La Barre, Sieur de, one of council of Princesse de Chimay, 434.
La Biche, Captain, command in Parma's army, 294, 538.
La Brose, commands argoletters in Parma's army, 214.
Ladingeus, Licentiate, 520.
La Guiche, Philibert de, de la Guesche, Grand Master of the Ordnance, king sends to Nancy, 197.
Lalain, Emanuel Philibert de, marquis of Renty, Ranty:
-, most fit to be dealt with about continuance of peace, 172; expecting ransom of Barney, 519.
-, present at Dale's interview with Parma, 184; present at first colloquy, 282, 285.
-, commands held by, in Parma's army 213–4, 275–6, 293–4, 537–8.
-, at Dunkirk hastening preparation of ships, 515.
-, George de, comte de Renneberg, Rennenberch, Philip gets Groningen through, 364.
-, William de, count of Hoogstraeten, Hochstrat, Hogestrate, commands Italian horse in Parma's army, 214, 294, 538.
Lambert, Lambart, Captain:
-, company at Ostend, 3, 343, 440; soldier of arrested for dealings with enemy, 30.
-, commended for service, 287.
La Motte, seigneur de. See Pardieu, Valentine.
Landriano, Don Ambrosio de, in Parma's army, 294.
Lane, Pierce, corporal, daily pay, 2.
Lanfranchi, Lanffranke, Carlo, Italian merchant, entertains R. Cecil at Antwerp, 191; tells him of money spent on army, 192; queen can get money at Antwerp with help of, 544.
Langen, J. van, greffier, document signed by, 115–6.
Lange, Langue, N. de, secretary of Brielle, paper signed by, 349.
Lankerke, James, wife of, accuses Pekott to Mondragon, 78.
La Noue, Francois, Leicester bound by promise to, for release of son, 418; Champagny unable to obtain exchange for Egmont, 499.
-, Odet, seigneur de Teligny, Theligny, father and others pressing for release, 418.
Laredo [Prov. Santander, Spain], ships of Armada take refuge at, 530.
La Rochelle [Charente Inferieure, France]:
-, ship from brings news, 188.
-, ships of, chase Spaniard, 289.
Lausitz, Lusace, German Empire, arming in, 197.
lead, Conway writes for supplies of, 489, 490, 510.
League, the Holy, Philip might desire peace but for, 331; great interest in Brittany, 421; French king likely to become patron of, 437; Cobham thinks policy renders negotiations futile, 508, 522.
Lecester, Lester, George, merchant, vice-treasurer to the forces, Brune charges with undutiful dealing, 52; answer to charges, 52–3.
Leeman, Michael, plundered by Drake, Ortel appeals for redress, 485.
Leest, Cornelle Leynssen, burgess of Flushing, petition for release of ship and goods of, 40.
Leeuwarden, Leeuvaerden [Prov. Friesland, Netherlands], letters dated at, 280–1, 461, 514.
Legeynt, John, letters taken by, 144.
Leicester, earl of. See Dudley, Robert.
Leith, Lyeth, Edinburgh, Scotland, Scots ships go to, 515.
Leoninus, Elbertus, chancellor of Guelders, 88.
-, document signed by, 5.
-, sent to Utrecht, 27, 30, 31, 38, 58; satisfied favourable report, 65; finds proceedings of Utrecht justifiable, 88.
-, Willoughby suggests going to Medemblik with, 175.
-, remains at Hague, but will not act as Councillor, 179; going to Gelderland and Utrecht, 208.
-, ready to discuss Sandwich merchant's case, 347.
l'Escluze. See Sluys.
l'Escolle, Captain, in Parma's army, 294.
Le Sieur, Etienne, Mr. Stephens, Stevens:
-, letters from, 217, 346.
-, taking over letters and letters taken by, 180, 352, 360–1, 392, 394, 404, 415.
-, urges Geldres, Utrecht and Overyssel to friendly union with other provinces, 217–8; will report what done for uniting provinces, 327; going to Zeeland, 347.
-, sees Barnevelt about Sandwich merchant, 346; Gilpin asks Killigrew to recommend to Leicester, 362.
Lester. See Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester,
-, See also Lecester, George.
Levantine ships, in Armada, 512.
Le Vasseur, 81; document signed by, 126.
Leyden [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands]:
-, executions at referred to, 1, 67, 178; queen's remonstrance about, 75, 85; States regret queen's strictures about, 132; defend action in, 133.
-, Gilpin goes to about La Faille's ransom, 17.
-, denied that Leicester had designs on 85; hostility to queen's friends shown at, 141; queen wishes to impugn excuses for, 188.
-, repulse of Requesens at, 137; sale of goods of those absent from 178; States' reply to Willoughby about, 218; States publishing book justifying action at, 219.
-, place for English garrison, 443.
-, Pensionary of, 347.
-, University, Rector of. See Lipsius, Justus.
Leycester. See Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester.
Leyva, Leva, Don Santio de, command in Parma's army, 294, 538.
Liefkenshoek, Lieffkenshouck Lyfeskins Hooke, Lyfkins Hooke, Lyveskins Hooke [Prov. E. Flanders, Belgium], 15; Caulier chief for States of, 207; Spaniards daily molested from, 286; not in queen's command to keep cessation, 293.
-, governor of. See Caulier, Michael.
Liege [Prov. Liege, Belgium]:
-, troops about marched towards Ostend, 80.
-, Spaniards would prefer for conference, 194.
Lier, Lierre [Prov. Antwerpen, Belgium]:
-, enemy concentration near, 103.
-, betrayed by Semple, 349, 421.
Lieven, Charles de, heer van Famars, Fama, Famas, M. Famours, Femoye:
-, to lead attack on Flushing, 9;
-, hoped to succeed Sonoy at Medemblik, 96; commanding at Medemblik, 109, 111, 128, 130, 136; Villiers leaves in charge of siege, 142.
