6,074 f. 59.
884. O'Neil, Earl Of Tyrone.
Account of the creation of O'Neale as earl of Tyrone, at Greenwich
on Sunday 1 Oct 34 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2, in a book with parchment leaves, bearing at the beginning the
signature "G. Dethick, alias Garter."
Titus B. XI.
2. Modern copy, from "the book made by Sir Thomas Wriothesley,
Garter," apparently the preceding.
608 f. 123.
3. Another modern copy, apparently derived from § 2.
P. 1. See Carew Calendar, No. 174.
603 f. 75b.
885. O'Neil, Earl Of Tyrone.
Letters patent (fn. 1) creating Con O'Nele earl of Tyrone, with remainder
to his son Matthew, alias Feardourghe, O'Nele and his heirs male. To
hold his lands in knight service under certain conditions (specified in
English). The heir apparent to the earl to bear the title baron of
Duncannon. Witnesses, Cranmer, Audeley, Oxford, Hertford, Gardiner,
Lisle, Russell, Gage, Sir Ant. Wingfield, Wriothesley, and Sadler. Greenwich,
1 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Contemporary copy, pp. 3. See Carew Calendar, No. 173.
With copy of the Articles of Submission (see No. 832), subjoined.
Ib. f. 14.
2. Later copy, from the enrolment, certified by "Ja. Stanyhurst."
608 f. 33b.
3. Modern copy, with the articles subjoined in another hand.
Titus B. XI.
4. Another modern copy, pp. 3; with the articles subjoined, p. 1.
32,648 f. 2.
886. The Privy Council to the Commissioners at York.
Have received their letters of Friday last. The King marvels
that the ordnance, etc., is not arrived at Berwick, but doubts not but
God will frame all things prosperously in time. As to Browne's tarrying
for the King of Scots; when he has, with Norfolk and Durham, viewed
Berwick and Wark, and done the rest as instructed, he may return with
them to the King. And, as the King of Scots should be honorably
received, and the King intends to defray his whole charges if he come
in post, they are to consider what that charge will amount to and leave
money and appoint persons to make preparation, and three or four cartloads
of hangings, plate, &c., shall be sent down. They shall take order
for Rutland, as lord warden, with the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland,
to meet him, and the two earls to accompany him to York, where
the whole Council, with lord Latymer, shall again meet him. Westmoreland
shall then return home and Cumberland, "because he is young,"
attend him to Huntingdon, where another company of noblemen shall
Where the Scottish ambassadors' instructions stated that it would touch
their King's honor to come further than York; they are to be asked why
it should touch his honor more to repair to his uncle at London than it
did to go by sea into France to the French king.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7. Endd. : Minute to my l.
Norff., my l. P.S., the bp. of Durham, and Sir Ant. Browne, primo Octob.
6,989 f. 101.
2. Original letter of which the preceding is the draft. Dated Greenwich,
1 Oct. Signed by Cranmer, Hertford, Russell, Winchester, Gage,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, and Sadler.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : Ebor., 3 Octobris, de Con. du Roy.
887. Robert Vauchop to the Card. Of St. Cross.
Extract from a letter showing difficulties alleged in Germany
against attending the Council of Trent. Saltzburg, 1 Oct. 1542.
888. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Greenwich, 1 Oct. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Russell, Winchester, Gage, Wriothesley, Sadler. No business
At Greenwich, 2 Oct. Present : as above. Business :—Recognisance
(cited) of John Haynes, of London, to attend daily. The keeper of Ludgate
examined of his contention with Hans van Fremat touching the
escape of a prisoner.
32,648 f. 6.
889. The Privy Council to the Commissioners at York.
Have received theirs of 30 Sept., enclosing a letter from Sir Geo.
Lawson, by which the King is glad to see that the grain, etc., out of
Norfolk and Suffolk, is arrived. The King notes the behaviour of the
Scots in taking the carts from Wark, and the slackness of Car in suffering
it, and would have it laid to the ambassadors which part now keeps
best promise. Hearing that they rig out at Dieppe 16 good ships, one
of 300 [tons], and the least of 80 [tons], the King has sent command to
all ports in these parts that no ships go forth until his further pleasure.
Enclose the minute that Norfolk may take like order there.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to my 1. of
Norff., my 1. P.S., the bp. of Durham and Sir Ant. Browne, ijo October.
