Henry VIII
December 1542, 1-10

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1900

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'Henry VIII: December 1542, 1-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17: 1542 (1900), pp. 643-655. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76684 Date accessed: 20 August 2014.


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December 1542, 1-10

1 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 59.
1155. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 1 Dec. Present : Russell, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business : —The matter against John Diez referred to Sir John Gresham, Wm. Forman, Ric. Gervaise and Geo. Barons. Letters sent to the President that, in case the Scottish prisoners should arrive at York in two companies, he should stay the first company and send all together. Letters sent to Sir Thos. Wharton and the bp. of Carlisle to view the proceeding of Mr. Stevins in the King's works at Carlisle; and to Stevins to repair hither with plans for next year's work.
1 Dec.
R. O. St. P. IX., 226.
1156. The Privy Council to Paget.
The King has received his of 13 Nov., and to show "what hath succeeded since, of those matters," commands them to signify that the French ambassador obtained audience on Sunday last, and declared, on his master's behalf, that whereas Paget lately made overtures for an increase of amity, he was very desirous that something might be devised for that purpose, and thought an interview next spring would promote it; adding that he refuses to agree to the General Council lately indicted by the bishop of Rome, and is sorry for the matter of Scotland. The King, after finding that he had no commission to speak particularly, or discuss the points touched in Paget's conference with the Cardinal, (fn. 1) answered, expressing his love, that he could be content to hear of any purpose which might increase their amity, and that Paget wrote of certain conversations with the Cardinal therein, but no specialties.
As to his letter to Wriothesley touching his return, if this matter go no further the King will shortly revoke him; and if it do, he will not be recalled until it is determined.
Enclose copy of letters showing what a victory God has sent the King over the Scots, with the names of certain prisoners; but as yet is not known how many more are taken and slain. The Scots were above 14,000, and we not 2,000, and not one soldier among them, but men of the country. Paget may declare this, and must write often.
Draft, pp. 6. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget, primo Decemb. ao xxxiiijo.
1 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 170. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 245.
1157. Hertford and Others to the Council.
On Wednesday night last Hertford sent Sir Ralph Evre, Geo. Bowes, Ralph Bulmer and others, with 1,000 men, into Scotland, who next morning burnt the abbey and town of Cawdstreme, with corn worth 2,000 marks, and brought away 60 prisoners, 60 horses, etc. (described), which is thought the best booty ever gotten in these parts; for, as the prioress took herself to be "pattissid," all the country had conveyed their corn to her. They also burnt Swenton, wherein were 80 ploughs, and Swithe More.
The same day Lisle arrived, with letters showing the King's pleasure to establish him here in Hertford's room. Considering that victuals here are wasted by the passage to and fro of the army royal and the spoil done on the other side in Scotland prevents the Scots from maintaining many men near the frontiers, they have concluded that 1,500 men in garrison here will suffice until March, when they of Scotland begin to sow their corn. Hertford will, before leaving, fully instruct Lisle of all he has done. Where Lisle received the Council's letters and certain proclamations for excluding of Scots out of this realm, and sending up a number of them as slaves to row in galleys, they forbear to put this in execution until Hertford can declare the inconvenience that might arise thereby.
Espials say the late road in the West Marches was the Scottish king's own act, by advice of the Cardinal, lord Maxwell, Oliver Shenclere, and Mark Carre, against the advice of the rest of Scotland; also that the Lidersdale men slew many of the Scots that escaped and took horses and harness, and all that was worth taking from the rest. The Cardinal and the earl of Murray, great lieutenant, as they call him, purposed, if the Scots had not had the overthrow, to have removed with three bishops and others from Haddington to Lowder, and next night to Cawdstreme, and thence to have entered the realm and come to "one of the churches on our borders, where, with the Bishop of Rome's authority, to have interdicted this realm." Murray was then to lie in Jedworth, and lay garrisons for defence of the Marshe and Tevidale. The Scots are offended with their King for the death of Somerset. Enclose names of the principal prisoners taken on the West Marches (fn. 2) received from Wharton this day. Alnwick castle, 1 Dec. Signed by Hertford, Lisle, Durham and Uvedale.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 60.
1158. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 2 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter written to Sir Thos. Wentworth and Sir Hen. Savell to receive Scottish prisoners from the lord President.
2 Dec.
Caius College MS., 597, p. 200. St. P. IX., 228.
