A. P. C., 129.
521. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 11 May. Present: Canterbury, Audeley,
Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney,
Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Recognisances
(cited) of John Turcke, stationer, and of Roger Rogerson and John
At another meeting on the same day, with the same presence, no
522. Sir Ric. Southwell to Sir Hugh Powlet.
Mr. Watking desires to purchase possessions of Glast[onbury], with
which I would not have the King depart without knowing from you their
value and which may be best forborne. 11 May 35 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
ii. Note at the foot (in Poulet's hand?)— "Merkesbury and Hunstert are
most meet to be departed withal, and so is Camelegh lying near to the
same. The other lordships within his 'valie ' lie joining together so that
I know not which of them may be most conveniently departed withal."
523. Suffolk to [Parr].
I send your Lordship three warrants, one for yourself to the master
of the Ordnance, to deliver artillery for the garrisons, another to Mr. Uvedale
for payment of the petty captain and 50 men to Sir Ralph Eure, and the
third to Mr. Uvedale to pay my lord of Anguisshe 100l. Pray deliver
these two latter to Mr. Uvedale, and send the other to the master of
Ordnance at Berwick with your letter declaring what artillery you now
wish. Darnton, 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
524. Maltravers and Wallop to The Council.
Touching the first part of the Council's letters of the 7th, received
on the 9th, order is taken to put corn, forage and chattels not in daily use
out of danger, and the rest can be put in safety upon five hours' warning.
To advertise how they are furnished in case the French attempt any
sudden exploit; Calais is slenderly stored with victuals, because the great
number of labourers here, and in Newnham Bridge and St. Peter's,
consume the provision, and must do so unless order is taken as at Guisnes.
Coal and wood were not, for many years, more scant. Mr. Palmer, who
has charge of the King's provision, has wheat for 1,000 men for six months
and other victuals for one month, and has provision in England for which
he looks daily. The number and ability of the labourers appears in a bill
enclosed presented to the Deputy by the Surveyor. Bows, arrows, strings,
bills and pikes in the King's storehouses at Calais are as in the enclosed
bill. Beg for more, especially pikes. Of other artillery is good store, save
that they desire "this other bill" enclosed to be allowed for Calais and
Guisnes. Mr. Caro, lieutenant at Rysbank, has desired the deputy to write
again of the munitions he requires. The soldiers and labourers could
defend any attack on these fortresses without an army; but against an
army of enemies many more should be required, and the more as these
fortresses are enlarged. Joining Mons. de Reulx, and having 1,000
soldiers and 400 horsemen sent over, they could upon opportunity
"overrun any part of the Bolonoyse and destroy the borough
towns and small pyles." To do any exploit apart (other than
Wallop has before described) would require 2,000 footmen and 600 horsemen
sent over. Could, with such a number, beard the French to the
gates of Bolen and other fortresses and hinder their revictualling of Arde.
The men might serve in the King's works and in casting ditches at
Guisnes, where those now "working on the Castle ditch before the gate
shall scantly finish the same this summer." As to where the King might
with most advantage give the first buffet; the Bolonoysse is "so baranid
and betyn" with men of war and enemies, that they see nothing better
than is above expressed. Mons. de Reulx thinks that if the King sent an
army to join him they might take Montrell; "any other notable thing so
easily to be done we know not." Calais, 11 May 1543. Signed.
In Maltracers' hand, pp. 7. Add. Endd.
2. "Mr. Wallop's provision of grain."
Wheat at Guisnes Castle, 10 May, 35 Hen. VIII, 311 qr. 4 bu.; malt
331 qr. 5 bu.; oats 54 qr. 3 bu.; "pessen" (peasen) 16 qr.
3. " The report of the Surveyor, of the labourers and workmen."
In the works at Newneham and in the Maris 1,900 men, whereof one
thousand . . . hundred (" m1 . . . c", mutilated) are able persons. At
Guisnes 1,100 whereof 900 are able men.
P. 1. Mutilated.
4. " Store of certain ordnance remaining in the King's Majesty's store
house at Calais."
Bows of yew 2,450, whereof 543 be too weak. Livery arrows 3,880
sheaves. Bow strings 6 barrels. Bills black 2,900. Pikes 500.
5. " Necessaries to be provided for Calais and Guisnes."
For Calais and Guisnes :—3,000 pikes.
For Calais:—10 iron slings, 4 barrels of bowstrings, 29 [tons] of elm
timber for stocks for mortars.
For Guisnes:—20 tons elm timber, 30 pair of wheels of divers sorts,
6,000 "cringles for cresset light," 150 lb. "plate for ladelles of diverse
525. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
Advertised him on the 7th of the truce concluded between Grantvelle
and the deputies of Cleves, at Nuremberg, on the 28th ult., which
Cleves was to ratify before the 10th inst. Although sealed with the seal
of the Duke and of the deputies of the Estates of the Empire and signed
by the Duke's deputies i.e. five of his principal counsellors, the Duke has
refused it, as appears by his deputies' letters to her (translation herewith)
sent to Maistricht on the 10th inst. about 8 p.m. This disregard to the
Imperial dignity and to the Estates of the Empire and to his own honour
ought to be resented by the Estates, and will, she hopes, suit the Emperor's
affairs in Germany. Since being in France the Duke has so well learnt
from the French school that he will soon surpass the French in deceits,
calumnies and faithlessness; and the King of England will no longer have
occasion to believe those who persuaded him that the Duke desired an
appointment with the Emperor but was offered unreasonable conditions.
Has long felt that no trust was to be placed in the Duke's promises; and
now Chapuys shall take opportunity to remove the King's impression
that he could not obtain reasonable conditions and declare that if she had
not foreseen what is now manifest she might have been more inclined to
appoint with him.
Requires answer to her letters of the 1st. Hears that the King's
ambassadors have crossed; but they are not yet arrived with her and she
has sent the Sieur de Zoetelande to meet them.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript of a minute at Vienna headed: A
1' ambassadeur Chapuys en Engleterre, del xje de May 1543.
526. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
It is noised here that truces are taken between the Emperor and
the Duke of Cleves from the 28th ult. until two months after the
Emperor's entry into the first town of the Empire in Germany. All here
rejoice thereat; and chiefly our merchantmen, who have made great sale
of their cloths these two days, and whose honest receiving of us is much
commended. Came yesterday to Andwerpe and found Mr. Belyngham,
returned out of Hungary, who says that, as he passed Spyre, 24,000
lanzknechtes were mustering for the Emperor, to enter France through
Lorayne; that Count Palatine Frederic is coming down hither. King
Ferdinand has failed at Noramberghe and gone towards Boesme, while
Granvela is also gone thence to meet the Emperor at Genua. Andwerpe,
11 May 1543. Signed: T. Seymour: Nicholas Wotton.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
527. Sir Thomas Seymour to Henry VIII.
Wrote, as commanded, to Gemeleke and Lanchaw "for the
horsemen to be stayed for your Highness by them," but the merchant of
Collen to whom he sent the letter reports that it has been taken by the
Gelderes. Has sent again to the merchant for answer. As for small
ordnance, the best workman in these parts is said to dwell in Makkelen,
where my fellow and I shall lie this night, and I trust, in next letter, to
write "of what prices ye may he served." Andwarp, 11 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: ao xxxvo.
528. The Patriarch, Marco Grimani, to Cardinal Farnese.
Hearing yesterday morning that there were news from England
and Scotland and desiring to know about my despatch (esrpeditione), I sent
my secretary to St. Germain's, to Cardinal Tournon, who said that the
count of Linox, friend and servant of his King, had assembled 25,000 or
30,000 Scots and gone to the town in which the Queen and her daughter
and the Cardinal of St. Andrew's were in captivity, and all were delivered,
because the Governor abandoned everything and fled. Linox, who seems
to have the favor of all that realm, would try to capture the Governor,
whom he judged to be more English and heretic than Scottish and good
Catholic; and things are there going very well. The Cardinal of Ferrara
said the same; and added that he had spoken to the King about me, and
the King said he expected that the Scots would send him ambassadors to
certify that they would continue their former friendship and loyalty to
him, and I would be able to pass with these ambassadors into Scotland.
I afterwards sent again to Card. Tournon to know if, upon these good
news, I should go to the King and solicit my despatch; and, this morning,
the Cardinal has sent me word that the King would await news from
Linox himself, because they have this by way of England, and he thinks
that within five or six days I shall be resolved, and that the King puts
this delay in order that I may pass the more safely. Having, therefore,
nothing to do at Court or at Loissi I am come to Paris for three or four
days' pastime. For news, refers to his last of the 2nd and 6th inst. sent
in duplicate by Lyons and Venice. Paris, 11 May 1543.
P.S.—Thinks that his despatch may be put off for some time, but in
any case will do as the King commands. Signed: Marco Grimano,
Italian. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS., pp. 3. Headed: Di
Marco Grimano, Nuntio in Francia, al Card. Farnese, 27 Aprile (sic)
1543, da Parigi.
529. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius. (fn. 1)
* * * I send a letter about the Scottish realm, which
you will show to Alesius. There was a Scot (fn. 2) with me at Bonn, a
nobleman, ambassador to France, who spoke piously enough about our
opinions. "Mirum ni Alesius jam sibi Dædaleas pennas faciet, ut in
patriam mox revolet."
the House of
Account of daily business and attendance of peers in the Parliament,
22 Jan. 34 Hen. VIII. to 12 May 35 Hen. VIII., with list of acts passed.
Prorogued to 3 Nov.
531. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Lately received her letters of the 1st inst., and since, on the
11th, those of the 6th; but could not communicate with the King, who
was busy about the conclusion of his Estates and put him off until
these holidays (fn. 3) when he would desire to see him and lodge him at Hampton
Court, and meanwhile required him to write effectually to her for the
exemption of his subjects from the impost of the centiesme denier.
Made difficulty about doing this until he had declared the affair to the
King and Council, but the man who came from the King made such
instance that he could not refuse; saying that she would not object,
seeing that the English in Flanders (? "ceulx de pardela") would
give of their liberality more than the impost would amount to, and she
would thereby gratify the King and all who frequent Flanders, who offer
to do her service by loans or otherwise. Hopes in two or three days
to write amply. London, 12 May 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
532. Sir Ralph Sadler, Keeper of the Great Wardrobe.
See Grants In May, No. 61.
A. P. C., 130.
533. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 12 May. Present: Canterbury, Audeley,
Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney,
Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Ant. Draycott,
clk., discharged from attendance. John Champneis released from the
Counter in the Poultry upon his recognisance (cited) to fulfil the order to
be taken by the bp. of Bath, Sir Hugh Paullett and Sir John Saintclow.
Arnold Butlar, under-sheriff of Pembroke, released from the Fleet upon
his recognisance (cited).
534. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
It appears by his late letters that he desires to know the occurrents
here. Would have written them long since "but that all things have
remained for a time in such suspense and stay as we could not certainly
write of any matter of importance." Now that some points are resolved,
the King commands us to write as follows :—
(fn. 4) The confirmation of the treaty is come from the Emperor duly signed,
and this week the Emperor's ambassador comes hither to require the like
of the King; but this matter is not yet openly divulged here.
(fn. 4) The Emperor has taken an honorable truce (copy enclosed) with the
Duke of Cleves, and is by this time in Italy, minding to pass straight into
Germany and thence to his Low Countries. The Emperor's ambassador
declares (and it is otherwise confirmed) that he has made great preparations
in Germany of men, munition, ordnance, money and other necessaries to
annoy the French king, of whom he will have a great advantage if he
come this present year. Meanwhile "We wink at the Frenchmen and
they at us;" and the Frenchmen furnish their holds and have made a
camp of 8,000 or 10,000 men, who have revictualled Turwan and done
some hurt in the Emperor's country, but of no importance.
(fn. 4) The Turk, as we hear from Venice, makes great preparations; against
whom the Germans have granted the King of Romans 20,000 footmen
and 4,000 horsemen.
