Faille, Martin de la, della Faglia, merchant of London, efforts for ransom, 17; de Loo pleads for, 212, 253, 421; queen can get money at Antwerp with help of, 544.
Falcq. See Valcke.
Famars, Fama, Famas, Famours, heer van. See Lieven, Charles de.
Fare, the. See Veere; Vreeswijk.
Farnese, Alexander, duke of Parma, prince of Parma, the Duke, the Prince, 81.
-, letters from, 301, 308.
-, -, referred to, 223, 305.
-, letters to, 19, 289.
-, -, referred to, 24, 217.
-, at Antwerp, 1; in Flanders with all his forces, 9; at Ghent, at great charge, keeping so many soldiers idle, 12; forces at Antwerp, 15.
-, talk in camp of coming of commissioners, 1; will make short war or no war, 15.
-, designs on Walcheren, 9, 10, 50, 205, 252, 259; and Zeeland, 15; counts on getting Flushing soon, 22; has practice with some of Flushing, 50.
-, failure due to expected shipping not coming from Spain, 14; promises to shippers and to make all rich, 15; spreads report of attack on England, 29.
-, commission to Archduke Charles, 19; reported going to Italy, 36.
-, Pyne speaks with, 24; going because will not treat of peace with queen, 36; overtures for peace, 43; acting as benevolent neutral, 59.
-, de Loo's relations with, 24–5; de Loo to inform of coming of commissioners, 40; de Loo had scant credit with, 536.
-, sent peace commissioners to Ghent, 25; would accept Bourbourg for meeting, 25.
-, designs on Camphire, 29; great forces brought by, into Low Countries, 43; description of forces, 536–8.
-, spy from at Ostend, 30; offers to Scots captains to serve, 54; designs on Ostend, 68, 76.
-, question of cessation with, 44; will discuss it when commissioners come, 144.
-, doubtful of queen's sincerity in peace negotiations, 49; anxious for arrival of commissioners, chafes at delay, 59, 68.
-, false rumours of secret accord with, 49; negotiations with referred to, 67, 118–9.
-, Schenck forces troops to retire, 63; letters from Chimay to intercepted, 96; sends Chimay to besiege Bon, 131, 197, 224.
-, Barney deserted to, at Bruges, 76; alleged promise of Hohenlohe to, 80.
-, immense stores of, in Low Countries, 77; information from renegade captains of forces and purposes, 77–9.
-, Stanley persuades that has strong party in England, 77.
-, Dutch act as if queen worse enemy than, 94; at no charge except for winter quarters, 117.
-, cannot agree to Ostend without king's knowledge, 98; wishes commissioners to be well received, eager to see them, 101; will arrange for commissioners at Bruges, 104.
-, aggrieved that queen has not answered letters, 104.
-, question of commission for treating from king, 104; English think should have shown commission, 191.
-, orders for reception of commissioners, 104, 130; de Loo to inform of their arrival, 130; courtesy of, 173; thanked for, 297.
-, going from Brussels to Bruges, 112; at Brussels, 130, 139; at Ghent, 145.
-, commission of, for Spanish commissioners, 126; suspicion that seeking advantage through delays, 536.
-, commissioners send to thank, 131, 134, 141; Spencer sent to, to ascertain time and place of meeting from, 132, 134–5, 137, 139, 144, 174; Spencer's account of interview, 171, 174–5.
-, English said to have come to beg peace of, 131; Champagney avoided committing, on visit to England, 138.
-, sends off Aremberg on news of arrival of English commissioners 137; safe conduct for commissioners, 536.
-, English commissioners hear nothing from, 137, 139; welcome a snare, 153.
-, wishes sincerity about peace to be judged by actions, 144; might easily be contented to make some end, 153.
-, treatment of place of meeting and cessation will do much to disclose meaning of, in whole matter, 144; Dale to go to, 162, 171–2.
-, de Loo's account of peace dealings with, 145–7; suspected queen's sincerity owing to delay, 159.
-, has never intended a good and firm peace, 154; Garnier asserts zeal in matter and desire for despatch, 163.
-, rumour of secret arrangement with queen, 159; de Loo sets down articles propounded to, 161; objection to Bruges for meeting, 173; objection to Ostend, 175, 190, 220.
-, first enterprise to be against Ostend, 162; has very large number of men ready, 172.
