A. P. C., 97.
283. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 16 March. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney,
Gage, Brown, Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Dr.Haynes appeared
and, after evidence of his evil opinions and maintaining of "sundry
parsons" in the like, was committed to the Fleet.
VI. II., No.
284. Chapuys to Charles V.
Forwards duplicate of what he last advertised the Emperor through
Grandvelle. Since then, the French ambassadors were on Tuesday last
called to Court, and returned accompanied by Mr. Charles Habart, brother
of the last Queen, and another gentleman who are deputed to stay with
them and see that neither of them dislodges hence until the return of this
King's ambassador arrested at Boulogne. Lady Anne of Clevez has been
three days at Court. Knows not whether she was called thither or not,
but, from what Chapuys can learn, this King made not much of her.
Here they cease not to equip ships in all diligence and to search for
Frenchmen's goods; and the French do not sleep, who are said to have
lately taken some English merchant ships. Going on as they have
begun, it seems as if they would venture into real war without waiting
other challenge (sommation), although the English consider it against
honor to begin without challenge.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS. headed : 16 Mars,
32,650, f. 48,
285. Lisle to Suffolk.
This morning, early, an espial reported that the Parliament of Scotland
breaks up to-morrow and that three petitions were made by the clergy
and commonalty to the Governor, viz., (1) That the Cardinal be released
unless proved to have committed treason against the Crown, (2) That the
state of their clergy may stand as it is and not follow the cast of England,
and (3) that the young Queen be put in the keeping of four noblemen
until old enough to consent to marry. Encloses a schedule received
yesterday from a Scottish borderer of reputation, showing "which earls
bare the Crown, the Sceptre and the Sword." Forgot to send it with his
letters yesternight. Alnwick, 16 March. Signed.
P.S.—Encloses a letter of intelligence from the captain of Berwick.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
St. P., v. 262,
286. Angus and Sir George Douglas to Lisle.
Received, 15 March, by his servant Ric. Holburn, his letters
dated Alnwick, 14th inst., inquiring whether they intend to deliver the
Cardinal, how many lords came to Parliament, what statutes are
agreed upon, and whether they have begun to commune of the marriage
between the King and their Princess.
The Cardinal is not delivered. Parliament began 12 March. The
week before, Huntly, Argyle, Murray and Bothwell, with a great
number of bishops, abbots, barons and knights convened at Perth, and
sent the bp. of Orkney and Sir John Campbell of Caldour to the
Governor with these articles, viz., 1, to put the Cardinal at liberty;
2, that the New Testament should not go abroad; 3, that the Governor
should be counselled by them; and 4, that the ambassadors named
in the King's safe conduct should not go, but others of their choice.
The Governor replied that he would grant no such unreasonable
desires, and sent a herald charging them on pain of treason to come
and serve for the commonwealth. Describe how the Governor prepared
to proceed in spite of opposition and how the said lords, seeing
that they could not make their party good, came in to the Parliament,
between the 11th and 15th inst., all except Argyle who is sick and
has sent proxies. Parliament has, 1st, resolved to send Sir William
Hamilton and Sir James Leirmonth to the King with large commission
for the marriage of the lord Prince and the Queen, &c.; 2nd,
ratified Arran's appointment as governor; 3rd, revoked, this Thursday,
15 March, the unjust processes of forfeiture against the writers, lord
Glammis, Archibald Douglas, James Douglas of Parkheid, and Alex.
Drummond of Carnoth. Have as yet proceeded no further; but it is
the most substantial Parliament ever seen and the multitude of gentlemen
and serving men as much as this town and Leith can lodge.
A Scotch ship came from France, 14 March, with word that the earl
of Levenax and one of the French King's council shall be here shortly,
to be followed by the duke of Guise or his son with 12,000 men of
war. Twelve French ships are ready at New Haven to take in their
men at Bryst in Bretaynze and come by the West to Dunbrytain. If
the King would resist them by the way it would be a great pleasure
to "this young gentleman the Governor" and most of this realm and
draw the hearts of the whole people to the King's purposes.
Desire licence for two ships of 80 tons (masters named) to pass into
France and Denmark or Danske. Edinburgh, 16 March, 1542. Signed.
Pp. 6. Much stained and faded. Add. : Admiral and Warden of England
A. P. C.,
287. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 17 March. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. Business :—Thomas Weldon, one of the
masters of the Household, summoned and found culpable of maintaining
"one Sir Thomas Parson Parson clarcke" who was known to be of
evil opinions touching the Sacrament, was committed to the Fleet.
288. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
The King has just sent word that he intended to send as ambassador
to her the gentleman (fn. 1) of whom Chapuys wrote last, and with him either
Dr. Hutton or Dr. Leton (who was elected to go into France) as Chapuys
thought most suitable. Praised the choice of the gentleman and deferred
electing the other, although it seemed to him at the moment that
Hutton would be best. It seems that they will not leave before
Easter, Meanwhile will solicit to have them furnished with
power and instructions to treat of the necessary enterprise. Four
days ago, two of the King's gentlemen (fn. 2) were deputed to reside
with the French ambassadors and see that they do not dislodge
without speaking to the host. Believes, as he has already written,
that affairs will gradually grow so exasperated that the two Kings
will begin the dance without waiting for challenge or defiance,
upon which the English are so grounded that they hold it a point
of honor not to begin war without defiance. The King lately licensed
lady Anne of Cleves to visit the Princess, and she was three days
in Court, but the King only saw her once. The Scottish ambassadors
who are expected will not come until after the conclusion of the Estates
lately assembled in Scotland; at which the earls of More (bastard brother
of the late King), Hogny (Huntly), Alguer (Argyle) and Boduel would not
appear, being friends, pensionaries and partizans of the Cardinal. The
latter is kept more closely than usual and charged, besides what Chapuys
wrote, with having forged a certain will in the name of the late King, who
died intestate, with having instigated the late King to put to death more
than 150 gentlemen upon suspicion of Lutheranism, and with having
misused the King's money, especially that from the French pensions. The
Scots are much on their guard, especially against a French landing there,
fearing the coming of Mons. de Guyse and no less that of the Sieur de
Leman (Lennox), who is of the house of Stuarde and has spent almost all
his life in France and is he whom the Cardinal sought to promote to the
Crown. It is to be feared that at the said Estates there may be dissension
and also some beginning of withdrawing the realm from the obedience of
the See Apostolic, which is the greatest inconvenience that I see in all that
affair. Is told that the French ambassadors here, after long talking,
have come to the conclusion that this King does not wish to make war
and that his preparations and threats are only meant to deter Francis from
invading Flanders; but, for all that, there would be shortly about Ardres a
very great army. London, 17 March 1542.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna.
St. P., v.
289. Suffolk, Durham and Parr to the Council.
Have received theirs of the 14th inst., with a letter to Mr. Sadleyr
which is forwarded. Enclose letters from my lord Warden and Sir Wm.
Evers, with a schedule of a Scottish espial which, if true, shows that the
Parliament of Scotland, which had a strange beginning, is like to have a
strange ending. Perceive, by the letter to Sadleyr, that the sheriff of Ayre
is arrived with certain Scottish gentlemen. As Evers writes that a ship
out of France has brought a post to Argyle, who is not yet at the Parliament,
with news that the sheriff of Ayre and earl of Lenoux were coming
by sea, some man should be sought out, in the Court or in London, who
knows Lenoux; lest he should pass as a servant, for "it is not best to trust
over much to Scottish men." Newcastle, 17 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
290. Lisle and Sadler to Henry VIII.
This morning, early, came a letter (enclosed) from Anguishe and
Sir Geo. Douglas to Lisle, showing the things concluded by their
Parliament to be treated by the ambassadors, and also that Arren is
ratified governor and second person of Scotland; which matter, being
contrary to Henry's purpose for the government of that realm, and not
hanging well with Sadler's commission, being thus far in his journey to
Edinburgh, but yet passed by Parliament and not to be revoked except by
Parliament, which were a "busy piece of work to bring to pass," Sadler
will proceed to execute the other points of his instructions, without
pressing that matter of the government, which was not proponed by any
of them that were lately prisoners only because a governor was chosen
before their coming home. If Sadler should now follow his instructions
in that point it might cause Arren to fall to the devotion of the French
king. Alnwick, 17 March. Signed.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
291. Lisle to Suffolk.
Since his letters this morning, has spoken with an espial of his who
was in Edinburgh at 10 o'clock yesterday and rode all night. His
intelligence agrees with that of Anguishe and his brother which Lisle sent.
What was written by the captain of Berwick, viz., that Parliament
consented to Anguishe being restored on condition that Glencarne and
Flemyng would be bound "that he should be a true Scottes man," is untrue.
No such motion was made. Lisle's espial came in company with the
laird of Sesforthe, warden of the middle marches of Scotland, sent by the
Governor to keep good rule; and heard Sesforthe say he was commanded to
see English complaints redressed to the uttermost penny, and that there
was no other likelihood but that the Princess of Scotland should marry the
Prince of England, and the lords of Scotland were too wise to refuse such
an offer, and that "he knew moo of that opinion in Scotland than he knew
of the contrary." The espial agreed with Lisle's servant who brought the
letters that Anguishe and his brother bear "the whole stroke." The said
servant forgot to say that he saw Huntley put off his cap to George
Douglas, with a low reverence, who "put his hand slightly to his cap and
said 'Bon jour, Monsieur Huntley,'" and forthwith came and rowned in
Lisle's servant's ear "There is never an earl in Scotland but I may be
hail fellow with him at this day, I thank God and the King my master."
Lisle's servant also said that the lord of Lastarrikke, (fn. 3) for Anguishe's sake,
came to the Governor with all the town of Lithe, being 200 demi-hakes
and 300 pikes; who, with flags and drums, attended the Governor to the
Tolle Bouthe and home again for four days, and, at his entering his
lodging, shot off all their hakes, while the Castle shot daily six or eight
great pieces at his going to and from the Tolle Bouthe. Further he said
that the Governor had always, of his own and Anguishe's servants, 300
halberts about him; and that 1,000 men in harness kept watch in certain
places of the town, and all praised Anguishe for the good order kept,—as
good as was kept in England. The espial says that Lythersdale men have
ridden upon their own countrymen as far as Pibles; which shows that the
garrisons have clean stopped their passage through Tyndale, "and yet you
heard how much John Heron was against it." Thirty or forty of Tyndale
rode last night into Scotland, either to ride with the Scots or to do them a
shrewd turn. Seeing that they will needs be doing, it is better they were
doing there than have scope to bring in Scottish thieves.
