America and West Indies
July 1668

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1880

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581-600

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'America and West Indies: July 1668', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 5: 1661-1668 (1880), pp. 581-600. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76525 Date accessed: 30 July 2014.


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Contents

July 1668

July 1/11.
Colombe.
1778. Earl of St. Albans, Ambassador in France, to Sec. Lord Arlington. Has delivered his Majesty's letter to this King and given him an account of the state of the matter as it is represented in Lord Willoughby's despatch. "He told me he did not use to break his word, and should less do it to the King than to anybody ; that it was to be presumed that some mistake risen by the absence of La Barre, the Governor, is the cause of the delay, and that new orders should incessantly be sent for the rectifying of the business and for his Majesty's entire satisfaction." [Extract from Correspond., France.]
July 1/11.
St. Germain.
1779. M. De Lionne to [Earl of St. Albans]. Spoke yesterday with the King on the subject of the letter from the King of Great Britain, which the King will answer on Saturday, and the cause for which he may say in advance has given as much displeasure here as in London, and that immediately on the return of De la Barre it may be believed Lord Willoughby will be amply satisfied. But in any event the King will renew his orders to De la Barre so urgently that it cannot be doubted but that they will be immediately executed, and at the same time St. Albans will receive duplicate orders, so they may be sent two different ways for the greater safety. The King will never break his word to anybody, still less to the King of Great Britain. Addressed, Milord, Germain. 1 p. French. [Correspond., France.]
[July 3.] 1780. Petition of the Royal African Company to the King. Petitioners have lately received from Thomas Pearson, their chief agent on the Gold Coast of Guinea, the annexed papers, and apprehend that the Director-General of the Hollands West India Company on that coast intends to repeat what he practised in 1662, in order to the exclusion of petitioners from their rights and trade. Pray therefore for an examination of the matter, and his Majesty's commands concerning the same. Annexed,
1780. I. Thomas Pearson and others to the Royal African Company. Since his last they have been visited by the Dutch, who demanded the relinquishment of Adga and to desist from settling at Commenda. Has sent their letter and protest about Adga, possession of which shall be maintained till decided by their Honours and the Dutch Company ; who as justly may plead a right to all their possessions as to Adga, which is a place of importance, the natives of which are very desirous that the English Company traffic in their country. Desire supplies of necessaries for fortifying and repairing their forts and factories, for want whereof their possessions are extremely gone to ruin. A very dead trade at present, owing to a war in Arcanij. Since the arrival of the ships licensed by their Honours have not taken one mark of gold, nor can expect it, said ships selling their goods at such low rates. Adga was possessed by them in 1666 in the time of the siege of Cormantyn, and has not been possessed by any nation since ; and as to Commenda, their Honours always had a house and factors there, till the late war. The King of Commenda is very desirous they should settle there as formerly. Cape Coast Castle, 1668, February 18.
1780. II. Dirck Wilree to Thos. Pearson. Refers to the bloody wars between the two nations caused by differences in these and other remote parts, and to the blessed peace lately brought to pass. Is informed to his great amazement that Pearson is resolved to erect a lodge for the Royal Company at Little Comanij, and that he has already at Adga set up his Majesty's standard, contrary to the treaty. It is beyond all dispute that the coast of Comanij, by a free resignation of the natives, solely belongs to the Dutch Company and has always been possessed by them ; for though Adga was in 1664 under pretence of friendship subdued by his Majesty's forces, yet by the reducing of Fort Cormantyn by Admiral Michael De Ruyter it was recovered, as was the case with Audmabo. Both Little Comanij and Adja were conquered and possessed by the Dutch Company before the 10/20 of May last ; desires him therefore to quit both places. But if Pearson persists will be forced to transmit his complaints to those it belongs to, and meantime use such means as he shall find most fitting. Castle of St. George De Mina in Guinea, 1668, Jan. 23/Feb. 2.
1780. III. Answer of Thomas Pearson to Dirck Wilree. It does not a little trouble us that you should bring our right of repossessing Adga in question, for by the treaty the English have justice on their side, since they were the last possessors in the late war. And as to Commendo, the English bought their possession there, and were never dispossessed by arms ; the Netherlands Company had also their factory there, and each enjoyed a full trade, than which there is nothing more desired by them.
1780. IV. Dirck Wilree to Thomas Pearson. Had hoped that his just request would have prevented further proceedings, but perceives the contrary to his grief and amazement. That Adja was possessed by the English in the late war can never be made appear. It is true that when an English naval force in 1666 arrived at Cormantyn they passed and repassed through Adja, but when that force fruitlessly departed, Adja also was deserted, and since that time, being under the guns of Cormantyn, it has been kept by the Dutch. As to Comanij, it is sufficiently known that without any interruption the Dutch did ever solely keep and possess it, and it was never deserted by them, and if the English purchased that coast, the Dutch have bought the same, and their purchase will exceed in priority of time. Again therefore desires him to quit Adga, and wholly to leave Comanij, and for the future no more to undertake such actions near any places belonging to the Dutch. But in case Pearson shall reject this request, hereby protests in the name of the States General and their West India Company to be innocent of all mischiefs, damages, &c. which through said causes may happen to the two nations. Francis Roman, Commissary for the West India Company, is commanded to "insinuate" the contents of this protest to the agent for the Royal English Company, and deliver the same, bringing back an act of such insinuating, and of his behaviour and answer upon the same. Castle of St. George De Mina, in Guinea, 1668, Feb. 14/24.
1780. V. Protest of Dirck Wilree against the officers of the ship James. The inhabitants of Commendo on the 9/29 July, without any cause, but merely instigated by those of Fetu, despoiled the lodge belonging to the Dutch and cruelly murdered their servants, by reason whereof the Dutch have for five months kept their harbours closely blocked up till they make amends. And seeing the James is arrived on the coast for trade, entreat them to desist from trading near the country of Comendo, Cape Corse, or Fetu, for the Dutch are not to suffer any nation to drive a trade there till the inhabitants give the Dutch plenary satisfaction. Presume they will not refuse this request, much less commit any acts of hostility, though in such case they protest they are innocent of all mischiefs and damages which may arise. Castle of St. George D'Elmina, 1662, Oct. 29/Nov. 8. Together six papers, 12½ pp., each one indorsed, Read in Council, July 3, 1668. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., Nos. 1-6.]
