1. Sadler to [Parr].
Sir George Douglas has instanced me to write to your lordship in
favour of the laird of Mowe, who was lately taken in England amongst
other evil-disposed persons, as I perceive by my Lord of Suffolk's letters.
Sir George says he is ashamed to sue; but, in respect of his friends and
kinsmen, his suit is that you spare Mowe's execution and let him home,
keeping his brother in pledge, to be hanged if he misdemean himself
hereafter towards England. Sir George himself writes you letters herewith.
Edenburgh, 1 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
32,651, f. 181.
2. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has received his of the 28th ult., with the letters of the
Governor, &c. He shall tell the Governor that the King perceives his
purpose to perform the treaties or else deliver the strongholds on this side
the Frithe, and thanks him for his goodwill, assuring him of such friendship
as shall be to his honor and the confusion of his enemies; and advising
him to beware of the Cardinal, who seeks his utter destruction. And, where
Sir George Douglas moved for 1,000l. to be given to him, Sadler shall tell
him that the King has sent him 1,000l. which is at Berwick, "praying him
to accept it in good part, for it is utterly nothing in respect of that which his
Majesty determineth towards him." Further, Sadler shall declare how the
King accepts his offer, and will send ships to take the French ships at Lith;
and, as they may be delayed by contrary weather, desires him to devise
means to stay the French ships till the King's navy arrives. Where Angus,
Casselles, Maxwell and Somervile seem to think that the Cardinal minds
earnestly that this peace shall take effect; Sadler shall tell them that the
King marvels that they should be so abused with fair words, and require
them to give credit to the King and let no fair words or promises deceive
them, or they will "rue it when it shall be past remedy." He shall require
Angus and Sir Geo. Douglas to prepare secretly that when the King's ships
arrive they may see the Governor's promises performed and also aid them.
Also he shall again remind the Governor and the rest to foresee that the
Cardinal enter no foot in the Council that is to be appointed, nor any that
are contrary to the King's purposes; and to take the King's counsel in that
P.S.—Have used all diligence to set forth the King's navy; and this
matter pleases them so much that they hope it will take effect, and they
desire Sadler to procure the stay of the Frenchmen.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 8. Endd. : Mynute to Master Sadleyr,
ijo Augusti, 1543.
32,651. f. 176.
3. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Send herewith a letter from Mr. Sadleyr to the King, containing
demand of money and men. Suffolk desires therein to know what number
of men, horsemen, archers and billmen, and of ordnance the King will
advance, and who shall lead them. Send also a letter from Sadleyr to
Suffolk (showing that the Governor would have those who come to bring
their own victuals for a time), a letter from the lord Warden (to know how
to use the prisoners he took), and a letter of Mr. Shelley's (showing how he
lacks money to pay the workmen). Now that the 1,000l. is presented to
the Governor, Mr. Uvedale's last account shows that he has scantily enough
to pay the garrison for one month already past; so that money must be
sent with speed. Darnton, 2 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
4. Suffolk and Tunstall to [Parr].
Have sent his letter of 1 Aug., with the other letters in his packet,
to the Court; and have written for the King's pleasure concerning his
prisoners "which were taken with the mayne ure." Meanwhile he should
stay proceeding against them. Darnton, 2 Aug.
Beg him to forward Mr. Sadleyr's letter and the letter to Mr. Shelley
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
5. Wallop to the Council.
Last night the Great Master reported that the French camp is broken
and "he himself" (qu. the French King?) repairs towards Bourgone where
Count Guyllam enters with 15,000 Almains, while Vandosme comes with
12,000 footmen and 3,000 horse to rencontre with us. The captain of these
footmen is Lorge, who is expected to do marvels, and they lodge this night
at Dorlans, 10 leagues off. The Great Master repairs to us, and would
have been here yesterday, but for his sore leg. He sends all the horsemen
of these frontiers to me; so that in 3 or 4 days "we shall be of footmen
moo viij. or x. m1. what Allemaignes, Spanyerdes, and men of this country,"
and if the Frenchmen seek us not we will seek them. Camp beside
Bittune, 2 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
6. Sadler to [Parr].
I have been "instanted by my very friend the laird of Brunstone
here" to sue to your lordship that bearer Robert Listar, with one servant,
may come and go into England to any place betwixt this and Newcastle to
sell such merchandise as he shall bring from hence. Heartily desires him
to grant safe conduct for this. Edenburgh, 3 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
7. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Has just received his letters of the 27th ult. and seen those to
Granvelle, and is pleased with the King's continually improving friendship
to himself and irritation against the French. The King's answer to the
French ambassador, refusing to treat for an appointment, was good. As a
reciprocal, the French ambassador resident with the Pope has moved the
Cardinal of Mantua to learn, by Don Fernando de Gonzaga, his brother,
being with the Emperor, through Granvelle, whether there would be any
way of returning to a practise of peace. Don Fernando has answered that
the Emperor was so indignant at the cruel and shameless recommencement
of the war that he dared not speak of it without knowing the means; and
the conditions must now be more advantageous, the King of France giving
up what he has heretofore claimed and the Emperor having good assurance.
This has been done to probe the King of France's intention and keep him
amused till the Emperor sees the result of this enterprise; and all has been
so done that it cannot be known that he (the Emperor) has heard of it.
