America and West Indies
July 1662

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1880

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95-102

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'America and West Indies: July 1662', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 5: 1661-1668 (1880), pp. 95-102. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76453 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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July 1662

July 1. 317. Declaration of Robt. Jordan, Commissioner for Ferd. Gorges, at and to an Assembly at Acomenticus, otherwise unduly styled York, in the province of Maine. In reference to the administration of justice, and the appointment of justices, who must be resident in the province. "Acted and acknowledged by me, Robert Jordan, Commissioner." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 69.]
[July 2.] 318. Petition of the Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and parts adjacent of America. That by their endeavours many of the heathen natives of New England have been converted, sums of money raised by a general collection throughout England and Wales, and land purchased for settling a yearly revenue ; that the New Testament and a good part of the Old (whereof the rest is making ready for the press) hath been printed in the Indian language. That the King, "considering the consequences of so glorious a work," hath lately erected a corporation to carry on and perfect the same ; but chiefly through Col. Beddingfield interrupting their possessions and receiving the profits of the lands formerly purchased of him, with the greatest part of the moneys received by the former collectors, the charges for two years have much exceeded the income, which is much too small to carry on the work, in regard of the great charge that will be requisite, partly for recovering the greatest part of their revenue injuriously detained from them, partly for the perfecting so costly and necessary a work as perfecting the translation and printing of the Bible, and partly for the maintenance of schools for the Indian children. Pray that his Majesty would grant one general collection throughout England and Wales for the purposes aforesaid, for that the benefit intended by the former collections was not fully attained, there being divers counties in the kingdom, and several parishes in the city of London, wherein no collections for this work have been made. "Read July 2, 1662." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 70.]
July 2.
Whitehall.
319. Order in Council on the above petition of the Company for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and parts adjacent in America, recommending same to the Lord Chancellor, who is directed to give order for a brief for a general collection accordingly. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., pp. 6-9.]
July 6-7. 320. Mem. of a resolution of the Commissioners of Ferdinando Gorges. That Francis Neale, secretary, shall draw up true copies of all Acts that have passed since the first day of Gorges' assertion of his right to the province of Maine after 8th Aug. 1660 to this present, with Robt. Jordan's assistance. Also, Mem. that Francis Neale demanded of Edward Rishworth his assistance in reference to the records in his custody, who replied that he had received no orders in relation thereto, and therefore was not willing to deliver up any such records. Certified copy by Francis Neale. The papers above referred to will be found calendared in their respective order of date. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 71.]
July 7.
Hampton Court.
321. Warrant to the Attorney-General to prepare a bill to pass the Great Seal containing a grant of the title of baronet of the kingdom of Nova Scotia to Col. Thomas Temple and the heirs male of his body, with all the rights and privileges thereto belonging and heretofore granted to any other person, and a release from all services or sums of money in consideration thereof. ½ p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. VII., p. 148.]
July 10. 322. Grant to Thos. Temple of the office of Governor of Nova Scotia and Acadie, and other parts in America, for life ; all Royal mines excepted, with Admiralty jurisdiction and all other powers and privileges as are inserted in grants of like nature. [Docquet, Dom., Chas. II.]
July 10. 323. Commission to Thos. Temple for the government of Acadie and part of Nova Scotia during pleasure, with such powers and privileges and regulation of the people and trade there as was directed to be inserted by warrant under the King's sign manual of 5th April, see ante, No. 273. [Docquet, Dom., Chas. II.]
[July 11.] 324. Declaration of Lord Windsor, Governor of Jamaica, at Barbadoes. Forasmuch as his Majesty has given permission to all free persons to transport themselves with their families and goods, except only coin and bullion, from any of his dominions to the island of Jamaica ; and the President and Council of Barbadoes, having ordered the same to be put into execution, desire to know the conditions, ways, and means, Lord Windsor hereby declares (1) that all persons now ready to transport themselves to Jamaica shall have the benefit of the present fleet, and upon their arrival shall receive allotments of land without delay ; (2) that those who are desirous to entertain themselves as servants for a year or more shall have their lands set out notwithstanding ; (3) that all handicrafts or tradesmen shall have all encouragement ; (4) that none shall be imposed upon in point of religion, provided that they conform themselves obediently to the civil government ; (5) justice shall be duly administered agreeably to the laws of England, or such laws, not repugnant thereto, as shall be enacted by consent of the freemen of the island ; (6) that free commerce with foreigners shall be allowed. Certified copy by Edward Bowden, Deputy Secretary. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 72.]

