Henry VIII
May 1543, 21-25

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1901

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'Henry VIII: May 1543, 21-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 1: January-July 1543 (1901), pp. 335-346. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76744 Date accessed: 18 September 2014.


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May 1543, 21-25

21 May.
Dasent's A.P.C., 135.
578. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 19 May. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. No business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 20 May. Present : all the above (except Cheyney and Wingfield), and also Dacres. No business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 21 May. Present : as on the 20th. Business :—Letters sent to Wallop, Bray and Poyninges to prepare themselves in case the Frenchmen should continue in the field; and to Sir Edw. Montacut, &c., to determine a contention between—(entry unfinished). Letters written to the bp. of Bath, Sir Hugh Pallett and Nic. Fitz James, to examine an information exhibited by John Champneys and "proceed to the reformation of the same;" and to Sir Thos. Pope and Sir Edw. North "to remove certain Frenchmen out of the Countours, being infected with the plague," to other prisons.
21 May. 579. Devonshire Musters.
Certificate of Sir Philip Champernon of able men by him mustered in pursuance of the King's letter to him of 31 March 34 Hen. VIII.
Has no stewardship or office under the King. Most of his tenants are mariners, and tinners who are under the lord warden of the stannary in co. Devon. Able men : 6, with good geldings able to carry a javelin or a spear, 10 archers, 14 billmen, all furnished; of whom not more than 6 are picked men. Signed.
P. 1. Add. at the head : "To the King's most honorable Council attendant upon his Majesty." Endd.
R. O. Similar certificates of :—
2. Nicholas Aysheford of Devonshire. (He has prepared six men, but "being by the visitation of God dark and deprived from his sight," cannot serve himself as he has done in times past.) P. 1.
R. O. 3. Thos. Gifforde of Hallsburye, Devon. (Names, 17 men.) 1 May. Pp. 2.
R. O. 4. John Whiddon. (Has 20 men, of whom 18 and himself have already mustered under lord Russell, they being tinners.) 21 May, 35 Henry VIII. P. 1.
R. O. 5. John Amadas, serjeant at arms. (All his tenants are tinners and bound to muster under the lord Privy Seal, but he names two household servants.) P. 1.
21 May.
R.O. St. P. v. 289.
580. Suffolk and Durham to the Council.
Of late certain Liddisdale surnames, as Elwoodes, Nycsons and Crosiers, desired Sir Ralph Eure, keeper of Tynedale, to assure them from hurt and they would be bound to take part with England. Eure's answer, by advice of the lord Warden, was that, while the truce lasted, "he would not hurt them if they hurted not England and kept the truce." Now other surnames of another grain have come to Eure, as his letter herewith shows. Whether these unruly persons come of themselves, or their new governor, Bothwell, thinks (if their offers are accepted) to deny redress because we break the truce by taking their subjects, your Lordships can consider.
Sir Wm. Eure has reported that, on Thursday last, he met the lord of Cesforthe, Warden on the East Marches of Scotland, at Ridenburne, filed certain bills and appointed to meet on Tuesday come sevennight for deliverance; but, whereas Cesforthe had before appointed to remain with Eure two or three days, to make due redress, he made haste to depart, saying he had appointed to meet Sir Cuthb. Ratclif, upon the Saturday following, on the Middle Marches. Moreover, lord Hume has disappointed a day of truce prefixed between Sir Wm. and him, on Wednesday last, and adjourned it until Friday next, and is passed over the Forthe to the Cardinal. Gathers from these delays that the Scottish wardens tarry to see the end of the proceedings of their ambassadors.
Mr. Sadleyr, after the Governor's departure from Edinburgh to Hamylton received the writers' letters to obtain prorogation of the entry of Sir Robt. Bowes and other English prisoners until Midsummer. Sadleyr wrote that he broke the matter to Glencarne, the abbot of Pastley, the Governor's brother, and Sir George Douglas, who were dining with him, and they undertook to have it ordered as the King desired. Eftsoons Sadleyr wrote that he had reminded Sir George Douglas; who undertook that the matter should be sped, as he would at his repair hither declare. Upon this assurance, the prisoners tarried in England; and now, since Whitsuntide, their takers claim forfeiture of their bond, Have written to Sadleyr to speak to the Governor to stop this; and desire that Glencarne and Douglas may be shown what has ensued by lack of performing that promise, and moved to write to the Governor therein. Sir George, when here, spoke nothing of it, which peradventure he forgot. Darnton, 21 May. Signed.
