St. P., I.
286. Henry VIII. to Southampton, Gardiner and Wriothesley.
Has received their letters of 29 April, and perceives their proceedings
in London. Although the sums are small, they seem to have
been frankly granted. Sends the schedule, with letters to the customers,
signed, "according to your desire."
Touching the matter of France, perceives that they hear nothing yet of
the French ambassador, and desire to know whether to "address" him to
the King. If he desire access to the King they shall say that, by what
the ambassador in France writes, the French demands are so unreasonable
that they fear his coming to the King "with that message should be
nothing acceptable;" and therefore, as the King is busy with his affairs
on the sea coast, and the towns on the way are dangerously infected with
the sickness, he should declare his charge to them, and it he have any new
matter to express it shall, be signified to the King with diligence, and if
not they are ready to hear and answer him. That they may be better
armed to answer the overtures already made by the French king to the
ambassador with him, instructs them as follows :—
1. Where Francis offers that the treaty of perpetual pension shall stand;
the ambassador is to be asked whether that means that they take it to be
already firm and perfect, and would have it remain so, or whether they
take it to be disputable, and would have it so continue.
2. Where they demand 500,000 or 600,000 crs. of the arrearage, with
the marriage, and offer the rest at days reasonable, and to assign the
dowry out of hand; demanding therewith that our pension viager be given
to our daughter and Mons. Dorleance, and their heirs male, and yet they to
take no profit of it these six years, and if they die in our lifetime without
heirs male the pension (save a marriage portion for heirs female, if any)
to return to us. To these points they shall answer that the more the
King ponders them the more it seems that Francis does not esteem his
amity as it has deserved, when he seeks such unreasonable gain to the
King's loss and dishonor; for such a dote is unheard of, considering that
king Louis accepted the King's sister with 300,000 crs., for which she had
a corresponding dowry, and how discrepant is the state of a king from the
state of the duke of Orleans, who is but a king's second son, and also that
king Louis had no children, so that their issue should have inherited the
Crown, which possibility is not so likely in Orleans' case. And where our
good brother offers to agree for the rest of the arrearage upon days reasonable,
we would know what that means, and whether he can make greater
assurance than we have already (unless it be towns and lands), which has
not been so observed but that we may justly doubt the performance of
further bonds. As to the assignment of our pension viager, considering
that they have to do "with one that hath experimented the world," and
of whom they have received some benefit, we think they might see how
far they digress from reason, friendship, and equality to ask both for dote
and dowry; "wondering, further, what they mean, to say that the Duke
and our daughter should not have the profit of it these vj years, if we were
so disposed to give it unto them; in which part it would be demanded of
him, (fn. 1) who should have the profit of it in the meantime, seeing by
their demand they seem to exclude both them and us, and to show by
what equity our good brother should have it for that time." Also, where
they demand, in default of issue male, to deduct (in restoring the pension)
a marriage portion for the heirs female, apparently at their appointment,
whether it seems reasonable that we should so, "at our charge, marry their
children or no."
These things are so unreasonable that we cannot, with honor, condescend
to them; wherefore we desire our good brother, if he "mean to
join with us as he hath pretended," to leave them, and fall to just conditions
such as have been between our two houses in the past. To prove
that we "mind the perfection of this matter," if he will treat of dote and
dowry, continuing payment of the pensions according to our treaties unless
he offer a reciproque (to which we will also hearken), if he will assign to
our daughter such a dowry as king Louis made to our sister, we will give
the same dote—an honorable offer, comparing the state of king Louis and
that of Orleans. We see not how he can reasonably refuse this offer with
our daughter, in whom is great possibility of inheritance, which a King
of whom we never deserved such friendship as we have of him did accept
with our sister, who was far from such possibility. Here the ambassador
is to be reminded that the dote accepted when the marriage was concluded
between our said daughter and the Dolphine that dead is was far
under that now demanded with their second son.
As to the overture of the entering into wars, you shall say that we have
no cause of war against the Emperor; but, like as our good brother, who,
as all the world knows, has great cause, says he can be content to wink at
it, we can also be so content; not intending to make war with him unless
be much provoke us, which we think he will not do.
You shall answer the ambassador as "dulcely" as you can, adding such
persuasions as you can devise; and advertise us of your conference, and
also write to our ambassador in France the whole of this answer, and the
discourses you shall have now with the French ambassador thereupon.
Westinhanger, 1 May 34 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
Pp. 5. Add. Sealed. (fn. 2) Endd.
Calig. E. IV.
2. Copy of the above, much injured by fire.
Pp. 7. Address subscribed. Endd. : "From the K. M., at Dover, to
the L. P. S. and other at London.
287. [Henry VIII. to his Officers Of Customs.]
In accordance with his former letters, dated — (blank) inst. 33
Hen. VIII., sends herewith a schedule of the names of loving subjects of
London, who have advanced the sums, by way of loan, "totted upon their
names," which are to be allowed in their customs.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute for discharge by
288. The French Pensions.
Account of money due from the French king to Henry VIII., viz.,
47,363 cr., for the ordinary pension, due 1 May 21 Hen. VIII., and
respited by the King, and the same sum due 1 May 26 Hen. VIII., and
likewise respited; and, after that, the same sum (for the King's ordinary
pension) and 5,000 cr. for salt due half-yearly, 1 May and 1 Nov., from
1 May 27 Hen. VIII. to 1 May 34 Hen. VIII. Total, 880,256 cr. at
4s. 8d., equal to 205,393l 16d. st.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd. : Sums of money due by the French king to
the King's Majesty.
Poli Epp., III.
289. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal Contarini.
All here thank him that in spite of his business he sends such
frequent letters. They have together read the passage which he referred
to in St. Bernard, touching the justice of Christ. Comments upon it.
The Marchioness (fn. 3) sends commendations. Viterbo, 1 May 1542.
290. Marillac to Francis I.
Since his last, of 22 April, has been at Greenwich on St. George's
Day, where this King solemnised the usual feast with the knights of his
Order. The King there confirmed what Marillac wrote; saying he went
only to visit his near sea coasts and took little company with him, having
with him of his Council only the Admiral and the "Maistre des Ports"
(warden of the Cinque Ports), le seigneur de Chaynay, and leaving the
rest here, where he hoped to return in 20 days; also that, as
he was going across country, where there was no convenience to
lodge many persons, Marillac need not follow him (as he offered
to do), seeing, that, for express matters, he could come to the
King in less than a day, and for things of less importance could apply to
the Council. This, implying that Marillac's company would not be agreeable,
increased his presumption that the King wished secretly to cross the
sea, and therefore he determined to keep a man in Court to report hourly
what was seen, while he himself remained here to watch the equipment
of the King's ships.
