646. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 21 Aug. Present : Southampton,
Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to Rutland to accept Hugh
Whalter into the King's service on the Borders; to Sir Chr. Morres to
ship 1,000 bows, 2,000 sheaf of arrows to Calais, and other artillery,
shot and powder for Guisnes and the bulwarks in the Maresses; to the
mayor and aldermen of Bristol to stay sale of fish in a French ship
stayed there; to the Surveyor of Calais to view certain trenches the
French had made nigh Arde.
32,647, f. 31.
647. The Privy Council to Sir Thos. Wharton.
The King has received his sundry letters (the last dated 17th
inst., about the king of Scots setting forth to Pebilles), and thanks him
for his vigilance. If the king of Scots or his lieutenant enter the realm
with any great force, Wharton shall not hazard his people, but furnish
Carlisle, besides a sufficient number to guard the town, with 3,000 good
men to issue out and cut off the Scots from their victuals, and keep them
waking at nights; keeping the earl of Rutland, lord Warden of the
Marches, whose orders he shall follow, informed of his doings. He shall
call the gentlemen and other good subjects, who have served him in his
charge, and thank them on the King's behalf. His device for certain
of the country to remain assembled in places convenient is good, but
this is no time to constrain men; he is therefore to win them to it by
good means, or else defer it to a more propitious time. Hampton Court,
21 Aug. Signed by Southampton, Hertford, Russell, Tunstall, Gardiner,
Browne, and Wyngfeld.
Corrected draft, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Wharton xxijo Aug.
VI. II., No. 52.
648. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
The man he sent to the Privy Council to inquire for news (as
mentioned in his last), reported that they had news of the surrender of
Tourneham and La Montoire castles; at which they were much grieved,
and had sent orders to the governor of Guisnes to communicate with
Du Rœulx. They have sent Chapuys word of some insurrection in
Bretagne, whether for taxes or because they wish the duke of Orleans
for their lord. Believes that Chancellor Poyet's imprisonment has
something to do with it, the Bretons fearing annexation to the Crown of
France. The Chancellor has been taken to the tower of Borgez (Bourg en
Bresse?) and on the way wrote two letters, copy enclosed. (fn. 1) Even the
French ambassador here knows not the cause of his disgrace. He went
yesterday to Antompton (Hampton Court?), but did not remain long.
Has not yet been able to ascertain what made him go, and will have
fewer opportunities of knowing what he is about in future, now his man
Soldiers are continually recruited and equipped for war, which does not
sound well in French ears; the French merchants are fast leaving the
country and selling their goods. The Scottish ambassador is still in
London, but has been recalled in haste—apparently because the Irish,
who are now under the rule of this King, have just made a raid on the
Scots, with whom Henry is at present very angry, knowing that what
they lately did was at the instigation of the French. The bp. of Westminster
arrived at Vervier (Bermeo?) on the 19 July, and George on
the 23d. There is no talk yet in Biscay of war. Letters from Lyons
of the 10th say that Alba was encamped near Saulces (Salces) and
Perpignan with 5,000 or 6,000 men, and that considerable levies were
being made in Spain. London, 21 Aug. 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
649. Wallop to the Council.
Yesterday received their two letters of the 16th, "one mentioning
order to be taken with the lord Graye concerning my lord of Oxford's
100 men, with the return of their captain and petty captain unto them
again," and the other to advertise whether the Clevoyez have joined
Mons. Dorleance, &c. Since those letters were written, has despatched
at least four letters to them, and sent Awdely to the King with a letter
to them, and one from the Great Master to Wallop, mentioning assaults
on Yvoire and death of Mons. de Guise's eldest son and Mons. Disdayne,
&c. Yesterday received a letter (enclosed) from Mons. de Torsey,
captain of Ardre, in answer to Wallop's about disorder between his
footmen and some of the Pale, the day before. He says Orleans has
gotten Yvoire by assault, &c. (as in the letter, No. 645), but makes
no mention of De Guise's son or Mons. Disdayne. The gentleman that
brought the letter said the Clevoyes had not joined Orleans; and indeed
Wallop thinks they could not pass through the country without meeting
the prince of Orrenge and Count de Bure, hearing that the Regent
assembled 25,000 footmen for that purpose, of whom 12,000 were lanceknights,
besides horsemen, as he has before written; howbeit a bruit
has run here this six or seven days that they had joined, which Wallop
could not believe, and therefore did not write. Is not sure where the
prince of Orrenge and Mons. de Bure now are, but heard that the
Prince should join the Great Master, as he has written. Trusts to know
all by to-morrow night.
The French camp lies between Hesding and St. Pol, the 300 hacbuttiers
having returned to Arde, and the footmen of Bullonoiez returning
home, so that all will be broken up by the end of this month,
"being paid to no longer day." They begin now to fear Mons. de
Rieulx, and confess that a great number of men are coming to him.
What with their glory and the hot weather, with much drinking, two
Frenchmen challenged two of Wallop's men to "fight in camp;" which
was gladly accepted, and one of the French demanded the camp before
Wallop, who was content, and sent a gentleman with a letter to Mons.
de Torsey. When the "said French" was brought before Mons. de
Torsey, he utterly refused his sayings, "like a very Frenchmen and a
drunkard;" and while De Torsey communed with him, another Frenchman
challenged Wallop's man, saying in English, "you Englishmen be
all naughtz; wishing that they two might try it, with many brave
words." This being declared to Mons. de Torsey, he was in great choler,
and sent his man to prison, writing to Wallop that he "should there
remain until he had news from me, although it should a (sic) whole
year." Has thanked him, and desired that the man may be liberated
if he will execute his challenge; and, if not, kept in prison until Wallop
sends for his deliverance, which shall not be till next summer, to prove
whether De Torsey is a man of his word, who says to every man, "Je
suis homme de ma parole."