[July 3.] 1781. Petition of Nathaniel Kingsland, planter of Barbadoes, to the King and Privy Council. Petitioner in 1664 was possessed of a plantation in Surinam, which he demised to William Sandford for five years. On the rendition of that colony to the Dutch it was conditioned that the English owners and lessees should enjoy their estates, but by Governor Byam Sandford was removed, and afterwards went to Nevis, where Lt.-Gen. Henry Willoughby, knowing Sandford's experience, invited him to assist in retaking said colony, with great assurances to restore all his losses. By Sandford's extraordinary conduct in two days the design was effected, yet Lt.-Gen. Willoughby seized the estate Sandford was tenant of from petitioner, to the value of 10,000l., and sold the goods and stock. Petitioner addressed Lord Willoughby for relief, but not being regarded, caused the bellman of the town to publish that no person ought to buy his goods or slaves ; for which Lord Willoughby put petitioner in prison. Since which said Henry Willoughby, in a second voyage to Surinam, sold petitioner's land to a Dutchman, and a great house in the town to a drinkseller. Prays for his Majesty's Royal Letters Mandatory to Lord Willoughby and Council to cause speedy justice to be done to petitioner. Indorsed, Read in Council, July 3, 1668. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 7.]
July 3. 1782. Copy of the preceding petition slightly transposed. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 8.]
1668? 1783. Petition of Robt. Sandford to the King and Council. Has been once already injuriously banished from Surinam, and returning to Barbadoes, where he had gained a very advantageous employment under Sir Jas. Drax, Lord Willoughby had petitioner cast into prison and forcibly put on board a ship for England, without any crime committed and against the consent of most of his Council. Prays that a day be appointed for the hearing of his case and sufferings, see ante, No. 363. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 9.]
1668? 1784. Mem. concerning Lord Willoughby's Commission, and articles which ought to have been confirmed by the States of Zealand. That Lord Willoughby ought to be heard, and a letter be written to him in the interim for restitution. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 10.]
1668. July 8.
Whitehall.
1785. The King to Wm. Lord Willoughby, Governor of the Caribbee Islands. Being informed by the Ambassadors Extraordinary from the States General that in the matter of Surinam, himself and his son Lieut.-Gen. Henry Willoughby, have done many things not only contrary to the late Treaty of Breda, but in disobedience to his Majesty's Letters Patents for the execution thereof ; the King cannot but express his just resentment of the same, and does therefore declare that Lord Willoughby ought not to have anything to do with the colony of Surinam since he had knowledge of the conclusion of the Peace and received same and printed copies of his Majesty's Letters Patent, and particularly since said Peace was published at Barbadoes. The King will also tell him that his said son and all with him at Surinam were obliged to obey his Majesty's orders, which not having done they have justly incurred his Majesty's displeasure. And lastly, the King judges that all goods which Lord Willoughby and his son possessed in Surinam when same was taken, were by the articles made at the capture confiscate to the States of Zealand, and though since retaken ought to be restored by virtue of said Treaty of Breda. And therefore his Majesty strictly commands him to restore all the said goods which his son carried from thence, and if he took away so much as is contained in a bill presented to his Majesty, to wit, 168 slaves, eight coppers, 126 cattle, and 21,000 lbs. of sugar, that he forthwith make restitution of the same ; but if he did not carry away so much, to restore what he hath taken away under pain of his Majesty's highest displeasure. Also whatsoever his son or any other have caused to be burnt or ruined, or have taken from those willing to remain at Surinam, is to be restored, or full satisfaction made for same, as also for damages suffered. He is further commanded to restore the fort to whomsoever shall exhibit his Majesty's warrant to that purpose, and strictly enjoined to make all said reparations at Barbadoes, to furnish victuals and forage for sustenance of the slaves and cattle on their voyage from Barbadoes to Surinam, as also the freight of their transportation. Also to restore the 120,000 lbs. of sugar if he took so much belonging to the church of said colony, and to reimburse the five per cent. he has levied upon merchandise since his Majesty's said Letters Patent were exhibited. And lastly, it is the King's pleasure that he publish in all his Majesty's Plantations that all who have been removed from Surinam by force or menaces of his said son or his officers be free to return without any molestation, and that Lord Willoughby bear the charge of their transportation thither. To all these commands the King expects and requires his punctual obedience and exact observance as he tenders his Majesty's highest indignation. 3¼ pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. LXXVIII., pp. 173-176.]
July 8.
Whitehall.
1786. The King to the Governor of the fort at Surinam, or the Commander-in-Chief upon the place. His Majesty has sent letters with these presents to Lord Willoughby, requiring him forthwith to restore Surinam and all that was seized there to the States General. He is commanded upon sight of this letter to surrender the fort erected upon Surinam, with all guns and utensils of war, for which this shall be his sufficient warrant. Countersigned by Sec. Sir Wm. Morrice. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. LXXVIII., p. 172.]
[July.] 1787. Henry Jocelyn, Fran. Champernown, Will. Phillips, Edw. Johnson, Edw. Rishworth, Fran. Hooke, Saml. Wheelewright, and John Wincoll, to Col. Nicolls. In answer to his wholesome advice they take leave to give an account as follows : Major-General Leverett, William [sic.? Edw.] Ting, Capt. Ric. Walden, and Capt. Robert Pike, attending their commission from the General Court of Massachusetts, appeared at York the 6th July inst., attended with 12 armed horse, their two marshalls, and several other gentlemen ; where themselves, his Majesty's Justices of Maine, unanimously asserted his Majesty's authority here settled as lawful ; on which Major Leverett made return, that in his Majesty's name by commission from the General Court of Boston they asserted their authority in the Province of Maine, as falling within the extent of their line, and desired by the application of the people. These gentlemen had more countenance from the people than from themselves, and have obstructed his Majesty's authority here settled, seized the Marshall with some that assisted him, whom the writers had commanded to summon the people to hear some confirmations of his Majesty's pleasure, and taken away the records ; against whose proceedings they have declared, copy whereof is enclosed. Inclose,
Declaration of the above-named Justices. The underwritten, appointed justices by his Majesty's Commissioners in 1665, declare against the present actings of the Commissioners of the Court of the Massachusetts relating to this Province, as being not only contrary to the command of said Commissioners, "but also against that clause signified in his Majesty's mandamus in the year 1666." York, Province of Maine, 1668, July 7. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., Nos. 11, 11 I.]
[July 9.]
[Barbadoes.]
