1040. Robert, Bishop Of Llandaff, to Wriothesley.
Learns by W.'s letters of 2 Nov. that he is accused of negligence
in setting forward carriages to Newcastle according to Norfolk's command.
Immediately upon knowing Norfolk's pleasure, sent for the
baileys of the wapentakes most meet to furnish such carriages and
charged them to make them ready by a day, as appears by the first
bill enclosed; for "in all this great business anents the King's wars, I
caused the clerk of the Council to write every order as shortly as it
was made, and I put them all in a book which I keep myself." Rated
the carriages as appears by the second billet enclosed, and made a
placard to every bailiff to take them, copy enclosed. Like charge was
given to the bailiffs of Daryngton, Awcland and Duresme. Will show
at his next repair to Court how he has been "handled in these causes."
York, 6 Nov. Signed.
ii. Extracts from the minutes of the Council at York, recording orders
given by the lord President to the bailiffs (named) of the wapentakes
of Bulmer, Birdfurthe, Ridale, Hartill and Dikkering on 23 Sept., of
Bukrose 24 Sept., and of Allertone on 25 Sept. to provide carriages
(20 or 12 each) for the King's service, to be ready on the 30th Sept.;
also to the bailiffs of Gillingwest, Hangwest, Haliikeld, Gillingeste, and
Hangeste on 28 Sept. to provide each 20 carriages.
iii. List of wapentakes with numbers of carts (10 to 16 each)
bracketed with dates in the margin as follows : —
Newcastle, Saturday, 14 Oct. 34 : Allertonshire, Bulmershire, Gilling.
weste, Hallykelde, Gillingeste, Hangest, Birdfurthe.
York, 11 Oct. : Hartill, Dikkeringe, Bukkrose.
Newcastle, Saturday, 14 Oct. 34 : Darneton, Awcland, Duresme.
iv. Copy of a commission, by the Council of the North, to the bailiff
of Bulmer wapentake to levy within the wapentake 16 carriages furnished
with drivers and other necessaries, and appoint them to be at
Newcastle-upon-Tyne on Saturday next, there to be at the orders of
the duke of Norfolk, lieutenant in the North Parts. Palace at York,
9 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
1041. Parliament Of Ireland.
Parliament of 34 Hen. VIII., session held at Dublin, 6 Nov.,
34 Hen. VIII. [See Vol. XVI., No. 901.]
Acts : —
Chap. 1. Division of Meath into two shires.
Chap. 2. Persons standing bound to appear in any court and being
in service to be discharged by writ.
1042. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote in his last, (fn. 1) by Guisnes, that he sent a servant with the
Englishman (fn. 2) to the Great Master, to recover the horses at Arras. They
have returned with the horses, which were confiscated, as appears by
the Great Master's letter (enclosed), (fn. 3) who has also restored the money
at his own cost. Sends his said servant over with the Englishman for
his sure conveyance; and keeps the Englishman's servant, who is a
Frenchman, and the horses, which are too sore travelled to be sent yet,
and he is in doubt whether the Council's letter means that the horses are
to be sent over or the men. The Great Master's letter and the writer's
servant will declare the news. Guysnes, 6 Nov. Signed.
1043. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 7 Nov. Present : Russell, Winchester,
Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters sent to
John Carie, vice-admiral, to Yarmouth, to send part of the ships home
and repair to Hull for further instructions; also like letters were sent
to Hull in case he should come there first. A Scot named Douglas,
presented for speaking lewd words, was committed to the custody of
my lord of Canterbury.
St. P. IX.,
1044. The Privy Council to Bonner.
The King has seen the writings, and heard the report which "I
the bishop of Westminster" brought. After Mons. de Courrier had
delivered letters of credence in the Emperor's own hand, the King appointed
commissioners (fn. 4) to commune with him and the Ambassador. The
Emperor's Council in Spain stuck at the article of rebels and the articles
mentioning the word "spirituales;" but these men would agree to very
few of the articles, and finally stuck upon four, viz., the 2nd (which
they would have general "as it was in Cambray"), the article of rebels,
and "where the words 'spirituales'" be, and the article of intercourse
(which they would have framed after Cambray). Although the King
disliked this proceeding, his affection for the amity was such that he himself
devised how the articles might be framed for the Emperor's excuse to
the Bishop of Rome and his own countries, as follows : To omit the
word "spirituales" and have only, as in Cambray, "Quaecumque persona,
cujuscumque status, gradus, dignitatis;" to have the article of rebels
as it was in Cambray, but the time of the avoiding of them shorter
if the place where they were would permit; and the articles for subjects
and intercourse as they desired. The Ambassadors, however,
would not accept the above words instead of "spirituales," but
would put "Quisvis princeps, potentatus, etc., temporalis," being a
plain exception of the bp. of Rome, and implying a permission to
him to invade the King. To this they stuck so fast that the King
was constrained to desist without conclusion; but, after Mons. de
Courrier had taken leave, an article was devised in more general words,
which he carried to the Queen of Hungary, and the writers trust that all
shall come well.
