746. The Council At London to the Council With The King.
Albeit, yesterday, at our departure from Court, we knew the King's
pleasure generally of making the intimation to-morrow to the French
Ambassador, and accordingly appointed the Emperor's Ambassador to be
here at the Sterre Chamber, yet we are ignorant of the King's pleasure
what audience should be called, and what delay granted to the French
Ambassador "to signify what s[houl]d be said unto him unto his master and
to make answer unto the s[am]e, wherein I, the Lord Chancellor, desired my
Lord Privy Seal to know the King's pleasure." Being occupied with the
matters of Scotland, desire instruction on the premises with speed. "From
the Sterre Chamber at one of the clock." Signed : T. Audeley, Chancellor :
T. Norffolk : Ste. Winton' : Tho. Westm' : W. Seint John : John Gage.
In Gardiner's hand, p 1. Add. : To our very good lords of the King's
Majesty's Privy Council. Endd. : "From the Council at London,
xxjo Junii 1543."
32,651, f. 31.
747. Sadler to the Council.
On receipt of letters from the Lord Privy Seal, Mr. Brown and Mr.
Paget, from St. Osithes, 12th June, (for Sadler eftsoons to induce the
Governor to the apprehension of the Cardinal and Lennox, now that the
peace is, "in a manner, fully determined") required access to the
Governor, who was then (and still is) sick, at Hamilton, 30 miles hence.
The Governor sent the enclosed letter (fn. 1) by David Panter, his secretary and
chief counsellor, to know why Sadler desired to speak with him. Told
Panter how the cause of delay alleged by the Governor was now removed;
and he promised to declare it to the Governor, assuring Sadler that the
Governor remained in great choler against the Cardinal and Lennox; but
Sadler learns privily that the Cardinal has made such labour for favour that
the Governor is induced to forget a great piece of his displeasure towards
Having letters from Suffolk touching the entry of the prisoners at
Midsummer and the respite of some of them until Lammas, signified the
same by Panter; and the Governor has promised the accomplishment
thereof. It is impossible for those who shall enter at Midsummer to keep
their day; but they shall enter soon after, and Sadler will in next letter
certify their names and the names of such as remain until Lammas.
Yesternight received their letters from Pirgo mentioning 16 or 17 sail of
Frenchmen seen betwixt Dover and Calais drawing Northwards. A
Frenchman is come into Lyghe haven with wines who says he came with the
said 16 sail from Diep, and left them, six days ago, between Humber and
Flamburgh Head in chase after six sail of Englishmen or Flemings. He
says they are all Frenchmen of Diep, come out at their own charge to scour
the seas, thinking to meet our Iseland fleet. Caused Angus to send aboard
the Frenchman, but could not learn more. The 16 sail are not come into
the Firth, and apparently do not purpose drawing to Scotland, but Angus
has promised to lay watch on the coasts. Some say that they should hereabouts
join 20 or 30 sail of the king of Denmark, and keep the seas against
the Emperor and the King, and some that they will land in Scotland and
take part with the Cardinal and Lennox against the Governor; but these
seem flying tales, for this Frenchman says they are but rovers and never a
gentle or honest man captain among them. Advised the Governor, by
Panter, to look to it; which may percase stir him against the Cardinal and
Lennox. Edinburgh, 21 June. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with a list of corrigenda for the text of Sadler
State Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 386.
32,651, f. 34.
748. Sadler to Suffolk.
Sends herewith letters in answer to those of the King's Council.
As for the 16 sail of Frenchmen, enquiry should be made from Berwick to
Humber to "know where they become," and the King's navy there warned.
The prisoners cannot now enter at Midsummer; but Sadler has sent to the
Governor the names of the English prisoners appointed to be respited to
Lammas, and also the names of the Scottish prisoners whom the King is
content to respite until then. Meanwhile letters are sent out to warn
prisoners to their entry, and, for resolution as to which shall remain here
till Lammas, Sadler waits to hear again from the Governor, to whom, with
Anguish and Casselles, the King referred that matter. Edinburgh, 21 June.
P. S.—This day, Anguish moved for another 100l. besides his wages due
on Tuesday sevennight. This is at Suffolk's discretion. Surely the man
is at great charge and entertains such a company that all the nobility dread
him, goes every where with a great garrison about him and alone upholds
the Governor; and if the Governor proceed against the Cardinal and Lennox
he must bear the brunt thereof.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
749. Sadler to [Parr.]
Perceived by his letter of 19 June the proceedings of the Scottish
wardens touching Swyneho and the other attemptates; and thereupon,
because the Governor lies acrased at his house of Hamylton, conferred with
Anguish and others of the Council, who have ordered that to the next "day
of trew" (appointed, as Parr writes, for Monday next (fn. 2) ) the Justice Clerk
here shall repair, with a serjeant at arms, to cause Swyneho to be delivered
and see redress made. They seem offended at the lewd proceedings of their
wardens, but say that until peace is concluded and proclaimed, they cannot
reduce the people to good obedience.
