A. P. C., 104.
347. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 1 April. Present : Chancellor, Russell,
Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley. Business :—The earl of Surrey being charged with eating
flesh and breaking windows at night with stonebows, alleged his licence for
the first, and as to the stonebows admitted that he "had very evil done
therein." He was committed to the Fleet. Thos. Wiatt and young
Pickering charged with the same offences, alleged their licence for the first
and denied the other. Wiatt was sent to the Counter and Pickering to the
32,650, f. 111.
Papers, I. 108.
348. Sadler to the Council.
Dined this day with the Governor who all "dinner-while" spoke of
the abuses of the Church, "the reformation whereof he most earnestly pretendeth."
He desired Sadler to write to England for books of the New
Testament and Bible in English, and the statutes and injunctions for
reformation of the clergy, and extirpation of the Bishop of Rome's
authority. After dinner, thought to feel his intention towards the Cardinal,
and said that the King, hearing of the proposed removing from Blackness
to St. Andrew's, commanded him (Sadler) to dissuade it, thinking that
way to win the castle was the readiest way to lose both it and him, for it
could not be kept against his friends and he would there have opportunity,
with the aid of France and the Clergy and others, to work the overthrow
of their purposes, especially the government and the reformation. Said
that was the King's opinion; and advised him not to suffer the Cardinal to
remain at St. Andrews. The Governor replied that, had he known in
time, he would have been ruled by the King's advice; but it
was the nearest way to come by the Castle, and Seton was bound for his
sure custody. He was sure the Cardinal would work him "no less cumber"
than the King predicted, and he would never let him out of prison. Sadler
said that, the Cardinal being in his own castle, numbers who were won to
him by money, besides the Clergy, in hope of his delivery would
stay to conform themselves to reason. The Governor replied that
if peace were established no man in Scotland depended so much
on the Cardinal as to refuse reason. Sadler suggested that he should send
the Cardinal to England. "Hereat he laughed and said 'the Cardinal
had liever go into Hell; and', quoth he 'it would be thought strange if I
should send him into England, as who sayeth,' quoth he, 'we were not able
to punish his fault here; but I assure you,' quoth he, 'he shall be as surely
kept here as if he were in England'." Could not persuade him to remove
the Cardinal from St. Andrews : and has since learnt that his removing
thither was not only to get the castle, but, by the bruit of his delivery, induce
the priests throughout the realm, who would neither minister sacraments
nor say mass, the rather now at Easter quietly to execute the same. Told
the Governor of his wish to visit the Queen Dowager, which he had
already intimated by Sir George Douglas. He said that, whatsoever she
pretended, she would be found "a right Frenchwoman"; and that Mr.
Drummond showed him, from the King, that she sent word by a servant
that he meant to marry the young Queen to his son; wherein he sware
that she belied him, for if he so minded no nobleman in Scotland would
oppose it, and indeed he himself had thought no less than to do so, and had
communed with the Queen and found her comformable, but when the
prisoners proponed the marriage of England he considered it so beneficial
to the realm that he advanced it with all his power, as he still does. Here
Sadler pressed him to let it be seen that he proceeded earnestly; but he
continued against the Queen, saying that she studied to set the King and
him at pique in order to keep this realm dependent on France. "'This'
he saith 'is her only drift; which,' quoth he, 'as she is both subtile and
wily, so she hath a vengeable ingine and wit to work her purpose : and still
she laboureth,' quoth he 'by all means she can, to have the Cardinal at
liberty, by whom, being as good a Frenchman as she is a Frenchwoman,
she might the rather compass her intent'." Cannot tell which of them to
trust, but the ambassadors' proceedings will reveal it.
On leaving the Governor, received the Council's letters of 27 March
showing how the King judged the Queen to be frank and plain; and
Sadler still thinks it must be so, intending, to-morrow at Linlithgow, when
he has heard what she will say, to accomplish his charge in such a way
that she may take no advantage if she be not sincerely minded. The rest
of their letters, touching the preparations on the Borders, he will declare to
Douglas and Angus, who, alone of that band, are now here. Edinburgh,
1 April, at midnight.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
*** An abstract of this, noting misreadings and omissions in the Sadler
State Papers, is given in Hamilton Papers, No. 345.
St. P., IX. 338.
349. Paget to Henry VIII.
Being informed that the English merchants arrested in Normandy
were straitly handled in prison, and having commodity of Calais pursuivant
(whom the lord Deputy had sent to Diepe), sent him from Depe to Rowen
to learn the truth; and also complained to Mons. de Bies, who forthwith
wrote to Mons. de la Meilleraye. Calais was not suffered to speak with the
merchants, but found means to obtain two letters (enclosed) from them to
him and to Paget's clerk. Has seen De la Meilleraye's answer to Du Bies,
viz. : that, whereas the latter desired him to release the merchants and
allow them the liberty of the towns, as their merchants had in England, he
could not do so without command from his master. Also that Bell and
Inglis, of Rye, had taken three fisherboats of Normandy and ransomed
them at 20l. apiece. Encloses copy of a letter sent lately from this King
to De la Meilleraye and proclaimed in Rowen. Calais says 60 sail of Briton
and Norman men of war are on the coast towards Spain.
As the King will hear from Guisnes, great provision for war passes daily
towards Arde. The towns in these quarters are very strong, but horsemeat
scarce. In Picardy are 800 men of arms, which amounts to near 3,000
lances, besides 400 Italian light horse; and lately arrived Mons. Danebault's
son, Mons. de Cars and another, with 200 light horse each, who are
called Albanoys and wear hats like them, but are really "Gascons,
Provenceaulx and of omne gaderum." Boulloyn, 1 April, 1543. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
597, p. 283.