The King has sent Sir Thos. Seymour and Mr. Wotton, dean of
Canterbury, to reside with the Regent of Flanders, and to know what
hoys, carriages, lymoners and necessaries he may have there if he agree
with the Emperor to send any men this year against the common enemy.
Of the matters of Scotland your Lordship knows better than we. "If
the Scots come on with good faith, we think his Majesty will, for this
time, take the conditions offered, if better cannot be gotten; and yet his
Majesty ceaseth nothing in his preparations."
As to our own things, the King has "set forth a true and perfect
doctrine for all his people," so as to avoid diversity of opinions, and
confirmed it by a law made (among other good laws) in this session of his
Parliament, which is prorogued till 3 Nov. next.
Draft, pp. 9, of which the last three are in Wriothesley's hand. Endd..
Mynute to the duke of Suff., etc., xiijo Maii ao xxxvo.
St. P., v. 285.
535. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has received his letters of the 1st, 5th and 6th. He
marvels to hear nothing of the arrival in England of Glencarne and
Sir George Douglas, who were to start on Monday last; but, ascribing
their slackness to some necessary "lett" rather than to lack of goodwill in
the Governor and them, thinks well to advertise such things as, being
foreseen, may benefit the Governor, or, being neglected, ruin him and all
his party. The bp. of Rome, at the French king's procurement, is sending
a legate called Marco Gremayne into Scotland, to join the Cardinal of
St. Andrews, and advance the desires of the Cardinal, Lynoux, and the
Governor's adversaries. The Governor should, therefore, show himself a
man of courage, call to him such as he can trust and provide for the sure
keeping of Stirling castle (so that if the Legate escape the King's ships on
the West he may keep this side of the water) and also, secretly, apprehend
the Cardinal, Lynokes, and the rest now as they sit in their convocation,
the calling of which without his licence, as Governor, is to his dishonour.
As Lynoux had a special secret charge from the French king to get
possession of as many holds as possible, the Governor must get
Dumbritayn into his hands and make all other strongholds sure, and try
to take the ship which the Earl has prepared for his conveyance to France.
Sadler shall declare these things to the Governor, wherein if he be slack or
timorous, the Cardinal, Lynoux and the bishops, who thirst his destruction,
will put it out of his power to save himself.
Like advice is to be given to Angus, Casselles, Maxwell and Somervile.
Finally you shall say to the Governor, as of yourself, that you trust, when
this peace is concluded (which you hope will not be long), he will send
ships to join those the King has abroad, to keep the seas so that the
Legate, unless he pass in the mean season, shall not escape.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 8. Endd.: "Minute to Mr. Sadleyr
xiijo Maii ao xxxvo."
2. The chief points of the preceding.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
536. Suffolk to [Parr].
Received this morning his letters of yesternight, with a letter of
news from Wharton. I enclose a warrant for Mr. Uvedale to pay all the
garrisons upon bills of your hand. Yesterday the earl of Glencarne and
Sir George Douglas dined here and departed to Northallerton. They trust
that their message shall please the King. Where it appears that your
espial certifies you of business like to be in Scotland; the garrisons and
frontiers should be on their guard lest this countenance of enmity among
the Scots turn to our displeasure; "and if any of the Scots, in this ruffle
among themselves, shall intend to our noysaunce, it shall be well done
they be paid home again." Darnton, 13 May. Signed.
P.S.—Intends to be at the hospital of Gretham to-morrow sevennight
with his "grewhondes," and will be glad to see Parr there with his
"grewhondes," if business permits. Begs him to forward this letter
directed to Mr. Sadler, and likewise Mr. Eure's letter for its conveyance
from Berwik to Edinburgh.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
537. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 13 May. Present : Norfolk, Privy
Seal, Hertford, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney,
Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. No business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 14 May. Present: the same. Business :—
Letter written to the President of the Marches of Wales to see Mr. Mytton
admitted as one of the Commissioners. The King's pleasure declared
touching rewards to Jack a Musgrave, Thos. Dacres, Eglanbye,
Blanerhasett and the Greymes. Letter written to the President at York
for the expedition of Hungate's process; and to Suffolk for payment of
fees due to Thos. Bower for the surveyorship of Barwyke and receivership
of Sheref Hutton, Myddleham, and Barnard Castell, with allowance for
portage of treasure thither, and for the office he exercised in Sir George
Lawson's days until Easter last.
Recantations by Wisdome, Beacon and Singletone, each ending
with the words "And to th'intent no man should misreport what I have
said, I have signed divers copies of that I now rehearse with mine own
hand, whereof each man may have the copy that will," viz.:—
Robert Wysdome.—I am placed in the midst of these two penitents as
one who professes himself earnestly sorry that he has, under pretence of
God's Word, slandered the true doctrine of our religion and defamed the
charity of the ministers of justice. Has preached against Free Will (and
so derogated the Grace of God and encouraged naughty men to flatter
themselves in their unfruitful living) and against venerating and praying
to saints, saying that we might not say "Saint Peter, pray for me."
Declares plainly what he is, and wishes those he followed would all do the
like; and then should ignorant people be soon pacified to yield to the
perfect Christian doctrine now set forth by the King. Has preached
against public ministers, saying that men cannot live in Christ but they
are persecuted for the truth; and thus has untruly slandered justice, for
he knows no man to have been persecuted for the truth. Has known some
that were justly executed for their false doctrine, as Fryeth and Lambartt
for sacramentaries, and Barnes, Garret and Jherome for their untrue
doctrine. "This is a realm of justice and of no persecution of them that
be good" and he and his fellows are most mercifully handled in being
suffered to recant. What his companion Thomas Becon says in his "book
of Davys harpe," that persecution is a token of the true Gospel, is false;
for although "among Jewes and Jentiles Chryste be persecuted" yet in
the Church of Christ, where the head and governor professes Christ, the
punishment of monstrous sects is not persecution, for then shall
Anabaptists, Sacramentaries, Adamites, Arrienes and Sabellianists, all
which are now risen up again (as well as they of a lower sort who deny
praying to saints), be noted to say truth because they are punished for it.
