823. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 6 July. Present :—Canterbury, Chancellor,
Russell, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley, Paget. Business:—Sir John Gascoyne, upon a complaint
against him by his wife, summoned to Court.
[*** Next entry is 8 July.]
32,651, f. 74.
824. Henry VIII. to Arran.
John Rosse, laird of Cragy, and certain of his friends have sustained
loss, since "his repair hither unto us our prisoner," by persons in Scotland
who have pursued matters against them in his absence. Begs him so to
restore them to liberty and lands as they may answer for themselves.
Draft much corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 2. Endd.: Mynute to therle of
Arren, sexto Julii 1543.
32,651, f. 72.
2. Petition to Henry VIII. by Johnne Ros of Chraigy, whose "onefrendis
hes rasit litteris one hyme and his frendis to wndirly ye law, for yo said
lardis cuminge furth of the ralme and wthir crymis," to write to the
Governor to pardon him and his said friends "contentit in the swmmyns,"
and to Maister Sadillar, ambassador, to solicit this.
In a Scottish hand, p. 1.
Ib. f. 73.
3. To the same effect in an English hand and expressed in English
170 f. 291b.
825. Andrew Mowbray.
Safe-conduct for Andrew Mowbray, merchant of Edinburgh, to trade
in England. Westm., 6 July 35 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 2.
St. P., V. 315.
826. Suffolk and Tunstall to [Parr].
By his letter of 5 June (sic), enclosing a schedule, perceive that
argument is arisen among the gentlemen of the West Marches concerning
their service to the King at Solome Mosse, some few persons taking all the
praise to themselves, to the detriment of the others, whose names appear in
the schedule as worthy to have been booty fellows and partners in the gain
and commendation. Heretofore, two gentlemen, in the name of others,
came to Suffolk complaining that the horsemen set light by the service done
by the footmen, whereat the gentlemen who were on foot with their companies
ready to spend their lives were not content; but no claim was then
made to be partners in any gain or bootyship. Suffolk showed them that
the King had written letters of thanks to them all and no misreport could
hinder the King's good opinion of them; and this he also required Wharton
to declare, and thought the matter was pacified. Parr should divide the
matter into (1) praise of those that served and (2) profit of those that took
prisoners; and, sending for Sir Jas. Layburne, who seems to speak for
many, and some others, should assure them that no man's report can
hinder the King's opinion of their service. And Parr should send for and
reprove sharply such as they suspect to have been misreporters of them,
and should punish such as they suspect to have been too busy in such
misreport. But, as to sharing the ransom of the prisoners, it must be
plainly declared that, by law of arms, a prisoner belongs to the man who
ventures his life in taking him; and assuredly if the prisoners that day had
lit in the hands of the footmen the horsemen would have had no part of
them; and if prisoners were common to all in the field no man would
venture his life to take any,—the thing is "against all reason and all the
law of arms that ever have been, nor never the like demand hath been read
of in any chronicle nor heard tell of in any country." Darnton, 6 July.
P.S.—Claims made upon any covenant or bargain with horsemen should
be examined; and Wharton should be sent for at the conclusion of the
matter, so that he may pacify such as Parr does not send for.
Enclose letters to bo forwarded to Sadler and Angus.
Pp. 4. Fly leaf with address lost.
32,651 f. 55.
827. Parr to Suffolk.
Wrote of late that he expected intelligence out of Scotland; and
now a good espial has reported (on the word of a gentleman of such
estimation and wisdom that little is done in Scotland, especially the hither
parts, without his knowledge) that what the Governor promises to the
King is but craft and fraud. When his own Council, lately, said that they
marvelled he would undertake at the end of 10 years to deliver the young
Queen, which he could not perform, the Governor answered "Ye know the
King of England is a mighty prince, and we not able nor (fn. 1) of power to resist
his puissance, and for that cause I think and take it best, by fair words and
promises, with the concluding of this peace, to defer and put over the
danger that might otherwise fall upon us; and in the mean time the young
Queen may chance to die, or other change may happen whereby Scotland
may be relieved and more able to resist England." There is none assured
to the Governor in this treaty but Angwishe, Casselles and Maxwell. The
Governor is poor and has spent all he had of the King or could make
of his own, and is of small wit to effect a matter of importance
and less constancy to keep his promise. Anguishe is an honorable
man, but not reputed to be of policy to conclude a matter like this.
Casselles and Maxwell are men of small manred; and Maxwell's power is
decayed since the King of Scots's death, and those then with him, as lord
Johnston and the power of Earl Bothwell, turned to the contrary part. So
that the success of the matter rests in the wit of George Duglasse, "who
is reported by the Scots to be practised with both parties" and able
to shift for himself though his promises fail. The Scots take their
fees from the Governor and Angwishe as only for party
matters, and will desert and resist them if they incline to the
King against the other lords; openly bruiting that they be Scottishmen and
will be true Scots against England, whatsoever covenant be made to the
contrary by their Governor. Riding nigh the shore between Liethe and
St. Abbes Head are 27 sail, whereof two landed at Abirdyne and there the
Cardinal sent them bread, beer and beef and they returned to sea. None
but the Cardinal and his Council know what they be; but it is judged that
"they be no friends to England because he was so good to them." Lord
Hume, warden of the East Marches, is the Cardinal's fee'd man and lately
received from him 900 crs. and promise of necessaries for building Hume
castle. Wishing to speak first with the Cardinal, Hume deferred the day
of truce, which should have been yesterday, to the 19th, and went direct to
the Cardinal. (Parr to-day received a letter from Hume to Sir Wm. Eure
making no excuse but that, for other business, he had no leisure to keep it.)
Argile, Lennox, Huntley, Marshall, Montrose, Southerlande, Boughen,
Crayforde, Bothwell and many other lords, temporal and spiritual, are
addict to the Cardinal, and most of their sons and kinsmen are his household
servants or retainers and all the commonalty leans to him and his
The said gentleman of Scotland promises to send word if the foresaid
ships come to land; and, fearing to come himself to Parr, intends to be at
next day of truce, where, if Parr will send servants, he will tell them
things worth knowing. Intends to do this and desires advice what things
should be enquired of him. Finally the gentleman says that all the
Governor's assurances are feigned, who is not of wit to perform them, nor,
without assistance of wise and firm men, "is not able ne can do as it is
thought he may do"; for all Scotland knows the nature of the Governor,
and will die rather than at any time deliver their young Queen into England
or conform to any covenant "touching that purpose."
This declares another nature in the Governor than Parr has heard of
before. The gentleman is of good reputation; and the espial reputed to be
one that will learn much and report little. Begs that this letter may be
sent to the King. Warkwourthe, 6 July. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P.,IX. 440.