-, at meeting at Camphire, 378.
Ligne, Charles de, comte d'Aremberg, Arenberg, commissioner for peace negotiations, 240.
-, at Ghent, 25; safe conduct for, 82; Parma's commission for, 126, 241.
-, sets out on news of arrival of English commissioners, 137; at Antwerp, awaiting them, 238.
-, present at Dale's interview with Parma, 184; Dale dines with, 185, 194; present at first colloquy, 282, 285; had long ride home, 287.
-, commands Germans in Parma's army, 213, 275–6, 293, 537; command of horse, 294.
-, Hounsdick rightly belongs to, 225; says Richardot went to visit sick brother, 468.
-, thinks peace may be concluded before cessation agreed, 284; stood earnestly upon matter of cessation, 323; refers to cost of Parma's army, 495.
-, spoke against Bourbourgh for conference, 324; conference held at lodging at Bourburg, 429.
-, ready to consider Croft's articles, 348; only an echo of Richardot, 508.
-, remark on getting a footing in England, 474.
-, John de, prince of Aremberg, Comte d'Arenborch, governor of Groningen, defence against Louis of Nassau, 364.
Lilburg. See Edinburgh.
Lille, Lyle [Nord, France], Worthington going to, 134.
Lillo, Lillowe, Lisloo [Prov. Antwerp, Belgium], 233.
-, battery at Kyrkgate to force, 15; cessation will be dangerous for, enemy's designs on, 165.
-, exchanges shots with Ordam, 207; Bishop landed at, with Maxwell, 534.
-, Spaniards daily molested from, 286; raid from repulsed, 355, 369.
-, governor of. See Caulier, Michael.
Limburg [Belgium], domains in mortgaged to Schenck, 526.
linen, merchants supply for Spanish forces, 34.
Lingen, Linghen [Hanover, German Empire], drossart of, killed by soldiers of Lochem, 31.
Lint, Servaes van, confession of, about mutiny at Medemblik, 112.
Lion, warship at Antwerp, 15.
Lipsius, Justus, rector of Leyden University, clever cure of, 525.
-, Armada reported to have sailed from, 375, 426, 474, 490, 530.
-, Medina Sidonia goes to, 516.
Lisloo. See Lillo.
Lithuanians, treaties of Poles with, 241.
Littleton, Francis, Captain:
-, letter from, 65.
-, company at Flushing, 3, 343, 440, 490.
-, money due to, 219; Russel asks Walsingham's favour for, 481.
Lo. See Loo.
Lobetius, Dr. John:
-, letters from, 197.
-, acts as interpreter in Upper Germany, 480.
Lochem, Locham [Prov. Gelderland, Netherlands]:
-, soldiers of kill drossart of Lingen, 31; complaints of disorder of garrison, 435.
-, likely to be abandoned, 58; not in queen's command to keep cessation, 293.
Loevenstein, Lovesteyn, Lowestein [Prov. Gelderland, Netherlands], in Hohenlohe's government, danger of falling to enemy, 72; men of satisfied, 115.
London, 41, 320.
-, letters and papers dated at, 2, 65, 73, 87, 99, 100, 224, 253, 315, 363, 380, 384, 403, 449, 460, 462, 485, 498, 515.
-, Hotman in, 12n.; Meetkerke addressed in, 200.
-, Gellee sends for money from, 40; Pecok has good friends in, 260.
-, strangers too well entertained at, 239.
-, places in and near:
-, Custom House, 228.
-, Lambeth, Lady Catesby's house, 258.
-, Leicester House, letter dated at, 64.
-, the Tower, 400.
-,-, Cubiaur prisoner in 79; Spaniards count on getting by treason, 215.
-, -, Lieutenant of. See Hopton, Sir Owen.
-, lord mayor of. See Barne, Sir George.
Loo, Lo, Andrea de, Flemish merchant, 338, 429, 499.
-, letters from, 24, 58, 67, 101, 211–2, 215, 234, 253, 400, 420, 430, 509, 529, 545.
-, -, referred to, 101–4, 134 220, 230, 235, 239–40, 245, 297, 310, 317, 453, 465.
-, letters to, 40, 431, 536.
-, -, referred to, 101, 244, 278.
-, appeals for money, 24.
-, forwarded safe conduct, 24; asked to meet commissioners at Ostend, 40; safe conduct of, 129.
-, at Ghent, 25; to inform Parma of coming of commissioners, 40, 99, 101, 130.
-, Champagney spoke to about cessation, 44; message by from Parma, 135, 263; report about cessation, 144.
-, Croft asks that pains should be considered, 92; still used by commissioners though they may suspect him, 132.
-, commissioners without news of, 98; reports arrival at Ostend, 101, 103; commissioners find at Ostend, 130, 171, 174.
-, wants to know place of meeting, 130; intimates Spanish deputies will not agree to Ostend, 132, 134, 144; letters on place of meeting, 193–4.
-, commissioners confer with about letters, nothing but compliments, 134; informed commissioners of Parma's orders for reception, 139.
-, commissioners ask to supply memorial on course of negotiations, 144; his summary of proceedings in, 145–6; referred to, 161, 174, 186.
-, surprised there should be doubt of anything, 170; Parma and Richardot examine about place of meeting pretence, 195.
-, nothing shown by to alter any point of commissioners' instructions, 186; no account to be made of letters, 194.
-, defends Parma's action and urges commissioners not to insist on Ostend, 216; Parma complains of loss of time to, 234.
-, commissioners sent to Garnier about safe conduct, 217; leaves with Garnier, 220.
-, sent to inform Parma of choice of Ostend, 223; sent to ask if deputies come as commissioners or messengers, 229; announces starting of Spanish commissioners for Ostend, 234.
-, gave English names of Spanish commissioners, 240; had scant credit with Parma, 536.
-, Morris sent to, finds at Bruges very sick, 244; somewhat recovered, 245; still indisposed, 253.
