1074. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 11 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Dacres. Business : —Letter sent to Sir Edw. and Leonard Chamberlayne
to examine whether an information against one Franklyn were
1075. Wymounde Carew to his brother, John Gate.
My sister Cary thanks you for the bills you procured for her
to be assigned. Sir Ric. Pollard is dead. (fn. 1) He had of the King the
keeping of Donyet Park, either in Devonshire or within 3 miles of
it. If my brother Denny and you would get it for me you would do
me a pleasure. Syon, Saturday.
P.S.—You and I stand bound for John Parsons in the customership
of Bridgewater, and he, to discharge us, will part with the office to
one John Bele. If you can move the King for Bele, Parsons will give
you a tun of the best "Casgeyn" (Gascon) in London or Pole.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1076. Thos. Dyer the Elder to John Gates.
Cousin Gattes, the customer of Bridgewat[er], my neighbour, is
minded to resign his office to the bearer, my servant, if it may stand
with the King's pleasure. My servant is very meet for the room, and
I beg your favour to him. "From Cornewalles house."
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful, Master John Gates, one
of the King's most honorable Chamber."
231, No. 103.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
1077. Norfolk and Others to Hertford.
Have this night received the King's letters of the 8th inst., by
which it appears that he has appointed Lord Lisle to be Warden of the
Marches, and the earl of Cumberland to be sworn of the Council there
with him, my lord of Durham to remain for a time to advise Lisle. The
letters direct them to appoint three or four grave persons to be of
Council with Lisle, whose arrival Hertford is required to await. The
King will have on the Borders 2,000 men, whereof 1,500 are to be of
the North parts, and the remainder Lisle will bring from the South.
Enclose a letter to be delivered to John Care, vice-admiral, with diligence.
York, 11 Nov. Signed : T. Norfolk : John Gage : Antone Browne.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To
th'erle of Hertforde.
1078. Wallop to the Council.
Four or five days ago, heard that the captain of Arde had commanded
all cattle and corn of the country to be brought within the
town; but now hears that the cattle, for "pestring" and "fyling" the
town, are sent up into the Boullenoyes, with all the cattle of these
borders, and the houses about the town towards Mountorey pulled
down, as a "course" of the Burgundians is apprehended. There shall
come thither 300 horsemen under "the Roy Tuyftoffe," (fn. 2) who is brother
to Mons. de Langey; "which the captain of Arde ne the country liketh
nothing, considering the most part of his band to be Italyons and
Albanoiez, and trusteth shall come in their liewe another band, they
having made great labour for the same." Footmen are put in the peels
and small castles about Arde. The Marshal de Beez is and has been at
Amyas 10 or 12 days in great council with Mons. de Vendosme. Has
sent to learn what is done there. A number of Almains are said to have
come to the Burgundians, and the French have brought the bells of their
churches adjoining Arde into the town, reckoning that the Burgundians
will serve them as they (the French) did Bredenerde. Guisnes, 11 Nov.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1079. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 12 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Chancellor, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Riche, Dacres. Business :—On information against him,
Byrde, one of the King's purveyors of wood, was sent for. A privy seal
devised to summon — Cannon, of Northamptonshire, to answer why
he had not observed the order taken at Fodringay last year, between
him and his wife.
231, No. 119.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
St. Papers, 4.
1080. Henry VIII. to Hertford.
Has appointed Viscount Lisle to the room of Warden, and desires
Hertford, at his arrival, to advise him of the state of the Borders and
then return hither. Hampton Court, 12 Nov. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed
at the head.
1081. The Privy Council to Norfolk and Others.
The King has heard your letters of the 9th inst., and, as the
greatest matters therein contained were answered by the King's last
letters, we shall now only inform you that the King pardons Midleton,
so that you may take order for his liberty until the pardon may be sued
out; and that the merchant ships restrained by commandment may go into
Flanders, provided they "go in a good conserve together," but they
shall not as yet venture elsewhere.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to my 1. of
Norff., etc., xijo Novemb. ao xxxiiijo.
1082. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 13 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Dacres. Business :—Depositions exhibited against Ant. Hutchinson,
soldier of Guisnes, for lewd words; but, as it appeared that he was
drunk when he spoke them, letters were written to Wallop to release
him with a caution.
