1189. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 11 Dec. Present : Canterbury,
Chancellor, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler, Riche, Baker. Business :—
Recognisance (cited) of Giles Harrison and Evan Llewellyn, of London,
to answer touching certain beer seized by Baldwin Smith. Three letters
written to Viscount Lisle, lord warden of the Marches, Sir Thos. Wharton
and the earl of Anguisshe to have a "plott" made of Scotland and send
it to the King.
32,648 f. 196.
1190. Robert, Bishop Of Llandaff, to the Council.
This day, at 4 p.m., lord Scroope came to York with 20 Scots,
prisoners, named in a schedule enclosed. One called Alex. Syncclar is
sick at Darynton. Sir Hen. Sayville, Sir Thos. Wentworthe, and other
gentlemen are here to conduce them to the King, and shall receive them
to-morrow at 8 a.m. They will be at Court, or elsewhere as the King
directs, on St. Thomas's Even or St. Thomas's Day. The King's
palace at York, 11 Dec., 7 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : The President of the Council in the North
to the Council, xjo Decembr. ao xxxiiijo.
1191. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 12 Dec. Present : Canterbury,
Chancellor, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, "etc." Business :—Letter sent to Angus to repair
[*** Next entry is 14 Dec.]
St. P. IX.,
1192. German Soldiers.
"Instructions given by the King's Highness to his trusty and
well beloved servant, Sir Thomas Seymour, knight, one of the gentlemen
of his Grace's privy chamber, whom his Majesty sendeth, at this time,
into Germany for the purposes following."
To hasten to Noremberg, where baron Heidik and another Almain
baron called Flegesteyn appointed, this Christmas, to confer with him
upon matters which, at his late being in Germany, he broke to Heidik,
touching the entertainment of horsemen and footmen, of whom the King
would have 2,000 and 3,000 respectively, always ready. Having delivered
the King's letters and thanks for their good inclinations, he shall demand
of Heidik what he has done since their departure; and if it appear that
they have earnestly travailed in the matter, he shall demand how many
men can be furnished, where levied, and when they can be brought to
Calays, Breame, Lubeck, Hamburgh, or Holland, with the charges, wages,
&c. He shall endeavour to persuade them to serve the King against all
persons without exception, and learn whether they can procure others to
The King's letters to Baron Adeck are signed above, as is his custom
in writing to familiar servants, and those to Flegsdein signed beneath,
as in writing to friends. Seymour shall explain this to them, adding
to Flegsdein that the King trusts shortly to have him, too, as his
Draft, with corrections and final paragraph in Sadler's hand, pp.
13. Endd. : Instructions to Sir Thos. Seymour, despatched into Germany
xijo Decemb. ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 198.
1193. Lisle, Tunstall and John Uvedale to Henry VIII.
According to the King's instructions, have caused a view to be
taken of victuals here, and perceive by the certificates that all the grain
will not suffice the country until Easter, nor past Candlemas with the
garrison here. There is little hay left, so that the garrison horses are
fed on straw, which is rotten, because "wet inned." Provision must,
therefore, be sent to Hally Elande, Berwick, and Ailmouthe, with command
to the purveyors not to sell it to merchants to bring hither, who
would enhance the price; as two Newcastle merchants would do who
have lately bought a ship of corn sent to Hally Elande for the garrisons,
but Lisle has sent for them, intending to punish them for forestalling
the King's provisions. Touching the prisoners taken on St. Bartholomew's
Day, as they wrote, Bowes and Lassells are at St. Andrew's. Sir
Cuth. Ratclif, as a servant coming from him, yesterday, reported, is at
Glascoo in the Bishop's keeping. This servant said the Keterickes in
the North parts were angry with the taking of their lord the earl of
Glencarne, and would come and fetch him home; also that victuals
were unusually dear, so that every meal cost him 4d., "which is four
groats Scottish." The King sends for many who fled off the field, asks
how they escaped, and says he will punish them for fleeing.
An espial says that the lord of Burnestone, who is in favour with the
Cardinal, has returned from France with little comfort, "which myche
pallyth the Scottes." This espial asked if the letters lately brought to
Berwick by a woman were sent forth; for if not, and if the Englishman
whose espial he is could get a safe conduct to receive letters, he would
undertake to bring letters from the king of Scots to the King. This
shows "that he is a counter spye, for the Englishman said that this
spy might come into the King's chamber." Apparently, whatever
countenance the king of Scots makes, "he would speak if ears were
open to hear." Wrote, by report of a prisoner, that proclamation was
made at Gedworth of the birth of a prince. Learn since that the Queen
"was delivered before her time of a daughter, a very weak child and not
like to live." Against next full moon, order shall be taken for defence.
Alnwick castle, 12 Dec.
Remind him to furnish the treasurer of wars with money for the garrisons.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 201.
1194. Lisle to Henry VIII.
Espials report this day that the lord of Brentstone is come home
out of France, and says he has brought no such comfort as, at his sanding,
was expected. Wrote on the 8th to the Council of the birth of a prince
on 30th Nov. last; and that a Scottish prisoner affirmed it was proclaimed
at Jedworth on the 2nd inst. Some say it was a son and some
a daughter, but all agree that the Queen is delivered and lies at Lithcoo.
The earl of Anguishe's intelligence is that she is delivered long before
her time and the child cannot live. The King returned from the West,
after the conflict, to Tyntallen, where he has a mistress in the keeping
of Oliver Synklar's wife, "and, by report, he setteth not much store by
the Queen." Details conversation reported to him this morning between
an Englishman named . . . . . ., (fn. 1) of whom he has much
intelligence, and a Scottish man, who hinted that the king of Scots would
send letters to the King if he had means to convey them, and wished to
know whether the letters sent from the Scottish Council to the captain
of Berwick by a woman had been conveyed. Declared that he himself
would send no Scottish letters to the King after he had been so offended
with their false promises. Said this thinking that the Scot looked for
some counter intelligence, and it seemed best to leave them in suspense
of the coming of the letter sent by the woman. Showed this to my
lord of Durham (and they have touched upon it in their joint letter), but
not the espial's name. Asks whether to hearken further to his intelligence,
seeing that his man is apparently a counter spy. John Hume,
lerd of Blackater, who was lately released, promised his King to do man
marvellous things in England shortly. On Sunday last he came home to
his own house, and declared to those who came to welcome him that he
had authority to hang as many of them as would not rise with him at
all hours to do harm in England.
Angus and Sir Geo. Douglas, who went to Newcastle to see their old
acquaintance taken at the conflict, have reported conversations with
them. Sir George, who seems to have waded further with them than
his brother, says lord Maxwell and lord Flemyng agreed that the King
might now demand what he would in Scotland, whether it were to refuse
the league with France or any other thing, only reserving the Crown
and title of King to their master; and they offered to bring this to
pass if the King would license them to go into Scotland.
