St. P., IX. 123.
604. Chapuys to the Council.
Has received their letters of yesterday, and seen that (fn. 1) of Mons.
de Roeulx, which is conformable to that (sent herewith) which he writes
to Chapuys. They will have the news from Mons. de Valopt. On receipt
of their letters despatched at once to the Queen, yet, as the danger
is so pressing, lest the saying, Dum Romani consulunt, Saguntum expugnatur,
should fit this occasion, begs them to intercede with the King
to lend assistance at once. Assures them that in return the Emperor
will do more for the King, and will pay all expenses. London, 11 Aug.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
605. William Gonson to Thos. Mylldmaye.
"Loving son," at this point I have had your letter written this day
at Chellmysfford, and perceive you have command to prepare 20 footmen,
and that you would be holpen with bows, arrows, and bills, if you
lack any, and that I should write how you shall act and whether you
shall prepare coats for the men. Although the preparation of 20 men
be much, you must needs do it, and as for bows, &c., I am compelled to
buy for myself and so must you; and I suppose you must prepare coats.
Mr. Chancellor, who this day departed from London, can best inform
you. Deptford, 11 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
606. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote on the 9th what was then done by Mons. de Vandosme.
Yesterday, Vandosme, with the Count de Bryan, Mons. de Kerkey, and
the provost de Paris, went to Mountory with 500 horse, leaving De
Bees with the camp at Tourneham, and thence to Arde to dinner.
Where they intended to burn Oderwicke and other churches, hearing
that the Great Master lay there, they, instead, sent a trumpet to know
whether he would give them battle in an indifferent place, for where
he is are too many ditches. Is not sure whether the trumpet was sent.
Yesterday 700 horsemen of the Great Master's issued out of Oderwicke
towards Northkerke, and killed 100 Frenchmen who were spoiling the
country. An espial yesterday saw them uncovering Tourneham castle
and undermining the walls to overthrow it, the camp lying beside the
town for two or three days yet, and then going to the new river beside
St. Omerz to see what the Great Master will do. The espial saw 500
men join the camp, the daily increase of which Wallop mistrusts; for
if they conceive from the daily coming over of Englishmen that the King
will make war against them, they may "make some course." Guisnes
will, in two or three days, be no meet enterprise for their numbers,
"and specially that nation, although Bourgonyons be now so much
afraid of them." A poor man of Bredenerd, taken by the French and
ransomed, has just reported that the Great Master has made a bridge
over the river at his camp beside Oderwike; which camp daily increases
and shall number, within two or three days, 30,000 men, and yesterday
500 horsemen joined it.
Mr. Ponynges, with his men, and Wallop, with Mr. Long's, have been
making up the braie betwixt the bulwark next the mill and travers
wall, "which wall I trust will be at his height within iiij or v days,
being a very warlike piece to behold." The Gate House rises fast, and
begins to cover much of the castle gate. This night or to-morrow will
be a good quantity of water round the castle, and therefore they sleep
more quietly. Guisnes, 11 Aug. Signed.
P.S.—My lord Chancellor's men arrived yesterday at Calais, and will
to-day be here. Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations' men came
thither this morning.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
607. Richard Woddall to Sir Ric. Longe.
On the 4th inst. I arrived with my company at Guisnes, and
presented your letters to Mr. [Wallop], who for your sake appointed
me to a fair bulwark, and willed me and my friends to take his house
as boldly as I would yours. Mr. Wallop would have me write to you
to help me to a tent or pavilion, which he reckons necessary whatever
happen, and thinks, too, I should have a horse, to exercise myself at
leisure amongst the other gentlemen here "that daily useth that pastime."
I beg you to help me therein, and will pay for the horse as you
command, for I cannot "recover" one here. Mr. Vaughan, Mr. Pawlmer,
and other gentlemen received me kindly for your sake. Please
thank them. Those who bought your bows deceived you, for they are
mostly little worth, but I trust to recover better shortly. The Frenchmen
have won Dorneham by appointment and Mountory, which was
relinquished at their approach. It is thought the Bourgonyons will
shortly make them a banquet. Guisnes, 11 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : of the Privy Chamber. Endd.
608. For a Treaty with Charles V.
"The chieff poyntes that Grandevela did sticke apon, having in
other agreed to the articles," with "our brief answer to the sayd
[A statement of the negociations of Bonner and Thirlby in Spain,
giving the points in order with the answers in the margin opposite them.
Most of the answers state, in defence of the articles, that they were
passed by common consent of the Commissioners, i.e., of Chapuys and
Henry's VIII.'s deputies.]
That the second article be cancelled and drawn as in the treaty of
Cambray without the restriction of the merchants. Answer.—The restriction
is in accordance with the laws of the Kingdom and indifferent,
and was understood in former treaties.
That the fifth article of rebels, traitors, and fugitives, be likewise
drawn, and reason had for the subjects of the Emperor and the Empire.
Answer.—It is conformable to reason and strict amity, and the subjects
are provided for by the wording.
That the sixth and seventh articles be likewise reformed; and the
seventh put as in previous treaties, where is no mention of the islands (fn. 2)
there specified. Answer.—They conform to the words of former treaties
and contain what the Emperor is to lend; and the specification in the
seventh article is the specification of what was in the former treaties.
In the eighth article it should be considered that the Emperor cannot
lend soldiers except at increased pay; and moreover it seems equitable
that aid should last as long as needed, and at the cost of the lender.
Answer.—The article is indifferent, and may be altered after the treaty
is made; and it was so modified for reasons given by Chapuis.
The change in the comprehension of the kingdoms of Spain with regard
to aid seems serious. Answer.—It was deliberated, and the King
showed good inclination, but finally [it seemed] that this kind of defence
is not suitable for Spain or Ireland.
Consideration should be had that the Emperor be not bound to lend
this subsidy if actually at war, with which he was threatened, in Italy
against France and the Turk, who are common enemies. Answer.—
The article is equal, but the consideration is not reciprocal.
In the thirteenth, the treaty of intercourse should be formed as in
the treaty of Cambray. Answer.—We see no just causes for this.
The 15th might be modified to permit, in the event of an invasion,
treaty for the cessation of the invasion. In the 17th the King of the
Romans ought to be comprehended. In the 18th it might be provided
that, in case of contravention, the prince offending should have opportunity
to excuse himself. Answer.—These points can be considered
by the princes after the treaty is made.
The indication of war shall be by common consent, and the time
according to the progress of affairs. Answer.—It seems very much the
Emperor's interest that it should be made as soon as possible, unless he
has from elsewhere hope of concord.
Account should be had of defence against the Turk. Answer.—
This may be better done afterwards.
A convenient concession might be made in the subsidy by the
Emperor for the opening of the war by the King. Answer.—This is
concluded in England and Flanders.
Lat., pp. 2. In cipher, with modern decipher attached.
2. Contemporary decipher of the preceding.
Lat., pp. 4. Slightly mutilated.
St. P., IX. 124.
609. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Upon the arrival of my lord of Westminster, they have done their
best for the setting forth of his instructions. The declaration of their
conferences with the Emperor's council, he refers to my lord of Westminster
as a man of truth, wit, and learning, especially as he carries a
remembrance of the pith of their doings signed by them both; with the
coming also of Mons. de Curriere, otherwise called Philippe de Montmorence,
captain of the guard of the Almains. (fn. 3) By my lord of Westminster,
received the cipher. Begs the King to remember his suits
made heretofore and now, by Sir Ant. Browne and Mr. Hennage, touching
the signing of his bill and his diets, now behind. Barbastro, 11 Aug.
Copy in Bonner's hand, headed by him, "The copy of the bishop of
London's letters sent to the King's Majesty by my lord of Westm." P. 1.
Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., IX. 125.
610. The Privy Council to Chapuys.
Since our last letters, we have heard that Tornehan and Montoire
are surrendered to the French, of which being sorry, we nevertheless hope
that this will suffice to express the misfortune of Sagunto, which you mentioned
in your letters. (fn. 4) Seeing how few men Mons. de Vendosme has,
viz., 3,000 Picards, 2,000 Normans, and 2,000 enfans of Paris, he will
not dare to besiege any strong place; still, as we promised in our last
letters, we have obtained commission for Mons. de Walloppe to treat
with Mons. de Rieulx. Windsor, 12 Aug.
French. Draft in Mason's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to
th'Emperor's ambassador, xijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
611. Thomas Smith to Gardiner.
[A treatise upon the pronunciation of Greek, arranged in three
books, which the writer afterwards printed at Paris (in 1568), and which
has been reprinted by S. Haverkamp in his Sylloge Altera Scriptorum,
etc., pp. 469-574.].
Derived great pleasure from Gardiner's conversation when he waited
upon him the other day at Hampton Court, partly officially and partly for
the sake of consulting him. This pronunciation of Greek which they
[at Cambridge] have used for seven years he then briefly defended, and
Gardiner opposed with such arguments as he had before written to Cheke;
but there was no opportunity in conversation to argue the matter at length.
Points out the magnitude of the punishment imposed by the edict (fn. 5) in comparison
with the offence, and details encouragement which he received in
France and Italy to continue this pronunciation, from Christophorus
Landinus at Orleans and from Strazelius at Paris. From a Greek whom
he met at Paris in Bernardœo claustro he could learn nothing, as they
could not understand each other, but Strazelius gave him the opinions of a
learned Greek at Padua named Janus.
The remainder of the first book and the whole of the second book are
occupied with details of pronunciation and opinions of scholars upon them.
In the third book he gives the history of the introduction of the new
pronunciation at Cambridge seven years ago, when Gardiner was away in
France or Italy. He and Cheke and John Ponet introduced it, a Greek
comedy was acted with it, and a most distinguished man of letters, John
Redman, S.T.P., always used it. Four years passed, and all who held any
reputation were using it. Then Smith went to France, and the King gave
the Greek lecture to Cheke, who spent the first six days of his lecture upon
the amendment of pronunciation. Then arose Ratliffus and announced his
opposition, instigated by those who knew no more than himself, and caused
much rioting. Peace followed, and until Gardiner's ediot the youth of
Cambridge gave itself to the study of Greek with much fervour. Argues
the necessity for the innovation, and concludes with an earnest petition
for it to be allowed. Cambridge, 12 Aug. 1542.
Latin, pp. 65. In several different handwritings, the last ten pages
apparently being Smith's own. Seal (a three-masted ship).
612. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Yesterday afternoon the French host departed from Tornham into
Brednarde, and lay the night at Colencope, between Els and Frolond, about
a mile beyond the river, bruiting this day to overthrow the church at
Owderkyrk, and then all other churches in Brednarde of any strength, and
send the bells to Arde for "necessary uses." The foundation stones of the
new works at Montaury are carried to Arde, "and the French intend to rase
the great old tower which hath so long remained and borne the name of
Montaury." The French captains bruit that 6,000 Bretons landed, three
days ago, at St. Valerys, beyond Abbaville, to join them. Calais, 12 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao 1542.
613. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote yesterday of the order the Frenchmen took for undermining
and overthrowing Tourneham and Mountory. For further knowledge, sent
out four espials, one to Daverne and Waste, another to Muttrel, and two
to the camp, who report as follows :—
One sent to the camp, who was there threatened for a spy, heard it
bruited that, but for Englishmen, they would have taken St. Omez,
Bourbroughe, and Gravelinges; and that, from Tourneham, they should
go to Ayre, Arras and along those frontiers. The other from the camp
heard say that they would have taken Bourbroughe, Gravelinges and St.
Omez, but "the King's Majesty hath forbidden them not to go there;"
also he heard that "when they bruit one way they intend otherwise;"
and that the camp should remove this night past to Olske, a league from
Tourneham towards Bredenerd; which removing is this morning affirmed,
and that they will lie there until they have totally overthrown
Tourneham and Mountory. The two espials sent to Daverne, Chamer
de Boiz and Muttrell, agree that there are coming, between Amiens
and Muttrell, a great number of lanceknights, and that certain Brittons
are coming by sea. One he sent as far as Normandy, to recover two
mares stolen from Ballingham, saw 2,000 lanceknights between Amyas
and Abbeville, and also divers companies of adventurers coming to seek
wages. So that the camp daily increases, being very nigh neighbours
here upon whom he keeps close watch.
Begs them once again to send pikes for the soldiers lately come hither,
who brought only bows and bills. Guisnes, 12 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1542.
614. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Has received his letter, and as to Tourneh[em] and La Montoire,
is grieved, but it is better that the enemies took that than anything
else, and their demolishing of them is a sign that they could not keep
them. Thanks him for his evident desire to have had Englishmen to
aid the writer in this war; but since it has not pleased the King, he will
look elsewhere, and hopes that some day the King will know that the
good of this country is the good of his own realm, and that our enemies
detain as much and more from him than they do from us. As to their
boast about sending a trumpet to offer battle, none has come; nor was
there any need, seeing that I was four days encamped a league and a
half from them with much fewer men than they, where they might see
my watch fires and hear my drums; and I have since come here, not
for fear of them but to provide for affairs, leaving at Saincte Marie
Querke only three ensigns of foot, who have been two days and nights
without alarm. In keeping on the defensive I only do my duty, since
the French king assails us without warning, sending daily to the Queen
that he would not begin the war, and would keep the truce, [and]
Mons. de Vendosme has written as much to me; and yet when the
Turk has invaded Christendom he suborned a great number who were
ready to go against the Turk, and has thrown them into Brabant, and
at the same time an army into Luxembourg and another here, having
allied with the Turk to destroy the Emperor and, consequently, Christendom.
They need not wonder at being fifteen days in this country without
being fought with, for I have been three months in their country,
and others longer, without seeing sign of combat. I will be guided by
the service of the Emperor, with the advice of those with me. Piedbroucq,
12 Aug. '42. Signed.
French, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : Mons. de Rieulx to Mr. Wallopp,
12 Aug. 1542.
VI. II., No. 49.
615. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Sends the Sieur de Courrieres, captain of his body guard, to
declare his intentions touching the charge brought by the bp. of Westminster.