1788. Governor Wm. Lord Willoughby to the Lords of the Council. Has formerly given an account of his government, but will now present them with a more perfect relation by his son William, experience and personal observation having better enabled him to do so. Barbadoes : Contains 100,000 acres, and renders not by twothirds its former production by the acre ; the land is almost worn out, the thickets where cotton and corn are planted so burnt up that the inhabitants are ready to desert their plantations. It is divided into 11 parishes, with ministers whose lives for the generality run counter to their doctrines, but not less then 60,000 souls, of which 40,000 blacks, whose different tongues and animosities have kept them from insurrection, but fears the Creolian generation now growing up and increasing may hereafter "mancipate" their masters. The militia consists of six regiments of foot, two of horse, and a life guard, in all about 6,000 ; the forts are few and none of the strongest, and for artillery no island in the universe of half such concernment is half so ill furnished : the magazine was large, but was consumed with the town, and arms and ammunition are greatly wanting at Antigua, Montserrat, and Nevis. The town was large and populous but very disorderly built ; has ordered it to be rebuilt according to a form drawn by Commissioners, but finds a great averseness to it. Has presented their Lordships by his son with the names of all in ecclesiastical, civil, and military offices. Antigua : Not inferior to Barbadoes in bigness, and in soil equalling the best of the Caribbees ; incomparable harbours ; his son Henry, Governor ; 1,100 men on the island, formed into a regiment, but the greatest part want arms. Without some privileges for a time it can never rise to any greatness, but once furthered by his Majesty's favour it will prove a second Barbadoes. The land having been regained from the French, all old titles and claims were made void by an Act sent for his Majesty's confirmation, by which the grand quantities engrossed by former Governors and their favourites are free for settlers. Has confirmed their lands to all present inhabitants, and passed an Act for 4½ per cent., but not to be collected till his Majesty's pleasure be known. Also an Act for allowing 10 acres per head to settlers, and has appointed two places for towns adjoining the most commodious harbours, and reserved convenient lands for his Majesty's use near the best, called English harbour ; they will suddenly make great crops of tobacco and some sugar, and it would be of great concernment if the Royal [African] Company would order supplies of negroes, but one of the chiefest wants of all the islands is pious, learned, and orthodox divines. About eight leagues to northward and in his son's government is Barbuda, half as big, and the most proper island in the Indies for cattle, horses, and sheep ; it has been settled and deserted, but he has since resettled it. Montserrat : Seven leagues leeward of Antigua, very fertile, and well re-settled ; most of the inhabitants Irish ; first empowered one Stanley, an old planter, Governor, but has now commissioned Stapleton, Lt.-Col. to Sir Tobias Bridge, a gentleman of known valour and integrity and born in Ireland, and therefor understands the better to govern his countrymen. Nevis : Leeward of this island 14 leagues, which the late war and long settling have much decayed, and the late hurricane greatly injured ; the inhabitants were overburdened with ruined families forced thither for refuge during the war, and were exceedingly grateful and civil to the soldiers, even beyond their abilities ; the island is sickly and many chief settlers are removing for Antigua ; has continued Col. James Russell Governor. Has sent home an account of his demand for St. Kitts, and can now of two other voyages thither since to his Majesty's great charge. Saba And Eustatia : Within three and ten leagues of St. Kitts, lost in the late war ; Saba taken and planted by the French and Dutch, and Eustatia by the Dutch. These islands are very considerable to St. Kitts, especially Saba, which is of great strength and easily defensible by a few against vast numbers ; the French very lately, to avoid restitution to his Majesty, have put in a Dutchman Governor. Far leeward of St. Kitts lies Anguilla, on which are 200 or 300 English, mostly fled thither during the war ; 'tis not worth keeping, and most would come off to Antigua could they get a passage ; Capt. Abraham Howell is Governor. On an island called Tortola are 80 Irish, English, and Welsh under the Dutch, who only want means to come off. Concluded a peace with the Indians in March last, whereby his Majesty has a right to all the islands. At San Domingo has commissioned one Warner, "a Musteech," whose father was Governor of St. Kitts and his mother an Indian, and who has suffered exceedingly by the French for his loyalty to the English. Sta. Lucia is his Majesty's by purchase from the natives ; has the conveyance ; it is about the bigness of Barbadoes ; covered with woods, and not above 60 Indians on it ; very unhealthful, and formerly planted by English, who almost all died there ; plenty of excellent timber, whereof the French carry great quantities to Martinique and Guadaloupe. St. Vincents : About the bigness of Barbadoes, and covered with wood ; inhabited only by Indians and blacks, who acknowledge themselves subjects to the King of England. The Indians are turbulent and active ; must always keep English among them to put them upon some warlike design against some nation on the main, the better to divert them from acting any mischief against the English colonies, for the French are frequently among them and ready to invite them to breach and blood ; must furnish them with toys and strong liquors for a while, for which, and for some of their periagoes (Indian boats), for which there is great necessity at Antigua, he must put his Majesty to some expense. Concludes with a reiteration of what is necessary here : Firstly, a fleet of nimble vessels, for dispersing orders to his dispersed government, gleaning up the many English from the French islands who are too poor to pay for their passages, and one good frigate for his own transport, and to justify his Majesty's flag on occasion. Secondly, arms and ammunition. Thirdly, some privileges for a time for Antigua, which might be made the emporium of the Indies by reason of its situation, harbours, and richness of soil. By his Majesty cherishing this island it is incredible what it might be ; and if some additions of cattle be put in Barbuda, a few years will find it the shambles for his Majesty's fleets sent here. Had presented these and many other matters of concernment in person, had not his Majesty ordered his continuance in these parts. 7 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. V., pp. 115-121.]
[July 10.] 1789. Petition of Captains John Staplehill and Florence O'Sullivan to the King and Council. His Majesty was pleased on 29th April last to refer their former petition to the Lords of the Treasury, who on 3rd inst. reported that the fittest way for petitioners' satisfaction will be his Majesty's order to the Governor of Barbadoes to pay them 20l. (in lieu of their engagements to the Royal Company in France), and to gratify them for their service. But petitioners are in daily danger of imprisonment for debt, and fear that if they were able to repair to Barbadoes with any such order, the necessity of that place occasioned by the late dismal fire will afford them small or no relief. Pray his Majesty will therefore order them present payment. Indorsed, Recd the 8th. Read in Council July 10, 1668, to be considered when the Barbadoes business is taken in hand. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 12.]
July 13.
Whitehall.