It is pity that Tyndale and Rydesdale have liberty to live so unchristianly,
but now is no convenient time to correct them, considering
how near they lie to the King's enemies, who are not their enemies, but
are guided by them to rob the King's true subjects. Divers gentlemen
of this country have secretly "patysed" with them, and, when a fray
or cry is raised in the night, will not rise to the rescue. No perfect
reformation will ever be had until the King has all that part of Scotland
on this side the Frithe on the East and on this side Dunne Bretayne
on the West. To take it would be "an acceptable deed before God,
considering how brutely and beastly the people now be governed," and
the effusion of Christian blood which has happened every 20 or 24
years, and ever shall until the marches are set to these limits. "O!
what godly act should it be to your excellent Highness to bring such a
sort of people to the knowledge of God's laws, the country so necessary
to your dominions, by reason whereof so many souls should live also in
quietness." As to a platt of all Scotland, for which the Council has
written, it will hardly be gotten here; but the King has a Scottish
physician named Cromer, dwelling in London, who has such an instrument,
or can help to set it forth, and knows a Scottish doctor, learned
in the civil law, who was banished out of Scotland by the Cardinal and
the bishops two or three years past, and dwells in London, and who
can do much in making such a platt. Hertford carried up a platt of
the hither part of Scotland; and the writer will send another, with the
castle and town of Edinburgh more better set forth, by next post.
His letter written jointly with my lord of Durham describes the state
of the Borders and need of victuals. None of their neighbours (whom
they keep waking) have made any rode since Lisle came, except a sort
of Tyvedale thieves, whose captain was "one of them that rode so near
your Grace's host continually, and railed upon the Englishmen,
calling them heretics," and who also boasted that he had with his own
hands slain a dozen white coats. Has this gentleman and fourteen of
his fellows, who came in with 100 or 120 horses and were put to flight by
40 horses of this country. Once or twice Ridesdale men have guided in
half a dozen Scots who have stolen a dozen or twenty beasts, "or such
a trifle." If anything is attempted, it will be about the full of this
moon. Begs the King to thank the earl of Anguishe, who is very
diligent, and gets the best intelligence. Cumberland is not yet come.
Alnwick castle, 12 Dec., midnight. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 209.
No. 256 (2).
1195. Sir Wm. Evers to the Council.
Has received their letter, and done his best to get information.
Is told that the king of Scots was at Pebilles "at the setting forward of
his host to the West March." After they were past, he went to Lowghemabone,
12 miles from the place of the encounter, until he heard how
they sped. There pass not thirty slain and drowned, and about 1,000
taken prisoners, over eight score of whom are gentlemen of inheritance.
As to the English prisoners in Scotland; Sir Robt. Bowis and Sir Roger
Lasselles are at St. Andros in the Cardinal's governance, Sir Cuthbert
Ratclif at Glascoe, in the Bishop's governance, Ric. Bowis and Thos.
Slyngisbye, with the bp. of Murrey in Elkyn a Murraye, Sir John
Witherington is come home, having in pledge his son and heir and his
son-in-law, the heir of Fenwikes, John Herrone lies at Edmanstone with
the lord there, and John Tempest lies at Hallydene with the lord of
Sesforthe. Will keep the lord Warden informed of his news out of
Scotland. Berwick castle, 12 Dec., 7 a.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 207.
No. 256 (1).
1196. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
Cannot yet get perfect knowledge whether the Queen of Scots is
delivered or no. Wrote to the lord Warden that was, of the passing
of the larde of Burntstone into France by the West seas. He is now
Come home, with small comfort. He has always been much in the
Cardinal's favour. Trusts Angus has reported the coming home of
George Hume of Wedderburne, and John Hume of Blaketter. Alex.
Home shall come to Coldingham within these two days. Buckclewghe
and the lord of Johnstone are also at liberty. Has received a letter from
the Council, and encloses copy of his answer. Yesternight received his
letter for the obtaining of a platt of Scotland, and will do his best.
Berwick castle, 12 Dec., 7 a.m. Signed : Wyll'm Eure.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1197. Raids In Scotland.
The names of the townes that were burned in th'Est and
Midle merches of Scotland.
Mordington, The Craslade, Lanerton, Mordington Milles, Paxton,
Etherington Husbandton, Etherington Cotton, Etherington Towre,
Fyshike, Horneden town, Horneden kirke, Upsiplington, Whetterigg
grange, Nyne Welles, Long Huton, Huton Hawll, Haymouthe, Haymouthe
Milles, Eaton town, Eaton milles, Hitton, Hilton, Greate
Fulden, Litle Fulden, Huton Husbandton, Huton Cotton, Browton,
Owteset graunge, Blaket Towre, Greate Smelam, Litle Smelam, Kelsawe,
Grenerigge, Long Ednam, Litle Ednam, Sprocston graunge,
Sprocston town, Midlesyde graunge, Hawden, Sprokeson.
ii. "The names of the townes that were burned in the West merches
Rodnopp, Ryskinnop, Alsopp, Mikethopp, Rednal, Gillamby Rigge,
Fyngland, Cloughhedes, 80 houses and much corn in Dounefres, certain
houses in Sedworthe, certain houses in Aywyck, Rowstede, Mykell
Estome, certain houses in Bramxham, certain houses in Anerdall, the
Cassill Hill, Rey Hilles, a tower of Reynold Jerdanes, Hutton.
iii. "The names of the townes brent sith the departure of th'armye."
[Giving in parallel columns, 1st the date and doers of the enterprise,
2nd, the place or places burnt, and 3rd, the numbers taken of prisoners,
oxen, horses, etc. For example :—
Robert Forster per mand.
Thome Wharton, militis.
The Castell Hiles.
toke iiij. prysonners xl.
oxen, ij. horses, moche
Percyval Grame per mand.
Thome Wharton, militis.
The town of Maverdale
toke xx. kyen and brent
in a house lx. note."
The house of Reb Scot
The following is a complete list.]
1 Nov. (by Robt. Forster at Sir Thos. Wharton's command), the
Castellhilles and Rehilles. 2 Nov. (by Robt, Hedrington at Wharton's
command), the pile of Renyan. 3 Nov. (by Sir Ralph Evre with the
Berwick garrison), two parts of Chirnsyde and two steads on this side
of it. 5 Nov. (by Percival Grame, at Wharton's command), the town of
Maverdale, called Huton; (by Beaucastle) the house of Reb Scot of
Halawatch. 7 Nov. (by Edw. Story, at Wharton's command), Huton
Hill; (by Foster) Cromokhilles; (by Jac a Musgrave) Rowle. 8 Nov.
(by Thos. Wharton, son of Sir Thos. W., with Thos. Dacre) Stablegorton
and all the steads in Escheate. 13 Nov. (by Sir Ralph Evre,
Sir Wm. Bulmer, Ralph Bulmer with the garrison of Barwyke), "Coldingham
with the abbey, Reston with other steads thereabouts, the pile
of Ayton, taken with the barmkyn with divers villages and steads thereabouts
burnt." 9 Nov. (by the Berwick garrison) certain houses in
By Sir Thos. Hilton, Sir Ralph Evre, Sir Wm. Bulmer, Robt. Colingwod,
John Horsley (no date given), the town of Clifton, Haihope,
Yatham, Kirkeyatham, Prymssyd, Cookshawte, Thirlestown, Femerden,
Bonfete, the steads of Primssyd Yates, Prymssyd milnes, Clifton
Cote, Chewtres, Stangford, Overgraydon, Nethergraydon, Wynnybyes,
Dandy Yong of the Woodside, the Fauside, the Lough Tower, Hollabred
Holme and the pile of Barars ("these towns kept 140 ploughs
but the cattle was before withdrawn by some secret knowledge, which
the Scots had of th'enterprise").
