62. Henry VIII. to the People Of Jersey.
Letters missive commanding them to aid Henry Cornish, lieutenant
to the earl of Hertford, Great Admiral of England, captain and governor of
Monntergile castle and the Isle of Jersey, in providing against invasion by
the King's enemies; and commanding Cornish to punish "such as shall be
vant parlers and will by any means withstand or let the setting forwardness
of any such things as may be to the benefit and preservations of our
Draft, p. 1. Endd. : "Mynute of the K's l're to Henry Cornish, the
baillif and jurates, etc., of Jersey xxjo Aug. 1543."
2. French translation of the above, with the conclusion "Donne a notre
manoir de More le xxjme jour Daoust l' an de notre reigne xxxvme."
French. Draft, p. 1.
32,651, f. 247.
63. Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter of Mr. Sadleyr's, sent to them with a bill of the
Scottish prisoners' names and substance, but no report how English
prisoners are handled in Scotland for their ransoms. Have therefore
summoned the English prisoners, and will send their report how they are
handled; whereupon the King may minish Scottish ransoms. As Sadleyr
writes that the Governor will speedily send commissioners to compound for
the said ransoms and deliver the hostages, the writers beg to know, against
their coming, the King's pleasure in the following :—
1. To what place the hostages are to be brought? 2. What shall be
done with the garrisons, which be 500 and more? 3. How Tyndale and
Redisdale shall be governed, whether by one man or two, and with what
entertainment? Who shall have the offices of Langley and Hexham, which
are meet for the Governor of Tyndale, as they wrote? Those of Tyndale
who appeared before them, and the residue afterwards to their governor,
submitted to the King's mercy, and promised redress as far as they were
able. What shall be done? 4. What shall be done with the Scots in
prison who have broken the truce, and, by Border law, may be executed, as
the lord of Mowe, Joke Pringle that took Parson Ogle, and the Armstrongs
of the West Border? 5. What shall be done with the King's grain, to
keep it or utter it in Scotland or Flanders (a licence is required for Flanders);
for Mr. Shelley writes that 16 sail are come to Berwick with fresh and
better corn, so that he cannot utter it? 6. What Mr. Uvedale shall do
with the rest of the King's money if aught remains? 7. The King's pleasure
concerning Sir John Wytherington? 8. Keepers of hostages of the King's
prisoners are charged by writing to keep them safe, and will look for writings
for their discharge before releasing them upon ransom.
Doubt whether John Heron of Chipchase and his son George would be
condemned at the sessions here; where men are ready to inform against
each other, but shrink from appearing at open trial against gentlemen or men
of great surname, insomuch that at last sessions in Northumberland many
evil doers were quit for lack of evidence, and Ede Robson, who slew a man
coming to my lord of Norfolk, was found to have done it in self defence, and
"so shall be delivered." Thought evidence of misdemeanour, taken before the
King's Council, sufficient cause to deprive a man of his office, imprison him
during pleasure and put him to a fine; for March treason, that is treating
with or bringing in Scots, cannot be shown, but the failing to apprehend
rebels and the letting thieves go and retaining the goods are testified by all.
As to George Urde, against whom March treason is laid by evidence out of
Scotland, doubt how the jury will regard it.
Have received theirs of the 18th (fn. 1) from the Moore, showing that the
King marvels at their preferring an espial of the lord Warden's without
naming him. Remind them that the lord Warden wrote before not only
his name, Sandy Pringle, and his suit to be the King's servant, but enclosed
a bill of his own hand offering service and making suit for his kinsman
Joke Pringle. As to the King's ships that took the prize before Tynmouth,
Captain Woodhouse's ship, for speed in following the chase, cut off his boat
with seven men in her, who tarried in this haven until, having his
bowsprit broken, he left the chase and returned for it. Since then
have heard nothing of the fleet until now, when two mariners of Norfolk
report, the one that he saw 7 of the King's ships far aloof in the seas, the
other that he saw two of the King's ships with two prizes of two tops
apiece and the prize taken here, all sailing towards London. Where
Suffolk is commanded to write to the receivers in the North for money for
setting forth the 5,000 men, although now the aid will not be demanded
(as things in Scotland now proceed), he has written to the receivers to
retain the money. "One of the garrison of Berwick, using to ride the
post to Master Sadleyr," tells them that, last Saturday, at his coming out
of Edinburgh, he saw the Governor's horse a shoeing and was told by the
smith that the Governor went to Hamylton, and thence to Donfremelinge
beyond Stirling to meet with the Cardinal. If so, Sadleyr will soon report
it. Suffolk is commissioned to take of the Scottish prisoners, for their
ransoms, obligations in writing and promise by word, ratified by the
Governor. If they come not in person, is he to remit to Mr. Sadleyr to
take the promise by word? For he fears that few will come in person.