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding, in the hand of Paget's clerk.
Calig. E. IV.
3. Another copy of the preceding.
Very mutilated, pp. 3.
A. P. C., 104.
350. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 2 April. Present : Chancellor, Russell,
Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley. Business :—Wiatt and Pickering (being confronted by Clere)
confessed to walking in the streets with stonebows and were committed to
351. The Earl of Surrey.
At Westm., 2 April anno 34to.—Mylicent Arundel confesses that
once when my lord of Surrey was displeased about buying of cloth she told
her maids in the kitchen how he fumed, and added "'I marvel they will thus
mock a prince.' 'Why,' quoth Alys, her maid, 'is he a prince?'. 'Yea
Mary! is he,' quoth this deponent, 'and if aught should come at the King
but good his father should stand for king'." Upon further examination
she cannot recollect speaking the last words "and if aught, etc."
Joan Whetnall confesses that talking with her fellow touching my lord
of Surrey's bed she said the arms were very like the King's, and she thought
that "if aught came at the King and my lord Prince, he would be king
after his father."
Both these persons and Alice deny that ever they heard any other person
speak of such matters. Signed : J. Russell : Ste. Winton : Antone Browne :
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
352. Sir Ralph Longford.
A steward's accounts of receipts and payments for provisions, farm stock, &c.,
arranged as bills dated 28 Aug. 33 Hen. VIII. and 27 May 34 Hen. VIII. The former
includes payments to "my lady when you were at London," payments made at Longforthe,
Rudware and Calwich, and 22s. "paid Thomas Doleman for a obligation of
Thomas Longforth [whic]h he was bounden for when he was under sheriff," &c.
Fragment, mutilated and faded, pp. 6.
2. Fragment of the preceding, containing payments and receipts "sythe iiij day of
December unto this present day."
3. Another fragment, containing receipts and payments for Calwich "sith that I
counted with my master," which was 4 Dec., 34 Hen. VIII. .
Pp. 2. Endd. : "Syr Jhon Thornelyez laste bokes of reykenynge for Challwyche."
4. Sir Ralph Langfforthe to Mr. Gates.
I learn that Wm Browne, merchant, hearing of my bargain with you for the Houghe,
makes avaunt to cast a blot in my way. I beg that you and your friends will foresee that
if Browne make any exclamation against me it may take small root until I can make my
own answer. From the Fleet, 22 Dec. [1542 (fn. 1) ].
Hol., p 1. Add.
5. Sir Ralph Langfforthe to Mr. Gattez of the Privy Chamber.
I stand bound to you in 3,000 mks. for the sale of Hoghe lordship, Lanc. Please
write, by my servant the bearer, whether you have moved the King that the bargain may
pass by act of Parliament, (fn. 2) 9 Jan. .
Hol. p. 1. Add.
6. Sir Ralph Langfforthe to Mr. Gattez of the Privy Chamber.
Borrowed money of Ant. Cowppe upon a farm called Challewyche to pay his debt to
the King. Begs a loan to repay Cowppe, or he will lose the farm to his utter undoing.
If you have the Hoghe of me, as I trust you shall, and this is taken from me, I shall be
unable to keep house and must forsake my native country. The Fleet, 20 Feb.
Hol. p. 1. Add.
7. Sir Ralph Langfforthe to Mr. Dacrez of the King's Council.
This afternoon Mr. Cooppe was with me and said he had been with you and Mr.
Gattez about the money I owe him for the farm of Chalwich, and Mr. Gattez would pay
nothing without further assurance. Cooppe says if he have not the money in 3 days I
must lose the farm. Please entreat Mr. Gattez to pay for me. To lose the farm would
be my utter undoing, and I should not be able to keep house in my country. Send
answer by bearer my servant. From the Fleet, 3 March.
Hol. p. 1. Add.
8. Sir Ralph Langfforthe to Mr. Gatez of the Privy Chamber.
I stand in debt to Mr. Cooppe for the lease of Calwiche, and unless I pay he says he
must needs put it from me. Please pay the money for me and take the lease and I will
be bound to repay you if the bargain of the Hoghe shall go through. Would fain know
if the bill will pass. From the Fleet, 4 March.
Hol. p. 1. Add.
9. Sir Ralph Langforth to Mr. Gatez.
My friend Mr. Coope has stayed sale of his lease of Callewyche, at your desire in my
behalf, and for receipt of his money has tarried in the city 3 weeks at great cost. I beg
you to pay him the 200l. agreed upon, and take the lease in gage on my bond to repay
you within a year. Brownne or Hollez both offer, if I leave my promise to you, to
redeem Calwiche and assist me; but, as I showed you this morning, I shall never swerve
from you. I beg you again to pay this money for me. Forgot to show you of this when
at Court for haste. From the Fleet, Saturday.
P.S. Please send word by Mr. Babyngton, as the money must be paid to-morrow.
10. Sir Rauffe Langfforthe to Mr. Gatez of the Privy Chamber.
This Monday at the Fleet has been with me Thos. Fitzherbert, who stands enfeoffed
of all my lands and has stayed my matter in the Parliament House all this time. He
offers with his friends, to enlarge me of my imprisonment and pay my debts; however I
will never go from my "bonds to you made." I beg I may know your mind by
Mr. Warren. From the Fleet, 2 April.
