33. The Privy Council to Sadler.
After despatch of the King's last letters, he commanded them to
write as follows :—1. Where it appears by Sadler's last letters that Lynox
now sues for the Governor's favour; the Governor should, in the Queen's
name, demand Dunbriten of him, and so try what he intends, for if he
mean truly he will not refuse or delay. 2. Where the King has learnt
that the French ships lately at Lithe lie at Brent Island on the far side of
the water; Sadler shall solicit the Governor, and also Angus and Douglas,
that, if those on that side aid them, the King's ships may be aided on this
side; and if the French ships are still there Sadler shall seek to get them
stayed, by search for letters or otherwise, "for, God willing, it shall not
be long or his Grace's navy shall be with them." 3. When the treaty
is confirmed he shall inculk to the Governor that he may not aid French
ships equipped for war, with victuals or otherwise; nor "take the French
king for a comprehense, detaining his Majesty's pension from him and
being now in arms against him." 4. To thank Casselles and his wife for
their gentleness to Mr. Poyenz. 5. If the prisoners appointed to enter
do not make their entry, he shall move the Governor and the rest to
consider the offence to common faith if they are suffered to remain
unpunished, and travail to get them punished. 6. To advertise from
time to time who have the stroke in Council, who are in favour, who rule
about the old Queen, what mutations happen, how they like the books of
religion last made and whether the Governor desires more, and all matters
of any importance.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd. : Mynute to Master Sadleyr,
xjo Aug. 1543.
32,651, f. 226.
34. The Council Of The North to the Council.
Have kept a general sitting here, during which time they assisted
the justices of assize, as they have now advertised the King. Considering
the continual sickness of Sir Thos. Tempest, the absence of Sir Robt.
Bowes and the great age of Mr. Thos. Fairfaxe, sergeant at law, they
desire to have joined with them in commission some learned man in the
laws. Have used hitherto to stay writs of sub poena out of Chancery by
persons dwelling within the limits of their commission against others
within the same; which were often used only for molestation, because it
was better for a party here to accept wrong rather than sustain the cost of
appearing. Begs to know the King's pleasure whether they shall continue
to stay such writs. York, 11 Aug. Signed : Robert Landaffe, T. Magnus,
M. Constable, Henry Sayvylle, Thomas Fairfax, Will'm Babthorp,
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 471.
35. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Yesterday the Emperor was to encamp at Bonne, a town of the bp.
of Coleyn's, and so invade the duchy of Juliers, for else he would not have
come down so far; and also the Prince of Orange appointed to leave
Maestricht yesterday and camp that night at Gulpen, half way to Aken,
and go straight to the Emperor with 26 ensigns of footmen and 3,000
horsemen. It was said yesterday that the garrison of Juliers had
abandoned the town, but the Regent gave no great faith to the news.
Martyn van Roshem's being at Heynsberghe was for some secret
intelligence with lantzknechts within the town; but, that failing, he
destroyed the corn thereabouts and removed.
Not knowing whether posts are set between the camp at Hainault and
Calais, signifies that the Great Master wrote yesterday that the English
host was at Marquyon, 2 leagues from Cambray, intending to besiege
Landrissey this day, but lose no long time there. Seven ensigns of
lantzknechts, 3 ensigns of Wallons, the 2,500 Spaniards lately come, and
as many horsemen as will make up 3,000, shall join them. Bruxelles,
11 Aug. 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
36. Suffolk to Parr.
Orders him to put 100 billmen on horseback ready at one hour's
warning, to go to Carlisle, where they shall receive coats and conduct
money and be at the leading of Sir Thomas Wharton; also to appoint a
meet captain, with his petty captain, to lead them, "with his tent pavilion
and carriage for the same." Newcastle, 12 Aug. Signed. Subscribed
My lord Parre.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
A., p. 69.
Lodge, I. 61.
2. Similar command to the earl of Shrewsbury for 100 archers and 200
billmen. Newcastle, 12 Aug.
Copy, p. 1.
St. P., IX. 472.
37. Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote 23 July; and now, hearing of Henry's marriage, cannot but
rejoice and kiss the hands both of him and the Queen, of whose praises here
is public fame, to the pleasure of the Signory, who delight always in
Henry's prosperity. Polin is returned to Barbarossa with Mons. de
Vandosme, to go upon the army instead of the Dauphin, and with 210,000 cr.
to pay the army, which, with the French navy, numbers 200 sail and goes
against Nice. Reckons that the coast of Spain and Italy is well provided
and that Barbarossa will do little damage. The 4,000 Italians which the
Bishop sends to Vienna have entered Almain. The Turk has slain all the
inhabitants of a town in Hungary which had surrendered. He will use
his power against Alba Regal, where Philipo Torniello is entered with 3,000
Italians. Vienna has 12,000 men of war and is well provided. The Turks
in Hungary suffer from pestilence and scarcity. The French ambassador
with the Bishop of Rome has required of the Bishop 4,000 footmen for
defence against Lutherans, since he has granted the Emperor as many
against the Turks. The Bishop "hath taken a certain short respite to
make answer." The Venetians disarm, being out of suspicion and
exhausted of treasure. The Bishop has been in Ancona and will be in
Rome on the 20th. Pole and six other cardinals have always followed him.