Desires credence for him and Chapuys. Monçon, 12 Aug.
From the Vienna Archives.
VI. II., No.48.]
616. Charles V. to Chapuys.
His man arrived on the 22nd ult. with his despatch of the 30
June, and memoranda of what he had transacted with the Queen of
Hungary, and of his communications with the King of England and his
Council touching the treaty of closer amity. Having examined these
and the draft treaty brought by the bp. of Westminster, four conferences
were held with him and the bp. of London. Subjoins an account of what
The two ambassadors first exhibited the draft treaty signed by the
King at the beginning and end, and delivered an unsigned copy (copy
herewith) and offered to pass the treaty in that form, for which they had
full powers, urging haste. The following objections were raised :—(1)
That some articles were couched in terms which the Emperor could not
honestly allow; (2) others should be amplified, explained and made equal;
(3) others should be referred to the Queen of Hungary or Chapuys. In
the 2d. article, relating to hantise and intercourse, a new limitation had
been introduced, making it extend only to merchants, which would make
the Emperor's other subjects resident in England amenable to the laws,
and consequently imply the Emperor's consent to his subjects living
there in accordance with the new opinion of the King; but the ambassadors
refused to modify the article. [The articles for a defensive league
against all persons cannot be allowed to pass, as they are manifestly
intended to include the Pope. The ambassadors replied that the article
and clause were substantially the same as in the treaty of Cambray, and
that out of regard for the Emperor they had consented to the Pope
not being expressly mentioned. But the Imperial Councillors answered
again that at the time of that treaty there were no difficulties between
the Holy See and England, and the then Pope (Clement VII.) was expressly
comprised in it. They added that Henry] (fn. 6) might trust the
Emperor to fulfil his engagements, and that as he did not acknowledge
the Pope's spiritual power, he need not fear his temporal, unaided by
other princes. The ambassadors could not deny their arguments, but
refused to modify the article.
The ambassadors insisted on the comprehension of the islands† which
have been included, for defence, with England, saying that the King
and his predecessors have peacefully possessed them—that they are so
small that there is no likelihood of an enterprise with 10,000 men being
made upon them, and that to make difficulty about it would annoy the
The Imperial Ministers demanded that the article about rebels and
fugitives should be worded as in the treaty of Cambray, viz., that they
are not to be harboured but expelled; for such restitution might lead
to inconveniences. The ambassadors replied that the French king had
accorded it, and that Chapuys had made no difficulty about it. It was
answered that the Emperor would not take example by the promises of
the French king, but would treat in good faith, and this was to the King
of England's advantage, for the Emperor had no occasion to prosecute
rebels in England. This expulsion is injurious to the trade of the Low
Countries, and all the more suspicious considering the new opinion of the
King, and that the words used by the ambassadors, and their insistance
upon this point, show that their master would use it against such as were
fugitives for refusing to accept the new opinion, whom the Emperor could
not conscientiously surrender. The ambassadors being asked why there
was no mention made of rebels to the Empire, replied that their comprehension
would be too general. They were then pressed as to the dukes
of Cleves and Holstein, whose rebellion, and the wrong they did to the
Emperor and his nieces was notorious; but nothing could be obtained
To the ambassadors frequent remark that Chapuys made no difficulty
in this and the preceding articles, it was answered that he remitted all
to the Emperor's determination, and that there were things agreed by
the English which they afterwards changed, such as the removal of
Spain from the specific [clause of] defence to the general. And as it was
suspected that other changes might be made which Chapuys had not
seen, nothing was said of the diversity of the draft he sent, so as not
to reveal that he had sent it. They confessed that their master had once
accorded the comprehension of Spain, but the Council, at which Norfolk
was present, dissuaded him; and they affirmed that the articles were
substantially as concluded, whereas the contrary is evident when the
drafts are compared, notably, in the article of defence, about the army
by sea, which is another point as Chapuys well considers, to the Emperor's
Further articles which the English will not modify :—(1) A clause
which seems to bind the Emperor to send aid, even if at war, in Italy,
against the Turk or the French, whereas the King ought rather to aid
him against the Turk. (2) The insufficient pay for horse and foot.
(3) The intercourse, which they will not have as in the treaty of Cambray,
but refer to the treaty of 1520, a point noticed in the despatch
(advis) of the Emperor's sister.
On the article forbidding one party to treat without the other, it was
suggested that to stop invasion one party might treat alone, provided
that nothing was done to the other's prejudice. The ambassadors left
that for consideration after the treaty was concluded. As to the bonds,
&c., requisite for observance of the treaty, if one party complain of its
infraction the case should be submitted to deputies of both before voyes de
faict are resorted to.
As to the declaration of war against France, the only difficulty made
was about the time, which the Emperor could not fix till he saw the
result of the present enterprises of the French king and Turk against
him, and of the army of the Empire against the Turk. As to the aid
demanded by Henry if he should make particular war on Francis, has
readily consented, provided the article be amended honestly, the aid not
to be obligatory, and the Low Countries to be assisted, if necessary, by
the said army. As to the enterprise of Montreuil, which the Emperor
desires above all things, he refers it and all that the King would enterprise
against France to his sister.
After four days' conference on the above points, no agreement was
come to with the English ambassadors, who said they had no commission
to admit alterations, and advised that objections should be made as few
as possible, lest the King should be offended, promising their good offices
therein. It was then agreed that some one should be sent to England
from the Emperor's Court to promote the matter. Sends therefore the
Sieur de Courrieres, captain of his body guard, whom Henry knows well,
the present instructions being drawn up for him and Chapuys. Gives
a summary, declaring his mind, at great length, as to (1) hantise, (2)
comprehension of the Pope, (3) the islands, (4) rebels, (5) the dukes of
Cleves and Holstein,, (6) inclusion of the Emperor's kingdoms de par
deça in the defence, and exemption of the Emperor from the obligation to
defend England if he be at war on the side of Italy, with the Turk
or with France; (7) duration of the aid to the Low Countries; (8)
pay of horse and foot; (9) intercourse of England and the Low Countries,
on which they must be guided by the Queen of Hungary, as the Emperor
has no copy of the treaty of 1520, and lost all but an unsigned one of
that of Cambray in the expedition to Algiers; (10) the condition that
one party is not to treat without the other; (11) the liberty granted
to either party to proceed against the other for contravention of the
treaty; (12) whether the English wish Ferdinand to be included (which
need not be insisted on if opposed); (13) time of declaration of war (the
Emperor's demands against France should not be specified beforehand);
(14) the enterprise against Montreuil.
Though Francis has practised against the Emperor in Italy, in Flanders
and on this side of Roussillon and Navarre, and now masses great forces
on this side, he has not as yet broken with the Emperor, but continues
to talk of peace; and the Emperor would still temporise with him, to see
what he will do, before being bound to another war and to abstain from
treating without England, and not enterprise anything against Montreul,
which would mean a return to open war. They must delay until the
Emperor notifies to his sister and them his final intention; but if the
French meanwhile break openly, they shall conclude the treaty, by the
advice of his said sister. They may excuse delays by the necessity of
consulting with the Queen, and De Courrieres may go over to Flanders.