As to my lord of Oxford's captain and petty captain, reckons this day
to speak with lord Gray. Guisnes, 21 Aug. Signed,
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,647, f. 33.
650. Henry VIII. to the Earl Of Rutland and his Council.
Encloses letters from Sir Thos. Wharton, showing that the king
of Scots approaches his forces to the Borders as if he minded some
sudden exploit. Thinks it meet therefore to send instructions as follows :
1. To be vigilant. 2. If the Scots enter with a main army, with field
ordnance, Rutland must furnish and victual Norham, Wark, Alnwick,
and such holds as may be kept, store victuals in Berwick and Carlisle,
and repair to Berwick to cut off the Scots from their victuals, and keep
them waking with nightly alarms, which will require 3,000 over and
above a sufficient number to guard the town. Has written to Wharton
to provide in like manner for Carlisle, and be ready to aid him. 3.
Some skilful workman of Berwick must go immediately with Robt.
Roke to Holy Elande, to make two bulwarks of earth, one to
beat the road the other to defend the Elande, Roke to command
until a captain is sent. A piece of ordnance to beat the road
and some small iron pieces must be sent from Berwick. The Dean and
Chapter of Durham are written to to cause the inhabitants of the Island
to assist. 4. Wark must be furnished with ordnance and gunners from
Berwick. The President and Council at York are written to to have
the country under them ready at an hour's warning; whose coming forward,
with Rutland's quick stirring behind, will doubtless cause the
Scots to retire with loss. Posts are laid to convey news. If the Scots
enter some men should be sent into unguarded places in Scotland to burn
and destroy all they can.
Draft with corrections in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 12. Endd. : Minute
to th'earl of Rutland and the Privy Council there, xxijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
32,647, f. 40.
651. Henry VIII. to the President and Council In The North.
Letters from Sir Thomas Wharton show that the Scots seem to
intend no small enterprises upon the Borders. Commands them to put
all subjects in those parts in readiness at an hour's warning, and, if so
required by letters from the earl of Rutland, march with them towards
the Borders, where they hear the Scots to be most busy, keeping, however,
out of danger of them until further instructed.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to the President
and Council in the North, xxijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
652. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 22 Aug. No attendance or business
Meeting at Hampton Court, 23 Aug. Present : Southampton, Hertford,
Russell, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler. Business :—Letter sent to Sir Chr. Morres to get ready for
shipment to Berwick 1,500 bows, 300 hagbuttes, 1,000 sheaff of arrows,
3,000 bills, 23 "basses for the felde," ½ last of corn powder, and 1 last
of serpentine powder.
32,647, f. 42.
653. Henry VIII. to James V.
Regrets and marvels to "understand of" the great attemptates
(and entry of James's wardens) done daily, contrary to the amity, which
his credence sent by Mr. James Leyrmonth professed; but imputes this
dissimulation to evil counsellors, as appears by letters from some of
them, which have come by chance to his hands, declaring their rejoices
at this business. Wherefore if he minds to continue the amity, it were
convenient that he caused his subjects and counsellors better to follow
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to the king of Scots, xxiijo
Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
654. Marillac to Francis I.
Received by an English courier the despatch of the 10th, and
immediately asked audience of the King. At the day assigned, at
Hampton Court, the King said nothing worth writing, save that in
reading Francis's letters (at the place where he mentions that if the
Emperor will make reparation he will accept any means of accord) this
King said, smiling, that the Emperor's affairs were not such that he
was reduced to seek an appointment; making a long discourse on the
difficulties of the enterprise of the county of Roussillon and the great
number of men in Perpignen, and adding that, as for Luxembourg, he
was freshly informed that Orleans had been twice repulsed from Ivoy,
and had there lost 10 or 12 of the chief lords of his company, and was
likely to raise the siege, considering the strength of the place and that
there was no hope of Longueval's band joining him, which was enclosed
at the passage of the Ardaynes and hard pressed. This news Marillac
has since learnt to be false, and that Longueval, after damaging all
Brabant, without meeting with resistance, had joined Orleans, as certified
both by Du Bies and by letters which several Genevoys, who are
great Imperialists, have received from Antwerp. It is indeed mentioned
that the Queen of Hungary, as a pretext for drawing 300,000 fl. from
the town of Antwerp, pretended that she would send new reinforcements
of men to fight the Clevoys (whom she kept so closely besieged), and
she hoped that that band, which was already in want of food, would be
easily broken and defeated; and this information, probably, caused the
King to speak as above. In the end, this King complained of bad treatment
of his subjects at sea by Normans equipped for war; which is
only a pretext for damaging them with his ships. They have begun
badly, and Marillac perceives from the language used here, that they
mean to treat all the French ships of war which they can capture as
pirates. Writes this more amply to the Admiral, as concerning his
charge and as requested by the English, who are so indignant against
French subjects that, if these scatter and do not keep in troops, the
English will enfeeble Francis's sea forces, for they spare no armed ship
that they can catch. They keep most of their ships upon the way to
Scotland to prevent Francis sending succours thither, and already they
have taken the ship which had brought the Cardinal of St. Andrew's
on pretext of having attacked one of this King's great ships, which is
as likely as if a brigantine should board a galley to take her.
