654. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 6 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—
O'Brien and the other Irishmen brought in their petitions. Answer
written to Mr. Treasurer that in case he sent over more men than appointed
to him they should enter into wages.
St. P., I. 742.
655. The Council In London to [the Council At Court].
Yesternight we received your Lordships' letters; and accordingly,
to-day, had before us 6 or 8 of the best Merchant Adventurers of London,
whom we persuaded to condescend to the Queen the Regent's request to
grant her "one of the hundrethe." They replied that, to the Regent's
allegation that if we should deny payment other nations would do the like,
the answer was that all others have already paid, and that no other nation
save ours has occasion to stick, for none have "such liberties ne freedom
of intercourse." They say further that like attempts at new impositions
have cost them in defence 40,000l.; but, thanks to the King and his father,
they have hitherto been defended; they will, however, submit to the King's
pleasure, although of themselves they would never agree willingly. After
long debate they agreed to give the Queen a benevolence of 1,000l. Flemish
which is 750l. st. As, by your letters, the King requires our opinion
herein; for the premises and other reasons too tedious to prescribe, we
think it not convenient to grant "one of the hundrethe," but that she
should content herself with the said benevolence.
As to the transportation of such as shall shortly be sent to Guisnes, we
would know whether we shall write to the ports to pass them, and receive
therefor allowance as has been accustomed, or whether that allowance shall
be made to the soldiers, like their allowance for coats and conduct Have
this day received letters from Mr. Treasurer desiring that Thos. Kemp, his
son-in-law, the King's servant, may go over with such as he shall now send,
to gain experience; and also whether he may send such of the King's
servants in Kent as are neither ordinaries nor have any fee of the King,
divers of whom have lately been his servants. Should here have the books
of the 1,500 men shortly to be sent over, so as to know what persons levy
them and where; and therefore we desire you, Mr. Secretary, to send a note
of them "with the places of their transportation." This day Sir Wm.
Musgrave repaired to us to declare that, where he is appointed to serve with
150 spears, he cannot furnish above 30 without disfurnishing his rule of
Bewcastle; and that he never sued to go over, and would rather tarry and
send his cousin Richard, except the King should go in person. As it will
not be much out of his way to pass by you we required him to do so. Sir
Ralph Bulmer can furnish but 50 men.
Send herewith letters touching the matter of the impost which they
have received from the ambassadors in Flanders. Westm., 6 June. Signed
by Cranmer, Norfolk, Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Ryche and
Pp. 4. Faded. Address illegible. Endd : 1543.
656. J. D'Estourmel to Wallop.
I this morning received letters from the Comte de Reulx, written
near Douay, the 3rd inst., that he is more and more assured of the great
musters of the French about Corbie and Ribemont, to march into Arthois
and Hainault. He orders me to write that he is sending one of the ensigns
of Almains at Ste Marie Querke to Bestunne, and the other remains to
guard the bulwark we are making, but the departure of the said ensign will
not delay the enterprise you know of if the King and Queen approve
it. Graveliges, 6 June.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
St. P., IX. 399.
657. Queen Mary of Hungary to Chapuys.
Is constrained, by the great muster of the French about Noyon, to
require the assistance of England, under the 7th article of the treaty of
closer alliance. The French king, who is about La Fere and Couissy, has
ready 30,000 foot, 8,000 horse, 40 great pieces of artillery, &c., and means
to invade these countries in person before the Emperor comes. Intended
to make no haste to demand assistance; but this necessity makes her
change her mind. Chapuys is to inform the King of this coming of the
French with much more than 10,000 men, and to require his succour;
adding suitable persuasions, and especially the gratification to the Emperor,
who is on his way hither. Might by the treaty demand money instead of
men; but wishes for men, mostly foot, for two reasons (1) to please the
King and his subjects, and (2) because, by the treaty, men are to be sent
sooner than money. If the King consents, Chapuys shall pray him to
hasten as much as possible, since the enemy is ready, without keeping to
the time expressed by the treaty, the four months mentioned therein to
begin when the men arrive here. The 700 cr. of 40 sous Tournois per day
should pay 7,000 foot or 5,000 foot and 1,000 horse, including captains and
double pays. Chapuys shall report if any other calculation is used. Seeing
her necessity and the enemy so near, she trusts the King will not delay,
especially as the Emperor is absent, and they are bound to pay the cost of
preparing the same succour if they demand it without cause.
Has no news of Thoyson d'Or, who should arrive at Calais before him of
England. Is glad the King approved the instruction,—which she delivered
to Thoyson d'Or without halting at the alteration (fn. 2) made in it, which is of no
effect. Desires to know what instruction the King has given to Garter, of
which there is no mention in Chapuys' letters of the 29th ult. just received.
