Henry VIII
December 1542, 26-31

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1900

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'Henry VIII: December 1542, 26-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17: 1542 (1900), pp. 678-691. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76687 Date accessed: 18 September 2014.


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December 1542, 26-31

26 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 68.
1234. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 26 Dec. Present : Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley, Sadler, Baker, Dacres, Business :—Letter sent to the abp. of Canterbury to bring the earl of Casseilles with him to Court on the morrow.
26 Dec.
Calig. E. IV. 99. B. M.
1235. The Privy Council to [Paget].
[in] thankfull part. . . his Mate hathe been of [late so much occupied] wt the matiers of Scotland up[pon hearing the] newes of the deathe of the k[ing of Scots] whom God pardon, his Highnes h[ath not] resolved upon any answer, ne hath [spoken with the] French ambassador, who hathe s[ued for audience] and is appointed to be here to-morow, [coming as it] is thought for the same matiers. [And where]as his Mate thinkethe that there [may be] divises set furthe there for the ay[de of the Scots] uppon thise newes of the Kin[g's death,] whiche King left behinde him a do[ughter lately] borne, whiche percace the Frenche[men will be] glad to get in to their handes, [his Highness's] pleasure is that you shall nowe [seek by all] the wayes and meanes to you p[ossible] to lerne and knowe what hathe . . . .
. . herupon com from Scotland to Fra[nce and what] shall be determyned in Fraunce to [send into] Scotlande. And if for the bettre [attainment] of knowledge at this tyme you shall [spend] xx or xll. it shalbe repayd unto you. [And] spare not nowe to yeve often advertisment. [And] thus fare you hartely well. From Hamptoncorte [this] xxvj th of Decembr." Signed by Canterbury, Audeley, Norfolk, Suffolk, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Browne, Wriothesley, and two or three others whose names are lost.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Injured by fire. Fly leaf with address, gone.
26 Dec.
R. O.
1236. Complaints By Frenchmen.
Answer to the information (fn. 1) presented to the Council by the ambassador of France.
1. To the first, in which the Ambassador sets apart all complaints before the late wars begun between the French king and the Emperor, and declares that French subjects dare not haunt the ports of England by reason of notable wrongs lately done to them; the Council answers that the King will have all his good brother's subjects handled with favour and justice for all things that have chanced, both before the wars and since, as he expects the like there; albeit many of his subjects complain that they cannot have their causes determined, and he trusts that his good brother will take order in this, which will encourage traffic between their subjects. 2. To the second, touching the arrest of two small ships for lading tallow, kerseys, billet, leather and horses, contrary to the law, which the Ambassador's bill says were partly laden by Englishmen and partly licensed by the customers of Hampton; the arrests and the laws upon which they were grounded are justified by the treaty of peace, and the case cannot be ordered otherwise than by law unless by the King's special command. 3. The ship of fish at Bristol was, long ago, at the Ambassador's request, delivered. They offered to sell both fish and ship, being afraid of the Emperor's ships on that coast, and the mayor and officers would have set a reasonable price upon it, as the custom is. The Ambassador had present deliverance of the other ship of St. John de Lucz. 4. The ship taken in the Wight was convicted of the robbery of an English merchant of 400l., but the attestations shall be revised, and if not proved to the Ambassador's satisfaction, order shall be taken to his contentation. 5. As to the ship that conveyed the Cardinal of Scotland, the Council has often answered that it has been clearly proved that they did, in their return, rob divers poor English fishers, and afterwards forged the most false tales of the King's vice-admiral that were ever heard, "comme alcuns de eulx avoir este pendues et traynes per les coullions;" yet order is taken for further proofs of the said piracy. 6. The ship stayed at Dover for taking an Englishman's ship and goods in the East Swale, the King has, at the contemplation of his good brother, already delivered. 7. The lord Chancellor, to whom the matter of the cappers is referred, will take order.
The Council desire the Ambassador to take these answers in good part, and consider what things lewd men will allege in defence of their own naughtiness.
French, pp. 4. Endd. : Copy of the Council's answer to certain complaints exhibited by the French ambassador, xxvjo Decemb. 1542.
R. O. 2. Original draft of the preceding in English.
Pp. 11.
26 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,593 f. 150. B. M.
1237. Paul III. to Charles V.
The letter in the Spanish Calendar, VI. ii., No. 88, dated Rome, 26 Dec. 1542, 8 pont., is, of course, of the historical year 1541.
27 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 68.
1238. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 27 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley, Sadler, Baker, Dacres. No business recorded.
27 Dec.
R. O.
1239. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Having sent to the Great Master of Flanders for restitution of some merchandise arrested by the captain of the castle and bailly at Gravelynges, the Great Master wrote that he had made restitution, as appears by the enclosed copy of his letters. He gave the messenger other letters addressed to the Emperor's amabassador, to deliver to the captain of Gravelines castle, who broke them up and redelivered them to the messenger to forward. Sends them, together with a copy he has taken of them, and copies of two other letters, "of the signification of this matter," which he now sends to the Great Master and the said Ambassador. Calais, 27 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
28 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 68.
