1155. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 1 Dec. Present : Russell, Winchester,
Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business : —The matter
against John Diez referred to Sir John Gresham, Wm. Forman, Ric.
Gervaise and Geo. Barons. Letters sent to the President that, in case
the Scottish prisoners should arrive at York in two companies, he should
stay the first company and send all together. Letters sent to Sir
Thos. Wharton and the bp. of Carlisle to view the proceeding of Mr.
Stevins in the King's works at Carlisle; and to Stevins to repair hither
with plans for next year's work.
St. P. IX.,
1156. The Privy Council to Paget.
The King has received his of 13 Nov., and to show "what hath
succeeded since, of those matters," commands them to signify that the
French ambassador obtained audience on Sunday last, and declared, on
his master's behalf, that whereas Paget lately made overtures for an
increase of amity, he was very desirous that something might be devised
for that purpose, and thought an interview next spring would promote
it; adding that he refuses to agree to the General Council lately indicted
by the bishop of Rome, and is sorry for the matter of Scotland.
The King, after finding that he had no commission to speak particularly,
or discuss the points touched in Paget's conference with the Cardinal, (fn. 1)
answered, expressing his love, that he could be content to hear of any
purpose which might increase their amity, and that Paget wrote of
certain conversations with the Cardinal therein, but no specialties.
As to his letter to Wriothesley touching his return, if this matter go
no further the King will shortly revoke him; and if it do, he will not
be recalled until it is determined.
Enclose copy of letters showing what a victory God has sent the King
over the Scots, with the names of certain prisoners; but as yet is not
known how many more are taken and slain. The Scots were above
14,000, and we not 2,000, and not one soldier among them, but men of
the country. Paget may declare this, and must write often.
Draft, pp. 6. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget, primo Decemb. ao
32,648 f. 170.
1157. Hertford and Others to the Council.
On Wednesday night last Hertford sent Sir Ralph Evre, Geo.
Bowes, Ralph Bulmer and others, with 1,000 men, into Scotland, who
next morning burnt the abbey and town of Cawdstreme, with corn worth
2,000 marks, and brought away 60 prisoners, 60 horses, etc. (described),
which is thought the best booty ever gotten in these parts; for, as the
prioress took herself to be "pattissid," all the country had conveyed
their corn to her. They also burnt Swenton, wherein were 80 ploughs,
and Swithe More.
The same day Lisle arrived, with letters showing the King's pleasure
to establish him here in Hertford's room. Considering that victuals
here are wasted by the passage to and fro of the army royal and the
spoil done on the other side in Scotland prevents the Scots from maintaining
many men near the frontiers, they have concluded that 1,500
men in garrison here will suffice until March, when they of Scotland
begin to sow their corn. Hertford will, before leaving, fully instruct
Lisle of all he has done. Where Lisle received the Council's letters and
certain proclamations for excluding of Scots out of this realm, and sending
up a number of them as slaves to row in galleys, they forbear to
put this in execution until Hertford can declare the inconvenience that
might arise thereby.
Espials say the late road in the West Marches was the Scottish king's
own act, by advice of the Cardinal, lord Maxwell, Oliver Shenclere, and
Mark Carre, against the advice of the rest of Scotland; also that the
Lidersdale men slew many of the Scots that escaped and took horses
and harness, and all that was worth taking from the rest. The Cardinal
and the earl of Murray, great lieutenant, as they call him, purposed, if
the Scots had not had the overthrow, to have removed with three bishops
and others from Haddington to Lowder, and next night to Cawdstreme,
and thence to have entered the realm and come to "one of the churches
on our borders, where, with the Bishop of Rome's authority, to have
interdicted this realm." Murray was then to lie in Jedworth, and lay
garrisons for defence of the Marshe and Tevidale. The Scots are
offended with their King for the death of Somerset. Enclose names of
the principal prisoners taken on the West Marches (fn. 2) received from
Wharton this day. Alnwick castle, 1 Dec. Signed by Hertford, Lisle,
Durham and Uvedale.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1158. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 2 Dec. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
Business :—Letter written to Sir Thos. Wentworth and Sir Hen.
Savell to receive Scottish prisoners from the lord President.
MS., 597, p.
