683. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 11 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letters
sent to the Duke of Suffolk to send 100 horsemen to Hull, for Guisnes, and
send hither Sir Robt. Bowes, appointed treasurer of wars; also to the
Customer and Comptroller of Calais for transportation of the soldiers to
684. Chapuys to Charles V.
Nothing has happened since he last wrote to the Queen Dowager of
Hungary (copy herewith), showing that this King goes unfeignedly to work,
and there is hope that he will continue from good to better, especially as
all those in credit are partial to the Emperor. All the Council were displeased
that the bp. of London wrote that the Emperor made not much of the news of the
conclusion of the treaty of closer amity and, in spite of his solicitations, put off
the ratification for nine or ten days. The Council, considering that such reports
might engender scruple, immediately concluded to solicit the King for the bp.'s
revocation, which the King has resolved upon when the Emperor shall approach
In this last Parliament has been made a book for the extirpation of the
heresies and errors which have heretofore reigned; restoring the ceremonies
and other things of the Christian religion to their first state, except what
concerns the authority of the Apostolic See. London, 11 June, 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS. endd. : "receues
en Cremone, le xxvje dud. mois 1543."
685. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
On Friday, 8th inst., late, received her letters of the 6th; and next
morning despatched in diligence to this King, who was (and still is) 50 miles
hence, writing to the lords Privy Seal, Grand Esquire and others to promote
the contents of her letter; and they have not feigned to help therein, as will
appear hereafter. The same morning, some while after his man had left,
the Council abiding here sent word that they wished to speak with Chapuys
and would come to him. Went to them; and they, by the King's order,
asked his opinion upon the answer made by Du Biez to the heralds, Thoyson
d'Or and Garter. After some talk, told them it was time lost to wait for
the heralds to have access to the French King, for the French were
prolonging the affair, by dissimulation, in order meanwhile to surprise
something of the Emperor's or theirs; however, if the King insisted on
trying that way first, the deputy of Calais might write in the King's name
to Du Biez, governor of Boulogne, that the sending of the heralds was for
the affairs of Christendom, in which, as the Emperor held first place, the
King would not speak alone, especially when there was amity and union
between the Emperor and him, and it seemed strange and against all right
that difficulty was made about the access of Thoyson, for, although there
was war between the Emperor and the King of France, the heralds might
jointly open means of coming to peace if the King of France would yield to
reason. Repeated that it was labour lost to press for the access, and that
a quicker and surer way was to call the French ambassador and, in presence
of the people, show him the whole charge of the heralds and give him a
term in which to advertise his master of it and make answer; and, if it
seemed best, dismiss him therewith. This advice was liked in both points,
especially the latter; and the Council at once despatched to the King,
whose answer is hourly expected.
This morning the Council sent for him, in the same way as before, and
showed him a letter from the King in answer to what his man solicited,
saying that the King, considering that the danger of the French invasion
touched him no less than the Emperor, would gladly gratify the
Emperor by sending the assistance capitulated before it was due,
but he would first know from Chapuys what order there was there
to provide them with victuals, and moreover (which was the chief
thing) whether it was intended to shut up his men in garrison,
which would be very irksome and distasteful to them, and if he
sent them it should be in the expectation that battle would be given
(et que les ayant d'envoyer ce seroit une intention que l' on deu donner la
bataille), desiring to know the plan. It will be well to write amply for his
satisfaction. He would also know if she wishes artillery sent with his men,
in which case horses for carriage will be necessary; also where his men
should join the Emperor's, and what way they should take to avoid ambuscades.
After discussion, the Council prayed him to despatch with all
diligence for her resolution in this, and meanwhile they will hasten the said
aid, for which, within six days, 1,500 footmen will go over sea, with some
number of horses, and the rest will soon follow, there having arrived here from
the North 500 skilful and wary and experienced men. Ships are sent to
Ulch to lade victuals for Calais, besides the grain provided here both for bread
and beer. Has shown them that Flanders will need some assistance in
grain, seeing the waste done and the number of soldiers supported.
Has had great altercation touching the impost of one per cent., to which
the Council hold that the King will never condescend, praying Chapuys to
get the Queen to be content with the present which the merchants are
willing to make, which will be as much or more than the impost would
amount to. Represented that she could not exempt them without the Emperor's
knowledge and that, at all events, she must act as he wrote in his last. When
they were still dissatisfied, asked what wrong it would do them to make those pay
the impost who sold merchandise to their people. They answered None, and that
that might be done. But when Chapuys told them that that was impossible
without examining their merchandise, they would not hear of it. Thinks
however that they cannot prevent it by the treaty of intercourse upon which they
Haste made him forget, in his letters of the 29th ult., to touch upon
Garter's charge, nor did there seem great need for it, since he had no commission
to demand more than is contained in the treaty. It is true that
they allege some more causes which have moved the King to join with the
Emperor, such as the refusal to pay his pensions, the setting Scotland to
make war against him, and now the practising with the Scots, and other
little intrigues. And in the article of Thoyson d' Or's instructions "que
fournissent aux choses demandees l'on entendroit en amitye" they add "ou
donnant promptes et suffisantes pleyges pour fournir," and add moreover
"la ratiffication de ce que propouseroit led. Thoyson d'Or." London,
11 June, 1543.
32,651 f. 19.