The Emperor will forthwith provide two "zabres," and if the English
do the like, news will pass continually. Finally, they must press again
for aid against the Turk, with the further argument that the Pope will
refuse it, owing to this treaty, while France will instigate the Turk the
more to attack the Emperor and him.
The ambassadors, after their first conference, desired a memorandum
of the points (fn. 7) on which difficulty was made; which has been given
them, that they might make a written reply, but they have not done
so. The difficulty about the King of England's titles will be avoided
by the course mentioned in a previous letter to the Queen of Hungary.
Leaves to her and De Praet the question about giving pensions to Henry's
chief councillors, having already written to her to give them presents
and excuse the pensions. Will observe the promise (fn. 8) Chapuys took in
his name not to treat, before next October, to each other's prejudice, and
to keep it secret; but will accept overtures from the Pope, the King of
France, and others, to prevent war, and the promise may be prolonged
upon that condition. Monçon, 12 Aug. 1542.
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, pp. 27.
617. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Sonninghill, 12 Aug. Present : Hertford, Russell.
Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wriothesley, Sadler. No business recorded.
Sonninghill, 13 Aug. Present : As above. Business :—Letters sent
to Sir Thos. Cheyney, the mayor and the lieutenant of the castle of Dover,
that, since the King had won the pier of Dover clear out of the sea,
their liberties should not extend to it. Letter sent to Tuke to appoint
to all the posts between London and Berwick 3 horses, instead of their
ordinary one horse, and allow them 2s. a day instead of 1s.
[*** Next entry is 15-18 Aug.]
St. P., IX. 129.
618. The Privy Council to Wallop.
According to their former advertisement, send him the King's
commission to commune with Mons. de Rieulx, if he have like commission
from the Regent. For secrecy and surety, the King refers the
meeting to Wallop's appointment. On their meeting he shall say that
when Vandosme and the French first laid siege to Turneham, the King,
believing it could have been relieved by the men of Guisnes, wrote
to the Regent to commission De Rieulx to conclude with Wallop for
its relief, but, as Turneham and Mountory are now won past recovery,
and the enemy so few, 8,000 foot and 2,000 horse, that they
dare not besiege any place that might hold them any time, the
cause of that commission seems to be gone; nevertheless, if De
Rieulx thinks the French will lay siege to any place that can hold out
long enough for men to be conveyed over, because he dare not adventure
his men as he might have done when they were so near neighbours, he
trusts that, upon reasonable conditions, the King will succour them.
If he press to have them suddenly sent over, Wallop shall repeat that the
ground of the commission being gone, he must first advertise the King
and know (saying this as not doubting but that he is furnished for it)
how much shall be paid for the wages, conduct, and levying of the men,
whether they will promise a correspondent aid in horsemen in case the
King hereafter attempt anything against France, and whether if the
French injure the King's countries there, they will take no end with
them (the French) until the damage is redubbed or revenged. Wallop
shall then, giving him good hope and reminding him of the tenuity of
the enemies, take his leave; and advertise the King.
In speaking of the enemies, Wallop shall say that Englishmen much
marvel (considering the tenuity of their host, in which were all the chief
men of war of all the garrisons in Picardy, "the overthrow of whom
should have been no small victory") that De Rieulx did not pick men
from the garrisons of Flanders, leaving enough to defend the towns,
and either give battle or spoil the country in return. Finally, if, as
Wallop writes, Vandosme has sent a trumpet to offer him battle, Wallop
shall say he cannot with honour refuse it, and advise him to appoint
the place near Guisnes, where he may the sooner have succour of
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 10; the last paragraph in Sadler's
hand. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Wallop, xiijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., IX. 126.
619. Wallop to the Council.
On the 12th received theirs of the 10th containing four points,
viz. : 1. That he should thank De Rieulx for his advertisements, promise
to try and get him some Englishmen, as he desires, and advise him in
the mean season, &c. Two or three days past, to know his inclination
and whether Vandosme had sent a trumpet offering him battle, sent a
letter to De Rieulx, declaring Vandosme's being before Tourneham, with
their small number and loose order, scattering from Tourneham to Arde
and from Mountory to Tourneham, and in his own country of Bredenerd;
adding, for further encouragement, that Englishmen daily descended at
Calais, the Emperor's affairs in England went well, and that his letters
touching the entertaining of Englishmen were sent to the King, and also
his letters to the Emperor's ambassador. Will to-night send him another
letter, according to their instructions. 2. To the second point, to be
kept most secret, thanks the King for his confidence, and trusts to fulfil
his pleasure. 3. To report with all diligence how many Englishmen
would suffice, with De Rieulx's forces, to meet the French in the field
or stay their further enterprises. Considering how long the Frenchmen
have lain upon these borders in small numbers and bad order, and
De Rieulx with as many as they so nigh, concludes that "Flemings be
nothing worth," and that he himself could, with 500 Northern horsemen,
have taught the French to keep better together. When the King sends
footmen over, 500 Northern horsemen should come with them. To meet
the Frenchmen in the field would require no less than 4,000 Englishmen,
or to stay their further enterprises 2,000. The French are well
chosen, and, moreover, 2,000 Almains join them to-day or to-morrow,
and 4,000 Bretons are coming to them. When these are together all
Flanders is not able to give them battle, but 4,000 Englishmen, with at
least 2,000 Almains and De Rieulx's men, would make them retire faster
than they came. Englishmen would more discourage them than any
other nation (whose coming they fear already), and would most comfort
the Burgundians. Good Mons. de Rieulx is now out of hope, as his
letter herewith will show.
[4?] "And where, in the post scripta," the King thinks my letters to
Mons. de Rieulx should note the small number of Mons. de Vandosme's
camp, I will not mention the coming of the lanceknights (although he
must know it), whose coming will give him less courage; howbeit, Mons.
de Lisquez is coming to him, within two days, out of Liexemburgh, who
is one of the hardiest gentlemen of Flanders.
Wrote yesterday that the camp removed the day before to Olske, 2
miles off. Yesterday they removed a mile further towards St. Omez,
where they mean to lie until they have fully overthrown Mountory and
Tourneham, and then proceed to St. Omez. Guisnes, 13 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao 1542.
620. Wallop to the Council.
Upon their letter of the 3rd inst., for 100 of the 500 men last
appointed hither to be sent to lord Graye, captain of Hampnes, sent
my lord of Oxford's 100 who came yesternight. Lord Graye, who, by his
indenture, has the making of the captain and petty captain of the men
under him, discharged those that had the leading of the said 100, saying
that his servant, this bearer, brought him word from Mr. Comptroller
of the King's house that he might at all times make the captain and
petty captain there. The gentleman who was captain greatly laments
his discharge, and desires to know the Council's pleasure. Guisnes, 13
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., IX. 125.
621. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Credence for his ambassador, who will speak of the dearness of
wheat here, owing to the drought, and desire licence to import some from
England. Montson, 13 Aug. 1542. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
32,647, f. 25.