-, would give order for horsemen of Nieuport, 163, 174; truth about river cut by, 180.
-, refers to pleasures of parks and hunting in England, 171; questions Robert Cecil about queen, 184; asks for English dogs, 261.
-, offended at Dutch refusing colloquy, 173; concession about cessation for Holland and Zeeland, 178.
-, will act as mediator for peace, 178; delay of commissioners suggests coldness in treaty, 186.
-, Dale's interview with at Ghent, 184, 301; sent for Dale again, 185; report of interview, 192–5; referred to, 301.
-, R. Cecil had passport to go to Antwerp, 191–2; examines de Loo on pretence about peace, 195.
-, rebel English say negotiations only intended to keep from attacking Ostend, 191.
-, if war ceases has means to maintain dignity of a prince, enriched by wars, 191.
-, has grudge against Mondragon, 192; all his study to separate queen from Dutch, 202.
-, protests his honour and intention to keep faith with queen, 195; queen's honourable intention should be made known to, 196; de Loo fears consequences if peace offer neglected, 211.
-, States of Holland meet to consider, treaty with, 201; wishes de la Motte to salute commissioners, 212.
-, offers nothing that shows willingness to peace, 205; words indicate some attempt against queen, 206.
-, must be soundly dealt with about Ostend and threat to England, 206–7; determined about Ostend but regrets delay, 211.
-, remark on news of Ste. Croce's death, 208; thinks of disbanding Irish and sending Stanley to Spain, 233.
-, Ostend free for hostilities as will not grant cessation, 211; likely to besiege Ostend, if treaty fails, 213.
-, expected at Bruges, 212; collecting small boats at Sluys, 227.
-, de Loo vouches for sincerity and keeping promises, 212, 253; de Loo defends action, 215–6.
-, resented demand for sight of commission, only treating to gain time, 212; mission of Rogers to, 215–6, 220; has no special commission, 229, 283, 293.
-, expected walk over in England, 215; drawing forces towards Ostend, 216; now at Bruges, 234.
-, would like to inform king that colloquy has begun, 216; if refuses to treat at Ostend, commissioners to withdraw, 220.
-, insincere about peace, intends to attack Ostend or Walcheren, 222; queen ready to break off if persists in objection to Ostend, 223; not to persist if well disposed to treaty, 225.
-, question of getting hostages from, 226; will see that king observes all that is agreed on, 235.
-, Rogers used broader speeches with than Dale, 229; Richardot to bring full resolution from, 234; uncovers at queen's name, 239.
-, Russel expects to attack Walcheren or Flushing, 231; meaning for war despite talk of peace, 235.
-, complains to de Loo of loss of time, 234; present of English geldings for, 238.
-, puts aside burning of ships at Dunkirk, 325, copy of Pattison's letter sent to, 245; takes Dunkirk affair “descortly,” 272.
-, bound again for Flanders looking for sailors, 238; assurances that Philip has no designs on England, 242.
-, Rogers confers with at Ghent, pious desire for peace, 239, 258; on Ostend as place of meeting, 240–1, 257, 273, 329; gives Rogers second audience, 241–3; takes him towards Bruges, 243; Rogers' preamble to, censured, 278.
-, flatters Rogers, 241; protests desire for peace, 243–4; Rogers informed had commission above fellows, 245.
-, certainly means some great attempt, 245; collecting shipping at Sluys, 251–2.
-, note on speeches to Dale about Spanish preparations, 256; Killigrew reports preparations believed to be for England, 303.
-, commissioners expecting to hear from about place of meeting, 258; message to them by Richardot and Maes, 261; on place of meeting, 262–3.
-, Burghley's remarks upon lacks in letters of, 259.
-, warlike preparations proceeding, 260, 330; will attack Ostend when commissioners go, 269.
-, did not at first object to Ostend, 263; question of place of meeting referred back to, 264; agrees to preliminaries near Ostend, 265; present at first colloquy, 282.
-, will not discuss any private claims, but only peace treaty, 266–7; queen will not consent to this, 279.
-, commission from insufficient for treating, 267; note of great men present with, 275–6; commission adequate if authorised by king, 279.
-, Netherland nobles press to urge need of peace on king, 270; king's commission to treat, 271; queen insists on necessity of, 295–6.
-, favours peace, as likely to be supplanted, 270; frank manner of dealing makes Croft hopeful, 278; doubts of sincerity, 310.
