715. Con O'Neil, Earl Of Tyrone.
See Grants in September, No. 1.
716. Barnard Gret to Wriothesley.
Petition of Barnard Gret, of the retinue of Guisnes. Six weeks
past Wriothesley committed him and his wife to the Fleet, where they
remain in close prison without resorting the one to the other, to their great
discomfort and growing charges, to defray which they will have to sell
all the little goods they have. Begs that they may come to their answer,
and meanwhile have the liberties of the prison and permission to write to
friends to provide money to discharge their costs here. If the King requires
sureties for their truth, begs that (to save expense) they may be taken at
P. 1. Add. at the head : To, etc., "Sir Thos. Wriothesley, knight,
chief secretary to the King's Highness."
717. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 1 Sept. Present : Southampton, Sussex, Hertford,
Russell, Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler. Business :—Warrant to Sir Martin Bowes to deliver — (blank)
St. Leger "the sum of thousand sterling" in harp groats for Ireland; (fn. 1) also
placard to St. Leger for carriage of the same. [Warrant stamped for diets
of 6s. 8d. to Edw. Shelley, one of the masters of Household, and 10 servants
at 8d. from 27 Aug. and 8 other able persons at 8d. from 3 Sept.] (fn. 2) Letter
"to the Mayor" for provision of casks. Warrant to Edw. Shelley to pay
Robt. Raymond, appointed captain of Warke Castle, for conduct money
and wages of himself and 12 soldiers 26l.
Titus B I. 97.*
718. The Privy Council to Edward Shelley.
He being appointed to receive 60,000l., pay certain things and convey
the rest to Sir John Harryngton at York (as in the King's warrant, with
a further charge concerning the victualling of the men of war, appears), he
is to make all haste, take wages of 10s. a day for himself, two clerks at 1s.
and sixteen men at 8d. from 27 Aug., pay Geo. Stonehowse, clerk of the
Squillerie, and John Fenne, 3s. 4d. each, who are to have the oversight
of the victualling under him, each with two men at 8d., from 3 Sept.,
and also pay for carriage and necessaries to York. At York these expenses
shall be allowed him by the duke of Norfolk. Westm., 1 Sept.
34 Hen. VIII. Subscribed : "To our loving friend, Edward Shelley, one
of the masters of household with the King's Majesty."
Copy in John Mason's hand, pp. 2.
2. "A note of necessary provisions for the expedition, etc.
"Money.—First provided in money lxmll. For disbursing whereof,
appointed to be treasurer Sir John Harryngton, knight. The money is
here delivered to Edward Shelley, whereof he here hath delivered certain
sums by prest, and order is taken with him for conveyance of the rest
to the said Sir John Harryngton. It is to be remembered that some
portion of this money be left here wherewith to discharge incident expenses."
Victual.—Amounts (detailed) of wheat received by Sir George Lawson
and paid for of the 1,100l. first disbursed; of wheat, rye, barley,
pease and beans "passed in the provision by my lord of Norfolk,"
and for which he "received money at his departure," of which some
is sent from Harwich to Newcastle in the Mary Thomas of London,
and James of Ipswich (and letters written to my lord of Rutland
to make payment at Newcastle), and some ready to be shipped, and
the money paid by Mr. Shelley. Malt received by Lawson and
written for by Norfolk. Cheese for which money is delivered to Norfolk,
and commission to Maulby, etc., of London. Beer, for which
indenture is made with the brewers of London, to be ready to be
shipped on the 7th inst., and brewed to last five months, at 20s. a
tun. A bargain is made with the coopers of London for 1,000 costrells
to be ready 2 Sept., and a letter despatched to the mayor of London for
"caske" for the beer.
Ordnance and munition.—[Space left blank.]
Men.—"Lieutenant my lord of Norfolk, the lord Privy Seal, the
Master of the Horse, the Master of th'Ordynaunce (opposite his name
are the memoranda (fn. 3) "ccccl. in prest" and "number of men, about
Corrected draft, mainly in Gardiner's hand, pp. 6. Endd.
3. Fair copy of §2.
32,647 f. 119.
719. Norfolk to the Council. (fn. 4)
Yesterday, in riding hither, studied how to provide for this journey
to which the King has appointed him, and, fearing most the lack of drink,
has thought best to cause every lord and gentleman that shall have the
rule of 100 men to bring two carts full of empty "foystes" to be filled with
beer. These would carry sufficient to bring them to Edinburgh and serve
to fortify the camp at night. Thinks 300 or 400 tuns of beer should be
sent from London to Berwick in small vessels of 60 tons; and will cause
the town of Newcastle to brew as much as they can. A letter should be
sent to Sir Geo. Lawson to know what he can brew and to grind all malt and
wheat and certify what brewers, bakers and other necessaries he wants.