From the language held to Marillac by the Council, and the order
given to every man to be ready, there is great appearance that a great
effort is intended on the side of Scotland; for besides that the earl of
Rotelan is already gone towards Barvich with 5,000 or 6,000 men, Norfolk
has soon after followed him with the intention of leading thither
a greater force, so that it is said 18,000 men are drawing to that frontier.
The lords of the Council did not refrain from saying that they had
cause to prepare since the Scots speak much evil of them, for which
they are determined to have reparation; adding that, without the
counsel and aid of France, the Scots execute nothing, nor are able to
resist them, so that they guess that Francis is in accord with the Scots.
As they have determined on war against the Scots it must lead
to war against Francis, who is not one to desert his ancient allies.
As to preparations towards this end, can add nothing to what he
has before written, save that all England is in arms. To-day are
the musters of the men raised by the lord of Chesné in Caint,
and the King's command has been published that until the 13th
of next month all those of his Household should hold themselves
ready to make musters wherever commanded, and moreover that, within
that term, all the inhabitants of the country should furnish, by twos
or threes or more, an army of footmen. The governors of countries have
already made choice of those whom they will arm in the English fashion,
which is to furnish the arms to a certain number while the King [furnishes]
the pay. The bruit continues that Chesné passes to Guynes
and the Privy Seal or Suffolk to Calais. Already have passed thither
500 or 600 light horse and 1,300 or 1,500 men. Little is said of the
journey which the Grand Esquire was to make to the French Court,
and Marillac thinks that the English will reserve such a commission
until they are quite ready. It remains to write of their great indignation
at Vendosme's demolishing of the forts around Ardres and Therouennes,
particularly of Montoire, which Marillac hears was fortified at their
expense, as they thought to use it to the prejudice of Ardres. Great
and little speak of it in such a way that the Burgundians themselves
could not show more grief; and French subjects could not be more
rigorously treated than they are without having open war. The ambassador
of Scotland yesterday promised to dine with Marillac; but he
heard that a herald of the King, his master, who was with him had been
arrested in the Court, and therefore went thither this morning, not being
himself out of the same danger.
French. Headed : [London,] 23 Aug. Marked as sent by Maître
655. Marillac to the Admiral Of France.
Is requested by this King and his ministers to write to the
Admiral certain complaints which they have made in place of remedying
the much more just complaints which Marillac made to them. The
Admiral has already heard how they will not permit French ships of
war to remain in their harbours and roadsteads, meaning to guarantee
Flemings when they have freighted them, saying that the disagreement
we have with them is no reason why they should not make use of the
ships of their friends. They have since added, with as little show of
reason, another proposal, viz., that it would be well to withdraw
the French armed ships not paid by Francis, as they must live either
upon their friends or upon their enemies, with the result that English
subjects are vexed; of which they give particulars. To this Marillac
partly replied and partly waited further information. They say that an
English ship, because partly laden by Spaniards, was taken and carried
to Fecan; which is true, but, as most of the merchandise was good
prize, the ship was taken [thither] because her captor was not capable
of carrying her prize. They say also that two or three other English
vessels have been chased; that Frenchmen have robbed some poor
English fishermen, and, upon pretext of seeing charter parties, so
as to find goods of enemies, the Dieppois and Normans steal money,
&c., as is stated to have been done by a ship of Dyeppe supposed
to be that which took the Cardinal of St. Andrew's into
Scotland; but this is probably a calumny, like other informations
which Marillac has proved false by the confession of the complainants
themselves. The English pretend that all French ships of war which
they can catch are pirates, for they are so indignant that they think
to do God service if they can oppress a Frenchman. In fact, their ill
treatment of them is notorious, for, besides the ancient "villenyes et
injures," they publicly call the French king Turk, and jostle and beat
his subjects wherever they find them alone. When Marillac's couriers
are at Dover they must listen while the Flemings tell them that they
are waiting to take them (the couriers) as soon as they embark, and
if this is resented (si l'on faict semblant de s'en plaindre) everyone
present turns false accuser against them. Only yesterday were brought
prisoners five poor mariners, apparently of the aforesaid ship of Dieppe,
which was taken on pretext of attacking the King's ships, which is
neither true nor likely. As a crowd assembled to see them, and the
prisoners asked if there was no Frenchmen who knew where Marillac
was, one merchant dared to say only that Marillac was gone to Court,
whereupon arose so great a tumult that they began to strike and take
prisoners as traitors all the Frenchmen, and put eight of them in prison,
who are there still in irons, without knowing why, unless it were that
they chanced to be at the place. It would be too long to add other
examples as hard to hear as miserable to see. The indignation is so
great and increasing daily, that in the end this boil must burst; but
as Marillac has been requested to write to the Admiral to forbid excesses
he begs the Admiral to certify the English ambassador that he has done
his duty in it; and, at the same time, say that it is unreasonable to exclude
from their ports, or take for pirates French ships of war because
they are not paid by Francis; and if, when taken, they produce a
licence to sail from the Admiral's deputies, they should not be treated
as pirates, as fifteen prisoners at Dover have been, and others who
have been taken since; at all events, if they have permission to sail
Marillac should be called to the process against them, so that they may
have some one to show their innocence, otherwise the English would
show themselves as suspect judges as their people are most often false
accusers. It is not neutrality to permit the Flemings to be at Dover
watching all the passages, and command the French to leave it within
24 hours as soon as they arrive; and, as for their not wishing Frenchmen
to sojourn in their roads and ports, he who reads the extract which
Marillac sent in his last will know if by right that can be prevented.
Considering the gentleness and good justice used towards them in France
they should not treat Frenchmen with this extreme rigor. Begs the
Admiral to write to those under him to warn ships of war leaving port
to keep together, being assured that if found by this King's ships, they
will be ill treated if they are the weaker party.
