A. P. C.,
190. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 21 Feb. Present : Chancellor, Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter written to Oliver Walloppe,
George Paullett and John Norton to send up, in honest sort, Thos.
Stevens, parson of Bentworth, and three of his servants (named) and take
an inventory of his goods; also to Paullett and Norton to avoid the
country of certain vagabonds "going up and down in the name of
Egyptians." Letters written to the mayor of Pembrokeshere (sic) to bring
the inventory of a ship driven by weather into those parts; and also to
Roger Barlow to bring intelligence of such pieces as were thought to be
embezzled out of the ship by the mayor.
191. Lisle to Arran.
Is glad to perceive by his letters that all things proceed so well, not
doubting that his zeal to the setting forth of God's Word will prosper him;
and always requiring him to regard the furtherance of the King's godly
purpose, which shall be to his greatest honor and surety. Forwards a letter
just received from Suffolk, who has also willed Lisle to appoint with him
for receiving Leche's brother. Will send a deputy to receive him at the
Bond Rode of Berwik on Monday next, between 12 and 2 p.m., with
40 horse as at last delivery of prisoners. Requires him to command his
borderers to keep better rule; for divers of East Tyvedale have ridden a
foray and slain a man, and excuse themselves by saying that they have no
command to the contrary. Credence for Hen. Raie, pursuivant of Berwick,
this bearer, who will show words spoken by a lewd priest near Dunbar
anempst the King. It is detestable "that such vile wretches should be
suffered to blaspheme so noble a prince," and doubtless Arran will see him
Copy, pp. 2. Endd. : Copy of the letter from the Viscount Lisle to
th'earl of Arren, xxjo Febr. ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C.,
192. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 22 Feb. Present : Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt.
Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to the lord Great Master
with 400 letters for the musters for which he had written.
193. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote three days ago both by way of Almain and Italy and by this
side, with an express man, of all occurrents, and especially the conclusion
of the treaty of closer amity. The King has since sent him word that the
bp. of London wrote only of a rumor of the Emperor's coming to Almain
and Flanders, charging Chapuys to write that, if the Emperor should
decide to pass by this sea, he would equip not only his own ships but
others to escort his Majesty. Moreover, he has sent word that his man of
Venice (fn. 1) notified that there was great intelligence between the bp. of Rome
and the king of France, and treaty of marriage between His Holiness's
nephew and some French lady, and the French were planning, with His
Holiness's help, some enterprise against Florence; and that Chapuys
must not think that hatred of His Holiness made him impart this, for,
although he had heretofore spoken against His Holiness, being his manifest
enemy, since the peace concluded with the Emperor he had resolved
henceforth to avoid showing his enmity (but of reparation or reconciliation
he has made no mention, and Chapuys believes that that is quite out of
his account). He shows incredible affection for the Emperor and daily
sends Chapuys news from all parts, especially from France, from whence
his ambassador wrote last that, by their boasting, it seemed as if the
French would eat the whole world, but yet they have not a penny and
there are pitiful complaints from the captains strangers, especially those
who last year led the Gueldrois, that they cannot snatch one tournois
of what is due to them. The King's affection will doubtless increase
daily if the Emperor shows that it is reciprocated; and thus there will be
no difficulty in amending anything in the treaty which is not to the
Emperor's satisfaction, and, as a last resource, there is the remedy of which
Chapuys has several times written.
Yesterday the King sent Winchester to report an assembly of the French
beside Montreuil, about 15,000 men and 500 men of arms, which, he thought,
Chapuys would do well to notify to the Queen Regent, praying her to
order Mons. de Roeulx to correspond with the captain of Guisnes, and
assist him, at need, while the men whom he sends daily over sea are on
the way, if the French should enterprise anything upon a certain little
fortress which he has begun between Calais and Guisnes, for as for the rest
there was no danger. He also desired Chapuys to get the Queen to keep
him informed of news there, as he held the Emperor's affairs and his as
one. Learnt from Winchester that affairs in Scotland went as they wished,
and Mons. de Guyze's going thither from France was cancelled. Also
that, since the conclusion of the treaty, the King has shown the greatest
possible affection and liberality to the Princess, and not a day passes but he
goes to visit her in her chamber two or three times with the utmost
cordiality, an argument that if, for the Emperor's honor, he acts so to
another much more would he do for the Emperor, if only he may find
correspondence and confidence; and Chapuys gathers from Winchester that the
King would marrellously desire an interview if the Emperor should come into
Flanders, and, in default, that Granvelle would come over here to him.
