Henry VIII
July 1542, 11-20


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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'Henry VIII: July 1542, 11-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17: 1542 (1900), pp. 286-300. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76660 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July 1542, 11-20

11 July.
R. O.
489. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote on the 29th July (sic) that Vandosme should come to Arde with ordnance; but the purpose was changed, and, on Sunday, 9th inst., there passed by the King's forest, from Bulogne, one double cannon and five other pieces, with six waggons laden with shot and powder, conducted by Mons. de Vervin and Mons. de Fuxsalles and 90 horse of Du Bies's band, as far as Bucholt, where the garrison of Arde received them. These pieces were given to the French King by the clothiers of Roane. Mons. de Fuxsalles came from Court, within this 3 or 4 days, saying that abstinence from war for 20 days, of which 12 were past, was taken at the bishop of Rome's suit, and the French King retired from Loren (where Countie Guillame should have met him with 10,000 Almains, but could not because "the passages in Almen be so kept") towards Lyons, where he can answer to his armies both in Piedmont and towards Naveir. The bruit in Picardy is that their King is in better terms with England and that Du Bies says they shall "have no war with the Englishmen this year." For fear of the Imperials, Vandosme and Du Bies have ready in Picardy and the Boulinos 200 men of arms and 10,000 footmen, besides the ordinary garrisons; and, for fear of them, the Burgundians have at St. Omer's 500 Almains, at Ayre 300, at Bytten 300, at Lyle 300, and at Arras 500. Proclamation was made on Friday, 7th inst., at St. Omer's and other market towns, against delivering victuals to Frenchmen.
Mistrusting the coming of so much ordnance to Arde, when the outer gate of this castle is down and the braies open (a necessity as the Surveyor says), and there are so many horse and foot in Arde, sent an espial to see whether the ordnance remained in the market place there; and learnt that it was bestowed upon the mounts in the bulwarks towards Muttorie, Owtinges and Balingham; which report he "did not mislike." Had however taken precautions and will not relax his mistrust. Guisnes, 11 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
12 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 26.
490. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
Though no doubt she is aware that in the Act signed by this King's deputies, it is expressly provided that his subjects may lade freely in Flemish ports, either in English or foreign vessels, was asked to write it by an express message from the King through his Admiral yesterday, and begs her to see the clause inserted verbatim, as quickly as possible. The King deserves to be gratified in this, for he has been full of her praises these last four days; and when she notifies the insertion having been made, the master of the English nation, bearer of this, should be charged to write immediately to the Council that the same may be agreed to here for the Emperor's subjects. London, 12 July 1542. From the Vienna Archives.
Ib. No. 27. 2. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
To the same effect, but more urgent. London, 12 July 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
12 July.
R. O. St. P., III. 398.
491. Deputy And Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Oneil, Obrien and Donoghe Obrien came to the Parliament at Trim. Obrien came unsent for, and afterwards, with Donoghe, accompanied the Council to Dublin. He is a man of such sobriety and towardness that there is good hope of him. He required a commission for suppressing the abbeys in his country, in which he and Donoghe should be; and this has been made and sent to be executed. He has certain plate of the rebel Thomas Fitzgerald's gift, which he desires the King to give him, saying it is not worth over 100l. He asked the Council to intercede for the pardon of Robt. Walshe, who was Fitzgerald's servant, and is attainted; also for a general pardon to the inhabitants of Thomond, which would need an Act of Parliament.
At sundry sessions of Parliament petition has been made that, of numerous ancient statutes which remain unprinted and therefore unknown, those now beneficial might be printed and the rest abrogated. Ask whether to have them perused and sent over in form of an Act, for correction; for the Irishry who submit are in doubt of such uncertain laws. Have sent John Travers, master of the Ordnance, and John Brereton, captain of the footmen, to aid Maguyllem, who is invaded by Ochaan, supported, as is supposed, by O'Doneill's galloglasses. Have heard the petitions of the Byrnes, of Leinster, who are the nearest Irishmen to Dublin, but defer concluding with them until the King's pleasure is known; for when the corn is ripe, which is now extremely scarce, we mean to advance towards the Cavanaghes "for the perfection of their obedience." Being at good point with Obrien, Oneil, Ochonor, Oraylie and Omor, we trust to bring those Cavanaghes to the King's order, if the army here may be furnished with money. That done, the King may diminish half the army. It is the enterprise of first importance here. Kilmaynan, 12 July 34 Henry VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Abp. Browne, J. Rawson Viscount Clontarf, Lutrell, Brabazon, Aylmer, Bathe, Cusake and Basnet.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
12 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 28.
492. The War.
Proclamation of war (fn. 1) against the Emperor (as notified by Francis I. to the Count de Bucencoys and de Charny, Admiral of France, to be published in the port towns of Normandy and elsewhere), declaring how, after unjustly detaining what belongs to Francis, he procured the murder of Fragoso and Rincon, for which satisfaction was promised but not given, and has lately, both at Antwerp and in the county of St. Pol, which he has usurped and detains in defiance of one of the articles of the truce between them, issued proclamations for Frenchmen to quit the country on pain of death and confiscation. Ligny, 12 July 1542, 28 Francis I.
From a copy in the Archives of Simancas.
13 July.
Dasent's A.P.C., 17.
493.The Privy Council.
Meeting at Esher, 13 July. Present : Canterbury, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. Business :—Letter to the warden of the Fleet to receive the earl of Surrey, prisoner. Recognisance (cited) of John Weston, of Kent, to appear.