When Nelson comes, I trust to furnish you with two tuns of wine, but
you are like to pay sweetly for it, viz. 20l. st., which please send hither to
me, or to the captain of Berwyke or Mr. Shelley to be conveyed to me; for,
to be plain, I have not enough to spare 20l. and cannot borrow, so that
unless my lord Lieutenant help me I know not how to do. Edenburght,
Hol., pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost.
St. P., IX. 422.
750. Wallop to the Council.
Received their letter dated Purgo, 17th (fn. 3) inst., by Guysnes, whom he
accordingly despatched to Mons. de Beez, whose answer and Wallop's reply
are enclosed. Guisnes can relate what was said.
Learnt to-day that the French king wrote on Tuesday last, from Chasteau
in Cambresey, to Mons. de Bees, that he could not believe the report that
Englishmen had come over sea to do him displeasure (for he was the King's
friend); but if they did he would send De Beez 100 men of arms and 1,000
footmen for more surety of that frontier, and keep the rest of his army
together. Paris and Normandy have granted pay of 10,000 men for three
months against invasion. Some say the siege of Bapham is withdrawn.
Last night many horse and foot entered Arde, and all Boullonoyes is now
afraid. Some say the Burgundians made a course this morning and took
cattle beside Arde, and are now at Tourneham to put men in one of the old
towers there. "At the Slewse beside Bruges is arrived 3,000 Spaniards."
Guisnes, 21 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
751. Oudart Du Bies to Wallop.
Has received his letter by Guynes herald, the bearer, giving warning
that if Du Bies invades the Emperor's lands he must, for his King's honor,
assist the Emperor's subjects; which is a language not accustomed. Sends
this courier to know if Wallop is commanded to make war on him. As to
the treaty of Cambray which Wallop's letter mentions; never heard that
his master, by breaking any treaty, gave Wallop's king occasion to aid his
enemies. Boullogne, 21 June 1543. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.
St. P., IX. 422.
752. Wallop to Du Bies.
Has just received his letter in answer to that sent yesterday by
Guisnes herald, in which Du Bies finds a language not accustomed and
desires to know, by bearer, whether Wallop is commissioned to make war
upon him. Has no commission to declare war and what he wrote was for
safeguard of his master's honor, as the letter stated. As to what he
wrote, if Du Bies invade the Emperor's lands near this frontier he (Wallop)
will do no less than he has written. As to the treaty of Cambray, leaves
that dispute to their two masters.
French. Copy, p. 1. Headed by Wallop's clerk : "Copy of my letter
sent to Mons. de Beez."
753. The Patriarch, Marco Grimani, to Cardinal Farnese.
Farnese will already be informed of events of Scotland by the bearer
of his letters of the 11th inst., M. David (fn. 4) , Scottishman, by whom (although
he did not write it) he was asked, in the name of the Cardinal of St.
Andrews, if he had power to proceed against certain delinquents. Now a
Scottish captain (fn. 5) , in the Cardinal's name, has made the same request and
(being answered that the writer's powers extended not to proceed against
bishops and greater prelates) has urged him to write of it to Farnese, as
will be seen by another letter forwarded by the Cardinal of Tornon. The
said captain, being come lately from Scotland for aid from the French
king, will return into Scotland with artillery, pikes and halberts and 50,000
ducats in money. The said captain has been several times with him, and,
speaking of the troubles of Scotland, fears the great power of the king of
England, who has formed a design upon it, and the division of the realm
both in wish and in faith. Would himself doubt the same, had he not
heard that there is a good union of the better Scots most devoted to the
Holy See and natural enemies of the English. Prays God to preserve that
realm, because the loss of it would greatly hurt the Holy See and the
French King. The Queen and the Cardinal have little to do, but hope to
lead things in a good direction. The chief difficulty appears to be the
election of the Governor, by the whole Council of the realm, to govern
until the Daughter is twelve years old; which Governor claims the
succession next after her and appears to be of a different mind from the
others, and rather inclined to the king of England. * * *
Paris, 21 June 1543. Signed : Marco Grimano, Patriarcha.
Italian. Modern extract from a Vatican MS., pp. 2. Headed : Di Marco
Grimano, nuntio in Francia, al Card. Farnese.
St. P., IX. 408.
754. Ultimatum to France.
[Preamble of the Council's intimation to the French ambassador.]
To maintain the tranquility of Christendom, the King our sovereign
joined in close amity with the Emperor; and, to induce the King your
master to join them, lately sent his principal king of arms, Garter, with
Toyson d'Or, the Emperor's chief king of arms, with good and friendly
offers, but safe-conduct was refused to Toyson d'Or, and Garter was so long
kept in suspense, that both had to return without executing their charge.