If the English hear of it, Chapuys may speak of it as he sees convenient;
and, if not, keep it secret. In the rest the Queen will keep him informed,
and, since the Emperor is now so near and coming nearer, he will be
pleased to have news from Chapuys often. Spiere, 3 Aug., 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
8. Miles Mydleton.
Patent under the great seal of the office of High Admiral (issued
by John viscount Lisle, baron of Malpas and Somerey, K.G., lord
Bassett and Tyasse, one of the King's Council, high admiral of England,
Ireland, Wales, the town and marches of Calais, Normandy, Gascony
and Guion, and captain general of the King's navy) commanding all
admirals, &c., to aid Miles Mydleton, yeoman of the Guard, whom the
King has licensed to repair to the sea from Hull or thereabouts with two
ships, furnished at his own cost, to annoy the King's enemies and take
prizes; and authorising Mydleton to engage men. London, 4 Aug. 1543,
35 Hen. VIII. Seal gone.
32,651, f. 188.
Papers, I. 246.
9. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Perceives by his of 31 July his conferences with the Governor,
Angus, Glencairn, Maxwell and Somervail touching the overtures made by
the bp. of Orkney and lord Fleming on behalf of the Cardinal and his
complices; and the aid required in case the Governor cannot daunt them
into agreeing to ratify the treaties, or in case the Queen should be conveyed
away. Sadler shall thank the Governor for his honourable proceedings
and friendly offers, and assure him of the King's support. Has appointed
his lieutenant to put ready 5,000 men, to be sent when the Governor and
Sadler shall write for them, to enter in two divisions, viz., on the West,
under Sir Thos. Wharton, to join lord Maxwell as chief captain, and on
the East, under Sir Ralph Evers, Brian Leighton, Robt. Collingwood and
Robt. Horsley, to join Angus; providing that Angus and Maxwell send
men of estimation to receive them at the Borders and conduct and victual
them thence, and afterwards use the advice of the said Wharton and other
captains in all things. As the Governor desires, they shall bring such
victual with them as can be prepared in so short a time; and plenty of
corn shall also be sent into the Firth from Newcastle and Berwick. In
case the number now sent (Sadler shall say) shall not daunt the Cardinal's
party, Henry "will prepare a greater furniture to repress their malice," not
doubting but that in that necessity the Governor will deliver him the
holds which he has promised to deliver. And in case they take away the
Queen and dispose her marriage otherwise, Henry will, by force of his
"title and superiority," make the Governor King of Scotland beyond the
Firth, provided that he go through with the marriage between his son and
lady Elizabeth, which is a "party" the like of which he could not "recover"
in Christendom. Being in such terms with the Governor and
his friends there, Henry must remind them again to beware of the craft
and falsehood of the Cardinal "and his angels," praying them (especially
Glencairn and Maxwell) to remember how they have been twice deluded by
the Cardinal, at his deliverance and at the deliverance of the Queen, and to
utterly close their ears against him. For if they tolerate him, whereby he
may get the upper hand, whatsoever scruple they may have against
slaughter in their native country, they may be sure he will spare none of
them. Therefore, seeing the Cardinal is at Stirling secretly assembling his
army, which being so lately disparkled will not soon be brought again
together, the King's advice is that the Governor suddenly send a good
band of men to Stirling, to bring him to Edinburgh castle or else drive him
over the water, and to keep the bridge, so that neither the Queen may be
conveyed away nor the Cardinal's complices have any passage by the
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 11. Endd., * * iiijo Aug. 1543.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text of Sadler State
Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 440.
32,651, f. 185.
2. Draft notes for the foregoing despatch.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. * * * to Mr. Sadleyr.
32,651, f. 194.
10. Henry VIII. to Wharton and Others.
Having appointed him to serve with other gentlemen in such sort as
shall be signified to him by the duke of Suffolk, lieutenant general in the
North, commands him to be ready to march forward upon one hour's
warning from Suffolk.
Draft in Paget's hand, p. 1. Endd. : Mynute [of letters to] Sir Tho.
Wharton, etc., for putting themselves in order.
Ib., f. 195.
2. Copy of the above, with the date Guildford, 4 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed : By the King.
32,651, f. 197.
11. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Suffolk perceives by their letter that 2,000 archers and 1,000 billmen
are to be put ready for an aid to the Governor of Scotland, with a chieftain
and other captains. The chief leader should he sent from the King; for here
are few lords experienced in conducting men, and few knights that can
serve, the best being Sir Hen. Savil, Sir Chr. Danbye, Sir Thos. Tempest,
the younger, Sir Roger Lassels or Sir Wm. Malorye, who is treasurer at
Berwick and can ill be spared, and unless the chief has the King's commission
there should be envy among them and ill rule, which would make
the Scots esteem Englishmen the less in all rencounters hereafter. The
proportion is ill considered by the Governor; for the archers should be the
fewer number and the billmen the more. Forwarded their letters of the
2nd to Mr. Sadleyr, by which it appears that the King's navy should be
revictualled in the Frithe. No trust is to be put therein; for the Scots
lack bread themselves, and have requested the aid to bring their own
victuals; in reply to which the writers have informed Sadleyr that, if the
Governor appoint friends to buy grain at Berwick and bake and brew it in
Scotland, the King's aid in passing shall pay for it. As there was much
flour in barrels, both wheat and malt, Suffolk wrote to Mr. Shelleye to bake
and brew it; so that it may either serve the ships or for those that go by
land; and, besides, there is grain at Newcastle to revictual the ships, as
Suffolk wrote of late to Mr. Brown, and as appears by the mayor of Newcastle's
letter herewith. Enclose a letter of Shelley's, showing his baking
and brewing, and that there is no money to sustain all these charges; nor
has the treasurer of the garrisons enough to pay the garrisons. Darnton,
4 Aug. Signed.
P.S.—Take this number appointed out of Yorkshire, as next unto the
countries allyable to the Borders. Suffolk has written to the mayor of
Newcastle to bake and brewe, and to Shelley to bake in biscuit "which will
best be kept."
Pp. 3. Add. Scaled. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 460.