Since writing this, has heard that another ship armed for war has
been taken about Anthonne (which was there by stress of weather and
not accused of wrong doing), and the crew made prisoners.
French. Headed : [London,] 23 Aug.
742, f. 4.
656. Marillac to Mons. De L'aubespine.
Your last despatch since your return to Court was much better
than I had long been expecting, and I am glad our negociation has
given satisfaction to the Master. I am sorry I cannot give you equally
good news in return, for what there is to report from hence is not much
for our good, as I suppose you will learn from others. I pray God preserve
us from anything worse—at least that He will keep it for another
season. "Aufort, si je ne puys asseurer que le papegaue soit pour le
tems en sa cage, tant y a que jese (je scay) bien que se sera merveille
si ses papillons ne prenent le vol aultre part," for it seems by the movement
of their wings they are determined to see what their nearest neighbours
do. For the rest, if I had thought news could not have been
received otherwise than through me of "la bende de Mons. de Longueval,"
I would have mentioned it in all my despatches. Now my news from
the quarter where he is will be superfluous, for I hear he is joined
with M. d'Orleans, though it was said his troop was broken, as other
disagreeable news is spread now about the siege of Yvoy, where they
say Domale is killed or mortally wounded, and that our men have been
twice repulsed. But these news have come from the English ambassador.
London, 23 Aug.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add,
657. The Bishop Of Arras to Bonner.
See No. 669 (2 iii.).
658. Bonner to Thirlby.
See No. 669 (2 ii.).
659. War Against Scotland.
See Grants In August, No. 19.
660. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 24 Aug. Present : Norfolk,
Southampton, Hertford, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to the lord Chancellor to
send out commissions for musters throughout the realm; also to Sir Ant.
Kingston to cease mustering men within the Forest of Deane. Letter
directed to Gennyns, vice-admiral of the ships now on the sea, for the
ordering of men of war who seem to be robbers on the sea, or to have
been busy within the King's streams, or to hover before the coast.
32,647, f. 44.
661. The Privy Council to the Lord Chancellor.
The King has determined to send the duke of Norfolk with a
main force against the Scots, and has appointed him to levy and take
with him the whole powers of Yorkshire, the bpric. of Durham, Cumberland,
Westmoreland and Kendall, Northumberland, Lancashire, Cheshire,
Notts., Derbyshire, Staff., Norf., Suff., with the tenants of the late earl
of Northumberland, and of the late Queen in Norfolk and Suffolk. He
shall cause a commission of lieutenancy to be made, out of hand, giving
power to levy people in the places aforesaid, and not only defend the
realm against the Scots but invade Scotland. The commission must be
written by some very honest man, sworn to secrecy, and sent hither with
a warrant to be signed for the sealing of it.
Draft, pp. 5. Endd. : Minute to my L. Cha., xxiiijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo
32,647, f. 48.
662. Sir Wm. Eure to the Council.
At their last meeting, Sir Robert Bowis asked him, with Angus
and Sir George Lawson, (fn. 2) to aid him in a journey into Scotland, at time
and place by his appointment, without enquiring more of his scheme;
promising like aid if Angus or Eure would make any journey. Whereupon
he wrote two letters, one to Eure and the other to Angus, Douglas
and Eure (copies enclosed), and they accomplished his request. As far
as yet known, he and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff put forth their forays into
Scotland, burnt certain towns and recoiled homeward; when the Scots
prickers, with "showttinge" and crying, pursued and overthrew them.
Bowes and his brother Richard, Sir John Witherington, marshal of this
town, John Carr, captain of Wark, John Tempaste, and John Herron of
Chipchace, are taken, with others of the garrison and countrymen to a
great number, and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliffe also. George Bowes, nephew to
Sir Robert, and the captain of Norham, who were there, say that Riddisdaile
with Sir Cuthbert Ratcliffe's company were the first to fly, "and my
lord of Angus lighted like a noble man, with the said Sir Robert and
the other gentlemen that is taken, and gat away with great debate of
himself, and the rest of his company did naught." Berwick, 24 Aug.,
7 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,647, f. 98.
No. 146 (1).
663. George Bowes and Brian Layton to Rutland.
Describe the raid into Teviotdale lately devised by Sir Robt.
Bowes, Angus, Sir C. Ratcliff, lord Ogle, Sir G. Douglas, John Heron
and others, which burnt Maxewell Heugh, Hetone of the Hill, Syndelais
and Grymesley. When the foray returned to the bushment, closely
followed by 2,000 Scots, the men of John Heron (all of Ryddisdaill),
Angus and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff (Alnwick lordship) took the gate and
fled; and so caused all men to flee save Sir Robert Bowes and his brother
and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff, with about 30 household servants, who slew
divers Scots. Sir Robt. Bowes, Ric. Bowes, Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff, Sir
John Wetheringtone, John Heron, John Tempest, John Car of Wark,
and 400 or 500 others are prisoners. The writers escaped by speed of
horse. Beg him to advertise the King with diligence, for this country
has "found such a guise in fleeing" that they will not defend themselves.
Norham castle, 24 Aug. Signed.
Found here his letter to Sir Robert Bowes, which they were bold to
open but cannot answer. Beg some more aid of men for Norhamshire.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., III. 404.
664. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Have received his letters by the earl of Desmond, dated Hampton
Court, 5 July last. Will advertise how O'Neil behaves, but meanwhile
beg that his pardon may be sent, for which he has long expected.