Such unheard-of treatment of heralds, who are the only means of
continuing peace or ending war, might well offend the Emperor and King,
but they have decided to try yet another way, and have commanded us to
announce to you (and deliver in writing) certain terms (propos) to be
reported to your master and answered within 20 days.
French, pp. 3. Endd. : "The preface spoken by my lord of Norfolk to
the French ambassador."
2. Draft of the preceding in English; by which it appears that the
original wording (which is altered) was that the heralds went to induce
Francis to join for the quiet of Christendom and "the more speedy expulse
of the Turk, great enemy of the same;" and that they were refused safe-conduct
and constrained to return.
In Wriothesley's hand, much corrected, pp. 3. Endd. : Preface.
St. P., IX. 388.
3. [The Council's intimation to the French ambassador.]
The King our Sovereign (considering that the present troubles of
Christendom are chiefly caused by the war which the King your master has
recommenced against the Emperor, and that the Turk, common enemy of
our Religion, daily advances), by advice of the Emperor, requires the King
your master to consider that, for some years past, the Turk ceases not his
efforts to subdue the lands of the Christians and destroy our Holy Religion.
Also our Sovereign complains, in particular, of the injuries he has
suffered from your master, always hoping that, in consideration of the
pleasures done him in his necessity, your master would make redress.
Our Sovereign's desire for amity is shown by his patience; for, whereas by
a treaty of perpetual peace your master is bound to pay 102,104 cr. yearly
he has not, for 9 years past, paid one penny, thus showing little regard to
his honor or to our Sovereign's friendship. And meanwhile your master
has maintained divers of our Sovereign's rebels, as namely the son of a
cobbler (fn. 6) (savatyer) who boasted that he was of the blood royal and called
himself la Blanche Rose. Likewise, your master procured the late King of
Scots to break the peace and invade his Uncle's realm; and, since his
death, has sent ambassadors and Scottish subjects into Scotland with offers
of aid to continue the war. Also your master's ambassador persuaded our
Sovereign to let his merchants go to France for wines, as usual, promising
them immunity from Frenchmen and Scots in their passage, when they
were betrayed into the hands of the Scots. And lately your master has
imprisoned divers of our Sovereign's subjects, merchants and others, without
cause, and by recent proclamations in favour of our Sovereign's
subjects has drawn them into his country, where, contrary to honor, reason
and justice, they are rigorously imprisoned.
These things, together with his desire for the preservation of
Christendom against the Great Turk, have moved our Sovereign to join
with the Emperor in requiring of your master satisfaction for these griefs
and those of the Emperor, which Mons. de Chappuis, his ambassador, here
present, will declare.
Our Sovereign, for his private quarrel, requires your master to pay the
debts and arrears due, and deliver, in security for the pension in the future,
the towns of Boullongne, Ardre, Monstreul, Terrouen and the county of
Ponthieu; to release of his subjects with their ships and goods; to abstain
from practises with the Scots and others to our Sovereign's detriment; to
cease his war against the Emperor, so as to give leisure to resist the Turk;
and to indemnify the Emperor, as Chappuis, here present, will declare.
Upon these conditions our Sovereign, with the Emperor's consent, will
receive your master in friendship and continue the peace with him. If
your master refuse to satisfy these demands, or to give sufficient pledges to
do so, within the next 20 days, our Sovereign demands, in addition, the
realm of France, the duchies of Normandy, Gascoigne and Guyenne and
all the lands which your master has usurped from him, or else will make
war against him to bring him to reason; intimating that if the above
demands are not accomplished within the said time he (our Sovereign)
denounces war against him and will not desist from it without the
French, pp. 6. The last half in Mason's hand. Endd. by Paget : The
minute of the intimation made to the French ambassador.
4. Another copy of § 3, endorsed as the paper read and put into the
French ambassador's hands by the duke of Norfolk in the name of the
Privy Council, 22 June 1543.
ii. The intimation made at the same time by Chapuys, on the Emperor's
behalf, calling upon the French king (1) to desist from amity with
the Turk, (2) to satisfy the king of Romans and States of the Empire for
damage caused by the Turk's invasion made at his solicitation, and restore
Maran to the king of Romans, (3) to cease war against the Emperor and
pay for damages, (4) to restore the provinces usurped by him and his
predecessors from the Empire, especially Savoy, and compensate the duke
of Savoy, (5) to pay the king of France and England all that is due by
virtue of the treaties between them, and make reparation of the injuries
heretofore declared by the duke of Norfolk. That done, the Emperor, with
the consent of his ally the king of France and England, will receive him
But, if he will not obey such just and amiable admonitions within the
time declared by Norfolk, the Emperor, in addition, requires him (1) to
restore the duchy of Burgundy, counties of Charlois (sic), &c. (detailed), (2) to
restore to the king of France and England what is detained from him, as
declared by Norfolk, (3) to restore to the emperor the towns and castles of
Hesdyn, Estenay, Ivoix and Dampvilliers, (4) to restore to the Empire
Provence and Dauphiné, (5) to fulfil the treaties of Madrid and Cambray,
(6) to restore 25,000 cr. which he forced the abp. of Valence to pay, and
make reparation for the abp.'s detention.