1159. Paget to Henry VIII.
The Council here lately sent for him, by the letter (fn. 3) enclosed; and the new Chancellor, after discoursing of the amity and treaties and their expedition of justice, spoke of the arrest of three of the ships whereof the King's Council lately wrote to Paget to answer the Admiral. Asked for and received a copy (enclosed) of the articles which the Chancellor "had before him for his memory." Answered as in the Council's despatch, calling to witness Deformes, who was present; and reckoned up half a dozen cases in which English subjects were delayed justice, and declared the causes of the arrest as he did to the Admiral when here. They desired him to write to Henry, since no man made complaint against the mariners, to have their process made, and, if no cause of further stay was found, release them with their ships and goods; and their King would also write to Henry. Answered that if the process was delayed it was perhaps for favour, lest it might turn to their extremity, and promised to write. This interview was very friendly, no "nipping word" used on either side. Deformes and the Admiral's secretary seem to be the "poursuters" of these matters, especially for the deliverance of the ship that carried the Cardinal. Aygres by Angolesme, 2 Dec. 1542.
Letter book copy, in the hand of Paget's clerk, pp. 2.
Caius College MS., 597, p. 201. 2. [Copy of the articles above referred to, viz.—]
Nic. Roussel reports that he and his companions in his ship La Ferronniere, were arrested in their voyage from Scotland and imprisoned in England three months, and are still under arrest without trial or the appearance of any accuser. The master of a barque from Hableneuf, which was taken near Hampton four days after the mariners had gone out against the enemies, reports that the two principals have been imprisoned more than three months without anyone appearing against them. Fifteen poor men of Dieppe were arrested at Dover with their barque, at the commencement of the war with the Emperor, for taking a Flemish ship manned by Flemings.
French. In the hand of Paget's clerk, pp. 2.
3 Dec. 1160. Lord Russell, Keeper of the Privy Seal. See Grants in December, No. 7.
3 Dec. Dasent's A.P.C., 60. 1161. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 3 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to Mr. Stanhope to provide grain against March next, and a commission ordained for him to take up carriage for it.
3 Dec.
Longleat MS. Hamilton Papers, I. xcviii.
1162. Sir Wm. Evers to Hertford.
Has sought out such books and constitutions as have been made since his coming hither, and sends them, together with an account of raids, spoils and burnings in Scotland. Trusts the captain of Norham and John Carre of Warke have reported their enterprises. Berwick castle, 3 Dec. Signed.
Add. : To, &c., th'earl of Hertforde. Endd. : R. fro Sir W. Eure iiij Decembre. Spoils.
Ib. 2. An "abstract" of towns, &c., burnt in Scotland by the garrison of Berwick, and the companies of Sir Ralph Eure and Ralph Bulmer, besides the acts done by Norham and Warke, "which I trust they have advertised your lordship thereof already."
Burnt by inhabitants and garrison of Berwick :—Camehilles, Paxton, Foulden and eleven other places.
By Sir Ralph Eure, Ralph Bulmer and the garrison :—Coldingham, Reston, Aiton, and 5 other towns.
The above, mostly done in your Lordship's time, lays waste country six miles square adjoining Berwick bounds.
Burnt by Sir Ralph Eure, Ralph Bulmer and the garrison in Tyvidale : —Crokanshawes, Prymesyde, and six other places.
By Sir Thos. Hilton, Robt. Collynwood, and John Horsley, at the same raid, Hayhope and Clifton.
Caldstreme town and abbey, Scaythmore and other steads pertaining to them, burnt by Sir Ralph Eure and Ralph Bulmer.
Towns, &c., burnt at Norfolk's being in Scotland with the King's great army :—Our Lady Kirke, Graydene, and 25 other places.
3 Dec.
Longleat MS. Hamilton Papers, I. xcvii.
1163. Sir Thos. Wharton to Hertford.
Alighting in Newcastle this Saturday, received Hertford's letters of his "pleasure to be here to-morrow." Has practised with lord Maxwell, Oliver Synkler and others, according to Hertford's letters, and thinks it right to report this night, as my lord of Dureme, lord Lile and Hertford are now together. Would have posted thither, but is charged with the prisoners, and does not know whether the King's pleasure is determined with regard to them. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Saturday, 3 Dec., 8 p.m.
Encloses schedule showing the coming of the prisoners to Newcastle. Signed.
Add. : my lord of Hartforthe.
