Henry VIII
May 1543, 11-15

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1901

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'Henry VIII: May 1543, 11-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1: January-July 1543 (1901), pp. 307-324. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76742 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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May 1543, 11-15

11 May.
Dasent's A. P. C., 129.
521. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 11 May. Present: Canterbury, Audeley, Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Recognisances (cited) of John Turcke, stationer, and of Roger Rogerson and John Shippye.
At another meeting on the same day, with the same presence, no business recorded.
11 May.
R. O.
522. Sir Ric. Southwell to Sir Hugh Powlet.
Mr. Watking desires to purchase possessions of Glast[onbury], with which I would not have the King depart without knowing from you their value and which may be best forborne. 11 May 35 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
ii. Note at the foot (in Poulet's hand?)— "Merkesbury and Hunstert are most meet to be departed withal, and so is Camelegh lying near to the same. The other lordships within his 'valie ' lie joining together so that I know not which of them may be most conveniently departed withal."
11 May.
R. O.
523. Suffolk to [Parr].
I send your Lordship three warrants, one for yourself to the master of the Ordnance, to deliver artillery for the garrisons, another to Mr. Uvedale for payment of the petty captain and 50 men to Sir Ralph Eure, and the third to Mr. Uvedale to pay my lord of Anguisshe 100l. Pray deliver these two latter to Mr. Uvedale, and send the other to the master of Ordnance at Berwick with your letter declaring what artillery you now wish. Darnton, 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
11 May.
R. O.
524. Maltravers and Wallop to The Council.
Touching the first part of the Council's letters of the 7th, received on the 9th, order is taken to put corn, forage and chattels not in daily use out of danger, and the rest can be put in safety upon five hours' warning. To advertise how they are furnished in case the French attempt any sudden exploit; Calais is slenderly stored with victuals, because the great number of labourers here, and in Newnham Bridge and St. Peter's, consume the provision, and must do so unless order is taken as at Guisnes. Coal and wood were not, for many years, more scant. Mr. Palmer, who has charge of the King's provision, has wheat for 1,000 men for six months and other victuals for one month, and has provision in England for which he looks daily. The number and ability of the labourers appears in a bill enclosed presented to the Deputy by the Surveyor. Bows, arrows, strings, bills and pikes in the King's storehouses at Calais are as in the enclosed bill. Beg for more, especially pikes. Of other artillery is good store, save that they desire "this other bill" enclosed to be allowed for Calais and Guisnes. Mr. Caro, lieutenant at Rysbank, has desired the deputy to write again of the munitions he requires. The soldiers and labourers could defend any attack on these fortresses without an army; but against an army of enemies many more should be required, and the more as these fortresses are enlarged. Joining Mons. de Reulx, and having 1,000 soldiers and 400 horsemen sent over, they could upon opportunity "overrun any part of the Bolonoyse and destroy the borough towns and small pyles." To do any exploit apart (other than Wallop has before described) would require 2,000 footmen and 600 horsemen sent over. Could, with such a number, beard the French to the gates of Bolen and other fortresses and hinder their revictualling of Arde. The men might serve in the King's works and in casting ditches at Guisnes, where those now "working on the Castle ditch before the gate shall scantly finish the same this summer." As to where the King might with most advantage give the first buffet; the Bolonoysse is "so baranid and betyn" with men of war and enemies, that they see nothing better than is above expressed. Mons. de Reulx thinks that if the King sent an army to join him they might take Montrell; "any other notable thing so easily to be done we know not." Calais, 11 May 1543. Signed.
In Maltracers' hand, pp. 7. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. "Mr. Wallop's provision of grain."
Wheat at Guisnes Castle, 10 May, 35 Hen. VIII, 311 qr. 4 bu.; malt 331 qr. 5 bu.; oats 54 qr. 3 bu.; "pessen" (peasen) 16 qr.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. " The report of the Surveyor, of the labourers and workmen." In the works at Newneham and in the Maris 1,900 men, whereof one thousand . . . hundred (" m1 . . . c", mutilated) are able persons. At Guisnes 1,100 whereof 900 are able men.
P. 1. Mutilated.
R. O. 4. " Store of certain ordnance remaining in the King's Majesty's store house at Calais."
Bows of yew 2,450, whereof 543 be too weak. Livery arrows 3,880 sheaves. Bow strings 6 barrels. Bills black 2,900. Pikes 500.
P. 1.
R. O. 5. " Necessaries to be provided for Calais and Guisnes."
For Calais and Guisnes :—3,000 pikes.
For Calais:—10 iron slings, 4 barrels of bowstrings, 29 [tons] of elm timber for stocks for mortars.
For Guisnes:—20 tons elm timber, 30 pair of wheels of divers sorts, 6,000 "cringles for cresset light," 150 lb. "plate for ladelles of diverse sorts."
P. 1.
11 May.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 138.]
525. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
Advertised him on the 7th of the truce concluded between Grantvelle and the deputies of Cleves, at Nuremberg, on the 28th ult., which Cleves was to ratify before the 10th inst. Although sealed with the seal of the Duke and of the deputies of the Estates of the Empire and signed by the Duke's deputies i.e. five of his principal counsellors, the Duke has refused it, as appears by his deputies' letters to her (translation herewith) sent to Maistricht on the 10th inst. about 8 p.m. This disregard to the Imperial dignity and to the Estates of the Empire and to his own honour ought to be resented by the Estates, and will, she hopes, suit the Emperor's affairs in Germany. Since being in France the Duke has so well learnt from the French school that he will soon surpass the French in deceits, calumnies and faithlessness; and the King of England will no longer have occasion to believe those who persuaded him that the Duke desired an appointment with the Emperor but was offered unreasonable conditions. Has long felt that no trust was to be placed in the Duke's promises; and now Chapuys shall take opportunity to remove the King's impression that he could not obtain reasonable conditions and declare that if she had not foreseen what is now manifest she might have been more inclined to appoint with him.
Requires answer to her letters of the 1st. Hears that the King's ambassadors have crossed; but they are not yet arrived with her and she has sent the Sieur de Zoetelande to meet them.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript of a minute at Vienna headed: A 1' ambassadeur Chapuys en Engleterre, del xje de May 1543.
