557. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Windsor, 1 Aug. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
Business :—Recognisance (cited) of Henry earl of Surrey to do no displeasure
to John a Legh.
[*** Next entry is 5 Aug.]
558. The Privy Council to Edmond Harvel.
By his advertisement and by the gentleman (fn. 1) who speaks English
and wrote to the King 4 April last, it appears that the said gentleman
desires to serve the King as his sovereign lord and master. On sight of
this, he is to be desired to repair hither with diligence, where he will
be appointed to an honourable condition.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Haryvel, primo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
559. Marillac to Francis I.
Since L'Aubespine's departure has arisen a marvellous bruit, which
disturbs this people greatly, viz., that M. de Longueval's army has passed
so far into Brabant that it may be at the gates of Antwerp, as the couriers,
who go and come in 24 hours, report, and that, with the weakness of the
walls and want of order for defence, it may be easily forced, and cannot
be succoured, because the horse and foot raised in Flanders are all gone
to stop Mons. d'Orleans, who was expected to come by the Ardaines
to join Longueval, his lieutenant. The taking of that town would be
too great prejudice to the English; for there they have their greatest
traffic, and have at present 700,000 cr. or 800,000 cr. at least. The
people go so far as to say they will recoup themselves upon French
subjects here. They have lately presented to the King, by the chief men
of London, a petition to send ships to save their merchandise or aid
Antwerp. The answer was that they had had warning that war was
coming there, and leisure to put their goods in safety; that it was not the
King's place to remedy what was done in other countries, and, even if
he meant to aid Antwerp, there was no time to send succour.
The English are troubled because, at the very instant that it was
known that war was cried in France against the Emperor, news came
that, on the Borders, the Scots had pillaged and burnt five or six great
villages, and taken several prisoners; and, although such excesses are
common on both sides, because of the disputed boundaries, still, fearing
that this may be the commencement of worse, because of the league (fn. 2)
announced to them on Francis's part, they have at once ordered a levy
of men in the North to go where there is most need. To the ample
memoir (fn. 3) made by L'Aubespine and the writer may be added that commissions
are despatched to all the governors of country to review and
report how many men they could have to serve at need, and their arms;
that about 2,000 men are being raised hereabouts, half to reinforce
Calais and Guisnes, 500 pioneers, and 500 to embark on three of the
King's great ships (the largest, after the Great Henry, of the 10 or
12 prepared here), which will leave whenever weather permits, for they
are laden with artillery great and small and much munition, and the
mariners to work them arrested. Musters are made about Antonne of
the men who are to embark on the other ships at Porchemeut, whither
Marillac has sent a man, whom he expects back hourly, to report the
true number of the vessels and men there. The bulwarks which were
made in places where enemies could land are being reinforced with artillery;
and artillery and munitions continue to be sent over sea, where
there is already a great provision accumulated. These things make
people think that the English will sooner or later make war on France.
Of their wish to do so there can be no doubt, but, as to the execution
of it, some say that they will not begin until they see their great advantage;
others, that it will be in a month or six weeks; and some of the
chief men of London have secretly warned Francis's subjects to order
their affairs and withdraw with such goods as they can save; but, while
this bruit lasts, they cannot find men to offer anything for their wares.
Has arranged with Marshal du Bies that if he is more than eight days
without news from Marillac, he may suppose the worst, and that the
passage of the sea is closed, which would be the most serious evidence
of English ill-will and prompt execution.
A courier has just arrived from Antwerp, reporting that Francis's men
had taken the important castle of Ostrate, and approached near enough
now to batter the town with artillery, and that the Prince of Orange
had, with great difficulty, entered the town with the loss of almost the
whole company which he brought to strengthen the garrison. Also an
ambassador is arrived from the King of Scotland, who has not been able
yet to speak to Marillac, but has sent word that he comes to excuse the
burning of five villages, by showing that the English had first burnt two,
and to ascertain the disposition of those here, whether to maintain peace
or to make war.
French. Headed : [London], 1 Aug. Marked as sent by Ferrant.