July 11.
325. Three propositions of Lord Windsor to the President and Council of Barbadoes, to which their answer in writing is requested : (1) That the royal proclamation which has been published may be proclaimed with the usual grandeur in all public places ; (2) that all free persons may have liberty to transport themselves, their families and goods without prejudice or contrived hindrances ; (3) that as it is not only probable, but by intelligence known, that the Spaniard endeavours to disturb the first settlement of Jamaica, the President and Council of Barbadoes will declare their ready obedience to his Majesty's commands when necessity thereunto shall require it. Certified copy by Ed. Bowden, Dep. Sec. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 73.]
July 11.
[Barbadoes.]
326. Order of the President and Council of Barbadoes. Lord Windsor having presented to the Board the King's letter to Lord Willoughby, his Majesty's proclamation to encourage settlement in Jamaica, and his own proposals to the people of this island, ordered that they be published in St. Michael's town to-morrow by the Provost-Marshal by beat of drum, next Sabbath day in all the parish churches, and in all the courts of common pleas. Answers given in writing to Lord Windsor's three propositions. Signed by Edward Bowden, Dep. Sec. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 74.]
July 11. 327. Answer of the President and Council of Barbadoes to the demands of Lord Windsor : (1) His Majesty's proclamation shall be published to-morrow by beat of drum in St. Michael's town, and on Sunday next in all the parish churches, and in the several courts of common pleas as they shall sit ; (2) all persons free from debts and covenanted service, having legally obtained a ticket from the superior authority of the island, shall not only have liberty, but cheerful encouragement for their transportation to Jamaica ; (3) the President and Council will with their utmost industry yield all aid and assistance that the island can conveniently afford when thereunto required. Certified copy by Ed. Bowden, Dep. Sec. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 75.]
July 15.
[Barbadoes.]
328. An Act for the furtherance and encouragement of such persons as desire to go off this island under the command of his Excellency the Lord Windsor to inhabit the island of Jamaica. Whereas by the laws and customs of this island for the satisfaction of creditors no person is free to go off the same unless his or her name be set up one and twenty days in the Secretary's office, and be not underwritten during that time, which time seems too long in this present conjuncture, in regard of Lord Windsor's sudden intention of departing from hence. Be it enacted that during the space of one month from this date, if the fleet now in port stay so long, persons that have a mind to go shall set up their names accordingly during the space of seven days only ; but if any person be underwritten, said underwriting, if desired, shall be forthwith determined by a special court of common pleas empowered by the President and Council. Certified copy by Ed. Bowden, Dep. Sec. 1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 76.]
July 15.
[Jamaica.]
329. Proclamation of Governor D'Oyley concerning imprisonment for debt. That because of the general want both of stores and prisons to maintain and secure prisoners for debt, such persons after legal process or by special order of the Governor and Council shall upon complaint of the Provost-Marshall or the creditors, be appointed to serve said creditors for the aforesaid debts according to the service herein set forth, as is allowed and practised by the well constituted Governments of Barbadoes and other the Caribbee islands. [Col. Entry Bks., No. 34, pp. 47-51, and No. 37, pp. 11, 12.]
July 16. 330. Orders of the Governor and Council of Jamaica. Commissions of the judges and justices of the peace to be continued. Parcels of land granted or purchased by the harbour side, having been considerably built upon, no one shall pass or repass the harbour when enclosed, without leave from the proprietors. That five shillings be allowed for serving a writ upon Wm. Parker for 4l. That John Williams be released from his servitude, and his writings burnt by the hangman, petitioner paying 20s. for being drunk, of which 10s. to the hangman. That Sarah Mitchell have licence to sell drink. That Joan Sedison, maid to Margery Webling, serve five years. On petition of Capt. Burroughs, Robert Nelson, and Jno. Colebank, and Humphrey Freeman, ordered that they may dispose of the plantations now in possession of Capt. Rich. Guy, on certain conditions. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bks., No. 34, pp. 45, 46, and No. 37, p. 11.]
July 16. 331. Petition of the Mayor of Bristol to the King. Among those who repair to Bristol from all parts to be transported for servants to his Majesty's plantations beyond seas, some are husbands that have forsaken their wives, others wives who have abandoned their husbands ; some are children and apprentices run away from their parents and masters ; oftentimes unwary and credulous persons have been tempted on board by men-stealers, and many that have been pursued by hue-and-cry for robberies, burglaries, or breaking prison, do thereby escape the prosecution of law and justice. Prays for power to examine all masters of ships belonging to Bristol bound for the plantations, and also all servants and passengers on them, whether they go of their own free will, and to keep a register of them. [Dom., Chas. II., Vol. LVII., No. 71, Cal., p. 441.]