6,989 f. 103.
2. Original letter, of which the preceding is the draft. Dated Greenwich,
2 Oct. Signed by Cranmer, [Hertfo]rd, Winchester, Wingfield,
Sadler and perhaps by others, whose signatures are lost.
P. 1. Mutilated. Endd. : Ebor., 4 Octobris, du Conceil du Roy.
VI. II. No.
890. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
This morning received her letters of the 23rd inst., with the
packet for the Emperor, which was forthwith sent to Bristol, to reach
Fallaix if possible, and, if not, to be carried into Spain by a merchant,
who is half resolved to go thither on business.
After dinner to-day, I was with the King, who said that the Almains
mentioned in your letters would be very welcome here, and he thought
you would have no great need of Almains, at least to raise the siege
of Parpignan, for the French, after divers losses by sallies of the
garrison and by cannon shot, have retired, and, being repulsed from the
city of Henne and failing in an attempt against Collibre de Portevendrez
(?), at the approach of Alva with 15,000 or 16,000 men, including the
expected succour from Italy, have withdrawn to a little town called
Clarak, 2 or 3 leagues from Parpignan. The French king has sent for
engineers to fortify the said place, thinking either to famish Parpignan
or constrain the Emperor's army to give him battle in his strength, and
was boasting that he desired nothing but battle, and would be content
that his only daughter should be a harlot if he might be sure that the
Emperor would give him battle; however, this King thinks, with his
ambassador in France, that the French king much more desires peace
or truce than battle, and he wonders at the French thinking to famish
the town, with Spain at its back, when they confess that the Emperor
is stronger by sea than they are. To explain affairs there, the King
gave Chapuys a map to copy and send to the Queen. The King also
said that (having heard from Antwerp that the bp. of Westminster
was despatched from the Emperor, and that with him came certain
personages on the Emperor's part, and knowing that 14 or 15 ships
were arming in great haste at Dieppe) he intended forthwith to send
the swiftest ship here to warn them of the French ships, and to steer
for the Irish Channel. As to Scotland the King told me that the
Scottish ambassadors appeared colder since they had answer from
their master, and would not offer that their master should come further
than York, and that not before the Queen of Scots's confinement. He
will not accept these conditions, and, unless, within three days, they
speak otherwise, the English will march to their enterprise. On
Chapuys suggesting that the Scots had got wind of the ships that were
arming in Dieppe, he answered that his ships kept such good watch
that that could not be; and he supposed that the French seek only to
hurt him, and they make brags to his ambassador, whom they keep
from approching the camp or the Court, but a herald of his has been
at Parpignan and learnt the above news, and, moreover, that Orleans
was in that quarter, and that a good part of the Clevois and other
lanzknechts were going thither.
This lord of Ireland called the Great Nel was yesterday created earl,
making the greatest possible homage and obeissance; and, what is
stranger, the bishops (fn. 2) who came with him renounced the title and provision
which they had from the Pope for their benefices, and accepted
all from the King. London, 2 Oct. 1542.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, pp. 4.
891. Cheke to Gardiner.
Pleads for a relaxation of the edict (fn. 3) as a favour to himself and not
as a right. Begins : Quum ea te eruditione ac ingenio esse intelligam.
Ends : Dominus Jesus D. tuam nobis diu servet incolumen.
Lat. Printed in S. Haverkamp's Sylloge Altera, pp. 458-463, and
in Cheke's De Pronunciatione (edit. 1555), pp. 339-45.
892. Gardiner to Cheke.
Would accede to his earnest request if it were possible; but points
out that to abrogate, for the sake of an individual, an edict (fn. 3) made for the
public good, would argue too much inconsistency in a chancellor.
Granucii, postridie Cal. Oct.
Lat. Printed in S. Haverkamp's. Sylloge Altera, pp. 464-468, and in
Cheke's De Pronunciatione (edit. 1555), pp. 345-9.
32,648 f. 8.
893. Commissioners at York to the Council.
Received the King's letters and commission yesterday. Perceive
that if the prisoners in Scotland are not immediately delivered the
army is to proceed; but nothing is heard of the ships of war, or of the
others with ordnance, beer, coopers' work, &c., from London, save only
of one with 300 qr. of wheat. Time will be required for the coopers to
work and for baking and brewing; and to proceed to Newcastle before
the arrival of these things would needlessly consume the victual there.