560. Deputy and Council Of Calais to the Council.
On Tuesday last a hoy ship of Flanders, with wood for Calais and
16 men taken up in Sussex, coming from Arundel, was, open upon
Pemsey, attacked by a man-of-war of Diepe, and, after three assaults, overpowered,
and the men's purses taken, and themselves put under hatches
and carried to Dieppe, where they arrived on Friday and were, before
landing, stripped to their shirts and the rest of their money taken,
in all 45l. Next day they were examined by the judges of the
town why they were sent to Calais, and what prest money they
received in England. They said that they went to serve in the
King's works, and had received 2s. 6d. The judges objected to them
that they went to aid the Emperor against the French king, menaced them
with hanging for their rebellion in not obeying at the sight of the French
king's banner in the stern of the ship, and so constrained them to sign
a release of all their interest in their own goods and cause of action
for the robbery. That done, after keeping them in houses apart, they
dismissed them with a writing (copy enclosed). (fn. 4) In acquittal, could have
stayed a merchant of that town and a ship yet in this haven, but would
not do so without advertising the Council. Calais, 1 Aug. 1542. Signed :
H. Mawtravers, Rauff Ellerkar, Edward Bray, Edward Wotton, Edward
Ryngeley, Frauncys Dawtrey.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
561. Wallop to the Council.
Upon the bruit of assemblies in these frontiers, wrote that the
enterprise was said to be for Turneham, but he would take it to be for
Guisnes. Sent out three espials, two of them to seek where the camp
was made, or where most men were. Of these two, one returned yesterday,
saying there is no camp, and the men lie in three parts, one at
Estaples, another about Mountrell, and the third beside Hesding. Yesterday,
Vandosme, De Beez, and others of Picardy assembled at Turwan to
consult. Another of his espials returned to-day, saying that beside
Muttrell lay 3,000 "of those that were legionaries," who said their enterprise
was for Turneham or Guisnes. This day or to-morrow, Vandosme,
De Beez, and other noblemen should be at Syrkes, not six miles hence,
beside Lisques, where their camp is preparing. This night should come,
from Huytmyle beside Bullogne, to Fyennes, 4,000 or 5,000 footmen,
Normans or Bretons.
For surety, has taken order that Captain Vaughan, with 300 footmen,
lies nightly in this castle, into which he has also taken the treasurer and
surveyor. Mr. Awdeley has willingly accepted the charge of Purton's
bulwark, although it lies somewhat open, as all the brayes do; howbeit,
Wallop trusts, in four or five days, to put sufficient water everywhere.
Huberdyn willingly undertakes to keep the bulwark beside the Mill, and
Browne, Mr. Palmer's petty captain, the Three-Cornered bulwark. These
bulwarks and the castle take 500 men, leaving 1,300 to keep the town,
"the charge whereof Mr. Pawlmer with his standard-bearer very gladly
desired." In two days it shall be hedged and maunded round against any
sudden enterprise. Thinks that when the Frenchmen know of the retirement
of the Clevoyens from Antwerp they will mollify their furious enterprises,
and has taken means to have it divulged among them. Thinks
Vandosme knows it already, for yesterday entered Arde the 300 hacbutiers
of whom Wallop before wrote, who were ordered not to enter without great
necessity, and on Sunday night had been put back into the villages; "so
sometimes the Frenchmen giveth fear, and many times are afraid themselves."
His third spy is not come home, who went forth four days since.
Guisnes, 1 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiij.
VI. II. No. 37.
562. Chapuys to Mary Of Hungary.
Immediately after the departure of the courier with his letter of the
20th, sent to the King for a passport for another courier, with licence
to hire horses on the road, to overtake George before his embarcation
for Spain; which the King at onoe granted on reading her letter of the
17th ult., which Chapuys showed him both for that and to inform him of
her measures respecting the navigation, that he might do the like. The
Privy Councillors were almost angry at his man for not having applied
sooner for a quick passage for the packet to the Emperor. Chapuys told
them (quite truly) that he had engaged one courier who refused to depart,
&c. Her letters of the 25th ult. arrived on the 29th, and Chapuys
wrote to the Admiral for an audience of the King, telling his man
to explain the reasons. The Admiral is the minister through whom
the chart was sent (which has now been received back again), and well
inclined to us. But he replied that Chapuys had better put off going to
Court till he had further news. The King, he said, was greatly pleased
at his advice having been taken about the two islands; and also that they
had provided for the defence of Antwerp, about which he had been anxious,
by sending thither the Duke [of Aarschot] and the Prince [of Orange].
Has endeavoured to find what assistance the King might give to Flanders,
which the Duke of Vendôme seemed decided to invade. Suggested to the
court-master of the English [governor of the English merchants] that he
should go to the King and Privy Council and ask for a couple of ships for
the protection of the English there, as Chapuys doubted whether the
Queen would let English vessels leave, for fear of being captured. The
governor promised to do so. Does not expect aid from this King, except
on this pretext, which will prevent the French accusing the English of
breaking the peace; for when the vessels are there it can be pretended
they were arrested for the Emperor's use.