15 Nov. (by Geo. Heron with Tyndal and Riddisdale) Abbottes
Rowle and Harwood. 25 Nov. (by the captain of Norham and Thos.
Suttill) Hilton. 27 Nov. (by the captain of Norham with Suttle and
the constables of Etel and Forde), Batrigeside and Swynton; (by Sir
Ralph Evre, Sir Geo. Douglas, Sir Wm. Bulmer, and the porter of
Berwick) a great town called Wedencrawe, Est Reston, West Reston,
Whitterigge and Bastilrigge. 29 Nov. (by Sir Ralph Evre, Geo.
Bowes, and Ralph Bulmer), the abbey and town of Caldstreme, Swenton
"Towns and villages, 111; prisoners, 370; sheep, 4,240; horses, 400;
oxen and kyne, 1,018 head.
Besides the great overthrow upon the West Marches, at the which
there were 3,000 horses taken."
1 Dec. (by Wm. Buckton, Clement Mustchaunce, and others of the
Berwick garrison) Raynton. 3 Dec. (by Thos. Carlisle and others of
the said garrison), "Whikeswood, Raynton, Edington, the barmkyn
with vj. houses brent," and Fosterlad. 4 Dec. (by "Clavering, Robert
a Collingwodde's son, Jerrard Selby with their servants, to the number
of xl persons at the most"), "rescued a booty of prisoners and cattle
taken by the Scots in Northumberland being in number vjxx." 6 Dec.
(by Geo. Heron), Dolfinston; (by John Carr of Warke), Stephen Davison's
houses and all his corn. 7 Dec. (by Robt. Lisle, the King's
servant, and 20 persons), the 1. Linton's house and town "and all their
corn." 12 Dec., Stephen Davison, young Stephen, his nephew, and
Wat Yong taken.
Pp. 9. Endd. : Names of the townes burned by th'army, etc., in
1,757 f. 315.
2. Another copy of the above, so incorrectly made as to be in places
quite unintelligible, headed "Names of towns and villages burned when
th'army was in Scotland."
Pp. 6. Endd. : "Articles delivered by the Fr. ambassador touching
the differences upon frontiers against Scotland." Also endd. in Wotton's
hand (fn. 2) : "Recepi 28 Octobr. 1553, apud la Ferte Milun."
32,648 f. 205.
1198. Lisle to the Council.
Encloses letters from the captain of Berwick with intelligence out
of Scotland. Have last night taken Stephen Davyson, who has done
more harm to the King's subjects than any Scot in Scotland, with his
nephew Young Stephen and Watt Yonge. Certain of Lisle's men going
to make a rode into Scotland met these gallants coming for the like
purpose into England, and, "being a great wind and very dark, they
were one upon another before they wist." The hardiest of the Scots
tarried and the rest escaped in the darkness.
Begs for money shortly, as he and Durham have jointly written to the
King. Will, upon Cumberland's coming on Friday next, send an account
of the charges for this month; and of the order taken for such victuals
as remain at Berwick and elsewhere. Alnwick castle, 13 Dec., at evening.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 211.
1199. Sir Wm. Evers to Lisle.
At 6 p.m. on the 12th, his espials reported that the Cardinal is
not so much in the King of Scots' favour as he was, for he was the chief
procurer of the journey into the West Marches, and, being left with
Murraye in Haddington, the slaying of the King's herald, in the meantime,
is judged to have been by his sufferance. In Edinburgh it is said
that the Cardinal will go either to France or Rome before Candlemas,
and trusts the king of Scots "shall have party enough by the spring of
the year as well forth of Denmark as other places." In Scotland it is
judged that Maxwell and other great men now taken prisoners would
rather become Englishmen. Likewise the common bruit is that Geo.
Hume of Wedderburne, and John Hume of Blaketter, "shall grow great
with the earl of Angus and George Douglas." All adjoining the
Borders are in great fear, and no honest men lie there, except in strongholds
such as Fastcastell, the Towre of Dunglase, Byllye, Dunbare, and
the vaults of Coldingham church. On Saturday and Sunday, 9th and
10th inst., was proclaimed in Haddington and Dunse that all should rise
with fray or beacons, both in Lowdeane and the Marse, and come to
Hume, Wedderburne or Blaketter, or the place of the fray. No Scots
come to Berwick except to borrow prisoners or pay ransoms. Berwick
castle, 13 Dec., 7 a.m. Signed : Wyll'm Eure.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX.,
1200. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Wrote on the 11th and 24th Aug., 9th, 14th, and 20th Sept.,
and 4th, 10th, 29th, and 31st Oct., by way of Bilbao, Geanes, and by
Grandvele, who was departing to Italy, and thence to the king of
Romans, Germany, and Flanders. Wrote also, by Mons. de Falles, to
my lord of Westminster, 3 Nov., and sent, 16 Nov., letters from
Barcelona to be conveyed by Grandvele, who was still detained at Roses
by weather and fear of 22 French galleys lying in wait for him
in Marsilia. Wrote of Prince Philip's mean reception in Barcelona,
8 Nov., the Emperor's fortifying of those parts, the departure
of the Cardinal Visewe of Portugal, on the 14th, and of the duke of
Alberquerque towards Rome, the execution of Spaniards at Barcelona
for conspiring with Moors and Turks to destroy Valentia and Andalusia,
and the departure of the Emperor and Prince towards Valentia. Accordingly,
21 Nov., the Emperor departed from Barcelona, and, after much
delay by floods, came to Valentia, 4 Dec., and lodged at the viceroy's
palace outside the city. Next day, the Prince entered and lodged at
the Emperor's palace, but the reception and demonstrations of gladness
were nothing great. Following the Emperor in this journey, was told,
near Monviedro, alias Saguntum, 4 leagues from Valentia, that there
were letters for him in Valentia. Sent for them the same night, and,
having deciphered them, repaired to Valentia, where he saw Dr. Bushot,
who occupies the room of Mons. de Arras, now absent with Grandvele,
and one of the principal secretaries called Joyse, who reported their news
out of England, and the departure of Mons. de Currier into Flanders.
Complained to them of their coldness in treating this amity, and rehearsed
the persuasions contained in the said letters. They said they
trusted that, upon Mons. de Currier's opening the matter to the Regent
and Council in Flanders, it should be brought to good pass, for they
would do their best here and no fault should be found in the Emperor.
The Emperor and Prince depart in two days to Alcala de Henares,
where are the Infantes, sending the Court to Madrill. After Christmas
the Emperor will come to Madrill and Valladolid. He left many of his
horses and gentlemen at Barcelona, and sent his jewels to Saragosa, an
argument that he will not tarry in Castilla next year, but return to
Saragosa and Barcelona. Valentia, 13 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo. Docketed by Bonner : The copie
sent by Mannyng.
