Henry VIII
October 1540, 11-20

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

Year published

1898

Pages

66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Henry VIII: October 1540, 11-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16: 1540-1541 (1898), pp. 66-81. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76216 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

October 1540, 11–20

11 Oct. 140. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P.,
vii. 58.
Meeting at Moore, 11 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Hertford, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Letters written to the lord Chancellor to despatch John ap Rice's patent as secretary in Wales and send an abbreviate of all offices, with the fees and present holders in Chancery, King's Bench and Common Pleas; also to send an injunction to the tenants of Orford, Suff., to suffer William Willoughby to enjoy his inheritance in Orford and Sudborne pending the suit between them in the Star Chamber. A letter sent to Deputy, Treasurer and Comptroller of Calais to deliver the house and goods of lady Banestre, (fn. 1) dec., to — (blank) Banestre, her son-in-law. Letter sent to Mr. Pate that, although the traitorous letter of Helyares might have caused suspicion, the King conceived a good opinion of the truth both of him and his chaplain. Letter sent to divers of the Privy Council at London in commission for the Subsidy, to send for Lady Kempe and Mrs. Finche and, upon their conformity, send them back to their houses to put them in order and then repair to Court to learn the King's pleasure for their departure “to the place appointed for their abode.” Four letters written to the Master of the Wards, the chancellors of Augmentations and Tenths and the General Surveyors to send an abbreviate of all offices with fees and present holders, within their offices.
11 Oct. 141. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek 229.
(Extracts.)
London, 11 Oct.:—Wrote on the 1st that he would wait upon this King's Council touching the protection of French merchants here, and see if they would speak of the prisoner, White Rose, and so learn the disposition of this King and his ministers; but, having been referred to the Council which three days ago they established here to take cognisance of things other than those of State, had no occasion to go to the King, who is at Hampton Court, (fn. 2) 10 miles off. The two points he placed before the Council were the wrong now attempted by the customers here, in making an exaction upon lead exported hence, on the plea that each package of cloth is so charged, as if lead were as easy to put into bales as cloth. The customers would thus have gradually established the right to exact a new subsidy, but Marillac made such remonstrance that they have been reprimanded and compelled to restore what they had taken. The second point is not yet settled as there is more to debate, and it is more important, viz., the impost which last Parliament made upon strangers of one shilling in the pound and on Englishmen the half, contrary to the treaties.
Having fulfilled the contents of Francis's letter from Mante of the 17th ult., need not have written more, but that, as he was finishing this, the letters from St. Germain, of the 7th inst., arrived, mentioning that the bridge (fn. 3) destroyed by tbem of Calais and Guisnes had been remade, and enjoining Marillac to request the King not to permit such proceedings in future. Will at once go to the King and hear what he will say. Three days ago he asked a man of mine who went to Court on private business if I had any news, and being told no, said he was astonished at that, as there was much spread abroad, and that very new (qu'il y en avoit beaucoup par le monde, et de bien nouvelles).
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
11 Oct. 142. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 230.
(Almost the
whole text.)
London, 11 Oct.:—Refers him, for answer to his letters from Chantilly of the 29th ult. and St. Germain of the 7th inst., to what he now writes to the King. When he has spoken with this King, will report what he says about the pont de Cauchoire and the strange news, in speaking of which, Marillac is informed, he said he was surprised that the King his brother was so easily satisfied with words and forgot that he had been so often deceived. Supposes that reports have been spread here of some fresh understanding between the King and the Emperor, which makes them fear that war will be made upon them, as they have offended all the world except France. Has not been able to learn particulars from those whom he sends daily to Court on other pretexts, but only that the lords of the Council sit daily from morning until night, and seem by their looks not well at ease. Cannot guess what it is, unless it be the marriage of the Pope's niece with Mons. d'Aumale, which, upon letters from Rome, they hold for concluded, as they do that of the princess of Navarre with the duke of Cleves. They fear that the one, on account of religion, and the other, for the treatment of his sister, may allure the King from their amity.
The Emperor's ambassador, who has not spoken with this King since he presented his letters of credence, often asks for news. Gives him news like his own, viz., of the King's health, &c., but pretends ignorance of these marriages and of the affairs of the Levant, about which he seems so curious. He said the Emperor was about to leave these (fn. 4) countries and go into Germany, but first wished to visit the frontier, and that the king of the Romans had gained most of Hungary from king John, and he asked if Marillac thought the Turk would make a truce with the king of the Romans. Thinks he only asked in order to turn Marillac's answers against him as he has done with his (Marillac's) predecessors, as shown by the minutes of letters which he left in his lodging, and which guide Marillac in dealing with him. No other news except that the report that this King would repudiate the new Queen and take back the other is false. The cause of the bruit was that the said lady, who was thought to be enceinte, “ces jours a esté mallade en telle sorte qu'on peult juger que l'oppinion qu'elle eust fruict ne peult plus avoir lieu.”
French. Modern transcript, pp. 4.
11 Oct. 143. The Captain of Arde, to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. Is surprised to learn that his men and others of this town are not permitted to enter Calais, when English subjects are always welcomed here. [Has likewise heard they] have made prohibitions, “sur peine de la hard,” that none shall pass the bridge of La Couchoire belonging to the French king. If displeasure is done to French subjects he will retaliate upon all English subjects he can take. Begs him not to disturb the amity between the two nations. Ardre, 11 Oct. 1540.
French. Copy, mutilated, p. 1. Signed: H. Mawtravers—Wyllyam Grey—Thomas Ponynges—Edwarde Wotton. Endd.: Captain of Arde to the lord deputy of Calais.
11 Oct. 144. Wallop to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
447.
On the 6th received Henry's letters of the 3rd, and perceiving his goodness towards Torre, has shown him the same verbatim, and made him the most joyful man in the world. Is sure Torre is honest. If the duke of Cleves come to France, Wallop will not fail to do as the King now writes, and also take the advice of Mr. Wotton. Wrote from Mauntes that the ambassador's servant had told him of the Duke's coming, and has heard nothing further. If he come it is kept secret, for no ambassador here knows about it or of any assurance that the marriage shall take place. One ambassador who asked about it was answered, “yl se pourra bien ferr.”