Bonner may upon opportunity compare the King and the bishop of
Rome, how the one is "eligible" and may be succeeded by another of contrary
faction, while the other has a succession perpetual. In Italy the
King can stand them in some stead, and in the Low Parts none can
help them as he can. Because they have done a little hurt in Cleves
and the open country which they cannot keep, they must not deceive
themselves with shadows, as they did lately when they and France were
so knit together; for if France might have the help of the King these
things might end differently.
P.S.—My lord of Norfolk, the Master of the Horse and other noblemen
have devastated Scotland and returned without losing a man.
Draft, with corrections, and postscript in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 16.
Endd. : Minute to the bishop of London, vijo N[ovemb.] ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. V. 220.
1045. Thomas, Earl Of Rutland, to Norfolk and Others.
This day at 1 p.m., I received your letters at Newark-upon-Trent,
being "in that case of my body as God best knoweth," and
with only ten persons in my company, of whom my brother is one.
Where the rest and the gentlemen lately appointed to be of my Council
are I know not; and all my carriages, harness, and other necessaries
are "coming homewards both by sea and land." Will, however, hasten
to his house at Bever 9 miles off, and make ready, until he knows the
King's further pleasure. Newark-upon-Trent, 7 Nov.
P.S. in his own hand.—"My lords, I beseech you to be good unto
me, for, as God best knows, I am in a poor and feeble estate." Signed.
P. 1. Add. : "To my lord of Norfolk's grace with other my lords
of the King's Majesty's honorable Council, at York." Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1046. Hertford to the Council.
Yesterday received a letter from Norfolk, Suffolk, Mr. Comptroller
and Sir Ant. Browne, dated Duresme, 5th inst., enclosing the
King's letters to them and himself, showing that he is discharged of
the wardenry, and Rutland re-appointed. Although he has now no
more occasion of abode here than the rest, he will not return until
Rutland comes, even if he has to lie in his clothes, and have but bread
and drink. Has stayed Rutland's stuff, which was yet at Newcastle
and elsewhere. Where the King writes for them to devise order in case
the Scots besiege any fortress; considering the dissolution of their army,
of which he wrote, and the lateness of the season, no such enterprise
is to be feared for this year. As to the 4,000 men whom the King will
have in garrison; this month will be past ere they can be brought
together, after which nothing can be done, and half the number will
suffice for defence. There is no victual for such a number, and no
annoyance feasible to the enemies but has, or should have been done
within these 10 days if he could have had enough spears and archers
sufficiently horsed. Will report the state of the garrison upon the
return of the musters. Received from Suffolk a letter to him from
Wriothesley for the apprehension of one Tucfield, and has taken order
therein. 7 Nov.
P.S.—At closing this, learnt that the King's ships on Saturday last
lay above Leith, within four miles of the Quenesferry, on the other
side of the Firth, and burnt a town called Aberdolles. The men of
Fyff and Lodian dared not go to the camp when the army was in
Scotland for fear of the said navy. The substantial men of Edinburgh
carried away their goods for fear of the army's coming.
Draft. Endd. : The copy of a letter sent to the Council, vijo Novembris.
1047. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 8 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Cheyney, Wriothesley. Business :—Whereas
Charles Brandon was arrested in conveying two great horses out of
Flanders, but, at Wallop's request, dismissed by Mons. de Remp, he
was examined and found to be a "horsskorsor," and of no such conversation
as he was thought to be; and released with letters to Wallop
to restore his horses. Letters written to — (blank) to admit John
Thomas to be a gunner there, and send a meet gunner to West Cow to
replace him. Wotton, treasurer of Calais, having written to the Council
to get him some allowance as paymaster, letters were sent him
that they thought it not meet to make any such motion to the King.
32,648 f. 131.
1048. Henry VIII. to Norfolk and Others.
Has received theirs of the 5th, answering his of the 2nd. (1)
Perceiving by their letters the danger which might ensue to Rutland
if he now return to the Borders, hereby discharges him of the office of
wardenry. (2) Notes their opinion that Cumberland is meet for the
room, but thinks him too young and inexperienced, and has therefore
appointed Viscount Lisle, who shall be addressed thither with diligence.
For his assistance and for Cumberland's instruction, has appointed the
latter to be of the Council on the Borders with him. They shall declare
this to him, and give him his oath of a Councillor and some sage
advice. To encourage him, he is to have such entertainment as an
earl has in the field and a company of his own choice to be counted as
parcel of the garrison. As Lisle, although well qualified, has small
experience of the Borders, and Cumberland is yet young, the King
prays "you, my lord of Duresme," to remain there for a time to aid
and advise the Warden; to whom also Norfolk, Suffolk, &c., shall
before leaving appoint three or four other grave and experienced councillors.
They shall inform Hertford of this, and desire him to tarry
on the Borders until the Viscount's arrival. (3) Since it would be hard
to victual a garrison of 4,000, and they have written that 1,500 might
suffice, and also that the number appointed for Carlisle is superfluous,
they shall lay but 1,500 until the Viscount's coming, who shall bring
500 or 600 of his countrymen with him, and so make over 2,000 in all.