1201. Bonner to the Council.
Upon deciphering the letters lately received from them, concerning
proceedings im England with Mons. de Currier, he set forth the matter
as expressed in his letters now sent to thie King. Valentia, 13 Dec.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1202. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 14 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Suffolk Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter sent to Savell and Wentworth
to direct their journey so that they might be here with the Scottish
prisoners on Tuesday next, each prisoner wearing, at their entry, a red
St. Andrew's Cross. Letter written to the lord President in the North
touching his repair to Newcastle and his licence to be absent from Parliament
for that purpose. Letter received from Wharton, declaring the
whole order of the late conflict.
MS. 597, 9.
St. P. IX.,
1203. Paget to Henry VIII.
Hearing that the Emperor would immediately embark for Italy,
and expecting easily to reduce the Rochellois, the French king intended
to go straight to Pontainebleau for Christmas. Now he has intercepted
two letters passing between Italy and Spain, one of which was
triumphantly read at his table (showing that the Emperor intends not
yet to leave Spain, but to send Granvelle), and finds the Rochellois very
sturdy; and so he remains hereabouts. Gives history of the dispute
with the Rochellois and other salt makers. Cardinal Sadolet has departed
rebus infectis to Carpentras. At leaving, he delivered a brief
from the Bishop of Rome, which the King accepted with "strange
countenance." The King refused to make Signor Horatio captain of
the men of arms Signor John Paulo had; and a courier going to Spain,
with letters to revoke the Legate there, could scant get passport. The
Bishop of Rome is suspected to be Imperial, but is holden up by a
court of Cardinals about this Court. This courier taken last carried
letters not only from Naples, Milan and Genes, but from Rome, from the
Bishop himself to the Emperor, as Paget heard of one who arrived yesternight
from Rome, and had come straight by Marseilles from the Count of
Anguillara. One has even now embarked and gone to the Turk from
hence, and lately the Prior de Capis returned from Algiers; and now
"we" say that the Turk comes next spring both by land and sea, and
has sent to Venice to accord us with the Venetians, wherein the bp. of
Rome travaileth much, and that for disclosing the counsel of the
Signory to the Emperor, Signor Francisio and Signor de Justiniani, of
the houses of Capelli and Quirini, are in hold. Henry will know of this
from his agent in Venice; and, from the ambassador in Spain, the
Cardinal of Portugal's treatment by the Emperor, which, the Nuncio here
says, was very strange. Gives war reports that the Spaniards have
invaded Bayonne and destroyed St. John de Luces, Dannebault has recovered
Carmagnola, Anguillara has captured a rich Spanish ship from
the Levant, besides the two brigantines that carried the couriers (whereby
are known all the secrets of Rome, Venice, Naples, Marquis de Guasto,
Hungary, Genoa, and the Emperor's espials at Constantinople). Other
proceedings of Dannebault in Piedmont and reinforcements sent thither
including Baron de Hadeckes band. De Langey is fallen very sick on his
way hither. De Longeval was coming hither, but was countermanded
upon news of a mutiny of the lanceknights in Luxembourg, whose captains
that were here are also sent after him. One Richier, of the King's
chamber, went two days ago to Denmark, to move them to succour the
Scots, or else, more probably, to know the state of Denmark and Sweden,
for an insurrection in Sweden is rumored. On St. Andrew's Day,
Francis observed the ceremonies of the Emperor's Order just as he did
those of Henry's Order on St. George's Day. The Queen has sent a
gorgeous litter to bring the duchess of Bar to Court.
Encloses copy of the letter he wrote on the 2nd, by one of the Admiral's
servants touching the ships detained there; also two letters from the Scot (fn. 3)
at Rome. Marillac returns from England these holydays, to be replaced
by Morveilly, who passed through England from Scotland last year.
Here is an Italian called count Bernardo (fn. 4) , esteemed very skilful in ordering
a camp when Humieres was lieutenant in Piedmont, but now out of
favour because affectioned to the Constable. He offers to serve Henry.
Likewise the lieutenant's son of Xainctes has offered a revolt of Xainctes
and Rochelle to Henry.
The Queen of Navarre believes she is with child and keeps at home.
The Dolphin, for his ill success at Perpignan, has been this fortnight
sick of melancholy at Angoulesme, and the King is gone to Cognac, where
Vendôme arrived three days ago, and had great cheer. Commissions
are just issued to charge the clergy with two dismes this year. It is
muttered that 50,000 crs. sent to the duke of Cleves have been, intercepted
by the Burgundians. The Portuguese ambassador says his King
has executed the count of Pontalaigre and his son for intelligence with
the Cardinal. (fn. 5)
Immediately upon Desformes' arrivail here, which was two days after
Paget wrote last month, the French king reported openly at table that
the army under Norfolk in Scotland was overthrown with loss of 16,000
slain. "He said he had it of a Bryttayne. A like thing indeed, because
your Majesty had no ships on the sea to keep the passages." That night
Desformes came to supper, and Paget taxed him with the report, which
he denied, and, on Paget'a showing him that as he knew the unlikelihood
of such an event he ought to say the truth, he has since denied his
Sovereign's report. Now Nicholas the courier has brought the joyful
news of that matter of Scotland; which has almost cured Paget of a
bad attack of sciatica. He also brought letters from the Council containing
the conference between Henry and the French ambassador
touching the discourse between Cardinal Touraon and Paget. Thanks
the King profusely for taking his doings so favourably hitherto.
On Sunday night received his letter (fn. 6) showing the injuries committed
against him by the Scottish king, with other writings and instructions.
Sent next day to Court, five leagues hence, and obtained audience for
Tuesday, after dinner. After greeting the French king, said he was
commanded to declare the great outrages which the Scottish king, contrary
to honour and the natural kindness of a nephew towards his uncle,
had done against Henry; and desired him to hear the matter indifferently.
Then detailed how, in return for Henry's fatherly affection to the Scottish
king during his minority, James had entertained Henry's traitors, sent
messages for an interview, and meanwhile invaded England,
detained Henry's subjects prisoners without ransom, and, finally,
cruelly slaughtered Henry's herald. (fn. 7) Describes further conversation
verbatim. The French king replied with a sigh, that
he was sorry to hear of this enmity between uncle and nephew, and
yet he could abandon neither, for he was bound to aid each in defence
against invasion; that his son agreed not to the interview seemed
reasonable, as he was required to come as a vassal, which none of his
predecessors had done, and there were other reasons against it; these
matters seemed not sufficient to cause war, and he thought Paget had
more to say. Paget answered, showing that if these reasons were insufficient,
although better than those of Francis's present quarrel with
the Emperor, he knew not how any war could be lawful, and as to defence
upon invasion, he knew not what treaties Francis had with James, but,
by his invasion of England with over 100 men, he was avoided out of
the treaty between Henry and Francis; Henry desired him, therefore,
to remain indifferent, as he himself had been in this matter between the
Emperor and him. Francis said that as for the Emperor, the case was
different; for Henry was bound to aid both for defence and invasion,
and not having done so the pension was not due. Paget said that was
another matter, and had been answered. "Nay, by St. Mary hath it
not (quod he). I have had no answer to it yet." Paget answered that
when the Emperor invaded France, Francis was contented to discharge
that article to have a delay of payment of the arrears then due. "No,
by St. Mary, was I not contented (quod he). Shew me that in writing.
