396. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 11 June. Present : Norfolk, Southampton,
Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Sadler. Business :—Read minutes of letters to Sir
Thos. Wharton, and to lord Lisle and Sir Ric. Southwell, commissioners
397. Wallop to Henry VIII.
In this his other letter inclosed informed the King of the desire
Mons. de Beez had to meet him (Wallop) a hunting. Next day, he sent
to say that he had made a "bushon and lodged plenty of game," not so
near Guisnes Forest as he reckoned, but at Arbretton, and, on account of
the distance, was doubtful of Wallop's coming. Was right glad, and said
that he could not conveniently go so far and be at Calais the same night,
where he had promised to christen Mr. Vaughan's child. The gentleman
took this excuse very well, and said De Beez would do the like. Writes
their further conversation to the lord Privy Seal.
Yesternight, on arriving at Calais, Jeronymo, Ytalion, the King's servant,
told him that the two Pawlmers said the King wished him, before
returning to England, to go to Turwan; but, considering that his proceedings
have taken so good effect, and are not mistrusted, he thinks his
being at Turwan would cause suspicion, if reported to De Beez, as his
being at Arde was. And he thinks all De Beez's fortresses are warned
against strangers. If he might first come over, he has a long "discusse"
of his proceedings to make, and if sent back again, after his being in these
parts is forgotten, he could serve better. If the King commands him to
go, he passes not whether he is discovered or not, but thinks he should
have another conductor than either of the Pawlmers, for they were
together before, and the bailey (fn. 1) "is known all over." He was with
Wallop this morning at the making of this letter.
Yesternight, coming hither, met the French ambassador's nephew
riding post to the French Court. "Demanding if he came in the ship that
carried the flag, and who came with him, thinking there had been some
great personage by reason of the said flag, he, answering me shortly that
there came no other but a number of labourers with him, and he came
not in the ship where the said flag was, so therewith departed." Learnt
here that it was Candische that came to conduct the Emperor's ambassador.
If the ambassador's nephew knew it he would spur the faster;
for the going of the Emperor's ambassador into Flanders is much feared
in France, and shall be the more when they hear of his return so shortly.
The Emperor's subjects of Flanders and Artois much "rejoice of the
bruits that now runneth." Calais, 11 June. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1542.
398. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 12 June. Present : Southampton,
Hertford, Russell, Durham, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Sadler. Business :—Letters despatched to Lisle and Southwell, to
Wharton, and to the bp. of Carlisle, lord Latimer, Dr. Leigh, &c., commissioners
in the Borders.
[*** Next entry is 14 June.]
399. The Privy Council to Lisle and Southwell.
We have received your letters of 24 May, with the books and
writings therewith, and have declared the effect to the King, who has
commanded us to answer that, albeit, through the negligence of the
captain and other officers, Berwick has been in such disorder, and the
ordinances so neglected that the King might well, in displeasure, remove
them from their offices; yet, he has determined, upon trust of their
amendment, to forbear. Calling before you the captain and other head
officers, you shall give them a special commandment that every man look
to his charge, according to the old statutes and ordinances of the town,
which shall henceforth be observed in all points. As you write that the
porter there is in great default for negligence, appointing mean persons
under him at far smaller wages "than that is allowed unto him for the
same," and taking toll and bribery at the gate contrary to the order,
you shall before departing appoint an able person to be under-porter,
with convenient wages; and also specially command the said chief porter
and other officers who have been "common out liers," henceforth to
"keep the town and demoure upon their charge." Having put the captain
and other head officers "in a towardness of a good order," and foreseen
all things tending to the sure keeping of the town, "as a town of
war," they shall return to the King with diligence.
The King sends his servant Rogers to view the castle of Warke and
house of Carham, and report how they may be strengthened; and has
so instructed him by letters. They shall accompany him, see him make
"plottes" according to his instructions, and mark well the sites and
ground about both places, so as to be able to report to the King.
Before your departure, "see such redress in the captain, porter, and all
other officers there as neither any herdman [there]of from henceforth
have the custody of the key of any wa[rde ?]; neither that at the gate be
required hereafter any such kind of briberies and exactions as heretofore
hath been used, and that none of them use any accustomable lying out
without the King's Highness' especial licence, unless it be for a night or
two with licence of the captain." Commanding the captain, without
fear or favour, to enforce order, and use vigilance "in the due search of
the scoutwatches, standwatches, and serwache [search watch ?] as appertaineth
to his office."
Draft, pp. 12, with corrections by Sadler, and last paragraph in
Mason's hand. Endd. : Letter to the lord Lisle an[d] Mr. Southwell,
from Hampton Court, 13 June ao 1542.
St. P., IX.