The King rightly considers that to resist France a peace or truce should
be had with Cleves; but the duke of Cleves is so obstinate that she cannot
in honor treat with or trust him, and therefore it is requisite, by the treaty,
that the King declare him his enemy. Granvelle writes that the Pope
much resents the treaty. Brussels, 6 June 1543.
French. Copy in the hand of Chapuys' clerk, pp. 3. Endd. in the same
hand : "Coppie des lettres de la Royne Regent en Flandres a l'Ambassadeur
de la Majesté Imperiale vers le Roy d'Angleterre.
2. Modern transcript of the original draft of the above at Vienna,
containing additional passages, as follows :—
i. Before the last paragraph : As to what the ambassadors here say, that
the King understood from Chapuys that the Emperor would attack France
wherever Henry thought best; it seems that the King took as an engagement
what was meant only as politeness. This must be corrected when
opportunity offers. Cannot yet hear from the ambassadors that their King
is ready to invade France this season.
ii. Before the last sentence : Wrote on the 27th ult. of the instance made
by the English ambassadors to exempt the English merchants from the
impost of the centiesme, without mentioning any offer of the merchants.
Requires him to ask the King's consent to his subjects paying the impost,
in accordance with what she wrote on the 27th ult.
iii. P.S. in her own hand : Pray make every effort that we may be assisted
soon, for certainly there is need, since we are so strongly assailed, and let
me know at once what I can hope for there and in what time I may
French, pp. 4. The draft at Vienna is headed : "A l'ambassadeur
Chapuys en Engleterre, du vje de Juing 1543, dois Bruxelles."
St. P., IX. 396.
658. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
Yester even, late, the Queen sent for them and said that the
French king continued to approach nearer, and was now at Coussy with an
army which the French bruited to number 50,000, and she believed to be
30,000; and she was sure he meant to do some feat before the Emperor's
coming. Hearing no certainty of the Emperor's arrival in Italy, she had
no one to help her but Henry, who had always showed such good will to
her and this country that she trusted he would not at any time leave her
destitute, and much less now upon this league. Although, by the league,
she can require no aid unless invaded, yet, the invasion being so nigh and
she forced to divide her soldiers, she begs Henry for the aid which he
should send her if invaded; for she thinks that he would rather stop the
enemies before they have done hurt, and also that his men and hers should
become acquainted. She desires not the money, but the number of footmen
assigned by the treaty; and if the invasion takes no effect (howbeit she
doubts not but it will) she will pay all charges. This she desired with
"words of humble suit and petition."
She has news from Chassigni, captain of Heynsborgh, that he will still
defend the town, into which the enemies have thrown fire and burnt some
houses. She daily sends men towards Maystrycht to the camp, which
numbers 18,000 footmen and 4,000 or 5,000 horse. The Clevois boast that
they will step between them and home and give them battle. Enclose
letters from Peter de Boes. (fn. 3) Bruxelles, 6 June 1543. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
659. King Ferdinand to Henry VIII.
Begs credence and favour for his secretar†No. 621. y, Tranquillus Andronicus,
in asking for aid against the Turks. Prague, 6 June 1543, "regnorum
nostrorum Romani xiij., aliorum vero xvij." Signed.
Latin. Broad sheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
2. Instructions given by Ferdinand king of the Romans to Tranquillus
Andronicus, his secretary, and envoy to Henry VIII.
To proceed with speed to England, communicate his charge to the
Emperor's ambassador, with or without whom (as shall seem expedient), he
shall obtain audience of the King and beg help against the Turk. Gives
reasons to be urged for this, viz., the imminent danger of a Turkish
invasion, and Henry VIII.'s grandeur and liberality, and his new friendship
and league with the Emperor. Having obtained a subsidy in money, the
envoy is to send it by exchange to some city of Germany without delay.
Prague, 6 June 1543.
Lat., pp. 4. Modern transcript from Vienna.
660. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 7 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—
Letters received from the earl of Shrewsbury together with [H]all, a Scot,
taken for a spy.
St. P., I. 744.
661. The Council At London to the Council At Court.
As commanded, have made books of all the shires on this side Trent;
and perusing the names of the gentlemen, have allotted every of them to
make a convenient number; without naming any lord or other of the King's
council or chamber, or ordinary of household, which shall be able to bring
no small number. Omitted to name any of Wales, or to name any captains
to be leaders; that the King may, on seeing the books, augment or diminish
the numbers and appoint chieftains and captains. Westminster, 7 June.
P.S.—"The number by us appointed doth extend unto xijm" (12,000).
