Henry VIII
November 1542, 6-10

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1900

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'Henry VIII: November 1542, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17: 1542 (1900), pp. 586-600. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76680 Date accessed: 02 September 2014.


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November 1542, 6-10

6 Nov.
R. O.
1040. Robert, Bishop Of Llandaff, to Wriothesley.
Learns by W.'s letters of 2 Nov. that he is accused of negligence in setting forward carriages to Newcastle according to Norfolk's command. Immediately upon knowing Norfolk's pleasure, sent for the baileys of the wapentakes most meet to furnish such carriages and charged them to make them ready by a day, as appears by the first bill enclosed; for "in all this great business anents the King's wars, I caused the clerk of the Council to write every order as shortly as it was made, and I put them all in a book which I keep myself." Rated the carriages as appears by the second billet enclosed, and made a placard to every bailiff to take them, copy enclosed. Like charge was given to the bailiffs of Daryngton, Awcland and Duresme. Will show at his next repair to Court how he has been "handled in these causes." York, 6 Nov. Signed.
ii. Extracts from the minutes of the Council at York, recording orders given by the lord President to the bailiffs (named) of the wapentakes of Bulmer, Birdfurthe, Ridale, Hartill and Dikkering on 23 Sept., of Bukrose 24 Sept., and of Allertone on 25 Sept. to provide carriages (20 or 12 each) for the King's service, to be ready on the 30th Sept.; also to the bailiffs of Gillingwest, Hangwest, Haliikeld, Gillingeste, and Hangeste on 28 Sept. to provide each 20 carriages.
iii. List of wapentakes with numbers of carts (10 to 16 each) bracketed with dates in the margin as follows : —
Newcastle, Saturday, 14 Oct. 34 : Allertonshire, Bulmershire, Gilling. weste, Hallykelde, Gillingeste, Hangest, Birdfurthe.
York, 11 Oct. : Hartill, Dikkeringe, Bukkrose.
Newcastle, Saturday, 14 Oct. 34 : Darneton, Awcland, Duresme.
iv. Copy of a commission, by the Council of the North, to the bailiff of Bulmer wapentake to levy within the wapentake 16 carriages furnished with drivers and other necessaries, and appoint them to be at Newcastle-upon-Tyne on Saturday next, there to be at the orders of the duke of Norfolk, lieutenant in the North Parts. Palace at York, 9 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
6 Nov. 1041. Parliament Of Ireland.
Parliament of 34 Hen. VIII., session held at Dublin, 6 Nov., 34 Hen. VIII. [See Vol. XVI., No. 901.]
Acts : —
Chap. 1. Division of Meath into two shires.
Chap. 2. Persons standing bound to appear in any court and being in service to be discharged by writ.
6 Nov.
R. O.
1042. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote in his last, (fn. 1) by Guisnes, that he sent a servant with the Englishman (fn. 2) to the Great Master, to recover the horses at Arras. They have returned with the horses, which were confiscated, as appears by the Great Master's letter (enclosed), (fn. 3) who has also restored the money at his own cost. Sends his said servant over with the Englishman for his sure conveyance; and keeps the Englishman's servant, who is a Frenchman, and the horses, which are too sore travelled to be sent yet, and he is in doubt whether the Council's letter means that the horses are to be sent over or the men. The Great Master's letter and the writer's servant will declare the news. Guysnes, 6 Nov. Signed.
7 Nov.
Dasent's A.P.C., 49.
1043. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 7 Nov. Present : Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters sent to John Carie, vice-admiral, to Yarmouth, to send part of the ships home and repair to Hull for further instructions; also like letters were sent to Hull in case he should come there first. A Scot named Douglas, presented for speaking lewd words, was committed to the custody of my lord of Canterbury.
7 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IX., 213.
1044. The Privy Council to Bonner.
The King has seen the writings, and heard the report which "I the bishop of Westminster" brought. After Mons. de Courrier had delivered letters of credence in the Emperor's own hand, the King appointed commissioners (fn. 4) to commune with him and the Ambassador. The Emperor's Council in Spain stuck at the article of rebels and the articles mentioning the word "spirituales;" but these men would agree to very few of the articles, and finally stuck upon four, viz., the 2nd (which they would have general "as it was in Cambray"), the article of rebels, and "where the words 'spirituales'" be, and the article of intercourse (which they would have framed after Cambray). Although the King disliked this proceeding, his affection for the amity was such that he himself devised how the articles might be framed for the Emperor's excuse to the Bishop of Rome and his own countries, as follows : To omit the word "spirituales" and have only, as in Cambray, "Quaecumque persona, cujuscumque status, gradus, dignitatis;" to have the article of rebels as it was in Cambray, but the time of the avoiding of them shorter if the place where they were would permit; and the articles for subjects and intercourse as they desired. The Ambassadors, however, would not accept the above words instead of "spirituales," but would put "Quisvis princeps, potentatus, etc., temporalis," being a plain exception of the bp. of Rome, and implying a permission to him to invade the King. To this they stuck so fast that the King was constrained to desist without conclusion; but, after Mons. de Courrier had taken leave, an article was devised in more general words, which he carried to the Queen of Hungary, and the writers trust that all shall come well.