As Henry required Wallop to press the French king for certain answer concerning the traitor, (fn. 5) which was refused upon an allegation, &c.; on the Saturday following, left this town for St. Jermaynes, reckoning on the Sunday to speak with tbe French king and Council, “which day he useth most to give audience, and for the rest of the week he passeth his time in hunting.” Met a friend by the way, who said the French king left at 7 in the morning for St. Pree, where the Dauphin lay sick, also that it was reported in Court that they of Calais “had broken a passage, (fn. 6) which passage should be made again,” and if they of Calais resisted there would be heads broken. Made the more haste, and lay within two leagues of the Court, sending Francisco forward to ask the Constable for audience with the King next day. Francisco found the King, Constable, and Cardinal of Lorraine talking together. “The French king, leaning unto a cart, first found Francisco, and showed the Constable; wherewith he came to him,” asking very gently after the King's health, and if Norfolk and Suffolk were yet come to Court, and if he (Francisco) had been to England or no, and where Wallop was. Francisco replied saying Wallop desired audience with the King next day. The Constable went to learn the King's pleasure, and returned saying the King had come thither to see the Dolphyn, who was sick, and prayed Wallop to return to Paris for three or four days, when, if the Dolphyn amended, the King would be at St. Jermaynes. Was sorry, as he reckoned the French king would have spoken of the said passage; whereto he had answer ready according to Henry's former letters. Considering these news of the passage, thought good to despatch Francisco to the King (Henry), and also to the deputy of Calais, to spy if any footmen do assemble in Bulloynnoyes, and “to make his compte” that if they intend to remake the passage [they] will come very strong, and that it would be dangerous to send any great number out of Calais or other garrisons. Mistrusts this matter, as they have not mentioned it to him, and the Constable has often said, “I pray God ye do keep your treaties so well with us as we do with you.” Saw the treaty not long ago, and thinks it has been well observed. Had also letters from the lord Deputy, “very discreetly written,” of the answer he should make if spoken to about the passage. Thinks nothing will be attempted, but will feel the French king's meaning herein.
Learns that the night the French king came to the Dolphyn he was marvellous sore sick, and swooned three times that night. He has a great flux de ventre, and bleeding at the nose. The fever having left him, they have some hope.
Since his last letters from Mauntes, the queen of Pole has written that the Tartars and Muscovites, 60,000 horse, have entered the province of the king of Poland called Lytto, and done much damage, but could not take a castle there, though they made three assaults. Also that Fardynando has seized most of Hungary, and the Queen, for fear of him and the Turks' coming, would have fled to the king of Pole, her father, but the barons would not suffer it. A post from Spain lately passed to the Emperor with news that 80 sail of Moors entered the straits of Jewbeyaltary, and took the town, “which I do know, and have been there, being of a very small strength.” Next day they set out “bannyers tryfvez,” to sell their prisoners, and, that done, crossed the straits to Cyatta, a town of the king of Portugal's, in Africa, and have laid siege to it. The Venetians have not yet delivered Malvasia or Neapole de Romanya to the Turk, but his ambassadors have been feasted, and it is thought something is concluded between them and him and the French, whose ambassadors were at the said feast, and afterwards despatched M. de Vawz hither, who arrived three weeks or a month past. Francis has sent M. de Veyley to be ambassador resident again with the Emperor, and the Emperor is to change his ambassador here. This day Signor Latyn Jewenal returned to Rome with articles not yet agreed to between the bp. of Rome and French king for the marriage of Mons. de Guyse's son to the Bp.'s niece. Francis has promised Signor Latyn a good abbey for one of his sons if he can get the Bishop to agree to the articles. Paris, 11 Oct. Signed.
Pp.
7. Add. Endd.
11 Oct. 145. Cardinal Tavera to Charles V.
Add. MS.,
28,592, f. 194.
B. M.
Negotiations with Barbarossa and the king of Tunis. Spanish news. Labrit's overtures for marriage of his daughter with the Prince. The lady could hardly be got out of France except with Francis' consent Fortification of the Spanish frontier in view of the evident hostility of France, &c. Have heard about the Hagenau recess, the colloquy of Worms and the diet convoked for Ratisbon. Death of king John of Hungary most inopportune. Don Bernardino de Mendoza's capture of the galleys that sacked Gibraltar. Madrid, 11 Oct. 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 12. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 131.
12 Oct. 146. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P. C. P., vii.
59.
Meeting at Moore, 12 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Hertford, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Privy seals directed to Robt. Lord, searcher of Ipswich, Wm. Gaywood, of Maldon, and Thos. Gaywood, of Southminster, searchers in Essex, to come up. Letter sent to Wm. Harrys, of Essex, to take order for certain butter and cheese of Wm. van Tongres, stranger, seized by Elys Brooke as forfeit. Dr. Peter, of the Ordinary Council, called to hear John Barkley, of Canterbury, charge him with concealment of a book of treasons put to him against the prior of Christchurch at his visitation three years ago. Dr. Peter denying and Barkley saying that he heard it at Cambridge of Sir James Piers, late monk of Christchurch, Barkley was remanded to Crastino Animarum to bring proofs both of it and of his accusation of John Anthony, of Kent. Letters sent to Norfolk informing him of Whelpeley's accusations, and the letters from and to Mr. Pate; and desiring an abbreviate of offices, with fees and present holders, under the Treasurer of England.
12 Oct. 147. The Privy Council to [Norfolk].
Harl. MS.,
6989, f. 84.
B. M.
Nicolas'
P. C. P., vii.
60.
George Whelpeley, of London, has brought here to the King a complaint against the customers, comptrollers, and searchers, and the King has commanded the Council to examine and punish such as are named in the complaint. Write to him, as, by his office of treasurer of England, he has chief rule of such customers, &c., and also as he has experience in such matters, to come or send advice. If Whelpeley's information is false he deserves to be hanged for slandering so many. The King will have a ledger here with the Council of the offices and fees in his gift, and you are to send an abbreviate of such offices and fees within your office of High Treasurer. Like orders are sent to the lord Chancellor, the Chancellors of Augmentations and First Fruits, the General Surveyors, and the Master of the Wards.