-, assurances of Parma's good faith, 253; confidence in honour, 420; believes wishes peace already made, 509.
-, urges Burghley to promote peace, 253, 509; bringing Burghley's letters and discourse to Cobham, 258; shows Cobham copy of letter, 259.
-, appeals for Faille, 253, 421.
-, brought decision about first meeting, 267; asked to get date postponed, 278.
-, letter of surprises commissioners, 297; gave Croft letter for article to insert in peace, 305.
-, sent to get answer about cessation and commission, 320; at conference between Morris and commissioners, 324–5; brings word from Spanish deputies about meeting, 403.
-, acted as interpreter for Croft with Parma, 385; most intimate with Champagney, 530.
-, reports Cobham anxious to overthrow peace, 287.
-, reports Armada off Brittany, 400, 403.
-, asks leave to return home to his affairs, 421.
-, reported cessation first thing to be accorded, 453, 465; Richardot says no regard to be paid to, 466.
-, reports that Parma advised of deputies' reply, 514; brings assurance that Spaniards will descend to particular points, 521; promises an absolute answer, 530.
-, English express astonishment at Spanish action, to tell them what is disliked, 522.
-, constant labours for peace, 529; removed ill feeling between deputies, after two days, 545.
Loosen, Loos, Loozen, Loze, Sebastien van, counsellor of State, deputy to the queen, 8.
-, letter from, 55.
-, letters of credence, 1; Killigrew recommends to Burghley, 7.
-, paper delivered to Council by, on peace proposals, 59; sent to England about peace, 238.
-, reply given to sent to several provinces, 253.
-, informed Maurice of charges against him, 307; to tell Maurice that failed in duty at Sluys, 308, 374.
Lopez, Don Fernando, de Villa Nova, governor of Kerpen, letter to, 503.
Lords of the Council. See Council, Privy.
-, Guises celebrate queen of Scots funerals in, 345.
-, troops of, at Bonn, 524.
-, duke of. See Charles, duke of Lorraine.
Lorraine, Henry of, duke of Guise, Guyses:
-, damage done by troops of, in Alsace, 19; reiters of dismissed, 197.
-, Bellievre and La Guiche confer with 197; Henry III likely to join against Protestants, 350.
-, joins with Prince of Chimay against Bonn, 224; at Paris, 531.
-, instrument of Philip, 393; runs one course with kings of France and Spain, 489.
-, causes between king and, stayed, 461–2; reported agreement with king, 515.
-, Dutch ask help of Denmark and German Princes against 484; money of clergy subscribed for, 549.
-, king fears deposition by, 531; quarrel with king counterfeited, 539.
-, may have share in Parma's enterprise, 532; Barney can get intelligences of, 538; rest of Parma's army to remain in France under, 549.
-, money for stayed till hear from Spain, 539; sent Westmorland to Parma to be rid of him, 550.
Louis the Pious, duke of Wurtemberg, Wirtemberg:
-, sends to Saxony for reiters, 197.
-, Guisers enter country of, 239.
Louvain, Loveine [Prov. Brabant, Belgium] University of, approved pacification of Ghent, 149, 301, 487.
-, letters from, 71, 103, 141, 143.
-, letters to, 143.
-, Morgan asked to be mindful of, 71; ready for employment in any service, 103.
-, assurances and confidences made from Hohenlohe to, 142–3.
Lovesteyn. See Loevenstein.
Low Countries, Dutch, Holland, Netherlands, United Provinces:
-, talk of queen's commissioners coming causes ujDroar in, 1; no sign of separate peace which Leicester feared, 10.
-, list of English officers serving in, 2; note of queen's forces in, 2–3, 440.
-, persons to whom queen indebted in, 3; Killigrew presents memorial of monies disbursed in, 7; note of money issued for service in 12; notes for reducing queen's charges in, 22.
-, proposed conference about form of government 11; new government being framed for, 23–4.
-, queen only desired welfare without profit therefrom, 20; people see no sufficient authority to govern, 28; depend chiefly on queen, 29.
-, Willoughby's opinion of bad state of, 21; in hard case after tiring out so many governors, 27; bare and needy and carping, 31; Leicester only one with authority to sway causes in, 57.
-, England last refuge of, 29; conditions of peace to be made for, 41–3; queen wishes informed of steps taken about peace, 50.
-, dangerous to raise extraordinary taxation from, 30–1; fear of reluctance to pay contributions, 62.
-, note of debt owing to divers persons of, 41.
-, etat de guerre in, 41, 57; not considered sufficient by some provinces, 57.
-, boasting in against England, 44; Philip maintains English rebels in, 46.
-, increasing dearth in, 47; dangerous condition of, 58; danger of Provinces separating, 71.
-, to consider course of government in, 48; mean to reduce to union, suggestions, 67; way to bind indissolubly to queen, 100.
-, false rumours in about peace negotiations, 49; queen's commissioners to begin with overtures on behalf of, 119.
-, Maurice to be governor of, 66; the most suitable person, 67.
-, new form of government expected, 69, 70; Council will admonish provinces of danger from dissensions, 112.
-, Hohenlohe advised that did not need queen's help for peace, 72; the worst sort encouraged and the best abandoned, 105.
-, immense munitions of Spaniards in, 77.
-, need to send some one with authority, to unite, 92, 112; some of States try to make English odious to, 131.
-, sudden ruin likely without speedy help, 112; queen urges to compound differences, 120; or threatens to abandon, 120.
-, raising troops in, the way for queen to confirm devotion of, 113.
-, occurrents out of, 131; Maurice writes to queen of danger from enemy, 140.
-, demand for Spaniards to evacuate 137–8; Philip's ambition reason for war in, 149; best course to continue in arms, 150.
-, device to save 20,000l. yearly in wars in, 151; suggestions for defending with least expense, 154.
-, Parma's conditions of peace for, 153; queen wishes cessation to apply to generally, 186.