400. Paget to Henry VIII.
Hearing tell that a great ambassador was come from the great
king of Sweden (as they call him here), and Monte Pulciano (of whom
he wrote before) also arrived, and that both should have audience on
Sunday last, took occasion to go to Court; for, here, ambassadors come
not to Court without occasion. Saluted the Admiral, and said the chief
cause of his coming was to do reverence to the King and him, but yet he
had a suit to make for a poor Englishman in Brittayn, who, having
process about a piracy, was by his adversary cast into prison as a
Lutheran. The Admiral promised justice, saying it was a great abuse
to invent one matter to defeat another, and "such like good words, as
though the Englishman had hired him to be his attorney." Coming to
the place where the King lay, the Admiral, holding Paget by the hand
and rejecting others that would speak with him, seemed very desirous to
talk. Gives their conversation verbatim, in which the Admiral asked if
he had letters from England, for theirs were unimportant, only how the
King ordered the state of his realm, and yet there was a strange report
by private letters, that the Emperor had married the daughter of England,
that the Emperor's ambassador was gone into Flanders, that there
was another marriage for the king of Romans' son, and that the solemnities
were already done; adding that he had letters of it from Flanders, Spain,
Lyons, and Rome, and that Henry would make war for the Emperor, lend
money upon gage of towns in Flanders, and undertake the protection of
Flanders. Paget answered merrily, saying, "The Spaniards and the
Flemings send these news abroad for nothing else but to make a preparatif
for Pulciano, thereby to dissolve your complexions, and to make
you apt to take his potions. I advise you take heed. It cometh out
of Italy and from Rome." Added that, as for war, the King would make
war on no man without very great cause; munitions might be sent to
furnish the works at Calais and Guisnes, as the French sent them Jast
year to Arde; there were bruits last year about the workmen sent, which
proved vain, and if, as some here said, the Emperor would not join with
England unless England joined the bishop of Rome they would never
join. The Admiral said that was true, but there was much talk of this
money : what did Paget say for the loan of the money ? Paget wagged
his head and said his master was no babe. The Admiral then said his
master thought no less of Henry than ever, but thought some of his
Council, seeing the cheer they made the Emperor's ambassador, pricked
him forward. Paget said that in his Court it was thought good manners
to entertain a stranger. The Admiral said he meant the coming to his
lodging. Answered that that might be because he had the gout, but, as
for pricking forward, the King could see as far as all his Counsellors, and
was president of his own Council. The Admiral said he and his master
talked of the King yesternight an hour together, upon the occasion of
Pulciano's coming. Paget said his master had nothing to do with
Pulciano or his master; and all the world knew that he came, seeing
they had their men already in Piedmont, to make them lose
their labour. The Admiral said divers overtures were made from
Rome, and the Emperor's minister had come four leagues hither to practise
with them, but if anything was mentioned that touched England he
should know; and took Paget to dine with him.
After dinner there came into the stable where they dined Il Nuncio
and De Monte Pulciano; whereupon the Admiral made haste to rise, but
could not get out at the nether end of the board for the number that
sat beneath, and Paget sat still at the upper end, leaning upon the
manger until the Admiral prayed him to rise. He made them wondrous
good countenance, considering his ill words before, and received letters
from De Monte Pulciano, and then to get rid of Paget, prayed the
Cardinall of Challons to conduct him to where the King was dining.
Thither, within a while, came the Admiral, followed by the Nuncio and
Pulciano, and they three sat together on a stool awaiting the King's
rising, who made no haste to speak with them, for, after dinner, he
talked an hour with the Chancellor d'Alençon, and then went into his
privy chamber, followed by the Admiral.
Has above related his conference with the Admiral, who seemed satisfied.
The bruit is great of Henry's amity with the Emperor, the marriage, the
war, the loan; and all seem both afraid and sorry, for both courtiers and
peasants acknowledge Henry's benevolence to this King. Goes abroad in
his cape, unknown, and talks with all sorts, and all agree that their King
is unable to pay England, or even maintain the men in Piedmont long;
for all money raised since last war is gone in entertaining the Emperor,
when here, and the duke of Cleves, paying pensions to Italians, Almains,
Suisses, gensdarmes, and their captains here, fortifying Arde, Mountfaulcon,
Satheney, and Turin, building, and buying of jewels for himself
and others. This Chancellor devises means to get money, and causes
murmuring, so that the Bretons, for losing their salt trade, and the
Normans, for new imposts, are ready to rebel.