Hol. p. I. Add.
ii., No. 124.]
353. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
On the 24th ult. received her letters of the 17th (fn. 3) , together with
those of Grandvelle and the documents therein mentioned, and need not
recount all that passed between the King and Council and him at three visits
which he has paid to the Court, from whence he has only just come, as God has
conducted affairs according to the Emperor's desire, and, after several days'
consultation, the King has resolved, as he has just told Chapuys, to enter war
against France this present year, in person if possible (and if the Emperor invades
as Granvelle's writing indicates) saying that, although the Emperor's presence
would profit much, it was not for him to advise such a prince to put himself in
danger and travail. The King would advise that the Emperor's army enter by
Champaigne, an open and fertile country lying commodiously both for the
Italians and Spaniards and for the men from Germany, and not amuse itself
upon any town on the river of Somme. Being told that perhaps there was some
neutrality for Champaigne, he said that that would be very ill advised, but, even
if it were so, the Emperor's army could pass through, and if those of Champaigne
refused passage or victuals they would be unworthy of the neutrality. With his own
army he would go to Boulogne and Monstreuil and then to Abbeville, feigning a
wish to besiege it but intending to march straight to Rouen, which is scarcely
strong, and first win two bulwarks which the French have made on the shore and
which are worth nothing from the landward, in order that his army by sea may
refresh that by land. To keep the Gascons in their own country, he thinks that
the Emperor should double the garrisons about Lipusca or make some show of
invasion there. To prove his sincerity, he would advertise Chapuys that he had
already sent throughout his realm to enrol men in a new and better order than
Gathers that he will not take into his pay other footmen than his own people,
but will take horsemen; and he desires the Queen to begin to prepare and equip
the necessary ships. Did not speak of his provision of artillery, munition,
harness and weapons, nor what assistance of victuals he could give,—to avoid
wearying him after their long conversation and because he said that yesterday
he had a slight access of fever; and, besides, the Council had said that there was
appearance of good crops, and therefore of getting much grain from hence, but
scarcity of flesh, because the severe winter killed many cattle, and as for artillery
and other things above mentioned they were well provided. Did not enquire
what number of men the King would assemble, supposing that he would not make
such an enterprise without a sufficient number, which it will be easy to augment
as the Emperor may advise.
Has shown the Council certain articles by the admiral of Flanders
touching the conduct of ships of both sides. They approve all, but would
add that there should be, besides the ordinary banners, some countersign to
be changed every month, as the enemies might counterfeit the accustomed
ensigns. They are to give him their opinion in writing.
There are in Flanders fugitive Englishmen, wicked wretches, who there
get heretical books printed in English and send them hither secretly, to the
scandal of good men, and the King begs her to provide a remedy in conformity
with that which has been twice capitulated about it. Must not
forget that this King is pleased with her advertisement of news and occurrents,
greatly praising her prudence and dexterity.
The French ambassador received letters from his master yesterday and
thought to have audience to-day, but Chapuys forestalled him. His
predecessor has left with no great present (moyennement presenté); and
although the King's ambassador may have left Boulogne, he of France is
intended to sojourn a little at Calais, as the Council have told me.
Presented her letters touching the safe-conduct of the wines and woad
which the Vuychardini would bring from France into Flanders, and
declared his credence; but, as yet, the King makes difficulty, saying that
under cover of it, French ships could pass into Scotland; and it would be
better to let the French lose their crop (denrée), and so molest the people
with the war, than to send them money. He thought that she must have
been importuned for it by some merchant, and if she wished a reasonable
quantity he would condescend to it, but thought that Flemish ships should
carry it. London, 2 April, 1543.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript from Vienna.
2. [The articles above referred to?]
"Poinctz et articles a correction sur lesquels l'on pourroit besoigner avecq
les Angloix affin deviter toutes questions et debatz que journellement
advienent entre les navires de guerre tant dung couste que daultre."
That ships of these parts should carry no other ensigns nor banners than
the double eagle and that of the Admiral, "asscavoir le chevalier de mer
tenant ses armes;" and those of the King such as they think fit (in another
hand "la croix rouge ou la banniere avec les enseignes du Roy"). On sighting
each other they shall be bound to fly their flags; and shall wait to board
each other. Ships of these parts coming to the coast of England shall do
"reverence et obeissance"; and likewise English ships coming to these
coasts. Coming into each other's ports they shall be liable to be searched
for enemies, but the crews shall not be bound to leave their ships. Ships
of either side anchored in any port shall not fire any artillery except, at
their entry, three shots for a salute (pour faire la reverence).
French, pp. 2. Endd. in a later hand : "Offer proposed on ye behalfe of
the Emperor," &c., 1543.
St. P., IX. 340.
354. H. Lord Maltravers to the Council.
Yesterday, about noon, Marillac arrived, and with him their letters,
of 27 March, signifying that in case Mr. Paget were not here the writer should
tell him that, being advertised of a promise made by him and his colleague
that Mr. Paget was already come hither, which promise was not performed,
he must continue here until the King's further pleasure and Mr. Paget's
arrival. Encloses the whole discourse of their communication. Marillac
would have returned to his lodging without the gate, but Maltravers said
that although the lodgings within the town were not such as could be
found in Paris they were better than those without the gate; and so
appointed him a lodging and bade him to supper. He said he was content
and at once despatched a post to Bolon, by whom Maltravers sent letters
to Mr. Paget, from whom he has even now received answer (copy enclosed,
with copy of an article in the French king's letters to Marshal de Byes).