St. P. IX.,
1159. Paget to Henry VIII.
The Council here lately sent for him, by the letter (fn. 3) enclosed; and
the new Chancellor, after discoursing of the amity and treaties and
their expedition of justice, spoke of the arrest of three of the ships
whereof the King's Council lately wrote to Paget to answer the Admiral.
Asked for and received a copy (enclosed) of the articles which the
Chancellor "had before him for his memory." Answered as in the
Council's despatch, calling to witness Deformes, who was present; and
reckoned up half a dozen cases in which English subjects were delayed
justice, and declared the causes of the arrest as he did to the Admiral
when here. They desired him to write to Henry, since no man made
complaint against the mariners, to have their process made, and, if no
cause of further stay was found, release them with their ships and goods;
and their King would also write to Henry. Answered that if the process
was delayed it was perhaps for favour, lest it might turn to their
extremity, and promised to write. This interview was very friendly,
no "nipping word" used on either side. Deformes and the Admiral's
secretary seem to be the "poursuters" of these matters, especially for
the deliverance of the ship that carried the Cardinal. Aygres by
Angolesme, 2 Dec. 1542.
Letter book copy, in the hand of Paget's clerk, pp. 2.
MS., 597, p.
2. [Copy of the articles above referred to, viz.—]
Nic. Roussel reports that he and his companions in his ship La
Ferronniere, were arrested in their voyage from Scotland and imprisoned
in England three months, and are still under arrest without
trial or the appearance of any accuser. The master of a barque from
Hableneuf, which was taken near Hampton four days after the mariners
had gone out against the enemies, reports that the two principals have
been imprisoned more than three months without anyone appearing
against them. Fifteen poor men of Dieppe were arrested at Dover
with their barque, at the commencement of the war with the Emperor,
for taking a Flemish ship manned by Flemings.
French. In the hand of Paget's clerk, pp. 2.
1160. Lord Russell, Keeper of the Privy Seal.
See Grants in December, No. 7.
1161. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 3 Dec. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley.
Business :—Letter sent to Mr. Stanhope to provide grain against
March next, and a commission ordained for him to take up carriage for it.
1162. Sir Wm. Evers to Hertford.
Has sought out such books and constitutions as have been made
since his coming hither, and sends them, together with an account of
raids, spoils and burnings in Scotland. Trusts the captain of Norham
and John Carre of Warke have reported their enterprises. Berwick
castle, 3 Dec. Signed.
Add. : To, &c., th'earl of Hertforde. Endd. : R. fro Sir W. Eure iiij
2. An "abstract" of towns, &c., burnt in Scotland by the garrison
of Berwick, and the companies of Sir Ralph Eure and Ralph Bulmer,
besides the acts done by Norham and Warke, "which I trust they have
advertised your lordship thereof already."
Burnt by inhabitants and garrison of Berwick :—Camehilles, Paxton,
Foulden and eleven other places.
By Sir Ralph Eure, Ralph Bulmer and the garrison :—Coldingham,
Reston, Aiton, and 5 other towns.
The above, mostly done in your Lordship's time, lays waste country
six miles square adjoining Berwick bounds.
Burnt by Sir Ralph Eure, Ralph Bulmer and the garrison in Tyvidale :
—Crokanshawes, Prymesyde, and six other places.
By Sir Thos. Hilton, Robt. Collynwood, and John Horsley, at the
same raid, Hayhope and Clifton.
Caldstreme town and abbey, Scaythmore and other steads pertaining
to them, burnt by Sir Ralph Eure and Ralph Bulmer.
Towns, &c., burnt at Norfolk's being in Scotland with the King's great
army :—Our Lady Kirke, Graydene, and 25 other places.
1163. Sir Thos. Wharton to Hertford.
Alighting in Newcastle this Saturday, received Hertford's letters
of his "pleasure to be here to-morrow." Has practised with lord Maxwell,
Oliver Synkler and others, according to Hertford's letters, and
thinks it right to report this night, as my lord of Dureme, lord Lile and
Hertford are now together. Would have posted thither, but is
charged with the prisoners, and does not know whether the King's
pleasure is determined with regard to them. Newcastle-upon-Tyne,
Saturday, 3 Dec., 8 p.m.
Encloses schedule showing the coming of the prisoners to Newcastle.
Add. : my lord of Hartforthe.