When this bearer (fn. 5) has delivered the money to Mr. Haryngton, he might
deliver out the victuals he receives of Sir George Lawson and receive the
money for them. Chesworth, Friday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : My lord of Norff. to the Counsail.
32,647 f. 82.
St. P., v. 209.
720. James V. to Henry VIII.
Trusts his uncle has received his several writings, sent by sundry his
officers, declaring his mind for the continuance of love and peace. Has since
received good writings from him by Bute pursuivant. This day, Ros herald
brought writings from his master of Household (fn. 6) mentioning that this
displeasure and taking of prisoners in Teviotdale "was by invasion" of the
earl of Huntley. Regrets that such untrue report should have been made,
and, to verify the account he before wrote, sends to his master of Household
a writing taken upon one of the prisoners, signed by Sir Robt. Bowis,
showing the whole purpose to have been for the invasion of Scotland. Har
heard his credence by bearer, and assures him that neither spiritual nor
temporal state here can change his kindness towards Henry, he standing for
his part "semblably," and that he is still of the mind he was at the sending
of his master of Household. Edinburgh, 1 Sept. 29 James V. Signed.
Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
18 B., VI. 144.
2. Contemporary copy of the preceding, in a letter book, from which
it is printed in the St. Papers.
721. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Refer Oneyle to the King's own ordering, as he is repairing thither.
As no Oneyle before him has repaired to England, "but hitherto usurped
to call themselves princes of Ulster as adversaries to your regally and
monarchie," and, as he goes in spite of the bruit that there is open war
with France and Scotland and that the King of Scots would send an army
to invade Ireland, they beg the King "so to entertain this savage person,
which nevertheless is reputed amongst Irishmen for the greatest of estimation
and power, that both the same may be winning of him for ever and
a spectacle to others to know your Highness to be their King and sovereign
lord." Also to create him earl of Tyrone, where he and his sept have rule,
and grant him, and such one of his sons as he shall name, the lands he
possesses in Tyrone. If he desire other lands or the rule of Irishmen now
at the King's peace, it should be deferred. The chronicles do not show
that King Richard II., being here in person with 20,000 men, constrained
more notable Irishmen to submit to him than shall now resort into England
to submit themselves. Dublin, 1 Sept. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St.
Leger, Alen, Abp. Brown, Edw. bp. of Meath, Avlmer, Brabazon, Lutrell,
Bathe, Cusake, Basnet, and Patrick Whyte, baron.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., III.
722. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to the Council.
Give the substance of the preceding letter almost in the same words,
and beg furtherance of their wishes there expressed. Gentlemen from
Ireland are hindered in studying the laws in the Inns of Court in England,
and in the Middle Temple forbidden. Beg them to move the King that all
gentlemen repairing thither from hence to study law may be admitted to
any Inn of Court. Some persons beneficed here resort thither intending
to sue for licences of non-residence, to the hindrance of the common weal
here. Beg them to move the King to stay such suits. Dublin, 1 Sept. 34
Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Aylmer, Brabazon,
Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, and P. Whyte, baron.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
603, p. 104.
723. Brian O'Rourke.
Submission of Bernard O'Rwerch made before the lord Deputy and
Council at Maynooth, by indenture, 1 Sept. 34 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Copy, pp. 3. See Carew Calendar, No. 171.
St. P., III.
724. Henry VIII. to the Deputy and Council Of Ireland.
Answers theirs of 12 July as follows :—1. Takes in good part the
conformity of Oneyl, Obrien and Donough Obrien. 2. Gives Obrien the
plate he had of Thomas FitzGerald. 3. Marvels they did not advise
Obrien to stay his petition (which the King will not grant without further
cause) for Robert Walsh, and rather deliver him up to them. 4. Will
grant the general pardon to Obrien and his country by bill and not by
Parliament, and with this condition that they shall henceforth be faithful.
5. Thinks as they do touching the statutes, and requires them to
send a book of the whole with their comments in the margin. 6. Is
pleased that they intend the reformation of that corner of Leinster
where the Byrnes, Otholes and Cavanghes dwell, and for the better
achieving of it sends by bearer, Robt. Sentleiger, 2,461l. 12s. in harp
Sends duplicates of the survey there made, by Baron Welshe and others,
to be entered in the Exchequer and these originals preserved in Dublin
Draft, pp. 4. Headed : By the King. Endd. : "Minute to the
Deputy and Council in Ireland ijo Septemb. ao xxxiiijo."
725. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 2 Sept. Present : Canterbury, Sussex, Hertford,
Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler, Riche.
Business :—Letter sent from the Great Chamberlain to lord Windsor to
deliver to Clarencius, "sergeant" at arms, to convey to Norfolk, four
"banerowlles" of the King's arms and four banners of St. George. Letter
written to Rutland of Raymond's appointment as captain of Warke, vice
— Car, prisoner in Scotland. Letter sent to John Gennvns to take the
King's navy to Grimsby Road to be revictualled at Hull. Warrant to
Edw. Shelley to deliver Sir Arthur Darcy, for conveyance of munitions to
Berwick and conduct money of those with him, 400l.