Will not suffer Marillac to depart until Paget arrives, but desires speedy
instructions in case De Byes offer delivery on the frontier. Calais, 2 April,
P.S. (detached).—Marillac having answer from Bolen this afternoon has
not conferred with me but despatched the messenger into England to the
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd : ao xxxiiijo .
2. "The discourse of the communication between Mons. Marillac and me
upon his arrival at Calais, the first of April ao 1543."
Marillac declared that, upon certain private arrests of ships, Paget took
leave of the French king, saying that his successor was already within
France; and so departed with reward and passport as far as Bolen, where
De Bies, considering that his master had two ambassadors in England and
Paget's successor was not come, took upon himself, without other commission,
to stay him. The Council in England declared that stay to
Marillac, saying that in Paget's place they would stay the French ambassador
that came last, and also stay Marillac for the Scottish priest (fn. 4) captive at
Deape. Marillac protested against being staid for a private person, but
promised to write to his master, who answered "that he had rather contend
with the King his brother in amity than rigor" and would deliver the
priest although he was a malefactor. This priest (Marillac said) was at
Bolen assigned to come hither with Paget.
On this Marillac would have taken leave, saying that when he came
to Bolen he would cause Paget to be sent, if they did not meet by the
way, as he expected. Maltravers answered that he understood that
Marillac and the other ambassador had in England promised that Paget
was in Calais, and, as that was not so, desired him to tarry. He seemed
abashed, saying this was no place indifferent; but Maltravers said it was
as indifferent for him as Bolen for Paget, and he should be suitably entertained.
Marillac then said he would write for Paget to meet him at
Sandingfield and be exchanged there; but Maltravers said that as Calais
was the place appointed by his own promise, he would make no new
appointment without command. He then asked for direct answer whether
he should be delivered if Paget arrived here, and Maltravers told him that
if Paget had been here at his coming, as promised, he should not have been
stayed, but as that promise was not performed no other could be trusted.
He then asked if he was stayed by the King's commission, and Maltravers
said that, since he confessed that De Byes stayed Paget of himself, he had
no less authority to do this, and trusted that his master would take it in as
good part. Marillac said he was content, melior est obedientia quam victima.
In Maltravers's hand, pp. 4. Add. to the Council.
St. P. IX., 341.
3. "Double d'un article que le Roy a escript et commande a Monsr. le
Marschal du Bies faire entendre a Monsr. l'ambassadeur d'Angleterre estant
Informs him that his ambassadors in England report that they are
arrested and are told by the Council that they will be detained until
Francis sends the English ambassador and a Scottish priest (fn. 4) who for his
misdeeds is arrested in Normandy. Du Bies shall inform the ambassador
that if Francis's [ambassadors] are sent he shall be delivered, and also the
priest, for, although the thing is unreasonable, it is better to deliver the
guilty than see the innocent suffer. Writes to the Sieur de Mailleraye
to send the priest to Du Bies, to deliver together with the ambassador upon
receiving his men, or Marilhac alone, provided another ambassador is sent
on the King of England's part.
French, p. 1. Add. to the Council and sealed by Maltravers.
32,650, f. 115.
Papers, I. 113.
355. Sadler to the Council.
Wrote yesterday that he intended to ride this day to Linlithgow.
Found the Queen the same as before. She said she sent for him to
declare how the Governor had been with her, and to ask how he found the
Governor and the lords inclined to the King and the marriage between the
Prince and her daughter. She said that she could perceive that the
Governor minded only to take his time to marry her to his son; for he had
told her that he would rather die than deliver her to the King, and that he
would make fair weather in order to get peace; and had prayed her to give
Sadler good words, who was "an haught fellow." She asked how Sadler
found the Governor and lords, and he told her he found them well given to
the marriage and desirous of peace. She replied that it would be seen that
they would not deliver the child; and, as for their means of satisfying the
King, perhaps the Governor would offer one of his sons in pledge for the
marriage, but he had more sons than one and would, for a kingdom, be
content to lose one; and, as for appointing English lords and ladies to be
about the young Queen, that would be no security; and, therefore, she
hoped the King would insist on having the child, or else sufficient pledges
and a sufficient English guard about her to look to her surety, for,
whatsoever they promised, they would never perform the marriage. Assured
her that the King sought the preservation of her daughter and wealth of
this realm, but if his clemency was abused he was ready to use force. She
said all the noblemen would be content with the marriage with the Prince,
but the Governor rather minded it for his own son; and she feared for the
safety of the child (it being rumored that the Governor would convey her
to a strong house of his own or into the Isles) and wished that she were in
England out of danger. Entered with her in pursuance of the Council's
last letters, and told her that the King conceived that she proceeded frankly,
&c. Found that she thought Maxwell was chiefly to be trusted and
supposed Flemmyng was good. The Cardinal she much commended,
saying he would have been a good minister in this (although Sadler
said it could not enter into his creed) and she thought that,
if at liberty, he would go into England to offer his service
"and that he had so sent her word." Asked what she
thought of Glencairn and Cassils; and she supposed that they
and many more had liever that the King had the government of this
realm than the Governor, who was a simple and inconstant man who
changed purpose every day. Angus she took to be assured to the King, but
"no man of policie and ingene," and altogether directed by his brother,
who was as wily and crafty a man as any in Scotland. Could not perceive
that she knew enough of any of the lords to affirm which of them minded
earnestly the child's delivery. On speaking with Maxwell, who will be here
to-morrow, will assay him afar off in it. Finally, she desired Sadler to
warn the King if he perceived any devices of the Governor which did not
tend to her daughter's surety; and said she would send for him if she
learnt anything meet to be signified to the King.