12. Wallop and Others to Henry VIII.
Among other governors of Flanders and Arthoiez who have repaired
to their army with gentle offers, the governor of Arras came to their camp
beside Bittune, where it is here said that Henry's army lay at his going to
Tournay. As he came straight from the Great Master, they asked what
the Great Master meant them to do, seeing that the French king was
retired. He replied that he thought it would be to aid in besieging
Landresey in Hennowe, which the French king lately won and fortified, and
has left in charge of 3,000 men. Express certain doubts as to whether
Wallop's instructions permit them to engage in such a siege. The good
discipline of the army is a great comfort to the writers and a marvel to
strangers. Camp beside Bittune,in the way towards Arras, 4 Aug., 6 p.m.
Signed : John Wallop : T. Seymour : Rich. Crumwell : G. Carew : Robert
Pp. 3. Add.
283, f. 3.
Chr. of Calais,
13. Wallop's Expedition.
"The names of the captains that be at the King's Majesty's host,"
viz. Sir John Wallop, captain general, Sir Thos. Semer, high marshal,
Sir Robt. Bowes, treasurer, Sir Ric. Cromwell, Sir George Carew, Sir John
Rayensford, Sir Thos. Pallmer, Sir John Saint John, and Sir John Gaskin,
captains of footmen.
"The Jornayes and Viogies of the Kinges Majesties Army and the
feates by the same achivid and done."
The whole host departed out of Calais on Sunday, 22 July, at 4 p.m.,
and camped without the walls. On Monday 23 July they went towards
—, (fn. 1) Sir John Wallop meeting them, and so marched to Lanerton, within
the French pale, where lord Greay, captain of Hames, met them; and they
burnt Lanerton with Finies mill otherwise called Acastill and the abbey
of Bewlieu, and camped at Finies that night. On Tuesday the Marshal
burnt the piles of Ratton, Abritton and Rensam and certain houses in
Mergison and "within three miles compass of Bolloigne," while the army
marched to Lyquies abbey, spoiling and burning as they went. The abbey
was immediately delivered up to them at 2 p.m., "wherein was xij
Frenchmen and a monk called Doctor Driw, which afterwards followed the
carts (fn. 2) being bound with bonds." The army camped there on Wednesday
night, that the chieftain might see the abbey burnt and razed to the ground,
before leaving; and the same day they were joined by 2,000 Burgundian
foot and 2,000 horse. On Thursday, 26 July, they marched to Awlkinges,
and that night were "two laromes." On Friday, 27 July, they burnt the
town and castle (the castle was razed at Whitsuntide last by the Burgundians),
blew up the great tower with gunpowder, and departed to Hawlinge, 2 miles
from Sante Homers, and lay there Saturday. On Sunday, 29 July, from
Hawlinge to Otingall, 2 miles from Turwin, under the walls of which the
Northern horsemen and others skirmished with the Frenchmen; "and one
Caster killed one of the Frenchmen's horse with his bow." The chieftain
sent a letter to the captain of Torwin requiring that six gentlemen "might
run with six gentlemen of our army for life and death," which was accorded.
Describes the tournament next morning, in which Calverley was hurt, but
wounded his opponent to death, and Markham also hurt one of the gentlemen.
At the same time "there were iij brought from Bolloigne by a
trumpet to the camp and there delivered." The army then marched
towards an old castle called Lyoters, destroyed by the French, 2 leagues
from Turwin, and camped there. On Tuesday, 31 July, they marched to
Alwines, a mile from Ayre, on Wednesday, 1 August, to Erewyn, next
Rusher, and on Thursday, 2 Aug., to Varkingnowghe, a mile from Etwayne,
and there lay all Friday and Saturday. "And upon the same Satterdaye, at
afternoone, came unto the campe the countes of Pavoy, basse daughtere—"
2. Faulty modern copy of the above.
32,651, f. 199.
14. Sadler to Henry VIII.
The Cardinal and his complices refused to come to this town upon
such pledges as Sadler last wrote of, because he feared that, until this late
business was fully appeased, it would pass the Governor's power to save his
life from such as had conspired his death. It was therefore agreed that
seven personages for each party should meet at Lythcoo, midway between
this and Stirling, to peruse the treaties and stay the matters now in variance.
The Governor appointed Cassells, Glencarn, Marshall, Maxwell, the abbot
of Pastle, Sir Jas. Lirmonthe, and Mr. Hen. Bannesse; and for the other
party were Montrose, Erskyn, Flemyng, the bps. of Orkeney and Donbleyn,
Sir John Cambell of Caldar and Mark Carr. These met all at Lithcoo, and
consented to the treaties and to command the wardens on the Borders to
observe the peace; and that (as the Cardinal durst not yet come to
Edinburgh, and Argile and Huntley must go home to stay their countries),
a convention shall be had here on the 20th inst., to ratify the treaties by
the Three Estates, and meanwhile the Governor shall prepare the hostages
and determine the ransom of the prisoners; or else, if the time of this
convention could not be tarried, the Governor should ratify and perfect all
things. These things were agreed, as the Governor, Glencarne and Maxwell
say, and the Cardinal and his complices are now gone from Stirling to
their own countries. The Governor and others, desiring to have the
Cardinal and his complices present at the ratification, have desired Sadler
to write to the King to prorogue the ratification and laying of hostages
until the last of September, when all shall be solemnly perfected in full
Parliament, and shall be the more authentic; but, if that prorogation is
refused, the Governor and such as are near at hand will accomplish all.
