
Sent Henry Raye, pursuivant at arms, to the King of Scotland in accordance with the King's letters, and now sends (fn. 3) him up with his answer. Hears from the prioress of Coldstreme that Dr. Hillyerde on his arrival there asked for one Mr. Robert, the prioress's brother, and, he being absent, desired to speak with her. He said the prior of Mountegrace commended him to her by a privy token, and desired her to further him to the speech of the Scotch cardinal. He said that more would follow him. Sends a letter from the said Mr. Robert to Wm. Buckton whom Eure has used as a mean in this matter. The Prioress does not wish herself or her family to appear in the matter for fear of the displeasure of the King of Scots. If this were to happen it would be a great hindrance to obtaining further information.
Has moved the captains of Warke and Norham castles, and other gentlemen and townships on the frontier between Rydingburne and Berwick, to let no person pass to Scotland, and has taken a direct order with the porters of Berwick for the same purpose. Berwick Castle, 22 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: President of the Council in the North. Endd.
R. O.2. MR. ROBERT to WM. BUKTOWNE, CONSTABLE OF BERWICK CASTLE.
Got Sir Cuthbert to inquire in Edinburgh the cause of the priest (fn. 4) being fugitive out of your realm; which is that he advised houses yet unsuppressed not to surrender till they were violently put therefrom. Thus he says himself to our bishops and priests, and is the better therethrough entreated.
P. 1. Hol. Add.
Dec.
Calig. B. vii.
251.
B. M.
724. DR. HILLYARD'S ESCAPE.
"The sayings of George Busshope, of Awkland, within the county of Durham, before Sir William Eure, knight, captain of Berwick and Bryan Layton, esq., captain of Norham, the 11th day of December anno R. R. H. VIII. 31," viz.:—That Dr. Hylyerde sent for him, from my lord of Durham's place in Auckland, by Robt. Chambre, on Monday, 1 Dec. Met him in my lord's porter lodge and welcomed him from London, asking him how my lord of Durham did. Declined to go with him to Newcastle, where he said he was going to preach, but agreed to do so on being told that his servant, Geo. Weyle, had hurt his leg coming down Seterington hill. Went with the Doctor to Durham on Thursday, where they staid with the Chancellor; dined on Friday with him and Mr. Crawford, a friar and chaplain of my lord's, in the abbey. Dr. Hylyarde sold the Chancellor a grey horse for five marks, and they rode to Gateside, where the Doctor preached on Saturday, and thence to Morpeth where he preached on Sunday. Hired a guide to Alnwick and preached there, proposing to go to Norham and Berwick and so return "by the bishop of Berwick lying at Holy Island" to the commissary of Northumberland. Hired another guide from Alnwick to Belford; thence hired the clerk of the church to Forde; thence by the back of Cornell to the waterside opposite Coldstream, where they met two Englishmen who asked the Doctor what he was. He replied he was a doctor of my lord of Durham going to see my lady of Coldstream, and bade the deponent take care of his horses till he returned on his way to Norham. But after parting with him the Doctor called upon him for his mail and took out certain gear for the Prioress. Busshope then went his way and returned at an appointed hour, when he called over to some men standing by the water, to show the man that was gone over that his horses were come. They made no answer "till the two Englishmen spake to them, and then they went in and told him. And so he came forth, and said, 'Good fellows, send over my horses.' And the two Englishmen said nay, and thereupon took the said George and the horses with them. And if they had not been, the said George saith he had gone over with the horses, not knowing whether it was England or Scotland."
Pp. 2.
Calig. B. vii.
250.
B. M.
2. "The sayings of Will Selby and John Moor, servants to Gilbert Selby, bailiff of Cornell, sworn and examined the said day." See No. 684 (2).
Pp. 2.
Calig. B. vii.
247.
B. M.
3. "The copy of a letter sent from the said Sir Will. Eure unto the said Lord President."