1240. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 28 Dec. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford (lord Admiral), Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley, Sadler, Baker. Business : —A bargain of sale of all his property to — Wythipowle, by — Reyde, of Norfolk, declared void as it seemed meant only to defraud his creditors.
28 Dec.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. ii., No. 89.]
1241. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
On the 23rd, as Chapuys then wrote, the French ambassador departed hence to go to the King, lodged that night a mile from Hampton Court, and next morning communicated with the Council; and, without speaking to the King, returned hither late that night. In public, at least, he was but meagrely received by the Council, and perhaps, as these people are well grounded in dissimulation, this was meant to give Chapuys no cause for suspicion. Among other charges the Ambassador was to show the King a letter from his master, dated Cugniat, 13th inst., informing him (because the Imperialists were disguising the affairs of the past war at their pleasure) of the truth, to be shown to the King and those about him, viz., that on the side of Parpignon his army dominated the whole country, and took most of the towns and castles of Rossillon, and those of Parpignon made no sortie but to their own shame and loss, and that he had fortified certain castles of Rossillon to the displeasure of his enemies; that on the side of Piedmont his men kept all they held before and also won innumerable places; that on the side of Picardy his army triumphed; in Luxemburg his enemies held only Tionville while he had the three strongest [places], Ivoix, Satteney, and another; and on the side of Gueldres the duke of Cleves had 30,000 foot and 4,000 horse; he himself was better furnished than last year, especially with money, having a million and a half of francs more than when he commenced the war. The Ambassador showed Chapuys's informant the part of the letter containing the above; and with such a preface it is to be imagined that there is some hidden design (yl y a du mistere et dez trammez), especially as the ambassador returned yesterday to Court, to which Chapuys has sent a third person to spy. From the above it is to be conjectured that there is dealing (du desmenee) between the English and the French and, very likely, although the English might not wish to conclude anything, they will keep practices alive in order that the king of France may not hinder the attainment (assecution) of the crown of Scotland, to which this King aspires, hoping to obtain it by the aid of these Scottish prisoners, whom he sent for on the day after Christmas, and made them the best reception in the world. The same day the ambassador of Cleves was called to Court, who has been there twice or thrice within the last month, and before had been more than a year without entering it. There must be something in this; and he begs her to reflect upon it, presupposing that there is little appearance of effecting the treaty according to the Emperor's intention, for the English will first want to know what France will say and, with the success of affairs of Scotland, doubtless, new points will be put forward and altogether different conditions.
Forgot to say that, besides that the king of Scotland has left neither son nor daughter to succeed to the crown, he has left no other of his blood save a cousin germain, (fn. 2) who is unable for the succession, being half-witted (a demy folz et incense). It is therefore to be suspected that divisions and dissensions among the lords of Scotland will facilitate this King's pretension. London, 28 Dec. 1542.
French. Modem transcript from Vienna pp. 3.
28 Dec.
R. O. St. P.IX., 252.
1242. Baron Jeorjus Ab Heideck to Henry VIII.
Received his letters by Thos. Seymer, of his Chamber, who can report their conversation here, so that there is no need to write it. At the Diet now indicted at Nuremberg no prince has yet appeared; but they are expected daily. Thinks this Diet will profit the Roman Empire. Of the Emperor and the French king Henry knows best. "Non laudo Galli propositum." The citizens of Stulweyssenburg, in Hungary, have killed 800 Turks, who had come out of Buda for plunder. Congratulates him upon his victory over the Scot, of which he has just heard. Nuremberg, 28 Dec. 1543. (fn. 3)
Latin. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiij.
29 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 69.
1243. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 29 Dec. Present : Canterbury, chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wriothesley, Sadler, Baker. Business :— Casseilles, Glencarne, Maxwell, and all the other Scottish prisoners took leave of the Council to depart homeward on Monday next. Letter written to Wharton declaring the order taken with the Scottish prisoners to be at Carlisle on Tuesday, 10 Jan., with a packet from the prisoners to their friends in Scotland to send their pledges to Carlisle. Passport signed for Carlisle, pursuivant at arms, to provide horses and necessaries for the prisoners by the way.
29 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 236. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 266.
1244. The Privy Council to the Council Of Scotland. The King, besides the occasion of war moved on their behalf, has just cause to be moved with them for retaining Sir Robert Bowes and other prisoners, and that, Somerset herald being murdered, they have not delivered the transgressors to the Warden of his Marches to be punished, which the writers think "the world doth not a little note." The King has licensed the earls of Casselles and Glencarn and his other prisoners to return home upon pledges—an example to them how to use themselves—and this clemency the writers think meet to point out to them, that they may, by speedy and indelayed redress of their contumelious demeanor, avoid the extreme prosecution of his force; for they shall be used as their demerits require, as the bearers will declare. Hampton Court, 29 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Norfolk, Suffolk, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Seint John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wyngfeld, Wriothesley, Sadleyr, Baker, and Robert Dacres.