This day arrived letters from Mr. Pate to the King and the Council, with private letters to Norfolk, which are here forwarded. There is nothing in the letters to the King and Council worth writing. The King will keep Hallowtide at Hampton Court. The Moore, 12 Oct. Signed by Southampton, Hertford, Gage, Brown and Sadleyr.
Pp.
2.
12 Oct. 148. James V. to Francis I.
Royal MS.,
18 b. vi.
103.
B. M.
Thos. Or and other inhabitants of Edinburgh, three years ago, freighted a ship of Dieppe, then at the port of Leith, to go to Dieppe. On the voyage it was captured by the Flemings, then at war with France, but immediately after retaken by a French ship under Jacques Canquyny, of Normandy, and brought to Dieppe. There Canquyny refused to give up the goods, was sued in the Admiral's court there, and ordered to restore them, and appealed to the Parliament of Rouen, which confirmed the order. Begs him to call the matter before his secret Council and make an end of it. Fakland, 12 Oct. 1540.
French. Copy, pp. 2.
12 Oct. 149. James V. to Charles V.
Royal MS.,
18 b. vi. 102.
B. M.
Has given at this time other letters to Charles's messenger in answer to complaints of certain of Ostend, Holland, and Zealand. Sir John Campbel, of Lundy, his councillor, whose services he used in the renewal of their confederacy a few years ago, (fn. 7) and whom he now sends to Charles, will explain further. Faklandiæ, 12 Oct. 1540.
Lat. Copy, p. 1; with marginal note that this letter was sent.
12 Oct. 150. James V. to Charles V.
Royal MS.,
18 b. vi. 102.
B. M.
Has received his second letters about the taking of the ship of Vincent Scheulemart and other Ostenders by Robt. Fogo, and injuries to men of Holland and Zealand by his fellow pirates. Had already imprisoned Fogo, immediately upon his return to Scotland (for he had sold his booty in England), and there he shall remain until he make satisfaction. Will do nothing contrary to the amity renewed between them a few years ago. (fn. 7) Has given orders for the Emperor's subjects trading in Scotland to be treated like his own, as Sir John Campbel, of Lundy, whom he now sends, will further explain. Faklandiæ, 12 Oct. 1540.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2; with marginal note that this letter was sent.
Ib., 205. 2. Another copy without the marginal note.
Lat., pp. 2.
[12 Oct.] 151. James V. to Charles V.
Royal MS.,
18 b. vi. 101b.
B. M.
Although he has already answered his letters requiring punishment and restitution for the depredations of Robert Fogo, refers further to bearer, Sir John Campbel, of Lundy, who acted for James in the last contract (fn. 7) made between them. Faklandiæ.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2; with marginal note that this letter was not sent.
Ib., 204b. 2. Another copy without the marginal note.
Lat., pp. 2.
[12 Oct.] 152. James V. to Charles V.
Royal MS.,
18 b. vi. 101.
B. M.
Has received his letters referring to others already written in behalf of the Ostenders and certain men of Holland and Zealand robbed by one Robt. Fogo. Has imprisoned Fogo, who had already sold the goods in England, and now is the time to seek restitution. Protests his zeal for the amity between them, as John Campbel, his councillor, whom he now sends, will explain. Faklandiæ.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2; with marginal note that this letter was not sent.
Ib., 204. 2. Another copy, without the marginal note.
Lat. pp. 2.
12 Oct. 153. The Low Countries.
R. O. Ordinances for the officers of finance concluded at Brussels, 12 Oct. 1540, by the Emperor, to commence at the day of his departure from the Low Countries:—
1. The changes that have occurred owing to wars, &c., since the last ordinances were issued, 1 Oct. 1531, render these necessary. 2. The queen of Hungary will remain regent of the Low Countries, having chiefs under her, the duc d'Aschot and sieurs de Praet and de Molembaiz, all knights of the Order; treasurer, M. Jehan Ruffauldt, chevalier de Neufuille; commissioners, the Sieur de Winghene and Mr. Vincent Cornelius; receiver, Henry Sterk; chief secretary and auditor, Pierre Venreyken; and clerk, Rombault Loets. 51 articles in all, concluding with the copy of a proclamation by the Emperor, of the same date, commanding their observance.
French, large paper, pp. 19. With marginal notes of the first six articles, in a hand of James 1.'s time.
12 Oct. 154. Damianus a Goes to Card. Pole.
Poli Epp., iii.
37.
Does not think Pole has forgotten him, who on his part has testified before all the Englishmen he has known Pole's piety and truth. Richard Moryzinus was one, with whom he was very familiar at Padua, and whom Pole maintained at Venice, but who for benefits has returned contumelies. Sends him a book Rerum Æthiopicarum, which he has dedicated to Pope Paul III., and which shows how the Faith of Christ (daily declining with us) is being propagated in other places. Heard that Pole had written certain very learned books against the king of England, of which there was only one copy here, sent in gift to a certain English Franciscan dwelling in Antwerp, (fn. 8) an upright and good man, who lent it to an ambassador of the king of England, and it has been burnt. Asks for a copy, to be sent by the Portuguese ambassador, bearer of this. Ends with a prophecy that Pole will be the future king of England. Louvain, 12 Oct. 1540.
Lat.
155. Card. Pole to Damianus a Goes.
Poli Epp., iii.
38.
Read with pleasure his letters and his book, and recognised the erudition which he knew before at Padua. Agrees with what he writes of Moryson's ingratitude, but since he is so ungrateful to God it is no wonder he attacks them. Reads his writings more with pity than with anger, as they show the miserable servitude of his mind. Of his own writings has hitherto published nothing, and cannot understand how they came to the hands of the person (fn. 8) he writes of. When he does publish, Goes shall be remembered. Comments on the prophecy at the end of his letters.
Lat.
13 Oct. 156. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P.,
vii. 62.
Meeting at Moore, 13 Oct. Present: Hertford, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. No business recorded.