Signed by Cranmer, Norfolk, Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage and
P. 1. Add. To, etc., the King's highness' Privy Council attending
upon his royal [person]. Endd. : From the lords at London, vijo Junii,
28,593, f. 184.
662. R. D'Apremont to Francis I.
Being unable to obtain the opening of the passages, is constrained to
hazard the packets in the hands of strangers who even bear the name of
Francis's enemies. There has fallen into his hands a design of that
unhappy Lartigue to give the English means of hurting Francis, of which
he sends copy in order that it may be provided against. Makes the more
haste, doubting ("mectant en double," qu. "doubte" ?) the receipt of this,
because he is sure that the English will hasten the enterprise, trusting rather
to succeed by surprise than by industry or force, although they have a better
opinion of themselves than any men he ever saw,—without meriting it.
The King left on Monday (fn. 4) last for Harwict, one of his ports, where all his
army by sea is to assemble to receive his commands. Afterwards he will
return hither. Duke Philip of Bavaria left three days ago ill satisfied.
Count Bernardino de Sainct Bonifacio and another Italian captain are
dismissed not to return (ont eu congé sans retourner) having received from the
King 200 cr. and 100 cr. respectively. London, 7 June 1543.
ii. Design for an invasion and conquest of Brittany, or else an invasion of
France by way of La Rochelle. Giving an account of the state of these
places. It begins "Il me semble quil sera for bon d'aller tout droict a la
Rade du Conquest."—
French. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 10. Headed : "Copia de
una carta del ambaxador Frances in Anglatierra a su amo que fue
II., p. 373.]
"Des noms des capitenes des hommes darmes des ordenances de
France presentes a la bonne grace de la Mageste du Roy par l'Artigue."
Giving the names of 45 princes and nobles of France, with the number
of men of arms in the leading of each, and of the six captains of the French
king's body guard, with a note that in a company of 100 men of arms there
are at least 600 horse.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
2. Names of strong places in France with their captains. [Apparently
forming part of the preceding paper.]
See Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 152 (pp. 371-3).
32,651, f. 4.
Papers, I. 212.
664. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Letters being addressed to all the noblemen of the realm to assemble
and advise upon the articles now brought by Sir George Douglas, here
arrived on Tuesday last the earls of Montrose and Caithness, lords
Areskine, Fleming, Seton, Oliphant and others, besides those already with
the Governor, as Angus, Cassils and Somervail. Yesterday they sat all
day very busily, and great sticking was made at the delivery of the daughter
of Scotland at 10 years old unless the King would lay pledges for her
marriage to the Prince at 12 years at the furthest. But it is now agreed :—
1. That she shall be delivered at 10 years, provided the marriage is,
before that, contracted by procurators, that six suitable earls and barons
shall be laid as pledges, and that her custody meanwhile shall be as in the
said articles. 2. The peace is agreed according to the articles, saving a
little alteration touching intercourse of merchandise with subjects of such
"comprehense" as, under the said articles, shall lose the benefit of comprehension;
for without that intercourse merchants here cannot live.
The peace will be like last peace, with the exception of France pretermitted,
and a provision that whomsoever the King or they "comprehend generally"
shall be comprehended, and if the same comprehense withold "land,
possession or pension" from the King, or from Scotland, he shall not enjoy
the benefit of comprehension, and the parties may, for wages of the
requirant, assist each other against such comprehense. 3. They add a new
article, that if the Prince die without issue their daughter may return
hither unmarried if she list.
The rest is agreed as the King requires. They desire much that the prisoners
may be freed, by ransom or otherwise, before they lay the pledges; for at
first they would lay some of the prisoners as pledges, not knowing how
otherwise to supply the whole six. Murray, Huntley and Argyle were not
at this convention; Murray being sick, Argyle having much ado in the
Highland with the Irishmen who rebel against him, and Huntley being also
occupied in the North. The Governor is glad they came not, as (especially
Murray and Huntley,) they would have done more hurt than good. The
Governor seems wholly dedicate to the King, and, aided by Angus, Cassils,
Somervail and Douglas, has, with great difficulty, passed these articles, with
which Douglas will to-day be fully despatched, and will leave to-morrow or
next day in post. Lennox is returned into his own country of Lennox,
joining near the Highland, and gathers force; but looks for men and
money from France. The Governor stays proceedings against the Cardinal
till the conclusion of the peace, and will not listen to the Cardinal's suits
for favour or else licence to pass to France. The convention at St.
Andrews, which (as Sadler wrote before) the clergy before Whitsunday
porogued to 4 June, is put off by the Governor. The prisoners would know
whether to keep their day of entry at Midsummer. Edinburgh, 7 June.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with a list of corrigenda for the text printed in
Sadler State Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 376.