11 May.
R. O.
526. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
It is noised here that truces are taken between the Emperor and the Duke of Cleves from the 28th ult. until two months after the Emperor's entry into the first town of the Empire in Germany. All here rejoice thereat; and chiefly our merchantmen, who have made great sale of their cloths these two days, and whose honest receiving of us is much commended. Came yesterday to Andwerpe and found Mr. Belyngham, returned out of Hungary, who says that, as he passed Spyre, 24,000 lanzknechtes were mustering for the Emperor, to enter France through Lorayne; that Count Palatine Frederic is coming down hither. King Ferdinand has failed at Noramberghe and gone towards Boesme, while Granvela is also gone thence to meet the Emperor at Genua. Andwerpe, 11 May 1543. Signed: T. Seymour: Nicholas Wotton.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 May.
R. O.
527. Sir Thomas Seymour to Henry VIII.
Wrote, as commanded, to Gemeleke and Lanchaw "for the horsemen to be stayed for your Highness by them," but the merchant of Collen to whom he sent the letter reports that it has been taken by the Gelderes. Has sent again to the merchant for answer. As for small ordnance, the best workman in these parts is said to dwell in Makkelen, where my fellow and I shall lie this night, and I trust, in next letter, to write "of what prices ye may he served." Andwarp, 11 May. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: ao xxxvo.
11 May.
R.O.
528. The Patriarch, Marco Grimani, to Cardinal Farnese.
Hearing yesterday morning that there were news from England and Scotland and desiring to know about my despatch (esrpeditione), I sent my secretary to St. Germain's, to Cardinal Tournon, who said that the count of Linox, friend and servant of his King, had assembled 25,000 or 30,000 Scots and gone to the town in which the Queen and her daughter and the Cardinal of St. Andrew's were in captivity, and all were delivered, because the Governor abandoned everything and fled. Linox, who seems to have the favor of all that realm, would try to capture the Governor, whom he judged to be more English and heretic than Scottish and good Catholic; and things are there going very well. The Cardinal of Ferrara said the same; and added that he had spoken to the King about me, and the King said he expected that the Scots would send him ambassadors to certify that they would continue their former friendship and loyalty to him, and I would be able to pass with these ambassadors into Scotland.
I afterwards sent again to Card. Tournon to know if, upon these good news, I should go to the King and solicit my despatch; and, this morning, the Cardinal has sent me word that the King would await news from Linox himself, because they have this by way of England, and he thinks that within five or six days I shall be resolved, and that the King puts this delay in order that I may pass the more safely. Having, therefore, nothing to do at Court or at Loissi I am come to Paris for three or four days' pastime. For news, refers to his last of the 2nd and 6th inst. sent in duplicate by Lyons and Venice. Paris, 11 May 1543.
P.S.—Thinks that his despatch may be put off for some time, but in any case will do as the King commands. Signed: Marco Grimano, Patriarcha.
Italian. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS., pp. 3. Headed: Di Marco Grimano, Nuntio in Francia, al Card. Farnese, 27 Aprile (sic) 1543, da Parigi.

Corpus Reform. v. 110.
529. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius. (fn. 1)
* * * I send a letter about the Scottish realm, which you will show to Alesius. There was a Scot (fn. 2) with me at Bonn, a nobleman, ambassador to France, who spoke piously enough about our opinions. "Mirum ni Alesius jam sibi Dædaleas pennas faciet, ut in patriam mox revolet."
Latin.
12 May.
Journals of the House of Lords, I. 199.
530. Parliament.
Account of daily business and attendance of peers in the Parliament, 22 Jan. 34 Hen. VIII. to 12 May 35 Hen. VIII., with list of acts passed. Prorogued to 3 Nov.
Lat.
12 May.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 137.]
531. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Lately received her letters of the 1st inst., and since, on the 11th, those of the 6th; but could not communicate with the King, who was busy about the conclusion of his Estates and put him off until these holidays (fn. 3) when he would desire to see him and lodge him at Hampton Court, and meanwhile required him to write effectually to her for the exemption of his subjects from the impost of the centiesme denier. Made difficulty about doing this until he had declared the affair to the King and Council, but the man who came from the King made such instance that he could not refuse; saying that she would not object, seeing that the English in Flanders (? "ceulx de pardela") would give of their liberality more than the impost would amount to, and she would thereby gratify the King and all who frequent Flanders, who offer to do her service by loans or otherwise. Hopes in two or three days to write amply. London, 12 May 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
12 May. 532. Sir Ralph Sadler, Keeper of the Great Wardrobe.
See Grants In May, No. 61.
12 May.
Dasent's A. P. C., 130.
533. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 12 May. Present: Canterbury, Audeley, Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Ant. Draycott, clk., discharged from attendance. John Champneis released from the Counter in the Poultry upon his recognisance (cited) to fulfil the order to be taken by the bp. of Bath, Sir Hugh Paullett and Sir John Saintclow. Arnold Butlar, under-sheriff of Pembroke, released from the Fleet upon his recognisance (cited).
13 May.
R. O.
534. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
It appears by his late letters that he desires to know the occurrents here. Would have written them long since "but that all things have remained for a time in such suspense and stay as we could not certainly write of any matter of importance." Now that some points are resolved, the King commands us to write as follows :—
(fn. 4) The confirmation of the treaty is come from the Emperor duly signed, and this week the Emperor's ambassador comes hither to require the like of the King; but this matter is not yet openly divulged here.
(fn. 4) The Emperor has taken an honorable truce (copy enclosed) with the Duke of Cleves, and is by this time in Italy, minding to pass straight into Germany and thence to his Low Countries. The Emperor's ambassador declares (and it is otherwise confirmed) that he has made great preparations in Germany of men, munition, ordnance, money and other necessaries to annoy the French king, of whom he will have a great advantage if he come this present year. Meanwhile "We wink at the Frenchmen and they at us;" and the Frenchmen furnish their holds and have made a camp of 8,000 or 10,000 men, who have revictualled Turwan and done some hurt in the Emperor's country, but of no importance.