P.S.—Suffolk has written to Sir Ralph Eure to make like answer to the surnames mentioned in his last letter as he did to the rest.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
22 May.
Dasent's A.P.C., 136.
581. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 22 May. Present, Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget, Dacres. Business :— Recognisance (cited) of Steph. Bryce, of Kent. Letters written to Suffolk to enquire into the contentions between Edw. Eglanbye and one Forster about the taking of lord Maxwell, and between — Greme and — Briskoo about the taking of lord Somervile.
22 May.
R.O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 143].
582. The Queen Of Hungary to Chapuys.
Encloses a memoire from Granvelle as to the instruction to be given to the kings of arms of Flanders and England who go into France to require and defy the French king in pursuance of the treaty of closer amity and of the Emperor's letters to Chapuys of the 12th ult. Sends also a minute of the instruction to be shown to the king of England, to whom she writes with her own hand as will be seen by the copy, herewith, of the letters, which letters he shall present. Has drawn the instruction as much in accordance with the treaty as possible, and it contains two demands as required by the 18th and 20th articles. Chapuys shall require the King to give like instruction (fn. 1) to his king of arms and get him to hasten his despatch; for the King's declaration against France at this season cannot but suit the Emperor. If the King or his Council make any difficulty about the instruction, Chapuys shall explain that she has only given what concerns the Emperor and that the King may instruct his herald as he pleases, only each herald must refer to what the other says in order to show that the thing is done by common accord. For the same cause it seems best that each of the kings of arms should declare his charge apart. As Granrelle doubts that the King may decline to admit some points, because they were not declared to the English ambassadors when the Emperor made his ratification, if the King should make great difficulty about them they should not be pressed.
The King's ambassadors (fn. 2) arrived on Whitsun Eve, and she finds them very honest personages and desires him to thank the King for the honor he does her in sending them. They presented their letters of credence on Whitsunday (fn. 3) and after declaring their King's affection to the treaty, showed that, at Chapuys' instance, the King had long ago consented to make war this season against France, upon Chapuys' assurance that the Emperor likewise would make enterprise this year against France in such a place as should seem good to the King (repeating this twice or thrice); and, because the season was passing fast, the King desired to know if she thought the season still convenient for the said enterprises, and if she could furnish his army with ships for their passage and carriage for their gear, and serve it with victuals. Being asked to specify what ships and carriage, they required first to know if the Emperor this season would make enterprise in such place as would seem good to the King. She answered as the Emperor did to the English ambassador with him, as written in his letters to Chapuys of the 12th ult., and they were satisfied and made no reply; whereby she presumes that the King has no great desire to make enterprise against France this year.
As the ambassadors repeated so often that Chapuys assured the King that the Emperor would make enterprise against France in such place as the King thought good (and she would not dispute it, although she finds nothing of it in his letters) she requires him to advertise her how the thing passed, and whether the ambassadors have exceeded his intention. Has just received his letters of the 17th inst., to which she will reply after communicating the instruction to the English ambassadors. Asks whether the English communicate to him all orders sent to their ambassadors; that she may act reciprocally towards the ambassadors, to whom hitherto she has imparted all news here. Is sure that the captain of Guisnes will have informed his King of De Roeulx's exploit in overthrowing some castles about Boulogne. The captain has sent De Roeulx word that he expects the King soon to join some force with his,—which would be very convenient.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. headed : A l'ambassadeur Chapuys, du xxije de May 1543.
R.O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 144.] 2. Memoire by Granvelle upon the summons to the king of France, on behalf of the Emperor and king of England, in pursuance of the treaty last past.
By the treaty it is to be made as soon as possible, and, as the Emperor is already at open war, it will suit him well to have England the declared enemy of France, which will be perplexed thereby and damaged by loss of trade. Made for the causes expressed in the treaty, this summons will defame the French king, alienate Christendom from him and give occasion to the foreign soldiers in his service to quit it, and to his own subjects (yea his own children) to oppose him; whereas it will give reputation to the Emperor and the king of the Romans in Italy, Germany, and the Low Countries. True, it is not requisite on the Emperor's side, as France has broken the last truce without notice given beforehand; and therefore the Emperor's summons should be differentiated from that of England by a suitable preamble founded chiefly upon the public interest of Christendom, with intimation of the confederacy made on that account. Also the taking of Castelnovo was not with the assistance of the French galleys, as expressed, for the galleys were not there; but it may well be said that that misfortune happened through the intelligence between the French king and the Turk.
