Besides that which was of the Soc of Orston, which in the Consessor's Time was
rated to the Dane-geld at one Carucat. The Land then esteemed three Carucats,
where in the Conqueror's Time were three Sochm. two Vill. and one Bord. having one
Carucat and an half, and eight Acres of Meadow. (fn. 1)
There was a Manor in Screvinton, of the Fee of Odo, Bishop of Bayon, which Toti
had, before the Normans came, and paid to the Geld for it as twelve Bovats. The
Land was three Car. then, but afterwards Hugh, the Nephew of Herbert, the Man
or Tenant of the Bishop, had there five Sochm. and four Villians, and one Bordar,
having three Carucats or Ploughs, and six Oxen, and twelve Acres of Meadow. This
was 25s. value in the Time of King Edward the Consessor; and when the Book of
Doomsday was made, 32s.
There was in Escrevintun, of the Fee of Roger de Busli also a Manor, which before
the Conquest was Ordincars, then also Lord of Flintham and Bridgeford, which was rated
to the Payment of the public Tax at five Bovats. The Land of it was one Car. There
when the great Survey was made by the Conqueror, one Sochm. with one Bordar,
had one Car. This in the Confessor's Time was 5s. in the Conqueror's 8s. value.
The Tythes of these three Fees have ever been and are yet distinct. Those of Orston,
Soc are the third part, and belong to the Church of Lincolne, as part of the Rectory of
Orfton, and are now held by me of the Dean and Chapter. The third Part, of the two
remaining Parts, belonging to the Priory of Wirkfworth, with Colefton, which was Roger
de Buslie's Fee, and are now the Inheritance of Peniston Whalley, Esq. the rest remain
to the Church. And the Custom of dividing the Tythes is at eighteen; the Rector of
Screveton hath eight; I for the Church of Lincolne have six; and Mr. Whalley four.
There was a final Agreement made at Nottingham, in the King's Court, the third Day
after the Feast of St. Gregory, next after Henry, (fn. 2) King of England, Son of Maud,
the Empress, sent his Daughter into Sicily, before William Fitz-Raph, and William
Basset, and Michael Belet, the King's Justices, between Hugh, Son of Alan, and between Ingelram, Son of Geoffrey de Screveton, concerning the Advowson of the Church
of Screveton, whereof Plea was moved between them, viz. that the said Hugh remised
to the said Engelram, the Moiety of the Advowson of the said Church, to be held to
him and his Heirs, in Fee of the said Hugh and his Heirs, with the rest of the Fee
which he held of him the said Hugh.
(fn. 3) In King John's Time, William de St. Paulo, claimed against Yngeram de Screveton, the Advowson of the Church of Kirketon; and upon that the Abbot of Croxton,
came and pleaded, that Yngeram had, by his Charter, given him the Moiety, and
brought the Chirograph made in the King's Court, between Hugh, Son of Alan (which
Hugh was) Father of the Wife of William St. Paul, in whose Name the said William
made his Demand or Claim, which was that before recited.
(fn. 4) There was a Fine, 12 Joh. levied at Dorchester, between William de Hawkefworth,
Compl. and Richard Abbat, of Wellebek, and Ingeram de Screveton, Deforcients, of the
Advowson of the Church of Screveton, whereby one Moiety was settled on William, and
his Heirs begotten on Cecilia his Wife; and the other Moiety on the Abbat, and his
Successors, which the said Ingeram gave him, having recovered it in the Court of King
Henry the Second, against Hugh, Son of Alan, (which Hugh was) Grandfather of
the said Cecilia, which Writing he produced, and it was also the same before rehearsed.
(fn. 5) William de St. Paul, confirmed to his Clerk, Mr. Stephen de Radeclive, 20s. per
Annum, to be received of Gilbert, the Clerk, who possessed the Church of Kirketon, as
well by his Gifts, as also of the Gift of the Abbat of Wellebeck, as a Pension out of that
Church, during his Life, for the good of Peace, which was confirmed to the said S.
(there written Simon) in the Vacancy of the See of York, by W. Archdeacon, of
Nottingham, and the Dean of York.
(fn. 6) There was a Fine levied, 26 H. 3. between John de Pabham, Quer. and the
Abbat of Wellebek, Deforcient, concerning the Advowson of this Church of Kirketon,
whereby it was agreed that they should present by Turns; and so it was by another, 10
E. 1. between Thomas Abbat, of Wellebeck, and Robert Bardolf, named in Scarrington; (fn. 7) which Robert, it seems, bought a Bovat of Land, and 20s. Rent, in Kirketon,
and the the Advowson of William Hottot.