P. 1. Add.
29 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 242. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 267 (1).
1245. Lisle to the Council Of Scotland.
Has received by bearer a letter from them to the King, and another, dated at Edinburgh, the 23rd inst., to himself, showing that it is in answer to one lately sent to their King (whose soul Jesu pardon) for delivery of the committers of the unhappy slaughter of his herald. Where they require one of his deputies to meet their wardens, to receive the slayers of the late Somerset; has deputed Sir Ric. Manners, one of the King's Council here, to do so, at the Bond Roode of Berwick, the morrow after Epiphany. As they desire no convocation of people, Sir Richard shall have with him but 40 horsemen, and shall also bring letters of safeguard for one of the heralds, named in their letter, to pass to the King, to be delivered upon receipt of the murderers. Alnwick castle, 29 Dec.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd. : "The copy of the Lord Warden letter sent to the Council of Scotland."
29 Dec.
R. O.
1246. Sir Thomas Seymour to HENRY VIII.
Arrived at Norenberg on Christmas Day at 2 p.m. Baron Hedyk and Baron Fleckesten had arrived two hours earlier, and immediately came to Seymour's lodging and received the King's letters. Asked in what readinesss they had the horsemen and footmen he bespoke at Veyen, and they said there were 3,000 horsemen and 6,000 lanceknights. Asked whether they would serve against all men without exception, they said that they themselves would not serve against the Empire nor the Emperor, but they could appoint captains who would except no man save the Empire. Asked which way they would come to Cales to serve against the French king, they said by Colen, Lowsenborke, and Flanders, and not in less than a month; to serve against the Emperor in Flanders, they would assemble at Covolance in the bp. of Treres country and pass by force through Lewsenborke, and so by France and Picardy to Cales. They could safely pass to Breme, Lewbeke or Hamborow, but not in less than a month, as the distance was not much different. Told them the King would accept their diligence much more thankfully if they would serve against all men without exception. They answered that their lands lay within the King of the Romans' country and the Empire, and to serve against the Emperor or the Empire should be their undoing, for their wages in the wars would not buy so much in 100 years. Said the King was at peace with all princes save the Scots, who were suing for peace; but, wishing to be prepared for war, he desired Baron Hedyk, as his servant, and Flekesten, as one whom he trusted, to advise how he might have 2,000 horsemen and 3,000 footmen ready at all times, what pensions should be given and what monthly wages the men should have, and their rooms. Within two days they brought a book of the same (enclosed); which appears unreasonable, but they swear that at a less rate they do not think the King can be served, and that the French king gives in yearly pensions for so many men almost a third part more. The men should be levied throughout Almain. The pensioners, in their oath, would except the Empire, and themselves the Emperor as well. For the footmen they desire to know the King's pleasure; their rule is to have 300 pikes, 160 demi-hakes, and 40 halberts under each standard At their next coming hither, on the 26th of next month, they will name the captains; and now they must needs depart home to speak with those captains whom they appointed to serve if required, and they desire some money to distribute among the men they stayed, since Seymour's departure from Veyen, when paying the wages for service in Hungary. Promised to be suitor for this, on condition that they were still staid until 1 Feb. Instead of having the men always in surety, Hedyke and Fleckesten suggest that, paying yearly pensions to four or five persons, and giving notice by Christmas at the latest, the King may always have the men against the next summer. Fleckesten would remind the King that if he is appointed lieutenant of the horsemen it will be chargeable to him. He recommends his brother Hance van Fleckesten for chief of the footmen.
The Diet here, which was appointed for the 14th inst., is not yet begun; and no man makes haste to it, "knowing that it shall be for more money and how ill the last was bestowed." Divers princes have taken their lodgings, and the Emperor and king of the Romans have their ambassadors here. It is said that the French king has sent to the young king of Powle offering, if he will forsake King Ferdinando's daughter and marry his, to give him thrice as much money as King Ferdinando, discharge his bond to the latter, and cause the Turk to deliver all Hungary to him. Here is other news of Wenyce, which Goldenfenger, my host, will send. Norenberg, 29 Dec.
Hol., pp. 4. Endd. : Sir Thomas Seymour to the King's Majesty from Nurenberg, with a note of pensions and other charges for th'entertainment of captains, &c., of Almain.
R. O. 2. [A statement of charges for obtaining 5,000 German mercenaries, viz. :—]
Pensions for horsemen :—Four captains, each with 500 under his standard and 500 fl. yearly pension. Ten "rottmasteres" under each captain, each to bring 50 horsemen and have 200 fl. pension. Pensions for footmen :—Six captains, each with 500 lanceknights and 200 cr. pension.
"The charges of one of the iiij captains of horsemen by the moneth [in] ye ware[s]" :—His wages 500 fl., out of which he pays his petty captain; a horseman's wages 12 tawlers, which is 40s. st.; a man of arms in complete harness with a barded horse to have 2 pays, the standard bearer 2, farrier 3, surgeon 40 cr., trumpet 2, smith 2, trocheman 2, two lanceknights 4 pays of lanceknights; every 10 horsemen to be allowed a waggon in which shall be two men with good weapons, 2 pays, and "a boy to take up lodging," 6 tawlers.