1083. Hertford to the Council.
Perhaps the King thinks him slack in sending news and annoying
the enemies, but his excuse is that a man must know where and
what his forces are before he attempts anything. For a week past has
travailed to learn this, and consulted about exploits to be done in Scotland
by the garrison, which numbers 2,571. Those who took the musters
and their own captains, say that the soldiers' horses will scant carry them
8 or 10 miles "a foot pace;" except the companies of my lord of
Anguishe, Sir Ralph Evre, Brian Laton, Carre, Sotell and George
Heron, about 300 men. Asks what exploit is possible with such horsemen,
who are wearying to be despatched hence. Would rather have
2,000 willing footmen. Has nevertheless taken such order that, by the
end of this week, exploits shall be done to the King's contentation. Received
this day a letter from Norfolk to John Cary, vice-admiral, now in
the Frithe, which shall be delivered at his arrival. Part of the ships
should lie at Holy Eland and keep the seas this winter, to prevent the
Scots from uttering their wool and salmon, which is their only commodity
still unsold, and put them from their fishing in the sea in
winter and in Lent. Encloses a note of all exploits done anent the
Scots since his coming, and "not before advertised."
Draft. Endd. : The copy of a letter sent to the council, xiijo Novembris.
2. Extract from the list of exploits described in Wharton's letter of
the 8th (No. 1052), viz., from the seventh to the thirteenth, with the
note that other raids are not described because they "did not burn."
Corrected by Wharton. Endd. : Spoils done in Scotland by Sir Thos.
1084. [Hertford] to Norfolk and Others.
Yesterday, at dinner, I received your Lordship's letters of the
10th inst., and immediately despatched Somerset, the herald, towards
the king of Scots. Where you advise me for the burning of Calstreme
and Coldingham, to the contentation of the King, I am not so undutiful
as to be idle; but I think that if any of you were in my room
you would first ascertain where the garrisons lie and how they are
furnished for such enterprises, which all this week past I have been
diligent in doing. By advice of [Sir Wm. Eure, John Uvedale, Brian
Laton and others], (fn. 3) the wise men here, I have devised exploits to be
done in Scotland by the garrisons, which number but 2,591 men, and the
worst furnished men for such attemptates that ever came to these
Borders, for their captains affirm that the soldiers' horses will scantly
bear them 8 or 10 miles at a foot pace, and some not 2 miles, except
the companies of my lord of Anguishe, Sir Ralph Eure, Brian Laton,
Carre, Sotell and George Heron, in all about 300 men. What exploits
are to be done with such horsemen "much desirous to be at home," your
wisdoms can judge, for I had lever have 2,000 willing footmen than all
this number of ill-furnished horsemen.
Before the receipt (fn. 4) of your letters I had appointed that the garrisons,
with the pensioners and others of Northumberland, under the leading
of Sir Ralph Eure, Sir Wm. Bulmer and Ralph Bulmer should, this
Monday night, meet at Barwik and pass secretly to Coldingham, and
there begin to raise fire, spoiling and consuming the country hitherward
without respect of person. It has been so secretly handled that none
shall know it until the meeting at Barwik to-night. Also before the
receipt of your letters, (fn. 5) I had determined that on Thursday night next
the same men under Sir Thos. Hilton, Sir Ralph Eure, Sir Wm. Bulmer,
Ralph Bulmer, John Horsley and Robt. Colyngwood shall meet at the
Stone of Crokeham More, and enter Tivedale as far as Lempet Lawe,
Hoselawe, Gradone, Thurlestone Barnes, Cheretrees a stede of Henry
Taytis, Towne Yatham, Kirke Yatham, Clifton and Hahop, wasting
and consuming with fire and sword from these places homewards. The
same night I have also appointed that George Heron, with Tyndale and
Riddisdale, shall enter Scotland as far as the water of Rowle, and as
near Jedworth as they can go, and thence burn and destroy homewards.
[I trust they may return with honor, for the whole number of the
garrisons under my rule does not exceed — (blank) thousand —
(blank) hundred persons.] (fn. 6) Calstreme "had not been to do now saving
that Twede hath always been up."
This day at dinner I received your letters of the 12th inst., with one
to John Cary, which shall be delivered as soon as he arrives upon this
coast [; "and, in mine opinion, the King's Majesty of all other named
unto my room hath appointed, etc."]. (fn. 7)
Draft in Uvedale's hand, pp. 7. Endd. : "The copy of a letter to
my lord of Norff., Sir John Gage and Mr. Brown, xiij Nov."
231, No. 9.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
1085. Norfolk and Sir Anth. Browne to Hertford.
Enclose letters addressed to him, received this present hour, with
others from the Council. "Written at Sir Robt. Tirwitte's house in
Lincolnshire this 14th day of November." Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To, etc., the earl of Hertforde, lord Warden of the
Marches. "Haste, post, haste northwards to Alnewick. Endd. : "R.
from my Lord of Norf., xix Nov."
ii. On the back in Hertford's hand :—"John Hume of the Hith Las,
brother to the Lord of Wetherborne, was slayne wtin Couldingam Towar
wt a narow att the Rod before Couldingam. He is birid this day; att
which biriall ther is mani gentell of Skotland att."