2. Schedule enclosed in the preceding, headed, "The order of bringing
in of the Scottishmen prisoners into the town of Newcastle," and
giving the name of each prisoner bracketed with that of an Englishman,
viz. :— "First," the larde Dunlangrig—Mr. Customer of Carlisle. Jas.
Synkler—Alex. Musgrave. John Maxwell of Cohill—Wm. Sandes.
John Charters—Wm. Porter. Robt. Charters—John Wharton. John
Maxwell the lord's brother—Richard Musgrave. Patrick Hebburne—
Lionel Carnaby. The larde of Gradon—Thos. Denton. The larde of
Hayton—Thos. Warcopp. The larde Carmby—John Musgrave. The
larde of Awncastell—Simon Musgrave. The larde Mounteth—Lancelot
Lancastre. Robt. Harskyn—Edw. Aglionby. Oliver Synkler—Thos.
Dacre. The lord Gray—Walter Strikland. The lord Olivant—Sir John
Louther. The lord Somervell—Sir Thos. Curwen. The lord Flemyng—
Sir Wm. Musgrave. The earl of Castellis and lord Maxwell—Sir Thos.
1164. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote last that great provision was made at Mounstrell to revictual
Terwan, but now learns that Mons. de Vandosme and Mons.
de Beez are together, with 4,000 or 5,000 footmen and 2,000 horse,
intending also to make a course on the borders and take a castle between
Arras and Betten (apparently the castle that the Great Master wrote
to Wallop of). Hears nothing of the provision in Flanders to resist
this. To this assembly are gone from Arde Captain Dampont with his
300 hacquebuttiers and 120 horsemen lately come from Normandy,
called "feadores," who are bound to serve for three months at their
own charge. With these came 40 footmen. They are commonly called
in France "the bande and ryere bande."
This day Mr. Stokes, student at Paris, writes that, at Boullen, he was
told by Collen Carow, the post there, that the King's broderer (as Wallop
takes it) is prisoner at Bullen or elsewhere. Encloses Stokes's letter
and asks whether to make search. Guisnes, 3 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1165. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 4 Dec. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter
written to Mr. Stanhoppe and John Oseburn, comptroller
of the King's ships, to appoint Roger Basing to be vice-admiral, and
Wm. Wodows to the Primrose. Letter sent to — Juglett, of Rye, to
Calig. E. IV.,
St. P. IX.,
1166. Henry VIII. to Paget.
Sends copy of a declaration (fn. 4) which he has published, touching the
grounds of the present war with Scotland. As the Scots heap up
injuries against him and barbarously refuse to ransom the prisoners they
took when he was in treaty for peace with them, and have cruelly
murdered Somerset herald, returning from the king of Scots with the
refusal of delivery of the said prisoners, Paget shall declare to the
French king how the Scots provoked this war, and, contrary to custom,
refused to ransom the prisoners, and have murdered the herald, who was
conducted by a pursuivant of Scotland, apparently that "they might
be the more sure to have him in the way at such place as it appeareth
they had determined for that purpose;" and he shall pray the French
king not to aid the Scots, but deal uprightly as the King has done in this
trouble between him and the Emperor. If he allege that the Scot is
his old confederate, Paget shall remind him that the King might have
aided the Emperor when he was now invaded, but did not; and also
that, by the treaty, if the Scot enter England with above 100 men, (fn. 5) "he
shall not be taken as a comprehens in their amity," and yet he has
entered, at the beginning and again lately, with many thousands. Hampton
Court, 4 [Dec.], 34 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
2. Draft of the preceding, from which it is printed in St. Papers.
Pp. 9. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget iiijo Decemb. ao xxxiiijo.
231, No, 86.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS., Pt. I.
1167. The Privy Council to Hertford and Others.
Whereas they wrote to Sir Thos. Wharton to send up to London
the Lord Maxwell, with twenty or twenty-four other of the Scottish
prisoners lately taken, to be conveyed by Lord Scrope to the lord President
of the Council in the North; learning, since, that by "your
appointment, my lord of Hertford," Wharton has sent twelve of them to
"your Lordships," the King desires your Lordships to send them with
diligence to York to the Lord President. Hampton Court, 4 Dec.
Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster,
St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield and Wriothesley.
P.S.—They are to sell the provisions, of which the King is informed
a great quantity remained at the departing of the lords.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : Hertforde.
32,648 f. 173.