Since the King's departure, has learnt that about 1,000 pikes, 400 or
500 hackbuts, and some artillery and munitions have been laden in the
three ships which usually transport him to Calais. However, the vessels
are still here, and some say he wishes to carry to Calais a part of the
treasure which is in London, so that, in the event of a mutiny, the Tower
should not be surprised with all his money and property in it. Others
persist that he will pass to Calais with the said three ships only, and that
four or five of the great ships shall lie between the two passages to give
succour if necessary, and, while the King is absent, neither Englishman
nor stranger will be allowed to cross. Whether the King crosses, as the
common opinion is, or remains, there is no preparation of ships or men
to give suspicion of any novelty to the prejudice of Francis's frontier. Will
be careful to write daily all that happens and, even if there is no great
matter for it, as long as affairs are in this doubt, will not fail to despatch
every ten or twelve days; so that if more than 15 days pass without
letters from hence Francis will understand that the passage is closed, and
things going badly, although they seem well disposed.
Madame Marie is much better, and, the doctors say, out of danger.
Norfolk also, who went home ill, is now well, and should be here at Whitsuntide.
There is no other talk here but of the loan, of which Marillac
wrote, which is diligently exacted, to the extent of taking plate and jewels
of those who will not promptly furnish money. They say the King
absents himself to avoid hearing those who would complain that they are
assessed too grievously; for, indeed, many murmur, especially in London,
where the loan will reach 400,000 cr., or 500,000 cr.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3. Headed : Londres, 2 May 1542.
291. Charles V.
Commission of Charles V. to his master of requests, Eustace Chappuys,
ambassador with the King of England, to treat for a closer friendship,
towards which Henry VIII. has shown himself, by the bp. of London,
to be disposed, with a defensive and offensive alliance. Valladolid, 2
May 1542, Imp. 23, R. 28. Signed : Charles. Countersigned : Bave.
French. Parchment. Seal flattened.
Galba B. X.,
2. Copy of the above from which it is printed in Rymer.
Fr. pp. 2.
VI., II., No. 1.
3. The same described from a draft in the Archives of Brussels.
St. P., IX.
292. Bonner and Knyvett to Henry VIII.
Having despatched letters, on 5th April, of their conference with
the Emperor and Covos, at the first audience granted to Bonner, looked
daily for the return of Grandevele, to whom the Emperor much refers;
who arrived from Cabesson, two leagues off, on St. George's Day at 6 a.m.
Thinking he would be occupied, Bonner did not send until 7 p.m. to congratulate
him upon his return, and desire an interview. He said he was
very busy, and would give an answer next morning; and that he would
tarry in his lodging that night; but apparently, he spent much of it with
the Emperor whose lodging communicates privately with his. Next morning
he answered that Bonner should be welcome at 2 p.m., at which hour
the writers repaired to him. Describe their gentle reception. When
they gave him the King's commendations and thanks, he put off his bonnet
and told how he always coveted to serve the King, and had so declared to
my lord of Winchester and Mr. Knevet, and to Mr. Wyat, and "illi profugo
et malo viro qui jam est Romae." Bonner suggested Pates,
and he continued, "Yea, unto Pates. I showed him that
nothing at no time, by my will nor the will of the
Emperor, should be done in prejudice of the King, your master." He
then went on to speak of the amity between the houses of Burgundy and
England, the love the Emperor bore the King, even at the time of the
defiance made to him by means of the Cardinal of York, (fn. 4) and his own
joy that all occasions to assuage the amity were now taken away. Bonner
then told how he was commissioned to use his advice in the King's affairs
and had, by his absence, been compelled to use the help of Seignior
Covos; but now desired, through him, to know the Emperor's resolution
in the things proposed. Grandevele said that the night before he had
been long talking with the Emperor who, although he had been diseased,
and it was a cold wind and the window open, would not suffer the window
to be closed nor lights brought, but continued talking of Bonner's
proposals; and had delivered him Bonner's memorial touching the matters
of Flanders for his consideration. He declared the Frenchmen's ill-will
to him for divers causes, especially Rynconne and Cesare Fregoso, and how
they had galleys out to take him, which the French king, on the expostulation
of the Emperor's ambassador, said were out for corn and
victual; and how he cared not so much for himself, as because he had
certain blank charters of the Emperor's party touching the expedition
of English matters, which he would not have come to the Frenchmen's
hands, or himself either, for they hated both him and his sororius, (fn. 5) who,
being ambassador in France, was threatened in the Council there to lose
his head. Seeing him shut up in Geanes, the French solicited the Emperor,
by means of the Pope, not to join with the King, telling the Pope also
that the Emperor would deceive him; and this camerarius (fn. 6) of the Pope
passed by where Grandevele was without coming to see him, but the
Emperor had not yet heard him. Grandevele became so earnest that he
took up a book, and sware by it that he had chartas, which showed all
these doings of the Frenchmen. Bonner asked if he did not think the
King was as much solicited elsewhere as that, if profit or suit might avail,
there should be no joining at all; and he replied that he could well
believe it. Grandevele then said that, though the rumour was blazed
abroad that the French king was gone to Boulogne, sending the Admiral
to England and the Dolphyn to Lyons, the French king was gone to
Burgundy; and, to show their dishonesty, it was blazed abroad that
Orleans should marry Lady Mary, yet here they craftily solicit a marriage
for him; they sent four ambassadors to Germany, who made a wondrous
solemn oration, but, when required to write their desire and say
whether they were commissioned to contribute against the Turk, refused
the one and denied the other; and so "were commanded to go to their
lodging and drink, and they should be accompanied." Here he told of
the great aid the Empire gives against the Turk, and his preparations in
Spain against the malice of the French king, and, after speaking with a
great stomach against the Frenchmen, said they would descend to particulars.
Bonner said they looked to hear these of him, and trusted, as winter
was past and summer "comen on," that proceedings would be warmer;
declaring the unfriendly handling of the ambassador[s] (fn. 7) in Flanders, as in
his instructions. Grandevele replied that it was not his custom to
speak evil of men, but he was informed that "the said ambassadors"
handled the Queen very rudely, and refused to put in writing what they
uttered; however, seeing the increasing friendship between their masters,
they would leave that and come to the matter itself. Bonner asked what he
would demand, and said that the King, seeing the Emperor proceeded no
further, sent him to know the Emperor's inclination and to signify that,
if the Emperor proceeded coldly, he should not think it strange if the
King accepted overtures made elsewhere. Grandevele said he thought
they had commission to ask what they would. Bonner said, "Sir, here is
much courtesy and I fear it may hurt." Knyvet also said he saw no
need for ceremony, seeing that both Winchester and Bonner had declared
the King's goodwill for a straiter amity. Perceiving that he still looked
to have some specialty declared, Bonner, to provoke him to "open himself,"
said they should do as the Athenians did, first have an amnesty for past
injuries, and then commune of the things spoken of by Winchester.
"What are they? quod he." Reminded him that "at the making of the
promise," a confirmation of old leagues and abolition of injuries was
spoken of, and that within 10 months should be treated a straiter amity
and for mutual defence and offence touching England and the Low Parts;
the 10 months would be past within 5 days, and the King desired to know
the Emperor's inclination, and that the edict in Flanders should be revoked.