1790. Order of the King in Council. That Sec. Lord Arlington forward to the French Governor at St. Christopher's the letters and despatches received from the French King for reinforcing his former orders for the surrender of those parts of the island which belong to the English ; and that his Lordship write to the Earl of St. Albans, in pursuance of the late Peace concluded at Breda, to further insist on reparation for the damages his Majesty's subjects have received in their plantations there, since the times limited by said Treaty. Indorsed, 2d Orders for St. Christopher's. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 13.]
July? 1791. Mem. in the handwriting of Under Sec. Williamson. Instruct Lord Willoughby to demand restitution of all places taken in the Carribees by the French or Dutch, according to the articles of the Peace, copies of which are to be sent to him, together with power under the Broad Seal to receive said places. The French to restore all places ; the Dutch from 10/20 May. Forms to be sent to Lord St. Albans of such an instrument as we wish from France, to be ready against Monday morning to be seen by the Committee. The instrument sent from Holland to be a direction. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 14.]
July 13.
[Jamaica.]
1792. John Style to Gov. Sir Thos. Modyford. Copy of his letter sent by his son to the Governor upon receipt of the warrant from Thos. Ascough and John Lahor to pay one penny per acre within fourteen days for all lands held by patent. With mem. That this letter was delivered to the Governor, who answered that none complained but Style, whose son replied, because they durst not, and that they were silent merely out of fear, and necessity would force them to complain in a short time, and had it not been for the privateers trade they must have done so before now. Remarks as to the rates levied and how ; also account of the arrest of his son by the constable, and seizure of his goods and negroes. Shows that upon complaint to the Governor of the oppression of the Justices, men cannot be so much as heard or the matters examined. On 14 Sept. Style by letter to the Governor acquainted him that he appealed to his Majesty and Council, and in order thereto would go for England by the next ship. Annexed,
1792. I. Information against John Style. That on 6 Oct. 1668 said John Style published at the Quarter Sessions of St. John's these mutinous and seditious English words : That the Acts of the Assembly confirmed by the Governor and his Council were of none effect for any person to lay an assessment in any place, neither to issue out any warrant of distress for the same ; that the Governor's power by his commission, which he could have a sight for, for 12d., and his instructions, a copy of them for 8d., extended no further than to make a Justice of the peace ; and then turning to the grand jury said, he would have them join in a petition to his Majesty to confirm them in their estates, for unless they looked after them in good time they would be whipped out of them.
1792. II. Answer of John Style to the above information laid against him, which is altogether false, and in his judgment and experience void in law and not to be proceeded upon. Indorsed, My answer to the information.
1792. III. Answer of John Style concerning the rate of one penny per acre for all lands patented. That if the Governor and Assembly have power to make laws binding beyond a time limited without confirmation from his Majesty, or if a time be limited, and this rate made within that time, he will not deny the payment, but if neither he conceives himself not subject to said law. Together 7 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., Nos. 15, 15 I., II., III.]
July 14. 1793. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. The Governor demanded in his Majesty's name of Col. Simon Lambert the redelivery of certain writings and papers, with the King's commission, for demanding St. Christopher's, but Col. Lambert declining to give up the commission and his Majesty's letters of advice, which he had acted by, and would keep for his own justification, was with advice of the Council committed. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI., p. 171.]
July 15/25.
Colombe.
1794. Earl of St. Albans to Sec. Lord Arlington. Incloses letter from De Lionne, but has not time to enlarge upon it. Before he received the inclosed one of the West India Company interested in the business of St. Christopher, made a proposition which he desired the Earl of St. Albans to send, but it is not yet put in writing. Foresees that even when they shall here execute fully the Treaty of Breda it will be very costly to us before we can be re-established, and after without much cost more, be not much the better for being re-established, for the proprietors of our part of the island are so dispersed that 'twill be impossible to get them together again, and new ones will be a great while before they reduce the place to those advantages it afforded to the former planters. Incloses,
M. De Lionne to Earl of St. Albans. Since he sent the new orders from the King for the restitution of part of St. Christopher a despatch has been received from M. De la Barre written on his return from Martinique, containing an account of what took place between him and Lord Willoughby, and showing that he was ready to give up possession upon the carrying out of the other articles of the Treaty concerning America. As this is a matter that requires some discussion, De Lionne requests the Earl of St. Albans will write to the King his master to-day that the French King desires his Majesty not to send the new orders for restitution to M. De la Barre until M. Colbert has laid before his Majesty all that is necessary for the execution of the Treaty, otherwise it is feared that De la Barre might not execute even these last orders, which would give high displeasure to the King of England, and more especially as this request of the King to the King of England has been already communicated in the last letters to De la Barre. This will only cause a delay of seven or eight days, as M. Colbert will leave here on Sunday at the latest. St. Germain, 1668, July 15/25. French. Together 3 pp. [Correspond., France.]
July 18/28.
Colombe.
1796. Earl of St. Albans to Sec. Lord Arlington. Although he again represents the expectation of being repaired (sic) for the damages arisen from the delays, he does not specify to what proportion, so that St. Albans has nothing for the present to do but to represent the pretension, and reserve himself to inform them of what it ought in our estimation to extend to when further instructed. Was promised a proposition concerning the accommodation of the matter of St. Christopher's, but finds they are not ripe for it, and withhold the particulars until the parting of M. Colbert, which notwithstanding De Lionne's promise will not be until the end of the week. The proposition intended will be either a change for some of their islands for our part of St. Christopher's or the buying it with their money ; how far either will sort to the King's inclinations or interests will rest on Lord Arlington's part to judge. [Correspond., France.]
July 20.
Charlestown, New England.
1797. Fr. Willoughby, Daniel Gookin, Thomas Danforth, and Jno. Leverett to the Commissioners of his Majesty's Navy. Inclose bill of lading of 24 great masts on board the Royal Exchange, Capt. John Pierce, which, with two great ones sent last year, are a present to his Majesty from the General Court of Massachusetts as a manifestation of their loyalty and good affection. Four more masts which were provided were too big to be sent. The Court has taken order for satisfying the freight, "although our incapacity is known." Have a double request, the one, to represent these masts to his Majesty according to their worth, lest others should undervalue them ; the other, that they may be recorded in the office books, with their dimensions, as a present sent by the colony. Inclose,
Invoice of the above 24 masts, ranging from 26 to 36 inches. Indorsed, Rec. Sept. 21, 1668. Together 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., Nos. 17, 17 I.]