828. Wotton to Henry VIII.
A long letter is unnecessary, as Mr. Seymour can declare everything;
whose departure leaves the whole burden upon Wotton, who will do his
best. Brucelles, 6 July 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
829. Seymour and Wotton to the Council.
Wrote to the King, 18 June, that President Sckore and Mons. de
Courryers said that our merchants should depart without paying the impost.
On the 20th we advertised your Lordships of the delay thereof, shown by
the Governor's letter (sent therewith) and the President's answer that he
had sent the discharge. On the 22nd we sent you a letter of President
Sckore's concerning the release; and reported the Governor's notice of the
stay, the Queen's answer that "they should pass freely" and the President's
request for a writing of the faults we found in the Queen's order of release,
which writing we gave (copy (fn. 2) herewith). After this we informed the
President that, notwithstanding the promise to pass freely, our merchants
were "sworn, vexed and their packs broken up," as shown by letters to the
Governor (copies herewith); and yesterday the President and De Courryers
brought answer in writing (sent herewith) to the faults we found, ending
by "declaring that we were somewhat earnest in our merchants' matters";
by the which we perceive that they feel grieved. We think we could do no
less, considering that it is not the merchants' liberties but the King's,
seeing that it concerns the intercourse confirmed by this renewed alliance;
"but perceiving it is taken so, and having received from her a direct answer,
we dare not meddle any further therein" without command. Bruxelles,
6 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
830. George Monoux.
Warrant to Sir Edw. North, treasurer of Augmentations, to pay
Ric. Vaughan, to the use of George Monoux, "late alderman of London,"
24l. 3s. 5d. due to him upon an exchange of lands and woods with the
King. St. Bartholomew's, 7 July, 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by Sir Ric. Riche
and Walter Hendle.
P. 1. Add.
St. P., IX. 440.
831. The Army for Flanders.
Instructions for Sir John Wallop, who is made, by letters patent, (fn. 3)
principal leader of the aid of horsemen and footmen which the King sends
for the defence of the Emperor's Low Countries against the common
enemy the French King, under the late treaty of strait amity. Failing Sir
John Wallop, Sir Thos. Seymour, gentleman of the Privy Chamber, is to
take his place; and Seymour, Sir Ric. Crumwel, Sir Robt. Bowes and Sir
John St. John are appointed Wallop's counsellors in this journey, Seymour
being marshal of the field, Crumwell captain of the horsemen, and Bowes
treasurer. Wallop shall use his men as required by the Emperor's chief
captains; but if they are not put in place convenient he shall declare it to the
chief captain, and not undertake any enterprise which "shall not appear feasibly
convenient." They shall serve for 112 days from the day of their entry,
either in repelling the enemy or invading his dominion. If the enemy
retire before the 112 days are ended and the Emperor does not follow,
Wallop and his men shall take leave and come home. If they stay the
whole four months and the Emperor offers them convenient wages to
remain still, they shall do so, at the Emperor's charges. Wallop shall
remember to require, by virtue of the treaty, victuals and carriage at
reasonable price. He shall see that the artillery and munitions in charge
of the master of the ordnance are well husbanded. He shall, with advice,
make ordinances for the good rule of captains and soldiers.
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, pp 15. Last leaf slightly mutilated.
Headed : Instructions.
832. The Army for Flanders.
[List of gentlemen, with the numbers of horse and foot which
they furnish, viz. :—]
Mr. Treasurer, 118 h. 500 f.; Sir John Wallop, 20 h. 100 f.; Sir Thos.
Seymour, 30 h. 100 f.; Sir Thos. Darcy, 200 f.; Sir Ric. Crumwell
12 h. 100 f.; Sir Arthur Darcy, 20 h. 70 f.; Sir John Raynsforth, 100 f.';
Sir John St. John, 100 f.; Sir Humfrey Stafford, jun., 100 f.; Sir Edw.
Baynton, 10 h. 100 f.; Sir Wm. Par, 100 f.; Sir John Gascoign, 40 f.;
Sir Geo. Carewe, 6 h. 10 f.; John Wellesborne, 100 f.; Geo. Harper, 80 f.;
John Berkeley, 10 f.; Wm. Stafford, 100 f.; Dr. Lee (fn. 4) , 50 f.; Edw.
Rogers, 10 f.; Wm. Herbert, 10 f.; Bastard Faulconbridge, 2 f.; Edw.
Ellerton, (fn. 5) 10 f.; Thos. Culpeper, 10 h. 10 f.; Edw. Warner, 6 f.; Mr.
Devereux, 4 h. 4 f.; Gawyn Carewe, 4 h. 4 f.; Nic. Arnolde, 3 h. 4 f.;
Wm. Calawaye, (fn. 6) 2 h. 4 f.; Hen. Markham, 4 h. 4 f.; Fras. Knolles,
4 h. 4 f.; Rafe Phane, 30 h. 10 f.; Sir (fn. 7) Thos. Paulmer, 7 h. 4 f.; Edw.
Vaughan, —(blank); Hen. Wingfelde, —(blank); Wm. Blunt, 4 h. 4 f.;
Jas. Granado, 2 h. 2 f.; Sir Robt. Bowes, 100 h. 15 f. Total :—Horse,
400 : foot, 2,017.
Kent :—The abp. of Canterbury, 10 h. 100 f.; Sir Hen. Isley, 20 f.;
Sir Wm. Fynche, 10 f.; Sir Edw. Ringeley, 10 f.; Edw. Twhaytes,
5 f.; John Fogg, 10 f.; Ant. Sandes, 10 f.; Lord Cobham, 100 f.;
Mr. Wyatt, 100 f.; Geo. Blage, 12 f.
Sussex :—The earl of Arundel, 200 f.; Sir Wm. Goring, 20 f.;
Sir Wm. Shelley, 10 f.; John Paulmer, 15 f.; Nic. Pelham, 10 f.
Essex, to Malden :—Earl of Sussex, 50 f.; Countess of Sussex, 50 f.;
Lord Morley and Sir Hen. Parker, 50 f.; Sir Gyles Capel, 20 f.; Sir John
St. Clere, 15 f. (altered to 10 in § 2; 10 in § 3); Sir Wm. Pyrton, 10 f.; John
Daurell (fn. 8) of Messing, 4 f.; Robt. Foster, 4 f.; Hen. Polsted, 10 f.; Eustace
Sulyarde, 10 f.; Francis Clovel, 5 f.; Jas. Morrys, 5 f.; Thos. Darcy,
10 f.; John Browne, 10 f.; Thos. Josselyn, 10 f.; Wm. Harrys, 10 f.;
John Christmas, 10 f.; Edw. Grene, 10 f.; Robt. Mordaunt, 10 f.;
Antony Coke, 10 f.; Wm. Ayluth, (fn. 9) 10 f.; Hen. Tyrel of Hern, 10 f.