686. Suffolk and Durham to the Council.
Send herewith a letter out of Scotland from Mr. Sadleyr, with three
letters more (of which one is to the King); and also a letter of Sir
Thos. Wharton's "touching other particular prisoners than the Larde
Rassith, which is stayed for the King and no price yet made for the King
with Richard Dacres," who demands for his ransom 80l. Dacres has not
yet come to Suffolk. Midsummer approaches, when both Scottish and
English prisoners must make their entry. Even if the King prolong the
day for other Scottish prisoners, Oliver Synkler should enter at his day;
by whom it may be known if there were any secret practises with Sir John
Witherington (who was kept at his brother's house) or John Heron (who
was kept three miles from Edinburgh and spake with the Scottish King, as
he has confessed both to the writers and to the lord Admiral) or George
Urde or other; with whom, peradventure, the Scottish King did practise to
make a party in England, like as the King practised with his prisoners.
Oliver Synkler was sent twice to his brother's house to practise with
Witherington, as the Scot, his accuser, told Suffolk and the lord Admiral
(as they wrote at the time). The Scot who accused both Witherington and
George Urde promised to be forthcoming, but, although sent for, there is
yet no word of him. The King might write to the Governor that he wishes
to learn by Sinkler what practises his kinsman Lynoux goes about.
Sinkler told Suffolk that he could, with Lynoux, make a great party for the
King; and indeed the King should know Lynoux's practises in order both
to warn the Governor and his friends in Scotland and to eschew the
mischief thereof. Witherington has agreed with his taker to pay 250 mks.,
and has laid pledges, so that he need not himself enter again. The King's
pleasure must be known touching the prolonging of the entry of prisoners
at Midsummer Day and of the truce, which will expire within six days
after, if matters with the Scots cannot be perfected in that time. Baking
and brewing at Berwik has been stayed because of the prolonging of the last
truce, "because, else, the King might sustain great losses if it were not
used to the purpose that it was ordained for." Darnton, 11 June. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 401.
687. Chr. Barker, Garter King of Arms, to the Council.
On the 11th inst., the Lord Deputy sent the trumpet of Calais concerning
the Council's letter written from Colchester to Mons. de Byse for
Barker's passport. Tossun Dor marvels that he has no answer from the
Emperor's ambassador, for, if he go not, Barker's instructions must be
altered, and there is no appearance that Tossun Dor will get a passport.
Thinks his own will be delayed. This morning 18 great French ships drove
four Flemish ships of war, from nigh Dieppe, to take refuge at Resbanke Castle,
and then passed northwards. The French king and army draw towards
St. Quyntyns. Caleys, 11th of this month. Signed : X.B. al's Gartier.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : "xj Junii 1543."
St. P., IX. 402.
688. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Before following the Emperor towards Pavia and Cremona on the
7th., wrote from Geanes on 29 May (fn. 1) and 3 June. Recapitulates the whole
of these letters. That of the 2d [just referred to as the "3d"]
reported Card. Farnese's coming to Geanes from the Bishop of Rome, the
assuredness of the meeting between the Emperor and Bishop at Castel St.
John's or Burgo St. Donyn (now it is said the Emperor comes from
Cremona to Poles and meets the Bishop at Bussedo near Parma), the
difficulty and the reason of this meeting, and why the Emperor goes not to
Milan, the arrival of Sr. Fabritius de Colonna, and information touching
Dudley received at Geanes from certain Englishmen who said they had
written to the Council therein. Sends copy and translation of a printed
writing showing that the Emperor will hold a Diet in Germaine. Hears it
is to be at Spires, 30 Nov., and that the Emperor speaks with the Bishop
to gratify him by promising that nothing shall pass without his advice, and
also "to fear him." The Emperor's soldiers in Piedmont have mutinied
for their pay, and the Emperor means to take them with him to Flanders
and plant others in their place; as likewise the French king has sent his
Italians from Piedmont into Picardy and planted Frenchmen in their place.
The Emperor had much ado to please all parties, his officers and Spaniards
being exceedingly hated, and himself bare of money and not sure of the
Bishop of Rome. He has sent most of his men on before to Mantua and
Trente and written to the princes of Germany to be in arms for the coming
of the Turk, against whom Ferdinandus and the power of the Empire
prepare resistance "unless the Turq come in person." The Emperor will
bend all his power (the truce ended) against the duke of Cleves unless the
Turk's coming alter him. Venice, Mantua and Florence are to join against
the French king; and likewise the duke of Ferrare, "but, considering his
entertainment of the Pope with practise of marriage and how he doth
favour the French part, it is not so well believed of him." The Bishop of
Rome openly favours France and only for "worldly wisdom and profit"
holds in with the Emperor, each of them having an ill-opinion of the other.
