A. P. C., 92.
227. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 1 March. Present : Norfolk, Russell, Hertford,
Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Dacres. Business : Letter written to Sir Thos. Wharton touching things
to be declared to lord Maxwell.
32,650, f. 2.
228. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Enclose letters just received from Wharton. Although Bucleugh's
offer to deliver the young Queen seems an unlikely matter, and not, with
the King's honor, to be practised "in such sort," they have advised
Wharton as in the enclosed copy of their letter. Ask the King's pleasure
touching that matter and Maxwell's son. Yesternight arrived the Council's
letters to the lord Warden, staying his return. That will much advance the
King's affairs, considering his intelligence with Arren, good espials in
Scotland and experience of the Borders. This morning came the Council's
letters of the 26th, with those to the lord Warden and the minute of a letter
to be written by Suffolk to Anguishe. Suppose it to be devised upon the
news of the removing of the young Queen and her mother to Stirling;
which was untrue, for they remain at Lythco, although the mother desired
to remove, as Rotesaye herald said. Suffolk will, however, write such a
letter to Anguishe, and another to Arrayne, according to the Council's
instructions of the xx[vj]th Feb. Have proclaimed the abstinence here
and will have it proclaimed at Carlisle and other Border places. Upon the
the lord Warden's arrival (who will be here to-night, and would have been
here yesterday but for his journey to Berwick touching Lionel Graye) will
appoint 500 men to remain in garrison. Newcastle, 1 March. Signed
by Suffolk, Durham, Parr, and Sadler.
P.S., in Sadler's hand.—The lord Warden is arrived.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
32,650, f. 4
No. 320 (1).
229. Suffolk to Sir Thos. Wharton.
Has received his letters and credence by his cousin, Lancelot
Lowther, with letters from Maxwell and Buckleugh's letters to Wharton.
Approves his discreet proceedings concerning the intelligence brought by
the Scottish woman (fn. 1) from Buckleugh, who seems a mean man to have the
mayning of so great a matter. Still, Wharton should speak with him
and hear what he has to say; and then, giving him thanks for his zeal,
put him off with fair words and report all to Suffolk. Maxwell is to be told
that Suffolk has received his letter and would gladly accomplish his desire,
but, as Arrayn has lately obtained longer day for the entry of the prisoners,
the pledges to remain as they do, Suffolk dare not himself change his
(Maxwell's) pledge, but has notified his desire to the Court and trusts
shortly to have answer to his contentation.
Copy in Sadler's hand, pp. 3. Headed : The copie of my lord of Suffolk
his lettre to Syr Thomas Wharton, of the first of March. Endd. :
32,650, f. 6.
No. 320 (2).
230. Suffolk to Arran.
Having, upon this abstinence, dissolved the King's garrisons on the
Borders, saving that the lord Warden remains with a convenient number
to attend him and aid the officers to maintain good rule, considering how
ready the broken men on both sides are to break the peace; requires
Arran, likewise, to appoint a convenient number to assist his officers so
that both sides may be in good order and the officers may, by mutual
agreement, ride upon peace breakers. Will punish such of the Liddisdales
and other broken men of Scotland who may be taken on this side, and is
content that Arran shall do the same to Englishmen of Tyndale and
Ryddesdale taken in Scotland. Thinks this will conduce to good rule and
requires Arran to signify his conformity with it.
Copy in Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Headed : The copie of my l. of Suff. lettre
to therle of Arrayn, of the first of March. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX.,
231. Bonner to Henry VIII.
As he wrote on 8, 14 and 27 Jan. the Emperor, tarrying here two
months, departed for Saragosa and Barcelona this 1st of March. Prince
Philip accompanies him only to Alcala de Henares and then returns here,
and after Easter goes with the Grand Council to remain at Valladolid.
Contrary to his custom the Emperor has not gone to his mother at Torre de
Sillas beside Valladolid, for her blessing at his departure, but has only
taken order with the Council and the Marquese of Denia for her governance.
For this, and a rumor that the French will return upon Perpignan, the
Emperor's going to Italy is not so undoubted as it was. As to the
assembly of great men of Castilla, mentioned in Bonner's letters, they came
with small company and tarried a fortnight. Encloses a schedule of their
names. Besides these marriages and the King of Portugal's conclusion
declared by Idiaquez, who returned on the 10th ult., and a gentleman of
Portugal, who arrived on the 16th, there was "purposed" both the
governance of the Prince and realm in the Emperor's absence and the war.
Although they would lend no money, they would be ready to defend the
country. The money granted in the Courtes is now mostly paid in hand
and great loans taken of merchants. Hears of no great personage to
accompany the Emperor save the Conde de Feria, who offered himself.
True, the chief captains of Castilla and Valentia were assembled here, but
that may have been for the French war and defence against Barbarossa and
the Turk, of whose preparations against Christendom at the French King's
instance there is much talk. The Conde of Modica is made admiral, as his
father was who died this time twelve months. The Conde de Alcandete
who lately went into Africa has sped well and won Tremysin, some 20
leagues from Alger. Capt. Alvaro Bazan and Don Pedro de Guzman, who
were to go with certain Spaniards into Flanders, remain here because the
French remove towards Narbona.
The arrest of ships at Seville was released as regards English ships at
the coming hither of Ric. Grange, Mr. Gonson's servant. Ric. Graye
warns Bonner that Wm. Estrige, married in St. Mary Hill parish and
dwelling at St. Lucar, intends to present to the King divers costly boxes of
marmalado given him by naughty friars of Seville, "suspected to have
within them things of danger and great peril." Told Graye to warn the
King and Council. The boxes are shipped in the Saber of Bristow. Graye
promises to enquire further on his return to Seville.
It is said that the Scottish King was hurt in the battle and is dead, and
Henry determined to enter Scotland and be crowned there. The Emperor
knows this only by merchants of Burgos and St. Sebastian's, but the writer
"would it were yet true."