Ib. xcviii. 2. Schedule enclosed in the preceding, headed, "The order of bringing in of the Scottishmen prisoners into the town of Newcastle," and giving the name of each prisoner bracketed with that of an Englishman, viz. :— "First," the larde Dunlangrig—Mr. Customer of Carlisle. Jas. Synkler—Alex. Musgrave. John Maxwell of Cohill—Wm. Sandes. John Charters—Wm. Porter. Robt. Charters—John Wharton. John Maxwell the lord's brother—Richard Musgrave. Patrick Hebburne— Lionel Carnaby. The larde of Gradon—Thos. Denton. The larde of Hayton—Thos. Warcopp. The larde Carmby—John Musgrave. The larde of Awncastell—Simon Musgrave. The larde Mounteth—Lancelot Lancastre. Robt. Harskyn—Edw. Aglionby. Oliver Synkler—Thos. Dacre. The lord Gray—Walter Strikland. The lord Olivant—Sir John Louther. The lord Somervell—Sir Thos. Curwen. The lord Flemyng— Sir Wm. Musgrave. The earl of Castellis and lord Maxwell—Sir Thos. Wharton.
3 Dec.
R. O.
1164. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote last that great provision was made at Mounstrell to revictual Terwan, but now learns that Mons. de Vandosme and Mons. de Beez are together, with 4,000 or 5,000 footmen and 2,000 horse, intending also to make a course on the borders and take a castle between Arras and Betten (apparently the castle that the Great Master wrote to Wallop of). Hears nothing of the provision in Flanders to resist this. To this assembly are gone from Arde Captain Dampont with his 300 hacquebuttiers and 120 horsemen lately come from Normandy, called "feadores," who are bound to serve for three months at their own charge. With these came 40 footmen. They are commonly called in France "the bande and ryere bande."
This day Mr. Stokes, student at Paris, writes that, at Boullen, he was told by Collen Carow, the post there, that the King's broderer (as Wallop takes it) is prisoner at Bullen or elsewhere. Encloses Stokes's letter and asks whether to make search. Guisnes, 3 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
4 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 60.
1165. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 4 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter written to Mr. Stanhoppe and John Oseburn, comptroller of the King's ships, to appoint Roger Basing to be vice-admiral, and Wm. Wodows to the Primrose. Letter sent to — Juglett, of Rye, to appear.
4 Dec.
Calig. E. IV., 87. B. M. St. P. IX., 230.
1166. Henry VIII. to Paget. Sends copy of a declaration (fn. 4) which he has published, touching the grounds of the present war with Scotland. As the Scots heap up injuries against him and barbarously refuse to ransom the prisoners they took when he was in treaty for peace with them, and have cruelly murdered Somerset herald, returning from the king of Scots with the refusal of delivery of the said prisoners, Paget shall declare to the French king how the Scots provoked this war, and, contrary to custom, refused to ransom the prisoners, and have murdered the herald, who was conducted by a pursuivant of Scotland, apparently that "they might be the more sure to have him in the way at such place as it appeareth they had determined for that purpose;" and he shall pray the French king not to aid the Scots, but deal uprightly as the King has done in this trouble between him and the Emperor. If he allege that the Scot is his old confederate, Paget shall remind him that the King might have aided the Emperor when he was now invaded, but did not; and also that, by the treaty, if the Scot enter England with above 100 men, (fn. 5) "he shall not be taken as a comprehens in their amity," and yet he has entered, at the beginning and again lately, with many thousands. Hampton Court, 4 [Dec.], 34 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding, from which it is printed in St. Papers.
Pp. 9. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget iiijo Decemb. ao xxxiiijo.
4 Dec.
Hatfield MS. 231, No, 86. [Cal. of Cecil MSS., Pt. I. 89.] Haynes' State Papers, 6.
1167. The Privy Council to Hertford and Others.
Whereas they wrote to Sir Thos. Wharton to send up to London the Lord Maxwell, with twenty or twenty-four other of the Scottish prisoners lately taken, to be conveyed by Lord Scrope to the lord President of the Council in the North; learning, since, that by "your appointment, my lord of Hertford," Wharton has sent twelve of them to "your Lordships," the King desires your Lordships to send them with diligence to York to the Lord President. Hampton Court, 4 Dec. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield and Wriothesley.
P.S.—They are to sell the provisions, of which the King is informed a great quantity remained at the departing of the lords.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand : Hertforde.
4 Dec. Add. MS. 32,648 f. 173. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 246. 1168. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to Henry VIII.
