573. Same to Same.
This day, the lord Deputy, Marshal, and Comptroller being here to
take the muster of Mr. Poynynges' company and Wallop's horsemen, a
gentleman of Mons. de Torsey brought a letter (enclosed) stating that
Vandosme's camp was before Tourneham. Thanked him for his neighbourly
advertisement, praying him to write to Vandosme to see that his
men did not hurt the King's subjects, and declaring that the mustering
and coming over of Englishmen was not to be wondered at, seeing the
great number of men up both on the Imperial side and theirs.
Has received their letters from Windsor, 3 Aug., and notes the matter
touching Mons de Rieulx, and daily to advertise the King, this camp being
so nigh, "and put as little trust in the Frenchmen, notwithstanding their
fair words, as the Bourgonyons now doth." Guisnes, Sunday, 6 Aug.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
574. Henry VIII. to his Wardens of the Borders.
The King of Scots' ambassador now here has, after long debate,
obtained a stay of attemptates and the King's consent to send down command
for the same, with this condition, that, seeing they have been the
beginners of these troubles, his Majesty shall give the last revenge for the
same. "And albeit th'ambassador stood fast that the first occasion
ministered sithens the departure of the Commissioners rose on this side,
and would therefore have had the stay certain, without any such qualification;
yet the King's Majesty would none otherwise agree unto it than is
before specified, so as he was content finally to take it as he might, seeing
he could not have it as he would." (fn. 1) You shall consider what attemptates
have been done on both sides since the Commissioners departed; and, if
it appear that the Scots have "no great advantage, you shall then, putting
yourself in order only to defend, [and] (fn. 2) forbear and take order, as much as
in you is, that all the Borderers under your charge (fn. 3) do forbear to attempt
any further thing against the Scots." If the Scots attempt anything
notable, you shall revenge it; but only if it is a notable raid apparently
done by consent of the rulers. How all things have proceeded since the
departure of the Commissioners, you shall, for your charge
(fn. 3) , report with
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : "vijo Aug. to
575. The War.
On 7 Aug. Mr. Audeley and I, Henry Palmere, went to Arde to
Mons. de Torsey, who gently accepted our coming and Mr. Wallop's commendations,
declaring that, next his own master, he was the King's
servant, and would show all Englishmen what friendship he could.
During dinner he received news that the duke of Orleans has gotten two
towns in Lewsenbourke, one by assault, the other yielden, and has besieged
Yvoy, as strong town, in which are 3,000 Almains. With that, came news
from the Duke of Vandom's camp at Tornaham that, on 6 Aug., the
Duke took a little castle, called Eperlek, in which were 300 Burgundians,
who refused to render and were all slain. Another castle called Frolland
yielded. After dinner, De Torsey said that Vandome was informed that
Mons. Dewras "would banquet within with 5,000 Englishmen, which
he had under him." Said they knew of no such Englishmen; and he
was very glad.
He then sent his standard bearer to conduct them, who took them,
through part of the ditches by the Green bulwark and the "festyne," to
Tornaham, where they "found the duke of Vandome accompanied with
the Count de Bryan, Mons. de Biez, the bishop of Terrewen, who was very
warlike apparrelled, and with divers other noblemen, they were in a house
near unto the town gate of Tornaham on Saynt Omer's side." The Duke
received Mr. Wallop's letters most courteously, and said he had that day
commanded that none should be so hardy to come upon English ground.
Thanked him gently and returned to Guisnes. Signed : Henry Palmere :
Pp. 2. Endd. by Wallop's clerk : The declaration of Henry Palmer
and Thomas Awdeley of their being at Tourneham with Mons. de Vandosme.
576. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Thanks for his letter. Is chiefly glad that the King remembers
him. The carriage, for the enterprise that Wallop knows, will be soon
ready, and the King may be assured of his diligence. Our enemies are
before Tournehen castle, which, I fear, will be lost; for I have not enough
men to succour it by battle, after providing for the other towns in my
charge, and have not near so many horsemen as the enemy. A few
Englishmen would have greatly deterred our enemies. I would like you
to provide some if possible. Begs him to forward a letter to the
ambassador in England. Waten, 7 Aug. 1542. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd. : Mons. de Rieulx to Mr. Wallop, vijo
Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
[*** An abstract of the above from a copy at Vienna will be found in
the Spanish Calendar, VI. ii., No. 40.
St. P., V. 211.
Instructions given by the King to the earl of Rutland, whom he
sends to his borders foreanempst Scotland.
To proceed with all diligence to the Borders with his own retinue and
such others whereof he has a note in writing. There to consult with Sir
Robt. Bowes, Sir John Harrington, Sir John Markham and John Uvedale,
appointed to be his Council for all secret matters; and hear Bowes'
account of the state of the Borders. If, for attemptates since the
departure of the Commissioners, the King is fully even with the Scots, he
shall take order that the Borders under his charge forbear from
attemptates, unless the Scots attempt some notable thing (not a mere
"skegge or theft," but a notable raid apparently authorised by the rulers
of Scotland); "which order his Majesty hath lately prescribed to the said
Sir Robert Bowes and to his deputy wardens on the said marches
In all affairs, as he and his secret Council think expedient, he shall use
the advice of the deputy wardens, John Heron and the pensioners. He
shall entertain the Liddersdalles and other Scottish men who show willingness
to serve the King; but secretly and discreetly, so that they may gain
no advantage, by espial or otherwise, nor be procured further than themselves
offer, albeit he may use dexterity to win them or stay them for a
time. He shall keep good watch and espial.