Alexandro Visconte and Camillo Castellazo, envoys of Milan, have had
gentle audience. Madrill, 1 March, 7 p.m. Signed.
ii. The noblemen assembled at Madrill, at the Emperor's there being
in Feb. A.D. 1543, viz. "the duke of Cameryne that hath married the
Emperor's bastard daughter, of the house of Farnese, a Roman born;" "the
duke of Frias, earl of Haro and constable of Castile, of the house of
Velasco"; and so on. A list of 42 dukes, marquises, counts, comendadors
and cardinals (Toledo and Seville), "besides xiij bishops."
Pp. 3, slightly mutilated. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
2. Duplicate of the preceding also signed and addressed.
Pp. 3, slightly mutilated.
232. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Has received his letter expressing desire to speak with the writer for
some affair of importance. Is sorry he is so far from the frontier, but will
go to-morrow to Lille, and thence to a little house of plaisance near Gravelinghen,
and send word of his arrival through the captain of Gravelinghen;
for if he sent direct it would at once be known in France. "Je suis veneu
ichi pour faire mon cas prest a me bien deffender, comme avant xij jours
vous veres." Castle of Guand, 2 March, very early.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. : "Mons. le gouverneur et capitaine de Guines."
Endd. : Ao xxxiiij.
233. The Great Master of Flanders.
"These be the words that the Great Master did speak to my servant
on Monday at night last past."
I believe when all is done the King of England will take neither part.
If he think the French King will be his assured friend he is deceived, for I
know that some of the best of his realm lately said, "Shall we never overcome
the King of England?" If the Emperor wax weary of war and
render Milan, peace is made for ever, and then if England make war with
France, for 1,000l. it should cost now, it should then cost 100,000l. I
marvel that the King of England does not spy his time. I have plenty of
money. I have 7,000 fighting men and 5 or 6 battery pieces at his command.
Also about Luzenburg we have 14 ensigns of lanceknights and 500
men of arms. The French King is preparing a great army against this
country. If he come not we will meet it in the field, and if he come and it
be too great we will keep the towns, and by the end of April all forage will
be spent and he must retire, and then we will "set on the tails of them."
On Monday last, at 4 p.m., entered St. Omer's the whole garrisons of
Arras, Byttune and Ayre, and left that night, at 12 o'clock, with 5 great
battery pieces (some had 11 horses to draw them), to besiege a castle 4
leagues off, said to be Alkyn castle.
The Great Master says that the duke of Cleave makes great suit for peace.
P. 1. Endd. : "The words spoken by the Great Master of Flanders to
Mr. Walop's man."
234. Bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield.
See Grants in March, Nos. 8 and 31.
A. P. C., 93.
235. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 2 March. Present : Norfolk, Russell, Hertford,
Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley,
Dacres. No business recorded.
Meeting at Westm., 3 March. Present : As above. Business :—
Whereas a letter was written to Wm. Oseburne, at Hull, to deliver the
ship of Camphire to bearer, who returned certifying that it was neither at
Hull nor Harwyche but here in the river, a letter was sent to Wm. Gonston
for its delivery.
32,650, f. 12.
236. Suffolk and Others to Henry VIII.
Edward Leche, the rebel, being, by appointment between Arran and
the lord Warden, delivered at the Bounde Rodde of Berwick and brought to
Alnwick, made a confession to the lord Warden, who at his repair to
Newcastle (to consult Suffolk about dissolving the garrisons and placing
the five hundred) made Leche repeat his tale to the Council here. As it
contains matter which the King should know, they have caused Leche to
write it, and it is here enclosed. Newcastle, 3 March. Signed by Suffolk,
Lisle, Parr and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., v. 257.
237. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Have received the Council's letters of the last of February, which
they will ensue touching Donlaneryke. Perceive that it is not well
taken that they have not revenged the late incourses by Scots, seeing the
abstinence was but conditional upon its acceptation or refusal. Considering
the time of the abstinence, which they knew had been accepted and
proclaimed in Edinburgh immediately after it arrived, thought it convenient
to forbear; especially as the excourses were done by broken men, with the
help of the Tynedales and Riddisdales, and would have to be revenged by
gentlemen and garrison men, and also as the broken men on this side had
been riding upon the Scots, notwithstanding the lord Warden's command, and
were fully even with them. From henceforth, if they keep good rule and
make redress, we shall render the like to them; if otherwise, they shall for
one shrewd turn have two.
Have dissolved the garrisons; not before it was high time, for by the
scarcity and badness of fodder many good horses are lost. Have picked
out 500 of the best to remain in garrison in pursuance of the Council's
letters of 26 Feb. Enclose a schedule of the names of the captains and
the places where they lie, which are as near the Border as horsemeat can
On Tuesday last Edward Leche was delivered at the "Bounde rodde" of
Berwick, by appointment between Arren and the lord Warden; and he is
now here and shall forthwith be sent up.
Enclose the depositions of the three persons who were at the finding of
the letter (enclosed) contrived in Lyonel Grey's name. Explain at length
why they strongly suspect that one of these persons, Peter Middleton, was
the contriver and writer of the letter, as the handwriting is like his, and he
had brought the other two, Geo. Crofte and Robt. Avery, beside the Porter's
pew to listen to the organs when he found the letter in the pew, and
(expressing hope that there were no treason in it) suggested taking it to
Robt. Rooke, who, like him, bears malice to the Porter. The Porter cannot
read nor write and his mark is not like that in the forged letter. He seems
too wise to trust any man with writing such a letter, or to leave it so
negligently in his pew. Keep him here until further instructions, and have
put another to supply his office meanwhile. Newcastell, 3 March. Signed
by Suffolk, Lisle, Parr and Sadler.
P.S. in Sadler's hand :—"The cause why my lord of Duresmes hand is
not now at our letters is for that he is gone to preach at Morpeth."
