A. P. C.,
143. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 11 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal,
Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters written to lord Lisle, High
Admiral, and Sir Fras. Brian, vice-admiral, to warn them of certain
Scottish ships in Camphire haven; and for four of the meanest of the eleven
sail in the North seas to be sent up to the Downs.
144. Henry VIII. and Charles V.
Treaty negotiated between Henry VIII. and the Emperor by
Eustace Chapnys, LL.D., master of requests to the Emperor, with Stephen
bp. of Winchester and Sir Thos. Wriothesley, one of the two first
secretaries (alter primorum secretariorum) of Henry VIII.
Consisting of twenty-five articles (not numbered) as follows :—
(1) No complaints of the violation of former treaties shall impair the
friendship hereby established. (2) Peace and free intercourse between
their subjects ecclesiastical and secular. (3) Neither prince to favor any
attempt against the other; or (4) give passage to enemies so attempting;
or (5) receive his rebels or fugitives; but deliver them up within a month
when demanded. (6) If invasion be made upon England and Ireland, the
isles of Wight, Jersey, Guernsey and Man, Guisnes or the towns and
marches of Calais and Berwick, or upon Spain, Brabant, Flanders, Holland,
Zealand, Hainault, Artois, Lembourg, Luxemburg, Namur, Friesland, "patriarum
Duressell" (Over Yssel), Utrecht and Mechlin, the authors and
supporters of such invasion shall be reputed common enemies and the
subjects of either prince shall be forbidden intercourse with them. (7) If
invasion be made with 10,000 men upon the above countries (Ireland and
Spain except), at the request and expense of the prince invaded and within
40 days, the other shall aid him with men or money (detailed with regard to
the places to be invaded) but shall not be bound to do so for more than four
months in one year. Provision for cases in which aid is required for more than
four months or for more than one invasion or for false alarm; with proviso
that in the time of the common invasion of France the aid for defence shall
cease. In the case of invasion of Spain and Ireland either prince shall, at the
charges of the requirant, furnish men, ships, munition, &c., as he conveniently
may, the state of his own affairs considered. (8) Infringements of this peace
not to annul it. (9) No letters of reprisal, mark or countermark to be given
by either prince against subjects of the other. (10) As heretical books are
translated in outward parts, where the heresy is not detected for lack of
knowledge of the tongue in which they are, no books in English are to be
printed in the Emperor's dominions or in German in England. (11) The
treaty of intercourse of 11 April 1520 to endure as confirmed by that of
Cambray 5 Sept. 1529. (12) Wrongs done by subjects to be settled
by diets of arbitration. (13) Truce with enemies not to be taken but by
mutual consent, unless in cases of extreme danger and then not for over
two months. (14) Henceforth neither prince shall treat with the French
king, or with any other prince, potentate or person whatsoever, to the
prejudice of this treaty; but rather it shall be preferred before any treaties
they have already. (15) Whereas former treaties have comprehended
contrahents, confederates and friends; none shall by this be comprehended
except by consent and neither prince shall have as his confederate any
against whom the other has enmity, controversy, quarrel or claim, other
treaties notwithstanding. (16) Order of confirmation of this treaty, and
(17) its interpretation.
(18) As soon as may be, the princes shall, by their ambassadors now with the
French king and by others to be specially sent, require the French king to
forbear intelligence with the Turk, satisfy Christendom of all detriments
suffered by the Turk at his solicitation, restore Maran to the king of
Romans, satisfy the Emperor's expenses by the loss of Castel Novo which
the Turk won by help of 12 French galleys, cease war with the Emperor,
satisfy to the Germans their losses in resisting the Turks, pay the arrears
he owes to the King of England and give lands in pledge for payment of
the perpetual pension. If either prince has anything further to ask it may
be done, if agreed upon before the ratification of this treaty. (19) If the
French king desire to treat of peace, the princes shall treat with him
separately but communicate to each other his proposals and their answers,
and no agreement shall be made until the claims of both are satisfied, viz.,
to the king of England the arrears paid and (in pledge for the perpetual
pension) the county of Ponthieu with the towns of Boulogne, and the territory,
Mounstrell, Terouenne and Arde and the towns and villages bordering upon
Ponthieu and the territories of Boulogne delivered, free of fee or condition
other than that the yearly profit of them shall be considered full payment of
the pension; and to the Emperor delivered the dukedom of Burgundy and the
things described in last article. (20) If the French king will not agree to these
covenants within ten days, the princes shall jointly intimate war to him, the
king of England challenging the realm of France and duchy of Normandy,
Acquitaine (fn. 1) and Guienne, and the Emperor challenging Burgundy, and
the towns and territories of Abbeville, Amyens, Corby, Braye, Peronne and
St. Quintyn. (21) To keep the seas each prince shall within a month
after the intimation of war send out and maintain as many ships as will
receive 2,000 men (or if necessary 3,000), to hover upon the coasts of the
common enemy. (22) The princes shall, within two years, by themselves
or by lieutenants, make a joint invasion of France, each with 20,000 foot
and 5,000 horse, the invasion to last at least four months. (23) The
Emperor shall prepare 2,000 lance knights and 2,000 horsemen to join the
King's army immediately upon its transportation. (24) The King's army
may have free passage through the Emperor's countries; and the King may
hire subjects of the Emperor to serve him. (25) This treaty to be ratified
by the princes within 15 days after they shall be thereunto required.
Commissions of Charles V. and Henry VIII. cited at the end, the former
dated Valladolid, 2 May 1542, the latter London, 11 Feb., 1542.
Lat. Three skins of vellum (found apart). Mutilated. Signed by Chapuys,
with fragment of seal attached.
2. Later copy of the above treaty.
Lat. Later copy, pp. 14. With numerous annotations in another hand
which has marked articles 18 to 22 "aboletur postea," article 23 "aboletur,"
and article 24 "hic articulus post. tollitur et pro eo substituitur Ar. 4.
fœderis Camerac." A third hand, but very like the other, notes to the 6th
article; "Vide explicationem hujus totius articuli infra in tractatu
Galba B. X.
3. Articles of the treaty as printed in Rymer, without the heading or
commissions at the end.
Lat., pp. 15.
4. Modern copies of this treaty or of the articles will be found in MSS.
Harl. 1064 f. 54, Harl. 4592 f. 352, Add. 30,662 f. 202, B.M. In Harl.
4592 the treaty is divided into 32 numbered articles.
5. Contemporary translation of the articles of the preceding treaty
which is stated in the heading to be dated at Westm., 11 Feb. 1542.
Pp. 33. With a few marginal notes in Lord Burleigh's hand.