Yesterday, communed with the ambassadors touching depredations by
the King's naughty subjects of Tynedale and Riddisdale and the men of
Liddersdale. They said it would never be well until the two Princes
met and took order for these naughty people who, for their own safety,
do all they can to let the meeting. Perceive they have no doubt but that
their master will agree to come to such place as the King appoints, and
that the prisoners shall be delivered as soon as the capitulation is past,
but not before. Have deferred the setting forth of the army from the
11th to the 15th inst. Touching the isles of Shotlande and Orkeney; are
informed that Shotland is so distant that Englishmen who go yearly to
Iceland dare not tarry on those coasts after St. James' tide. They must
pass through the Pentley Frith, the most dangerous place in Christendom,
and Scottishmen who know it best dare not venture to pass it at this
season. Orkeney is also very dangerous and full of rocks, the people live
by fishing and have little to devastate save oats and a few beasts, which
are so wild that they can only be taken by dogs. The enterprise would not
quit the 10th part of its cost, besides the danger of losing the ships, and
they dare not attempt it unless the Council send men to instruct them.
Beg to know the King's pleasure by Friday next. York, 2 Oct., 2 p.m.
Signed by Norfolk, Southampton, Durham, and Browne.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 10.
894. Norfolk to Winchester and Wriothesley.
Desires them to be a buckler of defence if the King is not content
with the doings here. Cannot rule the winds, and without the coming of
the ships of war with the provision from London it were folly to set
forward, so that this delay of four days must turn to the King's profit,
as explained in their common letter. To-morrow being the day appointed
for delivery of money for conduct and coats, we will stay delivery of
conduct money till we see how we do with the ambassadors. If there
was bread and drink at Berwick sufficient to bring us to Edinburgh, as
there is not of drink the fourth part, unless the ships were come with
sufficient to bring us home it were folly to go thitherwards. York, 2 Oct.,
2 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 26.
No. 198 (1).
895. Sir Wm. Evers and Sir Geo. Lawson to Norfolk.
Reply to his letter that, on Saturday last, arrived (besides the ships
and crayers with corn and cheese before) 3 ships with ordnance, artillery
and tents from London, 1 ship with costrelles and coopers' necessaries,
3 ships with timber and logs from Newcastle, 4 ships with corn and cheese
from London and Norfolk, and 5 ships with corn to be sold in the market;
making in all in this haven 33 ships and crayers. At Holly Elande are
eight ships of war, viz.—The Small Galley, Cary, captain, the Small
Bark, Parker, captain, the George Bonaventure, Jenny, captain, the John
Evangelist, Nytygate, (fn. 4) captain, the Matthew of Hull, Fowbery, captain,
the Trinity of Hull, Thwaytes, captain, the first prize that was taken,
whereof Chamberleyne is captain, and the Dragon, Armorer, captain.
Also at Elande are 11 ships that brought men and corn.
Touching affairs Evers has certified the lord Warden. Berwick, 2 Oct.
Signed : Wyll'm Eure : George Lawson.
P. 1. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo. Ebor., 4 Oct., Sir George Lawson.
32,648 f. 21.
No. 197 (1).
896. Angus to Norfolk.
Thanks for forwarding a letter from his daughter Margaret, and
for Norfolk's goodness to her. The King of Scotland and part of his realm
fear the coming of our master's army, and will refuse nothing if it come
forward, but are in good hope of peace. The earl of Murray, the King's
bastard brother, has, by advice of the bishops and Churchmen, reproached
the King for his gentle offers to the King our master; whereat
the King, being offended, has left his Council in Edinburgh and come
to Dunbar castle. Doubts this, but the fact is that the King has been
these four days at Dunbar and Tantallon castles providing for their
defence. They speak of peace and provide for war, like wise men;
but they are in great fear, knowing that they cannot resist the King's
army. Begs that, if the King accepts the King of Scots and stays
this business, he and his house may be restored to their lands. His
brother desires to remind Norfolk that the laird of Drumlanrig longs
for his answer from the King. Asks when Norfolk is coming to Newcastle,
that he may wait on him. Encloses a letter for his daughter
Margaret. Berwick, 2 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo. Ebor., 4 Oct. Anguysshe. On
the back in Norfolk's hand : "iijml vijo viij."
897. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Greenwich, 3 Oct. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Russell, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler,
Dacres. Business :—Mr. Wiatt and Mr. Tate appointed to conduct the
earl of Tirone, Sir Dole Guineys, Sir Arthur Guineys, and an Irish
bishop, (fn. 5) the morrow after, to do their duties to the Prince.
898. The Privy Council to the Archbishop Of York.
Minding to have the King's title to the realm of Scotland more
plainly set forth to the world, "that the justness of our quarrel and
demand may appear, we have appointed certain learned men to travail
in the same; (fn. 6) and, for because the archbishops of York hath in times
past had jurisdiction over all the bishops of Scotland, we do not doubt
but there is very old, ancient and authentical monuments of the
superiority of the same see over them (if there be good and diligent
search) to be found in your old registers and ancient places of keeping
of such writings," this shall be to require you, on the King's behalf, to
have all such writings as make for the King's title sought out "and
examined by your chancellor, D. — (blank) and other such learned
men as you shall appoint thereto," and certify us with all expedition.
St. P. V. 212.
ii. The Same to the Bishop Of [Durham].
After the words "to travail in the same" in § i. occurs a mark in
the original, indicating a variation in the text for another letter in a form
given below, viz., "and forbicause we know that your lordship in times
past hath taken some pains in the same thing," we pray you to search
your old registers and ancient places where you think anything may be
found for the clearer declaration of the King's title; and to certify us
thereof, and also signify to us what "charters and monuments for that
purpose you have seen, and where the same are to be sought for."
[The letter in this form, which is evidently the draft of a second letter
to some other bishop, is printed in the State Papers as if intended for
the Archbishop, and the continuation given in § i. entirely ignored.]
Corrected draft, p. 1. Endd. : "[3o Octobris], (fn. 7) M. letters to th'archbishop
of York and — (blank)."
Calig. B. VII.
2. Notes and extracts, apparently taken from Durham records (no
doubt in pursuance of § ii.), to show the dependence of the Kings of
Scotland upon the Crown of England, giving an account of various wars
and other proceedings between the years 1093 and 1189, including
copies of the Donation of Coldingham by King Edgar of Scotland in
1097, with its confirmation by King William II. of England, and of a
grant of liberties by King Richard I. to the Kings of Scotland.
Latin, pp. 8.
3. Copy (perhaps made in continuation of the preceding) of a mandate,
dated Westm. 9 July 1291, by King Edward I., to the prior and
convent of Durham to enter in their chronicles copies (recited) of letters
remaining in the King's treasury, viz. (1) An acknowledgment by "Florens
Counte de Hoylaund, Robert de Brus," &c. [See Rymer III. 88—
the names here are very inaccurately given], of Edward I.'s suzerainty
over Scotland, and submission of their claims to his arbitration; dated
Norham, Tuesday after Ascension 1291. (2) Grant by the same claimants
to Edw. I. of the custody of all the castles of Scotland until he
gives his decision; dated Norham, Wednesday after Ascension 1291.
[See Rymer, ib.]
P. 1. Part Lat. and part French. Endd. in a later hand : "Title
of Kynges of England to ye realme [of] Scotland proved by certain
wrytyng[es] sought out by Cuthbert B. of [Durham], j. E. 6."
6,989 f. 104.
899. The Privy Council to [the Commissioners at York].
Since it appears, by their last letters, that they hear nothing of
the ships of war which, as shown by the copy of John Cary's letter to them,
were long before at Skarbourgh, they are to send along the coast to search
where they be become. As the time approaches for their enterprise to be
put in ure, unless they agree with the Scots, if the King's ships are
unlike for lack of wind to reach Berwick in time they must essay whether
the munition in them may be conveyed thither by land, and if possible
the beer also. Considering the great preparation of ships out of Depe
and those parts of France, it were not amiss to man the hulks there and
join them with the King's navy. Greenwich, 3 Oct. Signed by Cranmer,
Audeley, Winchester, Wriothesley, and Robert Dacres.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Ebor., v. Octobris, a Cono R.
Fly leaf with address gone.
5,754 f. 3.
900. War Preparations.
Norfolk's warrant to Sir John Herryngton, treasurer of the Wars.
1. To pay 20l. 3s. 4d. to John Atherton for coats of 121 men at 3s.
4d. York, 3 Oct. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed by Ryc. Urmeston.