They shall at once order provision of victuals for that number to be
made in Leic., Notts., and the parts specified in the King's former
letters. (4) Was moved to appoint 600 men to lie at Carlisle as an
encouragement to those Borderers, who have ever served well, and to
enable the Deputy Warden there to invade Scotland by agreement with
the Warden, and also because Cumberland, who was a great stay to
those Marches, shall now lie with the Warden. But if this is impossible,
they shall appoint only the 2,000 men which Lord Lisle is
to have. (5) Having appointed the great number of ships to keep the
seas this winter to be victualled from time to time at Hull; although
wheat is there "under a noble," the parts about Hull are to be spared
as much as possible.
Draft, with corrections, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 17. Endd. :
Minute to my 1. of Norff., etc., viijo Novembr. ao xxxiiijo.
231, No. 48.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS.. Pt. I.,
1049. Wriothesley to [Hertford].
Although you will perceive by letters of my lord of Norfolk, &c.,
the cause "of your stay for a small time on the Borders, and how my
lord Lisle is appointed to be your successor," I thought meet to signify
that "I shall lay my hands so about me" that he shall be with you
"soon upon th'end of this month," having already despatched letters for
the levying of his men. Begs a grant of the clerkship of the Admiralty
in Norfolk and Suffolk for a special friend who will serve him right
honestly. "My lady is merry." Hampton Court, 8 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand :
"xth. To therle of Hertforde."
II., No. 77.]
1050. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
— (fn. 5) "es aux Francois ilz ouroint merveille."
Supposes that she will have already ordered the despatch of his man.
If not he begs her to do it as soon as possible. London, 8 Nov. 1542.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, p. 1.
231. No. 83.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS.. Pt. I.,
Papers, p. 1.
1051. Norfolk and Others to [Hertford].
Received his letter this morning with the King's letter to them
all. Where he would have them all return to Newcastle, and thinks
he has no more occasion than they to demore there; by the said letter
the King desires 4,000 men laid in garrison, which number must be
furnished of the "chief parts" and not there; and to summon the
gentlemen who shall furnish them thither, and then send them back to
muster their men, would cause undue delay, and indeed it could not
be done without the books of certificates of every man's number, which
remain with the lord President. Will use diligence to provide the
number. Do not agree with him that he has no more occasion to
remain than they; for although Rutland is appointed he will scarce
have received his commission yet, and, being newly returned home
with men and horses wearied, and 160 miles from the Borders, and in
ill health, it will be some time ere he can return; and Hertford's commission
endures until then, as Rutland's did until Suffolk's coming,
although Suffolk had his commission long before, and as Suffolk's did
until Hertford's commission was received in his presence at Berwick.
They do not, as he writes, appoint him to remain and lay
the burden on his neck, but only advise him to do as themselves would;
and they require him to put out of his head the thought that they
would do otherwise. Will endeavour to alleviate him from that charge
as soon as possible.
Considering Rutland's debility and distance from the Borders, they
have, with Suffolk and Durham, written to the King that Cumberland
is a more meet man to serve. Look for answer on Friday or Saturday,
and meanwhile have caused Rutland to make ready. Have also sent for
Cumberland to be with them on Friday, so that if he is to have the
room no time may be lost. Suffolk, having perused the King's letters,
which Hertford returned this day, has gone to his house in Lincolnshire.
The deputy warden of the Middle Marches is at the nomination
of him who shall be warden. As to exploits in Scotland can advise him
no further than they have done. York, 8 Nov. Signed by Norfolk,
Gage and Browne.
Pp. 4. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To
therll of Hertforde.
32,091 f. 127.
1052. Sir Thomas Wharton to Hertford.
Sends articles of the exploits he has caused to be done in Scotland
since 19 Oct. Writes them because he is Hertford's deputy, and
because he hears that sinister reports of him have been made to Norfolk,
Suffolk, and others of the King's Council.
"Exploits done by the commandment of Sir Thomas Wharton in
Scotland from the xixth of October unto the viijth of November."