-, need to deprive Sonoy of means of ruining, 164; state never so dangerous, 179, 181.
-, a shrewd people to be overreached, 166; majority of provinces and people desire Leicester's return, 180.
-, spark kindled in extends to all Europe, 178; state of requires that private suits should not be pressed against, 228.
-, people told queen means to possess frontier towns, 182; people of all sorts well affected to queen, 198.
-, queen desires end of disunion in, 188; appoints Willoughby and Killigrew to accommodate their differences, 189, 200; towns of much divided, 208.
-, weary of States' evil government, 198; reasons urged for queen to take control in, 201–2; garrisons of frontier towns not to be encouraged to lean on queen, 204; queen's desire for unity among provinces, 217, 232, 444; Willoughby praised for promoting, 335.
-, make no effort to relieve Bonn, 224.
-, have never resorted to reprisals, though seriously injured by queen's subjects in recent years, 228; suspicion that queen means to deliver towns to enemy, 232.
-, provinces will shortly agree, being unable to stand out alone, 229; queen not pleased at revolt of towns to her, 233.
-, unreasonable to expect to agree to queen making peace for them, 229; advantage for Philip to recover quiet possession of, 241.
-, Norris sent to compound differences in 232, 237; crime to force Catholicism upon, 487.
-, Duchess of Parma left in flourishing state, Parma's opinion of other Spanish governors of, 242; exceed all nations, in matter of common contributions, 295.
-, queen's friends in discouraged by Leicester's resignation, 246; queen only desires unity of, 254.
-, queen's reply to Loosen and Casenbroot sent to, 253; fear and anxiety caused by peace negotiations in 328, 399.
-, States try to draw people away from queen to own party, 268; sudden alteration in following Leicester's resignation, 302, 306.
-, nobles of urge peace, 270; measures for reuniting provinces, 327.
-, if sailors can be got from, queen need not fear Spain, 276.
-, cessation not to include unless they wish, 292; required that nothing be attempted by forces in, 439.
-, Navarre's ambassador well received in, 326; growing influence of Maurice in, 345.
-, change in, since Leicester's resignation, very obsequious to queen, 326; memorial about compounding differences in, 343.
-, pope's subsidy for reduction of, 331; would rush headlong for peace on news of treaty, 405.
-, Parma concedes abolition of inquisition in, 351; grant of toleration assented to, 471–3.
-, cessation must not allow Armada to proceed unmolested to, 387; question of cessation in, 494, 535.
-, enemy will do well for France if separates queen from, 393; no peace sound which not general for whole of, 457.
-, States busy setting down due state for, 404; politic state of consists in establishing Council and settling mutinies, 462.
-, state of the queen's debts in, 406; note of articles touching, 441–2.
-, Burghley conceives rightly of state of, 433; in bad case through loss of goodwill of, 445.
-, sums drawn from treasure of, for Flushing and Brill, to be repaid, 442; not to be charged henceforth with such services, 450.
-, note of best terms of peace for, 472; answers to objections upon, 472–4; English to begin with points touching, in treaty, 486; terms required for, 486–7.
-, defence of queen's policy in aiding, 479, 546; Spain intends to be avenged on England for helping, 549.
-, mission from, to Denmark and German Princes, 484.
-, reduced to misery by Spanish policy, 487; need of supreme authority to govern, 518.
-, discussion of peace terms affecting, 520, 530, 543–4; note of manner to treat for peace for, 541; terms claimed for, 547.
-, Spaniards hope to make queen suspect with, 521.
-, can defend themselves better with controversies settled, 532; public fast proclaimed in, for success in war, 532.
-, description of Spanish forces in, 536–8; reports of Spanish forces in, 542.
-, Council of State, 169, 435, 531.
-, English assistants in, pay of, 2; instructions to Ortel, 23.
-, Leicester not to disburse money without knowledge and advice of, 4–5, 21; Killigrew presents memorial to of moneys disbursed, 7; returns reckonings to England, 11.
-, Maurice proposes to dismiss and choose a new, 13; some already nominated to, 23; new government framed for, 24.
-, expecting dissolution, 23, 31; asked to continue, 27, 30, 34, 57; declines, 27.
-, act of States General confirming, 33–4, 61; doubtful about accepting, 34, 57, 70; weary of the place, 69.
-, Maurice and Hohenlohe avoid, 35; Maurice seldom appears in, 58; not informed by counts of their action, 94.
-, curtails Willoughby's authority, 38.
-, acceptance of acts of demanded, 41; States instruct to govern, 63.
-, memorials delivered to Ortel by, postilled by Walsingham, 46–7; referred to, 48.
-, informed of steps taken about peace, 49, 50.
-, goes from Delft to Hague, 57; practically resolved, 94; separated, 179.
-, good report to, about Utrecht, 65; queen demands shall mediate about Utrecht, with governor, 75.
-, does nothing, refers all suits to States General, 69; requires resolution from States about form of government, 88, 94–5.
-, States to give instructions how to govern, 69; act of exhibited to States, 88.
-, warns Maurice of danger of attacking Medemblik, 84, 88, 91; not responsible for attack, 112.
-, maintained as a show without real authority, 91; protest to States and answer to, 91–2; no forces should be levied except by direction of, 112.
-, States send intercepted letters to, 96; sent deputies to England, 108.
-, informed of plan to betray Berghen, 96; council of war should draw up matters for, 114.
-, instructions to Ortel, answer asked, 99; weak from retirement of members, 136.
-, remonstrates with Hohenlohe about attack on house of Brakel, 110, 115; about to withdraw, will warn provinces of dangers of proceedings, 112; desists from meeting, 140.
-, asks Leicester's help about Medemblik, 115; advised a month's pay for garrisons, 179.
-, appeal to queen about Sonoy's proceedings, 115, 154, 167; ordered Sonoy to reduce garrison of Medemblik, 163.
-, States ask English succours may be used under direction of, 133.
