578. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 19 May. Present : Canterbury,
Chancellor, Russell, Hertford, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster,
St. John, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget.
No business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 20 May. Present : all the above (except
Cheyney and Wingfield), and also Dacres. No business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 21 May. Present : as on the 20th.
Business :—Letters sent to Wallop, Bray and Poyninges to prepare
themselves in case the Frenchmen should continue in the field; and to
Sir Edw. Montacut, &c., to determine a contention between—(entry
unfinished). Letters written to the bp. of Bath, Sir Hugh Pallett and
Nic. Fitz James, to examine an information exhibited by John Champneys
and "proceed to the reformation of the same;" and to Sir Thos. Pope
and Sir Edw. North "to remove certain Frenchmen out of the Countours,
being infected with the plague," to other prisons.
579. Devonshire Musters.
Certificate of Sir Philip Champernon of able men by him mustered
in pursuance of the King's letter to him of 31 March 34 Hen. VIII.
Has no stewardship or office under the King. Most of his tenants are
mariners, and tinners who are under the lord warden of the stannary in
co. Devon. Able men : 6, with good geldings able to carry a javelin or a
spear, 10 archers, 14 billmen, all furnished; of whom not more than 6 are
picked men. Signed.
P. 1. Add. at the head : "To the King's most honorable Council
attendant upon his Majesty." Endd.
Similar certificates of :—
2. Nicholas Aysheford of Devonshire. (He has prepared six men, but
"being by the visitation of God dark and deprived from his sight," cannot
serve himself as he has done in times past.) P. 1.
3. Thos. Gifforde of Hallsburye, Devon. (Names, 17 men.) 1 May.
4. John Whiddon. (Has 20 men, of whom 18 and himself have
already mustered under lord Russell, they being tinners.) 21 May,
35 Henry VIII. P. 1.
5. John Amadas, serjeant at arms. (All his tenants are tinners and
bound to muster under the lord Privy Seal, but he names two household
servants.) P. 1.
St. P. v. 289.
580. Suffolk and Durham to the Council.
Of late certain Liddisdale surnames, as Elwoodes, Nycsons and
Crosiers, desired Sir Ralph Eure, keeper of Tynedale, to assure them from
hurt and they would be bound to take part with England. Eure's
answer, by advice of the lord Warden, was that, while the truce lasted,
"he would not hurt them if they hurted not England and kept the truce."
Now other surnames of another grain have come to Eure, as his letter
herewith shows. Whether these unruly persons come of themselves, or
their new governor, Bothwell, thinks (if their offers are accepted) to deny
redress because we break the truce by taking their subjects, your Lordships
Sir Wm. Eure has reported that, on Thursday last, he met the lord of
Cesforthe, Warden on the East Marches of Scotland, at Ridenburne, filed
certain bills and appointed to meet on Tuesday come sevennight for
deliverance; but, whereas Cesforthe had before appointed to remain with
Eure two or three days, to make due redress, he made haste to depart,
saying he had appointed to meet Sir Cuthb. Ratclif, upon the Saturday
following, on the Middle Marches. Moreover, lord Hume has disappointed
a day of truce prefixed between Sir Wm. and him, on Wednesday last,
and adjourned it until Friday next, and is passed over the Forthe to the
Cardinal. Gathers from these delays that the Scottish wardens tarry to
see the end of the proceedings of their ambassadors.
Mr. Sadleyr, after the Governor's departure from Edinburgh to
Hamylton received the writers' letters to obtain prorogation of the entry
of Sir Robt. Bowes and other English prisoners until Midsummer.
Sadleyr wrote that he broke the matter to Glencarne, the abbot of
Pastley, the Governor's brother, and Sir George Douglas, who were dining
with him, and they undertook to have it ordered as the King desired.
Eftsoons Sadleyr wrote that he had reminded Sir George Douglas; who
undertook that the matter should be sped, as he would at his repair hither
declare. Upon this assurance, the prisoners tarried in England; and
now, since Whitsuntide, their takers claim forfeiture of their bond,
Have written to Sadleyr to speak to the Governor to stop this; and desire
that Glencarne and Douglas may be shown what has ensued by lack of
performing that promise, and moved to write to the Governor therein.
Sir George, when here, spoke nothing of it, which peradventure he forgot.
Darnton, 21 May. Signed.