6. Extracts from the treaty.
Later hand. Latin, p. 1. Endd. : "July 1568. Certen collections of
ye Spa. emb."
The "said" William Watson shall with all diligence repair to the
King of Denmark, present the King's letters of credence and commendations,
and say that whereas the King has ever borne him a friendly mind,
and understood a like disposition in him (both by his sundry letters and by
the King's own ministers and servants who have been with him, and by
strangers, especially of late by an earl of Scotland called Earl Bothwel,
who reported that he was charged to assure the King of the King of Denmark's
amity) there have lately been bruits "that, where his Majesty hath
present war with the Scots, the said King of Denmarke intendeth to arm
out certain ships and men for their defence, and further to aid them
against his Majesty to th' uttermost of his power, and how, for this purpose
he hath already received certain sums of money from the French king,
who, though he dare not himself directly aid them, would percase, for their
preservation and his own commodity, be glad to pull the thorn out of his
own foot and to put it into another man's." Upon these bruits, the King,
"being a prince of such good faith and plainness as he cannot believe that
thing to be in [an]other which himself abhorreth, that is dissimulation,
unless the deeds do manifest the contrary," sends Watson to ask whether
they are true.
If the King of Denmark then confesses that he, indeed, means to aid the
Scots, Watson shall, as of himself, wish him to consider the danger of so
lightly taking part against so puissant a king who has given him no offence.
If he deny that he intends any such matter, Watson shall show himself
glad that the bruits are untrue, "and the rather because himself much
haunteth that country"; and Watson shall then say "I beseech your
Grace to give me leave to ask you one question for mine own satisfaction.
Have you not made a league with France whereby you be bound to give
[a cert]ayn aid either to the Scottes or to any [other] as he shall appoint
and determine, without respect of the person against whom it should be
given? I am the bolder to ask this question because myself have heard
some Frenchmen say that they have your bond to do such things at
their pleasure; and that the last year this pact was passed between
you." If he answer that he passed a league with the Frenchmen
against the Emperor but not against any other, Watson shall invite
him to send a copy of it to the King—and shall endeavour to
get a copy otherwise. And if the King of Denmark allege that he is
informed that the King has made a league with the Emperor against him,
Watson shall assure him that that is false, and that suits have indeed
been made for it but the King would nowise condescend thereto.
Watson shall then take leave and, after writing the answer to the
King, shall repair homewards, visiting Lubeck, Hamburgh, Breame,
and those parts, to see if any preparations are made there and to
learn their disposition towards the King. Everywhere in his journey
he shall mark what war preparations are made, and for what purpose.
Draft, pp. 14. Endd. : "Instructions appointed for Win. Watson,
who had only the memoryal."
32,649, f. 133.
146. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
This morning, received the enclosed from lord Lisle. The news of
Arren is strange and probably untrue. As to the riding, burnings and
spoils by the Scots; mean to render them the like, but marvel that those
under Maxwell's rule are so busy and there is no news from him although
Suffolk wrote specially to him to send news. Think it strange that they
hear nothing from the Scottish prisoners of the West Borders.
Received yesterday the Council's letters mentioning that Englishmen's
goods are sealed up in Paris, Rouen and other the French king's dominions;
and that the King had written a letter to all his ports to do the like, and
Suffolk should see it executed within his commission. Suffolk has notified
it to the ports, but desires to know whether it applies to ports only. Have
just received the enclosed letter from Mr. Stanhop, showing what French
pirates are on the seas, and have written to the lord Admiral to haste some
of the King's ships to the Forland to scour the seas and conduct hither the
grain from Hull and Grimsby.
Beg to hear often of the King's health and affairs. Newcastle, 11 Feb.
Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,049, f. 139.
No. 297 (1).
147. Lisle to Suffolk.
He who sent me the letter, this day at dinner, of the Governor's
taking, has now sent another letter, received at 6 p.m., revoking that news.
Encloses a letter written, this day, by Mr. Bryan from the Skate Roode,
showing that he cannot spare ships to conduct the victuallers and that he
thinks Suffolk should order two men of war who are at Lyne to do it.
Alnwik castle, 11 Feb. Signed.
p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C., 84.
148. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 12 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal, Gt.
Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Recognisance taken of John Haster
and John Briskin, merchants of Calais, about their claim to certain herring
arrested at Dover as Frenchmen's goods.
149. Waltham Forest.
Warrant by Sir Ric. Riche to "Mr. Treasurer" [of Augmentations]
to deliver 30l. to Geo. Maxey, "towardes the ffynyscheinge aswell of on
great stonedeinge as also perfytteinge such perookez" as the King minds to
accomplish in his new park at Fayremeade, in Waltham Forest. St.
Bartholomew's, 12 Feb. 34 Henry VIII. Signed.
Maxey's receipt, dated 16 Feb. ao 34o, subscribed.
150. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
On Monday, the 5th inst., this King's deputies dined with him; and
then they went to conclude this closer amity, but stopped because, in the
preface, the deputies insisted that Chapuys should in his narrative give the
title of sovereign head of the English church to the King. The deputies
returned to him on the 7th about 6 p.m., and made incredible instance for
it, saying that otherwise the case was desperate and would turn to great evil
and indignation, swearing that if the King was informed of this
difficulty he would never more hear of treaty or amity with the Emperor,
and he had again that very day, received letters from France offering
mountains and marvels, to which (being indignant) he could (and justly
ought to) listen. It was finally settled that in the treaty which Chapuys
should sign and seal the title should be king of England, France and
Ireland,—and he refused to add "defenseur de la Foy, etc." But in the
treaty which they have signed and sealed they would give their accustomed
title saying that, as it did not affect the substance of the treaty,
they might say what they deemed honorable; and, on Chapuys's
saying that that would avail nothing as he could, on receiving their instrument,
cancel or erase the title, they said that he might do as he would and
to them it sufficed to have done their King's command. They hold the
dukes of Cleves and Holstein comprehended in the general clause as common
enemies, and any other declaration unnecessary. Made all possible
instance to add that in case one of the princes engaged privately in war
with France, with an army as powerful as that which shall be advised for
the common defence, he should not then be bound to the defensive contribution;
but could not obtain it. It seems unimportant; for even though
affairs of Scotland were not in their present terms (whereby no invasion
need be feared for a long time), unless the King was occupied against the
French the Scots would scarcely invade him, nor would the French invade
Calais and Guynes, having enough to do elsewhere. As to the interpretation
of the treaty little is changed; and Chapuys thinks the
clause does not hinder interpretation founded upon right but only that
which is subtle and scrupulous. Insisted that in the chapter speaking of
delivering ships, wagons, munitions, artillery and victuals, for the King's
army, should be added "selon que bonnement et commodement faire se
pourroit," but was answered that that was understood, that it was thus in
the treaty of Windsor and that in Spain the Emperor and his ministers
made no difficulty.