32,647 f. 90.
726. The Privy Council to Rutland.
Received his letters of 29th ult., with those of John Carre, of Wark.
The King intends to remove Carre from Wark and plant therein the bearer,
Robt. Raymond, a man of good experience and discretion in keeping a
fortress. Rutland shall keep this secret; but send for Carre and tell him
that, as he is a prisoner and bound to make his entry at the day appointed,
the King thinks him no meet man to have charge of a fortress, but, to show
that the King is his good lord, he shall have his 50 men, which Rutland
granted him, to lie at some other place on the Borders which Rutland shall
name. He shall then send Raymond to Wark, with as many inland men
as shall seem meet, and cause Carre, without going thither himself, to send
for his 50 men from thence. Bearer was despatched in such haste that he
has only two servants with him. Ten more follow, who will not arrive
before the 10th inst. He is to be furnished with victuals and munition.
If the castle is already besieged he must be conveyed into it, if that can be
done without extreme peril. Gives further directions in that case to
assemble the men of the Bishopric, the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland
and Sir Thos. Wharton, and make a demonstration against the Scots,
or attack them; but adventure nothing rashly. Remember the King's
device for the fords. Bearer is paid for coats and conduct of himself and
twelve men, with one month's wages, himself at 4s. and his men at 6d. a
day, from their arrival at Newcastle.
(fn. 7) "After our hearty commendations;" the King's pleasure is that you
shall hasten his works at Wark. As bearer, Robt. Raymonde, is to have
charge of it, whatever he and you think necessary to be done, though it be
not mentioned in Roger's articles, shall be set in hand with diligence.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 10. Endd. : Minute to th' earl of Rutland
ijo Sept. ao xxxiiijo.
5,754 f. 18.
2. Warrants [by the Council] to Edw. Shelley, one of the masters of
household with the King.
1. To pay Robt. Raymond for post of himself and 2 men to Anwick 5l.,
conduct of 10 other men to Berwick 5l., coats of the 12 men 2l., month's
wages for himself, at 4s., 5l. 12s., and for his men at 6d., 8l. 8s.; total
26l. Westm., 2 Sept. 34 Hen. VIII. Not signed.
P. 1. Begins : "The King's Majesty's pleasure is," &c.
Ib. f. 22.
3. To pay Arthur Skarlet, Edm. Friar, John Toke, and Thos. Browne for
their conduct to York at ½d. a mile 7s. 6d. each, and for 6 yds. of white
chamblet for their coats at 2s. 8d. 16s. each, and for a month's wages beforehand
37s. 4d., to begin at their arriving at York, at 16d. a day apiece.
Westm., 2 Sept. 34 Hen. VIII. Not signed.
P. 1. Begins : "The King's Highness' pleasure and commandment is,"
Calig. E. IV.
727. The Privy Council to Paget.
[in] most thankfull parte . . . . . . . . , as his Mate supposed
you w . . . . . . . . . long to here from hens, and
t . . . . . . . . Highnes wold thereby give y[ou occasion] the
rather to contynue yor a[ccustomed] diligence in writing, his Mate [hath
thought] good to dispeche thise to you [to th'intent] you shal knowe
that, God be tha[nked], his Highnes is in good healthe [with my] lord
Prince and all his houshold. [The] Scottes have been a litle busie and
[have] taken certain of our men prisoners [like] as we have been again
doing [with them] but they saye they woll amend, [and if] not it will be
there oune hurtes, [for] Ambassadors be appointed to met[e at] Yorke
for thise matiers the xxth [of] this present, where all thinges may be wel
compounded if there dedes sha[l be] correspondent to there wordes."
Westm., 2 Sept. Signed by Canterbury, Audeley, Sussex, Hertford,
Russell, Winchester, Cheyne, Wyngfeld, Wriothesley and Ryche.
In Wriothesley's hand. Mutilated, p. 1. Add.
VI. II., No.
728. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Must be brief, as the courier is in the saddle, but will write in two
or three days of the affair for which Fallaix came. (fn. 8) He and Chapuys
went twice to Court. Did not see the King the first time, as he
excused himself, being busy about the Scotch war, but said he would send
another army for the defence of the Low Countries as soon as an answer
came from Spain; for which, he said, he would have to employ all his men
and spend much money; but if the news was true that both Orleans and
Vendôme had retreated there was no longer need. The second time, they
spoke only with the Council, who repeating their master's excuses, asked,
in case of his consenting to help, what money and men we wanted, and
when, and whether we had power to treat of reciprocity. We answered,
as to the last point, no, and that the rest lay at the King's pleasure.