Sent Suffolk's letters after Mr. Secretary; who left at 7 a.m. and would
have left at 5 a.m. but for letters that came forth of Scotland. Will be at
Berwick on Monday night to speak with lord Somervile, but is doubtful
whether Somervile can keep his appointment, as the Parliament continues
longer than was expected. Lisle's servant said that Hambleton and
Lermonth were made knights in the Parliament House on Thursday last.
Cannot yet learn when they "set hitherwards." To-morrow or Monday,
looks for another servant from Edinburgh. Alnwick, 17 March, 9 p.m.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C.,
292. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 18 March. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres. Business :—Sternall and Ph. Hobbye,
a gentleman usher, sent to the Fleet for maintaining opinions of Sir
Thomas Parson. Letters sent to Windsor to call Testwood, Morbecke and
Benett before the Council.
Indictment of Anthony Peerson. That he preached, two years ago
at Wingfield (words given), irreverence to the Clergy and disbelief in
9,835, f. 25.
294. [Wm. Thynne] to [Symond Stone.]
I hear from Richard Eynnys, my deputy of Bewdeley, that you are
an honest man, though you have been my enemy without cause. I request
you to undertake the duty of paymaster for the repairs of the King's house
of Ticknell near you. Richard Eynnes will act as comptroller of the
workmen and checker of the defaults. Westm., 18 March, Anno 34.
Copy p. 1.
II. [Wm. Thynne] to Richard Eynnys.
Sends 20l. by Ric. Shalwey to be delivered to Symond Stone for
the repairs of Ticknell. Westm., 18 March, ao 34.
Copy, p. 1.
295. Wallop to the Council.
Wrote of late how Mons. de Beez invited Mr. Vaughan to come to
Bullen when the musters were taken. De Beez accordingly sent for him
and, by Wallop's advice, he went, taking with him the Bailly and two or
three gentlemen more. As soon as they were gone, received a letter
(enclosed) from the Great Master warning him of De Beez's muster next
day, Thursday, &c. His offer of the Almains is very gentle, and is contrary
to the conjecture Wallop wrote in a letter in his own hand. Begs them to
obtain the King's letter of thanks to him for this and former merits. He
seems always, next the Emperor, to have the greatest desire to serve the
Two hours after receipt of the Great Master's letter, learnt that a post
had come to Bullen out of England declaring that their ambassadors were
stayed as prisoners. Whereupon the bruit ran that there was war with
Englishmen, and Frenchmen assembled at Mustrell to make a course upon
them. Wished then that Vaughan and the others had not gone, doubting
that De Beez would say he gave his assurance in peace time; and, that
night, took precautions (described) and warned Hampnez and Calais that
the lord Deputy might reinforce the two bulwarks in the East pale. A
bulwark is necessary to keep the passage at Botehawkes "where, in the last
wars, most hurt was done, then being a rank 'marresse' better to be kept
than now, the ground waxing somewhat dry."
Mr. Vaughan and his company are returned from Bullen, where they
had the greatest cheer possible. All the castle and bulwarks were shown
them. The ambassador (fn. 4) and they saw the musters, 440 horses, 35 of
which were "bardid horse" and the rest being the best horsed and tallest
personages they ever saw; "and Monsr. de Beez himself upon a goodly
jennet, as brave and gallantly trimmed as could be, and took up his horse
before the ladies there like a young roister and a lover, confessing to
Mr. Vaughan that he so was, saying to him, "Maiz que nouz sommez
en bon peax avec le roy d'Angleterre, il ne noz chaulde point pour
tout lez demorauntes." De Beez said 4,000 Almains were come to
Mustrell and they doubted the coming of the Great Master, but were ready
for him. De Beez defrayed all charges of Vaughan and his company, who
were there from Thursday noon until Friday noon.
For all this good cheer, they have stayed Mr. Bayneton's son and one
Stokes, student at Paris. The provost of Paris, now captain of Thurwan,
was at the musters, to whom De Beez much praised the English nation,
saying that with 5,000 English archers and the men he had in Picardy he
would not care for all the Emperor's power in these parts. Yesterday,
mustered at Arde 900 footmen. Mons. de Pynayz band of horsemen are
not yet all come. Many footmen of Bullonoyez have gone towards
Mustrell. Thinks it is not for fear of the Great Master, but to make
a course upon the Emperor's frontiers or our East pale; for on the West
pale they could only burn houses and could not take the churches without
cannon. Wrote the substance of these news to the Great Master.
Guysnes, 18 March.
P.S.—Has a spy out towards Mustrell. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : Ao xxxiiijo.
296. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
Sends herewith a letter from the Emperor and two from Grantvelle,
with a writing which was left open in order that she might add to it, but it
is so well reasoned that she can add nothing. Chapuys shall use it with
dexterity, not pressing the King too much for the aid in money in case he will
not make the enterprise, so as not to make him suspect that the cost of the war
will be thrown upon him alone; and if the King sends ambassadors she will deal
with them accordingly. The Count de Reulx has met the Captain of Guynes
at Bourbourg, as appears by the extract of his letter herewith.
The deputies of the Electors upon the Rhine and of the Landgrave,
failing to make truce between her and the duke of Cleves, have retired.
Cleves wishes to justify himself by remitting the dispute to the princes
and estates of the Empire and other neutral princes, and thinks meanwhile
to continue his occupation of Gueldres. He has sent seven
ambassadors to Nuremberg to answer her commissioners and complain of
the invasion of his country; but she will continue her efforts to force him to
come to reason, and is sending towards Maestricht the duke of Arschot, with
the counts of Lalaing, Hoochstrate, Ligny (freres de Ligny) and Oostfrize and
2,500 horse and 10,000 foot, of whom 400 are High Almains, picked men,
and some battery pieces; who shall enter the Duke's country within two days.
The Duke is determined to give battle. Has levied 3,000 Lemburgers to reinforce
her army. If the Duke gives battle he hazards all, and if not his
countries receive inestimable damage. Has also levied some men about Munster
to enter his countries of Ravesburge and Marque from the other side, and her
garrisons on the side of Utrecht and Brabant will not be idle.
Thanks for ample news in his letters of the 10th inst. At once ordered
the release of the prisoner (fn. 5) of whom he wrote, who was apprehended in
going from Utrecht towards Gueldres.
Since the above was written, learns from a good place that those of
La Rochelle are again revolted, and that the King of France is very ill
pleased, both for that and for the discovery of the treasonable intrigue to
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS., headed :
A l'ambassadeur Chapuys, de xviij de Mars 1542.
297. Mary of Hungary to Chapuys.
The letter placed under this date in the Spanish Calendar (Vol. VI.
Part ii. No. 118), is of the year 1544.
St. P., IX.
298. Paget to Henry VIII.
Mons. de Villebone, captain of Terwyn, late provost of Paris, who
has been here three or four days, hearing that the Burgundians are abroad
with 1,500 horse and 6,000 foot, has gone to Monstreul for an escort home,
for the burnt child dreadeth fire and he was once in the Burgundians'
hands, taken at St. Pol. Yesterday De Beez went thither with his 100
men of arms. The 50 men of Du Pynack, lieutenant now at Arde, 50 of
Villebone's and 50 of Dorleans are also going thither, and also Mons. de
Kar, Mons. St. Martin (De Langey's brother) and Captain Theodore
Magnus, each with 200 light horse. They reckon to have 2,000 horse and
6,000 foot to encounter De Reus, and to speed the better because De Reus
and Mons. Dascott are not friends. Describes, from the point of view of
a "good Frenchman," the confidence of the French, their report of the
Emperor's lanceknights coming to Valenciennes and their own from
Brittayn, and concludes with a regret that he can do no better service.
Boulloyn, 18 March, at night (fn. 6) . Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding in the hand of Paget's clerk.
299. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 19 March. Present : Canterbury, Norfolk,
Privy Seal, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—Letters sent to Sir Wm. West to
repair from Plymmowth to the Downs; to the mayor and inhabitants of
Hull to "conteyne" from choosing Sir Wm. Knowles to the mayoralty,
because of his charge of customership there. —(blank) Morbacke, of
Windsor, for maintaining seditious opinions, committed to the Marshalsea.
Letter under the stamp sent to the bp. and chapter of Exeter "to certify
what they knew touching the evil opinions of Doctour Haynes." Order
for dividing the money received from the bp. on Llandaff for Bulmer's
lands between Joan wife of Wm. Bulmer, esq., and Wm. Bulmer being in
Acts of the
300. The New Testament in Scotland.
Precept by Arran, as Governor, to the clerk of Register to cause to
be proclaimed, this day, at the Market Cross of Edinburgh, the Act made
for having the New Testament in English vulgar tongue, and to enter
this command in the books of Parliament. Edinburgh, 19 March 1542.
A. P. C.,
301. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 20 March. Present : Norfolk, Russell,
Hertford, Winchester, St. John, Gage, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Dacres.
Business :—Four commissions stamped for John Mille, John Wight and
John Chattreton to take up victual for furniture of certain ships. Passport
signed for Robert Litton to repair to Mr. Pagett. Letters written to
Sir Thos. Trenchard, Thos. Trenchard and John Williams for immediate
restitution of a Spanish pinnace (fn. 7) unjustly taken by John Bowle.
Passport signed for David Robertson, Scottishman, repairing into France.
302. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has seen the letters from the lord Admiral and him, of the
17th inst., and those of Anguishe and Sir George Douglasse, and, while
marvelling at the Scots' proceedings touching the government, approves
Sadler's resolution not to stir a greater trouble therein. But, as the matter
is very important, he shall feel what Anguishe, Cassilles, Glencarn,
Flemyng, Maxwel, Somervile and Sir George Douglasse will say in it,
telling them, apart or together (speech prescribed), that one thing he has
noted since his coming much troubles him, viz. the establishment of the
Governor by Parliament, with "a certain determination" to remain the
King's friends, wherein he fears that they have forgotten their promise to
the King, who will surely kick at this matter when he knows it, and perhaps
think it not meet to suffer as he has done but take his advantage otherwise.