Thus according to her instructions to advance the treaty, considering the
state of the Emperor's affairs, and fearing the rupture of this treaty and
danger of the King's indignation combined with the French practices, was
constrained to conclude the treaty in the form which she will see, as he
could not get respite to consult her. Thinks that, when all is considered,
the Emperor and she will be satisfied, especially presupposing that when
the Emperor and King have once entered into perfect confidence the
Emperor "finera dudit Sr Roy comme a son plaisir"; and for this he
must be shown great confidence and fed with things convenient to his
nature and inclination. The deputies are sure that he will help against the
Turk. The King desires the treaty to be kept secret, if possible, until its
ratification, to give his subjects time to withdraw their goods from France;
and no less desires to hasten the ratification for which within two days he
will despatch two men to Spain, one by sea and the other by Germany and
Italy, besides intending that Chapuys shall make the same diligence in
sending to Spain; and for greater surety he will not have the man sent
this way by Chapuys to go in the same ship as his.
Three days ago the King sent word that he was advertised by his
ambassador resident in France that the King of France went about to
surprise something in Flanders (aux pays de par dela) and intended making
his whole effort this summer against the Low Countries. Seven days ago
the King learnt that the Cardinal of Scotland was made prisoner by the
earl of Haren, governor, and his adherents; at which the Queen was
astounded and uttered cries and laments, and earl Douglas, who was
deputed to console her, told her only that she should not be concerned
(ne se debvoit effayer ny faire cas) at the taking of a man of so base sort, and
it was only to examine him about something. The cause of his
apprehension is said to be intelligence with the French and procuring to
bring Mons. de Guyse or some other from France to govern Scotland,
which the Scots will in nowise permit. Earl Douglas and his brother
George who have so long been banished from Scotland are now there in
great credit with the Governor, and so far there seems to be hope and
appearance that the King's affairs will go well there, and at least that
he will withdraw the Scots from the amity, intelligence, partiality and
devotion of France.
Is, for haste, unable to send a fair copy of the treaty or make one for
Mons. de Granvelle, and begs her after perusing the annexed minute to
forward it to Granvelle. The Council have just sent word that their
ambassador in Venice wrote that the Pope was practising with the King of
France to acquire the duchy of Milan for a nephew of his; and that
the Emperor should keep an eye on their designs. Also that to-morrow
would be published the abstinence of war with Scotland, from whence two
ambassadors were coming and there was appearance of dissension among
the lords of Scotland because of the Cardinal's detention. Of the
Cardinal's party were the earl of Mourel, bastard brother of the late King,
and the other two whom the Cardinal affirmed to have been left co-governors
with Haren, and also Earl Bouduel who came hither lately from
Flanders and, as being of the house of Stuars, claims a share in the
government; but as yet the other party is far the stronger, including the
Earl of Douglas and all the prisoners who were here, and, if it come to
fighting, will be furnished here with money and necessaries.
Begs her to order payment of his salary, of which, soon after receipt of
this, four months will be due. London, 12 Feb.
French. Modern transcript from Vienna, pp. 6.
32,649, f. 137.
151. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Received this morning the enclosed letters from Lisle showing that
the news of the Governor's taking was untrue. Enclose a letter to Lisle
from Mr. Brian which seems to imply a determination contrary to that
agreed upon by Lisle and him. Cannot tell what private instructions Brian
may have, but think he will do little good in the Frithe; and that meanwhile
the King's subjects and provisions shall be spoiled, for Brian means
not to send any ships of war southward, but leave two ships of war which,
as he supposes, be setting forth from Lynne to repair to the Foreland and
conduct the provisions. Know not whether there be such ships at Lynne;
but, if there be, the writers beg the Council to haste them forward or else
send instructions for the King's navy here. Newcastle, 12 Feb. Signed by
Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
Ask whether, as bruited here, eleven sail of Frenchmen and Scots are
taken about Portsmouth "by reason of" the King's blockhouses.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 143.
No. 298 (1).
152. Suffolk to Arran.
Wrote by Sir Geo. Dowglas that he would advertise the King of
Arran's request for abstinence and safe-conduct, which are now sent by
bearer, Richmond herald. Doubts not but Arran will now haste his
ambassadors to the King. Warns him to remember what a party he has
against him, by France and by the clergy, who, by speeches and rewards
and by setting up the earl of Lynoux, whom they allege to be heir to
Scotland next after the Princess, will try to appoint another governor. It
will be wise to provide against this, as he has been advised by Lisle and
Suffolk. Again promises to forward his suits to the King.
Copy, p. 1. Headed : The copy of my lord of Suff. letter to th'erle of
Arrayn of the xijth Februar at Newcastle. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 146.
No. 298 (2).
153. Lisle to Suffolk.
A Scottishman whom he has had with Anguishe these ten days has
brought a letter from Anguishe and others of the lords who were in
England to the Council. Sir Robert Bowis and the other prisoners are
delivered, upon their own bonds, and shall be to-night at Norham and here
to-morrow. Anguishe sent word that only five men of war have been
abroad, two of which are returned with eight or nine prizes and the rest
are still abroad. The Governor had to grant them liberty to sell their
wines before they would come within the pier of Lithe, but says he
will answer for the value. They took some 30 sail of English ships.
There is like to be a ruffle amongst themselves. Some of the lords do their
best to get the Cardinal free. Has sent Raye with a letter to Arren. Will
buy 20 or 30 tun of the wine, which is set at a great price, 28 French
crowns the tun. Has not heard from Dromond since his going into
Scotland. It shows the credit to be given to espials of this country when
Swyno, who sent word of Arren's taking, has but twice sent intelligence
and neither time true. Was sure that could not be true, for, besides this
Scottishman with Anguishe, he had three Englishmen lying in Edinburgh;
but he gave more credit to Brian Layton's intelligence, which also failed.
The burning at Capthetune on South Tyne was by Eylwilles, Nixsons
and Crosyers brought in by the two outlawed Charletons. A widow, one
of the Mydelmors of Tyndale, sent to her kinsfolk in Tyndale to rescue her
goods, and a great fray ensued in which many were hurt on both sides, so
that Lythersdale and Tyndale which have been such friends are like to be
at feud. Alnwick, 12 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
154. Hier. Capo Di Ferro to Card. Farnese.
Kept till the 12th. :— Last night came news that a Scottish exile with
a number of men has, by night, assaulted the castle of the Cardinal of
St. Andrews, slain most of his servants and carried the Cardinal prisoner into
England. This is not yet certain, but I believe it too true; "il che a Dio
non piaccia, che, oltre a molti interessi che vi sono, serria un peccato de
quel povero signore tanto e honissimo prelato." Paris, 10 Feb., '43.