They said that they would speak again with the King thereupon and
let us know his will; which, Chapuys presumes, if nothing else occurs,
will be to give money, and permit some gentlemen, who, he knows, will
choose our side to take what part they will, so as to pretend neutrality.
Is the more persuaded of this because he has resolved to send the lord
Privy Seal with Norfolk and other lords towards Scotland, to make a
great effort, sparing nothing, not only to repulse the enemies but also
to follow them as far and as fiercely as possible. If unable this year,
which is also too far advanced, to send an army over (de par dela), as a
substitute, he would risk condescending to the above. London, 2 Sept.
French. Modern transcript, from Vienna Archives, pp. 2.
729. Marillac to Francis I.
This great war preparation continuing as heretofore, news came that
the two lords of Douglas banished from Scotland, who went North with men
to guard the English frontier and revenge hurts done by the Scots, meaning
to provoke and fight their enemies, have been surprised by ambuscades and
lost 700 or 800 dead and many prisoners, of whom Marillac knew some, who
are the most notable captains of the North. The rest were put to flight,
and many of them wounded, including the said lords of Douglas, the
younger of whom is in danger of his life. Those here are so grieved and
indignant that they have immediately despatched Norfolk, who lately
returned to Court thinking that these Northern affairs should have turned
out better for them; and there is no longer room for doubt that there will
be war against the Scots, Norfolk saying publicly that he will sort them
and make them talk more softly (qu'il les rengera et fera bien parler plus
doulx). His son the earl of Sure, lately released from prison, and Milord
Guillem, who is out of the Tower, with a great troop of other gentlemen,
accompany him; and every day increases the number of men enrolled, who
will make a camp of 30,000 men. The ships of war which have left go
towards Scotland to carry artillery, munitions and men, and to hinder
succour coming to the Scots. The ambassador of the King of Scotland is
still here, receiving variable treatment, for, whereas at the beginning he
looked hourly to be made prisoner and afterwards "on l'a ung temps
caressé a Lengeryse," (fn. 9) giving him permission to kill bucks in parks, now
if they are friendly to him in the morning they show him distrust in
With regard to France things are not so near execution, but there is
scarcely less doubt; for, besides the crossing of as many men as Calais,
Guynes and their other places can hold, with artillery and munitions in
incredible quantity, and harness and arms to furnish a great camp, they
make musters everywhere, so that they can put at the gates of Francis's
frontier towns a very great number of men in few days, and at all times.
The bruit continues that the lord Privy Seal will cross the sea and remain
at Calais, and the lord of Chesné at Guynes. The Emperor's ambassador is
almost daily with them in Council. Knows that the English have
despatched a man to employ 50,000 cr. in Flanders on war material (en
garnison de guerre), and another to Spain to bring thence 10,000 pikes.
The war preparation (l'estat de la guerre) is made, and it only remains to
execute the design; and if not for this year, as the season is far advanced,
it will be for the spring; still, there is no assurance that the English will
wait till then, for everything is ready and there are many indications that
execution will not be delayed. The English ships do not go to Bourdeaux
for wine as they were accustomed. Flemish ships armed for war sojourn in
their ports at will; and when the English can catch those of Francis's subjects
they pretend that they are pirates and violators of the franchise, as
Marillac has written to the Admiral. Has daily new complaints, and when
he remonstrates is paid with dissimulations or old complaints. All who
have seen the beginning of wars say that appearances are the same as they
have seen here on the eve of a rupture, viz., the seizing ships of war which
arrive in their ports so as to diminish the forces of him whom already in
their heart they have declared enemy. They say, indeed, that in the course
of things they will not be able to do less, as Francis is not [one] to desert
the Scots, who, they think, move only at his instigation, nor can last long
against them without his aid, but that then it will be the more easy to hurt
Francis, who will be already wearied and his finances wasted, whilst they
will be fresh and furnished with everything needful to sustain a long
war. The rest of the King's ships which have not yet departed from
this river, with some others of his subjects' which are equipped and ready,
will leave at the first weather, either to go upon the coasts, as has
always been said, or to go into Spain; as it is now bruited that it is to
bring the Emperor hither, which is a difficult thing to believe, as the
Emperor ought to be sufficiently occupied where he is.
French. Headed : London, 2 Sept. Marked as sent by Thonyn.
32,647 f. 83.