Southants :—Sir Wm. Berkeley, 20 f.; Sir John Calaway, 15 f.; Ant.
Wyndesor, 10 f.; John Kingsmil, 5 f.; John Norton, 5 f.; Sir Wm.
Gyfford, 5 f.
Suffolk, to Malden :—Lord Wentworth, 50 f.; Robt. Crane, 5 f.; Roger
Marten, 5 f.; the heir of Sir Thos. Barmston, (fn. 10) 10 f.; Ric. Cuddington
(Quiddington in § 12), 10 f.; Chr. Glemham (Gleman in § 12), 5 f.;
John Brusse (Bruse in §§ 2 and 3), 6 f.; Ph. Calthrop, 6 f.
Surrey :—Sir Robt. Southwell, 50; Sir Thos. Pope, 50 f.; Sir John
Gresham, 20 f.; Sir Roger Copley, 20 f.; Sir Matthew Browne, 20 f.; Hen.
Gaynsforth, 4 f.; Robert Wyntershul, 4 f.; Thos. Saunders, 2 f.; John
Scott of Camerwell, 6 f.; Wm. Mustyam, 2 f.; Rafe Jonson, 4 f.; Robt.
Curson, 2 f.; Thos. Sutton, 2 f.; Ant. Waters, 3 f.; Lady Brooke, 2 f.;
Wm. Horwood, 6 f.; Lady Weston, 10 f.; Roger Benston, 4 f.; John
Browne, 4 f.; Ric. Creswell, 3 f.; Thos. Lussher, 3 f.; Thos. Lysle, 3 f.;
Alyn Horde, 2 f.; Wm. Saunders, 3 f.
Middx. :—John Lynsey, 3 f.; [—Leeke, 5 f.] (fn. 11) ; Wm. Roper, 10 f.;
John Morton, 10 f.; Robt. Cheseman, 10 f.; Sir Chr. More, 10 f. :—
Burbage, 5 f.; — Callard, 10 f.
Berks :—Edw. Fetyplace, 20 f.; Wm. Molyns, 10 f.; Wm. Hyde, 10 f.;
Sir Wm. Essex, 50 f.; Ric. Bruges, (fn. 12) 20 f.; John Cheyney, 10 f.; John
Wynchecombe, 10 f.; Alex. Umpton, 20 f.; Alex. Fetyplace, 10 f.;
Wm. Thorpnel, (fn. 13) 10 f.
Herts :—Robt. Chestre, 5 f.; Sir Ph. Butler, 20 f.; Edw. Capel, 20 f.;
Thos. Peryent, 4 f. : Wm. Berley, 10 f.; John Brockett, 20 f.; Rowlet the
elder, 10 f.; John St. Legier, 20 f.
Cambridge, to Malden :—Thos. Ruddeston, 6 f.; John Huddelston, 10 f.;
Sir Giles Alington, 20 f.; Sir Robt. Peyton, 20 f.; Sir Thos. Elyott, 10 f.;
Thos. Utton, 10 f.; John Hynde, 10 f.; Thos. Chicheley, 10 f.
Oxford :—Lady Inglefelde, 10 f.; Sir Symon Hercourte, 30 f.;
Sir Walter Stoner, 30 f.; Sir John Browne, 20 f.; Sir Wm. Barentyne,
20 f.; Sir John Williams, 30 f.; Ant. Cope, 30 f.; Leonard Chambrelain,
City of London, 100 f.; Peter Mewtes, 200 f.; Pioneers at Guisnes,
Total footmen, 4,400.
Total, counting two horsemen for three footmen, 5,000.
Pp. 7. Endd., The book of the gentlemen's names that go with
2. Another copy of the preceding list with the following differences,
In the first paragraph, Pykering, 6 f., is added after Sir Thos. Paulmer.
In Essex, John Christmas is altered to Sir John Mordant. In Southants,
Wm. Waram, 10 f., is added, and the title "Sir" inserted before Anthony
Wyndesor. In Surrey, Lady Weston is struck out. In Middx., the Master
of the Savoy, 10 f., is added. In Herts., Robt. Litton, 10 f., is substituted
for John St. Legier, 20 f.
3. Another copy of § 2, with these corrections :—The name of Mr.
Treasurer struck out but not his numbers of men. Wm. Herbert struck
out. Peter Carew, 4 h. 4 f., added to the first paragraph. In Surrey, Roger
Benston altered to Ric. Benston.
4. Another copy of § 3, with the name Mr. Treasurer untouched.
Pp. 7. Endd. : The names of the gentlemen with their numbers now
sent over the seas.
5. List of all names (with numbers of men) in the first paragraph of § 1
except Mr. Treasurer, Wellesborne, Arnold, Phane, and Bowes, but with
some of them grouped together under the heading of "Pencioners," with the
following additional names in the general list:—Sir John St. Clere 20 f., and
in the pensioners' list, Ric. Breame 4 f. 4 h. [Grymston 4 f. 2 h.] (fn. 14) and
Young Polard 4 f. 4 h.; also a list headed "Horsemen" as follows :—Sir
Robert Bowes 100, Sir Ralph Ellerker, 103, Ric. Dacres 100, —
Bulmer 50, my lork Warden 150, Sir Thos. Seymour 30, my lord of
Canterbury 10, Rauff Fane 30.
Pp. 3. Draft.
6. Another list of names headed "To go with Mr. Treasurer."
Sir Thos. Seymour, Sir Thos. Darcy, Sir John Wallop, Sir Ric.
Crumwell, Sir Arthur Darcy, Sir Ant. Kingston, Sir Nic. Pointz, Sir Thos.
Palmer, Sir John St. Lowe, Sir John Williams, Sir John Rensford, Geo.
Harper, Sir John Bridges (struck out), Sir Geo. Carowe, Peter Carowe, Fras.
Fremyngham, Edw. Grimston, Wm. Blunt, John Portynary, Jakes
Granado, Wm. Fraunces, Ellerker, Horne, Sir John St. John, Sir John
Bridges, Sir Wm. Newnham (struck out), Sir Humfrey Stafford, junr.,
Sir Ant. Hungreford, Sir Edm. Thame, John Barkeley, Wm. Stafford,
Sir Hugh Poulet, Sir Wm. Neuham, Dr. Leigh, Edw. Rogers,
Wm. Herbert, John Barkley (struck out), Bastard Faulconbridge, Henry
Wyngfelde, Edw. Vaughan, Ric. Breame, Wm. Kelwaye, Gawen Carowe.