I can show you in writing (quod he) that the King, my brother, was
then bound to do that he did not." "I am sure (quod I) both your ambassadors
at that time will not deny that that I say." "By God's body
(quod he) Monsr. de Terbes will deny it, and Monsr. de Winchestre
cannot say the contrary if he say truly." Paget said he was sure
Winchester could discharge himself, but he had no commission to dispute
that matter, and desired an answer to his present commission. Francis
said he might not abandon his son; he was sorry for the controversy,
and would be loth to see his son ruined for so small matters, but as yet
had not been asked for aid. Paget said that Francis himself had
declared the murder of a herald to be a great matter, and Francis replied
that he might not abandon his son, but would be glad to help to make
peace. Congnac, 14 Dec. 1542.
Letter-book copy in the hand of Paget's clerk, pp. 13.
MS. 597, p.
St. P. IX.,
1204. Paget to Henry VIII.
In accordance with the King's command contained in a letter
from Wriothesley, has not in his other letter declared the whole conference
with this King, nor described his manner, which was other than
it was wont to be. Gives the conversation verbatim. To the
"querimonye" against the Scottish king, Francis listened with a sour
countenance, and replied with vehemence about the unreasonable
demand of homage, alleging his chronicles of France. He denied that
his ambassador had written of 10,000 men slain by the Scots, but said a
gentleman (fn. 8) of Scotland had reported that, besides doing homage, the
Scottish king was required to leave all other amities; he complained that
his ambassador was not suffered to speak with the Scottish ambassador.
Paget replied that it would be strange if in war time the ambassador
even desired to speak with the Scottish ambassador apart, but before
that he was always at liberty to do so. "What call you at liberty"
(said Francis), "when the Scottish ambassador had 40 or 50 waiting
upon him that no man should speak with him?" Francis then said
he saw Henry meant to crush Scotland this year, and make war in
France next, and had sent 6,000 men of war to Calais and Guisnes under
pretence of workmen, which had compelled him to double his garrison
at Arde. Paget replied denying this, hinting at the bad offices of the
French ambassador in spreading such reports, which practically accused
Henry of dissimulation. Francis said he knew when the men were
shipped and their numbers. Paget said he would not dispute it,
although he knew the contrary, but he never expected that Francis
would so mistrust his good brother, of whose sincerity he had such
experience, and defend his unkind nephew against him.
Francis then became much calmer (for his language hitherto was
audible to all in the chamber), and in softer speech protested his love for
Henry, and how he had sought his amity in the matter of marriage.
Paget said the unreasonable demand for a million stopped that. Francis
said there was cause, for besides Madame Mary losing her place in succession
it was to end all controversies and a great part of it was only due
upon condition. Paget suggested that if he would come to reason the
marriage might still be made. Francis then desired him to write to
Henry that he desired his amity, and would "come down to reason so
as he will mount to the same;" adding that they were both great kings
and well stricken in years, and, for the sake of peace, let them settle a
reasonable sum for the marriage, and let the pension continue, and let
them and the king of Scots meet this spring, and join all three together,
and what exceptions Henry would make for the Emperor Francis would
make for the Pope. Paget said his advice was not to intricate the amity,
but meet alone without the king of Scots. Francis said that at least
he should be joined with them "in a trinity, as the Pope, the Emperor
and the king of Portugal be, whose sister, the Queen my wife's daughter,
the Emperor now laboureth to have in marriage for his son, with whom
he shall have 400,000 ducats in ready money; which I might have if I
would renounce th'increase that is come of it." Paget asked what sum
he would descend to, and Francis answered that if his good brother
would mount to reason he should see that Francis did not "set by
Leaves Henry to form his own judgment upon the above, which Paget
had some ado to write, because this King has some impediment in his
speech, as Henry knows. Apparently he desires to join with England
but not leave out the Scottish king, and by the marriage thinks to have
aid, directly or indirectly, against the Emperor. Begs pardon if he
spoke otherwise than he should, for he could not but speak out in
defence of Henry's cause; and although Francis be a great king in
respect of the world, he seemed not so in respect of Henry, and, "in
temperance and reason," under some other meaner princes with whom
Paget has heretofore treated. Congnac, 14 Dec. 1542.
Letter-book copy in the hand of Paget's clerk, pp. 7.
1205. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 15 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Norfolk, Suffolk, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Sadler, Riche, Baker. No business recorded.
[*** The entry for 16 Dec. records neither attendance nor business.]
1206. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
About two months past, a Frenchman brought hither a ship
laden with "smalle" French wines, and desired licence to convey them
by river to Arde. Told him that the King maintained the river for his
own affairs and not for a common passage, and such things must be
conveyed from Boloyn by land. He then desired liberty to utter the
wines here; which was freely granted, and they remain here still "unuttered,
by reason they be but small hedge wines, and at vjl. sterling
the tun." Now, Guisnes pursuivant, being sent by Sir John Wallop to
Mons. de Byes with letters, has been told by De Byes that a French
merchant, who brought wines for Arde to Calais, is commanded to sell
them at Calais or return with them, and he (De Byes) desires answer
from the writer in the matter, for if it be so "he would stop all the
victuallers of Bolonoyes from bringing victual into this Pale." Asks
how to behave in case De Byes puts in use this froward determination.
Cales, 15 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1207. Hieronimo Zuccato to the Council Of Venice.
Is told, under pledge of great secrecy, that lord Maxwell, being
a Lutheran and disagreeing with Cardinal Beaton, who for many
years has ruled the King and realm of Scotland, caused this rout of
the Scots, and the capture of himself and others, by calling some other
noblemen and galloping with them to the rear, in order, as he said,
to order the battle. The rear guard, attributing this to fear, ran away,
whereupon, to conceal his treachery, he with his own hands killed
three or four of the fugitives, and then advanced with a few followers,
"as already stated." London, 16 Deo. 1542.
Original at Venice.
32,648 f. 213.
1208. Sir Hen. Savell and Sir Thos. Wentworth to the
Received the Council's letters at Newark on the 15th, at 11
p.m. The earl of Glencarne, lord Olyvant and divers others are
"crased," so that it will be late on Tuesday night before they reach
London. Beg to know by bearer where they shall be lodged there, and
how to use any prisoner who may fall sick and be unable to travel.
Enclose a schedule of the names of servants attending the lords aforesaid.
Newark-upon-Trent, 16 Dec. Signed : Henry Sayvylle k. :
Thom's Wentworth, k.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
ii. Schedule above referred to :—Wm. Kenetie, servant to the earl
of Castell, and John Nesebie, servant to the earl of Glencarne, ransomed
prisoners. Hen. Shawe, servant to Sir Thos. Wharton, appointed to
wait on lord Maxwell. Geo. Pott, servant to Thos. Dakers, appointed
to wait on lord Olyvant.