Newcastle, 21 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd : 1543.
64. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Mr. Norton has told him that Henry wishes the men at arms of this
town to sojourn at Guisnes. Durst not dismiss them on the bare report of
Mr. Norton, because they are, next the Council, the trustiest force here.
The days are decreasing and the banner watch approaches, which, by the
ordinance, is to be kept for better search of the watch in the long nights,
"as well in this time of war as in the herring mart"; at which watch 3 or
4 of the men at arms, attended by archers à cheval, are bound to be present
nightly, they then after 10 p.m. taking charge of the stand watch and
ordinary search. Considers the said watch (which could not be kept
without them) the more necessary as the performance of the works here has
revealed the shallowness of the dykes of the town to all passers. This
town was never without the men of arms unless the King's army was in
Picardy. Mr. Norton also reported that all who lately repaired hither as
adventurers shall return home. Some of them have already returned,
some gone to Flanders, some work in the harvest here; but the rest shall
be despatched at the next passage, all save 30 tall men whom the Council
sent to Thos. John, captain of— (blank) bulwark in the Myn Broke
against Balyngham, and whom, as they ventured their lives, the writer
ventured, at his own charge, to furnish with weapons. Calais, 21 Aug.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 481.
65. Wallop and Others to Henry VIII.
When the Count de Mansfeld and Sir Thos. Seymour returned from
the Queen Regent, and Seymour declared the effect of his interview, it was
concluded (as the camp at Dowsey was too large and scattered, forage there
scarce, and Arscott and the Great Master informed that the French king,
with his two sons and a large force, lay but 4 leagues from Landresey to
encourage it) to move to a new camp at Anglefountaine, 2 leagues thence,
and within a league of Quennoye. Here Spaniards, Almains, Hennoweiers,
Wallons and English are all together in a strong camp supplied with
victuals from Vallencien, Quennoye and Avennes; awaiting the Emperor's
orders, who will either send the Prince of Orrenge to them or come himself
so that they can repulse the French and overrun their frontier. To depart
hence now would lead the French king to invade Hennowe with more
violence than before. Have decided to remain. Camp at Anglefountaine
22 Aug. 5 p.m. Signed : John Wallop, T. Seymour, J. Seynt John,
G. Carew, Rich. Crumwell, Robert Bowis.
Pp. 2. Fly-leaf with address gone.
66. Prayers For Fine Weather.
Mandate by Cranmer to Bonner, in view of the raging pestilence
and tumults of wars with which Christendom is vexed, to transmit to the
other bishops of the province, and carry out in his own diocese of London,
the King's will as contained in a letter (recited) from the King to Cranmer.
Croydon, 23 Aug. 1543.
[The letter as embodied in the above] :—Whereas there has been and
still is much rain and unseasonable weather, whereby is like to ensue great
hurt to the corn and fruits now ripe, the archbishop and other prelates are
to exhort the King's people, with repentant heart, to make prayers severally
and together for "seasonable and temperate weather." He is to send to all
the bishops of his province, incontinently to make the rogations and processions
accustomed. The Moore, 20 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII.
From Cranmer's register.
67. Longford Park.
Certificate, by Thomas Halyngworth, of deer killed in Langforthe
park in the summer of 35 Hen. VIII. showing to whom, by order of "my
master" (fn. 2) or of Mr. Browne, they were given (among others Mr. Fowlgam's
son, Mr. Meverell, Mr. Warden of the Fleet, and Sir Humph. Ferrys) and
concluding with a note, dated 23 Aug., asking directions about certain money
and demands of Mr. Browne.