1668. 1798. The King to (the Gov. and Council of Massachusetts). Has received lately sundry assurances of their loyalty and affection in the present of masts for his Majesty's navy, as also in the supply so seasonably sent to his Majesty's ships at Barbadoes. Is further assured by Lord Willoughby of their readiness to promote his Majesty's service. Looks on all this as expressions of their loyal and sincere affection. What they have now done has been exceeding acceptable. Will always look on them as part of his care to provide for their peace and welfare in all things, and as the Plantation of New England was begun and carried on by the favour and protection of his Majesty's Predecessor, so he hopes it may flourish under his Majesty's Government, and he shall be ready at any time to receive any of their just desires and requests. Indorsed by Williamson, New England. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 18.]
July 20. 1799. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. On petition of Col. Simon Lambert acknowledging his error, and offering to deliver up his Majesty's commission and letter of instructions for demanding and receiving St. Christopher's ; ordered that he deliver up said commission and letter and be discharged of his imprisonment on parole. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI., p. 172.]
July 20.
Virginia.
1800. Thos. Ludwell to [Sec. Lord Arlington]. His last letters were delivered by John Pate, a gentleman of this country. Believe themselves very unfortunate in the overthrow of their cessation ; last year 100 ships were laden with tobacco and left as much behind ; this year not less than 80, of which 30 ships carried all the new tobacco left by the storm in August last. Arguments in favour of a cessation [from planting tobacco for a year]. They have five forts finished for which they want at least 140 pieces of ordnance ; those out of the burnt frigate spoilt by fire, and are not able to buy others. Defers writing on many subjects until the Governor waits on him next spring. Indorsed, Answered 26 Nov. 1668. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 19.]
July 21.
Barbadoes.
1801. Gov. Wm. Lord Willoughby to the King. The last Assembly have generally complied with what was for his Majesty's service, and this, which is mostly composed of his brother's pretended friends, act hitherto counter. Has sent the Privy Council and Lord Arlington a narrative and particularly of Col. Lambert's proceeding about St. Christopher's, and his behaviour. By this his Majesty may guess it is convenient to keep Sir Tobias Bridge's regiment here. Since his Majesty commands his stay here has sent his son Will home with his own last year's accounts, by which his Majesty will be satisfied that the 4½ per cent. is not sufficient to do all things, and that as yet the Governor has had nothing towards his support. Lives in hope knowing he serves a just master, but to keep soldiers in good order without pay is impossible. The fleet now homeward bound. Prays for such a supply as he has written for. Must refer his Majesty to Col. Lambert for an account of how the Monsieurs have behaved at St. Christopher's. His Majesty's part in that island will much awe the French, and must be maintained by a garrison. Has formerly written at large to the Lord General and Lord Arlington about it, and of all things now to the Council. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 20.]
July 21.
Barbadoes.
1802. Gov. Wm. Lord Willoughby to Sec. Lord Arlington. Has long since given account of the receipt of his Majesty's commission and letters for taking possession of St. Christopher's and of his proceedings therein ; since when has employed Col. Symon Lambert, the only person here named in the commission, and explained his imprudent transactions with the French, in slighting Lord Willoughby's authority among them and the English at Nevis, and his late insolent demeanor. Committed him close prisoner aboard the Norwich for refusing to return the King's commission and letter. Accuses him of treachery more than weakness, and with a desire to confer with turbulent advisers to the danger of the Government. Who those few are, Willoughby's son can inform. Finds that nothing "will sooner unsinue the faction than a timely remove of its chiefs," and his Majesty must pardon him if, for security of this opulent island, Willoughby transplants the most seditions for a time to some other colony, being resolved not to trouble England with such spirits ; the apprehension of which has obtained from Lambert an humble petition, upon which he intends him mercy. Must refer his Lordship to Lambert's own account of what he has done at Leeward, not having received any to purpose from him. The great demands they make for prisoners and other matters are easily answered in like language. Intends to send his son Harry to Antigua next week. His long letter to the Council will inform his Lordship of what he has done hitherto. The last Assembly were resolved to countenance the Post Office, but were dissolved by an Act made in Sir Thos. Modyford's time, which he has sent home for his Majesty's order ; "this Assembly is cross, and till checked by his Majesty, I doubt will continue so." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 21.]
July 22.
Barbadoes.
1803. Gov. Wm. Lord Willoughby to (the Lords of the Treasury?). Since his Majesty has commanded his stay here, has sent his son Will with his last year's account, who having been employed by his brother and himself as Treasurer for the 4½ per cent. may the better answer any objection against it. Cannot yet finish his brother's accounts, the executors having not till of late proved the will ; finds them very confused, much having been expended on his Majesty's account during the war, for payment of which the whole revenue stands charged on his brother's credit, part of which, to support his Majesty's credit, he has paid as by letter of Dec. 15, 1667, he informed Lord Ashley Cooper. Begs their Lordships speedily to pass the account if right, or that he may have timely notice to amend it. Indorsed, by Williamson. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 22.]
July 22.
Barbadoes.
