II., No. 80.]
1109. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Received yesterday her letters of the 16th, and has this morning
sent to the King to know when the communication may be renewed.
Begs her to remember his private affair. There seem to remain in the
direction (cartier) of Scotland only 6,000 men of war, of whom lord
Lyl, who was called Mr. Dodele, will be one of the principal captains.
The duke of Norfolk will be here shortly; who is a little too French,
and may embroil our affairs. London, 21 Nov. 1542.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, pp. 2.
1110. Hertford to the Council.
Espials agree that on Sunday last the King of Scots proclaimed
at Edinburgh and elsewhere, that all gentlemen and their servants
should meet him last night at Lowder with victuals for 40 days. Thinking
they intend some notable exploit, has taken order for defence of
Wark, proclaimed that all on these Marches shall be ready at an hour's
warning with victuals for four days, sent to my lords of Durham, Westmoreland,
and Cumberland to put their powers in like readiness, and
warned Wharton for the surety of Carlisle. Has given orders that if
the Scots invade with any great power the corn shall be burnt and the
cattle driven off before them; and that the Scots shall be skirmished
with at passages and straits until the King's power assembles here. On
Saturday was se'nnight (fn. 1) , sent Somerset herald and Berwick pursuivant
with Norfolk's letters to the king of Scots, for the prisoners; but they
are still delayed in Edinburgh for their answer, to prevent their bringing
news of proceedings,—a sign that the Scots intend some annoyance.
As yet hears of the coming of no men from Yorkshire and Durham to
the garrisons, save Sir Thos. Hilton with 100, Sir Wm. Bulmer with
50, Rauff Bulmer with 100, and Geo. Bowis with 100. Marvels at
this, seeing those here so ill horsed.
Draft. Endd. : The copy of a letter sent to the Council, xxj Novembris.
1111. Lord Maltravers and Ant. Rous to the Council.
Upon their letters of the — (blank) inst., have enquired
whether the bailiffs of Guisnes have been accustomed to take any duty
of butin, sold by strangers. Find that by an old custom renewed by
lord Sandes, the bailiff stays such butin for 24 hours, to see whether any
cattle of the King or any privileged person is among it. As in frank
fairs here, the bailiff should take 2 stivers for a horse, 1 stiver for a
cow or ox, 1d. gr. for swine and ½d. gr. for sheep; but some bailiffs
have taken more, and others (as Hugh Poole and others who have been
vice-bailiffs depose) nothing. Have, with the advice of Sir John Wallop,
taken order that the bailiff shall keep such butin 24 hours, and take the
sums above rehearsed. Calais, 21 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
18 B. VI.,
1112. James V. to Paul III.
Begs him to advance his chamberlain, John Danyelstoun, to
the archdeaconry of Dumblane, void this month by the decease of John
Chesholme. Edinburgh, 21 Nov. 1542.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
1113. James V. to Cardinal Carpi.
To forward the above suit. Edinburgh, 21 Nov. 1542.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
II., No. 81.]
1114. Chapuys to Charles V.
On the 2nd inst. wrote amply of news here, and of all that passed
touching the closer amity while the Sieur de Corrierez was here, the
effect of which is contained in the annexed bill. Since then, has had
no occasion to go to Court; but, twice or thrice, when he has sent a
servant thither, the bp. of Winchester has always anxiously (songnieusement)
asked if Chapuys had answer from the Queen, showing great
desire to conclude the affairs. The other deputies (fn. 2) and the Council
have shown no such desire. Has just received the Queen's said answer,
she would desire the Emperor's commands to be carried out exactly,
but, considering the necessity of affairs and fear of other practices,
she thought that, if the King would not wait for the Emperor's answer
to Chapuys's letters of the 2nd, the treaty might be made in accordance
with the said bill, as much in the Emperor's favour as possible. London,
22 Nov. 1542.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, pp. 2.
1115. Sir Wm. Evers to Hertford.
As to the credence Hertford sent by Ralph Bulmer and the
captain of Norham, 1st, that he wished a raid made to Eccles on Friday
next, thinks the Scots will be in England before that, or will have laid
garrisons, or else the water will be so great that evil horses cannot pass
the Tweed. And, 2ndly, where Hertford would have the frontier garrisons
withdraw, if attacked, to places of strength; Etill, Forde, Fenton
and such strong houses can defend themselves until rescue come, and
Evers will warn the other garrisons as Hertford requires. Those who
dwell on the frontier shall be ordered to warn Hertford of any inroad
of Scots, and to withdraw their cattle and goods. Has already warned
all to be ready at an hour's warning by beacon, and keep sure watches
upon Tweed and Till. This night at 11 o'clock an espial showed George
Dowglas that the king of Scots will be this night in Murus or Selkrege
and all lords and gentlemen come this day from Edinburgh to him.