As the summons will certainly be met by refusal or delay, and the intimation of war will follow, it is to be seen what the Emperor ought to demand, which the King of England, in honor and good faith, will not contradict, although it may be after the ratification, seeing what great demands he himself makes. There are two points, viz., (1) touching the Imperial dignity and the affinity and alliance with Savoy and (2) the Emperor's private rights. With regard to the first, the intimation, and also the summons, should mention the surrender of Provence, Dauphiné, and other pieces usurped by France from the Empire and the seizure of the country of the duke of Savoy, the French king's own uncle and a vassal of the Empire, and the capture and ill treatment of the Sieur de Valence, an archbishop and prince of the Empire (taking care in this not to irritate the French king further in case Valence should not yet be set at liberty).
As to the other point in particularising the restitution of Abbeville, Corbier and Peronne, explains that care must be taken not to prejudice the treaty of Cambray, and consequently that of Madrid. It will be well also to mention Hesdin, which has been occupied since the treaty of Cambray, and Astenay, occupied during the last truce although it is a fief of the Emperor; also the violent taking and long detention of gentlemen and servants, couriers and messengers of the Emperor during last truce.
As to making the summons and intimation, it is the business of heralds rather than of ambassadors, especially as, the Emperor being already at war, no other person could go safely from him on such a charge, and the relations between England and France are so embittered that no suitable audience would be given except to heralds.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS. endd. : "Advis du Sr de Grantvelle sur la sommation et inthimation que se fera de la part de l'Empereur et du roy d'Engleterre au roy de France.
23 May.
Dasent's A.P.C., 137.
583. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 23 May. Present : Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget, Dacres. Business :—Letter written "to the dean of Carleisle, etc." The Commissary and Mayor of Oxford appeared; and the mayor, being found to have been "a great stirrer of this garboil" and to have delayed the commissioners appointed to determine it, the clerk of the Council was ordered to form a decree in accordance with King Edward III.'s charter to the University, to which the University should be restored until the town disproved it by law; and the mayor, Wm. Frenes, was bound by recognisance (cited) to attend the Council until dismissed.
23 May.
Add. MS. 32,650 f. 266. B.M. Sadler State Papers, I. 207.
584. Sadler to Suffolk.
Received Suffolk's letters of 20 May, with the King's letters to Cassils and others to himself. Perceives by Suffolk's letters and Sir Wm. Evers', with the copy of the Scottish letter, how certain takers of English prisoners demand forfeiture of the bonds for their entry at Whitsunday. Being lately with the Governor in the West, from whence he returned yesterdaynight (and having with him the letter sent by Thomas Slyngsbie's (fn. 4) taker, Alex. Mackdowell (fn. 4) , to the captain of Berwick, which is like in effect to that of Ric. Bowes's taker) Sadler moved the Governor in that behalf; who undertook to stand between all English prisoners and their harms for that matter. The abbot of Paisley said that Mackdowell and John Dickson, Bowes's taker, had no commandment not to call for the entry of their persons until midsummer, only by an oversight. A commandment is now addressed to Mackdowell, and the like shall be to Dickson when the Governor (who is now at his own house at Hamilton) comes. Edinburgh, 23 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text in Sadler State Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 373.
23 May. R.O. St. P., v. 291. 585. Sadler to [Parr.] (fn. 5)
Perceives by his letters of the 20th inst. the delay of justice by Bothwell, notwithstanding the Governor's commandment, and how it is deferred by the wardens of Scotland to the end of the abstinence. Will declare it to the Governor when he comes to this town, in four or five days. Had Parr's letters come while Sadler was in the West he might have had good opportunity to cummune therein. Assures him that the fault is not in the Governor; and thinks he should keep good rule, and yet see the Scots "always acquitted and paid." It will be hard to get wine for him here where it is scarce and dear, 8l. and 9l. st. the tun. Pays 40s. a hogshead for his own. Could procure the Governor's safe-conduct for Parr to send a boat hither, or else Parr might send safe-conduct for some fisherman to convey it to Berwick, if any can be got. Thanks his Lordship for the good news sent from the Court; "and also for my[ne] advowson." Edinburgh, 23 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost.