-, urged to appease quarrel between Holland and Utrecht, 153–4; remonstrance with States at giving up authority, 300.
-, should furnish queen with periodical statement of disbursements, 155.
-, government should be vested in States with assistance of, 167; States say will re-establish but doubtful, 179; States remit general government to, 247; instructions given to, 394.
-, queen wishes to impugn reasons justifying action against her friends, 188.
-, queen notifies of appointment of Willoughby and Killigrew to accommodate differences, 189.
-, to act with queen's governor, 217; treaty broken by lapse of, id.; Willoughby urging establishment of, 218.
-, Blunt tells what is thought of Villiers, 228.
-, decision about Medemblik garrison, 248; to determine finally about Medemblik, 306.
-, States will allow payments made by order of, 249; States propose to set up new, 300, 302; consult with Killigrew about, 301.
-, Leicester's resignation announced in, 253.
-, Maurice did what resolved about Sluys, 308.
-, re-establishment of, 319, 327; Gilpin cashiered by, 331; Willoughby praised for share towards erecting, 335.
-, Killigrew will get answer from about Sandwich men, 347; copies of Dale's letters sent to, 366n.
-, not yet established, 360; States waiting for Willoughby to establish, 300, 363; members urge Willoughby to allow provisional meeting, 365.
-, Camphire and Arnemuiden try to escape obedience to, 382; Utrecht will not nominate to, 444; Utrecht objects to instructions of, 445.
-, pleased with Willoughby's proceedings with Geertruidenberg, 394.
-, effect of remonstrance to States General, 394; States send act to, in conformity with, 415.
-, Killigrew asks for examination of instructions, 395; States busy with about government, 404, 617; state of country depends on establishing of, 462, 465.
-, will write to queen of all proceedings in country, 415.
-, all business done in Dutch, 436; Gilpin to act as assistant to Killigrew in, 534.
-, control of expenditure, comment on, 443, 451; need of, with proper authority, 518.
-, in wonderful declination, 501; meets daily but little respected, 519.
-, instructions for with Willoughby's comments should be considered, 518.
-, Sonoy begins suit before, 519; made contract with Schenck, 527.
-, instructions for and note of imperfections in instructions, 538–9.
-, -, clerk to. See Baudemont, Francis.
-, -, English member of. See Killigrew, Henry.
-, -, greffier to. See Huygens, Christopher.
-, -, secretary to. See Gilpin, George.
-, letters from, 5, 7, 84, 110, 115, 154.
-, -, referred to, 23, 88, 109, 111, 115.
-, letters to, 110, 153, 189.
-, -, referred to, 188, 395.
-, merchants of. See merchants, Dutch.
-, navy of, fleet of:
-, difficulty of furnishing ships to queen, 10; States asked to provide ships to help against armada, 254.
-, Holland devising extraordinary contribution for, 57.
-, ships for queen preparing at Rotterdam, 353.
-, 32 sail kept before Sluys, 353, 398, 401; Maurice goes to join, 358; Maurice had best soldiers of Walcheren in, 389; blockading Dunkirk, 515.
-, Maurice offered to withdraw to, to act against enemy, 390; he wishes to have ready to join English against enemy, 392; enemy stronger and need to to employ more ships against, 415; six of largest ships to be made ready for war, 416.
-, Maurice urged to send ships that are ready, to join English, 478; States to be urged to have strong navy at sea, 479; twenty sail sent to Seymour, 532.
-, queen asked to support with 7 or 8 ships, to attack enemy, 516.
-, ships of. See ships, Dutch.
-, States General, Estates of, 15, 155, 169, 391, 416.
-, write to stop severity at Naarden, 1; mean to draw state into provincial governments, 9; announce intention to confirm Council, 23.
-, Schenck wants men from to hold Bonn, 1; refuse to do anything for Ostend, 16.
-, oath administered by to Willoughby, 2, 10; acceptation of Willoughby, 2, 7, 9, 10; Willoughby resents being placed under, 26.
-, instructions given by to Ortel, 4, 23; opposition to reimbursement, 10; did not give Ortel copies of English demands, 17.
-, Willoughby applies to for supplies, 8, 17; Willoughby doubts sincerity 9; master of Maurice, 21.
-, promised justice to Colston, 14; regard for religion, 18.
-, note of debts demanded by, 18; not enough money to content own people, 23.
-, queen intervened at request of, 20; Killigrew to complain to, of false reports about queen, 49.
-, queen intimates will protect captains of Camphire against, 21.
-, assembled at Hague, 23; ask Council to continue in office, 27, 30, 57; request declined, 27; act of confirming Council, 33–4, 61; send Council instructions to govern, 63.
-, Killigrew represents cause of captains to, 23; Leicester transferred Wingfield's company to pay of, 25.
-, consent to Flushing receiving 2 companies of horse, 28.
-, captains and soldiers to take oath to, 32; indebted to Brune for victuals, 36.
-, practises at Medemblik, 38; Killigrew to remonstrate with about Sonoy, 50, 306; remonstrance with about Sonoy, 63.
-, States of Holland make complaint to against Utrecht, 38; favourable report to on Utrecht, 65.
-, acceptance of acts of demanded, 41; need of consent to cessation, 44.
-, memorial to queen on questions concerning, 48; memorial given to deputies to impart to, 74.
-, queen waiting for answer about peace, 49.
-, queen's notification to concerning peace negotiations, 49–50, 306; doubtful if will join in, 55.
-, efforts to estrange Camphire from, 51; Heusden ready for composition with, 55.
-, Marten referred to for repayment of loan, 52; no more hope of their feeding English troops, 56.
-, attempt to draw Sonoy's troops from him, 56, 65; efforts to get hold of Sonoy, 64.
-, mortgage means to towns to get money to stay mutinies, 56.
-, leave Delft for Hague, 57; protest of Utrecht against acting in absence of certain Provinces, 73.