On Thursday night last, was informed by John Horsley, captain of Bemborough of the arrival of a Scotch ship driven by tempest upon that coast. One of the passengers, a Scotch gentleman, gave his servant, Will. Buckton, 19 letters sealed and 6 copies of letters, 2 on separate papers, the other 4 in one sheet, all directed to certain cardinals and others in Rome from the King and Council of Scotland. Transmits the whole with other private letters to merchants in France. The said gentleman, having the King's safe-conduct, was furnished by John Horsley with horses to Newcastle where he was promised that the letters would be redelivered to him. He is a secret man in great trust with the new cardinal of Scotland. Will send Henry Raye, pursuivant, whenever he returns. Berwick, 20 Dec.
P. 1.
Calig. B. vii.
248.
B. M.
4. "The copy of a letter sent from Sir Will. Eure unto the said lord President concerning divers the King's Majesty's affairs, by Berwick, pursuivant at arms." See No. 723.
Pp. 2.
Calig. B. vii.
249.
B. M.
5. "The copy of a letter sent from one Mr. Robert, Scottesman, brother to the prioress of Coldstream, to Will Buckton, servant to the said Sir Will. Eure. [See No. 723 (2).]
Signature (copied): M. Robert. Add.: "To the right worshipful Will. Buckton, constable of Berwick Castle."
P. 1. Endd.: "The sayings of George Bishop, of Awckland, before Sir W. Eure, captain of Berwick, and Bryan Layton, esq., captain of Norham.
23 Dec.725. SALE OF CROWN LANDS.
See GRANTS in DECEMBER, No. 36.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.,
218.
726. [CROMWELL to the EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON.]
The King received this afternoon his letters of the 21st. Though he desires the arrival of the lady, (fn. 5) his lordship and the rest of his servants, he takes the "demore" in good part and desires his lordship to cheer my lady and her train so that they may think the time short.
He wishes both the priests (fn. 6) to be executed, if law and justice will condemn both. If not, to execute Richardson, and punish the other for the concealment. The King would neither make store of them nor bestow twopence on their conveyance hither, unless there is further cause than is apparent.
Trusts there are no more of this rank sort. A few of them "might breed as great a sedition as was so much written of." Today the King went to Greenwich "and there beginneth to enter his new order." The gentlemen pensioners attend with their axes. Returns the bill of Richardson's hand. London.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Begins: My very good lord.
23 Dec.
R. O
727. JOHN HUSEE to LORD LISLE.
I have received by Mons. de Ryve's (fn. 7) servant your letter to Dr. Tregon-well and Mr. Anthony Husee, judges of the Admiralty, for expedition to be had in De Ryve's cause. Tregonwell is not here, but is in commission upon the King's affairs. I went with the Frenchman to Mr. Anthony Husee, who promised all expedition and favour, and on Saturday next they shall know what is to be done. I have helped them all I could, as you wished. If you stand in no warranty you can receive no injury by the recognisance of 100l. My lord Ferrys has promised me a gelding for you. Would like to know how he is to be conveyed. London, 23 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
23 Dec.
R. O.
728. WINCHCOMBE ABBEY.
Pension list of Winchecombe, assigned by the King at the surrender, 23 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Ric. Munslowe, abbot, 140l. and 40 loads of firewood yearly out of Depewood; John Hancokes, prior, sexton and master of the chapel, 8l.; Wm. Craker, sen., chaunter, Wm. Blossom, sen., almoner and pitensier, Wm. Bradley, hosteler, Ric. Freeman, B.D., John Whalley, subprior and fermorer, Walt. Cowper, subchaunter, Hugh Cowper, B.A., Ric. Boidon, kitchener and subcellarer, and George Foo, subsexton, 6l. 13s. 4d.; Ric. Parker, Wm. Trentham, Wm. Horwood, tierce prior, Ric. Williams, Walt. Turbot, chaplain, Ric. Banyster, keeper of the library, and Chr. Chawnfat, 6l. each. Signed: Robert Southwell: Edward Carne: Ri. Gwent: John London: John ap Rice: Will'm Berners: Rycharde Poulet: John Arnold: Rychard Ryche.