The day before yesterday the King sent to say that although he might
justly keep a ship of Mons. de Bevrez which his men took six months ago,
because armed and victualled by certain Scots, some of whom were in it, he
was content, at Chapuys's contemplation, to release it.
Had no leisure the last time to answer what was touched in the
Emperor's letters of the 23rd ult., viz., that the Emperor's affairs had not
succeeded so badly that that he need hasten to complete the treaty. That
is true, and although it seemed the more to be feared that the French
might, therefore, try by all means to gain the King, as they did after the
day of Pavia, seeing the practices which they commenced, still, Chapuys
would not have gone on to the conclusion had it not been that the Queen
wrote that, though she had written to him to temporise until he had the
Emperor's answer unless in the delay there was danger from the French
practices, nevertheless, considering the position of affairs both public and
private of her government, she had come to the opinion that he should
without further delay pass to the conclusion of the treaty. London,
22 Feb. 1542.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. Original endd. as
received at Barcelona, 1 May 1543.
St. P. IX.,
194. The Council to Wallop.
Mr. Wallop, the King has willed us to signify to you, to be kept to
yourself, how, enforced by the ingrate proceeding of the French king
contrary to the treaties, he has made a league with the Emperor; and,
doubting that if the French suspect this they may do some enterprise in the
Pale, has caused the Emperor's ambassador to write to the Lady Regent
and Great Master that, although it is expedient that there should be yet
no open declaration of enmity, there should be secret intelligence between
you and the Great Master, that the Emperor's forces may be ready to
assist you and the deputy of Calais at need. You shall enter intelligence
with the Great Master, and report how you find him and your opinion on
the enclosed articles with diligence. The King has opened this matter to
Sir Ralph Ellerker, who repairs thither, to be discussed with the lord
Deputy and you and none other of the Council there. "And thus, &c."
P.S.—Remind him that his meeting with the Great Master should
engender suspicion in the Frenchmen.
II. "To be written to Mr. Wallop." 1. To know what number of
horsemen he has in his rule. 2. How many more convenient to be there
to annoy or defend, and how they can be supplied with forage and victual.
3. How many footmen are necessary besides the workmen and soldiers
now there and the 1,600 workmen who are coming over, and how they may
be victualled. 4. What annoyance he can do with the forces now there,
and with the reinforcements he thinks necessary. 5. What hurt the
Frenchmen may do to the East and West pales after he has first done
them displeasure, and how to defend it. 6. What aid he supposes the Burgundians
will give, either to annoy or defend. 7. To keep all this secret.
Draft in Petre's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to Mr. [Wallop.] . . .
Feb. ao xxxiiijo.; and by a modern hand below, 22 Feb.
195. Wallop to Henry VIII.
In the end of a letter now received from the Council (referring to
his late writing that with knowledge in time of any breach with France he
could give the first buffet) he is commanded to signify in his own handwriting
how he would do it. For the first buffet, the horse and foot now
in Guisnes "of crew," with lord Grey's hundred, the 300 of the crew in
Calais, and the men of arms there, with such captains as the lieutenant of
the Castle, Mr. Carow, Mr. Porter and Mr. Marshal, if he were here to conduct
the horsemen, would [overrun] (fn. 2) all the villages between Guisnes and
Marguison and the sea, as Odyngam, Whytsand and the said Marguison.
They could burn and carry off everything, and return safely by the sea side
between 3 a.m. and 12 noon; for longer he would not undertake to tarry
out, because there are ready in Bolonoys 3,000 footmen, Mons. de Bees's
hundred men of arms, and the garrison of Arde, so that, by 2 p.m., they
could assemble De Bees's men of arms (500 horse), 200 horsemen of Arde,
300 hacbutters of Arde and 1,000 footmen, which should be a dangerous
number to meddle with. Would not undertake, with the number he and Mr.
Poynynges have, to return by the county of Guisnes, but would pass along
the sea side towards Rysebank and Newneham Bridge. Would leave
the labourers at Guisnes behind, to keep the castle and town. Begs for a
number of pikes, for those sent last year are "crooked, broken, spoiled and
little worth." Has no other news than he has now written to Mr. Wrysley.