Pp. 5. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd. : iijo Feb. (sic) ao xxxiiijo.
32,650, f. 8.
238. Sir Thos. Wharton to Suffolk and Others.
Received Suffolk's letters from Newcastle, 28 Feb., with a proclamation
of abstinence of war by land from 14 Feb. to 1 June, which
he has proclaimed in Carlisle. Is credibly informed that proclamation
was made on Monday last for abstinence for six months both by sea and
land. Received also Suffolk's letters by Lancelot Louthere, one of his
(Wharton's) deputies, from Newcastle, 1 March, and declared the answer
to lord Maxwell. Maxwell desires to be at their Parliament, for the King's
service and the weal of Angwes, who will marry his daughter. Will obey
the instructions touching Bukclewghe.
A Council was to have been kept by Huntley, Argille and others, with
many churchmen, at Saynt Johnstones, and none of that Council to come
to Edinburgh; but, this 3 March, an espial called Johnstone reports that
Argill's suit to the Governor for certain lands in the Isles which the late
King gave him will be granted, and thus he will be brought friendly to
the Parliament. The troubles in the Isles of which Wharton wrote on
23 Feb. were stirred against Argille by the Governor.
This Saturday night came a French servant of the Queen Dowager of
Scotland with a letter to lord Maxwell to get him conveyed to Suffolk with
her letters. He will be to-morrow night at Hexam and on Monday at
Newcastle, accompanied by a kinsman of Wharton's. Maxwell says that
the Queen Dowager and Arane begin to disagree because Arane would have
the Queen her daughter to Stirling castle and she wishes to remain at
Lithcoo; also that this Frenchman brings the Queen Dowager's answer to
Suffolk's letters, which before were only answered by word.
Two or three little displeasures have been done by English Westmarchers
in Scotland before 14 Feb., for which Maxwell asks redress, saying that the
King promised that redress should be made for any attemptates committed
after his departure. Has little or nothing to demand of Maxwell.
Carlisle, 3 March.
An espial called Joke Dowgles, servant to Maxwell, has just reported that
lard Dumlanreke has written to Maxwell to "come starke with a power"
to the Parliament. Angwes and his friends devise to keep this Parliament
for restitution of Angwes, and Dumlanreke thinks it will succeed. Kind
messages are sent to Argill. Angwes is hasty to be married, the payment
being 4,000 mks. Scottish, of which Maxwell has already received the half
for his friendship. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. to Suffolk, Lisle, Durham, Parre and Sadler, at Newcastle.
32,650, f. 10.
239. Arran to Suffolk.
On the 3rd received his of 27th ult., from Newcastell, mentioning
receipt of the abstinence for the part of Scotland, and his intention to
make proclamations for good rule on the Borders during it, with a
remembrance of certain "byrnyngis and hereschippis" done by Scots, and
a desire for the acceleration of the ambassadors towards the King, whose
letters are received of "prorogation" of the noblemen prisoners till
Whitsunday, "My lord, we thank you of your good mind and diligence in
all our affairs." As to keeping good rule, has commanded the wardens to
keep warden courts and make redress as in times of peace. Will send the
ambassadors with all diligence after the 12th inst., which shall be the first
day of Parliament; for the matter to be treated requires the counsel and
consent of the most part of the noblemen and barons, and the convention
could not be sooner. Will answer the writings brought here by bearer by
Berwick pursuivant, who "has been this long time in the west parts of this
realm, to what affair we know not." Edinburgh, 3 March.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
240. J. D'Estourmel to Wallop.
I have just received letters from the Count (fn. 2) who orders me
and all the Emperor's servants in my government to obey you. You may
command us until his coming, which shall be very soon. I write nothing to
the deputy of Calais. The French "euoite (envoyent?) es villes frontieres a
vous force gens de chevaulx." Gravelinghes, 3 March.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. : A Mons., Mons. le gouverner de Guines, a
Guines. Endd. : The captain of Gravelyn to Mr. Wallop iijo Martii,
A. P. C., 93.
241. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 4 March. Present : Norfolk, Privy Seal,
Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter written to Thos. Waters, of
Linne, to victual two ships equipped for war out of Linne, and pay the
wages of captain and men from time to time.
242. The Governors of St. Omer to Wallop.
Today, the Sieur de Renouille and I received letters from the
Count de Roeulx commanding us to write to you that, for the service of
the King of England, the garrison of St. Omer, both horse and foot, is at
your order. St. Omer, 4 March 1542. Signed : J. de Holewin; Gilles du
French, p. 1. Add. : Monsr. le debitis de Ghines. Endd. : To Mr.
Wallop from St. Omers.
St. P. IX., 331.
243. Mont to Henry VIII.
Since he last wrote the States have divers times met in Council;
but the Protestants insist, as before, that their religion be approved by
law and that all except two of the 24 doctors who are the judges and
assessors of the Chamber be dismissed and others appointed. In
administering the old laws they (of the Chamber) necessarily condemn
many new institutions of the Protestants, and they are sworn to the recess
of Augsburg, by which the dogmas of the Protestants are condemned.
Sees no chance of concord except through fear of the Turk, nor is sure
that their combined forces can resist the Turk. King Ferdinand and the
Venetians (who also have an orator here) have news that the Turk has
left Adrianople for Hungary with a vast force. The Hungarians dislike
Ferdinand and are not to be trusted. The dukes of Bavaria and Wurtemberg
have intervened to settle the Brunswick matter, and restoration of
the children (fn. 3) is being treated. Marquis Joachim, Elector, who last year
commanded the Turkish expedition, has sent a book to the Diet explaining
that nothing could be done because the number of soldiers promised was
not sent and the men were badly paid. This excuse is not held sufficient,
because, at the Germans' coming, there were not past 8,000 Turks in
Buda and Pesta. In Lower Germany the Cleves party have lost 500
horse; and the Emperor will take no peace without Gueldres. The Saxon
has assisted his kinsman of Juliers; which may involve him and his
adherents in the war. Nurnberg, 4 March, 1543.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C., 93.
244. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 5 March., Present : Canterbury, Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter sent to Wm. Gonston
to supply victual by small boats to the Mynyon and the rest of the fleet
appointed to the Downs.
St. P., III.
245. Henry VIII to the Deputy and Council of Ireland. (fn. 4)
Answers theirs of 7 Dec., as follows :—1. The view sent of revenues
and charges there is imperfect; for although the Vice-treasurer
cannot affirm certainly the yearly issue of liveries, wards, first fruits,
profits of the Hanaper, &c., he might have stated the amount for last year
and the year before, and similarly with the lands whereof they write that
the King takes yet little profit. A more perfect view is to be made, with
the oversight of the Deputy, and sent as shortly as possible. 2. Sends by
bearer, his servant, George Cary, 2,461l. 12s. st., and, upon receipt of the
"said view," will provide what is necessary. 3. Desires them to signify
whether Claneboy is so situate that the King "may conveniently depart
with it," for he has heard here that it is not; also what the whole value
is, and what rent should be reserved. Meanwhile they may assure Nele
Connelagh of the King's favour. 4. Has taken George Cary into his
service, and given him 12d. a day in recompense for Newry. Directs the
Vice-treasurer to allow him two horsemen. 5. Desires them to get into
his hands not only the port towns of Ulster but all port towns. Has this
matter much to heart, and requires them, in their next letters, to certify
particulars of the places, cost of keeping and profits, sending plats of the
principal ports with note of what strangers trade there and at what seasons.
This must be handled most secretly. 6. Sends the acts for the subsidy and
for Dungarvan. Will further consider that for the incontinency of priests.
7. Grants the 6s. 8d. a day to the Chancellor. 8. Also their suit for John
Goldsmith and for pardon of Nic. Bagnald at Tyrone's suit.
["Md. for the Scottes, &c."] (fn. 5)
Finally, has licensed John Brereton to repair hither for two months.
Directs the Deputy to provide for the charge of his men, and the Vicetreasurer
to pay his wages in his absence.
Sends also two seals graven with his full style, to be delivered in presence
of the Council; and the old thereupon defaced and sent over by next
messenger. Bearer is paid for his charges and the transport of the money.
Draft with corrections and the last paragraph by Wriothesley. Endd. :
"Minute to the Deputy and Council in Ireland, vo Martii ao xxxiiijo."
32,650, f. 14.
246. The Bishop of Llandaff to Suffolk.
Sends inventory, taken by Suffolk's command, of Sir George
Lawson's goods in and about York. Hears that there is 300l. to receive,
which is in bailiffs' hands, and some other goods which he will certify as
soon as he can get knowledge of them. York, 5 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
247. Granvelle to Chapuys.
Acknowledges his letter of the 12th ult., and the copy of the treaty sent
him by the Queen of Hungary. God be praised for the great work. Is sure the
Emperor will be pleased and acknowledge Chapuys's services. An express from
the Queen soon after brought a third copy, come by way of Biscay, of
the Emperor's letters. Nothing is heard yet of the two sent by the other sea.
The Emperor writes that his departure from Madril was fixed for the day after
St. Matthias last, to embark at Barcelona for Italy, where he would make no stay,
but come at once to these parts to make war in France, and that if, as he hopes,
the treaty with England passes, Granvelle and Chapuys should try and induce
Henry to begin war against France this year. At once despatched a courier to
Genoa to cause the galleys to leave, and wrote to the Emperor that the treaty
was made (advising him to ratify it forthwith, and, if required, swear to
it, and commit to Chapuys the [taking of the] reciprocal oath), and that he
would advise Chapuys as to persuading the King to war against France this
present year. Has drawn out a concise memorandum of arguments to be
employed for the purpose, which he forwards first to the Queen Regent to
be corrected in consultation with De Praet. Chapuys understands the King
so well that he will know best how to make use of it in accordance with the
Emperor's intentions. Is sorry he is troubled with gout; but he must
persevere, and he may expect honor and recompense for his long service,
although there seems no chance of his leaving England before next winter.
Encloses another letter to be shown, at discretion, to the King and the two
bishops (Gardiner and Thirleby) and to the lord Privy Seal. Nothing new
since his last. Nuremberg, 5 March.
P.S.—Since writing, has received the letters herewith from the Emperor
brought by way of Italy, which show how much he desired the conclusion
of the treaty, and the pleasure it will give him. For God's sake try to
finish the good work in order that a blow may be given this year to him
who is deservedly hated of God and all the world.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna.
248. Granvelle to Chapuys.
Praises God for having granted what they so earnestly desired, as
appears by Chapuys's letter of the 12th ult. and the documents there
mentioned. Surely the Emperor fully expected it, confident that Henry could
never forget the old friendship between them and their predecessors, and as he
advanced would the more recognise the unreasonableness and malignity of the
French and their irreconcileable enmity to him and his realm. The Emperor
has accordingly determined to be in these parts by May and writes that he has
already started. Now is the time to bring the common enemy to reason, for
such an opportunity may not occur again, and every one says it is a judgment
of God; and when Granvelle saw the treaty he thought to himself, a Domino
factum est istud. Chapuys must ascertain the King's advice and may assure
him there will be no fault upon the Emperor's part, but not a moment is to
be lost. Desires commendations to the bps. of Winchester and Westminster
and the lord Privy Seal. Nuremberg, 5 March.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
249. Wallop to the Council.
Yesterday the muster was taken at Arde, 700 footmen. Mons.