It may be that both she and the Governor mean well enough; for the
Governor denies not that he once minded the marriage for his son, and she,
supposing him still of that mind, and desiring (as Sadler thinks) the
marriage with the Prince, may inveigh against him that the King may
insist on sure conditions. "This is my conjecture, as I love to judge the
best; but I will have better experience of the fidelity and truth of French
men and Scottish than I have had yet, before I will presume to give any
certain judgement of their intent." The plot will be seen at the arrival
of the Ambassadors.
Forgot in last letters to signify that the Governor desired him to write to
the King to send home the abbot of Paisley, his bastard brother. Some
think he will make him bishop of St. Andrews. Edinburgh, 2 April, at
P.S. (fn. 5) —Thinks it not amiss that, with the preparations on the Borders,
it were also bruited that the King came himself to York, of which there is
great fear here.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd. : aoxxxiiijo.
*** An abstract of this, noting misreadings and omissions in the Sadler
State Papers, is given in Hamilton Papers, No. 346.
356. Philip De Beures to Pieter Cant.
In the absence of Monsieur (fn. 6) , received last night his letter, of 23 March,
stating that Monsieur's ship was released but he wanted men to bring it
hither. Wille Cost, with the little yacht, shall leave to-morrow with men to
furnish him, and Monsieur's other ships will await his arrival before putting
to sea. He must do his duty with the King and the ambassador to obtain
compensation. News here are none but good. Several of the King of
England's ships of war are at sea. Monsieur is still in Court. He writes
to us to-day to learn whether the English ships will join ours against the
French, as the French do with the Scots against the English. If they will
do so, you shall offer them the use of Monsieur's havens of La Vere and
Flissinghes. You shall also make some contract providing for equal
division of booty taken when their ships and ours are together; using in
this the ambassador's advice, and the greatest secrecy. If any Englishmen
require "lettres de retenues ou commissions" from the Emperor, Monsieur
will be glad to grant them free of charge. La Vere, 2 April 1543.
French, pp. 2. Add. : A Mons. le Viceadmiral de Flandres, le Sieur Pieter
Cant, a Londres. Sealed.
357. Impost at Antwerp.
Order by Charles V. for proclamation at Antwerp of an impost of 1
per cent. upon the price (with some alternatives detailed) of all exports. To
be levied throughout the countries under the government of the Queen of
Hungary; the reason for it being the charges which the Emperor is put to
by the invasion of the King of France, duke of Cleves, and others.
Brussels, 13 Jan. '42.
Dutch. Printed tract of four small leaves, entitled (in Dutch), A new mandate
of the Emperor, proclaimed at the town hall of Antwerp the 2nd day
of April A.D. '43, touching the impost upon all merchandise.
2. Contemporary translation of the provisions of the preceding.
Pp. 3. Headed : "Abbreviation. A proclamation by th'Emperor the
ijde day of April anno 1543, concerning the tax of one upon the C." Endd.
358. Paget to Lord Maltravers.
This morning I received your letters "containing there (sic) at Calais
of Marrillac; whereby I conceive some likelihood that I shall not tarry here
very long." As I know not whether I shall depart hence in post or by
journey, and have no horses for myself and company of nine, I beg that
you will see me provided if you know that I must needs come in journey.
I look for Mr. Richardson hourly, but whether he shall come with me
Marillac knows best.
Had written thus far when the Marshal's (fn. 7) secretary came to report that
Marillac was detained at Calais until the arrival there of Paget and certain
other English subjects, whereas the Marshal was commanded not to deliver
Paget and a Scottish priest (fn. 8) who is expected to-night until Marillac returned,
and of other English subjects than the priest he had no command. He
thought it would save delay to make delivery on the frontier. Paget
answered that he knew no more than the arrival of Marillac at Calais, but
no doubt the mode of deliverance was settled before he left England, and
intimated to the lord Deputy, and would not be settled by Marillac and his
colleague without their master's consent; and, as for other English
subjects, he knew only of the priest, and that through the article which the
Marshal gave him "the last day," transumpted out of his Master's letters,
by which he saw no prohibition against sending him (Paget) first to Calais,
"as reason would, first arrested." Sends copy of the article, "knowing
nevertheless that, of your wisdom [your lordship] (fn. 9) will take none occasion
thereat to do otherwise than is certainly prescribed to your Lordship by the
King's Majesty, whatsoever it be; for if you fall into disputations with
Marrillac you shall never have an end, he is so contentious, as the King's
majesty and all his Council know well enough, and so do I both before and
since my coming hither to France." I beg you to let me have a double
both of the article and of this letter for, for haste, I have "reserved"
minutes of neither. Boulogne, 2 April, 1543.
Copy, in Maltravers' hand, pp. 4. Endd. : "Copy of Mr. Paget's letters
to my lord Deputy of Calais of the second of April ao xxxiiijo.
359. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
I have received your letter, showing that some of our footmen and
horsemen of Gravelynes went yesterday to pillage at Boucault, as I also
heard from the captain of Gravelines : and I thank you for the passage
(adresse) which you gave them. "Quandt adce que me souh Ardrez (souhaitez
a Ardrez?) avecq v. ou vjc chevaulx," I thank you for your goodwill and would
willingly be there, but am too busy on this side, fearing that, upon pretence
of re-victualling Therouenne, the enemies will pillage Flanders. Some of
the garrison of Bourbourg took a booty from the French who attempted to
rescue it in your Pale and are made prisoners. The deputy of Calais has
arrested the said booty "pour ce qu'il y avoit des Anthoiniers et Hubertiers."