(fn. 4) The Turk, as we hear from Venice, makes great preparations; against whom the Germans have granted the King of Romans 20,000 footmen and 4,000 horsemen.
The King has sent Sir Thos. Seymour and Mr. Wotton, dean of Canterbury, to reside with the Regent of Flanders, and to know what hoys, carriages, lymoners and necessaries he may have there if he agree with the Emperor to send any men this year against the common enemy.
Of the matters of Scotland your Lordship knows better than we. "If the Scots come on with good faith, we think his Majesty will, for this time, take the conditions offered, if better cannot be gotten; and yet his Majesty ceaseth nothing in his preparations."
As to our own things, the King has "set forth a true and perfect doctrine for all his people," so as to avoid diversity of opinions, and confirmed it by a law made (among other good laws) in this session of his Parliament, which is prorogued till 3 Nov. next.
Draft, pp. 9, of which the last three are in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.. Mynute to the duke of Suff., etc., xiijo Maii ao xxxvo.
13 May.
R.O. St. P., v. 285.
535. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has received his letters of the 1st, 5th and 6th. He marvels to hear nothing of the arrival in England of Glencarne and Sir George Douglas, who were to start on Monday last; but, ascribing their slackness to some necessary "lett" rather than to lack of goodwill in the Governor and them, thinks well to advertise such things as, being foreseen, may benefit the Governor, or, being neglected, ruin him and all his party. The bp. of Rome, at the French king's procurement, is sending a legate called Marco Gremayne into Scotland, to join the Cardinal of St. Andrews, and advance the desires of the Cardinal, Lynoux, and the Governor's adversaries. The Governor should, therefore, show himself a man of courage, call to him such as he can trust and provide for the sure keeping of Stirling castle (so that if the Legate escape the King's ships on the West he may keep this side of the water) and also, secretly, apprehend the Cardinal, Lynokes, and the rest now as they sit in their convocation, the calling of which without his licence, as Governor, is to his dishonour. As Lynoux had a special secret charge from the French king to get possession of as many holds as possible, the Governor must get Dumbritayn into his hands and make all other strongholds sure, and try to take the ship which the Earl has prepared for his conveyance to France. Sadler shall declare these things to the Governor, wherein if he be slack or timorous, the Cardinal, Lynoux and the bishops, who thirst his destruction, will put it out of his power to save himself.
Like advice is to be given to Angus, Casselles, Maxwell and Somervile.
Finally you shall say to the Governor, as of yourself, that you trust, when this peace is concluded (which you hope will not be long), he will send ships to join those the King has abroad, to keep the seas so that the Legate, unless he pass in the mean season, shall not escape.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 8. Endd.: "Minute to Mr. Sadleyr xiijo Maii ao xxxvo."
R.O. 2. The chief points of the preceding.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
13 May.
R.O.
536. Suffolk to [Parr].
Received this morning his letters of yesternight, with a letter of news from Wharton. I enclose a warrant for Mr. Uvedale to pay all the garrisons upon bills of your hand. Yesterday the earl of Glencarne and Sir George Douglas dined here and departed to Northallerton. They trust that their message shall please the King. Where it appears that your espial certifies you of business like to be in Scotland; the garrisons and frontiers should be on their guard lest this countenance of enmity among the Scots turn to our displeasure; "and if any of the Scots, in this ruffle among themselves, shall intend to our noysaunce, it shall be well done they be paid home again." Darnton, 13 May. Signed.
P.S.—Intends to be at the hospital of Gretham to-morrow sevennight with his "grewhondes," and will be glad to see Parr there with his "grewhondes," if business permits. Begs him to forward this letter directed to Mr. Sadler, and likewise Mr. Eure's letter for its conveyance from Berwik to Edinburgh.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
14 May.
Dasent's A.P.C., 131.
537. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 13 May. Present : Norfolk, Privy Seal, Hertford, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. No business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 14 May. Present: the same. Business :— Letter written to the President of the Marches of Wales to see Mr. Mytton admitted as one of the Commissioners. The King's pleasure declared touching rewards to Jack a Musgrave, Thos. Dacres, Eglanbye, Blanerhasett and the Greymes. Letter written to the President at York for the expedition of Hungate's process; and to Suffolk for payment of fees due to Thos. Bower for the surveyorship of Barwyke and receivership of Sheref Hutton, Myddleham, and Barnard Castell, with allowance for portage of treasure thither, and for the office he exercised in Sir George Lawson's days until Easter last.
[14 May.]
Foxe, v.Appx. XII.
538. Recantations.
Recantations by Wisdome, Beacon and Singletone, each ending with the words "And to th'intent no man should misreport what I have said, I have signed divers copies of that I now rehearse with mine own hand, whereof each man may have the copy that will," viz.:—
Robert Wysdome.—I am placed in the midst of these two penitents as one who professes himself earnestly sorry that he has, under pretence of God's Word, slandered the true doctrine of our religion and defamed the charity of the ministers of justice. Has preached against Free Will (and so derogated the Grace of God and encouraged naughty men to flatter themselves in their unfruitful living) and against venerating and praying to saints, saying that we might not say "Saint Peter, pray for me." Declares plainly what he is, and wishes those he followed would all do the like; and then should ignorant people be soon pacified to yield to the perfect Christian doctrine now set forth by the King. Has preached against public ministers, saying that men cannot live in Christ but they are persecuted for the truth; and thus has untruly slandered justice, for he knows no man to have been persecuted for the truth. Has known some that were justly executed for their false doctrine, as Fryeth and Lambartt for sacramentaries, and Barnes, Garret and Jherome for their untrue doctrine. "This is a realm of justice and of no persecution of them that be good" and he and his fellows are most mercifully handled in being suffered to recant. What his companion Thomas Becon says in his "book of Davys harpe," that persecution is a token of the true Gospel, is false; for although "among Jewes and Jentiles Chryste be persecuted" yet in the Church of Christ, where the head and governor professes Christ, the punishment of monstrous sects is not persecution, for then shall Anabaptists, Sacramentaries, Adamites, Arrienes and Sabellianists, all which are now risen up again (as well as they of a lower sort who deny praying to saints), be noted to say truth because they are punished for it.