1168. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to Henry VIII.
Sends divers letters, which Lisle, the lord Warden, has received
from Sir Wm. Evre. One is of the setting forth of three ships of war,
which may do great harm if they capture the victual coming hither for
the garrisons. There is also a letter for a safe conduct, brought by a
woman, touching the murder of Somerset, with a letter from the Council
of Scotland to Sir Wm. Evre, which names Leche and Preistman, two
of the chief stirrers in the Rebellion, who have since been maintained
in Scotland, although demanded by name. Think the surrender of them
should now be demanded, as a means to learn "what compassing hath
been and is in Scotland imagined against your Majesty."
Lisle is about to lay and order the garrisons according to his instructions.
At his arrival he caused Mr. Woodalle, treasurer of wars here,
to make a declaration (sent herewith) of the state of the treasure; which
is scantily sufficient for conduct money, so that more must be sent
speedily for pay of the garrisons. Alnwick castle, 4 Dec. midnight.
Signed by Lisle, Durham and Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 175.
No. 246 (1).
1169. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
This Monday morning an espial out of Scotland reported that
five ships have passed by Leigthe into the seas, three of them men of
war carrying 160, 160 and 80 men respectively, and the other two merchantmen
with skin and wool. The King site this day and to-morrow
in Council at Edinburgh. On Friday last Wm. Buckton, one of the
constables of Berwick, with Clement Muschaunce and other garrison
men, took at Raynton four prisoners, 46 neat, 6 nags and mares with
"insight geir." Yesternight the same company burnt Fosterlande, and
have this morning brought home 60 neat, &c. (described), and certain
prisoners. Berwick castle, 4 Dec., 10 a.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : lord Lisle, lord Warden of the Marches. Endd. : ao
32,648 f. 177.
No. 246 (2).
1170. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
This day at noon came a Scots woman with a letter directed to
the King, and another sent to Evers from the Council of Scotland.
Sends them herewith. Berwick castle, 4 Dec., 1 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : lord Warden. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1171. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius.
Encloses letters of Baumgartner and Vitus Noribergensis touching
a certain preacher, (fn. 6) a friend of Alesius. Please give the letters to
Alesius, and command him to write at once to his friend, who, I think,
is now retained in Marchia, (fn. 7) Alberus (fn. 8) being expelled, who, in virtue of
his office, "taxavit immoderatas expilationes και βουλιμιαν aulicam." 4
1172. Melancthon to Vitus Theodorus.
"De Musculo et Numburgensi gratiam vobis habeo, ac Musculo
quamprimum tuarum literarum sententiam significabo. Sed fortassis
in Marchia (fn. 7) retinebitur ut succedat Albero, qui nunc pulsus est, propterea
quod taxavit immoderatas expilationes βουλιμιαν aulae, quae tanta est,
ut neccsse sit, sequi rerum mutationem, ut Capnio dicere solebat Cum
duplicantur lateres tunc venit Moises, alludens ad Ægyptiam tyrannidem." * * * * 4 Dec.
1173. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 5 Dec. Present : Canterbury,
Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter
sent to Ric. Cavendisshe, comptroller of works at Dover,
not to meddle with the office of the lord Warden or the setting of the
price of anything arriving in the port there.
1174. Mines in Cornwall.
Royal licence to Sir Wm. Godolgham and Wm. Godolgham, his
son, to search within the county of Cornwall, as well within franchises
as without, for mines of silver, gold, and copper, and work what they
find to their own profit during pleasure. Hampton Court, 6 Dec. 34
Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
32,648 f. 179.
1175. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to the Council.
Have, as the King wishes, enquired where the king of Scots
was at the late overthrow of his subjects, what the whole number of
them were, and how many were overthrown or taken. Learn from
divers (and this day from Jack Musgrave, who was leader of the horsemen)
that the king of Scots was eight miles off with another great army,
intending on the morrow at low water to invade Burgh upon Sands and
burn the country to the west of Carlisle, as his army that was overthrown
burnt the east side. The army that was overthrown numbered 17,000.