Ib. f. 13.
2. To pay Sir Wm. Mulleneuxe 63l. 6s. 8d. for coats of 380 men. York,
3 Oct. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed : Henr' Tarleton.
Ib. f. 17.
3. To pay Germane Poolle 3l. for coats of 18 men. York, 3 Oct.
ii. Receipt, 3 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed : Chrystofr Smythe.
32,648 f. 12.
901. Edw. Shelley to Wriothesley.
Has delivered to Sir John Harrington, by several warrants of Norfolk
and others of the King's Council, 60,000l., save 500l. which they
commanded him to carry to Berwick, with the books received from
Wriothesley's servant, Wm. Honnyng. Received at Morpeth a book of
Honnyng's declaration of money received from him, which he will peruse
and copy and then send to Harrington. Neither biscuit nor beer is
come from London. Sir Geo. Lawson has brewed 400 barrels and 200
costrelles of beer and baked 8,000 penny loaves, and daily helps the
garrison with bread and beer, because of the lack here. He fears lack of
millage. Berwick, 3 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
902. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Greenwich, 4 Oct. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Russell, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler,
Dacres. Business :—Sir Rog. Townesende having sent a lewd rhyme
devised in the name of a Scot, letters were written to him to try out
the author and furtherers of it. Upon an action, in the court of Odiham,
by Wm. Dale against Wm. Boneham, one of the Pensioners, a letter was
sent to the steward of Odiham to stay the matter until 17 Nov., that
Boneham might get leave of absence from Court and provide counsel.
Letter written to the Deputy of Calais to send a letter sent to him from
the captain of Dieppe touching a truce for fishermen during herring time.
Bowyer, having fulfilled the decree in his matter with Neretti and
Bremont, was discharged of his recognisance; and Fras. Pellison, broker,
remaining in the Cownter, summoned to repair to the Council.
32,648 f. 13.
903. The Privy Council to the Commissioners at York.
In answer to theirs of the 2nd; the King's meaning is not that
they shall press for delivery of the prisoners before they capitulate with
the ambassadors for the rest that is now to be agreed upon, but that,
after the conclusion, they shall be sure of the delivery before the King's
army and garrisons are discharged; lest they make the prisoners hostages
for the ambassadors, being of more estimation and revenue than the
ambassadors. If the enterprise of the Isles is not meet for this season,
they shall devise what enterprise may be done by the navy, by a landing
about the Frith or burning the Scots' ships; for it should be to the
King's honor to annoy them as much as possible.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 5. Endd. : Minute to my 1. of
Norff., my 1. P.S., the bp. of Durham and Sir Ant. Browne, iiijo Octobr.
6,989 f. 105.
2. Original letter of which the foregoing is the draft. Dated Greenwich,
4 Oct. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Hertford, Winchester, Gage,
Wingfield, Wriothesley and Sadler.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address gone. Endd. : Ebor., 6 Octobris, De
904. Wallop to the Council.
His long delay in writing was for want of news. Mons. de Vandosme
is beside Messiers with 16,000 foot and 2,000 men of arms, and
Mons. d'Orleance was lately coming thither in post. The prince of
Orrenge and count of Bure lie within three leagues of them with 50,000
foot and 6,000 horse, the armies being separated by a great river. It
is thought that they will not join together this year. Wrote in his last
how Orrenge and De Bure won in eight days all that Orleans got in
three months. The Great Master and others say that Yvoire
still rests in French hands, howbeit the French fled in great
fear at the approach of the Emperor's army. Hears that 10,000
Almains, 10,000 Italians and some Spaniards have embarked
at Genes for Spain; so that if the Dolphin is still before
Perpignan, they will give him battle. The bruit among the
French is that he has taken it with loss of 20,000 men on both sides, as
the captain of Arde told Wallop, two days ago, when he passed by him
to see the King's bulwarks in the Marresse. The captain said Mons.
de Beez was come to Bullen and their camp would shortly break up. That
of the Burgundians will do the like, and 10,000 Almains shall winter at
Arras, Lisle, Ayre, Bittune and St. Omer, while the Almain Clevois on
the French parts shall lie in Upper Picardy. The Great Master of Flanders
was sent for in diligence from St. Omer four or five days past; "who
sent me word by Mr. Vaughan, being then there, at his return would
write me of divers great matters to advertise the King's Majesty."