P.S.—Suffolk has written to Sir Ralph Eure to make like answer to
the surnames mentioned in his last letter as he did to the rest.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
581. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 22 May. Present, Chancellor,
Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget, Dacres. Business :—
Recognisance (cited) of Steph. Bryce, of Kent. Letters written to Suffolk
to enquire into the contentions between Edw. Eglanbye and one Forster
about the taking of lord Maxwell, and between — Greme and — Briskoo
about the taking of lord Somervile.
582. The Queen Of Hungary to Chapuys.
Encloses a memoire from Granvelle as to the instruction to be
given to the kings of arms of Flanders and England who go into France
to require and defy the French king in pursuance of the treaty of closer
amity and of the Emperor's letters to Chapuys of the 12th ult. Sends
also a minute of the instruction to be shown to the king of England, to
whom she writes with her own hand as will be seen by the copy, herewith,
of the letters, which letters he shall present. Has drawn the instruction
as much in accordance with the treaty as possible, and it contains two demands
as required by the 18th and 20th articles. Chapuys shall require
the King to give like instruction (fn. 1) to his king of arms and get him to hasten
his despatch; for the King's declaration against France at this season cannot
but suit the Emperor. If the King or his Council make any difficulty about
the instruction, Chapuys shall explain that she has only given what concerns
the Emperor and that the King may instruct his herald as he pleases, only each
herald must refer to what the other says in order to show that the thing is done
by common accord. For the same cause it seems best that each of the kings of
arms should declare his charge apart. As Granrelle doubts that the King
may decline to admit some points, because they were not declared to the English
ambassadors when the Emperor made his ratification, if the King should make
great difficulty about them they should not be pressed.
The King's ambassadors (fn. 2) arrived on Whitsun Eve, and she finds them
very honest personages and desires him to thank the King for the honor
he does her in sending them. They presented their letters of credence
on Whitsunday (fn. 3) and after declaring their King's affection to the treaty,
showed that, at Chapuys' instance, the King had long ago consented to
make war this season against France, upon Chapuys' assurance that the
Emperor likewise would make enterprise this year against France in such
a place as should seem good to the King (repeating this twice or thrice);
and, because the season was passing fast, the King desired to know if she
thought the season still convenient for the said enterprises, and if she could
furnish his army with ships for their passage and carriage for their gear,
and serve it with victuals. Being asked to specify what ships and carriage,
they required first to know if the Emperor this season would make enterprise
in such place as would seem good to the King. She answered as
the Emperor did to the English ambassador with him, as written in his
letters to Chapuys of the 12th ult., and they were satisfied and made no
reply; whereby she presumes that the King has no great desire to make
enterprise against France this year.
As the ambassadors repeated so often that Chapuys assured the King
that the Emperor would make enterprise against France in such place
as the King thought good (and she would not dispute it, although she finds
nothing of it in his letters) she requires him to advertise her how the
thing passed, and whether the ambassadors have exceeded his intention.
Has just received his letters of the 17th inst., to which she will reply after
communicating the instruction to the English ambassadors. Asks whether
the English communicate to him all orders sent to their ambassadors;
that she may act reciprocally towards the ambassadors, to whom
hitherto she has imparted all news here. Is sure that the captain
of Guisnes will have informed his King of De Roeulx's exploit in overthrowing
some castles about Boulogne. The captain has sent De Roeulx
word that he expects the King soon to join some force with his,—which
would be very convenient.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. headed : A l'ambassadeur
Chapuys, du xxije de May 1543.
2. Memoire by Granvelle upon the summons to the king of France, on
behalf of the Emperor and king of England, in pursuance of the treaty last
By the treaty it is to be made as soon as possible, and, as the Emperor
is already at open war, it will suit him well to have England the declared
enemy of France, which will be perplexed thereby and damaged by loss of
trade. Made for the causes expressed in the treaty, this summons will
defame the French king, alienate Christendom from him and give occasion
to the foreign soldiers in his service to quit it, and to his own subjects (yea
his own children) to oppose him; whereas it will give reputation to the
Emperor and the king of the Romans in Italy, Germany, and the Low
Countries. True, it is not requisite on the Emperor's side, as France has
broken the last truce without notice given beforehand; and therefore the
Emperor's summons should be differentiated from that of England by a
suitable preamble founded chiefly upon the public interest of Christendom,
with intimation of the confederacy made on that account. Also the taking
of Castelnovo was not with the assistance of the French galleys, as
expressed, for the galleys were not there; but it may well be said that
that misfortune happened through the intelligence between the French
king and the Turk.