Draft, pp. 6. Endd. : Th'earl of Rutland's instructions.
578. Henry VIII. to John Uvedale.
Has appointed him to accompany the earl of Rutland (who is now
sent to the Borders of Scotland as lord warden of the Marches), to be
secretary and Privy Councillor there, and also treasurer, receiving and
paying wages and charges of the Earl and garrison, according to a schedule
herewith signed by divers of the Council. He shall immediately depart
to the Borders, committing his office of clerk of the Council, in his absence,
to some person nominated by the lord President. To enable him to pay
this deputy, allows him 4s. a day while on the Borders.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to John Uvedale,
secretary of the Council in the North, viijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo."
579. Henry VIII. to the Bishop Of Llandaff.
Sending the earl of Rutland to the Borders, as Lord Warden
there, has appointed John Uvedal, secretary there, to accompany him as
secretary and treasurer, and has appointed the Bishop to name a clerk of
the Council there in his absence, to be paid by him. Commands him to
elect such a person and swear him to truth and secrecy.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : "Minute to the President
of the North, viijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo."
580. Henry VIII. to James V.
Has received his letters, written with his own hand, by Mr. James
Leremonth, one of the masters of his household, and heard his credence.
As to the part of his letters requiring commissioners to be sent to the
Borders, to confer with his commissioners for redress of attemptates lately
committed, thinks it more convenient that his commissioners, if he minds
to send any, should come here. Remits further answer to the relation of
his said ambassador. Windsor Castle, 8 Aug. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
581. John Bothe, Archdeacon of Hereford.
Copy of the last will of John Bothe, D.D., archdeacon of Herdforth,
appointing his body to be buried at Chester and bequeathing certain
hangings, furniture and farm stock to various relatives. Dated 8 Aug.
1542. With note appended that certain witnesses to it were examined
at Chester 3 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII.
ii. Grant of administration of the above, 20 Nov. 1542, and acceptance
of proof of the same 10 Feb. 1543, by Geo. Wymslye, Ll.B., vicar general
of John, bp. of Chester.
Pp. 4. § ii. in Latin.
1991 f. 205.
2. Another copy of the will on parchment. Signed "George Cestrea.," (fn. 4)
and certified as an extract from the Register [of Chester] by J. Chetam.
Ib. f. 231.
3. Another copy also on parchment, with certificate of the grant of
Ib. f. 24.
4. Extract, perhaps contemporary with § 2, from an inquisition post
mortem taken at Chester on Saturday after the feast of the Conversion
of St. Paul upon the said John Bothe.
Lat. Large paper, pp. 4.
582. Wallop to the Council.
Although informed of the giving over of Tourneham this morning
very early, would not certify it until he knew further; and therefore sent
Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Palmer, feigning that he had letters out of England
from Mr. Knevet, to require of Mons. de Vandosme that, in case his
daughter was within the castle, she might be safely delivered to them. On
their way, they met 7 battery pieces returning to Arde with Mons. de
Backefeld and 500 footmen Normans. Coming to Mons. de Vandosme in
the field, they presented Wallop's letter and were taken into the castle,
to Prymeoke that was captain there, who said Mr. Knevet's daughter was
at Bourbrought. Then Vandosme and De Beez both offered services to
the King. They asked De Beez what Vandosme would do next, and he
said they would take Mountory and then "go against such as they should
find by the way." Said Mons. de Rieulx would meet them with 12,000
men. De Beez answered that if they met him he would "give his Order
in gage" that he should be fought with. De Beez further said he heard
that the King had sent 8,000 foot and certain artillery to Antwerp; but
their answer satisfied him.
With Vandosme were not above 3,000 Picards, 3,000 Normans and
2,000 enfants de Paris, and 2,000 horse. Within the castle were
but 50 men of war, the rest peasants. The captain went with bag and
baggage, the footmen left their weapons, and the peasants remained at
the discretion of Mons. de Vandosme, lives and goods. Mr. Long's men
arrived this afternoon, 100 tall men in good order, and many fair archers.
Guysnes, 8 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 107.
583. Sir Thomas Seymour to Henry VIII.
News is here so uncertain that he cannot vouch for it. The Turk
is coming in person to Buda with 300,000 men, divided in six battles,
intending to attack on six sundry days. This army intends, therefore,
to tract time until the midst of October; for in the end of October the
Danube is frozen, so that the Turk cannot then bring his victuals by water.
If it was certain that the Turk would not come in person, even if he sent
200,000 men, as Baron Hedeke says, they would straight to Pest, which
could be taken in three days, and then besiege Buda, which might be
battered sufficiently for the assault in eight days. Missing it, they would
garrison Pest, Stregone, Rabbe, and other strongholds and retire home for
the winter. This enterprise can wait six weeks yet. The Turk has lately
sent 14,000 men to Buda and Pest, making 32,000 in all; but they are
sore punished with plague, men falling dead as they walk in the streets.