Bonner may upon opportunity compare the King and the bishop of Rome, how the one is "eligible" and may be succeeded by another of contrary faction, while the other has a succession perpetual. In Italy the King can stand them in some stead, and in the Low Parts none can help them as he can. Because they have done a little hurt in Cleves and the open country which they cannot keep, they must not deceive themselves with shadows, as they did lately when they and France were so knit together; for if France might have the help of the King these things might end differently.
P.S.—My lord of Norfolk, the Master of the Horse and other noblemen have devastated Scotland and returned without losing a man.
Draft, with corrections, and postscript in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 16. Endd. : Minute to the bishop of London, vijo N[ovemb.] ao xxxiiijo.
7 Nov.
R. O. St. P. V. 220.
1045. Thomas, Earl Of Rutland, to Norfolk and Others.
This day at 1 p.m., I received your letters at Newark-upon-Trent, being "in that case of my body as God best knoweth," and with only ten persons in my company, of whom my brother is one. Where the rest and the gentlemen lately appointed to be of my Council are I know not; and all my carriages, harness, and other necessaries are "coming homewards both by sea and land." Will, however, hasten to his house at Bever 9 miles off, and make ready, until he knows the King's further pleasure. Newark-upon-Trent, 7 Nov.
P.S. in his own hand.—"My lords, I beseech you to be good unto me, for, as God best knows, I am in a poor and feeble estate." Signed.
P. 1. Add. : "To my lord of Norfolk's grace with other my lords of the King's Majesty's honorable Council, at York." Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Nov.
Longleat MS. Hamilton Papers, I. lxv.
1046. Hertford to the Council.
Yesterday received a letter from Norfolk, Suffolk, Mr. Comptroller and Sir Ant. Browne, dated Duresme, 5th inst., enclosing the King's letters to them and himself, showing that he is discharged of the wardenry, and Rutland re-appointed. Although he has now no more occasion of abode here than the rest, he will not return until Rutland comes, even if he has to lie in his clothes, and have but bread and drink. Has stayed Rutland's stuff, which was yet at Newcastle and elsewhere. Where the King writes for them to devise order in case the Scots besiege any fortress; considering the dissolution of their army, of which he wrote, and the lateness of the season, no such enterprise is to be feared for this year. As to the 4,000 men whom the King will have in garrison; this month will be past ere they can be brought together, after which nothing can be done, and half the number will suffice for defence. There is no victual for such a number, and no annoyance feasible to the enemies but has, or should have been done within these 10 days if he could have had enough spears and archers sufficiently horsed. Will report the state of the garrison upon the return of the musters. Received from Suffolk a letter to him from Wriothesley for the apprehension of one Tucfield, and has taken order therein. 7 Nov.
P.S.—At closing this, learnt that the King's ships on Saturday last lay above Leith, within four miles of the Quenesferry, on the other side of the Firth, and burnt a town called Aberdolles. The men of Fyff and Lodian dared not go to the camp when the army was in Scotland for fear of the said navy. The substantial men of Edinburgh carried away their goods for fear of the army's coming.
Draft. Endd. : The copy of a letter sent to the Council, vijo Novembris.
8 Nov.
Dasent's A.P.C., 50.
1047. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 8 Nov. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wriothesley. Business :—Whereas Charles Brandon was arrested in conveying two great horses out of Flanders, but, at Wallop's request, dismissed by Mons. de Remp, he was examined and found to be a "horsskorsor," and of no such conversation as he was thought to be; and released with letters to Wallop to restore his horses. Letters written to — (blank) to admit John Thomas to be a gunner there, and send a meet gunner to West Cow to replace him. Wotton, treasurer of Calais, having written to the Council to get him some allowance as paymaster, letters were sent him that they thought it not meet to make any such motion to the King.
8 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 131. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 232.
1048. Henry VIII. to Norfolk and Others.
Has received theirs of the 5th, answering his of the 2nd. (1) Perceiving by their letters the danger which might ensue to Rutland if he now return to the Borders, hereby discharges him of the office of wardenry. (2) Notes their opinion that Cumberland is meet for the room, but thinks him too young and inexperienced, and has therefore appointed Viscount Lisle, who shall be addressed thither with diligence. For his assistance and for Cumberland's instruction, has appointed the latter to be of the Council on the Borders with him. They shall declare this to him, and give him his oath of a Councillor and some sage advice. To encourage him, he is to have such entertainment as an earl has in the field and a company of his own choice to be counted as parcel of the garrison. As Lisle, although well qualified, has small experience of the Borders, and Cumberland is yet young, the King prays "you, my lord of Duresme," to remain there for a time to aid and advise the Warden; to whom also Norfolk, Suffolk, &c., shall before leaving appoint three or four other grave and experienced councillors. They shall inform Hertford of this, and desire him to tarry on the Borders until the Viscount's arrival. (3) Since it would be hard to victual a garrison of 4,000, and they have written that 1,500 might suffice, and also that the number appointed for Carlisle is superfluous, they shall lay but 1,500 until the Viscount's coming, who shall bring 500 or 600 of his countrymen with him, and so make over 2,000 in all. They shall at once order provision of victuals for that number to be made in Leic., Notts., and the parts specified in the King's former letters. (4) Was moved to appoint 600 men to lie at Carlisle as an encouragement to those Borderers, who have ever served well, and to enable the Deputy Warden there to invade Scotland by agreement with the Warden, and also because Cumberland, who was a great stay to those Marches, shall now lie with the Warden. But if this is impossible, they shall appoint only the 2,000 men which Lord Lisle is to have. (5) Having appointed the great number of ships to keep the seas this winter to be victualled from time to time at Hull; although wheat is there "under a noble," the parts about Hull are to be spared as much as possible.