[*** Next date is 16 July.]
15 July.
R. O. St. P., IX. 101.
494. Henry VIII. to the Admiral Of France.
Hearing that a lacquey of his ambassador, Mr. Wm. Paget, has severely wounded one of Signor Horatio's men, who provoked him to fight, begs the Admiral to intercede for the lacquey's pardon if the man should die. A nostre manoir d'Oking, 15 July 1542.
Draft. French, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to th'Admiral of [France], xvo (?) Julii ao xxxiiijo.
15 July.
R. O. St. P., IX. 89.
495. The Council to Paget.
The King has received his of the 9th, and desires him to continue the "latter purpose," of which he sent the minute. The French ambassador resident was with the King at Assher on Thursday last, hunted with him all the afternoon, and was lodged at Hampton Court, where the Council and Household remained. The cause of his repair was that he had letters from his master showing affection for the King's amity, and wishing some purpose set forth for its increase. The King answered that he marvelled they gave such faith to light bruits which nothing done here warranted; true it was that the Emperor's ambassador was at Court, and afterwards went to Flanders and returned, about the edicts made touching traffic, and their edict had been revoked; other overtures were made, but no conclusion taken except that. The King also said he would break no amity unless provoked, praying them to interpret it no worse if he should send men of war to defend his own than he did their late sending of men and munitions to Arde.
Paget shall follow the above form in conferences with the Admiral and others; and send news every week, "not sparing for any charges so long as these matters of war and trouble shall not be some way determined."
Draft, pp. 8. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget, xvo [Julii, ao xxxiiijo].
Calig. E. IV. 136. B. M. 2. Original letter of which the preceding is the draft, omitting the second paragraph of the above, and concluding (in Wriothesley's hand) : —"The Kings Mate hathe [just received your] l'res sent by this berer. [And whereas] you desire suche spedy ans[wer to be] dispeched again to you, litto . . . . . . . . absent. There is yet no [word of the coming] of the Secretary, (fn. 2) but when [he shall] have been here you shall [know] of his doings. Thus f[are] you hartily well. Fr[om] Oking, the xvth of July." Signed by Southampton, Sussex, Russell, Durham, Gage, Antony Wyngfeld, Wriothesley and Robertus Dacres.
P. 3. Mutilated. Add. : ambassador resident in France. Endd.
15 July.
R. O. St. P., IX. 90.
496. Henry VIII. to Wallop.
Upon the late return of the Emperor's ambassador out of Flanders he has declared to Henry, and written, as he says, to the Emperor, that Mons. de Reulx suggested the sending over of 4,000 Englishmen for an enterprise upon Muttrell this year, before it is fully fortified; adding that he could supply 6,000 or 7,000 men, and doubted not to put the King in possession of it now, but next year it would be too strong to take. Desiring to know what number De Reulx could make, if the Emperor renew that matter, appoints him to write and arrange a secret meeting with De Reulx; and devise with him, as one whom the King knows to be "a right Burgonyon, a true man to his master and a friend to England," how many men he could make at two or three days' warning, what order should be kept, what ordnance and munition they could lend until the King might furnish it from hence, and, generally, what such an enterprise requires, raising all objections which his experience may suggest. As the Frenchmen have lately sent men and munitions to Arde, intends to increase his garrisons at Guisnes and elsewhere, making up Wallop's retinue to 100 horsemen, and sending over 1,000 foot with all diligence. Commands him to furnish himself with the said 100 horsemen, or if he cannot furnish all there, send hither for them. Also to commune with Ant. Rous to enlarge the proportion of victuals, getting as much victual out of the French part as he can. Has written to Rous about this, and to provide wages for the new horsemen.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Wallop, xvo July ao xxxiiijo.
16 July.
Dasent's A.P.C., 18.
497. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Oking, 16 July. Present : Southampton, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. Business :—Letter directed to — Latton to appear immediately.
[*** Next entry is 19 July.]
16 July.
R. O.
498. The Loan.
Acknowledgment of receipt, from Wriothesley, of 20 privy seals for the bp. of Worcester to deliver to such of the city and county there as shall advance money in loan to the King. 16 July, ao H. VIII. 34o. Signed : Per me Jo. Burne.
P. 1. Endd.
16 July.
R. O. St. P., III. 401.
499. John Mynne and Wm. Cavendyssh to the Council.
Are commanded by Sir Thos. Wriothesley, one of the King's two principal secretaries, to declare their proceedings in execution of a commission to Sir Ant. Seyntleger, Deputy of Ireland, Thos. Walssh, baron of the Exchequer, now deceased, and the writers, to examine articles exhibited against Wm. Brabazon, vice-treasurer in Ireland, by Lord Leonard, late deputy there. Perceiving, by Robt. Cowley and by the said articles, that the King should be deceived in the first account taken by Sir Ant. Seyntleger, Mr. Moyle, and others, they committed the same account, with the copy of the articles, to the justices, the barons and others of the Exchequer and the Council, jointly with Cowley, to examine them together. After five or six weeks they all (Cowley except) could only say that they heard that Brabazon had received more of the traitors' goods than he accounted for. Afterwards Cowley exhibited a great book against the vice-treasurer, of concealments, omissions, &c. Could not at once examine it, as they were riding for the survey of Kildare, Catherlagh and Meth; and after their departure Cowley sent the book to "your Lordships." Told him afterwards that he did wrong to trouble the King with it (his Highness's commissioners being there) before they had examined it, and he replied that he heard the bp. of Dublin and the Vice-treasurer had written against him, and he sent it to keep his credit. Perused the book, and took the Vice-treasurer's answer, to which Cowley replied naming witnesses. Desired him, as he was master of the Rolls, to subpœna the witnesses, which he did, and the writers examined them and found only that, at the first arrival of the army, the Vice-treasurer's servants took sundry traitors' goods not answered to in the first account. To this the Vice-treasurer answered that such goods as came to his hands were accounted for, as none taken by the other captains were. The witnesses also deposed to hurts done by the Vice-treasurer and his servants to sundry men, who may have their remedy by law. Have the signed depositions to show. Travailed in taking surveys and reckonings in Ireland for three whole years, abiding there for one complete year, and, since their return, have made "duplicamentes" of their books, to be sent thither; and now they desire to come to their declaration and be discharged of the books. London, 16 July.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : xvjo Julii ao xxxiiijo.