1804. Account of Lord Willoughby's proceedings from his first arrival at Barbadoes April 23, 1667, to July 13, 1668. Found the island under three Governors, his son Henry, Col. Henry Hawley, and Col. Sam. Barwicke, the two latter planters, who to ingratiate themselves with the people (though generally hated) endeavoured to obstruct all business for the King's honour and the country's safety that might put the country to charge. This caused such a division between the loyal, who sided with his son, and the seditious, of which Barwicke, Lambert, Sir John Yeamans, Col. Sharpe, Lt.-Col. Edw. Thornbury, Lt.-Col. John Horne, and Col. Philip Bell are the head, that had Lord Willoughby's arrival been protracted 10 days they had all been by the ears. Succeeded in reconciling them to defend the island ; called an Assembly ; established all officers military and civil ; and whereas in his brother's time some persons had three or four offices, he established but one person in one office, engaging and almost pleasing all. Thus while the war continued all was quiet, but after the peace they began to contrive ; noised that the Governor was in disgrace ; endeavoured to fall upon his son Harry and himself about the business of St. Kitts, named a new Governor, one Sir Robert Howard, whose promotion was so confidently pursued, that that noble gentleman was daily expected and still is. Lambert's being put in commission with himself for receiving St. Kitt's, made him suppose himself as good a man, as by his "capitulation" and his expressions in his treaty with M. De la Barre will appear. Thus these few busy fellows displace the King's Governor at their pleasure ; this has ever been the practice of Barbadoes, and when these insolent treacherous persons ruled, as in his brother's time they did, Farmer and his faction endeavoured the like, who since have appeared loyal subjects, nor can he excuse Sir Thos. Modyford and Sir Robert Harley from having a hand in this contrivance. Barwick declared to him and the Council that he would neither give nor lend the King a farthing if he could help it when the Assembly were passing an Act for quartering Sir Tobias' regiment, and when Willoughby made him Judge of the Exchequer, he held his patent three months and acted nothing, and before the election laid it down, supposing it would prejudice him with his faction. Lt.-Col. John Horne (another of the Assembly and of that gang) having forfeited a considerable estate by murdering his wife, endeavoured to cheat his Majesty by antedating deeds and other foul practices, in which Lt.-Col. Thornbury was found in a great measure guilty. Appointed Sir John Yeamans, another of this Assembly, a judge, but the last Assembly brought an accusation against him of having been committed for hiring a witness to take away a man's life, "for no other reason but that he had a mind to the other gentleman's wife." Col. Lambert in treaty with M. De la Barre stiles him barely Lord Willoughby of Parham, nor would De la Barre give him any other title. Wishes he had ships and order for a fair revenge. De la Barre having slighted his Majesty from the beginning, because his Lordship complied not with him a la mode de France. Might have had St. Christopher's on much better terms than Col. Lambert offered ; Col. Bell, one of the Council, betrays all to the faction, but "I value him not, and when there is occasion shall soon still his clapper." To commit any here is folly, and the way to increase a faction, besides there is not a prison that can secure a child, for which reason a man-of-war is always necessary, in which he may convey them anywhere he pleases, or secure villains for a time. Proposes this remedy for this increasing disease, that his Majesty and Council write their answer and commands positive, justifying what the Governor has done. Desires not to entail the Government on his own family, but that while he does govern he may not be slighted by such inconsiderable fellows. Their correspondents in England are Sir Peter Colleton, a chip of the old block, Sir Paul Painter, formerly a worthy cobler, Sir Peter Leare, all Baronets, and subtle Mr. Ferdinando Gorges, who pretends kindness, but is only for a planter Governor, in hopes to arrive to that honour, which when his Majesty condescends to, farewell Barbadoes, for there is such animosity between the planter and merchant, that all ways are studied by some of the Assembly to make the merchants quit the island, and they have proposed an Act that no merchant shall sue for a debt this four years to come. The town burnt and no hope of rebuilding it. By this and his letter to the Council may be seen the true state of affairs. Did not his Majesty's commands confine him, would not stay an hour without making his plaint to him, and if his Majesty thought him fit to govern, would as willingly return when empowered, for he has malice to none, nor expects advantage by them, and has so many wellwishers that in justice to them he would undertake much to set them to rights. 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 23.]
July 22.
Virginia.
1805. The Governor, Council, and Burgesses of Virginia to the King.
To the King's most Sacred Majestie. The Governor, Councell, and Burgesses of his Majestie's Collony of Virginia. In all humility doe pray that your Majestie will be pleased graciously to accept their present of three hundred pounds of Silke, being the first fruites of their labours in that kind, which they humbly hope your Majestie will be the more inclined to doe in regard it is a Royall commodity and that your favourable recepcōn of it will be a very great incouragement to us to make a greater progresse in that worke. And although it be a truth that our want of that skill which other countryes, longer conversant in and better acquainted with the makeing of that comodity have, is a very great retardment to our makeing better and greater quantityes of it, yet we hope that your Majestie upon this small experiment of our industry will be graciously pleased hereafer to grant us your favourable assistance by commanding men better skilld in that and other staple comodityes, for which this country is very proper, to come and reside amongst us, that in some short tyme we may (to the honor of your Majestie and the advantage of our nation in generall and our selves in perticuler) introduce silke, flax, hempe, and potash amongst us, and noe longer depend wholly upon tobacco, to the ruine of this collony and decay of your Majestes customes. This we most humbly hope from your Princely goodnesse, and may God for ever and for ever blesse your Majestie with all happynes. Your Majestes most humble, most faithfull, and obedient subjects and servants,
William Berkeley,
In the name of the Councell.
Tho. Ludwell, Secretary.
Robert Wynne, Speaker.
Virginia,
22 July 1668.
[Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 24.]
July 22.
Virginia.
1806. Governor Sir William Berkeley to the King.
May it please your Sacred Majestie,
Now that the peace has given us some security that our first fruites of silke may come safe to your Majestie, we have with al humble acknowledgements of your Majestie's gracious protection of us sent it to your Majestie. The present is smal of it selfe, but the hopes and consequences of this exelente commodity may be hereafter of an inestimable benifit to your Majestie's kingdomes. It is not ful threescore yeares since France began to make silke, yet this amongst others is one cause of the immense wealth of France. This country, both for the clymate and fruitfulnesse of it, is more proportioned suddenly to produce this admirable commodity then France can be ; but for this flax and hempe we want some able skilful men to instruct us. With your Majestie's gracious permission I wil lay my selfe at your Majestie's feet this yeare, and wil beg leave to goe into France to procure skilful men for al thes great workes. The Great God of Heaven protect your Majestie and keepe you safe from al your ennimies, of what nature soever they are, thus for ever shal pray,
Your Sacred Majestie's most humble, most obedient subject and servant,
Will. Berkeley.
Virginia,
July 22, 1668.
[Addressed], To his most sacred Majesty. See the King's answer, No. 1878. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 25.]
July 23.
London.
1807. Ferdinando Gorges and seven others to Mr. Nicholas. That they may send the arms and ammunition, &c., which his Majesty has given to Barbadoes by the first ships, Mr. John Champante will wait on him for the order. Signed also by Ben. Skutt, John Sampson, Tho. Knight, Henry Batson, Wm. White, John Langley, and John Drax. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 26.]
July 28.
Whitehall.
1808. Order of the King in Council. Whereas his Majesty is informed from the French Court that M. Colbert, who is coming Ambassador from thence, brings certain overtures concerning the places in America which were to be delivered up to his Majesty by the Treaty of Breda, with a desire that the second despatches sent from the French King to be conveyed to his Governor of St. Christopher's to reinforce his former orders for the delivery of part of that island to the English, might not be sent forward till the arrival of M. Colbert ; which implying some delay intended by the French King in the surrender. It was ordered that a letter be written to the Governor of Acadie, that if that country be not restored to the French King according to his Majesty's former letters, he forbear the delivery thereof till further order from his Majesty. Indorsed by Under Sec. Williamson, L'Acadie not to be surrendered. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 27.]