730. Norfolk to Southampton and Sir Ant. Browne.
Desires them to cause Wm. Gonstone to put the writer's tents in
the same ship as theirs, for which purpose he left a servant at Exeter
Place. Also to speak to the Council that 100 or 150 good cart horses
may be bought to carry the great pieces, and that Sir Chr. Morres may
see sufficient "draithtes" sent for that purpose, if Sir Geo. Lawson's
letter to the Council shows them to be lacking at Berwick,
Some good surgeons should be sent from London. Thos. Waters is
come hither, and says he can furnish his proportion of malt and
barley; and of beans and peson, which the custom here is to sow
together, he can furnish 1,000 mixed, but of wheat and rye he cannot
get above 200 qrs., for all the old stuff is gone. Has written to Newcastle
to bake the wheat that comes from Orwell in biscuit and collect
provisions. Let the rest of the Council see this letter. Newmarket,
Saturday, 8 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my very good lord, my lord Privy Seal, and my
cousin Sir Anthony Brown, and, in their absence, to my lords of the King's
most honorable Council. Endd. : 2 Sept. ao 34.
32,647 f. 85.
731. Norfolk to the Council.
This day, in coming hither, spoke with Sir Geo. Somerset, Sir Wm.
Drewry, Sir Thos. Jermyn, John Spring, and others of Suffolk, who say
there are many able men, but very little harness or bows and arrows; and
the gentlemen of Norfolk, whom he had summoned to meet him here, say
the same for Norfolk. They complain that where harness is to be sold it
is holden at 18s. or 20s. an Almain rivet; wherefore please send me like
proclamation as was devised for harness and artillery for London. Never
"saw men so universally angry with enemies as they be with Scots."
Encloses bill of provision made by Waters and Wodehouse. Wheat is risen
from 8s. to 10s. the quarter, and Northern men are offering 11s. Will
cause biscuit to be made of rye and barley; and thinks biscuit should be
shipped from London to Newcastle, and also 600 or 700 tun of beer. Will
not in these parts get 100 good geldings besides his household, but will try
and get them elsewhere.
"Finally I require you to send me my Commission; and, good my lord
Admiral, send eftsoons some express man to the ships of war now being, as
I think, about Skathe Rode to he hulling in the sea, in the 'faire way,' for
the Scots returning from Danske; for I think surely they be not yet come
home, for the wind hath not served them of a long time, and without doubt
there is of them xij sails laden with grain and merchandise." Kenninghall
Lodge, Saturday night, 2 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Two remembrances of the kinds and amounts of grain shipped to Berwick
before 8 Aug. 34 Hen. VIII., shipped and ready to sail "according to
the tenour" of the duke of Norfolk's late letter, and bought, but not yet
shipped, by Thos. Waters and Thos. Wodehous, respectively. Signed.
32,647 f. 96.
732. Rutland and his Council to the Council.
This morning, at 10 a.m., four hours after despatch of a post to
them, received letters (enclosed) from Sir Wm. Eure containing news (as
in the letter of Gilbert Swynhoo) touching James Douglas, lately taken
prisoner in Scotland, and a declaration of the occasion of the late overthrow
of Sir Robt. Bowes. Encloses also a declaration signed by George
Bowes and Bryan Laton, showing, at length, much matter concerning
that day. Alnewik, 2 Sept., 3 p.m. Signed : Thomas Rutland : John
Haryngton : John Markham : J., Uvedale.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,647 f. 104.
No. 147 (2).
733. Council Of Scotland to Rutland.
Have received his writings of Alnwike, the 1st inst., desiring to
know the cause of the detaining of certain gentlemen taken on the
Borders, and what is to be done with them. Cannot think he misknows
the cause of their taking; for the warden of the Middle Marches of
England invaded this realm, raised fire and made "heirship," and so
was taken. They are to be detained until the King has answer from his
dearest uncle, to whom he has written. Edinburgh, 2 Sept. Subscribed :
"Chancellar and lordis of our soveranis Counsell of Scotland."
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. by Uvedale : Received 4 Sept. 34to.
32,647 f. 106.
No. 147 (3).
734. Huntly to Rutland.
Supposes he knows of the order devised by the two Kings for ceasing
and staunching the unkindly trouble begun between their realms until the
repair of his sovereign's ambassadors to his dearest uncle. Is sent to the
Borders to see that the wardens do their office in this, and thinks Rutland
is sent for like purpose; and, understanding what kindly letters are come
from the King of England to his dearest nephew, prays him to attend for
the part of England, as he will do for Scotland, to prevent invasions of
either realm. Kelsoch, 2 Sept. Signed : George erll of Huntly.
P. 1. Add. Endd : ao 34o.
735. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Thanks him for his hackney and news. As to Mons. de Torsey's
saying that our people have given an alarm to Ardre and he has repulsed
them into your pale, I do not know what people could have given the
alarm, for I have only 40 footmen there. As to the defeat of certain
ensigns of the prince of Orange, it was not such a great matter as he says;
still, there was some little thing. In the game between the French and us
there is still time for revenge. I have seen them lose four battles and
we have not yet lost one, and I trust we shall gain the fifth. They
were preparing for a year, saying always that they desired peace, and
we were taken by surprise. I send a licence for the four victuallers of
Fiennes of whom you wrote. Aire, 2 Sept. '42. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.