Torsey's band of 50 men of arms comes thither. Many ladders are
a-making at St. Omez, in fear of which they of Arde make up the vaumures
with dung faggots mixed with earth, and take away their maunds. On
Thursday was proclaimed at Arde that no man should quarrel with any
Englishman. General musters are deferred, awaiting the answer which
their ambassador that went last over shall have. If it be not good they
will make a course upon the Burgundians, and perhaps upon us, and retire
into garrisons. They have 700 men of arms and but 10,000 foot and are
not expected to "encamp" this year upon these frontiers. A gentleman
of Mons. de Beez asked a Frenchman of these borders if he knew of any
good Englishman to be taken prisoner. He said he did; and the
gentleman then spoke to De Beez, who commanded him, on pain of death,
not to meddle, for they would wait as long as they could. Begs, for the
surety of the Pale, to know beforehand if the ambassador is not to have a
good answer. Mons. de Beez is returned to Bullen and Mons. de Kerquey
expected there, and their 800 horsemen shall muster to-day or to-morrow,
with 3 ensigns of Parisians. Expects to hear more by one whom he sent
six days past to Amiens, especially of the French king's coming thither.
One sent out to-day could learn nothing of the coming of the said Parisians
or of De Kerquey, but says that great preparation of forage is made in
Bullen. Guisnes, 5 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
St. P. IX.,
250. Paget to Henry VIII.
To Paget's letter Cardinal Tournon answered that he must be content
with the order taken, for it had never been seen that two French
ambassadors should be in England and no English in France, and for the
amity it were better to tarry until his successor came. At Amiens, found
the Sieur Doultreleaue, captain of Crotoy and Rue, commissioned by Mons.
de Bies (because there were many soldiers stirring in the country) to
accompany him to Boulloyn; so Cambyes, Card. Turnon's man, returned to
Court. At Amiens, Abbeville and Montreuil, the captains and officers
brought presents and showed him much courtesy. At Boulloyn, Mons. de
Bies escorted him to his lodging and entertained him at supper. De Bies
asked when his successor was coming, and whether he would depart before
his successor came. Answered as he did to the King. De Bies said he
had better tarry, and that he was commanded to make him good cheer.
Thanked him, but said he was ordered home and would depart on the
morrow, for he thought no man would arrest him, seeing the French king
had given him leave and it would be dishonourable to do so. De Bies
said he had no command to arrest him, but to make him good cheer, and
he should go hawking and hunting and whither he would. "Why, then,"
said Paget, "I will go to Calais." "Nay (quoth he), that you may not."
Paget said that amounted to an arrest, and De Bies begged him not to use
the word, saying he was no Councillor and was not to blame for this step,
of which he disapproved. Asked how long he should be kept. De Bies
said they had two ambassadors in England, and when Paget's successor
came, if Marillac came with him, Paget might go. Paget said he was
sorry to see this unfriendly dealing, and asked what he should write to
his master. De Bies told him to write to Henry to send another in Paget's
place, and Marillac with him, or else to send both ambassadors home, and
then Paget should depart; and to signify his pleasure to De Bies as soon
as might be. Talked then of the matter of the ships and of Marillac's proceedings,
to which he wist not what to say. Lacks no good words, and
De Bies seem anxious to gratify Henry, for the men of the ships arrested
here are not imprisoned and English subjects of Calais are suffered to pass
and repass without trouble, whereas in all other places every Englishman
that comes is arrested and put in prison. Begs Henry not to "disorder"
his determinations for his (Paget's) sake. Boulloyn, Tuesday, 6 March,
very late. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding in the hand of Paget's clerk.
32,650, f. 18,
No. 325 (1).
251. Arran to Suffolk.
Received this day his writing dated Newcastell, 2 March, signifying
that, since the proclamation of the abstinence, he has dissolved the garrisons,
save that lord Lisle, Great Warden, remains with a convenient number for
the weal of the abstinence and help of the wardens deputies; and desiring
Arran to do the semblable for Scotland and agree that the English may
punish Liddisdales and other broken men of Scotland taken in attempts
against the abstinence, the Scots punishing such of Tindale and Riddisdale
as fortune to be taken on their side. Thanks for his good will to the
abstinence. Will cause the wardens "to await time by time upon the
execution of justice" and strengthen them to enforce observance of the
abstinence. Agrees that thieves and breakers of peace should be punished,
and is content that the English shall punish Liddisdales and all other
broken men attempting against the abstinence, provided that the Scots may
punish, not only men of Tindale and Riddisdale, but all other broken men
of England doing the like. Edinburgh, 7 March.
P. 1. Headed : The copy of the Governor's letter to my L. of Suff. of
the 7 of March. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
252. Paget to Wallop.
Yesternight arrived here, where De Bies is commanded to make
him good cheer and let him go hawking and hunting where he will;
until either a successor come, with one of the ambassadors that be in
England, or else both ambassadors come away. Has good cheer, and
one or two gentlemen appointed to accompany him. This day De Bies
accompanies Mons. de Pyna to Arde to remain as King's lieutenant above
Sainchevall, with the 50 men of arms that were Mons. Torsyes. Boulloyn,
7 March. Signed.
At the foot Wallop has written : "This morning I received a letter from
the Great Master, and tomorrow I must meet with him beside Burberow.
P. 1. Add. : Captain of Guisnes.
32,650, f. 16.
253. Suffolk and Others to the Council.
Enclose letters, both to Suffolk and the lord Warden, from Arran
and from Angwishe and George Dowglas. To-morrow the lord Warden
repairs to Alnewyke, to be near the Borders for speedy obtaining of news
of the parliament in Scotland, and for the appointment of warden courts
and days of truce. He will not himself meet the deputy wardens of
Scotland, "being but mean personages," but (unless a chief warden is
appointed on that side) assign the deputy wardens to it. Enclose also
letters from Sir Thos. Wharton. As they "partly purport," 100 Scots of
Lyddesdale, on Monday night, entered by the west marches and burnt two
houses near Hexham, killing two Englishmen and taking eight prisoners.