Venice, 12 Aug. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed, Endd.
38. Edmond Harvel to Russell.
Rejoices at the King's marriage "to so prudent, beautiful and
virtuous a lady as is by universal fame reported." The Signory declared
"no mean congratulations of this marriage; of the which thing, and also
other occurrents, I doubt not but I should have received letters by this post
from your Lordship, if the great occupations of these nuptial feasts and
other had not been impediment." The Signory asked why the King sent
over less power than was determined. Replied that he supposed it due to
the Emperor's tardiness in coming to Flanders and to the approach of
winter. The Venetians unarm both by water and land. Thinks
Barbarossa will find all important places both in Italy and Spain prepared.
Hopes the Turk in Hungary "shall have the fortune little prosperous."
Venice, 12 Aug. 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
39. Chapuys to Charles V.
Lately received his letters of the 20th ult. and, yesterday, those of
the 3rd inst. The King's good will to the Emperor seems to increase, in witness
of which, in publishing the war against the French, he added a clause against
all other enemies of the Emperor : which will redound to the Emperor's benefit,
for the merchant strangers here, as Easterlings and Italians, will divulge it
everywhere. Doubtless the Emperor gives the King every occasion to increase
this good will by showing him as much confidence as possible, for, being suspicious
and haughty, it is to be feared that he may soon weary of the cost of the war.
Very little would turn him; and it is prudent not to mention the subject (propos)
of the Emperor's last letters, the thing being yet in the air and without
The King shows himself joyful at the good exploit done by the men of war he
sent thither, for which partly the captain of Guisnes is to be thanked; for if he (fn. 1) who
was to have gone had been leader he would have gone straight to the Emperor's
army without trying to damage the enemies; and I believe it was he who put in the
King's head that it was not right to burn or spoil the French unless they began.
For some time the King has desired the coming of the ships which should
be equipped in Flanders, in accordance with the treaty, to join his in some
enterprise, and has again caused his Council to write as in the letters
herewith. Has not been told what the enterprise is, but the preparations show
it to be a thing of moment : for on two ships alone, besides innumerable
"artillerie de fonte" the King has put IS cannons, and the two ressels will carry
1,200 men of war. Captain Lartigue solicits the employment of the said army
on the enterprise which he has proposed, of La Rochelle : but those here will not
do that until next year.
Is told that the Cardinal of Scotland and the others of the French party
there have approved and ratified the treaty lately concluded with the
Scottish ambassadors, although some pretend the contrary. The King
continues his good treatment of the Princess, whom he has retained with the
Queen, who shows her all affection. The daughter of Anna Bolans the
King has sent to be with the Prince his son. The King and his Council
think that these Turkish galleys arrived in Provence will be the ruin of the
King of France, who, besides irritating God and the world thereby, will consume
money, and in the end they will be dissatisfied with each other. Supposing that
the principal places which Barbarossa could assail are well provided, they wish
the Turkish army was greater, to put the King of France to greater expense.
The Emperor will have heard how six English ships assailed 16 French
equipped for war, which where keeping this Channel, two of which were
taken. The rest drew towards Scotland, where they are arrested, on some
pretext, so as to give the King leisure to send and take them; for which
purpose he has sent thither ten of his ships, marvellously well equipped,
and it is expected that they will shortly be brought hither captive, which
would be a very good thing. London, 13 Aug. 1543.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. endd. : receues au
camp a deux lieux de Drem, le xxjo dud. mois 1543.
40. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Regrets that sickness, at the time of Chantonay's being here
prevented his doing his duty towards him. Thanks for Granvelle's letters.
London, 13 Aug.
French, p. 1. Modern extract from a Vienna MS.
41. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Immediately upon receipt of her letters of the 2nd inst. he dispatched
a servant to the Council to learn when he might speak with the King, who
was in his progress, hunting, 33 miles hence, without sojourning in any
place. The Council, having learnt from her letters the reason why he
desired audience, and having communicated the documents therewith, from
the Marquis of Guasto, sent to say that the King rejoiced much at the news
and thanked her for imparting it, and had charged his Council to do their
best for the brief sending of the money (which they had done, but could
obtain no more of the merchants than Chapuys wrote last), and they
thought that the King should not be importuned further in it, and there
was no doubt but the money would be paid at the day agreed upon. Upon
this, has himself tried to induce the merchants to advance the money; and
to-day he who had charge to deliver the 5,000l. st. to those of the Staple of
Calais said that he had still 3,000l. of it undelivered, and thought that
Chapuys might have it, to send as he thought quickest, and for this he (the
merchant) would send to the Council and know their answer within three
days. Thinks at all events to take the money and send it by exchange, or
she can take it upon letter of exchange to be paid here at sight. The King
has not failed to re-imburse himself quickly and advantageously, having ordered
throughout the realm to preach on every feast day the necessity of aiding the
resistance against the Turk, and that, if formerly people gave their goods so
lavishly for certain foolish bulls heretofore current, the profit whereof was
converted to very evil and unhappy use, much more ought they to give to so sacred
and necessary a work. The most prominent parishioners are to collect the money
of the parishes.