Draft, with corrections, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 17. Endd. : Minute to my 1. of Norff., etc., viijo Novembr. ao xxxiiijo.
8 Nov.
Hatfield MS. 231, No. 48. [Cal. of Cecil MSS.. Pt. I., 80.]
1049. Wriothesley to [Hertford].
Although you will perceive by letters of my lord of Norfolk, &c., the cause "of your stay for a small time on the Borders, and how my lord Lisle is appointed to be your successor," I thought meet to signify that "I shall lay my hands so about me" that he shall be with you "soon upon th'end of this month," having already despatched letters for the levying of his men. Begs a grant of the clerkship of the Admiralty in Norfolk and Suffolk for a special friend who will serve him right honestly. "My lady is merry." Hampton Court, 8 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : "xth. To therle of Hertforde."
8 Nov.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar. VI. II., No. 77.]
1050. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
— (fn. 5) "es aux Francois ilz ouroint merveille."
Supposes that she will have already ordered the despatch of his man. If not he begs her to do it as soon as possible. London, 8 Nov. 1542.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, p. 1.
8 Nov.
Hatfield MS. 231. No. 83. [Cal. of Cecil MSS.. Pt. I., 79.] Haynes, St. Papers, p. 1.
1051. Norfolk and Others to [Hertford].
Received his letter this morning with the King's letter to them all. Where he would have them all return to Newcastle, and thinks he has no more occasion than they to demore there; by the said letter the King desires 4,000 men laid in garrison, which number must be furnished of the "chief parts" and not there; and to summon the gentlemen who shall furnish them thither, and then send them back to muster their men, would cause undue delay, and indeed it could not be done without the books of certificates of every man's number, which remain with the lord President. Will use diligence to provide the number. Do not agree with him that he has no more occasion to remain than they; for although Rutland is appointed he will scarce have received his commission yet, and, being newly returned home with men and horses wearied, and 160 miles from the Borders, and in ill health, it will be some time ere he can return; and Hertford's commission endures until then, as Rutland's did until Suffolk's coming, although Suffolk had his commission long before, and as Suffolk's did until Hertford's commission was received in his presence at Berwick. They do not, as he writes, appoint him to remain and lay the burden on his neck, but only advise him to do as themselves would; and they require him to put out of his head the thought that they would do otherwise. Will endeavour to alleviate him from that charge as soon as possible.
Considering Rutland's debility and distance from the Borders, they have, with Suffolk and Durham, written to the King that Cumberland is a more meet man to serve. Look for answer on Friday or Saturday, and meanwhile have caused Rutland to make ready. Have also sent for Cumberland to be with them on Friday, so that if he is to have the room no time may be lost. Suffolk, having perused the King's letters, which Hertford returned this day, has gone to his house in Lincolnshire. The deputy warden of the Middle Marches is at the nomination of him who shall be warden. As to exploits in Scotland can advise him no further than they have done. York, 8 Nov. Signed by Norfolk, Gage and Browne.
Pp. 4. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To therll of Hertforde.
8 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,091 f. 127. B. M.
1052. Sir Thomas Wharton to Hertford.
Sends articles of the exploits he has caused to be done in Scotland since 19 Oct. Writes them because he is Hertford's deputy, and because he hears that sinister reports of him have been made to Norfolk, Suffolk, and others of the King's Council.
"Exploits done by the commandment of Sir Thomas Wharton in Scotland from the xixth of October unto the viijth of November."
Details of fourteen exploits, viz., (1) Houses burnt in Jedworth by Nyxsones, 20 Oct. (2) Houses burnt in Awyke, a market town in Tevedall, by Nyxsones and Nobylls, Scots, the same night. (3) A little town called Bowsteid, in Tevedall, burnt by Gawin Nyxsone and other Scots, 21 Oct. (4) Lancelot Lowther and John Curwen, Wharton's deputies, with 160 men, burnt a haven town called Mykkyll Hestome in Galoway, 22 Oct. (5) Houses in Bramxham in West Tevedall burnt by Lytilles of Eshdall, Scots, 22 Oct. (6) Thirteen of the Grames burnt houses in Anerdale, 26 Oct., but the Grames of Heske, when assembled, refused to go. (7) Fosters and Routleges burnt Cassilhyll and Reyhilles in West Tevedall, 1 Nov. (8) Robt. Hedryngton of Kirklynton and others fired a peel of Renyan Jerdaynes on the water of Correy, and Jamye Grame, alias Jamye Hyll, Englishman "rescued the same fire," 2 Nov. (9) Wharton's servant (named) with Andrew Bell and others burnt Huton in Anerdale, 6 miles north east of Loughmaben castle, 5 Nov. (10) Bewcastle men burnt houses of Rob Scott of Halowathe in Tevedall, 5 Nov. (11) Wharton's servants with Andrew Bell and others (named) burnt Huton Hill in Anerdale, 2 miles from Loughmaben castle, 7 Nov. (12) Robin Foster and others burnt Cromokhylles in Tevedall, 7 Nov. (13) John Musgrave with 40 men burnt Rowlle in Tevedalle. (14) Wharton's son Thomas, servant to Sir Ant. Browne, with his cousin Thos. Dacres and 300 men, on 8 Nov., burnt Stabulgorton and all the "steides" in Eshdall, and lord Maxwell's son, who lay at Langhollm, durst not meddle with them.