May.
R.O.
586. Maltravers and Wallop to the Council.
Upon the Council's letter in February last, they brought into Calais and Guisnes all grain and forage in these marches which remained in danger of enemies, so narrowly that the owners had to resort to them for fodder for their cattle. Now, upon Wallop's receipt on the 19th inst. of the Council's letters of the 17th, they have viewed the remainder. Find the country destitute of forage. In Guisnes the cattle, the 100 horses in Wallop's charge and the 350 horses of tumbrels and carts have left only 20 days' grain and forage for the said 100 horses. In Calais and the Low Country is in store forage for 400 horses for 14 days, and grain for 3 months, the rest being consumed by cattle and in the King's works. Much of last year's growing was unwholesome and naught. There is grazing at Guisnes for 200 geldings more and the time is now at hand for new provision. Calais the — (blank) of May 1543. Signed.
P.S.—In their last letter, requested 3,000 pikes and other provision that they have not yet received. Beg them to consider this and their declaration, sent at the same time, of things to be renewed, and the rather for the execution of the Council's letters received by Guisnes pursuivant.
P.S. in Wallop's hand.—Where the Council signify that Wallop shall declare to Count de Reulx the aid of 300 horsemen "in case, &c."; only 60 horsemen out of Calais and 100 out of Guisnes are to be had in these parts.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
23 May.
R.O.
587. Wallop to the Council.
Since coming hither learns from his espials that Mons. de Vandosme should be this night at Boullen, leaving his company at Mounstrel, where a great camp shall be kept all this summer. This morning Mons. de Foxall and the captain of Mons. de Rocheporte's band went from Arde to Bullen. The Great Master brake up his camp on Monday last, having destroyed all the peels about Arde save Owtinges. Callaiz, 23 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
23 May.
St. P., IX. 383. R.O.
588. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
This day the Queen Regent sent for them and said that, according to the league, a herald should shortly be sent to the French King in the Emperor's name, and she would show them his instructions and send a copy to Chapuis to be "reformed" by Henry's advice if faulty. When the instructions were read, the writers pointed out that the restitution of Castello Novo was not mentioned. The Queen answered that "the French king's ships were not at the taking of it," and the French king would "make a great matter of it" if such manifest lies were laid to his charge. Said also that the treaty made no mention of restitution of Ivois and other damages in Luxemburg. President Schore answered that the Emperor "declared that at the time of the ratification;" and also that Charolois, Auxerre and Masconnois (to which the writers also took exception) were part of Burgundie. Said also that the abp. of Valences and other matters were not mentioned in the treaty; and were answered that it was thought that Henry would not object to them, but his advice would be followed, and their herald sent to meet his at Callis.
The siege of Heynsbergh continues. To prevent the French joining the Clevois about Luxemburg or Luike, the Prince of Orange lies at Maestricht. Enclose copies of two letters (fn. 6) showing the news of the Emperor's coming to Italy : and also copy of a letter taken by Mons. de Reux's company in Picardy. The Queen said the Switzers were loth to serve the French King, and she trusted that, at the Emperor's coming into Germany, they would "be the lother." Told her it was likely, as they had been often beaten in the French king's wars and not best paid. She said she might have the lantzknechts that serve France, but would not maintain them that so broke the ordinance of the Empire, and she also feared infection from the plague among them. Bruxelles, 23 May 1543. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
23 May.
R.O.
589. Seymour and Wotton to the Council.
On the 20th, received their letter dated Hampton Court on the 16th; and, accordingly, spoke with the Governor of the Merchants. This day, delivered the Emperor's ambassador's letters; and the Queen said that she would instruct President Schore to declare her answer, and what she had written to the Ambassador, and what answer he sent. Told her that "the merchants lay greatly to their charges," and desired that they might depart. She only answered as before. Bruscelles, 23 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
23 May.
Corpus Reform., v. 114.
590. Melancthon to Gasper Cruciger
Sends a copy of the Pope's letters to the college of Cologne. * * * Johannes Anglus will show you the writing of Cologne. Bonn, 23 May.
Lat. Add. : at Wittenberg.
24 May.
Add. MS. 33,531, f. 13. B.M.