P. 1.
R. O.2. Memoranda of certain leases under the convent seal, viz.:—of the demesnes to Ric. Tracy, fee farm of Sudeley to John Stratforde, Charlyngton pasture to Edmund Bedyll, Enworth to Sir Edmund Tame, Twynnyng to [A]ntho[ny] .. lwor, Snowyshull pasture to Thos. Warren. All these granted subject to the King's permission.
P. 1. Endd.: "Remembrance for my lord of Wynsseham," also: "of certain leases granted out of Winche[com]be."
R. O.729. RICHARD SALWAYE.
A remembrance for Richard Salwaye.
Frawnton Court alias Francombe, late pertaining to the abbey of Wynchecombe. Also there is a farm called Goscombe now in the occupation of the abbot of Hayles.
Your Lordship (fn. 8) promised Ric. Salwey at a park by Hampton Court in the King's late progress, the preferment of some abbey or abbey land. Begs to have either of the above two farms. Your Lordship preferred him to the office of under-sheriff of Worcester, and now if a new sheriff is chosen he is like to lose that office. Paid for the clerkship of the peace in Worcestershire 20l. to one John Russell and Henry Russell, his son, but they refuse him admittance.
P. 1. Endd.
23 Dec.
R. O.
St. P. v.,
162, note.
730. HENRY VIII. and JAMES V.
Instructions given by Sir Thos. Wharton to Thos. Sandford, at Carlisle, 23 Dec. 31 Hen. VIII.
To present the King's letters to the king of Scots. To "persuade with him pleasantly," and to note and remember his words, gesture and countenance. To say the King has sent him a gelding and would be glad to know what sort, colour, stature and pace of geldings best pleases him. To say that all the King's servants know his desire for the true administration of justice to the Scotch and the preservation of peace; and that it will be a great comfort for both realms and quiet to the Marches to know the love between the two Kings. To ask in most pleasant fashion what geldings or other things from England he would like. To say, as of himself, that the delivery of English traitors "reset" in Scotland, who have been sundry times asked for the warden of the West Marches, would please the King.
Pp. 2.
23 Dec.
Lamb. MS.,
602, f. 109.
731. WM. WISE to CROMWELL.
Waited on the Deputy at his last journey into Munster, with Mr. White, justice of the liberty of Waisford. Ormond was with him. He will hear of their exploits by their own letters. James FitzJohn of Desmond "is so far despaired for his heinous offences, which he will not openly confess, that, being now so fast knit by oath and promise with OBrene, ONele and ODonell, can do nothing, nor wol not without their advice and counsel"; howbeit this journey hath plucked away his wings, if they keep true touch. The lord Deputy has restored to Jas. FitzMaurice his inheritance in Kyrykurry and some castles in Imokylly and has also taken hostages from the captains there not to assist Desmond. They will only behave well as long as a superior force is near them, and if the soldiers at Youghell remove to Dublin FitzMaurice will probably forget his honourable entertainment. These journeys to punish their enemies really injure their friends as much, by the continual coyne and livery, besides the great expense to the King. St. John's besides Waterford, 23 Dec.
Hol, pp. 2. Add.: To lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
See Carew Calendar, No. 138.
24 Dec.
Add. MS.
33, 514, f. 32.
B. M.
732. MARILLAC to MONTMORENCY.
Knowing Montmorency has left the Court to meet the Emperor, and probably will not be back now so soon as was expected, owing to the rumoured change in the Emperor's intention as to his passage through France (on which people here lay great wagers), does not write to him a special letter of the things he has written to the King, as Montmorency is no doubt much occupied otherwise, and the news of this country can wait. The English were much disgusted that Marillac and the Imperial ambassador went together by common agreement to notify the news of the Emperor's passage through France; and although the King, either confident of the friendship of Francis or dissembling his annoyance, appears to show great satisfaction at it, his ministers cannot avoid showing their indignation and have even told us they wondered we should have consented to play a part which astounds great people, scandalises small ones, and raises a suspicion that these interviews are only intended to conclude war against their poor King, who desired nothing but peace and friendship with all the world. Knew that they had a worse meaning than they actually expressed, when Marillac asked for a safe conduct for the courier into Scotland, which, nevertheless, they granted. Is sure they would not willingly grant such demands if pressed frequently, and the journey by land is long and dangerous—about 500 leagues going and returning; so that my courier, as the cardinal of Scot- land informs me by letter, could not go and be back here in less than 35 days. Yet he has brought back no news from that country except that the king of Scots was sending by sea an express messenger to Francis with an answer to his letter forwarded by me; which shows clearly that the way by land is not considered safe. Nevertheless, as I have written to Vilandry, I have the means of sending a man when necessary.