Much goods have been stolen in Scotland, but he does not write of them because they "did not burn."
Is ready, as he wrote on the 3rd, with 1,000 men to meet 1,000 of those Marches at Cassylton church, next full moon, to burn Ledesdall. Has practised with the Ledesdalles without effect; and sundry of them have delivered children to lord Maxwell. Others refused, "but they are all Scots and evil doers." Now they may be wasted in their buildings and corn, but the handling of the matter must be kept secret from any Borderers. Repeats the request he wrote on the 3rd to have 100 light horsemen "evil doers, Scots, and others." They should burn in Scotland twice a week and set fire in any town within 30 miles of them, whereas great powers cannot at this season do great exploits, the West Marches of Scotland being so wasted. On these West Marches, the Scots have not been so wasted and the English so little hurt in any such troublous times within the memory of man. Carlisle castle, 8 Nov., 11 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add. : lord Warden of the Marches. Endd. : "R. from Sir Thomas Wharton, knight, the xth of Nov."
8 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IX., 216.
1053. Queen Mary Of Hungary to Wallop.
Some of the garrison of Gravelinghes lately took certain prisoners in the Boullenois, whom, upon their return by Guisnes, Wallop has detained. The soldiers think themelves wronged thereby, and would think so the more if the like happened hereafter. Requires him, considering the amity, to restore the prisoners and, in future, allow the garrison of Gravelines to pass and repass freely with any prisoners or booty they can take. Brussels, 8 Nov. '42. Signed : Marie. Countersigned : Bourgeois.
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed.
9 Nov.
Dasent's A.P.C., 51.
1054. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 9 Nov. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters sent to Wotton, treasurer of Calais, mentioning 1,500l. sent to him, and requiring him to make an estimate for the works there up to 1 March.
9 Nov.
R. O.
1055. The Privy Council to [the English Merchants at Antwerp].
We have received your letters answering ours in favour of Wm. Castelyn, to be governor of "that Fellowship then being void," which we wrote at the request of the most substantial of that Fellowship; minding, by the placing of a wise grave man, to redubbe the lightness of your late Governor, who, to the rebuke of our nation, abandoned Andewarpe and the goods of the Company when he should have shown himself a man for their defence, for which he has been partly punished as reason required. Seeing that we named a person approved by the ancient, substantial and grave men here, who knew him better than you, we marvel that your judgment should differ from theirs, most of you being young and inexperienced, and some of such sort as should give place in this matter as to elders and masters. The whole Fellowship here complain grievously against you (1) in choosing for governor one who, four years past, withdrew his wife and household to Andwerpe and dwells there as a freeman (some think) of the town; and (2) secondly, that, after compromitting by letter the nomination to them and their choice (with only one dissentient) of the said Castelyn, you refused him and chose one (fn. 6) most unfit. We require you quietly to give place to their judgment and let Castlen enjoy the room; and, if not, we command, in the King's name, you John Knotting and the clerk of the Fellowship to repair hither, that the allegations on both sides may be heard. Hampton Court, 9 Nov. Signed : J. Russell : Ste. Winton : T. Cheyn[e] : Antony Wyngfeld : Thomas Wriothesley : Robertus Dacres.
Pp. 3.
[9 Nov.]
R. O.
1056. The Privy Council to the Company Of Merchants Adventurers.
We send herewith the letters which we and others of the Council here have written to the English merchants at Andewarpe "touching the matter of the governor of the Fellowsh[ip] there," with a copy of the same for you and the whole Company here. Praying you to see the letters conveyed with diligence.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to the Merchants Adventurers.
R. O. 2. Corrected draft of No. 1055 in Gardiner's hand. Undated. Pp. 6, enclosed in the preceding.
9 Nov.
R. O.
1057. Norfolk and Others to the Council.
We arrived here on Tuesday last, and have put order that the 4,000 men specified in the King's last letters, to be "resiaunt" on the Borders, shall be in arreadiness; but cannot promise how they shall be horsed here (by reason of their great loss of horses at their late being there) or victualled. Where you advertise us that the King will have 60 gunners laid between the East and Middle Marches, we, before our departure, appointed them by six, eight and ten in the garrisons where they may do best service. They number 150, and are laid in the places named in the enclosed bill. If the 4,000 men are to lie in garrison, Thos. Waters, of Lynne, and Thos. Wodehouse, of Wroxham, should be written to to send oats, beans, and malt thither, but provision of wheat and barley need not be made until the store at Berwick and Newcastle is more nearly spent. The grain that came in Sabyan's ship, to Newcastle, 500 qr., is so musty by long being in the ship that "no man will willingly meddle with it."