736. Consuls and Senators Of Lubeck to Henry VIII.
Thank him for having (upon the petition of Johannes Rudehus,
LL.D., their syndic, in the name of the Hanse cities) appointed a day at
Antwerp for settlement of the disputes which have arisen. Were prepared
to send delegates when these unexpected wars at Antwerp and
in Lower Germany rendered the place dangerous as well for them as
for Henry's Councillors. Beg therefore to be excused until the war is
ended. Datum sub sigillo civitatis nostre, postridie calendas Septembreis,
Anno 'xlij. Seal gone.
St. P. IX., 140.
737. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote 27 Aug. Letters from Constantinople of 7 Aug. show that
the Turk is resolved not to send out his navy this year, and that Ponn, the
French ambassador, winters there. In Buda is great pestilence. The
Christian host is at Strigonia, numerous and well ordered. Ferdinando
went to Boheme for money and would return to Vienna. The Bishop of
Rome was coming to Perusa and Ancona, and would make 4,000 men, "but
it is unknown for what use." Card. Contarin is dead at Bononye, and the
Bishop sends the Cardinal of Portugal to the Emperor in his stead. The
French have invaded three towns of the Emperor in Piedmont, of which two
were well defended. The Frenchmen have taken Chirasco, but the castle
holds out, and Guasto is gone to relieve it.
The Venetians are continually inquiring into the late treason. (fn. 10) Labondye,
after much torments, named divers gentlemen who are fled. A priest
named Mons. Valerio, of good authority and learning, but of the French
faction, is in prison. It is esteemed that many chief men of the city are
implicated. The French ambassador appears not out of his house.
Venice, 2 Sept. 1542.
Hol. p. 1. Add. Endd.
738. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 3 Sept. Present : Chancellor, Sussex, Hertford,
Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler, Riche.
Business :—Letter sent to Sir Fras. Brian to provide 200 demilances.
Commission delivered to John Antony and — Ardoron to take up certain
wheat at Feversham. Letter to mayor and aldermen of Bristol to release
a French ship laden with Newfownde Ilande fish. Letter to Edw. Shelley
to convey the rest of such money as he has received to York, allowing diets
(detailed) for himself, Stonehouse, Clerk of the Squillery and Thos. Ferme,
and their men.
32,647 f. 108.
o. 147 (4).
739. Rutland to Huntly.
Received by Snowdon, this bearer, his letters of 2 Sept., and perceives
he is commanded to keep good rule and stay the wild and unruly
inhabitants on his Borders. Had already given straight command throughout
Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland against invading or
annoying Scotland, and will not fail to do his part in punishing offenders.
Alnwick, 3 Sept.
Copy, pp. 2. Headed : Copy of my lord of Rutland's letters answering
th'earl of Huntley's letter.
740. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote that he had sent out two persons, one to the Great Master
and the other to the Clevoiez. The former is returned; to whom the Great
Master declared that he had 12,000 Almains and 10,000 others, with 4,000
horsemen, who should be all assembled within 10 days, intending then to
seek out the Frenchmen and give them battle. Encloses the Great Master's
letter, which shows how gently he has granted Wallop's request for certain
victuallers of Fyenes upon whom the bakers and brewers here depend
for wood; and who supply hurdles, piles, &c., for the King's fortifications.
Wallop's servant was told by gentlemen who were with the Great
Master that the French king boasts that he has put such things in the
heads of the Kings of Scots and Denmark that the King shall be unable
to trouble him. Sends the servant to declare the exact words. The
other man, sent to seek the Clevoiez, is not returned. The 300 hacquebuttes
appointed to be sent hither to John Uprychardes, "for the learning
of the soldiers," are not come, and we have great lack of pikes.
Guisnes, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
741. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 4 Sept. Present : Chancellor, Sussex, Hertford,
Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wriothesley, Sadler, Dacres. Business :—
Warrant directed to lord Windsor from the lord Great Chamberlain to
deliver to Clarencieux, herald at arms, to be conveyed to Norfolk, one
banner of the King's arms and four banners of St. George. Letter sent to
Wm. Gonson and John Oseburn "to sende x or xij marriners to Harwych
to furnisshe the navy (fn. 11) Thomas Dowtye and the James" for the conveyance
of certain corn for Berwick. Letters sent to Thos. James, owner,
and Jas. Wight, master of the crayer of the Isle of Wight, to convey
Robt. Raymonde's stuff to Berwick. Question of ownership of a horse
between Vincent Randall and Peter Warden.
742. Gardiner to Cheke.
The labour of writing to him is lightened by the prudent counsel of
friends. Has not wished to proceed with him with the authority of a
magistrate, and has never doubted his deference. I praise "Smethum
tuum" in that when he was lately with me he confessed that he could use
either pronunciation. It is laudable even to stammer when that mode of
speech is useful. Better banish Greek and its sounds altogether than that
the youth, under your teaching, imbibe arrogance, rashness and vanity.