The lard of Thirlewall warned Jack a Musgrave and Blanerhassett, "the
land serjeant," who gathered 30 men and surprised the Scots in their
return, rescuing all the English prisoners save two, and taking 10 or 12 of
the Scots prisoners, among whom are seven chief thieves of Lyddesdale,
Armestronges. The lord Warden is informed that Patrick Hebbourne, a
near kinsman of earl Bothwell, was with them, who has such credit with
Bothwell that he has, or shall have, the keeping of Hermitage Castle.
Have now sent to Wharton to pick out of these Armestronges, by whose
advice this and recent raids from Lyddesdale were made, and what aiders
they have in England.
Send herewith an inventory, which they caused the President of the
Council at York to make, of Sir Geo. Lawson's goods. Think that the
executors will undertake to act; but they have day until the 19th inst. to
decide. Meanwhile the goods are put in safety. Beg instructions in case
the executors decide to act.
P.S.—An espial has arrived with the lord Warden, reporting that
the Governor and Anguysshe "are very stark and have a strong
party," and that there is no more bruit of Huntley, Murrey, Argile and
the Kirkmen holding a parliament of their own at Saynt Johnstones.
Huntley and Murrey intend to come to Edinburgh in peaceable manner,
where their lodging is taken and themselves expected yesternight. Argile
comes with a stark power. If so, the Governor will let him bring no
great power over the water, but only come himself with a convenient
number of attendants. The bishops and clergy will come, who fear "that
things shall go much against them at this time touching the reformation
of their abuses." Newcastle, 8 March. Signed by Suffolk, Lisle, Durham,
Parr and Sadler.
Pp. 3. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., v. 260.
254. Arran to Suffolk.
Angus and George Douglas say he has written to them that the first
purpose of the duke of Gweis and earl of Lenox to lead a force hither
is altered, and they "hes tane purpos to graitht yame mair starkly to cum
in yis realm hastely, nocht to our contentatioun, and yat yai suld tak
purpois to schip in Bryst of Bartanze"; desiring Arran to send a servant, to
be conveyed through England, to enquire into this. Sends bearer, without
writings, to make enquiry at the ports of Normandy and Bartanze under
Suffolk's instructions. Holyrudhouse beside Edingburtht, 8 March.
Signed : James G.
P. 1. Add. : lieutenant general of the North partis of Ingland. Endd.
A. P. C., 94.
255. The Privy Council.
Meetings at Westm., 6, 7 and 8 March. Present : Chancellor,
Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Winchester, Westminster, St. John,
Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley. No business recorded.
Meeting at Westm., 9 March. Present : Canterbury and the above.
Business :—Dr. Guent and Dr. Oliver, appointed commissioners for hearing
of certain Portugalles suspected of Judaisme, brought in certificate that
they were Christian men.
256. Wallop to the Council.
On Tuesday, 6th inst., two of his horsemen that watch on Fynes
hill brought word that De Bies, with a number of horsemen, dined at the
castle there. Sent Mr. Vaughan to the Chalk Pits, to speak with him if
he passed that way, and the Bailly to Camp, where he must pass. He had
long communication with both. Writes Mr. Vaughan's report verbatim;
as for the Bailly, he will write direct or else through the lord Deputy.
De Bies asked Vaughan why Englishmen "fled away with their corn,
cattle, bag and baggage"; who answered that he had no less marvel why
all those of Picardy so did. De Bies then said that the English ambassador
was stayed at Bullen until another came in his place or theirs returned,
but that he left him merry, accompanied with gentlemen and damoyselles
to pass the time. Vaughan had with him 7 or 8 tall fellows with pikes
and as many with long bows; whom De Bies pointed out to Mons. de
Pynay, "which he brought to be lieutenant at Arde for the French king,"
as of the hardiest men in the field of any nation he ever saw. Vaughan
said the Picards were as tall men as ever he saw, and they exchanged
compliments, De Bies inviting him to come to Bullen when the musters
were taken (in three or four days), where he should have good cheer.
De Bies desired to see the archers shoot; and when they had shot, De
Pynay, who had never seen Englishmen shoot, asked if their King had
many archers in his realm. "Unto whom Monsr. de Beez said that it
was th' Englishmen's natural weapon from childhood. Then Mr. Vaughan
said that the King's Highness might at all times find within his realm
xlti m1 archers that the worst of them should be better and taller
personages than the best of those he had there. At those words Monsr.
de Pynay took up his hand and blessed him." After this De Bies asked
if he thought their masters should remain friends, and Vaughan said he
was sure the King would not break the amity, but he heard that they had
arrested all English ships and subjects in France. De Bies said that
more French ships and of greater value were arrested in England, but he
thought the amity would not be broken for any worldly goods, and protested
his master's love to the King. And with many such fair words
De Bies departed.
Wallop, however, mistrusted his coming to Arde to be for something other
than to conduct Mons. de Pynay, and caused all the country to retire their
cattle within Newneham Bridge and the Marresse, and next morning wrote
to the lord Deputy to let it remain there; so that now the French can
do no hurt except burn the houses, which he reckons they will not begin.
Yesterday De Bies returned to Bullen, not through the King's forest as
he is wont. Perhaps he doubted an ambush of the Burgundians or
mistrusted us; for the passage is now very strait because of the ditches
Wallop cast from the chalk pits to the woodside for surety of the labourers.
The night he came to Arde seven horsemen of St. Omez chased their
"skult," and therefore he sent 300 footmen to search the woods and 300
to Leekes and, ere he came to the wood, sent his trumpet to Wallop with
a letter (enclosed) that Mr. Paget gave him the day before to send here.
Marvels "what he meant to keep the same so long." Guisnes,
9 March. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C., 94.
257. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 10 March. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk,
Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Riche. Business :—Warrant stamped and
signed to Tuke to pay Wm. Rogers, mayor of Norwich, 66[l.] 3[s.] 4½d.
disbursed for board of certain Flemings taken at sea.