1086. Hertford to Henry VIII.
Hearing that the Scots would garrison Coldingham, 12 miles from
Berwick, with 300 men, resolved to prevent their purpose, although the
time of the month did not best serve. Caused as many of the garrisons
as had horses able to carry them, with 100 of Berwick and certain
countrymen, in all about 800 men, to meet at Berwick on Monday last§
at 10 p.m. There they received their orders and issued forth, about
11 p.m., under Sir Ralph Eure, Sir Wm. Bulmer, and Ralph Bulmer,
the writer's servant. By the way they left some of their number to
surround a peel of Geo. Hume's, deputy warden of the East Marches
of Scotland. At Coldingham they laid men between the town and the
abbey, and burnt the same (the abbey?), and another town called Reston.
In their return, finding the said peel of Ayton still defended by 80
Scots, they wan it by force, slew three Scots, took the rest prisoners, and
burnt the house and villages round. They took 100 prisoners, 180
horses, &c. (detailed), although the water of Whittatyr was not up, and
the Scots might have repaired to the rescue if their courage had served
them. The said company, with George Douglas, who was there of
his own choice with Anguishe's men, whom the writer had requested to
rest himself in Berwick, have deserved thanks. Alnewik castle, 15 Nov.
Draft. Endd. : A copy of a letter sent to the King's Majesty, xvo
1087. The Captain Of Ardres to Wallop.
I have received your letter, with that which the governor of
Gravelingz writes to you. The King, your master, wrote to you that
he did not intend my men, who were prisoners at Guisnes, to pay any
ransom to the Burgundians; and, as to the governor of Gravelingz's
saying that my men gave their word (promys leurs foiz) to those who
took them, I think they could give no word upon the King, your
master's, ground, and that, if there was any fine, it should be paid to
the King rather than to the Burgundians; and so I beg you to inform
them. Ardre, 15 Nov.
P.S.—Thinks his men's arms should also be restored, and begs Wallop
to write to the captain of Gravelingz for them.
French, p. 1 Headed : "Copy of St. Chevalles letter sent to me,
which I sent to the captain of Gravelin."
1088. Wallop to the Captain Of Gravelines.
Has received his letter desiring to have certain Frenchmen who
were taken by the Emperor's men under his charge, and to know what
answer Wallop has from the King. The King's answer is that the
injury done that day by the French was done to him, and that the
Frenchmen are to be delivered without paying any ransom to the
Burgundians. Has accordingly dismissed them. The King wishes
these countries to remain free to both sides. Your men were permitted
to take with them the prisoners they took outside our lands. "Et ou
que desierez pour scavoir que responce que lesdits Francoiz on ferront
pour acquiter leur foye; je lay escripz a Monsr. Saint Chevall, capitaine
de Ardre, pour scavoir en que sort ilz respondront, lequell voz envoy
icy enclose; vous suppliant aprez avoir lieu del me renvoyer." Guysnes,
French, p. 1. Headed : "Copy of my letter sent to the captain of
Gravelin, after I had received the King's Majesty's letter for the delivery
of the prisoners."
1089. The Privy Council.
The entry for 14 Nov. records neither attendance nor business.
Meetings at Hampton Court, 15 and 16 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
No business recorded.
[*** There is no entry for 17 Nov., and that for 18 Nov. records
neither attendance nor business.]
1090. Gilbert Swynhoo to Hertford.
Has done his best to get news of Scotland, and learns that all
Tyvydale and the Marshe with the Forests (fn. 8) and the hither side of
Loyden will come in by night in two hosts and burn homewards, laying
a bushment about Tweed or the Dry March against their return. At
Gedwoorth is a foot band of 1,600 men with four captains, viz., Dogg,
Moorrey, Scrymylshone and another Irish captain. Our ships left the
Firth on Saturday last. They took two oyster boats, paid for their
oysters, made them good cheer, and let them go. "The King caused
hang them all when they came home." The foot band at Gedwoorth
have wages for but 14 days, and shall be succeeded by 300 spears. Sir
Robt. Booys and Sir Roger Lasselles are removed to Saynct Androys,
Ric. Booys and Mr. Slyngysbye sent north with the bp. of Mourrey.
Cornehill, 16 Nov.
Hol. Add. Endd. : 17 Nov.