Do your duty with diligence as a skilful professor and modest scholar.
London, 4 Sept.
32,647 f. 102.
No. 147 (1).
743. Sir Wm. Eure to Rutland.
Harry Ray, pursuivant, is come forth of Scotland with a letter
(enclosed) to your Lordship from the King's Council there. He delivered
Rutland's letter on the 2nd, and the Chancellor then sent him to the house
of a serjeant at arms; where he remained until 9 a.m., when the Chancellor
sent him the enclosed letter and 3 angel nobles and a messenger to convey
him back to the "Bounde rodde." The King has granted James Douglas
his life, and sent him over the Firth to Faukland Castle : he shows the
secrets of England and what Scotsmen have been well-willers of England.
Four ships lie at Burntisland, afraid to set forth because of the
English ships. "If Rose, herald of Scotland, had not comen to the King
when he come," the King was ready to have laid 20,000 men between
Edinburgh and the Borders for defence. A servant of Sir Thos.
Wharton's came to the Council of Scotland with a letter and request to
speak with Bowis and other prisoners, but was refused.
Eure's espial says that monks, friars and priests are in harness like
temporal men. Berwick, 4 Sept., 3 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,647 f. 110 b.
No. 147 (5).
744. Angus to Rutland.
The King of Scots is in Edinburgh with most of his great men. He
purposes to send ambassadors to the King, my master, viz., the bp. of
Orkney, the lord Arskyne, Maister James Foulys, clerk of the register, and
Mr. Thos. Ballendyne, justice clerk. Three of these go as soon as their
passport comes. The King desires peace, because he has no word from
France; for if he were "provided of such things as he looks for" he would
not be so earnest for peace. He will do as France wishes. Berravyk, 4
P. 1. Add. : My lord Lieutenant of the North. Endd. : 4 Sept. 34°.
745. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 5 Sept. Present : Canterbury, Sussex, Hertford,
Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler.
Business :—Letters of appearance directed to Wm. Arrester, bailiff of
Derby, and — Smith, of the Guard. Placard for Thos. Holcroft to take up
carriage for stuff northwards.
VI. II., No.
746. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
This courier has waited in the hope of letters coming from Spain, or
else of this King giving a resolute answer to Fallaix's demand of aid—
which answer was to be given by to-day. But, as there is no certainty
of either, he and Fallaix have thought best to send him back, as the
Queen may be awaiting his return before sending Fallaix's despatch for
Spain, and writing the news of Flanders, the relation of which would
have given opportunity to renew the matter and learn the King's resolution,
which Chapuys thinks he is delaying till he hear news from Spain.
Indeed, he is much annoyed at the answer from Spain not coming; as
he said to Chapuys and Fallaix that it would be great folly for him to
send away his money and make enemies of his friends without knowing
first on what terms he stood with the Emperor. Yet, after assurances
of the Emperor's good will, he did not rest so much on this excuse as
on the other two mentioned in Chapuys's letter, especially the retreat of
the French, of which he might have been enlightened had letters come
from the Queen. Thought when he last wrote that there was some
appearance of his helping, but is not sure now. Fallaix, however, will
report more fully by word of mouth.
In reply to her letter of the 17th ult., first, there is no means of treating
with these people in accordance with the Emperor's answer, of which she
sent an extract, for, as he wrote before, they ask other things. 2. Is
glad to say the surrender of Tourneham, La Montoire, and Yvoix has
not cooled them, but rather incensed them further against the French.
3. Powers have already been sent to the captain of Guisnes as mentioned
in his last despatch but one; but that is to no purpose, since Vendôme
has retreated, as the King told us, adding that he had already made a
letter to be written to the Duke, if he had not retreated, in order that
the plan concerted between Mons. du Reulx and the captain might be
more honorably executed.
As to the bruit of ships, French and Easterlings, of which she wrote,
this King says there are none, nor any appearance of their coming,
for in Denmark the Duke of Holstein has only seven wretched
ships, and the French have no wish to play upon the coasts
of Zealand and Holland, for they know what a number of ships
he has out, which have already taken many Frenchmen and favour
those of Flanders. In truth they have roughly treated the French
ships, and give them daily alarms, in so much that the French
have restored some English goods which they took, and promise restitution
of the rest, and the English have in return released "quelque
Hears that four or five days ago the King dismissed rudely enough the
Scotch ambassador; who, however, having met on the road a herald of the
King, his master, has returned to solicit, if possible, a safe conduct for a
great embassy he proposes to send to York to treat with Norfolk and others
for a peace, of which there seems very small chance, considering the great
preparations here by land and sea. Whatever may come of this war
lord William will lose nothing by it, for he has been released from the
Tower to go with his brother the Duke, who has also with him his son
the earl of Surrey.