Guisnes, 4 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Begs them to forward his letters directed to Norfolk and the
lord Privy Seal.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX.,
905. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Wrote of the publication of war between the Emperor and French
king, and the indiction of the Council at Trent with the Emperor's answer
thereto, &c., on 11 and 24 Aug., 9, 14 (morning and evening) and 20
Sept., but, as he hears nothing of my lord of Westminster's arrival,
encloses copies of the said publication, indiction, and answer. Wrote by
Westminster, who was then at Bilbao, the answer of the Emperor and
Granvelle to the Council's letter in cipher of 11 Aug.
The 27th ult., Card. Visew, otherwise Michael de Silva, sent from Rome
instead of Card. Contareno, who was dead, arrived at Monçon. All,
except the Nuncio's flock, say he had a very slender reception. He came
to solicit peace with France and the setting forth of the Council, and to
procure a reconciliation between the King of Portugal and the bishop of
Rome and himself; but he returns unsuccessful, being neither suffered
to tarry here nor to execute the large authority which the bishop of Rome
committed to him. The Emperor "stomacheth" much this war, which
he attributes to the French king's reliance on the bishop of Rome. The
Emperor's departure from Monçon is delayed by the uncertainty whether
the French have retired to Narbone or are fortifying themselves between
Perpignan and Salsas. Much succour passes from Castilla towards Perpignan.
As all Doria's galleys are coming from. Italy and the Prince (fn. 8) is
sworn, some think the Emperor will go into Italy to "prevent" the Turks
coming next year. He is "a wondrous and secret close man, not opening
his determination till the doing, for the most part"; yet all this army
assembled in Castilla, and paid in advance, must be intended for some
Speaks of his diets.
This cardinal of Portugal is even now come hither to visit the duke of
Camerine, who is sick. He has his despatch and departs in two or three
days. Sends in cipher "the chief points of Granvelle's sticking," (fn. 9) as
Westminster so much "desired knowledge sundry ways to be given,"
with other advertisements. Barbastro, 4 Oct.
The French have, by deceit, won Chirasco in Piemont.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 17.
906. Commissioners at York to Henry VIII.
Yesterday the herald of Scotland brought answer from the King
of Scots to his ambassadors, who thereupon showed us that they had
absolute commission for a meeting without restraint of place, affectionately
worded; and the delay was because of the opposition of many of their
King's Council, who even blamed the ambassadors for desiring this
meeting. Nevertheless, their master sent them instructions restraining
their commission, viz., that in their open capitulations they shall
agree to no further place than York, and not before 15 Jan., but that,
if the King could not come so far, he would come to such place as
he should desire, for example Huntingdon, and they might bind themselves
in articles apart that he would perform it. They showed their
master's signed instructions to that effect, and read a letter of the
Council. A clause at the end of the instructions forbade them to
capitulate further than their instructions allowed. We answered that
whereas, before, their commission restricted them to York and their
instructions gave them more liberty, now their commission was large, and
they were restrained by their instructions, and the liberty given by their
former instructions revoked, so that it was evident they meant no plain
dealing. And we showed our ample commission, which they liked, and
said our instructions were conformable, to treat of a meeting at London
before Christmas (which they had said they were sure their master
would agree to) and delivery of our prisoners and their remaining as
hostages; or else your army must proceed. They regretted that they
could not agree to such conditions, saying that touching the prisoners
they were referred to their first instructions, which were that, upon your
Grace's letter to their master, the prisoners should be restored. We
said that, as commissioners instructed to capitulate for them, our
request was of more effect than a letter. They said there was no doubt
of the delivery when the meeting was agreed upon and the army dissolved;
but we insisted that it must be before the army was dissolved.
They said that, as for horse and gear, it was impossible to restore it,
because in the ruffle it was carried off as well by Englishmen of Tynedale
and Redisdale as by Scottishmen, but the prisoners should be
delivered without ransom. Finally they showed a letter from the Secretary
of Scotland, bidding them to keep to their instructions, for rather
than agree further the Council would venture battle. Had much debate,
in which the ambassadors protested that they had done their best,
but some of their King's Council were sore against this meeting. They
showed themselves as sorrowful men as we have seen. The division in
their Council is shown by a letter from Angus to Norfolk, sent herewith.