32,648 f. 218.
No. 259 (1).
1209. Sir George Douglas to Lisle.
Is informed by his espial this morning that a pursuivant
brought the king of Scots' letters to lord Hume and all the gentlemen
of the Mars to furnish their houses with victuals and keep as many
good men and horse as they could. Sons or brethren of the gentlemen
who are prisoners in England are commanded to keep their houses, and
be ready to rise, at "skrys or larumes," to attend George, lord Hume.
Hears that like letters are gone into Tyvedall, and that the lard of
Sesforthe and great part of the Cares are commanded to "lygg in
celsay" (lie in Kelso). Like letters are gone to Annerdell, and to
Master Maxwell and the lord of Johnston to be head of that country,
and "lygg" in Dunfreyss and Lowghmaben. The Scots' queen is
lighter of a daughter. The King fears for his realm and would seek
peace, but knows his promises are not to be trusted, and is so abashed
that he knows not what to do. He makes more moan for Oliver
Singular than for all the great men taken. The said Oliver was chief
captain of the army and lost the King's banner there. Those the King
makes rulers of his borders he has kept in prison seven or eight years,
and has "porposid" divers times to have smitten off their heads, has
taken their goods and slain their friends. That he should make them
his principal captains shows in what necessity he stands. Lisle should
lay strong garrisons now, in the light of this moon, have his watches
kept and beacons ready, and place appointed for the country to assemble
if the Scots come in; then "if God send us the victory Scotland is
'downa' We may have it for the taking." Will send word as soon
as the lord of Wetherburne and his uncle come home from Edynbrowghe.
Berwyk, 16 Dec. Signed : George Dowgles.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
23,593 f. 148.
II., No. 83.]
1210. Charles V. to Paul III.
Received from the Nuncio his brief of the 12 Nov., again urging
him to treat of peace with Francis, lest the Turk should invade Germany,
and suggesting that a time and place should be fixed for the
negociations before the prelates of the Emperor's dominions start for
Trent, for the Council. Commends his desire for peace, but the Pope
knows how often Francis has broken faith, and what sacrifices he
himself has made to attain peace. Needs only add one argument, viz.,
that he sees no reason for trusting the man who never fulfils a promise,
and therefore thinks the proposed interview would be useless. If the
Pope thought the Emperor could easily cross to Italy from Barcelona,
where he lately was, must inform him that he has been obliged to
remove, and has received the Pope's letters here when he is called to
go to Castile and see to the affairs of that kingdom; so he does not
see how the interview can be accomplished. Is still, however, as much
as ever inclined to peace, and to repel the invasions of the Turk; and
the Pope knows how much he desires a Council. Desires credence for
the Marquis of Aguilar. Valencia, 16 Dec. 1542.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 3.
1211. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 17 Dec. Present : Chancellor, Suffolk,
Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Sadler, Riche, Baker, Dacres. Business :—Letter sent to Savell and
Wentworth, to signify how the Scottish prisoners were lodged by the
way, and which of them lie together, that their lodging here might be
appointed accordingly. Read letters from lord Lisle and the bp. of
Durham to the King, touching the taking of Stephen Davison, &c.,
thieves of Teviotdale.
VI. II., No.
1212. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Since his preceding letter of the 8th inst., has twice sent covertly
to solicit the King's commissioners and deputies for some answer and
resolution upon what was in communication. The first time, the day
after the date of his preceding letters, they sent him word that as the
King was moving about hunting, they had been unable to make a complete
report, but would in three or four days intimate the King's intention.
Yesterday Wriothesley told his man that there was no place to
talk long because the French ambassador's secretary was present, who,
as Wriothesley said, was soliciting an affair so instantly that he left the
Council no rest. Doubts that the English are seeking only to temporise,
waiting to see the success of the Emperor's affairs there; for at the
very opening of the game they will be unwilling to have to contribute
for defence against Cleves and Holstein, especially when they need
money for the enterprise of Scotland, which the King shows that he has
at heart. Thinks also that there will be no way of inducing him to
enter war and make invasion next summer against the French; for the
deputies, at last communication, in place of insisting as formerly that
the common invasion should be before 1 July, proposed that the time
should not be fixed but left to the arbitrament of the Princes. The
Scots, not content with the first beating, lately entered this realm to
the number of 69 horse, to rob and spoil, but, in their return, were
waylaid by 40 Englishmen, who recovered the booty and slew and took
half of them. Being unable to avenge themselves otherwise, the Scots
have, near Dombart castle, killed a herald of this King, called Sombreset,
in his return from the king of Scots; which is not the thing to extinguish
the fire now lighted. These successes have rejoiced the King,
who, since he learnt the conduct of his last wife, has continually shown
himself sad, and nothing has been said of banquet or of ladies; but now
all is changed, and order is already taken that the Princess shall go to
Court at this featst, accompanied with a great number of ladies; and
they work day and night at Hampton Court to finish her lodging. It
is possible that amid these festivities the King might think of marrying,
although there is yet no bruit of it.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna, headed : 17
32,648 f. 216.
1213. Lisle and Tunstall to Henry VIII.
Have this day despatched to him a servant of George Douglas
with strange news of the death of the king of Scots, whom Douglas
desired sent to the King and his brother, that his brother might be
first bringer of the news. Sir George desired advice what to do if his
friends in Scotland wrote to him to come home and occupy holds or
houses which his brother had there. Said they had no commission to
advise therein, and he has written to his brother to move the King in
the matter. Sir George says that, after the daughter lately born, the
next heir to the Crown is the earl of Arren. He is a bastard, born
while his father's first wife, who had dwelt in house with him 20 years,
was still living, and born of the second wife, who was his leman. He
is cousin german to the Cardinal, who will take his part. The earl of
Morton, called Duglasse, is next inheritor, and about him they (Sir
George and his brother) should bear some rule; and after him the
earl of Bowghan, called Steward. This last is of the heir male, and the
other two of the heir general. Sir George said "Arran was but a
simple man, and th'other were but fools, so that the strongest of the field
were like to obtain the Crown."
Yesterday sent the King's letter to the king of Scots by John Heron's
chaplain, with charge to deliver it only to the King, and not to the
Council, so that, if these news be true, they trust to receive it safe
again. Alnwick castle, 17 Dec., 4 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,648 f. 220.
No. 260 (1).
1214. Sir George Douglas to Lisle.
Came to Berwick at 8 o'clock, and there found the man he
showed Lisle of, called Simon of Penanghawe, whose news is that the
king of Scots sickened and took his bed on the 6th inst., and died
on Thursday, the 15th, at midnight. "All this time he did rage
and cry out, and spake but few wise words, and so departed much
according to the life that he lived in this world." The lords purpose
to keep his body secret, for they hope for money from France, and fear
the French king would not send it if he knew the King was dead. Thinks
the King might let the French king know of his death, although he
(Sir George) thinks the French king not disposed to give much money
but only fair words, as in times past. Reminds him of his advice to
provide a ship or two forth of Newcastle.