Sadler told the Governor that he doubted lest the Cardinal did dissemble to
win time, to see if the aid would arrive which they looked for from France;
and the Governor repeated this to Maxwell and Sir George Douglas, who
stood by. Maxwell, who was yesterday at Stirling with the Cardinal, said
that assuredly there was no such intention, and that the Cardinal was right
sorry for what he had done and for the expenses he had had, for he bare all
the charges of it; but Douglas was of Sadler's opinion, nevertheless he
thought the prorogation to 30 Sept. could not hurt, for meanwhile the
Cardinal and his fellows should be deciphered and they would provide for
the worst, and if they kept the convention things would be done with more
authority, and if not Henry should always be sure of the Governor and his
partakers to keep all promises. Which the Governor affirmed, saying he
would rather be pulled in pieces than swerve from them.
This day, received a letter from the old Queen desiring him to speak with
her at Stirling, which he will do to-morrow. Has received Henry's letters
of 31 July, from Guldeford; and has communed therein with the Governor,
Angus, Casselles, Glencarn and others. The Governor says he will follow
Henry's counsel as near as he can, but thinks "it will be difficile to make
the Cardinal renounce his red hat, for, he thinketh, he would rather embrace
and receive the iij crowns; but he doubteth not to cause him to condescend
that God's word may be set forth." All promise that the Council
established shall do as Henry's friends wish. Maxwell says the Cardinal
much desires Henry's favour, laments his displeasure and takes God to
witness that he never offended him. As to what Sir George Douglas has
done in this garboil; he is the man most hated by the Cardinal and his
complices and, therefore meddled little, save about the Governor (whose
chief counsellor he is, to the offence not only of the Cardinal but of some
of this party, who say he desires to rule alone). It was against his mind
that the Queen was removed, and he would have no such Council here as is
now in question. He is yet in chief authority with the Governor. The
abbot of Pastle and David Panter are also in great credit; but in matters of
weight the Governor seems to use the advice of the noblemen here. The
old Queen has about her some 30 ordinary officers, and each of the four
lords keepers of the young Queen has 24 men. After the next change of
keepers the barons appointed shall keep their course by two at a time, each
with 24 men, besides such English persons as Henry shall appoint.
Edinburgh, 5 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., V. 330.
15. Sadler to [Parr].
Perceives, by his letter of 2 Aug., that he would gladly maintain the
credit of his espial, who is "well trusted amongst the lords of the contrary
party." If that be so, it is well to hear him and give him no trust at all;
for, if worthy to be trusted by them, he will tell nothing to our benefit.
No part of his tale, as your lordship wrote it, is true (although, doubtless,
the lords of the contrary party would be glad if it proved true), but the
things were common bruit here. He said truly that the Queen should be
kept by four barons, but misnamed the barons. My letters to the King
and my lord of Suffolk, which I thought had come to you before, showed
the mere truth and might have served to decipher the untruth of your
espial. Nevertheless, it is more than necessary to have good espials, for
they may now and then stumble on the truth. Writes this to verify what
he wrote before, viz., that no part of the espial's news is true as Parr wrote
it. Edinburgh, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
18 B. VI.,
Sc., II. 165.
16. Arran to Christian III.
Last April, when expecting nothing else than war, wrote to him how
the King was dead and the administration of the realm committed to
Arran; and asked that the Scots who had gone thither for grain might,
according to ancient custom, be aided by Christian with victuals and other
necessary armament for war. Meanwhile sought, by ambassadors, to
obtain an honorable peace with the enemies; and not in vain, for the
month of July brought a peace in which is specially provided that the
French king, Christian, and the other princes confederate with this realm
are honorably comprehended. Signifies this that Christian may know that
the Scots would have no conditions of peace in which their friends and
allies were omitted; to the end that he may command that the Scots in
Denmark may be held as allies and confederates, for rumor is that they
have not lately been treated as friends. Datum ex regia Sanctae Crucis,
5 Aug. 1543.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
2. Another copy.
Lat., p. 1.
3. Another copy.
Lat., pp. 2.
17. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
In execution of the King's pleasure signified by Mr. Surveyor, lord
Grey, accompanied with the Marshal, Lieutenant of the Castle, Sir Thos.
Poynynges and the Surveyor, left yesternight and this morning have burnt
Margeson, the peel thereby, Lullyngham, Lybryngham, and part of
Basyngham, leaving Whitsand, Owdersell and Owdyngham unspoiled; as
bearer can declare. Calis, 5 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,651, f. 203.
18. Sadler to the Council.
Late yesternight, received theirs of 2 Aug.; and has this morning
communed with the Governor and the King's friends. The Governor
rejoices at the promise of the King's support. Presented the 1,000l., which
arrived this morning from Berwick. To the Cardinal, who now seeks the
Governor's favour and the King's, with promise to set forth the
accomplishment of the treaties as now passed, the Governor will have
regard as the King advises, until he show in deeds what he professes by
words; but, if the Cardinal and his complices will keep the convention here
on the 20th, the Governor desires that the King will "remit" them for
the past and be (if they behave themselves) their gracious lord. All
promise that the Council to be appointed shall be one wherein the King's
friends shall bear the chief stroke.
The French ships are victualled, and will steal away this night, although
the Governor says he does all he can to stay them, and seems loth that
they should escape, promising that the King's ships shall lack nothing.
Spoke also with Angus and Douglas for their assistance; but fears that the
Frenchmen will steal away to-night or to-morrow, so that the King's navy
should look about for them. This morning, received the enclosed letter
from Mr. Poyntz. Edinburgh, 6 Aug.
P.S. in his own hand.—Is taking horse to ride to Stirling to speak with
the old Queen.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
19. Sadler to [Parr].
Encloses letters to the King's Council, answering theirs received
yesternight, and to Suffolk and Wriothesley. Those to Wriothesley
contain only private matters; but the others will show what Sadler yet
knows of the state of things here. Edenburgh, 6 Aug.
Hol. p. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
St. P., IX, 463.