Otherwise the Emperor will, with the assistance of the king of France
and England, continue to make war upon him.
French, pp. 10. Modern transcript from Vienna (where there are two
MSS. of § ii. with variations described in the transcript.)
755. Suffolk and Tunstall to [Parr].
Where two ships under George Reveley and another captain are
charged to bring to London 150 mariners and soldiers, and this day a great
number of French ships are said to be off this coast, as ye were advertised
last night, the two ships should not depart till they see the sea clear. We
require your Lordship in all haste to warn the two ships, which lie about
Skaythe Rode or Holy Elande, to take heed of their enemies. Darnton,
P.S.—A great ship of three tops rides this day within three miles of
Hartilpole "whom they may look upon if there be no mo, having the shore
their friends." Signed.
P. 1. Fly-leaf with address lost.
St. P., IX. 424.
756. Seymour and Wotton to the Council.
Wrote to the King the answer made by Mons. de Courrieres and
President Score concerning the impost; and, the same day, (fn. 7) advertised the
Governor and Company of it. Next afternoon, Tuesday, the merchants
began to ship goods; but the officers demanded the impost, saying they had
not heard from the Regent to the contrary. Next day, learning this from
the Governor, sent to the President, whose answer they wrote to the King's
Council through the said Governor. Enclose a letter sent them by the
President (fn. 8) at that time. Yesterday, being Thursday, the Governor sent
word again that, although suffered to depart, it was to the derogation of
their privileges; for they were required (1) to take oath that they carried
none but their own goods, (2) to certify everything they carried hence,
with the price and how they bought it, (3) to promise that it should be
carried nowhere but to England and there distributed and sold, and (4) to
pay impost on what was shipped before the Regent's commandment came.
On this, would not complain any more to the President but applied to
the Queen, who said that the merchants were to depart freely without
breaking of their privileges, but some order must be taken to eschew fraud,
and for this she would send the President to the writers this day. This
afternoon the President was with them and said that the easiest way to
prevent our merchants carrying other men's goods was to take their oaths;
as to the promise to carry nowhere but to England, both De Courrieres
and he had declared that to be the Regent's pleasure and the writers had
found no fault; as to the other points, viz., the selling in England and the
receiver's being made privy to everything carried and what was paid for it
and taking impost for goods shipped before, no more should be heard of
them. Answered that they did wisely to provide against deceit, but must
not contravene the intercourse, as by binding the merchants to carry
merchandise nowhere but to England, for although both De Courrieres and
he used the words pour Engleterre the writers understood them to mean
that no goods should be carried for strangers but only for Englishmen.
After long reasoning he required them to deliver in writing the faults
which they found with the order, and the Queen would answer each point.
He then said that a new commandment was sent for our men to pass
freely, and doubtless we should hear from Andwarpe that they were gone.
"Thus have we never no end of this endless matter," but think it
expedient to signify what is done. Send copy of the first commandment
sent on Wednesday. (fn. 9) Bruxelles, 22 June 1543. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
[Calendar of Cecil MSS.,
Pt. I., 38.
757. The Impost In Flanders.
At the request of the Queen Dowager of Hungary, Regent, &c., to
declare in writing the complaints of the English merchants touching a new
imposition "du Cme" and an Act passed on that subject 19 June last, the
English Ambassador replies as follows :—
1. That he and his colleague have shown the President in writing a full
specification of those grievances, and have received in writing some mere
excuses which afford no remedy. 2. That by the first article of those
excuses it appears her Majesty has been informed that the exemption from
imposts here applies not to English subjects generally but only to the
merchants of the English nation subject to the "Courtmaistre" of the
said nation; whereas the contrary appears by the 2d article of the treaty of
11 April, 1520, which is confirmed by an article of the treaty of Cambray,
5 August, 1529, and further by an article of the more strict
alliance recently made, all which articles are quoted verbatim.
3. In the 2d article the word "quelzconcques" should have been added
in accordance with the treaty of 1515, which allows no restriction except
on victuals in time of scarcity. 4. As to the 3d, the treaties allow transport
to England as well as elsewhere. 5. As to the 4th, speaking of the
imposts which the English have paid in past times, it is true they have
been accustomed to pay certain tolls (tonlieux), but they are exempt from
all imposts by treaties of 1520 and 1495. 6. As to the 5th article, the
words "par forme de provision et tant que autrement sera ordonn"
would reduce the treaties of 1520 and 1495 to mere provisions. 7. Further
observations on the 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th articles showing that both the
impost and the Act of 19th June are against the treaties; for which reason
the Ambassador requests the Queen to make restitution and release all
Fr., pp. 18.