Two days ago Laur. Grey, a bastard, as he says, of one of lord Grey of
Welton's uncles, came to declare that, lately, two Englishmen, Harry
Pfelepes and James Greffeth Uppowell, came to Vienna. Perceiving
Pfelepes to be a traitor. Grey fell out with him and laid "travterey" to
his charge, and he is detained by the heads of the town. If it can be
proved, he will lose his eyes; but Grey says Pfelepes has confessed "that
he hath been ambassador for the Turk divers times by the space of v.
years," and therefore, as a traitor to the King of Hungary, he should lose
his life. The other, being the ranker traitor, as Sevmour thinks, has
a letter from the Bishop of Rome to be captain of 2,000 "howsherenes,"
the best light horse of Hungary; and seems to have some hope thereof, or
else he "would not leave his return to Rome from Noremberge to tarry
the King's coming to Veyena." He names himself Robert Bramto[n], but
is well known in Vienna to have before this confessed himself a gentleman
of Wales, and his name to be James Greffeth Upowehell. Mistrusts him the
more because he says, "who so ever saith that Harry Pffelepes is not an
honest, true man he is unhonest himself." Has written to Hance
Hongganowde. the King's lieutenant (who is in Vienna because of the sickness
of his wife), according to the copy enclosed. If his answer shows
him disposed to do the King "this pleasure," will ride to Vienna and
examine the parties. From the Camp, 12 Hongreche miles from Buda, 8
Hol. pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Poli Epp., III.
584. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal Contarini.
Not having time, owing to important business, to answer his last
most learned letters sent by M. Octaviano Zeno, writes this only in
acknowledgment of their receipt, reserving the full answer until he has
leisure, for he cannot play the parts both of Martha and Mary at the
same time, as Contarini does. Thanks him for the letters. Viterbo, 8
P.S—Has heard of the election of Contarini for Spain and Sadolet for
France. May God grant them that success which all Christendom yearns
Italian and Latin.
Poli Epp., III.
585. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal Cervini.
In favour of the Father Vice-procurator, the bearer, who has well
fulfilled his commission to bring from Florence hither the abbess and
nuns who were wanted for the reform of S. Rosa. Viterbo, 8 Aug., 1542.
VI. II., No. 41.
586. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Yesterday at dinner time met the French ambassador at Windsor,
whither they had both been summoned by the King to hear certain
declarations from his Councillors; which were that, owing to the alarm in
Christendom occasioned by the war between the Emperor and Francis,
and seeing that the King of Scots was said to have called on his subjects to
be ready for war, Henry had also determined to arm and levy men, and
had equipped warships, which were ready to sail immediately, and wished
the belligerents to be warned not to violate the privileges of English ports
or illtreat English seamen. Chapuys, in answer, thanked the King, and
said he had already written home about it, and was sure both the Emperor
and the Queen of Hungary would do what was right. He was sure no
one could misinterpret the King's action. The French ambassador made
a similar answer, only hoping that any mischief done by ill-disciplined
soldiers, which his master would promptly punish, would not alienate
Henry's friendship. Thinks this addition to his speech was ill-advised.
Heard afterwards from the lord Privy Seal that the King approved his
answer. It is true he had time to prepare it, having been told privately,
before the French ambassador's arrival, of the communication about to be
made, and, further, that the King, while expecting an answer from the
Emperor, was raising 15,000 or 16,000 men under the lord Privy Seal's
command, to be sent wherever they were most wanted, and that he would
almost immediately send to sea 13 or 14 of his best warships, well-manned,
and had, besides, a galley almost ready to go out. This, the lord Privy Seal
said, would stop the depredations of French privateers who have been
busy ever since the war began; besides which, the King was willing that
his ships might succour the ports in the Low Countries, though he would
not send troops or take open part with the Emperor till he had news from
Spain, such as he expected shortly. Chapuys having told the lord Privy
Seal, he supposed that he and the French ambassador had been called to
declare their reasons for the war, as had been done at the commencement
of the last war, the lord Privy Seal said his master knew perfectly well
who was wrong this time.
Neither Chapuys nor the French ambassador saw the King, but the
latter remained half an hour with the Council to listen to grievances of
merchants, &c. Understands he left the Court dissatisfied and told a
French merchant that it was not safe for Frenchmen to remain longer in
England. Heard from one of the Councillors that neither the French
ambassador nor Secretary Laubespine showed the King the draft of the
treaty Francis has made with the King of Sweden,—a proof that they
despair of getting him to join the league.
Since this steward (maître d'hôtel) to James V. arrived to excuse certain
late raids of the Scots, a body of 2,000 horse of that country has entered
England. All but a few avant coureurs lay in ambush near the frontier,
and when the riders were attacked by four or five English gentlemen and
their servants, those in ambush came out and slew all the English to the
number of 42. On hearing this the King was so incensed that he refused
to see the Scotch ambassador. Yet afterwards, learning that the English
had crossed the Borders and, in revenge, slain three or four times the
number of Scots, he agreed to give him audience the day before yesterday.