20. Wotton to Henry VIII.
President Schore says that Schepperus, who is returned, left the
Emperor at Spyre; whose vanguard was to set forward on Wednesday
last. (fn. 3) Heard, before, that the Emperor had 18,000 lantzknechts; Schore, however,
says that there are 22,000 payments, but only 16,000 men, who, with the
8,000 Spaniards and Italians, are enough for any footmen of the enemy,
but, as 4,000 horsemen are not enough, the Emperor requires 4,000 of this
country. Asked where the Emperor would go; but Schore would only
answer that that would appear at his coming to Covelentz. Apparently he
will enter France; for 4,000 horsemen would be enough to set upon the
duke of Cleves. Argues, at length, that the Emperor should set upon the
Clevois, who are more dangerous to these countries than the Frenchmen are,
and the Duke, whose soldiers cry for money, can get no help now from
Denmark (where the King fears an "innovation") or the French king
(considering "what enemies begin to set upon him"), and finds himself
deceived in the persuasion that the Emperor would not come out of Spain
this summer and that Luyke would revolt to the French, which is now more
likely to declare for the Emperor. The Emperor might now force the
Duke to some agreement; and will not omit to do so unless for fear of
provoking the duke of Saxony, the Landgrave and the Protestants; but
these men will not say what the Emperor intends, although they must
The President says also that the Frenchmen are clean gone from about
Valenchiennes, part of them to Artois to get in the corn to Terwyne and
Hesdyn. Describes report as to the taking of Audesane in Piedmont by
the French and its recovery by Guasto's men under Pirrho Colonna.
"The duke of Cleves calleth upon the French king to have his wife;
and, for a countenance, she hath been brought as far as La Fere," where
the ladies remained while the King lay at Marolles. Barbarossa has been
at Tollon and will attempt Nice. He has 150 vessels and can land 10,000
men; but the year is too far past for him to tarry long.
The Clevois have returned home with booty and prisoners having
"brantscattidde" the towns and villages on Mase side and the country
betwixt Amersforte and Amstelredamme for six weeks. Martyn van
Rosheym, remembering that the Hollanders have inclined to the profession
of the Gospel, causes some of his lantzknechts to preach at Amersforte, to
allure them; "where must needs be a good sight, to see a lantzknecht,
his cap full of feathers, his doublet and hosen cut and jagged, his sword by
his side, an arcabowse in his neck, to preach and set forth the Word
solemnly, as though it were not Christ's Gospel but Mahumettes Alcorane
which may not be taught but if there be a sword there in presence."
Besides peasants, there were 100 horsemen of Mons. de Emerode's band
taken in Eyndone. People here grudge that the Regent and Council take
no better order for their defence when they have paid so much. The
Prince of Orenge departed hence three days past to his men at Maestricht,
who number 12,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, and are perhaps to assist
the Imperialists of Luyke and oppress the conjuration; which was detected
by three divers men that carried letters between the conspirators and Mons.
de Longueval, and has since been confessed by the conspirators. One of
the chief conspirators is the Prothonotary de Marca or La Marche, a very
idiot; so that men marvel that it has been kept close so long. The
Prothonotary's grandfather was William of Arenbergh or de la Marche,
who slew Bourbon, bp. of Luyke, and was afterwards beheaded for it at
Maestricht; and his brother Mons. de Serris has been brought hither
prisoner, but will be sent to the bp. of Luyke to be examined. Martyn van
Roshem is before Heynsberghe where the Clevois lay before. Cannot
think that he will besiege it, but rather go up to view the towns of Gulicke
as Duren, Sittart, Gulick, Nydeck, &c., in the Emperor's way; or else
pass to Luyke. Supposes that the Prince is at Maestricht to watch him.
The Regent seems to accept in good part the answer to her request for
cattle out of England against the Emperor's coming. Bruxelles,
8 Aug. 1543.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
32,651, f. 205
21. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King thanks him for his diligent advertisement by his letters
of the 5th inst., and desires him, incontinently, to repair to the Governor
and say that, in the resolution taken by the fourteen persons concerning
the ratification, the King notes that, albeit there is a request for a longer
day than the treaty appoints, yet, all agreed that, if this could not be
obtained, the ratification should be passed by the Governor, in the name of
all the Estates, although only executed by those present with the Governor;
and, as these treaties were concluded by five commissioners, authorised by
the whole realm, the King regards more the ratification "by authority of
Parliament than the presence of this or that particular person in passing of
the same." Taking it to be true that all the fourteen persons perused the
treaties and, in the name of all, allowed them and agreed to the ratification
when all should assemble, or sooner by such as be about the Governor,
Sadler shall require the ratification to be within the time prescribed by the
treaty, alleging that the King cannot consent to the alteration of the pact,
as such a relaxation made by one party at the request of the other would
loosen the strength of the bargain. He is to demand it to be done, as the
treaty purports, by authority of Parliament (which there they "commit to few
or no persons as they think good, as they seem to have done in this case");
foreseeing that, whosoever is present, "the Act must pass under the young
Queen's and Governor's seals, by authority of Parliament, with express
mention how all the Estates have been made privy to the covenants," as indeed
they have in the persons of the fourteen; for it is the consent universal
that gives authority, not the presence of any particular member. The
presence of all makes greater bruit, "but a meaner number authorised is
of like authority." Dilates this that Sadler may better satisfy those who
press for delay.
Sadler must require that the prisoners keep their day of entry. Where
it appears that the Queen shall hereafter be in custody of only two barons
with a very small number; the King likes not this determination, unless
he may send a greater number to be resident about her than the treaty
permits. Sadler must grope whether the Governor and others will agree
to the King's sending a greater number; making this appear as a necessity
considering the personages to be sent, viz., a gentleman who must have
servants, a lady of reputation with her train, and "a physician who must
be served as his qualities require."