As the summons will certainly be met by refusal or delay, and the
intimation of war will follow, it is to be seen what the Emperor ought to
demand, which the King of England, in honor and good faith, will not
contradict, although it may be after the ratification, seeing what great
demands he himself makes. There are two points, viz., (1) touching the
Imperial dignity and the affinity and alliance with Savoy and (2) the
Emperor's private rights. With regard to the first, the intimation, and
also the summons, should mention the surrender of Provence, Dauphiné,
and other pieces usurped by France from the Empire and the seizure of
the country of the duke of Savoy, the French king's own uncle and a
vassal of the Empire, and the capture and ill treatment of the Sieur de
Valence, an archbishop and prince of the Empire (taking care in this not
to irritate the French king further in case Valence should not yet be set
As to the other point in particularising the restitution of Abbeville,
Corbier and Peronne, explains that care must be taken not to prejudice
the treaty of Cambray, and consequently that of Madrid. It will be well
also to mention Hesdin, which has been occupied since the treaty of
Cambray, and Astenay, occupied during the last truce although it is a
fief of the Emperor; also the violent taking and long detention of
gentlemen and servants, couriers and messengers of the Emperor during
As to making the summons and intimation, it is the business of heralds
rather than of ambassadors, especially as, the Emperor being already at
war, no other person could go safely from him on such a charge, and the
relations between England and France are so embittered that no suitable
audience would be given except to heralds.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS. endd. : "Advis
du Sr de Grantvelle sur la sommation et inthimation que se fera de la part
de l'Empereur et du roy d'Engleterre au roy de France.
583. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 23 May. Present : Chancellor,
Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage,
Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget, Dacres. Business :—Letter
written "to the dean of Carleisle, etc." The Commissary and Mayor of
Oxford appeared; and the mayor, being found to have been "a great
stirrer of this garboil" and to have delayed the commissioners appointed
to determine it, the clerk of the Council was ordered to form a decree in
accordance with King Edward III.'s charter to the University, to which
the University should be restored until the town disproved it by law; and
the mayor, Wm. Frenes, was bound by recognisance (cited) to attend the
Council until dismissed.
32,650 f. 266.
584. Sadler to Suffolk.
Received Suffolk's letters of 20 May, with the King's letters to
Cassils and others to himself. Perceives by Suffolk's letters and Sir Wm.
Evers', with the copy of the Scottish letter, how certain takers of English
prisoners demand forfeiture of the bonds for their entry at Whitsunday.
Being lately with the Governor in the West, from whence he returned
yesterdaynight (and having with him the letter sent by Thomas
Slyngsbie's (fn. 4) taker, Alex. Mackdowell (fn. 4) , to the captain of Berwick, which
is like in effect to that of Ric. Bowes's taker) Sadler moved the Governor
in that behalf; who undertook to stand between all English prisoners and
their harms for that matter. The abbot of Paisley said that Mackdowell
and John Dickson, Bowes's taker, had no commandment not to call for the
entry of their persons until midsummer, only by an oversight. A
commandment is now addressed to Mackdowell, and the like shall be to
Dickson when the Governor (who is now at his own house at Hamilton)
comes. Edinburgh, 23 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text in Sadler State
Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 373.
St. P., v. 291.
585. Sadler to [Parr.] (fn. 5)
Perceives by his letters of the 20th inst. the delay of justice by
Bothwell, notwithstanding the Governor's commandment, and how it is
deferred by the wardens of Scotland to the end of the abstinence. Will
declare it to the Governor when he comes to this town, in four or five days.
Had Parr's letters come while Sadler was in the West he might have had
good opportunity to cummune therein. Assures him that the fault is not
in the Governor; and thinks he should keep good rule, and yet see the Scots
"always acquitted and paid." It will be hard to get wine for him here
where it is scarce and dear, 8l. and 9l. st. the tun. Pays 40s. a hogshead
for his own. Could procure the Governor's safe-conduct for Parr to send
a boat hither, or else Parr might send safe-conduct for some fisherman to
convey it to Berwick, if any can be got. Thanks his Lordship for the
good news sent from the Court; "and also for my[ne] advowson."