Has written to the King of the despatch of Master Hoyet (Wyate) "pour aller se congrutuler de la part du Roy son maitre avec le Roy," and to reside as ambassador with the Emperor. Reported his charge at considerable length to the King, which, Vilandry says, has been notified to Montmorency. Has been able to obtain no further answer about Montmorency's brother than that sent by Dampont. The English are so very irritable that even to ask an answer of them makes them think we are seeking a quarrel, as Marillac has explained in the letters to Montmorency's brother.
The new queen of England has been ten days at Calais awaiting a change of wind, which is still so contrary that she cannot be here for five or six days. There is a talk of the marriage of this King's eldest daughter with the young duke of the house of Bavaria, of whose arrival here Marillac wrote in his last to the King; but there seems no appearance of it except the probability that they will not give her to a powerful prince, lest he should afterwards raise some claim to this crown. This King is at Greenwich awaiting his future spouse. He will go out two miles to meet her; and probably the writer and the Imperial ambassador will be called to accompany him, as they have been privately warned to hold themselves ready. Asks for his "ordinary" for this quarter. Has told the Imperial ambassador of this despatch, who says he lately wrote by way of Flanders; but if he mean to write again his letters will go with this. London, 24 Dec. 1539.
"Monseigneur, despuys la presente escripte jay este adverty de bien bon lyeu que l'on estoit en termes de conelurre le mariage d'entre le susdict duc de Baviere et la fille de ce Roy en condition qu'elle prendra comme bastarde, et croit le personage qui le ma dict que l'affere soit arresté, de quoy il me doit rendre certain dans troys jours pour le plus tard; de quoy, si ainsi est, Monsegneur, ne fallyray (sic) incontinant vous en advertir." Signed.
French, pp. 3. The P.S. in cipher undeciphered. Add.: Monsegneur le Connestable et Grant Maistre de France. Endd.
* Marillac's letter-book contains part of this despatch (the third paragraph), of which there is a modern transcript in the Record Office. An extract is given by Kaulek, p. 147.
Ib. f. 31.2. Decipher of the P.S. of the above on a separate slip.
Vit. C. XVI.
f. 290.
B. M.
733. PHILIP DUKE OF BAVARIA and the PRINCESS MARY.
Draft treaty between Henry VIII. and Philip count Palatine and duke of Bavaria for a marriage between the said Count and the princess Mary, incapable by the laws and statutes of the realm of claiming any succession or title by right of inheritance, as follows:—
That Henry VIII., king of England and France, Defender of the Faith, and lord of Ireland, and Supreme Head of the Church, will give the lady Mary, incapable as above, to the said Philip, at his suit, who will take her as given and marry her within one month after his return to England "post fratris et patruorum suorum * * * [tra]ctatus inferius expressam." (fn. 9) (2.) The King shall give with her in dote 40,000 golden florins of the Rhine, worth 3s. 4d. st. each, within one year after the public marriage, viz., 20,000 on the wedding day and the rest within a year, paid in London (fn. 10) ; and moreover will give the lady Mary a life pension of 12,000 florins payable in London† half-yearly from the Michaelmas next after the marriage. (3.) That Philip shall, within three months (fn. 11) after the marriage, traduct the said lady to his own home by such ways as the King shall judge best, who shall pay Philip the sum of _ (blank) towards the cost of that traduction. (4.) That each Prince shall defend the other's honour, in whatsoever company it may be, if he hear or is told of any disparaging words spoken against the other; and similarly (5.) shall give the other warning if he hear of machinations by any prince or by the bishop of Rome against him. (6.) Neither prince shall suffer his subjects to serve against the other in war. (7.) If any prince or private person shall move war against the King or any of his dominions, the Duke shall send to his assistance the number of _ (blank) horse and foot at the King's expense; and similarly (8.) shall assist the King if he shall make war for the recovery of any right of which he is defrauded. (9.) The Duke shall accept and maintain all the laws by which the power which the bishop of Rome had wickedly usurped in England has been, by pragmatic sanction, utterly extinguished. (10.) As to the laws made at the instance of the peers and people of the realm to establish the succession of the Crown, the Duke "eas leges omnes et singulas, pro se, heredibus et successoribus suis, ratas et gratas habebit, tue[bitur et defendet.]