665. Sadler to [Parr].
By my letters to the King herewith, "your Lordship shall know
how all things go here, which from the beginning have gone very
frowardly." Now there is some alteration made of the articles brought by
Sir George Douglas, which it was thought would pass here "without great
difficulty"; but not such, I trust, as to impede a good conclusion. Please
despatch them to my lord of Suffolk to address to the Court. Edinburgh,
Hol., p. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
666. Wallop to the Council.
Sent, yesternight, letters from the Great Master, of the assembly of
the Frenchmen and their intent. This morning, received news (enclosed),
from one he sent to Abbeville, that their camp is prolonged 15 days.
The 300 footmen that wrought in the town ditch the Surveyor has set
a-work about the castle. Desires a letter from the Council to persuade
the soldiers to work in the town ditch 4 hours a day. Thinks 1,000 men
could not finish the work begun there in 3 months, for although the distance
is only "from the West Gate unto the corner of the same next the Park"
it is broad and very deep to dig to the water. Reminds them of pikes and
other necessaries already written for. Callaiz, 7 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
ii. "The sayings of Mathias of Ballingan the vij. day of June."
The French king and Dolphin (altered from Duke of Orlians) are at Noyon,
and Mons. de Vendosme at Amyens, and the camp "prolonged 15 days."
Most of the Almains lie between Amiens and Abeville, the French horse in
Abeville, the Italian light horse about Crottoye and St. Valerye. They
have 60 great pieces of battery, and will go to Arras and Tournay.
P. 1. Enclosed in the preceding.
667. Wallop to Norfolk.
This morning received news from the Great Master, through the
captain of Gravelines, that the Frenchmen daily assemble beside Corbey
and Ribemont, intending to march toward Artoyez or Henewey. The
Great Master has caused two ensigns of Allemaynes, who were at St. Mary
Kerque when Wallop spoke with him, to repair, the one to Bettune and the
other to the bulwark he is making at the great river's side at a passage out
of Bredenerde into Flanders. That the going of the Almains will not
hinder the enterprise before communed of, Norfolk will see by the captain's
letters. Mons. de Beez, who assembled the horse and foot of Boullonoyez on
Saturday last, as Wallop thought, for "a course upon us," sent them to
the Camp, and remains at Boullen, "which he hath not been wont to do."
Now there is no stirring in Boullonoyez and they this day repair hither
with victuals as accustomed.
Begs him, if not at Court, to send this letter thither with the other; and
to favour Mr. Dawtres' suit, his old servant. Guisnes, 7 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
A. P. C.
668. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 8 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letters written
to Court declaring the merchants' resolution not to consent to the new
imposition of 1 per cent. in Flanders. Wm. Barlow, clk., sent home with
letters of thanks to the commissioners, and with three Frenchmen, out of
the Marshalsea and the Porter's Lodge, to show the place where the gold
was hid, Calfhill, who had long lain in the Fleet, was, with a good exhortation,
dismissed. Passport signed for certain Spaniards to pass by Plymouth
St. P., IX.
669. Chapuys to Russell and Browne.
The Queen Regent orders him, by her letters just received, to wait on
the King for the matter shown by the copy herewith. Is grieved that he
cannot do so; and would be more grieved but that he hopes they will aid
the accomplishment of this. Begs them to report it to the King and (since
it is most important to the Queen to know the King's pleasure early) let
him know the King's determination by bearer. Stapenay, 8 (fn. 5) June 1543.
P. 1. Add. : "A messieurs, Messieurs du Priveseel et Antoyne Brun,
grand escuyer du Roy." Sealed. Endd. : "vij Junii 1543."
32,651, f. 14
670. William Lord Parr to Suffolk.
To-day, received a letter from Sir Thos. Wharton enclosing two
letters to him from the laird Dumlanerik and a Scottish espial.
Wharton writes that he learns by espials the (sic, qu. these ?) Scots be
firmly addict to the Cardinal on this side the water of Furth, viz., Earl
Bothwell, lord Hume, the Carres and the Scottes; and that Lennox, Argile,
Hunteleye and Morreye govern all beyond Furthe and are against Angwishe
and "th'English lords." "What the Governor will do there is great
argument." Bothwell is very inconstant.
Dumlanerik writes that George Duglasse came to Edinburgh, 29 May, and
the Governor forthwith summoned the lords to answer the things he
brought, but they are not yet convened. Duglasse's answer differs little
from the offers sent to England, save that where they offered the Queen at
12 years the King would have her at 10. He will notify what occurs when
the lords meet. His letter bears date 1 June, and Wharton thinks that
George Duglasse was privy to it.