591. Henry VIII. to Arran.
On the decease of our nephew the late King of Scots, companion of our Order, you sent us by bearer, Sir David Lynsay, alias Lyon principal king of arms of Scotland, the statutes, collar and garter of the said order, which we have received by the hands of the bp. of Winchester, prelate of the said order. Writes to signify this and that Lyon has fulfilled his office "right discreetly." Hampton Court, 24 May 35 Henry VIII. Signed at the head.
P. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Draft of the above in Wriothesley's hand.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Modern copy of the preceding.
P. 1.
24 May.
R.O. St. P., v. 292.
592. Parr to the Council.
On arriving at Newcastle upon Tyne, for an entry to the office of Wardenry, wrote to the three deputy wardens to continue their offices under him and to resort to him to report the state of the Marches.
First, Sir Cuthb. Ratclif, deputy Warden of the Middle Marches, says that the Scots have, since the taking of this abstinence, done more hurt in England than has been done by Englishmen in Scotland, and for that done by Ledisdale men no redress can be had. The Warden of the Middle Marches of Scotland, after disappointing three days of truce on the ground that he would have an officer under Earl Bothewell to relieve him for Ledisdale, at their convention, on the 19th inst., refused to answer for Ledisdale; and Bothewell sent no one, notwithstanding that (as Mr. Sadleyr reported) the Governor had sent a strait precept therefor. Has advertised Sadleyr to charge Bothewell with this neglect. As the attemptates by the Tevidale men, over and above the acts of the Ledisdales, were much greater than those chargeable to Englishmen, Parr caused Ratclif, after the said denial for Ledisdale, to demand justice for the residue, and divers bills were filed; but, when it came to deliverance, "which is th'execution of the thing," the Warden of Scotland deferred it (without reasonable cause) to next convention on 31 May, being the last day but one of this abstinence. Apparently the intention is to make no redress if the truce break.
Sir Ralph Eure, keeper of Tyndale and Redisdale, certified that since his burning of Mangerston and other places in Ledisdale, in "countervenging" fire raised by the Ledisdales, many surnames, as Elwoldes, Nycsones, Crosiers, &c., of the head, "or higher part," of Ledisdale have sued for assurance from Parr, offering to serve the King, if they may have relief in England when pursued by the Scots. Refused to speak with them, but caused Eure to promise them assurance until 31 May (if they would keep good rule towards England and redress what they had done during this abstinence) and a further answer before that day. They have since done no harm. Begs to know the King's pleasure concerning their offer; for, if there shall be war, they might be used to annoy Scotland. Explains that the inhabitants of Tyndale and Redisdale have kept good rule since Sir Ralph Eure's entry into those offices, but that they are charged with robberies committed previously which all their goods are not sufficient to amend, so that, if compelled to make redress, they must return to thieving in order to live; if any of them are executed all the rest, knowing themselves semblably culpable, will become fugitives from justice; and if they go unpunished the true people spoiled by them will exclaim that Parr favours the thieves. Asks what to do in this dilemma.
Both Ratclif and Eure have certified that Harbottell castle, being the key of Redisdale, is in such decay that the garrison now there cannot lodge in it without great peril. Both timber and walls are rotten, so that most part of it must shortly fall, and it will not then be re-edified without great charges. The heir of the lord Tailboys is the owner, and no repair has been done to it for a long time.
Sir Wm. Eure, deputy-warden of the East Marches, says that no notable attemptates have been done on either part; and for such as chance to be done by Scottishmen no answer is made by lord Hume, Warden of the East Marches of Scotland, "who is a man of a precise, obstinate and froward nature," devoted to the Cardinal and very unmeet for his office, if the truce continue. Although Sadleyr certified my lord Lieutenant that Glencarne and the abbot of Passelowe, the Governor's brother, undertook, in the Governor's absence, to respite till Midsummer the English gentlemen who should have made their entry into Scotland at Whitsuntide, and my lord Lieutenant thereupon stayed them, their takers have warned divers of them to enter or pay forfeit; which shows the disobedience of the Scots borderers to the Governor and his Council. Has written to Sadleyr therein; and desires the Council also to speak of it to Glencarne.