622. Robert, Bishop Of Llandaff, to the Council.
This 14 Aug. received letters from Sir Wm. Eure, captain of
Berwick, notifying a report by Barwike the pursuivant, "which of late
was in Scotland," that the King of Scots, 9 Aug., rode from Edinburgh
to Leith, and was displeased because his four ships were not so soon
ready for sea as they should have been. A Scottish herald came from
their ambassador at London, called Thomsone, who bruited that 10,000
men came down to the borders of England and more should follow;
whereupon the Council of Scotland warned all between Edinburgh and
the Borders, and proclaimed that the gentlemen of Lawdeane (Lothian)
should be on Lammermoor, 10 miles from the Borders, on Tuesday next,
for their defence. Proclamation was also made for oxen and horses for
carriage to be ready to accompany the King. The Cardinal of Scotland
is come home and in favour. Old Maltone, 14 Aug., 6 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1542.
623. Deputy and Council Of Calais to Henry VIII.
This day some 40 Frenchmen entered the Pale "and drave a
certen number of beasse towerdes foorthe of the same; but yet, being
empeached by your Grace's subjects, they drowned certen of the beasse
in dryving them; and so departed." The King's subjects caught one of
the Frenchmen on French ground, who had lingered behind the rest,
and who confesses that he was one of those who entered yesterday, as
their last letters signified. The Deputy, this day, sent Calais pursuivant
to Mons. de Vandosme with a letter requiring punishment of the
offenders and restitution of the spoil. Ask how to deal with such incursions.
Calais, 14 Aug. 1542. Signed : H. Mawtravers : Rauff
Ellerkar : Edward Bray : Edwarde Wotton : Edward Ryngeley : Antony
P. 1. Add. Endd.
624. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
This day Mons. de Byes triumphantly told one that I had in
the French camp that yesternight he sent four "vanes" of the host to
alarm a peel of Mons. de Reus, called Remyngham; and, at the sight of
his men, the 300 Burgundians within the said peel set fire to it and fled.
Another espial reports that this forenoon certain young men of Mons.
de Reus, against the Great Master's command, passed the river beneath
the abbey of Watton, and one vane of them marched towards the
Frenchmen who were straggling abroad; and so fell into an ambush, in
which were one vane of Picards and two of Normans, Mons. de
Bagkauyll and Saynt Obyn captains, who took 60 of them. One boatfull
of the Burgundians was drowned, wherein were eight persons.
Mons. de Fosquesolles was near by with 1,000 horse to rescue
the French if required. Brednard is sore spoiled. The French lie
scattered as if they feared nothing, part at Tornham, part in Brednard,
part at Remyngham, and the battle at Montcove. "I shall now for
shame cease to advertise your Majesty of any other news that they bruit,
they be of such untruth." Calais, 14. Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao. xxxiiij.
Poli Epp., III.
625. Cardinal Pole to Cardinal Contarini.
The causes which necessitate my retaining our Signor Abbate
are explained by himself and by M. Alvise, and I am sure you know that,
but for necessity, I would prefer your service to my own. Has already
written why he did not answer Contarini's letters. Hopes to declare
by mouth rather than by letter his sense of the importance of that
matter. Prays God to favour Contarini in this holy legation. Expects
Sadolet at the end of this week. Viterbo, 14 Aug. 1542.
626. Henry VIII. to Sir Thomas Seymour.
We have received your sundry letters containing your arrival
at the King of Romaynes camp with his gentle entertainment of you and
other things worthy advertisement; your diligent signification of which
we take in good part. As you will have seen everything worth noting
before these letters reach you, and, as your service here is required, you
shall upon receipt of this take leave and return home.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Seymour
xvo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
627. Wallop to the Council.
On the 14th received theirs dated Windsor, the 11th, and perceives
that the King desires the speedy finishing of his two bulwarks
in the Marshes, and would have Wallop desire all men of war who can
be spared to help the work. All the men of war in the crew of Guisnes
have, since their coming, wrought about the castle with a very good
will. Mr. Ponynges first persuaded his company very discreetly, and
remained in the works while they wrought, and the others have followed
his good example. Trusts therefore to satisfy the King's expectation,
and awaits only the coming of the Surveyor from Calais.
The Frenchmen remain in their camp beside Tourneham, to St. Omez
wards. Yesterday they sent 2,000 foot and certain horse to a castle
of the Great Master's, called Remyngham, about which in the fields
were five standards Burgundians, and 400 men within the castle, who
seeing the French approaching fired the castle. The five standards perceiving
it on fire fled away, and the Frenchmen pursuing, killed or
drowned 120 or 140, and took as many prisoners, as they report. The
captain of the five standards was Mons. de Newerley, who is drowned
or killed. Trusts to know more in two days, having written to the
Encloses depositions taken before Mr. Rous, Mr. Ponynges, and himself.
The accused denies the words utterly. Asks what to do with
him; he has long been a soldier here and reputed honest, "saving that
he will be sometimes drunk." Guisnes, 15 Aug. Signed.
P.S.—Thinks they know of the great sums of money the Regent has
gathered at Antwerp and elsewhere.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Several depositions of Thos. Fayre and Perot Taylour, to the effect
that as they were drinking a pint of wine at one Waterton's house in
Guisnes, Ant. Huchetson, being very drunk, asked to drink a glass
with them, and complained that his way home had been stopped. Fayre
said that the next time he spoke with the King he would desire that a
new way should be made for him. Huchetson answered, "Hang the King
and them that made the way." Fayre said he ought to be hanged for
speaking such words; and he asked what words? He then fell down and
went to sleep.
P. 1. Endd.
628. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Thanks him for his letter and advice. In war are all fortunes,
good and bad. Had one yesterday bad enough, but not so important
as the French will say. Lost half a dozen gentlemen and one ensign
with 25 compagnons killed, and a 100 killed and 100 taken. Knows
not yet whether the enemies will go towards Bapalmes or look to pass
this river. No wonder if a country assailed on three sides at once
suffers somewhat. If France were assailed in as many parts and as
suddenly it would be scarcely less astonished. Two assaults by the
enemies upon Ivoix in Luxembourg have been repulsed and the Sieur
d'Aumale, eldest son of Mons. de Guise, and Mons. Desden (fn. ) with 12 or
14 great lords and 1,500 men slain. With an army put in the field
within eight or ten days, if only for three weeks or a month, "on les
habilleroit bien; mais de ce que ne peult estre fault avoir la paciens."