The espial's letter mentions that he can get no knowledge of George
Duglasse's despatch or news, and that peace is expected. From a question
made at St. Andrews, by the spiritual lords and some of the temporal, it is
thought that division will arise. That band is very stark, for the whole
north country and Lennox, Argile, Bothwell and Hume are seduced by the
Cardinal and only await word out of France; and if they have peace with
the King "the weaker side shall have the worst." Last week Bothwell
passed to Hathington and took part of the abbey's possessions and profits to
his own use. The espial thinks "that they shall have the worse if they rule
it not the better, for there is no doubted men there but my lord of Angwishe
and his friends." The Cardinal keeps a great house and gives great fees,
such a house as was never in Scotland under a king. Seyton is out of
favour at Court, for his part towards the Cardinal; but how George Duglasse
excused himself at London the espial wots not. This letter bears date
Edinburgh 1 June.
These occurrents are discrepant from Mr. Sadleyr's letters which Parr
forwarded this day. Sends copy of sayings of Sir Ralph Eure's espial
touching an intended enterprise by the two outlaws (fn. 6) and the Ledisdales.
Eure thinks that if the Ledisdales make any exploit in England it will be
about Cokedale, nigh to Warkewourthe; and advises Parr to take heed to
himself. Has charged Eure and Sir Cuthbert Ratclif to have the garrisons
and pensioners ready, and to keep watch, specially on the water of Tyne, the
"brede of Northumbrelande," and the head of the water of Coket.
Yesterday Sir Robt. Bowes, who had the writer's safe-conduct for certain
Scottishmen, takers of him and Sir Cuthb. Ratcliff, to come to Alnwick,
departed thither to treat for ransoms. Moved him to get news of affairs of
Scotland. Encloses a letter from Wharton addressed to Suffolk. Musgrave
and the two others whom Parr was to send to Suffolk are warned by the
sheriff, and one of them is come and is now sent. Will send the others when
they come. Newcastle, 8 June. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Acts of the
P. of Sc.
671. Parliament of Scotland.
At Edinburgh, 8 June 1543 :—Sederunt : The Chancellor, bp. of
Galloway, earls of Angus and Cassillis; abbots of Paisley, Dumfermling
and Culross; lords Erskyn, Fleming, Somervell, Crechtoun of Sanquhare,
St. Johnis, and Methven; Mr. David Panther, secretary, Mr. Jas. Foulis,
clerk of Register, Mr. Adam Otterburne, Mr. Thos. Ballenden, justice clerk
advocate (clericus justiciarii advocatus), Hew Campbell of Lowdoun, Drumlanrik,
Lochinver, Wauchtoun, Restalrig. Business :—
"The anseris maid be ws, James erle of Arrane, tutour to the Quenis
grace," etc., with the advice of our Council, to the memorial brought by
Sir George Dowglace from the King of England.
(1) Our Sovereign lady shall be delivered to the King or the Prince, his
son, at her age of 10 years, providing that the marriage be made by proxy
ere she leave the realm. (2) Six reasonable hostages, earls or barons and
their heirs, shall meanwhile be laid as pledges, to be changed every six months.
(3) The lords devised in Parliament to have custody of the Queen; and the
King may send a man of worship of England and a lady, with a company
not exceeding 20 persons, to attend upon her, at his expense. (4) As to
the Queen's dower; as she is queen of Scotland, we think her dower should
be specified in the contract. (5) The perpetual peace to be like the last
peace, with the exception of France (viz. the proviso) pretermitted; and
with this provision, that whomsoever either party shall comprehend shall
not enjoy the benefit of that comprehension if the same detain any land,
possession or pension from the King or from Scotland, and neither party
shall aid or favour such comprehense, or suffer their subjects to do
anything prejudicial to either realm. (fn. 7)
(6) As to delivering the prisoners; when all things are ended concerning
the marriage and peace, it may please the King to put the prisoners of
Scotland to a reasonable ransom, or to liberty otherwise; as no prisoners
should remain in either realm, "but show all gentleness and love."
(7) After the marriage, if the Prince die first, without heirs gotten of
her, our Sovereign lady shall, if she so pleases, be delivered into Scotland
free of any bond of marriage.
(8) It is to be asked by my lord Governor that, "at the Queen's perfect
age and at her delivering into England," the King, Prince Edward and she
shall give my lord Governor a discharge for all his dealing with the revenues
(9) Item, "we, with advice of the Council," are content that all the articles
passed with Sir Wm. Hammilton, Sir Jas. Lermonth and the Secretary,
and also with my lord of Glencarne and Sir George Dowglace, "be expirit,
excepand ther (i.e. these) forsaidis artiklis."