Details of fourteen exploits, viz., (1) Houses burnt in Jedworth by
Nyxsones, 20 Oct. (2) Houses burnt in Awyke, a market town in
Tevedall, by Nyxsones and Nobylls, Scots, the same night. (3) A little
town called Bowsteid, in Tevedall, burnt by Gawin Nyxsone and other
Scots, 21 Oct. (4) Lancelot Lowther and John Curwen, Wharton's
deputies, with 160 men, burnt a haven town called Mykkyll Hestome in
Galoway, 22 Oct. (5) Houses in Bramxham in West Tevedall burnt
by Lytilles of Eshdall, Scots, 22 Oct. (6) Thirteen of the Grames
burnt houses in Anerdale, 26 Oct., but the Grames of Heske, when
assembled, refused to go. (7) Fosters and Routleges burnt Cassilhyll and
Reyhilles in West Tevedall, 1 Nov. (8) Robt. Hedryngton of Kirklynton
and others fired a peel of Renyan Jerdaynes on the water of Correy,
and Jamye Grame, alias Jamye Hyll, Englishman "rescued the same
fire," 2 Nov. (9) Wharton's servant (named) with Andrew Bell and
others burnt Huton in Anerdale, 6 miles north east of Loughmaben
castle, 5 Nov. (10) Bewcastle men burnt houses of Rob Scott of
Halowathe in Tevedall, 5 Nov. (11) Wharton's servants with Andrew
Bell and others (named) burnt Huton Hill in Anerdale, 2 miles from
Loughmaben castle, 7 Nov. (12) Robin Foster and others burnt
Cromokhylles in Tevedall, 7 Nov. (13) John Musgrave with 40 men
burnt Rowlle in Tevedalle. (14) Wharton's son Thomas, servant to
Sir Ant. Browne, with his cousin Thos. Dacres and 300 men, on 8 Nov.,
burnt Stabulgorton and all the "steides" in Eshdall, and lord Maxwell's
son, who lay at Langhollm, durst not meddle with them.
Much goods have been stolen in Scotland, but he does not write of
them because they "did not burn."
Is ready, as he wrote on the 3rd, with 1,000 men to meet 1,000 of
those Marches at Cassylton church, next full moon, to burn Ledesdall.
Has practised with the Ledesdalles without effect; and sundry of them
have delivered children to lord Maxwell. Others refused, "but they
are all Scots and evil doers." Now they may be wasted in their buildings
and corn, but the handling of the matter must be kept secret from
any Borderers. Repeats the request he wrote on the 3rd to have 100
light horsemen "evil doers, Scots, and others." They should burn in
Scotland twice a week and set fire in any town within 30 miles of them,
whereas great powers cannot at this season do great exploits, the West
Marches of Scotland being so wasted. On these West Marches, the
Scots have not been so wasted and the English so little hurt in any
such troublous times within the memory of man. Carlisle castle, 8
Nov., 11 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add. : lord Warden of the Marches. Endd. : "R. from Sir
Thomas Wharton, knight, the xth of Nov."
St. P. IX.,
1053. Queen Mary Of Hungary to Wallop.
Some of the garrison of Gravelinghes lately took certain prisoners
in the Boullenois, whom, upon their return by Guisnes, Wallop
has detained. The soldiers think themelves wronged thereby, and would
think so the more if the like happened hereafter. Requires him, considering
the amity, to restore the prisoners and, in future, allow the garrison
of Gravelines to pass and repass freely with any prisoners or booty they
can take. Brussels, 8 Nov. '42. Signed : Marie. Countersigned :
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed.
1054. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 9 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
Business :—Letters sent to Wotton, treasurer of Calais, mentioning
1,500l. sent to him, and requiring him to make an estimate for the
works there up to 1 March.
1055. The Privy Council to [the English Merchants at
We have received your letters answering ours in favour of Wm.
Castelyn, to be governor of "that Fellowship then being void," which
we wrote at the request of the most substantial of that Fellowship;
minding, by the placing of a wise grave man, to redubbe the lightness
of your late Governor, who, to the rebuke of our nation, abandoned
Andewarpe and the goods of the Company when he should have shown
himself a man for their defence, for which he has been partly punished
as reason required. Seeing that we named a person approved by the
ancient, substantial and grave men here, who knew him better than
you, we marvel that your judgment should differ from theirs, most of
you being young and inexperienced, and some of such sort as should
give place in this matter as to elders and masters. The whole Fellowship
here complain grievously against you (1) in choosing for governor
one who, four years past, withdrew his wife and household to Andwerpe
and dwells there as a freeman (some think) of the town; and (2)
secondly, that, after compromitting by letter the nomination to them
and their choice (with only one dissentient) of the said Castelyn, you
refused him and chose one (fn. 6) most unfit. We require you quietly to give
place to their judgment and let Castlen enjoy the room; and, if not,
we command, in the King's name, you John Knotting and the clerk
of the Fellowship to repair hither, that the allegations on both sides
may be heard. Hampton Court, 9 Nov. Signed : J. Russell : Ste.
Winton : T. Cheyn[e] : Antony Wyngfeld : Thomas Wriothesley :
1056. The Privy Council to the Company Of Merchants
We send herewith the letters which we and others of the Council
here have written to the English merchants at Andewarpe "touching the
matter of the governor of the Fellowsh[ip] there," with a copy of the
same for you and the whole Company here. Praying you to see the
letters conveyed with diligence.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to the Merchants
2. Corrected draft of No. 1055 in Gardiner's hand. Undated.
Pp. 6, enclosed in the preceding.