Enclose bills for the creation of Sir Thos. Butteler as baron of Cahir,
and for the pardon of James Garnon, which the King has granted at
their suit. Thank him for his clemency to the Abp. of Dublin and
noble entertainment of Desmond. For the reformation of Laynster and
assistance of Desmond they will do their best, but explain that the lack
of monthly payment of the soldiers and repair of castles is a great hindrance.
Send the clerk of the Ordnance to solicit munitions of war. Of
the acts transcribed hither, all that touch the King's honor or profit
were passed except (1) the bill for dividing Mith and erecting the
Annayly into a shire; which they of Mith opposed but which, they
expect, will pass next session. (2) The bill for the continent living of
priests, which would be executed only against those under the law who
are already of far more honest living than the rest. Next session a
reasonable act shall be penned; for this, as penned after the Act of
England, is not beneficial. (3) The bill for repealing an act of last
session authorising leases that were passed by the Commissioners' warrant.
Explain that this bill was not certified hence, as required by
Poyninges Act, that the leases were for the King's profit, and that the
statement in the bill that sundry persons have more leases than convenient
is misleading, as there are not past one or two such persons,
and they have done the King long service, as the Vice-treasurer, who
has no other living than his stipend and the profit of such farms, and
has never sued for reward, "as others have done, and obtained the same.
Wrote that Travers had gone to the aid of McGuylyn against a proud
Irishman named Ocathan. Travers has returned, having taken Ocathan's
castle on the Ban, which was an obstacle to the fishing there, and killed
more than a hundred Scots of the Out Isles for certain traitorous deeds
by them committed. Beg the King to remember Travers's service, who
had with him John Brereton, son to Sir Wm. Brereton, captain of 150
foot archers, who "is a grave, active young gentleman and a good conductor
of his men," and has done good service here. Dublin, 24 Aug.
34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Edw. bp.
of Meath, Aylmer, Brabazon, Travers, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice
Houth, and Basnet.
P.S. in Alen's hand.—Oneyle repaired to them, saying that if he had
money he would go to the King. As this good inclination is beyond
all expectation, will do their best to furnish him, although sterling
money is scant to be had here. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne
Pp. 7. Add. Endd.
665. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to the Council.
Have answered the King's letters of 5 July, as, doubtless, their
"lordships" will see. Thank them for their noble entertainment of
Desmond. If Irishmen's promises are to be trusted, Obryen, Oneyle,
and others will repair shortly to the King. Will endeavour themselves
for the reformation of Laynster, but are hindered by lack of money
to pay the retinue, who are fain to sparple abroad where they can get
credit. If the King would use the half of what he has often exhausted
"upon journeys commenced in other foreign countries" in paying the
retinue monthly but for one year, "his Highness should then see what
service should be done." Explain that it is scarcely possible to bring
Laynster to obey the laws immediately, but that if there were no lack
of money they would leave few inhabitants there that would oppose the
King's laws. Remind them of the necessity of repairing castles, the cost
of which must come out of the revenue here. Beg them to further
the sending of artillery, and to certify what has been sent from time
to time since Skeffington was deputy, that they may bring the receivers
to account. Have sent the bill for James Garnon's pardon, and beg
them to further its signature. Dublin, 24 Aug. 34 Hen. VIII.
Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer,
Brabazon, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, Castell, and Basnet.
Pp. 3. Endd. : The Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Council.
666. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
The Queen Regent has ordered him to deliver an English prisoner
at Nieuport, who is put into the hands of the Sieur de Vendeville,
captain of Gravelinghues, to be delivered on payment of his expenses.
As to Wallop's desire to hear about the enemies and the Clevois; the
latter were, two days ago, about Mazieres, intending to join Mons. de
Vendosme to besiege Bappalmes, which can defend itself. This night
arrived near Douay 4,000 good footmen, High Germans. Had he had
them 20 days ago, he would have asked no help against Mons. de
Vendosme. "Cest grand peine d'estre avecq peuple non aguerry." Before
the war ends hopes to take from the enemies four times as much as
they have taken. Does not write back to the Imperial ambassador,
because he hopes the news will reach him otherwise, and he has no
leisure. It is true that Ivois is surrendered to the French, but it was not
taken by assault, and could have held out longer. Arras, 24 Aug. '42.
French, p. 1. Add. : Captain of Guisnes.
667. Cardinal Tournon to Marillac.
Yesterday received his letter to the King of the 16th, and, being
charged to view all letters passing to the King, had it deciphered, and
learnt all the news he sent, which is the greatest service he can do at
present. Forwarded the letter, and thinks that if Mr. Bron comes the
King will not forget to do as Marillac writes. Seeing, by his letter to
Mons. de Sassy, that he is doubtful whether all his letters, since
L'Aubespine's return, have been received, certifies that they have, and
the reason why he has not sooner had answer to the despatch which
L'Aubespine brought was that, at L'Aubespine's return, the King, then
in Burgundy, wished first to speak with the English ambassador who had
come before to this town. Which he did as soon as he arrived here,
and by this time Marillac will have received the despatch.
Perpignan is now so enveloped, and Marshal d'Annebault holds it
besieged with such a force that I hope soon to send you as good news
of it as you have had of Yvoy.
French. Headed : Saint Just sur Lyon, 24 Aug.
St. P., IX. 133.
668. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
In his last, of 29 July, from Francfort, wrote that Saxony and
Hesse, in the name of the Confederates, had gone to repel Duke Henry
of Brunswick's attack on Goslar, also one of the Protestants. At the
Diet of Ratisbon the Emperor enjoined peace upon all subjects; and the
people of Goslar, mistrusting Duke Henry, and because there was a
ban of the [Imperial] Chamber against them, got themselves specially
mentioned by name. Nevertheless, Duke Henry robbed and killed their
people and they appealed for help to the confederates. It is now a
month since the war began, and, contrary to expectation, all Duke
Henry's country has fallen into the hands of the Protestants, including
Wolffenbutel, which was thought impregnable, and in which Duke
Henry had placed his two sons with 50 nobles and 400 soldiers. Duke
Henry is at Nurnberg with King Ferdinand, doubtless to ask aid of
the other confederate princes and prelates. The Saxon and Hessian have
published the reason (described) for this war.
The Diet makes little progress. Except King Ferdinand and Frederic
Palatine no prince is at Nurnberg. Brunswick was, but went away to
the Bavarians. The Turk, advancing with very great forces, is only
delayed by the floods. The Diet has decreed an additional 24,000 foot
for Hungary. The German army has done nothing yet. Two days ago
came news of the slaughter of some Turkish cohorts. A German baron
named Truchses lately came in post from Rome to Nurnberg, who, by
command of the Bishop of Rome, solicits in the Diet the indiction of
the Council at Trent, "hoc tranquillo tempore scilicet."
The Emperor wrote to the Diet at Nuremberg that business of Spain
and Italy, and sickness, prevented his sending aid against the Turk, but
he would keep the Turkish fleet occupied, and so distract some of their
strength from Hungary. He promises to come to Germany in eighteen
months, to settle disputes; and now the place and time for a Diet
at his coming is under discussion.
In Luxemburg the duke of Orleans has captured a little town and
slain everyone. He has now been a whole month besieging Ibis. Count
William a Furstenberg lately went to the Landgrave. The brother of
Baron ab Heydec is now with the French king. Spire, 24 Aug. 1542.
Latin, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 131.
669. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Since the departure of my lord of Westminster from Saragosa,
to which Bonner accompanied him, the Emperor prepares to resist the
Frenchmen; who have accelerated their coming, having passed Salsas,
seizing cattle and burning certain mills, and are now at Perpignan. The
duke of Alva has provided for Perpignan, and is himself at Girona, 7
or 8 leagues off, to furnish other parts and wait for the army of Castilla.
Perpignan, besides the strength of its castle and townsmen, holds 6,000
good fighting men and is well trenched to "bide a very great brunt"
until the Emperor's army assemble, when, if the Frenchmen tarry, there
will be foughten a cruel battle. The declaration of war came to the
Emperor very late. Received it from Mons. de Arras, and has sent it
to my lord of Westminster, with a letter to be shown to the King. Writes
in haste, hoping to convey this to my lord of Westminster before he
leaves Bilbao. Barbastro, St. Bartholomew's Day, 4 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Copies of three letters, each with descriptive heading in Bonner's
hand, viz. :—
i. Bonner to Henry VIII., St. Bartholomew's Day. [See §1.]
ii. Bonner to Thirlby.
On Bartholomew's even, at midnight, I received your packet from
Victoria, brought by a poor man whom the master of the posts, with his
letter dated at Monson, 23 Aug., 7 p.m., sent to me, containing your
letters dated Tudela, 18 Aug., and Victoria, 21 Aug. I was glad you
had so far forth passed, and had so gently received your passport and
other things necessary, and shall not fail to execute the device contained
in your letters. The same night, Eve of Bartholomew, about 7 p.m.,
having sent to Monson to Mons. de Arras, to know the Emperor's going
to Saragossa, and touching a declaration of war against the Emperor
by the French king, which was spoken of, I received very gentle letters
from him, with all the declaration of war in French, "noted by Mounsr.
Grandeveles hands." I send the letters and copy of the declaration, of
which I was bound in honesty to return the original, but this copy agrees
with the original, "if you can read my naughty hand in French." Undoubtedly
there will be extreme war; for the French, numbering 20,000,
have passed Salsas, and burnt certain mills there, "wherein I do remember
Mr. Haynes and I in a morning did break our fast," (fn. 3) and
should be now besieging Perpignan. The duke of Alva has made good
provision for Perpignan and Salsas; and there are 6,000 men in Perpignan
besides the townsmen, who are numerous and hardy. The
Emperor daily assembles great numbers of Castilla and these parts; so
that, unless the Frenchmen recoil, there will be "cruel battle," upon
which both the French king and the Emperor seem bent. The duke of
Alva is in Girona. Since your departure the Frenchmen have made
courses in the frontiers of Navarre, Aragon and Cathalon within 10
leagues of this town, and when Alva sent to the governor of Bayone
(corrected in margin to Narbona) to know what they meant, he answered
that they were thieves and if taken should be punished, and "meanwhile
marched forth the army" from Narbone towards Salsas and Perpignan.
The Emperor will go shortly to Saragosa with the Prince and the Court,
which is now small.
I trust the Emperor has so instructed Mons. de Curriere that all
shall be well. Many posts have passed towards you since your departure,
specially one sent, upon "this declaration and hasty coming
of the Frenchmen," to hasten Mons. de Currier, who, I trust, will do
more than Grandevele or others would agree to, "either else, declaring
but the same which already we have had, the King's Majesty to determine
as shall seem best to his great wisdom." Desires to be humbly
commended to the King and Council. Barbastro, vigilia Bartholomei
post mediam noctem inter tertiam et quartam.