*** (a leaf lost ?).
["Item, conventum, corcordatum et conclusum est quod dictus serenissimus rex Anglie et prefatus princeps Philippus et uterque presentem tractatum, ac omnia et singula capitula et articulos ejusdem, per litteras suas patentes magnis sigillis suis sigillatas et manibus suis subscriptas, infra unum mensem] (fn. 12) proxime sequentem a redi[tu prefati illustrissimi]§ ducis in Angliam, post fratris et patruor[um] suorum confirmationem et ratificationem in ar[ti]culo superius immediate precedenti expressam, confirmabunt, ratificabunt et approbabunt. Quas quidem litteras ratificatorias et confirmatorias prefatus rex Anglie pro parte sua commissario predicti principis Domini Philippi, similes litteras confirmatorias afferenti et tradenti, infra tempus supradictum tradere tenebitur."
Latin. Fair copy, pp. 7. Mutilated.
Ib. 287.2. Draft of the articles in the preceding, omitting that touching the succession, with the following additional articles:—
That the Duke shall assign to the lady by letters patent a dowry in lands to the value of 10,000 florins a year. The minute of the said letters patent to be shown to the King ten days before the marriage.
That neither prince shall receive the other's rebels, suspected traitors, or fugitives, nor assist them; but, within 20 days "postquam per litteras alterius [principis cujus rebelles vel rebellie subd ... extiterunt, quibus litteris certificatoriis super hoc e ... (fn. 13) alter eorum requisitus fuerit [litterarum hujusmodi requisiti]| onis latori, aut alio ad hoc in hujusmodi litteris [nominato]| sive deputato, tradet, restituet et liberabit, tradive [re]stitui et liberari faciet."
That the Duke will get his brother Otto Henry (fn. 14) to confirm this treaty under his great seal within _ (blank) months from the date of this.
Pp. 6. Corrected by Tunstall. Mutilated.
Ib. 296.
B. M.
3. A later draft (fn. 15) of the same, containing the article about the succession, but with that touching the bishop of Rome's power crossed out.
Pp. 8. Corrected by Tunstall. Mutilated.
Ib. 298.
B. M.
4. Draft of provisions to be inserted in the article touching the dowry (see § 2), viz.:—That in the event of Philip's death Mary may be at liberty to return to England, with personal effects and jewellery, still enjoying the said dowry ; in which case, if the King be still alive, she shall not marry again without his consent. The Duke shall deliver to the King or his commissioner the letters patent granting the said dowry within [three] (fn. 16) months from the date of this.
P. 1. The first half in a clerk's hand, the rest in Tunstall's.
Ib. 299.
B. M.
5. Draft, in Tunstall's hand, of an article touching the laws made against the Pope.
ii. Cancelled draft, in a clerk's hand, of the article touching the succession.
P. 1. Mutilated.
24 Dec.
R. O.
St. P., v. 162.