Sir Thos. Wharton, deputy-warden of the West Marches, says that those Marches are quiet, the inhabitants able to defend themselves and the Scottish officers much more friendly than heretofore; but that there is great disdain lately arisen amongst the most active Borderers upon very slender occasion. The cause is that certain gentlemen are informed that a few Borderers have taken to themselves all the credit of the late overthrow of the Scots at Hartred church, whereas they think that every Englishman in the field that day should share the praise and thanks for it. To appease this dissension, has caused Wharton to declare that, before the end of this summer, Parr will repair thither and examine the whole order of that journey and indifferently report it to the King and Council.
Since the death of Sir George Lawson who had commission to pay the pensioners of the Marches, it is not known who is appointed thereto. Makes suit, on behalf of the pensioners, that before Midsummer, when there is a half payment, some honest man may be appointed; also, on behalf of Sir Thos. Wharton, that Ant. Duket, of Westmoreland, whose father was a pensioner and died three or four years past, and who has since attended days of truce and done other services like a pensioner, may have his father's pension.
Was instructed to take musters of all the inhabitants within his wardenry, but learnt from my lord Lieutenant, at Darnton, that, upon the King's late letters to the gentlemen here, a book was made of all their several powers. Took a copy of the book and has examined all gentlemen who repaired to him, and finds that they have certified fully or as much or more than they can perform. Has admonished them to have their numbers always ready, and refrained from taking musters, which might cause the Borderers to conjecture that the truce would not continue, and so to fall to misrule.
Viewed the castles of Alnwick and Morpethe, where he was instructed to make his demore. Morpethe is so out of repair and so unwholesomely kept that he could not lodge there without danger; and Alnwick is, for these two months past, infected with a hot and dangerous ague, so that it would be perilous to draw the country thither. Has chosen the King's castle of Warkworth, four miles from Alnwick as the most wholesome place to abide in and goes thither in eight days, to abide there until the infections at Alnwick cease. Has practised with espials, both Englishmen and Scots, and trusts to know the inclination and motion of the Borderers; but of secret affairs of the Council of Scotland it will be impossible to get notice so soon as Sadleyr and the King's friends there. Of the Borderers he has learnt that lord Hume is much affected to the Cardinal, and has a son in his service, and is now with him at the convention at St. Andrews. The laird of Weddirbourne, his two uncles John and Patrick Hume, and other mean lairds of the Marse favour Angwishe. The laird of Sesfurthe, Mark Carre, his uncle, and all the Carres of Tividale, the lord of Bukclough, the sheriff of Tividale, the lairds of Bune Gedworthe, Hunt Hill, and Hundwell Lee and all other mean lairds of Tividale (Fernyhirst except) depend upon the Governor and Angwishe; but some think that such of them as were delivered out of ward at their King's death favour the Cardinal, as the cause of their deliverance. The laird of Fernihirst "is so crafty an old fox and beareth himself so uprightly that it is hard to know unto what party he bendeth," but he is so superstitious and Popish that it is thought he leans to the clergy and religious.
Since Whitsuntide the Scottish merchants are busy setting forth their ships to pass beyond sea. The master of Hales, chief officer or deputy to Earl Bothewell in Ledisdale, animates the Ledisdales to attempt displeasures to England, and dissuades them from taking any bond with England. A Scottishman called Wm. Cokborne, laird of Cokborne, belonging to Angwishe, repairing upon assurance to Norham castle, in the presence of Brian Layton, the captain, and others, spake very malicious and spiteful words, calling the King tyrant. Has willed the captain to call the said Scot to enter, being his prisoner, and send him to Parr, who will commit him to strait ward until the King's pleasure for his further punishment comes. Has not written sooner to the King and Council because he wished first to learn the state of his office.
As the truce ends the last of this month, and as, towards the end of a peace, wild people will attempt displeasures, begs to know soon the King's pleasure for its continuance, so that it may be published in time upon both Borders; or else, if war shall open, begs them to remember the furniture of the Borders with garrisons, and to advertise him in time, so that the English "may rather have the foreholde than suffer the first injuries as they have been oftentimes accustomed to do," so crafty be the Scots to take the first advantage. Newcastle upon Tyne, 24 May. Signed.
Pp. 13. Add. Endd : ao xxxvo.
24 May.
R. O.
593. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Has received his letter with the good news, and hopes to serve the King his master well. If he will appoint some house in his country near Gravelinghen or Saint Mariequerque, the writer will sup with him there to-morrow and devise about affairs, and return to sleep on his own side, for he must be the day after at Bettune. Thanks for Wallop's offer of assistance of which he will inform the Queen. Has his frontier well provided against the enemy. St. Oumer, 24 May.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. : "Mons. le gouverneur et capitainne de Guisnes." Endd. : The Great Master of Flanders to Mr. Wallop, xxiiijo Maii 1543.