(10) Memorandum, it is to be asked that, if the marriage be completed,
Scotland shall enjoy its name and ancient liberties and be governed by a
governor of the realm itself and by its own laws, "conforme to the article
passed thereupon before"; (11) and the contract is not to be concluded
unless the King agree that the prisoners of Scotland be released, at
reasonable ransom or otherwise.
32,651 f. 7.
2. Copy of the preceding articles in a slightly different order; also with
verbal differences and the above-noted addition to the 5th article, the date
Edinburgh, 8th June, being inserted at the end of the 8th article.
In a Scottish hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Certain articles touching the
matters of Scotland.
Ib. f. 9.
3. Another copy of § 2.
In English handwriting and spelling, pp. 4.
*** The above (§ § 2, 3) are noted in Hamilton Papers, No. 377.
32,651, f. 12.
672. Arran to Lisle.
Thanks for favour shown to himself and his friends, as reported by
his "traist cousing and counsaloure, Schir George Dowglas." Edinburgh,
8 June. Signed : James G.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 398.
673. Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote last on the 3rd. That day the Emperor left Geane, arrived
at Saravalle on the 5th and was to reach Pavia on the 7th. This day the
Signory sent four ambassadors to do him reverence, "not without
honorable presents." Dorias is gone to Sicily with 54 galleys, the ships
return to Spain. Not past 3,000 foot came with the Emperor, and few
horsemen; and many horses perished by the evil weather at sea. In Italy
16,000 foot and 4,000 horse are made for him, under Ferrante Gonzaga,
who is in great credit among Italians and Spaniards. Piero Luigi, the
Bishop's son, went to Geane and returned to Bononye. Men think there
will follow no parliament, as the Bishop will not come to Mantua. The
Bishop practises with the Emperor to give Milan to Signor Octavio. The
Emperor's daughter went to Pavia to meet the said Octavio, her husband.
The Turk's navy of 150 sail was at Galipoli, 300 miles from Constantinople,
and will invade Sicily and Corsica, and join the French against Geane.
Learns from Ragusa that the Turk rested 15 days at Sophia, perhaps
"to give grass to the horses after the Turkes custom," and then departed
in great journeys towards Hungary. In Vienna they begin to make
provision. God grant that the sects and dissensions of the Almains cause
not the ruin of that famous nation ! Venice, 8 June 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
674. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 9 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter written to
my lord Warden enclosing a schedule of horsemen and footmen to be
presently sent over by him and others, with order to meddle with none of
the King's servants. Letters sent to Court declaring the Council's
"allotting of all the shires of England to certain numbers of men."
St. P., I. 745.
675. The Council At Court to the Council In London.
The King has seen your lordships' letters dated yesterday, with the
others you sent; and has also received letters from his ambassadors in
Flanders of the 6th inst., and from my lord Deputy, Mr. Wallop, and the
Council at Calais of the 7th; "the special points whereof, with the King's
Majesty's pleasure for your proceedings with some part of the same, it may
like you to conceive as hereafter ensueth."
It appears that the Regent, on Wednesday last, sent for the ambassadors
and declared the French king's preparations and her request for aid in men
before the actual invasion (detailed as in No. 658). In this the King has resolved
to satisfy the Regent's desire; and requires your Lordships to
determine what number he is bound, by the treaty, to furnish in such a
case, "and to joyne in y[our rec]kennyng for the furniture of the nombre
requisite by the [said] treatye [as well] the nombre [of] horsemen
and fotemen that be nowe alredy appoynted to be sent over, as also the
horsemen and so many of the soldyours and able labourers at Calais and
Guisnez as may be spared from thens without disfournishing of his
Majesty's peces there of sufficient garnyson"; requiring you also to consider
what artillery is necessary, and whether the charge of it is comprised
in the 700 cr. a day specified in the treaty. [Substituted for : Requires you
to speak with the Emperor's ambassador there, not disclosing the King's
resolution, which he minds to discover through his ambassadors with the
Regent, but only relating the Regent's request.] As Mr. Treasurer is to be
chieftain of the said army, you shall warn him to take order for the transportation,
and require him to repair to you to hear what is discoursed,
and to conclude for discreet personages to go over with him
as his counsellors. That you may expedite matters the King commands
me, the lord Privy Seal, to send you the Stamp, and me, the Secretary, to
send to you, my lord Chamberlain, his Signet, to be returned soon by a
trusty messenger because it is "here necessary, both for his Majesty's causes
and also for the private suits and matters of his Signet."