Pp. 2. Very mutilated and faded. Address illegible except the words
"ryg[ht] worshyp[ful] * * * thys."
32,651, f. 251.
68. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
Perceives by his sundry advertisements to Suffolk and the Council
there, and by his letters of the 17th inst., containing the discourse between
the Cardinal and Sir George Douglas, and the Governor's requests for
a longer day for the ratification and to have some of the prisoners accepted
as part of the hostages (which requests the King nowise likes, and will at
present pass over in silence, requiring Sadler to make some honest excuse
for not answering) that the Governor has eftsoons deferred to compel the
Cardinal and his complices to go through with the treaties and use themselves
becomingly to their Governor. Sadler must, in conversation, tell
the Governor that he doubts whether he has done wisely heretofore in
writing to the King in commendation of their proceedings, seeing he (the
Governor) "suffereth himself to be thus deluded by the Cardinal's fair
practices, who, if he had had such advantages of him as he hath had of
the Cardinal, would not have let them slip so slenderly." Reckoning to
him how he let the Cardinal go, how he brought not the young Queen to
Edinburgh castle when he might, how he has not blown Lynouz out of the
horn as he promised, how he neglected to stop Bothwell and that faction
on this side the Fryth from joining the Cardinal, how he lost the occasion
of subduing the Cardinal at the last assembly when he had the greater
force, and how afterwards, when the Cardinal remained alone at Lithco, he,
with 700 men in garrison, "lost so goodly a commodity to have eftsoons
surprised the Cardinal"—all by giving too much credit to the promises of
the Cardinal and his complices;—and showing him that "by over much gently
handling of things" he suffers his own commodity to pass (to his danger
hereafter if the Cardinal catch him at advantage) and also, having received
much from the King, has not only done nothing in recompense but has
hindered enterprises which the King else would have carried out. Sadler
shall therefore desire him to go roundly to work to accomplish the treaty,
or else deliver all the strongholds on this side the Frythe as he promised,
which promise he is to be desired to write in a letter to the King, signifying
how and when he will perform it. In all things Sadler shall exhort him
to let the King find some fruit of his benevolence towards him, and to
beware of the Cardinal, and, considering Henry's experience and friendship,
seek his counsel, and not do things which fail and then communicate what
he intended. Advising him to consider that his soft handling of things
has brought him into contempt, and persuading him (if the Cardinal and his
complices refuse to ratify the treaties and lay the pledges) to declare them
rebels and apprehend them, and cause Angus and Maxwell to intercept
Bothwell, the Carres, Humes and others on this side the Frythe who would
join the Cardinal.
All the above Sadler shall interlace with gentle words, that "the pith of
the same may work somewhat with him and yet the pique of the same
little offend him." And the same discourse is to be held with the other of
the King's friends there and to Sir George Douglas, to each apart.
The King's navy has taken two more of the Saker's conserve, beside those
he wrote of on the 16th; and the Swepestake is said to have driven a
Frenchman into Dundee. Sadler shall speak to the Governor that she may
be suffered to bring her prize thence, as he was content that the Sakre and
his fellows should have been taken in the Frythe. If she be not at
Dundee, Sadler shall enquire where she is, and hearken what is become
of the Sakre and the rest of his fellows.
Seeing that the Cardinal seems to desire Henry's favour (and to practise
with him might stay some of his purposes and also drive Henry's friends,
in fear of the Cardinal's joining with him, to go more frankly to work)
Sadler shall communicate with him and allure him with promises of as
great profit at Henry's hand as ever he had at the French King's or
bishop of Rome's, for, although he should leave his red cap (whereunto
Sadler must travail to bring him), he should still be archbishop and
primate, and if he lost any profit in France it would be redubbed here
at home. Finally, where the Governor and others are offended with part of
Henry's late book touching Christian religion, Sadler shall tell the
Governor that it was not made by any one bishop, (fn. 3) "nor the bishop whom
he suspecteth had anything to do with it at all," but by the consent of
learned men of divers judgments, and penned by the bishops of Westminster,
Chichester and Rochester, and Doctors Cox, Redman and Robynson,
who are such men for learning and honest living as no man can reproach.