The charges of one of the six captains :—His wages 100 fl., a lanceknight's wages 4 fl., the ensign bearer 7 pays and a boy, a surgeon 3 pays, the chief wiffler 6, four drums and fifes and two under wifflers double pays, the harbinger 2 pays, farrier 2; allowed, at the captain's discretion to harnessed men, gentlemen, and gunners, 120 pays.
Names of chief officers with their monthly wages :—Horsemen : The watch master "who appoints the place where the watch shall stand," 100 fl.; the quarter master "who appoints the field to the horsemen," 80 fl.; provost marshal, 30 fl.; watchmaster's lieutenant, 40 fl.; and under watchmaster, 40 fl. Footmen : The chief judge, with three officers pertaining to him, 21 pays; the provost, quartermaster and watch master, 10 pays each; his lieutenant and under watchmaster, 16 pays; "the doer of exsycoshen," 4 pays.
"The articles that the lieutenant doth desire, if your Highness shall appoint any in these parts to have the conduct of the 5,000 horsemen and footmen" :—First, "that they may have a free regiment to execute justice in the same." Every man a month's wages to bring him to the muster place (which must be on this side the sea), paid by the lieutenant before they depart. If 100 or 120 horsemen more than the number come to the muster place, that they may be taken. The men to be mustered within three days of their coming to the muster place. To be discharged on this side the sea and allowed a month's wages to take them home.
In Sir Thos. Seymour's, hand, pp. 3.
R. O. 3. Estimate in marks of the pensions and wages stated in the preceding, the details being summed up at the end as follows :—Yearly pensions 2,950 mks. One month's wages to come forth, and one to return 23,888 mks. Two months' wages to serve, 23,888 mks. Total 50,726 mks.
One month more 11,948 mks. Total 62,670 mks., "which is in pounds" 41,780l.
Pp. 3.
29 Dec.
R. O.
1247. Joachim Govdelfinger to Henry VIII.
Has not written since the 22nd Sept., as he purposed to have been with the King, who, by "ill Signore Cavalero Brisle" (Wriothesley), through his factor Gerhardo Hartmano, commissioned him to come in person and bring sufficient silver to prove its weight and goodness. The impediment has partly been the war between the Emperor and the duke of Juliers, which impedes intercourse with Antwerp; for he had already sent silver to the value of 1,000l. st. to Cologne when the losses suffered by merchants, on that road, warned him to seek a safe conduct for it, by means of which he hopes to bring it safely hidden in other merchandise. Gerhardo having written that the King requires no small sum of the said silver, he has conferred with the principal holders of it and arranged for its consignment. Will report the price, &c., when he comes. Has made a good bargain, with term to the 4th Sunday in Lent (la Domenica Letare), in which to conclude it.
On Christmas Day, Sir Thos. Seimeyur arrived, and is lodged with the writer. He hopes to return to England shortly, in which case the writer will gladly accompany him.
To the Diet to be celebrated here, are come, on the part of the Emperor, Baron Frederic of Furstenberg and Dr. Jo. de Navis, the Emperor's secretary, and ambassadors of many other potentates. The King of the Romans is expected shortly; who is, with many lords of Hungary, in Vienna, where, on the 15th inst., was to be the trial of Ziamato Primopetri, a Hungarian, captain general of that nation in the first enterprise against the Turk, who has been arrested for treason, and is perhaps already justiciato. The French king tries to hinder the marriage concluded between the King of Poland's son and the King of the Romans' daughter, offering his own daughter, with three times the dote promised by the King of the Romans, and security from the Turk. Thinks the ancient attachment of the kings of Poland to the common weal of the Christians will make them reject such offers. The signory of Venice sent letters hither on the 27th inst. to the orators of the Elector Frederic of Saxony, requesting him to send them the ecclesiastical ordinances ordained by the university of Wittenberg, as he (the Elector) uses them in his dominions; a sign that the Signory desires to accept the Evangelical doctrine, perhaps at length recognising the deceit of the Roman pontiff. Normberge, 29 Dec. 1542. Signed.
Italian, pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 2. A free translation of the contents of the preceding, headed, "Ex litteris Joachini Gwindelffynger, Norunbergh, datis die xxviiij Decembr."
Latin. In Vannes's hand, pp. 5. Endd. : The translation of Gundenfinger's letters to the King's Majesty xxixo Decemb. ao xxxiiijo.
30 Dec.
Dasent's A.P.C., 70.
1248. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 30 Dec. Present : Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler, Dacres. Business :—Letter written to Sir Geo. Lawson to abstain from repairing hither, and deliver the provision money, remaining there at the return of the King's army, to Mr. Uvedale, treasurer of the garrisons. Letter sent to Lisle declaring how the King had proceeded with the Scottish prisoners.
[*** Next entry is 1 Jan.]