Signed : Hier. Datario.
Italian. Modern extract from a Vatican MS., p. 1. Headed : Di
Hieronimo Datario al R'mo Card. Farnese.
32,649, f. 141.
155. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Received yesterday the King's letters to Suffolk, with the
abstinence and safe-conduct, the King's letter to Arren and the Council's to
Anguysshe and Sir Geo. Dowglas, and copies of them. Dated the abstinence
and safe-conduct, and, yesterday at 4 p.m., sent them and the above letters
forth by Richmond herald; with a letter from Suffolk to Arren in
accordance with the King's instructions. Where the King writes that,
in accordance with the order Suffolk took with Sir Geo. Dowglas,
payment of the 200 men Dowglas had in wages is to be continued; the
writers explain that the order was taken with the lord Warden and was but
for 100 men, which is all that Anguysshe and Sir Geo. Dowglas have had
since the army was discharged. What the writers wrote to ask was
whether to allow wages for 200 over and above the said 100. Will now,
if required, allow them for 200 men until further instructions.
Suffolk's servant Barnes, sent, by appointment, to Oliver Sayntclere,
has returned with credence from Sayntclere that all things went
well for the King's purpose, who should relent nothing, and
that Suffolk should write a gentle letter to the Queen who
was willing for the marriage between the lord Prince and her daughter.
Arren and other lords expressed the wish that Barnes had brought a letter
to the Queen; and Murrey said that he was ready to serve the King and
would be glad to see both realms under one governance, for then they
would be "strong enough to pluck the Great Turk out of his den."
Bothwell also sent a message that he remained the King's servant, and
Cassells and Seyntelere said that they durst affirm for Bothwell; but
Murrey, Glencarne, Cassells and all the rest thought Sir Geo. Dowglas
laboured to do all and get all the thanks for their services. Arren caused
a Black Friar (fn. 2) to preach upon the abuses of the Church and in favour of
setting forth the Bible and Testament in English, and asked Barnes how
he liked the sermon. Arren and Murrey have two men lying about
Donbarre to watch who goes and comes; but Arren gave orders that Barnes
should pass freely. Enclose a letter which Barnes brought from lord
Maxwell, and also letters received this morning from the lord Warden, a
letter from Anguysshe and the Scottish prisoners to the Council, a letter
from Mr. Bryan to the Council, and letters received from Sir Thos. Wharton
and from Edw. Shelley with the inventory of Sir Geo. Lawson's goods.
Newcastle, 13 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 148.
156. Lisle to Suffolk.
This morning, at 5 a.m., received his letters by Richmond herald,
whom he forthwith despatched into Scotland with the King's letters to
Arren, Anguishe and Sir George Douglas, and the other instruments he
carried. As directed by the Council and by Mr. Wryothesley, wrote a letter
to Arren (copy enclosed). With Richmond herald, sent his servant Denys
(who was brought up in France and knows all the French court and the
servants who waited on the Cardinal there) to note if any Frenchmen are
entertained in the Governor's house, and which of the Cardinal's servants
frequent it most.
Has, on receipt of Suffolk's letter, sent to the captains appointed to have
this night ridden a foray in East Tevydale in return for that made in
Norhamshire. Brian Layton and Sir Ralph Evers were appointed to this,
but required first to know Suffolk's pleasure. Returns letters which Suffolk
sent to show him. Has heard nothing from Mr. Brian these two days, but
has this day sent letters to Holy Island for him. Alnwick castle, 13 Feb.
P.S.—Forwards a letter to Suffolk from Anguishe and Sir George
Douglas. A messenger he has had at Edinburgh these six or seven days
has just brought word from Sir George that if he had tarried two days
longer, when last with Suffolk, the Cardinal had been delivered. Much of
the wine is sold in Edinburgh. It is ill wine and very dear, the cheapest
6l. 10s. the tun.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 150.
No. 299 (1).
157. Lisle to Arran.
Sent the effect of his last letters, of the 5th inst., to the lord Lieutenant,
and expects that he will shortly have good answer to his request for a safe-conduct
to send certain persons to the King. Protests zeal for Arran's
welfare. Considering how certain of the nobles and the bishops stomach
the apprehension of the Cardinal, Arran should send him to Tentallen
castle and so to Berwick to be surely kept; for as many crafts as the
subtlety of the Frenchmen can devise will be used for his delivery.
Understands that certain of the lords who favour him not, and all the bishops,
are gone to their own countries to make parties against him. Thinks he
should use policy to entertain as many as possible of these lords and win to
himself the best learned of the clergy; and so get knowledge of what his
adversaries conspire. As the Cardinal is bp. of Sanct Androws, it were well
to choose some learned man addict to the truth and make him commissary
in the Cardinal's captivity, with promise of succeeding. Reminds him to
use both time and policy and force, and not to attempt too much at once.
It were not amiss to "let slip amongst the people" the Bible and New
Testament in English. Offers, if Arran has none in his own tongue, to
procure him some out of England. Alnwick castle, 13 Feb.
Copy, pp. 3. Docketed : The copy of my lord Warden's letters unto
th'earl of Arren, governor of Scotland. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 153.
158. Arran to Henry VIII.
Henry's servitour, Mr. John Drummond, has so declared his zeal
towards his proniece and Arran and this realm (certifying the duke of
Gweyis's coming, &c.) as to inflame the writer "with favour, amity and
true intent towards your Majesty." Will serve him before all other
princes, "saulfand oure honour and liberte of this reaulme." Edinburgh,
14 Feb. 1542. Signed : James Gowernour.
Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
A. P. C., 84.
159. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 13 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal,
Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. No business recorded.
No entry on the 14th.
Meeting at Westm., 15 Feb. Present : as above and also Norfolk and
Riche. Business :—An information by Nicholas Privat, flewter (?
"Nicholas, privat flewter," in Dasent) against Ric. Guerland, Dutchman,
constable's deputy of St. Towles parish in Hart Street, referred to Sir Ric.
160. Richard Paulet.
Bond given by Ric. Poulet to Edw. earl of Hertford, High Chamberlain
(who has returned to the said Richard a bill, dated 10 Sept. 28
Henry VIII., of receipt for 40l. from the said earl for certain monastic
goods in Wiltshire) to pay the said earl 40l. if it be proved that the earl
paid him on the said 10th Sept. more than 70l. 15 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII.
32,649, f. 154.
No. 301 (1).
161. Lisle to Suffolk.
Encloses a letter just received from John Drummond, which
although short seems to show a good meaning. The messenger he sent
with Drummond thinks all things will come to the King's pleasure.