St. P., IX. 423.
758. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Since he wrote on the 17th, letters from Naples, of the 16th, report
that the Turk's navy of 200 sail passed Otrento on the 10th towards Sicile.
Barbarossa has executed Corsairs who robbed Venetians. The Turk is
esteemed to be at Buda. The Queen of Hungary, Friar George and other
Hungarians have agreed with him. Ferdinando had made no real provision
against him, and now sends the bp. of Vienna to the Emperor for succour.
Men despair of parliament between the Emperor and the Bishop, who
would not assent to Guasto's entering Parma with 3,000 foot and 400
horse for the Emperor's safeguard. The Emperor was coming to Mantoa,
where he gives the duke of Florence possession of all fortresses in return
for 150,000 cr. a year and 6,000 footmen paid for 6 months. The Duke
pardons all banished Florentines except the Stroci, whose goods are given
to the hospital of Florence. French galleys (14 or 22) lately issued out of
Toulon, and Doria forthwith left Geane with 48 galleys to "rescontre"
with them and so go to Sicile. Venice, 22 June 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
II., No. 165.]
759. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Has received her letters of the 6th (16th?) inst.; and the King and his
Council have well taken her answer upon the articles they proposed, and
advertisement of the forces of Arschot and De Roeulx. As for the wagons
and horses which they will need for their artillery and the carriage of their
men, especially horsemen, the Sieur de Chenay on arriving at Calais, for
which he left to-day, will advertise her or the King's ambassadors; and as
for victuals, the King will allow grain to be had from here and from Calais.
After or upon the departure of Garter from Calais, the Deputy received a
letter from Du Bies to the effect that he had his King's commission to hear
the king of arms, and would make him good cheer and get him brief
answer, which would suit him better than to risk himself among men of
war of so many different nations, and also the King had no great leisure to
communicate with him, being occupied with the war; Du Bies would tell
the king of arms something that would be to the singular pleasure and
satisfaction of this King. The Council thereupon debated whether they
should send the king of arms or not, and sent the earl of Arfort and Sieur
de Cheney to ask Chapuys's advice whether to give Garter commission to
declare what Thoyson d'Or was to have declared. Answered that he had
no power to do this, and did not think that the Queen had; and, even if he
had, he would not consent to it; that it was not for their King's honour,
whom the French evidently mocked by sending the letter after Garter's
return and denying him access to the French king, and that, to intimate
the charge, the Ambassador here, who represented his master, was a more
authorised person that Du Bies, whatever commission he might have, of
which however they had no certainty, and it was mockery to say he would
declare a thing of such importance to the king of arms, which would be
more fittingly put forward by the ambassador. Finally, on Wednesday,
20th inst., Chapuys being in Court, it was concluded, in accordance with
his first opinion, to intimate the charge of the kings of arms to the
ambassador. And this was done yesterday after dinner, at Westminster, in
presence of all the Council and of several other lords and gentlemen.
If Chapuys had commenced the ambassador might have said that he had no
charge to hear him. It was, therefore, thought best that Norfolk should speak
first; which he did, reading a writing (of which Chapuys will send a copy).
After Norfolk had read a part Chapuys declared the summons on the
Emperor's behalf, and then Norfolk proceeded to the further demand and
declaration of war, and Chapuys, likewise intimated the continuation of war,
according to Thoyson d'Or's instructions; and finally both gave the
ambassador, in writing, the charge of the kings of arms, in the form
shown by the documents (fn. 10) which Chapuys will send.
Returning from Westminster, late, received her letters of the 19th, which
he will answer after he has been at Court, and, having here two couriers,
of whom she may have need, despatches this bearer without the aforesaid
documents. Informs her in confidence, that, yesterday, the Council, after
the ambassador left, asked if, on the French raising the siege of
Bappaulmes, Mons. de Roeulx would not make some enterprise. Answered
that he thought so, if they would make those which had been talked of,
and sent men to aid therein besides those whom they send for the
capitulated assistance; but at present there is little appearance of inducing
them to it, and there is one in the company (fn. 11) who puts forward so many
considerations as to spoil all. Perhaps, seeing affairs of France not
prospering as people expected, opinion may change. They also asked
whether, if more than the stipulated number of horse and foot were sent
over, the Emperor would take them into his pay. Answered that he did
not know, but would willingly write of it. They said also that Chenay,
who was present, led 400 horse, as well to assist the footmen as that he
should have men to do notable service (they being gentlemen, the flower
of the youth here, among whom would be the ambassador (fn. 12) who is with the
Queen). Told them that the Queen was charged to require only footmen,
according to the capitulation, but he thought she would not object; and,
on his asking how much they esteemed the horseman, Cheyney said that
the 400 would count only for 500 foot; although Norfolk would count
them at 600 foot, counting three footmen for two horses.