A little before his man arrived with the Council they had sent Chapuys
the letter herewith. There is nothing to write, since his last, save that in
the cross ways of this city is published the war against the French, and
generally against all enemies of the Emperor, whose affairs gain no little
favour and reputation thereby, as the Easterlings and other merchants will
advertise it everywhere.
Learns from a good quarter that the 14 war ships which the French had
in this Channel are arrested, upon some pretext, in a port of Scotland, and
the King has sent ten ships to take them and bring them hither. It would
be well if the ships of Flanders were here at this conjuncture.
When about to close this, received her letters of the 8th, and, at the same
time, answer touching the 3,000l. st. which she may take at exchange in
Antwerp, by virtue of the letters herewith, or otherwise as she pleases;
and Chapuys will do his best to hasten payment of the rest. London, 13
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna.
42. Sadler to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
Answers to their letter of the 4th that if he had perceived that the
Governor and the King's friends here continued in their determination to
have English aid he would have certified the order taken for victualling
them; but they have wisely resolved to bring in no Englishmen, for, if
they did, their own friends would forsake them and the Englishmen be in
great danger. Already the bruit that he will bring in Englishmen makes
the Governor so hated that he scant dare trust his own servants; and this
nation is so malicious towards Englishmen that they cannot abide "to
hear that Englishmen should have any manner of superiority or dominion
over them." Still, as the Governor has desired the aid appointed to
remain in readiness, Sadler has asked how they would be victualled, and he
has answered that he would send to Newcastle and Berwick for grain to be
baked and brewed here and sold to the English.
Touching the navy of 50 sail which was seen afore Holy Island last
Friday; the nine French ships which were so long in the Firth took two
English crayers and sent them to Leith, and are said to lie still afore
Bamborough and Holy Island, with the Scots merchants that went out of
the Frith with them on Thursday last. If the King's ships appointed to
take them come forward they shall meet together; but Sadler can hardly
believe that 50 sail were seen; and would like to know further, so as to
advertise the Governor.
Each party here mistrusts the other and prepares forces. The Governor
is out of heart, for lack of money, which they all lack. The Cardinal has
laid lord Seton in pledge for Sir George Douglas, who repairs over the
water to speak with him to-morrow.
Headed : To my lords of Suffolk, Parr and Durham, 18th August 1543.
St. P., IX.
43. Wallop and Others to Henry VIII.
In their passage towards Hennowe, on the 5th, before they came to
Arras, the Great Master of Flanders met them and was much pleased with
their men and order of marching. Marched by way of Cambray, about
three leagues a day until, on the 12th, they arrived at Asper in Hennowe.
Account of their welcome by the duke of Arschot, and meeting with
Burgundian, Almain, Spanish and other troops, numbering now 7,000 foot
and 2,500 horse, or, with themselves, 12,500 foot and 3,000 horse. Upon
the report that the Emperor had entered the duke of Cleves' land, while
Duke was threatening Brabande and the French king drawing towards
Champanya, it was decided this day to move the whole army to Sollem, 3
leagues from Landresey. Describe a project to try Landresey by assault;
which failing, they will remove to some other enterprise, and if the French
King turn upon them will fortify their camp and abide his malice. Wallop
demanded how they should be victualled, and was answered that the
Emperor had three towns near, with a great river and forest, by which they
should be sure of victuals. Describe their welcome by the Spaniards and
the surprise expressed by Arschot and others at seeing their camp "infermed"
as they had read in "the chronicles of Englishmen." Propose to follow the
French king if he pass through the Emperor's dominions to join the duke
of Cleves. Yesterday when they passed Cambray the Bishop, who is the
duke of Arscott's brother, showed them great honor and made a sumptuous
dinner to the gentlemen who were within the town. Camp at Asper, 13
Aug. Signed : John Wallop, T. Seymour, Ric. Crumwell, Robert Bowis,
G. Carew, J. Seynt John.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd : 1543.
44. Sadler to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
Bearer, Mr. Poyntz's servant, last night brought the enclosed letter
showing how he stands for money and victuals. Sadler has already obtained
him 200 angels of the earl of Cassils which is spent, and will make shift to
send him 100l. more; but, considering the expense of his remaining long
with the King's ships in the West seas at 20l. a day, which is 560l. a month, the
bearer repairs to the lord Admiral to learn the King's pleasure. Begs them
to send the money which Sadler has already borrowed to help him withal,
and also a convenient sum to serve him until the King's pleasure is known.
P.S.—Perceives by their last letters, received together with the King's,
that six of the King's ships passed them on Sunday at 8 a.m., going to the
Firth. None have yet arrived; and the Frenchmen departed on Thursday
last, as he wrote, and have since taken and sent hither two English crayers,
and are said either to be on the coast afore Bamborough or Holy Island, or
plied homewards aloof from the English coast, or gone northwards to abide
the Iceland fleet.