1668? 1809. "The Case of William Crowne, Esq., Proprietor in part of Nova Scotia or L'Accady." Sir Claude St. Estienne (De Latour) having received some "disobligations" in France, removed his family and estate to the country now called Nova Scotia, then totally unplanted, and a great part of it undiscovered. After some time of residence there, and finding beaver and other profitable commodities to abound, he repaired to England and imparted his discoveries to Sir Wm. Alexander, Lord of Menstrie and Sec. of State for Scotland. Sir Wm. obtained of King James the donation of the whole country by patent, dated 10th September 1621, also a commission to be the King's Lieut., with power to create baronets of Nova Scotia. It was annexed to the Crown of Scotland by four Acts of Parliament, and said Sir Claude and Charles St. Estienne of Denniscourt, his eldest son, were made baronets of Nova Scotia. Sir Wm. Alexander then made a plantation of Scots at Port Royal, and gave leave to Sir Claude and his son to plant at St. John's river, where they built a great strong fort. On 12th July 1625 Sir William Alexander obtained a new grant of Charles 1st and on 30th April 1630 made a grant of the whole country, Port Royal only excepted, to Sir Claude St. Estienne and his said eldest son Sir Charles, on condition they continued faithful subjects to the King of Scotland. Not long after the French claimed said country as part of Canada. His Majesty would not quit Sir Claude, but delivered up Port Royal, and bestowed on Sir William a Royal compensation. The French King being in possession sent one D'Aulney his Lieut., and not long after Sir Claude died. D'Aulney envying Sir Charles so great an estate, after failing by subtlety, repaired to open violence to get Sir Charles out, besieged him at St. John's and forced him to fly to Boston, where of one Major Gibbons he borrowed 3,379l. odd, to relieve his fort ; but before he arrived D'Aulney had taken it, put all the Scots to the sword, taken Sir Charles' lady prisoner, and, as was generally believed, poisoned her. Sir Charles flew to France and the King gave him a commission to take D'Aulney dead or alive. Whilst Sir Claude solicited in France, D'Aulney possessed himself of another fort built by the English at Penobscot, and so had all the country from La Have to Pemaquid ; but governing tyrannously he was drowned by one of his own servants. Sir Charles finding his enemy dead, married his widow, and so became peaceably possessed of all D'Aulney claimed, namely, Port Royal and Penobscot, which were bestowed upon him by the King of France as recompense for damages by D'Aulney to the value of 30,000l. Cromwell sent one Sedgwick to take the Dutch Plantation of Manhatas, now New York, but peace being concluded, Sedgwick (loath to return without doing anything) sailed to Nova Scotia, summoned Sir Charles to surrender (which he did, owning himself a subject of England), took his country from him, and carried him prisoner to England. Sir Charles petitioned Cromwell to be restored, who refused because he was a foreigner ; he then applied to one Thomas Temple, nephew to Fiennes, then Lord Keeper, and by his interest obtained a promise from the Council (of State) of restitution of the country, on condition Sir Charles paid Major Gibbons' widow the aforesaid 3,379l. Neither Sir Charles nor Temple knew how to raise said sum, so they applied to William Crowne, who deposited part and gave security for the rest ; in consideration of which Sir Charles made over on 20th September 1656 all his interest in the country to said Temple and Crowne and their heirs for ever, reserving the twentieth of all sorts of peltry and fruits of the earth. Temple and Crowne thus possessed and enjoyed said country till his Majesty's restoration ; at which time Mr. Elliott, groom of the bedchamber to his Majesty, begged the country, supposing Temple and Crowne had no pretence to it but Cromwell's patent ; but on Temple's petition to his Majesty and Privy Council the propriety was found to be in them, and his Majesty was pleased to restore it, only granting to said Elliott the government, which was farmed of him by said Temple for 600l. a year out of the profits of the country, and said Temple went over his Deputy. Thus it continued till 1667, at which time on the Peace with France, the proprietors were commanded to resign all to France, to their almost utter undoing ; who not only lost so great an estate, but said Crowne was dispossessed of goods to the value of 500l., being arms, guns, and ammunition in the fort at Penobscot ; for all which great losses said William Crowne never received any recompense. 5½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 28.]
Junely (sic).
28. St. Jago-de-la-Vega.
1810. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Present, Governor Sir Thos. Modyford, Lieut.-Gen. Sir James Modyford, Maj.-Gen. Thos. Modyford, Lieut.-Cols. John Coape, Thos. Ballard, Robt. Bindlosse, Wm. Ivey, and Rich. Hope, Col. Thos. Freeman and Majors Chas. Whitfield and Thos. Fuller. An ordinance touching the more orderly proceedings and more decent hearing and determining causes in the respective Courts within this island, and reforming the lawyers and pleaders in the same. An ordinance made touching such as shall refuse any charge, military or civil, that shall be tendered them, and such as neglect their duties after having accepted them. Ordered, that any soldier disobeying the orders of his superior officer be fined or receive corporal punishment ; that land in harbours be granted in small parcels to build houses upon within two years after the date of patent, or else the patent to be void. The Commander-in-Chief to give orders what shall make an alarm in the night. The Council to adjourn to the last Tuesday in October. 7 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXXIV., pp. 177-183.]
July 29./Aug. 8.
Colombe.
1811. Earl of St. Albans to [Sec. Lord Arlington]. M. Colbert goes this day from hence, from whom Sec. Arlington will receive account of the business of St. Christopher. He desired duplicates according to instructions of the last orders for the delivery, but De Lionne desires Sec. Arlington to be referred to M. Colbert's arrival, from whom he will have ample satisfaction in all that matter. [Correspond., France.]
July 29-30.
Barbadoes.