-, and cessation, 274, 287, 291–2, 295–8, 311, 313, 363, 369; question to be laid before, 282; form of cessation offered by, 310.
-, assurances required from that Spanish preparations not against queen, 278.
-, danger of Friesland through subtle practices of, 280; cannot grant licence to send goods to Spain, 325.
-, growing very strong in Flanders, designs on Cootland, 283; forces and preparations continue at Sluys, 288–9, 331; use of flat-bottomed boats, 300.
-, Rogers thinks sincerity beyond exception, 284; Croft censures for going to alone, 299; regret at his action, 314, 316.
-, Aguilar informs of release of Thomas, 289; has not power to command hostages, 297; insists on observance of safe conduct with English, 302, 308.
-, procured ratification of treaty of Cambrai, 296; may make difficulty about hostages, 321, 329.
-, Maurice will make ready to defeat designs, 307; not reasonable to press for general cessation if States do not come in, 311.
-, commission of, instructions to commissioners about, 311–2, 314; hesitation about commission indicates that does not mean well, 314.
-, to be moved to dismiss Stanley and English rebels from Bruges, 312; objections to Bruges for conference, 321, 324–5, 333.
-, has no power to act for Spain without special commission, 314; Morris sent about it, 321, 323; his report about, 324–5.
-, expected to grant cessation, 316; suggested should send some one to queen, 322, 329.
-, promised satisfaction about commission to Morris, 324; collection of answers made about the commission, 325–6; question of commission, 329, 333, 339.
-, attends solemn function at Bruges, 324; cause to be sorry for death of Taxis, 326; connection with League prejudicial to peace, 331.
-, received signed letters and bills of exchange from king, 325; sent relief to Groningen, 364.
-, blinded not to take advantage of Dutch dissensions, 327; list of delays used to hinder treaty, 334; will not be endured, 342.
-, makes difficulties about cessation, 333, 341; queen resents manner of dealing, 340–1, 351.
-, Croft goes to on own responsibility, 334; well received, report of conference with, 334–5; will accept his articles as basis of discussion, 338; Croft asks pardon for going to, 350–1; Croft justifies going to, 351; action disliked, 355.
-, Ostend in no condition to resist, 340; admitted preparations to Croft, 355.
-, Dale to go to and demand sight of commission, 341, 355, 363; Croft sees commission, 348, 355, 370; Dale not to go to, 414.
-, Croft treats with for including Holland and Zeeland, 351; Croft censured for going to, 363.
-, Dutch blockading ships at Sluys, 353; Maurice preparing to hinder gathering ships at Dunkirk, 358; will allow no man to pass by Sluys, 370–1.
-, privy conference with Dutch, 366; loses the whole year because Zeeland kept sea forces together, 381.
-, Dale interviews about commission, 368, 369, 376.
-, Burghley's comments on Croft's journey to, 372; de Loo, Croft's interpreter with, 385; Croft gave great satisfaction to, 420.
-, Semple takes letters from, to James, 375; treasure from French king stayed to learn pleasure, 419.
-, queen requires assurance from that nothing shall be attempted against her dominions or Scotland, 375–6; fleet of intended for Scotland, 421.
-, sends farriers to view Wynox Berghen and Bourburgh, 384; commissioners reply to, choosing Bourburgh, 403.
-, queen thinks commission ample and should make cessation general, 386.
-, queen will not tolerate more delays by, 387; urgent for progress with treaty, 400.
-, Tigre chosen to fight, 389; Maurice engaged in breaking designs of, which certainly against England, 391; Russel asks leave when designs known, 397; question of designs on England raised, 426; supposed treasonable practises with, 609.
-, incredulous about Armada being off Brittany, 400; de Loo's confidence in honour, 420, 430.
-, gives convoy to commissioners, 418; offers to defray their charges, which declined, 423, 425, 429, 430.
-, great respect of for queen, 430; Allen's libel printed by order of, 461; meant to invest with English crown, 478.
-, queen's intercession desired with, for Princess of Chimay, 434; Friesland ready to treat with, 461.
-, no need to press further about commission, 439; said to have full powers, 454; assumed to have powers for cessation, 467.
-, offer to defray deputies accepted, 439; de Loo promises influence with for peace, 509.