Waten, 15 Aug. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. : A Monsr. le Capitaine de Guisnes. Endd. :
629. The Privy Council to Wallop.
The King has received his letters (fn. 10) of the — (blank) inst., in the
end of which he writes that Mons. de Lisques is come from Luxemburgh
to the Great Master of Flanders. Knowing Mons. de Lisques to be
a hardy gentleman, and one whose presence in Luxemburgh is very
necessary, if affairs be there as reported, and the Clevoye joined with
Mons. d'Orleance, the King thinks that things there cannot be in such
evil case as was noised. You are to search how the things of Luxemburgh
stand, and what Mons. d'Orleance has done and intends, and
whether the Clevoyes have indeed joined him; also what has become of
the lanceknights who were going to Mons. de Bures and the prince of
Orange, and what they have.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Wallop,
xvjo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
630. Henry VIII.
Memoranda in pencil in the King's own hand as follows :—
"For the Privy Seal's going and Brone's. Which way to redubb the
pact with th'Emperor. For the loan to Flanders upon conditions. For
the hacbutiers at Gynys. For a sufficient number to th'emprise of the
sea. For to determine whether the journey over sea may be this year
631. Marillac to Francis I.
Part of the said (sic) ships which this King had equipped for war
left two days ago to convoy, as accustomed, the wool fleet which goes
yearly to Calais; and the rest are ready to sail towards Porchayne,
where the others retire, or to carry men or provisions of war towards
Scotland, which is easier done by sea than by land. There are a good
many other ships of lords and merchants, of which 7 or 8 of 300 or 400
tons are taken for the King's service and the smaller forbidden to sail
without permission, which is however easily granted, provided the masters
ship double crews (y ayent à mettre double equipage). As to land forces,
wrote on the 10th that a general review was being made of those who
could bear arms. It is since reported that choice would be made, by
parishes, of those most apt for war; who would be retained and enrolled
to hold themselves ready whenever sent for. The same commandment
has been made to the gentlemen of the Household called the King's
pensioners. There is no one but feels these preparations, the nobles
preparing to go in person, the merchants and mean people either to go
or contribute, and the ecclesiastics compelled to prepare wages for
soldiers, as for instance the abp. of Canterbury for 300 men, the bp.
of Winchester for 200, and the bp. of Durham and others in proportion
to their revenues. If occasion offers, all the forces of England will be
seen. The Privy Seal and Chesnay, called milord Varden, cross
the sea, the former to Calais and the latter (with a good number of men
of Caint) to Guynes. Norfolk is reserved for the North in case of movement
on the side of Scotland. It is said that the Grand Esquire, Mr.
Bron, will leave in four days to go to Francis, with a secretary and a
herald; if so (for as yet he cannot assure it) Marillac thinks it will be
to speak of the pensions or some other troublesome charge, for this Mr.
Bron is the worst of those who are hostile to France; and Francis will
remember the good report he made here on returning from his journey
in Francis's Court when the Queen of Hungary came to Compiègne. (fn. 11)
Begs Francis also to remember to keep him waiting before his audience
and after his despatch as the English commonly do with French envoys,
which is at least 8 or 10 days; and so gain time, which is very important
at this advanced season. Daily, men pass in succession towards
Calais or the North, and one sees harness, ensigns, and liveries of footmen
and, at times, a number of men wearing already the red cross, indicating
the will to make war, the bruit of which is still incomparably
greater with regard to Scotland than to France; for it is commonly said
that there is no intention to break with Francis unless he should aid
the king of Scotland; whom they propose to harass, whatever fine words
they use to his ambassador, who is still here, and cannot be despatched
so soon as he thought.
French. Headed : [London,] 16 Aug.
632. Wallop to the Council.
Received on the 15th theirs dated Sonnynghill, the 13th inst.,
with a commission to commune with Mons. de Rieulx, if he have the
like from the Regent and desire it. Has not yet heard from him for
any such purpose. Perceives, by theirs of the 10th, that the King
would have him answer De Rieulx, thanking him, &c. (words of No.
594, both letter and postscript, recapitulated). Had written the like
to him before receiving their letters, and lately sent them his letters
in reply, and of Vendosme's sending no trumpet to him. Upon their
said letter, sent this bearer, Mr. Awdeley, to him with letters; both
for surety (he being very discreet) and to learn the number and order
of his camp. Awdeley arrived incontinent after the Frenchmen had
given the overthrow to his men that passed over the water to rescue
his castle, and saw the bodies of those drowned in the flight pulled out
out of the water. He can relate the whole circumstance and describe
De Rieulx's camp and inclination (being apparently "far from the purpose
I should persuade him unto"). He is an honest man, meet for the
wars, and able to set men in order from 1,000 to 10,000 and upwards,
"hardly to be amended." Encloses De Rieulx's answer (to his letter
by Awdeley), who has scarcely touched the principal points; and is
unable to give battle, and scantily to defend his country, and has no
horsemen with him. Wrote that 4,000 men, with his company,
could give battle to Vandosme, but now thinks 6,000 too little;
for all his footmen are not worth 1,000 good men (Wallop would
rather have 2,000 Almains), and his best men are now killed, drowned
and taken, and he "greatly astouned with the said loss." He is recomforted
with his news from Divoix, where were killed Mons. de Guise's
eldest son, Mons. Damaile, and Mons. Disden, with 12 or 14 great personages
of France, and 1,500 footmen. "Monsr. Daumayle and Monsr.
Disdayne were ij of the gallierdes, and greatest personages in France,
the King's children and Monsr. Vandosme excepted."
Hears only from the French camp that they will tarry two days
yet, to overthrow the great dungeon and other towers at Tourneham
and likewise at Mountory, and then go to Bapayme.
Begs them to get Hubberdyn, the King's servant here under
Mr. Vaughan, made captain of one of the two new bulwarks in the
Marres, "who is a hardy man and a roister meet for such a bulwark"
Guisnes, 16 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1542.
633. Paul III. to Charles V.
The letter noticed under this date in the Spanish Calendar is
of the 26 Aug.
634. Mary Of Hungary to Chapuys.
Before answering his letters of the 2nd and 9th inst., informing
her of the representations made by the King to him and the French
ambassador, thinks it well to tell him what the Emperor has answered
to her letter on the closer alliance. Sends abstract of the Emperor's
letter dated 15 July. Thinks as he has openly declared his intention
on two most important points, Chapuys should set forward the negociations
at once without stopping at the new title given to the King, lest
he should resent it. If, however, he find that the Emperor ought to
give him the title he speaks of, he had better suspend the negociation
till he know what answer has been made in Spain to the bp. of Winchester's
(Westminster's?) mission. Delay would be awkward, for if
the negociation were suspended, the King would only be bound to help
the Emperor according to the treaty of Cambray. Has appointed the
bearer Franchois de Phallaix to go to England, and according to his instructions,
which he will show, go with Chapuys to ask aid of the King
pending the negociation of the treaty. Would have sent one of the
principal personages in these Low Countries, but that the enemy is attacking
on every side. The fall of Tournehem and La Montoire, which
Chapuys, in his letter of the 9th, feared might discourage the English,
has already taken place; but, as the French have destroyed those
fortresses instead of keeping them, the English will see that the loss
was unimportant. Tournehem could not stand a regular siege, and the
fortifications of La Montoire had not been completed. Orleans is still
before Yvoix, and the French say will continue the siege till he has
won the town. Warships from France and Denmark are on the coast
of Zealand and Holland. We are ill furnished to repel an attack. Pray
get the King to assist us promptly. Brussels, 17 Aug. 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
635. Paul III. to Francis I.
Although his mediation between Francis and the Emperor has
hitherto been vain, he is prompted by the danger of all Christendom
to continue his efforts for peace, and is sending two legates, the one of
them James, cardinal of St. Callixtus, to Francis. Rome, 17 Aug. 1542.
636. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Chobham, 15 Aug. Present : Southampton, Hertford,
Russell, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler. Business :—Letter written to the French ambassador for restitution
to John Tolouse, alderman of London, of goods taken at sea by
Meetings at Chobham 16, 17, and 18 July, with the same attendance,
but no business recorded.
[*** Next entry is 20 Aug.]
637. Wallop to the Council.
Yesterday sent two horsemen to St. Omez to learn what preparations
they made and what De Rieulx did, and, in passing the camp, to
hearken when they should dislodge. They sent word, by 10 a.m., that
they found the said camp dislodging. Two footmen who went thither,
feigning to buy victuals, reported the same, and that Mons. de
Vandosme and the horsemen waited upon the hill beside Tourneham
to see the great tower overthrown with powder, which was not so effective
as was expected, "ne also the like of divers things that they would
have done, as well there as at Mountorey." Some say Vandosme lodged
that night at Equerres, beside St. Omez and Turwan. Some think he
intends homeward, and to put his men in garrison, others that he will
first go into Bappayme. Thinks that, with his number, he will not besiege
any strong town. The Surveyor and Palmer, the captain, intending
to go to Arde, by Wallop's advice feigned their coming was for
safe conduct to the camp, and saw the town in going and coming, being
well intreated and supping with Mons. de Torsey. Palmer brought
commendations from Mons. de Vandosme and the Count de Bryan, which
latter said that, being that day in Bredenerd with 5 ensigns, he chased
an ensign of Burgundians, accompanied with a good number of peasants,
who took refuge upon the King's ground (apparently beside Bowtes),
and folded up their ensign and cast it down; whereupon he pursued
no further, because Vandosme had forbidden going upon the
King's ground. The Surveyor and Palmer intend to write
further what they learnt. If the Burgundians came so to take
succour on the King's ground the lord Deputy should know it; but an
espial has just reported that yesterday some Frenchmen in Bredenerd
attacked some Burgundians, who retired into a marsh beside Oderwike,
not being the King's, killing in their retreat some 30 of the Frenchmen,
who were afraid to follow them into the marsh, not because it was the
King's ground, but because another ensign of Burgundians was approaching.
If this be true it shows "how Frenchmen can excuse their own
faults and turn the same to their honor."
Yesterday the Bailly was also at the camp seeking knowledge, not
knowing of his brother and the Surveyor being there. Caused him to
write what he learnt there, and encloses it. Has heard nothing from
the Great Master since Awdely's departure. If the Frenchmen retire
he will have leisure to study how best to hurt them, "which he shall
hardly do without the King's Majesty's assistance; thinking thereby
the rather to hear from him." Guisnes, 18 Aug. Signed.
P.S.—Required Palmer, the captain, if Vandosme asked news, to say
Wallop heard that Damayle and Disdayne were killed at the assault
of a town in Luxemburgh. He confessed Daumale to have been hurt.
Apparently "the Frenchmen have had great loss there."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. The Bailiff of Guisnes' report.
At my arrival at the camp of Mons. de Vandomes beside Oske, at
7 o'clock this morning, I found the footmen on the march, about 4,500,
who went to lodge this night at Equerres. Mons. de Vandome went
to Tornaham with most of the horsemen, some 1,500, and abode there
from 8 in the morning until 5 at night. Fire was given to the mines,
but took so ill effect that the dungeon and other places remained whole.
Mons. de Vandome then departed, leaving order for its overthrow.
Mountorye was overthrown the same day. An acquaintance showed me
that Longavall should repair with his men, those that were before Andewarpe,
to Mons. de Vandomes, but was now appointed to go to Mons. de
Orlyaunce, who had lost some men "at sault of Yvoy in Lewsenghborughe;"
also that 6,000 Bretons and 2,000 lanceknights, who were
coming, are caused to retire, and Vandome goes homeward by Bapame
for this season, for his commission extended no further than for Tornaham
and Mountory. Signed by Henry Palmere, and headed by him :
Thursday, 17 Aug.
32,647, f. 27.
638. Sir Wm. Eure to the Council.
On the 15th inst. received a letter from the Council of Scotland,
dated Edinburgh, the 13th, which he took to be an excuse to learn affairs
here, and therefore wrote to them again by Harry Raye, pursuivant, who
returned this 19 Aug., at 3 p.m., with the letter enclosed. On his way
to Edinburgh he met, beyond Haddington, on the 16th, lord Seton and
the lairds of Lowdean, south of Edinburgh, assembled, as they said, for
defence of their realm; but Raye heard that they would invade England,
and that the west of Lowdean and Lauderdale was coming to join Teviotdale.
Huntley is lieutenant, because Murray is sick. The earl of
Argyle, with the North Isles and the Irish, is ready at an hour's warning.
One Scrymeshen, master of works, comes to Coldingham with
300 men, and one Charles Murray to Dunse and Cockburne. In Edinburgh
Raye was commanded to keep his inn, accompanied by a serjeant
at arms, and escorted back to the Borders by a pursuivant. The Scots
on the 18th inst. burned Carham tower and waste houses in Cornell. John
Carr, captain of Wark, had, the morning before, burnt waste houses in
Teviotdale, called Ryden and Halden. There are 1,000 workmen in
Berwick, and 200 men come with Angus and Sir George Douglas, which
is far more than the garrison. Desires, if war arise, that he may, like
previous captains, have 300 men of his own to strengthen the garrison.
Mr. Clifford had his nephew here with 300 men in the last wars; and
the writer's indenture is for 250 to be taken in if he see need, and 250
more, if siege be laid to the town or castle. Here is only one windmill
for grinding wheat, and a watermill without St. Mary gate, which may
have the water drawn from her, so that provision of barrel flour or more
mills is needed. Angus is an honorable man, and Douglas a worshipful
one, but they are Scotsmen born, and if the King of Scots died would
return to Scotland, and they shall by their remaining here know the
privity of Berwick as well as I, the captain. There is such strait punishment
in Scotland for intercommuning with Englishmen, that it is hard
to get espials for money. Berwick, 19 Aug., 6 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
639. Wallop to the Council.
His two servants who were sent, as he wrote yesterday, to St.
Omez, report that the French camp lay yesterday at Fuxemberge, 6
English miles thence, intending to disperse into garrisons. The same
night their camp brake up, Mons. de Rieulx came to St. Omez with 800
tall men, newly come to him, whom he left in garrison, and yesterday
departed with 800 horse. The bruit is that he is gone to meet the
prince of Orrenge, who comes towards him with 5,000 or 6,000 horse
and 16,000 foot, and that "the Dolphyn should have an evil rencountre
by the Spaniards beside Bayon."