Enclose a letter from Rutland showing how he stands, "as well touching the state of his body as other wise." Delivered to Uvedale 6,000l. of the treasure here, and send a bill of the remainder, deducting the 400l. for the wheat that was lost, as "signified in your last letters." Will leave it with the President here, where it will be as safe as elsewhere and more ready to serve for these parts. As to what the garrisons will cost monthly, "every ml. men accompting the captains' and petit captains' wages will extend monthly" to 1,000l. As to the doing of any exploit by the Scots; within these two days nothing was done by them, nor any likelihood or possibility of it, through the scarcity caused both by themselves and by our devastation. Where you wrote long ago to the duke of Norfolk to stay the going of ships beyond sea; the merchants in these parts who have goods in Flanders pray for licence to fetch them at their own risk, and are in great distress for lack of them. Carlisle herald has apprehended one Edw. Middelton, who confesses, to Babthorpe, Chaloner, Sir Hen. Savell and Sir Wm. Malerie, that at the first commotion he fled to Nottinghamshire, and has since remained there, exempt out of the King's pardon. Desire instructions touching the merchants and Middelton, whose confession goes herewith. Wrote, upon the King's last letters, that they could not name the places burnt in Scotland by them, Jack Amusgrave, the garrison of Berwick and others. Have since obtained the names of some of them as in a schedule enclosed. Having taken order for the 4,000 men, we remain here only to know who shall be warden. Will then go to Hull and to the Court. York, 9 Nov., 6 p.m. Signed : T. Norffolk : John Gage : Antone Browne.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : "vjo (sic) Novemb. ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 2. Palacium Ebor., viijo die Novembris anno xxxiiijto H. viijvi : — Edw. Middilton, late of Helay in Massameshire, Yorks., examined before Sir Hen. Savell, Sir Marm. Cunstable, Sir Wm. Mallory, Wm. Babthorpe, and Robt. Challoner, by command of my lord of Norfolk, says that, on Saturday (fn. 7) next after the commotion, when the King's pardon was published at Pountefrete, he went home to his house until Ninian Staveley came to him (fn. 8) saying, "if thowe lefte it so, we were all undone," and wished him to go to Middilhame Moor, to meet other of the commons. Went with Staveley to Laurence Servant and Thos. Lobley, who refused to go with them, so they went alone to Middilhame Moor, and there met 200 or 300 men. After much communication and contrary opinions, they appointed to meet at Richmond the Monday after. Then the bailiff of the town made a proclamation against the commons, and every man departed. Went home and stayed two or three days, until Wm. Toppame, of Cowesterdale, said that men had been with spears to search for him. Thereupon took his horse and rode to Killington in Kendall, where he was born. Staveley departed from him at Richmond, and went to Carlisle (as he heard), and was a captain there, but examinate never saw him again. Lodged at Killington with John Lyndsay one night, and with a kinsman, Simon Middleton, of Akerige Grene, another night; where a boy, who had been at the mill, told him that the bailiff was saying "he would cause his own kinsman to take him." Thereupon rode to Cowene Brigge and so to Cowlinghedde in Craven, where servants of the earl of Cumberland made such narrow search to take him that he was compelled to leave his horse and stuff and hide for two days in a hole in the ground. He then departed over the moors by St. Anne of Bukston's to Riddingtone, four miles from Nottingham, where he tarried at Symsone's alehouse as long as he had any money. Tarried there, because it was near the highway from Kendal to London, and he hoped thus to speak with Kendal men, until five weeks "bypaste." There he "made hay, forked the wain and other labour, and also laboured to Jerves Ansley, being lord of the town, to be the common pinder, for which his wages was worth yearly xx.s.; and one year he was the "crawe keper" of the common field, and had for his wages vs.; and so lived five years amongst them, part by his labour and part of charity." No man asked why he was there or his name, "but they called him sometimes the old man and sometimes the halt pinder." Examined who of his old acquaintance he spoke with; he says that, "Christmas was a twelve month," he spoke with John Lindsey, who was riding to London, to borrow money. Lindsey said he had none, but would help him another time or else send to his wife. Spoke again with Lindsey about the Assumption of Our Lady last, "and then required a horse of him, saying he would go home. And Lyndsay said, 'May ye do so?' And this examinate said, 'Yea, I trust the King's general pardon will serve me.'" Lyndsay then gave him 8d., and leave to take an old horse he had at grass at Nottingham; and so he tarried for the amending of the horse, which was lean and tired. Never heard from his wife; albeit two years ago he sent an old man to her, who brought back word that he could not find her. Three weeks past he took the horse and came by Wersoppe, Wentbrige, Weddirby, and home, openly. His neighbours welcomed him, and some asked whether he had the King's pardon. After a week, and going to the church and other places, thinking to get some master to speak for him to my lord of Norfolk, he made himself a white coat, and went to Newcastle, but Norfolk was then gone into Scotland. Doubting whether the general pardon would serve him, he came back home; and when he heard of Norfolk's return, went again towards Newcastle. About Chester in le Strete he missed Norfolk, and rode on until he met Mr. Marm. Wyvell, who told him that Norfolk was riddén by, and asked how he (examinate) did. Thos. Bayne, Wyvell's servant, said that examinate's son was at London, merry, and one of his master's sons had spoken with him there; but he himself has never heard of his son since his departure from him at Kendal. Lodged at Duresme the night Norfolk lay there, and next night lodged at Crofte Brigge, and went thence to Leonard Warcoppe's, whom he found in the field. Told his cause, and desired Warcoppe to speak for him. Warcoppe gave him 2s. 4d., and left two servants with him at Cundall that night, who next day brought him to Norfolk into the Forest. Signed with a mark.