30 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,648 f. 238. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 267.
1249. Lisle and Others to Henry VIII.
Delivered Henry's letters to the King of Scots to a Scottish priest, chaplain to John Heron, with charge to deliver them only to the King's own hands. Hearing that the King was dead, and having no instructions for that unlooked for event, he asked advice of a wise and sober man, Dan Carr, of Fernherst, seeing that he was commanded not to deliver the letters to the Council or the Cardinal. Carr advised him to deliver them to the whole Council. He then took them to the Council in Edinburgh, and delivered them lapped in a blank paper, with Lisle's superscription, saying that Lisle bade him deliver them to the King's own hands and ask for answer. They bade him retire, and, after two days, sent for him, and Arran then said that the Secretary should bring to his lodging letters to the lord Warden in answer to those he brought. Send them herewith, together with a letter from the Council of Scotland to Henry, which was enclosed in them. Blamed the priest for not bringing back the letters. Considering that they offer to surrender the persons that slew the herald, (fn. 4) Lisle has replied as in the copy enclosed, which will show that he has deputed Sir Ric. Manners with 40 spears to receive them on the confines of Berwick from a like number of Scots, and deliver a safe conduct to one of the two heralds named in the Council's letter to repair to London, to the King.
The priest says that Arran, who is the next person in the realm to the Princess (whose name is Mary), sent him word by the Secretary to speak with him; and bade him tell Lisle that the Cardinal, in whose arms the King died, had told the Council many things, in the King's name, which he (Arran) thinks are all lies. Arran and the Council deputed Argill to go to Dunbarre to receive the castle from Wm. Wemys, lord of Rethe in the Fyffe, who had given a bond to the late King for its keeping; but he refused to deliver it. Argill then went to Temtalon castle, received it from the keeper, and put in his own servant Hugh Kenedye, sometime servant to Anguishe. The priest also said that, where two were taken for killing the herald, he understood by Henry Raie that three were at the deed, whereof one was brother to Leche; and that he told the Cardinal, before the Council of Scotland, that the men who murdered the herald came out of Edinburgh in his company. This the Cardinal utterly denied, saying he knew of no such men in his company, and it was pity he should live if he consented to such a deed, "being called to the degree that he was." Leche's brother was arrested by two heralds in the Black Friars at Edinburgh, and he was called out of church to see him led to the castle. He spoke to Arran that his master and the other prisoners might be delivered to ransom, as accustomed; and was told that their keepers should be sent for to receive them and take order with them as accustomed. The King in his sickness vomited much, and also had a great laxe, and after death his body swelled. The garrisons are all dismissed, save 100 hagbushes in Coldingham, and 20 in Jedworth.
Are informed otherwise that Arran called the Cardinal "false churle," and drew his sword at him, but not of the cause why they so fell out. Huntley and the lord Forrbuus have fought in the North, and many men slain and Huntley worsted.
Lisle wrote on the 19th that upon word that the King of Scots was dead, and the Council like to fall at division, it was decided to wait further instructions before proceeding to such sharp war as might make those lords of Scotland agree against them. The snow that has fallen stops the passages, so that little annoyance can be done. Meanwhile Lisle practises to get the King friends in Scotland and to keep the lords of Scotland from agreement. Cumberland, according to the King's command, is gone to his house of Browham in the West Borders, leaving 300 of his Yorkshiremen here in garrison. Alnwick castle, 30 Dec., 6 a.m. Signed : John lisle : Cuth. Duresme : Rychard Maners : Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
31 Dec.
Add. MS. 32,649 f. 4. B. M. Hamilton Pakpers, No. 268 (1).
1250. Sir George Douglas to Lisle.
Has received his letters signifying that the Council have written that Douglas may go into Scotland when he thinks convenient, and his brother not adventure his person as yet. This is no small burden, but he will do his best to serve the King, and proceed by the advice of the Council here. His brother has shown him secretly that Lisle will be here this New Year's Day at night, so he will let matters rest till then. Berwick, 31 Dec., at 4 o'clock. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
December./Grants. 1251. Grants in December, 1542.