Their answers he shall certify with diligence. He shall show Anguishe and
Douglasse that the sheriff of Ayr is here with the King, and says that, at
his departure, Linox was ready to go by the West seas to Scotland.
Perhaps he may be met with by some of the King's ships; but, in all
events, the Governor and they must provide for him; for whatever face he
bear he is wholly for France. (Here, on a detached leaf in the same handwriting,
is another, but very similar, draft of this passage about Lennox,
followed by another form of the speech about the establishment of the
Finally, Sadler shall say that he trusts they will show themselves true
gentlemen and that the whole realm will be always ready to serve the King
against all men and all nations; wherein they shall work their own honors
and commodities. The King desires to know when Parliament shall end
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd. : Mynute to Mr. Secr.
Mr. Sadleyr, xxo Martii ao xxxiiijo.
2. Another copy of the above, described in the Calendar of Cecil MSS.
(Pt. I. 72) as of 14 April, 1542, which is the date in the contemporary
St. P., V.
303. Arran to Henry VIII.
Has deferred answering Henry's letters to the Council dated
Hampton Court, 4 Jan., and his other letters sent since, because the
matters contained in them were too weighty to be answered without the
convention of the Three Estates of this realm. "And to yat effect we
assemblit the Parliament and sett ye samyn to the twelf day of this
instant moneth, in the quhilk we, be the avise of the Thre Estaitis of this
realme has direct oure familiaris and traist counsalours Williame
Hammyltoun of Sanquhar, James Leirmonth of Balcohny, knychtes, and
Maister Henry Balnavis, oure secretar, our ambassatouris towartis zoure
Grace, fully instruckit," with commission to conclude the contract of
marriage between the Prince your son and the Princess Marie queen of
Scotland your pronece, and to establish a peace betwixt the two realms.
Desires credence for them. Halyrudhous, 20 March, 1 Mary. Signed.
Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
18 B. VI.
2. Letter-book copy of the above, from which it is printed in the State
Ib. f. 152.
Ib. f. 24.
3. Another letter-book copy.
Ib. f. 24.
4. Later copy of the same.
304. Garrisons and Ships.
Newcastell upon Tyne, 20 Marcii ao 34 Hen. VIII. :—Brief declaration
by John Uvedale, treasurer, of the payment of the garrisons and ships
from 21 Feb. last, of which he has delivered signed copies to Charles duke
of Suffolk, lieutentant in the North, and Viscount Lisle, lord Admiral and
lord Warden of the Marches.
Showing that, out of 5,031l. 10d. (partly in broken and refuse gold)
which he had on 21 Feb., he has paid :—By Suffolk's warrants : To
Angwishe and Geo. Douglas with their petty captains and 200 men, for the
month beginning 27 Feb., 207l. 4s.; to Richmond herald, in reward when
sent into Scotland, 40s., and for 50 days' wages from 8 Jan. 10l.; to Sir
Ralph Sadler in prest, when sent into Scotland, 200l.
By the lord Admiral's warrants : For diets of my lord Admiral, his
petty captain and 100 men of his retinue, payment of the garrisons lately
discharged with conduct money, wages of 431 men now laid in garrisons
on the Borders, and for "sundry ships of war now on the North Sea"
2,269l. 6s. 3d.
Leaving, 2,342l. 10s. 7d.
The charges of the lord Admiral and garrisons and of Angus and Douglas
will take, over and besides the charges of ships, 864l. 0s. 8d. monthly.
Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
305. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Arrived here on Sunday, 18th inst. The day before, they had
prorogued their Parliament, intending to call it again in April or May.
Repaired forthwith to the Governor, whom he found in a garden at
Halyrudhouse palace, delivered the King's letters and commendations and
was heartily welcomed. The Governor took him apart and asked his
credence, which he then declared. The Governor answered that the King
had his heart, above all princes, and should command him in all things,
saving his allegiance to his sovereign lady and this realm "(thus he
qualified his affection);" and the ambassadors were despatched and ready
to depart. A great company of noblemen and gentlemen pressed so near
that the Governor seemed desirous either to commune more secretly or
else to take counsel before entering further; "so he knit up his tale (as
indeed he is a man of no discourse)," saying he would speak with him
next day when he had rested; and bade Sir George Douglas convey him
to his lodging. While the Governor read Henry's letters, the Chancellor,
who is bp. of Glasco, Huntley, Anguishe, Casselles, Glencarn, the Earl
Marshall and others embraced and welcomed Sadler. On the way to his
lodging, accompanied by Sir George and others, talked of their Parliament,
in which Sir George said they all in the end agreed well, nor would
they fall out to make themselves a prey to their enemies; and so, with
"general words," Sadler was brought to his lodging.