1091. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote on the 11th that Mons. de Vandosme and Mons. de Beez
had been at Amyas in council. His man learnt that it was for the
revictualling of Thurwen and furnishing of the frontier garrisons, and
that men of arms were mustering at Rowne. Going on to Rowne, he
met 400 footmen conducting waggons towards Amyas, with victual
and munitions for Mounstrell, where they make their staple for revictualling
Theurwen. At Rowen he saw the musters taken and the
horsemen despatched to Amyas, for Hesdyn, Dourlans and Arde. Le
Roy Tyftoff, who was to come to Arde, is appointed, with another
captain, to go into Scotland. "As touching his band he cannot tell
whether they go with him or not, but in mine opinion they go not,
for light horse he shall find enough there; whom I know very well not
to be no very good man of war, but a sufficient drunkard by kind,
brother to the cardinal de Belly and Monsr. de Langey, of which race I
have had good experience to know in France." Mons. d'Orleans lays
siege to Luxemburge and has suffered great famine.
Last night 120 Burgundian adventurers (with certain Englishmen)
from Oderwike, Sowhtkerke and other churches in Bredenerd, reckoned
to spoil a village called Lowches, but were surrounded by 400 footmen
and 50 horse from Arde, who took 80 Burgundians, and killed most
of the Englishmen, for St. Chevall has commanded that "Englishmen
Bourgonions" are to be killed, not taken prisoners. Wallop's informant
was at Arde when the prisoners were brought in, and saw above 30
bows, thought to be Englishmen's, carried on men's shoulders. The
French say the said Englishmen fought marvellously well. If so many
Englishmen have really been killed by St. Chevall's command, Wallop
will write to him roundly of his cruelty. Mons. de Vandosme is returned
to his house of Laffayre, and Mons. de Beez to Boullen. Guisnes, 16
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
II., No. 78.]
1092. The Queen Of Hungary to Chapuys.
By the Sieur de Corrieres and by Chapuys's letters to the Emperor
of the 2nd inst., and bill thereto attached, learnt what has been done
with the King of England and his commissioners to advance the treaty
of closer amity (points noted); and, considering that the King refuses
so absolutely the restriction secular which the Emperor wishes to add,
she is perplexed how to answer, and reminds him of the Emperor's in
structions to pass nothing which could be interpreted to the Pope's
prejudice. On the other hand, she considers Chapuys's fear that, through
delay and the King's despite at being sent from one to another, French
practices may be entertained which, even without leading to an alliance,
would make it more difficult to treat, and require the passing of things
more exorbitant than the present demands, to the hindrance of the
Emperor's affairs, and especially of the countries of her government. In
this uncertainty she would be glad if he could temporise until answer
comes to his letter of the 2nd inst.; but, if he thinks that the English
would break off or enter practices with the French, she would rather
be of advice to accept the last articles which the King's commissioners
wrote, as inserted in his letters of the 2nd, which are less obligatory
with regard to the Pope than the general words promising defence
against all princes and potentates of whatsoever state or condition, and
can be better excused, provided that Chapuys is sure that the King will
demand nothing more, contrary to the Emperor's intention, and that
the article about the observance of the treaty is couched in more
reasonable terms. Where the King's commissioners require the 6th
and 7th articles to be inserted after the 4th, although this alteration
is not required without mystery, it may be granted. As to the rest of
the difficulties which Chapuys has apostyled upon the bill he sent, she
would gladly be relieved from giving advice, and await the Emperor's
answer, but, for the sake of the affairs of her government, will give her
opinion, viz. :—
Where the Commissioners are content to reform the 2nd article as in
the treaty of Cambray, with addition of the clause "salvis legibus et
constitutionibus regni;" that clause is meant to get an approval of
their laws, and Chapuys must do his utmost to have it omitted, as it
would restrain the freedom of intercourse, contrary to the effect of
closer amity, but, if they persist, he may consent to put it "salvis legibus,
statutis, ordinationibus et constitutionibus regnorum, patriarum,
dominiorum et terrarum," to make the article equal and reciprocal,
not that she means thereby to approve any laws contrary to our Faith,
of which there is no need at present to make question. The 5th article
of the rebels reformed as in Cambray, with the term of 15 days expressed
and the clause "si commode fieri poterit," seems reasonable. As to
the isles, (fn. 9) since the Kings of England have possessed them time out of
mind, the Emperor is content to have them named, nor need difficulty
be made upon the 8th article. Her preceding letters have explained
the inequality in the contribution for defence; and she requires him to
see it made more equal, since the English confess that it ought to be
so. For the other articles (which he expects that they will accord in
pursuance of the bill which came from Spain, save that they will not
accord the aid defensive for more than four, or at most, five [months],
nor hold the Emperor excused when engaged in war on the Italian side
against France or the Turk), he must follow as best as he can the
Emperor's instructions. For the treaty of intercourse and the 15th and
18th articles, refers to her preceding letters. Is glad that the English
are content to leave the aid naval, insomuch as these countries might
have been overburdened in giving assistance both by sea and land.