-, establish state of the wars, 57; rely chiefly on Maurice, Philip and William of Nassau for defence, 70.
-, Maurice generally refers questions to, 58; Council sends all suits to, 69.
-, Aysma required new oath to, at revolt, 59; slandered by Sannes, 60.
-, will not renew magazine at Berghen, 61; will not give troops 4 months' pay, 72.
-, think Russel's troop not wanted at Flushing, 62; Russel takes exception to double dealing about troops, id.; queen remonstrates about, 90.
-, Camphire refuses, 62, 65, 90; Camphire dislikes dealings of, 66; Camphire and Arnemuyden will not obey, 83.
-, suggested remonstrances to, by Walsingham, 63.
-, insist on Sonoy's obedience, 64; should be dealt with through deputies about Sonoy, 69.
-, suggested means of dealing with, 67; points to consider if will not consent to treaty, 103.
-, will instruct Council how to govern, 69; will remain as chief and have distribution of treasure, 70.
-, complain that non payment of garrison hinders necessary services at Brielle, 74; danger of Camphire and Arnemuyden being surprised by, 83–4, 95; urged to keep Camphire in their pay, 89.
-, queen remonstrates with and threatens to withdraw support, 83–6, 89; Hohenlohe asked to use influence with, for Sonoy, 87.
-, Willoughby to deal with to convert horsebands into foot, 86; Walloon captains cassed by, 102.
-, Council asks speedy resolution from on form of government, 88, 91, 94–5.
-, evil of Maurice's action in N. Holland put to, 88; profess ignorance of, id.
-, Killigrew urges to satisfy Camphire, 89; Camphire refuses to have troops sent by, 100; may refuse to pay captains of Camphire, 136.
-, Provinces separate from, 92; Hollanders now supreme in, 105.
-, send intercepted letters to Council, 96; thwart course run by, 105.
-, instructions to Ortel, answer asked 99; dilatory proceedings (about peace) caused great opportunity to be lost, 106.
-, proposal to hand over Ostend and Berghen to, 102.
-, pardon for offences committed against, 107; Rancy accuses of abusing him, 121.
-, Willoughby says sure mean none but well to England, 108; Deventer refers to proceedings of, 128.
-, complain that English garrisons wasted on frontier of Brabant, 114; complain of diversion of money granted for war, 133–4.
-, Leicester promised redress to, 115; his reply to about appointments, 116.
-, queen's explanation of peace negotiations for, 118–9; her representations to, to compound differences, 120; and on behalf of Sonoy etc., 120, 124, 204; defence of dealings with Sonoy etc. 132–3.
-, Leicester's resignation sent to be delivered to, 124–5; resignation delivered to, 300.
-, questions raised by attitude to peace negotiations, 125; objection to peace proposals, 150.
-, captains at Berghen and Ostend turned over to be paid by, 126; offers to Persevall, 143.
-, some of strive to make English odious to people, 131; Hohenlohe in hard conceit against, 140.
-, gone home, only Holland and Friesland left, 136; absent save very few, 140; separated except Holland and Friesland, 142, 179.
-, Willoughby will report dealings with, 140–1; in no hurry to answer Willoughby's proposals, 164.
-, Arnemuyden expels horse of, 141; Geertruydenberg does not wish to be under, 200.
-, Hohenlohe promises to make known those of who made mischief between him and Leicester, 142; some confessed, without this, could not keep secrets of land from Leicester, 143.
-, messengers of Friesland always with, 143; threaten to disband Groenvelt's troop, 178.
-, would support Don Antonio in war with Spain, 150; difficult to obtain cessation for, 172.
-, queen's treaty with referred to, 151–2; Willoughby's objections to article not to meddle with, 157; queen repudiates intention to withdraw Camphire and Arnemuiden from service of, 187.
-, overburdened by charges for English, 156; will do nothing for troops, 165.
-, queen's remonstrance about Medemblik would earn respect of, 158.
-, Killigrew's representations to about peace negotiations, 159–60, 179; and Sonoy, 160, 170, 179; charges against Sonoy, 167–8.
-, obliged to deprive Sonoy of means of ruining country, 164; Sonoy's services pleasing to, 203.
-, Willoughby to deal with to stay violent proceedings against queen's friends, 166; to get provinces to move to look to authors of dangerous proceedings, 167; Willoughby can get no certain answer from, 172–3; if obstinate, Willoughby asks leave to raise seige of Medemblik, 176.
-, authority best established in with assistance of Council, 167; Holland complains orders not respected, 176; say will establish Council again, 179.
-, Camphire and Arnemuiden fear hard measure from, 170, 222; they do not wish to be in pay of, 190; Brissaulx and Hautain revolted to, 178.
-, Willoughby's proposals to, 176; answer to Willoughby, 218–9.
-, Buys tries to draw Naarden to, 178; Ostend might be left to, to defend, 181.
-, still opposed to joining in peace treaty, 179, 198, 205; hope for relaxation of opposition, 186; Russel countermanded horse in Walcheren in deference to, 187.
-, extension of cessation not to be pressed if stand out, 186; try to stir people against peace treaty, 205.
-, queen wishes Willoughby and Killigrew to impugn reasons concerning treatment of her friends, 188; queen considers answers unsatisfactory, notifies of order to Willoughby and Killigrew to promote union, 189.
-, people weary of evil government of, 198; queen advises friendly towns to yield former conformity to, 204.
-, Heusden obtains six months' pay from, 200; make show of paying Arnemuiden, 205.
-, suggest making offer to Sonoy, 203; suggested compromise with Sonoy, 204; Sonoy's defence against charges, 224.
-, proceed in violent indirect course against queen and Medemblik, 205; no persuasions can stay, 207.
-, meeting at Hague to answer certain propositions of Willoughby, 208; Willoughby sends answer from to Leicester, 227.