16 July.
Kaulek, 432. (The whole.)
500. Marillac to Francis I.
This despatch will partly confirm what he said in his last two about the cooling of the preparations for war (of which there is now no news), and this King's intentions. Held the language prescribed in Francis's letter from Ligny of the 5th; and the King answered as his ambassador did, showing himself very pleased when Marillac confirmed the answer of the Admiral that Francis meant to persevere in the amity, and added that Francis would regret any change in the said amity, which he desired to restrict and perpetuate by all "moyens et partiz honestes" rather than infringe or diminish. It is true that this King said his ambassador had spoken without express charge, but that he had done the office of a good minister who knew his master's intention, and was sure not to be disavowed. The Admiral gave occasion for it by objecting that here a marriage was being made with the Emperor, and the Flemings subsidised to make war on France (of which news this King made Marillac partly the author, saying that his information was wrong, and persuading him that these intrigues by the Emperor's ambassador were not founded upon a practice for a marriage or loan or attack on France, but to compose a difference with the Flemings about navigation, in which the Flemings were so rigorous as not to permit their own subjects to lade in English ships, which was now moderated, and the ambassador reported from Flanders, whither he went for that sole cause, that both parties were satisfied). And this King complained that in France he was suspected, and that the frontiers and especially Ardres, were so reinforced with men and artillery that he had cause on his side to doubt, and to do the like at his places beyond sea; adding that his ambassador ought not to be treated more rudely than accustomed, for, although Francis himself was always gracious, others had for sometime past looked askance at him, and everyone spoke of the English as if they were declared enemies. Also that he (this King) knew what Francis was practising with the Emperor, in which, the Pope having been at the commencement intercessor and medium, he had been informed once that Francis would send a man to the Emperor, but in the end that had been broken off. The King ended by saying that, as he wished to entertain the amity so long established between Francis and him, he desired to avoid all occasions which might cool it, which might occur if the one distrusted the other.
Thinks it a good sign that this King has thus unburdened his heart, for, besides that it is his custom to grumble, Marillac has observed that when he has decided to remain a friend he begins by complaining that there is no correspondence of amity on Francis's part. Did not omit to reply to his objections; and defended himself from the charge of writing lightly by saying that he wrote the fashion of the Emperor's ambassador's journeying into Flanders, brief return and subsequent long sojourn at Court, and that everyone said it was to obtain money and the Emperor's passage through England (which also was confirmed from Spain), but wrote nothing of marriage. The Flemings made use of that bruit; and they had colour for it, when an ordinary ambassador was lodged in the King's house, departed secretly at night in the King's litter, accompanied by several gentlemen of the Household, was everywhere received like the greatest personage that the Emperor could send, crossed the sea with an escort of ships, went, on land, day and night, although so indisposed that he can use no member of his body save his tongue, and finally returned as quickly as an ordinary courier. The above was notorious, and, if the King gained by thus despatching the ambassador for a dispute about navigation, the Flemings interpreted it to their advantage, and their neighbours had cause to look to the security of their frontiers. If Ardres was provided for defence it was with no intention of invading Guynes; and Francis was not so devoid of common sense as, when about to resent the wrong the Emperor did him, to add the forces of England to those of his enemy, and so make his enterprise more difficult. As to the treatment of his ambassador, Marillac thought it was no other than usual; and, if he complained of what the common people said, Marillac had much more cause to tell the language ordinarily used to his men by people here, viz., that they will shortly make a sacrifice of all the French, and are only waiting till the Flemings are ready; an ambassador should not notice such words, but only the sayings of kings or of their Councils, or things which are evidently of consequence.
As to practices between Francis and the Emperor, Marillac knew no particulars, except that everyone wondered that Francis would not listen to the great and advantageous partis which the Emperor offered him; and at all events Francis would give Henry no occasion to distrust him.
Left the King very satisfied, as appeared both by his countenance and by what his Council afterwards said, to whom he communicated all their conversation; and he made Marillac stay at his Court, which is 30 miles from here, and spend the rest of the day in hunting with him, and afterwards sleep at his house of Hault en Cour, three miles off, where he (Marillac) was lodged and treated in the same place and by the same servants who attended the Emperor's ambassador; to show that no less account was made of him, and persuade him that the said ambassador's journey was only about navigation. Although the truth may be to the contrary, and the English might have at first intended some descent beyond sea, but afterwards changed purpose, there is at least no appearance that they will do anything this year. They have sent men-of-war over sea to reinforce the garrisons, but not so many as to cause alarm. At the writer's taking his leave, this King (who will not go in this progress more than 15 or 20 miles away from this town) said he had just received letters from his ambassador, which were not yet all deciphered, but, by what he had yet seen, it appeared that the Admiral had expressed a desire for some overture to be made to draw this amity closer. Then, after a pause, he said that heretofore a marriage (fn. 3) was proposed which was no longer spoken of, and he did not see what other thing could be put forward. Thought best to make no answer, both because the King said he had not seen the whole letter, and not to show that he had charge to renew the subject of the said marriage; and so took leave, promising to return shortly with the answer to this.