1812. Gov. Wm. Lord Willoughby to Sec. Lord Arlington. Gave account of all occurrences by his son William, who sailed on the 23rd curt. Since which has received letter from Abraham Crynsens, Dutch commander at Surinam ; to which has inclosed his answer. Presumes there may be a very great complaint concerning a commission granted to Major Needham against the Arwacas, and will therefore advise what they are. This nation is one of the most powerful on the coast of Guiana, mortal enemies to the Caribbs, who were and still are our firm friends, and during the Dutch war committed horrid cruelties against the English by instigation of the Dutch. The Dutch now seem to claim the whole main, having gotten a part from the English ; but there is better land for a colony than Surinam, but not so convenient for ships on the main of great burden. Crynsens has proffered a correspondence with this island, which Willoughby has declined, but granted for Antigua because that is a rising colony and many from Surinam are settled upon it, and it may be a means to persuade such of the English as are behind to remove thither, if the Dutch will permit, but the Dutch Government is so tyrannical that he fears none will be allowed to transplant without exceeding loss. Indorsed, Rec. 2 Oct. Incloses,
Governor Lord Willoughby to Abraham Crynsens, Gov. of Surinam. Sent Roger Jones about the beginning of July with his Majesty's orders for the rendition of Surinam, and received three weeks after Crynsens of the 16th of June with advice of receiving it, and complaint of several things having been carried from the Colony, and of the commission given to Major Needham against the Arwacas. Knows of nothing removed but what the Articles allow, and much is still behind which is our due. Assures him Needham's commission was surreptitiously got, for at Needham's solicitation Gov. Willoughby wrote to his son at Barbadoes to give him a commission against the Arwacas except in rivers possessed by the Dutch, but recollecting himself Willoughby sent a countermand, which Needham opened and concealed ; therefore if Needham receive not the deserts of his baseness from Crynsens, will be his debtor till he come within his Lordship's jurisdiction. Yet will justify the granting a commission against the Arwacas, who have so abominably butchered his Majesty's subjects. Knows not how Crynsens comes to claim so great a latitude of protecting that nation so universally dispersed in Guiana. Will not grant any commission against Indians living under the power of the Dutch ; and if Crynsens can advise the name of the person that took five Indians from the river Marowyn, will do his utmost to have him severely punished and the Indians restored. Desires the restitution of the sloop, and the English in her, Needham excepted. Acknowledges his civility in his proffers to assist in rebuilding the town, but it being to be rebuilt with lime and stone, and other materials being furnished from New England, will have no occasion to make use of his kindness. As to reciprocal correspondence, will embrace it only with Antigua. Indorsed, "Copy sent your Lordship ; this copy agrees not with that sent to Mr. Williamson," see inclosure, No. 1820. Togetherpp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., Nos. 29, 29 I.]
July 30.
Fort James, New York.
1813. Col. Nicolls to the General Court at Boston. Theirs of the 8th July gives him occasion to reply to some particulars. Is sorry they will not see that his Majesty has already signified his pleasure about the settlement of bounds ; at the same time his Majesty commanded the Governor and others to appear before him, that all their bounds and privileges might have a final determination, and how they have complied with it every man sees. He was not concerned in that affair, but they must not think it strange that at his departure he should animadvert so strongly upon them in that matter, for he holds himself concerned during life in the affairs of New England. Knows the regulation of affairs towards the Indians, or rather between them, has great difficulty. They know his station has been a frontier place towards the Indians, who had too much influence on the spirits of the Dutch, but are now reduced to better compliance, and in testimony of their desires to live in peace with our nation have made him a present of two youths, who have been prisoners a few years and were taken in Maryland ; also they have promised to bring another, so that though they have war with the English in Maryland, because the English there take part with their Indians, yet they are desirous of peace with the English ; of which he has long since advertised the Governor of Maryland, without success. Printed in New York Documents, III., 172. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 30.]
July 30. 1814. "A short Narrative of the state and condition of the Colony of Surinam, and especially of the occurrences there since the departure of Lt.-Genl. Willoughby to this present time." At the end of 1666 the inhabitants, infected with a wasting sickness, and in a condition to invite, not repel, an enemy's force, were attacked by Admiral Crynsens, and soon submitted under several capitulations. About seven months after arrived Sir John Harman and Lieut.-General Henry Willoughby, who made a speedy reduction thereof to his Majesty's obedience, and settled the colony under a Governor and garrison. But news arrived from Zealand of the Peace of Breda and for restitution of the colony to the Dutch. Not long after Lieut.-General Willoughby returned, and having civilly refused restitution re-embarked with some of the most considerable persons. About the 1st February the government of the fort and colony was put by Lieut.-General Willoughby into the hands of Sergeant-Major James Banister, the only remaining eminent person, a rational gentleman, and of loyalty and resolution sufficient to have supported a more real and solid interest. In March the Norwich frigate arrived with declaration from his Excellency, inviting the English inhabitants to withdraw to Antigua or other of his Majesty's colonies, but none stirred thinking to gain time. On the 15th April came Admiral Crynsens with three ships of war, and delivered to the Governor the Articles of Peace, with his Majesty's Letters Patent concerning restitution, by virtue whereof he demanded restitution. Then follow negotiations tending to hostility by the Dutch, and finally on 18th April 1668 the Governor by advice of Council agreed that his Majesty's Letters Patent for restitution ought to have speedy and due obedience. Whereupon certain proposals herein set forth were made to the Dutch, and the articles of surrender made with Lieut.-General Byam were returned subscribed and confirmed, dated 24th February/6th March 1667 hereto annexed [at end of this document]. Then follows what took place concerning the manner of delivering up the fort and colony and the threats of the Dutch to attack without mercy all who should hold the fort, who on 2nd April/1st May sent a peremptory demand for surrender, promising that the Governor, soldiers, and inhabitants should take with them their colours, arms, and what else belonged to them, provided the ammunition and what else belonged to the fort were left behind. "Now is the game up," the Governor yielded the fort, the Dutch imposed oaths of fidelity to the States on the people, and then published a declaration concerning the settling of the Government, which follows. At this time the people caress the Admiral and his Council with an address, and ask several requisite favours contained in seven articles. At the end of May arrived Serj.-Major Wm. Nedham and 20 Englishmen in a sloop with commission from the Governor of Barbadoes to act something upon the natives of this coast ; whereupon the Dutch seized the vessel and sent Nedham and his company to Zealand. This made some desirous to extricate themselves from the colony, and Major Banister in particular demanded license to leave the colony with all his estate, which Crynsens denied. Hereupon several persons understanding that Major Banister intended to make a positive demand to remove, requested to be included ; and on 18th July 1668 Major Banister made certain demands of Admiral Crynsens and Council, to which answers were returned as herein set forth. These answers were transmitted to Major Banister, with a letter from Adm. Crynsens charging him with acting beyond his sphere in comprehending the people in his demands, and summoning him to repair on board the Dutch admiral's ship, where the council of war having interrogated him, resolved on 1st August that he should be sent to Zealand to make further answer. Major Banister refuses to submit, presses for permission to go to Barbadoes in the English ship yet in the river, and stands in expectation of the execution of their decree for sending him off, "where we leave him, and conclude this relation to this 30th July 1668." 20 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXIII., No. 31.]