1057. Norfolk and Others to the Council.
We arrived here on Tuesday last, and have put order that the
4,000 men specified in the King's last letters, to be "resiaunt" on the
Borders, shall be in arreadiness; but cannot promise how they shall
be horsed here (by reason of their great loss of horses at their late
being there) or victualled. Where you advertise us that the King
will have 60 gunners laid between the East and Middle Marches, we,
before our departure, appointed them by six, eight and ten in the
garrisons where they may do best service. They number 150, and are
laid in the places named in the enclosed bill. If the 4,000 men are
to lie in garrison, Thos. Waters, of Lynne, and Thos. Wodehouse, of
Wroxham, should be written to to send oats, beans, and malt thither,
but provision of wheat and barley need not be made until the store
at Berwick and Newcastle is more nearly spent. The grain that came
in Sabyan's ship, to Newcastle, 500 qr., is so musty by long being in
the ship that "no man will willingly meddle with it."
Enclose a letter from Rutland showing how he stands, "as well touching
the state of his body as other wise." Delivered to Uvedale 6,000l.
of the treasure here, and send a bill of the remainder, deducting the
400l. for the wheat that was lost, as "signified in your last letters."
Will leave it with the President here, where it will be as safe as elsewhere
and more ready to serve for these parts. As to what the
garrisons will cost monthly, "every ml. men accompting the captains'
and petit captains' wages will extend monthly" to 1,000l. As to the
doing of any exploit by the Scots; within these two days nothing was
done by them, nor any likelihood or possibility of it, through the
scarcity caused both by themselves and by our devastation. Where
you wrote long ago to the duke of Norfolk to stay the going of ships
beyond sea; the merchants in these parts who have goods in Flanders
pray for licence to fetch them at their own risk, and are in great distress
for lack of them. Carlisle herald has apprehended one Edw. Middelton,
who confesses, to Babthorpe, Chaloner, Sir Hen. Savell and Sir
Wm. Malerie, that at the first commotion he fled to Nottinghamshire,
and has since remained there, exempt out of the King's pardon.
Desire instructions touching the merchants and Middelton, whose confession
goes herewith. Wrote, upon the King's last letters, that they
could not name the places burnt in Scotland by them, Jack Amusgrave,
the garrison of Berwick and others. Have since obtained the names
of some of them as in a schedule enclosed. Having taken order for
the 4,000 men, we remain here only to know who shall be warden.
Will then go to Hull and to the Court. York, 9 Nov., 6 p.m. Signed :
T. Norffolk : John Gage : Antone Browne.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : "vjo (sic) Novemb. ao xxxiiijo.
2. Palacium Ebor., viijo die Novembris anno xxxiiijto H. viijvi : —
Edw. Middilton, late of Helay in Massameshire, Yorks., examined
before Sir Hen. Savell, Sir Marm. Cunstable, Sir Wm. Mallory, Wm.
Babthorpe, and Robt. Challoner, by command of my lord of Norfolk,
says that, on Saturday (fn. 7) next after the commotion, when the King's
pardon was published at Pountefrete, he went home to his house until
Ninian Staveley came to him (fn. 8) saying, "if thowe lefte it so, we were all
undone," and wished him to go to Middilhame Moor, to meet other
of the commons. Went with Staveley to Laurence Servant and Thos.
Lobley, who refused to go with them, so they went alone to Middilhame
Moor, and there met 200 or 300 men. After much communication and
contrary opinions, they appointed to meet at Richmond the Monday
after. Then the bailiff of the town made a proclamation against the
commons, and every man departed. Went home and stayed two or
three days, until Wm. Toppame, of Cowesterdale, said that men had
been with spears to search for him. Thereupon took his horse and
rode to Killington in Kendall, where he was born. Staveley departed
from him at Richmond, and went to Carlisle (as he heard), and was a
captain there, but examinate never saw him again. Lodged at
Killington with John Lyndsay one night, and with a kinsman, Simon
Middleton, of Akerige Grene, another night; where a boy, who had
been at the mill, told him that the bailiff was saying "he would cause
his own kinsman to take him." Thereupon rode to Cowene Brigge and
so to Cowlinghedde in Craven, where servants of the earl of Cumberland
made such narrow search to take him that he was compelled to
leave his horse and stuff and hide for two days in a hole in the
ground. He then departed over the moors by St. Anne of Bukston's
to Riddingtone, four miles from Nottingham, where he tarried at
Symsone's alehouse as long as he had any money. Tarried there, because
it was near the highway from Kendal to London, and he hoped
thus to speak with Kendal men, until five weeks "bypaste." There he
"made hay, forked the wain and other labour, and also laboured to
Jerves Ansley, being lord of the town, to be the common pinder, for
which his wages was worth yearly xx.s.; and one year he was the
"crawe keper" of the common field, and had for his wages vs.; and so
lived five years amongst them, part by his labour and part of charity."