Draft, p. 1. Endd. : Sir John Saintcler, Edw. Eldreton, Thos.
Culpeper, Edw. Warner.
7. List of carriages required for the gentlemen (except Par, Ellerton,
Vaughan, and Wingfield) mentioned in the first paragraph of § 1, and for
the captains of the archbishop of Canterbury, the earl of Arundel, Chas.
Hawarde for London, Peter Mewtas, and 16 not appointed. Carriages 55,
horses 162, munition carts with six horses 36.
Pp. 3. Endd. : The names of the gentlemen that go with Mr. Treasurer
appointed to have carriage.
8. Ordnance appointed to go with Master Treasurer's band, viz.:—
2 demi-culverins, 4 sakers, 14 falcons and falconets, 12 wagons with iron
pieces trimmed on them.
P. 1. Endd.
9. Statement of the numbers of the old crew and labourers at Calais,
Newnham Bridge, The Marrys, Guisnes, and Hampnes, showing that with
1,500 "sent over lately" there are 5,500, whereof 2,000 are to be left; and
so there are 2,500 "on that side already towards Mr. Treasurer's 5,000 men."
Of the remaining 2,500, 400 are to be horsemen, counting for 600 footmen.
10. Another statement of the crew and labourers at Calais, etc.
11. Statement of the men to be left at Calais, etc., and of the number to
be sent over.
12. List of the gentlemen (and their numbers of footmen) named in § 2
arranged by counties, which are further grouped together to make
companies of about 100 or 200 with their captains named in the margin,
Sir Thomas Seymour.—His own men and 100 of Berkshire.
Sir J. Gascon.—His own and 60 of Cambs.
Mr. Herper.—His own and 70 of Surrey.
J. Berkley.—His own and 91 of Kent, Hants, and Surrey.
Dr. Lee.—His own and 50 of Surrey.
Sir John Wallop.—His own and 100 of Essex.
Sir Robt. Bowes.—His own and 89 of Essex.
Edw. Rogers.—His own and 90 of Essex.
Hen. Markham (substituted for W. Harbert).—Wm. Herbert's 10 and 90
of Hants, Kent, and Surrey.
Sir Arth. Darcy.—His own and 130 of Suss., Suff., and Surr.
E. Warner.—His own and 94 of Berks and Herts.
Sir Thos. Palmer.—His own and 97 of Surr. and Midd.
—(blank).—115 of Herts and Camb.
—(blank).—100 of Oxon.
—(blank).—100 of Oxon.
Bastard Fawconbridge.—His own and 100 of Suff. and Essex.
—(blank).—The footmen of Ellerton (here called Thos. Ellerton),
Culpeper, Devereux, the Carows, Arnold, Caileway Markham, Knolles,
Vane, Blont and Granado, in § 1, with 26 of Essex, Midd., Herts and
ii. List of artillery, ammunition, bows, horseshoes, tools, &c., with the
waggons necessary for them.
Pp. 10. Endd. : The boke of them which goo and sende over, with
13. List of the gentlemen furnishing horsemen and of those (except
Wallop and Seymour) furnishing a hundred or more footmen, with the
numbers furnished by each as in § 1. Total horsemen 400 (making 600
footmen); footmen 2,400.
833. Guisnes Castle.
"Information given by Sir John Wallop to Sir Edward Ryngeleye
for the sure keeping of the King's Majesty's castle of Guisnes till his
1. The crew here, for the surety of the Castle, to be called in and
bestowed by the lieutenant. 2. If Mons. de Vendomsme (sic) or other
great personage come down with 5,000 or 6,000 men, take in 400 soldiers
of the crew and bestow them as "I will give you information by writing."
The captains of these 400 are my lord Chancellor's, the Chancellor of the
Augmentations', the bp. of Ely's and Mr. Long's. 3. If there come only
the ordinary of Boullenois, not above 3,000 foot and 200 men of arms, take
in 200 of the bp. of Ely's and Mr. Long's men. 4. If "ye shall perceive
the coming down of the French king's power, intending to lay siege to the
Castle, his army being but a day's journey from hence," take in all the
crew and 20 horsemen to lie in the base court, and send the rest to Calais.
The Castle would then require 2,000 footmen and the town would not be
guardable. 5. You shall have 90 of my horsemen; their ordinary watch is
8, and scout watch by day 8. The scout watch was kept upon Fyngnes
Hill to guard the labourers of the chalk pits, but must in war time keep
this side of the wood in places "most to be doubted for ambush,"
especially the Flakettes, where, "and I would have gone out at the enemy's
calling, when I lay in the crew here, I and all my men had come too short
home." Which things you and Mr. Ponyingges must consider; and I will
advise you to do no enterprise without advice of my lord Deputy and the
Council, nor unless the power of Boullenois be away; also "to declare from
time to time the statutes of the King's works here most to be considered for
the surety of the Castle, which shall be a good discharge for you, in taking
advice with some man that understands the same." 6. To speak to
Robert Gander to make a new platform upon the old gate and the bulwark
next the mill, and amend the platform in the "catte." 7. To make a false
bridge from the corner bulwark to the Castle, that men may repair thither
in time of need. Signed : John Wallop.
ii. A statement showing the disposition of the gunners, viz., to the
"Kepe and Catte" 7, Pirtons bulwark 6, Wethelles bulwark 3, the Three
Corner bulwark 5, the Mylle bulwark 2, the Newe Gatte 2, the Longe
Walle 5, the body of the Castle 18.
Pp. 6. Add. : To the King's most honorable Council. Endd.
32,651, f. 62.
834. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Has concluded the league with Scotland (fn. 15) ; and sends the copy, to the
intent that when Sadler has well digested it, he may demand the ratification
thereof and the sending of the hostages. Has agreed to deliver the
prisoners when the hostages are delivered, at ransoms "totted upon their
heads," with a clause that as they deal with the English so he will
proportion theirs.† Now, that country is so divided that unless a discreet
and substantial Council is established things are like to grow to confusion.