P.S.—"Yesterday Don Luys de la Cerda, maiestro sala del Principe,
which here hath assembled people, departed hence to visit the ports or
straits of the mountains, it is to wit La val Duran, Vela, Castel Leon,
Benasco, Gistan, Belsa, Torla, Brot, Jacca, Cafranco; and there are
also other for the same appointed and the country to assist and aid
them, especially Don Pedro de Luna, conde de Morata." In case I do
not write to the King, I beg that this letter may be shown to his Highness.
"I am my own secretary at this time."
Headed : The copy of my letters sent to my lord of Westm., vigilia
iii. The Bishop Of Arras to Bonner.
Has received his letters asking for the proclamation of war by the
French king. Has only one copy, which he sends. It shows how
proudly the lightest dare to slander the best Prince, but God, who
sees all, never deserts those that trust in Him. Let them look that they
are not bringing evil to themselves on their own pack horse. "De die
profectionis sue Majestatis nichil adhuc certi est constitutum(?) . . .
tamen . . . . componunt, ut cum volet Cesar nichil sit more."
Offers services. Montissoni, vigilia Bartholomei, 1542. Signature
(copied) : Perrenottus, episcopus Atrabatensis.
Address copied. Headed : "The copy of the letters of Mons. Granvelle's
Pp. 3. Endd.
3. Declaration of war by Francis I. against the Emperor (because of
the murder of the ambassadors Cesar Fregozo and Anthoine Rincon,
going to Venice, and of other the King's servants, and the expulsion of
his subjects from the Low Countries). Addressed to the Admiral for
publication in the ports of Normandy. Ligny, 10 July 1542, 28
Copy in Bonner's hand. French, pp. 2. Headed : "The copy of the
publication, sent to me by Mons. de Arras. Endd.
ii. Memoranda on the back, all crossed out :—"Benasco, La val Daran
y Vela. Castel Leon. Benasco con su castillo. El puerto de Gistan.
El puerto de Belsa. Torla. Val de Brot. xxijo Augusti circa noctem
ad Buil. pro colligendo excercitu. Die sequenti ad la Graws, cubit., &c.
Don Luys de la Cerda maestro sal. del Principe a soccorrer a Don Petro
y Don Petro a el. De Jacca y Cafranco es Don Petro de Luna conde
de Morata y Visrey de Aragon. De ambassre Cesaris in Francia qui
redit (?). De rebus impressis Luterie. Circa indictionem belli. The
Duke of Cameryn departing."
670. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 25 Aug. Present : Norfolk,
Southampton, Hertford, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to the mayor of Norwich
to deliver to Diego Estudillo the goods of his factor George Aytonale,
dec.; to the mayor of Bristol to do justice in behalf of Sir Thos. Arundel's
servant, keeper of Sande Park; to the lord Chancellor to proclaim upon
the sea coasts that no man commissioned to levy men should take up
mariners; to Ric. Lee, surveyor of Calais, to view trenches lately made
by the French near Arde.
671. Henry VIII. to Norfolk.
Albeit in his commission (fn. 4) to repair to the Borders of Scotland,
the powers of certain shires are assigned to attend him, he shall, for his
better furniture, take out of Suffolk Sir Wm. Drury, Sir Wm. Walgrave,
Sir Thos. Germyn, John Spring and Henry Doyle with the men
they can make, together with his own tenants and others not appointed
by the King's former letters.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to my L. of
Norff., xxvo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
672. Rutland and his Council to Henry VIII.
Encloses letters received this morning from the captain of
Norham, showing what chance has happened. Although it appears
there is little trust to be put in the subjects of the Borders, and that
Sir Robert Bowes and others are prisoners, will hasten to Newcastle
and take order for defence. Begs the King to appoint someone to supply
the room of Sir Robt. Bowes, who, for his experience and knowledge,
was to be one of his Council here. Darneton, Friday morning, 25 Aug.
at 9 a.m.
Has caused such as be here of the King's Council to sign this.
Signed : Thomas Rutland : John Haryngton : John Markham : Jo.
In Uvedale's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
673. Angus and Sir George Douglas to the Council.
The captains of the garrisons of the White Coats, Mr. Retlyfe,
vice-warden of the Middle March, with the rest of the gentlemen of
Northumberland, and John Herroun, with Tendell and Ryddisdaille,
made a raid in Scotland this St. Bartholomew's day in the morning, in
all 3,000 men. Describe leaders, &c., of two "forrays," which they
shoved forth, and which burnt sundry places and met at Hyetoun on
the Hill, betwixt Kelsoche and Jeduarte, where they had a great ground
to ride to return to the main body, Meanwhile, the Scots of the Mers
and Tavydaille and out of Kelsso with the earl of Huntly, the King's
lieutenant, who has 1,000 men of the incountry of Scotland to wait on
him, came betwixt the forray and the bushment. Fearing for the forray,
Bowes rode to meet them, and they came fairly riding all together to
the bushment, with the Scots hard after them and Huntly and the
footmen following. The nowt and sheep taken by the forrays were
sent away, and Tyndaille and Ryddysdaill, seeing this, galloped out of
the host after them, whereupon Mr. Retlyfe's men began to trot, and
shortly fell to galloping, and the rest of the host brake rule and fled.
Sir Robert Bowes lighted, and a small number with him, the writers
being at the other end of the field, a good space from him. Not above
40 men lighted with Mr. Bowes, and all the host fled save twenty,
"that stood with us about our pensell." Kept the small number they
had together, and defended themselves with difficulty (for, of the twenty,
eight are slain or taken) and tried to stop the chase, but could not.
Have lost 70 of their company.