No man asked why he was there or his name, "but they called him
sometimes the old man and sometimes the halt pinder." Examined
who of his old acquaintance he spoke with; he says that, "Christmas
was a twelve month," he spoke with John Lindsey, who was riding
to London, to borrow money. Lindsey said he had none, but would
help him another time or else send to his wife. Spoke again with
Lindsey about the Assumption of Our Lady last, "and then required a
horse of him, saying he would go home. And Lyndsay said, 'May ye
do so?' And this examinate said, 'Yea, I trust the King's general
pardon will serve me.'" Lyndsay then gave him 8d., and leave to
take an old horse he had at grass at Nottingham; and so he tarried
for the amending of the horse, which was lean and tired. Never heard
from his wife; albeit two years ago he sent an old man to her, who
brought back word that he could not find her. Three weeks past he
took the horse and came by Wersoppe, Wentbrige, Weddirby, and
home, openly. His neighbours welcomed him, and some asked whether
he had the King's pardon. After a week, and going to the church
and other places, thinking to get some master to speak for him to my
lord of Norfolk, he made himself a white coat, and went to Newcastle,
but Norfolk was then gone into Scotland. Doubting whether the
general pardon would serve him, he came back home; and when he
heard of Norfolk's return, went again towards Newcastle. About
Chester in le Strete he missed Norfolk, and rode on until he
met Mr. Marm. Wyvell, who told him that Norfolk was riddén by,
and asked how he (examinate) did. Thos. Bayne, Wyvell's servant,
said that examinate's son was at London, merry, and one of his master's
sons had spoken with him there; but he himself has never heard of
his son since his departure from him at Kendal. Lodged at Duresme
the night Norfolk lay there, and next night lodged at Crofte Brigge,
and went thence to Leonard Warcoppe's, whom he found in the field.
Told his cause, and desired Warcoppe to speak for him. Warcoppe
gave him 2s. 4d., and left two servants with him at Cundall that night,
who next day brought him to Norfolk into the Forest. Signed with
ii. Copy of the last lines of the preceding crossed out, because written
on the wrong page.
Pp. 10. Endd.
St. P. v., 221.
1058. Norfolk to Wriothesley.
Has had a new attack of his disease since noon yesterday, but not
so sore. Hopes to be able yet to serve the King if he can get out of
these cold countries. Dare not write how superfluous it will be to have
so great a garrison laid on the Borders as was mentioned in the King's
last letters. Sees no possibility of furnishing them with horse meat.
He and his fellows have declared their opinion in their common letters.
Is surprised the Scots attempt nothing against us, as they have such a
multitude near the Borders. Surely they lack good captains. Thinks
their King would gladly agree with us, and his Council will not suffer
it. My lord of Hertford desires to be out of his office; "and not without
cause, for neither the country knoweth him nor he them." Hopes
the King will resolve on my lord of Cumberland, for Rutland will not
long serve, and is not meet even if he had his health. York, 9 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
1059. Wallop and Others to the Council.
Account for the expenditure of the 3,000l., lately brought by
Ric. Lee to Ant. Rous, as paid in wages, to 26 Oct., to the 100 horsemen
of Mr. Wallop's band, the 700 men of war of the new crews, Messrs.
Wyngfilde, Vaughan and Palmer and their bands, the 16 gunners extraordinary,
Ant. Rous and Ric. Lee, John ap Richardes, and 1,350
labourers at Guisnes, and 530 in the Low Country; with wages, since
26 Oct., of 1,100 labourers now discharged. Carriage since Michaelmas
is not yet paid, and about 760 labourers remain to be discharged in
three or four days, all except 250, which shall winter at Guisnes. Beg
that money may be sent, and enclose an estimate. Cales, 9 Nov.
Signed : John Wallop : Anth. Rous : Rychard Lee.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Royal MS., 18
B. VI., 146.
1060. James V. to Paul III.
Has often written of the danger to himself and his realm from
the King of England, and prayed his Holiness for a remedy. Suffered
continual incursions all summer. First, nearly 10,000 armed men devastated
his borders, whom he defeated; then a formidable army of
40,000, and a great number of ships of war, invaded his realm, but he
repulsed them. The King of England rages so against him only because
he refuses to desert the Holy See, and will not join him in war against
the French king; but these things his Holiness will know more
fully by the letters of the Cardinal of St. Andrew's. Has
hitherto withstood him unaided; but he is endowed with tremendous
resources, and will doubtless bend them to compel James to
follow his impiety or else devastate his kingdom. Begs him to use
his influence with the Christian princes to send speedy succour; for if
this fire is neglected it will shortly pervade all Christendom. Will do
his own part. Edinburgh, 9 Nov. 1542.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
1061. Stanislaus Hosius to Cardinal Pole.
At the coming hither of this Apostolic nuncio Otho Truchses,
who was their fellow-student at Padua, had much conversation with
him about Pole. Cannot miss this opportunity of writing to show his
affection for Pole. Cracow, 5 id. Nov. 1542.
1062. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 10 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Dacres. Business :—Letter sent to the Merchant Adventurers at
Antwerp, at the suit of Sir Ric. Gresham, Paul Withipowle, —
Perpoynte, and — Gresham, on behalf of the Company, to elect
Casteline to be governor there instead of Knotting (dispute described).
32,648 f. 141.
1063. Lord Lisle, Warden of the Marches.
Warrant for payment of diets of 66s. 8d. to — (blank), who
is appointed lord warden of the Marches, and also of wages of the
men he brings with him. He has already received his diets for one
month, to begin the 21st of this present November.