I beg you to inform him, as I have done, that the booty is good prize,
"pource que iceulx previllegies ont rompus leur previllege quilz ont de
As to news, the enemy are about revictualling Therouenne; which I
think they will do, for otherwise I should have to be in the fields daily.
They have good hope that the Scots will take their part and will not turn
for the King your master. They are about sending them men and money,
and will, I think, send them part of their Almains who are between Rue
and Abbeville. Sainctomer, 2 April '43. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
A. P. C., 105.
360. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 3 April. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Privy Seal, Hertford, St. John, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :—John Butlar, servant to lord William,
on suspicion of the conveyance of certain gold, committed to the Porter's
ward. John Booles certified his accomplishment of the order to deliver the
St. P. IX., 342.
361. Paget to Henry VIII.
Perceives by Marillac's discourse with the lord Deputy (copy herewith)
that the writer's departure from Francis is untruly described by
Marillac in every point except that he received a reward; for he was (as his
letters have shown) arrested by Tournon, in presence of Bayerd, and
conducted to Amiens (his arrest already known throughout Christendom)
and Du Bies has confessed that if he had not perceived him to be already
arrested he (Du Bies) would have arrested him, having command so to do.
Protests at great length against these sinister reports of his proceedings and
begs for leave to avow their untruth openly. Sir Robt. Richardson, the
Scottish priest, has just been brought hither like a prisoner and delivered to
Paget's keeping. Encloses copy of a letter he sent yesterday to the lord
Deputy. Du Bies is gone to Abbeville to confer with Vendôme for affairs
of Picardy, the frontiers whereof they store with provisions. To-day 120
pieces of wine passed towards Ardre. Here they say Henry is sending a
great embassy to the duke of Cleves, who has won the town of Harlam in
Holland; also that Terouenne is victualled for two years and Ardre for 12
months. Describes familiar badinage with Du Bies about the fortification
of Ardre. Boulogne is not provided for 12 weeks but it is intended to store it
with diligence, to restrain which if the Burgundians do no more than hitherto
they shall do their master "but simple service." These men have great
intelligence about Mons. de Rues, through a man of arms and an archer
of his band who have dwelling houses in Brussels, but Paget cannot learn
their names. Boulogne, 3 April 1543. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
2. Letter-book copy of the preceding in the hand of Paget's clerk.
A. P. C., 105.
362. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 4 April. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Privy Seal, Hertford, St. John, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley. Business :— John Glover, of Barking, fisherman,
for disobeying a proclamation, sent to the Counter until Saturday and then
to be set on the pillory at Barking.
442, f. 189.
363. Hawks' Eggs.
Proclamation against taking hawks' eggs or keeping hawks without
licence, made 4 April, 34 Hen. VIII; for one year; eggs already taken to
be brought to one of Council within 14 days, under a penalty of £100.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
32,650, f. 123.
364. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Having received your letters of 27 March, relating how the Governor
of Scotland has declared (1) his zeal for the setting forth of God's word, (2)
his desire for "extirpation of hypocrisy and superstition maintained in the
state of monks and friars" and reducing the clergy to abandon the usurped
authority of the Bishop of Rome, and (3) his affection to prefer the
marriage of the young Princess to our son rather than to his own; we
would instruct you amply how to commune with the Governor upon these
1. He is to be admonished that, as experience has proved, in publishing
the Scripture to the people he must admonish them to receive it reverently
and humbly, "with a desire [to learn by it how] (fn. 10) to direct their lives and
worship [and not by] (fn. 11) carnal fancy to frame vain and evil opinions such
as seditious persons have raised in the heads of unlearned people to
the "subversion of policy" and confusion of good order in the Church.
All books printed in English beyond sea, and all other books tending to
that purpose, must be forbidden, and the Scripture alone permitted, until
other books may be set forth containing a pure doctrine, "neither swerving
to the left hand of iniquity ne to the right hand with other pretence of
holiness than is agreeable to God's truth"; wherein, Sadler may say, the
King has taken pains and will shortly establish a doctrine maintainable by
mere truth which no man shall be able to impugn or disallow. This shall
be sent to him to publish, for the conjunction of these realms in one understanding
of God's word, "whereby to eschew the fancies and dreams of the
inferior people on the one side" and the corruption of hypocrisy and
superstition maintained by the Bishop of Rome on the other.
2. The extirpation of monks and friars requires politic handling.
First, (fn. 12) the Governor should send commissioners as it were to take order
for their living more honestly, without wasting the goods of their churches
or alienating their best lands, with a secret commission to groundly
examine all the religious of their conversation and living. Thereby, if it
be well handled, the Governor shall learn all their abominations; and then,
he and the chief noblemen agreeing together for the distribution of some
of the abbey lands among them, he should treat with the most tractable of
the bishops apart (making them "an assurance of their estate" and offering
to augment their portions with such small houses as lie conveniently for
them) and devise with them "for the alteration of certain other abbeys to
the state of secular priests with sending of poor lame (sic) men of scholars to
the university as their portion may serve." Then, with both bishops and
temporal lords, he should devise to allot a good portion of the abbey lands
to the King and the young Queen, their heirs and successors, whereby they
may maintain their estate and not be enforced "to seek such ways as their
late King did whereby to grieve and annoy his people." The "plate
forme" of disposition of the abbeys being thus known before hand, and
reasonable provision made for the religious men now in them, the suppression
of them will be easy among such as will acknowledge the abominable
life among those who now, in diversities of sects, usurp those places, to
the displeasure of God and deformity of the common wealth, "spending
their time in all idleness and filthiness with such face of hypocrisy and
superstition as is intolerable."