Grandevele was wonderfully glad, that Bonner opened the matter,
which Winchester and he had spoken of, and concluded that there should
be a confirmation of old leagues, "with abolition aforesaid, saving always
those chapters thereof that th' Emperor cannot with his honor observe
and keep," that there should be a straiter amity, that there should be
letters and a most ample commission sent to the ambassador, who should
refer difficulties to the Regent in Flanders, to whom it should be written
to reform the edict to the King's satisfaction. He said he was glad to
have a man of such learning to debate the matter, and was sorry Knevet
was leaving; he would speak with the Emperor that night, and his only
doubt was how the letters and commission should be conveyed. "Sir
(quod we) we shall convey them by our courier, and safely we trust."
Describe how they were put off then from day to day, the excuses sent
from Granvelle and Covos by Joyes, the Emperor's secretary, the bp. of
Arras and others, their own threats that they could wait no longer, &c.
Finally, on 2 May, answer was faithfully promised for 3 p.m. the same
day, and they determined to write the rest of their letter, as follows :—
In spite of the bruit that the cardinal of Toledo, or Granvelle himself,
should go in embassy to England, for the marriage of Lady Mary with the
Emperor (which is in every man's mouth, and Bonner's coming reported to
be solely for it), and to reconcile the King with the bishop of Rome; if
any man go it will be Granvelle's son, the bp. of Arras. No ambassador
has come from Venice, but the Venetian secretary says that one shall
shortly come from France. Mayo, the vice-chancellor of Arragon, is gone
to Monzon to prorogue the Courtes there until the Emperor's coming, at
the end of May. After the manner of Rome, a pasqual was set up here
on St. Mark's Day, taunting the Emperor's Council. The Emperor was
sore offended, and offered 300 ducats for the author of it; and Don Pero
Lasso de la Vega, Don Lorenzo de Figueras, his brother, and Don Pero
Gonzales de Mendoza are arrested. The father of the two first was one
of the chiefs of the insurrection (fn. 8) against the Emperor in Toledo. Write to
the Council about the persons convicted of heresy. Report a speech of
Granvelle's about the King's wisdom, and the Emperor's love for him
and his son. The Scottish herald Fawclonde, alias Snodon, who has been
long a suitor here for certain ships taken by Spaniards, is leaving discontented.
The ambassador of Ferrare says that the camerare of the
bp. of Rome is not yet gone, but had, with the Nuncio, audience with the
Emperor on Monday week, and was going hence to the French king, on the
Bishop's part, who was loth to have war in Italy, and feared a new sack of
Rome if the Almains came thither. The duke of Mantua, being only eight
years old, shall marry the daughter of Ferdinandus rather than Signora
Victoria. The Emperor has made an exchange with the Fokkars of
Almain for 100,000 ducats, half for Geanes and half for Naples, at 12 or
13 per cent. The gentleman who set forth in galley with Granvelle, and
afterwards came by land, was from the duke of Ferrare to lament the
Emperor's loss at Algere, and congratulate his safe return.
On St. George's even the Emperor sent to Knevet a goodly chain of
great weight. The secretary Joyes, who brought it refused a reward
worth 90 ducats, and 100 crs., saying that the Emperor forbade it, as in
the case of my lord of Winchester. Desires to have a cipher, in case letters
are searched in France.
Sent, as appointed, to Granvelle's house, three times, who finally said
the despatch was ready, and he desired to speak with them next morning
before they despatched their courier.
Describe their conversation with him on the morrow; when he said,
with many good words, that the commission, instructions, &c., were prepared
as he had promised; he was sending a memorial to the ambassador
of a complaint made by the Emperor's subjects touching freight of ships
(it stated that the prohibition in England was absolute against lading
save in English bottoms, which, they pointed out, was untrue); the 10
months provided in the promise made at Raynesburge were expired, but
he could promise on the Emperor's behalf, that it should be extended
another 6 months. Showed him that they had no power to grant any
such thing, but dare promise it upon their honours. He said the Bishop of
Rome's camerare solicited to conciliate the Emperor and the French king,
with offers of marriage, &c., but the Emperor refused them "in respect of
these our master's." Replied that the King likewise kept in suspense
great overtures made to him. He said he knew it, and that the French
king desired an amity, first, that he might be discharged of the pension,
and secondly, that he might usurp the realm and expel the Prince.
Granvelle was in this wondrous earnest, and wished he were in England to
tell the King of it himself. Took this occasion to commend his son the
bp. of Arras (to know whether he should come to England), and he said
he and his son and all together were the King's servants. Finally,
he asked them to enclose his packet in theirs, for fear of its being opened
in France. Vallodolith, 3 May, 4 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 15. Slightly mutilated. Add.
VI., II., No. 2.
293. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Acknowledges his letters of 25 Feb. and 14 March, the former of
which came through Flanders under cover to Granvelle, the latter forwarded
by the Queen of Hungary. Thanks for his advice, but needs not
reply particularly, except to praise his dexterity and diligence. Although
Henry may still incline to temporise, yet in order to keep the agreement
at Ratisbon to treat within 10 months of closer alliance with England, has
ordered Granvelle on his return from the Diet to communicate with the
bp. of London, and with the other bishop (sic) ambassador now returning.
The bp. of London has been most friendly, declaring that the present
negociation was the sole object of his mission; yet, in conference with
Granvelle, all that could be got out of him was that past treaties must be
carefully revised, and the edict promulgated in Flanders revoked, to make
the King his master more inclined to make concessions. Granvelle said that
alliances were generally founded on defence and offence, but the bp. said
his master would not go beyond a defensive league between England and
the Low Countries. It was at, last resolved that, in addition to the powers
sent to Chapuys by the Queen of Hungary, the Emperor should send him
fresh ones, specially for the alliance. In case of difficulty, for a quicker
settlement, he may consult the Queen of Hungary, to whom the Emperor
will write to consult what can be done as to the revocation of the edict.
Sends a memorandum about it drawn up in Spain.