Sends divers letters, which Lisle, the lord Warden, has received from Sir Wm. Evre. One is of the setting forth of three ships of war, which may do great harm if they capture the victual coming hither for the garrisons. There is also a letter for a safe conduct, brought by a woman, touching the murder of Somerset, with a letter from the Council of Scotland to Sir Wm. Evre, which names Leche and Preistman, two of the chief stirrers in the Rebellion, who have since been maintained in Scotland, although demanded by name. Think the surrender of them should now be demanded, as a means to learn "what compassing hath been and is in Scotland imagined against your Majesty."
Lisle is about to lay and order the garrisons according to his instructions. At his arrival he caused Mr. Woodalle, treasurer of wars here, to make a declaration (sent herewith) of the state of the treasure; which is scantily sufficient for conduct money, so that more must be sent speedily for pay of the garrisons. Alnwick castle, 4 Dec. midnight.
Signed by Lisle, Durham and Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
4 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 175. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 246 (1).
1169. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
This Monday morning an espial out of Scotland reported that five ships have passed by Leigthe into the seas, three of them men of war carrying 160, 160 and 80 men respectively, and the other two merchantmen with skin and wool. The King site this day and to-morrow in Council at Edinburgh. On Friday last Wm. Buckton, one of the constables of Berwick, with Clement Muschaunce and other garrison men, took at Raynton four prisoners, 46 neat, 6 nags and mares with "insight geir." Yesternight the same company burnt Fosterlande, and have this morning brought home 60 neat, &c. (described), and certain prisoners. Berwick castle, 4 Dec., 10 a.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : lord Lisle, lord Warden of the Marches. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
4 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 177. B. M. Hamilton Papers. No. 246 (2).
1170. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
This day at noon came a Scots woman with a letter directed to the King, and another sent to Evers from the Council of Scotland. Sends them herewith. Berwick castle, 4 Dec., 1 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : lord Warden. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
4 Dec. Corpus Reform., IV. 905. 1171. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius.
Encloses letters of Baumgartner and Vitus Noribergensis touching a certain preacher, (fn. 6) a friend of Alesius. Please give the letters to Alesius, and command him to write at once to his friend, who, I think, is now retained in Marchia, (fn. 7) Alberus (fn. 8) being expelled, who, in virtue of his office, "taxavit immoderatas expilationes και βουλιμιαν aulicam." 4 Dec.
Latin.
4 Dec.
Corpus Reform., IV. 908.
1172. Melancthon to Vitus Theodorus.
"De Musculo et Numburgensi gratiam vobis habeo, ac Musculo quamprimum tuarum literarum sententiam significabo. Sed fortassis in Marchia (fn. 7) retinebitur ut succedat Albero, qui nunc pulsus est, propterea quod taxavit immoderatas expilationes βουλιμιαν aulae, quae tanta est, ut neccsse sit, sequi rerum mutationem, ut Capnio dicere solebat Cum duplicantur lateres tunc venit Moises, alludens ad Ægyptiam tyrannidem." * * * * 4 Dec.
Latin.
5 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 61.
1173. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 5 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to Ric. Cavendisshe, comptroller of works at Dover, not to meddle with the office of the lord Warden or the setting of the price of anything arriving in the port there.
6 Dec.
R. O.
1174. Mines in Cornwall.
Royal licence to Sir Wm. Godolgham and Wm. Godolgham, his son, to search within the county of Cornwall, as well within franchises as without, for mines of silver, gold, and copper, and work what they find to their own profit during pleasure. Hampton Court, 6 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
Parchment.
6 Dec. Add. MS. 32,648 f. 179. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 247. 1175. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to the Council.
Have, as the King wishes, enquired where the king of Scots was at the late overthrow of his subjects, what the whole number of them were, and how many were overthrown or taken. Learn from divers (and this day from Jack Musgrave, who was leader of the horsemen) that the king of Scots was eight miles off with another great army, intending on the morrow at low water to invade Burgh upon Sands and burn the country to the west of Carlisle, as his army that was overthrown burnt the east side. The army that was overthrown numbered 17,000. The King's subjects, not above 2,000, put in the "stale" (fn. 9) 1,500, and the rest, being the horsemen, seeing the Scots' footmen coming on to meet the stale, and the Scottish horsemen slow in setting forward, thought best to set upon them before the foot battles joined, and so the Grames pursued the horsemen of Scotland, which fled, while Jack Musgrave and 300 gentlemen of the country entered upon the footmen that had lighted off their horses. These seeing them fiercely coming on and the stale following retired and fled towards the water. Wrote the number of those taken, and the chief names, in their letter jointly with my lord of Hertford. Jack Musgrave says 5,000 horses are taken by reason of a marsh (fn. 10) which they could not pass. Those who escaped through Lyddesdale were spoiled by them of Lyddesdale.