It is thought, however, that Norfolk will go to the frontier and take the
command, and recruiting of men for that and other quarters goes on fast.
Four days ago the King had the courtmaster (governor) of the English
nation at Antwerp thrown into prison, for his cowardice in leaving the
town for fear of the people of Gueldres. An officer (fn. 5) at Guisnes has likewise
been arrested on suspicion of being in intelligence with the French
through his wife, a Frenchwoman. However much the French may have
exaggerated the importance of Hochstrate and Dampvilliers which they
took some time ago, they have not succeeded in altering the King's goodwill
to the Queen of Hungary. But if Turnehem and Montoire fall into
their hands some change in their feelings to us is to be apprehended.
London, 9 Aug. 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
587. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote yesterday of the taking of Tourneham. To-day sent espials
to Tourneham and Mountory. The first reports that all this day they
have been mining under the walls, intending to overthrow the castle
and burn the town, and then do the like at Mountory; and so run all
Bredenerd over, overthrowing strong churches and holds, the Great
Master being retired over the water towards Gravelyn; who, if he had
had sufficient horsemen, might have done them much harm, as they
straggle so, and in their camp lie so wildly without hedge, ditch, or
carts. A good number of Northern horsemen should have given them
many alarms, but, for the Burgundians, they lie as quietly as if in the
midst of France. A bruit has run these 5 or 6 days that Vandosme
expects 3,000 or 4,000 Bretons, but the espial now denies it. They speak
of many Englishmen being with De Rieux, insomuch that Vandosme wrote
this day desiring to know the truth. Replied that he knew of no such
thing, nor of any such four gentlemen, with 300 men each, going to serve
De Rieux, as appears by his letter enclosed. His espial brought word
from Mountory that at 9 o'clock "they" minded to live and die there,
at 12 o'clock they all fled away, and at 1 o'clock two ensigns of Frenchmen
Encloses a remembrance of ordnance and gunners necessary for the
new fortifications. Guysnes, 9 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
588. Vendome to Wallop.
Heard this morning that four English gentlemen were with the
Sieur de Roeux two days ago, who each promised to bring him 300
men, and being unwilling to believe it, considering the alliance, sends
bearer to enquire the truth. Camp of Tournehen, 9 Aug. Signed :
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : Mons. de Vandosme to Mr.
Wallop, ixo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX. 110.
589. Paget to Henry VIII.
Since last despatch has received two letters from the Council
(with duplicate of Henry's letter to the French king), one commanding
him to require a double of the league contracted with the kings of
Denmark, Scotland, and Sweden, and the dukes of Saxony and Cleves;
the other appointing him (as of himself) to move the Admiral touching
the pension. Went to dinner to the Admiral, whose entertainment
was at first stranger than heretofore. Details conversation, which he
began by hoping that English merchants would be protected in these
wars. The Admiral promised this, and said their quarrel was only with
the Emperor, for killing five of their ambassadors, and yet they had
sent home his ambassador in safety, and were still willing to treat if,
as was said, the ambassador had by the way received instructions to
do so. Paget said the Admiral should provide that their subjects should
treat the English amiably, for he had been asked if there was war
between them for the pension, and had laughed it off, but really he
marvelled that they made no device for satisfaction of it; their demand
had been unreasonable, but he thought a great deal less would please
them now. The Admiral said the quantity was always remitted to
England, desiring the rest as of liberality; he would gladly devise to
confirm this amity, and as for the pension, the two kings were rich
enough, the one to pay and the other to forbear.
The Admiral then led Paget by the hand to the King, asking by the
way for the letter which Henry wrote him, as he considered Henry's
letters amongst his greatest treasure. Found all the ambassadors attending
to speak with the King, and, after the Nuncio, Paget was called.
Said that as Laubespyny had in England made overture of a league
offensive and defensive with the kings of Scots, &c., reserving a place
in it for Henry to enter within six months, and as Henry had, by letter,
required him (Francis) to give Paget a double of it, he had come to
know his pleasure. Francis answered that, having a just quarrel with
the Emperor, he had entered such a league, (fn. 6) "only defensive against the
Emperor," with the said kings and the duke of Prussia, and expected
the dukes of Saxony and Cleve to join, but had, for very love, left the
first place for Henry and (upon its return, confirmed, in 15 or 20 days)
would send it to Henry. Details further dialogue, in which Francis
urged the advantage of joining such a great league, and said the king
of Denmark should furnish 50 ships, the king of Sweden, who is rich in
gold and silver, 60 (making "a hundred between them, adding their confederates
of the Hans"), and the king of Scots 50 ships; besides furnishing
7,000 or 8,000 men and, at the charge of the demandant, 18,000
lansknechts. Paget asked if in their leagues they did not include their
allies. Francis replied yes, but this was only defensive, and Henry
had not kept his league, for when the Emperor last invaded and Mons.