1. Alice Bromeley, of London, widow. Grant, in fee, for 265l. 18s. 4d., of the reversion and rents reserved on the following leases :—(a) By the Crown, to Francis Poole of Rodborne, Derb., 5 July 31 Hen. VIII., of the grange then in tenure of Robt. Nesse, in Dale, Derb., lands called Sheperlande and Granland in Dale, and tithes in Stanley in Spondon parish, in tenure of the said Robert, all which belonged to the dissolved abbey of Dale; with reservations; for 21 years, at 5l. 13s. 4d. rent : (b) By Geoffrey, formerly abbot, and the convent of Lilleshull, 20 April 7 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Taylor of Longdon upon Tyren, Salop, of the grange of Longdon with dovecot, rabbit warren, fields called Tenterfelde and Woodfelde, pasture of Longdon Wood and of the park there called Hollyn Park and "gallicepia" in the same, a weir upon the water of Tyren, formerly in tenure of Ric. Meston, with the fishing there and in the river Tyren; except the mansion called Le Hall Place, Flaxzorde, and gardens and demesnes of the same, and the church there commonly called Le Courte, with two parcels of land called "le Parrocks" adjoining the mill upon the Tyren; and with pasture for two horses in Longdon Wood and profits of the garden during the time of his residence; for 81 years, at 5l. 10s. rent; with certain rights (specified) : (c) By the same, 28 Dec. 4 Hen. VIII., to Thos. Lancashire of Longdon of the messuage in Longdon then in his tenure, together with the third part of Westley field and the Town Moor (reserved to John Galborne the herbage of two beasts upon the said moor), with the third part of all woods (oaks reserved), "ac le Tyncell pro defensione in clausura terre predicte capiendum seosinabili tempore anni"; for 61 years, at 21s. 7d. rent: (d) By Geoffrey Barton, formerly abbot, and the said convent, 28 Dec. 4 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Morgan of Longdon of the messuage and lands then in his tenure and the third part of Westley field and the Town Moor (reserved to John Galborne the herbage of two beasts there), with the third part of the woods (oaks reserved) and the "Tyncell" (as in the preceding); for 61 years, at 20s. 7d. rent.
Also grant of Stanley grange in Dale, which belonged to Dale monastery, the mansion called le Halplace Flaxzorde, with the garden, &c, the messuages in terure of Thos. Lancashire and Wm. Morgan, the herbage of four beasts in the Town Moor (reserved above to John Galborne), and all woods except oaks. Value of the premises in Dale 5l. 13s. 4d.
To hold as one twentieth of a knight's fee, at rents of lis. 4d. for the lands in Dale and 18s. 3d. for those in Longdon, free of other charges. Hampton Court, 27 Nov. 34 Hen. VIIL Del. Westm., 1 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 10.
2. Thos. Cokayn, esquire. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Fras. Cokayn, dec., in England. Wales, Calais or the marches, with profits from 8 Jan. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Signed by St. John, Hynde, and Sewster.) Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
3. Brian Lacy. To be bailiff of Hunmanby, Yorks., with the hunting throughout the lordship of Hunmanby (and the hawking and fishing, at a rent of 4s.); with 3l. 8d. a year. The preamble states that Henry late earl of Northumberland, 12 May 24 Hen. VIII., granted the office to Sir Marm. Constable, who granted it to the said Brian Lacy, who has surrendered it in order to receive this grant. Hampton Court, 25 Nov. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Nov.—P.S.
4. Jas Osborne, of Abbottysham, Devon, mariner. Pardon for having killed Ric. Trewman in self-defence, with a "trencher knife," at Westlangdon, Devon, 18 July 34 Hen. VIII. Westm., 1 Dec. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
5. Thos. Morgan, the King's servant. To be chief steward of the lordship of Newport, Wentlocke and Mazen, in the marches of S. Wales, with 20 mks. a year. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. 3 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 7.
6. Sir Chr. More, the King's servant. To be King's Remembrancer in the Exchequer, in as full manner as Ric. Pollard, or any other, held that office; with profits as enjoyed by Ric. Pollard, or by Thos. Walsshe, or Wm. Essex, remembrancers to Edw. IV. and Hen. VI.; in reversion after Ric. Pollard. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. 3 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 7.
7. Sir John lord Russell, K.G., the King's Councillor. To be keeper of the Privy Seal, vice William earl of Southampton, dec.; with 20s. a day, that is 365l. a year to be contributed as follows :—90l. by the port of Pole, Dors., and the ports adjoining, 200l. by London, 56l. 13s. 4d. by Bristol, and 18l. 6s. 8d. by Plymouth and Fowey, Cornw., and the ports adjoining. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. 3 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 9. Rymer, XIV. 765.
8. George Hinde and John Puncherdowne, the King's plumbers. To have the office of serjeant of the plumbing work (plumbaria) in all the King's places and works in England, with 12d. a day and an annual livery, vesture and fur, or 40s. in lieu thereof, and with free entry of all the King's mansions, lodges, &c., in execution of the office; in reversion after Thos. Cunne, who now holds the office in virtue of a grant, 30 Dec. 14 Hen. VIII., to John Burwell and himself in survivorship. Hampton Court, 28 Nov. 34 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8 (dated Hampton Court).
9. John Williamson, gentleman, late a minor in the King's custody. Livery of lands, as s. and h. of John Williamson, merchant, dec., in England, Wales and the marches and Calais and its marches. Del. Westm., 5 Dec. 34 Henry VIII.— S.B. (Signed by St. John, Hynde, and Philip Parys.) Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
10. Sir John Markeham, the King's servant. To be general receiver of all possessions of Jasper late duke of Bedford in cos. Notts. and Derby, which office John Johnson, King's messenger, now holds by the King's command without letters patent; with profits as accustomed and rights as enjoyed by the said Johnson or John Carbeton, dec.; fees to date from Michaelmas last. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8.