(fn. 8) Gaufr. de Stokes held sixteen Bovats of Land here of Robert Hotot, and 51 H.
3. was dead; and his Heir John, Son of his Cousin Paul, did the like of Joan Hottot,
and was also dead 21 E. 1.
(fn. 9) Jordan de Sutton held here of the Heirs of Hugh de Capella, viz. in Kirketon
and Screveton, 60s. and 6d. yearly Rent. John, his Son and Heir was found, 16 E. 1.
to be seventeen Years of Age.
But the Main of the Lordship was held by Roger Bozun, in the Time of Henry the
Third, sometimes written Boum, mentioned in Orston; he was, in the Time of Edw.
the First, succeeded by John Bozon, (fn. 10) who was Son of Raph, to whom William le
Hotoft, 33 E. 1. passed some of his Interest here; he was a Knight; and the Lady
Gunnora Bozon, his Widow, kept a Court here, 9 E. 3. (fn. 11)
(fn. 12) Sir Hugh Hose, Knight, 35 E. 3. settled the Manor of Screton, and Lands which
were Henry Bozom's, on Margaret, who had been Wife of Sir John Bozom, Knight;
Remainder to Sir John, Son of John Bozom; Remainder to Hugh Bozom, who
proved a Clergyman, and Parson of Fulbeck, in Lincolneshire.
The next Successor of this last Sir John Bozom that I meet with, was Thomas Bosom, of Syreston, who was concerned in this Manor, and Orston, and I think died about
3 H. 6. (fn. 13) and him, I suppose, Father of Henry Boson, named in Lanum, and he of
Thomas Bosom, who married Anne, one of the four Sisters and Co-heirs of Sir Gerard
Ulvefleett, great Grandchild and Heir of Lora, (or Loretta) Daughter and Heir of
Gerard de Furnivalle, Son of Gerard de Furnival, who married Christian Leydet, and
was Son of Matilda de Lovetot: by her Thomas Bosom had Henry Bozom, of Syreston,
Father of Sir Richard Bozom, of Barrowby; which Henry and Richard, 5 H. 8. (fn. 14) had
the Wardship of Robert, Son and and Heir of John Thoroton, then dead, who in his
Life Time, held some Lands in Screveton, which come to him by Descent from Oliver
de Lovetot, as in Coleston may be seen; but his Son, before-named, who came to Age
that same Year, after the Death of Alice his Mother, who married one J. Brocock,
before that King's Reign was passed, sold a Mess. and Cottage, and four Bov. of Land,
to Richard Arnall, of Stoke, which since that Time were parcelled, and some Part is
purchased by Mr. Whalley, and Part by John Parker, the Wheelwright, whose new
House is the Cottage.
(fn. 15) Sir Richard Bozom died before or about the 16 H. 8. and left five Daughters and
Heirs, by his Wife Dorothy, the Daughter and Heir of James Devyn, of Sireston, who
to her second Husband married William Vernon, and left him a Daughter and Heir, who
was married to Henry Savile, of Lupsett, in Yorkshire, the King's Receiver General for
that County, Progenitor of the present Lord Halifax.
One of the Co-heirs of Sir Richard Bozem was Elizabeth, the Wife of Richard
Paynell, of Boothby, in Lincolneshire; another was Margaret, Wife of Sir Richard Clapton, who had a Daughter married to Sir William Cordell, Knight, Master of the Rolls.
Another was Alice, Wife of George Poole; another Mary, Wife of John Worsley;
another Daughter and Co-heir was Amy, or Agnes, first married to Henry Babington,
afterwards to Francis Moore; (fn. 16) which Francis Moore, or his Son, of that Name,
sold this Manor to Richard Whalley, Esquire, Grandfather of Peniston Whalley,
the present Owner, which thereby made him the entire Possessor (except two or
three small Freeholders) of the whole Township, a good Part whereof he inclosed:
as his Grandchild and Heir, the said Peniston, did another Part by the Fosse-wayside; since when, viz. 1669, he sold most of it to my Brother Thomas Thoroton,
and my Brother-in-Law, John Story, of Kneveton.
The other Manor, called Kirketon-Hall, is and hath been the Seat of the Whalley's,
and their Progenitors, the Leeks', and the Kirketons', who had their Name from the
Place situate close by the Church; and the House itself is in the very Division of the
Lordship of Coleston and Screveton; in each of which, Part of the Demesnes lay. In
some Evidences it is called Kirketon juxta Kercolston, but in more juxta Screveton.