Desires him to do his best for the conclusion of the treaty, according
to the Emperor's intention, assuring the King of the good affection that
the Emperor and she bear to the closer alliance with him in order
to avail themselves of his advice and counsel, &c.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS., endorsed, 16
1093. Bristol CathedraL.
See GRants in November, No. 60.
231, No. 16.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
1094. Wriothesley to Hertford.
Thanks him for granting his late suit. I enclose letters from
my Lady who, from your writing that she is "slak in wrytyng," fears
that all her letters have not been received. I beg you therefore, for
my excuse therein, to "bring the whole burden of them with you."
The King takes your letters of the 13th inst. in most thankful part, and
my lord Lisle, despatched two days since, has promised to be with you
before the end of this month, so that within three or four days after his
arrival you may depart homewards. He brings 500 horse, and you
shall do well to take order in all places near the Borders for their
refreshing at their arrival. Hampton Court, 18 Nov. at night.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To
therle of Hertforde.
St. P. IX.,
1095. Wallop to the Captain Of Gravelines.
Received, by his lieutenant, the Queen's letter and his. It seems
that the Queen understands that the French prisoners were taken outside
the English pale, which they were not; and, as to her desire that
her men may pass and repass to make their enterprises, any passage to
make an enterprise is forbidden, but the return with prisoners or booty
may be made through the Pale. The King wrote to Marshal de Beez,
who, in reply, writes that henceforth he will forbid his men to pursue
Burgundians into the Pale. Will send the Queen's letter to the King.
Informed him, the other day, that the King, as the injury was done
to himself, had ordered Wallop to deliver the prisoners taken within
the Pale without paying ransom to the Burgundians. By these letters
(enclosed) Mons. St. Cheval demands also the other prisoners taken
outside the Pale, because the ambush was made within the Pale. Guisnes,
French, p. 1. Headed : "Copy of my letter sent to the captain of
Gravelyn answering to the Regent's letter."
1096. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius, of Bamberg, at
the University of Leipsic.
Concerning Alesius, you will take care that he does not publish
anything against any others. I send you our defence written for him
when foolish men in the Court wrote to our University about punishing
him. Show the copy to Alesius. * * * 18 Nov.
[18 Nov]. (fn. 10)
1097. Melancthon to the University Of Frankfort.
Has no doubt the churches will be more tranquil if the universities
agree among themselves. If dissensions have arisen at Frankfort,
he has never promoted them. Has often begged Alesius to restrain
his stings (aculeos). Nor has he judged the acts of any one of them;
but as for doctrine he feels (as he thinks they all approve, and as he
sees that Alesius means) that public harlotry can and ought to be
punished by the magistrates, although there is a difference between the
punishment of adultery and of harlotry. But for learned men to discuss
these matters is unwise; nor does it follow that the magistrate
connives because no penalty is attached by Roman law. Not even the
canon law appoints a penalty for adultery; which, however, a pious
magistrate ought to punish severely.
1098. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 19 Nov. Present : Chancellor,
Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield,
Wriothesley. Business : Lord St. John sworn of the Privy Council.
[*** Next entry is 24 Nov.]
II., No. 79.]
1099. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
After the departure of the Sieur de Courrierez, received her
letters of 31 Oct. to De Courrierez and him. She will since have heard
from De Courrierez, and from his preceding letters, all that he can
answer at present. The English marvellously desire her answer to his
preceding letters with speed, and affairs also require it. There is
nothing of importance here, and he is indisposed with "une petite
quotidienne." London, 19 Nov. 1542.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, p. 1.
32,648 f. 148.
1100. Hertford to Henry VIII.
Since the last raid to Coldingham, of which he wrote on the
15th, he arranged another on Thursday night last, by 2,000 horsemen
from the garrisons and the country round, who met at the Stone of
Crokham More. Under the leading of Sir Thos. Hilton, Sir Ralph
Eure, Sir Wm. Bulmer, Ralph Bulmer, Robt. Colingwod, and John
Horseley, they entered Scotland six miles within the replenished ground
and burnt the places following, with much corn, viz., the towns of
Clifton, Hayhope, Towne Yatham, Kirk Yatham, Prymssyd, Crokeshaws
and Thirlestown, villages called Fomerden (fn. 11) and Bornfoote, steads
called Primssid Yates, Primssid Milnes, Clifton Cote, Cheritres, Stangford,
Over Graidon, Nether Graidon, Wynnybreys, Dandy Young of the
Woodside, the Fawside, the Loughtowr, and Halibredholme, and a peel
called Bare Ars. These places maintained 140 ploughs. They had
burnt much more corn remaining in the fields but it was wet with the
snow that fell the same night. They should have had the greatest booty
made in Scotland these 20 years, but the Scots had intelligence of their
coming, although Hertford took precautions (described) to secure secrecy.