Touching the King's subjects taken upon St. Bartholomew's Day, Sir Robt. Bowes and Sir Roger Lasselles are kept at St. Andrew's by the Bishop there, Sir Cuth. Ratclif is in keeping of another bishop (fn. 11) of that country, as George Urde, who was prisoner with them, and is returned "upon bandes," reports. They were transported over the Forth at the entry of the King's army. John Tempest and John Heron are yet in their takers' hands. Yesterday certain thieves of Tividale spoiled a village of this country, but a gentleman named Clavering, with his friends, waylaid them, recovered all the spoil, and took 14 of them prisoners. Among them are George Yonge, one of the chief setters on of all spoils, Will Davison, a great thief, and one of the Pringles. Enclose a letter from Sir Wm. Evre, showing what the garrison of Berwick have done last night. Last night also Geo. Heron burnt Dolfynstune, 7 miles within Scotland, and brought away 11 prisoners, &c. Alnwick castle, 6 Dec., at night. Signed by Lisle, Durham, and Uvedale.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
6 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 181. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 247 (1).
1176. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
Has received his letter and accordingly sends Robt. Storye, the bearer. Thos. Carlile, one of the constables of Berwick, and certain garrison men, on Monday night, "toke up these townes followinge that is to saye Whikiswode, Rayntone, Edington, and wane the barmekyne and burnt sex houses in the same," and brought away 62 neat, etc. Berwick castle, 6 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : lord Warden. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Dec. 1177. Treaty with Charles V.
The commission noticed as wanting in Rymer XIV. 777, is of year 1543, and is extant. So also is the treaty wrongly described there as "Declaratio Pacis" and dated "ultimo Decembris 1542."
7 Dec.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 82.]
1178. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
The Council have just sent him the annexed letter (now wanting). French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna, headed : 7 December 1542.
7 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648, f. 186. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 249.
1179. Hertford to Wriothesley.
Has remained here since Sunday night for answer to his letters of the 27th ult. to the King and Wriothesley, touching the noblemen of Scotland prisoners here. Having had no answer, intends to depart this day. The prisoners shall be conveyed according to the King's letters to Sir Thos. Wharton, and will be at York on Monday next. Comes by Hull, although it is somewhat out of the way, to view the fortifications. Sir Thos. Wharton brought, this morning, a letter from the earl of Cassilles and lords Flemynge, Maxwell, Somervile and Gray to be sent to the King their master. Sends it herewith, so that, if the King approves, it may be returned to lord Lisle to convey. Thinks it would be honorable that they (fn. 12) should suffer here; who, before their deaths, may be caused to declare who procured them thereto. Also it would prevent the King of Scots saying that those who deserved to die for other matters suffered for this act. Newcastle, 7 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Dec. Add. MS. 32,648 f. 183. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 248. 1180. Lisle to Henry VIII.
On arriving here, communicated his instructions to such of the King's Council as were here, and first to the bp. of Duresme, at Duresme, who forthwith followed him to Alnwik. Hither are also come Sir Wm. Malorye and Sir Thos. Tempest, of Yorkshire, appointed by Norfolk to be counsellors here. Each brings 100 men, whom they expect daily. Cumberland writes that he is preparing himself and his 500 men to come hither with all speed. Finding here a great number who were unfit for feats of the Borders, because their horses were spent, and who did nothing but consume victuals, the writer, with Hertford's advice, despatched 1,100 of them. Victuals are wonderfully wasted. Will by next post send an estimate of all that remains in Northumberland (except Tyndale and Ridesdale). Received on the 5th the Council's letters of the 1st, enquiring where the king of Scots was at the late conflict, and what number were slain and drowned. Has made answer, and has also sent an espial into Scotland for further information. The Scots have had hard chance here of late; for on Monday night, 4th inst., 100 or 120 of them took a village six miles within Northumberland, but, upon warning given by the watch, a young man called Clavering, Robt. a Collingwode's son and Jerrard Selbye, with 40 of their servants, followed them up, recovered the spoil and took 14 of them prisoners, of whom three are notable thieves. George Yonge, one of the three, is he that took my lord of Hertford's chaplain at Belford, and would have taken both Mr. Comptroller and my lord of Hertford if they had come a little later. Trusts to discover some of their guides, who are thought to be Englishmen. Sends a letter from the captain of Berwick, showing that the garrison have taken up certain villages, and brought in a good booty. Last night, young George Heron with 100 horse, entered Scotland by Tyndale and burnt Dolfynston.