(fn. 17) Roger de Kirketon, to whom Raph, Son of Yngeram de Screveton, passed some
Parcells here, is the first that I have met with. Roger had a Son called Hugh; but the
next Successor that I can discover was John, Son of Roger de Kirketon, who lived in
the latter End of the Reign of Henry the Third, and in the Time of Edward the
First. In Edward the Second's Time, Robert, Son of John de Kirketon, was Owner
of this Place; (fn. 18) and in Edward the Third's, was succeeded by Thomas de Kirketon,
Esquire; to whom, together with Margaret his Wife, 17 E. 3. Thomas de Newmarch,
the younger, did convey Lands, which sometime were Henry Bozom's. This Thomas
de Kirketon, is said to have had a Daughter and Heir married to John de Stockton,
whom I find resident here, 45 E. 3. and that he had Interest in Lands in Caxton, (now
Clauston) and Kirkeby Belers, in the County of Leicester, in which latter Place I find
Roger Beler did make some Exchange with Adam de Stockton, about the Time of
Edward the First, or sooner. Stockton's Daughter and Heir, is supposed to be Avicia, Wife of William de Leek, who 8, R. 2. (fn. 19) enseoffed Sir John de Leek, Knight,
Richard de Outhorpe, Richard de Stockton, and Hugh Bozom, Chaplain, in their
Lands in Screveton; Kercolston, Kirkeby Belers, &c.
(fn. 20) William de Leek, of Kirketon, 6 H. 5. (or Skreveton) passed Lands in Kercolston,
Bingham, Aslacton, and Flawbergh, to Simon de Leek, Raph, his own Son, and Johan,
his Wife, to Raph, his Brother, and John, his said Brother's Son; and to Nicolas his
Brother, and Thomas, Son of that Nicolas: his Seal to it hath nine Annuletts upon a
Saltier, engrailed within a Bordure.
(fn. 20) Sir William Babington, Knt. Simon Leek, Norman Babington, Thomas Nevill,
Esquire, William and Robert, Sons of Sir William Babington, 9 H. 6. made Henry
Peyto, and John Chaworth, their Attorneys, to receive Seism, of Raph Leek, Esquire,
of his Lands in Kirketon, Screveton, Kercolston, Aslacton, Kneveton, Bingham, Newark,
Sibthorpe, Tyleston, and Flawbergh, in this County; in the City of Lincolne; in Claxton,
and Kirkby, in Leicestershire; and in the City of Caventre, in Warwickshire.
(fn. 20) The Manor of Kirketon, and Lands in Kirketon, Screton, Carcolston, and Aslacton,
17 H. 6. were settled on Raph Leek, and Agnes his Wife, (therefore supposed to be a
Babington) and the Heirs of their Bodies; Remainder to William, Son of Sir William
(fn. 20) Thomas Leek, of Kirketon, Esquire, and Jane his Wife, 18 E. 4. covenanted to
marry Elizabeth their Daughter and Heir, to Richard Whalley, of Darleston, in the
County of Stafford, Esquire.
(fn. 21) This Richard Whalley made his Will, 1 R. 3. and by it gave Order to his
Feoffees, Sir Gervas Clifton, Sir John Babington, Knights, Thomas Leek, Squire,
Richard Whalley, Priest, and George Whalley, Gentleman, to dispose the Manor of
Darlaston to Elizabeth his Wife, for her natural Life; and after to Joane his Daughter;
and his Lands in Lancashire, to the Sons of his Uncle Gilbert Whalley, if he should
die without Issue Male himself: which he did not, for 9 H. 7. (fn. 21) Sir Henry Willoughby
passed the Wardships of Thomas Whalley his Son, to Thomas Leek, before-named.