Since the duke of Florence's coming there are practises for the Emperor to
surrender the castles he detains from the Signory for two millions; and
also talk of conveying the duchy of Millan, for money, to the duke of
Camerine. The count Palatine shall now help the Emperor with 10,000
foot and 600 horse. Vogera, 11 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Add.
2. Copy of the preceding in Bonner's hand, also addressed.
Pp. 2. Faded and mutilated. Endd. : "Copia literarum mearum de data
xj Junii apud Vogeram."
689. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 12 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letters
to be sent to the deputy of Calais and Sir John Wallop, notifying "the
coming over of the crew" and requiring them to muster the same. Letter
sent to Fletcher of Rie to bring hither three or four known to be "expert in
the coasts of Normandye and Brittayne."
St. P., IX. 406.
690. The Privy Council to Seymour and Wotton.
The King has received their sundry letters touching their discourse
with President Scory about the impost, the Regent's request for aid and the
Emperor's arrival in Italy. Albeit, none invasion being yet made, the King
is not bound to furnish the aid prescribed by the treaty, yet, for the manner
of her request and his affection to the Emperor, he will devise with his
Council for her contentation, but must first know what number of men she
will join to his army and how she will furnish them to keep the field
(for he would not "have them put in garrison who have been used evermore
to keep the field"), how near the Pale her army will join hers and how they
shall be furnished with victuals and necessaries. This they shall declare to
the Regent, inducing her to order her army to meet his as near the Pale as
can be; and then, speaking of the impost, they shall say that the King
cannot think that she herself "presseth so much the impost," but imputes
it to some minister who does not well weigh the amity between the King and
the Emperor, for the treaty will nowise bear it and the pretence of its being
an example to others to pay is gone (for they have all paid); and he expects
to hear no more of it. Of themselves, they shall add that, now, when the
King is ready, at his charge, to send this aid before there is any invasion,
she shall do well to suppress this matter of impost, and not burden his
subjects with a charge which can neither be maintained by the treaty nor
demanded of friendship when he contributes aid otherwise; praying her to
consider what benefit to those countries ensues by the traffic of our
merchants, and that to oppress them now will make them grudge at this
new amity and seek some other way for their profit. And they shall require
her to discharge the merchants and order delivery of their ships and goods
out of hand; using all dexterity to obtain this.
They shall show the Regent that Sir Geo. Douglas, lately sent into
Scotland with articles of treaty, is now returning with a full agreement to
them by the Governor and Lords of Scotland. Also that the King is glad
of the Emperor's arrival in Italy.
The King received their letters from Peter a Boes, and desires to know
what conference they had with his man.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 17. Endd. : Mynute to Sir Thos. Seymour
and Mr. Wotton, xijo Junii, 1543.
32,651, f. 21.
691. Suffolk and Durham to the Council.
This day Suffolk received a letter from the lord Warden with the
following news :—That Scotland is divided into factions and there is no
universal obedience to the Governor. On 11 June Bothwell forcibly
entered the nunnery of Hadington, put the prioress and convent into a
chamber and used the goods of the house at his pleasure. This nunnery
being but 10 miles from Edinburgh, the Governor sent a herald, with commandment
to Bothwell to avoid the place, and George Douglas with a
company of men to restore the prioress. There were many bragging words
between Bothwell's company and the Governor's, but no affray. Lately
the Governor sent for three of the late King's bastard sons that were at the
school at St. Andrews, and the lord of Grange, late treasurer of the Household,
was conveying them to Edinburgh when the larde of Lough Leven,
who married the Larde Erskin's daughter, mother of one of the said
children, encountered them and took his wife's son away, saying that none
should have the order of his wife's sons but himself.
Describe how, upon communication licensed by the lord Warden, at
Alnwick, between Sir Robt. Bowes and George Davison, his taker, Davison
offered, for 40l. ransom (and 20 mks. to be secretly paid to himself, so that
"neither his lands, lord nor booty fellows ne partners" should know of it),
to fully acquit Sir Robert and restore his bond. This offer Sir Robert
thought not meet to be refused, but, on pretence that he had not the money
ready, took a stay until 21 June, in order to learn whether Mr. Sadleyr, at
the prorogation of the prisoners' entry from Pentecost to Midsummer, had
made any promise which could not thus be dispensed with, and also to know
the King's pleasure. Sir Robert says that Sir George Douglas, at his last
going towards Scotland informed him that both Scottish and English
prisoners should enter at Midsummer next. Enclose a letter from Sir
Robert to Suffolk. Think that Sir Robert and all other prisoners should
agree for their ransoms as soon as they can. Darnton, 12 June. Signed.