Thomas Becon.—Is here to penitently testify of his unfeigned conversion
from error to truth, whereupon he has remission of further punishment;
and prays the audience to credit what he says. Was christened Thomas
Becon, and in that name took the order of priesthood; and in the counties
of Norfolk and Suffolk acknowledged in open sermons, three years past,
that he had taught evil and false doctrine, which recantation, as made,
"is contained at length in this book." After that recantation he repaired
into Kent and has lurked there ever since like a layman, calling himself
Theodore Basile and writing untruly such books as he has caused to be set
forth in print. Acknowledges his pride in assuming such a name as
Theodore Basile, and his ignorance of Greek, and then goes through the
chief errors in his various books (tearing up the books in presence of the
audience), viz., his books called "the Newes owte of Hevyn" (and,
speaking of this book, he marvels that his companion, Robert Wysdome,
preaching at Aldermary in Lent last, called him "the man of God" who
has continually laboured in the Devil's service, preaching untruly as
Thomas Becon and writing untruly as Theodore Basile, and he enumerates
errors which he has preached), "Of Pollycye of Warre," "A Chrystmasse
Banket," "A Newe Cathecisme," "Of Davyes Harpe," "The Invectyve
againste Swearinge," "The Potation," "The Golden Booke of Christen
Matrymony," "A Pleasaunte Newe Nosegaye," "A Newe Path way to
Prayer" and "A Newe Yeres Gyfte." The good words in his books,
which (well placed and ordered) might be spoken, are so set forth as to
maintain naughty and pestiferous opinions; and therefore he wishes all
his books destroyed according to the King's proclamations.
Robert Syngleton.—His companions here have spoken many words for
their declaration. Will himself conclude in few, viz. "I am an unlearned
fantasticall fool. Such hath been my preaching and such hath been my
writing, which I here before you all tear in pieces."
ii. Recognisance by Wm. Larkett, scrivener, Hen. Brinkelowe,
mercer, and John Wysdome, stainer, of London, made to Ric. Cloney,
apparitor to the bp. of London, in 40l., 14 May 35 Henry VIII., for
Robert Wysdome, clk., now prisoner in custody of the said Ric. Cloney by
command of the King's Council, to remain true prisoner and pay for his
meat, lodging, &c., until discharged by the Council.
From Bonner's register, ft. 43-44b.
425 f. 4.
1. ii. No. 115.
539. Robert Wisdome, Prisoner in the Lollard's Tower.
It is no new thing for preachers to be laid by the heels, nor is it
strange for bishops and priests to be persecutors of God's word. Refers
to the examples of Helyas, Micheas, &c., of old, and John Baptist, Peter in
chains, and Paul the prisoner of Jesus Christ. Would that examples were
as rare now as in the Apostles' time! But as the world grows older,
iniquity increases. These are our holy fathers who have forbidden the
scripture among the people, blind leaders of the blind! As many wonder
what is laid to his charge (fn. 5) declares as follows:—First, before the Council
certain texts in a little book of the Ten Commandments were laid against
him, viz., "Babes, keep yourselves from images," which, they said, argued
that he would destroy all images. Thinks images not to be worshipped
and that they give occasion of slander to Jews and Turks, &c. Another
article, taken from his preaching on St. Stephen's Day was not directed
against the necessity of good works, although it sounded so in the ears of
one Hoggard who has swinishly accused him. Inveighs against the
hypocrisy of those who make their boast of good works and yet slander
and backbite their neighbours. Another article objected against him by
Hoggard was that he said all men's traditions should be plucked up by
the root, which, said the bp. of Sarum, is anabaptistical. Explains that
he spoke of traditions which were contrary to God's law and Christian
doctrine, for Christ himself said that every plant not planted by His
Father shall be plucked up; and we have seen examples in our day.
"The abolishing of the Roman Bishop, the throwing down of abbeys, the
destruction of sects, the putting away of pelting pardons and the rooting
out of famous idols teach plainly that heaven and earth may pass but the
Word of God shall not pass." Papists will set to their shoulders to
underprop their impostures till they burst, but the day will come when the
root of all Popery, "even your masses," shall be plucked up and the world
know how shamefully you abuse the Supper of the Lord, and how like
tyrants you be in persecuting and burning poor men. (fn. 6) In that day it will
be evangelical to preach that every plant that the Heavenly Father has
not planted shall be plucked up, and not, as the bishop of Sarum says,
anabaptistical; and the world shall wonder at the sudden destruction of
Babylon and the fall of the shameless idol Baal and his shaven chaplains.
In that day the Lord will show mercy to the Church of England and give
them preachers who will teach them the Scriptures and not forbid it.
"Then shall your unpure chastity be known to be a filthy and detestable
kind of Sodomitical buggery and an whole sea of whoredom and uncleanness.
Then shall wedlock be honorable," &c. They have a saying malum bene
collocation non ext dimorendum; which seems to be the saying of such as
said to Paul, Let us do evil that good may come thereof. This shows
that they themselves think naught, yet it may not be touched.
Then came in one Sir John Massy and testified, but the writer knows
not what. Besides, were sought out of the bp. of London's register
accusations laid to his charge two years ago, although "the bishop of
London then swore by his baptism I should never more hear of it."
(A note in the margin here is "Yet I heard of it now. Royston and Vicar
Gale of Howsted in Essex"). Gives the articles, viz. that he spoke against
free will, invocation of saints, ceremonies (censing in churches and playing
on organs) and trental masses, with his vindication.
There was sent for into Essex one Mr. Leswell, who heard him preach
on Easter Tuesday was two years, exhorting his parishioners to take the
Scripture in their hands "when they met together on the Sundays and
holidays at the alehouse, and to talk and commune and reason of it."
The bp. of London said that when they were drunken men might
irreverently handle the Scripture, but the writer answers that it would
restrain them from excess and drunkenness.
Gives five other articles against him and his defence against each, viz.