The Council affirm that affairs with Scotland are settled as the King
desires, and only remain to be put in writing. London, 23 June 1543.
Has just obtained copy of the writing which Norfolk yesterday read and
delivered to the ambassador of France. Sends it to her, to forward with
his packet to the Emperor.
French, pp. 5. Modern transcript from Vienna.
II., No. 166.
760. Chapuys to Granvelle.
The documents herewith show the news here, especially what passed
with the French ambassador as regards the summons and intimation of the
war. "Et crois bien que, neque vobis neque Plutarco auctore, (fn. 13) ledit
ambassadeur a accepte lez escriptz que sur ce luy ont est baillez ne prinse
charge d'envoyer en diligence a ceulx et en rendre brefve responce, dont yl
a rendu merveilleusement joyeuse la compagnie et speciallement moy pour
lez respectz que votre seigneurie peult considerer." Awaits eagerly the
Emperor's resolution as to what he will have to solicit here. London,
23 June 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
761. Suffolk and Tunstall to [Parr].
This morning we received a letter from Court declaring that the truce
now ending shall be prorogued to 1 Aug., at the request of the Scottish
ambassadors, and ordering proclamation of this to be made before the
expiring of the truce. Your lordship must enter this new prorogation upon
the last proclamation, and write to your deputy wardens to proclaim it in
time. See that the thing you intend to do to those who attempt against
the truce is first done; and your letter of this morning, to Suffolk,
"containing that something should be done, was stayed unto it be done,
and not sent forth, for that purpose." Darnton, 23 June. Signed.
P.S.—In your letters this morning you write not what is become of
Robt. Colingwood, "nor which Robert Colingwood it is, whether the chief
or the other."
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
St. P., IX. 427.
762. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
The Queen Regent, hearing that a certain Scot who was a great
favourer of the enemy should pass this way, has arrested, on suspicion, one
that was going towards Lorraine, who calls himself Alex. Gordon, brother
to the earl of Huntley, and she thinks that Henry should be apprised of it.
The Grand Esquire, Boussu, is returned from the Emperor, who, he says,
may speak with the Bishop of Rome at Parma, but will not tarry but hasten
to join the lantzknechts and horsemen prepared for him in Germany. The
Prince has been these two days within a mile of Heynsborgh, and the
Clevois do not give battle. French prisoners say that their King will
besiege Avesnes, and that Mons. du Bies came in haste to show him that
a great number of Englishmen were come over, which moved him not a
little. Bruxelles, 23 June 1543. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
II., No. 167.
763. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Wrote yesterday. This morning the King, solicited to hasten the
succour, answered that he was attending to it as carefully as possible and it
only depended upon Cheyney, who has the conduct of it, being ready; and
that the men already over, who, as the Council showed yesterday by a list,
are 5,500 foot, could not be sent forward until Cheney's arrival. There
was no one there fit for the charge and it was better to defer a little than
hazard his men and reputation. On Chapuys's suggesting, for the second
time, by advice of some of the Council, the captain of Guisnes as a person of
great experience and in the confidence of De Roeulx, the King answered that he
did not expect to be counselled to deprive of its chief, at this season, the
place of Guisnes, which was one of the strongest of Christendom. Showed
him that there were gentlemen at Guisnes sufficient to guard it now
when it was not likely (the Emperor's men and his being in the field) to
incur any danger. He began to be piqued, saying that a friend ought not
to be pressed to do what might turn to his disadvantage; and Chapuys
then remitted all to his wisdom, reminding him that his men over sea were
doing no service; as he has also reminded the Council, whom he finds
inclined to advance affairs, but for the two (fn. 14) of whom he wrote some time ago,
especially Cheney, who indirectly puts forward so many considerations that the
aid may be said to be retarded by him.
As to the contradiction and present of the English merchants the King says
that they will do their duty, and he has commissioned the Council to deal with
them. Believes that if, without declaring anything to the ambassadors, she had
given him commission to make the answer, the present would have been better.
The King rejoices at the retreat of the French who were before
Bappaulmes and especially at their loss of 600 men and two or three
captains, which he recited to Chapuys, adding that he was astonished to
hear nothing of the enterprise of Monstreul. Answered, as she wrote, that De
Roeulx was only waiting for the French to lay siege to some place. He was
pleased to hear that she had ordered the preparation of the army by sea in
accordance with the capitulation, for the enemy are not asleep in strengthening
themselves by sea. The Council say that the King has ordered an
inestimable quantity of victuals to be sent over, 4,000 or 6,000 qr. of wheat,
10,000 qr. of malt (grains) for beer, 20,000 ducats worth of cheese, and an
innumerable quantity of bacon, beans (? feues) and other things; affirming
that 6,000 more men than are required for the aid will shortly be sent over.