To cause a diversion, sent George Heron, with his fifty men, and the
men of Tindale and Ridesdale, into West Tevidale along the water
of Rowle towards Jedburgh, but has not yet heard what they have done.
Encloses intelligence out of Scotland. Alnwick castle, 19 Nov.
P.S.—George Heron has since come and declared that he and those
with him burnt towns called Abbotes Rowle, 3 miles from Jedburgh
and Harwod and took 3 prisoners, 140 head of nowt, 280 sheep and
30 nags and mares.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. "Advertisements had from John Heron out of Scotland by a servant
of Sir Robert Bowes, knight."
(1) A ship laden with rye from Denmark with difficulty escaped the
English ships in the Frith, and brought writings from the king of Denmark
promising aid at Candlemas. (2) Alex. Creghton has taken ship
on the West coast for France, to know what help they may have of the
French king, and to receive the rents of the Queen and Cardinal. (3)
The Scots intend an invasion, to burn corn in revenge for that burnt by
the English army and since. (4) They say there were 12,000 horse to have
meddled with the horsemen of England when the foot host was going
over Tweed homeward; but the earl of Huntley refused that enterprise,
and so they call him a "coward captain." "To this article mine espial,"
then one of Huntley's retinue, says there were but 4,000 horse and
3,000 foot. (5) The Scots say their lords are faint hearted not to come
with more speed against the English, and that their King is displeased :
when commanded to muster the Scottish army, they certified but 12,000
for 20,000, because they were afraid. (6) The Scots suppose they were
above 100,000, whereof most were Irishmen, "which be very slaves, and
no men of good order," who have destroyed as much within Scotland
without paying for it as the English army did. To this my espial says
the Scots were under 20,000 men. (7) There were with the Scots army
89 carts with two small guns in each, "which shot about the greatness
of a man's thumb," 18 pieces somewhat greater, 7 field pieces, and 2
great guns. (8) There is none of reputation in Scotland able to manage
any enterprise save the earl of Argyle, "and one Mr. Kilmawres, who is
th'admiral of Scotland." (9) Sir Robt. Bowes and Sir Roger Lasselles.
are in the Cardinal's keeping at St. Andrew's castle, very straitly kept;
Ric. Bowes and Slyngesby in the bp. of Morrey's at his house called
Spyin, 160 miles north of Edinburgh. Sir John Wethrington is in
keeping of one Shynkler at Roslyn, 6 miles from Edinburgh; John
Heron in that of the lord of Edmerston, two miles from Edinburgh,
[and — (blank) Tempes in that of the lord of Sesforth]. (fn. 12)
(10) My espial affirms these articles and adds that divers merchants
and others of Fief desired their King's licence to go aboard the English
navy in the Friethe and sent them salmon, ale and wine. The King
has imprisoned them, saying he licensed them to speak with the English
navy, not to victual it. Certain fishermen, dragging for oysters, met
the English ships coming out of the Friethe and sold them oysters; for
which the Scottish king hanged them forthwith.
ii. "Advertisements had by a servant of Sir Cuthbert Ratcliffes, who
arrived here out of Scotland from his master, the xixth of November."
(1) That his master showed him the bishop of Glasco, chancellor of
Scotland, "in whose keeping he is, at Glasco, very well entreated," and
said the Chancellor would be glad of peace, and thought the King and
lords would agree to any reasonable conditions, but for the Cardinal
and certain bishops. (2) There is very great scarcity in the land he
came through. (3) Alex. Creghton was at Glasco, with the Chancellor,
and afterwards left for France.
Pp. 4. Endd. : Advertisements out of Scotland. Numbers not in
I. P. lxxi.
3. "A remembrance of things to be showed to my lord Warden."
The same articles as in § 2, but without the notes, "To this article
mine espial saith," &c., except those touching the merchants of Fife
and the oyster fishers. Also with the following articles in addition :—
(After No. 3.) The Scots expect that my lord will make a warden
raid this moon and burn Gedworthe. (After No. 8.) The Scots brag
that if the army of England had proceeded another day's journey, they
should have been foughten withal. The Scots near Edinburgh feared
that the English ships would make a bulwark upon the Island called the
Inche, (fn. 13) and lay ordnance there, to the utter decaying of Edinburgh and
The last article (No. 10, in § 2 i.) in a different hand from the rest.