It has been arranged between Granvelle and the English ambassador
that nothing shall be done during these negociations by either party to
the prejudice of the other, as was agreed at Regensburg. Writes to the
Queen of Hungary and De Praet to assist him with fresh copies of treaties,
&c. Chapuys must on no account agree to anything against the authority
of the Holy See, or in favor of the new sects; and he is to proceed with
such secrecy that the French may not know what passes. They have
written to the Pope that Charles is in close alliance with England, thus
endeavouring to remove the reproach of themselves seeking a marriage
between Orleans and the Princess Mary. He must endeavour to contract
an offensive alliance against France. If they hold out for a
merely defensive alliance, it must include the whole of the Emperor's
dominions, the Low Countries as well as Navarre, and, if possible, let the
help be in money. He must endeavour to induce Henry to aid in
the recovery of Gueldres and Zutphen, or, at least, promise not to aid the
duke of Cleves. He will also do all he can to set Henry against the duke
of Holstein; or, if that cannot be obtained, to secure that the Duke and
the Hanse towns under his rule keep the obedience they owe to the
While seeking to induce Henry to take the Emperor's part against
France, Chapuys will see that the Emperor's honor be safeguarded as
above, and that no word be perverted in the transcriptions or translations
of treaties—a thing in which the English are not over scrupulous. He
must try to excuse the Emperor from becoming security for the French
king's debts. The French have always tried to escape their liabilities,
and the object of Francis in soliciting the hand of the Princess for his son
is merely to gain time in that matter. If he ever seriously thought of
such a marriage it was with a view to usurping the English crown, either
during Henry's life, or after his death; for which purpose he cultivates
the friendship of the Scots king. It would be well to avoid treating of
the alliance the Emperor once had with Scotland, or of matters even
indirectly connected with the Princess which may turn to her injury, such
as her legitimacy. As the English ambassadors have assured Granvelle
that their King means to proceed frankly in this affair, he must for once
be trusted; but if Chapuys perceives duplicity he must not break off at
once, but write to the Emperor and the Queen of Hungary.
Lastly, would it not be possible to get the King of England to give aid
against the Turk?
Valladolid, 3 May 1542.
From a draft in the Vienna Archives.
283, f. 211.
294. J. Lord Russell to Lord Cobham.
The King is in prosperous health. Has received lord Cobham's
letter saying that he expects to be outlawed next term, at the King's
suit, for debts of his father's. Has spoken to the King, who has not forgotten
his promise, and has ordered Russell to write to Mr. Attorney for
the stay of process against Cobham.
Sends the letter. The King likes his proceedings very well, and prays
him to set the same forth with all the speed he can. Dover, 4 May.
P. 1. Add. : To, &c., the lord Cobham.
Acts of the
P. of Sc.,
295. Parliament Of Scotland.
Held at Edinburgh, 4 May 1542, by Gawen abp. of Glasgow.
chancellor, and nine other commissioners (named). Case of the widow and
children of Robt. Lesly deferred. Prorogued to 20 July.
296. Agnes, Duchess Of Norfolk.
Pardon. See Grants in MAY, No. 25.
St. P., I.
297. Southampton, Gardiner and Wriothesley to Henry
After receipt of his letters, dated Westenhanger, 1 May, containing
answer to be made to the French ambassador, the said ambassador, on
Wednesday morning, sent word to me, the lord Privy Seal, by his cousin,
that he had letters from his master, containing a resolution in the matters
communed of, and desired access to us. We desired him to come to the
house of me, the Lord Privy Seal, on Thursday afternoon, which was
yesterday. The ambassador's cousin delivered the packet which Mr. Paget
wrote that he had delivered him as a "demonstration of trust." The
cousin made no mention of any man sent from the Admiral.
On Thursday the ambassador came, with the gentleman (fn. 9) sent from the
Admiral, whom, as the ambassador's companion, we saluted. The gentleman,
to judge by his words, has wit, but, by his years, no great experience.
He came in a gown of taffeta with a chain of gold about his neck, and
when the rest that entered the chamber left he remained, as one having
commission. The ambassador began as though he would have him present,
whereupon Southampton took him aside and asked whether the
gentleman brought any letter or message to the King, or had anything to
say from the Admiral. He replied Nay, he was only sent to him from the
Admiral. Southampton then desired him to cause the gentleman to withdraw
to the gallery, as the matter was weighty, and they were commissioned
only to treat with the ambassador, who had like commission.
The ambassador said he would gladly have him present, and would tell
him all afterwards, but he would desire him to withdraw; which he did,
apparently with some difficulty, for they consulted together "a good pretty
The gentleman being retired, and we placed at the board, the ambassador
declared how he had letters from his master for acceleration of the
matter they had long treated; saying, I have declared three points, viz.,
(1), the affection of the King my master and his desire to this marriage;
(2), that for the legitimation of the lady Mary he condescends to your
laws, and (3), I have demanded what dote she should have, but you reply
with general words, and will open no speciality. You spoke of a reciproque,
a term which I understand not, but have written as you declared
it and have answer again to desire you to be frank and, as I have opened
to you our desire for this marriage, and the time passes, to require you
to descend to some specialty that this matter might take effect, or
else break off. We withdrew, and, upon conference, determined
what answer to make, and also to take occasion to speak of the overture
made to Mr. Pagett, and declare the answer you had devised thereto.
We then answered that we marvelled at this his speech and doubted not
but he remembered that in these three points we had been plain with him,
and had declared your affection to the marriage, and that the request,
which they desired, with the marriage, to have all the pensions remitted,
was unreasonable, but the dote should be 200,000 crs. if the French king
would appoint a corresponding dowry. "Hereat the ambassador, without
any other ceremony of speech, said two hundred thousand crowns was
nothing, and as good speak of nothing as of that, and if ye will speak no
further, quoth he, we be at a point." Said we looked not to hear him
speak thus now, for your ambassador had advertised that he had some
other special overture to declare, whereunto we were instructed to make
answer, which your ambassador, to whom the matter was opened, could
not do : and so declared the overture made first by the Admiral, and then
by the French king. The ambassador said that of the specialties of this
overture he had not heard, but it was written to him that your ambassador
had been with the French king and Admiral and, as a private man,
without commission, had made an overture to them to move war against
the Emperor jointly with your Highness, and your pension to be recompensed
out of the "conquest lands." To this the French king gave ear;
and, indeed, he is resolved never to enter war against the Emperor unless
your Highness be joined with him, for your realm is environed with the
sea, whereas his may be annoyed by the Emperor in divers parts. This
communication, quoth he, was with your ambassador upon the overture
that he made, "and this hath been written unto me." And of the marriage,
to tell you plainly mine instructions, the King my master demands remission
of one million of the debt, whereof there is about 800,000 now due,
and 200,000 shall be due within two years, "and then the treaty of the
pension viager and perpetual to stand as it doth;" or else 600,000 cr. of
the debt and the pension viager wholly remitted, and the perpetual to
remain. He then went galliardly to the matter, mentioning the giving of
the pension to the duke of Orleans. We asked the meaning of that
speech, which the French king and Admiral now used, viz., that the
treaty "shall remain as it is." He said it meant "if it be good, to be
good, and if it be not good, so to be taken." We asked what assurance
should be given for payment of what remained if the 600,000 or the
1,000,000 were granted, seeing that the bonds hitherto "could not work
the effect of a certain payment." He said he trusted we would not disallow
the French king's promises, for that would touch a prince too near. "We
said we would not disallow them, but the thing sheweth th' effect followeth
not," and you yourself have not accounted the debt as good as ready
money, saying "we should marry our daughter with an acquittance."