The French king, returning out of his chamber within a quarter of an
hour, called for the Nuncio and Pulciano, received their brief, and made
as brief reading of it and sat down. His manner showed that he liked
not the matter. They delivered a schedule of the articles of the treaty,
and were not with him a quarter of an hour. "At their departing he
made them very pleasant countenances." Learns this morning that
Pulciano's treaty is for a peace, with offer on the Emperor's behalf of
Milan upon the conditions before annexed to the offer of Flanders, and
request of respite until September for the conclusion. It is thought
they will not agree, and much the rather if this King be out of "doubt"
of England, for he refused Flanders because in hope of the marriage with
England; but now, having lost hope of amity, and fearing the contrary,
if the Emperor come anything roundly to him he will not refuse. The
bishop of Rome wants no help here to join them together. Desires instructions
in case the French king or Admiral renew treaty of the
marriage (which he is told they consult upon) or speak of Henry's joining
with the Emperor, as perhaps they will, upon some fresh news from
their ambassador or Mons. de Bese, who sends hither often, and seems
to have much espial there.
For the ambassador of Sweden's audience, a great barn was prepared
with green boughs set about the posts, the walls hung with old tapestry,
and a cloth of estate, at one side, under which stood a little scaffold six
foot square, with a chair thereon covered with a cloth of tissue. After
dismissing Pulciano, the King came thither with his two sons, six
cardinals, the duke of Guise, the duke of Bar (being here with his wife to
visit the King), the prince of Melphi, the Chancellor and the Admiral.
Paget stood next the King's sons. The King waited a long hour in his
chair, until, at last, the three ambassadors came, viz., the Chancellor of
Sweden, the Queen's brother, and another of the king of Sweden's
Council called Ruytter Knowght, and a secretary, with 50 or 60 servants.
Need not write the King's manner of meeting them, which was very
gentle but lacked the majesty which Paget has seen in Henry in like
case. The ambassadors delivered their letter of credence and a book of
instructions of 6 or 7 sheets of paper in their own tongue; and the
secretary, in Latin, declared his master's power and his desire to join in
amity with the French king. The Chancellor of France, also in Latin,
returned thanks, declared his master's like desire, and concluded that
they would talk together apart. The King came down from his seat,
and stood all this while outside the cloth of estate, with the princes,
cardinals, gentlemen, and yeomen mingled "all in a heap" round him.
D'Anebault is gone to Piedmont, and so is Brysack, who conducts the
footmen, and, within these three days, Mons. de Vendosme is gone to
Picardy, and Blanchefosse to Almayn. Piers Strozza has taken possession
of Maran, as captain, in the King's name; and Turchetto is made a
knight here with 500 cr. reward, 500 fr. pension, and a letter to the
Venetians in his favour. This King says his 30,000 foot in Piedmont
shall be 10,000 French, 6,000 Italians, and the rest Almains and Swiss,
with 1,500 men of arms and 2,000 light horse; and that he knows "his
good brother of England" will sit still and meddle with neither party.
Janus Bey's mission was only to league the Venetians with the French
king against the Emperor. The passage of Turkish horsemen and the
great force of the Turk were but seeds sown here, and even the French
king (who is not wont to make the least in such a case) has reduced the
300 sail at the least to 100 at the most, and the 300,000 horsemen to
100,000 of all sorts, and says the Grand Signior will not this year come
himself, but send only a Basshy. "Janus Bey's answer of the Venetians
is that they will be neuters; whereby, sir, they shall break league with
the Emperor, to whom they are bound for the defence of Millan to furnish
6,000 footmen and eight hundred horsemen." The King says
he pities the Almains "that will so wilfully cast themselves away." Mons.
Dade can get no answer about the marriage of Portugal. The bruit here
is that Lady Mary's illness causes the stay of their treaty with England.
Chevalier Daus, going with three galleys for Constantinople, was chased
backed to Marseilles by galleys of Genes.
Hearing that the Dolphin bore no love to England, took occasion,
upon the words, "O, I would the King your master had known how well
Mons. d'Orleans loveth him," to marvel why the Dolphin should not do
the same. "'Mary,' quod this person with whom I talked, 'I wot not
what the Devil aileth him not to love your master, and I have mused
much of it; but, surely, I think Madame la Grande Seneschalle (fn. 2) hath
witched him, for he loveth the Emperor exceedingly, and also the Constable,
and all that draw that ways; howbeit it maketh no matter, he
wotteth not well what neither love nor hate meaneth, for he is not wise."
Vessy, 13 June 6 a.m. (fn. 3) Signed.
Pp. 12. Endd. : "Mr. Paget to the K. Mate xiijo Junii ao xxxiiijo."
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding, in the hand of Paget's clerk.
401. The Privy Council.
Meeting at the Moore, 14 June. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Russell, Durham, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler. No business recorded.
402. The Privy Council to Paget.
The King, hearing many bruits touching France and others, marvels
that of long time he has not heard from Paget. Supposing the interception
of letters, stopping of posts or lack of health to be the cause, he
commands them to despatch a post express to hear from him, not doubting
but that he does his utmost to learn affairs of all parts, especially of
France, "their inclinations and proceedings."