On entering, told Douglas that he longed to speak with him; and they
drew apart. Began by saying he was commanded in all things to use
Douglas's advice, as the King's trusty servant, and prayed him to declare
the state of things. Quotes the ensuing dialogue verbatim, in which
Douglas said that he had laboured in the King's service, pretending the
common wealth of Scotland and speaking little of England, to avoid
suspicion, and had not slept three hours a night for six weeks; for they
had much business with noblemen of the greatest sort, as Huntley,
Murrey, Argile and Bothwell and almost the whole clergy, who would have
held another Parliament at St. Johnston, but that he (Douglas) got the
town before them and moved the Governor to command them, on pain of
treason, to attend upon him at the Parliament; as they, perceiving themselves
unable to make a party, were fain to do, save Argile, who sent
procurators, being himself sick. And now, continued Douglas, they had
kept their Parliament honorably, agreeing well and concluding openly that
the King should have the marriage of their young mistress, and they be
assured friends to England for ever, as he had written to the lord Warden (fn. 8) ;
and the ambassadors were ready to go to the King empowered to contract
the marriage, and no doubt, little by little, the King should have his
whole desire. Sadler said that the King trusted Douglas and his
brother, as servants, and forgot not the large promises made by
his said brother and the other nobleman, but as yet had "but
cold advertisements"; and asked how the noblemen were affected
to the King and why he had not written more frankly. Douglas
replied that he had written; but as for the promises, he had told Sadler at
Newcastle that the lords were never able to perform them. Most of them
were well affected, as Casselles, Glencarn, Maxwell, Somervile and Grey.
The rest were "mean men"; and others who had power were slipped,
especially Bothwell, who was the worst that might be. His brother and he
had many friends and were too strong a party for the rest, so
long as they kept the Governor with them, through whom
they must work unless they used force, whereunto "the time
serveth not." Sadler reminded him that the King had had large offers,
both for the government and to have the child and the strongholds in his
hands; and if the ambassadors now came with mean things—he was "a
wise man" and knew what might ensue. Douglas answered that the
King should have the marriage offered and concluded and the rest might
follow, but, for himself, he made no such promises, and they that made
them could not perform them; for the noblemen would not agree
to have their mistress out of the realm, but were content that the
King should appoint a gentleman of England and English ladies to be
about her for her tuition, and this might soon bring her wholly into the
King's hands. He, Douglas, had insinuated himself with the Governor
and was chief in credit with him, and had caused him to put down the
Cardinal, the chief enemy to the King's purpose, and had brought the
Governor to the King's devotion and from that of France. The Governor
was already well inclined to leave the devotion of Rome; and, this
marriage concluded, and an English knight or nobleman and English
ladies about this young lady, and the league of France annulled (wherein
would be no sticking), free intercourse between the subjects of both realms
would engender love, and the young gentlemen here repairing to the
English court (even the Governor himself having promised to come to the
King), the nobles and others of this realm would be brought "so far in
love with his Majesty" that he would have the whole direction of it.
What was won with love would last, whereas we had often won with force
which had engendered hatred. Thieves on the Borders might be punished
as felons. But, on the other side, if they went about to depose the
Governor and bring the obedience of this realm to England "there is not
so little a boy but he will hurl stones against it, the wives will come out
with their distaffs and the commons universally will rather die in it," the
nobles and clergy shall be against it, the Cardinal shall be at liberty (who
has been much sued for), ambassadors shall be sent into France, the
expected French army (which is now to be resisted) shall be accepted,
all possible preparation shall be made against England and the
Governor shall fall wholly to the devotion of France. The King
being thus driven to use force, it was easy to see what trouble
and expense it would be to win this realm, which now, by fair means,
might be won without either; and this was his, Douglas's, opinion which
he would express to the King himself. To this Sadler said that he could
not but think that wise men would agree to the King's reasonable request
rather than be at "utterance" of war, especially as, although they agreed
meetly well in Parliament, there were parties among them, and Glencarn
and Argile were "at great distance"; Douglas had said that his brother
and he and the lords with them were the stronger party, and so, if joined
with the King's power, what could the rest do though France should aid
them? "I grant," quoth Douglas, "the King's Majesty is like to have the
upper hand, God being with him, and yet, I daresay, we here shall be a
small party; for in this case all our friends will forsake us, and
undoubtedly if those things be now motioned it will grow to a war" : if
Sadler had commission to treat this with the Governor, he would advise
him to forbear. Sadler then asked when he could speak with Douglas's
brother; and for that made appointment for next morning at the Black
Friars, at mass.
As soon as Douglas left, came the lord Somervile, who said that things
had not succeeded quite as he thought and wished, but no doubt all should
be well. Asked him how the lords and others who were with the King
had proceeded. He replied that Bothwell was slipped from them and
called them "the English pensioners," and lord Flemyng was not of the
best; but Anguishe, although too much led by his brother George, was
assured, with also Casselles, Glencarn, Maxwell and Grey; the rest were
mean personages, and ere they came home a Governor was chosen. But
they delivered the King's letters and, of their credence, proponed the
marriage, and left speaking of the government, because a governor was
already chosen and they thought that, with the marriage, the rest must
succeed; and, thinking that the Cardinal would be an enemy, laid hands
on him, whereat many were offended; but they stuck together and called
a Parliament and resolved to send ambassadors, who were ready to go,
empowered to conclude the marriage and the peace. Sadler asked if the
child should be brought to the King's hands. Somervile answered that
he and the others would fain have had it so, but the rest of the great
lords, being a great number, would not agree to it; however, means would
be devised therein to please the King. Asked him how, considering their
league with France, they could make a peace without the reservation of
France. He replied "As for France, we will utterly leave them and go
with you against France, which we may do without offence of league, for
they have broken with us many times, as we be able to prove, and I would
wish to God that the marriage were once contract, for that shall bring all
the rest of the King's purposes to pass, which cannot otherwise be
accomplished without great cumber."