Since this matter cannot take the effect looked for, we will assemble
the whole army and go forward; but, considering that the army will
not be at Newcastle until the 15th inst., we have given the ambassadors
fair words (lest upon their writing desperately the Scots should give the
first buffet) agreeing that they should write once again to their master,
and we would likewise report to your Highness, although we were sure
you would relent nothing. We offered them in writing "the points
whereat we stakke," but they said they knew them and returned the
paper with a paper of the articles they durst condescend to (enclosed),
which they said differed little from our demands. On leaving this town,
on Sunday or Monday next, we shall take them in our company in order
that they may show what answer their master sends. York, 5 Oct.
Signed by Norfolk, Southampton, Durham and Browne.
Pp. 7. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., V. 198.
2. Statement by the Scottish ambassadors of the articles they are
content to agree upon with the English commissioners, viz. :—That
their King will meet his uncle at York, 15 Jan. next, provided he have
ample safe conduct under his Great Seal and sign manual; that both
armies be scaled and order taken for good rule on the Borders; that
(the meeting concluded and the armies scaled) the English gentlemen
who are prisoners in Scotland shall be delivered, ransom free, according
to the credence sent by Ros herald; that the writers remain in England
as pledges for the meeting, and, although York is the place
appointed, their King will (if advertised that his uncle is coming to keep
the day appointed "and may not come to York without hurt of his
person") come to any other place.
On a slip of paper attached.—"My lords," we may not forget to
pray you to write to your Sovereign how we have, this day, shown you
our master's constant mind to meet with his dearest uncle and the great
impediments he has, and to beg him that "sic sobir difference as restis
now stope nocht ye said meting, etc."
Pp. 2. Headed : "Thir are ye articulis and hedis yat we are content,"
&c. Endd. : "Th'articles wherupon the Scottes be content
5,754 f. 11.
907. War Preparations.
[Norfolk's] warrant to Sir John Herryngton, treasurer of wars,
to pay lord William Haworth 9l. 6s. 8d. for his wages for 28 days, ending
5 Oct., and 8l. 8s. for wages of nine soldiers during that period.
York, 5 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII. Not signed.
32,648 f. 32.
No. 201 (1).
908. Sir Thos. Wharton to the Commissioners at York.
Since his letters by Mr. Curwen, 60 Scots, in boats, entered
Holme lordship on Monday night, 2 Oct., and burnt two houses, "and
took two watchers and three other, an old man they did bear away in a
sheet." This was done for displeasure that those persons last year
obtained a redress of the same Scots. Next night Sandy Armstrang,
Andrew Bell and 24 English and Scottish men, took 20 nolt and 5
of the Johnstons in Annerdale, "and slew a fair gelding" and came
away without hurt. The night after, Wharton's cousin Thos. Dacre,
with Sandy Armstrang, Andrew Bell and Will the Flagon, Scottishmen,
Grames and other Englishmen to the number of 30, and six boys, set
fire in the Kirk strete of Dumfries, and have, it is thought, burnt 30
houses and much corn. They had to break a house to get fire, and
thereby aroused the town, and of the first comers in the street they
struck down five tall men, and left five broken spears in them, one of
them that Andrew Bell struck being already dead. They came away
with two prisoners "without hurt to any of the Englishmen or horse."
These borderers think that when the Commissioners are in Scotland
a forray of 400 Scots and others of the West Marches should burn
Awyke in West Tevidell, and "lay a bushment for the forray of these
marchers," the Englishmen to take their wallets, so that if the enterprise
fail they may do another on the morrow. The time to be at the
Commissioners' command, and no let to be thereof unless the Scots
assemble such a power as to keep these marches occupied with their
The garrison men of Scotland departed on Saturday and Sunday last
from Dumfries, to be ready upon warning. Trusts that most of the
Liddersdelles will do good service in Scotland, and that Eskdale and
Ewesdale will do no Englishmen displeasure, but spoil their King's
sheep going in those countries. Has practised with other Scots, as before
the invasion he will report, and meanwhile annoys them for their burning
in the King's lordship of "tholme" (the Holme). Carlisle castle,
5 Oct., 2 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. : "To the right honorable my lord of Norfolk, my lord
Privy Seal, my lord of Durem and Sir Antony Browne, knight, in haste."
Endd. : Ebor., vjo Octobris, de Tho. Wharton.