French. Headed : [London,] 16 July.
16 July.
R. O.
501. Marillac to Wriothesley.
This evening arrived a secretary (fn. 4) of the King his master, dispatched expressly to carry letters and declare matters of consequence. Begs to know where he and the secretary may have audience. London, 16 July. Signed.
French. P. 1. Add. Endd. : Th'ambassador of France to Mr. Secretary, Mr. Wrioth., xvjo Julii ao xxxiiijo.
16 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 29.
502. Mary Of Hungary to Chapuys.
Acknowledging his letter of the 10th. Has already issued orders to allow English subjects to lade freely as they did before the edict of the year '40. The enclosed, for the Emperor, is to be forwarded as quickly as possible. If George the courier has not yet embarked, it is to be sent on to him; if he has, it must be forwarded by express messenger, Brussels, 16 July 1542.
From a draft in the Vienna Archives.
16 July.
R. O.
503. News from Brussels. (fn. 5)
"Soumaire des nouvelles que j'ay eu de Bruxelles par lettres du xvjo de ce mois de Juillet xlij."
The French, on the 14th inst., came against the town of Dunvillers, which is weak and not tenable, and therefore Captain Moron, who was sent thither by the seneschal of Hainault, was afraid to go, but a gentleman named Hezecq and three gentlemen of Namur have gone thither. Four ensigns of High Almains are ready to enter Thionville, where they will find no resistance, for the King's army is not in that quarter. The town of Yboyz is in good order, and the footmen coming from Cleves have passed the Rincq, under the charge of Martin van Roussen, 10,000 or 12,000 foot, with 1,000 horse, some of whom have passed the Meuze in the country of Cuct below Grave. "Q[ue la] Royne a bien pou[rveu] ledict lieu de Grave et Busleducq, et que lesdicts ennemis poeuvent bien estre ensamble de dix a xij m. hommes." In Han. belonging to the Duke of Cleves, they received two demi-cannons, and of light field pieces they have some coming from the said Duke under the name of Martin van Roussen.
French. P. 1. Headed : The copy of the Regent's letter sent to the Great Master.
16 July.
R. O.
504. Sir Thomas Seymour to Henry VIII.
Begs the King to attribute any mistakes he may make, in writing news during this voyage, to his lack of the language and late coming hither. Wrote last from Vienna, 10th inst., that this army would abide at Pest; which he should have written Stregonne, for Pest is the Turks'. The army will go straight from Stregonne to besiege Pest, in which are 8,000 Turkish footmen, and which is weak on one side because there is "no rampayre joyned to the wawle." If they win it they will fortify it and end for this year. They will tarry at Stregonne to hear how the king of Hungary and princes of Jarmeny, now together at Norenberge, agree. The Turk will not come, but send 20,000 light horse; whereof the Almenes are sorry, for they hoped for his coming to join battle with them. Tarry here five days for pioneers to mend the ways; the Almenes blame the King and Hans Honganode, his lieutenant, for not foreseeing it. Also they are not content to pay for their victuals, for they take the Hungarians "as good Christians as the Turks." The King, to satisfy them, promises that next year the Hungarians shall take their share.
It is said that the Elector of Saxony and Lanesgrave will make war on the Duke of Bransweke, for certain ill words that Duke has said of them. "This Duke of Bransweke is taken for the greatest Papist that is in all Jarmeny." Rakendorffe, in Hungary, 16 July.
Hol. Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
17 July.
R. O.
505. [Wriothesley] to Marillac.
In accordance with his letter, has declared to the King the arrival of a secretary (fn. 6) from the King of France to tell him some things of consequence. The King desires them to be at Guldeforde on Thursday night (to have audience on Friday morning), where their lodging shall be provided.
French. Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to the French ambassador, xvijo Julii ao xxxiiijo.
17 July.
R. O.
506. Wallop to the Council.
Yesterday, the Captain of Tournehen came to dinner, to renew old acquaintance, who was in the King's service under both Norfolk and Suffolk. He says the Emperor has in Luxembrough 20,000 Almens and 4,000 other footmen of Namurois and Leigios, and 6,000 horsemen. Mons. d'Orliaunce lies with his army 8 or 10 leagues France ward. The French have put water in their wine for this year. Count Guillame could bring no lance knights and is retired into Almen. They have enough to give battle to all the footmen in France; but he esteems the French horsemen. The Duke of Clevis has not above 4,000 foot and 3,000 horse; for all Gelderland denied him, and also many horsemen Clevois who had before served the Emperor. Now the said Duke begins to relent and has sent to the Regent; but she defers answering until she hear from the Electors, to whom she wrote of all the practice of the French King and the Duke. Thinks that if she receive answer to her purpose she intends something with her army, for provision is made for carts and waggons, and the Great Master musters men to garrison St. Omer's, Haire, Bitton and Arras. Wallop wrote that there were lance knights there, but now perceives that is not so. The Great Master assembles as many horsemen as possible, besides the ordinary men of arms and the horsemen that were mustered at Gawnte. The captain said the French now boast that the King's Majesty is sure for them, and seemed afraid of it. He heard that some Turks had come to Buda and had an overthrow. The Marquis of Gwast, in Millain, has 10,000 good lance knights. The French King looked for many Swichers, but divers of the cantons refuse to serve him. The Emperor's army in Navarre is very puissant.