13 Oct. 157. The Council in London to the Council at Court.
R. O.
S. P. i. 647.
The French ambassador repaired this day to them, being assembled for the execution of the King's commission for the Act of Subsidy in the city of London, and has since advertised “me the earl of Sussex,” that he will tomorrow repair to the King. The King should first know their communication. Were loath to be interrupted in executing their special charge, but the Ambassador pressed them so sore, that they could not refuse to speak with him. He proponed four articles:—1. That the Act of Subsidy could not be executed upon his master's subjects without violating the treaty. He dilated upon this, adding “the manner of his proceedings for conservation of the amity in repairing to the King's highness, our master, upon knowledge of the acts passed; and so forth, to small purpose.” 2. That the Act of Ordinance against Strangers for their abiding or departing was against the treaty. 3. That the customers were detaining money, which Frenchmen had paid for the shipping of certain lead, although the King's council had ordered restitution. 4. A supplication for a poor Breton who after long fruitless suit must return to France in despair.
Having heard these, the writers withdrew to consult upon an answer. Might have said they were assembled upon a special commission and would not intermeddle in such matters; but as the two first articles contained matter so lately resolved in Parliament to the contrary of what he affirmed, it were inconvenient to make any stay. Replied therefore that as to the first article, we advised him to consider what he moved when he affirmed that Parliament concluded an act contrary to treaties. On this he produced a writing signed by the French king, and without reading it said “Herein is my warrant to say as I have said.” Answered it was too high a matter to dispute upon the words of the league without the King's commandment; so they would only affirm that “this Act of Subsidy contraryeth in no part the treaty,” that such acts had been executed without contradiction for 50 years, and that if the King gave them leave they could in few words prove the Act agreeable to the treaty. Made like answer to the second, always noting that it was inconvenient to dispute about treaties without special command. He replied, he had special commission to allege these two articles, and would therefore repair to the King. To the third article answered that the customers should do as the King had determined. To the fourth, said, the Breton's suit could not countervayle the great suits which the King's subjects have in France. On this point had much conversation, he boasting a restitution made by the French king on his own purse, (fn. 9) and calling the bp. of London to witness, and they naming many who have spent their money in vain. Concluded by promising that justice should be done. Noting that he drew out a writing signed by the French King, and read it not, we reputed it a brag; “but now upon his repair to the Court, we doubt whether he hath such a commission indeed,” and therefore make the more haste to desire you to signify this to the King.
Sat this day in the Guildhall, and see as good appearance of success to the King's contentation as they could wish. London, 13 Oct., late in the evening. Signed: Rob't Sussex—J. Russell—Cuth. Duresme—Ste. Winton. —Rychard Ryche—John Bakere.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 5. Add. Endd.
13 Oct. 158. The Cowbridge, Calais.
R. O. Order taken 13 Oct. 32 Hen. VIII. by Henry lord Mawtravers, deputy, and the Council at Calais, concerning the “foredoing and intercluding eftsoons the passage of late years usurped leading from Cowbridge towards Calais, since the late estopping thereof renewed by the Frenchmen.”
On 7 Sept. upon letters from the King's Council, dated Hampton Court 10 Aug., the passage was “foredone, estopped and intercluded.” On 29 Sept. the captain of Arde renewed it. Eftsoons, in pursuance of the King's letters to the lord Deputy from Ampthill 16 Sept., it shall be destroyed in manner following:—
First as it is expected the Frenchmen will oppose any attempt again to foredo it, provision must be made to protect the labourers. There must be 200 labourers with 4 overseers, and 300 warlike men, with “captains, wiflers, archers on horseback, one pursuivant drummer and fifer to the number of 26.” To prevent reports spreading, the bailiff of Guisnes, assisted by Ric. Windebancke and Ric. Cookesoone, men-at-arms, and — (blank) Cowmes, gentleman, shall the evening before stop all the passages in the county of Guisnes, and the vice-bailiff of Mark and Oye stop the passages at Bootes, the English-strete, Cowbridge, and Stoonedame. That night and for — (blank) days after the watches at Sandgate and Newenham Bridge to be strongly kept, all outgoing persons stopped, &c. That done, the labourers and soldiers are to be assembled and conducted by Wm. March, Ric. Leonard, and John Foorde; lord Gray to lead 20 labourers of Hammes and 20 of Colham, and Jerves Herryson 20 of the Skewnage. Carriages to be provided out of the Skewnage. No warning to be given till the town gates are closed. In case the Bullenoys assemble to hinder the work, the bailiff of Guisnes, Ric. Windebank, and Ric. Cookesoone, shall raise the power of Guisnes, and come on the back of the Frenchmen, between Ardre and Cowbridge. The time of the enterprise shall be at the Deputy's discretion. Signed by H. lord Mawtravers, Sir Edw. Wotton, Sir Thos. Ponynges, Wm. lord Grey, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, Sir Thos. Palmer, and Wm. Sympson.
Pp. 6. Endd.
14 Oct. 159. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P.,
vii. 62.
Meeting at Moore, 14 Oct. Present: Hertford, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Letter received from the lords of the Council being at London in commission for the Subsidy, declaring the French ambassador's access to them. Letters sent from Wallop of his journey to St. Peer to speak with the French king, the report that Coubridge should be remade, and if the Calesians would let it there should be broken heads, the sickness of the Dauphin and delay of Wallop until the King come to St. Germain's, the invasion of the Moors upon Spain and Portugal, and of the Muscovites upon Lyto, in Poland.
14 Oct. 160. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
451.
Received the King's letters of the 3rd on the 11th about the conference of John Vandique and Pate, touching the lady Mary's marriage with the Emperor. Will try to learn whence his communication proceeded. Has not seen him since, though he has twice invited him. On receipt of the King's letters, said in presence of his host and others, that he feared the party had found his cheer so simple as not to be worthy his return. His host said Pate might be assured he would gladly come, “his great affairs now in hand done.”
On St. Edward's Day, taking leave of Grandvelle (who purposed within four hours, to depart) and commending the King's affairs to his remembrance, he asked Pate to make his commendations to the King, whose servant he would continue to be during life; “and this after such a sort pronounced that a man might think his words proceed from the bottom of the heart, and trust to the same.” He said he had leave “to go to his own in Burgundy not many years before seen,” and command, within 40 days, to meet his Majesty on the way towards Almain.