ii. Copy of the last lines of the preceding crossed out, because written on the wrong page.
Pp. 10. Endd.
9 Nov.
R. O. St. P. v., 221.
1058. Norfolk to Wriothesley.
Has had a new attack of his disease since noon yesterday, but not so sore. Hopes to be able yet to serve the King if he can get out of these cold countries. Dare not write how superfluous it will be to have so great a garrison laid on the Borders as was mentioned in the King's last letters. Sees no possibility of furnishing them with horse meat. He and his fellows have declared their opinion in their common letters. Is surprised the Scots attempt nothing against us, as they have such a multitude near the Borders. Surely they lack good captains. Thinks their King would gladly agree with us, and his Council will not suffer it. My lord of Hertford desires to be out of his office; "and not without cause, for neither the country knoweth him nor he them." Hopes the King will resolve on my lord of Cumberland, for Rutland will not long serve, and is not meet even if he had his health. York, 9 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
9 Nov.
R. O.
1059. Wallop and Others to the Council.
Account for the expenditure of the 3,000l., lately brought by Ric. Lee to Ant. Rous, as paid in wages, to 26 Oct., to the 100 horsemen of Mr. Wallop's band, the 700 men of war of the new crews, Messrs. Wyngfilde, Vaughan and Palmer and their bands, the 16 gunners extraordinary, Ant. Rous and Ric. Lee, John ap Richardes, and 1,350 labourers at Guisnes, and 530 in the Low Country; with wages, since 26 Oct., of 1,100 labourers now discharged. Carriage since Michaelmas is not yet paid, and about 760 labourers remain to be discharged in three or four days, all except 250, which shall winter at Guisnes. Beg that money may be sent, and enclose an estimate. Cales, 9 Nov. Signed : John Wallop : Anth. Rous : Rychard Lee.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
9 Nov.
Royal MS., 18 B. VI., 146. B. M.
1060. James V. to Paul III.
Has often written of the danger to himself and his realm from the King of England, and prayed his Holiness for a remedy. Suffered continual incursions all summer. First, nearly 10,000 armed men devastated his borders, whom he defeated; then a formidable army of 40,000, and a great number of ships of war, invaded his realm, but he repulsed them. The King of England rages so against him only because he refuses to desert the Holy See, and will not join him in war against the French king; but these things his Holiness will know more fully by the letters of the Cardinal of St. Andrew's. Has hitherto withstood him unaided; but he is endowed with tremendous resources, and will doubtless bend them to compel James to follow his impiety or else devastate his kingdom. Begs him to use his influence with the Christian princes to send speedy succour; for if this fire is neglected it will shortly pervade all Christendom. Will do his own part. Edinburgh, 9 Nov. 1542.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
9 Nov.
Poli Epp., IV., 13.
1061. Stanislaus Hosius to Cardinal Pole.
At the coming hither of this Apostolic nuncio Otho Truchses, who was their fellow-student at Padua, had much conversation with him about Pole. Cannot miss this opportunity of writing to show his affection for Pole. Cracow, 5 id. Nov. 1542.
Latin.
10 Nov.
Dasent's A.P.C., 51.
1062. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 10 Nov. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. Business :—Letter sent to the Merchant Adventurers at Antwerp, at the suit of Sir Ric. Gresham, Paul Withipowle, — Perpoynte, and — Gresham, on behalf of the Company, to elect Casteline to be governor there instead of Knotting (dispute described).
10 Nov.
Add. MS., 32,648 f. 141. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 233.
1063. Lord Lisle, Warden of the Marches.
Warrant for payment of diets of 66s. 8d. to — (blank), who is appointed lord warden of the Marches, and also of wages of the men he brings with him. He has already received his diets for one month, to begin the 21st of this present November.
Draft, with corrections, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Uvedale, xo Novembr. ao xxxiiijo for the payment of my lord Lisle's diets.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 143. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 234. 2. Order to mayors, sheriffs and other officers to provide carriage for the stuff of — (blank) now sent to the Borders foranempst Scotland to reside as lord Warden.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd. : "Copy of the commission for the Viscount Lisle for carts, horses, &c."