The above is all Wallop could learn from the Captain, save that he abhorred the French practices in Flanders and with the Turk. Has no certain news out of France; but a number of horsemen, some of them Italians, and footmen arquebusiers are said to be coming, and Wallop has sent to verify it. On Thursday, 13th inst., was proclaimed at Arde that no French subject should deliver victuals to the Emperor's subjects, "but all merchandise to have their course; and to us they come since more plentifully than they did before." The Regent looks for answer from the Electors by the 23rd inst. Guisnes, 17 July, in haste. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
17 July.
R. O.
507. Jacques De Coucy [Sieur De Vervins] to Wallop.
In the absence of Mons. le Mareschal, (fn. 7) I have received your letter to send you the Englishman (fn. 8) who is prisoner here. The King's men say they have made no process against him beyond interrogating him, and that his process must be made by the spiritual court, viz., Messieurs de Therouenne. They say that his interrogatory was sent to you, and that they have nothing but a little leather bag, in which were found three books suspected of heresy; which bag and books I send you with the prisoner. The men of justice send a bill of the prisoner's expenses, which please pay. I am glad you recovered one of your tarchelez de faucon; if I hear of the other it shall be kept for you. A. Boull' (Boulogne), 17 July, 1542.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd. : Mons. de Vervyns' letter to Mr. Wallop, xvijo Julii ao xxxiiijo.
18 July.
R. O.
508. Marillac to Wriothesley.
Received his yesterday, and will be on Thursday evening at Guildeforde. Received also a packet addressed to the King's ambassador in France, but on Saturday his men found the herald Guynes going with a packet to the French Court, and, because he could not delay informing his master of the arrival of his Secretary, after waiting Friday, Saturday, and Sunday for Wriothesley's letters, thought they would be sent by the said herald, and despatched his own letters, yesterday, a little before receiving Wriothesley's. Is sorry that he must send them back unless Wriothesley will wait for the Secretary's return, which he thinks will be soon. Offers, if they are important, to send them express. London, 18 July. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
18 July.
R. O. Rymer, XIV. 754. (Extracts.)
509. Higham Ferrers College.
Surrender (by the master and fellows) of the college and all its possessions in cos. Ntht., Essex, Hunts, and Beds, the city of London and elsewhere in England and Wales, and the marches thereof. 18 July 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by Robt. Goldson [,master,] and two others. [See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II. 23.]
Faded. Seal injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2. m. 51.] as acknowledged same day before Wm. Peter, one of the clerks of Chancery.
18 July.
Poli Epp., III. 59.
510. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal Contarini.
Has delayed answering his last letters, forwarding the chapters previously sent to the Cardinal of the Minerva, because he waited for the return from Rome of Contarini's master of horse, in order to have a safer messenger. Contarini will have heard of the election of the six cardinals, in particular, upon the affairs of Luca and Modena. Viterbo, 18 July 1542.
19 July. 511. Coventry.
See Grants in July, No. 21.
19 July.
Dasent's A.P.C., 18.
512. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Oking, 19 July. Present : Southampton, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. Business :—Recognisance (cited) of John Willoughbye, of Suffolk, to attend. Robt. Bolson, of Aston, discharged upon condition of asking Thos. Carter's forgiveness, &c. (detailed). Letter sent to the Bp. of Exeter to perform a grant to John Gerneye "of the office of the consistorie."
19 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II. No. 30.
513. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
As he wrote on the 1st (3rd?), called on the King, who, in a long speech, declared to him, among other things, how important it was for her to provide for the defence of the two islands of which he wrote on the 3rd, frankly declaring that at the time he fancied the Emperor intended making war on him, he had himself purposed to surprise them, as he could defend and relieve them from Hull, from which the crossing could be effected in 24 hours. He said he was sure the Duke of Holstein had now his eye on them, and if he got them could put all Holland under subjection, in which he might have the assistance of the Duke of Cleves. He showed an admirable chart with the two islands on it, which Chapuys sends to the Queen by his permission, to be returned as soon as possible, adding that he could not rest till his advice was followed and the defence of the islands seen to, as he himself might find the Duke an unpleasant neighbour. Indeed, it was reported that he had said that if he failed in his enterprise against Holland, the King of England, who made good cheer and mistrusted nothing, might pay the shot. Hopes the Duke will commence his game over there and exasperate the King, for should he follow it up to the waters of Hull, as he probably, will, to attempt anything against this kingdom, he will get such a thrashing that, for the time at least, he will abandon all thought of attacking us.
The King reported to me the other day the substance of the conversation which the French ambassador held with him, which agrees substantially with the account in a letter of King Francis to him (copy (fn. 9) enclosed). Only he did not state (fn. 10) that it was his own ambassador in France who began the game and gave occasion for such compliments. Took, of course, no notice of the omission. The King said further that Francis had sent a secretary of his (fn. 11) with a letter of credence entirely in his own hand. The secretary had arrived that very day (the 16th), though, two days before, the King had heard of his intended despatch from his ambassador in France. He has, however, put off his audience for two days, which the French will not like, for the King says they intend, in conjunction with a Turkish fleet, to attack Catalonia, while a land force marches on Perpignan.