Guisnes, 22 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
196. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
Glad to hear by his letters of the 12th inst. of the conclusion of the
treaty. Has ordered a copy to be forwarded to Grantvele, at Nuremberg,
that he may inform the Emperor. Chapuys will do well to hasten the
packet which he wishes to send by way of Italy. Sends with this a
credence for Henry VIII. to express her satisfaction at the closer alliance,
and to request him to impart to Chapuys his advice as to affairs here. As
the King wishes the treaty kept secret till its full ratification—though she
wishes that had been already accomplished—will take care to satisfy him,
although affairs here require its publication while her commissioners are
at Maestricht with the deputies of the Princes Electors upon the Rhine
and the Landgrave of Hesse, who would persuade her to make truce with
Cleves, and have dragged out this negociation more than a month, but
since she sent to her deputies to return they seem more willing to advance
matters and offer to make a truce of four years, to which they say the
Duke consents. This she will not accept unless he comply with several
conditions, among others that he will engage not to favor France in any
way, and to punish his subjects who last year served France, according to
the recess of the Empire. Though she has little hope of treating
unless affairs change greatly, she permits the communication until she
may see the result of the Diet and what the States of the Empire
will do, to whom she has represented the wrong which the Duke does
to these countries, causing them without any defiance to be invaded by
Martin van Rossen and others in the French king's name, and practising to
surprise the town of Antwerp as well as Ghent. And she has shown
proofs that what Van Rossen did in Brabant was by the Duke's consent,
as shown in the enclosed draft of her proposition to the States. Grantvelle
writes that the proposition has been well received by the States, who
generally blame the Duke, and even his own partizans are scandalized.
As she does not wish to trust to the communication of the said commissioners,
or to find herself unprovided as she was last year, she has
caused a good number of horse and foot to be levied, and expects by the
1 March to have 5,000 horse, 9,000 High Almains and a good number of
Base Almains, with whom to give the Duke a thrashing unless he comes to
reason, and yet leave the frontiers provided against France.
The Duke of Cleves has this winter retained a number of men of war,
with the view of making raids during the frosts into Holland and Brabant to
pay his men; but he has been hindered by the great snows and by her
frontier garrisons, which she has kept partly at the expense of his
subjects, and now his men diminish and retire for want of pay and victuals,
of which there is a great scarcity. The men Martin van Rossen brought
back from France have dispersed very ill content with him and he has
had to fly for his life. The Duke has spread the rumour that their
retirement is owing to his refusing to take them into his service, so as not
to avow Van Rossen's action; but it is notorious that he did his utmost to
retain them, and they refused.
Is obliged to raise money by extraordinary means, and has imposed a
duty of 1 per cent. on exports, for one year. In case the English claim
exemption, Chapuys is to inform the King of this and point out that the
measure, being temporary, is not to prejudice the treaties. Brussels,
22 Feb. 1543.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript from Vienna.
A. P. C., 89.
197. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 23 Feb. Present : Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt.
Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Recognisance (cited) of Chr. Hall to
render account to the lord President of the Council in the North of Wm.
Bulmer's lands, and pay arrears due, &c.
198. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
The King has seen and approved all the letters he sent on the 20th
and 21st, viz., the lord Admiral's, Arran's for prorogation of the entry of the
prisoners until Whitsuntide, and those of Anguishe and Sir Geo. Douglas.
The prorogation shall be despatched to-morrow. The garrisons are to be
dissolved as soon as the abstinence for the part of Scotland arrives; but a
convenient number of men must be retained to stay Tynedale and
Riddesdale, upon the pretence that they are retained to aid the deputy
wardens to keep good rule on the Borders. He shall require Arren to
keep good rule; and shall agree with him to ride upon broken men who
would infringe the abstinence, and also to have Liddersdale men taken
raiding in England punished where taken, and likewise men of Tindale and
Ryddesdale taken in Scotland. In this he shall consult the lord Admiral,
who is, as soon as the garrisons are dissolved, to repair to the King. He
shall write to Anguishe and Sir George Douglas that the King has granted
their suit for prolonging the day of entry of the prisoners and will shortly
write to Arren for it, that they shall be paid monthly for their 200 men
(which Suffolk shall see done) and that the Frenchmen seem to be at some
stay about sending Guise and the rest thither since they heard of the
Cardinal's taking; so that all things are likely to succeed well if the
Cardinal is not suffered to escape.
He shall write to Mr. Wharton to answer Maxwell that, having written
for his son, as desired, he hears that the Governor has written for
and obtained a longer day for the entry of the prisoners—the pledges to
remain. He must see that the deputy wardens do their duty after the
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 11. Endd. : Mynute to the Duke of
Suff., xxiijo Febr. ao xxxiiijo.
199. Robert Whyte.
Extract from the grant to Robert Whyte, of 23 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII.,
containing the portions relating to the manors of Holbury and Houghton.
(See Grants in February No. 75.)