I. p. lxxii.
(4) Saying of Sir Cuthbert Ratcliffe's servant, who came from his
master on Tuesday last, and came into England on Saturday morning,
That Argyle had with him in the Scottish host 12,000 Irishmen and
2,200 carriage horses. The Scots were more afraid of these Irish than
of the English army, for they destroyed corn and victuals, and killed
all who resisted them. These Irish when they come to their lodgings
kill their oxen and kine, set the paunch upon stakes and therein boil
the flesh, and then sew the green hide about their feet for shoes. They
throw away beds and lie in a mantle in the straw, and in the morning
run into water up to their knees to supple the said shoes when shrunk.
The bishop of Glasco, chancellor, in whose keeping Ratcliff is, said the
King and lords would agree to anything reasonable, to have peace, if
it were not for the Cardinal and some of the bishops. There is extreme
scarcity in the country he came through.
Endd. : Intelligences, 19 November.
32,648 f. 150.
1101. Hertford to Wriothesley.
Since writing to the King, has learnt that, in the raid of Coldingham,
John Hume, brother to the lord of Whetterburne, was in
Coldingham Tower, stricken through the head with an arrow; and
that many gentlemen of Scotland were at his burial this day. Is
desired by the gentlemen who were at this raid and the captain of
Berwick, to write in favour of Thos. Carlylle, to have the pension of
20 nobles that Ralph Eldertun, dec., had. Raymount, captain of Wark,
is sore troubled that Welles finds matter against him for the French
ship which he stayed, as Wriothesley will see by his letter. Aluwick
castle, 19 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1102. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Yesterday evening, Mons. de Byes came to Arde with 200 horsemen,
and, as he came upon the English pale, displayed a white banner,
and willed his men to roll up the pendents at the points of their staves.
This day, he has viewed the fortifications, and sent Mons. de Focquelsoles
with 100 horses towards Saynt Omeris, and some reckon that,
before he himself departs, a course shall be made to Owderwyke or
elsewhere of the Burgundians' pale; for many men be ready within
Bolonose, but far from 6,000 as they call themselves. This day came
to Arde 20 waggons, each containing two pieces of wine, convoyed by
10 light horse and 100 footmen. They are victualling Arde. Calles,
19 Nov. 1542.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P. IX.
1103. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote last on 31 Oct. The Emperor, who is at Barcelona, will
come to Italy before Christmas. He refused audience to the Bishop's
legate in Spain. The Bishop goes shortly from Rome to Bononye to
parley with the Emperor. It is said secretly that the Bishop is French,
and will declare rebel to the Christian state the party who shall refuse
to make peace upon reasonable conditions; but his great fear is of a new
league between Henry and the Emperor. Three cardinals (Pole among
them*) are departed from Rome to hold the General Council at Trent,
but make small haste, and no man of judgment makes moment of this
vain council. The Christians in Hungary have failed through the
perfidy of the Hungars and dissensions of the Almains, and, after
spending 3,000,000 of "Raynich geldinges" (Rhenish guldens), the host
is dissolved, and the Italians returned to Italy. Perinpeter shall be
"quartered for prodition," who intended, by the death of Ferdinando,
to make himself king of Hungary, with the Turk's favour. His son
and others have escaped. The Turk prepares for war next year, but
refuses to trust his navy to the French king without hostage of one of
his sons, for even at Constantinople the men of the three French galleys
have continual frays with Barbarossa's men. Displeasure of the Turk
with the Bailey of Venetians in Constantinople, ambassador there.
Guasto is returning to Milan. The continual rains in Italy for the last
two months make it impossible "to stand in the fields." Venice, 19
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
231, No. 100.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
Papers, p. 4.
1104. The Privy Council to Hertford.
The King has seen his letters of the 13th and 15th, and commands
them to write that he no less marvels that Norfolk and the rest of his
Council there should have left him so ill provided, as that he, being
a commissioner with them, should so receive the charge, knowing how
the King has commanded them to see his Borders well furnished and
all things set in order before their departure. The King, nevertheless,
takes his proceedings in good part, and commands him to convey his
thanks to Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Thos. Wharton, Sir George Douglasse,
Sir Ralph Evers, Sir Wm. Bulmer, Ralph Bulmer, John Carre of Warke,
John Musgrave, and all other gentlemen of the garrison of Berwick, and
the rest of the Marches who have taken pain in those enterprises.
Hampton Court, 20 Nov. Signed by Canterbury, Russell, Winchester,
Westminster, Cheyney, Wingfield, and Wriothesley.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : To
th'erle of Hertforde.
32, 648 f. 152.
2. Draft of the preceding.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to my 1. of Hertf.
xxo Novemb. ao xxxiiijo.