In naming only the ratification, means also the delivery of hostages, &c.
Draft in Gardiner's hand, corrected by Wriothesley. Pp. 4. Endd. :
Mynute to Master Sadleyr, ixo Aug. 1543.
32,651, f. 207.
22. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Wrote that the Queen Dowager had sent for him. Has now been
with her at Stirling. She said she had sent for him that he might know
she was still of the same good mind to accomplish all the King's pleasure,
especially the marriage of the Prince with her daughter (of which she
had better hope now that the noblemen of the realm had delivered her,
from the Governor, into the custody of the barons appointed by Parliament),
and to declare, at the request of the said noblemen, that they were all well
minded to the treaties, and would convene with the Governor, on the 20th
inst., to ratify them; for her own part, she thought nothing could be more
honorable for her and her daughter than this marriage, and she had good
hope it would take effect, both for the above cause and for that Henry had
so wisely provided to have good pledges for her daughter's delivery into
England at ten years; and she would, in the mean season, look to her
daughter's surety, that she might be "in good plight" to be then delivered.
Replied, reminding her of her determination at his first coming to the
country, that he was glad to perceive by her words that she remained still
the same woman towards the King, trusting her deeds would declare it,
but he marvelled that the noblemen she spoke of would rebel, as they did,
against him whom they chose Governor, whereby, if the Governor had
been as malicious as they, great effusion of blood must have ensued; and
he feared the world would note their untruth in it. She answered,
earnestly, that their quarrel was for the surety of their Sovereign lady and
the commonweal; for, where the realm appointed, by Parliament, that her
daughter should be kept by certain barons, the Governor held her and her
daughter, as it were, in prison, alleging that she minded to transport her
daughter out of the realm; and, moreover, the Governor, in affairs of the
realm, specially those weighty matters lately treated with Henry, used
advice only of private persons, without calling the great and notable
personages; who wished Henry to know that they were as well inclined to
his reasonable contentation as the Governor or any others; and things thus
done without their consent could not be available, nor could those who
passed them perform their promise. Sadler answered that, whatever pretence
they made, they, or at least some of them (as Montrose, Erskine and
Fleming), knew that there was an article in the treaty of marriage that the
young Queen should be in custody of the barons appointed by Parliament,
which therefore needed no insurrection; and in the great matters with
Henry the Governor used no private counsel, but the advice of all nobles
who would come to him, for the first ambassadors were despatched
by the Three Estates in Parliament, the second time Glencairn and
Douglas were despatched by the same Parliament (none absent but
the Cardinal and Huntley), and thirdly, at the return of Douglas, he was
despatched by the same Parliament, as many of them as would on the
Governor's letters repair to him for the purpose, and Montrose, Erskine and
Fleming were present at all three dispatches, so it could not be said that these
things were privately handled or gave cause to make such a stir in the realm
as, if wisdom and temperance had not ruled the Governor, must have led to
great mischief. She laboured much to excuse them; but with little reason.
She is glad to be at Stirling, and praised the air about the house and said
her daughter grew apace "and would soon be a woman, if she took of her
mother (who indeed, is of the largest stature of women)"; and she showed
him the child, who is right fair and goodly for her age. Then after she had
repeated her cause of sending for him, and he had promised to write it to
Henry, Sadler took leave.
At his return to Edinburgh, arrived Henry's letters of his pleasure to be
declared to the Governor and others touching the 5,000 men to be sent
hither and preparation of a greater furniture if necessary, the promise to
make the Governor king beyond the Firth, and the Cardinal. Whereupon,
repairing to the Governor, asked first how matters stood. He answered that
he thought the Cardinal and his partakers would "make him a new
business"; for Huntley and Lennox were secretly charging all their friends
to be ready with 15 days' victuals to set forward with them against the 20th
inst., and thereupon he had resolved to send home Angus, Cassils, Glencairn,
Maxwell, Somervail, the sheriff of Ayr and others to prepare their forces to
be here and at Linlithgow against the 20th inst.; and Glencairn and
Somervail were already gone and the rest going to-day or to-morrow.
Undoubtedly the Cardinal dissembled, depending upon the aid of France,
which was coming hither by the West Seas with James Stuard, whom the
Cardinal and Lennox despatched for it, as appeared by letters which arrived
yesterday, from Depe, to John a Barton. The Cardinal made suit for his
favour and to speak with him, but put off on pretence of danger to his life;
and, evidently, all the fair words of the Cardinal and his parte-takers (fn. 4) were but
dissimulation, for which he would provide. In reply to this Sadler declared
the contents of the King's letters. The Governor answered, with thanks,
that, on debating the matter in Council, they found that to bring in 5,000
Englishmen would make 20,000 Scots forsake them, and, therefore, if they
were forced to have aid it must be such an army as might work their feat
without any great number of Scotsmen; but he begged that the men might
remain still in readiness and that the King would lend him 5,000l. (the late
ruffle had cost him 20,000 mks. Scots) within these ten days, with which he
could wage enough men of this nation to daunt the Cardinal and his
complices into compliance; and in case they conveyed the Queen away, or
otherwise impeached his keeping promise with Henry, he would be ordered
by Henry, as well in delivery of the strongholds as the rest; as to the offer
to make him king beyond the Firth, all his lands lay on this side, which he
would not gladly change for any living beyond. Sadler told him he might
be sure the King would so deal with him that he should know he had "a
great friend." Then he swore by the wounds of Christ that if those matters
grew to such extremity he would do whatsoever Henry required; and
Sadler, promising to write his request for the 5,000l., departed.