Has therefore written to the Governor, and (fn. 16) secretly spoken to Glencarn,
Douglas and Sir Jas. Leirmonth to put their hands to the establishment of
such a Council; and has noted to them such as seem meet to occupy the
great offices of the realm (as Sadler will see by the device, (fn. 17) which, for the
more part, they approved), but will not be displeased if other good persons
are appointed to some of them. Sadler is to procure this establishment,
using the advice of Glencarn, Douglas and Leirmonth, and also of Angus
and other friends; and, upon his report, the King will write to the
Governor. Considering how ficklely and doubtfully things stand, must
have some private promise of assured friends what they would do in case of
any change, "either by the miscarrying of the Queen, or by her conveyance
away, or by the death of the Governor or by his revolt from that which is
contracted and concluded"; and has therefore devised articles (fn. 18) which
Glencarn and Douglas have, severally, subscribed, and Leirmonth has
promised to subscribe after speaking with Sadler. The other two (fn. 19)
ambassadors are not privy to it, because the King has not found them in all
things so well disposed. Sadler shall require like subscriptions of Angus,
Casselles, Somervile and Maxwell (if he has not already done it, the copy
having been sent him by his son Robert Maxwell); but no one must know
of the others' doing. Sends copy of the articles, which are so honest and
reasonable that no man meaning straightly can refuse them.
[When these things are accomplished, and the personages arrived there
whom we shall send to be about the Queen, we shall revoke you to our
presence, requiring you meanwhile to use all dexterity and give often
advertisement how things go.] (fn. 20)
By the treaty, the King is to have certain persons resident about the
young Queen; and he intends Sadler, for his late services and knowledge
of the country, to supply that room for a season. He shall therefore, as
soon as may be, have his wife conveyed thither and placed about the
Queen; he himself remaining with the Governor, as ambassador, except at
such times as he thinks good to ride over and remain with the Queen for a
season. And, to the intent that Sadler may know how all things proceed
about the Queen, the King has appointed his physician Dr. Cromer to be
resident about her person.
Has written to the Governor in favour of John Rosse, larde of Craggy,
copy herewith. Craggy will send him the original, and he is to present it
and solicit the suit.
Spoke to the ambassadors for some personage to reside here as
ambassador. Sadler shall solicit the appointment of a man of reputation
and goodwill to the amity.
Draft much corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 17. Endd. : Mynute to Master
Sadleyr, vij* Julii 1543.
2. Commission to Sir Ralph Sadlyer, master of the Great Wardrobe, to
require of Mary Queen of Scotland in Parliament and of James earl of
Arran, governor of Scotland, a certain renunciation (fn. 21) in accordance with an
article of the treaty of peace, and also the ratification of certain treaties of
peace and marriage dated 1 July 1543 between the King and them.
Westm., 7 July 1543, 35 Hen. VIII.
Lat. Copy, pp. 3. Endd.
St. P., V. 319.
Promise made by Scottish men to maintain Henry VIII.'s party in
Scotland, viz :—1. "First, I shall endeavour myself unfeignedly" for the
observation of the amity and delivery of the young Queen at the time
appointed in the treaty of marriage, or before, with hostages as covenanted.
2. I shall do all my endeavour for the preservation of the young Queen;
and, if she mis-carry or be conveyed away, I will serve the King and not
acknowledge the rule of the Governor or any other in Scotland without
knowing the King's pleasure. 3. I shall support the Governor as long
only as he maintains the articles of peace, marriage, hostages and delivery
of the young Queen. 4. If any division arise by practises of "the
Cardinal, kirkmen, France, or otherwise," I shall stick to the King's
service, so that he may attain the things now pacted, "or at the least the
dominion on this side the Frethe." 5. I shall truly advertise the King
from time to time of the state of affairs of Scotland.
And, these things done, the King will support me against all that would
molest me for the same.
P. 1. In the handwriting of Suffolk's clerk. Headed: "The copie of the
2. [Memorandum (apparently) of a resolution of Council touching the
government of Scotland, as follows :—]
"Considering the Governor to be but a young man and easy to be led,"
it is thought that councillors should be appointed by whose hands all
weighty affairs should pass,the chief of them being "the earl of Glencarne,
chancellor, the earl of Anguishe, privy seal, Sir George Douglas, treasurer,
Sir James Liermonthe, comptroller, the earl of Cassels, admiral, the lord
Maxwell, warden of both marches; the lord Somervile to be in such room
as these among them should think convenient; the larde Burnston to be
secretary; if they think it meet, the sheriff of Ayre to be chamberlain, and
Ballandyne to keep his office of chief justice or else to be preferred to some
room of nearer trust."
P. 1. In the same hand as the preceding.
32,651 f. 59.
836. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
On Sunday the 1st inst. the King concluded the treaty with
Glencarne, Douglas and others, the Scottish ambassadors, for the marriage
between the Prince and the young Queen of Scots and also for the peace;
as will appear by the copy of the treaty and the letters to Mr. Sadleyr,
herewith, which are to be forwarded. Enclose a commission for Suffolk to
take hostages and agree with prisoners of Scotland for their ransoms. As
the treaty requires that this peace shall be proclaimed within —
(blank), Suffolk shall proclaim it. The ambassadors promise that the
Governor will do likewise, on receipt of their letters herewith.
P.S.—Explanation of the clause in the indenture for the taxation of the
ransoms. Suffolk shall diminish the amounts in proportion as he learns
that the English prisoners in Scotland are gently entreated.
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of
Suff., septimo Julii 1543.
837. Richard Whalley to John Gates.
Although he has not hitherto well requited Gates' benefits, presumes
upon his friendship to desire his favour in these honest suits which bearer,
Mr. Nowne, will declare. If he can bring them to pass "any time this
progress," he shall have 20l. to buy a nag. Signed : Rycharde Whalley,
7oJulii ao. X'pi 1543o.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful John Gates, esquire.
32,651 f. 76.
838. Parr to Suffolk.
Yesternight received a letter from the captain of Norham with the
following "occurrantes," viz.:—That lord Hume deferred the day of truce
to go to the Cardinal, to whom he is ridden. The warden of Tividale will
not keep his day of truce; for whom the Governor sent, but he sent a
servant to the Governor and rode himself to the Cardinal and Lennox,
with whom he still is. A servant of George Duglasse, who dwells at
Coldingham, says that the Governor will turn to the party of the Cardinal
and Lennox, and only awaits the coming of George Duglasse ("because of a
promise he made to him") to forsake Angus and him and revolt to the
Cardinal, to which he was lately persuaded by Argile.
Learns by an espial of his own that Argile landed at Glasco bridge and
went to Hamylton to animate the Governor to the Cardinal's part. No
man in Scotland "passeth for," or will obey, the Governor save Angus,
Maxwell and their adherents. The Scottish prisoners, notably lord
Flemyng, will not enter, but permit their pledges to lie for them.