Headed : To my lords of Suffolk, Parr and Durham, 14th August 1543.
45. Hertford to Paget.
I send you a letter from my lieutenant (fn. 2) in Jersay, to be shown to the
King if you think good. Likewise a supplication by the inhabitants of that
Isle to the King, and another to me and a letter to me from the bailiff there;
to be used as you think convenient. I have a letter from my brother, who,
for news, refers to the King's letters, "whereof I desire you to make me
participant in case your leisure may suffer it." Sheen, 15 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,651, f. 232.
46. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Has received his of the 9th, of his conferences with the Dowager and
Governor, &c. (points recapitulated). He shall, upon opportunity, tell the
Governor that, at his desire, the King has, with no small charge, put the aid
of men in readiness; and (considering that the Cardinal and his complices,
in the persons of the seven of theirs who met the Governor's seven,
allowed every article of the treaty and promised on the 20th inst. to ratify
it by Parliament, and knowing that it is impossible to alter the inclination
of the Cardinal and some of his faction from France) the King cannot
perceive to what good purpose the 5,000l. demanded can be employed, the
Cardinal being at a point to accomplish the treaty and so rooted towards
France "that except he be plucked up by the roots he can never be
changed"; which (Sadler shall say) may easily be done, for the Cardinal's
faction can make no force in Scotland to withstand the Governor, and the
aid of France is but a brag of the Cardinal, for the French king has
enough to do at home, and there is no such preparation in France to come
either by the East or West seas, and if there were the King's navies are
ready, and have eftsoons met with the Sacre of Diepe "and his conserve"
and taken two of them and have the rest in chase. To keep him in some
hope and decipher why he demands the 5,000l., Sadler shall grope the
Governor whether he will, in gage for it, deliver the strongholds on this
side the Frith or the young Queen. Sadler shall also tell the Governor
that Scottish ships pass daily into France with victuals; which is
against the treaty, seeing that the French king, detaining Henry's
pension, is no comprehense therein. Has stayed five or six of them,
and the rather because they show themselves to be of the Cardinal's
faction and speak very dishonorably of the Governor, Angus, Casselz,
and Glencarn and others, as traitors to the Queen and realm. Two of
them are English ships wrongfully taken heretofore in coming from
Burdeaux. Sadler shall desire that, henceforth, ships with victual
may rather discharge it here, where it will be paid for; and that
those carrying other merchandise to France may have the Governor's safeconduct,
for Henry's captains are ordered to stay such as have not the
Governor's safeconduct, and without such an order for safeconducts the
Cardinal's complices might when they list send to and fro to the French
Sadler has care of certain books and writings concerning the King's
private matters of importance, and other reckonings which have been
wanted since his departure. Desires to know where they may be found;
and if any are at his own house, "left in such sort as they may be conveyed
unto us and not be read or looked in by the bringer of the same," Sadler
shall order them to be brought to the King. 16 Aug. p.m. anno rr. xxxvo.
Copy, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute of the King's Majestes lettre to Master
18 B. VI., 156.
47. Arran to Henry VIII.
After the conclusion lately of the peace between the realms, Henry's
subjects of the port of Ry have taken a Scottish ship called Boneaventure
laden with goods of Edinburgh merchants. So recent an attemptate
requires hasty redress, "for good observing of the amity and repressing of
evil minded persons"; and this redress he prays Henry to command.
Credence for bearer, Ros herald, who is sent on this errand only.
Edinburgh, 16 Aug.
Copy, p. 1.
2. Another copy.
32,651, f. 240.
No. 452 (I).
48. Arran to Maxwell.
Thanks for readiness in assembling folk to come to him against the
20th inst. For winning of the harvest, and because differences will now be
easily appointed; prays him to stop their forthcoming, but put them ready
to come, with 15 days' victuals, at 24 hours' warning, and to come himself
against the 20th, for his advice anent the fulfilling of the contract lately
made with the King of England and the ordering of business. Edinburgh,
Copy, p. 1. Endd. : Copie of the Governor's lettre to my 1. Maxwel.
32,651, f. 236.
49. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Since he last wrote, the Cardinal has made suit to speak with Sir
George Douglas, who, having lord Seton laid in pledge for him, has now
been at St. Andrews, and, this morning, came to tell Sadler that he found
the Cardinal as reasonable in words as any man he ever talked with. The
Cardinal principally desired Douglas's help to obtain him the King's
favour and the Governor's, in which case he would serve the Governor and
realm, or else licence to live out of the realm in quietness, for he lived in
dread and perplexity, and was confederate with noblemen who had got
from him almost all he had and yet "were so loose a company" that he
doubted to trust them. Whereupon, Douglas laid to his charge his late
rebellion, which he might allege to be for the common weal but it was in
truth for the private weal of the Church, and "maintenance of the proud
state and abuses of the same." The Cardinal answered frankly that that
was true; for they understood that the Governor would put down abbeys
and alter the state of the Church, after the example of England, to oppose
which they would do all in their power. Douglas told him that, if he
would be a good servant of the Governor and the realm, the King would
remit what he had done in the past and bear him favour. The Cardinal
urged that he had been misreported and had never offended the King, and
was ready to set forth all things to the King's contentation; but, when
Douglas advised him forthwith to come to the Governor and be present at
the ratification, &c., he answered that he was bound to the noblemen of
his party not to repair to the Governor without their consent, and he
feared the "lightness and inconstancy" of the Governor, and especially the
malice of the countess his wife. He besought the Governor to accomplish
the matters of England, though he and his party were not present; and
afterwards would be time to pacify quarrels among themselves; the preparation
of forces on both sides should be left, and he would labour to get
his party's consent to his coming to the Governor, or else, if the Governor,
for "pastime and recreation," would repair to St. Androwes, he might, by
his bond, wait upon the Governor there. Finally they agreed that no
forces should be levied, but either party might take order to have them
ready at 24 hours' warning, and the Governor should proceed, by authority
of Parliament, to the ratification, laying of hostages and all things requisite.
Upon this, the Governor (all noblemen being absent preparing forces)
has addressed special letters to all members of the Parliament to repair
hither, but it will be this seven'night before any presence is here (where
now is none at all). As soon as they assemble the Governor will proceed,
trusting to perfect all things within 15 days after the end of this month;
which respite the Governor begs the King to grant, for when the treaties
are ratified here they must be sent by Ambassadors to be ratified there, and
they have to appoint commissioners to repair to the Borders to deliver the
hostages and compound for ransoms.
According to the King's last letters, has moved the Governor for the
entry of the prisoners, and groped whether he would be precise to the
number of English persons with the Queen, and for the removing of the
old Queen, and touching Donbrytayn castle, as contained in letters of the
10th and 12th (fn. 3) inst. from the King and Council. He replied that
the prisoners had been warned, and should eftsoons be warned, and as they
were all "bound one for another's entry" they would doubtless perform
their bond; the number of English persons about the Queen was appointed
by Parliament, but he was content to enlarge it if the rest of the lords
agreed; it was impossible to remove the old Queen, because Stirling castle
was her jointure; and as for Donbrytten he would gladly have it if he
wist how. Knowing that the Governor would have somewhat ado to get
pledges for the marriage, Sadler asked whether the hostages were ready.
He answered that, till the lords came together he could not resolve; but
he trusted that, at the first, the King would take the prisoners for pledges.
Told him that could not be, for the indenture for their ransoms showed
that they should not be freed till the hostages were laid. He replied that
Douglas told him that the King would "take part of the prisoners."
Apparently they will lay all, or most part, of the prisoners for pledges; and
indeed it will be "overmuch ado" for them to get any other.
About the Governor, surely, Douglas rules alone. The old Queen has
none about her save those that keep the castle, whereof lord Erskyn is in
chief credit. Edinburgh, 17 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
50. Sadler to the Council.
Has received their several letters of the 10th and 12th (fn. 3) and forwarded
those to Sir Nic. Poyntz. Has also received the copy of Captain Polyne's
letter to the governor of Thuryne, and set it forth as directed; and the
Governor and others "seem greatly to detest the French king and the
Bishop of Rome, no less than their doings in that part do justly require."
Partly answers their letters in his letter to the King herewith. Where, in
theirs of the 12th, they ask how the King's books of religion are liked here,
and whether the Governor desires more; sees not that they are "liked of
any party here," or that the Governor desires more of them; "for such as
pretend to favour God's Word do like chiefly that part which confuteth the
primacy of the Bishop of Rome, and such as they call here Pharisees and
Papists do so much mislike that part as they give almost no credit to the
rest." These like the restraint of the Scripture made in England from
certain degrees of the people, and would have liked better had it been
restrained from all; while the others are much offended thereat. Had he
found the said book liked, he would ere this have sent for more.
Headed : To the lords of his Majesty's Privy Council, 17th August 1543.
51. Sadler to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
Has forborne to answer their letters, in the hope of having some
certain matter to write; but these men's proceedings are too uncertain.
The letters herewith to the King show what appearance there is, "but what
will follow God knoweth, for I think never man had to do with such
people." Agrees that "the bottom of their purpose and agreement will not
appear till they shall have the King's money in their purses," and thinks
that if, upon his last letters, the King resolves to send money hither it
should be stayed. Has received the special advertisements they sent, and
will make enquiry. Part appear true and part are untrue, but it is hard to
judge the end of those perplexed affairs. Will be vigilant; and truth
always triumphs in the end. Where they write that the young Queen
should be very sick, none here know thereof. She was sick of the
smallpox, but is perfectly recovered ten days past. And where they write
that she is in the power of the Cardinal and his accomplices, and that
lords Livingston and Lindsay, favouring the Governor, would have come
away, but the old Queen stopped their baggage; the Dowager, Montrose
and Erskine are of the Cardinal's party and the castle is the Dowager's,
whereof Erskine is keeper and has all the keys, so that, if they list to
convey her away, Livingston and Lindsay could not empeach it, and
therefore might as well be away; but they neither desired to come away
nor did the Dowager stop their baggage. Glencairn, Cassels, Maxwell and
Somervail assure him that Montrose and Erskine are men of honor, and
will preserve her to be married in England; "but how it will prove, God
Headed : To the lords of Suffolk, Parr and Durham, 17th August 1543.