If Chapuys had not excused that odious title of bel oncle (fn. 12) in the address
of the Queen's letter he would have had a very curt answer. Urges that
it be not used in future, as agreed when he was last at Mons. London,
5 Sept. 1542.
French. Modern transcript, from the Vienna Archives, pp. 4.
32,647 f. 100.
747. Rutland and his Council to the Council.
To get news of Scotland, sent Berwick, the herald, with a letter to
the Council of Scotland; and sends their "lordships" his report, as contained
in a letter of Sir Wm. Eure, together with copy of Rutland's letter
and the Scotch Council's answer. Before receipt of theirs of 30 Aug., had
received a letter from Huntley (letter and copy of answer enclosed). At
the receipt of theirs of 30 Aug., received, from Somerset and Albany, herald
of Scotland, copy of a letter to Huntley from the Scottish ambassador with
the King; which he encloses, because Somerset says the Council did not see
it. Sir John Harrington is in Holy Island to set forth, with the master
mason and Robt. Rooke, of Berwick, the two bulwarks of earth. There is
stone enough of the old abbey there to make the one bulwark all of stone.
Encloses a letter from Angus showing what personages Scotland intends
sending as ambassadors. Alnwick, 5 Sept., 3 p.m. Signed : Thomas
Rutland : John Latymer : John Markham : Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX.,
748. Sir Thomas Seymour to Henry VIII.
The camp being within 3 miles of Stregonne on 21 Aug., intending
to abide there for answer from the King of Hungary and princes at Noremberge,
and the battery pieces still at Vienna, Seymour left it and came in
post to Vienna; and spoke with the lord of Felce, lieutenant of that town
and all Ostrege, to whom (and not to Hans Hongganode, whose authority
extends no further than the camp) he wrote the letter of which he enclosed
a copy in his of 8 Aug. Felce said Robt. Bramstone had been put in
trouble by Mr. Wyett in France, and delivered upon the Emperor's letters
to the French king; and he would be loth to put them (fn. 13) in trouble, and
then have them delivered by such means, and had written to the King.
Answered that, at that time, the French king would have released all
his own traitors at the Emperor's request; for he hoped then to get
Milan, for which he would give his soul.
The King arrived here 31 Aug., at 1 a.m.; but, as Hungganode and
other captains had come to speak with him, the writer deferred going
to Court until the morrow, when he declared how he had heard of the
traitors, what he had done, and how he thought Henry would take it
thankfully if they were delivered to him. The King replied that it was
the first he had heard of the matter; he was not bound by treaty, and
when he asked aid against the Turk, Henry gave none; but he would
enquire of their offences and make answer. Waited four days for the
answer, and then went yesterday to the King and told him that, although
he knew nothing of his having demanded aid against the Turk, he knew
that, for three years past until this summer, it was bruited among the
common people that the French king and the King of Scots would make
war upon his master, and the Emperor would aid the French king; and
therefore if he (Ferdinand) demanded aid during that period it was no
wonder it was refused, as it was, with less excuse, by the Kings of France,
Denmark, Sweden, Scotland, and Poland and the Venetians. He
answered that he meant not to stay the Englishmen for that cause, but
because his country was free to all men; and, as for the princes Seymour
mentioned, they were not to be compared to the King, who was
the puissantest prince in Christendom, and the conquests he had made
were "not unknown." Replied that his wars were but now begun, and
if he delivered these men the King would, doubtless, in return, grant
anything reasonable. He said his wars were not new, but 20 years old,
during which time he had both written and sent ambassadors to the
King, and never got any aid; one of the men was the Emperor's servant,
and both came to serve him. Answered that if one was the Emperor's
servant the other was a spy, who had confessed to having served the
Turk as ambassador. He said that if the man was a spy he should be
punished, but his country was free to all men.
It is thought in the Camp that the King has not sped well at Norenberge,
because the proceedings are kept secret. The Hungarian army,
of 15,000 light horse, is at Stregonne. The bishop of Warden. "who is
the monk that kept Boda," has sent his chief man, Bastian Urban, to
offer that, if the King will come to Boda in person, the Bishop will
accompany him with 8,000 horse, but if not neither he nor the 15,000
at Stregonne will advance; and the Almains will not go without the
Hungarians. It is not certain whether he will go, for he mistrusts the
Hungarians. Twenty boats trimmed for war tarry his going down, which
shall not be this 15 days. Within this se'nnight are here embarked,
in great ferry boats, 50 "cortolles, cannones and dobell cannones, with
powder stonne and whelles for them;" and 20 more battery pieces are
at Stregonne and Gommor. They will wait till the year is too far spent
for the Turk to rescue Buda; for which, an unlikely report is, the Turk
is sending two bassas and 100,000 men. Vienna, 5 Sept.
Hol., pp. 9. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.