-, Russel says peace cause of all troubles with, 222; reasons given to Killigrew for delay in answering about peace treaty, 237–8.
-, Holland towns in mutiny against, 224; Willoughby to urge to satisfy towns for pay, 232.
-, refortifying Brielle, 225; Willoughby to solicit to make provision for Ostend and Berghen, 230.
-, Willoughby in treaty with, 227; find Willoughby tractable and have somewhat to work by him, 229.
-, Ortell wishes to consult about action in Colston's case, 228; loss of Sluys fault of, 374.
-, become more calm since queen's pleasure expressed about her friends, 228; wish to be precisely assured on religion, 229.
-, moved to set forth ships to join queen's, 230, 254; Willoughby confers with about, 265.
-, Camphire and Arnemuiden unwilling to fall into hands of, 230; queen unwilling to give cause to think that mislike of them grows through her ministers, 232; queen wishes to conciliate, 233.
-, queen censures delay in informing of Leicester's resignation, 232; placard of on resignation, 247; delay about stayed resolution for defence, 253.
-, queen wishes to know chances of paying garrisons of Camphire and Arnemuiden, 233, 276; Killigrew to urge this on them, 277; he does so, 300.
-, have a few troops at Bomeny, 233; decision concerning Medemblik garrison, 248, 252; Willoughby's negotiations with, 251.
-, remembrances for Killigrew to deal with, about musters, 236; Geertruydenberg will not recognise authority, 251, 304.
-, country would have revolted against if Leicester's resignation deferred, 246.
-, requests of Privy Council touching queen's forces, 249–50; claim that Leicester has resigned government into their hands, 268.
-, will not relieve Berghen while garrisoned by English, 250; no disposition to defend Walcheren, 252; neglect of Ostend and Berghen, 316.
-, Willoughby suggests leaving Berghen wholly to guard of, 250; queen desires to provide for Ostend and sea defences there, 254.
-, awaiting reply of provinces about peace negotiations, 253; Willoughby thinks will send deputies to join commissioners, 258.
-, queen asks to withdraw forces from Medemblik, 254; Willoughby has brought to good conformity, 271.
-, responsible for burning of ships at Dunkirk, 261; should be stayed from such attacks, 272.
-, Berghen suitable place if will join in treaty, 264; refusal to join in treaty hinders prospects of success, 301.
-, Camphire captains refuse to recognise authority, 268–9; Camphire fallen into mortal hatred of, 273.
-, Russel asks Walsingham to secure that towns friendly to queen are well treated by, 270; queen chides for ill-treatment of her friends and hopes they will bethink themselves better in the future, 277.
-, queen fears may refuse her request for sailors, 277; likely to be slow about 288, 291; decree of to levy sailors for England, 317; Willoughby dealt with about, 319, 356.
-, Friesland in danger of falling to enemy thro' ill carriage of, 279.
-, to be asked to let Camphire garrison remain, 290; refuse to supply wants of Berghen and Ostend, 302.
-, report that Russel in disgrace, 290; beholden to queen for dealing with mutineers, 304.
-, remonstrance of Council to, on giving up authority, 300; Gilpin to be cassed by, 318.
-, consider setting up new Council, 300; ask Killigrew to join in consulting about, 301.
-, assembled at Hague, 300, 302; in show much devoted to queen, hopes of perfect reunion, 319.
-, not reasonable to expect Parma to grant general cessation if do not join in treaty, 311; delay in sending commissioners due to default of, 312; standing out makes treaty very difficult, 313; to be informed of cessation as affecting Berghen and Ostend, 316.
-, cautionary towns received from, 315; Hohenlohe fallen into great discredit with, 327; Spain asked to repay money disbursed for, 339.
-, have not yet stopped pay to Arnemuiden and Camphire, 318; those towns resent queen's rejection of them into hands of, 328; Killigrew deals with to pay them, 332.
-, Medemblik settled to satisfaction of, 319; would resent reduction of English companies, 331.
-, grant to Hohenlohe for mission to Hamburg, 327; Norris' service with of longer date than Willoughby's, 380.
-, constant complaints of absence of English captains, 331, 380; complaints about decay of horsebands, 422; complain English army below contract, 490.
-, queen never intended to draw Camphire etc. out of hands of, 332; efforts to get to pay those garrisons, 332–3, 348, 374, 377; queen in communication with over, 342.
-, Russel suspects of intention to make trouble at Flushing, 334; proposal to surrender Brill and make new terms with, 337; Brill useful to contain in good course, 338.
-, Willoughby commended for offices with to take settled course for government, 335, 410.
-, Willoughby to urge to supply Berghen and Ostend, with threat, 336.
-, instructions for compounding with frontier towns and Sonoy, 344; directions for dealing with, 344; Sonoy kept on in pay of, 348; Sonoy's loyalty to English lost him regard of, 360.
-, acts of Buckhurst with asked for, 344; de la Fay will write of doings with, 350; he is heard in, 405.
-, not to be accused about attitude to peace, 345; difficulty of cessation over, 386.
-, asked to give satisfaction to Sandwich merchant, 347; Drury looked for commendation from, 423.
-, ask Willoughby to settle with Geertruidenberg garrison, 350, 356–7; desire settlement to be in queen's name, 356.
-, credit of likely to increase because of peace treaty, 352; in arms, not willing to listen to peace, 404.
-, relations with Camphire etc., Killigrew asks direction, 353; he can get no answer from, 353; oath of, to, 378, 477.
-, Willoughby dealing with about Geertruidenberg, 357, 362, 364–5; urged to offer better conditions, 362; ask him to continue good offices, 365, 395; Willoughby reported to upon, 404.
-, would consent to queen taking over Geertuidenberg, which will not recognise them, 358; have not means to pay their demands, 359; not willing to meet demands, 395; very tepid about, 447.
-, assembled at Hague about establishing Council of State, 360; instructions to new Council, 394; powers given by to Council, 443, 462.