Draft in Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : "The minute of the Council's
[letter to Mr. Paget from the] Moore 14 Junii 154."
403. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
His last was of the 3rd inst. Here is continual rumour of the
French assembling in Piedmont, and that 24 French galleys, with many
rebels of Naples, are gone to join Barbarossa. They esteem Barbarossa
to be abroad, and that the Turk will go to Hungary. Ferdinando has
assembled men in Vienna, intending "by all the present" to be at Buda
with 120,000 foot and horse. He will have 200 sails upon the Danubio.
In Buda are 8,000 Turks, supported by 60,000 Turkish horse upon the
confines of Hungary. Lately, 500 light horse went from Italy to Hungary.
The Bishop made 4,000 foot; but, for suspicion of the French, sends
Ferdinando money, instead, and will send the men to Mirandola, to impedite
the assembly which the French intended there. The Marqu s
of Guasto has made many men to defend Milan and has fortified his
towns. These days past was a great skirmish in Piedmont, and many of
the Emperor's part slain. Of the Emperor is no mention, "but that
he should be grieved with the gout." Venice, 14 June 1542.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
404. The Privy Council.
Meeting at the Moore, 15 June. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Russell, Durham, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley,
Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to the lord Chancellor to search for indentures
between the King's progenitors and the captains of Guernsey
and Jersey. Letters written to Serjeant Hales and Mr. Broke, common
serjeant of London, to appear at Hampton Court on the 25th. Letter
sent to the warden of the Fleet, to send hither John Weston, prisoner.
Letter devised in French to the bp. of Constance's vicar general.
405. Wallop to Sir Thos. Cheyney.
Thanks for a brace of greyhounds. Writes because four gentlemen
of Kent, have been with him, within these three days, of whom he
would the King had four such in every shire; who here reasoned
marvellous wittily, "and could not be confounded by any that reasoned
with them, as well in 'gemetrie,' as things concerning navigation and the
discerning of altitude as longitude; and as for the art belonging to
gunners I have seen none such, insomuch that all those that reckoneth
themselves cunning on this sides of the sea giveth place unto them, as well
in arguments of their sciences as in their doing, which I have both heard
and seen, not a little rejoicing thereat, being gentlemen." Prays him to
advance their suit to travel abroad this year. They are Tucke, "your
servant that is captain of the bulwark," Digges, Wylforde, and Tucke
that was on the sea.
The Frenchmen much fear war, and bruit that the King has sent
money to the Emperor, that the Great Master of Flanders is going into
England, and that a good number of Almens and Spaniards shall be
shortly upon these borders. The Imperial party rejoice at the friendship
of the Emperor and the King, and think that both together will
make war against the Frenchmen; insomuch that the Countie Penois,
whom my lord Admiral knows, sent a gentleman to me, at my late being
at Calais, with a letter of credence and commission, to declare his desire
to serve the King with 500 or 600 horse, and that he would send for his
son, who is with the Emperor, to be lieutenant of them. Encloses the
letter and memorial. Answered that he knew of no war likely to be
on the King's behalf, but if he saw any appearance of it, he would
gladly be a means for him, and till then it were best not
to advertise the King. Begs him to show this, and the above news
to the King or Council, and give his commendations to Norfolk, of whose
"pleasure concerning Thorpe, his servant" Wallop is glad, and the poor
man much gladder, whom he will entertain for the present. Guisnes,
15 June. Signed.
P.S.—After closing this, a servant who was yesterday at Hardingham
fair, beside Fiennes, reported that a gentleman of France with 8 horses
passed through the fair, of whom divers captains of Picardy asked, What
news? "He, shaking his head, said, 'Naught;' saying, 'Mons. de Vandosme
shall come with all speed that he can to Arde, bringing with him
more men of war to put there in garrison; and that the Great Master of
Flanders is now at Remyngham assembling men-of-war together.'" Trusts
to know the truth within three days.
Pp. 3. Add. : treasurer of the King's household. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Begins : "My very good brother,"—.
ii. F. de Meleun [Count d'Epinoy] to Wallop.
Sends bearer to show his desire to serve the King, seeing the friendship
between the Emperor and him. Sainghuin, 9 June 1542. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. : "A Maistre Wallot, capitaine et gouverneur de
iii. Credence on the part of "Monsieur," to show the service he did the
King before Turwane, and the passage of the Somme, he having been at
the taking of Mondider and of Belle, (fn. 4) that he desires to go into England,
after mustering 500 or 600 horse, and requests an answer. Likewise
to declare the alliance between the prince his son and the daughter of
Agmount, of which there is but one son, whom he would cause to come
[hither]. Chasteau de Sainguin, 9 June.
French, p. 1.