9. He had said he trusted to see the day that maids would sing the
Scripture at their wheels; which he admits, saying he has seen that day
and there are now husbandmen better seen in the Scriptures than many
priests. 10. He had said "We have a living Christ and not a Christ of
clouts," which he upholds. 11. "That souls departed do not come again
and walk and play bopeep with us," and 12, "That one of us ought to
bear another's burden"; which he also upholds. 13. That there was
no difference of meats, but that a man may eat "all meats at all times";
in defending which he says some are so superstitious that they will not
taste an egg for 100l. on a Friday or in Lent, "no, though the King by
proclamation licence his subjects so to do."
The envy of his adversaries was that he had so great a following when
he preached, and the bp. of Hereford said that since better learned
preachers had not half the audience it was evident that he preached some
private doctrine. It grieved them to see the people so drawn after him and
so the Council concluded that he must "lie by the heels." Asks for the
prayers of his readers. "Sent from the Lollard's Tower by Robert
Wisdome, prisoner of Jesu Christ."
Pp. 8. With marginal annotations in a different hand, one of which is noted
in p. 315 note. But most of them only refer to the texts quoted, and
the numbers of the Articles, which the binding now conceals in some cases.
Leaf 5 has been turned, so that it begins on the obverse side.
St. P., III 448.
540. James Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Henry VIII.
Had by letters patent the office of constable of Dungarvan, and his
interest was confirmed by a proviso in the Act as certified thither. The
Act was returned hither with the proviso omitted, and Parliament would
have stayed passing it till the writer could declare his title, in right of
his wife, as heir general of the earldom of Desmond, and the charges he
had sustained in recovering it to the King; but he replied to the Lords
and Commons that all he had was at the King's pleasure and he was content
the Act should pass without the proviso. Begs confirmation of the
"said rather grant," diminishing if necessary the fee of 100l., and sends
by bearer a bill to be signed and addressed to the Chancellor here to issue
letters patent to that effect. Had the grant with remainder to his son and
heir; but, as the office requires a man of ability, has not mentioned it in
this bill, his son being an infant within age. Dublin, 14 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
St. P., iii, 450
541. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
After the despatch of the lord Obryen, Fizwilliam, and others with
letters to the King, Sheda Mc Ne Marro, lord of Cloncullen in Thomond,
who would also repair to the King, asked them to write in his favour to be
baron of Cloncullen, &c. As his ancestors have always borne a great
swing and he is himself of good conformity and his lands lie wholly
beyond the Shenan, they recommend him. Desire the King to grant the
suit of Dr. Nelan (Obrien's servant who travailed much to bring him to
obedience) for the house of Observant Friars of Enys, when it is
suppressed. Whatever grant the King makes to any of that sort should
expressly exclude them from any claim to lands on this side the Shenan.
Dublin, 14 May, 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond,
Edw. bp. of Meath, Travers, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth,
Brabazon and Basnet.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
Sc., II. 157.
542. Arran to Paul III.
When, on the Ides of December, their King James was carried off
by sudden illness, the Scottish nation fell into incredible trouble. On the
one hand was grief for a Prince dead in his prime, leaving an only
daughter and heir; on the other hand the English King, with a numerous
army, was threatening again to invade Scotland whence during our King's
life he had been bravely driven out. To meet the danger Arran was
appointed Governor, both by consent of all and as next of kin, and intended
forthwith to send ambassadors to the Pope, but has hitherto been prevented
from doing so by troubles which threaten the liberty of the realm.
Meanwhile, to show his devotion to the Holy See, commits the kingdom to
the protection of his Holiness, whom he begs to undertake the defence
of its liberty and privileges, as the one is attacked by its enemies and
the other so severely tried by its own citizens that there are some who
openly dare both to resign and to obtain the bishopric of Dunkeld without
consulting Arran. This he desires the Pope by public edict to forbid.
Begs, in order that hostile attacks may be more easily endured, that the
monasteries which were commended to the Royal children may be so ceded
to him, until their legitimate age of 22 years, that he may, if necessary,
appoint new administrators and convert the surplus fruits to public uses.
The Cardinal Promoter will explain matters more fully. Ex arce nostra
Hamiltonise, 14 (fn. 7) Maii, 1543.
18 B. vi.,
2. Letter book copy of the above, undated.
Lat., pp. 2.
Royal MS., 154
Sc., II. 159.
543. Arran to the Cardinal Of Carpi.
Writes to the Pope at this time, first to take in good part that he
did not, upon obtaining the government of this realm, send to salute the
Holy See, the cause being stress of business consequent on his entering
office in time of war. Secondly that, as this war was caused by refusal to
join the English King against the Pope's authority, His Holiness may
join him in the defence of the realm, that is, assist him with money and
defend the privileges of the realm, for there are some who, in this troubled
time, without Arran's consent, have not hesitated to resign and seek at
Rome the bishopric of Dankeld, which, he thinks, the Pope will not
permit—and he himself will not suffer. Lastly, as he exercises the King's
office, he desires the monasteries commended to the Royal children to be
at his disposition, until their legitimate age, to appoint administrators,
when necessary, and to convert the surplus fruits to public uses and the
defence of the realm.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
St. P., ix. 372.
544. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
On Whitsun Even, 4 English miles from Brussels, were met and
accompanied to their lodging by Mons. de Corrieres, captain of the
Emperor's guard, "of late ambassador by your Highness"; who offered
to get them audience the same evening, but they declined, as not in order
to go to the Court. On Whitsunday morning, De Currieres and the Guard
fetched them to the Queen, near whom stood President Score and others
of her Council. Upon hearing their instructions, she thanked God that
her long desire was come to pass and the Emperor and Henry, England
and these parts, were, by this renewed league, so knit together as should
be "for the common wealth of Christendom and augmentation of the
Christian Faith." She bade them welcome and promised to participate
the Emperor's affairs to them; and would shortly declare why the
overture made by Chapuis for wars against France had been no more
spoken of, and also the other matters of which the writers spoke.
She then desired them to accompany her to the great church to high
mass, and rode thither and back between them, talking with them.