Would not speak to the King about the safeconducts, considering what
he has divers times said of it and that there was no time to explain
the whole; but debated it with the Council, who, at the beginning, were
very irritated but softened a little, although truly they do not like it.
However, they have released without difficulty three ships of the
Vuychardimes laden with wines, which were taken three or four days
In his haste, the day before yesterday, forgot to write that the French
ambassador made no answer to the intimation of war and only said that, to
pass into France, Garter needed no safeconduct. Being told that Garter
was right in asking for it, seeing that the King's last ambassador (fn. 15) had been
unjustly arrested there, the French ambassador attempted to excuse the
arrest, but was confuted by the ambassador who had been detained, who
answered him very well before the whole assembly. The French
ambassador, moreover, said that the term of 20 days seemed very short,
protesting, however, that he would not waste time by asking to have it
prolonged. Yesterday the said ambassador sent to tell the Council that
his master wished him to advertise the King, his good brother, that his
affairs were in the best possible state, and he was now with 16,000
lanzknechts, 25,000 adventurers, 1,800 light horse and 2,000 men of arms,
and expected moreover 10,000 Almains and 12,000 Swiss; and that he was
sending forward Marshal Ennebault with a good band and would shortly
follow in person. Of these news this King made a jest as did also the
Council. London, 24 June 1543.
The King has just sent, at 6 p.m., news of the success of the Prince of
Orenges about Hainsbergue, of which he shows himself marvellously glad.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript from Vienna.
St. P., V. 308.
764. Suffolk and Tunstall to Parr.
In his letter of yesterday he writes that 10 Scottishmen with 18
horses are taken on the East Marches and brought into England, and also
three taken with Sir Ralph Eure's company, and asks how to entreat them.
They should be entreated well or otherwise as Swynnowe and the constable
of Forde are entreated, but surely kept. At the day of truce, it is to be
answered that this was done, without the knowledge of the authorities, by
such as had their friends and gear taken and could get no redress because
of the deferring of the days of truce and refusal of justice, although the
Governor had ordered redress. The Borders must be put on their guard
against the Scots revenging it. Darnton, 24 June. Signed.
P.S.—If the Scots attempt revenge, they must be paid home by those
who suffer; without command by Parr or his deputy-wardens, who, however,
shall give them advice and see that they do it strongly.
Pp. 2. Flyleaf with address lost.
765. Garrisons and Ships.
Newcastle upon Tyne, 24 June, 35 Hen. VIII. :—Brief declaration
by John Uvedale, treasurer appointed to pay the earl of Angwishe,
Geo. Douglas, the lord Warden and the garrisons on the Borders, and also
the charges of ships, since 25 May last; of which a signed copy is delivered
to the duke of Suffolk, lieutenant in the North.
Showing that on 25 May he had (partly in broken and refuse gold and
light crowns) 5,743l. 7s. 1½d., whereof he has paid :—
By Norfolk's warrants : To James Lawsone, Hen. Aundirson and
Robt. Thomsone, of Newcastle, sums of 115l., 35l. and 30l. odd,
respectively, for victualling, tonnage, &c., of their ships the Elizabeth,
Antony, and John Evangelist; and to John Jenyns of Newcastle 17l. 9s. for
victual provided for these ships when in the Frethe in Scotland anno
34 Henry VIII.
By Suffolk's warrants : To Angwishe in prest 100l.; and for wages of
himself and Geo. Douglas, and their petty captains and 200 men, for
70 days ending 2 July, 518l. To Petrus Franciscus, trumpeter, for 70 days
ending 2 July, 5l. 5s. Total 623l. 5s.
By lord Lisle's warrants : To Jas. Lawsone for victualling, tonnage, &c.,
of the Roberte, "being a victualler unto the said four ships at such time as
they were in the Frethe in Scotland," 27l. 2s. 5d., also for victualling, &c.,
of the Elsabethe from 15 Jan. to 8 March, when she was discharged,
87l. 18s. 11d. To Wm. Woodhous, Dunstan Newdigate, Laur. Folberie,
and George Riveley, captains of four ships appointed to keep the North
Seas, for two months ending 21 June, 221l. 17s. 6d.; and for tonnage, &c.,
of the ships, as appears by accounts taken by Robt. Lewen and
Geo. Riveley, 60l. 4s. 8d.
By lord Parr's warrants : To lord Parre, Sir Robt. Bowes, Stephen
Metcalf, trumpeter, and the garrison of 459 men, for wages of themselves,
captains, &c. (items detailed), until 2 July, 754l. 2s. 2d.
Remainder 3,769l. 0s. 14½d.
Estimate that the monthly charge of the lord Warden, garrisons, &c., is
898l. 7s. 4d. Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
Large paper, pp. 2.
766. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
This morning, at 1 a.m., their neighbour, the master of the Posts,
sent to declare news from the camp that went to the rescue of Henesberge,
viz. that, yesterday afternoon, the armies of the Emperor and the duke of
Cleves met "and that the Emperor's folkes wan the battell." Brewselles,
this morning, 2 a.m. [23 June]. (fn. 16) Signed.