If he will signify the points wherewith he is not content, Henry will
answer them. Sadler shall call upon the Governor to cause the prisoners
to come in, and, if they refuse, "to do to them all that he ought to do by the
law of arms."
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 14. Endd. : Mynute to Master Sadleyr from
the King's Majesty, xxiiijo Augusti 1543.
St. P., IX.
69. The Privy Council to Chapuys.
Having heard his news which his servant the bearer has declared,
communicate theirs in return. The King's ships, sent to sea according to
the treaties, have twice met the French fleet and have taken 5 men of war
and one merchant. Judge what might have been done if your navy had
been sent to join the King's, according to the treaties, as he long ago
requested. The King is surprised that so little regard has been paid to the
treaty, both in this and the furniture of your army. For whereas, being
required, and sending his aid in all diligence, he was informed, both by you
and from Flanders, that the said army numbered 25,000 or 30,000, he
now learns that his army and yours, together, are not sufficient to encounter
the enemy or do any exploit (substituted for : he learns that his aid, being
now come to join yours, finds it scarcely equal in number of foot; so that
the forces of both together can do no good exploit, but lose time, spend
treasure and waste the Emperor's country). (fn. 4)
The King, having heard generally of the Emperor's interview with the
Bp. of Rome, his passage through Italy, assemblies with the states of
Germany, and arrival now in the Low Countries, but receiving no certain
advertisment, by his ambassador or by you, of the said conferences or of
the Emperor's intentions, does not think that things proceed in such
friendly sort as the amity requires; and wishes you to be informed of it,
knowing your good inclination to that amity.
French. Draft with corrections in Paget's hand, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute
to th 'Emperor's ambassador, xxiiijo Aug. 1543.
32,651, f. 259.
70. The Privy Council to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
The King has heard the contents of all their letters, and of the
letters which they have forwarded from Sadler and others there; and,
perceiving the variable proceedings of his friends in Scotland, doubts
whether they will be able to go through with the treaty and delivery of
hostages. Since the Carres, Humes, Scottes and other Borderers have
been very busy against him, and have ridden to join the Cardinal's faction
at sundry meetings against the Governor, the deputy wardens on the
Borders shall, if the Cardinal eftsoons make a party, make raids in Scotland
on the lands of such as join the Cardinal. The Governor offered (as they
have seen by Sadler's letters) to deliver the strongholds on this side the
Frythe if the young Queen were conveyed away, or he were unable to
accomplish the treaty. They shall consult, in case the Governor go
through with this promise, how to take possession of them and whom to
send. As to the lord of Fentre's ransom, his taker may have it, provided
he be not put to ransom before the others that are the King's prisoners.
Sir Thos. Wharton may practice with Symple to win Sir John Cambel and
the earl of Argile. Enquiry is to be made for the Saker of Diepe (of whose
conserve two more men of war, the Frances and the Jaques, are taken,
making three men of war and a merchant), in chase whereof the
Suwpestake, Captain Woodehouse, has "made so earnest suit" that there is
yet no word of him.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 8. Endd., Mynute to the duke of Suff. my 1.
Parr and the bishop of Duresme, xxiiijo Augusti, 1543.
MSS., A. p. 73.
71. Duke Of Suffolk to the Earl Of Shrewsbury.
I have received your lordship's letters of the 21st inst., desiring
advertisement in writing when you shall set forth your men, "which,
notwithstanding your former letters which was by proclamation," I shall
signify by my letters. As for coats, I will advise you to buy none till the
second warning, and you shall receive money for the same again at Berwyke.
Newcastle, 24 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
32,551, f. 261.