Frederic the Countie Palatine was here when they arrived; and also
the bp. of Breme, brother to Duke Henry of Bruynswyke. Wrote how
merchantmen rejoiced at the truces betwixt the Emperor and the duke
of Cleves; but their joy was short, for although truces were agreed
upon between Granvelle and the Duke's ambassador at Nurenberg, by
means of the Princes of Germany, at the Duke's suit, and sealed by
the ambassador and seventeen of the Princes, the Duke refused to
stand to it and straightway laid siege to Heynsbergh with an army
reinforced with lanzknechts taken up in Germany for the French
king. Chassigny, captain of the town, has written to the Queen that
he will defend it, and the garrison of 1,500 footmen has driven out all
the inhabitants, save bakers, brewers and such necessary craftsmen.
The Queen says she has found the Duke "very inconstant and
unsteadfast of his word" and "that for the short while that he was in
France he was a very good scholar, for he learned their fashions and
conditions very well." She trusts that this act will alienate the Princes
of Germany from him.
Have as yet had "no answer to the principal matters." Bruxelles,
14 May 1543. Signed: T. Seymour : Nicholas Wotton.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
St. P., ix. 374
545. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Wrote by way of Bilbao, 30 April, the day before the Emperor left
Barcelone. Details of the Emperor's progress and news from various
places; which may be summarised as follows:—On 1 May the Emperor,
after mass for the Empress, left Barcelona, and next morning came to
Blanys and next day to Palamosa, where he tarried from Ascension Day
to Whitsun Even, and then came to Rosas on Whitsunday. (fn. 8) Meanwhile
he sent out galleys towards Majorca, Minorca and Evica, and there were
reports that French galleys had gone from Marseilles and Tolone towards
Barbaria. This night or to-morrow the Emperor departs for Geane.
Letters from Ragusia of 22 March report that the Sophy was at Bagadet
with 40,000 horse and had stayed the voyage of Solyman Baxa against
him; that the Turk gave Polin, the French King's agent, 2,000 ducats,
&c. (detailed). By letters from Constantinople of 4 March, the galleys
could not come forth before the end of April (nor before June, according
to news from Adrianople) and number only 70 or 80 galleys. News
from Venice of 7 April reported word from Adrianople of 7 March that the
Turk in person would make a great enterprise against Hungary and
Vienna, reckoning upon the discord in Almayne. The Venetians (although
at truce with the Turk) have appointed a general for the war and prepared
galleys (numbers given). The Turk's army will only make the
usual excourses in Apulia.
Advice by way of Geanes of the conflict between the dukes of Ascot
and Geldres on Easter Even troubled the Emperor at Palamous, but he
came hither very merry. The Duke of Camerine is much made of in this
passage to Italy, to gratify the Bishop of Rome; but there is little love
between them since the Bishop favours the French king and the Emperor
is knit with Henry. The duke of Nagera passes with the Emperor, and
also the abp. of St. James and bp. of Jaen, who aspire to be cardinals if
there be any meeting between the Bishop of Rome and the Emperor.
Has shipped a "goodly beast" for Henry, if God send good passage; but
this long tarrying at sea has hurt the Emperor's jennets.
Had written thus far when command came to be this night in the
galleys. Rosas, 14 May, 5 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1543. Headed in Bonner's hand : The copy of
my letters sent from Rosas.
546. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 15 May. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk,
Hertford, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Letters written to
Suffolk to sequester Scottish men's goods out of the ship of Norway lately
taken at Barwyke, and restore the rest with gentle words; to Wotton,
treasurer of Calais, to receive of Mr. Geoffrey, one of the clerks of the
Privy Seal, 6,000l, for the garrisons; and to Thos. Palmer, treasurer of
Guisnes, to receive the like. Recognisance (cited) of Matth. Bradburye and
Jas. Fletcher to appear on Friday fortnight.
547. Ships and Mariners.
"The certificate of Hugh Pawlett touching the ships and mariners
within the precint of his commission, viz. for Somerset and Dorset shere,
with his letter rec. xvo Maii ao xxxvto R. H. viijvi ."
[A book, with the above endorsement, giving, under towns, the names of
ship-owners with the size, &c., of their ships, followed by a list of names
of "mariners" or "mariners and fishers."]
Somers.—Mynyhed : Win. Hyll has a ship of 70 tons "wyth
iiijor Portyngall pesys otherwyse callyd synggyll versys," Robert
Quyrke has one of 60 tons, my lady Lutterell one of 100 tons now in
London, and Dennis Marrane one of 60 tons now in Ireland; mariners,
37 named, besides whom there are 40 not now at home. "There is no
other ship nor balinger belonging" to Somersetshire, but at Comage,
pertaining to Brygewater, are 13 mariners, named.
Dorset.—Lyme Regis : Nic. Perott and 5 others own ships of 72, 66, 24,
40, 36 and 38 tons respectively; 13 mariners named. Charmouth : a
balinger of 14 tons and 19 mariners and fishers. Chydyoke : a boat of
14 tons and 10 mariners. Symmysborow, Watton and Hope, 17 names.
Burton : Thos. Wade has a ship of 120 tons lying at Thopsham, and a
balinger of 15 tons; 7 mariners and fishers. Burtporte, a ballinger of 18
tons, and 14 names: Baunton, Adlyngton and Swyre, 13 names; Abbotes
Bery, Langbrydy, and Langton, 18; Sutton, 10. Waymouth and Melcomb :
balingers of 60 and 52 tons and 18 names of mariners and fishers.
Wyke, 5 names. Portelond: a balinger of 16 tons and 22 names. Lulworth
12 names; Waram and Caresworth, 12; Arne, Ower and Kyngston, 16;
Purbuke, Swannewych, Studlond and Stypull, 32; Lychett, 7. Poole :
ships of 70, 36 and 30 tons, and 10 names of mariners.
Book of 16 long pages, of which 7 are blank.