Immediately after this, spoke with Angus, Cassils, Maxwell and
Douglas, and found them entirely of the Governor's opinion as to the
bringing in of Englishmen and need of aid in money. The three former
were ready to go home, to make their forces and repair hither and to
Linlithgow against the 20th inst.
At Stirling, by means of a gentleman of a good house here, obtained a
bond (fn. 5) ; made by the Cardinal and his complices at their late being at
Linlithgow (copy herewith). Till Sadler showed it, this day, the Governor
knew nothing of it; and it has stirred him the more against the Cardinal,
whose device it is. Fleming, who is as ill or worse than Bothwell, has
subscribed it, as Henry will see; and also the laird of Craigy, for whom
Henry wrote to the Governor. Fleming has said he will never go into
England, whatsoever become of his son; but, to redeem his pledge, he will
pay his ransom as taxed by the late ambassadors. Saw him with the
Queen at Stirling, but he departed suddenly to avoid speaking with Sadler.
The French ships are all afloat, sailing about in the Firth, awaiting wind
to depart, but have promised the Governor to tarry these three days for
letters which he pretends a wish to despatch into France. They intend to
hover awhile on this coast for the Iseland fleet, and, in returning homewards,
will keep aloof from the English coast. Will keep Suffolk informed
of them. Edinburgh, 9 Aug., at midnight. Signed.
Pp. 11. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text of Sadler State
Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 446.
23. Henry Cornysshe to the Earl Of Hertford.
Six weeks ago allowed a man of this Isle to go to St. Maloes; but
never heard from him again, although divers of St. Maloes sent to know
whether they might come hither for traffic, and had answer that they
should [be] welcome. Getting suspicious, sent to friends in Normandy,
who report "that th[ere] is a great army providing at Synct Maloes, and
that the war between England and France is printed and sent down to
every garrison and port, and that all the gentlemen be sent to 'stofe' their
garrisons as Scherborow, Grandvyll and such other." Apparently they
fear a landing of Englishmen, as all men not able to victual themselves are
sent out of the garrisons, and the country left open. Thinks "that if
Englishmen were set a-land, in time, the whole commons, with policy,
would soon grant to go with them and aid them, they have been so cruelly
handled by the French king and his officers." The French have taken
certain English spies. A captain with 200 men is beside Sherborow,
"which shall be taken in of divers barks of Depe, Kylbefe and Feacam, to
set upon Garnsey, the which is given to them." Thinks therefore that they
of St. Maloes intend hither. Desires the King's letters for punishment of
"vaunteparlers." Detains three of that sort in the Castle, who went
from parish to parish. Jersey, 9 Aug. 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
24. John Fysscher to Sir Ric. Long.
Since he wrote last, he and Mr. Lieutenant of Jersey have news out
of Normandy that ships are ready at Depe, Humffleyt and Kyllebyffe, and
also 100 men at Cherrebroke, for an expedition against Gernyssey; and
also ships at Sent Mallowys disposed to come both to Jersey and Gernyssey.
The men of the Isle are faint hearted, and discontented "because the boats
were taken with the men at Alldyerney which burnt the King's Isle," and
apparently not sorry that the Isle was burnt. Thinks it ill trusting them
with the Isle and the great ordnance, and wishes some ships and
Englishmen sent hither with speed. "If ye knew how 'fraid the knaves
are ye would hang some of them. Sir, I think there was never men that
hath the trouble as the bailiff and I have with them, both night and day;
and never rest to bring them in some readiness; and all will not serve."
Gernyssey, 9 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Captain and governor of the Isle of Gernyssey.
Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 468.
25. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
On 25 July, the Emperor came to Spires with a great company of
Spanish noblemen, and 400 horse besides his bodyguard. Next day, the
abp. of Mayence arrived and spoke with the Emperor on behalf of the
Duke of Cleves. The Emperor replied that his patience was exhausted
since the Duke had seized upon his Duchy, (fn. 6) invaded Brabant, and was
continuing depredations upon his subjects. Mayence staid but three days
and then returned to his diocese. After his departure the Abp. of Cologne
and Elector Palatine entered Spires together. Next day Cologne had an
interview with the Emperor, but treated nothing serious; and after him
the Palatine had a secret conference with the Emperor. That afternoon
Granwella and Naves bad a long interview with the Abp. who, very early
next morning, returned to Cologne. The Palatine made no intercession
for Cleves, who does not seek it. The Protestants sent ambassadors who
were twice heard. Understands that they moved three things, viz. that
the Emperor should not hold their religion in suspicion, that the judgment
of the Chamber might be viewed and reformed according to the declaration
at Ratisbon, and that he should accept their ejection of Henry, duke of
Brunswick. They are to follow the Emperor to Mayence, for which he left
on 5 Aug. The day after the Emperor left, 4,000 Spanish arquebusiers
arrived and took charge of the ordnance in the ships. Gives statement of
Italian and German soldiers, and of munitions of war. now passing with the
Emperor, who is distrusted in Germany. The Turk is devastating
Hungary and even threatening Vienna. Ferdinand betook himself to
Bohemia. It is said that 15,000 Swiss are going to the French king, to
whom also the Bp. of Rome has sent 4,000 Italian foot that were
destined for Vienna. Spires, 9 Aug.
Lat. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 467.
26. King Ferdinand to Henry VIII.
Learns by Henry's letters and by his secretary, who has returned,
how disposed Henry is to help him now in his extreme danger. Thanks
both for his love and for assistance (subsidium) sent at this time of necessity.