de Terbes demanded 12 ships, he refused them. Paget said he thought
his master had done all he ought, and wished every man had done the
same to him; and Francis answered laughing that he said this because
Henry so much esteemed the Emperor's amity, and now the Emperor
had invaded his country of St. Paull, but since Henry refused to aid
him before, according to the treaty, he would not again ask him. Paget
said there was never reasonable thing proponed to his master but it
received reasonable answer; and he was sure Henry was grieved at
this hot war. Francis said he would chafe it still more, for Vendosme
was besieging Turneham (or Dornem) with 8,000 footmen, &c. (detailed),
which lay between Arde and Turwyn, and would then go to Arras;
the duke of Cleves had taken a strong town in Friesland; and Longevale
and the marshal of Cleves, with 13,000 or 15,000 footmen and
2,000 horse, had taken Hochstrate and now besieged Anvers, into which
the Prince of Orange had only escaped with great loss, and which was
probably by this time taken. He had written to them to take 200,000
cr. or 300,000 cr. as booty, and let it alone, or, if refused, to sack it
but send Englishmen's goods out in safety. Paget said the English merchants
were much beholden to him, and if the news was true, he had
"a great fordeale." He replied it was true as the Gospel, for he this
morning had letters of it from his ambassador in England, to whom his
spies in Flanders could send news in 24 hours, although the passages
by land were stopped. He added that Orleans, who had 8,000 lansknechts,
8,000 French adventurers, and 2,000 horse, would not sleep;
and he himself would go in person, for he heard that the Emperor
would be there. Paget asked what would become of the ambassadors,
and was told that they should lie at some good town of Languedoc, and
come sometimes to make good cheer and see the war.
Asks pardon for faults on his own part in the above discussions.
Henry will know the truth of the news of Flanders. Francis said he
received letters from England this morning, but Paget heard the same
news bruited yesterday, and on Monday heard that all Flanders was
revolted. Is sure Henry knows whether the kings aforesaid can furnish
the said rate of ships.
They love not to hear of the pension as Paget has noted in all his
conferences with the Admiral and French king, and the Card, of
Turnon is reported by his secretary to have said that the French king
expected Henry to join the Emperor against them. Also, since
last despatch, the ambassador of Ferrare has said to Paget that
he would the marriage of Orleans and Henry's daughter had gone
forward, and, on Paget's saying the demand was too unreasonable,
added that it had been as well to quit the debt that way as never to
have it paid, for the French king said that Henry had broken
league with him; and the English might be sure that whenever they
asked the pension earnestly it would make a breach with France. This
ambassador and the Cardinal of Ferrare are buckle and thong, and
the Cardinal is one of the Privy Council, and he and the Cardinal
of Lorraine "the King's only minions." Learns much from this ambassador,
who says Henry practises with the Emperor, and has sent a
bishop (fn. 7) into Spain to conclude a league against France. Whether these
reports are true, or whether the ambassador is only "a minister to
practise" with Paget, he shall learn nothing that may touch Henry.
If the ambassadors are left in Languedoc 12 or 10 leagues (that is
almost 40 miles) from the King, it will be difficult to learn news. The
King is here and departs in a day or two by water to Avignon; and,
unless he tarries there, "we that go by land" are not like to see him
until we come to the camp, for he has sent to the Dolphin to march
on before. The Admiral rules alone, Turnon tarrying here and Anebault
in the wars, while the Chancellor is prisoner in the tower of Burges
whither Mons. de Nancy and 50 of the Guard led him from Argilly.
Common bruit ascribes his ruin to refusal to seal certain writings; but
credible report says he has been taken in a trip before in matters of
finances, and that now he has persuaded the King that there was
more money ready (through the salt and other impositions) than is now
found, and that the King has taken this displeasure the rather to
appease the Bryttons, who lately made insurrection for that matter.
The President Montolon is sent for to be Chancellor. Thinks this
King has written of it to his ambassador. Mons. St. Ravy, who went
to Rome for a cardinal's hat for the Chancellor, is also sent for, from
the Dolphin's band, to be committed to ward; which raises suspicion
that his fall is due to some practice with the Bishop of Rome. General
Boyer and the Chancellor's secretary are also in ward, but whether it
be for want of money or to amass money, Paget cannot tell. Great
means is made for money, and all that used to be put in bank at 5 or
8 per cent. the King will have for 10 per cent. Our practice to take
Nice is discovered, and the captain of the castle executed by the duke
of Savoy. Blanchefosse and Mons. de la Gryse departed two days
ago to levy 7,000 or 8,000 Swiss, having tarried here for money, which
Turnon has persuaded the merchant strangers to pay, although it was
not due till after this fair. The Italians and Almains, of whom he
wrote, are shipped from Savon, beside Genes, to Spain. The Prior of
Capes and Captain Blanckard with four galleys have gone from
Marseilles to lie in wait between Genes and Barcelona. The duke of
Alva, with 5,000 men, is at Perpignan, where man, woman, and child
have been labouring at the fortification. This King has lost by fire
at Marseilles a ship called the Marguerite, of 500 or 600 tons. The
Landgrave of Hesse is in arms against the duke of Brunswick, which
is likely to hinder proceedings against the Turk. One of the County
Palantynes has come down towards Flanders with lansknechts for the
Emperor. One that came straight from the Turk's army, in the same
vessel as this King's packet, says the galleys were not ready, nor
Chevalier Daux arrived at Constantinople, nor the galleys likely to
pass on this side Cecile; and "here we begin to say that we pass not
much for th'army by sea," and our biscuit will furnish our army by
land, for in Spain is great scarcity of corn. Lyons, 9 Aug., midnight.