18 B. VI. 138.
406. James V. to Montmorency.
Not having news of him for some time, sends this gentleman with
a present of two or three hackneys. Offers service if he can do him any
pleasure. Edinburgh, 15 June.
French. Copy, p. 1. Subscribed : A mon cousin Mons. le Connestable.
10 and 16
407. Bishopric Of Bristol.
See Grants in June, Nos. 19, 34.
408. The Privy Council.
Meeting at the Moore, 16 June. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Russell, Durham, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley,
Sadler. Business :—Letters received from Mr. Paget by Hampnes pursuivant.
Letters out of Jersey to Mr. Long, touching the accusation of
a priest, read.
409. Wallop to the Council.
Received their letter, dated at the More, 14 June, on the 16th
before noon, telling of receipt of his letters by Thos. Barnaby, and to
send Jeronimo, the Italian, with speed. Has, since his letters by Barnaby,
written to Mr. Treasurer, in a postcript, how a servant he sent to Herdinghen
fair, beside Fiennes, reported that a gentleman of France passed
through the fair, who, when asked the news, replied, "Riens de bon," and
that Mons. de Vandosme should come with all speed to Arde with more
men for the garrison. The Great Master of Flanders was, within this
two days at Tournehen, where to him resorted many rich men, asking
what to do with their goods and themselves. He counselled them to
keep themselves in safeguard and readiness, and not make so great a
rumour. He stayed until, towards night, horsemen came to conduct him
to his house at Remyngham. He gathers men of war. All of Boullenois
and Picardy are in great fear, and they daily bring their goods into the
towns and lie there nightly. Du Bies has 10,000 men ready, and Vendosme
is looked for, in 3 or 4 days, at Arde; where, to-morrow or next
day, will come 500 footmen, with 12 great pieces of ordnance. Has six
espials out on both frontiers.
Jeronimo carries this, who came from Calais not an hour before the
receipt of their letter. On hearing the King's pleasure, he cast up his
hands to Heavenward, and gave thanks to God, saying "I am now at
Thanks the lord Privy Seal for his gentle letter in favour of Calveley.
Guisnes, 16 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
410. The Privy Council.
Meeting at the Moore, 17 June. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Russell, Durham, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters of thanks sent to the President
of the Welsh Council for his dexterity in managing the loan. Recognisance
(cited) of John Weston, of Clingstedde, Kent, to attend.
411. Wallop to the Council.
Answered theirs of the 14th yesterday, by Jeronimo, declaring that
he had six espials out. Of those in Flanders, one, sent to Hasbroke fair,
reports that on Tuesday last the French buyers of horses there suddenly
fled thence, and returned next day for the horses they had bought. Their
fear was caused by a great number of horsemen that went from St.
Omer's to Tournehen to conduct the Great Master of Flanders to
Remyngham. The other espial reports from Bredenerd that, yesterday,
at 2 p.m., the Great Master came to Mountory, with 30 horses from
Bittain and Heire, (fn. 5) because the labourers durst not tarry there for fear
of the Frenchmen. He said to the labourers, "Fear you nothing, for
within these ij or iij days ye shall have 300 men of war to lie here;" and
commanded each to wear a St. Andrew's cross. They remained to their
work, and the Great Master went home that night to Remyngham. They
of Bredenerd daily carry their stuff to St. Omer's and other holds, for
fear of sudden adventures. The third espial is not yet returned.
Of the three sent into Picardy, the first says Mons. de Fuxsalles came
from the Court to Boulogne on Thursday last, that people speak much
of war, and that fourteen days will show whether they shall have war or
peace, that 300 or 400 footmen are coming to Arde, and that they fear
the King shall join the Emperor. The second reports that farmers about
Mustrull put their goods in safety, and much fear war with England;
and that there is great bruit and fear of war in the French Court, as
Mons. de Fuxsalles reported, who arrived at Boulogne on the 15th. The
third (sent to know the secrets of the fortifications of Boulogne), says
there is a rampire of earth within the town, 48 feet broad, but they trust
more in "a tower called Franchois, the tower Notre Dame, the gate of
the town and the Castle, in which there be loops a low that appeareth
not, and at all times, when need shall require, be as ready as the other,
not serving for any other purpose, but for the flanks only." Of caves,
vaults, ditches, or trenches for mines "they" know not. They are now
fortifying the South gate. Guisnes, 17 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
412. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 18 June. Present : Norfolk, Southampton,
Sussex, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Westminster, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters received
from the commissioners of the loan in Cheshire of the towardness of the
gentlemen and untowardness of certain merchants there. Recognisance
(cited) of—(blank) Shelton, touching his father's debt to Nic. Dikhoff
of the Hanse and Thos. Stekling, brewer.
[*** Next entry is 20 June.]