The King's subjects, not above 2,000, put in the "stale" (fn. 9) 1,500, and
the rest, being the horsemen, seeing the Scots' footmen coming on to
meet the stale, and the Scottish horsemen slow in setting forward,
thought best to set upon them before the foot battles joined, and so
the Grames pursued the horsemen of Scotland, which fled, while Jack
Musgrave and 300 gentlemen of the country entered upon the footmen
that had lighted off their horses. These seeing them fiercely coming on
and the stale following retired and fled towards the water. Wrote
the number of those taken, and the chief names, in their letter jointly
with my lord of Hertford. Jack Musgrave says 5,000 horses are taken
by reason of a marsh (fn. 10) which they could not pass. Those who escaped
through Lyddesdale were spoiled by them of Lyddesdale.
Touching the King's subjects taken upon St. Bartholomew's Day, Sir
Robt. Bowes and Sir Roger Lasselles are kept at St. Andrew's by the
Bishop there, Sir Cuth. Ratclif is in keeping of another bishop (fn. 11) of that
country, as George Urde, who was prisoner with them, and is returned
"upon bandes," reports. They were transported over the Forth at the
entry of the King's army. John Tempest and John Heron are yet in
their takers' hands. Yesterday certain thieves of Tividale spoiled a
village of this country, but a gentleman named Clavering, with his
friends, waylaid them, recovered all the spoil, and took 14 of them
prisoners. Among them are George Yonge, one of the chief setters on
of all spoils, Will Davison, a great thief, and one of the Pringles. Enclose
a letter from Sir Wm. Evre, showing what the garrison of Berwick
have done last night. Last night also Geo. Heron burnt Dolfynstune, 7
miles within Scotland, and brought away 11 prisoners, &c. Alnwick
castle, 6 Dec., at night. Signed by Lisle, Durham, and Uvedale.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 181.
No. 247 (1).
1176. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
Has received his letter and accordingly sends Robt. Storye, the
bearer. Thos. Carlile, one of the constables of Berwick, and certain
garrison men, on Monday night, "toke up these townes followinge that
is to saye Whikiswode, Rayntone, Edington, and wane the barmekyne
and burnt sex houses in the same," and brought away 62 neat, etc.
Berwick castle, 6 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : lord Warden. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1177. Treaty with Charles V.
The commission noticed as wanting in Rymer XIV. 777, is of
year 1543, and is extant. So also is the treaty wrongly described there
as "Declaratio Pacis" and dated "ultimo Decembris 1542."
II., No. 82.]
1178. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
The Council have just sent him the annexed letter (now wanting).
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna, headed : 7 December
32,648, f. 186.
1179. Hertford to Wriothesley.
Has remained here since Sunday night for answer to his letters
of the 27th ult. to the King and Wriothesley, touching the noblemen of
Scotland prisoners here. Having had no answer, intends to depart this
day. The prisoners shall be conveyed according to the King's letters
to Sir Thos. Wharton, and will be at York on Monday next. Comes
by Hull, although it is somewhat out of the way, to view the fortifications.
Sir Thos. Wharton brought, this morning, a letter from the earl
of Cassilles and lords Flemynge, Maxwell, Somervile and Gray to be
sent to the King their master. Sends it herewith, so that, if the King
approves, it may be returned to lord Lisle to convey. Thinks it would
be honorable that they (fn. 12) should suffer here; who, before their deaths,
may be caused to declare who procured them thereto. Also it would
prevent the King of Scots saying that those who deserved to die for
other matters suffered for this act. Newcastle, 7 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 183.
1180. Lisle to Henry VIII.
On arriving here, communicated his instructions to such of the
King's Council as were here, and first to the bp. of Duresme, at Duresme,
who forthwith followed him to Alnwik. Hither are also come Sir Wm.
Malorye and Sir Thos. Tempest, of Yorkshire, appointed by Norfolk to
be counsellors here. Each brings 100 men, whom they expect daily.