Prague, 9 Aug. 1543. Signed. Countersigned : R. Bionger, vicecanc.—
Lat. Broad sheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
27. Henry VIII. to Wallop and Others.
Has received their letters, and in answer to their doubts expressed in
that of the 4th, about joining [in the siege of] Landersey, directs them to
say that, upon words had with the Governor of Arras, they despatched
letters to the King's Council for instructions on that point; and have
received answer that (since the words of the treaty imply that, the enemy's
army being departed and the party aided not minding to invade the enemy's
dominions, they may return and not waste time in the siege of a village),
the Council referred the matter to the King, who decided that, although it
would be chargeable to permit them to go so far to so little purpose, yet,
as he has ever been accustomed to eschew argument in treaties and ready to
do more than he is bound for his friend, "if they will needs press you to go
thither, where ye and we both suppose ye shall waste your time without
great fruit, you shall nevertheless do [as th]ey shall re[quire, so as our doing
therein at] their request may [be a] bond to them for the doing of the like
hereafter in these two points following, that is to say, that in case we
require aid of th' Emperor the same aid shall serve at our appointment
during the four months, although th' enemy be [retir]ed, to b[esiege] . .
. . . . . . . . . . or town which th' ene[my shall] before have
gotten; and that, how far soever we lead the said aid, they shall remain in
service with us iiij. whole months, and, after the four months ended, at
th' Emperor's charge, return into their country like as ye [now at] this
time a[re required to do]"; warning them that after the four months
ended you must return unless they will have you at their charge.
"[Further, our] pleas[ure is that you, Mr. Wallop, shall represent unto]
the Greate [Master and others of the Emperor's] Counsail there . . . .
. . . . . . . . . th' army which ev[ery] of [us two] is bound to
send to the seas, which for our part we have done, as in all the rest we be
ever ready to satisfy to th' extreme point of our treaties," trusting that
they will do the like in deeds as in words, or we shall not in the end think
ourself well dealt with; praying him to consider this and put to his
Draft with corrections and last paragraph in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 13.
32,651, f. 215,
28. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
[*** A letter apparently sent in the place of No. 21, with which in
general tenor it agrees.]
As it appears that the fourteen agreed to a convention at Edinburgh
on the 20th, the Governor meanwhile to prepare the hostages, Sadler is to
tell the Governor that the King will wait to the 20th, or even four days
longer, so that the Cardinal and his complices may be present to give the
ratification more solemnity; but, if they fail to assemble by the 24th, as
the fourteen persons agreed that the Governor and those with him might
proceed alone, and as the treaties were concluded by five commissioners, &c.
(as in No. 21, down to the end of the clause for the prisoners' entry).
When the young Queen is kept by only two barons, each with 24 persons,
albeit the one baron is assured to the Governor, the other, being assured
to the Cardinal, together with the old Queen and 30 persons with her, shall
have the strongest side. Also the King much desires to send a larger number
than is limited by the treaty (which desire Sadler must keep to himself),
and it is meet that the Queen should have as many as her mother who has
thirty; and as no man can have greater desire for her safety than the King,
"being now her father-in-law," and as the Commissioners promised that
the number should be enlarged, Sadler shall move the Governor to provide
that the Dowager continue not in the Castle with the Queen, but remain
in the town with liberty now and then, with two or three in her company,
to visit the Queen; and shall grope whether the Governor and others will
agree, &c. (as in No. 21, to the end, without the note about ratification,
which is embodied in the wording of this letter).
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 17. Endd. : Mynute to Master
Sad[leyr], xo Augusti, 1543.
St. P., V. 331.
29. The Privy Council to [Parr].
Declared to the King the contents of his letter of the 6th, and are
commanded to answer that, as the laird of Mowe and Jok Pringle (who
lately, in company with Mark Carr, Dandy Yong, and others made a raid
into England and were apprehended), entered rather by wildness and folly
than upon any pretenced malice, and Pringle has favoured divers of the King's
subjects, as Parson Ogle declared, they and all the rest are to be saved,
except two or three that have been the most cankered against the King's
subjects, who are to be, at a warden court, condemned and executed. As
the keeping of such a number would be a cumbrance and charge, they are
to be, at the said warden court, dismissed into Scotland; reserving Mowe
and Pringle and ten of the best of the others to be kept surely and honestly.
Sunninghil, 10 Aug. 1543. Signed by Russell, Hertford, Winchester,
Westminster, St. John, Browne, Wyngfeld, and Paget.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost.
32,651, f. 224.
2. Original draft of the preceding.
Pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to my 1. Parr, xo Augusti, 1543.
28,593, f. 233.
30. Chapuys to the Prince Of Spain.
This King has proclaimed war against France and all the
Emperor's enemies. His army sent to succour Flanders has burnt all the
villages of the Boulognois and about Ardres and Terouenne, and is on the
way to join De Roeulx and attack Vendôme if he will wait for them. The
French king, after camping nearly a month at Marolles and failing to
capture Bins, withdrew to Cambray, and, on 29 July, divided his army into
three parts, one of which, with himself and his sons, went towards
St. Quentin, another to join Vendôme in Picardy, and the third and
greatest to Champagne for fear lest the Emperor should invade on that
side. The Emperor was to leave Spires on the 1st inst., and should now
be near Juliers, and it is hoped that Martin vand Roja and the Gueldrois
will be chastised and Amisfort recovered.
In Scotland all who favoured France have ratified the treaty with
England—the Cardinal among the first, and the Queen making no
difficulty. London, 10 Aug. 1543.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 3. See Spanish,
Calendar, VI. II., No. 203.
31. Sadler to Henry VIII.
The letter printed in Sadler State Papers, I. 249, as of this date is
really of the 9th Aug. See No. 22.
32. Maurice Bourchier.
Certificate by John Bowcer and Edw. Trotman of the dying words of
John Davys, of Dursley, 20 Sept., 1534, relative to Maurice Bochier of
Barkeley, Glouc., merchant. 10 Aug., 35 Hen. VIII.
Draft, large paper, pp. 4.