July? 332. Order [in Council?]. That Sir William Berkeley forthwith repair to his Government in Virginia and consult with Lord Baltimore's Lieutenant in Maryland upon promoting the planting of hemp, flax, and silk, &c. in those parts, and the restraint of planting tobacco, for which his Majesty's letters are to be written. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 77.]
July? 333. Petition of Sir William Berkeley, his Majesty's Governor of Virginia, to Lords of the Council for Foreign Plantations. That by the King's command he is suddenly to depart for Virginia, there to promote those staple commodities of silk, hemp, flax, potashes, masts, and timber for shipping, which Virginia is so admirably proportioned to produce, that within seven years England will not be necessitated to bring them from other countries. For this some few skilful men are wanted to teach the nearest and cheapest way to produce such commodities, for which 500l. once expended will be sufficient. Requests instructions for the good of the Colony, which he suggests "that your Lordships may do this with less trouble." As to the administration of justice and making of laws. Observations on some laws, which the civilians call extravagant. They will in future print their laws for their Lordships' approbation, amendment, or rejection, so that errors cannot be of more than one year's duration. As to the Governor's allowance. Desires leave to add one law more to those they have already deviating from the laws of England in reference to payments in other commodities to the exclusion of tobacco. For permission to print this petition, that any planter or merchant having anything to oppose may present it to their Lordships. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 78.]
July 21. 334. Minutes of the Council for Foreign Plantations. Petition of Sir Wm. Berkeley, Governor of Virginia, having orders speedily to repair to his Government, making proposals for the advancement of that plantation, and reciting laws made there (by the civilians called extravagant), with the reasons for making them, which he prays may be considered, amended, or rejected as this Council should think fit, and another law added (as in said petition is more fully contained). Upon debate thereof, and it appearing to be matter of great weight, it is ordered that all persons interested be desired to attend on Monday next [28th? next Monday week, see 4th Aug., No. 341.] 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XIV., No. 59, pp. 45, 46.]
July 21. 335. A record of the whole proceedings between the President and Council of Barbadoes and Lord Windsor, Governor of Jamaica, from his arrival on the 10th of July to his departure on August 1 following. On the 11th of July Lord Windsor presented to the President and Council the King's letter directed to Lord Willoughby concerning the peopling of Jamaica ; a letter from Lord Willoughby to the President and Council of this Island ; the King's proclamation, and his own declaration to the inhabitants of this island. Ordered that said proclamation and declaration be published the next day by beat of drum in St. Michael's, also in all churches and courts of common pleas. Lord Windsor also presented a paper containing three proposals, which was read, and an answer in writing made by the President and Council. Then follows Lord Willoughby's letter ; the King's proclamation dated 14th December 1661 [see ante, No. 195]. Lord Windsor's declaration, his three proposals, and the answer of the President and Council dated 11th July 1662 [see ante, Nos. 324-327]. 7¼ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XI., pp. 65-72.]
July 22
[Barbadoes.]
336. An Act for the better encouragement of such persons as shall now embark for Jamaica. Whereas Lord Windsor has represented that many persons intending to transport themselves to Jamaica upon this present fleet are much impeded, by reason that their employers and other persons owing them sugar, goods, and money, refuse to pay the same : Be it enacted that the justices have power to hear and determine all matters of debt, and to attach sugar, cotton, ginger, indigo, tobacco, servants, slaves, cattle, horses, or provisions of the defendant, not exceeding 4,000 lbs. of sugar, on plaintiff producing a certificate from the Secretary's office and from Lord Windsor's Commissioners, that he has contracted to go this voyage. Provided that if any person after recovery shall fail to proceed on said voyage he forfeit double the amount so recovered. Certified copy by Ed. Bowden, Dep. Sec. 2½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 79.]
July 24. 337. John Francis, of the Diamond, to the Navy Commissioners. According to orders from Col. D'Oyley, Governor of Jamaica, set sail thence on April 24th to the Caiman Isles for turtle to victual home, but coming too soon for it, stayed till May 29th, and then set sail for England, being forced to take turtle of a Frenchman at last : arrived this day in the Downs. [Dom., Chas. II., Vol. LVII., No. 100, Cal., p. 446.]