P.S.—Of late the chief of the Armestrongs, Rowteleages and
Nycsones of Lyddesdale offered Sir Thos. Wharton to serve the King
with 100 horse and 100 foot and be sworn the King's subjects, and
dwell in Lyddesdale or the Batable Ground or in England, if they
might have their friends, now prisoners at Carlisle and Alnwick, released,
who were taken at the burning of Sleyley, and to release four Englishmen
whom they took there. Wharton answered only that he would
advertise the lord Warden. Suffolk has advised the lord Warden to make
the same answer as heretofore; so that the Scots may not say we have
broken the truce by maintaining truce breakers; and, besides, these broken
men keep no promise longer than it serves them.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
692. Suffolk to Parr.
I have examined the bearer, John Musgrave, and the other two your
Lordship sent; and have discharged the other two, finding this man only in
fault, for not delivering a letter sent to Sir Thomas Wharton from my
lord of Northfolke, then the King's lieutenant, and me and others of the
Council then at Newcastle, for an exploit to have been done last year upon
the King's enemies; which letter Musgrave kept until Whitsontide last,
and Wharton knew nothing of it until Trinity Sunday, when it was
delivered to him in presence of Sir Ralph Eure and others. The young
man is to be committed to ward at Newcastle or elsewhere, as a warning to
beware how he neglects to deliver a letter touching the King's affairs; and
at his release you should give him a good lesson. Darnton, 12 June.
P.S.—Though the young man is to be imprisoned, let him have no irons
laid upon him, and keep him not in prison past eight days.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
693. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 13 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter
sent to the lord Deputy and Wallop to advertise what men they might spare
for any exploit to be done jointly with "thespialles" (sic, qu. th'emp'ialles ?,
i.e. the Imperialists).
694. Suffolk to [Parr].
This shall be to advertise you [that such news "as ye sente hither
yesterdaye be adu[ertised up to the Court]; and wher yor lordship wrote to
k[now what answer it] were best to make to Sir Thomas Wh[arton for the]
Armestranges of Lyddisdale and the Ro[wteleages] and the Nycsones
concerning their offers" to be the King's subjects, made in order to avoid
the due punishment of their kinsmen taken for breaking the truce, better
answer than has been heretofore given cannot be devised. If their offers
were accepted, the Scots would say we broke the truce; and the promises
of such broken men will be kept no longer than serves them. Shortly, we
shall see what shall come of the peace that is in treating, and meanwhile
they may be entertained with good words. Sir George Douglas is gone in
post towards the Court this morning. He made suit for Wm. Cockburne,
the captain of Norham's prisoner, to go upon bond to re-enter upon two
days' notice; so you may let him go. "[The] depositions soundeth that
he spake it of the reporte of [some in] Scotland, albeit furst enformacion
was that he [spake] as of his owne hede." I have written to Brian
[Layton] to let him go. Darnton, 13 June. Signed.
P.S.—Sir George says the takers of the English prisoners are under bonds
not to ransom them without the knowledge of the Council of Scotland;
wherefore it is best to await the King's pleasure, "seeing the King gat
prolonging of the day for them and gave them like day for their prisoners
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost.
St. P., v. 305.
695. Durham to [Parr].
Yesterday such news as he sent to the Lords and to my lord
Lieutenant were advertised up to the Court, but his letter to the Lords was
stayed, lest they should think he meddled further than he had commission,
in desiring answer whether English prisoners (as well all other as Sir Robt.
Bowes, who is with him) might agree for their ransoms before their day of
entry; in which matter my lord Lieutenant has special commission, and
had, two days before, written for the King's pleasure for prolonging their
entry, and also the truce, if the matters with Scotland should not be
perfected. Advises him to advertise the lord Lieutenant of all matters,
who will not fail to advertise the Council, and has chief charge, both without
Parr's wardenry and within it, and must account to the King for the
whole country. Hitherto my lord Lieutenant was never advertised of the
proclamation in Scotland of the prorogation of the truce, and therefore
wrote to Sadler, who answered that all the Borders of Scotland could
testify that it was made there. My lord Lieutenant marvels that the
deputy wardens have not advertised Parr of this, seeing they were
commanded not to make it until after the Scots made it. My lord
Lieutenant sent up Sir Robt. Bowes' letter (reporting the licence which
Parr gave him to treat with his taker), desiring brief answer of the
same. Darnton, 13 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost.
696. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Has, in accordance with the letters brought by Sir Robert Richardson,
priest, commended Richardson to the Governor; who, for Henry's sake, has
thankfully received him, heard him preach and promised him a living.
With the Governor's licence, Richardson has been to St. Andrews and has
conferred with the Cardinal, as declared in his letters enclosed. Upon the
other letters brought by Mr. John Spencer, has put Spencer to the Governor's
service, who has heartily received him.