(fn. 22) This Thomas Whalley married Elizabeth, the Daughter of John Strelley, of Woodborough, and had a Son called Richard Whalley, who had to his first Wife Lora, Daughter
of Thomas Brookman; to his second Ursula; and to his third Barbara, who survived
him, and married — Burnell, for whom she made a fair Tomb at Sibthorpe;
she did here at Screton for her Husband Whalley; which shows he had twenty-five Children by his three Wives; which great number, many of them being very well matched,
as one to Sir John Zouch, of Codnor; another to — Bellingeham; another to John
Nevill, of Grove, and the like; together with his Imprisonment in the Tower, upon
the Account of the Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector of Edward the Sixth, whose
Servant he was, and some other Mishaps, might very well be thought to lessen that great
Advancement he had otherwise necessarily made of his Family; being by his Relation
to, and Interest with, that Duke, easily let in to purchase Abbey Lands; of which,
notwithstanding he had a convenient Share, in this and other Counties. To his eldest
Son Thomas Whalley, (fn. 23) and his Son William, the eldest by his second Wife, did Sir
John Hercy, of Grove, Uncle of John Nevill, before-named, marry also his two
Nieces, Elizabeth and Barbara, the Daughters and Heirs of Henry Hatfeild, of Willughby, Esquire, by Alice, one of the eight Sisters and Heirs of the said Sir John; but
she was afterwards married to—Markham, by whom having a Son, none of Hercye's
Inheritance came to this Family. This Richard Whalley died the 23d of November,
in the Year 1583, aged 84 Years, having buried his said Son Thomas the Year before,
who left several Sons and Daughters. Richard, his eldest Son, succeeded his Grandfather here, and was a Person of great Parts and Action: he was a Knight of the Shire,
and one of the most splendid Sheriffs of the County; but being much incumbered and
engaged in Suits, the latter Part of his Time was not prosperous. He had also three
Wives: his first was Anne, Daughter of George Horsey, of Digswell; his second, by
whom he only left Issue, was Frances, Daughter of Sir Henry Crumwell, of Finchinbrook, by Huntington; and his third was Jane, Daughter of—Stirap; and afterwards
married to Edward Coleby. He had two Brothers, Doctors in Divinity, Walter of
Pembroke-Hall, and Thomas of Trinity-College, in Cambridge; and John Whalley,
another Brother, died a Batchelor, at Screton; his Sister, Elianor, was married to
Thomas Draper, of Flintham, whose Son, Richard Draper, married Mary, the Widow
of Thomas Whalley, his eldest Son, and by that Means succeeded him here at Screveton,
during the Minority of Peniston Whalley, his Grandchild, the present Owner, who
married Margaret, the Daughter and Heir of George Ireland, Esquire, eldest Son of
Sir Thomas Ireland, of Beausey, near Warington, the antient Seat of the Butlers', in
Lancashire, and by her hath two Daughters and Heirs, Elizabeth and Margaret.
Edward Whalley, the Major-General, and Henry, the Advocate, were Sons of this
last Richard, and advanced in the War by Oliver Crumwell, their Kinsman. Elizabeth
the Sister of Penniston Walley, is Wife of William Ayloff, Esquire, of Basingbourne,
but hath no Children.
(fn. 24) The Church of Screveton was 8l. and the Abbat of Welbeck and Mr. Bozom,
Patrons. Tis now 6l. 19s. 2d. in the King's Books, and Peniston Whalley, Esquire,
IN SCREVETON CHANCEL.
The Inscriptions of the Tomb.—Made Anno Domini 1584.
Behold his Wives were number three:
Two of them died in right good fame:
The third this Tomb erected she,
For him who well deserv'd the same.
Both for his life and Godly end,
Which all that knows mustneeds commend:
And they that knows not, yet may see,
A worthy Whallaye loe was he.
Since time brings all things to an end,
Let us our selves applye,
And learn by this our faithful friend,
That here in Tombe doth lye,
To fear the Lord, and eke beholde
The fairest is but dust and Mold:
For as we are, so once was he;
And as he ys, so must we be.
In the Chancel is a fair Alabaster Tomb for Richard Whalley, whereon lies his Statue
in Armour; and above, against the Wall, kneel his three Wives, L. W. V. W. B. W.
under which, and at the End, over his Head, are divers foolish English Rhimes in golden
Letters imbossed; and along the Side is, Here lyeth Richard Whallay, Esquire, who
lived all the age of 84 years, and ended this life the 23 of November 1583. At the
End, in the outside of the Tomb, kneels in Armour, T. W. and over his Head is,
Arg. three Whale's Head, sable, with some quarterings, (but not proper) and underneath, on the Side, Whalley impales with Arg. a Bend between two Lion's Heads
On the Top of the east Window, in the Chancel, Arg. A Chevron and a Mullet,
pierced in the duxter Point sable, Rempston.
Gules, three Waterbougets Arg. (this is ost.) Lord Ros.
Azure Billettè, and a Fesse Dancè, Or, Deyncourt.
Azure two Chevrons Or, Chaworth.
Below was Arg. on a Saltier's sable, nine Annulets, Or, within a Bordure of the
second likewise engrailed, and charged with Croslets patè of the first Leek. And before
one in Armour on his Knees, an Helme with a Crest, a Sheaf of Feathers upon the
Wreath or Torce, Leek.
In the south Aisle, a plain flat Tomb, without Inscription; in the east Window, by it,
was on the lower Part, Party per Fesse Gules, and sable, a Lion Rampant, Arg. (Mr.