734. SIR THOMAS WHARTON to CROMWELL.
Has received the King's letters for the Scotch king, and Cromwell's, dated London, 10th inst. Has sent Thos. Sandford, his cousin, with the King's letters and a gelding. Sends a letter from lord Maxwell anempst Andrew Bell, Scotchman, and his answer. Bell submitted to Wharton, who had long tried to take him. Nicholas Musgrave and Leche of Lincolnshire, both traitors, are, he hears, in Edinburgh. Has given Sandford the names of traitors "for prised furth of" the pardon, that he may inquire whether they are in Scotland. Asks him to further his suit for Helaugh. Kerlesle, 24 Dec.
Hears that the commissioners are coming to Carlisle monastery, where he is "straitly lodged," for alteration thereof. Asks for a letter to them to provide him an honest lodging there, and to have preferment of what is sold or let for the King's use. Signed.
Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
[24 Dec.]
R. O.
735. LORD LEONARD GREY IN MUNSTER.
Journal of the Deputy's journey in Desmond's country from 5 Nov. 1539, with names of pledges taken. Took five castles and lost not one man.
5 Nov., Dublin to Menoth, 10 miles; 6 Nov., to Eggentower, 9 miles; 7, to Lechyn, 25 m.; 8, to Kilkenny, 10m,; 9, to Waterford, 20 m.; 10, to Downmore, 23 m.; 13, to Makpatryk's house (won the castle of Byrtystown), 24 m.; 15, to Roscre and won the castle from O'Macher, 5 m.; 16, to Modreny, and won the castle from O'Carroll, 14 m.; 17, to "Saynt Glace his house and destroyed his town," 15 m.; 18, to Tastyll Abbey, 16 m.; 19, to Durles (Thurles?), 15 m.; 22, to Cloynmell, 10 m.; 27, to Dungarvan, 18 m.; 28, to Yoghyll, 10 m.; 31 (sic), to Core Abbey, and won two castles, Ens Coyn and Ens Chranyth, to my lord of Desmond; (fn. 17) 1 Dec., to Cork, 10 m.; 3 Dec. to Kinsale, 10m.; 4, to Cork, 10 m.; 7, to the Little Cork, 14 m.; 8, to Cork, 10 (sic) m.; 15, to Keltam, and parleyed with the traitor Desmond, 16 m.; 14, to Yoghyll, 20 m.; 15, to Corytmoyr, 22 m.; 16, to Waterford, 10 m.; 20, to Gawran, 20 m.; 21, to Mynooth, and so on to Dublin on Christmas Even.
ii. Names of those who gave pledges:—
OMacher, OCarull, the Caluth O'Carull, Sayn Glace, ODoyre, Donogh OBryn, the White Knight, John FitzJohn, the Great Barrey, the Red Barrey, the young Barrey, Mack ara reyth, five sons of Cormythoge, OCallythchon, and the lord Roche.
Pp. 3.
24 Dec.
R. O.
736. W. WISE to WALTER COWLEY.
Your schoolmaster "sheweth all the properties of a father and a friend." Mr. White and I could relate the journey into Munster as far as Kinsale and Donogh O'Kallegan's country, which my lord Deputy and my lord of Ormond, now great friends, have certified to the King and lord Privy Seal. Mr. White and I helped to procure the amity between them. Without a general reformation and furniture of men and victuals this laud is not likely to change; but the bruit is we shall hear good news soon. Asks why Cowley has not written to him. "If that unthrifty boy hath deceived you, himself, and me, I trust ye will not abhor the tree for one rotten apple." S. John's, 24 Dec.
Hol. p. 1. Add.
[24 Dec.]
R. O.
737. WRIOTHESLEY to CROMWELL.
Has opened to Duke Philip what was commanded in Cromwell's letters. He thanks the King and Cromwell, and is contented to tarry at home tomorrow. He is glad that the King wishes to use his service at the receiving of the Queen. He has no token of less value than the cross meet to be sent to her, but, on Cromwell's and Wriothesley's advice, he will try all the friends he has in London to get a meaner, and send it to Wriothesley tonight or tomorrow, but if he could get none other he should be fain to send it. W. persisted nevertheless in his former sentence, and trusts to make him shift otherwise. He refers his matters to the King's pleasure, but is not satisfied, for he said he could gather no hope from the answer to the fourth point. Wednesday night.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Otho, C. x.