Headed : To the King's majesty, 13th June, 1543.
697. Sadler to Parr.
Perceives by his of 11 June how matters stand between Sir Robert
Bowes and his taker, (fn. 2) and Parr's desire to know whether they may
proceed without offending any promise made here by Sadler. Sued for the
prorogation until midsummer, which was granted without condition or
promise on his part; so that Bowes and the rest may make their bargains.
But their takers are bound here not to compound with or acquit their
prisoners without licence of the Governor and Council, who, apparently,
intend to use the English prisoners as the King shall use the Scottish; and,
if peace succeed, whereof he sees no great difficulty, he thinks that the King
will set free all, or the most part, of the Scottish prisoners, without ransom.
It may be that the takers of Bowes and the rest, knowing this, fear that
they may be driven to compound with the Governor for their ransoms, and
would be glad to get beforehand as much as they might. Edinburgh, 13
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost. Headed in Sadler State Papers : To
my lord Parr.
698. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 14 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter
sent to Court touching despatch hence for revocation of Garter, the
ambassador of Spain's promise to come to Westminster next morning, &c.
Warrant sent to the Master of the Ordnance to send pikes and other
munitions, forthwith, to Guisnes.
Another meeting the same day. Business :—Letter sent to Court,
declaring discourse with the Emperor's ambassador touching the revocation
of Garter and the new imposition in Flanders.
St. P., I. 752.
699. The Council In London to the Council At Court.
The Emperor's ambassador, according to his promise, repaired to us
yesterday, and, after dinner, declared the contents of Mons. de Rieulx's
letters to him which we mentioned in our letters yesterday, viz : how
feasible the enterprise of Monstreul should be now that the French king
was bending towards Noyon and Avennes on the other side of Arras and that
6,000 footmen, 1,200 horsemen and 6 pieces of artillery would suffice; and
as for keeping it, "by that time it should be won th'Emperor would be so
strongly at the hand (?) as therein should be small difficulty." He declared
the commodity thus to be gained for an enterprise to Rouen, upon pretence
of besieging some town upon the Somme; declaring, with many words,
our just title to Normandy, and the advantage of its proximity to Brittany
which was now ready to rebel. As this was little to the purpose that we
called him for, we omit to write his discourse. Breaking from that matter
we declared, as in your letters, that the King liked his device for the
intimation of the war in presence of the French ambassador, but deferred it.
He expressed a wish that the King might be present, and, when we thought
that neither necessary nor expedient, declared how, for a very simple matter,
the French king assembled the 12 peers of France at Paris, "in the open
palace which is there as is here Westminster Hall," and, calling Granvela,
then the Emperor's ambassador, openly defied the Emperor. (fn. 3) Coming then to
the imposition we declared how the merchants had been at Court to complain
of the staying of their ships and to beg remedy, and we prayed him to consider
the long amity "between our merchants and that countries," and how the
merchants rejoiced at the late alliance, but now to be treated with such
extremity as an enemy could scantly show worse would make them withdraw
draw their affection; and we prayed him to obtain delivery of the ships.
He said he did not know that they were stayed, but even "as a fool is
holden when his finger is put into an hole"; why could they not have paid,
with a protestation, and come away ? Detail further dialogue which ended
by his promising to write earnestly into Flanders.
My lord Admiral has brought us a warrant signed by the King; and as,
yesterday, we sent the Signet back to you, we now send the warrant to be
signed and returned. Wm. Gonston declared, in presence of my lord
Admiral, that the ships shall be ready on Sunday or Monday next, if the
captains are then ready; and would know "what mariners shall come from
Hull, according to your Lordship's letters directed unto the lord Admiral."
Send letters just received out of the North. Have also received two letters
from Calais, one of them touching the conveyance of the French
ambassador's letters "whereof we lately advertised your Lordship." As the
parties are in prison and have not so much offended as it might at first
sight appear, we would know the King's pleasure. We pray God that our
men find sufficient victuals over sea, and money for their wages.
Westminster, 14 June. Signed by Cranmer, Audeley, Norfolk, Hertford,
Lisle, Westminster, Ryche and Bakere.
Pp. 6. Faded and injured by damp. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,651 f. 24.
700. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
The King has seen his letters from Darnton the 11th inst., and likes
his opinion touching Oliver St. Clere. Whereas Midsummer is the day of
entry for prisoners of both sides, the King is content that Casselles,
Maxwell, Somervel and Graye, and such other as Mr. Sadleyr (with the
advice of the Governor, Anguish and Casselles) thinks meet to remain
in Scotland, shall have their day of entry prolonged until Lammas Day;
and likewise desires that Sir Cuthbert Ratclif, Sir Robert Bowes,
Thos. Slyngsby, Parson Ogle, John Tempest and such others as Suffolk
thinks meet may have like day. St. Clere and others whom Mr. Sadleyr
thinks not meet to serve the King's purpose there shall come in at
Midsummer; and Suffolk shall order other English prisoners (save
Bowes and Ratclif and such as he will except) likewise to enter at
Midsummer, and shall signify this to Sadleyr that he may obtain
Lammas Day for the coming in of Ratcliff, Bowes, &c. Scottish
prisoners entering at Midsummer shall remain upon the Borders.