Kniveton faith) crowned Or: it may be supposed Bellers; then Leeks as before. And
in the next pane, Argent a large Tau (or Crosse) Ragulè Gules, supposed Stockton;
and under, Orate pro animabus Willielmi de Leek, & Amice de Leek uxorus ejus.
On the Top of this Window is, Arg. a Chief Gules, with a Bendlet Azure, Crumwell.
Rof. again, and Gules, a Saltier Arg. Nevill and Deyncourt again.
And Arg. five Fusills in Fesse Gules, within a Bordure sable, charged with Crosse
Crosslets of the first. This is upon a Stone over the Church Door, in the Porch; and
upon a little Stump of a Stone Crofs, on a little Hill in the Highway before Mr. Whalley's Gate.
In the North Aisle Windows is, Arg. and likewise Erm. three Birdbolt's Gules,
And quarterly Gules, and Or, A Mullet Arg. in the first, Oxford.
England, and that again with file of three Labels Azure.
In the south Aisle Windows, Arg. five Fusils in Fesse Gules, Newmarch.
And Gules, five Fusils in Fesse Or, Newmarch.
And Gules, three Waterbougets Arg. Ros, as before. And Azure two Birdbolts, in
Saltier Gules between four Cinquefoils Or.
In the South Aisle of Screton Church, this,
Sub hoc lapide conduntur
Thomæ & Johannis
Quas exuit ille Sexto Non.
Maii Anno Do. 1637.
Quas exuit hic quarto Iduum
Mensis Ju. anno do. 1638.
Lætas redituræ Animæ
Christique Nuptias expectat.
Ampliorasi quæras, est ubi consulas.
In Screveton Church.
Here lieth Thomas Ireland,
Gen. descended from
the ancient Family of the
Irelands of Hut in Lancashire
who died October 1669
Or he, or none strict life did
For loyalty, old age, with Celibate
Hoc pietatis ergo sculpi feci
Eodem Stirpe Irlandorum progenita
Jan. 16. 1670. det Deus nobis
Lucem æternam, Amen.
The Inscription under the Altar.
Thomas & Maria
Thomas & Maria
Et denuo nasciturum.
LORDSHIP is partly old and partly new inclosure, and is owned chiefly by Thomas
Thoroton, Esq. a descendant of the historian Dr. Thoroton, whose dwelling stands near
the church devoid of symetry and attraction. This old manor-house belonged, formerly, to the Kirketons', the Leeks', and the Whalleys', in succession; and stands, by
Dr. Thoroton's account, "in the very division of the lordships of Coleston and Screveton." Within, however, are some spacious rooms, furnished with several good portraits of the Rutland family. Here are also the fine portraits of Dr. Thoroton and
his daughter, copied and engraved for this new edition of Nottinghamshire; the latter at
the expence of their present owner, to face this page. Her age 80, and her name
Elizabeth, married to a Mr. Turner. The painting by Vandermine.
I had the honor of conversing with Mr. Thoroton when I visited this place,
and as the curious are generally inquisitive about the family and descendants of distinguished characters like Dr. Thoroton, I will just observe, that Mr. Thoroton's mind,
(now advanced in years) appears clear, intelligent, and serene; and by the testimony of
his neighbours, it is rich in acts of benevolence. He served many years in parliament
for Bramber, in Sussex; but he has left the bustle of the senate for a life more compatible
with his years, apparently about 60. (fn. 25)
The church is a neat structure, dedicated to St. Winifred. It consists of a nave and two
side-aisles, and a tower steeple, with 3 bells. Here is a curious old font, in high preservation.
The monuments remain as in Thoroton's time. Those remembrancers of the dead,
since placed, are, a little monument near the altar, to the memory of "the loving wife
of Thomas Hall, rector;" she was a Whalley, has an excellent character, and died
in 1680, aged 24.
Another is erected to Margaret Penniston Whalley, who died in 1675. The same
stone informs us, that the Whalleys' and the Irelands' intermarried.
In the chancel, R. I. A. R. obiit Jan. 21mo. 1751. Another, Mary Thoroton,
obiit October the 5th, 1753, in the 64th year of her age.
Patron, Thomas Thoroton. Esq. Incumbent, Rev. Peter Thoroton. Bacon says,
clear yearly value 43l. 3s. 0d. King's Book, 6l. 19s. 1d. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 4s.
Archidiac. pro Prox. 6s. 8d. Val. in mans. cum 4 bov. ter gleb. per ann. 2l. in un.
mess. &c. Robert Thoroton, Esq. presented in 1728. Thomas Thoroton, Esq. in