As to Secretary Aubespine, he and the French ambassador went to see
the King 25 miles from this city. They arrived 20 July, by appointment,
but had no audience till the 24th, when, as he hears, it was very
short and meagre, and they had been coldly treated by the Privy Councillors
the day before. Even those who favoured them most in former
times would hardly look at them. Yet Aubespine has done all he could
to persuade people that he has been well treated; which is false, for no
sooner had he seen the King than he returned to France, without taking
leave of anyone. On his arrival in London, he and the French ambassador
resident went to a place 20 miles off to see the naval preparations the King
is making there. This time the ambassador accompanied him to the same
port where he was to embark, that they might have another look at the
fortifications and war ships, the ambassador having told him that he
might assure the French king that the English ships would not be ready
to put to sea for two months. Knows, however, as a fact, that two of them
have already left the port, and that the remaining five or six will be ready
to sail in a week hence. The commander of this fleet will be Wyatt,
who was ambassador to the Emperor in Spain, and lately in Ghent.
The man he sent to Court with Du Roeulx's letter has this moment
returned. The letter expresses his desire to be useful to the King in
executing the Emperor's orders, and announces Vendôme's invasion of
Artois, adding that within a month the French will cast all their venom
on that country, and if the King sent a divison of infantry with ordnance,
it would not be difficult to undertake some important enterprise against
them. The Lord Privy Seal sent Chapuys word that the King was wonderfully
pleased at hearing of Du Roeulx's sentiments towards him, but
thinks the Imperial forces in Artois so strong that there is nothing to fear
from Vendôme. The whole affair, however, depends on the answer which
the bp. of Westminster will bring back from Spain shortly; then will
be the time to speak about the aid. But if matters become desperate in
the Low Countries, Chapuys might demand aid in terms of the Treaty of
Cambray. Such was the Lord Privy Seal's message; but neither he nor
the Admiral would go into particulars with Chapuys's man, for they
were both in conference with an ambassador lately come from Scotland
about raids on the Borders and indemnities to the injured parties. Has
no doubt that the Councillors suspect this last skirmish on the Borders to
have been instigated by the French.
Many days before this message was sent by the Lord Privy Seal, Chapuys
had thought it desirable for the Emperor's reputation to obtain, at any
price, some aid from this King, but has forborne till he receives instructions.
There is no longer need to apply for succour for Antwerp, as
the French have raised the siege. To-day or to-morrow the revocation
of the statute on the lading of foreign vessels will be proclaimed here.
Has not pressed the Councillors unusually hard, as nowadays it will be
less dangerous for our merchants to lade their goods in English bottoms.
Forgot to say that the English are no longer in such fear of the Danish
fleet, having learned that the Duke of Holstein has only six or seven ships,
not in very good order, which he seemed to keep rather for the defence
of his own country than for anything else. This the Queen can verify
from the Danish captain now a prisoner in the Low Countries. Has
delayed writing, in hope of news from Spain, but none has come. London,
2 Aug. 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
563. [Vaux College, near Salisbury.]
Headed : "ijdo die Augusti Anno xxxiiijto H viijvi."
"Pensions appointed to the persons undernamed, to endure so long
only and to such time as they shall be preferred to livings of like or more
clear yearly value" :—
John Bigges, custos, nil, Wm. Mantell 40s., Thos. Gerbert 4l., Robt. Hutchune
66s. 8d., Thos. Halknight 53s. 4d., John Pighther 40s., John Tomson 4l., Walter
Pruens 4l., John Fessarde 53s. 4d., Hugh Dale 4l., Edw. Russhe 4l.
Wm. Foxall, chanter in Salisbury cathedral, had 66s. 8d. a year. He had a
perpetuity in the said chantry and received 66s. 8d. of the college of "Scoller Devaus."
Rewards given to scholars :—John Bigges nil, Mantell and the others, with the
addition of John Goldyng, 20s. each.
Rewards given to servants :—The cook 13s. 4d., butler 10s., praisers and goldsmith,
Charges of the commissioners to take the surrender "of the said house" 100s.
Signed : Wyllyam Petre—Rycharde Poulet.