72. Sadler to Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall.
This morning, received their letters [of the 22nd inst.] (fn. 5) touching the
entry of the prisoners to make their bonds and promises for payment of
their ransoms, according to the indenture betwixt the King's commissioners
and the ambassadors of Scotland. The Governor had before that said that
all should be warned to their entry; but it is thought that divers will not
enter, as lords Fleming and Oliphant, lord Erskine's son, the laird of
Waughton's son and Oliver Sinclair, who is too far hence to be warned in
time. The Governor says he will make no promise for such as so little
regard their honor as not to enter, but will let them remain captive, and the
other noblemen (as they are all bound one for another) may ride upon them
and put them to such reproof as appertaineth. Cassils, Glencairn,
Maxwell, Gray and Somervail, although right willing to enter, cannot be
spared from the Governor. Glencairn says he cannot be four days from
home without losing all he has, because Argyle and he are "at utterance."
It is here thought that it will be sufficient to send commissioners to deliver
the hostages and compound for and deliver bonds for payment of ransoms
(with the Governor's writing according to the indenture); and those for
whom the Governor will not be bound to remain captive, with their pledges
still in England. They have here sat two days in Council upon this and
the matter of pledges for the marriage, which Sadler thinks they will hardly
get unless the prisoners, or some of them, are accepted. On Sunday next
they ratify the treaties, without the Cardinal or any of his complices.
Moved the Governor to demand their handwriting; but he said there were
witnesses enough that they agreed to the treaties, and he cared not for their
handwriting; for they gave it when he was admitted Governor, and Argyle
also gave his to lay a pledge for the marriage, but never kept to it. Told
him it would do no hurt to prove them. "He is now in a 'mainouryng' to
ride over the water to Fife and Angus, and so to make an errand to his own
house at St. Andrews, to see whether the Cardinal will come to him
according to his promise or not."
P.S.—Scottish ships have arrived from Denmark, saying that the King
of Denmark, at the French King's solicitation, is setting forth 18 or 20
sail of huge ships of five and six tops to annoy the Emperor in Flanders
and also the King's navy. They are now ready; and these Scottish ships
were long detained there, so that they might not bruit it abroad.
Edinburgh, 24 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text of Sadler State
Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 459.
St. P., IX. 484.
73. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Wrote from Geanes, at the Emperor's arrival from Spain, on 29 May
and 3 June, from Vogera on 11 June, from Milan on 19 June, and from
Cremona, at the departure of the Emperor and Bp. of Rome from their
interview at Bussedo, on 26 June. Since then the difficulty of sending
despatches, and uncertainty whether any he sent since the departure of
Chamberlyne and Atkynson were received, made him refrain from writing.
After the interview, in the way towards Almayne, the Emperor did little
save conclude the duke of Mantua's marriage with the King of Romans'
second daughter, granting the said Duke the marquisate of Montferrat.
He made the more haste because the Almains believed that he was dead.
Now his coming with such a force, and strengthened by the reputation of
Henry's alliance, makes them all shake. Some love him and some
dissemble, but all now help him with artillery, horses, &c., especially the
cities of Colen, Mentz, Spires, Wormes, Ulmes, Straseburge, Ausburge and
Nuremburge, yea and the landgrave of Hesse and abp. of Colen, who is now
fallen into much folly, desiring to ruin his province for the satisfaction of
his carnal appetite. Granvelle says, all in Germany was unprepared and
uncertain until they came to Bonna, 4 miles hence, where the Emperor
mustered his host, viz. 40 banners of Dutchmen, 11 of Italians (Camillo
Columna and Antonio Doria, captains) and 12 of Spaniards; the light
horse being 700 under Franceso de Este and the Dutch horse 2,000 under
the young marquis of Brandenburge, with Fernando Gonzaga, viceroy of
Sicily, as captain general of the army, Stefano de Columna master of the
Camp, and the marquis of Mariliano master of the Artillery. The Emperor
has 108 fair pieces that were made at Ausburge and 30 which the Cardinal
of Maguntia and the Palsegrave gave him. His household and court
number over 2,000 horse. The Emperor (notwithstanding the intercession
of the abp. of Colen, the ambassadors of Saxony, Hesse, Strasburge, Ulmes
and other Protestants at Spira, and the Palsegrave and Frederic Count
Palatyne) is earnest against the duke of Cleves, whose town of Duren,
5 miles hence, he is now besieging, being there joined by the Prince of
Orange with 40 banners and 3,000 horse. Some think he will leave his
army there and go to Flanders; but, considering the Turk and the approaching
Diet at Spires, that is unlikely. The duke of Cleves being absent at
Thisteldorff in ducatu Montensi, Duren cannot long resist. The bearer,
Brant, will view the camp in passing and report all things, and can also
tell of that naughty person, Dudley, who was suffered to escape out of Milan
castle. Sends translation from the Dutch of a denunciation (fn. 6) made here at
the Emperor's desire "touching certain preachers and seditious naughty
persons that go about to destroy all together." Is here with other
ambassadors and part of the Court (who brought the Emperor's jewels) and
of the artillery, but hopes, in 4 or 5 days, to go to the camp when the
Emperor opens the way thither. Colen, St. Bartholomew's Day, 24 August
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
2. Another copy headed by Bonner "The double of my letter sent by
Brant, the Englishman, xxiiijo Augusti." Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd.