1105. Sir George Douglas to Angus.
One of your espiers came this night to Byllyborne, but was
"stert" by the watches, and so went back, and sent me a woman, who
was long in coming, and was two hours at the gate ere I heard of her.
The news is that the king of Scots is this night in Lawdre. It was
proclaimed in Edinburgh on Friday and Haddington on Saturday that
the gentlemen should meet him there, and poor men bring horses to
draw his ordnance at 12d. a day. 1,000 horsemen are to lie in Tevydale
and 500 in the Merse. I made the captain (fn. 14) write these news to my
lord Warden, and have put my hand to the letter, in case you were not
present, to show the same to my lord Warden. Berwick, Monday, after 2
1106. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote in his last, of the 16th, of an overthrow given by them of
Arde to certain Burgundians that lay in garrison in the churches of
Bredenerd, accompanied with a number of Englishmen adventurers.
Immediately afterwards St. Chevall wrote that, that morning, the Burgundians
of Oderwyke, with 40 or 50 Englishmen, came to pille a village
called Lowchez; where certain of his band and captain Dampont's slew
thirty or forty of them, and took prisoners the captain of Oderwike, 2
archers, and 63 footmen, among whom were 16 Englishmen; and he
desired to know whether Wallop would have the Englishmen sent to
him. Thanked him and advised him to deliver the prisoners, as he did
the Burgundians, for their month's wages, and send any who were in
the King's wages, and had departed without leave, to Wallop to punish;
offering further to ransom any tall men among them. Next day sent
one to see them, who was gently received, and was asked whether he
brought a purse full of crowns to ransom the Englishmen. He answered
that he would first see them; and, when they were brought, he liked
them so ill, that he said the captain might do what he liked with all
save two, whom he would ransom. The captains that took them said
they would do good service in the French king's galleys, and Wallop's man
said he thought so too, and that the realm was well rid of such a sort of
rascal. When they saw Wallop's man make so light of them, St.
Chevall and the other captains said he might take them back with him,
on paying their charges, and showing them that if taken again among
the Burgundians they should be hanged. They were the worst sort of
rascals Wallop has seen, all save two, who are right tall men, one of
whom fought best of any man there, and with his bow killed three
Frenchmen. Has taken him into the Castle wages. Among the 25
killed were very proper men. Had the Burgundians done their part,
the Frenchmen should have had the overthrow. Mons. de Beez, being
yesterday at Arde, said they fought better than the Burgundians, but
not so well, by report, as he had seen them in time past, "declaring how
many horses they had killed of his in other wars." The bailly of
Guisnes was by, who was there about an Englishman killed between
Arde and Tourneham, by soldiers of Arde, whom Mons. de Beez promised
to make search for. Mons. de Beez came to Arde on Saturday last
with 200 horse, passing through the forest armed as if the enemies
were by, and, without fail, Burgundians do daily haunt the forest.
Mons. de Foxall, with 60 horse, rode a good distance before him "with
his gyttorn, and with himself was carried another not so great as a
standard." Perhaps his coming is for conveyance of the wine and
munitions which have since come from Bullen; but some think that
the captain of Oderwike being taken, he means to take the church of
Oderwike, the strongest hold in Bredenerd. Hears this morning that
horsemen are at Wast, and that all the horsemen of these frontiers
shall shortly join with a number of footmen for a great course upon
the Burgundians, or else to revictual Thurwen; at which enterprise
Mons. de Vandosme and Mons. de Beez shall meet.
On Saturday last the Regent of Flanders sent him a letter, by which
it appears she was informed that the French prisoners stayed here
were taken on French ground. Showed this to the lieutenant of
Gravelines Castle, who brought the letter; who confessed that he was
at Court when the information was given to her, which he since perceived
to be untrue, and he thought that she would be satisfied when she knew
the truth. Told the lieutenant that he would not take upon him to
answer the Regent's letter, but would send it to the King, and, to satisfy
the captain [of Gravelines], would write again why he delivered the
prisoners; which he did (copy enclosed, together with the Regent's
letter, and copies of Wallop's former letter to him, and St. Chevall's
letter to Wallop, of which the original is sent to the captain of Gravelines).
The lieutenant left well satisfied, and the captain of Arde is
content, and would gladly have his men's armour. Guisnes, 20 Nov.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
18 B. VI., 147.
1107. James V. to Paul III.
Begs him to license a young man, John Erskin, to take the
deanery of Brechin (which Patrick Stewart will resign to him), retaining
the rectories of Turreff and Arbotnett, which he now holds.
Edinburgh, 12 kal. Dec. 1542.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
1108. James V. to Cardinal Carpi.
To forward the above suit. Edinburgh, 12 kal. Dec. 1542.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.