July 26.
London.
338. Memorial of Adolph Wolffratt, agent of the Duke of Courland, to the King. Concerning the forts in Gambia belonging to the Duke of Courland and Semigallia when English ships took possession of them, the matter stands thus : The Duke's Commissioner, Henry Momber, and the Governors of the West India Company, when the Duke was taken prisoner by the Swedes in Ingermanland, agreed that the Company should maintain the forts and have commerce, until the Duke redemanded the same, as witness the form of contract annexed. The Company took possession, but in 1660 desired the Duke would resume possession. Otto Steele, who formerly was Governor of those forts, arrived in the River Gambia in June 1660, and the forts were restored to the Duke, who kept possession till March 1661, when Capt. Holmes commanded him to give up the isle and forts to the English, so the Governor, being forced, gave them up, as appears by the relation of the Governor, hereto annexed. The paper, No. 3, hereto annexed, shows that the Duke never abandoned to any Prince, State, or Company the least right over his territories or forts, and the memorial delivered to his Majesty on June 28 [see ante, No. 316] shows it is not the meaning of the Duke to shut up the river, or hinder the affairs of his Majesty's subjects in those places, since his only wish is that they likewise may fix their habitations there and raise forts. The Duke of Courland assures himself that his Majesty will neither trouble his Highness in his lawful possessions, nor permit the like to be done by others, but will protect him against all injuries. But neither the Duke nor his successors will ever abandon the dominion over these forts to the prejudice of his Majesty's subjects, and they cannot be taken by any State if the Duke is assisted by his Majesty. The subjects of his Majesty and the Duke may live peaceably, build, and plough, within their respective territories and forts ; and his Majesty's subjects with their many great ships, can have as much profit as the Duke with his little ones can ever have. Latin. Annexed,
338. I. Contract between Henry Momber, commissary of the Duke of Courland, and the Governors of the West India Company of Amsterdam. The Company shall protect and maintain the place, forts, and negotiations in Gambia, under the Duke, until he can defend them himself ; and shall enjoy the benefit of the navigation, and pay the garrison during said time. But as soon as the Duke can direct his own affairs and redemand his forts in Gambia, the Company shall restore the same. Amsterdam, 1659, January 25./February 4.
338. II. Relation of Otto Steele, Governor for the Duke of Courland in Gambia. The West India Company having forsaken the Duke's isles and forts in the river Gambia, Steele took possession of same and kept them until March 1661, when Capt. Holmes came with his Majesty's ships of war and commanded Steele within 10 days to deliver them up. After having informed Capt. Holmes that said isles and forts belonged to the Duke of Courland, and that he was not able to repel his forces, Steele gave up possession to Capt. Holmes. London, 1661-2, March 13.
338. III. The States General to the Duke of Courland. Have received his Highness' letter, dated at Grubin, 6th May, with documents inclosed, and understand that his commissioner, H. Momber, when his Highness lived without his dukedom, made a transaction in writing with the West Indian Company at Amsterdam, concerning the forts of his Highness in Gambia ; return this friendly answer, that the Governors and Company are ready to perform that which they have promised.
338. IV. English translation of the above memorial of Adolph Wolffratt to the King, dated 30th July 1662. Together 5 documents. 20 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., Nos. 80-84.]
July 30. 339. Answer of the President and Council of Barbadoes to Lord Windsor's demands [see ante, No. 325]. Hope his Excellency has received full satisfaction with regard to the first and second demands, and for the third, will forthwith yield all possible aid to Jamaica, upon notice of any eminent danger by attempts from the Spaniard, as long as they are entrusted with this substituted authority, and will recommend the same to Lord Willoughby on his arrival. Attested copy by Ed. Bowden, Dep. Sec. 1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 85.]
July. 340. Bounds of Sir Thomas Temple's patent of Novia Scotia. Sir Thomas Temple's patent granted July 27, 1662, bounded as follows : —From Mereliquish on the east to the port and cape of La Have, along the coast of Cape Sable to Port Latour or Longrey, thence following the coast and island to the Cloven Cape, river Ingogen, and Port Royal, to the bottom of the bay, and thence along the bay to St. John's Fort, Penobscot, and the river St. George unto Muscentua, on the confines of New England ; extending up the land 100 leagues and 30 leagues into the sea, and further to the next plantations made by the Dutch, French, or English of New England. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XVI., No. 86.]