Edinburgh, 23 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost.
586. Maltravers and Wallop to the Council.
Upon the Council's letter in February last, they brought into
Calais and Guisnes all grain and forage in these marches which remained
in danger of enemies, so narrowly that the owners had to resort to them
for fodder for their cattle. Now, upon Wallop's receipt on the 19th inst.
of the Council's letters of the 17th, they have viewed the remainder.
Find the country destitute of forage. In Guisnes the cattle, the 100
horses in Wallop's charge and the 350 horses of tumbrels and carts have
left only 20 days' grain and forage for the said 100 horses. In Calais and
the Low Country is in store forage for 400 horses for 14 days, and grain
for 3 months, the rest being consumed by cattle and in the King's works.
Much of last year's growing was unwholesome and naught. There is
grazing at Guisnes for 200 geldings more and the time is now at hand for
new provision. Calais the — (blank) of May 1543. Signed.
P.S.—In their last letter, requested 3,000 pikes and other provision that
they have not yet received. Beg them to consider this and their
declaration, sent at the same time, of things to be renewed, and the rather
for the execution of the Council's letters received by Guisnes pursuivant.
P.S. in Wallop's hand.—Where the Council signify that Wallop shall
declare to Count de Reulx the aid of 300 horsemen "in case, &c."; only
60 horsemen out of Calais and 100 out of Guisnes are to be had in
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
587. Wallop to the Council.
Since coming hither learns from his espials that Mons. de
Vandosme should be this night at Boullen, leaving his company at
Mounstrel, where a great camp shall be kept all this summer. This
morning Mons. de Foxall and the captain of Mons. de Rocheporte's band
went from Arde to Bullen. The Great Master brake up his camp on
Monday last, having destroyed all the peels about Arde save Owtinges.
Callaiz, 23 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
St. P., IX. 383.
588. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
This day the Queen Regent sent for them and said that, according
to the league, a herald should shortly be sent to the French King in the
Emperor's name, and she would show them his instructions and send
a copy to Chapuis to be "reformed" by Henry's advice if faulty. When
the instructions were read, the writers pointed out that the restitution
of Castello Novo was not mentioned. The Queen answered that "the
French king's ships were not at the taking of it," and the French king
would "make a great matter of it" if such manifest lies were laid to
his charge. Said also that the treaty made no mention of restitution
of Ivois and other damages in Luxemburg. President Schore answered
that the Emperor "declared that at the time of the ratification;" and
also that Charolois, Auxerre and Masconnois (to which the writers also
took exception) were part of Burgundie. Said also that the abp. of
Valences and other matters were not mentioned in the treaty; and were
answered that it was thought that Henry would not object to them,
but his advice would be followed, and their herald sent to meet his at
The siege of Heynsbergh continues. To prevent the French joining
the Clevois about Luxemburg or Luike, the Prince of Orange lies at
Maestricht. Enclose copies of two letters (fn. 6) showing the news of the
Emperor's coming to Italy : and also copy of a letter taken by Mons.
de Reux's company in Picardy. The Queen said the Switzers were loth
to serve the French King, and she trusted that, at the Emperor's coming
into Germany, they would "be the lother." Told her it was likely, as
they had been often beaten in the French king's wars and not best paid.
She said she might have the lantzknechts that serve France, but would not
maintain them that so broke the ordinance of the Empire, and she also
feared infection from the plague among them. Bruxelles, 23 May 1543.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
589. Seymour and Wotton to the Council.
On the 20th, received their letter dated Hampton Court on the
16th; and, accordingly, spoke with the Governor of the Merchants. This
day, delivered the Emperor's ambassador's letters; and the Queen said
that she would instruct President Schore to declare her answer, and
what she had written to the Ambassador, and what answer he sent. Told
her that "the merchants lay greatly to their charges," and desired that
they might depart. She only answered as before. Bruscelles, 23 May.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxvo.
590. Melancthon to Gasper Cruciger
Sends a copy of the Pope's letters to the college of Cologne.
* * * Johannes Anglus will show you the writing of Cologne.
Bonn, 23 May.
Lat. Add. : at Wittenberg.
33,531, f. 13.