Thanks the King for the pardon granted, at his request, to Philip ap Henrie. Trusted therein to do the King service, as the duke of Norfolk can testify. Brussels, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Oct. 161. Pate to the Privy Council
R. O. After the Emperor had declared to the assembled burgesses, as Pate wrote in his last, that he had come to these parts to see his subjects, quench the sedition of the rebels in Gaunt and elsewhere, and put order in the country; and that he had called a Diet in Almaine for the establishment of religion, and so could not now tarry with them, but he thanked them for their liberal subsidy, which should be spent for their tranquillity and within their precincts, exhorting them meanwhile to obey his sister, the lady Regent, whom he had entreated to take like pains in governing as she had done hitherto; and she “there upon her knees, dishabling herself, declared” she would do as he commanded. They then, humbly submitting themselves, heard the proposition and other ordinances pronounced by the doctor (fn. 10) in my other letters mentioned. Mons. de Reux, the Grand Master, is made governor of Flanders and Artois, and captain general of these parts. The Emperor gave the princess of Orange at her leave-taking a ring of 5,000 ducats, and to him (fn. 11) the governance of Holland, Zealand, and part of Friesland, and he is returned in post from Breda to take his oath for the same. The French king has sent Gervasius, (fn. 12) a doctor of Paris, into Germany, to solicit the Princes against the Emperor. M. de Velie, his ambassador, arrived here by post on the 10th, three days before his train, had audience for a large hour, and afterwards visited the lady Regent and duchess of Milan. He was accompanied to and from Court only by Mons. de Pelow and saluted all the world with a countenance as if he had brought something agreeable to both parties. The bp. of Rome will send to the Diet cardinals Conterine and Brundesine “with the bp. of Verrona peraventur, whom, if he stay, is because he is thought to th'Emperor not grateful.” The Emperor rejoiced at the receipt lately of letters from Spain, signifying the damage done by the Moors to Gades to be less than reported, and the captains redeemed for 4,000 ducats. Andreas Dorie lately assisted the king of Tunes in besieging Suza and Monastere still possessed by his adversaries. One of the Turk's principal captains has fled to the Sophy. The king of the Romans, removing from Vienna for the plague, sent as captain of his army, Leonard Feltz, steward of his family, who is expected to find no resistance at Buda, but of the castle, “of whose success there is here an hourly expectation, as of Laschi's return immediately upon John Vivoidis death sent to the Turk.” The bp. of Palermo has resigned the presidentship of the Council to Dr. Scorie. The place of assembly of the Diet is referred to the king of the Romans; it meets on the feast of the Kings. Mons. de Prat, constituted second financier, (fn. 13) declared lately that the King (Henry VIII.) was the wisest and best learned prince in Christendom, as Mons. de Bridan showed me, who is the King's faithful servant, although for a long time after my last return hither I mistrusted him to be seeking “to be avenged of me for the overture I made concerning the communication had with him of Dignley (fn. 14) , for the suspicion only he might run in as well with the Emperor as our master of such unhonest conferencie.” Now I think he esteems my faith “in that part towards his Highness expressed” as an honest gentleman should, often “frankly opening his stomach to me of his judgment in things as yet, the more pity, in controversy.” The proud and ingrate merchants of Antwerp with the Hollanders and Zealanders will petition the Emperor that neither madder, “ode” (woad), iron, nor linen cloth shall pass into England. I cannot get a copy of the ordinances of late made; it is said the Emperor will better examine them. “Here is a rumour that the Constable of France hath leave to gosport him at home, th'Admiral comen into favour and estimation again, much bemoaned in this Court as a man always of peace noted.” Mons. de Grandvelle told me at his departure that the day of ours was uncertain, but, could not be long. Here is a new Chancellor appointed, “named Ingelbert, doctor as I am informed.” The Emperor returns to Ameurs, (fn. 15) eight leagues hence, from Hannoy to commence his journey towards Almaine, and daily expects news from the king of the Romans and count Palatine. 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Oct. 162. Aguilar to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 206.
B. M.
Death of his brother the cardinal Manrique. The Pope has named the bp. of Feltri, Campeggio's brother, for the diet of Worms, instead of the bp. of Verona. Interview with the Pope about the Duke of Guise's parentado (i.e. the proposed marriage of his son with the Pope's granddaughter), to know whether it was really concluded, and also about that of the Prince of Piedmont. Various other subjects, not English. (fn. 16)
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 20. Headed: Copia de otra carta del marques de Aguilar al Emperador, fecha 14 Octubre 1540. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 132.
15 Oct. 163. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P.,
vii. 64.
Meeting at Moore, 15 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Letters brought from the lord Chancellor of his reasons for staying Mr. Price's patent as secretary in Wales. The French ambassador arrived at Court and proponed to the King that the statutes for strangers avoiding and paying subsidy, the passage broken at Cowbridge, and the non-delivery of Modena were contrary to the treaties. Brief note of the King's reply (as in No. 168), which was signified to the Council at London, that they might consider both the treaties and the statutes, so as to be able to answer both the Emperor and French king.
15 Oct. 164. Duke of Suffolk.
Add. MS.
29,549, f. 3.
B. M.
Receipt by Charles duke of Suffolk, of 9l., from John Hasylwodd, 15 Oct. 32 Hen. VIII., for the half-year's farm of Hanby Grange, due at Michaelmas. Signed.
P.
1.
15 Oct. 165. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 231.
(Abstract.)
Has received his letters of the 1st (points recapitulated). Is pleased with the information about the king of England's ships. Doubtless there has been a great bruit in England of the grave illness of the Dauphin. Undoubtedly, the Dauphin for eleven days had such fever and flux that there was very little hope, but last night the fever began to diminish, and the flux likewise and the improvement continues, so that the physicians have now good hope. St. Pris.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: 15 Oct.
15 Oct. 166. Montmorency to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iii. 15.
Adv. Lib., Edin.