Thomas Becon.—Is here to penitently testify of his unfeigned conversion from error to truth, whereupon he has remission of further punishment; and prays the audience to credit what he says. Was christened Thomas Becon, and in that name took the order of priesthood; and in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk acknowledged in open sermons, three years past, that he had taught evil and false doctrine, which recantation, as made, "is contained at length in this book." After that recantation he repaired into Kent and has lurked there ever since like a layman, calling himself Theodore Basile and writing untruly such books as he has caused to be set forth in print. Acknowledges his pride in assuming such a name as Theodore Basile, and his ignorance of Greek, and then goes through the chief errors in his various books (tearing up the books in presence of the audience), viz., his books called "the Newes owte of Hevyn" (and, speaking of this book, he marvels that his companion, Robert Wysdome, preaching at Aldermary in Lent last, called him "the man of God" who has continually laboured in the Devil's service, preaching untruly as Thomas Becon and writing untruly as Theodore Basile, and he enumerates errors which he has preached), "Of Pollycye of Warre," "A Chrystmasse Banket," "A Newe Cathecisme," "Of Davyes Harpe," "The Invectyve againste Swearinge," "The Potation," "The Golden Booke of Christen Matrymony," "A Pleasaunte Newe Nosegaye," "A Newe Path way to Prayer" and "A Newe Yeres Gyfte." The good words in his books, which (well placed and ordered) might be spoken, are so set forth as to maintain naughty and pestiferous opinions; and therefore he wishes all his books destroyed according to the King's proclamations.
Robert Syngleton.—His companions here have spoken many words for their declaration. Will himself conclude in few, viz. "I am an unlearned fantasticall fool. Such hath been my preaching and such hath been my writing, which I here before you all tear in pieces."
ii. Recognisance by Wm. Larkett, scrivener, Hen. Brinkelowe, mercer, and John Wysdome, stainer, of London, made to Ric. Cloney, apparitor to the bp. of London, in 40l., 14 May 35 Henry VIII., for Robert Wysdome, clk., now prisoner in custody of the said Ric. Cloney by command of the King's Council, to remain true prisoner and pay for his meat, lodging, &c., until discharged by the Council.
From Bonner's register, ft. 43-44b.
Harl. MS.
425 f. 4. B.M. Strype, Eccl. Mem. 1. ii. No. 115.
539. Robert Wisdome, Prisoner in the Lollard's Tower.
It is no new thing for preachers to be laid by the heels, nor is it strange for bishops and priests to be persecutors of God's word. Refers to the examples of Helyas, Micheas, &c., of old, and John Baptist, Peter in chains, and Paul the prisoner of Jesus Christ. Would that examples were as rare now as in the Apostles' time! But as the world grows older, iniquity increases. These are our holy fathers who have forbidden the scripture among the people, blind leaders of the blind! As many wonder what is laid to his charge (fn. 5) declares as follows:—First, before the Council certain texts in a little book of the Ten Commandments were laid against him, viz., "Babes, keep yourselves from images," which, they said, argued that he would destroy all images. Thinks images not to be worshipped and that they give occasion of slander to Jews and Turks, &c. Another article, taken from his preaching on St. Stephen's Day was not directed against the necessity of good works, although it sounded so in the ears of one Hoggard who has swinishly accused him. Inveighs against the hypocrisy of those who make their boast of good works and yet slander and backbite their neighbours. Another article objected against him by Hoggard was that he said all men's traditions should be plucked up by the root, which, said the bp. of Sarum, is anabaptistical. Explains that he spoke of traditions which were contrary to God's law and Christian doctrine, for Christ himself said that every plant not planted by His Father shall be plucked up; and we have seen examples in our day. "The abolishing of the Roman Bishop, the throwing down of abbeys, the destruction of sects, the putting away of pelting pardons and the rooting out of famous idols teach plainly that heaven and earth may pass but the Word of God shall not pass." Papists will set to their shoulders to underprop their impostures till they burst, but the day will come when the root of all Popery, "even your masses," shall be plucked up and the world know how shamefully you abuse the Supper of the Lord, and how like tyrants you be in persecuting and burning poor men. (fn. 6) In that day it will be evangelical to preach that every plant that the Heavenly Father has not planted shall be plucked up, and not, as the bishop of Sarum says, anabaptistical; and the world shall wonder at the sudden destruction of Babylon and the fall of the shameless idol Baal and his shaven chaplains. In that day the Lord will show mercy to the Church of England and give them preachers who will teach them the Scriptures and not forbid it. "Then shall your unpure chastity be known to be a filthy and detestable kind of Sodomitical buggery and an whole sea of whoredom and uncleanness. Then shall wedlock be honorable," &c. They have a saying malum bene collocation non ext dimorendum; which seems to be the saying of such as said to Paul, Let us do evil that good may come thereof. This shows that they themselves think naught, yet it may not be touched.
Then came in one Sir John Massy and testified, but the writer knows not what. Besides, were sought out of the bp. of London's register accusations laid to his charge two years ago, although "the bishop of London then swore by his baptism I should never more hear of it." (A note in the margin here is "Yet I heard of it now. Royston and Vicar Gale of Howsted in Essex"). Gives the articles, viz. that he spoke against free will, invocation of saints, ceremonies (censing in churches and playing on organs) and trental masses, with his vindication.
There was sent for into Essex one Mr. Leswell, who heard him preach on Easter Tuesday was two years, exhorting his parishioners to take the Scripture in their hands "when they met together on the Sundays and holidays at the alehouse, and to talk and commune and reason of it." The bp. of London said that when they were drunken men might irreverently handle the Scripture, but the writer answers that it would restrain them from excess and drunkenness.
Gives five other articles against him and his defence against each, viz. 9. He had said he trusted to see the day that maids would sing the Scripture at their wheels; which he admits, saying he has seen that day and there are now husbandmen better seen in the Scriptures than many priests. 10. He had said "We have a living Christ and not a Christ of clouts," which he upholds. 11. "That souls departed do not come again and walk and play bopeep with us," and 12, "That one of us ought to bear another's burden"; which he also upholds. 13. That there was no difference of meats, but that a man may eat "all meats at all times"; in defending which he says some are so superstitious that they will not taste an egg for 100l. on a Friday or in Lent, "no, though the King by proclamation licence his subjects so to do."