Draft, with corrections, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute
to Mr. Uvedale, xo Novembr. ao xxxiiijo for the payment of my
lord Lisle's diets.
32,648 f. 143.
2. Order to mayors, sheriffs and other officers to provide carriage
for the stuff of — (blank) now sent to the Borders foranempst Scotland
to reside as lord Warden.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd. : "Copy of the commission for the Viscount
Lisle for carts, horses, &c."
32,648 f. 145.
3. Warrant for payment to Viscount Lisle of one month's diets at
5 mks. a day, from the 21st inst., with coats at 4s. and conduct money
at ½d. a mile for 200 miles, of 5 captains, 5 petty captains, and 500
men; in all 407l. 16s. 8d.
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Not addressed.
4. Schedule enclosed in § 3, in which the amounts of the several items
are reckoned up.
On the back is the estimate for the garrison (viz., 2,000 men at 8d.
a day, 20 captains at 4s., 20 petty captains at 2s., the warden at 53s. 4d.,
the earl of Cumberland at 10s., and 4 counsellors at 6s. 8d.) for one
day and for one, three, or six (Dec. to May) months.
St. P. v., 222.
1064. Lord Lisle, Warden.
Instructions given to Viscount Lisle, appointed by commission
under the Great Seal, "bearing date, etc.," lord Warden of the Marches
First, to hasten to the Borders with the 500 men he is appointed to
levy as part of the garrison there, present the King's letters to the
earl of Hertford, now lord warden there, whom the King will thereupon
revoke, the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland, bp. of Durham
and others appointed to be of the King's Council with him; and learn
from them the state of the country and garrison, what the Scots have
done since the invasion and what they intend; and thereupon place the
whole garrison, which the King has appointed, by letters to my lord
of Norfolk and others of his Council lately on the Borders, to be 2,500,
or at least 2,000, men. As soon as Hertford is gone, the said viscount
and his counsellors shall take musters of the whole garrison, as they
shall do monthly, and set order for watch to be kept. Second, they
shall get sure espial in Scotland to know what the king of Scots and
his noblemen and others do. Third, he shall in nowise venture to ride
in person into Scotland without the advice of his whole Council, and
then only with a force too strong for any sudden assembly of the Scots
to resist; but he shall sometimes send raids into Scotland under the
earl of Cumberland, Sir Ric. Maners, and other of the captains, to do
notable damage. Fourth, they shall, monthly, after the musters, see
a book made of every captain's charge, and the expenses of their retinues,
diets, &c., signed by three of them, for the discharge of the treasurer
there, and send up to the King's Council a note of the book of the
month past and of the money remaining in the treasurer's hands. Fifth,
they shall always foresee that necessary victuals remain in store to serve
the fortresses at least five or six months, and also the garrisons, among
whom a sudden lack might breed inconvenience. Finally, where the
King wrote to Norfolk, Suffolk and others of his Council late in those
parts, to set order on the Borders, that order shall in nowise be broken,
except by the full consent of all his Council now there.
Draft, with corrections, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 17. Endd. :
"Instructions for the Viscount Lisle, appointed lord Warden of the
Borders foranempest Scotland."
1065. William Castelyn to Wriothesley.
Encloses a copy of the grant made to the Company here from
them at Antwerp, showing "what liberty they granted from themself
in the nomination of the governor." Asks Wriothesley to remember
him for the letters which were yesterday granted. London, 10 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : one of the King's two principal secretaries. Endd.
1066. John Wenyngton.
Last will of John Wenyngton, gent., made 14 Sept. 1542, appointing
his body to be buried in Hulme chapel, and Sir Robt.
Nedham, Eliz. his (testator's) wife, and Sir John Maynwaring to be his
executors, and giving a list of debts owing by and to the testator.
ii. Certificate of proof of the above in the bp. of Chester's court,
10 Nov. 1542.
231, No. 29.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
1067. Wriothesley to Hertford.
Sends letters from "my lady," to which he beseeches him to
make a speedy answer, for he perceives she will not be merry till she
hears from him. Would have him also, for the short time he will be
there, write often to the King of the occurrents in those parts. Hampton
Court, 10 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To
therle of Hertforde.
231, No. 31.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
Papers, p. 3.
1068. Norfolk to James V.
Wrote to him from Berwick by Somerset herald and Ray, pursuivant
of Berwick, asking that the prisoners in Scotland might be
delivered up on ransom, or pledges, according to the Border custom.
Received answer from the earl of Murray, that he would speak with
James on the subject. Begs to know his pleasure therein by Somerset
and Ray, whom he has again sent to him for that only purpose. York,
Copy, p. 1. Endd. : Copy of my lord of Norff. letters to the King
1069. [Hertford] to Norfolk and Others.
I have this afternoon received your letters of the 8th inst. In
my former letters my advice was that you should return to Newcastle,
because I saw you make such haste away that I doubted whether you
would stay before you came to Court; and I reckoned it the best place
to remain at, for ordering things according to the King's letters to us,
and that you were no further off than your former letter bare date.