Writes by the bearer, who is returning to Scotland, though he himself is well able to tell the news. The Dauphin has been ill almost to death, but is now out of danger and in the way to recover entirely. Mons. de Guise, her father, arrived in this Court lately, where he has been well received. Mons. d'Aubmalle, her brother, is also there, and makes good cheer. Hopes his marriage will be settled ere long. “Du St. Prix,” 15 Oct. 1540.
The Dauphin is quite recovered. Signed.
French, p.
1. Add. Endd.
16 Oct. 167. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P.,
vii. 65.
Meeting at Moore, 16 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. No business recorded.
16 Oct. 168. The Council at Court to the Council in London.
R. O.
S P., i. 652.
Yesterday (altered from “this Friday”) the French ambassador came hither and had good audience with the King, after whose departure the King declared to us what passed between them.
First, the Ambassador alleged that the French king, upon the King's requisition, ordered certain of his Council to examine whether the traitor that nameth himself Blanche Rose were French or English born, and they had reported he was a Frenchman born in Orleans; but if it could be proved he was the King's subject, he should be delivered according to the treaty. The King replied he was indeed his subject, but of too base parentage for him to care anything about the matter. He had only demanded him in order to prove the French king's inclination towards the treaty, and he now saw how little they esteemed the violation of it. His Majesty would make no further demand of him, but they might deliver him according to the former demand. Here the Ambassador brought in the detaining of Modena. The King replied he had done more in that than he was even bound to do; for, without letters from the French king, he had delivered the said Modena to the French ambassador (fn. 17) , who set him again at liberty. And the King is not bound to deliver him, as he is not a French subject but born in the duchy of Milan, being in the Emperor's hands. And the King said that when the French king should be duke of Milan, he would be ready to observe the treaties.
2. The Ambassador brought in the matter of the Cowbridge at Calais, alleging that the King's subjects had broken a bridge and passage upon French ground, thus giving occasion of contention between them. The King answered that albeit half the bridge stood upon his ground, he had not broken it, as he lawfully might have done, but had cut trenches upon his own ground: and that far from seeking a quarrel he suffers them unjustly to keep certain ground there called the Cowswade which his subjects had long enjoyed without interruption. He marvelled they should now feel aggrieved at so small a matter.
3. The Ambassador alleged that the Acts of subsidy and for avoiding of strangers executed upon French subjects would tend to a breach of the treaties. The King answered “roundly” that either they understood not their treaties (and indeed the French king had such a Council that, not knowing the meaning of treaties between princes, they said they were broken when they were not even touched) or else they nowadays seek more occasions for pique and quarrels than heretofore, and if so they should declare it plainly and not “seek a bird in a bush where none was.” In former times all strangers had contributed. As to the Act for avoiding of strangers it extended not to merchants having business here.
With this answer the Ambassador, “saying that all his Council could not tell him so much, seemed to be well satisfied.”
We have written you the whole conference as the King declared it to us, and you are to consult together how the Ambassador and all others who find themselves aggrieved by these statutes may be answered. And as ye my lords of Durham and Winchester are learned in laws civil and canon and expert in treaties, and ye, Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations and Mr. Chancellor of Tenths and First Fruits, learned in the laws and statutes of the realm, you, with the other lords of the Privy Council there, shall confer the treaties and statutes together and so arm yourselves to answer all who allege violation of treaty. When you have so consulted you shall inform the King of your proceedings and opinions.
(In Sadler's hand)—We also enclose the last letters to the King from Mr. Wallop. When you have read them return them, with speed. The King, being informed of the good service Sir Roger Cholmeley, recorder of London, has done in the city and in the county of Middlesex in executing the commission for the subsidy, has commanded that ye shall call the said recorder before you and thank him on the King's behalf. The More, 16 Oct.
Draft, pp. 13, with corrections in Sadler's hand. Endd.: “The minute from the Council here to the lords of the Privy Council at London,” 16 Oct. anno 32.
R. O. 2. Modern copy of the above.
Pp. 6.
16 Oct. 169. Norfolk to the Privy Council.
R. O.
S. P., i. 650.
Has received their letter dated More, 12 inst., and perceives that George Whelpeley has put up a bill against many of the King's customers, comptrollers, and searchers, and that the Council wish to hear what Norfolk knows of such matters in time past. No one would be more glad of their punishment, it guilty, than he, but he knows nothing against them, or the King should have known it ere now, as he is Treasurer of England. Has never taken bribes for these offices, though all his predecessors did, nor put in any servant of his own, except Andrew Dudley and Edward Belingeham; all others were named by the King at the suit of others. Two or three years past the King commanded him to see that such persons were capable. Never Treasurer has bound these officers in so large sums. As to sending the King a breviat of the names of those under the Treasurer, as the Lord Chancellor and others are written to to do in their offices: cannot do so till he comes to London to cause search to be made for the enrolment of their patents. Intends in five or six days to leave for the Court, and will meantime get a book made thereof; but as yet all the business of the Subsidy is not perfected in Suffolk. Does not marvel that Whelpeley seeks favour, for as Norfolk hears, his demeanour of late has been such as none of “us” of the King's Council would have attempted.
Finally there have that day come to Norfolk five of the principal offenders, of every surname one, of Tynedale, asking how they may best submit themselves to His Majesty and acknowledging their offences. Has advised them to come to His Highness with halters about their necks, as they had already determined. One of them, John Robson of the Fawstone, is very sick. Thinks the King should pardon them; and that the Council should detain Robson and the oldest of them, “called, of the Latherborne,” (fn. 18) till Norfolk's coming; for he thinks much falsehood shall come to light, which, peradventure, they would sooner open when he is present, being men of “very rude fashion, and yet, of their sort, right expert and wise men.” Kenynghall, 16 Oct. Signed.
Pp.
3. Add. Endd.
16 Oct. 170. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 232
(Abstract.)
Wrote lately by Marillac's cousin. The Dauphin is well amended. Has seen his letter of the 1st and informed the King of the contents. Yesterday, asked the King for “une petite abbaye (fn. 19) ” for Marillac, and was readily granted in case of vacancy. St. Pris, 16 Oct.