32,651, f. 269.
74. The Privy Council to Suffolk, [Parr and Tunstall].
Answer their letters of the 21st, received with Sadler's enclosing a
schedule of rates of the King's prisoners, as follows :—
1. The hostages to be sent up hither. 2 and 6 (garrisons and Uvedale's
money). To be deferred until the King sees things in Scotland in a
further stay. 3. They must send names of two or three men thereabouts
who are apt for the appointment of keeper of Tyndale and Riddesdale; and,
as for Exham and Langley, send their opinion whether some of the holds
within Tyndale and Riddesdale might not be kept by the King's servants
dwelling there, at the commandment of the chief ruler of Tyndale and
Riddesdale. The inhabitants shall be pardoned on condition that they live
honestly and obey their rulers, and that such of them as are able make
some recompense to the true subjects whom they have spoiled. 4. The
King's answer has been already written, that the lord of Mowe, Joky
Pryngle and ten others of the best are to be kept, two or three of the
rankest executed, and the rest despatched as accustomed. 5. The bruit of
great preparations may advance the King's affairs in Scotland, and a
force in readiness may serve at all times to receive the strongholds when
offered by the Governor, or, if the Cardinal with the aid of France wax too
strong for the Governor, to enter Scotland, according to the Governor's own
device, in such force as to daunt the Cardinal and all the rest, and take the
strongholds at will. Suffolk is therefore to prepare himself, as he offered
heretofore, and to put all the men in his lieutenancy ready at an hour's
warning, advertising the King of their number, with diligence. And, that
there may be victuals at need for such an army, all provision they have is
to be preserved; and they shall buy all the corn in the said 16 ships that
come to Berwick, where, as they say, corn is now fallen in price, so that
the King cannot lose by it. A proportion of such victuals as they have,
and of such as they shall want for the said army, is to be sent. [7.]
Wythrington is to be rid of his trouble. [8.] As a discharge to the
keepers of the hostages of prisoners Suffolk shall give to each his command
for their deliverance. As to taking the promises of prisoners by their
factors or remitting the taking of them to Mr. Sadleyr, Suffolk shall, with
Tunstall's advice, follow exactly "the covenant in that part," whereby the
King thinks that, first, the hostages for the treaties should be delivered in,
and that the prisoners should deliver their bond in writing and promise in
person to render themselves eftsoons prisoners in default of payment, and
the Governor to promise the accomplishment, or ever the prisoners be
discharged of their captivity. Failing this (as the King thinks that the
Governor will not promise the ransoms of lord Flemyng, laird of Craggy,
Oliver Seyntclere and others), Suffolk shall detain the persons of those who
fail in any of those points, and if they come not shall "cause them to be
blown out at the horn."
As they doubt whether a jury will accept the evidence against Heron and
his son and Hurde, the King, weighing the matters against them as proved
already by a good sort of gentlemen, thinks that if the sheriff appoint
indifferent gentlemen to be empanelled, and first cause some learned man to
explain to them the nature of the offence, the Herons and Hurde will be
found guilty; for what they write of the Herons are plainly March treasons.
If it is evident that the jury will find them guilty, Suffolk and the rest shall
cause their process to go forward; if not, they shall deprive them of their
offices, commit them to ward and fine them, putting off the jury from
coming to give their verdict.