287.
B. M.
2. [Conditions offered to Duke Philip of Bavaria].
"[Fi]rst that he shall take her a[ccording to the] laws of the land.
"[Item], that he shall make her as [great a do]wer as he may perfitely assu[re] ... in the same to grow to some cert[ain] ...
"[Item] that he shall solemnize and ... King's Majestys appointmen]t ... next after the conclusion ... [an]d that he shall remay[n] ... of six weeks or two months.]
"[Item, that he] shall take no part [with the Emperor, the bish]op of Rome, French [king, or any other] prince, state, or pote[ntate against the Kin]g's Majesty but he s[hall] ... against the same and ... they or any of t[hem ... agai]nst st him only
* * *
"[Item], he shall traduce her in t ... invest her in her dowry v ... to be appointed by the ... [An]d likewise he shall convey' ... such mean and way a[s the King's Majesty] shall think most expedie[nt].
"For the which mar[riage] ... be thus made, it sh[all ... either to receive for ... guldenes or e ... and a pension of ... paid during her li[fe] ... the ready money to be ... within one year next ...
"Item, the King's Majesty ... tow[ards the charges * * * ... may be desired that he [or tha]t his brother shall by [deed si]gnifie under his signet and s[eal] ... hath inheritance to him [and to his hei]res to the sum by him ...
"[Item, he shall] bind him to deliver ... for the assurance of ... such as the King's [Majesty shall ap]point to go with her ... the same, by ... their arrival to ..."
Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Mutilated.
24 Dec.
R. O.
[1536–9].
738. JOHN BP. OF BATH AND WELLS to CROMWELL.
Thos. Clerk comes up at this time partly to present the King with my new year's gift and partly to do some part of my duty towards your Lordship. Chew, 24 Dec.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Dec.
R. O.
Kaulek, 147.
(Extract.)
739. FRANCIS I. to MARILLAC.
Describes the Emperor's arrival at Loches last Friday, their affectionate meeting and amicable journey so far on their way to Fontainebleau, where Francis intends to make him the best cheer and give him all the pleasure of hunting and hawking possible. Will then conduct him to Paris. Pluviers, (fn. 18) 24 Dec.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
25 Dec.
R. O.
740. WORDS ABOUT THE POPE.
Examination of John Collett, Wm. Angell, and Thos. Blithe, of Norwich, taken Christmas Day 31 Hen. VIII., before lord Fytzwater, Nic. Sotherton, mayor, and Augustin Stuard, Edw. Rede, Robt Rugge, and Ric. Cutlyn, aldermen of Norwich, concerning words spoken by Peter Vyknell, of Pockthorp.
That, about Midsummer last, Richard Doubleday and Adams (sic) were singing a song against the bp. of Rome at the house of Mr. Tasborowe at South Elmham, Suff., and Vyknell said he would he were with the said bp. to show him what good hearts and and good willers he hath in England, or, as another deponent says, that he might show him how Englishmen rail and jest on him.
Examination of Ric. Doubleday, of Pokthorp, Christmas Eve, 31 Hen. VIII., on the same matter. Deposes that Collett immediately said, "Is not this a bold word for a Frenchman, for if an Englishman should so have spoken such words, he should immediately be hanged at his own door."
Pp. 3.
25 Dec.
Harl. MS. 282,
f. 155.
B. M.
Nott's Wyatt,
362.