Eight large pages written only on one side. Mutilated.
200. Sir Francis Brian to the Council.
I received on 22 Feb. at 9 p.m. yours dated Westm., 19 Feb. showing
that the King is advertised of the troubles we were in upon the seas and the
danger and ruin of his ships, and that I was determined according to your
commandment to send four ships to the Downes. The said ships were ready
in Humber before the receipt of your letters, whereupon I sent a boat which
has spoken with Mr. Clere and Mr. Carye, commanding them to lie off and on
upon the coast between Humber and Newcastle, and as Mr. Nedygate and
Adam Owtlawe were ready victualled I thought it more convenient that
they should accompany Mr. Clere and Mr. Carye, than lie in harbour. As
Clere and Carye went forth of Humber they met a Scot of 30 tons laden
with salmon, herring and barrelled fish with the lord Admiral's safe-conduct
for George Browne and Ant. Papeworth, of Barwike, to bring, in Scottish
ships or boats, certain fish to Berwike, Holy Iland, Aylmouth or Stakton at
price therein limited (given). As the Scot had passed the places appointed
and said he was going to Boston, Sir John and Mr. Carye sent him to Hull,
and I have stayed him and certified my lord Admiral. Clere also took a
French boat, as I reported, which is at Newcastle, and the men, 31 and 3
Dutchmen, brought in the ships to Hull, and I have, by advice of Mr.
Stanhop, delivered all 34 to the mayor to keep them and see them gently
handled. Begs to know how their charges shall be paid. Here awaits the
coming of Mr. Osborn with the King's further pleasure. The French
have delivered an inventory of their goods, valued at 500 mks., which is
sent to the lord Admiral. Hull, 23 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
201. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys. (fn. 3)
Since these letters were written has received a packet from the
Emperor with letters of the 29th ult., by which he desires the advancement
of the treaty of closer alliance, remitting the remaining difficulties to her;
as doubtless Chapuys is advertised by his letters. Hopes, therefore, that the
Emperor will be content with what has passed, and despatch his letters of
ratification without further scruple. And he writes to her in case of
conclusion, to try, while waiting for the ratification, to draw the King to
make some exploit in France, so as to give the French king work on all
sides, she begs Chapuys to represent that, since the treaty is passed by virtue
of the Emperor's power, the Emperor will make no difficulty about
ratifying it, and meanwhile the King should advise what is to be done to
repress the boldness of the common enemy and constrain him to reason,
and, as the Emperor has decided to give him work on all sides, the King
could not have a better opportunity than in making invasion against France
As the captains of ships of war here daily complain to her that English
ships equipped for war, when they are the stronger, constrain hers to obey
them and take their victuals and tackle (habillemens), Chapuys should
approach the King's ministers with a view to making a common order by
which they may have good intelligence together and assist each other.
Upon his answer she will send an instruction. 23 Feb.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
202. The Same to the Same.
Since her other letters herewith a gentleman usher of the King of
France, named Regne sieur de Reine, has arrived on these frontiers requiring
access to her, and has presented 12 sarres (?) (fn. 4) which the said King by
his letters of credence said he wished to owe her every year as tribute.
After thanking the King, said only that it was a fine present, but she was
sorry that he gave her no leisure to take pastime of it, which she would
rather do than meddle with war; and dismissed him with his conductors
without further conversation except about matters of hawking, which he
understood well. Chapuys may report this to the King of England, as
the gentleman was perhaps sent for some other conjoincture for which he
found no opportunity.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. found with the preceding.
St. P. IX.,
203. Mont to Henry VIII.
On the 10th arrived at Nurnberg, where the Diet of the Empire is
being held; but King Ferdinand and Frederic Palatine are the only princes
present. The others have their orators here, and, although their presence
was never more necessary, there is such dissension and distrust that, in the
common danger, there is no one to give counsel. Granvelle, in the name
of the Emperor and King, demands aid against the Turk and the French
king; and the Queen of Hungary's orators implore help against Cleves.