3. Whereas the Governor says that, in proof of his affection, he has
forborne to procure by Parliament the marriage of the Princess of Scotland
with his own son (the appearance whereof is not great, for it is unlikely
that they would so disparage their Queen), Sadler shall tell him that the
King has so devised for the advancement of his blood that he may have
cause to rejoice in his conformity to the King's proceedings. The King has
a daughter called the lady Elizabeth, "endowed with virtues and qualities
agreeable with her estate," and means, if he (the Governor) sincerely goes
through with all things, to condescend to her marriage with his son, if he
desire it, and to bring up and nourish his said son as a son-in-law in this
Court. With the reputation thus gained, the Governor shall be able to
keep the place he now occupies, which might else be dangerous; for due
search of the intention of the lords and bishops who at first would not
come in to him will reveal a combination to the destruction of him and
Angus and all that party, the delivery of the Cardinal and the seizing of
the young Queen,—"and mayhap not without the consent of the Dowager."
Sadler may remind him that even now "all draw not by one line and that
the Parliament matters have no greater authority than power can uphold
them;" that there are privy mutterings against him, and that in his
setting forth of God's Word and extirpation of the Bishop of Rome's
authority, this marriage and the education of his son will be a great aid to
him to proceed the more boldly in "that godly enterprise." The honour
and glory of it to himself he can consider. Sadler may say that he has
commission to break this to him secretly, to be handled only with his most
trusty friends; for divers would oppose it, knowing that, with his son in the
King's hands, any displeasure to him would be revenged by the King.
This is the only way for the Governor to keep his place in surety; and
whereas now he has an office only till the young Queen come of age, he
shall by this marriage obtain for himself, his son and their posterity, a
"root of foundation" of "perpetual honour," and (whatsoever befall the
young Princess) they will be so provided for as he could hardly desire better.
Sadler shall set out this overture as proceeding from the King, but the
arguments for it as his own; for the Governor might think that the King
pressed it for his own commodity, and yet, as "he is a man that seeth not
deepliest in these matters," all must be laid before him; insisting always
that his son must come hither or it will be thought a mere practice.
Finally, where Sir George Douglas has said that some there expected
easier conditions if England should have "to do" with France, and advised
forbearing to enter with France till at a point with Scotland, the enclosed
copy of a letter lately proclaimed by the French King at Roan will show
that the King is "not yet in such terms with France." Sadler may say
also that if any there fancy that France might hinder the King's purposes
they shall deceive themselves; for, if they took occasion of any dispute with
France to abuse the King's gentleness, the King would, after settling with
France, so look upon them that they should see their "unkind and deceitful
behaviour" requited, to their "extreme damages."
In Gardiner's hand, with corrections by Wriothesley (and two by the King)
and the final paragraph in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 19. Endd. : Mynute to
Mr. Secr. Master Sadleyr, iiijo Aprilis ao xxxiiijo.
Ib. f. 132.
2. Fair copy of the second article of the above, with the end of the first
and beginning of the third articles.
365. Convocation of Canterbury.
Convocation having met on the 4th April  was prorogued
to the 20th, when English translations of the Lord's Prayer and the
Angelic Salutation were examined by the Abp., Winchester, Rochester and
Westminster, and delivered to the Prolocutor; as also were, next day, the
first five precepts of the Decalogue; and, on 24 April, the remaining five
precepts with the sacraments of baptism and the Eucharist as examined by
the Abp., Westminster, Rochester, Salisbury and Hereford, and, next day,
the sacraments of the Eucharist, matrimony, penance, order, confirmation
and extreme unction. The judgment of the lower house upon them was
to be given on Friday following, 27 April; on which day the Abp., Winchester,
Rochester and Westminster examined the exposition of the word
"Faith" in English and the twelve articles of Faith; all which the bishops
approved. Tracts upon justification, works, and prayer for the dead were
read and delivered to the Prolocutor until Monday following, 30 April,
when the articles of free will were read and delivered to the Prolocutor to
be read to the Lower House, who returned them with their approval and
thanked the fathers "quod tantos labores, sudores et vigilias religionis et
reipublicæ causa et unitatis gratia subierunt."
Convocation was then continued on 4, 11 and 12 May when, by the
King's writ, it was prorogued to 5 Nov., and then to 15 and 18 Jan.
On 18 Jan. the Abp. warned the clergy to elect a prolocutor in place of
Ric. Gwent, dec., and on the 21st John Oliver, LL.D., dean of the King's
College, Oxford, was elected prolocutor. On 1 Feb. the Abp. and fathers
secretly showed the Prolocutor that he and certain others should prepare a
bill for the payment of personal tithes. Soon after was a secret discussion
about asking the King to establish Ecclesiastical laws; and sessions,
occupied with subsidies towards this war now imminent, until 28 March
32,650, f. 119.
Papers, I. 117.
366. Sadler to the Council.
Yesterday morning, came to his lodging lord Maxwell, whom he had
not seen since his coming hither. Gives conversation, mostly verbatim.