The King requested him to communicate the above news to Granvelle without saying it came from him. He did not think much of the enterprise, or of others which Francis was said to entertain, the season was so far advanced, provided only the Duke of Holstein could be prevented landing in some island where he could winter. Sees no likelihood of aid being granted to the King of the Romans against the Turk. When pressed he answered drily that money was not so plentiful as to be spent in an enterprise without foundation and out of season, and that if the treaty with the Emperor came to a good issue, money spent against the French would be as meritorious. Did not insist further on his answering the King of the Romans' letter that he might again have occasion to return to the attack. Of all the excuses he offered, the most singular was that he considered the Hungarian war over, as 4,000 Turkish horse which had sallied out of Buda had actually been defeated in a skirmish. As a similar report had come from France, he believed that the war there would soon be at an end. London, 19 July 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
19 July. 514. The War.
Preparations in Flanders. See No. 533 (2).
20 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II. No. 31.
515. Chapuys to Charles V.
Not to delay the enclosed packet from the Regent, which he is told is very important, will be brief. This King, fearing lest the Duke of Holstein should get a footing on some part of Holland, especial y the two islands at the mouth of the Channel of Amsterdam, has owned to Chapuys that at the time when he feared the Emperor would attack him he had himself thought of surprising those islands, which could be easily defended from Hull, &c., as in No. 513. The French ambassador had spoken with the King two days before in terms similar to those of Francis's letter, of which a copy is enclosed; (fn. 12) but in reporting their conversation to Chapuys, the King gave no indication that it was his own ambassador in France that began the game, and gave occasion to such compliments, and Chapuys, for his part, took care not to appear aware of it. The King then said a servant of King Francis had arrived with credentials in Francis's own hand, and had this very morning applied for an audience, which the King had granted him for the 21st. Did not ask about his mission; but has this very morning obtained a copy of Francis's instructions to him, which Chapuys forwards; (fn. 13) his name, it will be seen, is Claude de L'Aubespine.
There is no chance of inducing this King to aid against the Turk. Gives his excuses as in No. 513. London, 20 July 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
20 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II. No. 32.
516. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
Wrote yesterday. This morning received her letter of the 16th inst. with a packet for Granvelle, for the speedy transmission of which he will do his best; but if George has sailed, as he greatly fears, a trusty messenger cannot easily be procured; yet till the Emperor has provided the zabras, express messengers must go with matters of importance. She will see by the enclosed copy that the man (fn. 14) in whose favour the Emperor must have written to her is not asleep. Begs her to keep him in mind, and to send news of any preparations made against French aggression, chiefly for the satisfaction of the English. London, 20 July 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.

Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 23.
517. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
Has just obtained from the ambassador's man a copy of the instructions of Francis to Master Claude de l'Aubespine. The substance of the first article is to announce a treaty that Francis has concluded with the King of Sweden, from whom he has obtained the inclusion of England. Gives transcript of the instructions.
1. To the treaty with Sweden are appended the names of the King of Denmark and the duke of Prussia, and very soon will be those of the King of Scotland, the Duke of Saxony, the Easterlings and others. If the King of England desire to enter the league the ambassador is to reveal to him the principal points of the treaty without touching, however, on the article relating to the King of Scotland. (fn. 15) But he must not show a copy of the treaty unless he find Henry will not object to the article relating to Scotland.
2. He is to try and induce the King of England to confirm verbally the words uttered by the English ambassador in France in the Admiral's presence and watch particularly the King's countenance and mien.
3. As to the King's forces, Longueval has under his command 14,000 lanzknechts and 2,000 horse, which will in a few days join with Orleans, who is already in Luxemburg with 13,000 lanzknechts more and 16,000 French foot, 6,000 more of the legion of Champagne, 6,000 of that of Normandy, and 4,800 of that of Picardy, with 1,200 men at arms, 1,200 light cavalry, and 30 large pieces of ordnance. As soon as Longueval has joined Orleans, the King will take command of the 13,000 lanzknechts now with the latter on an expedition which he contemplates; the remaining lanzknechts and French foot will be left for the invasion of Luxemburg. The King will have besides for the projected expedition 10,000 Swiss of the last levies and 4,000 old soldiers formerly in Piedmont, the best troops in the world, and 4,000 Italians. The legions of Guienne, of Languedoc and other bands raised in France, making in all 46,000 or 47,000 foot, 1,600 men at arms (including 500 of the King's own household), 3,000 light horse, 2,000 of whom Mons. le Mareschal (Annebaut) has brought back from Piedmont, 60 pieces of large ordnance, &c., compose the King's own army. With all this force, which nobody can resist, he intends marching to that country in which he sees he can do most execution.
4. It is true he intends detaching from the above force 6,000 lanzknechts and 2,000 newly-raised Gascon foot and handing them over to the King of Navarre for the enterprise of Guienne. With this force joined to 6,000 more men whom the said King has raised of his own and 4,000 Italians, making in all 18,000 foot, besides 700 men at arms and 800 light cavalry, he will be able to accomplish great things.
5. Account of the forces left by Mons. le Maréchal in Piedmont, where he will leave 12 towns well fortified, almost impregnable, besides 150 smaller ones well provided; so that there is no fear of an invasion on the side of Milan.
6. Francis has done what he never could do before, for his revenue is so much improved in the salt tax, sale of woods, &c., that with the capital he has amassed he could maintain all the expense of the armies for 10 or 12 years without taking anything from his subjects or diminishing his ordinary expenses. Next winter he will proclaim the arrière-ban, amounting to 70,000 or 80,000 men, half of them cavalry, who live at their own expense for 3 months, and are divided into two great bodies, one for the frontiers of Spain, the other for Flanders. During the winter months these men will keep the field.