Sir Robert Bouys is taken "with" John Davysoune of Dennerlaw and
George Davysoun within Tavydaille; Ric. Bowys in the Mers "with"
John Dyksoun of Beltschester; John Tempest "with" a servant of the
laird of Sefuyrdis (?); John Herroun by a servant of the laird Edmestounys;
John Car, captain of Wark, by Richard Car, Lans Carr's son;
Thos. Foster of Edderstoun by Stein Davysoun, and his brother-in-law,
laird of Craisthorne. The marshal of Berwick is taken, but they
know not "to what place."
This Friday Huntly has commanded all the Mars and Tavydaill to
meet him at Jeduart and bring their prisoners. The King of Scots
will have 500 men in Coudygaime and 500 in Douns and Langtoun,
in the Mers, paid by the bishops and men of the shire. The Scots are
very wanton, and this misfortune makes them the prouder, but if the
King send a power to give them "ane gryt snap thay wyll be gentyll
inewche efteruart." It was not they that won the field, but we that lost
it with our misorder. Sir Cuthbert Retlyfe is taken to Buinjeduart,
Berwick, 25 Aug. Signed : Ard erl of Angus : G.D.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo
St. P. v.,
674. James V. to Henry VIII.
Wrote, in answer to Henry's letters, that it was his stable mind
to send ambassadors and conform to the writings and credence sent to
him (James) from his "maister houshald," ambassador there. To stop
all riding within England, sent the earl of Huntly, his lieutenant, to
the Borders, in peaceful manner, with but 40 attendants, to charge the
wardens to appoint days of meeting, and staunch further inconvenients
until the ambassadors' coming. At his command, they wrote to the
English wardens, who not only gave no answer, but, the morning after
his coming to Kelso, Henry's warden of the Middle Marches, starkly
accompanied with the captains and chieftains sent to the Borders, and
the Douglasses, James's rebels, and a host of 10,000 men, with five
splayed banners, came into Scotland and burnt sundry towns, intending
to burn Kelso and destroy the abbey. Doubtless Henry knows how
"it has chanced." If he minds to keep the peace, desires him to send
safe conduct for the ambassadors and strait command to his lieutenant,
wardens and officers of the Borders to desist from further invasion of
Scotland. Credence for his master of Household, to whom he has
written further. Halirudhous palace, 25 Aug. 29 James V. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
18 B, VI. 143.
2. Contemporary copy of the preceding, in a letter book, from which
it is printed in St. Papers.
18 B, VI. 143b.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
675. James V. to John, King of Portugal.
His letters by his alumnus, Gaspar Apalha, and the writer's by
Snawdoun herald, show his friendly mind, but no valid reason against
the letters of reprisal of which James wrote. Will not, however, licence
them until he hears again. Edinburgh, 25 Aug. 1542.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
676. Francis I. to Marillac.
Has received his letter of the 10th inst., describing his assignation
at Hoynzors (the Emperor's ambassador having the like), and the duke
of Norfolk's declaration. Marillac replied well thereupon, and likewise
upon their complaint of the Dieppois ship, which took a Flemish heurque
laden with salt. Has far more cause to complain of their treatment
of the poor Dieppois. They have put forward two points, which are
not only unreasonable and prejudicial to France, but totally contrary
to the neutrality which they profess and to the treaties, viz., (1) that
French ships of war may not lie upon their coast, although the treaties
expressly say that such ships may go and come and remain as long as
they think good, provided that they exceed not the number of 100
men of war, and (2) that Flemish ships may be safe when freighted by
the English, a thing contrary to every observance of war, and which
would enable the Flemings to hurt France with impunity, because
every Fleming would say he was freighted by the English. Marillac shall
again remonstrate to the King himself, graciously and dexterously, and
learn whether he will maintain the treaties, which Francis wishes to
observe, who would not have English subjects molested by this war but
rather care for them like his own. Understands by what Marillac
writes, and by the great preparations there for war, that the English
bear him very ill will, and will execute it when they they see their
opportunity; but does not see that for this year they can make any
descent in his realm that may do much hurt, because winter is near, and
he has two good armies in those quarters, viz.; those of his son of Orleans
and his cousin of Vendosme, who will unite if requisite. Marillac shall
always report what is done, and especially if Maistre Chesnay has come
over, and with what company. It will be well also to find means, if possible,
to warn the king of Scots, Francis's son, of the preparations against him.
He will know from Du Bies the taking and rasing of Tournehan and
La Monture, and seven or eight little forts which annoyed Therouenne
and Ardres, and also the defeat of the Sieur du Reux. Orleans has likewise
taken Yvoy, the strongest town of Luxembourg; and the Dauphin
has now surrounded Perpignan, of which Francis hopes soon to send
good news. Marked as countersigned : Bochetel.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3. Headed : Pesenas, 25 Aug.
28,593 f. 132.
677. Charles V. to Paul III.
Has received from the Nuncio the copy of the bull despatched
1 June last, indicting the Council at Trent for 1 Nov. next. Compares
himself to the obedient son in the Parable of the Prodigal, and thinks
that His Holiness, in reviewing the quarrel between him and the French
king, treats the latter too favourably. Omits reference to the origin
of past wars, which, when last in Rome, he recounted publicly to His
Holiness; but details, in order, Francis's unreasonable dealings with
him since the truce of Nice. Francis has confederated with the Turk,
fomented the religious disorder in Germany, and opposed the celebration
of the Council; and the Pope ought to declare openly against him.
Monçon, 25 Aug. 1542.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 25. See Spanish Calendar VI., Part II.,
*** A copy (probably the original draft) of the above in French,
will be found printed in Granvelle Papiers d'Etat, II. 633, as dated