Pp. 14, part in cipher. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding, in the hand of Paget's clerk,
with the cipher passage deciphered.
St. P., IX. 109.
590. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on the 30th ult. Letters from Constantinople of 10
July affirm that the Turk's navy shall not issue out this year; which is
evident. There is no mention of the Turk's going to Hungary. Polin,
the French ambassador, has been greatly honoured and received rich
presents, but no conclusion is known. It is divulged that war is
published in France, and that the French have taken Villa Franca
beside Nisa in Provence. "By relations from Almayne the Christian
host went always forwards towards Buda couragiously," and should not
lack. The Venetians have arrested certain gentlemen of Bressa for
treason. Their orator writes from Rome that the Bishop has "taken
certain Englishmen (fn. 8) which intended to have slain Pole." Venice, 9
P. 1. Add. Endd.
Decree of John III. of Portugal prohibiting the unlading of merchandise
imported by his subjects from Flanders, England, &c., at places
more than 10 leagues from the frontier. Lisbon, 9 Aug. 1542.
Portuguese, pp. 6. Modern Copy from the Archives of Torre do
Tombo. (R.T. 104, No. 110.)
592. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Windsor, 10 Aug. Present : Southampton, Sussex,
Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
No business recorded.
[Next entries are 12 and 13 Aug.]
593. [The Privy Council] to Sir Thos. Cheyney.
The Frenchmen have laid siege to Turneham, and are like to win
it, and so go to Montory, "and finally to achieve so much of the Low
Parts" as may be no less to the King's detriment than the Emperor's.
The King has, therefore, written to Wallop asking how many men might
relieve them if sent over in haste. (fn. 9) To be ready "for the enterprise
of that country you wot of," you shall see those near you, with diligence,
put their numbers in order as appointed, that there may be
"suddenly turned over" 1,500 or 2,000 men, and see to have shipping
ready. It will please the King to advertise him how many he can trust
to have there at an hour's warning. Enclose "the letters" with a book
of the names of those appointed to make men in Kent. The letters
are to be sent to the sheriff to deliver, and the book he may keep.
The purpose he must keep most secret.
Draft, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Treasurer, xo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., ix. 119.
594. [The Privy Council] to Wallop.
The King has heard his letters of the 7th, and those of De
Rieulx, and the declaration of Awdeley and Palmer, sent with them.
Wallop must thank De Rieulx for his letters and promise to travail
to get him some Englishmen, advising him meanwhile to take the best
men of war of his frontier garrisons, supplying their place with townsmen,
and stay his enemies (to give them an overthrow, considering they
are the flower of all their garrisons, would make way for some exploit
upon their strongest towns, and they could not both give an overthrow
and hurt any strong town); and so encourage him. The King's inclination,
which Wallop must keep most secret, is that, if the Regent
commission De Rieulx to treat for a reciproque, as the ambassador here
has written to her, Wallop shall have such a commission for that purpose
as will show the Emperor that the King tenders the necessity of
his countries as their ancient amity requires. Wallop shall with all
diligence report how many Englishmen might, with De Rieulx's men,
meet the Frenchmen in the field, or stay their further enterprises.
P.S.—Received his letters of the 8th, and will send them to the
King at Sonninghill. In writing to De Rieulx he should "touch the
small number of Mons. de Vandosmes camp that he may thereby conceive
the better courage t'encounter with the same."
Draft, pp. 7. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Wallop, xo Aug, ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., IX. 122.
595. The Privy Council to Chapuys.
The King has just received letters from Wallop, lieutenant at
Guisnes, and letters (herewith) from De Reulx to Wallop, desiring some
Englishmen to help them. Seeing the Frenchmen's extreme proceedings,
the King is inclined to show himself a most hearty friend to the
Emperor, "though he be yet unbound for anything passed between
them," and desires Chapuys to write to the Regent to commission De
Reulx to conclude with Wallop in that behalf, to whom the King will
send like commission. The King can easily furnish men, being there
and ready to go thither, so that both forces joined may give your enemies
an overthrow, being the flower of their garrisons, and percase take
some of their strongest holds before they can reinforce them. Require
answer by bearer.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Th'Emperor's ambassador.
VI. II., No.42.]
2. Original letter of which the above is the draft. Dated Windsor,
10 Aug. 1542. Signed by Canterbury, Durham, Winchester, and
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, p. 1.
[Ib. No. 47.]
596. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Has just received the enclosed letter from the King's Privy
Councillors, which requires a speedy answer. Is sending his secretary
to the Privy Council to ascertain if anything can be done for the defence
of Tourneham without waiting for the Queen's answer. London,
10 Aug. 1542.
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, p. 1.
[Ib. No. 44.]
597. Chapuys to [De Roeulx. (fn. 10) ]
"I received yesterday your favor of the 7th inst., and read also
the copy of that addressed to the Governor of Guisnes of the same date."