Next morning, Monday, met Anguishe and Glencarn at the
Black Friars and spoke with them, first separately and then together.
Thinks both them and Somervile assured to the King. They excused their
not proponing the matter of the government, because a Governor was
already chosen; and confessed that they were not able to perform their
promises, Anguishe saying plainly that his friends came not to him at the
first; but they had proponed the marriage "for an introduction of the
whole." As to the custody of the young Queen, they said that the
Lords were very stiff not to have her out of the realm, but content to have
some nobleman of England and English ladies about her. The marriage
once contract and the realms knit in friendship, they would annul all their
leagues with France and go with the King against France; "and for my
part," quoth Glencarn, "I have but little silver, but if the King's Majesty
have to do with France I will go in person, and vml. (5,000) good fellows
with me to serve his Majesty against France" : and Anguishe affirmed the like.
Here they urged Sadler to give comfortable words to the Governor, by
whom they doubted not to work the King's desires. Asked how they
could work this; and "they said he was a very gentle creature and a
simple man, easy to be ruled." Anguish said that he himself was not yet
fully established, and would be every day more able to serve the King and
would ever be a true Englishman. Asked how they had provided against
Lynoux and the Frenchmen. They said that they would resist their
landing, and if they landed at Donbritten would fight them and doubtless
put them back : their strongholds of Donbarre and Edenbourgh were at
the Governor's command, Temptallon in Anguishe's hands, and Saynt
Androwes and Donbrytayn still withheld but expected shortly to be at the
Governor's command. Then they again pressed Sadler, when he spoke
with the Governor and Council in the afternoon, to innovate nothing;
that the ambassadors might speedily depart with their charge authorised
by Parliament. Prayed them to foresee that the ambassadors went fully
instructed to the King's contentation. And so they departed.
At afternoon Glencarn, coming to accompany Sadler to the Governor,
expressed a wish that he were with the King to declare his opinion. Sadler
offered to forward it if he would put it in writing; which he did, and prayed
Sadler, as it was not very legible, to copy it, and both writing and copy are
sent herewith. They then went to the Governor, who received Sadler
gently and desired him to declare his credence to the whole Council.
Sadler replied that he would gladly do so, declaring the King's good
opinion of him (the Governor), and zeal for the wealth of this realm and his
(the King's) pronepte. The Governor replied that he was in all things at
the King's command, saving his allegiance. Sadler prayed him to foresee
that the ambassadors went amply instructed, so that the King might
see that their deeds corresponded with their "fair words." The
Governor answered "I pray you, say the same to the Council
anon"; and added that he was informed that the King would mediate for
the Cardinal's delivery. Assured him that the King would do him no such
displeasure; for, if delivered, the Cardinal would be governor himself and
ruin the realm, for he was more French than Scottish. "By God,"
quoth the Governor, "he shall never come out of prison whiles I live,
except it be to his further mischief." And this Sadler allowed, saying
it were pity but the Cardinal should receive the reward he merited. The
Governor then left Casselles with Sadler and went to the Council. Talked
with Casselles, according to the instructions, and found him dedicate to the
King and of like opinion with the others. Sir George Douglas then came
and brought Sadler to the Council chamber; where were a great many
noblemen and others sitting at a long board and divers standing, but no
bishop or priest among them. The Governor sat at the upper end of the
board, and caused Sadler to sit by him in the first place; and, after a
little silence, Huntley declared how the Governor had received the King's
letters referring to Sadler's credence, which they now begged him to
declare. Answered that he would willingly do so, and signified that,
hearing of the inclination of the Governor and many of them to the things
set forth on the King's behalf by such of them as were lately with him,
and their determination to send ambassadors, the King, who tendered the
surety of his pronete no less than his own child, their advancement and
the benefit of this realm, had sent him (Sadler) to reside among them as
commissioner and councillor, ready to advise them, especially at this
despatch of the ambassadors; and, therefore, if they would show
the particulars of the ambassadors' charge he would do his commission.