The King will accept Sandy Pryngle. There is no word here of the prizes
taken by John Cary and another before Tynmouth, which were seen coming
hitherwards. Further search is to be made.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 16. Endd., Mynute to the duke of Suff., etc.,
xxvo Aug. 1543.
32,651, f. 267.
75. The Privy Council to Sadler.
Albeit the King wrote to him this morning to provoke the Governor
against the Cardinal, yet, having heard this afternoon that Cardinal Mark
Gosymaran (sic) is in Bretayn to pass with 40 sail into Scotland to the aid of
the Cardinal and Lynoulx, the King wills them to write eftsoons to him to
remind the Governor of his danger when the other Cardinal arrives to draw
the superstitious people from him, and their own Cardinal, with the said
power of France, sets upon him; and so prick him forward (if the Cardinal
and his complices refuse to be present at the ratification, or at least to send
their consents in writing) to pick a quarrel against them and vanquish the
Cardinal, now that Argyle is occupied at home and the Scottish Borderers
fear to be empeached by the English Borderers if they join the Cardinal;
"or else to suffer himself to be overtrodden, for lack of courage, and live
ever after in thraldom and captivity."
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : "Mynute to Master Sadleyr,
xxvo Augusti 1543."
Sc. II, 302.
76. The Treaty With Scotland.
Ratification by Mary Queen of Scots of the treaty (recited) of
peace made at Greenwich 1 July 1543, which is confirmed by the oath of the
Governor, Arran, in her name, and that of the Three Estates of Scotland.
Holyrood monastery, 25 Aug. 1543, r. r. 1 Mary.
Present : Ralph Sadlyer, commissioner and orator of the King of England,
Archibald earl of Angus, Wm. earl Marischal, George lord Seytoun, Wm.
lord Sympill, Andrew lord Uchiltre, Henry lord Methuen, James
Kirkcaldy of Grange, treasurer, Thos. Menzeis of Petfodellis, comptroller,
Mr. Jas. Foulis of Colintoun, clerk of Register, and Mr. Thos. Bellenden,
director of Chancery. Signed : James G.
Notarial attestations appended of James Scot, John Wallace, John
Gybsone and Wm. Ogill.
Large parchment, slightly injured. Seal lost.
Rymer, XV., 4.
Sc. II. 297.
2. Similar ratification of the treaty of marriage. Holyrood monastery,
25 Aug. 1543, r. r. 1 Mary.
Large parchment. Seal lost.
32,651, f. 278.
77. Arran to Henry VIII.
Has this day, on the part of Scotland, given his oath to the articles
of the peace and marriage; so that there remains only deliverance of the
pledges, the complete number of which it shall be difficult to furnish at
this time; for he cannot spare great lords, "quha, gif they war withdrawin
fra us, sall nocht only mak ws the mair unmeit to stay this rebellioun, hot
elikuis caus owre unfreyndis be the mair able to performe thair wickit
myndis and intent." Begs him, therefore, to take the sons of lords
Flemyng, Erskin and Oliphant, now lying in England, as hostages in the
room of three barons. Edinburgh, 25 Aug. Signed.
Broad sheet, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd : 1543.
32,651, f. 280.
78. The Same to The Same.
This day, in presence of Henry's orator, Schir Raph Saidlair, master
of his Wardrobe, the contracts of peace and marriage have been solemnly
ratified and sworn to; and the bearer Schir George Meldrum of Fyvie,
gentleman of Arran's house, is sent to require Henry's ratification, and
oath to the same. Begs credence for Meldrum. Edinburgh, 25 Aug.
Broad sheet, p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,651, f. 263.