On closing this, received his of the 11th. The Dauphin makes good cheer and is quite cured.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
17 Oct. 171. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P. C. P., vii.
66.
Meeting at Moore, 17 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Letter to the lord Chancellor of the King's pleasure touching Mr. Price's patent. The King was advertised from the Deputy of Calais how the men of Arde re-made the passage at Cowbridge and he, on the 13th inst., caused it eftsoons to be broken. The Deputy sent copies of his message by Guysnes pursuivant to the captain of Arde and his answer, and, after that, the Captain's letter and the Deputy's answer, “somewhat poignant and pricking upon both sides.”
18 Oct. 172. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P. C. P., vii.
66.
Meeting at Moore, 18 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. Business:—Letters under Stamp to the Commissioners of Sewers in Sussex to make up the water gates upon the river of Lewes (fn. 20) , broken by persons unknown; and to the customer of Sandwich to pass corn and victual for Calais. Letter to the Council of Wales to make indentures for the breed of horses and mares with Ryce ap Morys. Letter to the lord Admiral to tell the Emperor's ambassador that certain of the Council were conferring the treaties and statutes, that answer might be made, and that, at the Emperor's request, they of Dunkerke should have licence for billets, provided the number was first certified and was reasonable. Letters brought from Mr. Wotton out of Cleves declaring overtures made to him touching the Duke's letters to and from king Ferdinand for a composition with the Emperor for Gueldres; but the Duke said nothing of duke Henry of Brunswick's practise with him for the marriage of the duchess of Milan, not entering confederacy with any other prince meanwhile, of which Wotton learnt from a secret friend. The Queen of Navarre has written with her own hand to the Duke, calling him “son.” A letter to the deputy of Calais to defeat anything the French might do for the passage at Cowbridge, but do nothing to hazard the town and fortresses. Letter to Mr. Wallop of the King's discourse with the French ambassador. Tynedale outlaws whose names ensue — (blank space) came to make submission for themselves and others, and were deferred until the King came to Windsor.
18 Oct. 173. The Council at London to the Council with the King.
R. O.
S. P., i. 656.
On Sunday morning we received your letters containing the King's answer to the ambassador of France. The ambassador ought to be satisfied and confounded, and it exceeds our device to add to it. As to our opinions we will consult and advertise you with diligence.
This day we sat in the Yelde Hall and charged the “cessours” for the wards, and expect everything to pass quietly to the King's profit as we desire you to signify to his Highness. This day were delivered to us, by one Husey, letters directed to the ambassador of Cleves, sent from Mr. Wotton to his factor here with a charge not to deliver them to the ambassador without the advice of one of the Privy Council. We send them herewith. Also we return Mr. Wallop's letter as you wished. London, 18 Oct. Signed: Rob't Sussex—J. Russell—Cuth. Duresme—Ste. Winton.—Rychard Ryche—John Bakere.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: “The lords of the Privy Council at London to the King's Majesty's Privy Council here, of the 18 of October.”
18 Oct. 174. Henry VIII. to Wallop.
R. O. We have received your letters from Paris of 11 Oct., and perceive how your repair to the French king was deferred to his coming to St. Jermaynes. The French ambassador here resident has declared to us that after we demanded “that vile traitor who nameth himself Blanche Rose,” the King, being content to deliver him according to his treaty, was informed that he was not our subject but born in Orleans, and thereupon referred the matter to certain of his Council of the long robe, who reported that the traitor was indeed a Frenchman; but if he were found to be an Englishman he should be delivered. As this seems to differ from what you wrote, viz., that you had received an express refusal, we advertise you thereof that we may hear by your next letters what ye can allege thereunto.
Our conference with the said Ambassador was this:—1. First he declared as above. We answered, the traitor was indeed our subject, a tailor's son, and so vile a person that we esteemed not his deliverence; but had asked it in order to prove the French king's zeal towards us, thinking he would have considered our friendship hitherto shown to him; and as we had already demanded the said traitor by letter we would make no further requisition for so base a person, and if they still detained him it would show that they do not duly regard the observation of their treaties. Here the Ambassador brought in the detaining of Modena from his master. We answered that albeit they had not done as much as they were bound to by treaty, we had done more than we were bound to; for without “letters requisitorie” from the French king we were content to deliver Modena to his ambassador (fn. 21) here resident, who set him at liberty. Now as he is not the French king's subject, but a native of Millayn, being in the Emperor's hands, we were not bound to deliver him, but did so only to gratify the French king. And we said that if the King his master would deliver our subject and then demand the said Modena as duke of Millan, whereof he hath not yet the possession, we would make him satisfactory answer. 2. The Ambassador then brought in the matter of Cowbridge at Calais, saying it was decent for princes to enjoy their own and not encroach upon another, and he trusted we would give no occasion for breach of the amity betwixt us. Replied that we had cut certain ditches within our ground adjoining the King his master's; as it was lawful and decent for princes to use and enjoy their own, we would be loath to be hindered therefrom, and as we, far from seeking occasion of pique, suffered them unjustly to take part of the Couswade, which all belonged to our subjects both in king Lewis' days and in the beginning of the King's reign that now is, we marvelled they should feel aggrieved at a little matter like this. We have suffered greater unkindness at their hands, as the nonpayment of our pension, to which they were bound by oath. 3. The Ambassador alleged that the late Acts of subsidy and for the avoiding of strangers would tend to the violation of treaties. We answered, as to the Subsidy, either they understood not their treaties (and the King his master had such a Council as, not deeply weighing the meaning of treaties, perhaps misinform him) or else they are more disposed to seek a quarrel than they were, and if so they should declare it plainly, and not “seek a bird in a bush where none was,” for we marvelled they were aggrieved more at this than at former subsidies to which all strangers contributed. As to the Act for the avoiding of strangers, we said the act in no wise referred to merchants having recourse hither. The ambassador said none of our Council had told him so much and seemed well pleased.