-, send Act to Willoughby, 362; Drury won consent to appointment at Berghen, 379; Willoughby would prefer should replace Drury, 493.
-, Groningen obedient to, at beginning, 364; Camphire etc. try to evade obedience to, 382.
-, Cobham hopes commissioners may not be charge to, 371.
-, queen's desire to avoid misunderstanding with, 373; need to bear a hand with for those well affected to queen, 408.
-, to be asked to approve Morgan for Berghen, 388; queen recommends Morgan to and asks that money due to him be paid, 407.
-, could have easily composed differences between Maurice and Russel, 390; Russel behaved temperately towards, 399; dislike of Russel, 412.
-, wish to get Camphire and Arnemuiden back, 394; towns will look for pay to, 402; question of their oath to, 412.
-, effect of remonstrances of Council to, 394; busy about Council, 404, 517; send act in conformity with remonstrances, 415.
-, Admiral asks answer about ships for England, 401; Willoughby solicits answer upon, 404, 433, 436; busy about ships and reducing horse to foot, 415.
-, oath of Camphire etc. extends only to, 402; captains of Camphire etc. daily threatened by, 425.
-, anxiety to keep Geertruidenberg from enemy, 404; should be asked to fulfil terms with, 411.
-, queen writs to for Bacx, 420, 431–2; and for Schenck, 422, 431–2, 434, 447; dealings with, for Schenck, 435–6, 447–8.
-, complain of Conway meddling in causes of Admiralty, 420; to be asked to renew Conway's commission, 438; Conway complains of ingratitude, 445.
-, Willoughby greatly bent to yield to, 425; Russel complains about, 438; persuade Willoughby against Prounincq, 444.
-, Treslong in disgrace with, 433; will not appoint any who well affected to English, 437; require oath of obedience from officials, 444.
-, bailiff of Flushing great man with, 438; permit reprisals to banished men of Utrecht, 444.
-, to be asked to fortify Ostend, 441; urged to send men and munitions to, 456; urged to supply wants of Ostend and Berghen, 471.
-, want English garrisons in certain towns, 441; make état de guerre, 443.
-, Schenck remarks anti English action, 447; will not make any allowance to captains unless resident, 458.
-, strength at sea, 448; very strong forces in Walcheren, 459; troops of all discontented, 463.
-, reply of Privy Council to letter of, 442, 450; English army below numbers provided by contract with, 490.
-, Ortel asks for recall of resolution upon articles of 449.
-, earnestly solicit Willoughby about Geertruidenberg, 455; Geertruidenberg will have nothing to do with, 456, 500; careless about town, 492.
-, pros and cons of making peace with or without, 457, 472; commissioners to consider what conditions agreeable to, 461–2; they want information about, 466.
-, Bacq asks advance on money due from, 460; Fremin complains of ill-treatment by, 470.
-, Willoughby says difficult to get to accept Conway as governor, 463; Drury appointed to Berghen by, 481.
-, peace terms to be suggested on behalf of, 471–2; objections to articles concerning, 472–4, 480.
-, Flushing in danger from, 477; sought all means to thrust English out of garrisons, 497; Morgan looked not into policy of, id.
-, queen must encourage to have strong navy, 479.
-, instructions from to envoys to Denmark, 484; instructions to Hohenlohe for, 503; Hohenlohe has got good sum from, 519.
-, Wingfield's and Randall's companies in pay of, 485; removed captains from Camphire, 510; captains have submitted to, 518.
-, queen hopes to induce to accept peace terms, 486.
-, Schenck asks for 500 horse, 492; Schenck complains of being deceived by, 503; Schenck's claims against, 526–8.
-, promise to carry out Willoughby's terms with Geertruidenberg, 500; matter settled if keep promise, 531.
-, Willoughby goes to deal with about queen's service, 500; he asks them to furnish Ostend and Berghen, 510; he delivers points which Council wished propounded to, 517.
-, deputies of Friesland attending, with grievances, 513; at Hague but meet seldom, 519.
-, engaged in diminishing forces and cutting down charges, 517; companies cassed by, 532.
-, toleration offered in treaty must be accepted by, 520; queen wants points of treaty submitted to, 541.
-, Morgan delivers queen's letters but can get no answer from, 523; Willoughby's powers and authority with taken away by new instructions, 539.
-, new commissaries of musters not agreeable to, 524; careless about Flushing, 533; bond of to queen for charges, 543.
-, articles put by States of Utrecht to, 540; peace commissioners to be informed of demands, 544.
-, letters from, 1, 132, 249, 253, 415.
-, -, referred to, 124, 167, 362, 380.
-, letters to, 83, 124, 189, 254, 277, 407, 431.
-, -, referred to, 63, 255.
-, greffier to. See Aerssens, Cornelis.
-, president of. See Dompselaer, Gerard van.
-, receiver general to the. See Doublet, Philip.
-, See also Belgium.
Lowestein. See Loevenstein.
Loze. See Loosen.
Lucon, Don Alonso de, in ship of Venice, 517.
Lumley, John, first baron, Hartlepool property of, 303.
Luna, Don Carlos de, commands horse in Parma's army, 214, 275, 294, 537–8.
Lusace. See Lausitz.
Lusson, Sir Walter, Ortel appeals for men ill-treated by, 449.
Luxemburg, Luxembourg, duchy of:
-, proposed muster of troops in, 19; troops of, in Parma's army, 214, 537.
-, restitution under pacification of Ghent to apply to, 42; to approve of treaty of peace, 43.
-, baron of Krichingen warned not to go to, 69.
-, governor of. See Mansfeld, Count Peter Ernest.
Lyeth. See Leith.
Lyfeskins Hooke, Lyfkins Hooke. See Liefkenshoek.
Lygins, Owen, intimate of Barney, 78.
Lyle. See Lille.
Lys, River [Belgium], Walloons quartered along, 29.
Lyveskins Hooke. See Liefkenshoek.