25 May.
Dasent's A.P.C., 138.
594. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 25 May. Present : Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Browne, Wriothesley, Riche. Business :—Decrce presented by the clerk of the Council drawn according to the charter of King Edward III., which, being examined by Lord St. John and approved, was ordained to be sent to the town of Oxford, signed by the Commissioners, with a letter from the whole Council for its observance.
25 May.
R.O.
595. Suffolk to [Parr].
I have received this morning a letter from Mr. Sadleyr, which I have sent up to the Court, showing that the Governor has prorogued the entry of the English prisoners till Midsummer, and that letters were directed to such takers as they knew the names of, and will likewise now be directed to those who have demanded entry of their prisoners. The letter of Gilbert Swynewes which your lordship sent me this morning I have sent to Court, and not back to you, because it contains matter for the King somewhat more than Mr. Sadleyr has hitherto written of that matter. I have perused your long letter of yesternight, "and sealed it and send it forth." Darnton, 25 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
25 May.
R.O.
596. Garrisons and Ships.
Newcastle upon Tyne, 25 May 35 Hen. VIII :—Brief declaration by John Uvedale, treasurer, for payment of the lord Warden and garrisons on the Borders and for charges of ships, since 21 April last, of which a signed copy is delivered to Charles duke of Suffolk, lieutenant in the North.
Showing that he had on 21 April (part in broken and refuse gold and light crowns) 1,013l. 19s. 11d.; and has received of Thos. Gower, 17 May (with a bill of prest of 66l. 13s. 4d. delivered by Gower, at London, to Sir Robt. Bowes, by command of Sir Thos. Wriothesley, chief secretary), 6,000l.
Whereof he has paid, upon Suffolk's warrants : Wages of 459 men on the Borders, 475l. 6s. 8d.; to the earl of Anguishe, in prest, to be monthly deducted from his wages, 307l. 9s. 4d.; to Wm. Bowman, in prest, for felling and hewing firewood in Byker lordship which was sent by water to Berwick 6l. 13s. 4d.; to Thos. Gower, for bringing the 6,000l. from London to Newcastle, 34l. 14s. 3d.; to John Rouse, for conveying one Leche, a prisoner from Newcastle to London, and for 50s. given in divers rewards, 6l. 6s. 3½d.
By my lord Admiral's warrants : To Robt. Thomsone, for tonnage of his ship the John Exangelist, 21l.; to Hen. Aundirson, for tonnage of his ship the Antonye, 31l. 12s. 3d.; to William Wodhous, Dunstan Newdigate, Laur. Folberie, and Geo. Riveley, captains of four ships appointed to keep the North seas, wages of themselves and retinue for two months ending 26 April, 94l. 16s.
Paid to lord Parre, now lord Warden of the Marches, diets at 53s. 4d., conduct money, coats and wages of one captain, one petty captain, one trumpet at 18d. a day and 100 soldiers for one month, 248l. 8s.; to Sir Robt. Bowes, wages and diets at 13s. 4d., and wages of 20 soldiers in his retinue, 37l. 6s. 8d.
Remainder, 5,743l. 7s. 1½d.
Mem. the lord Warden's diets, with his retinue of 100 men and one trumpet, the wages of Angwishe and Douglas with their petty captains and 200 men, and of 459 men with captains and petty captains now in garrisons, consumes monthly (besides the charge of ships, which is uncertain) 898l. 7s. 4d. Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
Large paper, p. 1.
25 May.
R.O.
597. Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Will execute his pleasure, directed to Mr. Walopp and the writer, for putting the crew and the principal labourers ready at the calling of the Count de Reulx. Begs, if the number of men here is to be increased for an invasion of the enemy's country, that he may be one of the gentlemen appointed to serve; and he will be glad, for the sake of gaining experience and knowledge, to hazard his life "and all the rest." Cales, 25 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd : ao [X]XXVo.

Footnotes

1 For the instructions see No. 622.
2 Seymour and Wotten.
3 13 May.
4 In Sadler State Papers the names are "Eglinsby" and Macdoual.
5 Headed erroneously, in the State Papers as addressed to Suffolk.
6 See No. 520.