The Protestant and other States answer that things at home must first be
settled by composing the religious controversy, allowing free course to the
Gospel and troubling no one for professing it or separating from the Bishop
of Rome. They will then provide against the Turk; but the war of France
and Cleves is a private matter, not touching the Empire, which, however,
they will do what they can to pacify. The Protestants also wish the
order of justice called the Chamber reformed, saying that the judge and
assessors are hostile and the reform which the Emperor promised at
Ratisbon is not made. On the Emperor's and King's part, it is replied that
religious controversies are composed by a peace which is more troubled by
the Protestants than the others, as witness the recent expulsion of the
duke of Brunswick; as to the Chamber, the Emperor fully minds to reform
it; but the most pressing necessity is to oppose the Turk. The Protestants
have answered again that the matter of religion must first be settled,
and that Brunswick's expulsion was necessary. Nothing more is done as
yet, and nothing notable is to be expected unless the Emperor come in
person (as Granvelle asserts he will within a few months); for Ferdinand's
authority is not sufficient, but the Emperor's equity and clemency much
relied upon. The higher canons (nobiliores canonici) in Germany, instead
of seeking to win the people by well-doing and piety, exasperate them by
obstinate support of superstitions and abuses. No mention of the Council
at Trent. The Bishop of Rome has a co-bishop here as orator.
The mortality, through want and bad weather, in last summer's expedition
against the Turk will make it difficult to get soldiers for Hungary
unless the Emperor himself take command, for the former leader (fn. 5) is much
blamed. The Turk has now taken a town called Graan, and during this
dissension in Germany is likely to subjugate both parties (utrosque).
On the way to Nurnberg, met Otto Henry and Philip, Palatines, who
desired to be commended to the King. Philip said he heard that the King
would maintain some standards of German foot, for the Emperor and
Empire, against the Turk, and he offered to lead them. Rumor is
that Frederic Palatine shall command the Emperor's forces in Lower
Germany. A book is published here by the Emperor's commissioners
containing intercepted letters of the French king and duke of Cleves, by
which the Duke's reputation suffers. It is to be feared that the Duke may
perish altogether in this fire. The Emperor and Lady Mary assemble
soldiers in High Germany. Twelve standards of German foot under Baron
ab Heydeck's brother have left the French king because he would have them
sworn for three years against anyone without exception. Count William a
Furstenberg offers to serve the Emperor. Nurnberg, 23 Feb. 1543.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
204. Henry VIII. to Arran.
In answer to his letters dated Halyrudhouse 17th inst. (showing
receipt of the safe-conduct and abstinence and his desire for a prorogation
of the time of the entry of the lords and others who were prisoners until
Whitsuntide, in view of the Parliament to be now holden there); upon the
good report received of him, and reposing in the sincerity and uprightness
of his dealing, grants the requested prorogation.
Draft with corrections in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute to
therle of Arren, xxiiijo Febr. ao xxxiiijo.
205. Mary Queen of Scots to Henry VIII.
Requests (by advice of her tutor James earl of Arrane, protector
and governor of her realm) a passport for Mr. Robt. Hammyltoun,
merchant of Edinburgh, to trade in England. Edinburgh, 24 Feb. 1542.
Signed : James Governor.
Broad sheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
A. P. C.,
206. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 24 Feb. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wriothesley, Riche, Baker, Dacres. No business recorded.
Meeting at Westm., 25 Feb. Present : the above named except Riche,
and also Wingfield. Business :—Letters sent to the sheriff of Norfolk to
send up one Wilson, of Thorppe, and Loder, a priest; also to the mayor of
Lynne to send one Stevenson, a smith, and a Scottishman whose name he
should know from the sheriff.
St. P., v.
207. Suffolk and Others to the Council. (fn. 6)
Enclose letters from Wharton showing his intelligence from the
laird of Dunlaneryke, who has not come at his summons. Beg them to
consider whether it is expedient for Wharton to send again for Dunlaneryke
and at his coming keep him surely, according to their writing; for he
has married Angus's sister and seems to be of the King's party. Have meanwhile
written to Wharton not to call again upon him until they hear from
the Council. As yet the abstinence for the part of Scotland is not arrived,
and if it come not before Wednesday next that granted by the King will be
void, because of non-observance of the condition to send it to Suffolk
within twelve days of the receipt thereof. If it come after the
time they will not proclaim it, but entertain the bringer with good words
until they hear again from the Council. Since the proclamation at
Edinburgh of the abstinence granted by the King, the Scottish Borderers
with the help (it is thought) of Tynedale and Riddisdale, have made
excurses on the King's subjects, which are not revenged because of the
King's promise in the said abstinence to cease all excurses from 14 Feb.
till 1 June. If the conditions are not observed the writers will take order
with the lord Warden to requite these excurses upon the doers of them.
Write now that they may hear again the sooner; but, if the abstinence
come within the time limited, with the conditions appointed, they will
proclaim it according to the King's letters to Suffolk in that behalf.
Newcastle, 5 Feb. Signed by Suffolk, Durham, Parr and Sadler.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd., vo Feb., ao xxxiiijo.