-, moves towards Ostend, 445, 451, 458, 463; agreed that Ostend should be comprised in cessation, 448, 450; designs on Ostend, 449; camp close to town, 488.
-, cannot agree to cessation because of cost of army, 452, 466; asked for resolute answer about cessation, 461.
-, should give States year to yield assent, 457; was ready to turn all forces against Dutch towns, 471.
-, must know queen's reasons for undertaking war, 464; Russel staying to see intentions, 477.
-, said to have stayed Spanish fleet off Boulogne, 474; hard for, to make navy to annoy England, 493.
-, removed all his staff and baggage from Antwerp, 476; undoubtedly bound for England, 478.
-, going to Dunkirk and St. Omer, 479; preparing flyboats, 490; and takes all sailors that can be had, 491; views fleet at Dunkirk, 494; expected there, 549.
-, great man of France arrives at court of, 489; wrote to king about staying Armada, 495; not astonished at tarrying of Armada, 504.
-, contented negotiations should drag out while preparations going on, 489; Richardot brings answer to queen's deputies, 494–5; English awaiting further answer, 514; answer come, 519.
-, gentleman from going to Spain in ship, 509; suggestion to send person of quality to, 521.
-, Scot and Frenchman go to see, 509; Paget and 3 others go to, 515; gentlemen from Scotland repair to, 522.
-, orders men at Dunkirk to be shipped by 24 June, 511, 515; in readiness to second Armada, 512.
-, has great trouble to keep sailors for ships, 511; makes all haste with preparations, 521.
-, expects to land in England with 36,000 men, 516; expected to land in Kent, 532; troops to be embarked in Armada, 549.
-, toleration offered by not accepted, 520; deputies had reason to send to consult, 534.
-, reported defeat of horse at Bonn, 524; Dutch disorders gave great chance to prevail, 532.
-, queen requires repudiation of Allen's book and bull from, 528, 542–3; book printed by order of, 533.
-, de Loo confident of goodwill to peace, 530, 545; clergy doubtful of good dealing by, 550.
-, Barney will disclose Owen's intelligences with, 538; Dale to tell that deceived about alleged disaffection in England, 543.
-, expected to besiege Calais, 539; Westmorland sent to by Guise, 550.
-, -, secretary of. See Garnier, Flaminco; Grimaldi, S. de; Massi, Cosmo.
Farnese, Ottavio, duke of Parma, dead, 36, 240; Alexander could maintain greater state than, 191.
-, Ranuccio, prince of Parma, youth of, reason for father desiring peace, 240.
Fay, Seigneur du. See Hurault Michael.
Fellford. See Vilvorde.
Femoye. See Lieven, Charles de, heer van Famars.
Fenne, Fene, Father, priest with Stanley, 524.
Ferdinand I, the emperor, granted toleration, 487.
Ferdinand, Fernando, Archduke of Austria, of the Tyrol, doubtful about the muster, 19.
-, -, son of, ready to enter Netherlands with large force, 178; forces expected, 214, 489; serving with Parma's army, 275, 294, 557–8; arrived, 509.
-, -, See also Charles, Archduke of Austria.
Ferrara, Italy, duchy of, duke anxious to secure son's succession in, 123.
-, duke of. See Este, Alfonso II of.
Fiel in Gelderland, Netherlands, not in queen's command, to keep cessation, 293.
Figliazzi, Giovanni. See A.B.
fish, estimate of, for Flushing garrison, 5; cheaper in Netherlands, 35.
Fishmongers Company, can testify to Enkhuisen victualling England, 228.
Flakke, Flack, Netherlands, too rough for R. Cecil to cross, 225.
Flanders, base Germany, 536.
-, news from, 22, 524.
-, Parma's forces still in, 1, 9; estimate of forces in, 79.
-, desire of Archduke Charles to serve in, 19; papal forces arrive in, 354.
-, note of troops quartered in towns of, 41; misery of Italians in, 238.
-, freedom of worship claimed in, 42; Philip's countries in spoiled and depopulated by war, 118.
-, Spanish preparations force queen to keep forces towards, 43; enemy preparing shipping in, 57.
-, commissioners may land in without danger, 104; peace negotiations to be handled in, 117.
-, Ostend a gall to all, 162; cost of Spanish army in, 192; main enemy forces in, 233.
-, wasted state of, 162; R. Cecil in, 233.