32,651, f. 242.
52. Mary Queen Of Scots to Henry VIII.
Desires a year's safeconduct for Adam Mawchane, burgess of
Edinburgh, to trade through England with France, with a ship of 100 tons
and "fish, salt, wines or other lawful goods." Edinburgh, 17 Aug.
1 Mary. Signed by the Governor.
Pp. 2 (one side of broadsheet folded). Add. Endd.
32,651, f. 244.
53. Arran to Henry VIII.
Albeit the time is very short that rests for the ratification of the
treaty, and the cumber lately arisen in this realm has required his whole
attention, he still intends to accomplish the treaty "agane the day affixte in
the contract"; but, in case this may not be fulfilled at the issue of this
month, he prays Henry to prorogate the time for 20 days, as he has desired
Sir Ralph Saidleir to declare. Edinburgh, 17 Aug. Signed : James
Pp. 2 (one side of broadsheet folded). Add. Endd., 1543.
54. Religion At Cologne.
"Denunciation" made by the Senate of Cologne on Friday, 17 Aug.
1543, informing the people that they have received a letter (recited) from
the Emperor, dated Mentz, 9 Aug. 1543, commending their efforts to withstand
those of the New Religion who have endeavoured to withdraw the
citizens from our old true Christian religion. They accordingly warn the
citizens, upon penalty, not to join, or listen to, or lodge preachers of the
new sect. They have received a like writing from the Pope's Holiness;
and warn everyone against speaking despiteful words of the Pope, Emperor
or other prince spiritual or temporal.
Translation, pp. 2. Endd. : The denunciation made by the Senate of Colen.
St. P., IX. 476.
55. Sir Thos. Seymour to Henry VIII.
On Wednesday last, at Boisye, a mile from Landrissey, it was
determined that the duke of Arscot, the Great Master, Mr. Wallop and
others should go to view the town while Seymour kept the camp. At
their return, a general council of the leaders concluded that to besiege the
town the army must lie on both sides of a small brook which could not
be passed without a bridge; and, as the French king assembled a great
puissance at Guyse, 4 leagues off, it was thought good to send the count of
Mansfeld to the Queen for aid, or instructions. Wallop and the Council
sent Seymour with him to declare (in case the Queen would neither besiege
Landrissey nor invade France) that Henry was not bound by the treaty to
keep his men here longer. Yesterday, had audience, together with the
ambassador, to whom he had shown the Council's doubts about aiding in
the siege. The Queen's answer (detailed) referred the matter to the army
and advised them to be wary. Thereupon Seymour declared the effect of
Henry's letter dated Sunninghill, 10th inst.; adding that Henry was the
more willing to let them go to the siege because they were given to understand
that it would be won or lost within eight days; adding also that if
she aided them in their return they might spoil the French king's country
and so cause him to divide his army. She consulted her Council and made
answer by President Schore that the delay would not be long, for, at the
Emperor's coming with the prince of Orange, who had gone to convey
necessaries to him, they would have men enough, both to check the duke of
Cleves, besiege Landrissey and make head against the enemy; that, if the
English left, her army could not keep the field, and with the enemy so near
such a course would be dishonorable; and that she was really pursuing the
enemy and entitled to aid although she did not forthwith besiege the town.
Replied that if the enemy invaded with 10,000 the treaty required aid to
expel them and invade in turn, but when they retired, the treaty did not
bind that aid to besiege such a little town; also that it should have been
foreseen that she was strong enough for the enterprise before calling the aid
so far and both spending the King's money and wasting the Emperor's
countries. She answered that the French King was then thought to be
going towards Luxenburgh but had altered his purpose.
Thinks the army, which is said to be 7,000 foot and 2,500 horse, lacks
2,000 foot and 500 horse of that number, and, as they are all garrison men,
Seymour doubts whether they may be taken for an army to which Henry is
bound to give aid. Is doubtful how Arscot and the Great Master will
agree when they meet the enemy, for at other times they show little goodwill.
Thinks Arscot is no man of war. Antwerp, 18 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
56. Wotton to Henry VIII.
The Regent came hither on the 14th, by way of Mechelyn and Lyre,
tarries 4 or 5 days and goes hence to Lovain. "This voyage is thought to
be to gather money." Mr. Seymour arrived on the 16th; with whom,
being at Court, Wotton heard that the Emperor came not so soon to Bonne
as some of the Council had reported. But the Queen affirms that he is
come thither, and the President says that his "vantwarde" has taken a
little town of Gulik called Hows. Never heard the name before; so it
must be of little value. Andwerpe, 18 Aug. 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
32,651, f. 245.