He said he meant no hurt thereby; there was money due, but it was unpaid,
partly because of his master's great charges, and partly because not
pressed for. Seeing he was weary and would have recourse to the shield
of a prince's honor, "which it becometh no mean man directly to impugn,"
we left that matter and opened the unreasonableness of the demand either
of the million or of the 600,000 and pension viager; and laid the latter so
before his eyes that he was "ashamed to hear it," how the French king,
who had received such benefits, could require remission of that he was
bound in gratitude to pay, by pretence of a marriage, and therewith
demand such an unheard of sum as 600,000 cr. to Mons. Dorleaunce,
who, although a great prince's son, was born to live, he and his posterity,
in the estate of subjects, his brother living and having issue; and,
although you had great regard to your heirs, it sounded "very evil in any
man's ears that the French king should require that he might pay your
Majesty no pension during your life, wherein he ought to have rejoice and
comfort, but to your heir." The ambassador had no shift then but to
demand the million; which we said was such a sum as you could not give
without prejudice of your honor and wisdom. We were sure you would
rather give two millions of liberality than one million as dote of such a
lady as the lady Mary to a second son, she being also in such "possibility"
as she is. Princes, we said, had no measure prescribed in liberality; but,
in a bargain, to digress from prudence, or give so much as to declare inequality
in the princes that treat or the persons that marry, was so discrepant
from reason that a friend should not desire it. Here we noted
the marriage of your sisters to king Lewis and the king of Scots, and the
espousals of the lady Mary to the Dolphin departed; and told him finally
that, if he intended this matter earnestly, you would for your good
brother's sake esteem Orleans as you did king Lewis, and much more than
your father esteemed the king of Scots, "and as well
as your Majesty, in communication with your good brother
for the Dolphin and the lady Mary, did esteem that marriage." The
ambassador said these were general words, and no specialty. We asked
what more specialty could be expressed than to say you would esteem
Orleans as much as any other prince had been esteemed by you or your
father, and so would give 300,000 cr. He said that was nothing. "Have
yet not heard, quoth he, what offers th' Emperor maketh Mons. Dorleaunce
to give unto him Flanders and Burgoyne? I am sure, quoth he,
you have heard it, for you be as well advertised from all parties as any
men be in Christendom. We told him we had not heard it, ne believed
it. He told us then how the King his master might have married Monsr.
Dorleaunce to the Queen of Navarre's daughter, which is a marriage,
quoth he, of three millions and above;" but his master was very desirous
of this marriage and had sent him a resolution, viz., either a million or
else 600,000 and the pension viager. We said the pension viager was a
greater matter than two millions, and we would not reply how Orleans
might marry the Queen of Navarre's daughter, "either for the impediment
of nature or covenaunt." (fn. 10) The ambassador then knit up the matter,
saying his instructions were as he showed, and if we liked not the conditions
the matter should end and our masters remain friends.
It only remained to answer the overture of the war, which he had
opened as proposed by your ambassador; and so we answered as ordered
in your letters. To that, the ambassador said that your ambassador had
moved it. We said that if so he must have done it merely of himself,
for no such thing had been written to him, and we saw no inclination to
it in your Majesty, and it was strange to us to hear that our ambassador
had made this overture, considering that he wrote of it as made to him.
Thus we affirmed the overture not to have been made by your ambassador,
without declaring specialties, which may be opened when it shall
please you to make manifest that your ambassador has not done as they
report. "Wherein, we know by experience, some of us here more than
other, as your Majesty knoweth, that it is not the first time, ne news out
of that Court, to have matters by them set forth called afterwards other
men's overtures unto them." It may be that the Admiral, to keep the
French king in suspense, lest some other thing should proceed, which this
hinders, has reported that your orator made the overture to him, and has
sent his servant hither to delay the answer. In this doubt we forbore
to charge the Admiral with his letter to your ambassador to come to him,
a proof that he made the overture, in which letter he "had written that
he afterward crossed out that it cannot now be read." The truth and
wisdom of your ambassador needs no declaration, and the justification of
his doings herein may be opened to the French king, or otherwise, as
expedient, whose service shall be hindered after "an altercation in such
The communication ended, to feel whether this gentleman (fn. 11) should incontinently
depart, the lord Privy Seal invited the ambassador and him
to dinner on Sunday or Monday next. The ambassador gently refused,
saying that the gentleman must return this day, and desiring some direction
for his passage; and after we had drunk together he took his leave.
We have written to Mr. Paget all that your Majesty wrote to us, and
also our conference with the ambassador, as herein written, and have
ordered the messenger to attend further knowledge of your pleasure.
London, 5 May. Signed.
Pp. 13. Add. Endd. : 1542.
Calig. E. IV.
St. P. IX., 17.
298. Southampton, Gardiner and Wriothesley to Paget.
The King has received his sundry letters containing his discourses
with the French king and the Admiral, and, being in Kent, has written
his pleasure (copy enclosed) to them, who remain in London for the
expedition of certain affairs. The ambassador and the gentleman (fn. 12) who
came from the Admiral repaired to them yesterday afternoon. The conference
appears by the copy (herewith) of their letter to the King.
Although they charge Paget with setting forth the overture of the war,
he need take no notice of it, for it is not the first time they have made
such reports, and he should keep up his credit. Asked the gentleman
if he had anything to declare to the King or his Council, and he answered
No, he was only addressed to the ambassador. London, 5 May. Signed.
Much mutilated, pp. 2. Address lost.
2. Draft of the preceding, in Wriothesley's hand, from which it is
printed in the State Papers.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Minute to Mr. Paget, vo Maii ao xxxiiij.
ii. On the back in another hand : "Md. for Halowe. To remember to
speak for plate to Mr. Coffrar."
299. Robert Dacres to his Brother Gates.
Brother Gates, commend me to my brother Denny, and tell him
"Mr. Peter will take no money; wherefore my sister Denny hath done
accordingly to his commandment to Mastres, wherewith Master Peter is
not content, for she hath certified him what my sister hath done." I have
been ill since you left. No word from Mettyngham, but to-morrow I look
for Mr. Sawnders. Mr. Latham was at Westminster with me, but Launcelott
was not there. I will do as you willed me therein. Commend me to
gentle Mr. Buttes, my lord of Rochester (for whom my lord of Westm.,
Mr. Peter, and I wished at Chesthunt last Sunday), and to Mr. Hobby.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Court.
300. Irish Bishoprics.
Note that in Consistory, 5 May 1542, "referente Rmo. Parisio,"
the Pope provided to the church of Elfin in Ireland, void by the death of
Bernard, (fn. 13) brother Bernard, (fn. 14) priest, of the Hermits of St. Augustine;
Also to the church of Kilmacduagh in Ireland, void by the death of
Matthew, Cornelius; with dispensation "super natalium."
He also admitted the resignation of James Cuvin, (fn. 15) the present
(modernus) bp. of Killaloe in Ireland, and provided the said church
administration to Demetrius, natural son of the Prince of O'Brien
(Ybriensis), in his 22nd year, until his 27th year, with retention of things
obtained and dispensation "super defectu natalium."
Lat. From a modern transcript in R.O.