Olyver Synkler, of his Council, is this night in Hume with lord Hume
and the gentlemen of the Marsse; and the gentlemen of Tyvidaile are gone
to the King. To-morrow night they will come into England in two
hosts, one on the West Marches upon Esk and Levyne, the other upon
the Coket water or Glendale. Thinks Hertford should send to Robt.
Collynwodd and John Horseley to put Cukdale in readiness, and to
George Herrone to draw Tyndale and Ryddisdale to Harbottle with
speed. Also to watch the beacons of Symountsyde and other places.
Berwick, 22 Nov. 1 a.m. Signed.
Add. : lord Warden. Endd. : 22 Nov.
1116. Robert Raymont and John Car to Hertford.
Received his letters last night, and will this day and to-morrow
put things in readiness. Can get no carriage from Barwyke at Mr.
Lawson's hands, who says he sent Hertford all the horses he had of the
King's. Received a letter from the captain of Barwyke at 12 o'clock
to-day, reporting that the Scots would be in the East Marches or in
Cowkdale this night, and desiring news. Mr. Care doubted whether
that might be done, considering Hertford's proclamation against speaking
with Scots; but, by advice of Mr. Utryd and Raymont, he sent for
a Scotsman, who came to Warke at 10 o'clock this night, and certified
that the King of Scots went this day from Pepylles to Awyke, intending
to send 9,000 men to invade the Cremys (Grahams) in the West Marches,
and not now meddle with these East parts. Warke, 22 Nov. 1542.
Written in the first person by Raymont. Add. : lord Warden. Endd. :
Rec. 23 Nov.
1117. Hertford to the Council.
The king of Scots, at his last being in Edinburgh, charged his
lords and servants with being faint-hearted, because they had not, at
his desire, set upon the rearward of the King's army (as Hertford wrote)
or devastated Northumberland. To pacify him, they promised that,
before the light of this moon ended, they would do exploits which
should content him; and upon this they have assembled all their servants
and friends [14,000 or 15,000 men]. (fn. 3) The King lay Tuesday night
at Murous (altered from Pebles) or Selkerigge, with the Cardinal,
Murrey, and other lords. Oliver Seyntclere went that night to Home
castle, and met the gentlemen of the Merse; while Tevydale went to
Murous to the King. John Barton is preparing two ships of war. On
Wednesday night Hertford's espial reported that the Scots would enter
in two hosts, one between Esk and Leven and the other on the Cokket
or in Glendale. This morning the captain of Berwick writes that 2,000
Scots came on Tuesday night to Prymsid Gates in Tevidale; but turned
back on perceiving that these parts had warning by Hertford's proclamation
to resist them, and meant this night to burn Etell and Foorde.
Thereupon Angwishe, Geo. Douglas, Sir Ralph Eure, Ralph Bulmer and
others of the garrisons issued out of Berwick last night at 11 o'clock.
Hears to-day from Warke, from Raymond and Carre, that the Scots
will divert their whole power upon Esk and Levene, and not into the
East and Middle Marches.
None of these bruits are to be trusted, and he has taken measures,
as he wrote in his last, to resist and annoy the Scots. At the despatch
of this there was no news of any enterprise by the Scots. Alnwick, 23
Nov. 3 p.m.
Draft. Endd. : The copy of a letter to the Council 23 Nov. Another
to Master Wriothesley.
32, 648 f. 154.
1118. Hertford to Wriothesley.
Upon his letters for provision to be made for Lord Lisle's horse,
has laid in a garner 80 qr. of beans. Hay and oats are not to be got.
The horses on these Borders are fed on straw, which, because the corn
was not inned dry, is musty, so that many die daily and the rest are
little worth. Unless provision be shortly made from the South no
garrison can continue here. Alnwick castle, 23 Nov.