The great men of Scotland are convened in Edinburgh, and purposed
to choose four governors, viz, Arren, Murray, Huntley, and Argyll;
"the Cardinal to be governor of the Princess and chief ruler of the
Council." The Cardinal and Arren are cousins, Argyll has married
Arren's sister, Murray has married Argyll's sister; so that these four
are bound together, and would have Huntley bound with them. Lisle
shall be advertised of the ships, as he desired. The king of Scots left
no will. His money is esteemed at 100,000 cr., "and he is well plated."
Men think the governors will use this money for the war. Thinks Lisle
should command the captains of Berwick and Norhome to stay their
men until the King's pleasure. Berwick, 17 Dec., 2 a.m.
"The Princess of Scotland, as I am informed, is a very weak child."
Signed : George Dougles.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1215. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 18 Dec. Present; Hertford, Westminster,
St. John, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—
Letter sent to Savell and Wentworth, touching the order of the entry
of the Scottish prisoners into London.
1216.—to Gates, Bourchier and Harman [of the Privy
"Right well beloved Mr. Gaites, Mr. Bucher, Mr. Har[m]an, in
my most heartiest wise I recommend me unto your masterships." Begs
them to move Lord Parre to speak to the lord Chancellor and Mr.
Dakers to make an end in the suit between the writer and the lord Chancellor's
servant. A verdict was given on the matter in the Guild Hall
before the Lord Mayor of London, but the Chancellor's servant has
troubled him ever since. Cannot sue him at the common law, because
he is my lord Chancellor's servant. Greenwich, 18 Dec. 34 Henry
32,648 f. 222.
1217. Lisle, Cumberland, and Tunstall to Henry VIII.
Enclose a letter which Lisle has this day received from Sir
George Douglas, confirming the news sent yesterday, by Sir George's
servant and by their letters, of the death of the king of Scots, and containing
many points meet to be well considered. The man that brought
the news to him yesternight at Berwick was sometime his servant, called
Simon Penanghawe, and was in favour with the king of Scots. The
day before his coming to Berwick he sent a trusty friend to certify
these news to Sir George, who, thereupon came hither to Alnwick and
returned to Berwick the same night. Wrote yesterday that the treasurer
of wars, Mr. Uvedale, was unfurnished with money to pay the garrisons,
being 2,000 men, and costing 2,034l. 13s. 4d., besides the diets of
the Warden and the earl of Cumberland. After paying conduct money
to the men who depart home and coats to the new, Uvedale will have
little money left. Alnwick castle, 18 Dec., 3 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1218. Richard Hilles to Henry Bullinger.
Thanks him for his books. Literary and theological comments.
Was persecuted in London, after the beheading of Queen Anne [Boleyn],
till he went abroad, for not giving money for wax candles in the church
before the crucifix and the sepulchre. His neighbours at first discussed
the matter with him in a friendly way (arguments reported), but when
a change was expected they menaced him and laid an information
against him before the bp. (fn. 9) But the bp. urged forbearance, expecting
a happy day which he did not live to see; for, harassed by Cromwell and
others on suspicion of not having aided the King in abolishing the
Pope and destroying the monasteries, he died worn out with grief. The
year but one before Hilles left England, public orders were sent to the
bps. not to allow wax candles before images, except before the crucifix
and at Easter before the sepulchre. (fn. 10) The churchwardens then sent for
him, and asked if he still continued obstinate. Said the orders did not
concern him, for he was neither a bp. nor a churchwarden, and that they
did not enjoin the maintenance of lights, but their removal; moreover,
that they gave him hopes that ere long the burning of candles, even
before the crucifix and the sepulchre, would be abolished. They reproached
him for refusing to do what his own and his wife's parents
did; which is true, for his mother paid the sum for him for one or two
years for fear of consequences. After this heard no more of it, except
that the day after he left London for Antwerp, the bp. of Winchester,
whose diocese extends to the middle of London bridge, endeavoured to
fish out something about him from neighbours apprehended before his
departure. One of them denied having received Hilles in his house, and
his most bitter enemies, who are men of wealth, did not like to betray him.
The bp., too, not perhaps knowing of his departure, made open inquiry
respecting him, and said that he should take himself off.
Remarks upon Lactantius and Cyprian. Intended to read Origen,
but has changed his mind, as Bullinger does not mention him in his
letter, &c. Begs him to send the bible of Leo Judæ, if it is completed;
he must fix the price and receive payment from Henry Falckner. Salute
Falckner, and Peter Hurtzel in my name, and tell them English cloth
is not likely to come to Antwerp at next fair, owing to the war between
the Emperor and the Duke of Gueldres. They can pay their debts to
me either to myself or my wife at Strasburg, or through some citizen of
Zurich; for I am now in great want of it, especially during Lent; for I
have sent all my money to England to buy cloth, which is now at Antwerp,
and cannot be forwarded to Upper Germany for the war. My
wife salutes you and your wife. Messages to Megander, Theodore
Bibliander, Pellican, and Master Erasmus and his wife. Did not intend
to have written any more for the reason Bullinger knows, but begs him
to promote the cause of John Burcher, about which Butler has lately
written to him from Basle. (fn. 11)
No news from England since the Frankfort fair, when friends wrote
that a war had begun in the North of England and South of Scotland.
On account of an inroad by the Scots, our King threatened to declare
war. The Scot, not much pleased, sent ambassadors, and our King
promised peace, they say on these conditions : That the King of Scotland
should at every Parliament do homage to our King and his successors;
that he should promise to depose the Roman pontiff or his monks,
make satisfaction and pay expenses of preparations made in August
and September, while these things were in treaty. The Scotchman refuses
almost all these conditions, except payment of a sum for renewal
of the peace and expenses. The King then, trusting, I fear, more in
chariots and horses than in the name of God, sent over 120,000 men into
Scotland, who, I have just heard by a letter of the 30 Nov. from England,
have again returned from Scotland, for reasons strictly kept secret.
Traders in France say our people have lost 14,000 men in Scotland.
Has lost about 200 fl. by bankrupt debtors, &c. Strasburg, 18 Dec.
1219. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 19 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker, Dacres. Business :—Sir Humph.
Browne having refused to sell certain wainscot to the King's purveyors
at reasonable price, a letter was sent advising him to sell it at the
officers' price, or else at a price to be fixed by four indifferent men.
Read letters from Deputy and Council of Ireland to the King signifying
the number of the retinue to be 550, Nele Conelagh's request for recompense
upon the King's establishing the earl of Tirone, request for John
Goldsmith to be clerk of the Council, the death of Tirlagh Othole, and
the fee of 6s. 8d. a day to the lord Chancellor "to be confirmed." Warrant
subscribed for payment of Morgan, the King's goldsmith, and one
Goldwell for the graving of four Great Seals. Letter devised to —
(blank), chandler, of London, to pay 60l. to Hen. Haward, according to
an indenture with the duchess of Norfolk.