St. P., IX.,
301. The Privy Council to Paget.
The King is informed by his officers of Garnesey and Jersey that
the bp. of Constance (Coutances), who claims ordinary jurisdiction there,
as part of his diocese and of the duchy of Normandy, has, by his ministers,
lately attempted to execute jurisdiction in the name of the bp. of Rome,
and intends to repair thither himself for the same purpose. Paget shall
declare to the Admiral that the great matters now in treaty may be
hindered by this attempt of the bp. of Constance, in derogation of the
King's proceedings against the bp. of Rome, and require him to direct
the bp. of Constance not to exercise such jurisdiction, unless by the King's
authority as other bishops and ordinaries of this realm do, in which case,
out of love for the French king, the King will suffer him to use jurisdiction
and take the profits incident to it. This matter is to be handled gently,
and the answer reported with diligence.
Corrected draft in-Sadler's hand, pp. 4. Endd. : "The minute of
the King's Majesty's Privy Council letter to Mr. Pagett of the vjth of
May ao 1542."
302. Marillac to Francis I.
Last despatch received from Francis by bearer, secretary of the
Admiral, made him think that the English, having changed hardness into
graciousness, had decided briefly to conclude this marriage, and, by their
ambassador's language there, had resolved to make war on the Emperor.
But when he heard these Deputies, to whom this King insisted on referring
him, he found them obstinate in their resolution of which he wrote
on the 13th ult., and even adding to it, implying that they have now less
will than ever to conclude this alliance. For [whereas] they had said that
they would accord a part of what was demanded provided a reciprocal
was found for the rest, and, by their ambassador, it seemed that they
would go to 500,000 cr. or 600,000 cr., now they offer only acquittance
of 300,000, and will not hear of moderating the life pension to some
honorable sum, and estimating it with quittance of 600,000 cr. and
promise of the remaining 400,000 of the 1,000,000, or of admitting in any
way the demand of the million. Moreover, which is strange, without
Marillac's beginning the subject, they said the overture made by their
ambassador there had been made by Francis, and, what is more, disguised
the particulars which made for Francis, and put forward those
which made for themselves; and, all as if the discourse had been begun
by Francis, they said their master's resolution was that he would not
deliver with his daughter to a duke of Orleans more than he delivered
with his sister to king Loys, which was 300,000 cr., and, moreover, that
they had no wish directly or indirectly to make war on the Emperor, with
whom they had no quarrel. When Marillac on this remonstrated roundly,
and made full recital of all that their ambassador had said, they expressed
unbounded astonishment, to persuade him that their ambassador never
had charge or commission to hold such language, nor, as they thought, would
be warranted in it, the lord Privy Seal saying that there was no particular
in this affair of which he would not have been informed by his master.
The bp. of Winchester followed this up by observing that Marillac should
consider that no such language had ever been held to him (which
Marillac admitted, but said that the ambassador had also explained that
they would not learn from Marillac's letters what he was going to say);
this King's secretary adding that he was able to know the truth inasmuch
as he made all the despatches; and all concluding that in this case their
ambassador had spoken without charge. (fn. 16)
Thinks the chief cause which has moved these lords to hold such strange
terms, which look like a wish to break rather than conclude this treaty is
that they feel piqued because Francis has said to their ambassador that
if the life pension were discussed it would be found not to be due,
"d'aultant que ce roy ne se seroit . . . . . (fn. 17) des quittances contenues
aux traitez soubs lesquelles la dicte pension se debvoyt payer, qui
est en substance qu'il vous auroit laissé au besoing;" for most of what
they said tended to raise the question whether the life pension, and also
the perpetual pension of 50,000 cr. were not due, thus perverting the order
of Marillac's demands. Said he did not wish to enter upon these difficulties,
but, in a friendly way, to speak of some moderation of the life pension,
and leave those who came after their King to dispute about the perpetual.
They only answered that they saw well what was meant, adding, darkly
(en parolles couvertes), what was the good of the treaties, since their
pensions were not paid, and what greater security could be given them,
in new promise or assignation, for what remained, if they should grant
a part of what was demanded of them, when that which was most justly
due was called in question ? Could only point out that Francis was a
prince who esteemed his honor more than his life, and try, without
greater contention, to compose matters amiably, but could draw from them
only fine words in general, such as the amity of the King their master,
the desire that this amity should continue, and the like. Whenever it
came to particulars Marillac met with more difficulties than ever before.
One that he cannot omit was that they would nowise allow the bearer
to sit in the chamber where they were assembled, saying he had no
special power to do so, and that, without special permission of their
master, they dare not grant it. Said he was come to report the resolution,
and all would be communicated to him (for Marillac singularly desired
that he might report, not only the debate but the gestures and countenance,
by which to judge whether there was more good zeal than dissimulation).
Has so instructed him point by point that he can report all that
passed, and Marillac need not here specify it, especially as the English
remonstrances were similar to those reported in his letter of the 13th ult.
Another time when their ambassador makes such overtures it remains for
Francis to demand first his power, as they do to his ministers, so that
they may not by such inventions get Francis to declare himself without
showing their own meaning. It will be well to temporise for some days,
as Marillac wrote before, and continue saying that Francis does not intend
to move until he sees them "par mesme moyen marcher." Marked as
sent by M. de Chasteauneuf. (fn. 18)
French. Modern transcript, pp. 6. Headed : Londres, 6 May 1542.
303. William Boys to Sir Edw. Ryngeley.
Has received his letter, and has perused the greater part of the
parishes within their limit. Will peruse the rest at days convenient.
Read to the people Ryngeley's letter, whereat they much rejoiced, saying
that they would endeavour to accomplish the King's commandment in
executing laws so beneficial to the commonwealth. There is not one
vagabond stirring amongst us. Since Ryngeley's being here, has been
troubled with only one, whom he took to service. Cannot hear of unlawful
games being used. Archery is marvellously well increased and
exercised. The commons complain that they cannot get bows and arrows,
but at excessive prices. If this could be remedied, doubts not there
would be as great a number of archers in our parts as has been for many
years. Freydvyle, 6 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, etc., Sir Edward Ryngeley, knyght, thys be
St. P., III.
304. Sir Ant. St. Leger to Henry VIII.
As directed by his letters of 14 April, sends a bill drawn for Sir
Thos. Cusake to be master of the Rolls, as Robt. Cowley was. As Cowley
had the office for term of life, he should be commanded to surrender his
patent. The lord Chancellor here also has a patent of it for term of his
life, which was never surrendered. He should likewise be commanded to
surrender it, or else it will be hard for Cusake to have the office assuredly,
Asks for artificers for repairing the castles, and recommends that the
footmen of the army should be qualified to "apply" the King's works in
time of peace. Defers writing of occurrents till he has spoken with Oneil
on the 15th inst.
Desires the return of the books of survey made by the Commissioners.
Stays sale of the Friars' houses, upon trust of the return of Mr. Cavendish,
whom he highly recommends for his painstaking (he journeyed as far as
Limerick, where no English commissioners have been these many years,
and that in such frost and snow as the writer never rode in) and for being
a man that little feareth the displeasure of any man, in the King's service.