57. The Privy Council to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
Have received theirs of the 12th inst., with the report of the burser of
the Lesse Galley concerning the encounter of his ships with the Frenchmen off
Tymowth (sic), and of the 15th with the declaration of an espial (fn. 4) to you the
lord Warden. The King marvels at their suit to prefer the said espial to his
service without giving his name : the name must be sent. Suffolk shall
keep ten of the best of the French lately taken, in pledge for the ransom of
their fellows, and let the rest go. They must enquire what has chanced on
the sea, for since the burser's report nothing has been heard of the King's
navy. As it appears, by a view sent by them and Mr. Uvedale, that they
have not money to pay the 5,000 men put ready to aid the Governor of
Scotland when requested by the Governor and Mr. Sadler, they shall learn
what the treasurers in those parts have, and take the money of them, to be
allowed them again off their receipts at the general treasurers' hands; and
if they have not enough further order shall be taken.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suff., my 1.
Parr and the bishop of Duresme, xixo Augusti 1543.
58. Sadler to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
Has received their letters of the 17th, with their bill of news, which
are no news here; and, if the Cardinal and his complices mind any such
things, they keep no counsel of them, for a man might have learnt all
these news and more in the Fishmarket here, fourteen days ago. When he
was with the Queen at Stirling she complained of these bruits of a
marriage betwixt her daughter and Argyle's son and of strife betwixt
Lennox and Bothwell for her love. Wrote nothing of them because they
were common bruit, but thinks that the Cardinal and his fellows would
be glad to accomplish them, and maybe intend them; but the Governor is
warned of them by common bruit, and Sadler will advise him to weigh
them as their lordships desire. Touching the force which Argile now
raises; every man has been preparing forces, which is now stayed upon
the agreement between the Cardinal and Sir George Douglas, as he wrote
in his last. Certain Irishmen who have long been prisoners in the castles
of Edinburgh and Dunbar the Governor has now sent home, to keep
Argyle occupied; and they have already begun, for at their coming home
they have now assembled 1,800 men and slain many of his servants and
taken his friends' goods and cattle, although the Governor took bonds of
them to make no stir until he appointed it. They are "such perilous
persons" that neither Argyle shall be able to daunt them nor the Governor
to set their country in a stay.
Encloses the names of the Scottish prisoners, with the value of their
lands and goods, (fn. 5) for the taxation of the ransom when the commissioners of
Scotland come; which, the Governor says, shall be soon. For Suffolk's
ease, he will send them to Newcastle. Thinks that Angus, as the greatest
man here, will be principal commissioner.
Headed : To my lords of Suffolk, Parr, and Durham, 19th August 1543.
59. Henry VIII. to Cranmer.
See No. 66.
St. P. IX., 479.
60. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on the 12th. An ambassador is since come from the Turk
demanding 50,000 ducats due from the Venetians by last accord; and
requiring the Signory to keep him informed of news of Christendom
and of his navy and Barbarossa, who is besieging Nisa with the French
army under the earl of Anguilar, who bears the French standard upon his
galley (and Barbarossa none, in token that he is in the French service).
Gives account of the siege of Nisa, to which Guasto and Doria (out of
Spain) are sending aid. The "Bishop" has granted the French king 4,000
Italians, or their pay, against Henry, and is in incredible hate and infamy for
thus taking part with the Turk's confederates; for all think Henry and
the Emperor intend the wealth of Christendom and the French king its
ruin. The duke of Florence has "soldid" 1,500 Almains for the presidy
of his state. The French king has commissioned Piero Stroci to remain
in Piedmont with his 300 soldiers. The Turks in Hungary are wearied
with their long journey, and wasted by pestilence and penury increased by
a plague of locusts. They have been rebutted from Strigonia with loss,
but will try again, and, if they fail, retire to Buda; where the Turk's
person is, and has summoned to him Friar George and the other nobles.
Friar George refuses, saying the Turk has broken his promise to restore
the young Prince to the kingdom of Hungary; and keeps Transylvania for
the young Prince with 4,000 horse. Ferdinando has assembled 60,000
men of war and has 10,000 foot in Albaregal, 14,000 in Vienna, and a
great presidy in Strigonia; so that the Turk is like to do little and lose
reputation. Venice, 20 Aug. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
61. The [Marquis Of Guasto?] to Card. Farnese. (fn. 6)
Although it is not the writer's office to answer the Pope's reply to
the Imperial ambassador, upon the requisition to declare himself against the
King of France, conjoined with the Turks to the hurt of Christendom, yet
devotion to His Holiness and Christian zeal prompt him to say what he
thinks of it. His Holiness must be assured that inasmuch as he has done
more against the Turks since he has been rector of the See Apostolic than
any of his predecessors, so much the more is every Christian bound to exert
himself for Christendom. The forces of the Turk were never so much to be
dreaded as now when they are joined to those of Christian princes; and his
Holiness is therefore bound as a good shepherd to do all he can for his flock.