By Mr. Wingfeld was yesterday advertised that the Frenchmen have
cut, in their marsh beside Ardre adjoining Bredenerd, three or four
great trenches which will draw away the water coming to Calais, so that
the boats that were wont to come from St. Omez with victual will be this
day unable to pass, and the whole country and the brewers at Calais
incommoded. Would have written to Mons. de Torsey to know what he
meant thereby, but desires first to know the King's pleasure. My lord
Deputy will have written further of it. As fast as they draw away the
water on that side much faster can we draw it of their plashe on this
side "to their great discommodity." Guisnes, 19 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
640. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 20 Aug. Present : Canterbury,
Southampton, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letter sent to Sir John Baldwyn,
C. J. of Common Pleas, that his letters enclosing depositions are
received, but the matter seems not of such weight that he need trouble
further therein. Letter sent to Norfolk for speedy conveyance to Berwick
of 500 qr. wheat, 500 qr. rye, and 1,000 qr. barley, signifying that,
in consideration of his business, he might be absent from Court. Letter
sent, upon advertisements from the North, for Norfolk to repair next
day to Court.
641. [Wriothesley] to Lord Cobham.
Has received his letter by the bearer with that sent to Mr.
Waller, for which Cobham will receive another better ordered than the
last. But I cannot diminish "his" number except on his own certificate.
He must therefore write to the whole Council what he can furnish,
"and I shall help that he shall be discharged of the rest." Mr. Vane
is now discharged of this journey, "so as those men may be at your
commandment. I think he would not have meddled with them if he had
considered before your office and authority over them;" but as the thing
is now past I would not that it should breed unkindness between you.
Hampton Court, 20 Aug., at night. (Unsigned.)
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Add. : To, &c., my lord Cobham.
32,647, f. 30.
642. James V. to Henry VIII.
Received on 18 Aug. his writings, dated Windsor, 8 Aug., answering
the writings and credence sent with James Leirmonth of Darsy, one
of James's masters of household, who has also written at length the
answer given to him. Accordingly, to dress the difference betwix them,
is sending the ambassadors named in letters of supplication for their
safe conduct; and, meanwhile, asks credence for Leirmonth. Halirudhous
palace, 20 Aug. 29 James V. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
18 B. VI., 141.
2. Contemporary copy of the preceding in a letter book.
3. "Ane mynutt of ane supplication for ane safconduct to ye ambassatours."
We direct towards you Robt. bp. of Orknay, John lord Erskin,
James Leirmonth of Darsy, one of our masters of household, Master
James Fowllis of Colintoun, clerk of our register, and Master Thomas
Bellenden, director of our chancellary; praying you, dearest Uncle, to
grant letters of safe conduct for any four, three, or two of them.
Copy in a letter book, p. 1.
18 B. VI., 141b.
643. James V. to [James Leirmonth].
He shall receive from bearer James's answer to the writings he
lately sent from the King of England, to be delivered to the said King,
together with a copy of the same and a credence written by James's
Council. Haste the bearer again with the safe conduct for the ambassadors.
Marvels at his writing that the King and Council will not
take heed that these breaks began by the English. It is notorious that
they rode twice into Scotland before the Scots invaded them, as James's
Council wrote. Likewise the English officers were the first refusers of
justice, as the ambassadors will show. Edinburgh, 20 Aug. 29 James V.
Copy, p. 1. Begins : Weilbelovit, we grete zou hertlie wele.
18 B. VI., 141b.
644. [Council Of Scotland to James Leirmonth.]
Received his writing by bearer, and saw the King of England's
writing to their sovereign, brought by him. Their master rests ever
of good mind to keep the peace with his uncle, who seems to have undeservedly
conceived suspicion of him. Wrote his instructions at his
departing, and since then the attemptates done before the departing of
Bute pursuivant, who they believe is now there with him. Since then,
notwithstanding any charge sent by the King of England for abstinence,
the English have ridden, burnt, harried and slain continually in Scotland,
especially Quhitsum, Fyshewyke, Pakstoun, Fowlden, Haymouth,
Hupsetlingtoun, and other towns in the Merse, and there is like to be
great trouble unless the Princes find hasty remedy. Their master is
content to send ambassadors fully instructed to conclude, and writes
the answer to the King of England's letters and a supplication for safe
conduct (copies enclosed), "quhilk saufconduct ze sall gar speid and send
with yis berare with diligence." Because their sovereign understands that
there is great "garnising" coming to the Borders of England, and kens
not whether they are to invade his realm, "his Grace hes gert sende ma
wageours to his bordoures nor we wrait to zou wes send afore to Kelso,
for defence alanerlie. And quhair James Doig, solistit be ye counsale
of ewill men, had his fute baunde lay in Kelso to ye byrning of Carame
and Cornewell, (fn. 12) by ye command gevin him he is brokin and send
for to be punist; "and the earl of Huntlie made lieutenant on the
Borders, and sent there this day with command to cause the wardens
to write to the wardens of England to stop all invasion, and to appoint
days of meeting, and make and take redress. Their sovereign will subtract
his footmen and garrison from the Borders if the King of England
will do the like and abstract his. He must desire the King of England
to send sharp command to his wardens to condescend to the abstinence.
Assure him, on their honors, that their master desires peace, and could
do no less than supply his Border unless he would have suffered his
lieges to be burnt, harried and destroyed. There may still be peace,
for the damage done is amongst the Borderers, who have always been
evil given towards the peace.
Copy, pp. 3.
645. Jehan De Torsy to Wallop.
Last night (ars-soir) the gentleman who brought your letters
saw arrive here certain compagnons of Boucqhault, who said that 11 or
12 English horsemen came to them and demanded drink. They brought
them 14 or 15 pots of beer, and after they had drunk, they were going
to pay, when some compagnons came up, three of whom wore the St.
Andrew's Cross, and they had words, so that an Englishman, who is
here, struck one of the compaynons with a pike like a halbert, and he
seems to be mortally wounded. "Je retins votre homme qui la blesse
pource qu'il estoit tart. Je le vous renvoye. Depuis il passa, quelques
gensdarmes des miens qui venoient de Boullongne vyrent descendre trois
compagnons du bois qui venoient aux carrieres dequoy il y en avoient
deux qui portoient escharpres la croix Sainct Andre et l'aultre portoit
une robe bigarree a quy il ne vit point de croix." While your man was
with me a compagnon of this country spoke to him in English, which
I do not understand. Your man said he used injurious words, and
so I at once sent him to prison, where he shall remain until I hear
from you. An Englishman who makes his abode often at Andre
with half a dozen Burgundians, is the cause of all these broils.
He was within Tournehan, and goes secretly through the villages.
Three days ago they carried off, as prisoners, two labourers of the
King's country. I think they have not done well either on your
[side] or ours. I would like to ask you to take and punish them or
licence me to take them. I have ordered in this town that none depart
without leave of his captain.
Last night came news that Yvoie is taken by Mons. d'Orleans, in
which were 100 men of arms, 2,000 lanceknights, and 1,000 footmen
of the country. They sold their capture well, and many gentlemen of
Mons. d'Orleans's household and others were slain in the assault. Ardres,
Sunday morning, 20 Aug. Signed.
French, pp. 2. Add.