Cumberland writes that he is preparing himself and his 500 men to come
hither with all speed. Finding here a great number who were unfit
for feats of the Borders, because their horses were spent, and who did
nothing but consume victuals, the writer, with Hertford's advice,
despatched 1,100 of them. Victuals are wonderfully wasted. Will by
next post send an estimate of all that remains in Northumberland (except
Tyndale and Ridesdale). Received on the 5th the Council's letters of
the 1st, enquiring where the king of Scots was at the late conflict, and
what number were slain and drowned. Has made answer, and has also
sent an espial into Scotland for further information. The Scots have
had hard chance here of late; for on Monday night, 4th inst., 100 or
120 of them took a village six miles within Northumberland, but, upon
warning given by the watch, a young man called Clavering, Robt. a
Collingwode's son and Jerrard Selbye, with 40 of their servants,
followed them up, recovered the spoil and took 14 of them prisoners, of
whom three are notable thieves. George Yonge, one of the three, is he
that took my lord of Hertford's chaplain at Belford, and would have
taken both Mr. Comptroller and my lord of Hertford if they had come
a little later. Trusts to discover some of their guides, who are thought
to be Englishmen. Sends a letter from the captain of Berwick, showing
that the garrison have taken up certain villages, and brought in a good
booty. Last night, young George Heron with 100 horse, entered Scotland
by Tyndale and burnt Dolfynston.
The men of the Marshe land and Tyvidale have petitioned the King
of Scots and his Council to send them garrisons, or else they will forsake
their country. Hears not what answer they had, but the King has
taken out of prison two of the Humes and the lord of Sainct Johnston,
and intends to make them captains of garrisons against the East
Marches. Cannot hear of any laid as yet, unless it be at Duns, 9 miles
from Berwick, which is not walled, but stands very strongly in a marsh
with a strong tower at its entry. Trusts to keep them occupied. Alnwick
castle, 7 Dec., 4 a.m. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 188.
1181. Lisle to Wriothesley.
Has no news but what he has written to the Council. Begs that,
if he seem to neglect any part of his duty, Wriothesley will admonish
him. Has written to the King a letter of all his proceedings, but has
not yet fulfilled his instructions to certify the corn and victuals in the
country (which he has set commissioners to survey) and to take musters,
for until Cumberland's company arrive he cannot take them nor send a
perfect book of the monthly charges. Alnwick, 7 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. III.,
1182. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Have received his letters of 2 Sept. and 8 Oct., and, accordingly,
send the estimate of the revenues here and "diffray" of the same, and
also what the charge of the retinue is for one year. It is to be considered
that 550 men could not do the feats that are done unless the
King's subjects here bore a great charge, as going in person and finding
kerne and galloglas and carriage. Were ashamed to sue for money,
until compelled by the necessity for the reformation of Leinster. The
retinue is but 550; for they, long since, discharged 50 of the footmen,
and have so saved 980l. st. Have sent an Act for the continent living
of the clergy. Explain what widespread inconvenience would result from
the repeal of the Act of farms, and beg the King not to insist upon it.
Thanks for his kingly bounty to the earl of Tyrone. There has long
been war between him and one Nele Connelaghe, his nephew, who, by
Irish law, should be Oneil after him, and who has served the King
against him ten or twelve years. Sent for Nele Connelaghe, who, at much
peril, came to Dublin. He thought himself aggrieved that the earl should
have received the honor to him and his heirs; but, after long persuasion,
said he would not repugne the King's order, and asked to have the
lordship and lands called Claneboy, inhabited by another sept of the
Neles, who are men of very evil disposition, where he would always be
able to bridle the Earl if need were. If this be granted, the King should
reserve (besides the rent) the town and castle of Knockfergus, the castle
of Wolverflete, and the castle of Colrane, upon the Banne, which has
been warded this half-year by John Travers.
Perceive, in the King's "said last letters, sent by the said Earl," that
the cell of Newry is to be converted to a college at the suit of Sir Arthur
Fitz Guennys. By the King's former letter, it was commanded to be
suppressed and granted to George Karry, a petty captain of the retinue,
who has served well here for four or five years. As Sir Arthur is a
stranger, and the King's declaration to him not to be infringed, they
will establish it a college and remit Karry to the King's order for some
other reward. The havens and port towns of Ulster would soon yield
profit if the King put in constables, but the first necessity is the reformation
of Leinster. Have sent two bills to be passed as Acts, one for granting
the subsidy for two more years, the other for assuring Dungarvan
castle to the Crown. Explain claims of both Ormond and Desmond to
it, and suggest that Ormond should be constable. When Alen was
made Chancellor, it was certified to the Council in England that his fee
of 100l. was insufficient, and that previous chancellors had enjoyed 6s. 8d.