11. Sir George Carewe, the King's servant. To be chief steward of all possessions of Henry late marquis of Exeter, attainted, in cos. Devon, Cornw., Soms., Dors., Bucks., Berks., Hants., Wilts., Surr., Essex, Herts., or elsewhere in England, with 30l. a year. Hampton Court, 26 Nov. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8.
12. Nich. Fiton, the King's servant. To be keeper of the park of Ockeley, Salop, vice Sir William Thomas, dec.; with 2d. a day (out of the revenues of the lordship of Staunton Lacie), and the herbage and pannage of the said park. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 10.
13. Ant. Toto, the King's servant. Lease of the manor of Ravesbury, Surr., which belonged to Sir Nic. Carewe, attainted; with reservations; for 40 years, at 42l. 6s. 8d. rent. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 4.
14. Ric. Spencer, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Wargrove, Berks., Sarum dioc., which belonged to Reading Abbey, and is void by the death of Thos. Hare, clk., last incumbent. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 7.
15. Thos. Wrothe. To be bailiff of the manor of Ware, Herts., keeper of the park there, and of all deer in the same, with 2d. a day as bailiff and 2d. a day as keeper; in reversion after Oliver Frankeleyn. The preamble states that Margaret late countess of Salisbury, and domina de Monte Hermenii 8 Nov. 20 Hen. VIII., appointed the said Oliver, then her servant, bailiff and keeper as aforesaid, and also bailiff of the manor and half the hundred of Clavering, Essex, and woodward there and in the manor of Cottingham, Yorks., with certain (stated) fees; and that, the said Margaret being afterwards attainted, the said offices are in the King's hands. Hampton Court, 28 Nov. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 9.
16. Fras. Turpin, M.A., King's Chaplain. Grant of the eighth canonry or prebend in the cathedral church of St. Peter's, Westminster, void by the death of Thos. Backster alias Essex. Hampton Court, 5 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8.
17. Fras. Hothom, esquire. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir John Hothom, dec., in England, Wales, Calais or their marches. Del. Westm., 9 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Signed by Lord St. John and Ph. Parys.) Pat. p. 9, m. 6.
18. Sir Edw. Baynton, vice-chamberlain of the Queen Consort Katharine (sic). Annuity of 10l., to be assigned by the master of the wards, out of the lands in Hartam, Cannynges, Cawne, Alyneton, Alcaninges, Rowde, and Brownham, Wilts., which belonged to John Pravander, dec., during the minority of Geoffrey, s. and h. of the said John; with wardship and marriage of the heir. Hampton Court, 4 Dec., 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 10.
19. Thos. Cannar, clk., King's chaplain. Presentation to the archdeaconry of Dorset, void by the promotion of John Skippe to the bishopric of Hereford, and in the King's presentation hac vice by his Royal prerogative. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 7.
20. John Borowe, the King's servant. Grant, in tail male, of a tenement with a little garden adjoining in Calais in St. Nicholas parish in Castelstreet, now in the occupation of Wm. Saeret, and two other tenements and gardens adjoining it in the several tenures of Wm. Dyer and Bowin Atmere, all which came to the King by the attainder of Margaret late countess of Salisbury. To hold as one knight's fee, free of all other rents and charges; with profits since the attainder of the said Margaret. Hampton Court, 11 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 6.
21. Ric. Dauntesey, King's servant. Grant, in fee, of (1) two messuages and six cottages in tenure of the assigns of Ph. Conwey in White Cross Street in the parish of St. Giles' without Cripplegate, which belonged to the late priory of Newark, Surr., with all the store of domestic utensils therein, and (2) a messuage in tenure of Thos. Carkett, near Charterhouse Churchyard in London, which belonged to the late Carthusian priory there; to hold as one hundredth part of a knight's fee by rent of 7s. 4d. Oking, 16 July 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 7.
22. Thomas Paston, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. Licence to buy and export 500 tuns of beer and 500 dykars of leather, or so many calf skins as shall amount in custom to as much as 500 dykars of leather. Hampton Court, 11 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 1. In English.
23. Roger de Prat, a native of Gascony. Denization. Westm., 13 Dec. Pat. 34 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 28.
24. John Pope, the King's beerbrewer. Licence to retain in his household service or family at one time as many as 12 persons born out of the King's dominions, according as he shall think meet for the said feat of beer-brewing; notwithstanding the Act of Parliament, which directs that no one shall retain more than four strangers. Hampton Court, 11 Dec. 34 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 6. In English.
25. Thos. Strowde, the King's servant. Lease of the site and demesnes of the manor of Gussucheboune, Dors., now in tenure of Walter Dobbez, parcel of the lands of the late Queen Jane; with reservations; for 21 years, at 12l. rent and 20s. increase. Hampton Court, 12 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 6.
26. Ric. Benese, clk. Presentation to the rectory of Langlednam, Line dioc., void by the attainder of James Mallett. Hampton Court, 3 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 6.
27. Peter Assheton, King's chaplain. Grant of the canonry and prebend of Empringham, in Lincoln Cathedral, void and in the King's gift by the attainder of James Mallett, clk. Westm., 18 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Dec.— P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 3.