Whereat they paused a little and desired to consult together; so Sadler
withdrew. When he returned, Huntley said that where the King, before,
sent letters to the states of the realm, not then knowing that they had
chosen a Governor, with certain purposes proponed by those who had been
prisoners, they, to satisfy the King, called a Parliament with all haste, and,
by its authority, authorised ambassadors to conclude the marriage and
perpetual peace; which ambassadors were ready to depart. Sadler
answered that they did wisely, for nothing could be more beneficial to them
than the marriage and the peace; and doubtless they had considered the
circumstances depending on these two points and would instruct their
ambassadors in all points to satisfy the King, and if they wished Sadler's
advice, he would, on hearing the specialties, execute his commission. They
answered that their ambassadors were fully instructed and, if Sadler had
not come on the Sunday, would have started on the Monday, and
now would not delay. Seeing them unwilling to communicate,
and considering the opinions of those he had before talked with
and that Parliament was done, so that a motion for the
custody of the child might lead only to frivolous argument, since
he knew that they would not now have her out of the realm, Sadler
thought "to pass it over in general sort"; the rather as the ambassadors
had received their charge, and he himself had no commission to treat
unless his advice was asked; and so, declaring that, doubtless, they had
plainly instructed the ambassadors, as well for the custody of the child
after the contract as for the other circumstance, he advised them that, if
they would not communicate with him, they should no longer detain their
ambassadors, lest the King should note "delay or slackness in them."
They answered that they had used all possible diligence, and the
ambassadors should depart tomorrow. And so they arose; and Sadler
went to his lodging.
"Within night," came Bothwell to Sadler's lodging, saying he came
to offer him all the pleasure he could for Henry's sake, to whom
he was bound. Thanked him and, wishing to learn what he would
say, entered with him of the state of affairs, in the discourse
of which he said that if all had been as willing as in England
they pretended, the King should have had his purpose ere this, but
it must needs come to pass in good time. In England they
minded "many things," but when they came home they "fell in" with
the Governor; and, seeing that, he (Bothwell) fell out with the Governor,
for a private cause, "and came no more at them," and had not come to
the Parliament but that he promised Anguishe his "voice" on his great
day. The Governor was, he said, more meet to be governed, and was
governed by mean persons; and it would be wrong with this realm unless
they shortly had a governor able to direct them, wherein he (Bothwell)
would keep his promises made to the King. After Sadler declared his
credence and withdrew, some of the Council would have had him participant
of the ambassadors' instructions, but the majority would have all referred
to the King; and he (Bothwell) doubted how the King would like the
instructions, unless, indeed, the ambassadors had some private commission
which he knew not of; the ambassadors had no authority to conclude for
the deliverance of the child.
Bothwell is noted here to be adverse to the King but surely he loves not the
Governor. When he left, Glencarne, at 9 p.m., brought the memorial
aforementioned; in reading which he said that, it being agreed that the
King should appoint certain English and Scottish lords to be about the
child, if he were so appointed the King should not fail to have her into his
hands, either with the consent of the realm or against their wills.
Further, he said he had now written to the King to have his son home;
for, being "at distance" with Argile, his son, having the rule of his country,
should stand him in great stead. Thinks he feigns not, for such a
man as his son cannot well be spared from so wild a country. Talked with
him at Newcastell, where he is with the earl of Westmoreland, and thinks
there are few such Scots in Scotland, for wisdom and learning, and well
dedicate to the truth of Christ's Word. At home he should both help his
father and do good, now that the Gospel is set forth in English and
proclamations made allowing the Bible and Testament to be read in the
mother tongue, and preaching of the contrary forbidden on pain of death.
(fn. 9) [This day Sir George Douglas said that the Governor would come
to the King at time convenient, leaving Anguishe in his place.
Told Douglas that Linoux is equipped at Saynt Malowes to depart
by the West seas to Scotland, as Suffolk has notified. Douglas
said that the Governor and realm would be glad if Henry's navy stopped
them.] (fn. 9) Neither Maxwell, Flemyng, nor other of the prisoners, are here,
but left as soon as Parliament ended; and now the Governor and all the
other lords are gone to their houses, intending to return on Easter Even.
The Queen Dowager is at Lithcoo, 12 miles hence, to whom he rides tomorrow.
The ambassadors are Sir Jas. Lyrmonth, Sir Wm. Hamylton
and Master Henry Pennese, the Secretary; who depart to-morrow.
Edinburgh, 20 March.
Hol. pp. 14. Endd. : [Mr.] Sadleyr to the K's Majesty, xxo Martii ao
32,650, f. 69.
No. 337 (r).
2. Glencairn's memorial.
Could make no advertisement since their coming to Scotland, for, from
the Cardinal's taking till the end of Parliament, the earls of Huntly, Mwrray,
Arguyll, Bodewell, Eglentown, Sudderland, and Munteyth, all the Kirkmen
and many other lords made a convention together, and only came in
when they saw that they could not prevail. None now bide forth but
the earls of Arguyll and Eglentown, lords Rois and Sempill, and their
The ambassadors go, from the three estates in Parliament, with an
ample commission to conclude the marriage of our Sovereign lady with
the Prince. Advises the ending of that marriage before other things are
proposed; because all would oppose the taking of the Bairn out of the
realm, thinking that the King means conquest thereby and not their Lady's
weal, because when her father died war stood, and is yet. But, the
marriage being once contracted, the Queen's lieges will put away
suspicion, and the King will have the better "sident" to desire her
surety and the welfare of her realm. If the King use force and stick
at the delivering of the Bairn to him now, the Governor will join the
Kirkmen and the other lords who are for France; and, unless it be wisely
handled, they will keep the Queen, and, if they can do no better, send her
In Glencairn's own hand, pp. 2.
Ib. f. 70.
3. Copy of § 2.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 2.