a day. Whereupon, the late lord Crumwell wrote to the Treasurer to
allow that diet; and writs were directed to the Exchequer for it, and
the Commissioners, at the perclosing of the said Treasurer's last account,
passed it. Now the Treasurer hears that Coweley blames both him and
the Commissioners for it. Beg the King for the sake of both Chancellor
and Treasurer to grant it. Intercede for payment to the lord of Clanterffe
of 173l. lls. 4d., due to him on his account when lord Treasurer here,
because without it he is unable to live as he has done. He is bedridden
and very sick, and his debts to the King amount to more than the above
sum. Give, as requested, an account of the slaying of Tirrelagh Othole
by his kinsman and enemy, Tirrelagh McShane Othole. Beg that John
Goldsmith be appointed clerk of the Council here by letters patent. He
has occupied the room two or three years under the Chancellor. At the
earnest suit of the earl of Tyrone, beg for the pardon of one Nic. Bagnalde,
late the King's servant, who fled on account of a murder. Kilmaynan,
7 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Abp.
Browne, Edw. bp. of Meath, Brabazon, Aylmer, Lutrell, Travers, Bathe
Pp. 8. Add. Endd.
602 p. 144.
2. Paper giving (1) an estimate of the yearly charge of the King's
army in Ireland, viz., retinues of the lord Deputy, Mr. Robt. Sentleger,
the master of the Ordnance, Mr. Brereton, the Knight Marshal, clerk of
the Check and Treasurer (about 540 men), with stipends of the Deputy
and Master of the Ordnance; (2) an estimate of the King's revenues in
Ireland from various sources, including pensions to religious persons
which after decease of the pensioners shall revert to the King; and (3)
"yearly profits uncertain," being returns from liveries, wardships, &c.,
and a list of Crown lands which yield as yet little profit as there is
therein "no perfect order taken."
Pp. 10. Dated in Carew's hand : 34 Hen. VIII. See Carew
Calendar, No. 176.
602 p. 99b.
3. Another copy of § 2, also dated 34 Hen. VIII.
Titus B. XI.
4. Another copy of § 2.
In a later hand, pp. 8.
Papers, I. C.
1183. Hertford to Sir Thos. Wharton and Wriothesley.
Drafts of two letters from Hertford, the one to Sir Thos. Wharton,
signifying that certain subjects, who have released their prisoners
upon bonds of the larde of Dunnelanrik are afraid that he means to
escape and charging him (since the prisoners were taken when Hertford
was warden) to provide against it; dated "from— (blank) the viijth
The other the last part of his letter to Wriothesley of 7 Dec. (No. 1179)
from the words, "Sir Thos. Wharton brought, this morning, a letter."
Endd. : The copy of a letter to Sir T. Wharton, viij Dec.
32,648 f. 190.
1184. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to the Council.
Lisle heard yesterday from an espial that came out of Scotland
that the Scottish Queen is brought to bed of a son. A Scottish prisoner
taken on the 5th says that this was proclaimed in Jedworthe on
Saturday last, the 2nd inst. The espials of the captain of Berwick and
the earl of Anguishe have not reported it. Lisle wrote in his letter
to the King that the lords of Boclughe and St. Johnston, with John
and Alex. Hume, were taken out of prison to be made captains of
garrisons against the East and Middle Marches. This espial says
those men are not yet come home nor the garrisons laid. Last night
Robert Lisle, the King's servant, burnt the lerde Lynton's house and
corn, and the night before John Carr, of Warke, burnt Stephen Davison's
house and corn and brought away his cattle. Stephen is one of
the head captains of the Tevidale thieves. Lisle's espial says the Scots
were never so out of courage since their King (fn. 13) was killed, but warns
him that they intend a great foray about the light of this moon, "and
to have a great stale to back them." Yesterday the Scottish ships
passed Holy Island, eight sail but only three men of war. Alnwick castle,
8 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. "The certain knowledge by espial where the king of Scots was at
the time of the conflict."
The King came with the Scottish host that entered the West Borders,
from Lanrige, 10 miles (fn. 14) from the said Borders, until within two miles
of Muffett, when he departed with 20 persons and lodged at Lowmaben,
6 miles from the place of the conflict. Upon news of the defeat, he went
to Dunfres and thence to Edenburgh, and thence to Lithco, where the
Queen now lies "in childbed of a son." Prisoners taken were the earls
of Casselles and Glencarne, four barons and a hundred gentlemen of
lands. It is not known whether the earl of Caithness is taken or killed,
but he is missed still. Sir Robt. Bowes and Sir Roger Lasselles are at
St. Andrew's, meetly well entreated, Sir Cuth. Ratclif and Seincler at
Collerus (fn. 15) abbey, 30 miles west of St. Andrews. Divers other great prisoners
are come home again for little ransom or nothing.