In his own hand :—At closing this, I received a letter from the Council
and one from my lord Privy Seal, showing that my wife is ill. I
pray you send and comfort her. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1119. Sir Thomas Wharton to Hertford.
On the 22nd inst., at 10 p.m., received Hertford's, dated Alnwick
the 21st, with the proclamation, which is proclaimed. On the 23rd, at
7 p.m., received his of the 22nd, signifying that the Scots intended to
waste Heske and Leven. Having intelligence of great assemblies in
Scotland, and considering the light of this moon, wrote secretly on the
18th for all gentlemen of the West Marches to be at Carlisle on the
22nd after sunset. Meant next day, Thursday, to burn Middlebie, 8
miles within Scotland, and lay a bushment for lord Maxwell (being at
Loughmaben) and the Anerdalles and another for Robert Maxwell,
who lay at Langholme tower. Left Carlisle by 9 o'clock, and was at
Cloose Gap, the meeting place, by 12 at night. Sundry gentlemen of
Westmoreland, who had been warned by the earl of Cumberland to be
ready to garrison Northumberland, and some of lord Dacre's tenants,
kept not their appointment; so that the purpose could not be carried
out, but they burned "the said town standing near a strength of wood,"
and returned, burning houses and corn upon Kirtill to Carlisle.
Encloses names of gentlemen with him in Carlisle. By beacons (fired
at Carlisle this night at 8 p.m.) and messages, puts the West Marches
in readiness. News has just come from John Musgrave at Bewcastle
of a great assembly at Long Hollyn, 4 miles from Bewcastle and Heske,
and that the King of Scots repaired this night to the Castle of Mylke,
not 20 miles from Carlisle. Carlisle, Thursday, 12 p.m.
P.S.—An espial reports that two powers of Scotland will invade this
Friday morning, with wallets. Two great powers were seen this night
at 10 p.m., one at Long Hollyn and the other at "Murton kirke in the
side of Batable."
ii. Names of the gentlemen in Carlisle, 24 Nov. :—Sir Thos. Wharton,
Sir Wm. Musgrave, Sir Thos. Curwen, Sir John Lowther, Sir Jas. Layburne,
Walter Strikland, Wm. Pennyngtone, John Leighe, Thos. Sandfurth,
Cuthb. Huton, Thos. Dacre, Edw. Aglonby, Ant. Duket, John
Warcope, John Prestone, Chr. Crakenthorpe, Ric. Eglesfeld, Gilb. Wharton,
Thos. Dalstone, mayor of Carlisle, Lancelot Lancaster, Cuthb.
Huton, Lancelot Lowther, Alex. Apulby.
1120. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 24 Nov. Present : Canterbury,
Norfolk, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. No business recorded.
32, 648 f. 156.
1121. Sir Wm. Musgrave to Sir Ant. Browne.
On the 24th inst. a great army of Scotland, numbering 18,000,
entered these Marches, and burnt the Graimes's houses upon Esk and
in the Debateable Ground. Master Warden, the writer, and all other
gentlemen of these marches made speed towards them with 3,000
men at the most; sending Thos. Dacre, Jac of Musgrave and other
Border spears to prick at them, while the rest, putting away their
horses, marched up on foot within two arrow shot of the enemies
to give battle. At this the noblemen and gentlemen of Scotland
lighted off their horses; but the multitude durst not give
battle, so they mounted again. Then the writer's brother Simon
Musgrave, Jac Musgrave, and others of his rule, and the Graimes
"pricked sore at them, Thomas Dacre with the men of Gillesland,
and John Leigh, with the barony of Brough standing in a flieng
stadle," and as the footmen marched forward, the Scots withdrew softly,
until Jac Musgrave and others aforenamed, with the writer's cousin
Ayglyoinby, set on them and struck down many, and the rest fled over
Esk. Lord Maxwell and other noblemen and courtiers lighted at the
waterside and fought valiantly, but were taken prisoners. The horsemen
of England took from two to five prisoners each, and also 5 fawcons, 5
demifacons, and many half hakes. It is thought that Lord Flemyng is
taken, and the lord of Lowhenveure drowned. Over a thousand of their
best men are taken or slain. Never saw goodlier personages. The
Graimes and others who follow, will this night take many more; for
they are past resisting, and, having left their victual and wallets behind,
are like to famish ere they come home. Cannot report what other noblemen
and gentlemen are taken, for most of the prisoners are not yet
brought in. Trusts Browne will declare these pleasant tidings to the
King, and take in good part this first knowledge of them. Of Englishmen
only Robt. Briscow, a pensioner, and one Dogeson, a yeoman, are
dead as yet. Begs help for his brother Simon, or cousin Ric. Musgrave
to have Briscow's pension. Yesterday Master Warden and the writer,
with 2,000 men, went into Scotland and tarried in a bushment within
half a mile of Mydleby, while the writer's men, under Jac Musgrave,
burned eight "great dwelling places called unsettes, and all their corn."