32,650, f. 20.
258. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
The King has seen his letters of the 6th inst. and those of Wharton
and lord Maxwell, with the credence of the Frenchman sent from the
Dowager of Scotland. Suffolk shall immediately write or send to the
Dowager that, weighing the credence and remembering a report that the
King should have need to provide shortly for the surety of her daughter,
he thinks she has done wisely to seek his Highness's advice and succour;
but, if they of Scotland desire to employ her daughter to their own purpose
or percace put her in danger, as the credence and Suffolk's intelligence
purport, she should be speedily gotten into the King's custody, who is
well able to defend her "and will not otherwise bestow her than on his
own natural son, my lord Prince's grace, the goodliest child of the world."
If the Dowager will frankly signify her mind herein, and how she thinks
it may be compassed, Suffolk may assure her that he will travail earnestly
in it; begging her to take his advice in good part, which he could not
forbear to utter, both because of her former message and his own zeal for
the child's preservation, being so near the King's blood.
Draft, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute to the Duke of Suff., xo Martii, ao xxxiiijo.
259. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Besides other attentions (visitations), this King, on the 2nd inst.,
sent Winchester, Westminster and Wriothesley to signify that he was
content, solely for Chapuys's sake, to restore the goods of certain Portuguese
(seized because of their being charged with Judaism), in whose favour she
has twice written during these past months, as also have the King and
Queen of Portugal. They wondered that there was no news from her to
impart to their master; which Chapuys assured them was due to her great
occupations, which gave her no leisure, and proposed as a remedy that the
King should have an ambassador with her—a suggestion which they much
liked. Perceived from them that, contrary to what they had before given
him to understand, the bp. of London has no commission to treat of the
common invasion, but only to solicit that Chapuys may be empowered to
treat it. Told them that they seemed to have omitted the chief point of
the bp's. instructions, and that he was astonished thereat, after what they
had said, but chiefly because it concerned them so much in the present
position of their master's affairs, who, they said, had thirty ships at sea and,
being already at that expense, had far better make the said invasion and
thus have the help of the Emperor's ships and so dominate the sea that
neither French nor Danes would dare venture into Scotland. There
was no other means of assuring the King's affairs in Scotland; for, as he
had said before, French practices were more to be feared than their arms,
and, if not busied in defending themselves, they had both leisure to contrive
new moves and opportunity to get money out of the people; whereas,
if effectively invaded, Francis would have no fancy to embroil the affairs of
others and would fear to burden his people with taxes, after last year's
risings in Brittany and La Rochelle. Now was the time to run upon him,
when, after last year's expenditure, his money must be low; and, besides,
for notorious reasons, he and his intrigues were detested by all Christendom,
and even by all good men of his own realm, and there was small likelihood
that he could get foreign soldiers of estimation, considering his treatment
of the Clevois and Gueldrois and of Count Guillaume de Frustemberg. If
he was to be left to breathe for another year, it would have been better to
have deferred the conclusion of the treaty; for he was bound to hear of it,
and would provide for his affairs and take heart, imagining that in such an
opportunity we dared not assail him.
The ministers took these and like representations in good part, and
promised to report them to the King and let Chapuys know his intention.
Next day, 3rd inst., received her letters of the 24th and 25th ult., with
those to the King and the oration made in her behalf to the Diet of
Nuremberg. After perusing all, on the 4th, being still indisposed and the
weather unsettled (tres divers), sent the letters for the King to Wriothesley,
to present them and get a confidential person sent to hear his credence.
On the 5th, very early, Winchester and Mons. de Chenay, treasurer of the
King's house and knight of the Garter, came to hear it, saying that the
King thanked Chapuys for his advertisement by the aforesaid ministers,
and would send an ambassador to her and debate the rest with his Council.
Having then communicated his charge to them, they rejoiced to understand
her affection for their master and the success of affairs there, and to see
the prudence and dexterity with which she provided for everything; and they
requested that they might take to the King her oration to the Diet; which
Chapuys granted. As to the impost of 1 per cent. upon exports, showed
them that if the English were exempt other nations would murmur,
and merchandise would be fraudulently passed under the name of English,
so that the impost would be fruitless; and it was to be employed
against the second Turk and in a war not for Flanders alone but for the
merchants here, who had much goods there and no other convenient outlet
for their wares, besides that doctors of laws held that the convention of
intercourse did not extend to this (although the Queen would not allege
their opinion, as she wished rather to amplify than restrict the treaties).
This they could not contradict, but rather admitted; and they stayed at
nothing save the invasion of France in the present year, the treasurer (who
alone spoke of it) alleging that the time was too short, if only for the difficulty
of getting wagons. On Chapuys's removing that objection, he began
another which might have made Chapuys suspect him of partiality, he
having been brought up in France, and a pensioner, and tracing his ancestors
from Burgundy. It was that the French frontier towns were so strong that
the smallest of them could not be won within a year. Answered that the
King knew their strength and, if he had thought them inexpugnable would
not have capitulated the invasion, and Chenay knew that there was no fortress
but was both guardable and pregnable; and if, perchance, Francis,
this spring, invaded Flanders, as he bragged, after his men had suffered by
bad weather and his horses by lack of forage, it would be easy to give them
a thrashing which would astound those in the towns, and, by marching
beyond them, to put the towns out of hope of succour; and if they (the
Flemings?) in winter, with a handful of men, dared some time since to go
as far as Montdedier, what might they do in summer, when victuals were
abundant and might be carried by wagon, with an army six times as strong
and the French forces scattered? The King's army drawing towards
Normandy would always be aided by the joint armies on the sea,
by means of which some stir (garboille) might be raised in Brittany
and Bordeaux, where the King has right and is in good reputation; and,
when all was said, their Majesties would not make the war alone, for the
most part of Christendom would assist, at least with good wishes and
prayers, and God would be captain of the enterprise and inspire those in
charge of the fortresses to transfer them to more Christian and virtuous
hands. To this the bp. and treasurer made no reply, but said they would
report it to the King before answering. They said nothing of the duke of
Cleves; but, eight days before, the King sent word by the secretary of his
Council that he was advertised of a peace being treated between the Duke
and the Emperor, and thought it the very best means to withdraw the Duke
from France to the side of the Emperor, and that (if it could not otherwise
be done) the Duke might be permitted to enjoy Gueldres for life, if it might
pass with the Emperor's honor and reputation; and that in this he was not
prompted by any affection to the Duke, for whom and all his allies he (the
King) cared less than he did for the Emperor's gloves.