Anguishe and his brother well deserve what the King has bestowed upon
them; and wherever Anguishe speaks of the King he never fails to pull off
his cap and say "the King's Majesty my master, God save his grace."
The priests throughout the realm are "at a stay again for mass and divine
service." Last Sunday was none sung in Edinburgh save by the chaplains
of Arren and Anguishe. There is a Black Friar (fn. 3) who preaches the Gospel;
and Arren and Anguishe cause him to preach daily in Hollyrodhouse abbey
or the great parish church, (fn. 4) themselves accompanying him to prevent his
being torn in pieces. All the lords who were here can abide speaking
against the Bishop of Rome except lord Flemyng. Bothwell is wholly the
Cardinal's. As the messenger came by lord Setton's house he saw horses
at the gate and was told that Bothwell was within with the Cardinal.
Marvels at this. Ignorant people grudge at the Cardinal's imprisonment,
and say that "the Governor was a good man till he rounded with th'erle
of Anguishe and his brother." Seeing that Anguishe and most of the
nobles who were in England honestly serve the King, doubtless the King's
purpose will succeed. Looks hourly to hear how the abstinence and safe-conduct
are embraced, and for answer to his letter of the 13th to
Now that the King's ships "be thus spoiled and torn with tempest," the
Scottish merchant ships in Camfyre will take boldness to come away.
Proposes, with Suffolk's approval, to man the two top ships and two tall
crayers that brought victual to Holy Island and his own bark of 80 tons,
hoping to light upon some [of these merchantman]. Has some good archers
who would fain be occupied; and has sent to the masters to put the ships
and crayers ready, and for his own bark to come into the Scate Rode. Alnwick,
15 Feb. Signed.
P.S.—Hears that 160 Ryddesdale men have made a foray into Scotland
and fired Anckram in West Tevydale, but the country has risen and taken
40 of them. This is contrary to Lisle's command to their keeper. The news
was declared to Lisle in presence of George Heron's servant, from whom he
has just received a letter which makes no mention of that matter—a
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 156.
162. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Enclose letters just received from the lord Admiral. Where he asks
Suffolk's advice for the setting forth of certain ships; considering that it
would please the King to hear of some of the Scottish ships now at
Camfyre being met with (which the King's navy here, being so torn and
spoiled of their tackle, cannot do), and that the extra charge should be
small, as the men and soldiers to be put into the ships are already in the
King's wages, the writers have advised the lord Admiral to carry out his
device. Know not where Mr. Bryan and his company are.
Sir Robert Bowes and Sir Cuthb. Ratclif are come home upon their own
bonds, and the rest follow. Bowes goes up to declare what he has learnt
in Scotland, and Ratclif writes to "you, Master Browne," such things as
he thinks should be declared to the King. Newcastle, 15 Feb., at night.
Signed by Suffolk, Parr and Sadleyr.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd : ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX., 306.
163. Paget to Henry VIII.
Upon receipt of his letters of the 9th, repaired on Tuesday last to
Fontainebleau, where the King and Council then arrived. Next day, was
admitted to the Council, viz. the Cardinal of Turnon, Mons. Danebault,
and Messrs. Bayard and Bochetel, the two premier secretaries. Told them
he was commanded to say that Henry marvelled at their ingrate proceeding
(using the word "ingrate" instead of the English "unkind") in
the arrest of the English ships, and so forth, as in Henry's letter. Describes
verbatim a stormy conference in which the French complained that the
English bought and sold their subjects like calves, buying them from
Flemings at 20d. apiece and offering them for 20s., that their ships in the
Wight were arrested when they thought themselves safe and the crews had
landed to go to mass, that two of them had been arrested in presence
of their ambassador, that Artigo was an honest man, that no one could say
anything against the Farroniere, and that the ships were not only arrested
but the merchandise sold. Paget maintained that the French ships
arrested in England were pirates (as Guillaume le Gra and Germain
de Couldre, chief owners of the ships arrested in Wight, had confessed),
that the English merchants arrested in France were rigorously
imprisoned, and that the Ambassador might have bailed the French mariners
if he had not been afraid to trust them; and he made light of
Danebault's information that the town of Diepe asked licence to man 50
ships to make reprisals, and, when Bochetel said Mons. Rocheport had a
process in England now five or six years and could get no end, replied by
citing Suffolk's causes which had lasted eighteen or twenty years in France.
The conclusion was, that they would not release the merchants and ships
unless theirs were likewise released, and they thought that commissioners
should meet at some frontier place to set order.
Commenting upon the above conference, Paget says, "If I had been out
of their presence I could have laughed at Mons Danebaultz fantasies, for I
never talked in my life that I can remember with a man that should be
wise and that hath so little reason." The Cardinal wots not what
to say and Danebault would fain show himself what he is not;
and yet those two now rule all, for the Admiral is fallen sick
again by the way. Advised them to use means rather than force and
prayed them to write truly to their ambassador what Paget had said.
They promised to do so and to let him see the despatch. Thinks that, with
all their brag (which is characteristic), they are afraid, for they have no money
and are hated by the Almains both for beginning this war and for their ill
payments. Captains of 800 horse and 6,000 or 7,000 Gueldrois foot have
sued here for two months and can get nothing of their wages, which are
four months behind. The reported amity between Henry and the Emperor,
the arrest of their ships, Henry's success in Scotland, his demand of his
pension, and now this quick message of Paget's, make them look for a
breach, and they "intend to keep somewhat while they have it." For all
their brag of 100,000 footmen, they have not out of Italy over 500 light
horse and 6,000 footmen, and of Swiss and lance-knights 26,000 counting
the unpaid Gueldrois.
Mons. de Guise is gone in haste to Picardy, Luxemburg side, with (as we
say here) 800 men of arms and 24,000 foot, because the Burgundians
invade there with 1,000 horse and 3,000 foot and Count Guillaume is at
Metz coming down to serve your Majesty with 10,000 lanceknights; but
our nature here is like dogs which never do as they should until brought
under foot. The English ships are arrested as at merchant's suits, with
protestation in the letters patent that war is not intended.
Hears no more of Chemans nor of the earl of Lynokes going into
Scotland. The restitution of Angus and imprisonment of the Cardinal
lets their enterprises, "whereof they have heard here a good while ago, so
ready is your passage at Dover, and especially to bring them to Boulloyn
without coming to Calais." They have also good passage "against
Brittayn side." They make out ships from Diepe. A gentleman usher (fn. 5) of
the Privy Chamber is sent with a present of falcons to the Queen of
Hungary. "Monsr. Dorthe, a man of the long robe, brother to the
vicomte Dorthe, cometh now to reside with your Majesty."