-, peace and revived trade would make ruler of happier than king of Spain, 191–2.
-, Parma again bound for, 238; Parma growing very strong in, 283; Parma must rid troops out of, to ease country, 291.
-, deputies of Friesland associate with enemy and go to, 280.
-, list of places in, not under queen's command, to keep cessation, 293; mischief done by negotiations in, 393.
-, would have to recover Ostend, 295; harried from Berghen and Ostend, 316.
-, Parma's preparations in directed against England, 303, 534; Spanish quarrel against England for holding towns in, 549.
-, Camillo Orsino in, 354; troops levied at Innsbruck going to, 442; 40 ensigns marching towards, for England, 476.
-, text of pamphlet circulated in, on peace treaty, 547–8.
-, president of. See Damant, M.; Meetkerke, Aldolf van.
-, See also Belgium; Low Countries.
fleet. See Navy, the royal.
-, Dutch. See Low Countries, navy of.
-, Spanish. See Spain, fleet of.
Flemish urcas, in Armada, 512.
Flessingues. See Flushing.
Florence [Prov. Firenze, Italy]:
-, A.B. sent from, to Spain, 346; Oddo Colonna an exile at, 354; galleon of, joins Armada, 517.
-, duke of. See Medici, Ferdinand I de', Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Flores, Diego, squadron of, in Armada, 517.
Flushing, Flissingues, Flosshen, Vlasshen, Vlisching, Vlisshing, Vlissing [Prov. Zealand, Netherlands], 337, 361.
-, letters dated at, 1, 9, 10, 12, 16, 23, 26, 28, 37–8, 40–1, 50, 52, 54, 62, 65–6, 68–9, 83–4, 100, 120, 136, 141, 180, 198, 205, 207, 222, 226–7, 230–1, 252, 256, 271, 288, 290–1, 328, 334, 338, 353, 361, 397–402, 408–9, 419, 424–5, 434, 438, 447, 452, 456, 459, 460, 469–71, 477, 480–1, 510, 534.
-, news from, not to be taken hold of, 13.
-, letters sent via, 95.
-, misery of garrison, 1, 12, 16; supplies for garrison, 5; Russel asks supplies for, 10, 23, 28, 50.
-, Hohenlohe's designs on, 1, 9, 12; report of Dutch designs on, 10.
-, note of queen's forces at, 3, 343, 440, 490; Russel asks for ships to protect, 9, 23; garrison to be reduced, 25.
-, burghers of not well affected, 9; debts due to burghers of, 41.
-, garrison without money or credit, 12; Russel asks pay for garrison, 136, 204–5, 207, 222, 227, 252, 270, 288–90, 425, 510.
-, enemy's designs on, 16, 22, 28, 54, 288; Parma counts on getting by treason, 22; Parma has practises with some of, 50, 53; he will attack when treaty ceases, 205.
-, Brune will store supplies at, 35, 54; queen can take toll from ships passing, 102.
-, queen to retain for a term, 42; queen wishes Russel to remain at, 50, 53.
-, memorial from States of Zeeland concerning, 48; States take exception to Russel bringing troops to, 62.
-, proposal to bring merchants to, from Middelburg, 50–1, 64.
-, question of including in cessation, 55, 365, 370, 429; Parma allows, 298.
-, Killigrew warns of danger from both friends and enemies, 63; soldiers and sailors secretly introduced to, but repulsed, 65; willing to admit Russel's troop, 100.
-, Killigrew unable to provide with necessaries, 69; Killigrew anxious about, 70.
-, guns, powder and shot to be sent from to Ostend, 124; grant for a staple of victual at, 149.
-, Leicester's resignation reached Herbert at, 125.
-, note of entertainment of officers at, 147; note of sums due to burgesses of, by captains, 148; charge of by new establishment, 157; weekly issue for garrison, 210.
-, Howard sails to, 161; Robert Cecil returning via, 185, 208, 225; R. Cecil leaves, 227.
-, Willoughby sends opinion on cessation to, with letters from Privy Council, 165.
-, money for weekly imprests at, 168; treasurer to supply out of hand, 169; sums due to officers at, 219.
-, enemy desires passage from Ostend to, 190; Parma expected to attack, 231.
-, Geertruydenberg comparable to, 201; R. Cecil reports enemy plot against, 208.
-, commissioners to withdraw to, if Parma will not begin treaty at Ostend, 223.