This morning the King has sent word that he takes in good part
Chapuys' communication to his said ministers, and, since she (as Chapuys
had said) knew the Emperor's will as to the enterprise against France, and
had authority in all things concerning her government, he had decided, as
Chapuys advised, to send, in five or six days, two ambassadors to her.
Thinks that one of them will be Mr. Thomas Semel, brother of the late
Queen Jane, and the other Dr. Carne, whom she knows, and that they will
be more dexterous and modest than the other (fn. 6) who was there these years
past, who might have returned thither but for Chapuys's remonstrances.
Is greatly consoled to hear of her satisfaction touching the treaty, of
which, although the King desires it kept secret for some time, she might
make profit with the dukes of Cleves and Holstein and other German
princes; because the chief cause of his desiring secrecy ceases, viz., that he
would provide against a French attack upon his lands beyond sea, and the indemnity
of his subjects having goods in France is provided for by the retention
of the six ships of which Chapuys has heretofore written, and the sequestration
of Frenchmen's goods here, in which the ministers have used incredible
diligence ever since the conclusion of the treaty and could not use greater
rigor if war were declared. Believes that the exasperation will increase
daily and soon constrain the English to enter war, especially if the ships of
the two sides meet. It seems as if the French are seeking some pretext
either for troubling the English openly or for sending into Scotland, for
the French ambassador, twelve days ago, complained to this King that his
master was advertised that Englishmen lighted the fire last year at
La Rochelle, and that this King had sent into Normandy to practise the
seizure of certain fortresses. True, Westminster and the Treasurer said
that the ambassador who came eight days ago, called the prothonotary de
Ortez, of the house of Gramont and nephew of the abp. of Bordeaux, has
used very gracious and friendly language. The old ambassador would fain
withdraw, but may not leave until the English ambassador, who was (on his
way back from the French Court) arrested at Boulogne, arrives here; "et
est obstine led. Sr. Roy de plustost mourir le sond. ambassadeur (sic)
que de donner congie a nul desd. deux de France pour s'en retourner."
Four days ago the King sent to say that, after the death of the late king
of Scotland, learning that the French boasted that the duke of Holstein
would send a great army to Scotland, he despatched one Wm. Watszon,
practised in those countries, with letters to the Duke and also to Lubeck
and Hamburg, to feel the Duke's intent and spy the preparations, who had
been seized as a suspicious person and imprisoned at Utrecht; and the
King desired Chapuys' intercession with the Queen for his immediate
deliverance. All is for the service of their Majesties. The King greatly
desired an interview with her, but his Council dissuaded him by representing
that she was now greatly occupied with affairs; but he would marvellously
desire that Grantvelle might cross hither. Surely, if his charge there
permits it, his coming would be to the Emperor's service. London,
10 March, 1542.
French, pp. 12. Modern transcript from Vienna. Original mainly in
VI. II, No. 113]
260. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Lately, by her orders, he excused himself to various persons from
writing about export of armour (harnoix) from thence, but now that things
are changed, and those here must prepare to hurt the common enemy,
hopes she will take in good part his petition for licence to deserving
personages, such as Mons. de Sainct Jehan, of the Privy Council, who
desires leave to procure 100 harnesses for foot men and 100 pikes.
London, 10 March, 1542.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,650, f. 24,
261. Lisle to Suffolk.
This evening, since my coming hither, arrived Henry Raie, with
letters from Arren, Anguishe and Sir Geo. Duglas (sent herewith). Here is
also come a gentleman sent by the Governor into France, to be a spy upon
the earl of Lenoxe (as Lisle conjectures from words which "escaped him
unwares") although Arren's letter to Suffolk, of which Lisle has the copy,
gives his errand to France as to see, in the ports of Picardie, Normandie
and Breteigne, what preparation is made for the coming of Guise and
Lenoxe into Scotland. An espial reports that Murray feigned a desire to
join the Governor and Anguyshe, and came with the Governor on Tuesday
last from Lithcoo to Edinburgh, tarried there all Wednesday, sitting "with
them in Council," and on Thursday morning, early, departed without
taking leave to the other lords at St. Johnston. Both he and Berwick say
that only one bishop was come to Edinburgh on Thursday, but the
enclosed letter from tke captain of Berwick declares that four are come.
To-morrow or Monday, will know the certainty; for he has two servants
and two espials still in Edinburgh. Both this espial and Berwick agree
"that there will be great division and strife amongst these lords." The
priests that come to the Parliament bring their men "in coats of plate and
long spears." Alnwick, 10 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
262. The French.
"The sayings of Martin Hollande, the xth day of March."
That, to-day, Mons. de Bies commanded all his men of arms and
archers to muster at Boulonge next week, and to come two or three days
before. Another band shall muster at Moultrull. Where I specified to you
that 100 men of arms should go to each garrison; now but 50 go, until
they know whether it shall be war with us. There is no gathering of
footmen. After the musters they pretend an enterprise in Flanders. De
Bies's gentlemen say the Kings shall remain friends and restore the ships.
P 1. Headed as above. Add. : To, etc., "Sir John Wallope, knight,
cappne de Guises."