Mr. Baron of the Exchequer and Mr. Mynne also took great pains, and
Mr. Mynne is "a man of the best memory in his faculty that ever I saw
or knew." Kilmaynan, 6 May 34 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. Docketed with the following note (fn. 19) :—"Oneyl.
A newe deputy. M1 M1 marks. Th'erle of Desmonde. Armure and
horse studde. Th' office of Mr. of the Rolls."
St. P., III.
305. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to the Council.
Desire them to obtain a grant of the dissolved house of Black
Friars of Dublin for the judges and officers of the four courts, and other
lawyers. (fn. 20) Dublin, 6 May 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen,
Ormond, Abp. Browne, Edm. abp. of Cashell, Aylmer, Lutrell, Brabazon,
Bathe, Castell, and Basnet.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX.
306. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote 22 April, and also 25 April by Mr. Bucler. The Signory
have since answered the Turkish and French ambassadors that they will
stand neutral; at which the said ambassadors are discontent, who will
shortly depart to Constantinople, whither also the Signory will send an
ambassador to satisfy the Turk. The fame is constant of Barbarossa's
coming with a great navy, and of the Turk's expedition to Hungary.
Describes the forces in Buda and Belgrado. The Almains and Ferdinando
make diligent provision to invade, so that this year's contention between
Christian and Turks may make some mutation of empire. The Venetians
have stopped four galeottes of the Emperor, which were going against
Maran, and will not suffer their gulf to be thus vexed. Twelve Imperial
galleys are come to Brindisi for the presidy of Puglia. Ferdinando has
sent 4,000 foot and 500 horse to besiege Maran, which the Turks will
defend. The six galleys which "conduced" Granveilles to Spain are returned
to Geane with 150,000 cr. for the marquis of Guasto, who, lately,
narrowly escaped poisoning by one of his chamber. There are passing by
the Venetian State 4,000 Almain foot for Milan. To Turin are come
4,000 Swiches, and 12,000 footmen are coming from Almain. In spite of
the increasing rumour of war, many think it will not be this year in Italy.
Letters from Spain, of 6 April, mention that the Emperor would send his
power to Alger under the duke of Alba and the bp. of Toledo. Spain has
given him two millions of gold. Describes the great praise of the King
and his Court spread here by count Ludovico de Rangon, who arrived
these days past, and has found Henry his most gracious friend, and the
Bishop (of Rome) his mortal enemy. Venice, 6 May 1542.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
307. Charles V.
Opinion of the Emperor's Council on the answer to be made to the
Papal nuncio (fn. 21) :—viz., as to the peace, aid against the Turk, and the hats
for new cardinals, &c.
Spanish, pp. 3. Docketed : "Memorial hecho para hablar Su Md a
Montepulciano y al Nuncio en Valladolid a vj de Mayo Dxlij. See
Spanish Calendar VI. pt. ii., No. 3.
VI. II., No. 4.
308. Chapuys to Charles V.
The French ambassador's man has just sent me a duplicate and
summary of certain letters, one of which is from the King his master.
Not having time to decipher them, sends them to the Queen Regent. The
man has not yet been able to learn any particulars of Receptor Chateauneuf's
mission, who arrived in this city 5 days ago. He is the Admiral's
secretary. Neither he nor his colleague (fn. 22) has yet attempted to procure an
audience. Believes they are waiting for the King's return to town in 6
or 7 days, for there is no longer any talk of his going over to Calais. The
two ambassadors went the other day to the Privy Council, on which some
of the Councillors despatched a courier to their ambassador in France.
London, 7 May 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
VI. II., No. 5.
309. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
Since the 19th ult., when she wrote last, she must have learned
from his various despatches the state of perplexity he is in. True, the
King's ministers, since he told them he expected instructions shortly from
the Emperor, have not mentioned the matter further, else he should have
been at his wits' end. But they will soon bitterly complain of the delay, for
which he will offer excuses such as those suggested in her last letter. As
to the Statute against the export of woollen cloth above the value of 17
ducats a piece unless properly prepared, though it passed through the
Chamber years before, it was only enforced in 1539, to the great annoyance,
not only of the weavers and drapers, but also of the shearers themselves,
who had great disputes with the others, which were ultimately settled in
their favor. The King will never be induced, Chapuys understands, to
reverse the decision for the benefit of the clothiers and drapers; nor to
revoke the Statute, as he derives a great profit from licenses for exportation.
The remedy would be measures of retaliation in the Low Countries,
though perhaps in the present state of the Emperor's affairs it is not
advisable just now.
An hour ago the French ambassador's man sent Chapuys the enclosed
documents in cipher, which he has not had leisure to decipher. A copy
might be made for the Emperor in Spain. The man has not been able to
ascertain what the mission of Receptor Chasteauneuf mentioned in the
papers may be. He arrived 5 days ago. Neither he nor the French
resident ambassador have yet seen the King, who is to return in a week
or so. They have called once on the Lord Privy Seal and on secretary
Wriothesley, but as Chapuys hears, have transacted no business. London,
7 May 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
VI. II., No. 6.
310. Chapuys to Granvelle.
The French ambassador's man, whose name is Jehan de Hons, fears
that his chief will shortly be recalled. He quite expects when back in
France to be able still to serve the Emperor if some allowance be made
for his support. If any prebendary chaplainships in Notre Dame of Arras
fall vacant he would like one for his brother Charles, now a student at
Orleans. Wrote in his last of the Princess's long illness, and how she
had been at length declared out of danger. Three or four days ago she
sent to thank Chapuys for the comfortable letters he had written during
her illness. As to the Prince the reports of his ill health turn out to
have been false. Presses for his arrears. The Venetian secretary here
has applied for a renewal of the license for his republic to lade wool in its
galleons, and been refused, as they were too great friends of the Pope.
London, 7 May 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
VI. II., No. 7.
311. — to Marillac.
On the 18 April Mons. de Langey, after dining with the English
ambassador, took him by the hand and showed him that it was not the
fault of Francis, but of the Emperor if the affairs of Christendom were
not in better state. The Pope had again written to Francis in favour of
a marriage between Orleans and the Emperor's daughter, but, knowing
that this was only to prevent the Duke's marriage in England, Francis
had refused, lest the Pope and Emperor should laugh at him, and say,
"Whoever cannot grind his corn at one mill must needs go to another."
The Chancellor of Alençon, who was at the diet at Spires, had talked far
too much and too long, and had exceeded his instructions, at which
Francis was displeased. Ambassadors from the German princes are expected
at the French Court daily. The Emperor is doing all he can to
humour them and make them turn against Francis, but they remain perfectly
neutral. The marquis of Pescara had reinforced the garrisons of
Ivrea and Castle Vulpan with 5 companies of Spanish foot, for fear of the
3,000 Swiss of Francis'. "Capt. Poulain had passed through Ragusa on
his return from his embassy to the Grand Turk." The Spaniards employed
by the marquis of Pescara to intercept him failed, and meeting with 18
French students on the banks of the Po, bound for Padua University,
cast them into the river; at which Francis was so incensed that he was
near beginning war at once. He will return from Burgundy about the
end of this month of May, and have a general muster of his army about
the 15 June, when he is strongly advised to march at once towards
From the Vienna Archives.