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 145. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 235 (abstract). 3. Warrant for payment to Viscount Lisle of one month's diets at 5 mks. a day, from the 21st inst., with coats at 4s. and conduct money at ½d. a mile for 200 miles, of 5 captains, 5 petty captains, and 500 men; in all 407l. 16s. 8d.
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Not addressed.
Ib. 4. Schedule enclosed in § 3, in which the amounts of the several items are reckoned up.
On the back is the estimate for the garrison (viz., 2,000 men at 8d. a day, 20 captains at 4s., 20 petty captains at 2s., the warden at 53s. 4d., the earl of Cumberland at 10s., and 4 counsellors at 6s. 8d.) for one day and for one, three, or six (Dec. to May) months.
Pp. 2.

R. O. St. P. v., 222.
1064. Lord Lisle, Warden.
Instructions given to Viscount Lisle, appointed by commission under the Great Seal, "bearing date, etc.," lord Warden of the Marches foranempst Scotland.
First, to hasten to the Borders with the 500 men he is appointed to levy as part of the garrison there, present the King's letters to the earl of Hertford, now lord warden there, whom the King will thereupon revoke, the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland, bp. of Durham and others appointed to be of the King's Council with him; and learn from them the state of the country and garrison, what the Scots have done since the invasion and what they intend; and thereupon place the whole garrison, which the King has appointed, by letters to my lord of Norfolk and others of his Council lately on the Borders, to be 2,500, or at least 2,000, men. As soon as Hertford is gone, the said viscount and his counsellors shall take musters of the whole garrison, as they shall do monthly, and set order for watch to be kept. Second, they shall get sure espial in Scotland to know what the king of Scots and his noblemen and others do. Third, he shall in nowise venture to ride in person into Scotland without the advice of his whole Council, and then only with a force too strong for any sudden assembly of the Scots to resist; but he shall sometimes send raids into Scotland under the earl of Cumberland, Sir Ric. Maners, and other of the captains, to do notable damage. Fourth, they shall, monthly, after the musters, see a book made of every captain's charge, and the expenses of their retinues, diets, &c., signed by three of them, for the discharge of the treasurer there, and send up to the King's Council a note of the book of the month past and of the money remaining in the treasurer's hands. Fifth, they shall always foresee that necessary victuals remain in store to serve the fortresses at least five or six months, and also the garrisons, among whom a sudden lack might breed inconvenience. Finally, where the King wrote to Norfolk, Suffolk and others of his Council late in those parts, to set order on the Borders, that order shall in nowise be broken, except by the full consent of all his Council now there.
Draft, with corrections, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 17. Endd. : "Instructions for the Viscount Lisle, appointed lord Warden of the Borders foranempest Scotland."
10 Nov.
R. O.
1065. William Castelyn to Wriothesley.
Encloses a copy of the grant made to the Company here from them at Antwerp, showing "what liberty they granted from themself in the nomination of the governor." Asks Wriothesley to remember him for the letters which were yesterday granted. London, 10 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : one of the King's two principal secretaries. Endd.
10 Nov.
R. O.
1066. John Wenyngton.
Last will of John Wenyngton, gent., made 14 Sept. 1542, appointing his body to be buried in Hulme chapel, and Sir Robt. Nedham, Eliz. his (testator's) wife, and Sir John Maynwaring to be his executors, and giving a list of debts owing by and to the testator.
ii. Certificate of proof of the above in the bp. of Chester's court, 10 Nov. 1542.
Pp. 2.
10 Nov.
Hatfield MS. 231, No. 29. [Cal. of Cecil MSS., Pt. I., 82.]
1067. Wriothesley to Hertford.
Sends letters from "my lady," to which he beseeches him to make a speedy answer, for he perceives she will not be merry till she hears from him. Would have him also, for the short time he will be there, write often to the King of the occurrents in those parts. Hampton Court, 10 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To therle of Hertforde.
10 Nov.
Hatfield MS., 231, No. 31. [Cal. of Cecil MSS., Pt. I., 81.] Haynes' State Papers, p. 3.
1068. Norfolk to James V.
Wrote to him from Berwick by Somerset herald and Ray, pursuivant of Berwick, asking that the prisoners in Scotland might be delivered up on ransom, or pledges, according to the Border custom. Received answer from the earl of Murray, that he would speak with James on the subject. Begs to know his pleasure therein by Somerset and Ray, whom he has again sent to him for that only purpose. York, 10 Nov.
Copy, p. 1. Endd. : Copy of my lord of Norff. letters to the King of Scotts.
10 Nov.
R. O.
1069. [Hertford] to Norfolk and Others.