564. The Privy Council to Wallop.
The King has seen his letters of the 1st inst., and is pleased with
his order taken for the surety of Guisnez Castle. Of the last 500 men
appointed to Guisnez, 100 are to be sent to Hampnez Castle to be disposed
as lord Graye, captain there, thinks fit; and for the reinforcement
of Guisnez 500 more shall be sent with all diligence. Without himself
leaving Guisnez, Wallop shall let De Reulx know that the King is
pleased with his advice, and remind him to have the carriages, ordnance
and provisions for the enterprise they communed of ready if required.
He shall cause Ant. Rous to provide victuals both for those there and
for more if sent.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. With some additions in another
hand. Endd. : [Minute to Mr.] Wallop, iijo Aug. Begins : "Master
Wallop, after our most hearty commendations."
565. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote last that the third espial he sent out had not returned. He
is now come home, and says that, on Tuesday, 1 Aug., went out of Abbeville,
towards Hesding, 12 pieces of great ordnance and 50 waggon load of
powder, shot and other war necessaries, and 50 waggon load of bread.
About 10,000 footmen and 400 men of arms lie in villages between Abbeville
and Muttrell and towards St. Poll. Bruit was there that the army
should go to Arras. The captain of Turwan has driven some 3,000
sheep and cattle from the Burgundians, which shall be restored. Mons.
de Varvin has charged two men of Daverne to prepare 200 pieces of
wine to go to a village called Aqnarde, 2 leagues on this side Turwan
and 1 league from St. Omez. The same day, went out of Bullen, towards
Muttrell, 100 great traces to draw ordnance and 50 load of bread and
beer; and also 2 load of tents to Arde. On Monday Mons. de Beez
sent le Bastarde de Melez (?) to Daverne to muster 500 footmen to keep
the town and castle there.
Another espial says 2 or 3 carts with tents and pavilions have come to
Arde, and 6 carts with powder. Most of the army is betwixt Muttrell and
Abbeville, and so towards Turwan, intending to revictual Turwan and
then go to Arras or Bettwene. The bruit was that Mr. Poynynges came
hither with 500 men, and many more were coming. The same night a
fire was made on a bulwark at Arde, and a piece of ordnance shot, to warn
the country that war was begun between the Emperor and the French
king. Their fear was the greater because so many Englishmen had
landed. Englishmen of Ballingham and Anderne who went this day to
the market at Arde were straitly examined what they would sell and
buy, as if they were mistrusted.
Hears that the Great Master of Flanders has 8,000 or 9,000 footmen,
besides the garrisons, and 1,500 horse; who yesterday very gently sent
Wallop a passport from the Regent for six horses from Bourbroughe.
Received, yesternight, theirs of 31 July, by Guisnes. Begs that 1,000
pikes may be sent over for Mr. Poynynges' men and others that shall
come; for those that were here are delivered to the labourers and are not
meet to be carried in time of war. Guisnes, 3 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
18 B., VI. 140b.
566. James V. to the General Minister of the Trinitarians.
Has appointed Walter Moncur, clk., of Dunkeld diocese, aged 18,
to the ministry of Scotlandwell, St. Andrew's dioc., of his Order, void by
death of Robt. Arnot. Linlithgow, prid. non. Aug. 1542.
Lat. Copy. p. 1.
VI. II., No. 38..
567. Chancellor Poyet to Cardinal De Tournon.
Implores his compassion, being conducted to prison undeservedly.
Vargelay, 4 Aug. 1542.
Ib. No. 39.
2. The Same to the Admiral Of France.
His unbearable tribulation compels him to be importunate, and
request his intercession with the King that he may be allowed to retire to
his own house.
From copies in the Vienna Archives.
568. Charles Howard.
Motion passed, 4 Aug. 1542, in the Council of Venice for a licence
to Mr. Charles Howard, the duke of Norfolk's nephew, and five of his
servants, to wear weapons.
569. Westminster Cathedral.
See GRANTS IN AUGUST, No. 5.
570. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Windsor, 5 Aug. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winohester, Gage, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
Business :—Recognisance (cited) of Wm. Bower, alderman, and Marietto
Nerutti to stand, in their contention, to the order of Bart. Compaygne,
Ant. Boinson (qu. misreading of Bonvisi or Bonvix?), Sir John Gresham
[*** Next entry is 10 Aug.]