P. 1. In the same hand as the preceding.
32,648 f. 193.
1185. Thomas Dacre to the Council.
Is informed that Mr. Maxwell, son to lord Maxwell, is made
warden of the West Marches, and the lardes of Johnston and Bukcleughe
come home to the Borders out of ward. The king of Scots has proclaimed
14 days' victuals, and every man to be ready at an hour's
warning, but the purpose is not yet known. Had two days' knowledge
before the Scots came in last, when they burnt the Grames of Esk, for
which he gave 20 nobles to a Scotsman; and upon it Mr. Warden did
right well prepare, as it proved. Robyn Foster and his servant took
the lerde of Carlisle, the constable of Dundee and the larde of Kirkemigheall
and put them to ransom without the Warden's licence. It is
thought that Jak Musgrave was of counsel, for they are under his rule.
Men from London report that the writer and other Borderers did not
serve well at this last journey. Begs license to come up to declare what
true service they did, and also credence for bearer, who has always servel
the King well, and in this last journey was both at the beginning and
ending, and took the lord Oliphante prisoner and delivered him to Mr.
Warden to send up; as the writer also delivered nine of the best of the
prisoners taken by him and his servants, as in a schedule enclosed.
Lanercoste, 9 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiij.
ii. Enclosed in the preceding :—"The names of such prisoners as
Thomas Dacre has delivered to Master Warden to be sent up to London,"
viz., the lord Kilmares, earl of Glencarne, the lord Flemyng, the lord
Askynnes son and heir, Oliver Synkler, "one in great favour with King,"
John Carmigheall, captain of Crawfurthe, the larde Monkrethe, the
larde of Hawghen Castell, the larde of Crayden, James Pringill, "storer
of the King's sheep."
1186. The Privy Council.
Note that on 6 Dec. the King went to London, and there continued
till Sunday, all which time the Council sat not.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 10 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to Wotton, treasurer of
Calais, declaring appointment of Harry Wingfelde to be overseer of
works at Newnham Bridge, as he was of those in the Marresse at
Guisnes. Letter sent to the Emperor's ambassador, touching English
merchants' ships detained in Flanders.
St. P. v., 229.
1187. Henry VIII. to James V.
Has received his letters of 30 Nov., requiring safe conduct for
Mr. James Leyrmonth, Sir John Cambell, and others, to come and
declare the verity of the murder of Somerset herald by Wm. Leche and
John Prestman, English fugitives. Cannot but wish that so barbarous
a murder was done against James's will, but no declaration can satisfy
him or the world unless the persons are first sent hither for punishment;
for, if James take the punishment of them, as matters stand, it might
appear to be done to cover the origin of the act, and other malefactors
might be executed in lieu of the very offenders. Has written to his
warden that if James delivers the offenders they are to be received and
sent hither. Hampton Court, 10 Dec. 34 Hem. VIII.
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 7. Endd. : Minute to the king
1188. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
According to the King's letters of 28 Oct., has placed Mr. Hyberden
as captain of Harwaye bulwark, with 2 men in petty wages, and
Markes, as deputy there, with one man in like wages, and provided 2
porters, 6 gunners and sufficient artillery. Begs to know whether
the captain shall be resident, and whether to give him and the soldiers
the oath usually given here (copy herewith) or the oath taken in castles
and bulwarks in England. The bulwark at the Bootes is finished, all
but the lodging house. Has sent 45 men thither, until a captain is
appointed, under John Genyns, who lay at Harwaye bulwark until Mr.
Hyberden's coming. Brandelyng, of Newcastle, was commanded to
send 192 chawders of coal to remain here in store, but it is wholly consumed
in burning lime for the works, as Mr. Lee, late surveyor here,
can declare. Desires to have some sent. Cale[s], 10 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Copies of two forms of oath, headed respectively, "The oath of the
captains," and "The oath of the soldiers," for garrisons at Calais.
Pp. 3 each. One addressed in lord Maltravers's hand : "To the
King's most excellent Majesty."