28. Helen Apprice, relict of Wm. Apprice, one of the auditors of the Exchequer. Lease of the manor of Ferneham called Erlesbury, Essex and Herts., two tenements called Hoppes and Dryvers, and two parcels of demesne lands called Mawdescrofts and Wigorne; with reservations; for 21 years, at 21l. rent. Hampton Court, 2 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Dec.—P.S.
29. Nich. Cokkett, groom of the Chamber. Order in Council authorising him, as the King is at war with the Scots, to attach the bodies and goods of Robt. Dunkyn, John Robynson, Thos. Smyth, John Wollyns, — (blank) Sylkoke, Brian Tomson and John Tomson his brother, who are Scots born and not denizens, and bring them before any two of the Privy Council.—S.B. (Headed : By the King. Signed : T. Cantuarien., T. Audeley, chancellor, Charlys Soffolk, J. Russell, E. Hertford, Ste. Winton, Tho. Westm., W. Seint John, T. Cheyne, John Gage, Antone Browne, Thomas Wriothesley, Rafe Sadleyr.) Del., 30 Dec. 34 Henry VIII. Pat. p. 8, m. 2. In English.
30. Wm. Newman. Lease of the site and demesnes of the manor of Ellesborowe, Bucks., and a virgate of land in Ellesborowe called Brewhouse now in tenure of the said William; with reservations (which premises belonged to Henry Poole lord Montague, attainted); for 21 years, at 8l. 13s. 4d. reat and 6s. 8d. increase. Besides the usual repairing clause, &c., is a clause providing that the said William shall not carry away any of the dung or muck produced upon the premises to other land, and that he shall give food and lodging to the King's surveyors and to the steward who comes to hold the Court there and to their clerks, with litter and fodder for their horses, once in every two years. Westm., 20 Dec. 34 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 8, m. 10.

Arch. XVIII., 405, from Muniments of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter.
1252. Exeter Cathedral.
Grant by Michael Cruce and Richard Morten, chaplains, to James Trevelyan and others, of certain messuages, &c., on condition that with the rents, &c., of the premises the said James, &c., shall hold a yearly obit or anniversary on the 6th May, in the charnel house, among the annivelars of Exeter cathedral, for the souls of John Ryse, late treasurer of the cathedral, and his father, mother and friends. "And every pryst or anniveller being present at Placebo to have 4d." 34 Hen. VIII.

R. O.
1253. Ireland.
Draft bill (fn. 5) for an Act of Parliament to compel owners of lands in the Marches to reside upon them before next Easter, or else appoint able deputies to do so, with the consent of the Deputy, Chancellor, Under-treasurer and Chief Justice.
Corrected by Wriothesley. Large paper, pp. 4 (originally a roll).

Poli Epp. IV., 21.
1254. Cardinal Pole to Placidus Contarini.
Placidus is right in writing that he knows Pole loves him no less than his uncle Cardinal Gaspar Contarini, while he lived, did. Advises him at length upon matters which he says trouble him, now that, from being a simple monk, he is made cellarer of his abbey. Bids him show this letter to his fellow Benedict of Ferrara; and to salute Thomas Contarini and Matth. Dandulus. Wonders that he has no letters from Placidus's cousin Aloysius Contarini, who is reported to follow his (Placidus's) uncle in virtue and learning.
Latin.

R. O.
1255. Quackery.
Agnes wife of Thos. Guy and Agnes Mason, widow, were sued for "helyng of wemens papes." Kath. wife of Ric. Bownyngton (or Boonyngton), was sued "for giving water to young children to heal cankers in their mouths." John Margetson, one of the King's brewers, was sued "for giving water to cleanse men's yeese (eyes)."
"All these persons were sued in the Guildhall in London, Sir Roland Hyll, knight, being sheriff, by Thomas Gale, barber surgeon; which persons and divers other be now in suit again in the King's Bench for the same cause."
P. 1. Endd. : "Surgeonz suyd."

Harl MS. 4,637 pt. 3, f. 138. B. M.
1256. The Isles Of Scotland.
Rental of North and South Kyntyre and the Isles of Scotland "as thai war set in ye zeir of God mvcxlij zeris." The document is certainly drawn up some years later, but is of interest, as showing the rents due in that year in money, meal, malt, &c., and the persons to whom the lands were "set in assedatioun," or in "few ferm."
Pp. 4.

R. O.
1257. Thorpe, Norfolk.
Certificate of lands "of Layes" which Hugh Thurlow has in lease in the south field of Thorpe, Norf., made in 1542, anno 34 Hen. VIII. Giving extent and boundaries of 28 small plots of land.
Pp. 4.

Footnotes

1 No. 1220.
2 The Earl of Arran.
3 The old computation of the year from Christmas-day was apparently still used in some parts of Germany.
4 Somerset herald.
5 There is no clear evidence of the year to which this document belongs; but we place it, as the Editor of the Irish Calendar has done, at the end of 1542.