Encloses a letter from Rowen showing names of merchants in London
who "colour" Frenchmen's goods, both in England and Flanders; also
the names of certain Sapaniards, denizens in Rowen, who procured this stay
of English ships and have goods in SPaniard's hands in London.
Begs (at some length) pardon for the escape of "this false traitorous boy
Dudley" who, while Paget was at supper, whipped out at the door and
was out of sight before the "beastly fool," his keeper, could open the door
and follow. It will be hard to get him again. Paris, 15 Feb. 11 p.m.
This morning, coming from Fontainebleau, met a courier coming out of
England from the Ambassador, who told Hammes that the King of
England would without fail make war. This courier's arrival may stay
Dorthe's going. Signed.
Pp. 17. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding, in the hand of Paget's clerk.
164. Treaty with Charles V.
Commission to Bp. Bonner to take the Emperor's oath to the treaty
of 11 Feb.
See the Emperor's ratification, 31 March.
A. P. C.,
165. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 16 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to lord Lisle, warden of
the Marches, to provide a "convenient proportion" of sea-coal to be sent
6113, f. 167.
166. The Earl Of Hertford.
Grant to Edw. earl of Hertford of the office of Great Chamberlain,
vice Robert earl of Sussex. Westm., 16 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII.
Later copy, pp. 2. See Grants in February, No. 58.
167. Convocation Of Canterbury.
From 28 March  Convocation was prorogued to 3 April, when,
by the King's writ, dated 3 April 33 Hen. VIII., it was prorogued to 4 Nov.
and thence, by another writ, to 23 Jan., and thence to 16 Feb.
On 16 Feb. both houses decreed a subsidy of 4s. in the pound in three
years. The Prolocutor exhibited homilies made by certain prelates, and a
petition for the making of Ecclesiastical laws and payment of tithes. On
21 Feb. the Abp. announced that the King wished all mass books, antiphoners
and portuises to be newly examined and corrected from all mention
of the bishop of Rome, "from all apocryphas, feigned legends, superstitious
orations, collects, versicles and responses, that the names and
memories of all saints which be not mentioned in the Scripture or authentical
doctors should be abolished and put out of the same books and
calendars," and that the services should be made out of the Scriptures and
authentical doctors. This examination was committed to the bishops of
Sarum and Ely. It was ordered that every Sunday and holyday curates
should, after the Te Deum and Magnifieat, read a chapter of the New
Testament without exposition "and when the New Testament was read
over, then to begin the Old."
On 23 Feb. the instrument for a subsidy of 6s. in the pound was exhibited,
with four petitions, viz.—1. For the Ecclesiastical laws to be made
according to the statute of 5 (qu. 25?) Hen. VIII. 2. Against the ungodly
solemnisation of marriages frequently used in the hospital of Bethlehem
without Bishopsgate. 3. For an Act of Parliament for amalgamation of
small benefices. 4. For an Act for true payment of tithes.
On the 17th (sic) of that month Convocation was prorogued by the King's
writ to 4 April, 1543.
168. The Earl Of Hertford.
Acknowledgement of receipt 17 Feb. 34 Henry VIII. from Edw.
earl of Hertford of 40l. for goods bought out of late monasteries in
Wiltshire. Signed : Rycharde Poulet.
Small paper, p. 1.
A. P. C., 85.
169. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 17 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Privy Seal,
Hertford, Westminster, Browne, Cheyney, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Business :—Certain French ships being stayed at Portsmouth, one of which
was laden with herring which might "come to nought," commission was
sent to John Milles, John Chatterton, John Whight and — Pace to
sell it and reserve the money. Commission stamped for Thos. Chamberlayne,
sent on the King's affairs, by sea, to take up men, &c., if necessary.
Ant. Draycott, clk., accused by lady Draycott, his brother's wife, gave
recognisance (cited) to attend daily.
170. Chapuys to Charles V.
Contrary to the expectation of many, the treaty of closer amity is at
last concluded; and Chapuys expects that the Emperor will be pleased
with his service therein, and much more would be if he knew the quarter
of what has passed here. Not to weary him with particulars, encloses copy
of letters to the Queen of Hungary, which contain all occurrents, save that
Chapuys has since learnt that what this King was hitherto treating with the
Scots was (for his assurance and to remove the Scots from the devotion of France)
to have the little daughter of the late King of Scotland into his hands; and
there is some appearance of his attaining it, provided that he promises not to
marry her to his son but to some other who might reside in Scotland, or at least
the children of the marriage, and that meanwhile the Governor there might keep
the administration. Thinks that the ambassadors of Scotland are coming about
this, and surely it would come as aptly for the prejudice of the French and
the good (faire) of the Emperor as if the King possessed Scotland, besides that the
danger of the withdrawal from the obedience of the Holy See would cease.
Omitted to mention in his letters to the Queen that for the comprehension of
the king of the Romans in the treaty he made no great instance, as the Emperor
did not stay much upon it and the English might have, for recompense,
demanded some new thing or made more difficulty about the other points.
Besides, it seemed better to omit it, especially since there had been respite
touching the restitution of Maran, for in naming him alone the Emperor would
exclude all others and His Holiness might somewhat resent it, who cannot
complain of not being comprehended when the Emperor's only brother was
forgotten; and, moreover, it is always in the Emperor's power to include him
before the ratification. Also, besides that on the Emperor's part the new title
("traicte" qu. tiltre) which the King arrogates is not approved nor avowed, it
is touched in such a way as may very well be interpreted in quite another sense
than it is by the English, so that no one can slander the Emperor; and, in
addition, Chapuys has cancelled what the deputies had put at the end of
the instrument near the date, viz. the words "selon la computacion et rite
de Veglise Anglicane." London, 17 Feb. 1542.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna.
[Ib., No. 102.]
171. Chapuys to Charles V.
Just after closing the packet herewith, received the Emperor's
letters of the 23rd ult. Is very sorry not to have received them eight
days earlier, before the treaty was concluded, to the completion of which he
was much pressed by the Queen of Hungary, as the Council of Flanders
thought the article inserted in his letters of 2 Nov. unobjectionable, for
neither the Pope nor the ecclesiastical state is mentioned in it, and the other
article of the hantise has been altered in the way the Emperor wishes, as
also is that of the rebels. Hopes when the Emperor has reviewed the whole
his conscience will not be hurt; but regrets very much not having sooner
received the Emperor's orders, of which he will make no sign till he has
news from his Majesty.