As soon as you are "somewhat armed in the knowledge of the treaty,"
you shall speak with the Emperor's ambassador there, not disclosing the
King's resolution, which he means to discover to the Regent through his
ambassadors, but enquiring what number of men the Regent would join
with his, if sent; for you may say that if the King did send them he would
not have his men put in garrison, which have ever been used to seek their
enemies, and therefore would have them in battle so well accompanied as
not to overcharge their "hardiesse" and courage. You shall confer also
with the Ambassador touching provision of carriage and victuals and the
place where the armies shall join. We have this day despatched to
Woodhouse and Waters of Lynne to send to Calais such provision as
they have already, and to provide the proportion hereinclosed within
10 days; "and Byeston and Belingham be appointed to waft the
provision to be sent f[rom] Waters and Woodhouse to [Cal]ais, a[n]d
in l[ike manner] we have a[lso di]spech[ed unto] my [lord] Deputy
[an]d Counsail at Calais for provision of iiijml shepe" (as shown by the
enclosed copy of the letters, which you shall forward, with others to
Mr. Wallopp "to enduce the souldyers at Guisnez to work iiij howres
in the day"). Finally we have written to Mr. Stanhop to prepare
transportation for the horsemen out of the North by the last of this
month, "as was appointed." Mr. Wallopp desires in every letter to
have pikes and munitions, whereby the King "taketh occasion to note
us of slackness." You shall see him satisfied with the proportion
enclosed. Harwich, 9 June.
Draft, pp. 10. Injured by damp.
676. The Council At Court to Mr. Stanhope.
The King, minding to send men to Calais and Guisnes for defence
of his pieces there and annoyance of his enemies, has appointed these
gentlemen of the North whose names are enclosed to furnish 300 horsemen
to take shipping on the 30th inst. at Hull. Stanhope shall provide vessels
sufficient for the transportation of the said gentlemen and horsemen, at the
allowance heretofore accustomed; and shall see that there is no delay in
their despatch. Harwich, 9 Junii 1543.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Stannop.
32,621, f. 17.
677. Sadler To Suffolk, Parr and Durham.
This morning, received theirs of 7 June with the news from
Sir Thos. Wharton, which he thinks utterly untrue. If the Governor be a
Christian man and have any spot of honor, he is wholly dedicate to the
King, as he showed himself to be both at the convention of the lords, when
Glencairn and Douglas were despatched, and now at this convention;
telling Sadler that he would gladly accomplish the King's desires, but, if
he acted without the consent of the greater part of the nobility and
Council, they would set the realm against him, and that all the malice
borne him is for God's cause and the King's. Indeed it is universally
murmured "that he is an heretic and a good Englishman and hath sold
this realm to the King's Majesty, and, they say, he must needs be a good
Englishman, for his ancestors were Englishmen" (he himself says he is
come of the house of the Hamptons and is the King's poor kinsman).
Cannot think that, if the lords mentioned by Wharton make such a party,
the Governor would join them, or that they can make any party against
him. It is hard to judge what will follow; for fear of our wars has made
them agree, but when peace is concluded it is not unlike that war will
begin among themselves. There is one party called heretics and English
lords, viz., the Governor and his partakers; another party "which be called
Scribes and Pharisees, and of the cast of France, which is the clergy and
their partakers;" and a third party which seems to be neuter and will take
the stronger side in any business. Touching James de la Hide, (fn. 8) Sadler
communed with the Governor, who promised to deliver him and wrote
instantly to Argyle in that behalf, but, yesterday, the Governor told him
that, on enquiry, he finds that the said James is dead. To-morrow night
Sir George Douglas will be at Berwick in his journey towards the King.
Wonders that they have not heard of the proclamations of the truce on the
borders of this realm; for they were despatched hence nine days ago, and
here men say they have been proclaimed and marvel that "your lordships"
hear not of it. Edinburgh, 9 June.
P.S. (not in Sadler State Papers).—Begs them to forward enclosed letters
from Cassils to the King and to Glencairn, and from himself to Wriothesley.
Cassils' letters are for the matter betwixt him and the sheriff of Ayre.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for Sadler State Papers) in
Hamilton Papers, No. 380
678. Sadler to [Parr].
This morning received his Lordship's letters and those of Suffolk
and Durham, with the news sent from Wharton. Encloses his "mind and
answer." Touching Swynoo's matter, the Governor is much discontent
with the offenders and has taken order for redress; as Gilb. Swynoo can
tell, who departed yesterday. Can get no wine, but hears that a boat with
80 tun comes from Abirden to-night or to-morrow. Will try to stay enough
of it until Parr's merchant from Newcastle comes with his boat. The
price is 10l. st. Is sure of getting the safe-conduct for the man of Newcastle,
but will not speak for it until sure of the wine. Edinburgh, 9 June.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
679. Charles V. to the Prince of Spain.
The letter printed in the Spanish Calendar under this date (No. 153)
is of the 19th June. See No. 738.
680. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 10 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letters sent to
Court touching discourse with the Emperor's ambassador upon certain
points written from the Court. Four warrants signed for lords Cobham,
Morleys, Sussex and Wentworth for money for coats, conduct and eight
days' prest for their soldiers. Letter written to Court touching the
Merchants Adventurers' resolution concerning the new imposition. (fn. 9)
St. P., I. 748.
681. The Council In London to the Council At Court.
As commanded, sent for the Emperor's ambassador and declared
Mons. de Bees's answer to "the demand of safe conduct both for Garter and
for Toyson," and the letters of instruction written to lord Matrevers thereupon.
He approved, and thought it had been well to add that the overtures
sent by Garter touched the weal of all Christendom, for which the King
and Emperor were so joined that their heralds could do nothing severally,
yet it would be but loss of time, for, plainly, the Frenchmen were seeking
"opportunity to give us the first shock." His opinion is that the French
ambassador should be called to some convenient place (suggesting, merrily,
Westminster Hall), and there, in presence of a good assembly, the
Emperor's ambassador and some of the Council should declare to him how
the King and Emperor had sent their heralds jointly with articles which,
condescended to, might have occasioned general peace; and as his master
refused to hear them, the King could not give notice thereof either to the
world or his said master but by him, and thought good both to open and
deliver them in writing to him, and, in case of refusal, to denounce war.
"Which manner of proceeding, with the protestation of refusal of the
heralds, he would to be put straight in print, and a trumpet to be sent out
of hand into the confines to d[eclare it] there and intimate the war
accordingly;" and the French ambassador to be dismissed home.
The Emperor's ambassador showed news from the Regent, upon which
she requests aid according to the treaties, which he has sent to Court.
Were earnest with him about the merchants' matter; but could not
bring him to any other point than that the impost must be paid : he adding
that, in this extremity, the intercourse could be no stay, and that the King
should order his subjects not to give occasion to others to withdraw their
contributions, for otherwise their packs would have to be opened and those
who had sold goods to them compelled to pay the impost. Told him it
would be easier to induce them to give some benevolence out of hand, and
that they might be persuaded to disburse 1,000l. Fl. "Tush," quoth he, "if
they should give cinq centz mil escus the gift were not in this case behove-full
to be taken"; it was not the gain from their payment that was to be
reckoned but the loss by their example.
Have again called the merchants and been earnest with them to satisfy
the Ambassador; but they will not believe that, if once begun, it will ever
end, or that their packs will not be searched, "whereat they seem much to
stick, alleging it were not expedient at all times for the realm such things
were openly seen as they should bring away."
Seeing that Sir Wm. Musgrave and Ralph Bulmer cannot make the
number of horsemen appointed to them, Sir Thos. Wharton should send 50
spears (besides the 100 to be sent with Thos. Dacres out of Gylslonde and
the barony of Burgh) out of Esk, Levens, Bewcastle and other places, and
my lord Warden should send 100 spears out of the East and Middle
Marches, taking them out of Tynedale and Ridsdale and the parts nigh the
sea which are most out of the danger of Scottish thieves. Desire them, as
"having there the stamp," to make out letters for execution of this.
Mr. Treasurer's letters yesterday showed the lack of victuals over sea.
Desire them to take order that provision may be surely conducted over;
also money for payment of this new crew, who received here only 8 days'
wages and must receive the rest immediately upon their arrival. Westminster,
P.S.—This morning we received a packet from the North, and send
herewith a letter to us, and one to the King which we have not read. We
have written to Dover for transportation of such as shall pass from thence,
and leave you, my lord Admiral, to provide for such as shall pass from
Maldon and Harwych. Signed by Audeley, Norfolk, Hertford, Westminster,
St. John and Bakere.
Pp. 7. Faded and injured by damp. Add. Endd. : 1543.
18 B. VI. 154.
Sc., II. 160.
682. Mary Queen Of Scots to Christian III.
In former letters signified the death of her father and appointment
of James earl of Arran to the tutelage of herself and the realm; and also
how her father, when he died, in his last will, commanded (after the
ancient custom) that she and the princes of Scotland should cultivate the
ancient confederacy with the kings of the Danes. Edw. Crawfurde, Hen.
Tindel and David Carnebe, her subjects, who are about to sail into Prussia
for grain, have petitioned her to beg him to commend them by letter to the
prince of Prussia, his sister's husband. Begs him to permit them and
other Scots to trade for grain within his realms and (at his request) those
of his confederates. Linlithgow, 10 June 1543.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
18 B. VI.
2. Another copy.
Lat., pp. 2.
Ib. f. 24b.
3. Another copy.
Lat., p. 1.