The envy of his adversaries was that he had so great a following when he preached, and the bp. of Hereford said that since better learned preachers had not half the audience it was evident that he preached some private doctrine. It grieved them to see the people so drawn after him and so the Council concluded that he must "lie by the heels." Asks for the prayers of his readers. "Sent from the Lollard's Tower by Robert Wisdome, prisoner of Jesu Christ."
Pp. 8. With marginal annotations in a different hand, one of which is noted in p. 315 note. But most of them only refer to the texts quoted, and the numbers of the Articles, which the binding now conceals in some cases. Leaf 5 has been turned, so that it begins on the obverse side.
14 May.
R.O. St. P., III 448.
540. James Earl of Ormond and Ossory to Henry VIII.
Had by letters patent the office of constable of Dungarvan, and his interest was confirmed by a proviso in the Act as certified thither. The Act was returned hither with the proviso omitted, and Parliament would have stayed passing it till the writer could declare his title, in right of his wife, as heir general of the earldom of Desmond, and the charges he had sustained in recovering it to the King; but he replied to the Lords and Commons that all he had was at the King's pleasure and he was content the Act should pass without the proviso. Begs confirmation of the "said rather grant," diminishing if necessary the fee of 100l., and sends by bearer a bill to be signed and addressed to the Chancellor here to issue letters patent to that effect. Had the grant with remainder to his son and heir; but, as the office requires a man of ability, has not mentioned it in this bill, his son being an infant within age. Dublin, 14 May. Signed.
Pp
. 2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
14 May.
R.O. St. P., iii, 450
541. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
After the despatch of the lord Obryen, Fizwilliam, and others with letters to the King, Sheda Mc Ne Marro, lord of Cloncullen in Thomond, who would also repair to the King, asked them to write in his favour to be baron of Cloncullen, &c. As his ancestors have always borne a great swing and he is himself of good conformity and his lands lie wholly beyond the Shenan, they recommend him. Desire the King to grant the suit of Dr. Nelan (Obrien's servant who travailed much to bring him to obedience) for the house of Observant Friars of Enys, when it is suppressed. Whatever grant the King makes to any of that sort should expressly exclude them from any claim to lands on this side the Shenan. Dublin, 14 May, 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Travers, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, Brabazon and Basnet.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 May.
Epp. Reg. Sc., II. 157. Theiner, 614.
542. Arran to Paul III.
When, on the Ides of December, their King James was carried off by sudden illness, the Scottish nation fell into incredible trouble. On the one hand was grief for a Prince dead in his prime, leaving an only daughter and heir; on the other hand the English King, with a numerous army, was threatening again to invade Scotland whence during our King's life he had been bravely driven out. To meet the danger Arran was appointed Governor, both by consent of all and as next of kin, and intended forthwith to send ambassadors to the Pope, but has hitherto been prevented from doing so by troubles which threaten the liberty of the realm. Meanwhile, to show his devotion to the Holy See, commits the kingdom to the protection of his Holiness, whom he begs to undertake the defence of its liberty and privileges, as the one is attacked by its enemies and the other so severely tried by its own citizens that there are some who openly dare both to resign and to obtain the bishopric of Dunkeld without consulting Arran. This he desires the Pope by public edict to forbid. Begs, in order that hostile attacks may be more easily endured, that the monasteries which were commended to the Royal children may be so ceded to him, until their legitimate age of 22 years, that he may, if necessary, appoint new administrators and convert the surplus fruits to public uses. The Cardinal Promoter will explain matters more fully. Ex arce nostra Hamiltonise, 14 (fn. 7) Maii, 1543.
Lat.
Royal MS. 18 B. vi., 153 b. B.M. 2. Letter book copy of the above, undated.
Lat., pp. 2.

Royal MS., 154 B.M. Epp. Reg. Sc., II. 159.
543. Arran to the Cardinal Of Carpi.
Writes to the Pope at this time, first to take in good part that he did not, upon obtaining the government of this realm, send to salute the Holy See, the cause being stress of business consequent on his entering office in time of war. Secondly that, as this war was caused by refusal to join the English King against the Pope's authority, His Holiness may join him in the defence of the realm, that is, assist him with money and defend the privileges of the realm, for there are some who, in this troubled time, without Arran's consent, have not hesitated to resign and seek at Rome the bishopric of Dankeld, which, he thinks, the Pope will not permit—and he himself will not suffer. Lastly, as he exercises the King's office, he desires the monasteries commended to the Royal children to be at his disposition, until their legitimate age, to appoint administrators, when necessary, and to convert the surplus fruits to public uses and the defence of the realm.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
14 May.
R.O. St. P., ix. 372.
544. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
On Whitsun Even, 4 English miles from Brussels, were met and accompanied to their lodging by Mons. de Corrieres, captain of the Emperor's guard, "of late ambassador by your Highness"; who offered to get them audience the same evening, but they declined, as not in order to go to the Court. On Whitsunday morning, De Currieres and the Guard fetched them to the Queen, near whom stood President Score and others of her Council. Upon hearing their instructions, she thanked God that her long desire was come to pass and the Emperor and Henry, England and these parts, were, by this renewed league, so knit together as should be "for the common wealth of Christendom and augmentation of the Christian Faith." She bade them welcome and promised to participate the Emperor's affairs to them; and would shortly declare why the overture made by Chapuis for wars against France had been no more spoken of, and also the other matters of which the writers spoke. She then desired them to accompany her to the great church to high mass, and rode thither and back between them, talking with them.
Frederic the Countie Palatine was here when they arrived; and also the bp. of Breme, brother to Duke Henry of Bruynswyke. Wrote how merchantmen rejoiced at the truces betwixt the Emperor and the duke of Cleves; but their joy was short, for although truces were agreed upon between Granvelle and the Duke's ambassador at Nurenberg, by means of the Princes of Germany, at the Duke's suit, and sealed by the ambassador and seventeen of the Princes, the Duke refused to stand to it and straightway laid siege to Heynsbergh with an army reinforced with lanzknechts taken up in Germany for the French king. Chassigny, captain of the town, has written to the Queen that he will defend it, and the garrison of 1,500 footmen has driven out all the inhabitants, save bakers, brewers and such necessary craftsmen. The Queen says she has found the Duke "very inconstant and unsteadfast of his word" and "that for the short while that he was in France he was a very good scholar, for he learned their fashions and conditions very well." She trusts that this act will alienate the Princes of Germany from him.