I have this afternoon received your letters of the 8th inst. In my former letters my advice was that you should return to Newcastle, because I saw you make such haste away that I doubted whether you would stay before you came to Court; and I reckoned it the best place to remain at, for ordering things according to the King's letters to us, and that you were no further off than your former letter bare date. Now that I perceive you are at York preparing 4,000 men to be sent hither, I have written to the Council attending the King's person that, this month expired, there is nothing to be done which should require any such number, half of which would suffice to defend the country. Provision of horsomeat must first be made, for there is not in all the country enough to serve 2,000 horses till Christmas. There is scarce straw to find their cattle, "and as for the oats, as ye know, they occupy them for bread and drink." The horses here are so feebled and famished "that they will scarce carry a man ten miles any pace without tiring." It is better to forbear them, since they will come too late for any enterprise. As for my abode here, notwithstanding your advice, as may appear by my letters to the Council, I never intended to depart until one came to supply my room, and was fully instructed. Touching my lord of Cumberland, I think your opinions very good, albeit I must reckon my lord of Rutland much more beholden to you than I am, most of whose stuff remains within a day's journey of this town, and the nearest of mine 300 miles off. I have cause to thank none save the King, "who it hath pleased to consider how I am left." Concerning a note of the towns burnt in Scotland since the Council sat at York, I shall at my return bring a book of the names, and also of those burnt or spoiled the time of my being here. Alnewike, 10 Nov. 1542.
Corrected draft in Uvedale's hand, pp. 7. Endd. : The copy of a letter sent to my lord of Norff., Mr. Gage, and Mr. Brown, x. Nov.
ii. On the back in a later hand : This book hath quires 13, which containeth leaves 212. And in another hand : "This is my maister Maister Rycharde Robartes ys bocke. Yf he hym loste and yow fynde hym y praye you to take the laboure and payne to bringe hym home agayne. Writen by me your sarvaunte to comande to his littell power Pawle Worthe, per me Paulum Worthe."
10 Nov.
Irish Pat. Roll, 34 Hen. VIII., m. 10.
1070. Ireland.
Grant to Sir Thos. Butler, of Chaier, of the dignity of baron of Chaier. 10 Nov., 34 Hen. VIII.
See Morrin's Calendar, p. 94.
10 Nov.
Lamb. MS., 603 p. 106a.
1071. Rory O'More.
Submission of Rory O'More, brother, as he asserts, of Kedan O'More, dec., on his admission to the captainship of Lex; made before the lord Deputy and Council by indenture, 13 May 34 Hen. VIII., subject to the King's ratification. Eleven articles, one of them being for the restoration of certain lands of the earldom of Kildare and of certain monasteries.
ii. Memorandum of an agreement made between Rory O'More and Robt. Sentleger, subcaptain of Catherlagh castle, relative to the lordship of Slawmargie, in the Great Council at Dublin. 10 Nov. 34 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2. See Carew Calendar, No. 163.
10 Nov.
Theiner, 613.
1072. Cardinal Betoun to Paul III.
Although he has written of affairs here to the Datary, nuncio with the French king, who has doubtless reported them, thinks it his duty to write. Since July the English King has continually harassed Scotland with incursions, which have been resisted with such spirit that at the end of August 10,000 English were completely defeated and destroyed. Not long after the English King prepared 30 ships of war and an army of 40,000 men, under the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, and most of his nobility. Upon this the King prepared an army nowise inferior either in number or equipment; but the English, when scarce two miles within Scotland, on the fifth day after they had entered, hearing of the advance of the King's army, fled back into England without doing anything notable. At that time of year the King could not pursue them, but sent part of his horse, who more than compensated the damage the English had done. Now the borders on both sides are strongly guarded, and there are mutual daily inroads. The only cause of the war is that the King will not revolt from the Holy See and take part against the French king, his father-in-law. The Pope knows what he must do in the case. For himself, promises to do his duty to Christendom, and sustain gravely any part (personam) the Pope may charge him with. Edinburgh, 10 Nov. 1542.
Latin.
10 Nov.
Zurich Letters, II., 632. (Parker Soc.)
1073. John Butler to Henry Bullinger.
Thanks for Bullinger's efforts to procure wood for making bows of which "our brother" J. Burcher, has written to my brother, Ric. Hilles and myself. Begs Bullinger will continue to help him, as he seems an honest and godly youth, though doubtless Bullinger is overwhelmed with business. Cannot requite the good offices of Bullinger and his colleagues when we were at Zurich. Begs him to thank Megander, Pellican, Erasmus, and all the rest. Germany distracted by fear of war. Duchy of Juliers laid waste by the Imperial forces. In Hungary a standard bearer of Strasburg and his men and an officer of Ulm were entirely cut to pieces at the siege of Pest. The English (in what spirit Bullinger may determine for himself) have proclaimed deadly war with Scotland, unless she will banish the Pope, raze the monasteries and prohibit the worship of saints; all which things except the monasteries this tyrannical Proteus retains in his own kingdom. If Scotland do not accept our terms the war will be terrible. There are 120,000 English and Irish troops, including forces by land and sea.
Is determined to winter at Basle, as the air of Strasburg is too damp for him. Salute Master Theodore Bibliander, my gossip and preceptor. Basle, 10 Nov. 1542.

Footnotes

1 No. 1,005.
2 Charles Brandon. See No. 1,047.
3 No. 1,014.
4 SeeNo. 949.
5 The first two lines are described by the transcriber as being in cipher undeciphered.
6 John Knotting. See No. 1062.
7 October 28 1536. See Vol. XI., Nos. 901-2.
8 About Candlemas, 1537. See Vol. XII., Part I., No. 1012.