591. Henry VIII. to Arran.
On the decease of our nephew the late King of Scots, companion of
our Order, you sent us by bearer, Sir David Lynsay, alias Lyon principal
king of arms of Scotland, the statutes, collar and garter of the said order,
which we have received by the hands of the bp. of Winchester, prelate of
the said order. Writes to signify this and that Lyon has fulfilled his
office "right discreetly." Hampton Court, 24 May 35 Henry VIII.
Signed at the head.
P. 1. Add.
2. Draft of the above in Wriothesley's hand.
3. Modern copy of the preceding.
St. P., v. 292.
592. Parr to the Council.
On arriving at Newcastle upon Tyne, for an entry to the office of
Wardenry, wrote to the three deputy wardens to continue their offices
under him and to resort to him to report the state of the Marches.
First, Sir Cuthb. Ratclif, deputy Warden of the Middle Marches, says
that the Scots have, since the taking of this abstinence, done more hurt in
England than has been done by Englishmen in Scotland, and for that done
by Ledisdale men no redress can be had. The Warden of the Middle
Marches of Scotland, after disappointing three days of truce on the ground
that he would have an officer under Earl Bothewell to relieve him for
Ledisdale, at their convention, on the 19th inst., refused to answer for
Ledisdale; and Bothewell sent no one, notwithstanding that (as Mr.
Sadleyr reported) the Governor had sent a strait precept therefor. Has
advertised Sadleyr to charge Bothewell with this neglect. As the
attemptates by the Tevidale men, over and above the acts of the Ledisdales,
were much greater than those chargeable to Englishmen, Parr caused
Ratclif, after the said denial for Ledisdale, to demand justice for the residue,
and divers bills were filed; but, when it came to deliverance, "which
is th'execution of the thing," the Warden of Scotland deferred it (without
reasonable cause) to next convention on 31 May, being the last day but
one of this abstinence. Apparently the intention is to make no redress if
the truce break.
Sir Ralph Eure, keeper of Tyndale and Redisdale, certified that since
his burning of Mangerston and other places in Ledisdale, in "countervenging"
fire raised by the Ledisdales, many surnames, as Elwoldes,
Nycsones, Crosiers, &c., of the head, "or higher part," of Ledisdale have
sued for assurance from Parr, offering to serve the King, if they may have
relief in England when pursued by the Scots. Refused to speak with
them, but caused Eure to promise them assurance until 31 May (if they
would keep good rule towards England and redress what they had done
during this abstinence) and a further answer before that day. They have
since done no harm. Begs to know the King's pleasure concerning their
offer; for, if there shall be war, they might be used to annoy Scotland.
Explains that the inhabitants of Tyndale and Redisdale have kept good
rule since Sir Ralph Eure's entry into those offices, but that they are
charged with robberies committed previously which all their goods are not
sufficient to amend, so that, if compelled to make redress, they must return
to thieving in order to live; if any of them are executed all the rest,
knowing themselves semblably culpable, will become fugitives from
justice; and if they go unpunished the true people spoiled by them will
exclaim that Parr favours the thieves. Asks what to do in this dilemma.
Both Ratclif and Eure have certified that Harbottell castle, being the
key of Redisdale, is in such decay that the garrison now there cannot
lodge in it without great peril. Both timber and walls are rotten,
so that most part of it must shortly fall, and it will not then be re-edified
without great charges. The heir of the lord Tailboys is the owner, and no
repair has been done to it for a long time.
Sir Wm. Eure, deputy-warden of the East Marches, says that no
notable attemptates have been done on either part; and for such as chance
to be done by Scottishmen no answer is made by lord Hume, Warden of
the East Marches of Scotland, "who is a man of a precise, obstinate and
froward nature," devoted to the Cardinal and very unmeet for his office, if
the truce continue. Although Sadleyr certified my lord Lieutenant that
Glencarne and the abbot of Passelowe, the Governor's brother, undertook,
in the Governor's absence, to respite till Midsummer the English
gentlemen who should have made their entry into Scotland at Whitsuntide,
and my lord Lieutenant thereupon stayed them, their takers have
warned divers of them to enter or pay forfeit; which shows the
disobedience of the Scots borderers to the Governor and his Council. Has
written to Sadleyr therein; and desires the Council also to speak of it to
Sir Thos. Wharton, deputy-warden of the West Marches, says that
those Marches are quiet, the inhabitants able to defend themselves and the
Scottish officers much more friendly than heretofore; but that there is
great disdain lately arisen amongst the most active Borderers upon very
slender occasion. The cause is that certain gentlemen are informed that
a few Borderers have taken to themselves all the credit of the late overthrow
of the Scots at Hartred church, whereas they think that every
Englishman in the field that day should share the praise and thanks for
it. To appease this dissension, has caused Wharton to declare that,
before the end of this summer, Parr will repair thither and examine the
whole order of that journey and indifferently report it to the King and
Since the death of Sir George Lawson who had commission to pay the
pensioners of the Marches, it is not known who is appointed thereto.