Have as yet had "no answer to the principal matters." Bruxelles, 14 May 1543. Signed: T. Seymour : Nicholas Wotton.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
14 May.
R.O. St. P., ix. 374
545. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Wrote by way of Bilbao, 30 April, the day before the Emperor left Barcelone. Details of the Emperor's progress and news from various places; which may be summarised as follows:—On 1 May the Emperor, after mass for the Empress, left Barcelona, and next morning came to Blanys and next day to Palamosa, where he tarried from Ascension Day to Whitsun Even, and then came to Rosas on Whitsunday. (fn. 8) Meanwhile he sent out galleys towards Majorca, Minorca and Evica, and there were reports that French galleys had gone from Marseilles and Tolone towards Barbaria. This night or to-morrow the Emperor departs for Geane. Letters from Ragusia of 22 March report that the Sophy was at Bagadet with 40,000 horse and had stayed the voyage of Solyman Baxa against him; that the Turk gave Polin, the French King's agent, 2,000 ducats, &c. (detailed). By letters from Constantinople of 4 March, the galleys could not come forth before the end of April (nor before June, according to news from Adrianople) and number only 70 or 80 galleys. News from Venice of 7 April reported word from Adrianople of 7 March that the Turk in person would make a great enterprise against Hungary and Vienna, reckoning upon the discord in Almayne. The Venetians (although at truce with the Turk) have appointed a general for the war and prepared galleys (numbers given). The Turk's army will only make the usual excourses in Apulia.
Advice by way of Geanes of the conflict between the dukes of Ascot and Geldres on Easter Even troubled the Emperor at Palamous, but he came hither very merry. The Duke of Camerine is much made of in this passage to Italy, to gratify the Bishop of Rome; but there is little love between them since the Bishop favours the French king and the Emperor is knit with Henry. The duke of Nagera passes with the Emperor, and also the abp. of St. James and bp. of Jaen, who aspire to be cardinals if there be any meeting between the Bishop of Rome and the Emperor. Has shipped a "goodly beast" for Henry, if God send good passage; but this long tarrying at sea has hurt the Emperor's jennets.
Had written thus far when command came to be this night in the galleys. Rosas, 14 May, 5 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1543. Headed in Bonner's hand : The copy of my letters sent from Rosas.
15 May.
Dasent's A.P.C., 131.
546. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 15 May. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Hertford, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Letters written to Suffolk to sequester Scottish men's goods out of the ship of Norway lately taken at Barwyke, and restore the rest with gentle words; to Wotton, treasurer of Calais, to receive of Mr. Geoffrey, one of the clerks of the Privy Seal, 6,000l, for the garrisons; and to Thos. Palmer, treasurer of Guisnes, to receive the like. Recognisance (cited) of Matth. Bradburye and Jas. Fletcher to appear on Friday fortnight.
15 May.
R.O.
547. Ships and Mariners.
"The certificate of Hugh Pawlett touching the ships and mariners within the precint of his commission, viz. for Somerset and Dorset shere, with his letter rec. xvo Maii ao xxxvto R. H. viijvi ."
[A book, with the above endorsement, giving, under towns, the names of ship-owners with the size, &c., of their ships, followed by a list of names of "mariners" or "mariners and fishers."]
Somers.—Mynyhed : Win. Hyll has a ship of 70 tons "wyth iiijor Portyngall pesys otherwyse callyd synggyll versys," Robert Quyrke has one of 60 tons, my lady Lutterell one of 100 tons now in London, and Dennis Marrane one of 60 tons now in Ireland; mariners, 37 named, besides whom there are 40 not now at home. "There is no other ship nor balinger belonging" to Somersetshire, but at Comage, pertaining to Brygewater, are 13 mariners, named.
Dorset.—Lyme Regis : Nic. Perott and 5 others own ships of 72, 66, 24, 40, 36 and 38 tons respectively; 13 mariners named. Charmouth : a balinger of 14 tons and 19 mariners and fishers. Chydyoke : a boat of 14 tons and 10 mariners. Symmysborow, Watton and Hope, 17 names. Burton : Thos. Wade has a ship of 120 tons lying at Thopsham, and a balinger of 15 tons; 7 mariners and fishers. Burtporte, a ballinger of 18 tons, and 14 names: Baunton, Adlyngton and Swyre, 13 names; Abbotes Bery, Langbrydy, and Langton, 18; Sutton, 10. Waymouth and Melcomb : balingers of 60 and 52 tons and 18 names of mariners and fishers. Wyke, 5 names. Portelond: a balinger of 16 tons and 22 names. Lulworth 12 names; Waram and Caresworth, 12; Arne, Ower and Kyngston, 16; Purbuke, Swannewych, Studlond and Stypull, 32; Lychett, 7. Poole : ships of 70, 36 and 30 tons, and 10 names of mariners.
Book of 16 long pages, of which 7 are blank.
15 May.
R.O.
548. Suffolk and Durham to the Council.
Received their letters of the 13th inst., containing much good news; and beg them to thank the King for sending it. Sir Reynold Carnabye who is "in great jeopardy of life, not like to escape," has all the offices and farms most meet for a governor of Tyndale, such as the stewardship of Hexham, in the abp. of York's gift, the rule of the King's lordship of Langley, the farm of the demesnes of Hexham, &c. The King might obtain the stewardship by writing to the Abp.; and, by giving it and the rest to him whom his Grace thinks meet to be governor of Tyndale, would both alleviate the charges and have better service done. Friends of Suffolk's have moved him to write for these offices, but he has forborne, knowing them to be so meet for the King's service. Darnton, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: ao xxxvo.
15 May.
R.O.