But for fear of making those here suspicious or indignant, would have excused
sending his man; but considers that meanwhile time is gained and that before the
ratification things might take place which would help to get the whole reformed
to the Emperor's satisfaction : and, if not, he hopes and thinks that if once
this King enters into perfect confidence he will gratify the Emperor touching
the cause of difficulty and in several other cases (touchant ce ou gist le
scrupule et en plusieurs autres cas). The article of defence wherein the
only difficulty rests seems more moderate than that of the treaty of Cambray, for,
besides not mentioning the ecclesiastical state, it is not couched in such comprehensive
terms, although even if it was it would not comprehend his Holiness
(? "sa Mate" "for sa Sancte"?), to comprehend whom the doctors say that
a specific mention is necessary.
Touching the Bp. of London several of this Council, knowing his indiscretion,
will promote his recal. London, 17 Feb. 1542.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS., endd. as received
at Molin de Rey, 30 March, 1543.
32,649, f. 162.
172. The Privy Council to Suffolk and Others.
Received their letters of the 13th and the writings therewith and
informed the King. The answer is (1) that the King approves their
proceedings; and (2) is pleased with their order to pay Anguishe and Sir
Geo. Douglasse wages for 200 men, and will by next letters send the order
for the garrisons after the abstinence. (3) Suffolk shall write both to the
Queen and Murrey : to the Queen that he is glad to hear that she shows
herself comformable to the King's overtures for the marriage of the Prince
with her young daughter; and to Murrey repeating his own message and
assuring him that he will find the King gracious, and offering to convey any
letters he will direct to the King. These two letters, sent by a wise man,
with one to the Governor declaring that you have written to the Queen as
your servant Barnes told you he desired you to do, will help to learn how
the game goes. (4) The French king, hearing that things in Scotland go
not after his appetite, has resolved that Guise, instead of a small
number of Almaynes, shall take 12,000 or 16,000, who, with
the clergy and others there, may proceed by way of conquest; and these
men shall ship in Britain. This is to be signified to Anguishe and Sir
George Douglas, and may be verified by sending into Britayn; and, albeit
it is impossible to transport so great a number at this season, still, unless
the West side be made sure, such a number will come as, with the party
already there, could do much.
(5) The works at Berwyk and Wark are to be continued, bestowing thereon
some of the money which Sir Geo. Lawson left. Further instructions will
be sent by Gower; and meanwhile Lawson's accounts should be audited.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 8. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of
Suff., &c., xvij Febr. ao xxxiiijo.
32,649, f. 159.
173. Arran to Henry VIII.
Rothissay herald was ready to depart towards the earl of Suffolk,
with Arran's answer to the letters he brought from Henry on the 12th
inst., when Richemont herald arrived with writings dated Westmester, the
9th inst., and letters under Henry's broad seal for an abstinence by land
from 14 Feb. to 1 June next and a safe-conduct for ambassadors, etc.
Has written answer to Suffolk and will prepare the ambassadors with all
diligence. Has summoned a Parliament for 12 March, partly for
"reductioun" of forfeitures laid against Angus, George Douglas and their
friends by the late King; and, as the return at Palm Sunday of the lords
who were lately prisoners in England would be a hindrance to this
"reductioun," he begs that their return may be prorogued until Whitsunday
next, or any other day after the feist of Pasche next. Halyrudhous, 17
Feb., 1 Mary. Signed : James Governour.
Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
174. Arran to Lisle.
Has received his writing dated Alnwick, 13th inst., and cannot
thank him sufficiently for his favour. Where you write that certain of the
noblemen and bishops are stomached at the apprehension of our Cardinal
and devise to have him delivered, and that certain of the lords spiritual
and temporal are departed to their own countries, apparently to move
something to our prejudice; our Cardinal was apprehended for high
treasons well known to our Council, who are all of one mind with us
"except our bishops and clergy, whom we charged not to be on our Council
in that matter." None of our temporal lords departed from us displeasantly,
and most of them are as well minded as we to forthset the
Word of God. "And as to our haill clergy, thai hafe been sa consuetit
in tymis bypast continuallye eftir thair awin lustis and fleshly desyris that
thai nevir exertit thaim to knaw the Word of God, nor yit will apply thaim
thairto, and wes auctorizat in thair blyndnes in tymes bygane in sic maner
that quhat ever thai wald statute or ordane be thaim selfis to the stopping of
Goddis Haly Word, the samyn wes put to executioun be the Kingis Grace
auctorite, quhame God pardone, havand na respect to the temporall stait."
As all the clergy are stomached at his intention to reform such abuses and
none of them "hes ane sponk of lycht," he has caused certain poor friars to
preach the true Word of God and show people the "abusion of the
state of clergy" in times past. The Cardinal shall be surely kept. As
there are no bibles to be gotten in the vulgar tongue, begs Lisle to send
an Englishman here with some to sell. The ambassadors whom he
purposes shortly to send to the King will declare his mind further.
Edinburgh, 17 Feb. Signed : James G.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C.,
175. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 18 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker. Business :—A petition of
Chr. Metcalff, of Nappay, for an injunction from the lord Chancellor, in a
controversy with lord Scrope, seemed reasonable; and the clerk of the
Council was commanded to declare it to the lord Chancellor.
176. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Not to delay this courier (regretting that he did not arrive eight
days ago) will not make this long; and has nothing to say beyond what
she will see by the copy of his letters to the Emperor, which, with the copy
of the treaty, he begs her to forward to Grandvelle.
The Emperor orders him to give the personage (fn. 6) whom she knows 200 cr.
besides what has been already advanced; and he, therefore, writes to his
man to deliver it as soon as he receives money from Messrs. des Finances.
Towards the expenses of his man whom he sends into Spain, begs to have
some advance upon his salary. London, 18 Feb., 1542.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
St. P., IX.
177. H. Lord Mawtravers to Henry VIII.
Encloses copy of the French king's commandment whereby
English subjects in France are arrested. It could not be gotten before
Wednesday last. On the 10th inst. arrived at Roan, from Paris, a lighter
of 100 tons laden with pikes, staves, and other munitions of war, which
were, on the 12th, 13th, 14th, secretly transferred into three ships of 30
tons apiece. It is said to be for Picardy or Brittayn. All ships in
those parts above 10 tons burden are stayed. The English mariners in
Newhaven are imprisoned, because some of those first arrested departed
without leave. Calais, 18 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
178. Archbishopric Of York.
See Grants in February, No. 66.
A. P. C.,
179. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 19 Feb. Present : Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt.
Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, Baker. Business :— Commission directed to Mr.