Has related the above for Wallop's better instruction in case he hears the matter discussed. To satisfy those who impugn any Acts of Parliament, especially those alleged to touch treaties, has committed “the examination of our said statutes and treaties” to such of his Council as are learned in law, civil and canon, and expert in treaties and in the laws of the realm, and will thus be armed to answer such as allege the said acts to injure treaties. No doubt ere this reaches him he will have had conference with the French king or some of his Council upon the points expressed in Henry's last letters.
Draft in Sadler's hand, pp. 17. Endd.: “The minute of the King's letter to Mr. Wallop, of the 18 of October.
R. O. 2. Fair copy of the preceding.
Pp. 5. Endd.: The minute, &c., “dated at Moore,” 18 Oct.
R. O. 3. Modern copy of the above.
Pp. 6.
Calig. E. iv.,
40.
B. M.
4. Another modern copy, undated.
Pp. 4. Mutilated.
18 Oct. 175. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
452.
On the 14th, the date of my last letters, came John Vandique to dine with me, and I made him think his long absence from me ungrateful, and afterwards spoke of the present matter of your commission. He answered he was of counsel to the affairs of the law and ordinances of the country, and not of the Privy Council where alliances with princes and things of like moment were devised. He thought the Emperor knew his own business best. Nevertheless he thanked God he “was sometime there familiar,” and perceiving the best of them wish “she” (fn. 22) were his Majesty's wife, as the lady meetest both by parentage and virtues for the same, he could not but desire the same, and so moved it himself. He was stirred to do this both by nature and by love to the English nation, but he fears it will never succeed, for he had heard that the King intends “of a small affection toward his own flesh to marry her at home to some base blood, mistrusting I (Vandique) cannot tell what,” and perhaps at the persuasion of some evil adviser. He dared affirm that the Emperor loved her as his own daughter. He himself does not expect the King to be overcome by such sinister counsels, but two noble personages (fn. 23) who had lately been in England to visit the King told him that upon a faint promise that they should see her, they had been put off from day to day, and finally returned without a sight of her, and that, notwithstanding their liberal entertainment, “they counted themselves taken as half spies.” Touching the marriage of the French king's daughter there were offers and proffers, but no likelihood of any success. He advised Pate to write to one of the Council. I answered that if he would give me a sure ground I would write immediately to the King in so good a cause. With that he only answered “faire vous? Bien” and took leave. Brussels, 18 Oct.
Hol. Add. Endd.
18 Oct. 176. Pate to the Privy Council.
R. O. Monk Georgius is within Buda in arms to defend it against the King. (fn. 24) Mons. de Pelou is sent to the French king on the matter of the complaints made by his captain Paulinus of the truce in Piemont being broken by the Emperor's men of arms, and about the price of salt raised in Burgundy, at which the King is not a little offended, whom the Emperor invites as I hear, before his departure into Almain, ad colloquium. The count Palatine offered to bring the duke of Cleves to the Emperor, and is now with him for the same. A man of credit told me at the Count's departure that it would be before the Emperor entered Germany, and also that his suit for the king of Navarre's daughter waxes cold. Garrold, the boy, and his two pedagogues are at an abbey a furlong from Liege, where they affirm him to be right heir to our Sovereign lord. I cannot hear who allows his charges, the cloisterers not suffering anyone to speak with him. Branciter passed that way towards Rome, his guide being a Fleming, sometime servant to Dr. Augustine the physician. Mons. de Velei's predecessor, very sick of a fever quartane, took his leave yesterday, and left the Court in a horse litter. Some think the Duke Dalva shall be Great Master and some prince of Almain “his” high chamberlain. Cornelius Shipperius that is so often sent to the Turk frequents Mons. de Velei's house. Brussels, 18 Oct., whence we depart not before the 26th.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Oct. 177. Aguilar and Granvelle to [Charles V.]
Add. MS.,
28,592, f. 216.
B. M.
Points in the letters of Aguilar and Granvelle of the 18 Oct. 1540. Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 5. See Spanish Calendar, VI., i., No. 133. This paper, though apparently bearing the date 1540, must be of the year 1541.
19 Oct. 178. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P. C. P., vii.
68.
Metting at Moore, 19 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Sadler. No business recorded.
20 Oct. 179. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P. C. P., vii.
68.
Meeting at Windsor, 20 Oct. Present: Privy Seal, Comptroller. Mr. of Horse, Vice-chamberlain, Sadler. Business:—Proclamation under Stamp and Signet inhibiting Londoners and those who went hence to London, to come within the Court gates and that no man should break up any door, window, lock or pale in the King's houses or parks.

Footnotes

1 Widow of Sir Humph. Banester? For Sir Humphrey, see Vol. II., No. 1292; Vol. III., Nos. 1186 (8), 1379 (23), 2923 (9).
2 The King was at this time at Moor, having been at Ampthill before. See No. 110, note.
3 The Cowbridge.
4 “Ses pays,” possibly an error for “ces pays.”
5 Blanche Rose.
6 The Cowbridge.
7 Meaning the renewal in 1529 of the commercial treaty between Scotland and the Netherlands. See Vol. IV., Nos. 5690, 5718, 5736.
8 Friar Peto?
9 See Vol. XIV., Part i., No. 1236. The case was probably that of Thos. Barber's ship, mentioned in Nos. 769, 857, and 926 preceding.
10 Dr. Schore.
11 The Prince of Orange.
12 See Vol. IX., Nos. 54, 180.
13 See No. 153.
14 See Vol. XIII., Pt. i., No. 1104.
15 Namur.
16 The greater part of this despatch is omitted in the abstract in the Spanish Calendar.
17 To Castelnau, bp. of Tarbes, as appears elsewhere. He was ambassador from June 1535 to Aug. 1537; and again came over as a special envoy in Feb. and March 1538, when Castillon was resident.
18 John Charlton. See Vol. XV., No. 160, where he is described as “of Larederburn.”
19 Mas, near Verdun in Gascony. See No. 183.
20 The Ouse.
21 Castelnau, bp. of Tarbes.
22 The Princess Mary.
23 Perhaps meaning the prince of Salerno and the duke of Ferrara's brother, who had both recently been in England, but, more probably, the former and Don Luis d'Avila who accompanied him. See Vol. XV.
24 Ferdinand.