571. Marillac to Francis I.
Yesterday morning, which was Friday, the Privy Council sent a
man express to tell Marillac how they marvelled that, during the amity,
certain of Francis's subjects, with armed barks, had not only dared to
enter this river and take ships of Francis's enemies within their ports, but
also to fight with the English and essay to carry them off by force; which
they said was done by Thomassin Nordest, of Dieppe, adding that four or
five ships of Dieppe were roving about the Isle of Wight, which is beside
Hantonne, so that the English dared not traffio there, and had petitioned
for remedy, and the King intended to send a ship thither at once; and
they prayed Marillac to write to Francis. I promised to do so, and
assured him that Francis intended to treat the subjects of his good brother
like his own, with other gracious words; so that the personage departed
more content than he had come edified, for in truth it seemed at the outset
anger and indignation to come to me to make such a declaration; and
especially as the man of whom he complained was arrested by them, and
is still prisoner at Dover, which, however, he concealed from me.
The same day, about 6 p.m., the Privy Council wrote a letter (enclosed)
by one of their couriers, signed by seven of the greatest of them and by
two secretaries and a master of requests, to the effect that, for affairs of
consequence which they wished to communicate to him, Marillac should
be on Monday next at Hoinzors (Windsor). The affair must be the more
important as they use such ceremony, which makes him think that they
will open some troublesome matter (ouvrir propos facheulx), the position
of affairs indicating rather ill than well; at all events, that their
deliberation is very important, for they have assembled all the lords
of their company, including Norfolk, who had gone home, and several
others who had been sent to their governments in the country.
Those whom Marillac sent towards Suethanthonne and Porchemeut
report that, whatever bruit was made of it here, they saw no ship in those
quarters equipped for war, nor any levy of men save 300 who embarked for
Calais. It is true that, universally, lists are written of how many men
each parish could send out, and the houses are visited to see if the
inhabitants have bows and arrows according to the King's edict. Had
sent other persons to the countries of Norfolk and Closestre (fn. 5) , to see what
ships could be in the coasts opposite Flanders and Denmark, who report
that they saw forty, but not one equipped for war, and that in those
districts they were taking tall men in the markets, and pressing them,
without giving them leave to go home, and bringing them to this river,
where they were embarked straight for Calais, and, as for arms, these
were furnished out of the wages due after the first muster, so that already
about 1,000 may have crossed; and it will be seen hereafter if more continue
to be sent than was said, which was 1,000 men, as Marillac wrote
The ambassador of Scotland has been since Sunday last until this
Saturday without being able to speak to this King, and has been badly
received and worse treated; for, besides accusing him of coming to spy,
they have put (and kept for two days) in the Tower one of his men, for
speaking of the Scots to the disadvantage of the English. While they are
detaining this ambassador, they are sending arms towards Scotland with
the lord of Douglas and other fugitive rebels of that country, to resent, as
they say, the wrongs which the Scots do them, for every day comes news
of raids in which the English have commonly been worsted. It is not
unlikely that they mean to wait till Marillac is with them in order that,
while they keep him occupied, they may despatch the said ambassador
and send him off without opportunity to communicate with Marillac.
Things here betoken war sooner or later, for, besides the provisions of
which Marillac has written, he is informed that the scholars of good
English houses who were studying at Paris are called home, and that
Italian merchants who have acquaintance with great men secretly warn
their French friends to order their affairs and leave as soon as they can.
This they are doing, at all cost (au moings mal qu'ilz peuvent), for also
there is no question of their getting justice in several great wrongs;
whereas hitherto they had fine words, now they are told that there is no
leisure to attend to it, which is as much as to say that nothing will be
done for them. Has received Francis' letters, of the 27th ult., from
Argilly; and as for the bp. of Vaisemester, who went to the Emperor as
L'Aubespine's memoir reported, it is impossible to know the cause of his
journey, but it is commonly said to be to bring the Emperor this way.
The three great ships of war which are ready to sail have not left yet, but
may do so at any hour; and the eight others will be able to follow them in
10 or 12 days.
French. Headed : [London], 5 Aug. Marked as sent by Jehan de
572. Wallop to the Council.
This morning, received news that the Frenchmen be about Turwan,
to revictual it, as they say. Their enterprise is, however, thought to be
for Turneham and Mountory, but they stay somewhat because the Great
Master of Flanders lies in those parts.
The workmen and labourers here have heretofore lived as quietly as
religious folk, but, since the coming of Mr. Poynynges with his company,
they say "they take great pains and deserve as much wages as they do,
and should be as able and meet to serve the King's Majesty, if any wars
should be, as others." Trusts to order them (so that the works shall not
be hindered) with fair words, unless it be to some particular lewd fellow
(if any such chance to be), who shall have his deserts. Guisnes, 5 Aug.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.