The men of the Marshe land and Tyvidale have petitioned the King of Scots and his Council to send them garrisons, or else they will forsake their country. Hears not what answer they had, but the King has taken out of prison two of the Humes and the lord of Sainct Johnston, and intends to make them captains of garrisons against the East Marches. Cannot hear of any laid as yet, unless it be at Duns, 9 miles from Berwick, which is not walled, but stands very strongly in a marsh with a strong tower at its entry. Trusts to keep them occupied. Alnwick castle, 7 Dec., 4 a.m. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 188. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 250.
1181. Lisle to Wriothesley.
Has no news but what he has written to the Council. Begs that, if he seem to neglect any part of his duty, Wriothesley will admonish him. Has written to the King a letter of all his proceedings, but has not yet fulfilled his instructions to certify the corn and victuals in the country (which he has set commissioners to survey) and to take musters, for until Cumberland's company arrive he cannot take them nor send a perfect book of the monthly charges. Alnwick, 7 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
7 Dec.
R. O. St. P. III., 432.
1182. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Have received his letters of 2 Sept. and 8 Oct., and, accordingly, send the estimate of the revenues here and "diffray" of the same, and also what the charge of the retinue is for one year. It is to be considered that 550 men could not do the feats that are done unless the King's subjects here bore a great charge, as going in person and finding kerne and galloglas and carriage. Were ashamed to sue for money, until compelled by the necessity for the reformation of Leinster. The retinue is but 550; for they, long since, discharged 50 of the footmen, and have so saved 980l. st. Have sent an Act for the continent living of the clergy. Explain what widespread inconvenience would result from the repeal of the Act of farms, and beg the King not to insist upon it.
Thanks for his kingly bounty to the earl of Tyrone. There has long been war between him and one Nele Connelaghe, his nephew, who, by Irish law, should be Oneil after him, and who has served the King against him ten or twelve years. Sent for Nele Connelaghe, who, at much peril, came to Dublin. He thought himself aggrieved that the earl should have received the honor to him and his heirs; but, after long persuasion, said he would not repugne the King's order, and asked to have the lordship and lands called Claneboy, inhabited by another sept of the Neles, who are men of very evil disposition, where he would always be able to bridle the Earl if need were. If this be granted, the King should reserve (besides the rent) the town and castle of Knockfergus, the castle of Wolverflete, and the castle of Colrane, upon the Banne, which has been warded this half-year by John Travers.
Perceive, in the King's "said last letters, sent by the said Earl," that the cell of Newry is to be converted to a college at the suit of Sir Arthur Fitz Guennys. By the King's former letter, it was commanded to be suppressed and granted to George Karry, a petty captain of the retinue, who has served well here for four or five years. As Sir Arthur is a stranger, and the King's declaration to him not to be infringed, they will establish it a college and remit Karry to the King's order for some other reward. The havens and port towns of Ulster would soon yield profit if the King put in constables, but the first necessity is the reformation of Leinster. Have sent two bills to be passed as Acts, one for granting the subsidy for two more years, the other for assuring Dungarvan castle to the Crown. Explain claims of both Ormond and Desmond to it, and suggest that Ormond should be constable. When Alen was made Chancellor, it was certified to the Council in England that his fee of 100l. was insufficient, and that previous chancellors had enjoyed 6s. 8d. a day. Whereupon, the late lord Crumwell wrote to the Treasurer to allow that diet; and writs were directed to the Exchequer for it, and the Commissioners, at the perclosing of the said Treasurer's last account, passed it. Now the Treasurer hears that Coweley blames both him and the Commissioners for it. Beg the King for the sake of both Chancellor and Treasurer to grant it. Intercede for payment to the lord of Clanterffe of 173l. lls. 4d., due to him on his account when lord Treasurer here, because without it he is unable to live as he has done. He is bedridden and very sick, and his debts to the King amount to more than the above sum. Give, as requested, an account of the slaying of Tirrelagh Othole by his kinsman and enemy, Tirrelagh McShane Othole. Beg that John Goldsmith be appointed clerk of the Council here by letters patent. He has occupied the room two or three years under the Chancellor. At the earnest suit of the earl of Tyrone, beg for the pardon of one Nic. Bagnalde, late the King's servant, who fled on account of a murder. Kilmaynan, 7 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Abp. Browne, Edw. bp. of Meath, Brabazon, Aylmer, Lutrell, Travers, Bathe and Cusake.