Warkwourthe, 7 July. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
Notarial instrument made 7 July 1543, pont. Pauli III. 9, witnessing
the appointment by Henry Scott, burgess of Edinburgh, of Wm. Scot,
— (blank space for some six more names) as his proctors and
attornies for the recovery of a debt of 1,080 fr. due to him by Gilbert
Scott, burgess of Deip in Normandy.
Attestations of Andrew Richardsoun, clk., and Alex. Gibsoun, clk.,
840. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Intended to be at St. Omer to communicate with him, but the duke
of Arscot and he have news that the French king is reinforced with 10,000
foot and 12 double cannon, besides the 36 great pieces he had in his camp,
and means to besiege Vallenchiennes and Bouchain together. Has decided
to keep upon these passages so as to cover these two places and guard the
passages of Tournay, and has ordered the captains of Gravelinghes,
Bourbourg, St. Omer and Aire to be ready to assist Wallop at need, or if
Wallop thinks of a joint enterprise on Boullenois or the taking of the
grain about Arde. If they took the grain for two leagues round Ardre
those of Ardre would have much ado to live. Douay, 7 July. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
841. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 8 July. Present : Canterbury, Chancellor
Russell, Privy Seal, Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Browne,
Wingfield, Wriothesley, Paget. Business :—Letter written to the bp. of
Landaph declaring the order taken between Wm. Bulmer and his wife, and
praying him yearly to take 40 mks. of Bulmer and deliver it to his said
St. P., V. 318.
842. Suffolk and Tunstall to Parr.
His letters sent hither yesterday morning and this morning are sent
to Court with all diligence. As to what were best to be demanded, at next
day of truce, of him that sent the advertisements; Parr should send thither
a discreet man that can occupy his ears more than his tongue, to thank him
and say that the King shall be advertised of his good inclination, which
will assuredly be recompensed, and pray him to send word of such news as
he knows at present. Parr's man should not be too busy to ask other
questions than concerning his advertisements. When Parr learns the
man's name, he should advertise the King of it, who may consider how to
regard his advertisements, and after that there is no need to send the name.
Darnton, 8 July. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
32,651, f. 81.
843. Parr to Suffolk.
To-day received letters from Wharton, enclosing one to the King, one
to Suffolk and one to the Master of the Horse, sent herewith. According to
Suffolk's advice touching the contention among the gentlemen of the West
Border, will send for some of them and appease it. A Scottish espial
yesternight confirmed the "occurrantes" written in Parr's two last letters,
adding that all surnames of power this side the water, save Angwishe,
Casselles and Maxwell, have lately banded together against the Governor
and are wholly addict to the Cardinal; and such labour is made by Argile
and others that he thinks the Governor will forsake Angwishe and the
King's friends and join the Cardinal. Warkwourthe, 8 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,651, f. 78
844. Sadler to the Council.
Has spoken with Sir James Sandelyns, laird of Calder, Drummond's
father-in-law, of the matter which Drummond declared to the King,
touching the young Queen's danger from the Governor; and finds it utterly
untrue. Sir James denies that the Governor ever moved such a matter to
him, and dare swear that the Governor never minded it, but much depraves
Drummond as a "perilous and dangerous person." Sir James says he
withdrew from attendance on the young Queen because he desired to live
quietly at home. He is of good reputation, and seems a grave and wise
personage who would not have concealed such a matter, and not a man to
whom the Governor (had he minded it) would have moved such a heinous
purpose. Sir James was so perplexed that Drummond should have reported
such matter to the King that he returned next day for advice whether to
declare this foul matter to the Governor, that they might both make their
purgation to the King. Advised him to suppress it till he (Sadler) heard
again from the King.
The prisoners make no haste to their entry, although straitly charged
thereto by the Governor. Encloses names of such as the Governor, Angus,
Cassells and he respite till Lammas. Appointed lord Flemyng to enter,
because, although he has spoken fair words, he has done nothing for the
King's satisfaction; but the Governor would fain recover him and lord
Erskyn, and desires, if they will subscribe, as many others have done, to
lay pledges for the young Queen's deliverance at 10 years, to respite
Flemyng and lord Erskyn's son and heir until Lammas.
The French navy have kept on the coast afore Abirden, Arbrogh, Cowey,
Monrosse and St. Androwes, and now are between Newcastle and Flamburgh
Head, roving up and down as the wind carries them. The Governor says
he cannot learn their intent, but, lest it be to steal away the young Queen
he has set sure watch about her at Lithco, and would himself have gone
thither had he seen cause. He remains wholly dedicate to the King and as
far out with the Cardinal as ever; who is returned from Arbrogh to St.
Androws and still (the Governor says) labours for favour.
The realm is far out of order and will grow de malo in pejus unless the
King aid the Governor to reduce it. Edinburgh, 8 July. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 79.
2. Schedule in Sadler's hand of the following names, viz., Casselles,
Maxwell, Somervile, Grey, "the lord of Waughton's son and heir called
Patrike Hebburn, the larde of Carsse, the larde of Awencastell."
St. P., V. 317.
845. Sadler to [Parr].
My very good lord, you shall receive herewith my letters to the
Privy Council and to the duke of Suffolk, which, after perusing, please
despatch. For your news in your gentle letters received yesternight, by my
servant, I heartily thank you. Edinburgh, 8 July.
Hol., p. 1. Flyleaf with address gone.
846. Francis Warner to Henry Bullinger.
Heard from Mr. Richard Hilles of Bullinger's desire to be informed
of what is going on elsewhere, especially among the English. Hesitated,
as one of no learning, to write to him of the disgraceful things that have
lately taken place among his countrymen. But Bullinger's great courtesy,
expressed in his last letter to Hilles, compels him, especially in the interest
of his countrymen and the Church at large. Encloses a proclamation, (fn. 22)
fixed up in public, forbidding the reading of Holy Scripture to men of a
certain rank. Intended to have translated it into Latin and has done so,
omitting some adulatory matter, as far as the 13th Section, but had no time
to complete it, for the printed copy only came on Thursday and he has been
busy with the fair.
Hilles and his wife send, by Henry Falckner, a pair of knives for
Bullinger's wife, with salutations.
Strasburg, 8 July .
847. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Westm., 9 July. Present : Chancellor, Russell, Hertford,
Admiral, Winchester, Westminster, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield,
Wriothesley. Business :—A general search having been made throughout
the City for staying Frenchmen's goods, sundry goods of strangers which
were doubtfully Frenchmen's were stayed, and these were now ordered to be
restored to the strangers upon recognisance for their delivery to the King,
if found to be Frenchmen's, before Candlemas. Recognisances as above
(cited) by Mariotto Neretti, Baptista Moruxini, Bartholomeo Fortugni,
Benedetto de Gondala, Jacopo Marsupini, and Damian Doffy.