Other gentlemen, as Thos. Dacre and John Leigh, were appointed to go,
but had not forty men there. All the Graimes were there, but they
burned not. Two other "unsettes" were burnt. Sends a bill of articles
"exploict in Scotland" by Jac Musgrave, since 20 Oct., with other
letters. Credence for bearer, who took two prisoners in the chase.
Copy, pp. 3. Headed : "Copy of Sir William Musgrave's letter to
Sir Anthony Browne, dated at Carlisle xxiiij Novembris, ao xxxiiijo
r.r. Henr. VIII."
1122. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 25 Nov. Present : Norfolk, Suffolk,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
Business :—Upon information by John Cowlter, of Cambridge, against
Wm. Pratt, Wm. Richardson, Robt. Dickenson and —, bailiffs of the
town, the said bailiffs were sent for.
231, No. 15.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.,
1123. Wriothesley to Hertford.
Sends letters from "my Lady," who is well.
The King has well accepted the doings of his army, and commends
Hertford's execution of the affairs committed to him by Norfolk and
others. Hertford's letter of the 13th seemed to complain of a lack
of instruction, and to impute a premature departure to the others.
Knows (and has answered) that Hertford meant that they did what
they might, although the furniture was no better than he wrote of,
rather than to accuse them, who could not be faulty alone without his
Lordship having some part in it. The King requires him to enquire
secretly and bring a note in writing of all the laws, constitutions, and
orders of the Borders, especially what the inhabitants are bound unto.
Westminster, 25 Nov., late at night.
"My lords of Winchester and Westminster and I be now here to speak
with the ambassador." (fn. 4)
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : "R. xxix Nov., fro the Secretory."
1124. Hertford to the Council.
Late yesternight learnt that the earl of Murrey, lieutenant of
Scotland, lords Seton, Flemyng and Askyne, with their servants, and the
countries of Lodiene, Twedale, Ettrik Forest, Widdell, (fn. 5) Jedworthe Forest,
Liddirsdale, Galawaye and elsewhere entered towards the Whele Cawsy,
between the West and Middle Marches, 23 Nov., the King of Scots
lying that night at Pebilles. Wrote on Monday and Tuesday last to
my lord of Cumberland, Sir Thos. Wharton and Walter Strikland to
be ready with victuals for four days, and trusts the Scots will find the
West Marches better prepared than they supposed. This Saturday
morning Sir Wm. Eure wrote that the King of Scots left Edinburgh on
Tuesday last, all which day and night horses and men from Angwys and
Fiff came over the Frithe in boats, and passed towards the West Marches
with their King. The Cardinal and Murrey await the King's return at
Hadyngton. The Marshe and Tividale are warned to resist invasion,
and only 80 tried men from them attend their King. Reported that two
ships were preparing with John Barton, but hears now that six are
Being sure that the Scots are gone to the West Marches, has devised
some annoyance for their East Marches. By the Council's letters of
the 20th, perceives that the King accepts his services. Begs them to
thank his Majesty for him. Alnwick, 25 Nov.
P.S.—Encloses letters from Sir Thos. Wharton just received.
Draft. Endd. : "A letter to the Council, xxv. Novembre at xj. of
the clock delivered."
1125. Hertford to Henry VIII.
Encloses letters received this Saturday afternoon from Sir Thos.
Wharton, mentioning the overthrow of the Scots. Alnwick, 25 Nov.
Draft. Endd. : To the King's Majesty, xxvo Novembris.