413. Wallop to Henry VIII.
This morning, divers poor men make great lamentation that their
horses, 27 in number, that serve in the works, going in a pasture called
the Whete Felde next the Park hedge, were last night hurt and killed.
Conjectures that it must have been done by Frenchmen, and was minded
to give weapons to the labourers in the chalk pits by Fiennes Hill, who
are the tallest in the works, and have the Forest nigh to retire to, but
durst not give them weapons without the King's authority, as it would
raise a bruit all over Picardy.
Has no other news than he sent to the King by Jeronimo, and to the
Council the day following, save that Anthony Brusett, captain of Gravelinges,
came to him on Saturday last, and stayed the Sunday. He said
his coming was only to make good cheer and rejoice that the King and
Emperor were now friends, to the joy of all Flanders, where (he says)
3,200 horse are ready, which is 1,200 above the ordinary, and there is
great bruit of war, but no assembly of footmen. Has no news of
assembly of Frenchmen, but they furnish their garrisons at Arde,
Boulogne, Mustrull, Hesding, and Tyrwan. Mons. de Vandosme's coming
is deferred till next month.
Describes the state of the works at Guisnes, which now begin to appear
to the contentation of the eye.
At finishing this, heard that last week 3,000 footmen mustered at
Andwarpe. Guisnes, 19 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
414. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 20 June. Present : Norfolk, Southampton,
Sussex, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Westminster, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. No business recorded.
415. Marillac to Francis I.
In his last, which he sent by his cousin, wrote of the passage of
the Emperor's ambassador into Flanders and of the hurried naval preparations.
The ambassador arrived here three days ago, and went to
the King at More, where he still awaits the lords of Flanders, whom
he was to bring, and who are awaited at Dover by some lords of this
Court. Touching the preparations made here, adds some particulars
which strengthen the suspicion that war is to be guarded against. The
duke of Norfolk has been so received and caressed that presumably there
is need of him. To lead a host there is no personage in England like
him; and all men who have been heretofore used in war are ordinarily at
his house reckoning to be soon employed. It causes surprise that he
is not one of the deputies to negotiate with the said Ambassador, but is
attending to the exaction of the money of this great loan, having intimated
to those assessed, on pain of imprisonment, to pay within fifteen
days. The King does not leave the neighbourhood of this city, whereas
he was wont at such a season to make his progress; which was this year
ordered to extend as far as Wales, and provision was there made for it,
but he suddenly changed his mind, and sent word not to expect him. The
equipping of ten great ships of war continues with such diligence that,
for ten leagues round, every carpenter and other workmen necessary is
employed in it. Artillery of brass and iron, with munitions of powder
and bullets, are carried daily to the said ships; the biscuit and beer
ordered is kept ready; nothing is done in the Tower, but dress bows, iron
arrows and pikes, mount artillery, prepare waggons, "faire les herces ou
les archiers on accoustumé de s'embarquer pour n'estre rompuz par les
gens de cheval" and coin money day and night of the silver plate obtained
from this loan, and from the spoil of the abbeys. The execution of
the design ought therefore to be soon; and some who are able
to know say that in less than a month will be seen an effort as unexpected
as a thunder clap, and that they do not expect a long war, but
the forcing of some town on your frontiers, in order to speak afterwards
of an appointment with you, which they expect to obtain easily as you
would be at war with the Emperor. The common bruit is that they will
have the pensions by force; and Marillac has been asked why it is that
they are not paid, but has replied that when this King spoke of it he
would think of an answer. Has heard that about Cornwall there were
some eighteen ships of war ready to sail, and laden with victuals, but
that, a few days ago, they (the victuals) were unladen, and delivered to
the keeping of the houses near, with injunctions that they should be reladen
upon 24 hours' warning. It is said that this was to fetch the
Emperor, who was to embark in Galicia, and come from the cape of
Fineterre to that of Cornwall. Has seen reports of this kind from
merchants of Spain, but the bruit of it has been greater than it now is.
The ambassadors sent to Scotland have written that musters of men-of-war
have been made in their presence, and that, at this next St. John's
tide, there will be a general muster of all who can bear arms. On this
side none are yet made, nor any levies of men except 2,000 pioneers to
be sent to the fortifications of Guynes. The brothers (fn. 6) of the two Queens
last dead have gone to Germany to take part in the expedition of Hungary.
French. Headed : 20 June. Marked as sent by Denis.
416. John Carewe to Mr. Carewe, Receiver to Lady Anne of
Desires to know Mr. Worsley's pleasure for his offices of Pymperne
and Wylkesworth, where one has entered and discharged the farmer :
it is against reason that Mr. Worsley should have the writer's money and
another the fee. Encloses a letter received from Mr. Gates about his
butlerage of Pole, promising the writer the office if Mr. Strangweyz refuse
it. This is scarce worth a thank; but has written promising Gates 20
mks. a year if he occupy the office. Pole, 20 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. A second address : To Mr. Gate.