Pp. 8. Add. Endd.
Lumb. MS. 602 p. 144. 2. Paper giving (1) an estimate of the yearly charge of the King's army in Ireland, viz., retinues of the lord Deputy, Mr. Robt. Sentleger, the master of the Ordnance, Mr. Brereton, the Knight Marshal, clerk of the Check and Treasurer (about 540 men), with stipends of the Deputy and Master of the Ordnance; (2) an estimate of the King's revenues in Ireland from various sources, including pensions to religious persons which after decease of the pensioners shall revert to the King; and (3) "yearly profits uncertain," being returns from liveries, wardships, &c., and a list of Crown lands which yield as yet little profit as there is therein "no perfect order taken."
Pp. 10. Dated in Carew's hand : 34 Hen. VIII. See Carew Calendar, No. 176.
Lamb. MS. 602 p. 99b. 3. Another copy of § 2, also dated 34 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 7.
Titus B. XI. 382. B. M. 4. Another copy of § 2.
In a later hand, pp. 8.
8 Dec.
Longleat MS. Hamilton Papers, I. C.
1183. Hertford to Sir Thos. Wharton and Wriothesley.
Drafts of two letters from Hertford, the one to Sir Thos. Wharton, signifying that certain subjects, who have released their prisoners upon bonds of the larde of Dunnelanrik are afraid that he means to escape and charging him (since the prisoners were taken when Hertford was warden) to provide against it; dated "from— (blank) the viijth of Decembre."
The other the last part of his letter to Wriothesley of 7 Dec. (No. 1179) from the words, "Sir Thos. Wharton brought, this morning, a letter."
Endd. : The copy of a letter to Sir T. Wharton, viij Dec.
8 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 190. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 251.
1184. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to the Council.
Lisle heard yesterday from an espial that came out of Scotland that the Scottish Queen is brought to bed of a son. A Scottish prisoner taken on the 5th says that this was proclaimed in Jedworthe on Saturday last, the 2nd inst. The espials of the captain of Berwick and the earl of Anguishe have not reported it. Lisle wrote in his letter to the King that the lords of Boclughe and St. Johnston, with John and Alex. Hume, were taken out of prison to be made captains of garrisons against the East and Middle Marches. This espial says those men are not yet come home nor the garrisons laid. Last night Robert Lisle, the King's servant, burnt the lerde Lynton's house and corn, and the night before John Carr, of Warke, burnt Stephen Davison's house and corn and brought away his cattle. Stephen is one of the head captains of the Tevidale thieves. Lisle's espial says the Scots were never so out of courage since their King (fn. 13) was killed, but warns him that they intend a great foray about the light of this moon, "and to have a great stale to back them." Yesterday the Scottish ships passed Holy Island, eight sail but only three men of war. Alnwick castle, 8 Dec. Signed. Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Ib. f. 191. 2. "The certain knowledge by espial where the king of Scots was at the time of the conflict."
The King came with the Scottish host that entered the West Borders, from Lanrige, 10 miles (fn. 14) from the said Borders, until within two miles of Muffett, when he departed with 20 persons and lodged at Lowmaben, 6 miles from the place of the conflict. Upon news of the defeat, he went to Dunfres and thence to Edenburgh, and thence to Lithco, where the Queen now lies "in childbed of a son." Prisoners taken were the earls of Casselles and Glencarne, four barons and a hundred gentlemen of lands. It is not known whether the earl of Caithness is taken or killed, but he is missed still. Sir Robt. Bowes and Sir Roger Lasselles are at St. Andrew's, meetly well entreated, Sir Cuth. Ratclif and Seincler at Collerus (fn. 15) abbey, 30 miles west of St. Andrews. Divers other great prisoners are come home again for little ransom or nothing.
P. 1. In the same hand as the preceding.
9 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 193. B. M. Hamilton Papers. No. 252.