St. P., III
848. Henry VIII. to the Deputy and Council of Ireland. (fn. 23)
Received their letters and writings by Obryen and the others who
repaired hither. After they had made their submissions and subscribed
certain articles (copy herewith), they were promoted as follows. Gives
summary of grants made to Obryen, McWilliam, Sir Donough Obryen and
the baron of Upper Osserey, very much as in No. 634, but more
briefly. Each of these four is to have, in tail male, a house and piece of land
near Dublin, for his use on repairing to Parliaments and Councils. The
Deputy, Chancellor, Vice-treasurer, Chief Justice, and Master of the Rolls
are to appoint such lands (none to have more than the value of 10l. st.
yearly) and make letters patent to these four persons and like patents to
the earls of Desmond and Tyrone, the baron of Ibrachain's patent to state
that his is in part recompense for Onaughe.
Describes grants made to the bp. of Clonfert and Dr. Neland (as in
No. 634). Made the lord of Upper Osserey, McNemorowe, Oshaftnes,
Denys Grady and — (blank) Wise, knights. Orders the Deputy and
others aforenamed to make out to McNemorowe, Oshaftnes, and Denys
Grady patents of their possessions.
Grants Francis Herbert the farm he dwells in on conditions (stated) and
the Vice-treasurer the wardship of the baron of Delvin's son. The Deputy
is to take order with the Vice-treasurer for the safe keeping of the records.
They shall draw and send to be passed here an Act to restore James Gernon
in blood. Sends a bill of one Chr. Plunket, here presented : if the King
lose not past 5 mks. by it, he is to enjoy his lease.
Draft, with corrections and the last paragraph in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 29.
Endd. : "Minute to the Deputy and Council in Ireland, ix* Julii 1543."
603 p. 13.
2. Copy of the first part of the preceding, down to the name Onaughe.
Pp. 3. See Carew Calendar, No. 179.
849. Sir Res Manxell to the Lord Admiral.
On Friday, 6 July, "lying in the bottom of the see, we discreved
xvj sailles, wherupon we consulted that nyght to lie in their wey wth smale
sailles, and in the breke of the daie we were wh in ij leigges of the French
fleit." Describes how they joined with them and beat them with artillery
(to which they replied "very freshly"), and, after 3 hours' fighting, "tried
out the Saker of Depe, who bare their flag," which they chased and, with
the Premroys, made three attempts (described) to board. She finally
escaped sore beaten, and the writer returned to his company, who had been
in chase of other ships. The French ships are good sailers. The gale has
cast a hoybark with 120 men far a-lee. All his small shot is consumed and
the gunners are such that few of them can do any good; "and besides that,
for lack of cognisance, one of our men killeth another, to the great discomfort
of men to enter."
On Sunday morning, 11 sail of the Frenchmen plied northwards, and we
towards the Foreland, for new men, where, this morning, I received your
letters, "the tenor whereof we will follo to the best we can, yf the said
sheppes do apley homewardes; yet the masters do determyn that they are a
kemyng be north us, or elles they are goon to Skotland ageyn, wherof I
wold be vere sorre, in trust to speke with them or they passe." From the
sea, 9 July.
Describes injuries to the Menyon's main and fore masts. Must have new
mainsails and foresails and certain guns and munitions (detailed).
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1543.
32,651, f. 83.
850. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Send herewith a letter of Mr. Sadleyr's which they have perused and
sealed, and four other Scottish letters (two to the King), a letter of the lord
Warden's and two of Sir Thos. Wharton's (one to the King) and a copy of
Maxwell's letter to him. Suffolk this morning received the Council's
letters of the 7th and two commissions (to him, to agree with the Scottish
prisoners for ransoms, and to Mr. Sadleyr), with the King's letter to
Sadleyr and copies of two treaties (of peace and of matrimony between the
Prince and Queen of Scots), divers letters of the Scottish ambassadors, a
copy of an indenture to be made for ransoms and also "of a secret
advertisement" and other copies. Darnton, 9 July. Signed.
P.S.—For surety, sent to Sir Wm. Eure to convey the above to Sadleyr
by Henry Raye the pursuivant, "because the Borders of Scotland be out of
good order and obedience."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Sc., II., 162.
851. Arran to the Council and Senate of Rouen.
The bearer, (fn. 24) last year, when war broke out with the English, led two
armed ships out of the port of Leith to make prizes, and captured certain
English ships of burthen, which he left in the port of Dieppe while he went
to seek others. On his return to divide the booty, certain French merchants,
at the persuasion of the English captives, claimed the merchandise as theirs.
The case was tried at Dieppe and the Scots won; but the adversaries have
appealed to Rouen with a view to making them consume the booty in
litigation. Points out the unfriendliness of this proceeding and asks for
speedy justice. Edinburgh, 9 July, 1543.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
2. Another copy.
Lat., pp. 2.
852. J. D'estourmel to Wallop.
I have just received letters from the Grand Master with those which
I send you. He commands me, in case you need the garrisons of St. Omer
and Ayere, Graveliges and Bourbourg, with an ensign which is at the
bulwark made by your advice at Hennin, to lead them under you. Doubtless
he writes to you of the reinforcement of the French king. I reckon to
see you this week. The French say they are sure your King will not begin
war on them. I think otherwise; indeed it would be very à propos at this
time, when a few could do better than great armies at another [time].
Gravelinges, 9 July.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: "The captain of Graveling to Mr.
Wallop, ixo Julii 1543."
853. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Yesternight, received a letter from the Council, dated 1 July and
delivered by a servant of the ambassador Chapuis, who said the delay was
due to the post that should have brought it falling sick by the way. Has
thereupon gone to the Regent, who promises to order Mons. de Reux to
prepare in haste the carts, lymoniers, &c., demanded, and trusts that they
shall be ready at the day and place appointed. She said that the Clevois
who went from Romunde down the Mase, instead of crossing into Braband
or Holland, lie afore Amersfort in the stichte or bpric. of Utrecht, betwixt
the Ryne and Isole and nigh to the Soeder See; and that the Prince was
departed thitherward. Asked (knowing the people there to be seditious) if
she doubted any intelligence with the Clevois. She said there was an
uncertain tale that certain of the town who had such intelligence were
The Frenchmen continue in one place doing nothing, to the admiration
of all men "that such a great tempest as they began withal is now turned
to such a calm." Bruxelles, 9 July, 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
854. Katharine Parr.
Licence of Thos. abp. of Canterbury, primate of England,
authorised thereto by Parliament, to Henry VIII. (who has deigned to
marry the lady Katharine, late wife of lord Latymer, dec.) to have the
marriage solemnised in any church, chapel or oratory without the issue of
banns. Lambehethe, 10 July 1543, ao rr. 35 Hen. VIII., consec. 11.