-, 600 men sent to, for aid of Ostend, 230–1; Willoughby represents difficulty of finding men for, 265.
-, satisfaction promised to townsmen and soldiers at, 231; note of money due to garrison, 236.
-, Antwerp knows garrison clamouring for pay, 238; Champernowne complains of neglect of garrison, 247; Cox contracts to supply with victuals, 332.
-, States ask repayment of money disbursed for, 249; Walsingham persuades queen to give full pay to, 332.
-, mariners of well affected and ready to serve against enemy, 252; carelessness of magistrates in repairing defences, 255; weak spots in defences, 256.
-, needs match and lead for shot, 252, 288; many of guns at unserviceable, 256.
-, suspicion of secret practice of enemy against, 270, 288–90, 397; Russel's company quartered about, 353.
-, Ostend more profitable than, 303; only useful town to have in Walcheren, 338; Camphire and Arnemuiden keys to, 348, 352.
-, Maurice asks Privy Council to make enquiry concerning business of, 307; he repudiates charge of designs against, 308, 359.
-, Russel suspects States of intention to make trouble in, 334; Evertssen sent to prison at, 383.
-, raid from repulsed, 355, 369; Thoraise sent to, 418; Schenck at, 446; Knibbe at, 498.
-, Killigrew at, about Camphire etc., 361; Camphire important to security of, 377, 397, 409, 413.
-, reasons for suspecting designs of Maurice against, 374, 411; Maurice sends Walsingham particulars about, 383.
-, Zeeland calls to mind oaths of officials at, 381; memorial to States of Zeeland about, 415.
-, Maurice defends action about, to queen, 389; his memorial touching, 391–2; Maurice hated Russel for suspicions about, 399.
-, a note of things in, when delivered to queen, 394, 398; likely to be a slippery pledge, 395.
-, Russel begs that companies be not drawn from because of danger, 400; Russel asks to be freed from, 425; Russel concerned at danger of, 438, 477; no assurance to be built on, 451.
-, concerning sums paid by States to garrison of, 442, 450; gunpowder for, 470–1.
-, companies from ordered to Ostend, 448, 455, 469, 476, 482, 484, 489; Russel asks for reinforcements from England, 459.
-, merchants at ask pay for victuals supplied, 469; merchants withdraw from to Stade, 480; Errington borrows from Merchant Adventurers at, 485.
-, question of restoring to States at peace, 472–3; indifference of States to, 533.
-, Richardot complains of hostilities committed from, 494; quarrel between Willoughby and Russel over disposing of footband of, 548.
-, bailiff of, States appoint dangerous fellow as, 437–8.
-, burgomasters of, appeal for Gellee, 39–40, 51.
-, -, See also Gellee, Jacques.
-, governor of, not to meddle with civil policy, 48.
-, -, See Russel, Sir William; Sidney, Sir Philip.
-, magistrates of, Russel appeals to, for money, 37.
-, pensionary of. See Beke, Jan van.
-, provost marshal of, 525.
-, sergeant major of. See Astell, Henry; Borlas, Sir William.
-, ships of, 40.
Foreland, co. Kent, queen's ships should watch for enemy at, 478.
Fosse, William, clerk of the munition, Brill, sums due to, 158.
-, events in, 197.
-, news from, 188, 503.
-, ruin threatened by agreement in Netherlands, 17; need to await issue in, 150.
-, disaster to reiters in, 33; Germans leave with great shame, 239.
-, Leicester sent Pekott back to, 78; Semple sent to, 80; Stanley does not encourage Worthington's journey to, 135; English refugees in, 489.
-, memorial for Barney's services in, 80–1; Parma licenses Eaton to go to, 245.
-, queen's heavy charges over, 154; unhappy news of, 392; reduced to misery by king's policy, 487.
-, Cobham thanks Walsingham for news of, 387; rumour about Armada from, 403; Maurice sends gentleman for news of trouble in, 421.
-, peace treaty will serve well if separates queen from States, 393.
-, Spanish fleet supposed for, 421; Armada expected off, 488, 490.
-, query if Dutch have not broken treaty by action with, 441; threat to English prisoners if Thoraise sent to, 500.
-, Spanish forces reported for, 455; Spanish relations with, make evacuation of Netherlands difficult, 493–4, 544.
-, danger of reaction on if Dutch towns given up, 457.