Has shown both to the King and his Councillors, who were so pleased
with the contents that they will probably give assistance "to that
country where you are." At least so these Councillors think, but they
will bargain first to prevent the King being a loser. For the present
they have asked me to write to the Queen to give you power to treat
with the Governor of Guisnes, who will receive like powers. London,
10 Aug. 1542.
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, p. 1.
[Ib. No. 43.]
598. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote on the 20th ult. of the arrival of a secretary (fn. 11) of the king of
France. Since then he and the French ambassador resident have
gone to the King, when, by all accounts, they had a very cold reception,
though the Ambassador told the Venetian Secretary they could
not have had a better. The Secretary immediately left by water
for Gravesend, accompanied by the Ambassador, who wanted to see
the King's naval preparations. He instructed his colleague to tell
Francis that the ships could not be ready before two months; but
Chapuys knows that three or four of them are already at sea, and that in
a week or two there will be 8 more, besides the galley of which
Wyatt, it is thought, will be captain, and vice-admiral of the whole fleet.
For further news encloses copy of his letter to the Queen of Hungary.
London, 10 Aug. 1542.
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, pp. 2.
[Ib. No. 46.]
599. Chapuys to Granvelle.
He will see the news of this country by what Chapuys writes
to the Emperor, and the copy of his letters to the Queen. His lordship,
no doubt, knows those of the Low Countries from the Queen; but considering
that, in this dangerous season, letters may miscarry, sends a
summary. On 14 July Orleans laid siege to Dampvillers, which was
soon carried by assault. The French made the most of their victory,
publishing that Danvilliers was stronger than Thionville, which the Duke
was to invest on the 25th or 26th following. Then Longueval and Martin
van Rossen, with forces from Cleves and Gueldres, entered Brabant
on the 15th. After ravaging the neighbourhood of Bos le Duc (Bois
le Duc), they won Hocstrate, and on the 26th encamped in sight of
Antwerp. That afternoon 5,000 Walloons made a sortie, and took two
carts (of ammunition and artillery), a large number of cows, and some
prisoners, an encouragement after the slight loss which the prince of
Orange suffered the day before. On the 28th the enemy raised the siege,
and went to Louvain, sacking and burning on the way, and on the 3rd
or 4th inst. were near Louvain, and by letters from Antwerp of the 5th
were expected to make an attack on that city. The Queen meanwhile
is doing her utmost for the defence of the country.
On the side of Artois has letters from Du Roeulx that Vendome had
attempted Tourneham, which was hardly defensible (bonne), and that
La Montoyre was not yet finished. Du Roeulx says he would do his
best without risking the small force under him; and that the French in
Artois were very strong; also that the captain of Guisnes was willing
to co-operate in the enterprise, which I have heretofore signified. (fn. 12) But
I fear if anything happen to those two places the King's energy will cool.
London, 10 Aug. 1542.
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, pp. 3.
VI. II., No.
600. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Just after closing and sealing this packet, received from the
Privy Councillors the letter (fn. 13) of which a copy is enclosed. Is now preparing
the departure of two messengers, the one to the Queen
Regent and the other to this King's Council to induce him to
send immediate help to Tourneham, as there is scarcely time to wait for
the Queen's answer, and the communication mentioned in their letter.
Forgot to mention in writing to the Emperor, that, since the commencement
of the war, the Princess has been daily inquiring after the health
of the Emperor and the Queen, lamenting their troubles. London, 10
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, p. 1.
601. Marillac to Francis I.
The day on which he was to be at Windsor to communicate
with the Privy Council, the Emperor's ambassador had had assignation
to be there, and, when both appeared, Norfolk, as eldest and first
in authority, declared that, war having arisen between Francis and the
Emperor, great armies being assembled on both sides, they, as neighbours
of both, had to be on their guard, and so the King their master
had decided to make such preparation that he could prevent and resent
any attack; and, as their subjects were ill-treated at sea by barks
equipped for war roving upon their coasts, to the hindrance of their
traffic, they were sending out their ships of war to protect navigation
and preserve the immunity of their ports, roads, and franchises; and,
likewise, as the King of Scotland had reviewed his people and taken
order to have all his forces ready upon warning, they had decided to do
the like; concluding that, as their master desired to live at peace, so
he was resolved to endure no wrong, and the ambassadors were informed
of this that they might write it to their masters. Thereupon
the Emperor's ambassador having said what seemed good to him, which
was no great thing, Marillac thanked them for so openly declaring their
King's intention to remain neutral, and assured them that it was Francis's
intention to preserve their subjects like his own, and no wise infringe
their franchises, and he promised to write, as he had already done upon
the message (propos) by the personage they lately sent to him.