Signed : Nich'us Woottonus, commiss. : Ricardus Lyell, clericus ad
facultates dicti Reverendissimi.
Parchment. Seal slightly broken.
855. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 10 July. Present : Privy Seal,
Hertford, Westminster, Wriothesley. Business :—Letter written to the
Emperor's ambassador of news of preparations in Denmark.
856. The Loan.
Note of money remaining unpaid, 10 July 35 Henry VIII., of the
loan money granted (fn. 25) to the King, viz. :—
Midd.: John Heughz, late collector, 164l. 13s. 4d. Beds. : John Fysher,
collector, 28l. Glouc.: Davy Broke and John Arnold, c., 296l. 12s. 4d.
Warw.: Sir Geo. Throgmerton, c., 92l. 13s. 4d. Notts.: Geo. Lacellz, c.,
71l. 6s. 8d. Suff.: John Smythe, c., 34l. 5s. 6d. Leic.: Geo. Vyncent, c.,
34l. 12s. 5d. Salop (in margin, "nom no extract") : Edw. More and
Humph. Plowden, c., — (blank). Worc. (in marg., "no extract") :
Walter Blont, c., — (blank).
P. 1. Endd. : "Money owing for the loan."
857. Exchanges of Lands.
Note of particulars of an exchange "between the King and
Hobson," 10 July 35 Hen. VIII. (manor of Tyborne &c. granted to
Hobson) and of another exchange 34 Hen. VIII. (day not given) "between
the King and White" (manor of Overburgate, &c. appointed to White).
Later hand, pp. 2. Slightly mutilated.
Nos. 177 and
858. Henry VIII. to the Queen of Hungary.
She may dispose of 40,000 ducats which he has resolved to lend the
Emperor for the war against the Turk. Hampton Court, 10 July 1543.
Original at Vienna.
859. The Privy Council to Chapuys.
The King commands them to inform him that the kings of Denmark
and Sweden have already 20 war ships at sea and intend to assail the
coasts of Holland and Zealand. In two or three days the King's fleet will
be ready for sea. Please let Chantonnay report this to the Emperor.
10 July 1543.
Original at Vienna.
28,593, f. 206.
860. Chantonnay to the Prince of Spain.
The Ambassador's letters will show what has been done in the
mission for which the Emperor sent the writer hither. London, 10 July
1543. Signed : Perrenot.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, p. 1. See Spanish Calendar,
VI. II., No. 176.
28,593, f. 205.
861. Chantonnay to Covos.
The Ambassador's despatch will show what passed at their audience
with the King. London, 10 July 1543.
P.S.—Begs him to pardon his bad Castilian which he can scarcely speak,
much less write; and to make his excuses to the Prince. Signed : Perrenot.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 2. See Spanish
Calendar, VI. II., No. 175.
862. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
Wrote on the 19th ult. all that had passed here with the King of
England's ambassadors touching the impost of 1 per cent, and that, to aroid
debate and not hinder affairs of greater importance she consented provisionally
that English merchants might carry out their goods to England without
paying the impost. She accordingly despatched an order to the collectors,
expecting that the ambassadors would be satisfied and would make some offer in
the name of the English merchants; but they make no sign of it, and have
apostyled upon her order certain changes which they require to be made in it
(copy herewith) which are important and might prejudice these countries hereafter.
Has answered as in the writing herewith, (fn. 26) to which Mr. Nicholas Woutton would
not consent, insisting that the merchants should be exempt whether they lade for
England or elsewhere, and that they will not be bound to declare what they lade,
or to whom it belongs, showing openly that they do not wish to forbid
fraud. Woutton persisted in his apostyles, saying that if they were refused
he would advertise the King; and, therefore, Chapuys shall inform such as
may do service therein of all that he has passed and that, to please the
King, she granted the exemption, by the said order, which is reasonable and
sufficient for such merchants as do not wish to commit fraud. And thus he
must persuade them to approve the order, for if the apostyles were followed
the merchants would do all the frauds in the world without her being able to
remedy it, which she hopes is not the King's intention.
The King of France remains at Marolles, diligently fortifying Landrechies
and Aymeries. The duke of Cleves, seeing her men withdrawn to resist
the French, assembled his men and paid them une piece quarte made of the
money which he has taken from his subjects, and threatened to invade
Brabant, sending thither some footmen who were defeated by the peasants;
and then suddenly sent his men across the Rhine towards Utrecht and laid
siege to Ameffort without artillery. Against them she has sent the prince
of Oranges with a good number of foot and horse.
Is now pleased to learn by his letters of the 5th inst. that the King is
glad of the sending of Chantonay, and that the aid he sends her is crossing.
Has notified De Roeulx to communicate with the Captain of Guisnes and
send to Guisnes on the 16th inst. the number of wagons and draught horses
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna. Original headed : A
l'ambassadeur Chapuys, en Engleterre, du xme de Juillet 1543.
863. The Impost in Flanders.
Upon the request (fn. 27) of the ambassadors of England for change of the
act despatched by the Queen on 19th June last, regard must be had to the
Their request that, whereas the said act is despatched for 'the merchants
of the nation of England,' it may be changed to 'all subjects of the king of
England,' raises the consideration that, by the intercourse, all the King's
subjects are not free from tolls and imposts here, but only the merchants of
the said nation. Where the ambassadors require to add after "denrees et
marchandises" the word "quelzconcques"; that word may be admitted
with the addition "non deffendues," so as not to prejudice the treaty of
intercourse. Where the ambassadors require that the act may
be general, as well for merchandise carried into England as elsewhere;
the Queen has only granted exemption from the said impost
to merchandise carried to England—to do otherwise would abolish the
impost, would not affect the King's subjects and would enrich those of
other countries at the expense of the Emperor and these countries. Where
the ambassadors require, in lieu of "les impostz telz quilz ont paye" du
passe," the words "les thonlieux qui doibvent payer," the Queen does not
know the occasion for the change; and since, by the said act, they are
exempt from the centiesme they ought to be content. Where they require
the act to be absolute and not provisional, they should consider that the
Intercourse of the year '20 is only a provision.
And six other articles relating to the word "estrangier," the article
beginning "Et se meneront en Engleterre pour illec estre vendues," the
affirmation by oath, restitution of payments of the centiesme since 19 June
last, and a reminder that the closer amity of the Princes is more to be
regarded than the plaints of merchants.
French, pp. 3. Endd. : "From th' Emperor's ambassador."