417. Wymounde Carew to [John] Gates.
Brother Gate, I pray you to stay the bill for the comptrollership
of Pole, for the office was given yesterday at the suit of lord Sent John to
one Ric. Austell. Please "have my brother Deny in remembrance to my
lord of Canterbury for my son, as also to know whether he will be so good
brother to me as to appoint" that Sir Giles Stranwiche may declare his
suit to the King in person. This will be a pleasure to me and my brother
Thomas and make him more affectionate to my said brother and his wife.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
St. P., IX.
418. Paget to Henry VIII.
After Pulciano had (as Paget wrote) spoken with the King on
Sunday, the 11th inst., and delivered a schedule of offers and demands,
he was sent for on the morrow to receive his answer of the Chancellor
and Admiral. Learnt, with much ado (as will be seen), that they have
proceeded as follows. Pulciano was sent to Spain with command to
return by this Court if the Emperor liked his overture. He returned
straight to Rome, and tarried there 14 days before coming hither. Has
described his access. Credence from the Emperor he had none, and yet
he offered on the Emperor's behalf to deliver Milan (Alexandria reserved)
to the duke of Orleans, before October, with his daughter in marriage,
to hold, in tail male, in fee of the Empire, with remainder to the
Emperor's heirs, kings of Spain. In return he demands renunciation
of the title of Navarre, surrender of Bourgoin, Savoy, and Piedmont, and
renunciation of all other titles in Italy and Naples, except Milan. This
first overture he delivered on Sunday. On Monday the Chancellor and
Admiral told him that if he had nothing else to say he might depart, for
their master thought this a mockery. He then proposed that the Emperor
would deliver Milan and his daughter to Orleans, out of hand; to hold
Milan to them and their heirs, as other dukes have held; requiring
in return Bourgoyn, restitution of Hesdyn, of Maran to King Ferdinand,
and of Savoy and Piedmont to the duke of Savoy, with renunciation of
all titles in Italy and Naples. He said his Holy Father and all the
Cardinals thought the King would not refuse this; but the King would
not agree for Bourgoyn, and said, as for Savoy and Piedmont, that the
Emperor should have talked with him before he fortified it. He left
Court in despair, minding to return to Rome next day, and complaining
to a friend that the King was in fault; but, by means of this friend
(Paget thinks) the Queen of Navarre sent for him, and after long conference,
sent him to the King. The King said he might doubt whether
the overtures came from the Emperor, seeing the Emperor's ambassador
made no motion of them, and willed Pulciano to come next day to Jaynvile
to receive answer. At Jaynvile the King made answer to Pulciano
(the Emperor's ambassador standing talking with the Admiral) that he
liked not the two overtures, and would himself propose a third, viz., that
he would have Milan in such form as Pulciano proposed last, "so as the
Emperor would marry his daughter," and would deliver Hesdin, Maran,
Savoy, and Piedmont (but would first raze all the fortifications in Fiedmont,
giving the duke of Orleans in pledge until it was delivered), and renounce
all other titles in Italy and Naples. Pulciano promised to carry this
overture into Spain, and give answer both from Spain and Rome
in 25 days, begging the King not to think that his master meant
to tract time or stay the enterprise he had begun. "No more I
will, you may be sure," quod the King; adding that he would,
for more expedition, send a gentleman with Pulciano into Spain,
and a memorial of the overture in writing. The King then,
after talking with the Admiral, called the Emperor's ambassador,
and they had, as usual, a hot conference. To believe the ambassador,
they talked nothing of Pulciano's overtures (and indeed the ambassador
had sent that morning for audience to deliver a letter from the
Queen of Hungary); yet Pulciano departed that day in good hope, and,
for a triumph (apparently), "the King and Queen, and all the Court,
both men and women, were gorgeously apparelled." Next day Pulciano
despatched to Rome Cavaliero Ugolini, governor of Signor Horacio, and
took leave for Spain, thinking to have with him the gentleman and the
memorial; but the King had changed his purpose; at which Pulciano
complained to his friend, and was depressed, but determined to go to
Spain and do his best; and so departed hence on Friday, the 16th inst.
Has the above from near friend of Pulciano's friend, with the addition
that, for the Emperor's further assurance that this King will meddle no
further in Italy, the Bishop of Rome travails to join himself and the
Emperor in league with all the states of Italy.