Thinks that under the sweetness of these words of theirs, there is
much poison hidden, for, in announcing their preparations by sea and
land they make known that it is for war, as might be presumed from the
preparations heretofore, and in specifying the cause they indicate
sufficiently that it is against Francis and the king of Scotland, "pour
autant que sur ce ilz causoient leurs subjectz estre sy mal traictez par
mer." Having caused the said ambassador to withdraw, they specified
to Marillac that the Normans gave them all these causes of complaint;
that a ship of Dieppe having taken a Flemish hulk, carried ten or
twelve Englishmen, who were in it, to Dieppe, which was intolerable;
that another little ship of Dieppe had taken within their streams a hulk
laden with salt belonging to their subjects; that ships of war were
roving about the Isle of Wight near Anthonne, so that their subjects
were afraid to traffic; that they would not permit ships of war to
sojourn in their roads or ports, unless constrained to it by weather, nor
to take Flemish ships which they had freighted with necessaries for
Calais, such as men, wood, stone, or victuals. Replied promptly that the
Englishmen takes to Dieppe had no cause for complaint, having been
at once liberated, as appeared by the acts of the Admiralty Court,
which they themselves showed, and those who took the Flemish ship
could not put the Englishmen ashore in England without risk of losing
their prize; that the ship taken at the mouth of their river was likewise
Flemish, as well as the master and mariners, and those who took
it could not think that the English had so soon bought it (for they did
not keep it long), and at any rate their war ships recovered it without
the French opposing them, and they kept the Dieppe crew prisoners
at Dover, as pirates, although they showed by letters of the Vice-Admiral
that they had only been six days at sea and had done no other damage
than to the said Flemish ship, and therefore it was Marillac, not they,
who had cause to complain of their maltreatment of those poor men of
Dieppe; for the rest, to hinder French ships of war from tarrying
upon these coasts was directly against the treaties, which expressly say
that they may go, come, and remain at will, provided they do not exceed
100 fighting men (hommes de guerre); and finally that to save Flemish
ships because freighted by Englishmen, besides being contrary to every
observance of war, would permit the Flemings to hurt us and prevent
our hurting them, for every Flemish ship would profess to be freighted
by Englishmen, it being notorious that in times of war there is no
merchandise of the Emperor's subjects which has not a false bill of
lading (adveu) from those of London. In truth, to grant such requests
would hinder all traffic by Francis's subjects and take away all means
of hurting his enemies, and to make them is as much as to say that
they seek a quarrel; and to this end they prepare the ten ships of war
which have been equipped and will sail within 7 or 8 days. Their preparation
by land, it is notorious, is to invade the King of Scotland, for
the "Conte de Clerance," (fn. 14) with the fugitives of Scotland, (fn. 15) is despatched
towards Barvich with 5,000 or 6,000 men, and Norfolk has said to
Marillac that if need be he will be there. The ambassador of the said
King, who came hither, remained eight days in Court unable to speak
with the King, with such reception and treatment that, besides having
a servant of his kept two days in prison, a place was prepared in a
tower of Windsor in which to lock him up on pretext that he was
only come to spy. However, in the end, these rigors were mitigated,
and letters have been delivered on both sides for surrender of prisoners
and reparation of excesses on the frontiers, "qui n'est que prétexte de
l'amuser affin qu'on puisse surprandre les Escoçoys au despourveu."
He was reproached with this last league made between France, Sweden,
Denmark, and others, of which it was said that this traitor Cardinal
of St. Andrew's was the cause, as also he had hindered the interview
which was to have been last year at York. This the ambassador intimated
to Marillac, by one of his men, having himself no opportunity
because he is kept too closely (de trop court), and is not yet altogether
The above are the indications that the English will move, and with
them are to be considered the particulars heretofore written, to which
he has nothing to add but that he is just informed that Mr. Chenay,
called milord Varden, (fn. 16) is to-day departed to levy a number of men in
Kent to pass in haste to Guynes; by which people judge that some
effort is to be made on Francis's frontiers.
French. Headed : [London,] 10 Aug. Marked as sent by Henry.
602. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
Maître Claude de l'Aubespine, one of his secretaries, has brought
Henry's letter and made his declaration, showing that he is grieved, for
the sake of Christendom, at the war between the Emperor and Francis,
his friends. Need not repeat the causes which forced him to it, as
Laubespine showed them amply. If the Emperor would repair the
injuries he has done and restore what he detains, Francis would sooner
choose Henry's mediation for an accord than any other. When the
treaty with the king of Sweden, which is sent to the other princes joined
in it to be signed, is sent back, Henry shall have a copy; and Francis
hopes that he will enter it. Es[cript] a [Lyons] le xme jour d'aoust,
l'an mvcxlij. Signed. Countersigned : Bochetel.
French, pp. 2. Injured by damp. Seal injured. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 120.
2. Copy of the preceding from Marillac's letter book.
603. Francis I. to Marillac.
Has received his of the 1st. The absence of the English ambassador,
who had come to Lyons before, and with whom Francis
wished first to speak, has prevented his replying sooner to his good
brother's message by L'Aubespine. Does so now (copy enclosed), and
Marillac shall present the letter and report his reception of it and his
intentions, for, according to his ambassador, he has no wish to make
war on Francis. Still Marillac must be vigilant. Marillac's news of
Longueval is the first received here (because the roads are everywhere
stopped), and he shall continue to report what he hears about that affair.
Has charged the duke of Vendosme to invade his enemies on the side
of Flanders and Arthois, and destroy some little forts prejudicial to
Terouenne. If this is spoken of Marillac shall assure the English that
nothing will be done to their prejudice. Countersigned : Bochetel.
French. Headed : Lyons, 10 Aug.
[*** A modern transcript of the first half of this letter is in R.O.
The rest is printed in full by Kaulek.]