1220. Complaints By Frenchmen.
"Certain complaints exhibited to the French king concerning
their evil handling in England, declared first by mouth, by his ambassador,
to the King's Majesty and his Council, and here shortly
brought into writing."
1. Leaving apart all complaints before the war lately begun between
the French king and the Emperor, Frenchmen complain that they dare
no longer haunt the ports of England, because their ships are detained
for causes of which they are not culpable, especially in ports far from
London, where they cannot easily have recourse to the Council.
2. If an Englishman charges in their ships merchandise which is prohibited
or uncustomed, the ship is confiscated; whereas they that lade
such goods ought to suffer, and only the goods should be confiscated,
being ordinary merchandise and not munitions of war. Damien Sibille
of Dieppe had his ship arrested at Hampton, because there was found
in it a little tallow, a pack or two of kerseys, and a horse belonging to
Edw. Wilmet, of Hampton. The billett found in the said ship was
there by licence of the customers of Hampton; who licensed the mariners
to take 300 or 400 apiece for their own houses, and also four or five hides
to make fishing boots. In the beginning of August, two poor mariners
of Cherbourg complained to the Ambassador that their ship was arrested
at Hampton because they intended to lade two dickers of leather, and
had in their ship "certain mares under the compass of the statute,
which they had paid custom for." The Ambassador obtained a letter
from the Council for deliverance of the ship, but the poor men could
get no answer; and one fell sick at Hampton, the other returned,
begging by the way, to the Ambassador, who sent him home. The
doer hereof, Mr. Hutoft, took from them, besides, 3 or 4 crowns.
3. A ship of Normandy, with fish from the New Founde Ilandes,
was brought by force into Bristol haven and there compelled to sell the
fish at a price appointed by the town; and, although he complied, he
was stayed 9 or 10 weeks before he could recover his anchor and sails.
Another ship of St. Jhean de Luc was likewise stayed, and the Ambassador
obtained its deliverance, but in the meantime it was detained a
whole month. 4. Other restraints are still maintained, among them
a ship of New Haven, armed and licensed for war, coming to the Isle
of Wight, was stayed by the captain of a bulwark there, and the men
imprisoned, for the robbery of certain Englishmen, which was committed
before their coming out of France, as appears by their licence
and instructions. Two of the men are still prisoners in the Isle, after
five months' suit for redress. The Ambassador requires that they may
be delivered, and says that, by the treaties, ships of war may come and
go freely in English waters, provided that their men exceed not 100
in number. 5. Another ship of 100 tons, coming from Scotland,
whither, by the King's command, it had carried the Cardinal, was taken,
and the captain "and iiij more, a great number wondering upon them,
were in miserable estate brought into prison, and some of his company
so beastly and cruelly beaten and tormented as Moors or Turks would
never have done the like;" as the officers of the place can certify, for
in one of their houses was done "this goodly piece of work." They
remained prisoners three months, and the captain and certain others
are still in free prison, although no one has ever appeared to complain
of any wrong at their hands, and it is five months since they were
taken. The Ambassador requires that they be released, and their ship
restored; or, if there be any probable doubt, that they may be at liberty
upon sureties. 6. Concerning the 15 that remain at Dover, desire the
Council to put the King's pleasure in execution. 7. Will not mention
the cappers, whom men will compel to sell their caps at 6d., the King
taking 20d. for the custom, because he trusts to the lord Chancellor,
who has the handling of that matter.
The Ambassador prays the Council to take some amiable order in
these matters, which he is commanded to pursue as courteously and
amiably as may be. London, 18 Dec. 1542. Signature copied.
English translation in Petre's hand, pp. 7. Endd. : Certain complaints
exhibited by the French ambassador to the Council 1542, xixo
32,648 f. 224.
1221. Lisle to Henry VIII.
After despatching their last letters of the 18th, received the
King's, dated at Hampton Court, the 12th inst. When Sir Geo.
Douglas came from Berwick with news of the Scottish king's death,
Lisle was devising with Sir Ralph Evre and Brian Layton for a notable
enterprise in Scotland, and had sent for Sir George. He declared the
news, which Lisle wrote on the 16th, and said one Penanghawe had
appointed to meet him at Berwick the same night, so Lisle sent him
back in haste to Berwick. He afterwards sent Lisle a letter declaring
the King's death more plainly. Thought at first the news was false,
and intended to follow up his purpose to send a foray of 600 men as
exploiters to seize the passage to a town in the Marse called Duns, of
which foray Sir George had promised to be one if Lisle would back him
with 2,000 mem. This enterprise was to be on Thursday next. Letters
were to be sent to all the pensioners of Northumberland, and to George
Heron, keeper of Rydesdale and Tyndale, to meet Lisle with l,200
horse, at the Stone on Crokemore, between the East and Middle Marches,
where Robt. Collyngwood and John Horsley (noted to be men of best
conduct) with the lord Ogle, were to receive Lisle's letters directing
them to enter upon the Drye Marche and burn East Tyvedale, and so
hinder Tyvedale from succouring the Marse. Of the other enterprise
for Dunse, which was to be by 2,500 men of the garrisons and part of
Bamborowe and Norham shires, the gentlemen of the country knew
nothing, although many of them are right willing and diligent.
Now, as it does not seem to the King's honor to make war upon a
dead body, or a widow, or a suckling his daughter, especially at the
time of his funeral, Lisle awaits further orders. This night, an espial
brought word that, immediately upon news of the King's death, Dane
Carr, lerde of Fernherste, went to Jedburgh, and brought away two
great pieces of ordnance from the gatehouse to his own house, and the
abbot there took the remaining three small pieces home to his house.
"It appeareth by this that they mind not so much the defence of the
country as they do to defend one against another." This espial affirms
that the Cardinal, Huntley, Murray, and Arran have undertaken the
governance; that the King died of poison, and is secretly buried; and
that the Princess is alive "and good liking," at Lithcoo. Wishes she
and her nurse were in my lord Prince's house.
Can hear of no preparation for defence of these Borders. The keeper
of Rydesdale and Tyndale, on Sunday last, with 200 horse, burnt
Nether Claveryng in West Tyvedale. The Saturday night before, John
Carr of Wark, was in and took prisoners, two of the Davysons and one
of the Bromefeldes. Keeps those he trusts least most occupied. Alnwick
castle, 19 Dec., 6 a.m.
P.S.—Encloses a letter from Sir Wm. Evre. Eftsoons reminds him
to furnish the treasurer with money, for he has not sufficient to discharge
those to be despatched now upon Cumberland's coming. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
1222. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 20 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Suffolk, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Baker, Dacres. Business :—Letters
of 16 Dec. received from Wharton with news of exploits done in Scotland
by Robin Foster, etc., the disfurniture of the West Marches by
reason of Cumberland's departure to Lisle, the ransoming of divers
good prisoners for small prices, and the taking of the laird of Fentre.
Letters received from Lisle of an exploit in Scotland by George Douglas,
the conveyance of the King's letters to the king of Scots, &c. Letters
received from the Welsh Council with depositions of lewd words by a
Scot. Letters also came from Mr. Pagett.