Now that I perceive you are at York preparing 4,000 men to be sent
hither, I have written to the Council attending the King's person that,
this month expired, there is nothing to be done which should require
any such number, half of which would suffice to defend the country.
Provision of horsomeat must first be made, for there is not in all the
country enough to serve 2,000 horses till Christmas. There is scarce
straw to find their cattle, "and as for the oats, as ye know, they occupy
them for bread and drink." The horses here are so feebled and
famished "that they will scarce carry a man ten miles any pace without
tiring." It is better to forbear them, since they will come too late for
any enterprise. As for my abode here, notwithstanding your advice,
as may appear by my letters to the Council, I never intended to depart
until one came to supply my room, and was fully instructed. Touching
my lord of Cumberland, I think your opinions very good, albeit I must
reckon my lord of Rutland much more beholden to you than I am,
most of whose stuff remains within a day's journey of this town, and
the nearest of mine 300 miles off. I have cause to thank none save
the King, "who it hath pleased to consider how I am left." Concerning
a note of the towns burnt in Scotland since the Council sat at York, I
shall at my return bring a book of the names, and also of those burnt
or spoiled the time of my being here. Alnewike, 10 Nov. 1542.
Corrected draft in Uvedale's hand, pp. 7. Endd. : The copy of a
letter sent to my lord of Norff., Mr. Gage, and Mr. Brown, x. Nov.
ii. On the back in a later hand : This book hath quires 13, which
containeth leaves 212. And in another hand : "This is my maister
Maister Rycharde Robartes ys bocke. Yf he hym loste and yow fynde
hym y praye you to take the laboure and payne to bringe hym home
agayne. Writen by me your sarvaunte to comande to his littell power
Pawle Worthe, per me Paulum Worthe."
Roll, 34 Hen.
VIII., m. 10.
Grant to Sir Thos. Butler, of Chaier, of the dignity of baron of
Chaier. 10 Nov., 34 Hen. VIII.
See Morrin's Calendar, p. 94.
603 p. 106a.
1071. Rory O'More.
Submission of Rory O'More, brother, as he asserts, of Kedan
O'More, dec., on his admission to the captainship of Lex; made before
the lord Deputy and Council by indenture, 13 May 34 Hen. VIII.,
subject to the King's ratification. Eleven articles, one of them being
for the restoration of certain lands of the earldom of Kildare and of
ii. Memorandum of an agreement made between Rory O'More and
Robt. Sentleger, subcaptain of Catherlagh castle, relative to the lordship
of Slawmargie, in the Great Council at Dublin. 10 Nov. 34 Hen.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2. See Carew Calendar, No. 163.
1072. Cardinal Betoun to Paul III.
Although he has written of affairs here to the Datary, nuncio
with the French king, who has doubtless reported them, thinks it
his duty to write. Since July the English King has continually
harassed Scotland with incursions, which have been resisted with such
spirit that at the end of August 10,000 English were completely defeated
and destroyed. Not long after the English King prepared 30
ships of war and an army of 40,000 men, under the dukes of Norfolk
and Suffolk, and most of his nobility. Upon this the King prepared
an army nowise inferior either in number or equipment; but the
English, when scarce two miles within Scotland, on the fifth day after
they had entered, hearing of the advance of the King's army, fled back
into England without doing anything notable. At that time of year
the King could not pursue them, but sent part of his horse, who more
than compensated the damage the English had done. Now the borders
on both sides are strongly guarded, and there are mutual daily inroads.
The only cause of the war is that the King will not revolt from the
Holy See and take part against the French king, his father-in-law. The
Pope knows what he must do in the case. For himself, promises to
do his duty to Christendom, and sustain gravely any part (personam)
the Pope may charge him with. Edinburgh, 10 Nov. 1542.
1073. John Butler to Henry Bullinger.
Thanks for Bullinger's efforts to procure wood for making bows
of which "our brother" J. Burcher, has written to my brother, Ric.
Hilles and myself. Begs Bullinger will continue to help him, as he
seems an honest and godly youth, though doubtless Bullinger is overwhelmed
with business. Cannot requite the good offices of Bullinger
and his colleagues when we were at Zurich. Begs him to thank
Megander, Pellican, Erasmus, and all the rest. Germany distracted by
fear of war. Duchy of Juliers laid waste by the Imperial forces. In
Hungary a standard bearer of Strasburg and his men and an officer of
Ulm were entirely cut to pieces at the siege of Pest. The English (in
what spirit Bullinger may determine for himself) have proclaimed
deadly war with Scotland, unless she will banish the Pope, raze the
monasteries and prohibit the worship of saints; all which things except
the monasteries this tyrannical Proteus retains in his own kingdom. If
Scotland do not accept our terms the war will be terrible. There are
120,000 English and Irish troops, including forces by land and sea.
Is determined to winter at Basle, as the air of Strasburg is too damp
for him. Salute Master Theodore Bibliander, my gossip and preceptor.
Basle, 10 Nov. 1542.