P.S—After writing the above, I went and spake with the party that was
at the camp, who says that the Clevoys gave three alarms the night before,
and yesterday the Prince arrayed his men at day break and marched
towards the Gelders, who were in order of battle with ordnance bent upon
our folks, but, seeing our men not afraid, fled, leaving ordnance and
everything behind. In the pursuit the Prince's horsemen slew a great
number and took many prisoners.
In Seymour's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
767. Henry VIII. to Maltravers and Wallop.
Henry Palmer, bailiff of Guisnes, has signified a secret offer by one
of Arde to fire the town house of Arde, in his keeping, in which is much
munition, artillery and victuals. Has commanded Palmer to open
the matter to them, that they may consider the possibility of surprising the
town in the confusion which would ensue. The destruction of the house,
&c., would be worth the hire, and "if there might also ensue the surprising
of the town we would, as you know there is cause, be glad of it." If it is
to be done Wallop shall execute it, taking sufficient men from Guisnes and
Calais, as well labourers as of the crew, and such captains as he pleases.
Draft, pp. 6. Endd. : "Mynute to my lord Deputy of Calays and Mr.
Wallop, xxvo Junii 1543."
768. Tunstall to [Parr].
Replies to his of the 24th June that the lord Lieutenant has sent
his of yesterday and to-day to Court, "with great discourse of the misorder
of the Scottish borders and of the slackness of the wardens of the same;"
wherein my lord Lieutenant needed no spur. Wrote so effectually that
answer cannot be long in coming, and meanwhile their counsel of yesterday
(to let nothing appear the deed of Parr or his deputies) should be
followed; but those who act should be advised to go strongly, beware of
bushments, and avoid "burning or murder if it may be eschewed."
Darnton, 25 June. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address gone.
769. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
This morning received theirs of 23 June with the Scottish
ambassadors' letters to the Governor. Yesternight the Governor sent word
that, being recovered from his sickness, he would be at Edinburgh
to-morrow, and would then commune of the matters which Sadler notified
by David Panter, touching the Cardinal and Lennox; also that he had by
letter warned all prisoners of their entry, and would resolve who should
remain till Lammas when he spoke with Sadler; as to the English
prisoners to be likewise respited, named in the enclosed schedule, he had
written to their takers for their respite. Will, at his coming, move him in
this, and for proclamation of the truce till 1 August. Can learn nothing
more of the French navy. The Frenchman at Leith will not confess otherwise
than they (the navy) are adventurers from Diep looking to join with,
at least, 20 sail of the king of Denmark, and so keep the seas against the
King and Emperor.
Headed : To my lords of Suffolk and Durham, 25 June 1543.
770. H. Lord Maltravers to the Council.
Having just received the enclosed letters, I feigned in my answer to
be ignorant of the day, doubting whether the King would have me advertise
"him." Fears still to be pressed in this behalf. In sundry letters
Maltravers and Wallop have written for slings for this town and Newnham
Bridge and 3,000 pikes for this and Guisnes. Of the pikes 1,500 are
arrived, with a letter from Serjeant Ouxley that 1,500 more are coming and
no slings of iron can be had. As the number of men for Guisnes is
increased, has given Wallop 600 pikes more than he requested. Begs them
to consider the lack of slings. Has dismounted some here and sent them to
Newnham Bridge. Calais, 25 June 1543. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 428.
771. Seymour and Wotton to Henry VIII.
This day the Regent sent for them and declared the danger the
country is in, the enemy entering further into it; and desired that she
might have Henry's aid sent as soon as possible, and notice of the
numbers and manner of men, so that she might prepare either to meet the
enemy or otherwise as her Council should advise. If Henry's men join the
Duke and the 3,000 Spaniards new come and the Prince, who comes back
out of Juliers, they will deliver the Frenchmen battle; the Prince's men
being encouraged and desirous to fight. The French king lies at Maroles
in Hainault. They have taken 2 or 3 towns of no defence, as Landryssy
and Maulbeuge, and destroyed the country. People round here bring in
their goods. Letters are intercepted in which the French king writes to the
duke of Cleves that 10,000 gentlemen, all footmen, are coming to join him,
and that he himself will meet him. The Prince is expected at Court today.
The Scot of whom they wrote had passports of the king of Denmark
and duke of Cleves; and a letter found on him was endorsed "Generoso
Alexandro Gordon Huntley comiti in Scotia et sororio Regis ibidem, amico
suo." Beg Henry to signify whether he shall be kept safe. Bearer, Mr.
Bellingyam, Henry's servant, can describe the revietnalling of Heynsborgh;
and desires, for his learning, to be sent over hither with Henry's men.
Bruxelles, 25 June 1543. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.