79. Sadler to Henry VIII.
This day the treaties were ratified, and the Governor, in Sadler's
presence, renounced and swore according to the purport of them, at High
Mass, "solemnly sung with shalms and sackbuts," in the abbey church of
Holyroodhouse, by consent of the Cardinal and his complices, who were
absent, and in the name of the Queen and Three Estates, in presence of
the greatest part of the nobility; and the treaties, certified by notaries, are
now sent to Henry by the laird of Fyvie, an honest gentleman well affected
to him, who shall be present at his ratification of them and shall entreat
that lord Fleming's heir, lord Oliphant's heir and lord Erskine's son's
brother, now pledges in England, may lie as three of the pledges for the
marriage, for the Governor is loth to weaken himself by laying any of the
prisoners who are his friends in pledge. If the King accept them the
Governor (who now himself writes) will enter bonds for their ransoms, to
release their captivity, and will send his commissioner to Suffolk to deliver
the hostages and compound for the prisoners' ransoms, which shall be done
within fifteen days, and he trusts to have that respite granted, notwithstanding
the time limited in the treaties.
Nothing has been said of the 5,000l. till, this day, after the treaties were
ratified and Sadler had dined with the Governor, he asked if Sadler had
any answer about it. Told him he had received the answer to be expected
from a grave and experienced prince, viz. that Henry would be his friend
and not suffer him to be repressed, but, considering that he had put the aid
of men ready at no little charge, and the Cardinal and his complices had
consented to the treaties (though some of them might never be drawn from
their affection to France unless subdued or expelled), he could not see to
what good purpose the 5,000l. could be employed and therefore was loth to
defray it : the Cardinal and his complices could make no party against him
if he went roundly to work to repress them. The Governor replied that
till he had "mister" he would make no suit for men or money; but, to
keep the oath he had that day made he would shed his blood, and if the
Cardinal and his complices (who, with the money of the Church and the
aid they looked for from France, would make a great party) should put at
him he trusted in Henry's aid to withstand them; the Cardinal, he thought,
would prove the most honest man of them to the King, and this afternoon
he would go (as indeed he is gone) towards St. Johnstoun and Dundee,
where he has not been since he was Governor, and so to his own house at
St. Andrews, where the Cardinal would come to him, and he trusted to
compone all controversies. Sadler wished it might be so, but could hardly
believe that the Cardinal would declare himself so honest; if he did,
Henry's "princely clemency and benign nature" were such that he should
easily obtain favour. Said nothing of the delivery of the strongholds in
gage for the 5,000l. or of the delivery of the young Queen, knowing that
the Queen was out of his power and that he would never deliver the strongholds
unless he could not resist his enemies; but if he eftsoons request
money Sadler will essay him upon these two points. Told him of the stay
of the Scottish ships going into France with victuals; and declared Henry's
pleasure "both touching that the treaties will not bear it [that they may
victual France (being no comprehense, because of the detaining of your
Majesty's pension)] (fn. 7) and also touching the Governor's safe-conduct to be
given to his friends that pass out of this realm." This the Governor
promised to observe; but, in case the Cardinal and he, with the rest, agreed,
he desired that all ships of this realm might pass without safe-conduct; for,
else, the whole realm would take the peace to be but a feigned matter
betwixt the King and him; the victuals they carried could be no great
matter (perhaps they carried a little fish which they commonly carry into
France for other merchandise), and he begged that Henry would bear with
it and he would do his best to cause them to traffic into England.
Argyle is cumbered with certain Irish, lately sent home out of ward by
the Governor, and, knowing this to have been done by Glencairn's counsel,
has burnt part of Glencairn's country adjoining the Highland, and threatens
Cassils and the sheriff of Ayr, whose countries are not far from him.
Edinburgh, 25 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The above is noted (with corrigenda for the text of Sadler State
Papers) in Hamilton Papers, No. 460.
St. P., IX. 489.
80. Charles V. to Mary Queen Of Hungary.
Arrived here with the army on the 22nd. Next day sent a herald to
summon Duren (copy of the summons, and the herald's report enclosed,
showing the extreme rebellion of those within the town). Yesterday,
battered the town from day break until 2 p.m., when the Spaniards and
Italians, without waiting for the time appointed for the assault, viz. 5 p.m.,
attacked it and after a cruel fight (described) took the town. Those who
fled out at the opposite side were taken by the Prince of Orenges, who had
arrived the day before. Few of the townsmen or men of war escaped,
600 or 700 being slain and the rest prisoners, of whom the most guilty
shall be punished.
French, p. 1. Headed : "Copie de la l're de l'Empereur, escripte a Duren
le xxvo d'Aoust xvcxliij."