This King pretends to slack nothing of his enterprise, and practises
still to allure the Italians. The Counts of Myrandula and Petylian,
Signor Jehan Paulo, and others of the retinue in Italy, are appointed to
come into Piedmont, and money is sent thither. In Gascoyn and the
borders of Navarre men be ready. Into Lorraine are come 4,000
Almains, and more follow. The duke of Cleves has horsemen ready (as
La Planche has brought word, who returns thither shortly). The Emperor
sleeps not; although Guasto sent him word to sleep, for he would keep
account of Milan. In Navarre and those borders a great number of
Spaniards are "accompanied," and in these Nether Countries the Regent
is at Mons, ready. For all this treaty of peace, a servant of this King's
who went to practise with certain Almains is "trussed up," by means of
duke Wolfang (of whom Paget wrote about Christmas), who, very lately,
revolted from this King (although he had his pension) because the King
entertains Count Guillaume. To get money, another disme is asked of
the clergy, all fellowships and fraternities are commanded to bring in all
their plate before Midsummer, and the greatest wood sale ever seen
in France is made in the forest of Biere (between the Loire and Marne,
the Seine running almost in the midst of it), to the value of 50,000 mks.
sterling, the 35 merchants to bring in the money before 20 July, and have
ten years to fell it.
The ambassadors of Sweden treat in the King's privy chamber, which
is unusual, although they only treat the articles that were treated with
Denmark. News of Hungary is none, but that "we" dispraise the
captains of the army, and lament their charges this year, which are lost,
as the Grand Seigneur intends to send no army this year. This King
appointed to muster his gentlemen at Lyons, 1 July; but now appearances
are to the contrary, for the King's great horses are stayed, and
Nevers and Canaples, captains of the gentlemen, have recalled their
trains, which were at Digeon towards Lyons. The King will lie hereabouts,
if this treaty goes not forward with the Emperor (as these Frenchmen
trust, and these ladies desire) to make some enterprise, and see what
England will do; for they think Henry will do what he can to join the
Emperor, as the Queen of Navarre said yesterday, who was as dainty to
speak with Paget as if she had never known him or his master until he
"wrang in" by talking of religion, and then "she brake with me as th'
Admiral did, in effect," and had like answer. Noted that she said England
forsook them, and therefore they might lawfully join with the Emperor.
This may have come of herself, but now, since De Formes came from the
ambassador there (with news that Henry prepares ships, and had levied
money to lend the Emperor, and sent into Almain to practise for lansknightes
and, with the Hanse cities, for ships, and has sent a gentleman (fn. 7)
of his Privy Chamber to the king of Romans, and another (fn. 8) to the king of
Scots), Paget is looked strangely upon, and commandment issued that no
ambassador be lodged nearer the Court than four leagues. Secured
lodging for himself within one league. De Formes says he is too well
lodged, the King has looked at him without giving him any countenance,
espials are set upon him, and the Admiral has checked some for resorting
to him. Shows himself a good Frenchman, but fears they think the contrary.
Immediately upon his last despatch, the gentleman (fn. 9) that was last
in England was in hand with him for a picture of Henry's daughter, on
the duke of Orleans's behalf (with the Admiral's consent, as appeared by
the terming of his tale, and because another gentleman of the Admiral's
had been likewise in hand with him), and to know whether this matter
of marriage could be renewed. Answered that he knew not how to
come by the picture, and that the matter had been treated by their
ambassador in England, by whom this King, if he meant any such thing,
would doubtless proceed.
Begs instruction in case this matter is moved, or precise answer required
touching these bruits of war or peace, or in case the Emperor
invade and this King demand aid (as he says he has done before, according
to the treaties); for a month will show how the game shall go.
Yesternight arrived secretary Monlu, from M. de Rodes, ambassador at
Rome, with advice to beware of the Bishop of Rome, and give no credit
to Monte Pulciano; whereupon they have to-day kept great council, and
the bruit of war is as hot as ever. The prince of Melphi leaves to-morrow
for Provence, whereby "I have a mayme;" and La Plance is returned in
haste to Cleves. Mons. Morret and others are sent to Lorraine to view
the lanzknechts. Has just received a letter from a person of good
credit that 25,000 Almains come to serve this King, besides Swiss,
Italians, and Frenchmen. The bruit of war is among the best and
greatest personages, and Paget is grieved that they say, "Weh! que sçait
il faire le Roy d'Engleterre." Has much ado to come by news; for, now
that Henry is no longer taken as the friend from whom they hoped for
help in their war, the writer has lost credit; and since the King came
to Jaynvile no man comes to him, and some send word that they may not.
St. Urbayns, 20 June, 11 p.m. (fn. 10) Signed.
Pp. 10. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding in the hand of Paget's clerk.
419. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal Contarini.
All here, especially the Marchioness, (fn. 11) thank God for sustaining
Contarini in the midst of his overwhelming business, and granting him
charity, which in that holy affair of Modena shines the more as we know
the troubles which, but for the grace of God, might well chill it. M.
Aloisio will write further. Viterbo, 20 June 1542.