7. As to the imputation made against Francis by the Emperor and his brother that he has an understanding with the Grand Seigneur, he may show that they themselves, with a view to injure Francis, have frequently sent ambassadors to the Grand Seigneur actually offering to pay him tribute and become his slaves. But, as he would not listen to them, they spread the rumour that Francis incited him to attack Christendom, whereas he had done all he could to dissuade him from it. All his intelligences with the Grand Seigneur amount to a permission to his subjects to trade in France, from which almost incredible profit has accrued to the French, and the spiceries of Antwerp and Flanders have already felt the consequences.
8. Should the English surmise that the Turks (sic, qu. the Germans?) now in Hungary might suddenly turn this way and invade France, the ambassador shall say that even supposing they so far forgot their engagements they would find the French towns well fortified and the French army quite as numerous as that of the Turk in Hungary.
9. As to the Landgrave and the Duke of Saxony and other allies of France, the ambassador shall say they have actually made a levy of 22,000 lanzknechts and 7,000 horse to invade Brunswick, regardless of the Hungarian expedition; so that Francis will have in Germany more lanzknechts than he can want.
From the Vienna Archives.
20 July.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II. No. 33.
518. Chapuys to Granvelle.
He will see by Chapuys's letter to the Emperor the news of the country, and the good service that the friend (fn. 16) is continually doing. There is no occasion to mistrust this King on account of the words addressed by his ambassador in France to the Admiral, as reported by the latter in a letter to Marillac (copy enclosed). There are more reasons than ever, as the lord Privy Seal said to Chapuys sometime before the bp. of Westminster's departure, why the King should hold such language. Must mention that the King insists, in spite of Chapuys, that the Pope's efforts to induce the Emperor to peace with France are owing to the Emperor himself applying for his intervention, and that the French King considers the Pope partial to the Emperor, and intends suppressing the monasteries in France as Henry has done in England. The King also said the Emperor should find some expedient for quieting the Duke of Holstein without having recourse to the Count Palatine, who has as many reasons for being dissatisfied with the Emperor as with the Duke; as he declared himself when he was last in England. (fn. 17) London, 20 July 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
20 July.
R. O. St. P., IX. 92.
519. Wallop to the Council.
Received the King's letter of the 15th on the 17th, and at once sent a servant, by Calais, to the Great Master of Flanders; who met him next morning going from St. Omers to Mountorey with 60 horse and as many footmen, the latter to be left in Mountorey. Upon reading Wallop's letter he sent a gentleman, not by Arde, but about by Newneham Bridge, to pray Wallop to dine with him at Remyngham next day. The gentleman saying that, by Calais, it was 30 miles, Wallop said that was too far to come to dinner, but he would be, without fail, at supper. To avoid suspicion, the gentleman returned to his master alone, and Wallop went to dine with the Council at Calais, telling them that he went to speak with a certain person upon the borders of Flanders. Arranged with them to go to see the new bulwarks, and ask him openly to accompany them, and afterwards say he had gone to Guisnes by Mountorey. Thus brought on his way, he arrived at Remyngham at 6 p.m.
The Great Master, who was waiting for him in a meadow, received him graciously, asked how the King did, and at once began about Mountrell and how it might be taken and kept, and that Crotty beside St. Valleries, should also be taken, and then Boullen, Arde, Turwan and Hesding would be besieged. It was easy to see he spoke de bonâ fide and not like a Frenchman; and Wallop has been long acquainted with him, for they lay in garrison together at St. Omers, when Wallop was left there by the duke of Norfolk; at which time he practised about taking Mountrell upon a market day, "and in my opinion th'enterprise of the same will never out of his head." He was so earnest that Wallop could get no time to declare his commission, and had to pray him to go to supper. They supped under a tree, and afterwards the Great Master began again of wars against the Frenchmen, so that Wallop had to interrupt and beg leave to declare his commission. Declared then the Emperor's ambassador's report (as in the King's letters to Wallop, No. 496). He said it was true, and that he had himself written both to the Emperor and the Regent; but had no answer yet, for most of their posts now go by sea. Gave him the articles necessary to be communed of, and obtained his answer in writing (enclosed), which he brought into Wallop's chamber next morning, "like a very gracious nobleman," together with a letter of news (fn. 18) from the Regent (copy enclosed). He prayed Wallop to write to the King that in case he invaded France it was time lost to seek for battle, for Frenchmen would abide none, but that holds should be taken and kept. Then, embracing Wallop, and asking him to make his commendations and thanks to the King, he had him to dinner, and afterwards conducted him on his way, saying he would go thence to St. Omers by water, and that night to Ayre, and so to Arras; to remain on the borders of Henoway, so that if Brabant and the Low Countries needed men those of Henoway could go to them, and he keep the country.
Encloses what he has learnt of the French part. Touching the increase of the 100 horsemen, trusts within a month to have them furnished; lacks but 10 or 12. Has communed with Mr. Rous, treasurer, as directed. The heretic, (fn. 19) in whose case the King commands him to thank Mons. de Beez for his gentle offer, is received and sent this day to Calais. No process was made, as appears by Mons. de Varvyns' letter (fn. 20) enclosed.