549. Suffolk to [Parr].
Where you wrote that you had bound John Heron to be forthcoming, and his son also, but mentioned not that you had bound him with sureties, I forgot in my last to remind you that, for your discharge, it were well to make him and his son find surety in 1,000 mks. at least, binding many sureties in small amounts if he cannot find two or three sufficient for the whole. Darnton, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Endd. : My lord Lieutenant.
15 May.
R.O. St.P., III. 451.
550. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Obrien is now repairing to the King to show his submission. Send Copy of the order they took heretofore with him and his kinsmen and beg the King to grant him the title of earl of Thomond and the lands named in a schedule (fn. 9) herewith, &c. He is to be the more favored as he submitted without compulsion.
Orwirke who marches upon lord Fizwilliarn and Odonell, repaired hither upon summons and made submission and granted 100 marks "for knowledge of his obedience." He is now repaired to Dublin, and, as he is "somewhat gross" and not "trayned" to repair to the King, much desires the King's letters. Think that some apparel would be well bestowed upon him.
Highly recommend Mr. Brereton, son to Sir Win. Brereton who died here, who accompanies Obrien. Dublin, 15 May 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Travers, Brabazon, Aylmer, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth and Basnet.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
15 May.
R.O. St. P., III. 453.
551. The Same to the Same.
Sir Donnogh Obryen repairs with his uncle, lord Obryen, to do his duty. Beg favour for him on account of his hardy courage and faithful service. By the submission of the Brenys it is agreed (lest he should be excluded from the seignenrie of Thomond which he challenges after Obryen) that he shall succeed Obryen in that dignity. One Oshaghenes repairs with him only to see and take his lands of the King. Have licensed the King's servant, James Sherlocke, who can speak the language, to accompany Sir Donough. Dublin, 15 May 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, Travers and Basnet.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
15 May.
R.O. St.P., iii. 455.
552. The Same to the Same.
As heretofore they wrote in favour of lord Fizwilliam alias McWilliam of Clanrycarde, so now he has required them to petition the King to give him a name of honour (as his ancestors have had) and his lands in tail male, with remainder to his brother, William Burke; with further request for certain rents, customs and profits in Galway and Clanrycarde and elsewhere in Connaught, as appears by bill signed by them (copy enclosed). At that time, to allure him to obedience, they granted most of his request, but now they think it not meet to grant him more than he has in his possession. Seeing his purpose now to visit the King and that he has improved the savage quarters under his rule, beg the King to grant him his lands and the title of earl of Clanrycarde. If he make suit to be earl of Connaught it is not to be granted. Francis Harbarde, the King's servant, who did good service in the rebellion, goes with him as interpreter. Beg favour for him, as he has never burdened the King with any suit for reward. (fn. 10) Dublin, 15 May 35 Henry VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, Brabazon, Travers and Basnet.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
15 May.
R.O. St. P , iii. 456.
553. The Same to the Same.
Received his letters of 5 March, from Westminster, by his servant George Carewe. Have diligently weighed the view of the revenues and send it, signed by the Vice-treasurer and Chief Baron. Have received the 2,461l. 12s. in harp groats; but as, with all the revenues yet due, it will not suffice to pay the army's arrears of wages, and those tumults of other realms warn them not to be unprovided now when the time of service approaches, they have not paid out any. Press again for a whole year's wages beforehand; for, this summer, they mean to set to the reformation of Laynster. Ormond's offer to do it should not be accepted. The country is fifty miles in length and all the castles and fortresses would have to be taken, victualled and garrisoned; for if they had to be afterwards abandoned, the inhabitants would undoubtedly raze them and make the future recovery of the country much more difficult. Beg that the Deputy may have licence to make provision in England for this.
As Nele Connelagh has not followed his suit for Claneboy, they have, meanwhile, let it to John Travers, "from three years to three," at 20l. As to the port towns, enclose a plan showing the names, and which of them be good and which barred, and what strangers resort to them, and in whose possession they are. It is devised by John Travers, who could inform the King better than they can write, but, as he is needed for the service to be done in Leinster, they beg the King to forbear until Michaelmas and then to license his coming over. Have received the Statutes for the Subsidy and Dungarvan Castle. Beg the King to stay any suit for Dungarvan till Ormond's repair to him. Meanwhile, they have appointed the King's servant, Mr. Wyse, to the custody of it. The Great Seal and the Seal of the Exchequer are received and delivered according to the King's instructions. Thanks for the ships of war appointed to Lambay; which did great good, for, before their coming, Frenchmen and Scots had done divers hurts on the coast. Since their departure divers ships are come to Lambay, and to-day it is reported that a Frenchman and a Scot and divers Scottish galleys ride off Carrickfergus. Beg him to authorise the Chancellor and Vice-treasurer to make leases of abbeys in Munster and Connaught, now lying waste because no man will take them according to the survey. Young Tirrelagh Othole who, the King wrote, should have the lands given to his father, was slain before the King's pleasure took effect. Beg that Bryan Othole, the next eldest son (and bastard like the rest), "a right toward young man," may have the lands.
As sterling money cannot be had here, loans of 100l. to Obryen and 100 mks. to Donogh Obryen were paid to the Treasurer, which they beg may be repaid there on production of the said Treasurer's receipt. Dublin, 15 May 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Ormond, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Brabazon, Lutrell, Travers, Cusake, Bathe, Justice Houth and Basnet.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
R.O. 2. "An estimate of the King's revenues in his Majesty's realm of Ireland."
The King's lands yearly "at this presentes leviable" 6,069l. 2s. 7d. (fn. 11) Customs of Dublin, Drogheda, Dundalk, Trim and the Naas, 319l. 13s. 4d. Fee farms of Dublin and Drogheda, 200l. Petty farms, proffers and homages, 11l. 5s. 8d. The 20th of the spiritualty, 287l. 2s. 1½d. The King's subsidy spiritual and temporal, 668l. 1s. 2d.—Total 7,555l. 4s. 10½d.
Charges:—Annuities and proxies perpetual, 182l. 13s. 9½d. Fees and rewards ordinary of the judges and clerks of the King's courts, customers, controllers, constables, soldiers of Dublin castle, with the chief serjeant of the county of Dublin and officers of the county and liberty of Wexford, 1,131l. 12s. 6d. Pension of the late prior of St. John's, 500l. Pensions of governors and others of the late religious houses, 759l. 3s. 4d.—Total 2,573l. 9s. 7½d.