-, great man of at Parma's court, 489; Stanley dismisses men to go to serve in, 534.
-, sailors from for Spanish fleet, 494, 550; ships of, stayed at Dunkirk to serve Spain, 523; ships of will help Armada, 550.
-, treasure from Spain to be conveyed along coast of, 511; all havens of at Spain's service, 525.
-, du Fay sends Burghley account of state of, 533; clergy contribute to restore to papal obedience, 549.
-, residue of Parma's army to remain in, under Guise, 549.
-, king of. See Henry III.
-, queen mother of. See Medici, Catherine de'.
-, Reformed Churches of to be guarantors of peace treaty, 43.
Francis of Valois, duke of Anjou, Monsieur:
-, acceptance of negotiations and acts demanded, 41; rule of referred to, 60; country wasted in time of, 180.
Francker [Prov. Friesland, Netherlands], Leicester persuaded to hold secret assembly at, 60.
Frederick II, King of Denmark:
-, Dutch hopes from, 27; sending to princes of the empire, 33.
-, Rogers' negotiations with, 33; to be guarantor of peace treaty, 43; demand that Spaniards shall evacuate provinces, 137; letter of Philip to, 194, 326.
-, Philip's letter to, referred to, 283, 286; can assure queen of Parma's authority, 324.
-, death may stop diet at Hamburg, 306; Spaniards expected to have great party by death, 326; death referred to, 347.
Frederick IV, Elector Palatine of the Rhine, the young Palsgrave, reported death, 347.
Fremin, Col. George:
-, letter from, 470.
-, complains of ill treatment by States, offers 6 companies, 470.
-, Bergues St. Wynox spoiled by, 257; mean to be in England shortly, 531.
-, Philip's treaty with referred to, 284, 291.
Frezin, Fresin, Frizile, M. de:
-, commands Walloons in Parma's army, 214, 276, 293, 537; present at first colloquy, 282.
Friesland, Frise, Frize, Frizeland, Fryceland, Fryseland, Province of Netherlands:
-, Maurice, governor of, 38; note of forces in, 41; perilous to disjoin from Holland, 48.
-, freedom of worship claimed in, 42.
-, proposal to billet musketeers of, in Walcheren, 65; Parma's forces int 214.
-, Maurice to have government of, 70; left alone in States with Holland and Zeeland, 92, 136, 142, 159, 179.
-, William of Nassau relied on for defence of, 70; always messengers of, with States, 143.
-, ready to be at command of queen and Leicester, 141; not in queen's command to keep cessation, 293.
-, resolved to hold out to the end, 79; deputies of without authority about peace treaty, 353.
-, in danger of falling into hands of enemy, 279; queen's protection asked for, 280; and mediation, 281; representations of deputies of, to queen, 396.
-, decree of States for levy of sailors in, for England, 317; quarrelling in about acceptance of Leicester's resignation, 327; still quarrelling, 360, 362.
-, has not nominated members to Council of State, 360, 405, 415.
-, Groningen a key to, 363; Alva's fear of losing, 364; in danger of being lost, 364.
-, deputies of churches of, going to England, 396.
-, deputies of, commissioned to treat for peace, 461; deputation to queen, 512; to be asked to submit grievances to Willoughby and Killigrew, 513; who are to try and restore unity in province, 514.
-, employ contributions in their own country, 517.
-, forces with Parma not included in estimate, 538.
-, councillors of, 444.
-, Estates of:
-, letters from, 59, 279, 280.
-, complaints against Hessel Aysma, 59, 60; letter of Killigrew to, about peace treaty, 159.
-, in trouble for devotion to queen, 279; ask for aid, 280; and for mediation to compound differences, 281.
-, persuaded to concur with rest about Council of State, 335; meeting prolonged since May by divisions, 519.
-, act of, required for instruction of commissioners, 540.
-, governor of. See Merode, Bernard de, sieur de Rumen; Nassau Dillenburg, Count William of.
-, president of. See Aysma, Hesselus.
Frizile. See Frezin.
Frowlicke, Martin, victuals delivered by, 53.
Fulford, M., Russel's lieutenant, recommended to Walsingham, 38; Russel wishes to bestow Sherley's company on, 510; to be otherwise provided for, 548.
Furnes, Vurne [Prov. W. Flanders, Belgium], English commissioners pass night at, 418.