7, 8 May.
312. The Loan. (fn. 23)
Receipt, 7 May 34 Hen. VIII., by Sir Geo. Throgmerton, from
Wriothesley, of the following writings to be conveyed to the bp. of Worcester,
viz., a book of instructions directed to the bishop, a book of names
of gentlemen and others of Worcestershire, 5 letters of credence directed
to several gentlemen and one undirected, a letter to the dean of Worcester,
40 privy seals with blanks for names and sums to be inserted;
and an indenture, signed by Wriothesley, witnessing delivery of the said
40 privy seals, with counterpane to be signed by the bishop, and returned.
Signed : George Throkmartun.
P. 1. Endd. : Sir George Throgmerton for Worcestershire.
2. Bill of receipt by Thos. Jefferaye, one of the clerks of the Privy
Seal, 8 May 34 Hen. VIII., from Wriothesley, of the writings following,
viz., a book of instructions directed to the duke of Suffolk for Lincolnshire,
a book of names of certain gentlemen in that county, 15 letters of
credence directed to several gentlemen and 4 undirected, a letter directed
to lady Talboys, six score privy seals (blanks for names and sums) to be
employed in Lincolnshire, and an indenture subscribed by Wriothesley
mentioning delivery of the said privy seals, with the counterpane to be
subscribed by the said Duke and remitted. Signed : Thomas Jefferey.
ii. For Yorkshire :—Similar list of writings. The instructions directed
to the bp. of Llandaff, president of the Council in the North. Eleven
letters of credence directed, and 4 undirected. Letters of credence
directed to the earl of Westmoreland, lords Scrope and Lumley, the
countess dowager of Northumberland, the elder, the lady Conyers, widow,
the deans of Durham and Carlisle, Dr. Magnus, and Dr. Marshal. Twelve
score privy seals. Signed.
iii. For Nottingham :—Similar list. The instructions to the earl of
Rutland and a special letter to him. Seven letters directed and 2 undirected.
60 privy seals. Signed.
iv. For Rutlandshire :—Similar list. Instructions to Sir John Harrington
and Andrew Nevel. 2 letters directed and 2 undirected. 30 privy
v. For Derbyshire :—Similar list. Instructions to the earl of Shrews
bury. 6 letters directed and 2 undirected. 50 privy seals. Signed.
Scot. II. 145.
313. Charles V. to James V.
Has received James's letters by his herald, dated Edinburgh,
26 July 1541, about the causes of Scotch subjects which have been
many years before Charles's judges. Would have sent back his herald
sooner but for many occupations. Assures him of his earnest desire to
maintain amity with all Christian princes. The herald will show him
the progress that has been made in those causes. Valladolid, 7 May 1542.
St. P., III.
314. Sir Ant. St. Leger to Henry VIII.
Will accomplish his letters, dated Westminster, 14 April, as regards
Oneil and other captains. Is glad the King approves his proceedings,
and discredits untrue reports of such as grudge that affairs should have
so good success.
Has appointed to meet Oneil on the 15th inst. Advised granting
Oneil's demands, as his country is a barren waste of woods, bogs, and
loughs; and if he were banished others as evil would take his place, and,
having peace with Oneil, Ochonour, Obryne, and Oraylie, the reformation
of Leinster could be carried out, where, although the Cavenaghes,
Obirns, and Tooles keep peace, they are far from perfect civility. Besides,
whatever grant is made to Irishmen, they will never so sincerely keep their
conditions but that the King will have just cause to re-seize their lands.
Hears that Mr. Cowley, late master of the Rolls, devised how the King
might have a 1,000l., or 2,000 marks yearly from hence, and the country
well defended. If the King would make some nobleman of this country
deputy, that might be done, and if the deputy were changed every three
years the country would benefit. Writes this for the King's service, not
because he is weary of office. The subjects of the Pale, trusting in the
King's army, give up maintaining men of war, saying they cannot furnish
them and give them horse and harness as Kildare did. Kildare kept 200 or
300 stud mares, but these are all gone now, and the lack of horses will
cause decay here unless the King "erect the same again." The Council
are now about to take order for the supply of horse and harness. Hears
that the said, Cowley articled against him that he went about to erect a
new Geraldine band, meaning the earl of Desmond. Explains that, now
Kildare is gone, Ormond has no rival, and he thinks it best to have a
Rowland for an Oliver, and has therefore allured Desmond to obedience.
Thinks them both true subjects, and it is much to the Butlers' praise
that they have never rebelled. Protests that the articles sent over against
Cowley were not conceived of malice, but that he examined the witnesses
before the Council as indifferently as if Cowley had been his father. Kilmaynan,
8 May 34 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd.
315. The Consuls and Senators of Lubeck to Henry VIII.
Credence for John Rudelius, doctor of laws, their syndic, whom
they send to declare certain business to him. Lubeck, Tuesday after
Cantate 1542. Seal gone.
Parchment. Latin. Hol., p. 1. Add.
316. John Carewe to John Gattes, of the Privy Chamber.
I have promised bearer, my kinsman, Ric. Austeyn, my office of
controlment of the custom of Pole, provided he can get the King's bill,
and the favor of my lord of Norfolk. He intends to sue to Mr. Henage
in it, and I beg you to favor his suit. Credence for Mr. Lawrence, customer
of Pole. Pole, 10 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
317. Wallop to the Council.
Since his arrival at Guisnez, is advertised that, 8 May, bruit was
at Arde that 100 horsemen more than the ordinary should arrive there
by 9 a.m. His advertiser went next day to Arde, but found they had not
come. The labourers and artificers there were, that morning, commanded,
by sound of trumpet, to surcease their works and bring their tools into
the storehouse, which was done; and at 9 a.m. a post came in haste with
letters to the captain, who thereupon commanded, by sound of drum,
that the labourers and artificers should return to their work. Bruit was
also there that the Emperor with a great army is on the borders of France,
and the Dolphin preparing a like army to meet him if he invade. Conjectures
that the Emperor's army is upon the sea. Heard like bruit
"another way." The ordinary horsemen of France are to muster on the
15th inst. In Paris they say the duke of Orleans shall come shortly to
these parts, to marry the King's daughter. Thanks "for your gentle
retaining of me now at my being at the Court." Guisnes, 10 May.
Pp. 2. Add : "[T]o the right honorable [th]e lord Admiral, Sir
Anthony Browne, knight, with the rest [of] the King's Majesty's Council
[n]owe attending upon his Highness." Endd. : Mr. Wallopp to Mr.
Browne, 10 Maii ao 1542.