At closing this, arrived Mons. de Torsei's lieutenant, and his son and six gentlemen more, and would nowise go into any house. Sent for them to the park hedge and made them a collation there. They were sent by Mons. de Torsey to make his commendations, "trusting the amity to be such that this summer we should meet and make good cheer together." Wallop answered that he trusted so too, and saw no appearance to the contrary. They showed themselves anxious for peace, and on leaving desired Mr. Vaughan and Palmer to make good cheer with them at Arde next week. Guysnes, 20 July. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 2. Sixteen numbered articles headed, "The Great Master's answer to my articles," and worded as answers to questions (not given), viz. :—1. As to the Emperor's ambassador with the King, he wrote to me that he had written to the Emperor all that I said to him, and also informed the King of it. 2. "Pour r[espondre] a ce que si l'entreprinse est faisable ou non;" I hold it both feasible and guardable, with diligence. Every act of war rests upon the fortune God is pleased to send and not upon the enterprises of men; and people who understand war are able to know whether enterprises are reasonable. 3. As for artillery, I cannot well answer until I know what conclusion is taken between the Emperor and the King; but think that eight light pieces might be obtained upon the frontier in 5 or 6 days. 4. Could get 700 or 800 horsemen in 8 or 10 days. 5. Could get enough carriages for such an army. 6. Could find 6,000 footmen in Flanders and Arthois in 8 or 10 days. 7. The assembly on the English side should be at Ghisnes, and should at the first course, take Fiennes. Our assembly could be at Tournehen. 8. The town of Monstroeul once taken, victuals will follow easily, by way of Sercomer, Tournehen, and La Montoire. 9. The victuals being conducted from Sercomer by way of the castles of La Motte, Acquin, Acquembronne, Faucquemberght, Renty, Fressin, and my house of Contes, in case I might recover it, as I have good hope. These houses are within an hour's ride of each other, and the last near Monstroeul. 10. "[Ite]m, [p]our garder [que, a] la longue, les François ne fussent trop fois aux champs," all the Boullenois and the country between Monstroeul and Abbeville must be wasted, and St. Ricquier, which is worth nothing, taken. 11, 12. Likewise the country about Hesdin and Theen (Therouenne) to be wasted. 13. As to having some ensigns of Almains if the Queen would not deliver those she has in Brabant and towards Luxembourg, others must be provided. 14. If the Emperor and the King conclude that or any other enterprise, and the Emperor gives me any command, I trust to satisfy him and his allies, of whom I hold the King one of the principal. 15. To the question of the captain of Guisnes whether, if the French King's army turned away from Luxembourg, our men now in Luxembourg would join us; I think yes, for the Queen has them to serve her at need, and they would be no longer needed there. 16. All the above articles are only devices, and I can do nothing without command from the Emperor or the Queen, his sister.
French, pp. 4. Endd. : The Great Mr. of Flanders answer to such articles, as was proponed to him by Mr. Wallop.
R. O. 3. "The report of my espiall, which I sent unto Abbevill to know what number of footemen should be there, as Italian horsemen, whereof I wrote unto your Lordships in my last letter."
On Monday, 17 July, came to Noveon 160 horsemen for Arde. On Saturday, 15 July, came to Monstreull 300 foot, "all hagbutiers, saving a few halbertiers that were about the standard," who were paid there on Sunday and Monday; they also being for Arde. Getting no more than 100 sous the mouth, they refused to serve, and the paymaster was fain to give them 120 sous, or 13s. 4d. st. About Fromry and Grande Villies they "recemble" 1,000 foot, half for Hesdin and the rest for Thirwane. Proclamation was made on Monday, 17 July, at Sammere that no man enrolled change his captain. The same Monday, Du Bies went from Monstrull to Mons. de Vandosme at Amiens, saying to his company and the governors of Monstrull, "Messieurs, ne vous bouge point de cy jusques a mon retourne, et vous apporteray de novellz." The bruit is that the French king sent two gentlemen to the King, our master, to know whether he would remain neuter, or take the Emperor's part; which two gentlemen took shipping at Boulogne on Monday, 17 July.
In the handwriting of Wallop's clerk, p. 1.
20 July.
Acts of the P. of Sc., II. 384.
520. Parliament Of Scotland.
Holden at Edinburgh, 20 July 1542, by Gawen, abp. of Glasgow, chancellor, and eleven other commissioners (named). Case of the widow and children of Robert Lesly deferred.
Prorogued to 15 Sept.
20, 21 July.
Dasent's A.P.C., 18.
521. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Guildford, 20 July. Present : Southampton, Sussex, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield. Wriothesley, Dacres. No business recorded.
Guildford, 21 July. Present : as above. Business : John Willoughbye, promising to pay Sir Edm. Pecham, cofferer, 20l., was dismissed. Letter sent to Sir Matth. Browne to send up his servant Hawles.


1 See No. 486.
2 L'Aubespine.
3 Between the Duke of Orleans and Princess Mary.
4 De L'Aubespine.
5 Enclosed in Wallop's letter of 20 July. See No. 519.
6 De L'Aubespine.
7 Du Bies.
8 Denis Tod.
9 No. 461 (2).
10 This is clearly the meaning of the French in the corresponding portion of Chapuys's letter to the Emperor, quoted at p. 67 of the Spanish Calendar.
11 L'Aubespine.
12 No. 461(2).
13 See No. 517.
14 Jeau de Honz.
15 See No. 487.
16 Jean de Honz.
17 In September, 1539. See Vol. XIV.
18 No. 503.
19 Denis Tod.
20 No. 507.