Terlinge, 14 June 1543.
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 4. Endd. : The Council attendant
upon the King's Majesty's person to my l. of Suff., xiiijo Junii 1543.
St. P., I. 756.
701. Lisle to the Council At Court.
This 14 June I received your letters dated St. Ousey's, 13 June, and
repaired to my lords of the Council, with Wm. Gonson, to declare the state
of the four ships now preparing, which, if the captains named in your
letters be ready (which I doubt), we will deliver to them victualled and
manned for one month. Sir Ris Maunsfeld, named to be vice-admiral, and
John Care, Baldwin Willoughbye and my fellow, Jennyns, captains, are yet
scantly warned. Maunsfeld is here and shall know the King's pleasure
before I sleep, but I hear nothing of the others. Where you write that you
have ordered Mr. Brian to send up 200 of the mariners lately despatched at
Hull, and that, until they come, none of the mariners of Harwich coast
are to be despatched, this will delay the four ships still later than I first
wrote to Mr. Brian, viz. the end of next week; whereas now they shall be
ready on Monday next if the captains are ready. If the mariners come
from Hull before the captains are ready, I will return as many of the
Harwich mariners. Where you write to me to instruct Baldwin
Willoughby and the others; the King's instructions to Sir Rice Mansfeld
as vice-admiral should be devised by you and signed by the King, and I will
give the best advice I can, but have "more need to be instructed, in such
like case, by some of them than they by me." London, 14 June. Signed.
P.S.—Begs them to show this letter to his friend Mr. Bryan.
Pp. 2. Add. Scaled. Endd. : 1543.
32,651, f. 27.
702. Suffolk to the Council.
Sends two letters received from Sir Thos. Wharton and
Thos. Dacres, which show that Dacres cannot at present serve, but
"the men will be ready."
Sir George Douglas was here yesterday and would be at London on
Saturday. He told Suffolk of a Scottishman come to Newcastle from the
Cardinal without the Governor's safe conduct. Sent Mr. Uvedale to search
him and send him thither. Uvedale found on him only a letter from the
young Queen of Scottes to the King, which Suffolk conjectures to be a
demand for a passport. He said he was master of art and going to the
school either to Lovayne or Coleyne, "but of Parys he spake nothing;"
and he showed Suffolk the Queen's letter to the King, whereunto the
Governor is privy, and a letter "from the earl of Huntley's brother to the
secretary of Scotland that is ambassador with the King." Seeing these
letters, Suffolk put in the passport of Wm. Ryvan, uncle to lord Ryvan,
for whom Sadleyr had written, the name of the said Alex. Englisshe, M.A.,
so that they two might go together to the King. The Council should speak
with Douglas before granting Ynglisshe his passport; for Suffolk could not
stop him, having the Queen's letter. Sends two letters, from Sadleyr and
the lord Warden, for (i.e. in favour of) Rivan. Darnton, 14 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Covenant made between Sir John Wellysburn and Thos. Thorn, in
presence of Wm. Gyfforde, Wm. Ryseleye, John Arden, Ric. Arden and
Nic. Thorn, 14 June 35 Hen. VIII., for the sale to be duly made by Thorn
to Wellysburn, for 30l., of lands in Mixburye and Fulwell, Oxon. Signed
by parties and witnesses.
P. 1. Endd.
704. Adrian De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
The French, yesterday morning, laid siege to Bappalme with a large
number of foot and horse and great equipage of artillery. Within are a
good number of men of war well furnished, who, he hopes, will remain
victorious. Will approach the enemy with all his forces here. Meanwhile,
prays Wallop to aid the Emperor's men in his quarter if they need it.
The Queen has written to me that the King promised her to do so; and I
think he will do it for his friendship to the Emperor. Bethuen,
14 June '43. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.
705. The Council Of Venice to Hieronimo Zuccato.
Note in his letters of the 19th ult. that the mission to Scotland of
the patriarch of Aquileia may be interpreted so as to prejudice their
subjects. Knew nothing of his sending; for the Pope, to whom, and not
to the Signory, prelates render obedience sent him direct from the Papal
Court. Agreed to, 14 June 1543.
Original at Venice.
706. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 15 June. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor,
Hertford, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Riche, Baker. Business :—Letter
written to Court touching request of the earls of Casseilles and Glenkerne
for "deferring theirs and others' days of entry."
St. P., IX. 411.