Worsly, Captain of the Isle of Wight, Mr. Milles, John Whight of
Sowthwyke, and Mr. Chatterton, to make an inventory of goods in the
French ships stayed at Portsmouth and keep them safe. Letters written to
Sir John Walloppe to victual Guisnes castle and have an eye to the Pale,
&c. Two letters to Sir Edw. Wotton and Mr. Palmer to pay Calais and
Guisnes pursuivants, for journeys in the King's affairs, at the accustomed
rates. Letter written to Ric. Cavendisshe to agree with John Aster for a
last of herring unjustly taken from him at Dover.
180. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Yesternight arrived Sir Thos. Wharton's son with the enclosed
letters and one Spence, servant to the earl Bothwell, to declare a
credence which he had brought to Wharton; which credence agrees with
the writing made by Wharton save in the point touching the conveyance
of the young Princess into Lyddesdale and her delivering to such as
the King shall appoint, which in his tale to the writers was that,
if the King would assist his master, his Majesty should doubtless
obtain her. Despatched Spence back to his master with semblance of
much joy that his said master continued (as he affirmed) intent upon
serving the King according to his promise. Ask what further answer to
make if Bothwell shall still press for it. Have heard nothing out of
Scotland since they despatched Richmond herald with the abstinence and
safe conduct; nor any word of Mr. Bryan and his company on the sea.
Newcastle, 19 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadleyr.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C.,
181. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 20 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter sent to Mr.
Worseley, John Milles, John Whight and John Chatterton to deliver to
those who have custody of the Frenchmen stayed, with their ships, at
Portsmouth, a convenient portion of the money raised of the sale of
herrings. A passport signed for Edm. Atkinson and Mich. de Livre to
take up post horses between this and Plymouth; and letter written to
(blank) to provide a vessel for Atkinson's transportation to Spain.
Recognisance by John Whippell, John Lancye and John Gernell, upon an
"order for the paying of their personal tithes taken with their curate," to
appear on the first day of next term.
St. P. IX.,
182. Henry VIII. to Francis I.
Is recalling his ambassador, Wm. Paget, who makes suit to return
because of illness, and will send another in his place with all diligence.
French. Draft. Broadsheet, p. 1. Endd : Minute to the French king
for Mr. Paget's return, xxo Feb. ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX.,
183. Henry VIII. to Paget.
Has received his letters of the 15th of his conference with Tournon
and others of the Council and approves his proceedings. Grants his sundry
requests (because of disease and sickness) to return and has appointed the
dean of York (fn. 7) to replace him. Encloses letters (copy herewith) to be
delivered to the French king, upon presentment of which, and leave taken,
he shall return.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Paget, xxo Feb.
283 f. 149.
184. The Privy Council to the Mayor and Officers of Plymouth.
Order to supply bearers, Edm. Atkynson and Michael de Livre,
whom the King's sends into Spain, with a convenient vessel for their
transport. Westm., 20 Feb. Signed by Cranmer, Norfolk, Russell,
Hertford, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche and
P. 1. Add.
185. Penrith, Cumb.
Release, by Jas. Hodschone of Penretht, smith, to Ant. Penroddok,
of Cokarmouth (to the use of Eliz. late wife of Edw. Penroddok of Arkilbe,
Cumb., and her heirs), of his title to a tenement in the Castlegate, in
Penretht. Dated 20 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII.
Latin. Copy, p. 1.
186. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Send sundry letters received this morning from the lord Warden,
Anguishe and Sir George Douglas. Deny that Douglas ever moved Suffolk,
as he writes, for a longer day of entry of the Scottish lords prisoners.
Wrote of Sir George's desire touching Glencarne, but he spake no word of
the rest. By Anguishe's letter to the lord Warden it appears that he and
the lords prisoners have now written to the King for a longer day of entry;
but the writers have received no such letter.
Had written thus far when Richmond herald arrived with others of
the enclosed letters. Whereas Arren writes to Suffolk promising delivery of
Leche's brother; intend to appoint the captain of Berwick to receive him.
Yesterday received the Council's letters of the 17th, and Suffolk forthwith
wrote (by his servant Barnes) to the Queen, the Governor, Murrey and
Anguishe and Sir George Douglas (copies enclosed). According to the
lord Admiral's letter (enclosed) for speedy sending of coals to Calais have
appointed with the mayor here for the sending of 3 or 4 vessels. Whereas
the lord Warden writes to Suffolk that, but for his letters, the raids by
Scots of Tevydale should have been "paid home"; point out that they
first wrote to the lord Warden for revenge, but afterwards, receiving
the abstinence and safe conduct, they reflected that the revenge might be
done after the date of the abstinence and so (as it could be no great matter)
countermanded it. Newcastle, 20 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr
P.S.—Have letters from Sir Thos. Wharton enclosing letters to him
from Maxwell (sent herewith); and have answered that he shall not refuse
to speak with Maxwell or other Scottishmen, but shall learn from them
the state of their proceedings, that he may let — Symple have his
children into Scotland and that he shall still detain his prisoner called the
laird of Lough.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
No. 306 (1).
187. Suffolk to Arran.
Perceives, by his servant, the bearer, that Arran wished he had
written a letter to the Queen Dowager of Scotland. Has therefore written
such a letter, and begs licence for his said servant to deliver it to her.
Copy, p. 1. Endd. : The copy of my 1. of Suff. lettre to th'erle of
Arreyn, 20 Feb. ao 34o from Newcastle.
188. Arran to Suffolk.
Bearer, Rotesaye herald, will deliver a letter under the Great Seal
of abstinence of war for the part of Scotland from 14 Feb. to 1 June next,
conformable to the letters of abstinence received from England. Has proclaimed
it everywhere; and meanwhile desires that attemptates on the
Borders may be redressed by the Border laws. Will hasten the
ambassadors to the King, to conclude all matters. Holyrudhouse beside
Edinburgh, 20 Feb. 1542.
Copy, p. 1. Add. Endd. : Copie of therle of Arrens lettre to the duke
of Suff., xxo Feb. ao xxxiiijo.
189. Truce with Scotland.
Acceptance by Mary Queen of Scots of Henry VIII.'s grant of an
abstinence from hostilities from the 14th inst. to 1 June next, upon the
conditions required, viz., that [within 12 d]ays after receipt of the King's
letters of abstinence the Earl of Arran, her "tutoure", [shall make] to the
King's lieutenant on the Borders a similar promise on the part of this realm,
with the addition that during the abstinence neither he nor others of the
realm shall treat of any alliance or amity with any other prince or potentate,
or favor any who are not the King's friends; and that in the mean time
Arran shall send ambassadors to the King to treat for peace. Edinburgh,
20 Feb. 1542. Signed by Arran as Governor "James G."
2. Contemporary copy of the preceding.
3. Modern copy of the same.
Calig. B. VII.
4. Another copy, not contemporary.