548. Suffolk and Durham to the Council.
Received their letters of the 13th inst., containing much good
news; and beg them to thank the King for sending it. Sir Reynold
Carnabye who is "in great jeopardy of life, not like to escape," has all the
offices and farms most meet for a governor of Tyndale, such as the
stewardship of Hexham, in the abp. of York's gift, the rule of the King's
lordship of Langley, the farm of the demesnes of Hexham, &c. The King
might obtain the stewardship by writing to the Abp.; and, by giving it
and the rest to him whom his Grace thinks meet to be governor of
Tyndale, would both alleviate the charges and have better service done.
Friends of Suffolk's have moved him to write for these offices, but he has
forborne, knowing them to be so meet for the King's service. Darnton,
15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: ao xxxvo.
549. Suffolk to [Parr].
Where you wrote that you had bound John Heron to be forthcoming,
and his son also, but mentioned not that you had bound him
with sureties, I forgot in my last to remind you that, for your discharge,
it were well to make him and his son find surety in 1,000 mks. at least,
binding many sureties in small amounts if he cannot find two or three
sufficient for the whole. Darnton, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Endd. : My lord Lieutenant.
St.P., III. 451.
550. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Obrien is now repairing to the King to show his submission. Send
Copy of the order they took heretofore with him and his kinsmen and beg
the King to grant him the title of earl of Thomond and the lands named
in a schedule (fn. 9) herewith, &c. He is to be the more favored as he submitted
Orwirke who marches upon lord Fizwilliarn and Odonell, repaired
hither upon summons and made submission and granted 100 marks "for
knowledge of his obedience." He is now repaired to Dublin, and, as he
is "somewhat gross" and not "trayned" to repair to the King, much
desires the King's letters. Think that some apparel would be well
bestowed upon him.
Highly recommend Mr. Brereton, son to Sir Win. Brereton who died
here, who accompanies Obrien. Dublin, 15 May 35 Hen. VIII. Signed
by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Travers, Brabazon,
Aylmer, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth and Basnet.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., III. 453.
551. The Same to the Same.
Sir Donnogh Obryen repairs with his uncle, lord Obryen, to do his
duty. Beg favour for him on account of his hardy courage and faithful
service. By the submission of the Brenys it is agreed (lest he should be
excluded from the seignenrie of Thomond which he challenges after
Obryen) that he shall succeed Obryen in that dignity. One Oshaghenes
repairs with him only to see and take his lands of the King. Have
licensed the King's servant, James Sherlocke, who can speak the language,
to accompany Sir Donough. Dublin, 15 May 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by
St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Bathe, Cusake,
Justice Houth, Travers and Basnet.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
St.P., iii. 455.
552. The Same to the Same.
As heretofore they wrote in favour of lord Fizwilliam alias
McWilliam of Clanrycarde, so now he has required them to petition the
King to give him a name of honour (as his ancestors have had) and his
lands in tail male, with remainder to his brother, William Burke; with
further request for certain rents, customs and profits in Galway and
Clanrycarde and elsewhere in Connaught, as appears by bill signed by
them (copy enclosed). At that time, to allure him to obedience, they
granted most of his request, but now they think it not meet to grant him
more than he has in his possession. Seeing his purpose now to visit the
King and that he has improved the savage quarters under his rule, beg
the King to grant him his lands and the title of earl of Clanrycarde. If
he make suit to be earl of Connaught it is not to be granted. Francis
Harbarde, the King's servant, who did good service in the rebellion, goes
with him as interpreter. Beg favour for him, as he has never burdened
the King with any suit for reward. (fn. 10) Dublin, 15 May 35 Henry VIII.
Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Lutrell,
Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, Brabazon, Travers and Basnet.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P , iii. 456.
553. The Same to the Same.
Received his letters of 5 March, from Westminster, by his servant
George Carewe. Have diligently weighed the view of the revenues and
send it, signed by the Vice-treasurer and Chief Baron. Have received
the 2,461l. 12s. in harp groats; but as, with all the revenues yet due, it
will not suffice to pay the army's arrears of wages, and those tumults of
other realms warn them not to be unprovided now when the time of
service approaches, they have not paid out any. Press again for a whole
year's wages beforehand; for, this summer, they mean to set to the reformation
of Laynster. Ormond's offer to do it should not be accepted. The
country is fifty miles in length and all the castles and fortresses would
have to be taken, victualled and garrisoned; for if they had to be afterwards
abandoned, the inhabitants would undoubtedly raze them and make
the future recovery of the country much more difficult. Beg that the
Deputy may have licence to make provision in England for this.
As Nele Connelagh has not followed his suit for Claneboy, they have,
meanwhile, let it to John Travers, "from three years to three," at 20l.
As to the port towns, enclose a plan showing the names, and which of
them be good and which barred, and what strangers resort to them, and
in whose possession they are. It is devised by John Travers, who could
inform the King better than they can write, but, as he is needed for the
service to be done in Leinster, they beg the King to forbear until
Michaelmas and then to license his coming over. Have received the
Statutes for the Subsidy and Dungarvan Castle. Beg the King to stay
any suit for Dungarvan till Ormond's repair to him. Meanwhile, they
have appointed the King's servant, Mr. Wyse, to the custody of it. The
Great Seal and the Seal of the Exchequer are received and delivered
according to the King's instructions. Thanks for the ships of war
appointed to Lambay; which did great good, for, before their coming,
Frenchmen and Scots had done divers hurts on the coast. Since their
departure divers ships are come to Lambay, and to-day it is reported that
a Frenchman and a Scot and divers Scottish galleys ride off Carrickfergus.
Beg him to authorise the Chancellor and Vice-treasurer to make leases of
abbeys in Munster and Connaught, now lying waste because no man will
take them according to the survey. Young Tirrelagh Othole who, the
King wrote, should have the lands given to his father, was slain before the
King's pleasure took effect. Beg that Bryan Othole, the next eldest son
(and bastard like the rest), "a right toward young man," may have the
As sterling money cannot be had here, loans of 100l. to Obryen and 100
mks. to Donogh Obryen were paid to the Treasurer, which they beg may
be repaid there on production of the said Treasurer's receipt. Dublin,
15 May 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of
Meath, Aylmer, Brabazon, Lutrell, Travers, Cusake, Bathe, Justice Houth
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
2. "An estimate of the King's revenues in his Majesty's realm of
The King's lands yearly "at this presentes leviable" 6,069l. 2s. 7d. (fn. 11)
Customs of Dublin, Drogheda, Dundalk, Trim and the Naas, 319l. 13s. 4d.