Makes suit, on behalf of the pensioners, that before Midsummer, when
there is a half payment, some honest man may be appointed; also, on
behalf of Sir Thos. Wharton, that Ant. Duket, of Westmoreland, whose
father was a pensioner and died three or four years past, and who has
since attended days of truce and done other services like a pensioner, may
have his father's pension.
Was instructed to take musters of all the inhabitants within his
wardenry, but learnt from my lord Lieutenant, at Darnton, that, upon the
King's late letters to the gentlemen here, a book was made of all their
several powers. Took a copy of the book and has examined all gentlemen
who repaired to him, and finds that they have certified fully or as much
or more than they can perform. Has admonished them to have their
numbers always ready, and refrained from taking musters, which might
cause the Borderers to conjecture that the truce would not continue, and
so to fall to misrule.
Viewed the castles of Alnwick and Morpethe, where he was instructed
to make his demore. Morpethe is so out of repair and so unwholesomely
kept that he could not lodge there without danger; and Alnwick is, for
these two months past, infected with a hot and dangerous ague, so that it
would be perilous to draw the country thither. Has chosen the King's
castle of Warkworth, four miles from Alnwick as the most wholesome
place to abide in and goes thither in eight days, to abide there until the
infections at Alnwick cease. Has practised with espials, both Englishmen
and Scots, and trusts to know the inclination and motion of the Borderers;
but of secret affairs of the Council of Scotland it will be impossible to get
notice so soon as Sadleyr and the King's friends there. Of the Borderers
he has learnt that lord Hume is much affected to the Cardinal, and has a
son in his service, and is now with him at the convention at St. Andrews.
The laird of Weddirbourne, his two uncles John and Patrick Hume,
and other mean lairds of the Marse favour Angwishe. The laird of
Sesfurthe, Mark Carre, his uncle, and all the Carres of Tividale, the lord
of Bukclough, the sheriff of Tividale, the lairds of Bune Gedworthe, Hunt
Hill, and Hundwell Lee and all other mean lairds of Tividale
(Fernyhirst except) depend upon the Governor and Angwishe; but some
think that such of them as were delivered out of ward at their King's
death favour the Cardinal, as the cause of their deliverance. The laird of
Fernihirst "is so crafty an old fox and beareth himself so uprightly that
it is hard to know unto what party he bendeth," but he is so superstitious
and Popish that it is thought he leans to the clergy and religious.
Since Whitsuntide the Scottish merchants are busy setting forth their
ships to pass beyond sea. The master of Hales, chief officer or deputy to
Earl Bothewell in Ledisdale, animates the Ledisdales to attempt
displeasures to England, and dissuades them from taking any bond with
England. A Scottishman called Wm. Cokborne, laird of Cokborne,
belonging to Angwishe, repairing upon assurance to Norham castle, in the
presence of Brian Layton, the captain, and others, spake very malicious
and spiteful words, calling the King tyrant. Has willed the captain to
call the said Scot to enter, being his prisoner, and send him to Parr, who
will commit him to strait ward until the King's pleasure for his further
punishment comes. Has not written sooner to the King and Council
because he wished first to learn the state of his office.
As the truce ends the last of this month, and as, towards the end of a
peace, wild people will attempt displeasures, begs to know soon the King's
pleasure for its continuance, so that it may be published in time upon
both Borders; or else, if war shall open, begs them to remember the
furniture of the Borders with garrisons, and to advertise him in time, so
that the English "may rather have the foreholde than suffer the first
injuries as they have been oftentimes accustomed to do," so crafty be the
Scots to take the first advantage. Newcastle upon Tyne, 24 May.
Pp. 13. Add. Endd : ao xxxvo.
593. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Has received his letter with the good news, and hopes to serve
the King his master well. If he will appoint some house in his country
near Gravelinghen or Saint Mariequerque, the writer will sup with him
there to-morrow and devise about affairs, and return to sleep on his own
side, for he must be the day after at Bettune. Thanks for Wallop's offer
of assistance of which he will inform the Queen. Has his frontier well
provided against the enemy. St. Oumer, 24 May.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. : "Mons. le gouverneur et capitainne de
Guisnes." Endd. : The Great Master of Flanders to Mr. Wallop, xxiiijo
594. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 25 May. Present : Chancellor,
Russell, Hertford, Lisle, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Browne,
Wriothesley, Riche. Business :—Decrce presented by the clerk of the
Council drawn according to the charter of King Edward III., which, being
examined by Lord St. John and approved, was ordained to be sent to the
town of Oxford, signed by the Commissioners, with a letter from the whole
Council for its observance.
595. Suffolk to [Parr].
I have received this morning a letter from Mr. Sadleyr, which
I have sent up to the Court, showing that the Governor has prorogued the
entry of the English prisoners till Midsummer, and that letters were
directed to such takers as they knew the names of, and will likewise now
be directed to those who have demanded entry of their prisoners. The
letter of Gilbert Swynewes which your lordship sent me this morning I
have sent to Court, and not back to you, because it contains matter for
the King somewhat more than Mr. Sadleyr has hitherto written of that
matter. I have perused your long letter of yesternight, "and sealed it
and send it forth." Darnton, 25 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
596. Garrisons and Ships.
Newcastle upon Tyne, 25 May 35 Hen. VIII :—Brief declaration
by John Uvedale, treasurer, for payment of the lord Warden and garrisons
on the Borders and for charges of ships, since 21 April last, of which a
signed copy is delivered to Charles duke of Suffolk, lieutenant in the
Showing that he had on 21 April (part in broken and refuse gold and
light crowns) 1,013l. 19s. 11d.; and has received of Thos. Gower, 17 May
(with a bill of prest of 66l. 13s. 4d. delivered by Gower, at London, to Sir
Robt. Bowes, by command of Sir Thos. Wriothesley, chief secretary), 6,000l.
Whereof he has paid, upon Suffolk's warrants : Wages of 459 men on
the Borders, 475l. 6s. 8d.; to the earl of Anguishe, in prest, to be monthly
deducted from his wages, 307l. 9s. 4d.; to Wm. Bowman, in prest,
for felling and hewing firewood in Byker lordship which was sent by water
to Berwick 6l. 13s. 4d.; to Thos. Gower, for bringing the 6,000l. from
London to Newcastle, 34l. 14s. 3d.; to John Rouse, for conveying one
Leche, a prisoner from Newcastle to London, and for 50s. given in divers
rewards, 6l. 6s. 3½d.
By my lord Admiral's warrants : To Robt. Thomsone, for tonnage of
his ship the John Exangelist, 21l.; to Hen. Aundirson, for tonnage of his
ship the Antonye, 31l. 12s. 3d.; to William Wodhous, Dunstan Newdigate,
Laur. Folberie, and Geo. Riveley, captains of four ships appointed to
keep the North seas, wages of themselves and retinue for two months
ending 26 April, 94l. 16s.
Paid to lord Parre, now lord Warden of the Marches, diets at 53s. 4d.,
conduct money, coats and wages of one captain, one petty captain, one
trumpet at 18d. a day and 100 soldiers for one month, 248l. 8s.; to Sir
Robt. Bowes, wages and diets at 13s. 4d., and wages of 20 soldiers in his
retinue, 37l. 6s. 8d.
Remainder, 5,743l. 7s. 1½d.
Mem. the lord Warden's diets, with his retinue of 100 men and one
trumpet, the wages of Angwishe and Douglas with their petty captains
and 200 men, and of 459 men with captains and petty captains now in
garrisons, consumes monthly (besides the charge of ships, which is
uncertain) 898l. 7s. 4d. Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
Large paper, p. 1.
597. Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Will execute his pleasure, directed to Mr. Walopp and the writer, for
putting the crew and the principal labourers ready at the calling of the
Count de Reulx. Begs, if the number of men here is to be increased for
an invasion of the enemy's country, that he may be one of the gentlemen
appointed to serve; and he will be glad, for the sake of gaining experience
and knowledge, to hazard his life "and all the rest." Cales, 25 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd : ao [X]XXVo.