Maxwell said frankly that he saw not but that the King might have his
will by force if gentle means (which was "the best and most godly way")
failed; for himself, he was suspected here and yet had done the King no
service, but if the King did prosecute his purpose he would do service.
Sadler said he could not perceive that either Maxwell or any of them who
were with the King had kept their promises; for they had neither advertised
the King of any of their proceedings nor gone about to accomplish their
promise, but, on the contrary, had established a governor by Parliament,
and now had sent ambassadors instructed to conclude a bare contract of
marriage between the Prince and the young Queen, with a general peace;
which ambassadors, unless amply instructed to satisfy the King, might as
well have tarried at home. Maxwell answered that the King should have
the marriage and the realms knit in friendship and (when the marriage
was consummate) under one dominion; would not that satisfy him? Sadler
said he could not tell what would satisfy the King, but was sure he would
stand upon the delivery of the child. "By God's body," said Maxwell, "if
his Majesty will prosecute it, there is no doubt but he shall obtain it," for
the realm could not withstand him, and all the prisoners would assist him;
Angus and his brother were true gentlemen, and Angus should have
his (Maxwell's) daughter in marriage although the Governor opposed it.
Asked if he thought that the Governor and the rest would not condescend
to deliver the child, as they should do if they minded to perform the
contract. Maxwell said they were of opinion that, once in the King's hands,
she would never die and, whatever became of her, the King would dispose
of the crown; so that, unless for fear of war, they would never consent :
and they would agree that the King should take pledges for her delivery
when of lawful age or appoint English men and women to be here about
her; for himself, if the King used force, he would keep his promise, and he
thought all the prisoners firmly determined upon that. Asked why, if they
minded to keep their promise, they established a governor by Parliament.
Maxwell answered that they thought the King was content to have him
Governor, "for his Majesty wrote many kind letters to him and accepted
him well," and, whereas the King promised to send no safe conduct unless
some of the prisoners were named in it, when he sent safe conduct for such as
the Governor named he (Maxwell) thought that the King reputed him for
Governor. Sadler pointed out that it was evident that the King did not
so repute him, for the letters were addressed only to "the earl of Arran
occupying the place of governor;" and blamed them for not advertising
the King of their proceedings. Maxwell replied that he had written divers
times, "and never heard word again," and had made great suit to have his
son home to take charge of his offices; for, being a prisoner, he was not
trusted with the strongholds, and without them could not keep his promise
if the King used force; which thing he durst not write, but desired Sadler
to solicit, so that Sir Thos. Wharton might be commanded to take his
other son in pledge, and he himself would now go to Carlile for that
purpose. In this discourse Maxwell said that there would be no sticking
about abandoning France, if the rest succeeded : and, when Sadler had
promised to write for him to have his son home, and to have answer
therein, shortly, at Carlisle, he took leave and returned home, having come
(as he said) only to speak with Sadler.
P.S.—Has received the King's letters of 30 March, charging him to
declare certain things to Angus, Glencairn, Maxwell and Sir George
Douglas. Thinks Angus and Douglas will be here to-night, but knows not
when he will see Glencairn and Maxwell, the former being 60 miles off in
the Highland, as they call it here, towards the Isles, and the latter gone to
Carlile. Conjectures from his communications here that the King shall,
without force, obtain pledges for the performance of the marriage (not for
delivery of the child at a time appointed, but when of lawful age, for they
will stick to have her here till then) and for renunciation of France.
Before these letters arrive, or soon after, the truth will be known from the
ambassadors. Edinburgh, 4th April.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
367. Wallop to the Council.
This morning, I received a letter from the Great Master of Flanders
in answer to my "formall" letter advertising him of revictualments made
into Arde these seven or eight days, and how upon an alarm of Burgundians
the Frenchmen discharged 50 or 60 carts with wine and victuals into an
old broken castle adjoining Mergeison, and if he would come, or send 400
or 500 horsemen it could easily be taken; and that daily more victuals come
conducted by De Beez himself with 300 or 400 horsemen and as many foot
men or by De Foxall or De Verven with fewer men. Yesterday 50 carts
conducted by De Verven were received by the garrison of Arde at
Bucholl. Sends the Great Master's letter, chiefly for what he writes of
the Scots. The bruit runs that the duke of Askott is overthrown by the
duke of Cleves, but if it were so the Great Master would mention it.
Guisnes, 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
A. P. C., 105.
368. The Privy Council.
Meeting at St. James's, 5 April. Present : Chancellor, Privy Seal,
Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley. Business :—Sir John Clere, — Stafford, Thos. Clere and
— Husey committed to the Fleet for eating flesh on Good Friday.
— Arondell, who was in the Fleet for keeping a board of flesh throughout
Lent, released on his recognisance (cited) to ask forgiveness of the mayor
and recorder of London for certain lewd words spoken of them, at his being
in the Counter, and to give daily attendance.
369. Temple Newsom.
Receipt given, 5 April 34 Hen. VIII., by Jas. Thompson, keeper of the
King's manor and park of Temple Newsom, Yorks, for 30s., his half year's
fee due at Lady Day, received from Wm. Watson, bailiff there. Signed : T.
P. 1. Endd. : Thomson.
32,650, f. 136.
370. Sadler to the Privy Council.
Writes at the instance of the earl of Anguyshe that "this gentleman,
bearer hereof," may have a passport into France, who repairs thither for
cure of a disease whereof he can get no remedy here or in England.
Edenbrough, 5 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
Ib. f. 138.
371. The Same to Suffolk.
For licence to the same bearer to go quietly to the Court.
Edenbrough, 5 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.