Yearly remainder, 4,981l. 15s. 3d.
"Casualties of the Kings Majesty's revenues yearly uncertain, as hath been these three years past " :—Giving amounts for each of the years 30, 31 and 32 (fn. 12) received from the Hamper, First Fruits, Ward lands, felons' goods, estreats, and fines of liveries and other petty fines.
Charges out of the casualties given in the same way, viz. rewards to sheriffs and "to jurors enquiring for the King, messengers, purses for the. Great Seal, parchment, ink, wax and paper, &c."
Yearly charges extraordinary :—Ordnance, 40l., repair of castles, 300l., assignments by the Deputy and Council upon urgent causes, 100l.
"Reversions of lands accrued unto the King's Majesty by way of attainder and given by act of Parliament, not yet in his Grace's possession," viz. after the death of lady Jane Talbotte late wife to Robt. Burnell, father to John Burnell, attainted, 45l. 2s. 6d., Ric. Burnell, 21l. 5s. 10d., Eliz. Barnewall, late wife of Chr. Eustace, attained, 28l., Sir Walter Delahide, 66l. 13s. 4d., Wm. Parres of Aghir, 13l. 6s. 8d. Signed : Will'm Brabazon, subthes. : James Bathe, baron.
Pp. 3. Endd.
15 May.
R.O. St. P., iii. 461.
554. Sir Ant. St. Leger to the Council.
Has received theirs of 12 Feb., together with a letter sent by Ormond to the duke of Norfolk concerning his offer for the reformation of Leinster. Deferred answering until now that Ormond could repair here. Debating the matter with the Council and with Ormond, they find the offer most honourable and zealous, but the enterprise more chargeable than if done by the retinue, and also not so honourable to the King. Explains the necessity of sending money for it, and advises keeping the revenues here in treasure against any other emergency. Intends to commence as soon as the grass is grown, and will not muster the retinue till then, so that the money last sent may not be all spent before anything is done. Begs credence for bearer, who has hitherto acted as the writer's secretary and has been privy to proceedings here, and favour for him in his suit. Dublin, 15 May. Signed.
Pp
.3. Add. Endd.: Ao xxxvo.
15 May.
Sadler State Papers, i.198.
555. Sadler to Angus and Cassils.
Yesterday, received their letters, with a letter from the Governor and the copy of the charge directed to Bothwell to make redress for Liddisdale. Forwards letters received this day from Glencairn and Douglas. Has no occurrences of importance out of England since their departure. Desires to know how things proceed against Lennox; and what has been done at the late convention of the clergy at St. Andrews.
Headed: To the earls of Angus and Cassils, 15th May 1543.
15 May.
Add. MS. 32,650, f. 264. B.M. Sadler State Papers, i. 197.
556. Sadler to Suffolk.
Perceives by his of the 11th that Suffolk has licensed Angus's cart horses and their keeper to repair into Scotland, and directed a warrant to Mr. Uvedale (fn. 13) for payment to Angus of 100l. above his month's wages due this day sevennight. Will notify this to Angus, who departed on Wednesday to Hamilton, to the Governor, who is now at Paisley near Dumbarton and (as Sadler wrote) has sent a herald summoning Lennox to deliver Dumbarton castle within 48 hours. Lennox's reply was that he himself was willing, but the captain of the castle, named Sterling, refused the deliverance, because he had a "tack and assedation," that is a lease or grant of its keeping, for seven years to come, by the late King's gift. This is thought a device to make Lennox innocent, although he is within the castle; and, therefore, the Governor will, by order of law, first "summon and appeach him of treason" and then "put him to the horn " (that is proclaim him traitor) and enter upon his lands, and either execute him or drive him out of the realm. The Governor has sent a special charge to Bothwell to execute his office of Liddisdale (copy enclosed, received yesterday), and "remaineth ever the longer the better minded towards the King's Majesty."
Sends herewith a letter from Cassils to Glencairn and Douglas; and also letters to his (Sadler's) friends at London, which he begs Suffolk to forward. Edinburgh, 15 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text in Sadler State Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 372.
15 May.
R.O.
557. Wallop to the Council.
Learnt yesternight that Mons. de Beez and Mons. de Kerkey with their bands, and Mons. de Carres with his 600 light Italian horse, and 1,500 footmen of Boullonoiez are assembled for some enterprise, and now hears that furriers are appointing them lodgings at Fyennez. Their enterprise is said to be for the churches of Bredenarde, for which they will take from Arde 3 cannon and 300 hackbuttiers of Mons. Dampont's band, leaving at Arde on their return 300 of their Italians. That band is well known to the Italian whom Wallop lately sent over, and did best at the overthrow of the Burgundians beside Ayre. Will provide for Guisnes as though the enterprise was against it.
The bulwark beside Claez wood is almost finished. Asks whether the men of the country shall keep it, or else (if the King will have a captain there as at the other) that he may appoint the captain. It is now kept by the labourers, to whom he has delivered hackbuts, pikes and bills. Guisnes, 15 May.
P.S.—Reports these and like advertisements to the Great Master of Flanders. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: ao xxxvo.

Footnotes

1 The Editor of the Corpus Reformatorum places this letter between the 11th and the 14th May 1543, dating it vaguely "his diebus."
2 Probably Alexander Gordon who was apprehended next month in Belgium, having come from Denmark.
3 Whitsunday fell this year on the 13 May.
4 These paragraphs are printed in St. P., IX. p. 363; and the first two are again printed at p. 391 of the same volume.
5 Thirteen articles appear to have been laid against him.
6 In margin: "Note this, for it will come to pass, and that shortly."
7 Dated the 10th according to Theiner.
8 13 May.
9 Note by Paget at the head: "The schedule mentioned in this letter wanting."
10 This seems hardly correct. See Vol. XVI. No. 393, which cannot be so late as this year.
11 These amounts stated to be "Irish " money.
12 In the case of the Hamper these figures are given as 31, 32 and 33, but all the rest are as above.
13 Misread "Windale" in Sadler State Papers.