Fee farms of Dublin and Drogheda, 200l. Petty farms, proffers and
homages, 11l. 5s. 8d. The 20th of the spiritualty, 287l. 2s. 1½d. The
King's subsidy spiritual and temporal, 668l. 1s. 2d.—Total 7,555l. 4s. 10½d.
Charges:—Annuities and proxies perpetual, 182l. 13s. 9½d. Fees and
rewards ordinary of the judges and clerks of the King's courts, customers,
controllers, constables, soldiers of Dublin castle, with the chief serjeant of
the county of Dublin and officers of the county and liberty of Wexford,
1,131l. 12s. 6d. Pension of the late prior of St. John's, 500l. Pensions
of governors and others of the late religious houses, 759l. 3s. 4d.—Total
2,573l. 9s. 7½d.
Yearly remainder, 4,981l. 15s. 3d.
"Casualties of the Kings Majesty's revenues yearly uncertain, as hath
been these three years past " :—Giving amounts for each of the years 30,
31 and 32 (fn. 12) received from the Hamper, First Fruits, Ward lands, felons'
goods, estreats, and fines of liveries and other petty fines.
Charges out of the casualties given in the same way, viz. rewards to
sheriffs and "to jurors enquiring for the King, messengers, purses for the.
Great Seal, parchment, ink, wax and paper, &c."
Yearly charges extraordinary :—Ordnance, 40l., repair of castles, 300l.,
assignments by the Deputy and Council upon urgent causes, 100l.
"Reversions of lands accrued unto the King's Majesty by way of
attainder and given by act of Parliament, not yet in his Grace's
possession," viz. after the death of lady Jane Talbotte late wife to Robt.
Burnell, father to John Burnell, attainted, 45l. 2s. 6d., Ric. Burnell,
21l. 5s. 10d., Eliz. Barnewall, late wife of Chr. Eustace, attained, 28l., Sir
Walter Delahide, 66l. 13s. 4d., Wm. Parres of Aghir, 13l. 6s. 8d. Signed :
Will'm Brabazon, subthes. : James Bathe, baron.
Pp. 3. Endd.
St. P., iii. 461.
554. Sir Ant. St. Leger to the Council.
Has received theirs of 12 Feb., together with a letter sent by
Ormond to the duke of Norfolk concerning his offer for the reformation of
Leinster. Deferred answering until now that Ormond could repair here.
Debating the matter with the Council and with Ormond, they find the
offer most honourable and zealous, but the enterprise more chargeable
than if done by the retinue, and also not so honourable to the King.
Explains the necessity of sending money for it, and advises keeping the
revenues here in treasure against any other emergency. Intends to commence
as soon as the grass is grown, and will not muster the retinue till
then, so that the money last sent may not be all spent before anything is
done. Begs credence for bearer, who has hitherto acted as the writer's
secretary and has been privy to proceedings here, and favour for him in
his suit. Dublin, 15 May. Signed.
Pp.3. Add. Endd.: Ao xxxvo.
555. Sadler to Angus and Cassils.
Yesterday, received their letters, with a letter from the Governor
and the copy of the charge directed to Bothwell to make redress for
Liddisdale. Forwards letters received this day from Glencairn and
Douglas. Has no occurrences of importance out of England since their
departure. Desires to know how things proceed against Lennox; and
what has been done at the late convention of the clergy at St. Andrews.
Headed: To the earls of Angus and Cassils, 15th May 1543.
32,650, f. 264.
Papers, i. 197.
556. Sadler to Suffolk.
Perceives by his of the 11th that Suffolk has licensed Angus's cart
horses and their keeper to repair into Scotland, and directed a warrant to
Mr. Uvedale (fn. 13) for payment to Angus of 100l. above his month's wages due
this day sevennight. Will notify this to Angus, who departed on
Wednesday to Hamilton, to the Governor, who is now at Paisley near
Dumbarton and (as Sadler wrote) has sent a herald summoning Lennox to
deliver Dumbarton castle within 48 hours. Lennox's reply was that he
himself was willing, but the captain of the castle, named Sterling, refused
the deliverance, because he had a "tack and assedation," that is a lease or
grant of its keeping, for seven years to come, by the late King's gift. This
is thought a device to make Lennox innocent, although he is within the
castle; and, therefore, the Governor will, by order of law, first "summon
and appeach him of treason" and then "put him to the horn " (that is
proclaim him traitor) and enter upon his lands, and either execute him or
drive him out of the realm. The Governor has sent a special charge to
Bothwell to execute his office of Liddisdale (copy enclosed, received
yesterday), and "remaineth ever the longer the better minded towards the
Sends herewith a letter from Cassils to Glencairn and Douglas; and
also letters to his (Sadler's) friends at London, which he begs Suffolk to
forward. Edinburgh, 15 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text in Sadler State
Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 372.
557. Wallop to the Council.
Learnt yesternight that Mons. de Beez and Mons. de Kerkey with
their bands, and Mons. de Carres with his 600 light Italian horse, and
1,500 footmen of Boullonoiez are assembled for some enterprise, and now
hears that furriers are appointing them lodgings at Fyennez. Their enterprise
is said to be for the churches of Bredenarde, for which they will take
from Arde 3 cannon and 300 hackbuttiers of Mons. Dampont's band,
leaving at Arde on their return 300 of their Italians. That band is well
known to the Italian whom Wallop lately sent over, and did best at the
overthrow of the Burgundians beside Ayre. Will provide for Guisnes as
though the enterprise was against it.
The bulwark beside Claez wood is almost finished. Asks whether the
men of the country shall keep it, or else (if the King will have a captain
there as at the other) that he may appoint the captain. It is now kept by
the labourers, to whom he has delivered hackbuts, pikes and bills.
Guisnes, 15 May.
P.S.—Reports these and like advertisements to the Great Master of
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: ao xxxvo.