707. [The Privy Council] to Harvel.
The King thanks you for sundry advertisements and commands us
to advertise you of the state of these parts. The Governor and Lords of
Scotland have wholly submitted and are content that the King shall have
the tuition and order of the young Queen. The King and Emperor lately
sent their two principal heralds to Calais to propose, jointly, to the French
king things which might have turned to the quiet of Christendom; but, as
the French king refused to hear them, it is not unlike that another way
will be taken "for declaration thereof to the world." The French king has
in Picardy about 4,000 lances, 800 light horse and 20,000 or 22,000 foot
("the bruit is greater, but this is the truth"), and dare not march from
about Compiegne "for fear of us;" and indeed the King now sends over
12,000 or 14,000 foot, and 2,000 horse to join Mons. de Rues and the duke
of Ascot, who are in Artois with 18,000 foot and 4,000 horse, so that if the
French king march forward "you shall hear that he hath fair play showed."
When the Emperor comes, who is looked for shortly, the King has ready
40,000 of his own subjects, besides 16,000 Almains now in his solde and
The King has some ships out and sends out more, and so does the
Emperor, so that they will have an army of 10,000 or 12,000 to keep the
seas. The duke of Cleves besieges Heynsberg which he lost last year.
The prince of Orange is sent to levy the siege. All Irishmen of estimation
have now submitted, so that never prince had so great a conquest of Ireland
Draft with corrections and final paragraph in Paget's hand, pp. 2.
Endd. : Mynute to Mr. Harvell, xvo Junii 1543.
II, No. 156.]
708. Chapuys to Charles V.
On the 12th inst. received the Emperor's letters of the 30th ult.
containing the happy news of his prosperous arrival at Genoa, which has
given indescribable joy to this King and Court and all this people. Nothing
has happened since he last wrote. London, 15 June 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
II., No. 157.]
709. Chapuys to Granvelle.
The copy herewith will declare occurrents. In default of other
matter, laments that Granvelle was not with the Emperor at his departure
from Spain, when, by his words to Chapuys's man and by letters from the
Comendador Mayor, there was hope of Chapuys obtaining something.
Perhaps much occupation made the Emperor forget, who may also have
thought that Chapuys made some profit out of this treaty, whereas he spent
200 cr. and did not gain a single penny or penny's worth. London,
15 June 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
II., No 158.]
710. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
On the 12th inst. received her letters of the 8th, together with those
of the Emperor containing the much desired news of his prosperous arrival
at Genoa, at which this King and those around him, and, generally, all
this people, have shown much pleasure.
The day before yesterday, 13th inst., the Council sent praying him to
write to Thoison d'Or to return to her as soon as Garter, who was recalled,
left Calais. And yesterday the Council asked him to dinner, chiefly to
declare that the King liked his advice to revoke the kings of arms, and,
instead of their charge, make an intimation to the French ambassador, but
as there were not here sufficient notable personages to solemnise the act,
would defer the affair till his return, which will be in five days. Told the
Councillors that he thought that the King should be present in person;
and will try to obtain this. It is not yet resolved whether the charge of
the kings of arms shall be explained purely to the ambassador or altered.
Begs her to send her advice.
Hearing of the number of armed ships which the French have in the
Channel itself, the King has sent out his that are ready, being ten or
eleven, equipped in the best possible manner. As those of the enemies are
the greater number, and will daily be reinforced, the King would desire her
to order the ships of Flanders which are already equipped to join his, and
to hasten the equipment of the men and ships capitulated by the treaty of
closer amity. Soldiers daily march from hence to cross thither, and
yesterday departed a band of 400 hacbuttiers in good order. It does not
seem as if the King reckons on sending more than he is bound to in case of
assistance, but, since he likes the enterprise of Monstreul, he will be induced to
send largely. As to any other general invasion or enterprise this year, the
Council say that the season is too advanced. As to the calculation of the
number of men to be given for the said assistance, the Council have seen what
she wrote and have not yet examined it (ny ont contreroulle).
The Council have made marvellous instance for the revocation of the
impost of one per cent., to which the King would in no way consent.
They cannot be made to understand that if their nation is exempt the
others ought to be exempt, not having privilege as they had, which
privilege was more valid and indissoluble than that of the clergy, which, as
Chapuys alleged, had been for necessity abrogated. Both the Council and
the merchants will be content if she orders the vendors to pay the impost
and sell their wares dearer if they will or can; but they will in no wise
hear speak of viewing and examining their merchandise in order to know
the vendors, who could not well be known otherwise. And although
they have been shown that it is not contrary to the treaty of intercourse to
examine, upon occasion, merchandise leaving the Low Countries, and that
the novelty of which the treaty spoke meant pecuniary and "interessable"
novelty (otherwise they could exclaim because the new bourse in Antwerp
was perhaps made further from the house of their nation than the old, or
could oppose the making of a new crane), they persist in their opinion;
and the Council have prayed him to supplicate her not to grieve this
nation (which shows itself so affected to the Emperor's service) beyond what
is accustomed, and to at once release their arrested merchandise; which
done, they will get the merchants to make an honest present, worth no less
than the impost will bring. If she can do so without great prejudice, it
would be the best thing in the world as things now stand, and would
increase the King's affection to the Emperor and Flanders. Otherwise it
is to be feared that the King will resent it and the people (of whom there
is now need) will murmur desperately. Certainly it has been imposed at a
bad time. It is true that they cannot, in his opinion, complain of the examination,
and yet they find that worse to digest than the rest; and, for the time, it
would be well to omit both, in view of the said present.