741. WYATT and Others to HENRY VIII.
At Orleans, now at our return, we (fn. 19) had it in a right good place that the queen of Navarre assured a friend that the Emperor, the French king, the Constable, Chancellor and Grandvela were at Blais in council three hours together without any appearance of the conclusion the French king looked for. Doubts whether the name of the place is right; for at Blays they sojourned but one night, whereas at Amboys they were a day and two nights. Both princes affirmed that nothing should be treated; but the Frenchmen could scarcely forbear to hunt for the thing they so much desire, and the above report is the more likely because (1) the glory of the Constable and the nature of Frenchmen would not hide a conclusion or even a bare likelihood of one, and (2) Grandvela came straight from Blais to Paris, which might be to excuse the Emperor from further consultation, as having no man of his Council with him. Moreover the Emperor asks nothing of the French, not even trifles, as though he would not be bound to them. And, especially, when the Imperialists seek to win time or to "have a colour to stert out, they will depend the matter upon a third person not present." For instance, in treating with the King for the duchess of Milan, they depended the matter now upon the queen of Hungary, now upon duke Frederic, and now upon their ambassador, "till they saw their purpose, and then quailed the matter with that excuse that was long afore in sight and had nothing a do with the dependings that they pretended. Likewise with the Venetians, likewise with the Almains, and with other." So now, with these Frenchmen, they protract the matter upon the coming of the king of Romans into the Low Countries (after these holidays), until they have "wound themselves honestly out of France." His coming has "a wondrous colour of an honest pretence," as he must be a party; but then it is well known that his consent is but the Emperor's will.
As these, however, are but conjectures, would rather have Henry doubt the worst, i.e., their conclusion, than conceive an uncertain hope of their disagreement. Think this interview due to the necessities of the Emperor and Constable. Of the Emperor, that would not suffer him to go into Italy; and of the Constable, that took occasion to get him into Flanders; for the Constable is rich, abhors the war, loves ease and "hath the stroke alone," and, as some think, would rather keep his master in hope, "being sickly, given to ease, and not of apparent long life." Moreover, some think him Imperial, "which will hardly be spied yet; but, sure, Papist he is without suspect." As for the Emperor's necessity, the things of Flanders and Henry's sudden alliance with Gelders must needs draw him thither, the way by sea in winter endangered his landing where he would not, and the bishop of Rome could not allow him to go through Italy and Almaine, where he might have caught a persuasion not best for the Bishop's purpose (yet the Bishop had other objections to allege, as the extreme dearth, the Emperor's poverty, and to avoid the "criers on"). He was fain, therefore, to come through France, or else see the revolt of Flanders and leave his desire of Gelders. After their departing he will probably dissemble and strain himself for Gelders. See not, for all those entries, joining of arms, knitting of crowns, and such like ceremonies, that they intend to part the world between them.
These princes came to Fontaine Belleaue on Christmas eve, with great triumph of skirmishes between bands of the Dolphyn and Orleans, about 20 or 40 horse each band; and it will be New Year's Day ere they enter Paris. Paris, Christmas Day.
Draft in Wyatt's hand, pp. 6. Begins: "Please it your Majesty." Endd. by Wyatt: From Paris, 30 Dec., "of the date of Christmas Day," letters to my lord Privy Seal, Sir Thos. Poynings, Mr. Dene (Denny?), Mr. Chancellor, Multon and Mors, Mr. Mantell, Peter Mewtas, and my lord Admiral.

Footnotes

1 Chenonceau.
2 Part of this letter is printed in St. P. v. 165, note 2.
3 The letter is written in the singular as if from Eure alone.
4 Dr. Hillyard.
5 Anne of Cleves.
6 Wm. Peterson, who had been Abp. Warham's commissary in Calais, and Wm. Richardson. They were both executed at Calais on the 10th April 1540, with the barbarities usual in cases of treason. See Chronicle of Calais, 47.
7 De Riou. See Vol. XIII., Pt. II., Nos. 1040–1, which would seem to be of this year, not 1538.
8 No doubt, Cromwell.
9 § § 2 and 3 have "infra _ (blank) menses proxime sequentes."
10 Name of the city left blank in §§ 2 and 3.
11 In §§ 2 and 3 the time is left blank and the clause about the way to be taken omitted.
12 Supplied from § 2, altering the last few words "infra unum," &c., to the form used in the first article above.
13 Supplied from § 3.
14 § 3 adds,—and his uncles Louis and Frederic.
15 Bound out of order, the true order being ff. 296, 297, 300, 301.
16 Cancelled.
17 Distance not given.
18 Now called Pithiviers.
19 "I" has been altered to "we" throughout.