Now, as to his Holiness' reasons for not acting at present either with
temporal or spiritual arms. First, the Pope thinks he ought not to declare
with the temporal arm against Francis, because the latter has made a similar
request for a declaration against the Emperor, as united to the King of
England, a heretic and enemy of the Apostolic See. Now, if it is an error
to confederate with heretics the King errs worse than the Emperor, because
he is confederate with greater and more damnable heretics than the King
of England. Although the King refuses obedience to the Apostolic See, a
thing most impious, the others, confederates of the King of France, are
infected with the same heresy, and moreover repudiate all the articles which
form the very foundation of our Religion; which the King of England has
not yet done. Besides, the King of France uses the arms of these heretics
to the hurt of people sincerely Christian and now by his instigation and
money the usurper of Denmark has sent men to aid the French, who under
the Duke of Cleves are doing all they can to the hurt of Flanders. It
cannot be doubted but that this is at the instigation of France; for lately
the King of France gave his order of St. Michael to that King of Denmark.
As to the aid of England, the Emperor uses it against the French united
not only with heretics but with the very Turks, and only uses it in order
that the French, being engaged in war with the English, may have less forces
to join to the Turks. Besides, to show what a bad comparison is that of
the King of England with the Turk :—(1). The King of England, in the
intimation of the war against Francis, inserts that it is because of that
confederation with the Turk, and promises to desist if Francis will
leave that confederation and contribute with other Christians against the
Turk. (2.) The King of England has sent 40,000 crs. to the King of the
Romans for defence against the Turk. These acts should not make men
judge as equal the Turk and the King of England; but rather
to think, from such good beginnings, that God will enlighten
that King and not let these holy works be lost, but make him
recognise his errors, and this hope is increased by the report that in his
kingdom he no longer allows men to speak against the Apostolic see or his
Holiness. This change is not so unlikely; for Henry II., his predecessor,
in the time of Pope Alexander III., held the same heresy and committed
infinite sacrileges, and yet in the end was enlightened by God and brought
back to health. There could be no better way to bring him back than by
joining him with the Emperor; and that union is for the good of
Christendom, whereas the French king's error is inexcusable; because he
knew it was an error incurred in the blindness of ambition, as appears by
his frequent denial of it. The matter is the worse because the French
king, while wishing to persuade the Pope that he was not allied with the
Turk, had informed the Turkish fleet of all the Christian forces and had
already determined to lead it against Christendom, beginning at Nice. To
show that the united Turks and French did not intend to attack the Emperor
alone, but all Christendom (which invalidates the Pope's argument about
the Emperor's union with the King of England) their first attack was upon
Nice, a place belonging to the Duke of Savoy, and already the Turks have
sacked several towns belonging to the Genoese, who, although friends of the
Emperor, are not subjects.
The other excuse that his Holiness gives appears to be that the declaration
would harm the Apostolic See without aiding the Emperor or hurting
France, because the forces of the Apostolic See, being already engaged against
the Turk on the side of Vienna and at sea, would have to be withdrawn, and the
French king would have a cause to rebel against the Church as the King of
England has done. In answer to this, the opinion is universal here that
the Apostolic See could do much more both by sea and land than it does at
present : the States of the Church are ample, the ecclesiastical revenues
infinite; and if these are insufficient, some of the property could be sold, for
there never was such necessity as now. As to the danger that France may
abandon the Apostolic See; it is unreasonable that his Holiness should
refrain from doing his duty for fear that others may do what they ought not.
Moreover his Holiness should give an example to other princes, and in
refusing to declare himself may be the eause of all the ills which might
result, and may encourage the Germans and all those who dissent from the
Holy See, who are too many.
Lastly, his Holiness threatens to use the Ecclesiastical arms against
whoever impedes the remedy he thinks essential to the preservation of the
Christian religion, namely the peace. Doubts whether this would be well
taken by Christians, who would think it strange that, when the sentences
already decreed, by the Canon law should be executed, his Holiness
makes the judgment anew. He who aids the Turk is excommunicated from
the Church; and the king of France has done it in every way. Then, as
to the impeding of the peace we must consider (1) who is the author of the
present war and (2) if that peace which is talked of would be perpetual and
not a delay until the king of France should have opportunity again to disturb
the world; because the nature of Frenchmen is such that their desires
never end, for as soon as one is attained another begins. Cites the war
which followed the Emperor's election and the four times on which the
French king has broken his oath, i.e. given at Madrid, Cognac, Cambray and
Bologna. When the Emperor invaded Provence it was to protect Savoy.
When his Holiness was making the truce in the hope of a peace to follow,
the French king was planning his union with the Turk. Last year, while
protesting to the ambassadors and to the Pope that he would keep the
truce, he suddenly broke it for the sake of the Turk.
His Holiness will see from the above that the only real peace will be
obtained by compelling the French king to keep within his kingdom.
Perhaps the seeing the arms temporal and spiritual of the vicar of Christ
raised against him might bring him to his senses. Milan, 20 Aug. 1540 (sic).
Italian. Pp. 17. From a modern copy in R.O.