The King finds it strange that so many safe conducts are there granted,
saying that the sharpest war that could be made on the Frenchmen is to
leave their merchandise on their backs and that he has incessant complaints
from those who have armed out ships, on account of them. The other day
the Privy Seal sent to tell Chapuys openly that they should not be given,
for their men were determined to throw any safe conduct they found into
the sea and to take all they could, coming from France.
The Council told him yesterday that they hourly expected George
Douglaz, who, as their ambassador in Scotland advertised them, brought
the very despatch that the King wishes for and demands—very good news
for them and their friends and a great blow to the French. London,
15 June 1543.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript from Vienna.
711. Lisle to the Council At Court.
Is commanded to instruct the Admiral of Sluse where the King's
ships do keep, but, till the King's instructions come, for which he wrote
yesterday, he cannot well do so. Wrote to Mr. Bryan, on the 13th, of the
coming of Thos. Wyndam from the West seas and his errand; "for the
[which?] if he or his admiral (fn. 4) that sent him had well considered the matter
he might as well have tarried there with[in] his charge." Wrote also of
Wyndam's report of his admiral, which he says "is th'only desire of the
residue of the captains there; and if that be true, surely he is not meet to
have such a charge." Wyndam says they will do no service where they
lie; and, considering that the French pour out ships as they do, the said
four ships might well join the others now going to sea; and, together, they
will soon "make clean seas." Desires answer in this, and also the
instructions for Sir Rice Mansfeld whom the King now sends with 10 of
his ships, as vice-admiral, and the warrant for Wm. Gonson.
A great Spaniard ship is arrived in Tayme[s], having come from Spain
within these 9 days, and reports that 16 great ships were ready to come to
Flanders with 7,000 Spanish footmen for the Emperor. London, 15 June.
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Add.
712. Sir Rice Maunsell's Instructions.
— "and officers of the same ports, not only to keep the said
'prices' (prizes) surely, but also to see the goods safely kept to his
Majesty's use," and to give notice of receipt of any such prize to the high
Admiral of England. "And the King's pleasure is that the said Sir Rice
shall not take any ship of Scotland, Portingall, Spayn, or Flaunders," or
any of the Emperor's subjects unless they have hurt the King's subjects or
would convey men, victuals or munitions into France. Nor shall he
meddle with Danskers or ships of Estland unless equipped for war; but
shall search ships of the King of Denmark for news and letters, and, in
case of suspicion, detain them. Foreseeing ever that there be no spoil of
the goods of any ship, Frenchman, Brytayn or other, he shall take, "ne in
any wise that [h]e use those which be not F[rench]men or Brytayns
* * * * till he shall know further of his Majesty's
pleasure"; having regard to the bestowing of the men so as always to be
master of them.
Fragment, pp. 2.
St. P., IX.
713. Oudart Du Bies to Lord Maltravers.
Received at the same hour his letter reporting revocation of his
master's first king of arms and Francis's answer on the subject of
Maltravers' previous letter. This answer is that, considering the friendship,
the herald needs no safe conduct, but, considering the danger of the ways
with so many lansquenets and other men of war abroad, he commissions
Du Bies to hear and answer the herald. Promises an answer with which
Henry will have "cause de raisonnable contentement."
Yesterday while three ships of Boulogne were passing Calais an English
ship came out and took one of them. As there is no declaration of war
between their masters, the other two ships made no resistance to this
outrage. Begs deliverance of the ship and men. Boullougne, 15 June
French, p. 1. Add. : A Mons. le Deppute de Calais, mon bon voisin.
714. John Denny to his Uncle, Ant. Denny.
M. Buccelero writes that his uncle wishes him to come to England
this Michaelmas. Having made a good beginning in learning, begs leave
to stay a year or two longer, so that it may be known that he has been in
Italy; and will pray God to inspire him to observe his uncle's loving
admonitions. Begs to be commended to his aunt, and to his mother and
father. Venetia, 15 June '43. Signed : Joanni Deny.
P. 1. Add. : "Al molto magco sigor, il sigor Antonio Deni, gentilhuomo
della camera del serenmo Re d'Inghilterra, mio barba ossermo; nella