1185. Thomas Dacre to the Council.
Is informed that Mr. Maxwell, son to lord Maxwell, is made warden of the West Marches, and the lardes of Johnston and Bukcleughe come home to the Borders out of ward. The king of Scots has proclaimed 14 days' victuals, and every man to be ready at an hour's warning, but the purpose is not yet known. Had two days' knowledge before the Scots came in last, when they burnt the Grames of Esk, for which he gave 20 nobles to a Scotsman; and upon it Mr. Warden did right well prepare, as it proved. Robyn Foster and his servant took the lerde of Carlisle, the constable of Dundee and the larde of Kirkemigheall and put them to ransom without the Warden's licence. It is thought that Jak Musgrave was of counsel, for they are under his rule. Men from London report that the writer and other Borderers did not serve well at this last journey. Begs license to come up to declare what true service they did, and also credence for bearer, who has always servel the King well, and in this last journey was both at the beginning and ending, and took the lord Oliphante prisoner and delivered him to Mr. Warden to send up; as the writer also delivered nine of the best of the prisoners taken by him and his servants, as in a schedule enclosed. Lanercoste, 9 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiij.
ii. Enclosed in the preceding :—"The names of such prisoners as Thomas Dacre has delivered to Master Warden to be sent up to London," viz., the lord Kilmares, earl of Glencarne, the lord Flemyng, the lord Askynnes son and heir, Oliver Synkler, "one in great favour with King," John Carmigheall, captain of Crawfurthe, the larde Monkrethe, the larde of Hawghen Castell, the larde of Crayden, James Pringill, "storer of the King's sheep."
P. 1.
10 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 61.
1186. The Privy Council.
Note that on 6 Dec. the King went to London, and there continued till Sunday, all which time the Council sat not.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 10 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to Wotton, treasurer of Calais, declaring appointment of Harry Wingfelde to be overseer of works at Newnham Bridge, as he was of those in the Marresse at Guisnes. Letter sent to the Emperor's ambassador, touching English merchants' ships detained in Flanders.
10 Dec.
R. O. St. P. v., 229.
1187. Henry VIII. to James V.
Has received his letters of 30 Nov., requiring safe conduct for Mr. James Leyrmonth, Sir John Cambell, and others, to come and declare the verity of the murder of Somerset herald by Wm. Leche and John Prestman, English fugitives. Cannot but wish that so barbarous a murder was done against James's will, but no declaration can satisfy him or the world unless the persons are first sent hither for punishment; for, if James take the punishment of them, as matters stand, it might appear to be done to cover the origin of the act, and other malefactors might be executed in lieu of the very offenders. Has written to his warden that if James delivers the offenders they are to be received and sent hither. Hampton Court, 10 Dec. 34 Hem. VIII.
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 7. Endd. : Minute to the king of Scots.
10 Dec.
R. O.
1188. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
According to the King's letters of 28 Oct., has placed Mr. Hyberden as captain of Harwaye bulwark, with 2 men in petty wages, and Markes, as deputy there, with one man in like wages, and provided 2 porters, 6 gunners and sufficient artillery. Begs to know whether the captain shall be resident, and whether to give him and the soldiers the oath usually given here (copy herewith) or the oath taken in castles and bulwarks in England. The bulwark at the Bootes is finished, all but the lodging house. Has sent 45 men thither, until a captain is appointed, under John Genyns, who lay at Harwaye bulwark until Mr. Hyberden's coming. Brandelyng, of Newcastle, was commanded to send 192 chawders of coal to remain here in store, but it is wholly consumed in burning lime for the works, as Mr. Lee, late surveyor here, can declare. Desires to have some sent. Cale[s], 10 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 2. Copies of two forms of oath, headed respectively, "The oath of the captains," and "The oath of the soldiers," for garrisons at Calais.
Pp. 3 each. One addressed in lord Maltravers's hand : "To the King's most excellent Majesty."

Footnotes

1 Cardinal Tournon.
2 See No. 1143.
3 See No. 1132.
4 See No. 1033.
5 See the article for the comprehension of Scotland in the treaty of the More confirmed by Louise on the 25 Sept., 1525. Rymer XIV., 87.
6 Wolfgang Musculus. See next letter
7 The old county of Mark in Westphalia.
8 Erasmus Alberus.
9 "In stale, in battle array." Jamieson. The noun "stale" itself means sometimes "any ward or division of an army in battle array."
10 The Solway Moss, from which the battle was named.
11 Of Glasgow. See No. 1100.
12 "They" evidently means the murderers of Somerset herald, though they are not mentioned.
13 James IV., who was killed at Flodden.
14 So in MS. Lanark ia really about 60 miles from the Borders, and could not have been on James's route.
15 Culross.